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Worked Solutions to Class Handout Trig Topic 4

# Worked Solutions to Class Handout Trig Topic 4

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Use thesed solutions to get your class notes booklet up-to-date for Monday.
Use thesed solutions to get your class notes booklet up-to-date for Monday.

Published by: Marc Lambert on Nov 01, 2012

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12/04/2012

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# Worked solutions to Class Handout Trig Topic 4

(Trigonometric Ratios – KNOW THIS for Friday’s Quiz!!!)

x-coord is − 𝟏

𝟐

=− 𝟏

𝟐

=− 𝟏

𝟐 𝟒𝝅

𝟑 𝟓𝝅

𝟕𝝅 − or 𝟔 𝟔

(principal angle)

y-coord is − 𝟏

𝟐

y-coord is 𝟏 𝝅

𝟐

= 𝟏

=− 𝟐

𝟐 𝟓𝟒𝟎𝟓
or 𝟏𝟏𝟎𝟓

= 𝟎 y-coord is 𝟎

(reciprocal of 𝟓𝝅 𝒔𝒔𝒔 𝟑 )

=− 𝟐 𝟑 𝟗𝝅

𝟕𝝅 − or 𝟒 𝟒

x-coord is 𝟐 𝟐

(principal angle)

(principal angle)

y-coord is − 𝟓𝝅

𝟑 𝟐 𝟑

y 𝟐

𝟓𝝅 − 𝟐 𝒕𝒕𝒔 = 𝟒 𝟐 𝟐

y-coord is − x-coord is− 𝟐 𝟐 𝟐 𝟐

x

y coord (opp) x coord (adj)

= −𝟏 𝟏

− 𝟒𝝅 𝟐 𝒄𝒄𝒕 = 𝟑 𝟑 − 𝟐

x-coord is −

y-coord is − 𝟏

𝟐 𝟐 𝟑

SAME POINT as last question! (coterminal) 𝟏 x-coord is − 𝟑 𝟒𝝅 − 𝟐 𝒄𝒄𝒕 = 𝟏 𝟑 − 𝟐 y-coord is − 𝟐 𝟏

𝟐

x coord (opp) y coord (adj)

y coord x coord

= 𝟏/ 𝟑

= 𝟑

“optional”  covert to degrees…

𝟓

or 𝟐𝟓𝟐𝟓

−𝟐𝟗𝟓𝟓 𝟏

= 𝒄𝒄𝒔(−𝟐𝟗𝟓)𝟓

Use CALCULATOR! This is radians – convert to degrees….

Principal angle is 65𝟓

Degrees

Secant is the reciprocal of cosine so approximately 𝟐. 𝟑𝟕 Same answer if we work in degrees, approximately −𝟎. 𝟗𝟓𝟏 cotangent is the reciprocal of tangent so approximately −𝟎. 𝟐𝟐
(we could also have used the rotation angle of 1002.7𝟓)

Principal Angle

Where on the unit circle is the 𝟏 y-coord (sine!) equal to 𝟐 ?

x-coord (cosine!) equal to −

Where on the unit circle is the 𝟑

? 𝟐

Re-write in terms of sine, knowing that sin is the reciprocal of csc 𝟓𝝅

𝟔 𝝅 𝟓𝝅 𝒄𝒐 𝟔 𝟔 𝝅

𝟔 𝜽

= 𝟕𝝅

𝟔 𝟓𝝅

𝟔

Where on the unit circle is the 𝟏 y-coord (sine!) equal to 𝟐 ? 𝒔𝒔𝒔𝜽

= 𝟏 𝟐 𝟑𝝅

𝟒 𝝅

𝟒 𝜽

= 𝟓𝝅

𝟕𝝅 𝒄𝒐 𝟔 𝟔 𝜽

= 𝝅

𝟑𝝅 𝒄𝒐 𝟒 𝟒

Alternate Solution:

Use inverse sine (in degree mode) to get the reference angle, here 30𝟓. Then, use CAST rule to determine that sine is positive in Quads I and II, so the second solution is 180-30. Then convert 𝟑𝟎𝟓 and 𝟏𝟓𝟎𝟓 to radians!

Where on the unit circle is the 𝟐 y-coord (sine!) equal to 𝟑 ?

 This is NOT a “standard unit circle point! (use calculator) Where is y-coord 0.666..?

Where on the unit circle is the x-coord (cosine!) equal to 𝟎?

Use CALC for tan equations. TAN is POS (+) in Quads I and III 𝝅

𝟐 𝝅

𝟑 𝜽

=
(Approximate) Solutions in DEGREES: 𝝅

𝟑𝝅 , 𝟐 𝟐 𝟒𝝅

𝟑 𝜽

≈ 𝟒𝟐𝟓 𝒄𝒐 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟓

 TAN is positive in Quads I and III

(Approximate) Solutions in DEGREES: 𝜽

≈ 𝟎. 𝟕𝟑 𝒄𝒐 𝟐. 𝟒𝟏 𝜽

= 𝝅

𝟐𝝅 , 𝟑 𝟑 𝒔𝒔𝒔𝜽

= − 𝟏

𝟐

Re-write in terms of sine, knowing that sin is the reciprocal of csc

NO SOLUTIONS, the maximum cosine (or sine) can be is “1”

NOT a standard unit circle ratio! (Use Calc) 𝟕𝝅

𝟔

Where is y-coord -0.5? 𝟕𝝅

𝟏𝟏𝝅 𝜽 = , 𝟔 𝟔 𝟏𝟏𝝅

𝟔

In DEGREES….

≈ 𝟎. 𝟗𝟑 𝒄𝒐 𝟐. 𝟐𝟏 𝜽 𝜶

(Pythagorean Theorem) 𝟏𝟑 𝟑 𝒔𝒔𝒔𝜽

= −𝟐 𝑷 𝟏𝟑

𝒔𝒔𝒔𝜽 = −𝟐

−𝟐 𝟏𝟑 𝒄𝒄𝒔𝜽

=

Find reference angle: 𝟏𝟑

𝒄𝒄𝒔𝜽 = 𝟑 𝟑 𝟏𝟑 𝒕𝒕𝒔𝜽

= 𝒕𝒕𝒔𝜽

=

−𝟐 𝟑

Again in RADIAN mode:

−𝟑 𝟐 𝜶

− reference angle

Since 𝜽 is in Quad IV: 𝜽

≈ 𝟑𝟐𝟔𝟓 𝒄𝒐 𝟓. 𝟑𝟎 rads

Done in class: 𝜃 is in Quad III, 𝜽 = 𝟒𝝅

𝟑

or 𝟔𝟎𝟓

(Pythagorean Theorem)

−𝟏 𝒔𝒔𝒔𝜽 = 𝟑 𝟏 𝒔𝒔𝒔𝜽 =

sec is positive where cos is positive… (Quads I and IV) Since sine is negative, 𝜃 is in QUAD IV
OPP Find reference angle: HYP Since 𝜽 is in Quad IV: 𝜽 𝜶 𝟑 𝑷

−𝟏

−𝟏 𝟑

Again in RADIAN mode: 𝜽

≈ 𝟑𝟒𝟏𝟓 𝒄𝒐 𝟓. 𝟗𝟒 rads

(𝟎. 𝟐)𝟐 +𝒚𝟐 = 𝟏 𝒚𝟐 = 𝟏 − 𝟎. 𝟎𝟒 𝒚𝟐 = 𝟎. 𝟗𝟔 𝒙𝟐

+ 𝒚𝟐 = 𝟏 𝒚

= 𝟎. 𝟗𝟏 𝒚 = ± 𝟎. 𝟗𝟔 𝒄𝒄𝒔𝜽 𝒚

≈ 𝟎. 𝟗𝟏 𝒚 ≈ −𝟎. 𝟗𝟏 𝑷 𝒔𝒔𝒔𝜽

= 𝒔𝒔𝒔𝜽

−𝟓 𝟏𝟑 𝟏𝟑

𝒔𝒔𝒔𝜽 = −𝟒 𝒄𝒄𝒔𝜽

= 𝟏𝟑

𝒄𝒄𝒔𝜽 = 𝟏𝟐 𝟏𝟐

𝟏𝟑 𝒕𝒕𝒔𝜽

=

−𝟓 𝒕𝒕𝒔𝜽 = 𝟏𝟐

−𝟏𝟐 𝟓 𝟏𝟐

𝒕𝒕𝒔𝜽 = 𝟏𝟑 −𝟓 𝟏𝟑 = =−

y x 𝟏𝟐

𝟏𝟑 ∗ 𝟏𝟑 −𝟓 𝟏𝟐 𝟓

Reciprocal:

−𝟓 𝒔𝒔𝒔𝜽 = 𝟏

opp hyp

For tangent, fined the adj side, (pyth. theorem), then use the ratio 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝜃 = 𝑜𝑜𝑜
𝑎𝑎𝑎

(Pythagorean Theorem) 𝒕𝒕𝒔𝜽

=

−𝟓

− 𝟑𝟗 𝜽 𝜶 𝟏 𝒕𝒕𝒔𝜽

=

− 𝟑𝟗 𝟓

−𝟓

opp

= − 𝒔𝒔𝒔

− 𝒔𝒔𝒔

is the 𝒚-coord, or 𝝅

𝟔

−𝟏 𝟐
−𝟏 𝟐

= 𝟐

𝟐 𝟕𝝅 𝟒 𝟏

𝟐 𝝅 𝟕𝝅 = + + 𝒄𝒄𝒔 𝟐 𝟐 𝟔 𝟒 = =

−𝟏 + 𝟐 𝟐 𝟐 − 𝟏 𝟐 𝒄𝒄𝒔

is the 𝒙-coord, or 𝟐 𝟐 𝒕𝒕𝒔

is positive in QUADS I and III 𝜶
= 𝟔𝟏𝟓 𝒕𝒕𝒔𝜽

=

−𝟓 −𝟐

Since 𝜃 is in quad III, we’ll make the opp, adj sides both negative.

−𝟓

−𝟐 𝜽

(since we want the largest positive angle, we’ll focus on the QUAD III angle)

 Since 𝜽 is in Quad IV

 Find reference angle 𝜃

≈ 248𝟓 𝑜𝑜 𝟒. 𝟑𝟑 rads

Again in RADIAN mode 𝟑𝝅

𝟒 𝝅

𝟔

Difference = 𝟏𝟐 = 𝟕 𝟗𝝅

𝟐𝝅 − 𝟏𝟐 𝟏𝟐 𝟕𝝅 = 𝟏𝟐 𝟑𝝅

𝟒

− 𝝅

𝟔

 Alternate solution: Convert to degrees, subtract, then convert back to radians. 𝟐 𝟏 𝟏 𝟐

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