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ELECTRO PHYSIOLOGY AND BIO POTENTIAL RECORDING PART A 1. What is meant by cell? 2. Give the abbreviation form for RNA, DNA? 3. What are resting and action potential, bio electric potential? 4. What is meant by measurement? 5. Mention the basic requirements of measurement. 6. What are the 2 methods for measurement? 7. Explain the function of measurement system. 8. Define Instrument. 9. List the types of instruments? 10. Classify instruments. 11. What is meant by Resting Potential? 12. What is meant by Action Potential? 13. Give any 4 factors to be considered when we design any medical Instrument? 14. What is Electrode Potential? 15. What is the purpose of electrode paste? 16. Give the different types of electrodes? 17. Give the different types of Surface electrodes? 18. What is PH electrode? 19. Define polarized and non polarized electrode. 20. What is plethysmograph? PART B 1. (a) Explain in detail various types of bio potential electrode. (10)

(8) 4. VILLUPURAM. What are the different types of dilution methods? 12. What is mean by transducer? 4. (a) Explain about EOG in detail. How Cardiac output is measured in thermal dilution method? 13. With the neat block diagram explain about EEG. What are the different types of blood flow meters? 8. (16) (b) With the neat diagram explain about the 12 leads system of ECG. (6) 2. What happens when there is a fall in cardiac output? 11. (a) Explain about the heart sounds. 5. (a) Draw an ECG waveform and explain about the characteristics.(8) (b) Explain about micro surface electrode. PART A 1. Give some applications of electromagnetic blood flow meters. (a) Explain about PCG in detail. Mention various types of chemical electrodes. (10) (b) Draw the bipolar limb leads system of an ECG.(4) UNIT-2 BIO CHEMICAL AND NON ELECTRICAL PARAMETER MEASUREMENT.(6) 8.(10) (b) Explain about the output unit of ECG.R ENGINEERING COLLEGE.EC2021-MEDICAL ELECTRONICS (b) Write short notes on Electro Myogram. (a) Draw an action potential wave form and discuss about polarization and repolarization. What is cardiac output? 10. Define circulation and respiration? 3. What is the use of blood flow meter in bio medical instrumentation? 2 A. (8) 6.(8) . What is electrophoresis? 5.(6) 3.(10) (b) Draw the typical waveform of EMG measurement. 2. (a) Explain about micro needle electrode. What are the different methods to measure the blood pressure? 6.(6) 7.(12) (b) Explain about the recording setup of EEG. What is the use of blood flow meter in bio medical instrumentation? 7. 9.

. (8) 8.EC2021-MEDICAL ELECTRONICS 14. (16) 7.(8) (b) Explain about PCO2 in detail. Explain about respiratory measurement in detail.(6) 5. (a) explain about cardiac output.(10) (b)Write about auto analyzer with neat diagram.(4) (b) Write about colorimeter in detail. What is korotkoff sound? PART B 1. (a) explain about pulse measurement. What is GSR? 19. (a) Give the details about filter photometer. What are the different types? 3 A. What is BSR? 18. (a) Explain about PH in detail. Write about the types of blood flow meters with neat diagram. Different methods of stimulation 6. (16) 6. (8) 2. What are the characteristics of a DC amplifier? 8.(8) (b) Explain about Temperature measurement. Define transit time principle of ultrasonic blood flow meter. What is plethysmograph? 20. What is Sphygmomanometer? 17. Explain about blood cell counters. Enumerate the merits and demerits of a dc amplifier? 9. Give the purpose of bridge circuits. Define heart. What is a Defibrillator? 7. VILLUPURAM.R ENGINEERING COLLEGE. lung? 4. (16) 3. (12) 4. 16. Explain about electrophoresis. (16) UNIT-3 ASSIST DEVICE AND BIO TELEMETRY PART A 1. Classify the pacemakers 5. Define circulatory system 2. What are the two different principles used in ultrasonic blood flow measurement? 15.

15. (ii) Dual peak defibrillator.(8) (b) Explain about telemetry principles. (a) Write down the typical application of bio-telemetry.(16) (i) Frequency selection in bio-telemetry. Explain with suitable diagram. 7. Give few applications of instrumentation amplifier. . (16) 5. What is acquisition time of S/H circuit? PART B 1. 17. What is quality factor? 20. the principles involved in the ON-demand cardiac pacemaker. Specify the advantages of an active filter 18. (4) 4. What is frequency scaling? 19.(8) (b) With the help of neat diagram. (8) 4 A. (ii) Tele simulation. List the requirements of an instrumentation amplifier 14. (iii) Synchronized defibrillator. 3. What are the 2 types of Wheatstone bridge? 11. Explain about single channel telemetry with neat diagram.EC2021-MEDICAL ELECTRONICS 10. (a) Explain about radio pill. (16) (i) DC defibrillator waveform. VILLUPURAM. (16) 2. (a) describe the following in detail. What is a filter? 16. List the different types of filters.(12) (b) Compare between internal and external pacemaker.R ENGINEERING COLLEGE. the DC defibrillator unit. explain nerve stimulator. Define slew rate 13. Explain the following. (8) 6. What are the different types of AC bridges? 12. (a) Describe with necessary diagrams.

12. What is an electron gun? 8. (a) Explain in detail an X-ray image intensifier with neat diagram. Mention the purpose of line printers. 17. What is meant by deflection sensitivity in CRT? 3. What is the operation of a serial printer? 16. 7.R ENGINEERING COLLEGE. What is daisy wheel printer? 20. 2. Mention the methods that are used for generating the 2 electron beams within the CRT. . 19. What is meant by recurrent sweep in CRT? 4. (a) Explain about radio isotopes. Mention the different methods of magnetic tape recording. Explain CRO and its function.(8) (b)Discuss in detail the scintillation detector. PART B 1. 9. List the classification of printers. (8) 2. Give the operation of pare printers. Name the components of a CRO. (4) 5 A. What is drop out? 14. Name the basic circuitry of CRO. 18. VILLUPURAM. Give short notes on dot-matrix printers. What is the purpose of erase head? 13. Mention the 2 factors in FM recording 15. 6. What is aperture time of S/H circuit? 10.EC2021-MEDICAL ELECTRONICS UNIT-4 RADIOLOGICAL EQUIPMENTS PART A 1. List the important features of CRTs. List the components of a magnetic tape recorder? 11.(12) (b) Write short notes on fluoroscopy. 5.

Compare common anode and common cathode displays.(16) 6. (16) 4. Classify electrical transducers.(8) (b) Explain about angiography. 6. Describe the radiation therapy and its related equipment. . What are the commonly used dot matrices for the display of characters? 8. 3. Explain the working principle of a strain gauge. Explain about different parts of X-ray machine. Define transducers. 14. Explain with suitable diagrams. What are the 2 writing patterns of dot matrix displays? 9. 10.R ENGINEERING COLLEGE. VILLUPURAM. Name the parameters that dictate the transducer capability 12. 4. (16) 5. What is LED? 2. What is meant by rosette? 20.What is meant by POT? 17. Name the 2 commonly available types of LCDs. 16. 18. Draw the block diagram of an X-ray machine and explain the function of each block. Name the different types of strain gauges.EC2021-MEDICAL ELECTRONICS 3. 19.(a)Explain about radiography. the principles involved in diagnostic X-ray equipment. (8) 7. Give the 3 working principles of variable inductance transducers PART B 6 A. On what does the operation of LCD depend? 5. Define sensitivity 13. What are the 2 types of transducers? 11. List the characteristics of LCD. What is the purpose of dot matrix displays? 7. Mention the factors considered while selecting a transducer. (16) UNIT-5 RECENT TRENDS IN MEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION PART A 1. Name the 2 parts of a transducer 15.

(12). (16) 7 A. (a) Explain the physiological effect of current at 50Hz.(6) (b) Explain about ground fault interrupter and protection by low voltage. List out the types of commonly available endoscopes. . With Schematic diagram explain the working of endoscopic laser coagulator.EC2021-MEDICAL ELECTRONICS 1.(16) 4. (4) 7.(12) (b) Explain about micro and macro shocks.(12) (b) Mention the application of thermography. (a) Bring out the clinical applications of endoscopy. VILLUPURAM. Explain the working principle of a diathermy unit with a neat block diagram. (b) Mention the applications of laser. (a) What is an endoscope? Discuss the working of an endoscopic unit. (4) 3. (a) List out the physiological effect of electric current on humans.(16) 2. 5. What is ventricular fibrillation? Discuss in detail direct current defibrillator. (10) 6.R ENGINEERING COLLEGE.

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