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UNODC Report_The Use of the Internet for Terrorist Purposes

UNODC Report_The Use of the Internet for Terrorist Purposes

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42. The United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy32

was unanimously
adopted by the General Assembly in 2006, representing a milestone in the domain of
multilateral counter-terrorism initiatives. Pursuant to the Strategy, Member States
resolved, inter alia:

(a) To consistently, unequivocally and strongly condemn terrorism in all its forms
and manifestations, committed by whomever, wherever and for whatever pur-
poses, as it constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace
and security;

(b) To take urgent action to prevent and combat terrorism in all its forms and
manifestations;

(c) To recognize that international cooperation and any measures that [they]
undertake to prevent and combat terrorism must comply with [their] obliga-
tions under international law, including the Charter of the United Nations
and relevant international conventions and protocols, in particular human
rights law, refugee law and international humanitarian law;

(d) To work with the United Nations with due regard to confdentiality, respect-
ing human rights and in compliance with other obligations under international
law, to explore ways and means to “(a) Coordinate efforts at the international
and regional levels to counter terrorism in all its forms and manifestations on the
Internet; (b) Use the Internet as a tool for countering the spread of terrorism, while
recognizing that States may require assistance in this regard” [emphasis added].

43. Several Security Council resolutions adopted in recent years require States to
cooperate fully in the fght against terrorism, in all its forms. In particular, resolutions
1373 (2001) and 1566 (2004), adopted under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United
Nations, require legislative and other action to be taken by all Member States to combat
terrorism, including through increased cooperation with other Governments in the inves-
tigation, detection, arrest, extradition and prosecution of those involved in terrorist acts;
and call upon States to implement the international conventions and protocols relating
to terrorism.

44. Another key Security Council resolution relating to terrorist activity that may be
conducted by means of the Internet is resolution 1624 (2005), which addresses the
incitement and glorifcation of terrorist acts. In its fourth preambular paragraph, the
Council condemns “in the strongest terms the incitement of terrorist acts “and repudi-
ates” attempts at the justifcation or glorifcation (apologie) of terrorist acts that may
incite further terrorist acts”. In paragraph 1, it calls upon all States to adopt such
measures as may be necessary and appropriate, and in accordance with their obligations
under international law, to prohibit by law and prevent incitement to commit a terrorist
act or acts.

32

General Assembly resolution 60/288.

CHAPTER II. THE INTERNATIONAl CONTExT

17

45. Recent United Nations reports and resolutions have specifcally acknowledged the
importance of countering terrorist use of the Internet as a key part of a comprehensive
counter-terrorism strategy. In his 2006 report to the General Assembly entitled “Unit-
ing against terrorism: recommendations for a global counter-terrorism strategy”,33

the
Secretary-General explicitly stated: “The ability to generate and move fnances, to
acquire weapons, to recruit and train cadres, and to communicate, particularly through
use of the Internet, are all essential to terrorists.”34

The Secretary-General went on to
assert that the Internet was a rapidly growing vehicle for terrorist recruitment and dis-
semination of information and propaganda, which must be countered through coordi-
nated action by Member States, while respecting human rights and other obligations
under international law.35

46. In its resolution 1963 (2010), the Security Council expressed “concern at the
increased use, in a globalized society, by terrorists of new information and communica-
tions technologies, in particular the Internet, for the purposes of the recruitment and
incitement as well as for the fnancing, planning and preparation of their activities.”
The Council also recognized the importance of cooperation among Member States to
prevent terrorists from exploiting technology, communications and resources.

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