1

Government Approach
Earlier President of India has emphasized the importance of providing broadband connectivity up to Panchayats in the first speech of New Government in June 2009.
Panchayats are the constitutionally mandated 3rd tier of government and key institutions for local self governance. Coverage of Panchayats with Broadband internet connectivity has a great potential for empowering rural masses by giving them access to information, public services including those of education, health and financial inclusion.

► ► ► ►

Executive Legislature Judiciary Information: Information as lever of Economic and Social Development Information available in real time –to share, manage & collaborate - accurate, reliable, timely & usable Exec Legisl Judici Government control of Strategic information is utive ature Governance Future of ary 2 critical

In the 21st century – Information will be the fourth pillar of democracy

Applications for Panchayats
Panchayat Management ►Gram sabha meetings, village records, updating of citizen databases ►Effective performance monitoring of Panchayats Community Participation ►Intra-village, Intradistrict sharing of practices and resources ►Communication with Block, and District Knowledge Dissemination ►Sharing of Agricultural practices, productivity techniques ►Small enterprises, Vocational learning

Delivery of Citizen Services ►Delivery of services including Health, Education and Finance, etc ►Single point of Government to citizen interaction for Centrally sponsored/Central sector/ State sponsored schemes ►Grievance redressal

Developmental planning ►Road, transportation and power connectivity ►Knowledge connectivity in the form of good educational & training institutions ►Provision of drinking water and upgradation of existing health facilities ►Market connectivity to enable farmers to get the best prices for their produce 3

Policy Aspiration for Broad Band
    


  

Teledensity of the country is 73%, while broadband density is only 1.4%. 10% increase in Broadband connectivity leads to 1.38% increase in GDP as per study. Vision: BB on demand Increase rural teledensity from 35 to 60 by 2017 and 100 by 2020. Affordable and reliable broadband on demand by 2015. Achieve 175 Million Connection by 2017 And 600 Million Connection by 2020 at minimum 2 mbps speed and higher speed upto 100 mbps on demand. Recognise Telecom and BB connectivity as a basic necessity like education and health and work towards, “ Right to Broadband” Many Information and communication (ICT) application such as ecommerce, e-banking, e-governance, e- education and tele-medicine require high speed internet connectivity.
4

Government Approval for NOFN

Government of India has approved on 25-10-2011 for the setting up of National Optical Fiber Network (NOFN) to provide connectivity to 2.5 lakh Gram Panchayats of the country using optical fiber, which would ensure broadband connectivity with adequate bandwidth. This is to be achieved utilizing the existing optical fiber and extending it to the Gram Panchayats i.e. by bridging the gap in the

Aggregation Layer.

The Project should be completed within two years

5

Government Approval for NOFN

NOFN – a National Asset

Objective: Extend existing Optical Fiber Network to Panchayats by utilizing Universal Service Obligation Funds (USOF) and creating an institutional mechanism for management and operation of NOFN
Institutional Mechanism: Bharat Broadband Network Limited (BBNL), a PSU has been registered under The Companies Act 1956 on Feb 25, 2012 for management and operation of NOFN

6

NOFN -Bridging the Digital Divide Gaps
TSPs Core Network

Aggregation Network

NOFN Rural TSPs

Access Network

Future proof technology – Optical Fiber

19-Apr-12

7

R R Yadava DGM NOFN BSNL

NOFN - Roadmap
      

Bridge the gap in Aggregation Layer by extending the existing networks 2.5 lakh Gram Panchayats to be connected on Optical Fiber Approx 100 MB bandwidth at each Gram Panchayat Non discriminatory Access to all SPs CUG connectivity to be provided at Gram Panchayats for G2C services Approx 5 lakh km new incremental OFC required Approx 4 to 5 lakh km of dark fiber from existing OFCs of BSNL/Railtel/Powergrid required on long term lease basis

A High Level Committee (HLC) formed on 25-April-11 to guide the project

NOFN – Funding issues
   

Proposal approved by Cabinet on 25-Oct-11 Cost of the Project : Approx Rs 20,000 Cr Time Period for execution: 2 years Funding of Net Cost by USOF for initial 5 years (Net Cost = Capex + Opex - Revenues)

Amendment under Telegraph Rule for relaxation of bidding process to enable USOF to fund NOFN directly Executing Agencies on behalf of BBNL - BSNL, Powergrid, Railtel A centage is proposed for BSNL, Powergrid and Railtel

 

BBNL – Infrastructure Provider
 

Bandwidth Provider User of NOFN are access operators (TSPs/ISPs/Cable TV

Operators)
    

Enable them to launch various access services B2B, No retailing Operator of operators (Carrier of Carriers) Non-discriminatory access to all licensed operators Seeks to trigger the eco-system, opening up new Rural markets
10

NOFN-Institutions and agencies
The Monitoring and The Project Administrative agency
Department of Telecom

High Level Committee
HLC

Ministries and Industries
Advisory Body

NOFN

The Executing Agency

Bharat Broadband Network Ltd

USOF

The Funding Agency The Executing Arms for OFC Laying and Field Asset development

BSNL

Railtel

Power grid

TCIL

CDOT

NIC

Quality Check Technology and NMS Development

GIS Support and e-Gov Content

11

NOFN-Institutions and agencies
 

DOT: Secretariat service to the Project USOF: The Funding Agency via Ministry of Finance under Planned schemes. HLC: High Level Committee under the Chairman of Sh. Sam Pitroda, Advisor to Prime Minister on PIII, Co-Chairman Sh Nandan Nilekani, Chairman UIDAI, Secrtaries- DoT, DIT, Member Finance DoT, CMD BSNL, CDOT Advisory Body: MOC&IT, Shri Sam Pitroda, Dr. R Chidambaram, Sh Nandan Nilekani, Secretaries- DoT, DIT, Planning Commission, Health, Rural Development, Panchayati Raj DG NIC , USOF, and industries. etc.

12

NOFN-Institutions and agencies

BBNL: The Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) to implement and operate the project BSNL, Railtel, Powergrid: Executing Arm they will lay the OFC and lease the existing resources to NOFN/BBNL to optimally usage of resources . TCIL: Quality check and Project implementation scheme monitoring. CDOT: Technology provider and NMS Development. NIC: GIS Service provider and major user of the project TAC: Technical Advisory Committee under the chairmanship of Advisor to the Principal Advisor Scientific Advisor to PM, CDOT, BSNL, Railtel, Powergrid, USOF, NIC, TCIL.

  

13

Bharat Broadband Network Ltd.

CMD
Director (Planning)

Director (Operation)

Director (Finance)

Districts, Blocks, Panchayat data www.panchayat.gov.in
Sr. No. State Name Distric Blocks ts

No.of Gram Panchay GPs at / per RLBs Block 69 21693 1756 2628 8474 17 9770 11 14 0 190 13884 6081 3243 8 19 12 11 16 17 67 11 7 17 62 50 42

ANDAMAN & 1 NICOBAR 2 ANDHRA PRADESH ARUNACHAL 3 PRADESH 4 ASSAM 5 BIHAR 6 CHANDIGARH 7 CHHATTISGARH 8 DADRA & NAGAR H. 9 DAMAN AND DIU 10 DELHI 11 GOA 12 GUJARAT 13 HARYANA 14 HIMACHAL PRADESH JAMMU AND 15 KASHMIR 16 JHARKHAND 17 KARNATAKA 18 KERALA 19 LAKSHADWEEP 20 MADHYA PRADESH

3 23 16 27 38 1 27 1 2 9 2 26 21 12

9 1120 149 238 534 1 146 1 2 0 11 225 122 77

Sr. No. 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35

State Name MAHARASHTRA MANIPUR MEGHALAYA MIZORAM NAGALAND ORISSA PONDICHERRY PUNJAB RAJASTHAN SIKKIM TAMIL NADU TRIPURA UTTAR PRADESH UTTARAKHAND WEST BENGAL

Distri cts

Gram No.of Panchay GPs Blocks at / per RLBs Block

35 9 7 8 11 30 4 21 33 4 32 8 72 13 19

352 41 39 26 52 314 6 142 247 27 385 45 821 95 341

27907 2795 1463 776 1123 6236 98 12802 9192 165 12528 1038 51974 7555 3351

79 68 38 30 22 20 16 90 37 6 33 23 63 80 10

22 24 30 14 1 50

143 259 176 152 9 313

4098 4423 5631 977 10 23024

29 17 32 6 1 74

Totals

655

6620 244996

37

15

Rural OFC coverage by BSNL
Optical Fiber connectivity to Village Panchayats •
Cumulative

About 850 million population resides in rural areas.

1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 Existing OFC

Cumulative

300000

250000 VPs

Village Panchayat is the lowest level of governance in rural India Average population of 500 to 5,000.
Panchayats are administered by 6,620 Blocks and 655 Districts. OFC POP reaches all Districts, Blocks and some major Panchayts ~ 60,000. About 28,000 rural exchanges

250000

200000

• • •

,000 RKm OFC

120000 VPs

150000

60000 VPs

New OFC

New OFC

100000


About 86,000 BTS; a large number in rural areas
OFC route passing from near the Panchayats

50000

0
2011 2012 2013

0

Connecting Village Panchayat (VP) 16

Leveraging existing Infrastructure
 Existing rural telecom infrastructure has to be leveraged for usage of Rural Broadband through NOFN  The Govt. Agencies - BSNL, Railtel, Powergrid have offered their telecom infrastructure for usage on commercial terms  Network of Private telcos may also be utilized in future Outcome        Nearly 700,000 Route Km existing OFC made available for NOFN Rs.20,000 Cr Capex saving 4 Years lead time gain in project implementation 60,000 OFC PoP ready to connect Village Panchayats. Additional 40,000 OFC PoP Village Panchayats may be made easily Incremental OFC requirements will be about 500,000 Route Km Saved repeated excavation of about 1200K Km by major TSPs to expand business in Rural, Saving of Road infrastructure quality
17

GIS mapping

8-Aug-12

18

5

NOFN -Interconnection
CENTRAL NOC OP1 650 Districts

----

OPn

6600 BLOCK

Existing Networks BBNL Domain
BBNL PoP

PoI at Block Of N/W PoI of OFC PoI at GP
Access Provider’s PoPs

Existing 700,000 RKM OFC 500,000 RKM New OFC
Interconnect Agreement between BBNL and User SPs

250,000 GPs

Access Domain

BBNL PoP

To be served by User TSPs

Retail Customers

750 Million Rural Population
19

Requirement and resource for Design
The NOFN Network design Requirement (a) Open standard (b) scatter inhabitant (c) Usage of limited existing spare fibers (d) Building minimum incremental OFC (e) Low power device (f) En-route non activeness and low cost at Panchayats. (g) Scalable BW Available Data and Resources • Existing OFC of about 700,000 RKm, about 60,000 OFC PoPs in Rural, • 6,600 Blocks with Telecom infrastructure, Radius of each Block about 12 Km, Average Panchayats per blocks 40. OFC passing on average 3-5 direction from each block.
20

Technology Selection
PON Technology: The Unique solution under circumstances  Place GPON OLTS at each block. GPON is open standard Open Access equipment. Drives 20 Km/60Km.  ONT/ONU are low power, Low cost, Scalable upto 1Gbps, Upgradable 10G PON.  Splitters makes passive nature of enroute multi-directional OFC connectivity.  Reduces incremental OFC requirement and Project cost. Connectivity to operators:  The Connectivity will be offered mainly on Ethernet (VLAN) or need basis on E1/ STM-1, and next generation standards.

21

Concept: Making available Dark Fibers by participating Companies
Gram Panchayats

PoP (At Block Level) Existing OFC
Joint Points Tapping is proposed at Joint point
Gram Panchayats

Concept: Making available Dark Fibers by participating Companies
Gram Panchayats

Incremental OFC
PoP (At Block Level) Existing OFC

Splitters
Joint Points Tapping is proposed at Joint point
Gram Panchayats

Existing Dark Fiber to be made available to NOFN by participating Companies Incremental OFC

Accessing the NOFN Network:
• • • • Default connectivity to NOFN will be from Participating PSUs Network viz. BSNL Operators have choice to interconnect via PSU or Directly at Block. The operator’s nation-wide L3 Network will facilitate them for their integrated N/W The N/W Management, E-governance connectivity , G2C, will be delivered by TSP .
Govt. Networks

District

Block

Gram Panchayat

Internet Services Wireless Services

Operator BW/ Fiber
ONT Operators / ISPs / SPs N/W
PSUs MPLS Network

Aggregation Router

OLT Splitter

Broadband Services Landline/Cable Services

OFC Hired BW/ Fiber Hired BW

BTS

IPTV Services Various Services of Service Providers

GP Broadband/ 3G/WiMAX/ WiFi/LTE Backhaul Over IP TEEE 802.3

NMS

Billing

Help Desk

NOFN NOC Data Centre

NMS Billing Help Desk Disaster Recovery site 24

NOFN Infrastructure

Operation and Maintenance

Separate PON port for each participating agency for maintenance at Block.
GPON equipment at Block PON ports

Agency 1

Agency 2

Agency 3

25

Right of Way
 

Tripartite MOU – Central Govt, State Govt and BBNL State Govt provides
• • •

Right of Way free of cost – blanket approval based on MOU No reinstatement charges - Reinstatement by Execution Agency Space for equipment at Gram Panchayat office free of cost – as part of MOU


Suitable order along with MOU is to be issued by respective state Govts.
Agreement with State Electricity Boards will be part of the MOU

States have agreed for MOU, signing is in progress

26

GIS mapping and Planning
 

GIS mapping of all BSNL OFC routes completed and validated once Available at www.gis.nic.in/telecom


 

UserID and passwords provided to all Circles
Long Distance and Circle OFC in separate layers GIS also shows the layers of Railtel and PGCIL routes


 

Layer of BSNL POPs and Roads
Layer of District boundary, Blocks and Gram Panchayats names Overlapping view with Satellite imagery

CDOT has prepared a tool for simulated planning of the equipment as
per availability of OFC routes and GPON link margin
27

BSNL Pilot Block
 Arain Block is in Ajmer District of Rajasthan .

 Contains 30 Gram Panchayats (GPs).
 97.6 Km of incremental OF cable is to be laid to connect all GPs.

 Existing network of 133 Km OFC is also to be used.  GPON OLTs to be installed to cover whole block.

Optical Fiber Cable (Existing / Proposed) routes for connecting Panchayats in Arain Section PS = Panchayat Samiti
P = Village Panchayat E = Exch = OLT = Splitter 1:4
= OCLAN

 The distance between OLT & ONT is assumed to be 20 Km.  The loss of 1:4 Splitter is assumed to be -8 db.  It is assumed that each customer will get 100 Mbps BW. The connectivity between OCLAN and Tier 2 Switch is assumed to be 1 GE.
Sironj P Bhamola o BTS Bhamolao P Gotiyana Jeerota Sandolia Lamba P

Arain PS

6 km BJC

Ankuria 6 km

1F

Kaseer

7 km

Katsura P

Dadia P 4 km

Mandawaria P Number of OLT =1 Number of Splitter = 3 Number of OCLAN = 1 Existing OFC (46 Km) Proposed OFC (64.6 Km)

Madanganj Devpuri P

20-10-2012

29

Optical Fiber Cable (Existing / Proposed) routes for connecting Panchayats in Sarwar section
Harpura (P) 1F 1 km Manoharpura P 1F 7 km 8 km Birla P 1F Birla 1F To Kekri Ajgara Harpura BTS Lalai 1.5 km 1F 1F Hingonia 2F 7 km 2F Syar 1F 7 km 1F NTR BJC 1F 1 km 15 km Soonpa 1F 0.5 2F Sanpla Exch 1.5 1F 1F Sanpla To Kekri Rampali (P)

P

Sarwar
2F 18 km 0.5 1F Bhagwanpura (P)

BJC

4F 10 km 12 km Borada 1F 0.2 Fatehgarh P 1F 9 km Fatehgarh 1F

8 km NTR
1F 3 km 1F

Khiriya (P)

Bhinay

To NSD (NTR)

Number of OLT =2 Number of Splitter = 3 Number of OCLAN = 1 Existing OFC (87 Km) Proposed OFC (33 Km)
20-10-2012

30

NMS by CDOT
 

To create an integrated NOC Monitoring bandwidth will be provisioned from Block OLTs to NOC

Multi technology/ multivendor/ Multi service/ Multi operator, Millions
of NEs Provisioning to be done across vendors using Telecom service providers EMS/ NMSs/NEs of

 

Monitoring faults on provisioning path to monitor service status Ensure end-to-end management of network and services of NOFN network to provide services to Gram Panchayats/municipals/villages Service Provisioning, Service Creation, Service Deletion, Service modification: Service Monitoring (QoS/SLA),Providing inputs to billing systems
31

Work allocation
BSNL Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Bihar, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Jammu And Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal Railtel Arunachal Pradesh, Dadra & Nagar H., Daman and Diu, Gujarat, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Pondicherry, Tamil Nadu, Tripura
32

PGCIL Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Orissa

Work Allocation
Work allocation to 3 CPSUs (Delhi and Goa not included) CPSU No. of GPs Allotted No. of Blocks No. of allotted Districts allotted Area wise Distribution (sq km)

BSNL Railtel Powergrid Total

1,73,910 (70%) 3864 (59%) 36,047 (15%) 35,791 (15%) 2,45,748 966 (15%) 1769 (26%) 6599
33

421 (67%) 2217847 (67%) 120 (19%) 503838 (15%) 89 (14%) 630 566125 (17%) 3287810

Execution Aspects of BSNL
 

About 3.5 lakh RKm and 1.73 lakh GPs will be connected by BSNL Whole project will be executed on behalf of BBNL


The procedures and guidelines are under preparation by BBNL
Separate Accode has been allotted to Circles and available on Corporate Accounts section

Pilot Blocks : BSNL - Arain, Ajmer, Powergrid – Parvada, AP, Railtel –
Panisagar, Tripura

GPON to be used for connectivity between Block and GPs of that

Block

34

Execution Aspects of BSNL contd.
 

Incremental Fiber to be laid from in-route existing OFC to the GPs Fiber Point of Interconnect (FPOI) will be created at the jointing

location of Existing and Incremental Cable

The Fiber from the Block to the FPOI (in existing Cable) will be on leased basis to BBNL. Lease charges are under finalisation.

Space and power at Block/locations for GPON OLTwill be provided by BSNL on lease basis to BBNL. Charges are under finalisation.

Backhaul connectivity to GPON will be provided from Multiplay network through Tier-1/Tier-2/OCLAN for Broadband connectivity

Same Backhaul connectivity will be used for other services as well as Backhaul to the Other operators on request basis
35

Execution
 

Survey : GIS to be referred for initial planning Prepare plan using BSNL, Powergrid, Railtel OFC route, so as to

minimize incremental OFC laying

Detailed survey will be conducted by respective Circle through Nodal Unit created in each SSA

Panchayat names and codes to be followed as per directory available at www.panchayat.gov.in

 

L-14 diagrams may be prepared for each OLT Estimate to be prepared by the SSA on the basis of detailed survey and plan

Estimate will be sanctioned by BBNL
36

Execution contd.
 

OFC laying tender to be called on behalf of BBNL Work Order to be given to 2/3/4 contractors to complete the work in

a short timeframe

Strategy to procure OFC, Pipe, Accessories and GPON is under consideration in BBNL

  

24 Fiber Cable is to be laid in general Option of Armoured Cable is open depending on justification Option of overhead ADSS cable is open depending on justification

37

Dark fiber from / to Railtel, PGCIL
 

Coordination with Powergrid and Railtel for survey of their OFC routes Identification of spare fiber in OFC for the required lengths as per GIS


 

Coordination for survey in the Block areas of Railtel, PGCIL
Coordination for tapping of BSNL OFC Coordination for space in BSNL POPs

Coordination and provisioning for Backhaul connectivity

38

Proposed Network Connectivity diagram for NOFN
Network Operation Center (N.O.C.),NOFN
PGCIL Network Railtel Network

Network Operation Center (N.O.C.),BSNL

PE Router

CORE Network

BNG

Other IP Services

BSC/RN C T2 Other IP Services DSLAM
TV PC

T1

OLT
ONT

Other operators/ISPs

Educational Network
OCLAN

TV PC

State Govt. Data Centers MSOs/Content Providers

STB STB Phone VOIP

ONT

CPE

BTS

20-10-2012

BSNL Network

BBNL Network

Other Networks

39

Thanks

40