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Vacuum Cleaning Robot



Robotics is a branch of engineering that involves the conception, design, manufacture, and operation of robots. Robotics has undergone a major transformation in the last decade. A robot is a machine designed to execute one or more tasks repeatedly, with speed and precision. An autonomous robot acts as a stand-alone system, complete with its own computer (called the controller). Advanced research in the new generation of robots focuses on flexible engineering design and intelligent software, combined with the revolutionary changes in micro and Nano technologies. The growing trend in robotics is to provide mobility, intelligence and autonomy in the real world. This trend has been made possible by small, inexpensive, high-performance computers. The term `robot' implies that the systems should be capable of performing purposeful behaviors in the real world.. The focus is on the ability to move and be self-sufficient. The major application fields of robotics are personal, service, medical, industrial, military, and environmental and space. The robot designed here is for domestic application. The robot consists of an vacuum cleaner architecture which is used for cleaning. The Robo is designed so that it may be able to reach almost every nook and corner of any room that it has to be as compact as possible. It has sensors and switches on the surface of the body so as that the robo may automatically sense the perimeter of the room and proceed with the cleaning process. These sensors will also allow the robo to sense the obstacles while it is functioning in the Auto mode The working robot can be controlled using a remote control using RF Technology at 315MHz for manual controlled operations. The robo can be programmed to clean only selected areas of the room also. The robo is designed with a microcontroller at its core. The microcontroller is complemented with various IR sensors, communications modules like RF and GSM, motors and dust Suction System to function accordingly.

Functional Block Diagram

The block diagram of the vacuum cleaning robot is as given below:

Block Diagram

Left Base Wheel motor drive

Right Base Wheel motor drive

Atmega 8 Microcontroller RTC Dust Suction motor &circuitry

IR Sensor Array

RF Section for Remote Access


RF Section for Remote Access Atmega 8 JOYSTICK Microcontroller

Circuit Diagram