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These laminated cores have slots in the inner surface. The phase windings are placed in the slots of the magnetic core and are separately insulated by placing the insulation sheets or dipping it in tank full of varnish and heating it. The ends of the phase windings are taken out to the terminal box. The terminal box has the incoming wire from the three phase supply. The rotor of the induction motor consists of the laminated core which is mounted on the shaft. This laminated core have slots it the periphery where the conductor bars are placed. It is to be noted that slots are only for the conductor bars and not for the windings. This conductor bars are usually made of copper or aluminum. This bars are short circuited at their ends by the short circuiting ring. When an AC voltage (single phase or three phase) is applied across the stator winding of the induction motor, current flows through the stator winding and produce a magnetic flux. In case of three phase induction motor, the magnetic flux produced is a rotating magnetic flux. This rotating flux will rotate at the synchronous speed which will depend up on the number of poles and frequency of supply given to the motor. Single phase The stator is fed by a single phase ac supply, which produces alternating flux in the stator windings. But the alternating flux produced is along one space axis only and not a rotating one as in the case of three phase motors. Therefore the alternating flux in stator cannot produce the necessary rotation for the rotor to rotate. Hence the single phase Induction motor is not a self starting one. To make single phase motor a self starting one, it can be converted into a two –phase motor during the starting period. For this purpose, along with main winding in the stator an auxiliary winding is provided. The two windings should be 90 degrees electrically apart.