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Numerical Simulation Results

Straight-Rail Bridge-Embankment

I. Straight-Rail

Names Pad Rail-Ends Suspension

Elasticity 400000KN/m 400000KN/m 3000KN/m

Damping 400 KNs/m 400KNs/m 90KNs/m

Vertical Displacement on Rail

Rail- Displacement- 4 wheels


-1

4 Wheels
Displacement at Rail(mm)
0

100Kmh 200Kmh 300Kmh 400Kmh 500Kmh

Time(sec)

Rail- Displacement- 1 wheels


-1

1Wheel
Displacement at rail(mm)
0

1
100Kmh 200Kmh 300Kmh 400Kmh 500Kmh

5
5

Time(sec)

Vertical Velocity on Rail

Rail- Vertical Displacement V2- 4 wheels

-500

4Wheels -Rail

Vertical Velocity Rail(m/sec)

500

1000

1500

100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

2000

Time(sec)
7

Rail- Vertical Velocity V2- 1 wheels

-500

Vertical Velocity at Rail(mm/sec)

1Wheel-Rail
0

500

100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

1000

Time(sec)

Straight Rail Deformation in Soil U2-TCL

Top TCL- U2- 1 wheel

-1

Displacement at TCL top(mm)

1Wheel-Top TCL

100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

Time(sec)
10

Top TCL- U2- 4wheels


-1

Displacement at TCL top(mm)

4Wheels -Top TCL

100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

Time(sec)
11

Straight Rail Deformation in Soil V2-TCL

12

Top TCL- V2- 1 wheel

Vertical Velocity TCL Top(mm/sec)

-20

1Wheel-TCL Top

20
100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

40

60

Time(sec)
13

Top TCL- V2- 4wheels

Vertical Velocity TCL top(m/sec)

-50

4Wheels -Top TCL

50

100 0 1 2 3

100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

Time(sec)
14

Straight Rail Deformation in Soil U2 HSB

15

Top HSB- U2- 1wheels


-1

Displacement HSB top(mm)

1Wheel-Top HSB
0

100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

Time(sec)
16

Top HSB- U2- 4wheels

-1

Displacement at HSB top(mm)

4Wheels -Top HSB

100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

Time(sec)
17

Straight Rail Deformation in Soil V2 HSB

18

Top HSB- V2- 1wheels


-35

Vertical Velocity HSB top(mm/sec)

1Wheel-HSB Top

35

100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

70

Time(sec)
19

Top HSB- V2- 4wheels

Vertical Velocity HSB top(m/sec)

-50

4Wheels -Top HSB

50

100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

100

Time(sec)
20

Straight Rail Deformation in Soil U2 RB

21

Top RB- U2- 1wheels


-1

1Wheel-Top RB

Displacement at RB top(mm)

100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

Time(sec)
22

Top RB- U2- 4wheels


-1

Displacment at SG top(mm)

4Wheels -Top RB
0

100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

Time(sec)
23

Straight Rail Deformation in Soil V2 RB

24

Top RB- V2- 1wheels


-35

Vertical Velocity at RB top(mm/sec)

1Wheel-RB Top

35

100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

70

Time(sec)
25

Top RB- V2- 4wheels

-60

Vertical velocity RB top(m/sec)

4 Wheels- Top RB
-30

30
100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh
0 2 4

60

90

Time
26

Straight Rail Deformation in Soil U2 SG

27

Top SG- U2- 1wheel

-1

Displacement at SG top(mm)

1Wheel-Top SG

100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

Time(sec)
28

Top SG- U2- 4wheels

-1

Displacment at SG top(mm)

4Wheels -Top SG
0

100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

5
29

Time(sec)

Straight Rail Deformation in Soil V2 SG

30

Top SG- V2- 1wheel

Vertical Velocity SG top(mm/sec)

-25

1Wheel-SG Top

25

100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

50

Time(sec)
31

Top SG- V2- 4wheels

-80

Vertical Velocity SG top(m/sec)

4Wheels -Top SG
-40

0
100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

40

80

Time(sec)
32

II. Bridge-Rail

33

II. Bridge-Rail

Names

Elasticity(or Stiff ness)

Damping

Rail Pad Primary Suspen sion

100000KN/m 1150KN/m

15 KNs/m 2.5KNs/m

34

Vertical Displacement U2 on Rail

35

Top Rail

Top GR

36

Rail- Displacement- 1 wheels

Vertical Displacement at rail(mm)

0.0000

0.0001

0.0002

U2-1Wheel-Rail
100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

0.0003 0 1 Time(sec) 2

37

Top Rail- U2- 4wheels

Vertical Displacement at Rail(mm)

U2-4Wheels-Rail 0.0

0.8
100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

1.6

0.0

0.5

1.0 Time(sec)

1.5

2.0

38

Vertical Velocity V2 on Rail

39

Rail- Vertical Velocity V2- 1 wheels


-1.0 V2-1Wheel-Rail -0.5

Vertcal Velocity (mm/sec)

0.0
100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

0.5

1 Time(sec)

40

Top Rail- V2- 4wheels

Vertical Velocity at Rail(mm/sec)

-1000

V2-4Wheels-Rail

1000

2000 0.0

100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

0.5

1.0 Time(sec)

1.5

2.0

41

Vertical Acceleration A2 on Rail

42

Rail- Vertical Acceleration A2- 1 wheels

Vertical Acceleration at Rail(m/sec2)

-30

A2-1Wheel-Rail

0
100kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

30 0 1 Time(sec) 2

43

Top Rail- A2- 4wheels

A2-4Wheels-Rail

Vertical Acceleration(m/sec2)

-20000

20000

100kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

40000

0.0

0.5

1.0 Time(sec)

1.5

2.0
44

Vertical Deformation U2 on GR

45

Top GR- U2- 1 wheel

Vertical Displacement at GR(mm)

0.00000

0.00007

U2-1Wheel-GR

0.00014

100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

46

Top Rail- U2- 4wheels

Vertical Displacement at Rail(mm)

U2-4Wheels-Rail 0.0

0.8
100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

1.6

0.0

0.5

1.0 Time(sec)

1.5

2.0

47

Vertical Deformation V2 on GR

48

Top GR- V2- 1 wheel

Vertical Velocity at Top GR(mm/sec)

-0.06 V2-1Wheel-GR

0.00

0.06

100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

1 Time(sec)

3
49

Top GR- V2- 4wheels

Vertical velocity at top GR(mm/sec)

V2-4Wheels-GR -200

0
100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

200 0.0

0.5

1.0 Time(sec)

1.5

2.0
50

Vertical Acceleration A2 on GR

51

Top GR- A2- 4wheels

Vertical Acceleration at top GR(m/sec2)

-700 A2-4Wheels-GR -350

350

700 0.0 0.5

100kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

1.0 Time(sec)

1.5

2.0

52

New data

53

III. Bridge-Rail

Names

Elasticity(or Stiff ness)

Damping

Rail Pad Primary Suspen sion

100000KN/m 1150KN/m

0 KNs/m 0KNs/m

54

Vertical U2,V2,A2 on Rail 4Wheels

55

Top Rail- U2- 4wheels

Vertical Displacement at Rail(mm)

0.0

U2-4Wheels-Rail

0.8

1.6
100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

2.4

0.0

0.5

1.0 Time(sec)

1.5

2.0

56

Top Rail- A2- 4wheels

A2-4Wheels-Rail

Vertical Acceleration(m/sec2)

-20000

20000

100kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

40000

0.0

0.5

1.0 Time(sec)

1.5

2.0

57

Top Rail- V2- 4wheels

-3
Vertical Velocity at Rail(m/sec)

V2-4Wheels-Rail -2 -1 0 1 2 3 0.0
100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

0.5

1.0 Time(sec)

1.5

2.0

58

Vertical U2,V2,A2 on GR 4Wheels

59

Top GR- U2- 4wheels

Vertical Displacement at Top GR

0.0

U2-4Wheels-Top GR

0.5

1.0

1.5 0.0

100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

0.5

1.0 Time(sec)

1.5

2.0

60

Top GR- V2- 4wheels

-1

Vertical velocity at top GR(m/sec)

V2-4Wheels-GR

1 0.0

100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

0.5

1.0 Time(sec)

1.5

2.0

61

Top GR- A2- 4wheels

Vertical Acceleration at top GR(m/sec2)

-1000 A2-4Wheels-GR

-500

500

1000 0.0

100kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

0.5

1.0 Time(sec)

1.5

2.0

62

IV. Straight-Rail-4Wheels

Names

Elasticity(or Stiff ness)

Damping

Rail Pad Primary Suspen sion

100000KN/m 1150KN/m

0 KNs/m 0KNs/m

63

Vertical U2,V2,A2 on Rail

64

Rail- U2- 4wheels

Vertical Displacement at Rail(mm)

-2

U2-4Wheels-Rail

2
100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

4 0 1 2

Time(sec)

65

Rail- V2- 4wheels

-8

4Wheels -Rail

Vertical Velocity Rail(m/sec)

-4

0
100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

Time(sec)
66

Rail- A2- 4wheels

-30000

4Wheels -Rail

Vertical Velocity Rail(m/sec)

30000

100Kmh 200kmh 300kmh 400kmh 500kmh

60000

Time(sec)

67

Vertical U2,V2,A2 on TCL

68

TCL- U2- 4wheels

69

TCL- V2- 4wheels

70

TCL- A2- 4wheels

71

Vertical U2,V2,A2 on HSB

72

HSB- U2- 4wheels

73

HSB- V2- 4wheels

74

HSB- A2- 4wheels

75

Vertical U2,V2,A2 on RB

76

RB- U2- 4wheels

77

RB- V2- 4wheels

78

RB- A2- 4wheels

79

Vertical U2,V2,A2 on SG

80

SG- U2- 4wheels

81

SG- V2- 4wheels

82

SG- A2- 4wheels

83