You are on page 1of 15

2011/2012

Magdalena Przygonska
:
p. 2 ,
p. 3
p. 5
p. 7
p. 9
p. 11
p. 12
p. 14
p. 15 : +


.
form function , meaning

:
( , : go)

( , , )
( , ) -

. ,
, 9 .

( )

()

, 9
.


.
.

:

, , , ,
, , ,

, , , ,
, , ,

, , , ,
, , , ,

, , , ,
, , , ,

() .
() .
() .
[] .
() .
() .
() , .
() , .
, .
[ +/-]
(-) () .
: (X).
. : .
,
. .,
.
, .
. []
.
( , , , )

- ,


. , .
.
,
.

.
.
[ ,
. : ,
.]

[ ] .
, 1 , 2 , 3 , ,
.
, , .

: , , , ,
: , , ,
: (, )

1 : , , , ,
2 : , , , , ,
3 : , , , , , ,
: , ,
: , ,
; , , , ,

1 . .
2 . .
3 , .
, .
.
1 . .
( , , , )

1 , , .
1
.
1 .

, , .

2 , , ,
.
2 .

.
.

. [].
( )
/ . []
, ,
.
3 , , . , , ,

.
! 3 , .
3 .
3 1-2
.
. , , ,
.
, ,
.

.

, .
.

, .
3
.
/: .
.
.
: , , .
. ,

, .
. . ,
.
: . Vs. ?


.
.
,
.

, , , , (cardinal number) , - ,
- (-) , (ordinal number) .
.

a) : , ...

a) /, , ...

b) 10 : , , ...

b) 10 ,

* 0

c)

, , , ,

*, ,

a) ( ), ...

a) ,

b) , ,

b) , ()

c)

, .


.
, , , , .
.

( ), ( ), ( ), ( ), ( ),
( )
, , .
[ , , .
, , , .
() ]

1) , , , , , , , ,
. (20)
.
2) , .
. , 20
.
3)
.

4) .
5) , ,
, ,
6) , (number of times) ( number of sth)
, ( order) .
7) , , .
8) .
+ , - , x , :
: , (: ), , .

(), () .
(policzalnosc) . .

()
. .
, , , . ,
, , .
1.

a) , (agens bedacy
wykonawca czynnosci) .
,
b)
.
.
.
2.

a)
b) ,
3.
a) + / .
b) () .
c)

.
: (x), (x), (x)

(derywat) (zlozenie) . ,
. . ,

,, , .
.

, ,
.
: .
,
. , , , , , , ,
. ,
.
d) , .
. (
).

, .

e) .
f)

, (zwykle) (wola mowiacego)


.
: .

: .
4.
a) ()
. . ,
. ,
.
b) (ograniczenie stosowalnosci)
: (x), .
c)

, .

d) .
: .
lub .
e) , .
. .
: . . . . .
, , , .
5.

, .

, . ,
. .
6.

, , , ,
.
.
.

10


.
: + +

General classifier

Tiny, slender objects eg. Cigarettes, matches

For people

Pack, box

Zwierzeta czteronozne

Eggs, pills potatoes, candt

For animals

People, servings of food, minute

Picked flowersm bunches

For trees

Bottles of liquid

House, building

Cups, glasses

Vehicles, machinery, injections, beatings

=600g

Boats, ships

Zwierzeta dwunozne

Sheets, for thin flat objects

Group, crowd, swarm,

For pairs of shoes or socks

For things with a handle, writing instruments


etc.

For sets

For buildings, houses

For bundles, bunches

For hundred counts of fruits or vegetables

For strings of twenty fish or dried vegetables

For bound volumes

Para:

Kostka:

a)

a)

b)

b)

c)

c)

d)
e)

11


1.

2.

a) .
, , , (intransitive
verb) , , , ,
(transitivie verb) .
,
b) .
, , , , ,

, () .
3.

a) (, czasownik gwny) .
(, czasownik posikowy)
.
.
!
,

4.

.
. :
a) (: : , , , , : , )
b) (: : , , [], [] )
c) (: : , , : )
5.

a) () () .
.
, .
b) .
, .

12

. , ,
, , .
c)

-,-()) , -(), -()


. [-, -], [-, -(), -()]
[-., -, -] . -
.

d) .
[-, ], [], [] .

6.

vs.

:
a) , - .
b) / .
c)

d) , , .
e) , .

; ; ; ; .

13


. .
.
1.

( ) .
, .
, .
2.

a) . , , , ,

, . , , ,
.

/ .
/ .
/ .
b) , ,
.
c)

. (jakociowe)
# , , , , .
# () . , , ,

, .
d) .
.

# , , ,
# , , .
e) , ,

.
3.

.
a) +
b) +
c) +
d)+ +
4.
.
.

:
: / + () ,
: , , + -(), -, -() ,
.

14

:
1. .
, .
, , .
2. .
. 7 .
3. a) : /,

e) : /

b) :

f) : /

c) : /

g) :

d) : , , ,
4. ,
.
, , , /,
5. / .

1.

a)

d)

b)

e)

c)

f)

( )

2. :

:
:

:
:

( ): , ( ):

15