University Of Karachi

CHEMICAL PROCESS TECHNOLOGY
(Practical file)

Syed Saad Ahmed B-0933040 B.E 3rd Year Chemical Engineering

Submitted To: Ma’am Khehkashan

CHEMICAL PROCESS TECHNOLOGY 2012

Experiment no. 10
OBJECT:
Observe the decolourization of oil by charcoal.

APPARATUS AND REAGENTS:
     250 ml beaker. Water bath, Muffle furnace. Crucible. 30 gm of oil. 10 gm of charcoal.

THEROY:
There are two classes of seed oil bleachable and unbleachable A bleachable oil is one that may be reduced to a very definite color standard when treated in a specifically prescribed way. Most vegetable oils are deeply colored. They must be bleached in order to obtain a high quality final product. There are many methods, but the one in most general use is to agitate them, after they have been refined, with some solid material which absorbs the color. Various forms of carbon and charcoals have come into use for this purpose. Decolorization of oil depends on temperature and the time required for equilibrium which decreases with increasing temperature.

PROCEDURE:
Weight out accurately 10 grams of charcoal and transfer it to a crucible. Place the crucible In the furnace for about 30 min at 110 Heat the weighted oil in the 250 ml beaker and place it on the steam bath for about 10 min, after the heating of the charcoal is done add the charcoal in the beaker and constant stirrer it for few minutes. After some time oil would be decolourize.

RESULT:
Decolourization of the oil is observed.

DISCUSSION:
Impurities of various kinds, including color pigments, soaps, gums, and albuminous matter, can cause processing problems or poor quality in finished products of edible oils.

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Prepared By: Syed Saad Ahmed | B.E Chemical Engineering

CHEMICAL PROCESS TECHNOLOGY 2012
Activated bleaching earths remove undesired colours and other impurities like soaps, phospholipids, oxidation from metals, improving the appearance and taste of the final product. Activated carbon, on the other hand, has a dual function: in addition to removing undesired colours, it can absorb Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH).

REFERENCE:
   Decolorization of Cottonseed Oil by Edward L. Bartholomew http://journeytoforever.org/biofuel_library/fatsoils/fatsoils3b.html http://www.carbonitalia.com/index.php?L=3&S=2&M=4&P=500

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Prepared By: Syed Saad Ahmed | B.E Chemical Engineering