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Tamazight Tura U6 Ghuct 2010

Tamazight Tura U6 Ghuct 2010

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i tazwara, yessefk ad nerr tajmilt i widen i d-
yesnulfan tisefsayin timezwura i tira n tmaziɣt ɣef
uselkim. Snulfan-tent-id imi ḥulfan s lḥerṣ yellan
ɣef tutlayin ur nelli ara deg yiselkimen... akked Internet.
Yis-sent i ttwarun yiḍrisen imezwura ɣef yiselkimen.
Maca tesberber tmara ɣef ccɣel-agi imi kra n win yebɣan ad yaru s
tmaziɣt, ad yekker ad d-yesnulfu tasefsit neɣ ugar i yiman-is kan
war ma inuda ma llan wallalen i tira neɣ ala.
Yuɣal iban-d yiwen lɛib i wayagi imi yegget usnulfu war ma tella
temlilit neɣ yella umciwer gar yisenselkamen iqeddcen di ccɣel-agi.
Yiwen ur yeẓri wayeḍ, yiwen ur yemlal akked wayeḍ, yiwen ur
yessin ayen i d-yesnulfa wayeḍ. Liḥala-agi n yal yiwen weḥd-s
tessaweḍ imeskaren ad ssedduyen tisefsayin iss uran iḍrisen-nsen
yal tikketl mi ara ten-fken i wiyaḍ i wakken ad ten-ɣren. Acuɣer ?
Akken ggten yisenselkamen i ggtent tsefsayin i temgarad trusi n
yisekkilen ɣef tqeffalin n unasiw. Imi d ccɣel ur nesɛi llsas, yal
asenselkam iferren tiqeffalin i s-yehwan i wakken ad yerr deg-sent
isekkilen n tmaziɣt deg umkan n yinaṣliyen yellan yakan.
Isekkilen n ugemmay-nneɣ ur llin ara d unṣiben, am tutlayt-nneɣ.
Ɣef waya, anda is en-d-ufan amkan ad ten-sneṭḍen. Ɣas yesɛa
usekkil taqeffalt-is ɣef unasiw maca angal mačči ines, d win n
usekkil anaṣli.

D

Tasɣunt s Tmaziɣt n Usqamu Unnig n Timmuzɣa

- 54 -

Tamaziɣt tura – Un 6 – H.C.A / ɣuct 2010

Amedya : ma neddem awal aɣrum ideg yella usekkil ɣ yeggten deg
yiḍrisen n tmaziɣt, nezmer ad t-naf yeṭṭef ma drus kraḍ imukan ur
ili imi di yal tasefsit yesɛa amkan (taqeffalt). Ad naf awal-agi
yettwaru : a$rum, aùrum, aµrum... a²rum.
Atan acuɣer i ilaq ad yeḥbes usnulfu-agi ur nesɛi llsas. D tisefsayin
ideg isekkilen n tmaziɣt ṭṭfen imukan n widen n tefransist i ur
nesseqdac ara di tutlayt-nneɣ am é, è, ç, ù… à.
Imira yella Unicode. D allal ideg yal asekkil n ugemmay-nneɣ yesɛa
angal-is, ihi yesɛa amkan-is. Lɛib-nni amezwaru i d-nufa, ur yelli ara
di Unicode. Maca tisefsayin Unicode ḥwaǧent anuḍaf n unasiw iss
ara ddunt. Anuḍaf amezwaru d unicber n INALCO, iteddu kan
ɣef XP. Wis sin d anasunic iteddun ɣef XP akked Vista7
.
Ayen yessehlen lecɣal n tira n tmaziɣt di Internet d tasefsit Arial
Unicode MS yellan di yal aselkim iteddun s Windows XP neɣ Vista.

* Tagi d tasefsit yellan deg uselkim, aḍris ad aɣ-d-iban igerrez8
.

7

Ẓret tasɣunt : Tamaziɣt Tura, Uṭṭun 3, HCA, ɣuct 2009.

8

Yessefk ad tili tsefsit iss yettwaru uḍris deg uselkim : C:\Windows\Fonts.

Tasɣunt s Tmaziɣt n Usqamu Unnig n Timmuzɣa

Tamaziɣt tura – Un 6 – H.C.A / ɣuct 2010

- 55 -

I wakken ayen yettwarun s tefsayin tiqburin yesɛan ismawen-nsent
beddun s Amazigh ur ɣ-yettruḥ ara, atan wamek ara d-yuɣal ɣer
Unicode :
Amedya n uḍris yettwarun s Amazigh Footlight MT.
* Isekkilen terza temsalt n ubeddel akken i d-mseḍfaren ɣef
tqeffalin n unasiw : ẓ, Ẓ - Č, č - ɛ, Ɛ - ḥ, Ḥ - ṣ, Ṣ - ṭ, Ṭ - ṛ, Ṛ - Ǧ, ǧ -
ɣ, Ɣ - ḍ, Ḍ.
* Ad d-nefren yiwen deg-sen, ad nsit ɣef Rechercher.
* Deg umedya-agi nefren asekkil ɣ maca asekkil iɣef ara inadi d $
imi d netta i yesɛan llsas, d netta i d anaṣli.

* Ad nsit ɣef Tout surligner, dɣa anda yufa asekkil i nefren ad t-yerr
s yini awraɣ.

Tamawt :
- Di Options de Recherche, yella wamek ara nefren gar yisekkilen
imeqqranen (majuscule ) akked yimecṭuḥen (miniscule ).
- Akken nezmer ad nefren yiwen usekkil i nezmer ad nefren yiwen
wawal.

Tasɣunt s Tmaziɣt n Usqamu Unnig n Timmuzɣa

- 56 -

Tamaziɣt tura – Un 6 – H.C.A / ɣuct 2010

* Ad nsit ɣef Remplacer, ad naru asekkil iss ara yettwabeddel $,
amḍan i d-yufa ad t-ibeddel s usekkil iwulmen, dagi d ɣ yellan di
tsefsit Unicode.

Tasɣunt s Tmaziɣt n Usqamu Unnig n Timmuzɣa

Tamaziɣt tura – Un 6 – H.C.A / ɣuct 2010

- 57 -

* Isekkilen nniḍen (â, v, ô… é) ad ttwabeddlen am ɣ.
Ɣas nbeddel tasefsit ur nelli ara Unicode, maca isekkilen n tmaziɣt
yettwabeddlen ad qqimen akken, widen ur nettwabeddel ara ad d-
banen s wudem-nsen anaṣli.

Tagrayt

Akka twalam d ayen isehlen maḍi. ttawil yella, allalen llan, ihi leqdic
n tmara yessefk ad yeḥbes imira, ur nezmir ara ad nkemmel tikli
deg yiberdan ur nessufuɣ. Ur nezmir ara ad nessedduy tisefsayin
akked yiḍrisen yal tikkelt mi ara nefk aḍris i tɣuri imi tella Arial
Unicode MS di yal aselkim iteddun s Windows XP.
D ugur-agi n tsefsayin yeggten i yerran lwelha-nneɣ s ugur nniḍen
izemren ad icekkel tira n tmaziɣt : anuḍaf n unasiw. Ɣas ma yella
win yebɣan ad d-yesnulfu anuḍaf yessefk ad yili ɣef llsas n
yimezwura unicber akked anasunic yedduklen ɣef yiwen llsas n trusi
n yisekkilen.
Ma ggten yinuḍafen akken ggtent tsefsayin...

Tasɣunt s Tmaziɣt n Usqamu Unnig n Timmuzɣa

- 58 -

Tamaziɣt tura – Un 6 – H.C.A / ɣuct 2010

Amawal9

Tasefsit : police des caractères
Aselkim : ordinateur
Tasenselkimt : informatique
Asenselkam : informaticien
Anasiw : clavier
Anuḍaf : pilote
Anuḍaf n unasiw : pilote du clavier
Amḍan : nombre

9

Amawal n tsenselkimt, Samia Saad Bouzefran.

TULLIST

Tamaziɣt tura – Un 6 – H.C.A / ɣuct 2010

- 61 -

Gar yiccer d uksum

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