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nc can b defined as d combi of mech elec and electronic devices controlled by numeric data. Classificatn of NC sys: 1) Based on NC sys used on mc tools a) Hard wired sys: In it d entire data i/p and data handling sys incliding ctrl func r determined only by d fxd ckt interconnctn of decisn ele n storage devices. b) CNC: a self contained NC sys, for a single mc tool wich uses a mini computer, ctrld by d instruct stored in its memory 2 perforn all d basic numercl ctrl func. It is also called soft wire NC mc. 2) based on ctrl sys: a) pt 2 pt NC sys: wid pt to pt sys, d mc performs d mcing op at specifc posi n does not affect d wp while moving from 1 pt to nxt. Eg drilling b) straight cut or straight line NC sys: is an extnsn of pt 2 pt ctrl sys wid d provision of straight cut milling capability. Eg face milling, turning on lathe. c) Continuous path/ contouring NC sys: dis sys enables profiles, contours and curvd surf 2b m/cd. Dis sys calls for conti, simulataneous and cordinatn of other works n intrrletd motions of d tool n wp along diff coordinate axis. Adv of CNC: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) Hi accuracy n repeatability Reducd inspect Ease of assembly and intrchangeability Less scrap n rework Reductn of floor space/ no of men/ handling Saving in jig/fixture as well as in lead tym Cost a/cing and product ctrl bcomes very precise Less paper work Dependnc on skilled operators can b dispensed wid Inc effect m/c utilisatn
TYPES OF CNC MACHINE TOOLS: 1) MILLS N M/CING CENTRES: cnc mills r usually small simple m/c w/o a tool changer or other automatic features. In industry dey r used for tool room work, maintainnc purposes or small part production. CNC m/ing is far more efficient than drills n mills mainly for dire flexibility. Main adv of cnc m/c cntr is d ability to grup several deiverse op into a single setup. 2) Lathes n machining centrs: cnc lathe is a m/c tool wid 2 axes, d veerticl x axis n d hori z axis. D modern lathe dsgn can b hori or vert. hori type is far more common than vert dsgn. 3) CNC miling: Milling machine is a machine capable of a simultaneous cutting motion, using an end mill as the primary cutting tool along at least two axes at the same time. 4) Boring mills n profiles 5) EDM mc 6) Punch press n shear 7) Flme cutting mc 8) Routers
9) 10) 11) 12) Watr jet and laser profiles Cylndricl gindeers Welding m/c Benders winding n spinning m/c. .