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Peri Intra

Peri Intra

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Published by Mhia Mhi-mhi Flores

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Published by: Mhia Mhi-mhi Flores on Oct 27, 2012
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12/06/2013

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ITUATIONAL Situation 1 – Concerted work efforts among members of the surgical team is essential to the success of the surgical

procedure. 1. The sterile nurse or sterile personnel touch only sterile supplies and instruments. When there is a need for sterile supply which is not in the sterile field, who hands out these items by opening its outer cover? A. B. C. D. Circulating Nurse Anaesthesiologist Surgeon Nursing Aide 2. The OR team performs distinct roles for one surgical procedure to be accomplished within a prescribed time frame and deliver a standard patient outcome. While the surgeon performs the surgical procedure, who monitors the status of the client like urine output, blood loss? A. B. C. D. Scrub Nurse Surgeon Anesthesiologist Circulating Nurse 3. Surgery schedules are communicated to the OR usually a day prior to the procedure by the nurse of the floor or ward where the patient is confined. For orthopedic cases, what department is usually informed to be present in the OR? A. B. C. D. Rehabilitation department Laboratory department Maintenance department Radiology department 4. Minimally invasive surgery is very much into technology. Aside from the usual surgical team, who else has to be present when a client undergoes laparoscopic surgery? A. B. C. D. Information technician Biomedical technician Electrician Laboratory technician 5. In massive blood loss, prompt replacement of compatible blood is crucial. What department needs to be alerted to coordinate closely with the patient’s family for immediate blood component therapy? A. B. C. D. Security Division Chaiplaincy Social Service Section Pathology department Situation 2 – You are assigned in the Orthopedic Ward where clients are complaining of pain in varying degrees upon movement of body parts. 6. Troy is a one day post open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of the left hip and is in pain. Which of the following observation would prompt you to call the doctor? A. B. C. D. Dressing is intact but partially soiled Left foot is cold to touch and pedal pulse is absent Left leg in limited functional anatomic position BP 114/78, pulse of 82 beats/minute 7. There is an order of Demerol 50 mg I.M. now and every 6 hours p r n. You injected Demerol at 5 pm. The next dose of Demerol 50 mg I.M. is given:

D. Central supply section Previous doctor’s clinic Department where the patient was previously admitted Medical records section . Which of the following behaviors indicate appropriate adaptation? A. You readmitted a client who was in another department a month ago. There might be other factors such as cultural or psychological that influence pain. When the record is voluminous When a medical record is subpoenaed in court When it is missing When the medical record is inaccurate. You continuously evaluate the client’s adaptation to pain. C. B. C. C. B. when you need the medical record of a discharged patient for research you will request permission through: A. Since you will need the previous chart. Disposal of medical records in government hospitals/institutions must be done in close coordination with what agency? A. How can you alter these factors as the nurse? A. B. C. D. When can the medical record become the doctor’s/nurse’s worst enemy? A. D. 11. C. Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA) Records Management Archives Office (RMAO) Department of Health (DOH) 13. C. D. D. Explain all the possible interventions that may cause the client to worry Establish trusting relationship by giving his medication on time Stay with the client during pain episodes Promote client’s sense of control and participation in control by listening to his concerns 10. B. Doctor in charge The hospital director The nursing service Medical records section 14. B. C. an epidural catheter for Fentanyl epidural analgesia is given. D. incomplete. B. What is your nursing priority care in such a case? A. C. from whom do you request the old chart? A. In some hip surgeries. B. and inadequate 12. In the hospital. The patient’s medical record can work as a double edged sword. When the client asks for the next dose When the patient is in severe pain At 11 pm At 12 pm 8. D. B. The client reports pain reduction and decreased activity The client denies existence of pain The client can distract himself during pain episodes The client reports independence from watchers 9. Instruct client to observe strict bed rest Check for epidural catheter drainage Administer analgesia through epidural catheter as prescribed Assess respiratory rate carefully Situation 3 – Records are vital tools in any institution and should be properly maintained for specific use and time. Pain in ortho cases may not be mainly due to the surgery. D.A.

Assess the readiness of the client prior to surgery Ensure that the airway is adequate Account for the number of sponges. the surgeon greets his client before induction of anesthesia the surgeon and anesthesiologist are in tandem strap made of strong non-abrasive materials are fastened securely around the joints of the knees and ankles and around the 2 hands around an arm board. D. D. manicure. used during the surgical procedure. B. Records Management and Archives Office of the DOH is responsible for implementing its policies on record disposal. and dentures 17. B. 16. C. B. D. C. Assess level of consciousness Verify patient identification and informed consent Assess vital signs Check for jewelry. OR nurses should be aware that maintaining the client’s safety is the overall goal of nursing care during the intraoperative phase. 21. The OR nurse should be well versed with all these to safeguard the safety and quality of patient delivery outcome. you make certain that throughout the procedure… A. Another nursing check that should not be missed before the induction of general anesthesia is: A. C. you will anticipate increased risk for: A. D. C. C. When are these procedures best scheduled? A. If your client smokes 3 packs of cigarettes a day for the past 10 years. D. Evaluate the type of anesthesia appropriate for the surgical client . Which of the following role would be the responsibility of the scrub nurse? A. B.15. Some lifetime habits and hobbies affect postoperative respiratory function. there are safety protocols that should be followed. B. supplies. needles. perioperative anxiety and stress delayed coagulation time delayed wound healing postoperative respiratory function Situation 5 – Nurses hold a variety of roles when providing care to a perioperative patient. C. B. Last case In between cases According to availability of anaesthesiologist According to the surgeon’s preference 18. C. Your hospital is considered tertiary Your hospital is in Metro Manila It obtained permit to operate from DOH Your hospital is PhilHealth accredited Situation 4 – In the OR. Client is monitored throughout the surgery by the assistant anesthesiologist 19. D. Surgeries like I and D (incision and drainage) and debridement are relatively short procedures but considered ‘dirty cases’. check for presence underwear check for presence dentures check patient’s ID check baseline vital signs 20. B. gown. D. You know that your institution is covered by this policy if: A. Which of the following should be given highest priority when receiving patient in the OR? A. As the circulating nurse.

D. Localized heat and redness Serosanguinous exudates and skin blanching Separation of the incision Blood clots and scar tissue are visible 25. The mother asked the nurse. Put side rails up and ask the client not to get out of bed Send the client to OR with the family Allow client to get up to go to the comfort room Obtain consent form 23. D. B. EXCEPT: A. a case of bronchial asthma. If hair at the operative site is not shaved. As a perioperative nurse. B. what is its indication. Draped Pulled Clipped Shampooed 24. B. C. Observe the dressing and type and odor of drainage if any Get patient’s consent Wash hands Request the client to expose the incision wound Situation 6 – Carlo. D. You will give health instructions to Carlo. RR is 46/min and he appears to be in acute respiratory distress. C. The perioperative nurse should observe for what signs of impending infection? A.22. what should be done to make suturing easy and lessen chance of incision infection? A. seafood Practice respiratory isolation 29. 16 years old. B. The asthmatic client asked you what breathing techniques he can best practice when asthmatic attack starts. C. What will be the best position? . dust. comes to the ER with acute asthmatic attack. B. Relax smooth muscles of the bronchial airway Promote expectoration Prevent thickening of secretions Suppress cough 28. Which of the following nursing interventions is done when examining the incision wound and changing the dressing? A. D. Which of the following nursing actions should be initiated first? A. The health instruction will include the following. It is also the nurse’s function to determine when infection is developing in the surgical incision. C. B. It is the responsibility of the pre-op nurse to do skin prep for patients undergoing surgery. B. Avoid emotional stress and extreme temperature Avoid pollution like smoking Avoid pollens. D. Promote emotional support Administer oxygen at 6L/min Suction the client every 30 min Administer bronchodilator by nebulizer 27. Aminophylline was ordered for acute asthmatic attack. C. C. 26. C. D. how can you best meet the safety need of the client after administering preoperative narcotic? A. the nurse will say: A. D.

C. As a nurse. identify the client by his/her wrist tag and verify with family members identify client by his/her wrist tag and call his/her by name call the client by his/her case and bed number call the patient by his/her name and bed number Situation 8 – Team efforts is best demonstrated in the OR. B. D. EXCEPT: A. You identified a potential risk of pre-and postoperative clients. how can you improve the safety of using infusion pumps? A. Sit in high-Fowler’s position with extended legs Sit-up with shoulders back Push on abdomen during exhalation Lean forward 30-40 degrees with each exhalation 30. Overdosage of medication or anesthetic can happen even with the aid of technology like infusion pumps. As a nurse. C. Who is your internist Who is your assistant and anesthesiologist. D. and wrong procedure/surgery includes the following. what important information do you need to ask the surgeon? A.A. D. 36. D. B. If you are the nurse in charge for scheduling surgical cases. EXCEPT: A. Assess potential risk of fall associated with the patient’s medication regimen Take action to address any identified risks through Incident Report (IR) Allow client to walk with relative to the OR Assess and periodically reassess individual client’s risk for falling 35. As the head nurse in the OR. how can you improve the effectiveness of clinical alarm systems? A. JCAHOs universal protocol for surgical and invasive procedures to prevent wrong site. Limit suppliers to a few so that quality is maintained Implement a regular inventory of supplies and equipment Adherence to manufacturer’s recommendation Implement a regular maintenance and testing of alarm systems 32. 31. wrong person. B. As a staff. and what is your preferred time and type of surgery? . B. C. you know you can improve on accuracy of patient’s identification by 2 patient identifiers. metabolic alkalosis respiratory acidosis respiratory alkalosis metabolic acidosis Situation 7 – Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospital Organization (JCAHO) patient safety goals and requirements include the care and efficient use of technology in the OR and elsewhere in the healthcare facility. D. sphygmomanometer and similar devices/machines. To reduce the risk of patient harm resulting from fall. B. you are always alerted to monitor status asthmaticus who will likely and initially manifest symptoms of: A. you can implement the following. C. C. EXCEPT: A. Check the functionality of the pump before use Select your brand of infusion pump like you do with your cellphone Allow the technician to set the infusion pump before use Verify the flow rate against your computation 33. C. B. C. D. Mark the operative site if possible Conduct pre-procedure verification process Take a video of the entire intra-operative procedure Conduct ‘time out’ immediately before starting the procedure 34. B. B. D.

C. Who are your anesthesiologist. scrub nurse 39. anesthesiologist. D. Surgeon. 41. scrub nurse. B.C. D. B. When surgery is on-going. B. D. D. internist. and instrument technician Scrub nurse and nurse anesthetist Scrub and circulating nurses 38. Instrument technician and circulating nurse Nurse anesthetist. anesthesiologist. assistant surgeon. C. Which of the following is not indicated as a skin care barriers? A. D. C. scrub nurse. which of the following condition is NOT expected? A. B. scrub nurse. In the OR. Who comprise this team? A. nurse assistant. anesthesiologist Surgeon. depending on the disease condition. After ileostomy. Increased weight Irritation of skin around the stoma Liquid stool Establishment of regular bowel movement 44. D. C. anesthesiologist. Orderly/clerk Nurse Supervisor Circulating Nurse Anesthesiologist 40. orderly Surgeon. What health instruction will enhance regulation of a colostomy (defecation) of clients? A. circulating nurse. B. C. Electricity Inadequate supply Leg work Communication Situation 9 – Colostomy is a surgically created anus. radiologist. pathologist Surgeon. It can be temporary or permanent. who coordinates the activities outside. C. and assistant Who is your anesthesiologist 37. we should limit the number of people in the room for infection control. the nursing tandem for every surgery is: A. assistants. D. EXCEPT: A. intern. The breakdown in teamwork is often times a failure in: A. Skin care around the stoma is critical. The following are appropriate nursing interventions during colostomy irrigation. While team effort is needed in the OR for efficient and quality patient care delivery. including the family? A. B. Irrigate after lunch everyday Eat fruits and vegetables in all three meals Eat balanced meals at regular intervals Restrict exercise to walking only 43. assistant surgeon. Increase the irrigating solution flow rate when abdominal cramps is felt Insert 2-4 inches of an adequately lubricated catheter to the stoma . D. C. Apply liberal amount of mineral oil to the area Use karaya paste and rings around the stoma Clean the area daily with soap and water before applying bag Apply talcum powder twice a day 42. B. B.

Control group Study subjects General population Universe 47. What sensation is used as a gauge so that patients with ileostomy can determine how often their pouch should be drained? A. C. D. Sensation of taste Sensation of pressure Sensation of smell Urge to defecate Situation 10 – As a beginner in research. D. C. C.C. Which of the following methods allows the use of any group of research subject? A. D. B. D. B. Position client in semi-Fowler Hang the solution 18 inches above the stoma 45. D. C. B. Been selected systematically An equal chance of selection Been selected based on set criteria Characteristics that match other samples 49. Randomization Appropriate location Appropriate number Representativeness 48. C. you are aware that sampling is an essential elements of the research process. B. C. D. B. Cluster sampling Random sampling Stratified sampling Systematic sampling . Random sampling ensures that each subject has: A. You decided to include 5 barangays in your municipality and chose a sampling method that would get representative samples from each barangay. What is the most important characteristic of a sample? A. 46. B. What does a sample group represent? A. D. What should be the appropriate method ofor you to use in this care? A. Purposive Convenience Snow-ball Quota 50.

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