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Author: Sagar Sonker

Table of Contents

ℵ Numbers ℵ H.C.F & L.C.M of Numbers ℵ Surds & Indices ℵ Percentage ℵ Profit & Loss ℵ Ratio & Proportion ℵ Partnership ℵ Chain Rule ℵ Time & Work ℵ Pipes & Cisterns ℵ Time And Distance ℵ Trains ℵ Boats & Streams ℵ Alligation or Mixture ℵ Simple Interest ℵ Compound Interest ℵ Logarithms ℵ Area ℵ Volume & Surface Area ℵ Stocks & Shares ℵ True Discount ℵ Banker’s Discount ℵ Copyright Notice

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… … …. P.b)(a2 + ab + b2) 14. 4. arn-1 nth term. A number is divisible by 2. if the sum of its digits is divisible by 3 3.) with first term ‘a’ and Common Ratio ‘r’ is given by: a.b)2 = a2 + 2ab + b2 = a2 . A number is divisible by 8.1)d] nth term. if the number formed by its last two digits is divisible by 4 4. (12 + 22 + 32 + … … … + n2) 19. or 8 2.com . A Geometric Progression (G. ar.2ab + b2 9. (1 + 2 + 3 + … … … + n) 18. [(a + 2d)]. Tn = arn-1 Sum of first ‘n’ terms Sn = [a(1 . (a2 – b2) 12. Results on Division: Dividend = Quotient × Divisor + Remainder 15. ar2. (13 + 23 + 33 + … … … + n3) = [n(n + 1)] / 2 = [n(n + 1)(2n + 1)] / 6 = [n2(n + 1)2] / 4 Page 2 of 12 Copyright © 2006 www. A number is divisible by 4. (a + b)2 + (a .ab + b2) = (a . starting from the RHS.sonker.r] 17. A number is divisible by 3. (a3 – b3) = (a + b)(a . (a . if.b)2 = 2(a2 + b2) 11. … … …. A number is divisible by 9. (Sum of its digits at the odd place) – (Sum of its digits at even place) is equal to 0 or 11x 7.1)d Sum of first ‘n’ terms. [a + (n . if the number formed by its last three digits is divisible by 8 5. 2. (a3 + b3) 13.rn)] / [1 . if the sum of its digits is divisible by 9 6. if its unit’s place digit is 0. ar3. P.b) = (a + b)(a2 .(a .b)2= 4ab 10. (a + b)2 . An Arithmetic Progression (A.114 Handy Formulae for Quantitative Aptitude Problems Author: Sagar Sonker Numbers 1. Sn = n/2 (First Term + Last Term) 16. A number is divisible by 11. [(a + d)]. Tn = a + (n . (a + b)2 8.) with first term ‘a’ and Common Difference ‘d’ is given by: [a].

we have a / b = (a / b × 100) % 34. M. we have x% = x / 100 33. 27. a0 26.114 Handy Formulae for Quantitative Aptitude Problems Author: Sagar Sonker H. 30.C. If ‘A’ is R% more than ‘B’. C. (a / b)m 25. If ‘A’ is R% less than ‘B’.R] } % 36. then the increase in consumption. then its population after ‘N’ years is P (1 + R/100)N Page 3 of 12 Copyright © 2006 www.com / 28. Product of two numbers = Their H. 29.sonker. ( 31.F & L. then ‘B’ is more than ‘A’ by OR If the price of a commodity decreases by R%. .C. then ‘B’ is less than ‘A’ by OR If the price of a commodity increases by R%. am / an 23. × Their L. am × an 22. To express a / b as a percent. F. not to increase the expenditure is {100R / [100 . Surds & Indices 21. then the reduction in consumption. = a(m + n) = a(m . If the population of a town is ‘P’ in a year.M of Numbers 20.n) = a mb m = an / bn =1 = a1/n = (a1/n)n =a = = )m = = Percentage 32. C. To express x% as a fraction. (ab)m 24. not to increase the expenditure is {100R / [100 + R] } % 35.

Mean proportion between a and b is 44. 52. then. (c : d). then its population ‘N’ years ago is P / [(1 + R/100)N] Profit & Loss 38. c.d) / d. (e : f) is (ace : bdf) 45. (a . 50. (a + b) / b = (c + d) / d. Product of extremes = Product of means 43. Page 4 of 12 Copyright © 2006 www.c. If a : b = c : d. b. then. The compounded ratio of the ratios (a : b). we write a : b :: c : d and we say that a. then.b) / b = (c .c. If a / b = c / d.a is P (1 . (a + b) / (a . 53. In a proportion. 42. which is called the componendo. x α y. then its value ‘N’ years ago at a depreciation of ‘R’ p. the first and fourth terms are known as extremes.p.a is P / [(1 . Variation: We say that x is directly proportional to y if x = ky for some constant k and we write. a1/3 : b1/3 is a sub-triplicate ratio of a : b 49. If the value of a machine is ‘P’ in a year. while the second and third are known as means. If a / b = c / d. 51.R/100)N 39.p. Also. which is called the dividendo. If a / b = c / d. then its value after ‘N’ years at a depreciation of ‘R’ p. The equality of two ratios is called a proportion. : is a sub-duplicate ration of a : b 47. which is called the componendo & dividendo.Loss%) × Cost Price] / 100 Ratio & Proportion 41. If the value of a machine is ‘P’ in a year. a3 : b3 is a triplicate ratio of a : b 48.R/100)N] 40. we say that x is inversely proportional to y if x = k / y for some constant k and we write x α 1 / y.d). If the population of a town is ‘P’ in a year.b) = (c + d) / (c .com .sonker. Selling Price = [(100 + Gain%) × Cost Price] / 100 = [(100 .114 Handy Formulae for Quantitative Aptitude Problems Author: Sagar Sonker 37. a2 : b2 is a duplicate ratio of a : b 46. d are in proportion.

Time taken to cross each other is [(x + y) / (u + v)] hrs 66. moving at ‘u’ kmph and ‘v’ kmph (where. 60. If a pipe can fill a tank in ‘x’ hours and another pipe can empty the full tank in ‘y’ hours (where y > x). The cost of articles is directly proportional to the number of articles.com .114 Handy Formulae for Quantitative Aptitude Problems Author: Sagar Sonker Partnership 54. then on opening both the pipes. Time & Work 59. Ratio of times taken by A & B to finish a work = 1 : 3 Pipes & Cisterns 62. then A can finish the work in n days. 58. the net part of the tank filled in 1 hour is (1/x – 1/y) Time And Distance 63. then the time taken y the over-taker train to cross the slower train is [(x + y) / (u . If A’s 1 day’s work = 1/n. If A is thrice as good a workman as B. u > v) in the same direction. then Share Of Partner = (Total_Profit × Part_Share / Total_Share) Chain Rule 55.sonker. The time (number of days) required to complete a job is inversely proportional to the number of hours per day allocated to the job. 56. then: Ratio of work done by A and B = 3 : 1. Suppose a man covers a distance at ‘x’ kmph and an equal distance at ‘y’ kmph. If A can do a piece of work in n days. 61. Time taken to cover a distance is inversely proportional to the speed of the car. then average speed during his whole journey is [2xy / (x + y)] kmph Trains 64. Page 5 of 12 Copyright © 2006 www.v)] hrs 65. 57. If a number of partners have invested in a business and it has a profit. Lengths of trains are ‘x’ km and ‘y’ km. The work done is directly proportional to the number of men working at it. If two trains start at the same time from two points A and B towards each other and after crossing they take a and b hours in reaching B and A respectively. then A’s 1 day’s work = 1/n.

b) km/hr. then: Speed downstream = (u + v) km/hr. Rate of stream = ½ (a . Page 6 of 12 Copyright © 2006 www. .v) km/hr. ) / ( P × R ).114 Handy Formulae for Quantitative Aptitude Problems Author: Sagar Sonker Then.I. Rule of Alligation: If two ingredients are mixed. b. P R T = ( P × R × T ) / 100 = ( 100 × S. = ( 100 × S. 74. Mean Price: The cost price of a quantity of the mixture is called the mean price. d. c. A’s speed : B’s speed = ( 67. then: Speed in still water = ½ (a + b) km/hr. Alligation or Mixture 71. 72.I. 70.sonker. ) / ( R × T ). Rate = R% per annum and Time = T years. S. Boats & Streams 69.: (Cheaper quantity) : (Dearer quantity) = (d . a. = ( 100 × S. Speed upstream = (u . We represent the above formula as under: 75. then: : ).I. Then. 73. If the speed downstream is a km/hr and the speed upstream is b km/hr.com . Let Principle = P. 68.c) Simple Interest 76.m) : (m . Alligation: It is the rule that enables us to find the ratio in which two or more ingredients at the given price must be mixed to produce a mixture at a given price. If the speed of a boat in still water is u km/hr and the speed of the stream is v hm/hr. x kmph = (x × 5/18) m/sec. y metres/sec = (y × 18/5) km/hr.I. ) / ( P × T ).

When interest is compounded Annually. loga (xp) f. loga (xy) b. logx x = loga x + loga y = loga x . other than 1 and am = x.114 Handy Formulae for Quantitative Aptitude Problems Author: Sagar Sonker Compound Interest 77.sonker. it is taken as 10 i. The integral part is known as characteristic and the decimal part is known as mantissa. Properties of Logarithms: a. say R1%. and 3rd year respectively. 82. Amount = P (1 + R/100)N II. Log of 1 to any base is 0) = p loga x = 1 / logx a = logb x / logb a = log x / log a (Change of base rule) d. Log of any number to its own base is 1) = 0 (i. but the time is in fraction. When Rates are different for different years. Let Principle = P. I. When interest is compounded Quarterly: Amount = P (1 + R/4/100)4N 78.com .e. say 3⅞ years. Amount = P (1 + R1/100) (1 + R2/100) (1 + R3/100) 80. 2nd. Then. R3% for 1st. The logarithm of a number contains two parts. Then.e. loga x h. Page 7 of 12 Copyright © 2006 www. loga (x/y) c. then we write m = loga x and say that the value of log x to the base a is m. Logarithms to the base 10 are known as common logarithms j. Present worth of Rs. namely characteristic and mantissa. Logarithm: If a is a positive real number. Then.loga y = 1 (i. Rate = R% per annum and Time = T years. x due n years hence is given by: Present Worth = x / (1 + R/100)n Logarithms 81. loga 1 e. When base is not mentioned. When interest is compounded Half-yearly: Amount = P (1 + R/2/100)2N III. R2%. Amount = P (1 + R/100)3 × (1 + ⅞R/100) 79. When interest is compounded Annually. loga x g.

g. c are the sides of the triangle c. where s = ½ (a + b + c). we look through the log table. II.56 23. Area of a triangle = ½ × base × height b. Area of a triangle = . Area of 4 walls of a room = 2 (length + breadth) × height 86. Square: a. the characteristic is one less than the number of digits in the left of decimal point in the given number. Rectangle: a. Characteristic 2 1 0 -1 -2 -3 For mantissa. and a. Area of a square = ½ (diagonal)2 85. Area of a parallelogram = Base × Height Page 8 of 12 Copyright © 2006 www. Area of square = (side)2 b.00234 III.234 0. Triangle: a.0234 0. Area 83. Radius of incircle of an equilateral triangle of side a = a / 2 e.sonker. Area of an equilateral triangle = / 4 × (side)2 d. IV. b.34 0.456 2. In this case. then antilog y = x.114 Handy Formulae for Quantitative Aptitude Problems Author: Sagar Sonker I. Antilog: If log x = y. e.com . Area of a rectangle = (length × breadth) b. Number 234. In this case. Radius of circumcircle of an equilateral triangle of side a = a / 87. Parallelogram/Rhombus/Trapezium: a. Case 1: When the number is greater than 1. Case 2: When the number is less than 1. Perimeter of a rectangle = 2 (length + breadth) 84. the characteristic is one more than the number of zeroes between the decimal point and the first significant digit of the number and it is negative.

Curved Surface Area = (2πrh) sq. units . Area of a sector 91. 92. Then. a. Cylinder: Let radius of base = r & height (or length) = h. Volume = (πr2h) cu. Circle/Arc/Sector. where R is the radius of the circle: a. Area of trapezium 88. breadth = b & height = h units Then. Surface Area c. Cone: Let radius of base = r & height = h. = ½ × (Product of diagonals) The halves of diagonals and a side of a rhombus form a right angled triangle with side as the hypotenuse. units b. Area of a circle = πR2 b. Page 9 of 12 Copyright © 2006 www. a. = ½ × (sum of parallel sides) × (distance between them) d.sonker. Area of a rhombus c. Volume b. Diagonal = a3 cu units = 6a2 sq. Surface Area c. units c. 90. units =( × a) units Diagonal = (l × b × h) cu units = 2 (lb + bh + hl) sq. Then. Volume b. Cuboid: Let length = l.114 Handy Formulae for Quantitative Aptitude Problems Author: Sagar Sonker b. units = units d. a.com Total Surface Area = 2πr(r + h) sq. Length of an arc = Ө/360 × 2πR = ½ (arc × R) = Ө/360 × πR2 Volume & Surface Area 89. Cube: Let each edge of a cube be of length a. Circumference of a circle = 2πR c. Then.

Rs. is Rs. Volume c. if S. 800. 100. Hemi-sphere: Let the radius of the sphere be r. units = (4πr2) sq. The selling price of a Rs. at par. Volume = (2/3 πr3) cu.P. brokerage is added to the cost price. if S. units Curved Surface Area = (πrl) sq. units Stocks & Shares 95. Then. 156 due 4 years hence. When stock is purchased. 100 stock is Rs. a. 100 exactly. 9% stock at 95’. Sphere: Let the radius of the sphere be r. (156 . 95. Then.D.com . When the stock is sold. 156 after 4 years and the rate of interest is 14% per annum. Brokerage: The broker’s charge is called brokerage.) = Rs.W. if S. 99. above par (or at premium). units d. Total Surface Area = πr(r + l) sq. is less than Rs. 97. the payment of Rs. Present Worth (P. a. below par (or at discount). 156 in 4 years. By ‘a Rs. 100. 100.) = Rs. 800. Clearly. brokerage is subtracted from the selling price. True Discount 100. c. True Discount (T. Surface Area 94.100) = (Sum due) – (P. = units = (⅓ πr2h) cu. We say that: Sum due = Rs. So.114 Handy Formulae for Quantitative Aptitude Problems Author: Sagar Sonker a.) Page 10 of 12 Copyright © 2006 www. we mean a stock whose face value is Rs. 96. 100 now will clear off the debt of Rs. 100 stock is said to be: a. annual interest is 9% of the face value and the market price of a Rs. Curved Surface Area = (2πr2) sq. units b.P. Total Surface Area = (3πr2) sq. units c. 156 due 4 years hence. Suppose a man has to pay Rs. 100 at 14% will amount to Rs. b. is more than Rs. 98. Volume b. Slant height. l b.sonker. units 93. units = (4/3 πr3) cu.W.P.

) = (B. 102.W.) is the S. B.D.W.D. copy. c. = = (Amount × Rate × Time) / 100 = (Amount × Rate × Time) / (100 + [Rate × Time]) = (B.W.I.D. on the face value for the period from the date on which the bill was discounted and the legally due date.114 Handy Formulae for Quantitative Aptitude Problems Author: Sagar Sonker 101. Banker’s Discount (B.I. B. Make sure to preserve this copyright notice alongwith the header and footer with the copyright note of www. Interest is reckoned on R.I. Then. on bill for unexpired time = (B.D. Banker’s Gain (B. on T.]) / ([S. print. = Amount / (1 + R/100)T Banker’s Discount 105.G.I.I. on T.D.D. – T.]) d.D. copy. = S.) × R × T / 100 = ([Amount] × R × T) / (100 + [R × T]) = ([S. Be sure to read the copyright information and terms of use of the documents at http://www. Amount 114.htm before you share.sonker.W.D. 113.) / (B.D. When the date of the bill is not given.I.) = S. Sum = (100 × Amount) / (100 + [R × T]) = (100 × T.D. e. 106.D. grace days are not to be added 108. 109. and true discount is reckoned on the amount 104.G.I.W. distribute this document.) = (B. Amount = Interest on P. T.) – (T.D.D.] – [T. T.com.D.) = S. × 100) / (Rate × Time) 110.) for the unexpired time 107.) + (T.D.D. = (T.) – (T. b. Copyright Notice: Feel free to share. = (P.D. T. 112.W. then P.)2 / P. (S. T. print. Page 11 of 12 Copyright © 2006 www.] × [T.D. 111. T.) / (R × T) = (P.D.D. a.W.G. × T.com/sagar/Copyright. P.D.) 103. When the sum is put at compound interest.D.com .) – (T.sonker. distribute this document for free.D. Let rate = R% per annum & time = T years.sonker.D. B.

com/sagar.com the full authority to take a legal action.sonker.com .sonker.com or submit your feedback at www. Do you have any more information to add to this document? Write to me at sagar@sonker.114 Handy Formulae for Quantitative Aptitude Problems Author: Sagar Sonker Illegal reproduction of this document without the prior permission of the author and/or removal of this copyright notice and/or the header/footer gives www.sonker. Page 12 of 12 Copyright © 2006 www.

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