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Winning Strategy Learning From Mahabharat

Winning Strategy Learning From Mahabharat

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Published by: Rangaprasad Rekkamalla on Oct 18, 2012
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• • • • • • Second Longest Epic of the World “What’s not in Bharata, is not in Bharata” “A Buffet of Ideologies.” Written around 3000 BC. “Harappan” Culture. Urban Way of life. Narrated thrice :
– – – “Jaya” by Vyasa to Ganesha “Bharata” by Vaishampayan to Janamejaya “Mahabharata” by Suta/Sauti to the Rishis at Naimisharanya. Astronomy: Existence of Uranus(Shweta) and Neptune(Ksharaka). Geography. Lands as far as Cambodia(Kamboja), Kazakhistan and/or Scandinavia(Uttarakuru), Mathematics: Nos to the range of 10 raised to powers of 16 and -16. Descriptions of Weapons which resemble modern day weaponry including Nuclear and/or Chemical Weapons. Complex Military Formations and Strategies. Philosophy, Psychology, Sociology, Spirituality, Religion, Politics. Even Management Lessons.

Has “mind boggling” revelations.
– – – – – – –


350 foot-soldiers (in a ratio of 1:1:3:5). .870 chariots. 65. 21.870 elephants.Logistics • Kauravas :11 Akshouhini • Pandavas : 7 Akshouhini 1 Akshouhini = 21.610 horses and 109.

Generals Kauravas : • • • • • • • Bhishma Drona Karna Shalya Kripacharya Ashwatthama Duryodhan Pandavas : • • • • • • • Arjuna Bhima Dhrshtadyumna Abhimanyu Ghatotkach Shikhandi Satyaki .

Their main strength both in terms of political and financial power depends on their friends and relatives : The Pancalas. The Magadhas and The Chedis. They are the national sovereigns . Karna had gone on a nationwide conquering on behalf of Duryodhana. There’s no guarantee that the Subjects really miss the Pandavas. Duryodhan has been a benevolent king. Have no kingdom.Background Pandavas : Exiled for 13 years. Kauravas : In power for 13 years. the kingdom that the Pandvas had taken such labors to build and which had surpassed the Hastina of old in all degrees. Not only have they the wealth and power of Hastinapur. The Yadavas. but also that of Indraprastha.

He had usurped a kingdom. will concede not a needle-prick of earth. It was his moment of truth. as dogs over a piece of meat. their wife insulted. .Duryodhan Duryodhana was completely focused on the War. foul or fair to get the kingdom.” . But…still they wanted to avoid the War. They even went as far as making an offer that they will stop the War in exchange of 5 villages. and he was in no mood to give it up. Pandavas : “We fight over a Kingdom. their kingdom taken.Motivation Kauravas : “Without war. which he believed to be rightfully his. He had resorted to any means. and he meant to keep it.”-Yudhisthira The Pandavas had been humiliated. The three elder Pandavas were against the War.

Shalya. Drona. 10 Days (Bhisma). Jayadrath. .Result War Lasted : 18 Days. Abhimanyu. Before That following were killed during the war: Kauravas : Bhishma. 1½ Days (Karna) ½ Day (No General). Karna and his sons. 3 Days (Drona).1 Day (Shalya). Susharma. Pandavas : Drupad. Viraat and his sons. Bhagadutta. 1 Night (Ashwatthama) 18th Night of the War : Ashwatthama slaughtered the Pandava camp in sleep. Ghatotkach and Iravan. Duhsasana and all of Duryodhan’s brothers. Shakuni and Ulooka. Bhurisrava.


• Bhima met his brother Hanuman and got a blessing of enhanced strength. • Yudhisthira acquired teachings from the various wise rishis.Preparation Kauravas : • Karna went on a country-wide military mission. subdued the different kingdoms and acquired wealth. But it meant a loss in terms of both men and money and creation of new enemies. Pandavas : Though in exile they turned their attention to improving over their weakness • Arjuna set out on a mission to acquires Divyastras. lest he was challenged to yet another dice game. and also learnt the Game of Dice from Gandharava Chitrasena. Turn your weakness into your Strength. . Its said that he had become undefeatable in Dice.

except from old relations from far off places like Gandhara (Shakuni). But powerful allies all over India. • The Rakshasas through marriage of Bhima and Hidimba. Sindhu (Jayadrath) and Kambodia (Cambodia . • Dwarka through marriage with Arjuna and Subhadra. The greatest empire of the time. • Magadh through marriage of Shadeva and Vijaya. • Chedi through marriage of Nakula and Karenmayi. • Kekaya through marriage of Yudhisthira and Devika. • Kashi through marriage of Bhima and Balandhara. Make Powerful Allies.Bhagadutta) Pandavas : No wealth. • Matsya through marriage of Abhimanyu and Uttara. No power of their own. • The Nagas through marriage of Arjuna and Uloopi.Allies Kauravas : Centralized power system. But not many powerful allies. • Panchala through Marriage with Daraupadi. .

who has supreme authority of 11 akshouhini of army. Karna.(1 man command 1 akshouhini each). Pandavas : Distributed leadership. .Leadership Kauravas : Centralized leadership. • Viraat (King of Matsya). • Shikhandi (Prince of Panchala). Bhishma. Arjuna –Supreme Commander. • Sahadeva (King of Magadha). Share your responsibilities. • Dhrshtaketu (King of Chedi). • Drupad (King of Panchala). Dhrshtadyumna – Commander in Chief. Shalya and Ashwatthama. Drona. • Satyaki (Only warrior from Dwarka). Krishna – Arjuna’s charioteer and counselor. Seven commanders for the seven divisions. One Head of Army at a time.

Bhisma and Shakuni. . Most of them were close relatives – cousins. It was like a bees. They all fought their individual wars. As men. • Shalya : Simply cheated by Duryodhana to be there. It was their “common” war. While as warriors they were in complete awe of Bhima and Arjuna. • Karna : To prove his mantle against Arjuna. One Goal. More than that they all were part of the decision-making process. • Bhishma : For his Vow to protect the throne Hastinapur. Karna and Shakuni. they all had huge respect for Krishna and Yudhisthira. Bhishma and Karna. Was originally a Pandava ally. Friendship for Duryodhana. brother-in-laws. Karna and Shalya. Teamwork succeeds where Individual effort fails. • They didn’t gel well with each other. father-in-laws. hornets and mosquitoes put together in a jar. Shalya and Bhishma. Pandavas : One team.Team Spirit Kauravas : No team spirit. • Drona and Kripa : They owed allegiance to the throne.

Pandavas : Common goal. • Bhishma (grandchildren) – Wont kill the panadavas. • Arjuna – Karna. • Shalya (Nakula-Shadeva’s maternal uncle) : Loved the Pandavas and covertly helped them by humiliating Karna • Karna (brother to the Pandavas) : Promised not to kill any of the other Pandavas save Arjuna. • Drona (students) – Wont kill the Pandavas. • Nakula –Karna’s sons. Will kill a thousand soldiers each day.Individual Motives Kauravas : Except for Duryodhana nobody wanted the War. • Dhratsadyumna : Drona. which just became one with the teams’ agenda. . A Team of Traitors. • Shikhandi : Bhisma. • Bhima – Duryodhana and his brothers. • Satayaki – Bhurisravas. Get the right man for the right job. Their own agenda. Will capture them only. • Sahadeva – Shakuni and his sons. But the individuals had their individual targets. The Right team is made by selecting the Right Individuals. All the 4 main generals had strong ties with the Pandavas.

Yudhitshira didn't hesitate to tell a lie or a twisted truth when faced with the decision of whether to stick to his personal integrity or welfare of the team. He gave away his Kavach and Kundala prior to his War. . The best man for a Job is not the one with the best capabilities but one with the greatest commitment. • Drona too indirectly gave away his secret. by saying he was invulnerable as long as he held a weapon. Karna fled innumerous times from the War when he was hurt. but still went in to set an example. • Shalya kept on insulting Karna while in Battle. Moreover he abandoned weapons as soon as he knew his son had died. • Yudhisthira. It took the combined effort of 7 Maharathis to take him down. • Karna did not kill Yudhisthira and Bhima when he got the chance. • Bhisma himself gave away the secret of killing him to the Pandavas. • Ghatotkach even in death. He did not fight a warrior like Shikhandi because of his personal bias. took with him almost half the army. • Krishna took up arms twice and almost entered the War. only to be stopped by Arjuna. Pandavas : • Abhimanyu . he knew he couldn’t face Karna in War. Looking further on their commitment. This was suicide mission but he still went in and took a great part of the army down with him. Ventured beyond enemy lines alone.Commitment Kauravas : Already said the Big 4 had big emotional attachment with the 5 Pandavas. in spite of his promise. a 16 year old kid. He prolonged the War by killing only inconsequential soldiers. He didn’t save Dushasana when Bhima was killing him. The interests of the Individual should never exceed the Team interest.

In reality he made a covert deal with them. • While coming back. He made an offer to all the assembled people to change sides if they wanted to. wherein all of them agreed to help him and unfolded the secrets of defeating them. he played a Master game. counsel your own team in moments of need. He knew well of the lack of cohesiveness among the Kauravas. Went over to the Enemy side to seek blessings from Elders. Take Calculated risks. invigorate. he took a calculated risk. Yudhisthira : Low-key strategist. This exposed the weakness of the Kauravas for all to see. Know your enemies weaknesses and exploit them. Inspire. son of Dhrtarashtra crossed over to the Pandavas. • On the first day of the War. .Right Managers Krishna : The Greatest Crisis Manager the world has seen. Yuyutsu.

Childhood in the Himalayan foothills among Rishis. 12 years of Vanvas and 1 year of Agyatvas. • Experinced with the ground reality. People from different regions Uttarkuru. Contact with people from various strata of the society. Pandavas : • Spent the greater part of their lives in Poverty. Share. A sense of Brotherhood.The Roots Kauravas : Princes brought up in the comfort of the Royal Palace. Apsaras. Sannyasis (celibate monks). poor Brahmanas. Fame. Bengal etc. No experience of ground reality. Know ground realities. Know different ideologies. Gandharavas. • Different races of people. matured on romanticized ideals of Power. Nagas. lower-class Potter. Acharyas (Householders. One year exile among the poor people of Kuru . teachers). Rakshasas.Panchala. Courage and Valor. . • A Sense of Sharing.

Karna. So the female influence was huge. Pandavas : Matriarchal Structure. Any team which doesn't have women is unbalanced. Abhimnanyu and Iravan were brought up by their mothers. Bhishma. . • Kunti was the authority supreme for the Pandavas. Without her the Pandavas would have most probably reclined to the forests.Women Empowerment Kauravas : Patriarchal structure. • Even the younger Pandavas : Ghatotkach. Kripa. “Whatever my mother says is Dharma to me” : Yudhisthira. Shakuni. She had a big role in all the decision making. Duhsasana. for the Masculine traits of Aggression and Dominance should be balanced by the Feminine traits of Harmony and Sustenance. Drona. Vidur. • Draupadi was a companion in whatever the Pandavas did. No women in the decision making process. Women = Better Half. Gandhari retreated to the Inner Chambers. Duryodhana. Dhratarashtra. Nobody listened to her.

Commitment scores over Competence. • Know Ground realities. Exploit its weaknesses. • Empower Women. Cooperate. The right man for the right job. Right Team = Right set of Individuals. Team interests over Individual interests. . counsel in crisis .. The Gender Balance is required for stability and administration. Take calculated risks. invigorate. Turn enemies into allies. Accept different ideologies. Know your enemy/challenges. • The Right Managers : To inspire. Teamwork scores over Individual Effort. Share your responsibilities.Recap • • • • • • • • Turn your weaknesses into strengths.

Thank You!!! .

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