P. 1
Livre Entier Anglais LoeddingBook

Livre Entier Anglais LoeddingBook

|Views: 120|Likes:
Published by Benzemas

More info:

Published by: Benzemas on Oct 31, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
See more
See less


Who knows what is lost in that vast government paper shuffle not to mention the material still
classified? So many government documents have accumulated that some 100 million are still
awaiting declassification from WWI alone. Others predating just 1960 number over a billion pages
of material. Even making a brief study of these could take teams of researchers a lifetime.
Although Dr. Hynek confirmed in the 1970s that Estimate did exist as Ruppelt and Fournet
claimed, Ruppelt's book is the only first hand account we have of the draft and merely teases us with
a few of its points. 24 One interesting passage suggests that the Air Force had an interest in UFOs
before 1947 and that the English had actually tracked some of the "Ghost Rockets" in 1946 on radar.

25 If so, this would contradict the Air Force's consistent refusal to this very day to recognize the
phenomena's existence before June 24, 1947.
Donald Loedding clearly remembers the controversy surrounding the rejection of his father's
"Estimate of the Situation" draft to General Vandenberg and the resulting deep disappointment by
his father. Donald had the impression that Alfred Loedding, who had been a rising star at Wright
Field, officially fell from favor as a result of his personal belief that many of the flying disc sightings
could represent craft of extraterrestrial origin. When he personally authored that carefully reached
conclusion in the "Estimate" draft, Loedding severely hurt his career.
Researchers know that with the end of 1948 a drastic change took place in Project Sign. The
great sense of importance that the Pentagon had previously bestowed on the project suddenly ceased.
Dropped almost overnight, it happened in the midst of one of the most unsettling series of UFO
sightings over American military bases then to date. By mid-1949 the leaders of the project like
Sneider and Loedding would be ousted and, barring a period in the early 1950s, the AMC staff
would never again openly talk about the origin of UFOs. Perhaps the extreme conclusions of the
Estimate draft and the summary of the Project Sign final report (drawn up in late 1948 by Truettner
and Deyarmond, and finished in February 1949) became just too much for the Pentagon to handle.
Titled Unidentified Aerial Objects—Project Sign, a great deal can be interpreted by reading between
the lines of the passages of that final report.
Even the introductory passages are important because they use some very interesting phrases. In
the Foreword, for example, the Rand study is mentioned along with the intent to explore the
possibility that some observed

Conclusion---1948. The Short Heyday of Sign 145

objects may represent "spaceships" or "satellite vehicles." (On July 21st the Pentagon had ordered a
study to be made by the Rand Corporation to evaluate that possibility.) 26 This is stunning
terminology regarding the Rand study because everyone who would have then read that report knew
full well that not only did the United States not possess anything that could attain earth orbit, neither
did the Soviets. In fact, it would be nine years before such an event occurred with Sputnik—
considered much ahead of its time then.
The Introduction of the Sign final report has another intriguing passage. In the second paragraph
it clearly states that this report is not a final estimate of the situation. This may very well have been a

way of stating that the Sign report was not able to draw the conclusions it did in Loedding's Estimate
of the situation.

Another sentence in the final report also seems to draw something from the earlier Estimate
report when it speaks of assessing the possibility of a threat to national security presented by "such
large numbers of unidentified flying objects." In the original Estimate report, Dr. Hynek confirmed
that the Sign team called for an official UFO alert to be proclaimed—somewhat as was actually
issued late that fall. Therefore, although the Pentagon always outwardly ignored the UFO situation
by stating that no threat was presented to national security—the fear was clearly there.
Aside from that, the sentence is also of note because for the first time the term unidentified flying
object is used. The summary again uses that phrase and speaks of The Books of Charles Fort, which
was one of the first works detailing unusual aerial phenomena in earlier times. This is significant
because officially the Air Force has always refused to recognize the UFO phenomenon before June
of 1947. One wonders how much discussion of this was present in the Estimate draft.
Many more pages follow the introductory pages, including an appendix by James E. Lipp of the
Rand Corporation that contained the conclusions of their contracted study. It actually considered the
possibility that UFOs could originate from either Venus or Mars. (Prior to NASA's planetary probes
in the 1960s and '70s even reputable scientists openly considered without ridicule the possibility that
civilizations could exist in our own solar system.) Travel from other star systems, however, was
considered improbable even then because Lipp's report stated that "the actions attributed to the
'flying objects' reported during 1947 and 1948 seem inconsistent with space travel [because of the
vast distances between stars]."
The report was released only to specific government and military offices as the ominous end of
Sign came when the Air Force changed the

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->