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Fish Histology Manual v4 S. Turkmen

Fish Histology Manual v4 S. Turkmen

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Published by Serhat Turkmen

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Published by: Serhat Turkmen on Oct 29, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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in shape by contraction of the eye muscles, the fish lens is inelastic and must be drawn inward toward the
retina by the retractor lentis muscle to accommodate changing sight requirements. The small degree of
accommodation possible in the teleost is achieved by this action of the retractor lentis muscle.


The retina, the light sensitive tissue, is generally organized as in other vertebrates with internal nervous
tissue layers, overlying rod and cone receptor cells, and a black pigmented layer found peripherally.
These make up a total of eight specific layers in the retina. The pigmented epithelial layer controls the
amount of light which reaches the visual elements beneath it including the ability of needle-like pigment
granules to migrate and form fingerlike processes which extend downward into the visual layer. The
visual layer of rods and cones consists of three types of receptors: twin cones, single cones, and rods.
The nuclei of the cones are large and spherical, whereas those of the rods tend to be small and oval. The
ganglion cell layer is composed of a narrow chain of granular, spherical cells surrounded by a fine
connective tissue network.

Chapter 2 - Normal Histology

Fish Histology and Histopathology

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