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The values in Black are calculated outputs. Engine Air Flow / Compressor Sizing Calculations Air Properties Molecular weight Z k-1/k Engine Data engine rpm displacement volumetric efficiency number of turbos compressor efficiency Ambient Conditions local baro pressure ambient temp
29.00 1.00 0.288 5000 revs/min 231.0 cu inch 75% 1 65% 29.92 in Hg 65 deg F 14.70 psia
Conditions at Compressor Inlet Vacuum drawn at inlet 2.0 in Hg Inlet Pressure 13.71 psia Inlet density 0.071 lb/ft3 Conditions at Compressor Outlet outlet pres 22.0 psig outlet temp 329.5 deg F P2/P1 2.68 outlet density 0.126 lb/ft3 Conditions at Intercooler Outlet manifold pres 19.0 psig manifold temp 110.0 deg F manifold density 0.160 lb/ft3 IC pressure drop 3.0 psi Results, mass and volume flows compressor air flow 53.4 compressor air flow 40.1 compressor air flow 303.0 total engine air flow 303.0 compressor air flow compressor air flow lb/min, lb/min, gm/sec, gm/sec, ideal actual actual actual
567.2 ACFM, actual inlet 318.9 ACFM, actual outlet
Data for use with Turbonetics curves pressure correction 0.983 temperature correction 0.981 corrected suction flow 40.0 lb/min Pressure ratio 2.68
4431 (n-1)/n head req'd 34.0 192.2 hp @ BSFC=0.49 deg F lb/min of total to wastegate lb/min 80% 99% 64.45 3.9 psig.0 108.6 418.6 3. ratio req'd post turbine EGT Exhaust Pressures TOP TIP TIP/boost Pipe Velocity Calculations Velocities Compressor Inlet Pipe Inlet Pipe Velocity Compressor Outlet Pipe Outlet Pipe Velocity IC Outlet Pipe Up Pipe Velocity 1600 28.222 43.0% 30.6 :1 lb/min gal/hr lb/hr 298.4 hp required to drive compressor Exhaust Properties EGT exhaust MW (k-1)/k Exhaust flow % bypassed to WG Flow thru turbine Turbine Power Recovery isentropic efficiency mechanical efficiency hp delivered Pres.0 psig.4 hp 2.7 348.3 2. turbine outlet pressure 31.735 3.484 ft horsepower req'd 64.1 43.56 30.5 inch inside diameter ft/sec inch inside diameter ft/sec inch inside diameter ft/sec .5 122.5 hp @ BSFC=0.37 inlet/outlet pressure 1313 deg F 5.7 hp @ BSFC=0.Fuel Injector Sizing Calculations Fuel Injectors No.5 Turbine Performance / Exhaust Pressure Calculations Compressor Head and Horsepower req'd polytropic factor 0.5 0.48 34. turbine inlet pressure / exhaust backpressure 1. of injectors Desired duty cycle A/F ratio fuel specific gravity fuel required fuel required Injector size req'd engine hp potential engine hp potential engine hp potential 6 80% 11.36 0.
ust backpressure .
General Notes: Item Engine Air Flow / Compressor Sizing Calculations Air Properties Molecular weight Z k-1/k Engine Data engine rpm displacement volumetric efficiency number of turbos compressor efficiency Ambient Conditions local baro pressure ambient temp Conditions at Compressor Inlet Vacuum drawn at inlet Inlet Pressure Inlet density Conditions at Compressor Outlet outlet pres outlet temp P2/P1 outlet density Conditions at Intercooler Outlet manifold pres .
manifold temp manifold density IC pressure drop Results. mass and volume flows compressor air flow compressor air flow compressor air flow total engine air flow compressor air flow compressor air flow Data for use with Turbonetics curves pressure correction temperature correction corrected suction flow Pressure ratio Fuel Injector Sizing Calculations Fuel Injectors No. of injectors Desired duty cycle A/F ratio fuel specific gravity fuel required fuel required Injector size req'd engine hp potential Turbine Performance / Exhaust Pressure Calculations Compressor Head and Horsepower req'd polytropic factor head req'd .
ratio req'd post turbine EGT Exhaust Pressures TOP TIP TIP/boost Pipe Velocity Calculations Velocities Compressor Inlet Pipe Inlet Pipe Velocity Compressor Outlet Pipe Outlet Pipe Velocity IC Outlet Pipe Up Pipe Velocity .horsepower req'd Exhaust Properties EGT exhaust MW (k-1)/k Exhaust flow % bypassed to WG Flow thru turbine Turbine Power Recovery isentropic efficiency mechanical efficiency hp delivered Pres.
These are the physical properties of air that I use in my calculations. Last Rev: 06/12/01.2. Cubic inches = liters x 61. by J. Outlet absolute pressure/inlet absolute pressure. Calculated air pressure from the local barometric pressure and the vacuum drawn at the inlet. Long inlet pipes. ambient air temp. Calculated based on the compression ratio. VE. self explanatory in cubic inches. so a supercharged engine will still have a max VE of 100% or so.found conversions to absolute pressure that used sea level pressure instead of local atm pressure in cells B32 and B95. El Paso. but it is not password protected. I just did this to keep folks from accidentally typing over the equations. Revision .9-30. Sea level is about 29. read from a compressor curve. Calculated air density at the inlet based on ambient air temp and the inlet ompressor Outlet Enter your estimated discharge pressure. local air pressure. If you feel the need to change something. outside air temperature ompressor Inlet There is a vacuum drawn at the compressor inlet. This spreadsheet has the protection turned on. this drops as you go up in elevation. *NOT* ambient pressure. cid. ntercooler Outlet The desired boost pressure. This is the desired boost pressure plus intercooler. Typically 60-75% for a centrifugal compressor. figure out the fuel needed. TX is about 26. There should be no need to change any of these unless you just don't agree with the values I used for some reason. Revision . The compression ratio of the compressor. This is based on the intake manifold pressure. Calculated air density in the compressor outlet.024 This is the percentage of air that the cylinder takes in compared to the ideal amount of air it could theoretically take in. self explanatory The adiabatic efficiency. Description / Compressor Sizing Calculations This section will calculate the air flow into the engine for a given set of conditions: a given rpm. etc… The air flow at this one point can be used to help size a comperssor. mass air sensors (if present) all increase the amount of vacuum. boost pressure. .formula in cell B52 was mistakenly inverted. just go to Tools --> Protection --> Unprotect Sheet 3.D. and more. Estill 2. and piping pressure losses. throttle body.1. 2 inches might be a good guess if you have no other data. restrictive air filters. in inches of mercury. and adiabatic efficiency. 4.
self explanatory Usually not more than 80-90%. Leave the default value if you have no idea. Same as above but in grams per second rather than lbs per minute. With those curves use the pressure ratio and flow shown below. izing Calculations All calculations below are based on the air flow requirements calculated in the section above. as opposed to the *mass* air flows shown above. :) Don't worry about it. Compressor flow x number of compressors. Volumetric air flow into the compressor. This will have a slight effect on the volume of fuel needed. Calculated volume flow of fuel. and lower EGT on the required backpressure! and Horsepower req'd Don't worry about it. From your favorite fuel vendor. Must be greater than 0 unless no IC is used. th Turbonetics curves The compressor curves listed on Turbonetics website need to have the inlet pressure and temperature corrected to a standard condition before the curves can be properly used. use the compressor outlet temperature here. Difference between boost (manifold) pressure and compressor outlet pressure.The intercooler outlet temperature. except as a novelty. even if the absolute numbers aren't correct. ance / Exhaust Pressure Calculations This section is not very useful. and what the important variables are. If you don't what the IC outlet temperature is (or will be). Calculated air density in the intake manifold. Note the effect of higher turbine outlet pressures. use ambient air temp + 40 deg as a guess (assuming and air to air IC will be used). Often 11. :) . Volumetric air flow out of the compressor. higher wastegate %. Lower BSFC means more horsepower per lb of fuel added. Actual air flow = Ideal mass flow of air through one compressor x the volumteric efficiency. There's just too many unknowns.5-12:1 for high boost applications. Calculated *mass* of fuel needed to match the mass of air into the engine. If there is no intercooler. But you can play with it and get a feel for how the turbine side works. density of the fuel / density of water. self explanatory Estimated horsepower is based on how efficiently the engine is using the air and fuel being fed into it. nd volume flows Mass flow of air through one compressor if there was perfect cylinder filling.
use it! My best estimate. that goes here. If you think you have a better number. and removing catalytic converters all make this pressure smaller. In a supercharged application. What perentage of the power extracted actually makes it to the compressor? Same as the hp req'd by the compressor. What is the pressure at the turbine outlet? Bigger exhaust pipes. alculations How fast is the air moving through those pipes? This will tell you! In general. use it! Mass air flow + mass fuel flow = exhaust mass flow. bigger down pipes. this power is sucked out of the exhaust by Exhaust Gas Temperature (pre turbine). Calculated required turbine inlet pressure to get the power we need for the compressor. If you've measured it. you'd get this number from a turbine curve (as opposed to a compressor curve). This is the exhaust pressure in the headers that the engine is working against. If you think you have a better number. Good luck finding one! Some percentage of the power extracted from the exhaust is lost to overcoming friction and such. Similar to the pressure ratio for the compressor. In a turbo application. The exhaust temperature drops as it expands across the turbine and the power is extracted from it. I'd like to keep things under 100 ft/sec. Tells us what pressure ratio across the turbine we need to get the power we want. Pipe size going to the compressor. this is the inlet pressure / outlet pressure. . Higher backpressures reduce power. Similar to the adaibatic efficiency for the compressor. Pipe size from the intercooler to the intake manifold.The horsepower the turbine has to deliver to the compressor wheel to move the calculated amount of air at the desired boost level. Some people like to know the ratio of turbine inlet pressure to boost pressure. power to drive the compressor is recovered from this flow. this is the power that must be sucked off the crank to run the supercharger. Terry Houston style elbows. Exhaust flow through the turbine. This is the theortical temperature of the exhaust coming out. Pipe size going to the intercooler. but I wouldn't worry much until you hit 175-200 ft/sec. What percentage of the exhaust flow is wastegated? High A/R housings and high flow turbine wheels get a lower % than small housings and wheels. My best estimate.
69533 psia .14.