P. 1
Nonparametric Statistical Inference, Fourth Edition

Nonparametric Statistical Inference, Fourth Edition

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Published by Mario Balderas

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Published by: Mario Balderas on Oct 31, 2012
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Each table entry labeled P is the tail probability from each extreme to the value of R, the

total number of runs up and down in a sequence of n observations, or equivalently, nÀ1

plus or minus signs.

n R Left-tail P R Right-tail P n R Left-tail P R Right-tail P

3 1 .3333

2

.6667

13 1 .0000

4

3

.4167

2 .0000

1 .0833

2

.9167

3 .0001 12

.0072

5 1 .0167

4

.2667

4 .0026 11

.0568

2 .2500

3

.7500

5 .0213 10

.2058

6 1 .0028

6 .0964

9

.4587

2 .0861

5

.1694

7 .2749

8

.7251

3 .4139

4

.5861

14 1 .0000

7 1 .0004

6

.1079

2 .0000

2 .0250

5

.4417

3 .0000

3 .1909

4

.8091

4 .0007 13

.0046

8 1 .0000

5 .0079 12

.0391

2 .0063

7

.0687

6 .0441 11

.1536

3 .0749

6

.3250

7 .1534 10

.3722

4 .3124

5

.6876

8 .3633

9

.6367

9 1 .0000

15 1 .0000

2 .0014

2 .0000

3 .0257

8

.0437

3 .0000

4 .1500

7

.2347

4 .0002

5 .4347

6

.5653

5 .0027 14

.0029

10 1 .0000

6 .0186 13

.0267

2 .0003

9

.0278

7 .0782 12

.1134

3 .0079

8

.1671

8 .2216 11

.2970

4 .0633

7

.4524

9 .4520 10

.5480

5 .2427

6

.7573

16 1 .0000

11 1 .0000

2 .0000

2 .0001

3 .0000

3 .0022 10

.0177

4 .0001 15

.0019

4 .0239

9

.1177

5 .0009 14

.0182

5 .1196

8

.3540

6 .0072 13

.0828

6 .3438

7

.6562

7 .0367 12

.2335

12 1 .0000

8 .1238 11

.4631

2 .0000

9 .2975 10

.7025

3 .0005

4 .0082 11

.0113

5 .0529 10

.0821

6 .1918

9

.2720

7 .4453

8

.5547

(Continued)

APPENDIX OF TABLES

573

Table E ðContinuedÞ

n R Left-tail P R Right-tail P n R Left-tail P R Right-tail P

17 1 .0000

21 1 .0000

2 .0000

2 .0000

3 .0000

3 .0000

4 .0000

4 .0000

5 .0003 16

.0012

5 .0000

6 .0026 15

.0123

6 .0000

7 .0160 14

.0600

7 .0003 20

.0002

8 .0638 13

.1812

8 .0023 19

.0025

9 .1799 12

.3850

9 .0117 18

.0154

10 .3770 11

.6230

10 .0431 17

.0591

18 1 .0000

11 .1202 16

.1602

2 .0000

12 .2622 15

.3293

3 .0000

13 .4603 14

.5397

4 .0000

22 1 .0000

5 .0001

2 .0000

6 .0009 17

.0008

3 .0000

7 .0065 16

.0083

4 .0000

8 .0306 15

.0431

5 .0000

9 .1006 14

.1389

6 .0000 21

.0001

10 .2443 13

.3152

7 .0001 20

.0017

11 .4568 12

.5432

8 .0009 19

.0108

19 1 .0000

9 .0050 18

.0437

2 .0000

10 .0213 17

.1251

3 .0000

11 .0674 16

.2714

4 .0000

12 .1661 15

.4688

4 .0000

13 .3276 14

.6724

5 .0000 18

.0005

23 1 .0000

6 .0003 17

.0056

2 .0000

7 .0025 16

.0308

3 .0000

8 .0137 15

.1055

4 .0000

9 .0523 14

.2546

5 .0000

10 .1467 13

.4663

6 .0000

11 .3144 12

.6856

7 .0000 22

.0001

20 1 .0000

8 .0003 21

.0011

2 .0000

9 .0021 20

.0076

3 .0000

10 .0099 19

.0321

4 .0000

11 .0356 18

.0968

5 .0000

12 .0988 17

.2211

6 .0001 19

.0003

13 .2188 16

.4020

7 .0009 18

.0038

14 .3953 15

.6047

8 .0058 17

.0218

9 .0255 16

.0793

10 .0821 15

.2031

11 .2012 14

.3945

12 .3873 13

.6127

(Continued)

574

APPENDIX OF TABLES

Table E ðContinuedÞ

n R Left-tail P R Right-tail P n R Left-tail P R Right-tail P

24 1 .0000

25 1 .0000

2 .0000

2 .0000

3 .0000

3 .0000

4 .0000

4 .0000

5 .0000

5 .0000

6 .0000

6 .0000

7 .0000

7 .0000 24

.0000

8 .0001 23

.0000

8 .0000 23

.0005

9 .0008 22

.0007

9 .0003 22

.0037

10 .0044 21

.0053

10 .0018 21

.0170

11 .0177 20

.0235

11 .0084 20

.0564

12 .0554 19

.0742

12 .0294 19

.1423

13 .1374 18

.1783

13 .0815 18

.2852

14 .2768 17

.3405

14 .1827 17

.4708

15 .4631 16

.5369

15 .3384 16

.6616

Source: Adapted from E. S. Edgington (1961), Probability table for number of runs of

signs of first differences, Journal of the American Statistical Association, 56, 156–159,

with permission.

APPENDIX OF TABLES

575

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