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MAX3222/MAX3232/ MAX3237/MAX3241

3.0V to 5.5V, Low-Power, up to 1Mbps, True RS-232 Transceivers Using Four 0.1µF External Capacitors
________________General Description
The MAX3222/MAX3232/MAX3237/MAX3241 transceivers have a proprietary low-dropout transmitter output stage enabling true RS-232 performance from a 3.0V to 5.5V supply with a dual charge pump. The devices require only four small 0.1µF external chargepump capacitors. The MAX3222, MAX3232, and MAX3241 are guaranteed to run at data rates of 120kbps while maintaining RS-232 output levels. The MAX3237 is guaranteed to run at data rates of 250kbps in the normal operating mode and 1Mbps in the MegaBaud™ operating mode, while maintaining RS-232 output levels. The MAX3222/MAX3232 have 2 receivers and 2 drivers. The MAX3222 features a 1µA shutdown mode that reduces power consumption and extends battery life in portable systems. Its receivers remain active in shutdown mode, allowing external devices such as modems to be monitored using only 1µA supply current. The MAX3222 and MAX3232 are pin, package, and functionally compatible with the industry-standard MAX242 and MAX232, respectively. The MAX3241 is a complete serial port (3 drivers/ 5 receivers) designed for notebook and subnotebook computers. The MAX3237 (5 drivers/3 receivers) is ideal for fast modem applications. Both these devices feature a shutdown mode in which all receivers can remain active while using only 1µA supply current. Receivers R1 (MAX3237/MAX3241) and R2 (MAX3241) have extra outFunctional Diagrams puts in addition to their standard outputs. These extra outputs are always active, allowing external devices such as a modem to be monitored without forward biasing the protection diodes in circuitry that may have VCC completely removed. The MAX3222, MAX3237, and MAX3241 are available in space-saving TSSOP and SSOP packages.

__Next Generation Device Features
♦ For Smaller Packaging: MAX3228E/MAX3229E: +2.5V to +5.5V RS-232 Transceivers in UCSP™ ♦ For Integrated ESD Protection: MAX3222E/MAX3232E/MAX3237E/MAX3241E/ MAX3246E: ±15kV ESD-Protected, Down to 10nA, 3.0V to 5.5V, Up to 1Mbps, True RS-232 Transceivers ♦ For Low-Voltage or Data Cable Applications: MAX3380E/MAX3381E: +2.35V to +5.5V, 1µA, 2 Tx/2 Rx RS-232 Transceivers with ±15kV ESD-Protected I/O and Logic Pins

_______________Ordering Information
PART MAX3222CUP+ MAX3222CAP+ MAX3222CWN+ MAX3222CPN+ TEMP RANGE 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C PIN-PACKAGE 20 TSSOP 20 SSOP 18 SO 18 Plastic Dip PKG CODE U20+2 A20+1 W18+1 P18+5

+Denotes lead-free package.

Ordering Information continued at end of data sheet.

_________________Pin Configurations
TOP VIEW
EN 1 C1+ 2 V+ 3 C1- 4 C2+ 5 C26 7 8 9

+
18 SHDN 17 VCC 16 GND

*

________________________Applications
Notebook, Subnotebook, and Palmtop Computers High-Speed Modems Battery-Powered Equipment Hand-Held Equipment Peripherals Printers
Pin Configurations appear at end of data sheet. Functional Diagrams continued at end of data sheet. Typical Operating Circuits appear at end of data sheet. UCSP is a trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc. MegaBaud and UCSP are trademarks of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc. *

MAX3222 MAX3222

15 T1OUT 14 R1IN 13 R1OUT 12 T1IN 11 T2IN 10 R2OUT

VT2OUT R2IN

DIP/SO Pin Configurations continued at end of data sheet.

For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim Direct at 1-888-629-4642, or visit Maxim’s website at www.maximintegrated.com.

19-0273; Rev 7; 1/07

..50mW/°C above +70°C) ......4 ±0...0V VCC = 3....................0.........6mA IOUT = -1...53mW/°C above +70°C)..3 0.0......... TA = TMIN to TMAX....696mW 16-Pin Wide SO (derate 9..............can have a maximum magnitude of 7V.... SHDN..533mW 16-Pin Narrow SO (derate 8....4 2..........................-0.. TA = +25°C SHDN = GND......... and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied.....1 2.........842mW 18-Pin SO (derate 9.....5 1....(Note 1) ..........6 0...01 ±0.8 V V µA µA V V 2 Maxim Integrated ......1µF (Note 2)..0 2.......3V to +6V MBAUD....7mW/°C above +70°C).....3V to +7V V.. EN.................................... These are stress ratings only...-0.............3V VCC = 5.3V to -7V V+ + V..52mW/°C above +70°C)...8 2.696mW 28-Pin SSOP (derate 9...........762mW 28-Pin SO (derate 12. C1–C4 = 0. MBAUD VCC = 3........................±25V Output Voltages T_OUT...3V VCC = 5...................0 10 µA mA CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS LOGIC INPUTS AND RECEIVER OUTPUTS T_IN.0mW/°C above +70°C)........... MBAUD Receivers disabled IOUT = 1.-0.........+0.............0V....5 1................ Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability......................889mW 20-Pin SSOP (derate 7.......52mW/°C above +70°C)...(Note 1).0V VCC = 3..0 1.Continuous Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C) 16-Pin TSSOP (derate 6.....0mA VCC .............. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VCC = +3.......................-0....) PARAMETER DC CHARACTERISTICS VCC Power-Supply Current Shutdown Supply Current Input Logic Threshold Low (Note 3) Input Logic Threshold High (Note 3) Input Leakage Current Output Leakage Current Output Voltage Low Output Voltage High RECEIVER INPUTS Input Voltage Range Input Threshold Low Input Threshold High TA = +25°C TA = +25°C VCC = 5. SHDN....±13........ unless otherwise noted. EN ... but their absolute difference cannot exceed 13V.......0V to 5............-0...................0°C to +70°C MAX32_ _E_ _ .................................11mW/°C above +70°C) ..........640mW 28-Pin TSSOP (derate 8.....0V to +5........+13V Input Voltages T_IN....5 1...........................3V VCC = 5..3V) R_IN ..................4 0. 10s) ...................-40°C to +85°C Storage Temperature Range ................... VCC = 3.......................................8 1.......3V) Short-Circuit Duration T_OUT .......2 1.....3V to (VCC + 0....MAX3222/MAX3232/MAX3237/MAX3241 3..... True RS-232 Transceivers Using Four 0............559mW 20-Pin TSSOP (derate 8........7mW/°C above +70°C)...... Typical values are at TA = +25°C.........................................3V to +6V V+ (Note 1) ................3V to (VCC + 0.............. Low-Power....1µF External Capacitors ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS VCC ..0 ±10 0...................................762mW 18-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 11..00mW/°C above +70°C) .....................5V........... TA = +25°C MAX3222/MAX3232/ MAX3241 MAX3237 0..-65°C to +150°C Lead Temperature (soldering....... EN...70mW/°C above +70°C) ...........................762mW 16-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 10..........05 ±1.....................+300°C Note 1: V+ and V.. SHDN.... up to 1Mbps.........0V T_IN.6 VCC ....0 2..........52mW/°C above +70°C) ....... Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device......3V or 5..5V..4 25 V V V No load..0V -25 0.2V R_OUT .......1W Operating Temperature Ranges MAX32_ _C_ _......

3 0.0V to 5.0 V TIMING CHARACTERISTICS—MAX3222/MAX3232/MAX3241 (VCC = +3.0V to +5.) PARAMETER Input Hysteresis Input Resistance TRANSMITTER OUTPUTS Output Voltage Swing Output Resistance Output Short-Circuit Current Output Leakage Current VOUT = ±12V. RL = 3kΩ to 7kΩ. +3V to -3V or -3V to +3V. VCC = 0V or 3V to 5. C1–C4 = 0.3 200 200 300 300 CL = 150pF to 1000pF CL = 150pF to 2500pF 6 4 30 V/µs 30 MAX UNITS kbps µs ns ns ns ns Receiver Output Disable Time Normal operation | tPHL .5V.MAX3222/MAX3232/MAX3237/MAX3241 3. CL = 1000pF.3V. up to 1Mbps. T1OUT and T2OUT loaded with 2.) PARAMETER Maximum Data Rate Receiver Propagation Delay Receiver Output Enable Time Transmitter Skew Receiver Skew CONDITIONS RL = 3kΩ.5V.1µF (Note 2).1µF (Note 2).0 300 ±5. True RS-232 Transceivers Using Four 0. TOUT = ±2V ±5.5mA each ±5. TA = TMIN to TMAX.4 10M ±35 ±60 ±25 V Ω mA µA TA = +25°C 3 CONDITIONS MIN TYP 0. TA = TMIN to TMAX.5V.5V.tPLH | | tPHL .1µF External Capacitors ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued) (VCC = +3. one transmitter switching Transition-Region Slew Rate Maxim Integrated 3 . T3IN = VCC.3 5 7 MAX UNITS V kΩ MOUSE DRIVEABILITY (MAX3241) Transmitter Output Voltage T1IN = T2IN = GND. unless otherwise noted.0V to +5.= 0V. one transmitter switching R_IN to R_OUT.tPLH | VCC = 3. T3OUT loaded with 3kΩ to GND. Low-Power. C1–C4 = 0. CL = 150pF Normal operation tPHL tPLH MIN 120 TYP 235 0. Typical values are at TA = +25°C. TA = +25°C. Typical values are at TA = +25°C. transmitters disabled All transmitter outputs loaded with 3kΩ to ground VCC = V+ = V. unless otherwise noted.

one transmitter switching. LOAD CAPACITANCE WHEN TRANSMITTING DATA 35 235kbps SUPPLY CURRENT (mA) 30 25 120kbps 20 15 20kbps 10 MAX3222-03 TRANSMITTER OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V) 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 0 1000 2000 3000 22 40 VOUT+ VOUT- 4000 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF) LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF) LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF) 4 Maxim Integrated . CL = 1000pF.0V to 5. all transmitters loaded with 3kΩ. C2–C4 = 0. TA = +25°C CL = 150pF to 2500pF. RL = 3Ω to 7kΩ. MAX3237: C1–C4 = 0.1µF tested at 3.5V to 5. +3V to -3V or -3V to +3V.3V ±10%.15 0. C1 = 0.5V.3V. one transmitter switching. Typical values are at TA = +25°C.33µF tested at 5.5V. C1–C4 = 0.MAX3222/MAX3232/MAX3237/MAX3241 3.tPLH | Transition-Region Slew Rate VCC = 3.1µF tested at 3. unless otherwise noted.22µF tested at 3.33µF tested at 5.0V ±10%.) MAX3222/MAX3232 TRANSMITTER OUTPUT VOLTAGE vs.1µF capacitors. MBAUD = GND | tPHL . CL = 250pF. LOAD CAPACITANCE MAX3222-01 MAX3222/MAX3232 SLEW RATE vs.0V to +5.5V. CL = 1000pF. RL = 3kΩ.0V to 4.3V ±10%. MBAUD = GND Maximum Data Rate VCC = 3. unless otherwise noted. TA = +25°C. True RS-232 Transceivers Using Four 0.3V ±5%. MBAUD = GND Note 2: MAX3222/MAX3232/MAX3241: C1–C4 = 0.) PARAMETER CONDITIONS RL = 3kΩ. 0. __________________________________________Typical Operating Characteristics (VCC = +3. C2–C4 = 0.047µF.tPLH |.1µF External Capacitors TIMING CHARACTERISTICS—MAX3237 (VCC = +3. up to 1Mbps. TA = TMIN to TMAX. C1–C4 = 0. CL = 150pF Normal operation tPHL tPLH MIN 250 1000 1000 0. Low-Power. MBAUD = VCC VCC = 4. MBAUD = VCC Receiver Propagation Delay Receiver Output Enable Time R_IN to R_OUT.15 200 200 100 25 50 CL = 150pF to 1000pF MBAUD = GND MBAUD = VCC 6 24 4 30 150 30 V/µs µs ns ns ns ns ns kbps TYP MAX UNITS Receiver Output Disable Time Normal operation Transmitter Skew Receiver Skew | tPHL . MBAUD = VCC | tPHL . one transmitter switching.0V ±10%. Note 3: Transmitter input hysteresis is typically 250mV. C1 = 0. LOAD CAPACITANCE 20 18 SLEW RATE (V/µs) 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 5000 150 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 5 0 +SLEW -SLEW FOR DATA RATES UP TO 235kbps MAX3222-02 MAX3222/MAX3232 SUPPLY CURRENT vs.3V.tPLH |.1µF (Note 2).047µF. RL = 3kΩ. 235kbps data rate.5V.

5V.1µF CHARGE-PUMP CAPACITORS FOR ALL DATA RATES UP TO 235kbps 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 45 1 TRANSMITTER AT 235kbps 2 TRANSMITTERS AT 30kbps -SLEW 5000 LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF) LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF) MAX3237 TRANSMITTER OUTPUT VOLTAGE vs. LOAD CAPACITANCE (tPLH .5 TRANSMITTER OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V) 5.3V 1000 2000 3000 4000 -SLEW 1 TRANSMITTER AT 240kbps 4 TRANSMITTERS AT 15kbps 3kΩ + CL LOADS VCC = 3.5 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 7. all transmitters loaded with 3kΩ.5Mbps MAX3222-08 MAX3237 SLEW RATE vs.3V 2Mbps 1.0 -7. 1Mbps -SLEW.0V to 5. up to 1Mbps.3V MBAUD = VCC MAX AVERAGE.0 2.3V 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 240kbps 120kbps 70 30 20 10 0 0 1 TRANSMITTER AT FULL DATA RATE 4 TRANSMITTERS AT 1/16 DATA RATE 3kΩ + CL LOAD EACH OUTPUT VCC = 3.5 0 -2.5 0 -2.5 -5. TA = +25°C.0 2.5 2Mbps 1. LOAD CAPACITANCE WHEN TRANSMITTING DATA 40 SUPPLY CURRENT (mA) 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 5000 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF) 20kbps 120kbps 235kbps MAX3222-06 7.5 0 -2.5 -5. unless otherwise noted.0 -7.5 12 10 SLEW RATE (V/µs) +SLEW 8 6 4 1 TRANSMITTER AT 240kbps 4 TRANSMITTERS AT 15kbps 3kΩ + CL LOADS VCC = 3. LOAD CAPACITANCE (MBAUD = GND) MAX3222-09 7.0 -7. LOAD CAPACITANCE (MBAUD = VCC) MAX3222-10 MAX3237 SUPPLY CURRENT vs. LOAD CAPACITANCE MAX3222-04 MAX3241 SLEW RATE vs.3V 500 1000 1500 2000 MIN 5000 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF) LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF) LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF) Maxim Integrated 5 .MAX3222/MAX3232/MAX3237/MAX3241 3.3V 5000 5000 LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF) LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF) MAX3237 SLEW RATE vs. 235kbps data rate. LOAD CAPACITANCE (MBAUD = VCC) TRANSMITTER OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V) 1Mbps 5.5Mbps 2 1Mbps 0 0 500 1000 1500 2000 0 LOAD CAPACITANCE (pF) 1 TRANSMITTER AT FULL DATA RATE 4 TRANSMITTERS AT 1/16 DATA RATE 3kΩ + CL LOAD. LOAD CAPACITANCE MAX3222-05 MAX3241 SUPPLY CURRENT vs.5 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 VOUT- 24 22 20 SLEW RATE (V/µs) 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 +SLEW ALL OUTPUTS LOADED WITH 3kΩ +CL 0. 1Mbps +SLEW. 0.3V. 2Mbps 60 50 SUPPLY CURRENT (mA) 40 30 20kbps 20 10 0 1 TRANSMITTER AT FULL DATA RATE 4 TRANSMITTERS AT 1/16 DATA RATE 3kΩ + CL LOADS VCC = 3. Low-Power.5 -5.0 2. LOAD CAPACITANCE (MBAUD = GND) MAX3222-11 MAX3237 SKEW vs. True RS-232 Transceivers Using Four 0.tPHL) 60 50 40 1 TRANSMITTER AT 512kbps 4 TRANSMITTERS AT 32kbps 3kΩ + CL LOADS VCC = 3. EACH OUTPUT VCC = 3.1µF External Capacitors _____________________________Typical Operating Characteristics (continued) (VCC = +3. LOAD CAPACITANCE (MBAUD = GND) MAX3222-07 MAX3237 TRANSMITTER OUTPUT VOLTAGE vs.5 TRANSMITTER OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V) VOUT+ 5.) MAX3241 TRANSMITTER OUTPUT VOLTAGE vs. 2Mbps +SLEW. 10 PARTS SKEW (ns) MAX3222-12 70 60 SLEW RATE (V/µs) 50 40 30 20 10 0 0 -SLEW.1µF capacitors.

13 9. Connect to GND for normal operation. Always active. 10. 14 — — — 1 2 3 4 5 6 7. 21 EN C1+ V+ C1C2+ C2VT_OUT R_IN R_OUT T_IN GND VCC SHDN N.5V Supply Voltage Shutdown Control. 15 9. connect to VCC for 1Mbps transmission rates. No Connection MegaBaud Control Input. 14 25 26 22 — — 20. 15 12.0V to 5. 11 18. 24 2 26 14 — 15 16 23 28 27 24 1 2 3 9. 23. 12 10. Active low. 20.5V Generated by the Charge Pump Negative Terminal of Voltage-Doubler Charge-Pump Capacitor Positive Terminal of Inverting Charge-Pump Capacitor Negative Terminal of Inverting Charge-Pump Capacitor -5. 14 8. 13 18 19 20 11.5V Generated by the Charge Pump RS-232 Transmitter Outputs RS-232 Receiver Inputs TTL/CMOS Receiver Outputs TTL/CMOS Transmitter Inputs Ground +3.1µF External Capacitors ______________________________________________________________Pin Description PIN MAX3222 MAX3232 DIP/SO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8. 12 8.C. Noninverting Complementary Receiver Outputs.5V. MBAUD R_OUTB Receiver Enable. 6. Positive Terminal of Voltage-Doubler Charge-Pump Capacitor +5. 11 15 16 — — — — 13 28 27 25 1 3 4 5. 12 16 17 18 — — — SSOP 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8. 7. 11 4–8 15–19 12.0V to +5. 21 17. 9.MAX3222/MAX3232/MAX3237/MAX3241 3. 17 9. True RS-232 Transceivers Using Four 0. 13 11. 13. MAX3237 MAX3241 NAME FUNCTION 6 Maxim Integrated . 16 10. 22. 10. up to 1Mbps. Low-Power. Active low. 19. 14 10.

C2) and a reservoir capacitor (C3. LapLink is a trademark of Traveling Software. up to 1Mbps. the charge pumps are disabled. regardless of the input voltage (VCC) over the 3.5V. The MAX3222/MAX3237/MAX3241’s output stage is turned off (high impedance) when the device is in shutdown mode. the MAX3222/ MAX3232/MAX3237/MAX3241 permit the outputs to be driven up to ±12V. these three devices can operate at data rates of 235kbps. This provides compatibility with PC-to-PC communication software. True RS-232 Transceivers Using Four 0.5V (doubling charge pump) and -5.5V range. Transmitters can be paralleled to drive multiple receivers or mice. In MegaBaud operating mode (MBAUD = VCC).0V to 5. the MAX3237 transmitters guarantee a 250kbps data rate with worst-case loads of 3kΩ in parallel with 1000pF. Each charge pump requires a flying capacitor (C1. The transmitter inputs do not have pullup resistors.5V (inverting charge pump).1µF External Capacitors _______________Detailed Description Dual Charge-Pump Voltage Converter The MAX3222/MAX3232/MAX3237/MAX3241’s internal power supply consists of a regulated dual charge pump that provides output voltages of +5. For higher speed serial communications. if the output voltages are less than 5. C4) to generate the V+ and V. providing compatibility with PC-toPC communication software (such as LapLink™).5V. such as Laplink.0V EIA/TIA-232 levels. Connect unused inputs to GND or VCC.0V to 5. RS-232 Transmitters The transmitters are inverting level translators that convert CMOS-logic levels to 5.supplies. the MAX3237 transmitters guarantee a 1Mbps data rate with worst-case loads of 3kΩ in parallel with 250pF for 3. the MAX3237 transmitters guarantee a 1Mbps data rate into worst-case loads of 3kΩ in parallel with 1000pF. Typically. Inc. MAX3237 MegaBaud Operation In normal operating mode (MBAUD = GND). The MAX3222/MAX3232/MAX3241 transmitters guarantee a 120kbps data rate with worst-case loads of 3kΩ in parallel with 1000pF.1µF VCC C1+ C1 C1C2+ C2 C2T_ IN V+ C3 C1 C1+ C1- V+ C3 MAX3222 MAX3232 MAX3237 MAX3241 VC4 T_ OUT C2 C2+ C2T_ IN MAX3222 MAX3232 MAX3237 MAX3241 VC4 T_ OUT R_ OUT 0V VCC EN* 5kΩ SHDN* GND R_ IN 0V VCC R_ OUT EN* 5kΩ SHDN* GND R_ IN 3kΩ 2500pF 7kΩ 150pF * MAX3222/MAX3241 ONLY MINIMUM SLEW-RATE TEST CIRCUIT Figure 1. For 5V ±10% operation.MAX3222/MAX3232/MAX3237/MAX3241 3. Low-Power. and if the output voltages exceed 5. When the power is off. the charge pumps are enabled.0V < VCC < 4. the MAX3237 features MegaBaud operation. VCC 0.5V. The charge pumps operate in a discontinuous mode.5V. Slew-Rate Test Circuits MAXIMUM SLEW-RATE TEST CIRCUIT Maxim Integrated 7 .1µF VCC VCC 0.

and the transmitter outputs are disabled (high impedance). and C4.1µF External Capacitors RS-232 Receivers VCC VCC Rx PROTECTION DIODE UART Tx GND SHDN = GND PREVIOUS RS-232 5kΩ The receivers convert RS-232 signals to CMOS-logic output levels.g. make sure the capacitor value does not degrade excessively with temperature. The complementary outputs R1OUTB and R2OUTB are always active. by a factor of 2) reduces ripple on the transmitter outputs and slightly reduces power consumption. which usually rises at low temperatures. SO NO CURRENT FLOWS TO UART IN SHUTDOWN. SHDN has no effect on R_OUT or R_OUTB. MAX3237 MAX3241 R1OUTB VCC Rx PROTECTION DIODE UART Tx GND T1IN SHDN = GND R1OUT EN = VCC 5kΩ T1OUT R1IN __________Applications Information Capacitor Selection The capacitor type used for C1–C4 is not critical for proper operation. a) OLDER RS-232: POWERED-DOWN UART DRAWS CURRENT FROM ACTIVE RECEIVER OUTPUT IN SHUTDOWN. V. up to 1Mbps. In shutdown.. regardless of the state of EN or SHDN. b) NEW MAX3237/MAX3241: EN SHUTS DOWN RECEIVER OUTPUTS (EXCEPT FOR B OUTPUTS). True RS-232 Transceivers Using Four 0. refer to Table 2 for required capacitor values. C3. C3. Connect SHDN to VCC if the shutdown mode is not used. Comparison of MAX3237/MAX3241 (b) with Previous Transceivers (a). and C4 can be increased without changing C1’s value. The complementary outputs on the MAX3237 (R1OUTB) and the MAX3241 (R1OUTB. VCC TO µP LOGIC TRANSITION DETECTOR MAX3222/MAX3237/MAX3241 Enable Control The inverting receiver outputs (R_OUT) are put into a high-impedance state when EN is high. If in doubt. Detection of RS-232 Activity when the UART and Interface are Shut Down. 8 Maxim Integrated .1µF capacitors for 3. to maintain the proper ratios (C1 to the other capacitors). Low-Power. However. MAX3222/MAX3237/MAX3241 Shutdown Mode Supply current falls to less than 1µA in shutdown mode (SHDN = low).3V operation.5V. as shown in Figure 3. C2. EN has no effect on T_OUT. The time required to exit shutdown is typically 100µs.MAX3222/MAX3232/MAX3237/MAX3241 3. regardless of the state of EN and SHDN (Table 1). R2OUTB) are always active. Increasing the capacitor values (e. When using the minimum required capacitor values. This allows for Ring Indicator applications without forward biasing other devices connected to the receiver outputs. The charge pump requires 0.0V to 5. the receivers can be active or inactive (Table 1). Figure 2. polarized or nonpolarized capacitors can be used. influences the amount of ripple on V+ and V-. Do not use values lower than those listed in Table 2. B OUTPUTS INDICATE RECEIVER ACTIVITY DURING SHUTDOWN WITH EN HIGH. V+ is pulled down to VCC. the device’s charge pumps are turned off. such as UARTs (Figure 2). The capacitor’s equivalent series resistance (ESR). use capacitors with a higher nominal value. For other supply voltages. When shut down. do not increase C1 without also increasing the values of C2.is pulled to ground. This is ideal for systems where V CC is set to 0V in shutdown to accommodate peripherals. The MAX3222/MAX3237/MAX3241 receivers have inverting three-state outputs.

47 Mouse Driveability The MAX3241 has been specifically designed to power serial mice while operating from low-voltage power supplies.5V.6 4.1 0. a 0. Transmitter Outputs when Exiting Shutdown or Powering Up Maxim Integrated 9 . Required Minimum Capacitor Values VCC (V) C1 (µF) C2. the two transmitter outputs are shown going to opposite RS-232 levels (one transmitter input is high.5 to 5. Figure 4b shows a typical mouse connection using the MAX3241.22 0.6 3. Operation Down to 2. decouple VCC to ground with a capacitor of the same value as charge-pump capacitor C1.15 to 3. Low-Power.5 MAX3237 3.1 0. up to 1Mbps.047 0. In applications that are sensitive to powersupply noise. Transmitter Outputs when Exiting Shutdown Figure 3 shows two transmitter outputs when exiting shutdown mode.0V.0 to 3. Table 2.7V with supply voltages as low as 2.33 1.047 0.33 0.5 0.5 to 5. C4 (µF) MAX3222/MAX3232/MAX3241 3.7V.1 0.3V C1–C4 = 0.22 0.1 0.7V Transmitter outputs will meet EIA/TIA-562 levels of ±3.0 to 5. Figure 4a shows the transmitter output voltages under increasing load current at 3. The MAX3241 successfully drove all serial mice tested and met their respective current and voltage requirements. As they become active. the other is low). The transmitter outputs display no ringing or undesirable transients as they come out of shutdown. Note that the transmitters are enabled only when the magnitude of V.1 0.1µF Figure 3. MAX3222/MAX3237/MAX3241 Shutdown and Enable Control Truth Table SHDN 0 0 1 1 EN 0 1 0 1 T_OUT High-Z High-Z Active Active R_OUT Active High-Z Active High-Z R_OUTB (MAX3237/ MAX3241) Active Active Active Active Power-Supply Decoupling In most circumstances. True RS-232 Transceivers Using Four 0.0 0. Connect bypass capacitors as close to the IC as possible. It has been tested with leading mouse brands from manufacturers such as Microsoft and Logitech.22 0.0 to 5.1µF bypass capacitor is adequate.0V to 5.6 4. Each transmitter is loaded with 3kΩ in parallel with 2500pF.1µF External Capacitors Table 1.exceeds approximately 3V.0 to 3.MAX3222/MAX3232/MAX3237/MAX3241 3. 5V/div T2 2V/div T1 50µs/div VCC = 3.5 3.5 3. C3.

Low-Power. Load Current per Transmitter VCC = 3V to 5.0V T1 VOUT+ VOUT+ T2 T3 VOUTVOUT- Figure 4a.5V.0V to 5. Mouse Driver Test Circuit 10 Maxim Integrated .1µF External Capacitors TRANSMITTER OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V) MAX3222-04 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 LOAD CURRENT PER TRANSMITTER (mA) VCC VCC = 3. True RS-232 Transceivers Using Four 0.MAX3222/MAX3232/MAX3237/MAX3241 3. up to 1Mbps.5V 0.1µF 26 VCC 27 C3 COMPUTER SERIAL PORT 3 C4 9 +V 10 +V 11 -V GND R1IN 5kΩ 5kΩ 5kΩ 5kΩ 5kΩ SHDN GND 25 R2IN 4 5 Tx 28 C1 24 1 C2 2 14 13 VCC 12 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 23 C1+ C1C2+ C2T1IN T2IN T3IN R1OUTB R2OUTB R1OUT R2OUT R3OUT R4OUT R5OUT EN V+ MAX3241 VT1OUT T2OUT T3OUT R3IN 6 R4IN 7 MOUSE R5IN 8 22 Figure 4b. MAX3241 Transmitter Output Voltage vs.

all transmitters were driven simultaneously at 120kbps into RS-232 loads in parallel with 1000pF.3V T_ IN T_ OUT Figure 6.MAX3222/MAX3232/MAX3237/MAX3241 3. Figure 8 shows a loopback test result at 1Mbps with MBAUD = V CC . up to 1Mbps.0V to 5.0V minimum transmitter output voltage at data rates up to 1Mbps.0V minimum transmitter output voltage even at high data rates.5V.3V Figure 8. and Figure 7 shows the same test at 235kbps. For Figure 6. a single transmitter was driven at 235kbps. MAX3241 Loopback Test Result at 120kbps R_ OUT 0V VCC EN* R_ IN 5kΩ 1000pF T1IN 5V/div SHDN* GND T1OUT 5V/div * MAX3222/MAX3241 ONLY R1OUT 5V/div Figure 5. MAX3237 Loopback Test Result at 1000kbps (MBAUD = VCC) Maxim Integrated 11 . Low-Power. and all transmitters were loaded with an RS-232 receiver in parallel with 1000pF. For Figure 7. Figure 7.1µF External Capacitors VCC 0.1µF T1IN 5V/div VCC C1+ C1 C1C2+ C2 C2V+ C3 T1OUT 5V/div R1OUT 5V/div MAX3222 MAX3232 MAX3237 MAX3241 VC4 5µs/div VCC = 3.3V 2µs/div High Data Rates The MAX3222/MAX3232/MAX3241 maintain the RS-232 ±5. Figure 6 shows a loopback test result at 120kbps. For Figure 8. Figure 5 shows a transmitter loopback test circuit. Loopback Test Circuit VCC = 3. True RS-232 Transceivers Using Four 0. MAX3241 Loopback Test Result at 235kbps +5V 0V +5V 0V -5V +5V 0V R_OUT 150pF 200ns/div T_OUT = R_IN 5kΩ + 250pF T_IN VCC = 3. The MAX3237 maintains the RS-232 ±5. all transmitters were loaded with an RS-232 receiver in parallel with 250pF.

3 5 MAX32_ _ VCC SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) 3.3 __________________________________________________Typical Operating Circuits +3.5V.0V to 5. Low-Power. Logic-Family Compatibility with Various Supply Voltages SYSTEM POWERSUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) 3. and with TTL.1µF 0. 5 3.1µF +3.1µF 6 C4 0.1µF 7 C4 0.1µF 1 C1+ 3 4 5 C1C2+ C2T1OUT 14 RS-232 OUTPUTS 10 T2IN T2OUT 7 16 VCC V+ 2 C3* 0.1µF MAX3222 C2+ C2V- MAX3232 V- 12 T1IN TTL/CMOS INPUTS 11 T2IN T1OUT 15 RS-232 OUTPUTS T2OUT 8 TTL/CMOS INPUTS 11 T1IN 13 R1OUT TTL/CMOS OUTPUTS 10 R2OUT 1 EN GND 16 R1IN 14 5kΩ R2IN 9 5kΩ SHDN 18 RS-232 INPUTS TTL/CMOS OUTPUTS 12 R1OUT R1IN 13 5kΩ RS-232 INPUTS 9 R2OUT R2IN 8 5kΩ GND 15 PIN NUMBERS REFER TO DIP/SO PACKAGES.1µF 2 C1+ 4 5 C2 0.1µF External Capacitors Interconnection with 3V and 5V Logic The MAX3222/MAX3232/MAX3237/MAX3241 can directly interface with various 5V logic families.3V 0.3V 0.1µF 6 C117 VCC V+ 3 C3* 0. See Table 3 for more information on possible combinations of interconnections. 12 Maxim Integrated . Incompatible with AC. Table 3. Compatible with all TTL and CMOS-logic families.3 5 COMPATIBILITY Compatible with all CMOS families. Compatible with ACT and HCT CMOS. and CD4000 CMOS. HC. including ACT and HCT CMOS. up to 1Mbps. SEE TABLE 2 FOR CAPACITOR SELECTION * C3 CAN BE RETURNED TO EITHER VCC OR GROUND.1µF 0.MAX3222/MAX3232/MAX3237/MAX3241 3.1µF C1 0. * C3 CAN BE RETURNED TO EITHER VCC OR GROUND. True RS-232 Transceivers Using Four 0.

0V to 5.1µF 0.1µF 26 28 C1+ 0. True RS-232 Transceivers Using Four 0.1µF 24 C14 0.5V.1µF External Capacitors _____________________________________Typical Operating Circuits (continued) 0. * C3 CAN BE RETURNED TO EITHER VCC OR GROUND.1µF MAX3237 V- C2+ C2- MAX3241 V- 24 T1IN 23 T2IN LOGIC INPUTS 22 T3IN 19 T4IN 17 T5IN 16 R1OUTB 14 T1IN 13 T2IN 12 T3IN 21 R1OUTB T1OUT 9 T2OUT 10 T3OUT 11 TTL/CMOS INPUTS RS-232 OUTPUTS T3 T4 T5 T4OUT 10 20 R2OUTB T5OUT 12 19 R1OUT R1IN 4 5kΩ 18 R2OUT R2IN 5kΩ 17 R3OUT R3IN 6 5kΩ 16 R4OUT R4IN 7 5kΩ 5kΩ 15 R5OUT MBAUD 15 14 23 EN GND 25 SHDN R5IN 8 5kΩ 22 RS-232 INPUTS 5 R1IN 8 5kΩ TTL/CMOS OUTPUTS 9 RS-232 INPUTS 21 R1OUT R1 LOGIC OUTPUTS 20 R2OUT R2 R2IN 5kΩ 18 R3OUT R3 R3IN 11 13 EN GND 2 SHDN * C3 CAN BE RETURNED TO EITHER VCC OR GROUND.1µF 28 C1+ 26 VCC V+ 27 C3* 0.1µF 0.3V 0.1µF 3 C4 0. Low-Power. up to 1Mbps.1µF 3 C1C2+ C2T1 T2 T1OUT 5 T2OUT 6 T3OUT 7 RS-232 OUTPUTS VCC V+ 27 0.1µF 25 1 0. Maxim Integrated 13 .MAX3222/MAX3232/MAX3237/MAX3241 3.1µF 1 2 +3.

C.7 T2OUT 8 R2IN 9 R2OUT 10 20 SHDN 19 VCC 18 GND 17 T1OUT C1+ 1 V+ 2 C1. True RS-232 Transceivers Using Four 0.5V.0V to 5.MAX3222/MAX3232/MAX3237/MAX3241 3. up to 1Mbps.4 C2+ 5 C2. 13 T1IN 12 T2IN 11 N.3 C2+ 4 C2. Low-Power. MAX3232 13 R1IN 12 R1OUT 11 T1IN 10 T2IN 9 R2OUT DIP/SO/TSSOP SSOP/TSSOP + C2+ GND C2VT1OUT T2OUT T3OUT R1IN R2IN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 28 C1+ 27 V+ 26 VCC 25 C124 T1IN C2+ C2VR1IN R2IN R3IN R4IN R5IN T1OUT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 + 28 C1+ 27 V+ 26 VCC 25 GND 24 C1- MAX3237 23 T2IN 22 T3IN 21 R1OUT 20 R2OUT 19 T4IN 18 R3OUT 17 T5IN 16 R1OUTB 15 MBAUD MAX3241 23 EN 22 SHDN 21 R1OUTB 20 R2OUTB 19 R1OUT 18 R2OUT 17 R3OUT 16 R4OUT 15 R5OUT T4OUT 10 R3IN 11 T5OUT 12 EN 13 SHDN 14 T2OUT 10 T3OUT 11 T3IN 12 T2IN 13 T1IN 14 SSOP SO/SSOP/TSSOP 14 Maxim Integrated .6 V.5 V.1µF External Capacitors _____________________________________________Pin Configurations (continued) TOP VIEW + EN 1 C1+ 2 V+ 3 C1.C.6 T2OUT 7 R2IN 8 + 16 VCC 15 GND 14 T1OUT MAX3222 16 R1IN 15 R1OUT 14 N.

25 3.1µF capacitors. ______3V-Powered EIA/TIA-232 and EIA/TIA-562 Transceivers from Maxim PART POWERSUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) 3.0 to 3.5 3/5 1 120 232 Maxim Integrated 15 .5V.6 3.0 to 5.6 1. MegaBaud operation 0.MAX3222/MAX3232/MAX3237/MAX3241 3.0V to 5. drives mice 0.0 to 5.8 to 4. DC parameters only. complementary receiver.1µF capacitors AutoShutdown. drives mice MAX3241 3.0 to 5.1µF External Capacitors Ordering Information (continued) PART MAX3222EUP+ MAX3222EAP+ MAX3222EWN+ MAX3222EPN+ MAX3222C/D MAX3232CUE+ MAX3232CSE+ MAX3232CWE+ MAX3232CPE+ MAX3232EUE+ MAX3232ESE+ TEMP RANGE -40°C to +85°C -40°C to +85°C -40°C to +85°C -40°C to +85°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C -40°C to +85°C -40°C to +85°C PIN-PACKAGE 20 TSSOP 20 SSOP 18 SO 18 Plastic Dip Dice* 16 TSSOP 16 Narrow SO 16 Wide SO 16 Plastic DIP 16 TSSOP 16 Narrow SO PKG CODE U20+2 A20+1 W18+1 P18+5 — U16+1 S16+1 N16+1 P16+1 U16+1 S16+1 PART MAX3232EWE+ MAX3232EPE+ MAX3232CAI+ MAX3237EAI+ MAX3237CUI+ MAX3241CAI+ MAX3241CWI+ MAX3241EUI+ MAX3241EAI+ MAX3241EWI+ TEMP RANGE -40°C to +85°C -40°C to +85°C 0°C to +70°C -40°C to +85°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C 0°C to +70°C -40°C to +85°C -40°C to +85°C -40°C to +85°C PIN-PACKAGE 16 Wide SO 16 Plastic DIP 28 SSOP 28 SSOP 28 TSSOP 28 SSOP 28 SO 28 TSSOP 28 SSOP 28 SO PKG CODE W16+1 P16+1 A28+2 A28+2 U28+1 A28+1 W28+1 U28+1 A28+2 W28+1 *Dice are tested at TA = +25°C. Low-Power.1µF capacitors.1µF capacitors.0 to 3. transient detection 0.1µF capacitors 0. AutoShutdown 0. drives mice. True RS-232 Transceivers Using Four 0.5 3.6 2.1µF capacitors.1µF capacitors 0.25 2. AutoShutdown.0 to 5.0 to 5.5 3. 1 complementary receiver. OF TRANSMITTERS/ RECEIVERS 3/5 2/2 3/5 2/2 3/5 2/2 2/2 2/2 5/3 No.7 to 5. +Denotes lead-free package. up to 1Mbps. 2 complementary receivers.0 to 5.7 to 3.5 3. OF RECEIVERS ACTIVE IN SHUTDOWN 5 2 5 2 5 2 2 N/A 3 GUARANTEED DATA RATE (kbps) 120 120 230 230 235 120 120 120 250/1000 EIA/ TIA-232 OR 562 232 232 562 562 232 232 232 232 232 FEATURES MAX212 MAX218 MAX562 MAX563 MAX3212 MAX3222 MAX3223 MAX3232 MAX3237 Drives mice Operates directly from batteries without a voltage regulator Wide supply range 0. complementary receiver.5 3/5 5 120 232 MAX3243 3.5 No.

209mm) T2IN T1IN TRANSISTOR COUNT: 339 SUBSTRATE CONNECTED TO GND 16 Maxim Integrated .5V.0V to 5.MAX3222/MAX3232/MAX3237/MAX3241 3. up to 1Mbps. True RS-232 Transceivers Using Four 0.1µF External Capacitors ___________________Chip Topography MAX3222 V+ C1+ EN SHDN V CC ___________________Chip Information PART MAX3222 TRANSISTOR COUNT 339 339 1212 894 GND MAX3232 MAX3237 C1C2+ T1OUT 0. Low-Power.127" (3.087" (2.225mm) C2R1IN MAX3241 VR1OUT T2OUT R2IN R2OUT 0.

Other parametric values quoted in this data sheet are provided for guidance.EPS PACKAGE OUTLINE. up to 1Mbps. Inc.1µF External Capacitors Package Information (The package drawing(s) in this data sheet may not reflect the most current specifications. San Jose.) TSSOP4. 16. For the latest package outline information. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. go to www. Low-Power.40mm BODY 21-0066 I 1 1 Revision History Pages changed at Rev 7: 1. True RS-232 Transceivers Using Four 0. Maxim Integrated 160 Rio Robles.5V. TSSOP 4.0V to 5. . 15. CA 95134 USA 1-408-601-1000 © 2007 Maxim Integrated 17 The Maxim logo and Maxim Integrated are trademarks of Maxim Integrated Products. The parametric values (min and max limits) shown in the Electrical Characteristics table are guaranteed. No circuit patent licenses are implied.MAX3222/MAX3232/MAX3237/MAX3241 3.com/packages. 17 Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product.40mm.maxim-ic.

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