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Published by brentlion
dat upon chitwan tigers, by melvin sunquist, featuring info upon feeding behavior, measurements, ect.
dat upon chitwan tigers, by melvin sunquist, featuring info upon feeding behavior, measurements, ect.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: brentlion on Jan 23, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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An index of movement was derived by measur-
ing the straight-line distance between the first
location of radio-tagged individuals on consecu-
tive days. Only data from days when tigers had
changed locations were included. An animal was
considered to have moved if, when relocated, its
position had changed by at least 135 m.
An estimate of how far tigers travel in a day
was obtained by repeatedly locating tagged ani-
mals throughout the night, which is their major
movement period. Total distance travelled is the
sum of the straight-line distances between consec-
utive locations.
An estimate of how frequently tigers use roads
and how far they travel on them was obtained by
routinely searching for tracks on a 5.0 km section
of the park road. Since this information may have
value as a census technique, the estimated num-
ber of tigers using the area (based on tracks) was
compared with the corresponding number of
tagged individuals located in the same area.
Home range size was calculated by the "mini-
mum area" of Mohr (1947), which is the area of
the polygon formed by connecting all the outer-
most locations, except those judged to be forays.
The size of the area used, as calculated by this
method, is dependent on the number of locations.
To ascertain what constituted an adequate sam-
ple, I utilized a cumulative area curve (Odum
and Kuenzler, 1955). As the number of locations
increase, home range size increases towards an
asymptotic limit; at this point range size is 'max-
imum' and the number of locations considered



A tiger that appeared permanently restricted
to a specific area is termed a resident, and the
area it uses is termed a home range. These ranges
also appear to be territories (Wilson, 1975:256),
as will be shown later. Movements outside an
animal's home range are labelled forays and are
not considered part of the home range. While
subadults may reside within their natal areas for
extended periods of time, they are not considered
to have established ranges. There is another seg-
ment of the population, referred to as transients
(Schaller, 1967), which are often young adults
occupying marginal habitats; no information is
available to indicate whether transients have
home ranges.

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