jkek;.

k ds
T;ksfr&LrEHk

Translated from:

'Lectures on the Ramayana'

jkek;.k ds
T;ksfr&LrEHk

by The Rt. Hon. V.S. Srinivasa Sastri

okYehfdÏr ^jkek;.k^ ds ik=ksa ij Vhdk

Madras Samskrit Academy, 1949

fn jkbV vkWujscy oh- ,l Û Jhfuokl 'kkL=h
vuqokfndk %
MkW Û Jhefr lq'khyk HkVukxj

fo"k;µlwph

v/;k;

fo"k;

çLrkouk

^jkek;.k ds T;ks f r&LrEHk*
esjs fnoaxr firk]
Jh xks d q y fd'kks j HkVukxj
rFkk ekrk lR;orh]
fo|k&vuq j kfxuh dks lknj
lefiZ r A

i`"B
7

1.

igyk v/;k;

Hkwfedk

9

2.

nwljk v/;k;

ckY;koLFkk

21

3.

rhljk v/;k;

y{e.k

34

4.

pkSFkk v/;k;

y{e.k

45

5.

ik¡pok¡ v/;k;

jke

63

6.

NBk v/;k;

jke

78

7.

lkrok¡ v/;k;

jke

93

8.

vkBok¡ v/;k;

jke

106

9.

uok¡ v/;k;

jke

116

10.

nlok¡ v/;k;

jke

134

11.

X;kjgok¡ v/;k;

jke

158

12.

ckjgok¡ v/;k;

jke

180

13.

rsjgok¡ v/;k;

Hkjr

206

14.

pkSngok¡ v/;k;

lqxzho

230

15.

iUægok¡ v/;k;

foHkh"k.k

247

16.

lksygok¡ v/;k;

foHkh"k.k

257

17.

l=gok¡ v/;k;

guqeku

279

18.

vëkjgok¡ v/;k;

guqeku

286

19.

mékhlok¡ v/;k;

guqeku

298

20.

chlok¡ v/;k;

guqeku

310

21.

bDdhlok¡ v/;k;

guqeku

324

22.

ckbZlok¡ v/;k;

jko.k

341

23.

rsbl
Z ok¡ v/;k;

jko.k

357

24.

pkSchlok¡ v/;k;

jko.k

374

25.

iPphlok¡ v/;k;

lhrk

401

26.

NCchlok¡ v/;k;

lhrk

411

27.

lÙkkbZlok¡ v/;k;

lhrk

433

28.

vëkbZlok¡ v/;k;

dSds;h

455

29.

muÙkhlok¡ v/;k; dkS'kY;k vkSj lqfe=k

484

30.

rhlok¡ v/;k;

507

&&&&

çLrkouk

30 O;k[;kuksa dk] tks *jkek;.k^ ds
eeZK] çdkaM iafMr] laLÏr fo}ku dq'ky jktuhfrK fnoaxr jkbV vkWujscy Jhoh- ,l-Jhfuokl 'kkL=h th }kjk laLÏr vdkneh eækl (psékS) ds rRoko/kku esa
lEiék gq, Fks] vaxt
sz Ûh ls fgUnh esa vuqokn gSAa bu O;k[;kuksa dk 'kqHkkjEHk lu~ vçSy
1944 esa vkSj lekiu lkr eghus i'pkr~ uoEcj 1944 gqvk] fdUrq iqLrd ds :i
esa budk çdk'ku lu~ 1949 esa gh laHko gks ldkA
'kkL=h th us eglwl fd;k fd vk/kqfud ;qx dk ;qok oxZ Hkkjrh; laLÏfr
vkSj lH;rk ds vkn'kks± dks Hkwyrk tk jgk gS] mleas ijEijkvksa ds çfr vfHk#fp de
gksrh tk jgh gSA vr,o] mudk igyk lUns'k ;gh Fkk fd muesa viuh laLÏfr dh
tkx`fr yxkuk cgqr vko';d gSA
'kkL=h th ,d euksoSKkfud eeZK FksA mUgksaus jke ds çfr okYehfd dk
ekuorkoknh n`f"Vdks.k viuk;k] D;ksfa d ;gh yksd dY;k.k dk vuqdj.kh; d.k gSA
euq"; esa {kerk gS vkSj og viuh vkRe'kfDr ls vius dks Å¡ps ls Å¡pk mBk ldrk
gSA ;g jke dkO; fdlh ,d fl¼kUr dks çfrikfnr ugha djrkA ;g rks lewpk
thou n'kZu gSA
egkRek xk¡/kh us tc muds fopkjksa dh ppkZ lquh] os 'kkL=h th ls vLirky
es]a mudh e`R;q ls dqN le; iwo]Z feys vkSj viuh bPNk O;Dr dh fd bu fopkjksa
dks fyfic¼ gksuk pkfg;sA fdUrq iqLrd ds çdk'ku ls iwoZ nksuksa gh pys x,A
oLrqr% 'kkL=h th dh ^jkek;.k* dsoy jke dFkk ugha] vfirq mlds ik=ksa ds
pfj= dk euksoK
S kfud ;FkkFkZoknh vkykspukRed foospu gSA y{e.k] jke] Hkjr]
lqxzho] foHkh"k.k] guqeku] jko.k] lhrk] dSds;h] dkS'kY;k vkSj lqfe=k vkfn ds
pfj= dkA mUgksaus muds dsoy xq.kksa dks gh ugha] detÛksfj;ksa dks Hkh HkyhHkk¡fr
igpkuk gSA bl çdkj egkdkO; ^jkek;.k* ds vkykspukRed foospu esa 'kkL=h th
dk ;ksxnku v{kq..k gSA

çLrqr iqLrd okYehfdÏr *jkek;.k^ ij

7

mÙkj Hkkjr esa rqylhnkl Ïr ^jkepfjrekul* lokZf/kd yksdfç; gSA vU;
çknsf'kd Hkk"kkvksa esa Hkh vusd ^jkek;.k* çpfyr gSAa çns'kksa esa vis{kkd`r ^okYehdh
jkek;.k ^dh tkudkjh de gSaA fgUnh {ks= dh turk esa okYehfd jkek;.k esa
lf=fgr lEiw.kZ ekuo thou n'kZu dks voxr djus ds fopkj ls 'kkL=h th ds xzFa k
dk fgUnh Hkk"kk esa ljy vuqokn djus dk ç;kl fd;k x;k gSA
lu~ 1977 esa tc ysf[kdk dks ^nf{k.k Hkkjr fgUnh çpkj lHkk ^ esa MkW- jk?kou
ls feyus dk lkSHkkX; çkIr gqvk] rc mUgksua s crk;k Fkk fd xk¡/kh th dh bPNk Fkh
fd 'kkL=h th dh bu iqLrd dk vuqokn lHkh Hkkjrh; Hkk"kkvksa esa gksuk pkfg;sA
vr,o ;g iqLrd ckiw ds çfr HkkoHkhuh J¼katfy Hkh gSA

& MkW- Jhefr lq'khyk HkVukxj

”””

fo'ks"k fuosnu
bl iqLrd dh vuqokfndk] esjh ekrkJh] MkW- lq'khyk HkVukxj us viuk MkWDVªVs
psékS fLFkr ^nf{k.k Hkkjr fgUnh çpkj lHkk] ^ ftldk xBu Loa; xka/kh th dh çsj.kk
ls fd;k x;k Fkk] ls fd;k FkkA
mudk nsgkUr 5 twu] 2003 dks gqvkA blls nks fnol iwoZ mUgsa muds lRxq#]
n;ky iq#"k lar n'kZuflag th egkjkt] vius fnO;&Lo:i es]a mUgsa ysus vk;s&
tSls fd e`R;q ds le; lar&er ds nhf{krksa dks lnSo muds iw.kZ xq# ysus vkrs gS]a
vkSj mUgksaus iwjh jkf= vkºykn~ dh voLFkk esa xqtÛkjhA çkr%dky] mUgksaus eq>s
cqykdj bldk fooj.k nsrs gq, vius lRxq# dh 'kku eas ,d dfork& 'kk;n mudh
çFke o vfUre Hkh& fy[kok;hA lkFk&lkFk bl iqLrd dk ^leiZ.k^ Hkh fy[kok;k]
ftl ij mUgksua s esjs firk] MkW- lw;Z çdk'k HkVukxj dh çsj.kk ls] vuFkd esgur dh
FkhA fQj os nqfu;k ls iw.kZr;k% vuklä gksdj ,d ç'kkUr voLFkk esa pyh xb±A

& pSrU; çnhi HkVukxj

”””

igyk v/;k;
Hkwfedk

vius thou esa dHkh okrkZ ds iwoZ eq>s bruh ?kcjkgV ugha gqb]Z ftruh fd vktA
blds dbZ dkj.k gSaA buesa ls ,d&nks eSa vo'; crkÅ¡xkA çFke] rks ?kksf"kr
dk;ZHkkj dks fuHkkus ds fy, esjh furkUr vkRe'kadkA f}rh;] esjs le{k mifLFkr
Jksrkx.k dk Lo:i] tks eq>s Hk;Hkhr dj jgk gSA r`rh;] çfrik| fo"k; dh
mRÏ"Vrk] ftl ij vR;Ur ekSfyd fopkjdksa ds fy, Hkh dguk dfBu gksxk] tks
dqN u;k yxsA ijUrq bl ijEijkxr fopkj ls eq>s <k<Ûl feyrk gS fd tc dksbZ
^jkek;.k* tSls fo"k;ksa ij cksyrk gS] rks blls dksbZ fo'ks"k vUrj ugha iMÛrk fd
oDrk dh ;ksX;rk fdruh vi;kZIr gSA tks lquus vkrs gS]a muds ân; jlkuqHkwfr ds
fy, brus rRij gksrs gSa fd dfe;k¡ vkSj =qfV;k¡] pkgs fdruh Hkh xEHkhj D;ksa u gks]a
os mUgsa uTÛkj&vUnkTÛk dj nsrs gSAa blds vfrfjDr eSa ,slk Hkh vuqHko dj jgk gw¡ fd
eSa rks vius fpjifjpr ef;ykiqjokfl;ksa ds le{k cksy jgk gw¡] ftlus u dsoy eSa
lgkuqHkwfr dh vis{kk dj ldrk gw¡] oju~ vckf/kr vuqxgz dh HkhA
eSa ^jkek;.k* dk foospu ,d vkykspd iafMr dh gSfl;r ls djus ugha tk
jgk gw¡A bldk jpuk dky] Jh jke dh ,sfrgkfldrk] blds drZ`Ro dk Lo:i]
,dkadh vFkok vusdkadh] bl dFkk dh :ijs[kk vkSj C;ksjs ds fy, okYehfd nwljksa
ds fdrus ½.kh gS]a orZeku o`ÙkkUr fdruk çkekf.kd gS vkSj D;k rÙor% bldks
okYehfd dh jpuk ekuk tk ldrk gS] vFkok] tSlk dqN v/;srkvksa dk er gS]
blds çkIr :i ds dqN va'kksa dks çf{kIr eku dj gesa NksMÛ nsuk pkfg,A ,sls lHkh
ç'u esjs ç;kstu ls ckgj gSAa blds vfrfjDr esjh ,d vkSj vleFkZrk gS] ftldks
eSa vkjEHk esa gh vkids le{k Lohdkj djuk pkgrk gw¡] ,d ,slh foo'krk gS] tks fd
esjs çfr vkids dFkkuqjkx ds furkUr çfrdwy gSA Ïi;k bl fo"k; esa eq>s iwjs mnkj
Hkko ls lquAas eSa vkt ds ckn lkadfs rd :i ds vfrfjDr jke dks Hkxoku eku dj
ugha pyw¡xkA ;g dsoy blhfy, gh ugha fd vius çf'k{k.k ds dkj.k nsoRo fo"k;d
ppkZ ds fy, eSa loZFkk v;ksX; gw¡& tgk¡ bl çdkj dh egku ppkZ;as gksrh gS]a ogk¡ eSa
cMÛh fouezrk ls ljd tkrk gw¡& esjh ekU;rk gS fd *jkek;.k* dk v/;;u lknj
9

k /.k fdlh nwljs ds }kjk vkidks lq>kbZ u xbZ gksA eq>s cgqr lUnsg gS fd tc rd dksbZ ekSfydrk çn'kZu ds fy.k dhft. fd.. ik=ksa es]a ftudk egÙo dqN de ugha gS] muds pfj= dks vkSj Hkh Å¡pk mBk..sls dke esa yxk le.k gesa . vkSj tks dqN Hkh eSa dgw¡ mls fu"diV çse Hkko ls xzg. esa viuh foy{k. dks i<Ûus ij esjh .d .srk] tks bldh ikourk vkSj gekjh lH.k* ls mruh lqifjfpr ugha gS] ftruh iqjkuh ih<Ûh FkhA D.ss fd ubZ ih<Ûh *jkek.a ugha tkurk fdrus le.k eSa .kZ:is. dk dksbZ nq#i.rk dks le>us esa blds cstksMÛ egÙo ls HkyhHkk¡fr ifjfpr gS]a .g dguk vfr'k.d vf/kdka'k uo.u djrs .sls dke esa ftlls eu vkSj vkRek ds fy.d ewY.Hkwfe dh . esa Hkh] lkfgR. dh vçfre ukf.g mu xzUFkksa esa ls . esa dqN ppkZ lquh vkSj .knk dqN ugha tkurkA bruk Hkj gh lquus ds fy.k djus dh vis{kkA esjh dksbZ .kksa dk iwjk&iwjk ewY. ds mu ik=ksa ds thou o vkpj.10 jkek. esa fof'k"V Hkwfedk vnk dh gSA Lo.FkZ x¡ok.g vk'kadk O.g lR.g /kkj.kA rRi'pkr~ eSa leLr lkfgR. rd os eq>s ck¡/ks jgsxa ]s rkRi.ksfa d eq>s led{k egkdkO.drk gksxhA dnkfpr~~ oDrk vkSj Jksrk ds le.kZu djsxa _s fQj vU. fo|k£Fk. ds bl loksZifj lqUnj .k ds fy.k[.ksa ds ewy :iksa dh tkudkjh ugha gSA fuLlUnsg] .DKku ds vHkko esa gks jgh gSA D.d ?kksj fujk'kkoknh vkSj vius ifjos'k dks xÛyr le>us okyk ekuk tkÅ¡xk] ..k dk ewY.fn eSa cMÛs 'kksd vkSj nq%[k ls dgw¡ fd lEHkor% vkt dh ih<Ûh ^jkek.s og vkidks O. çkIr gqvk] rks eSa bl dkO.k dh] ekSfyd :i esa os pkgs fdruh Hkh egku D.g dgrs [ksn gksrk gS fd gekjs chp Hkh dHkh&dHkh bl pfj= dk lE. gh dgw¡xkA ijUrq bl dFku esa eq>s dqN fgpfdpkgV gS D.ksa dh i<ÛkbZ&fy[kkbZ gekjh lH.s Hkh eSa .k[.fDr çdV ugha dj jgk gSA mldk rkRi.dk ds mu egku xq.n gh dqN vkSj gksA .k dh xqt a kb'k gS vkSj u gh fdlh vlk/kkj.slk ugha ekurk fd eSa vkidks dksbZ .d Fkk\ [ÛkjS ] dksbZ ckr ughaA vkf[Ûkj geus vius jke ds gh fo"k.|fi TÛ.g dguk vfr'k..s gh dksbZ ekSfyd gksuk u pkgs] rc rd dksbZ Hkkjrh..ksfDr gksxh fd ^jkek.k gS] u dsoy mudks tks bldks ekSfyd .d vkSj ukf.k gekjs chp vius dks ^Js"B ekuo* ekuus okys iq#"k leqnk.akdu d:¡xk] ftUgksua s bl dkO.s lquh lqukbZ ckrsa vki fQj Hkh lquuk pkgsxa As eSa dksbZ fo'ks"k ckr vkidks u Hkh lqukÅ¡ fdUrq fQj Hkh ckn esa 'kk.fn os lkFk lkFk jke vkSj lhrk ds thoupfj= ij çse vkSj vuqjkx ds lkFk euu djsa vkSj ml ifjfLFkfr ifjos'k dks Hkh le>s]a ftlesa n'kjFk dh Hkwfedk bl egku dFkkud dk vkjEHkfcUnq cuhA vkt eSa dsoy bl lqUnj dkO.k vkids fnekxÛ esa u vkbZ gks .k .d gS] ftUgksaus tu&ekul ds Hkko vkSj fopkjksa dks lexz :i ls çHkkfor fd.k.k^ ds lfoLrkj dFkkud] ik=ksa ds mRÏ"V pfj=] vk[.dk] lhrk dk pfj= fp=.k* ekuo jfpr loZJ"s B egkdkO.k tkuk pkfg.Lr j[kuk pkgrk gS] . 11   J¼kiwod Z ] blds uk.% lHkh Hkkjr dh çknsf'kd Hkk"kkvksa .s fopkj vkids lEeq[k vkils dksbZ tkudkj O.g gS fd u tkus fdruss O.oa laLÏr esa miyC/k gS]a muls i.k crkuk pkgw¡xkA . esa Hkh muds thou vkSj vkpj.ksx ugha gksxk] .k esa dksbZ ubZ phTÛk ns lds] ftl ij iwoZ esa iw.a Jh jke dk pfj= igys yw¡xkA eSa Lo.. ds çfr viuk n`f"Vdks.Dr dh tk.slh phTÛk lqukÅ¡xk] tks vkidks ekywe u gks .k ugha ekuk tkrkAß esjh vksj nsf[k.k djsxkA ge lc Hkh blh leku gSAa dqN cgqr cqf¼eku gSAa tc os bl çdkj dh iqLrdksa dk v/. bl çdkj dh O.ksa esa ls .k .kZ gksxk .rk vkSj laLÏfr ds ewy òksrksa ds lE.d {k.qodksa dh lHkk dks dqN ykHk igq¡pkus dh vk'kk Hkh dj ldrk gS\ esjk fo'okl gS fd vkt Hkh vkSj Hkfo".ksfr&LrEHk igyk v/.k] vkSj fdl çdkj muds bnZ&fxnZ ds vU.kadu ugha gksrkA bl fopkj ds dqçHkko ds dkj.d fo'ks"krk jgs gSA bl egkdkO.k vuqokn :i esa i<Û lds gS]a cfYd gekjs ns'k ds mu yk[kksa yksxksa dks Hkh] tks dnkfpr~~ gekjh lkaLÏfrd ijkdk"Bk ds le.kuksa ds egÙo vkSj foHko tks çk.A vki lc rks .o bldh ckj&ckj çLrqfr esa u rks vyadj.g lqifjfpr dgkor tkurs gh gksxa ]s .kk çcy gksrh tkrh gS fd ^jkek.oa jlklfDr dFkkud dh vksj vknj Hkko ls eqMÛus dh vko'. ds fdlh oxZ }kjk bl ukjh tkfr ij NksVs&eksVs ykaNu yxk dj fuank dh tk ldrh gSA rRi'pkr~ bl egkdkO.fn .k .kZ ik=] guqeku] dk o.k dks çHkkfor djrs jgsxa As bl egku dkO.qxksa ls tu&thou ij vçfre çHkko Mkyk gS vkSj tks Hkfo".Z .ksa u Fkha] cnuke ukjh tkfr gksus ds dkj.fn vxyh okrkZvksa esa eq>s blh çdkj ds Jksrkx.k Hkwfedk vnk djus ds fy.ksfDriw.kadu djrs gq.g dFkk vius ?kj ij ekrk&firk ls lquh gksxh vFkok ckgj lkoZtfud mRloksa ij dFkk&okpdksa }kjk tks bl iq.s vius dks rS. ik=ksa dkA .k] dHkh mldks funsfZ 'kr fd. ds lcls egRoiw.kj fd.k* dk dksbZ v/. esa Hkh fuj{kj jgs gksxa s vkSj ftUgksua s .gk¡ .n vki dgsxa ]s Þvkneh rks Hkyk gS] . ugha gS fd Ldwy vkSj dkWfyt ds vla[.d gSA eSa rks bls loZFkk egkdkO.s D.k] dHkh mldks efgekfUor Hkh fd.df=r djuk vko'.] ftUgksua s .k fopkj foe'kZ u gks pqdk gksA iqu% bl Hkwfedk dks lekIr djus ds iwoZ eSa vkils dguk pkgw¡xk fd .Z rks dsoy bruk gh gS fd FkksMÛs ls le.k d:¡xk] ftldk uke lc ns'kksa vkSj lc dkyksa esa lnSo gh fL=.slh vfHkyk"kk Hkh ugha gSA ijUrq D.s vf/kd ykHkçn 'kk.fn ge ik= dks ty ds .d egku HkaMkj esa Mkys]a rks ik= viuh lekbZ ds vuqdy w gh ikuh xzg..kukd"kZ. jgk gSA eq>s .kksa dk i. dk dFkkud bruk yksdçpfyr gS fd cPps Hkh blls HkyhHkk¡fr ifjfpr gSAa vr.ksfpr leLr xq.k ds T. O.k ds le{k vkus dk lkSHkkX.qx&. ds fy.kZ.kZIr :i ls ifjfpr ugha gS\ D.kuksa esa eSa bl cgqe[q kh egku pfj= dks vuko`r dj ldw¡xkA gesa muds thou ds fofHkék igyqvksa ij fopkj djuk gS& fdl çdkj mUgksua s vkus okys le.

vkSj dSls mls fuHkkuk pkfg.sls leqæ rV ij dksbZ dfo cSBk gksxk] rks rqe mlesa ikvksxs ml HkO. ls ugha i<Ûrs gS]a rks gesa mlls dksbZ ykHk ugha gksxk& fcYdqy ughaA efgyk. esa viuk n`f"Vdks. dk vfHkçk.fn Hkxoku gekjs chp euq".s& nq%[kh l`f"V ds nq%[kfuokj.k eq>s Hkh esjk LFkku nhft.kA vki fo'okl jf[k.k gS\ loZfofnr gS fd lHkh lkfgfR.d dykRed jpuk gksrh gS] ftldk vfHkçk.k djrh gSAa blls ls vNwrh dSls ldrh gS\a ßlhrk us .s phTÛkas varfj{k esa fo|eku gqbA± .s eSa .k gsrAq ijUrq bl egkdkO.d cPps ds gh leku gw¡] FkksMÛh jsr vki ij mNky jgk gw¡ & fcYdqy LokHkkfod :i lsA blhfy.k] rkfd os vkSj fofHkék ukrs&fj'rs }kjk muls lac¼ vU.slk fd. esa fpUru djds mldh lajpuk dks le>us dk ç.k ds jktdh.kA pkgs eSa fcYdqy rks oSlk u dj ldw¡] pkgs . :i /kkj.sls cPps Hkh fn[kkbZ nsxa ]s tks dsoy jsr dks ysdj .fDr cu ldw¡]Þ muesa ls çR.rk ek¡xus ij foo'k gksuk iMÛkA loZ'kfDreku bZ'oj us n.g mfpr gksxk fd ge bl ij /.kpkjksa ds dkj.] . esa ftUgksua s gekjh laLÏfr dh uhao Mkyh FkhA ml mPp Lrj ls ysdj lk/kkj.ksa vkSj vuqHkoksa ds chp xqTÛkjs gekjh rqyuk esa dgha vf/kdA esjs fopkj esa . yksx viuh&viuh Hkwfedkvksa }kjk ykSfdd thou ds lgh Lo:i dk mnkgj. :i esa vorkj fy. j[kuk pkfg.k¡ gSAa çR.slk gesa . Ïi. gSa vkSj nsoRo dk vkjksi vkxkeh .A . vkSj thou ds gj eksMÛ ij fu.slk lksprs gSa fd cht :i esa rks dFkk ds jke dsoy euq".kZu djrk gSA tks yksx .k D.s] ftldk mnkgj.k] la?k"kZ fd.s .ksxhx.sd O.k eq> ij dksbZ n.fn dksbZ bl dkO.s] rkfd eSa vius bl thou ls dgha csgrj O. le>us ds fy.kjh djuh pkfg.kIr gSA okYehfd vusd ckj .fn ge bl egkdkO.k djuh pkfg.k mfpr gS] D.s dSls rS. dks bl mís'.g lc rks Li"V gS gh] .kHkko u trkb.k esa gS&a os viuh bl ekU.k vlQy jgw¡] fQj Hkh eq>s vius lkeus ml vkn'kZ dks vo'.fDr vius&vius <ax ls Hkwfedk vnk dj jgk gSAÞ eSa Hkh .ksfr&LrEHk igyk v/.s i<Ûk tkuk pkfg.d&nwljs ij mNky jgs gksxa As çR.¡ cukb±A buds lkFk&lkFk rqEgsa ..k çLrqr dj lds]a vkSj mls çekf.kZ :is. gksrk gS euq".% tUe ls gh vkSj dSls ckn esa vius nh?kZ thou esa os mPp Lrj ij vusdkusd ifjfLFkfr.k[. j[k ldrs gSa fd jko.sa pkgs fdruh Hkh mPp f'kf{kr gksa vFkok fujk{kj] lHkh lhrk dh dgkuh ls f'k{kk xzg.ksa ds chp vorfjr gq. ds lUnHkZ esa eSua s vius .ku ds fo"k. bl çdkj dh f'k{kk ls ykHkkfUor gksus ds fy.g egkdkO.kl djsxk] ftlds }kjk .slk thou O.s vkSj u gh esjk frjLdkj dhft.d ekuo ek= ds :i esa bafxr djrk gS] mu va'kksa ls i`Fkd~ fd.k dj l`f"V dk d"V fuokj.kZ l`f"V ij] nsorkvksa dks loZ'kfDreku bZ'oj ls lgk.d lekykspukvksa es]a Hkkjr esa Hkh] .kZr.slk dgrh gSA .k djrk gSA dqN le.slk djus esa iw. dks viuh vkRek ds mRFkku ds fufeÙk i<Ûrk gS] rks og ik.g lc rks Li"V gSA Hkxoku us jke ds :i esa v.s] mlls mPp dksfV dh f'k{kk xzg.k] u dsoy i`Foh ij oju~ lEiw. oLrq.g fl[kkus ds fy.g dgrs gSa fd jke Hkxoku FksA ijUrq vius dks lhekc¼ djds os euq".s fd.sxk .k fd dSls jguk pkfg.a ls .d fo'ks"k ç. ?kjkus esa tUe fy.A eSa tks dqN dj ldrk gw¡ ogh dj jgk gw¡] blls vf/kd vkSj dqN ugha dj ldrk gw¡A vlhe lkxj dh lc iwtk djrs gS]a eSa Hkh ml vlhe dks gh J¼katfy v£ir dj jgk gw¡A vc eSa vius O.ku nsa fd fdl çdkj dfo ds gkFkksa esa bu egku ik=ksa dk fodkl gqvk gS] çk.d fe= dks dqN bl çdkj fy[kk Fkk] ßeku yks] rqe eækl ds ejhuk leqæ rV x.k ds ?kksj vR.d bZ'oj ds :i esa mudk o.sd Lo.fn dksbZ nk'kZfud ogk¡ gksxk] rks og ml egku ladYi ds fo"k. 13   gS]a muds fopkj cgwr mPp Lrj ds gksrs gS]a ftudh tMÛas 'kkL=ksa vkSj ikou fof/k& fo/kku esa gksrh gSa vkSj tks mUgsa deksc's k mu ekSfyd fopkjdksa ds led{k ys vkrs gS]a çkphu le.k bl egku thou pfj= esa feyrk gSA mls eq>s dHkh uTÛkj&vUnkTÛk ugha djuk pkfg.sa fuHkkus ds fy.sd viuh&viuh {kerk ds vuqdy w gh xzg. .k crkuk pkgw¡xkA vki yksxksa esa tks bl dFkk dh mRifÙk dks ikjEifjd :i esa ekurs gS&a eSa tkurk gw¡ os vf/kd la[.kIr gSA okYehfd Hkh Jh jke dks iwjh dFkk esa bZ'oj ds vorkj :i esa çLrqr djrs gSa .A eSa vius LoHkko ds vuq:i gh dqN djus dk gdÛnkj gw¡A fo'kkyrk iw.g Hkko rks bl iqLrd esa loZ= O.] rks mUgksua s .k.A eq>s rks .kstu ds fy.g fo'okl dsoy vkidk gh ugha gSA .s bl fo'okl ds vk/kkj dk okLrfod egÙo D. dks Å¡pk mBkukA .fn . gks] rqEgkjs lkeus QSyk gqvk vikj lkxj] çÏfr ds oSHko vkSj vcks/k xE. iwoZ vius vkRela'k.fn .k] oSlk fd.k le> ldrk gw¡\ Ïi.slh dksbZ ckr ugha dgw¡xk] ftlls vkidk J¼kHkko TÛkjk&lk Hkh fopfyr gksA .k fo|kFkhZ ds Lrj rd] tks fd dsoy viuh vufHkKrk gh çn£'kr dj ldrk gS] vusd Jsf.k Hkh] vorkj gh FksA pkgs fdruh gh ckj eSa bl dgkuh dks i<Û¡w] eSa .k vkSj ?kksj d"V lgs esjs gh fy.gh Hkko O. n`'.rk dks cuk.eu ds fy.g ugha eku ldrk fd mu va'kksa dks] tgk¡ dfo jke dks ekuoh.k djus gsrq euq".g ewyHkwr LohÏr fl¼kUr gS fd dksbZ egkdkO.ksa ds chp vorfjr .k ds T.k lehphu gS esjs fy.k.rhr fd.k tkuk laHko gS] tgk¡ og euq".g ckr gS] rks gekjs fy.qxksa dh nsu gS] os dsoy vVdy yxk jgs gSAa okLro esa okYehfd ds dFkkud dk .slk çrhr gksrk gS] jke vkSj lhrk us .ksfa d vusd LFkkuksa esa .rk dk lk{khA .A .k djds vk.g J¼kHkko gSA blesa ys'kek= Hkh xÛyrQÛgeh dh xqt a kb'k ugha gSA eSa blesa lUnsg djus dh /k`"Vrk ugha dj ldrk D.ks/.fn ogk¡ dksbZ /keZfu"B O.12 jkek. vkSj thou esa viuh Hkwfedk.|fi muds v/khul] muds egku lg. ds çfr Hkkoksnx~ kjA .kr dj ldsAa .fDr gksxk] rks og dsoy ml egku lÙkk dk fpUru djrk gksxk] ftlus leqæ] vkdk'k vkSj bl lalkjpØ dh vU.A D. lhek cU/kuksa lfgr .

slh ckr dg nsrs gSaA . j[ksxa As .slk gks] .s .a ls .kstuk ds vuqlkj vkxs c<Û jgk gSA ge pkgrs gSa .nk dnk nsoh&nsork Hkh uhps vkdj [ksys tk jgs n`'.k* dks .sls ik=ksa ds fy.k fdlh LFkku fo'ks"k ij] ewy rÙo dks tkurs gq. fdlh le. gksrk gSA .slk gh gks jgk gS]ß rc vki D.d . ik=ksa ij mudks euq".kZ ughaA blfy.d ukVd ns[k jgs gS]a .k dks djuk iMÛrk gSA bldks i<Ûrs le.k dh vksj /. .s D.rk] {kerk rFkk lnkpkjh O.sa fuHkkb±] ftUgsa lkekU.d rjQÛ j[k dj bl HkzkfUr ds çHkko dks cuk.d {kerk gS] ftldks eSa dguk pkgw¡xk& . Hkh tk.] dHkh v/kZjkf= esa lksus ds le.slk djus ls okYehfd ds çfr iwjk U.k dgsxa ]s tks dFkk ds vR.fn bl le. dj jgk gS] og rks veqd ?kj dk jlksb.a .fn nsorkvksa esa ls dksbZ dgus yxs] Þ.g dFkk mUgksua s gh fy[kh] rks .g gS fd eq[.k ds T.slk dgs]a ßvjs os rks Hkxoku Fks] os dqN Hkh dj ldrs FksA os rks nsoh Fkha] dqN Hkh dj ldrh FkhaA .fn ge çf'k{k.d .d egku vk/. ekudj mldk v/.d&nwljs ls jksTÛkejkZ dh Hkk¡fr ckrphr djus yxs]a rks vki .d LFkk.k] rkfd .FkZ gS] mldk lquuk csdkj gSA esjs fopkj esa ^jkek.k ls nwj ys tkrh gS]a pkgs ifjfLFkfr.kZr.sls fo?uksa dks ..gk¡ rd fd çR.d Hkh 'kCn u ekuksA eSa rks ikl ds edku okyk lqCcw gw¡!Þ vki .k.Fkk dSls mUgksua s euq".ksfr&LrEHk igyk v/.fDr uk.ksx esa foyki dk çn'kZu TÛk:jr ls TÛ.k çf'kf{kr ik=ksa }kjk çn£'kr fd. esa tc vki vius lkeus .k tk jgk gSA lkFk gh] ekuks Js"B vfHkusrkvksa dh Hkh fu.kfRed lEink vkils Nhu yh] vkSj og Hkh .kZr..sd iafDr dh .sd eksMÛ ij tulk/kkj.Ur jkspd Hkkx ds chp vdLekr ckgj fudy dj bl çdkj vkidk LoIu Hkax dj nsrs gS]a vkidh fopkj/kkjk ds rkjrE.ofLFkr gS] vfHkçsr Hkwfedkvksa dk lqpk# fp=.ksa esa thou ds çR.g .s vkids futh thou ij çdk'k Mky ldsa vkSj vkus okyh thou dh ijh{kkvksa ds fy.k vkSj eukso`fÙk ls fgUnw gS]a ge lcesa .kuHkaxh gks&a dksbZ jksrk gqvk cPpk] dksbZ vkids Åij fxjdj lksus okyk vkSj .d ik= dks lqu jgs gSa vkSj eap ij [ksyk tk jgk .kn gSA fQj Hkh fdlh dkj.d ckj ugha] lSd a MÛk]as gTÛkkjksa vkSj yk[kksa ckj ckjhdÛh ds lkFk leh{kk gqbZ gSA bldh NksVh ls NksVh ckr Hkh gesa TÛkckuh .sd dk.h] lqn`<Û vkSj fo'oluh.fn dHkh dksbZ .k.g dksbZ . dks le>us esa vleFkZ jgsxa As çR.sls le.sls volj ij ge nwj gVk nsrs gS]a lc fo?udkjh pDdj vkSj lc .k dgsxa \s ^jkek. dh çkfIr dk lcls lqxe mik.kZ:is.k lhrk dks gj dj ys tk jgk gSA .g fuf'pr gks tkrk gS fd okYehfd .sls O.sd 'kksd] ftldk vuqHko mUgksua s fd. dksbZ Hkh csljq kiu vkiesa vlá {kksHk iSnk dj nsxkA eSa . LFkkfir dj ysrs gSAa dSlk yxsxk vkidks .k ukf.s fd. {kerk] .fn .14 jkek.k¡ fdruh Hkh /.ksa dh lqLi"V] lok±xhu] vkstLoh] vo/kkj.s lc mUgksua s blfy. dks i<ÛAas vc TÛkjk bl fLFkfr ds fo"k. esAa dFkk ds fy.d euq". ekudj /.s cMÛh ewY.ku ns]a . esa jko.d vlEHko ckr gS] dsoy bZ'oj gh og dqN dj ldrk gS] tks mldh bPNk gksA og loZ'kfDreku] loZK] loZO. vki fp<Ûs ugha] ijs'kku u gksAa .k] .Lr dj ns vFkok ik= Lo.sd g"kZ vkSj çR.knk gh dj jgs gSAa bldks lp u ys&a os rks dsoy .slh ckr gS] ftlds dkj. HkhA .d egku ?kVuk ds mHkjrs fp= dk voyksdu dj jgs Fks vkSj ?kj&x`gLFkh dh lc ckrsa Hkqykdj] mlls lehÏr gks x.slh ckrs]a tks gesa dFkk ds okrkoj. gSAa .k uk. uk.ksa dks ns[krs gSAa eku yks] n`'.fDr Fks] ftuds efLr"d esa mRÏ"V .slk dqN ge yksxksa esa gSA geesa ls çR.u djuk dksbZ v/kk£edrk ugha gSA blds foijhr] .fDrRo okys uj&ukfj.g HkzkfUr iw.kih] loZeeZK gSA blls eq>s D.dk ls rknkRE.sd ckr tks mUgksua s dgh] . j[ks gq.ku caVk jgh gSAa bu lcds ckotwn .Ur eueksgd ukVd jaxeap ij [ksyk tk jgk gSA ik= lqlfTtr gS]a lc dqN iw.k ls bl dkO.kZ dFkkud jaxeap ij iw.k gekjs fy.slh vU.k] çR.fn vki Lo. ifjfLFkfr.kk fo|eku Fkh] tks gekjs fy.g dsoy ukVd gS] vkSj tks O.s j[kus dh ekuks lEiw.d eap ij HkMÛd tk.g .&lacfa /kr egkdkO.k QÛdZ iMÛrk gS] D.g ugha dgrk fd .ss vkSj fpYyk mBs] ßeSa tks dg jgk gw¡] mldk . ekuo LoHkko esa .slk dgrk gS] ß. jgs FksAÞ vkykspd rks dHkh&dHkh .ksX.k gks jgk gS vkSj iwjk ukVd mPpre Lrj ij [ksyk tk jgk gSA QyLo:i n'kZd lc dqN Hkwy dj dgkuh esa rYyhu gks tkrs gSa vkSj ml {k.oku gSA eSa vki lcls vuqjks/k d:¡xk fd vki blh n`f"Vdks.s FksA tc rd vki ogk¡ gS]a vkidh vis{kk jgrh gS fd .sls vkykspdksa ls vkidks {kksHk gksxk tks vDÛlj dg nsrs gS]a ßJh jke viuh iRuh ds fo. ckrs]a tks vkids bnZ&fxnZ dh rqPN nqfu.k cuh jgsA bl le..slk vuqHko djsxa s fd fdlh us cyiwod Z . 15   fd bl y{.sd esa og gSA . esa lkspAsa .s]as dFkk&okpd dksbZ Hkh gks] gekjs vUnj dksbZ ..d dk vfHku.g mfpr gSA ukVd . .d ço`fÙk gS] ftldks ge iq"V djrs jgrs gS]a ftlds QyLo:i ge ckj&ckj bl dFkk ij vk tkrs gS&a dHkh uk'rs ds le.s]as fdlh txg Hkh tk.Z] tks mUgksua s fd.FkkFkZ thoup.k .k lqO.qfDr dj nh xbZ gS] tks fd bl HkzkfUr dks mPpre Lrj ij cuk.ksa dh Hkk¡fr viuh Hkwfedk. esa fo?u Mky nsrs gSa vkSj dgus yxrs gS]a ßvki rks dsoy .k gS!Þ eku yks] dksbZ bl çdkj vkidh rkRdkfyd ekufld fLFkfr dks vLr O.kafs d eSa rks mlls loZFkk fHkék gw¡]Þ rks og bl iwjh dFkk dks le>us esa pwdrk gSA mldk i<Ûuk O.k* vufxur ckj gesa lqukbZ xbZ gSA bldh çR.d vR.d vikS#"ks.] dHkh nksigj ds vkjke ds le.d vfHku.g eku ysa fd .d peRdkj gS fd ge bls fdl çdkj cuk.g lc dqN eq> ij ykxw ugha gksrk]Þ rks vki dFkk ds ewy vfHkçk. ekxZn'kZu çnku dj ldsAa .

o] .k djus dh vko'. FkkA gj txg] gj dFkkud esa . FkhA ^jkek.ksfr&LrEHk igyk v/.sd çk.drk ughaA eSa dsoy Lej.s Jh jke dksbZ fnO.g dsoy ek=k dk vUrj gS] dky ds vuqikr dk .k vU.A eSa . vfHkçk.k .] fdlh O.k ds çfr J¼katfy] . dks .FkZ gSA vr. esa dgk tkrk gS] dHkh /kjkry .k gS] 'kk.kk ls vifjorZuh. ds xgu v/.fn bl çdkj dh .rk ds vk/kkj ij .% bruk lqLi"V ugha] ftruk dqN vU.d oSKkfud] .ks\a esjs tSlk fu"Bqj lkalkfjd O.k gS] esjs vH.g dguk fd dsoy vius thou ds dqN çlaxksa esa lhrk dk O.d vkneh dks nwljs ls vyx djrk gSA fdlh egkiq#"k esa bl fnO.ksa esAa .fn vkdk'k dk çHkko esjs thou ij iMÛrk gS] pkgs eSa blls eSa vufHkK Hkh D.k u dgw¡] fdUrq gksrk .Z gS fd mldk ..Urj dh xgjkbvksa esa fo|eku bu egkekuo ds çfr ije J¼k vkSj çse] ftu xgjkbvksa ds Lrj dks tkxzrkoLFkk esa eSa Hkh dHkh Nw u ikÅ¡xkA .g] og] .kZ blds rys O.gk¡ iYyfor gqvk gks .k dqN bl vkdk'kh. 'kk'or ekuo xq. ckrksa ls i`Fkd~ djus dk ç.k[.ko'k ml okLrfod eukso`fÙk dks vkRelkr~ ugha dj ikrs] ftldks mu ik=ksa us vius thou esa viuk.ksa u gw¡] eSa blls cp ugha ldrkA .qDr ugha gS gS fd jke dqN dk.d {k.g lnk fo|eku gS] esjs lEiw. dks vki i<Û]as vki vius dks lnSo .g vkdk'k lrr~ cuk jgrk gS& vO.ksa esa Lo.g vkdk'kh.slk dgw¡ .Z dk :i fu/kkZfjr djrk gS pkgs cMÛk gks .k bl n`f"V ls ge lc Hkh vorkj gSAa dsoy bruk gS fd geesa fnO.slk ugha] tks esjh vk¡[kksa esa vk¡lw u ys vkrk gksA dksbZ lqUnj Hkko] dksbZ dksey vuqHkwfr] HkkbZ&HkkbZ dk ikjLifjd vuqjkx] fpjdky ls fcNqMÛs lqâTtuksa dk iqu£eyu] vFkok fe=rk] ÏrKrk .k* ls cgqr dqN fy. Hkh lUnsg djuk vko'.g vko'.k mu ?kVukvksa ds vuqikr dk] ftuesa nsoRo gksrk gSA oLrqr% .16 jkek.slk çHkko D. dqN ugha djrk_ esjk iwjk /. iwjs mlh fLFkfr esa jgsAa .d fuf'pr mís'.ku mlh ij dsfUær gksrk gSA eSa LoHkkor% dBksj ân.dk gksr]s rks dnkfpr~~ rc eSa bruk çHkkfor u gksrk] fdUrq esjh vuqHkwfr yxHkx bruh gh xgjh gksrhA ekuo LoHkko rks vUrr% ekuo LoHkko gh gS] pkgs og .slk D.k gSA . esa ugha vFkok .ksx u gksxk] rks vkidk i<Ûuk O.d&lk gh gksrk gSA vc eSa bl O.rk dks vk/kkj cukuk blds vfHkçk.sd dk.kl] fnO.d gS] tks fd l`f"V dk . ds :i esa i<Û ldrs gS]a ftlus ih<Ûh nj ih<Ûh yk[kksa ds thou dks çHkkfor fd.k dqN vkSj Hkh gks ldrk gw¡A .k. fd.k blls ykHkkfUor gksus ds fy.d ek= dkj. ds fy.k* dh dqN ckrksa dks mlh xzUFk dh vU.s oLrqr% .kA .k furkUr ewY.k NksVk] vFkok nwljksa ds fy.kA . rÙo çk.g laHko ugha] oSKkfud ugha gS] .d ugha gSA 'ks[Ûkh ds fcuk dg ldrk gw¡ fd J¼k ds vHkko esa Hkh] viuh futh çÏfr ds fuekZ.fn bl mís'.g HkzkfUr iwjh rjg fo|eku jgrh gSA eSa dFkk dh xgjkb.g çHkko gS vkSj lnk jgsxkA .k tkrk gSA .fn vki /.d 'kCn vkSjA vki lc tkurs gS]a bl çdkj ds Jksrkx.g lc dqN vkids i<Ûus ds <ax ij fuHkZj gSA eSa rks bl iqLrd dks dgha ls Hkh i<Ûus yxrk gw¡A esjs fy.k fdlh vU.k ds T.fDr fo'ks"k dh /kkj. .gh lR.s lkFkZd ughaA vki Hkyh Hkk¡fr bl dkO.rk&lwpd gksus ds vk/kkj ij djuk esjs fopkj esa ewy fl¼kUrksa dh vufHkKrk n'kkZuk gSA vr.fDr ftruh Li"V :i ls gksrh gS] mruh vis{kkÏr vfodflr O.s lc esjh vk¡[kksa esa vk¡lw ys vkrs gS!a eSa #d tkrk gw¡] vkxs ugha c<Û ikrk gw¡] eq>s Bgjuk iMÛrk gS vkSj vk¡[ksa ikSN a dj gh vkxs c<Ûrk gw¡A .fDr esa ughaA blhfy. ij vkrk gw¡] tks eSa pkgw¡xk fd vki lkFk ysdj tk.k djrh gS vkSj thou esa fofHk= igyqvksa dk fu. iq#"k ugha yxrs] fQj Hkh .d&ukf. çHkko ds vUrxZr gksrk gSA blh çdkj .k fo'ks"k :i ls fnO. gw¡] ijUrq vk'p.k ds fy.kZ fpUru dks çHkkfor djrk gS] esjs çR.FkkFkZ ugha gS] . cSBrk gw¡] vU..kZ ekuo tkfr ij ykxw gksrk gSA pkgs og fdruk Hkh ijks{k gks] ftls gekjs lkfgR.a dks [kks ldrk gw¡A tc eSa bl iqLrd dks i<Ûus ds fy.FkkFkZ dqN bl çdkj yxrk gSA Åij egku vkdk'k fo|eku gSA ge lc mlds uhps gS]a lc dke&dkt Hkh blds rys gh djrs gS]a gekjh thoup.] fuR.fn jke vkSj lhrk bl ns'k ds u Hkh gksrs oju~ fons'k ds uk.k esa eSua s ^jkek. Fks vkSj vU.kksa ds lEeq[k eq>s O.k[.ghuA tks dqN Hkh esjs ls gksrk gS] og bl 'kk'or vifjorZuh. dh iw£r esa vkidk lg.slk gh gSA esjs fo'okl dk ml ij dksbZ çHkko ughaA esjk vfo'okl bls [kafMr ugha dj ldrkA .ofLFkr gksrh gSA ge yMÛr&s >xMÛrs gS]a ijLij ekjdkV djrs gSAa ge v£tr djrs gSa vkSj x¡okrs gSAa ge D.d Hkh i`"B .ks± esa fnO. ns'k es]a og .ogkj y{eh ln`'k Fkk] fdUrq dqN vU.slh gh ifjfLFkfr esa j[k dj i<Û]as vkSj i<Ûrs le.aAs Jh jke ds nsoRo ij .d ugha] dnkfi ughaA eSa pkgrk gw¡ fd eSa Hkh blls lger gks ldrk fdUrq esjs fopkj esa dFkkud dks le>us .rk bu ik=ksa esa Fkh] fuLlUnsg Fkh vkSj lnk ds fy. dks le>us ds fy.qfDr.k dh vfHkO.slk D.g lc dqN vkids lEeq[k .sls v/..d Js"B egkdkO. vFkZoku gks .ku nsa lds] rks . 17   esjk vkils vuqjks/k gS fd tc Hkh bl egkdkO.g lc dqN djrh gS] rks dkSu bl ij vkifÙk dj ldrk gS\ pkgs eSa .srk gh le> ldrs gSAa bl çdkj i`Foh ds çR.ksa djrk gS\ dnkfpr~~ bldk eq> ij .ku ds eq[.n dgha vf/kdA bl iqLrd ds cgqr ls . çlaxksa esa mUgksua s vius y{ehRo dks NksMÛ fn.d rk£dd] çÏfrooknh .k djuk pkgrk gw¡ fd vorkjoknh fl¼kUr nk'kZfud :i ls lEiw.kh dk mn~xe òksr dsoy .] .fn jke] lhrk vkSj guqeku esa nsoRo Fkk] rks vo'..s cgq/kk vkSj vkRek ds fodkl ds fo"k.srkvksa ls] tks fd ik=ksa ds nsoRo esa rks fo'okl j[krs gS]a ijUrq fdlh u fdlh dkj. Nrjh ds rys ugha djrs! .eu djrh gS] .fDr Hkh .fn fnO.d egkdkO.ks\a bldk dkj. Nrjh gekjs thou] gekjh djuh&dFkuh esa çfo"V gksrh gS] gekjs pfj= dk fuekZ.o] fnO. vykSfdd xq.

cuk fn. dkO. ughaA gesa rks euq". gSAa mnkgj.fDr] tks esjh rjg oSls gh çyksHkuksa ls çHkkfor gks ldrk gS] ftldks vPNk Hkkstu ilUn gks vkSj çkr%dky cf<Û.kkFkZ miU.fDr us dHkh vnk dh gksA . uk.FkZ ughaA egku ys[kdksa ds miU. gS] ftlus leLr Hkkjro"kZ ds bfrgkl dks <kyk gSA bl egkdkO. cMÛs /.slk fonk fd.k dkO.d ik= dk yxHkx . .kfRed ykHk çkIr djrs gSAa eSa .kZ bl dFkk esa ge ns[ksxa s fd mUgksua s bu lc dfBukb.rk ds fudV igq¡p tkrk gS] ftlls og vk..d mRÏ"V dkO.sls vYifodflr ik=ksa dk Hkh fuekZ. nqcy Z rk.s] vfirq .sA bl çdkj jke fo'okfe= dh N=Nk.deZ] vkjk/kuk vkfn gh ugha fl[kk.Z }kjk f'k{kk&nh{kk feyhA vkpk.g gekjs fgr esa gksxk fd] bu vk/.slh mRÏ"V . xq.kl djrs gS]a ßvksg] Jh jke dksbZ çsj.] rÙor% tks ekuoh. thou gks] tks geesa ls vf/kdka'k dh rjg gh la=Lr Hkh gqvk gksA eSa tkuuk pkgrk gw¡ fd .k esa cMÛs gq.kZ thou }kjk gekjh dYiuk esa LFkku ik ldsAa eSa rks .k vkSj .slh egkure Hkwfedk ds fy.d la.k* dsoy .slk O.Ur laons u'khy d#.kA blhfy.A ftldk esjs tSlk lrr~ la?k"kZe.s .s .s fcuk ugha jg ldrk fd mUgksua s fo'okfe= dks lglk .ksfr&LrEHk igyk v/. gh ugha] vfirq .d egku mís '.ku dsfUær djs]a D. gSA gekjh gh rjg jke Hkh .k] eSa vk.k vkSj .Dq r ifjokj dh leL.ksX.oa ân.u vis{kkÏr vf/kd ykHknk.h] ykSfdd f'k{kk nh] iorZrksa ufn.kh esa ugha vkrsAÞ tc fdlh Ïfr esa .fDr u FksA ijUrq eSa okYehfd dks nks"k fn.kldkj vkSj vU. gksrs gq.gh dgrk gw¡ fd bu pfj=ksa dk i<Ûuk Hkh O.] .sd eksMÛ ij mlds 'kk'or ewY.k jl vkSj ân.k vkSj vki Hkh vk.slk vkdfLed fuxZeu gS] tks loZFkk vlguh.d egku dfo }kjk jfpr dkO.ks&a ds Øfed fodkl ij /.A lkekU.ksfa d .d ifjiw.k dgsxa s vFkok D. ys[kd vius Js"B Kku vkSj mPp ltZukRed çfrHkk }kjk gekjs fy.slk egkdkO.d foÏfr ek= gSA lkSok¡ i`"B [kksyus ls iwoZ vki Bhd&Bhd dg ldrs gSa fd vc os vkxs D.o'k foekrk esa ekuoh. vkSj tks ekuoh.s dj jgk gw¡ fd . rks blls Hkh vf/kd cgqr ykHkçn gS& ^jkek.kksa ds iqt a FksA muds opuksa dks lquks] muds ÏR.d ik= ugha gS]a muesa gS gh D. :i esa gh mudk ykyu&ikyu gqvk] .s gSaA gesa rks .k] mUgsa .kfRed mins'kksa ij iwjk /.u djuk pkfg.ek= le>s ] rks mls vR. ifjfLFkfr.laxr gh djsxa s vkSj tks dj.ksa dk lkeuk dSls fd.fDr us jke dks og cuk.ksa esa Hkh gekjs fy.A .k djrs gS]a mudks . O.k.Ur mékr mRÏ"V pfj= fo|eku gksrk gS] tSls Jh jke rks vk/kqfud lekykspd .sa Hkh FkhaA muds lEeq[k ..n gh fdlh vU.k esa gh] mldk gekjs fudV dksbZ ewY.Li'khZ euksHkkoksa ls ifjiw.q¼dyk Hkh fl[kkbZA blh O.kknk.d fodklØe gSA .f/kd 'kSf{kd .slk dqN ughaA Jh jke ds Hkxoku gksus esa dksbZ lUnsg ughaA fdUrq] ckY.d vR. le>k. Hkh viuh ekuoh.kldkj Victor Hugo }kjk fyf[kr 'Les Miserables' tSlh iqLrdksa ls os vR.18 jkek.d ikfjokfjd okrkoj.sls ?kVuk&eap ij çLrqr djrs gSa] tgk¡ ekuoh.sa nwljh vkRekvksa ls vf/kd fodflr gksrh gSAa Jh jke ekuoh.kZ fodkl ds }kjk ekuo pfj= dh HkO.sa Hkh FkhA vR.] fo'okfe= dh Hkwfedk dh! bl O.slk pkfg.fn ge mUgsa rk'k ds iÙkksa dh Hkk¡fr u [ksysaA fdUrq egku tks .k gksrk gS] rks fNækUos"kh lekykspd cgqr v/khj gks tkrk gSA og dgus yxrk gS] ßeq>s rks vius tSlk gkMÛ&ek¡l dk iqryk pkfg.ksa vkSj ifo= LFkyksa dk egku eeZ vkSj mís'.A fo'okfe= dksbZ lk/kkj.k\ mudh ifjiw.Li'khZ iqLrdksa dks i<Ûrs gS]a rYyhu ân.k ds T.fDrRo ds /kuh dks bl dkO.] ge mu egku ik=ks&a Jh jke] guqeku] rFkk vU.rk ls vNwrs u jg ldksxAs vr.ksa esAa gesa rks og ekuoh..k fd.k* i<Ûs vkSj mls .k] ckY.d egkekuo bu lcdk lkeuk dSls dj ldrk gSA egkekuo rks og gS] tks thou dh pDdh esa filrk gS] esjs tSls vuqHkoksa dks Hkksxrk gS] esjs tSls d"Vksa dks lgrk gS] esjs tSls g"kks± dk vkuUn ysrk gS] lc vMÛpuksa vkSj lhekc¼rkvksa ds ckotwn Hkh mu ij fot.d dkO.d .d fo'ks"k vkdkj fn.kZ vkn'kZ ds :i esa pfj= fp=.rk çn£'kr djrk gS] vkSj bl çdkj og ml fnO.] . vkSj yoyhu eu ls] vkSj çR.Ur ifjiw.k djsxa As os mfpr gh djsxa ]s U..d . ik=ksa dk thokadu Hkh f'k{kkjfgr ugha gksrkA vYifodflr ik= rks lnk gh gq. ls fy[kk x.kh.o vk/.d gS] f'k{kk ls jfgr vU. gks] vius euksHkkoksa es]a vius la?k"kks± es]a viuh fot.ku nsrs gq.fn ge /. esa brus ljljh <ax ls fonk dj fn.ksa ls f'k{kk ysrs gS]a mnkgj.s tUe ls gh fodflr gks]a .kZrk rks .koLFkk esa gh jke dks vius gkFkksa esa ys fy. :i esa gh mUgksua s lalkj esa tUe fy.g lc ppkZ dsoy bl ckr ij cy nsus ds fy.k¡ fo|eku gksa] ftlls os vius viw.kA mUgksaus jke dks u dsoy ri] .k .f/kd ykHk gksxkA gekjs fy.oa vk/.d ofj"B vkpk.kZ pfj= dk fuekZ.g mfpr Fkk\ esjs fopkj esa rks . gksuk pkfg..ksa dks ns[kks] muds çHkko ds vUrxZr vkvks] muls lacU/k LFkkfir djks rks mudh fnO.k! eSa dfo ls iwNrk gw¡& D.Z us mUgsa /kuq£o|k] .ku ls jke ds pfj= dk v/.fn fu"Bqj ls fu"Bqj] ijUrq çf'kf{kr cqf¼thoh] ftlesa vkRe lq/kkj Hkj dh bPNk gks] og ^jkek.ku ns]a rks ge ns[ksxa s fd bu ik=ksa dk Hkh . es]a ^egkHkkjr* esa vkSj vU. pkfg.k es]a ekrk&firk vkSj .k fd os vUr rd fn[kkbZ gh ugha nsrAs TÛkjk dYiuk dhft.kl gh yks& mudk ykHk Hkh de ugha gksrk] .r% tc fdlh jpuk esa .k dkWQÛh Hkh pkfg.fDr us jke ds lEiw.q¼fo|k fl[kk.d .sls vuks[ks O.k x.k esa iysA nqHkkxZ.k O.dksa ds pfj= dh rqyuk eaAs vU. ikdj mPp f'k[kj ij igq¡p tkrk gS] vius vR.] vfrekuo vius n`f"Vdks.]Þ . gS] ogh djsxa As os gekjs leku ugha] os gekjh Js.K] nSfud fuR.k] tks fd 'kk.kfRed n`f"V ls jkepfj= dk v/.kkFkZ] dfo] miU.k] tks os FksA mUgksaus yphyh ckY.d foekrk dh N=Nk.Kksa ds fuxw<Û vFkZ crk.k.k. 19   ij dqN vkRek.slk lekykspd dgrs gSa] ßgesa ekuo pkfg.d .s xw<Ûre mins'kkRed f'k{kk Hkj nh gSA vr% .g .g dg dj mudk egÙo ?kVkus dk ç.

dh laHkkouk ls ijs j[kk x.ksa ls fHkék FkkA dHkh&dHkh os mu lcds fy.k vkSj fofHkék dkS'kyksa vkfn dk fooj. . rd djs]a fdlh Hkh çdkj mudks le>us dk ç.d NksVs ls fookn dk fo"k.k* dks bl Hkko ls i<Ûrk gS fd og 'kq: ls bZ'oj ls lac¼ gS] mlds iYys dqN ugha iMÛxs kA vki bl dFkk dks .Ur ewY.s lc . çnku djrh gSAa Hkkjrh.] fd vki jke ds çfr .k oSf'k"V~.k ysdj dnkfi u pysa fd os .ksa dh Hkk¡fr ge mUgsa cMÛk gksr]s fodflr gksrs ns[krs gSaA ^jkek.. dk fo'ys"k.k] mu ij fot.k.rk ds /kMÛk/kMÛ u nksgjk ldrk gksA bl ckr esa eSa vlekU. dk v/. vkSj lkekU.k] muesa dqN deTÛkksfj.g lqudj vki pkSd a as ugha] eSa dksbZ féknk ugha dj jgk gw¡A muesa deTÛkksfj.k'kfDr ds vk/kkj ij m¼`r u dj lduk .k ds lUnHkZ esa rks .k ds T.d ekuoh.Ru djs]a muds pfj=] mudk thou esa vU.s"Brk cMÛh lko/kkuh ls LFkkfir dh xbZ gS] vkSj Hkjr vkSj y{e.As rc nsf[k.k gksxk] tks 'yksd ds 'yksd] fcuk fdlh çdkj dh lgk.s Hkh vxE.k djus dk lkgl d:¡xkA ””” 21 nwljk v/.sxs kA pkgs fdruh Hkh ckj ge mudh ppkZ djs]a pkgs fdrus gh le. bfrgkl ds fo|kFkhZ gksus ds ukrs] tks jkt njckjksa ds jax&<axksa ls ifjfpr gS]a gesa bls b{okdq dqy dk .a dks . ds euq".jkek.ksa ds chp gh fcrk.k Hkj ds fy. jRuksa dk [ÛkTÛkkuk fNik gSA eSa ugha tkurk jke dk pfj= o.k gSA lHkh çdkj ls os Hkkb.k¡ Hkh FkhaA .gh lqUnjrk gSAa tks ^jkek.k dk fo'ks"k :i ls mYys[k djrk gSA og muds lR.fn fdlh 'yksd dk mYys[k djuk pkgw¡xk] rks eq>s i<Ûuk gh iMÛsxkA pkjksa HkkbZ ..g <ax ughaA mUgksua s rks vusd la?k"kZ fd.kZnk vkSj lkjs ln~x.k jgsA muds thou o`ÙkkUr dks le>us dk .d euq".Ur fo'ks"k lkSHkkX.fDr Fks] ftuesa lEiw. tks okYehfd ds ewyikB ds fudV jguk pkgrk gS] Lej.d vlk/kkj.d&nwljs ls vkxs c<Û tkus dh gksMÛ Fkh vkSj u gh Fkk fdlh çdkj çfrLi/kkZ dk dHkh ys'kek= vglkl HkhA {k. ds çfr vkSj çtk fgr ds çfr leiZ.g n`f"Vdks.ksa ds flagklu ij Lo.ksfr&LrEHk 20  lhekvksa ij fot. lHkh ?kVukpØksa dh fn'kk fu/kkZfjr djus esa ftldh vge~ Hkwfedk jgrh gS] lnk f'k{kkvksa ls Hkjiwj jgsxkA eSa vkils vuqjks/k d:¡xk] vkxs dh i`"BHkwfe cukus ds fy.. ckY.k* dh .kA dsoy blh n`f"Vdks. lHkh pfj=ksa dk lekos'k gks tkrk gS vkSj vU.g .fn ge tkus&igpkus /kuh ifjokjksa ds 21 .d ughaA FkksMÛs ls ikjLifjd vUrj ds vfrfjDr lalkj Hkj esa mudh cjkcjh dk dksbZ tksMÛ ugha FkkA dfo muds vkpj.k dk mYys[k djrk gSA og muds xq#tu vkSj fo'ks"kr% ekrk&firk ds çfr fu"diV çse vkSj lEeku dk mYys[k djrk gSA .s .. dFkk] .koLFkk es js tSls O. Hkh gSA okYehfd rks bruk rd dgrs gS&a .k* esa T..kZu djus esa eq>s fdruk le.kZ Kku] e.kdkj ik.fDr ds fy.k[. Fkha] ysfdu mUgksua s mu deTÛkksfj.s thou dFkk le> dj if<Û. gw¡A .slk ^jkek. çkIr djs] vius nsoRo dks fodflr djs] vkSj varrksxRok ekuo ân.q k vkjEHk ls gh fo|eku Fks vkSj vUr rd v{kq. Fks] vr.d vR.s x.ksa dks nck fn..] çyksHkuksa us Hkh mUgsa çHkkfor fd. ekuuk pkfg.k ls gh bl egku egkdkO.d çdkj dh vlqfo/kk gSA vius vuqHko esa eSa dnkfpr~~ gh dksbZ . FksA çkjEHk esa rks ml ifjokj ds fo'ks"k xq.wuçk.k feyrk gSA bu lcdk mYys[k djuk vko'.d gh fo'ks"k.d&nwljs ls dqN ?kaVksa ds vUrj ls gh iSnk gq.ksx djrs gSAa fdUrq vkjEHk ls gh Jh jke dh ofj"Brk dks fdlh Hkh vfu'p. fd pkj HkkbZ gksus ij Hkh muds chp dksbZ vge~ Hkko ugha Fkk] u dksbZ .% dj fn..k.u dj vki Kku dh vR.d vf}rh.  nwljk v/.kksa dk] :i&jax] vkÏfr] çÏfr] f'k{kk&nh{kk] vkpj.k dk ç.d tSls gh FksA dsoy jke dk :i vU. ughaA euq". 'kkld ds :i esa LFkkfir dj ldsAÞ Jh jke ls c<Ûdj nwljk ugha] Jh jke ls vPNk dksbZ nwljk ifr ugha] csVk ugha] jktk ugha] euq".ksa ds fy.k¡ vo'.] blesa fdruk Kku ds vewY. çkIr dh vkSj mudks U.g lc ckrsa bl ifjokj dks .sls O.o ml n`f"V ls esa Hksn djuk mfpr ugha gSA fdUrq ^jkek.oku fuf/k çkIr dj ldrs gSAa vkxkeh okrkZvksa esa eSa bl egkdkO. yx tk.k* dk O.

Ur lR. 23   cPpksa ds fo"k. fcuk ugha jg ldrsA blds rqjUr ckn dfo c<Ûrh gqbZ vk. esa Hkh lksp]as rks bl dqy fo'ks"k ds vuqie Lo:i dh ljkguk fd.. os nksuksa dks gh cqyk Hkstrs gSAa .k lkFk tk.ka'k lkFk&lkFk ç.aX.fu"B gSA og fu"diV ç'kalkRed Hkk"kk esa fcuk dk¡V&Nk¡V ds mudk o.k n'kjFk dks nsrs gSaA cMÛh xEHkhjrkiwoZd mudks fo'okfe= dk eu j[kus dk ijke'kZ nsrs gSaA n'kjFk lger gks tkrs gSAa mudh vfHk.k] rks n'kjFk .k fd os nksuksa jk{kl yadk ds jktk jko.g vlk/kkj.k jke ds ^f}rh. jkeL.|fi os dsoy iUæg o"kZ ds gh gq.g os ik¡p .ksa ds lkeus Fkh] mldk vkpj. dgyokrk gS] tks vkyadkfjd .s cpko dk dksbZ jkLrk NksMÛsA fo'okfe= tc fo'oLr gks x.ksx djrs gSa vkSj .27-29 ÞJh jke y{e..kks yf{eo/kZu%A jkeL.kksa dk fopj.ku ns]a fo'okfe= us y{e. esa og dgrh gS % jkeL.k FkkA .k xqt a k.rk ds fy.ksa vkSj xq#tuksa ls ijke'kZ ys gh jgs Fks] rRdky fo[.k ds midj.K dj jgs gS]a vkSj bl vuq"Bku esa ekjhp vkSj lqckgq rFkk muds vusd vuqpj cgqr fo?u&ck/kk igq¡pkus dh /kedh ns jgs gSAa mUgksua s fo'ks"k :i ls Li"V fd. ân.18.k dks lqukrs le.s"B iq= jke dks eq>s ns nsAa Þ rR{k.22 jkek.slk çrhr gksrk gS fd ml ifjokj esa fcuk y{e.k gksxkA ßvr.kks yf{elaiéks cfg% çk.a lsok ds fy.k Hkh mlesa lkFk ugha nsrs FksAß .ksa esa ls ugha gS] ftlls eSa dksbZ okLrk j[kuk pkgw¡xkAÞ dfo jktk ds eq[k ls] tks fuLlUnsg Hk.sls okD. dh ok. ij 'kklu djrs jgksAÞ bl dqN O.k dfo bl çdkj djrk gS] ßy{e.q¼ ds nk¡o& ispksa ls vufHkK ugha gw¡A iq= ds ctk.k çR.Ur ljkguh.d ?kkrd nks"k fo|eku Fkk& fcuk lksp&s le>s opu ns nsuk vkSj ihNs iNrkukA mUgksaus gkfnZd Lokexr ds i'pkr~ fo'okfe= ds fy.qDr u FkkA fdUrq tc og vius HkkbZ vkSj vf/kifr dks mu Hkkb.kpuk iwfÙkZ ds fy.sls okD.kZu jko.k Ng ckj nksgjkrs gSaA .sfr l/kuq% ifjiky.sls gh mfpr çrhr gksrk gS] rks eSa tSls vk.kZ.Fkklk/.] rHkh vius egku vf/kdkj ls ofl"B th us gLr{ksi fd.qDr fd.s]a eSa vius iq= dks ugha nw¡xkA .] bUgha 'kCnksa dk ç.k jke dks u ys tk. gSA iqjkus uodkO.ka'kksa dk ç. dfo dh blesa fo'ks"k vfHk#fp gS] vkSj og bldk ç.kks ckgq% III.k gSAa D.k ds T.k dksbZ fo'ks"k lR.k rks eaxylwpd .s ckgj tkrs] rks y{e.u~AA I.s J¼k Hkko ls .kh esa cksy]s ßrqe viuh lqfo[.fDr. vkSj fgpd ls çHkkfor gS] .sls okD.slk çrhr gksrk gS] tSls .slk çrhr gksrk gS fd Loa. gSA Jh jke vkSj y{e. jktk n'kjFk vius eaf=.k.kA os vkxUrqd ds foy{k.kpuk çLrqr dhA mUgksua s dgk] os .ss fcuk ugha jg ldrsA blfy. 'kkfL=.a vkidh lgk.k Lo.ksa vkSj iRuh dk o. lqUnjh crkrh gSA tcfd jke ds le{k og Þml fo:i ukjhß lhrk dk LFkku ysus dh is'kd'k djrh gSA y{e.kr opu ijk.k dks cqyk.k FkkA tc mUgksua s jke dks Hkstus dk fu. djus dk opu fn.nk fg g.k] fcuk vius fy.k[kk dk vkpj.'k%AA loZfç.s çLrqr gks x.s /kuq"k ds lkFk ihNs&ihNs tkrs FksAÞ vj. fuR.k dk uke vk.kfi 'kjhjr%A y{e.k bokij%AA u p rsu fouk fuæka yHk"kks iq:"kksÙke%A e`"VeéeqikuhreJkfr u fg ra foukAA I.ka .k vk'p. yksdjkeL.oa vR.kh gksA og fuLlUnsg vius LoHkkokuqdy w fo'okfe= furkUr #"V vkSj mÙksftr gksdj cksy]s ßujs'oj! .ka'kksa dh iqujko`fÙk] tks fd jpuk dh n`f"V ls .iw.ksfa d jko.k jktk n'kjFk Lo. 'kk.fn dHkh Jh jke vk[ksV ds fy.slk çrhr gksrk gS] jktk n'kjFk ds LoHkko esa . dkaM esa 'kwi.d .ku .k ds ikjLifjd lacU/kksa dk fooj.ka'k ij fnykuk pkgw¡xk] tks viuh lqUnjrk vfHkO.ksfr&LrEHk nwljk v/.s Jh jke vkSj y{e.kZu lqurh gS] og vR.k 'khy.kZ pksV ds lkFk tc os pyus dks rRij gq.k ds jke dk fopkj rd Hkh lEHko ugha FkkA n'kjFk us .a vkdj fo?u&ck/kk ugha dj ikrk] blhfy.kr ½f"k fo'okfe= ços'k djrs gSAa .kRçHk`fr lqfLuX/kks y{e.k ds fo"k.eku gksrs gSAa nks okD. nf{k.13 .gk¡ eSa vkidk /.slk fdlh fo'ks"k lksp ls ugha fd. eSa Lo.s"Z BL.34.apk p<Ûk. fd.kRed ok.k dks ugha ek¡xk FkkA mUgksua s y{e.fu"B .ksa dh .k dk uke Hkh ugha fy.kZu djrh gSA lhrk rd dks vf}rh.ksx eqDr n'kjFk Hkko ls djrs gSAa Þu jkea usreq gZfl] uSo nkL.18.31 ß..kfe iq=de~]ß Ïi.krk ds lkFk .´tuk ds fy.aX.klksa dk o.] rks vfoyEc gh mUgksua s viuh vfHk.kfr jk?ko%A rnSua i`"Brks·H.k Fkk] oSls gh ykSV tkÅ¡xk]Þ vkSj fQj O.djLrL.k djrs] tc rd y{e.k gSA .o vki vius T.Z k[kk nksuksa Hkkb.kZu djrk gS] .ksa ds lkFk] vius viwoZ vuqHko dk o. thfore~]* nwljs vfLrRo dh Hkk¡fr FksA dsoy mudk deZ{ks= Jh jke ds 'kjhj ls ckgj FkkAÞ dHkh&dHkh os nksuksa okD.g muds VwVs gq.q okys ujs'k dk vius iq=ksa ds fookg djkus ls lEcfU/kr ç.n vf}rh.s rRij gw¡AÞ tc jko.ksx ckjackj djrk gSA ckY.ek#<ks e`x.dne dk¡ius yxs] ihNs gVus yxs vkSj cksy]s ßog mu O.fn rqEgsa . FksA ftl le.Ztud gSA tc og bu nksuksa Hkkb.k tkrk gSA /.k xq.gha vius jkT.ksx djrh gSA lpeqp 'kwiZ.s mlus vius v/khu bu nks jk{klksa dks fu.k] os tkurs Fks fd y{e.k ds fcuk ugha lks ikrs] u gh dksbZ fe"Bku xzg.d i¼fr gS& . HkzkrqT.s vkSj cksy]s ßeSa .

y{eh] tks eq>s çkIr gks jgh gS] mldk miHkksx eSa rqEgkjs lkFk d:¡xkA .q¼ es]a mlds vius gh ou esa gqb]Z ftldk uke rkMÛdk&ou FkkA .ksfa d vkxs pydj (I.k dkYifud vk[.k\ blds fy.k gks] . nks Hkkb.k] ml le.ksfr&LrEHk nwljk v/.q¼ dkaM es]a tc jko.k dk o.ku nsrs gSAa .fDrxr :i ls y{e.g dguk rks vf'k"Vrk gksxh fd mudks y{e.kA mYys[kuh.k vkgr /kjrh ij laKkghu futhZo iMÛs y{e.ku esa ugha ik.k lk/kZe~ ç'kkf/k Roa olqU/kjke~A f}rh.d jDrjaftr .d jkt ifjokj esa nks Hkkb.44 ßlqfe=kuUnu! rqe vHkh"V Hkksxksa vkSj jkT.ku nsus .kdkj bldh lQÛkbZ esa dgrk gS fd *jke^ 'kCn esa *y{e.ku ns]a rks og dsoy vuqeku ek= gh gksxkA .s rks . thou esa muds çR.xh] ftlesa fofo/k :iksa esa Hkh bl lEca/k dk bl dFkk esa çn'kZu gqvk gSA /.ksfa d blh dh ppkZ vkxs Hkh dh tk.k vçR.kksa esa os dsoy jke ds .ksa fd.k dk xqIrpj 'kqd y{e. nf{k.{k .Z djrs gSAa fdUrq fofp= ckr ..k dks fl[kk.slh ckr ugha Fkh fd rkMÛdk .eksa dk ikyu djrs gq.g ckr /.k dk ughaAa os dsoy . .Qykfu pA thfora p fg jkT.k ds 'kfDr&ç. ugha gS] og rqEgkjh Hkh gSA esjs fy.k ij foyki djrs gS]a rks dfo dgrk gS % jk?koks Hkzkrja n`"VÓ fç.gk¡ fQj .fn . çlax ij vkrk gw¡A eSa okYehfd ds ewyikB dk vuqlj.g gS fd fo'okfe=] ftUgksua s y{e.k /.s fd esjs lkFk rqe Hkh mudk miHkksx dj ldksAß .a çk.kZu fd. O.dkReh.g foiqy HkkX.{k :i ls lh[kh gqbZ fo|k dks jke us ckn esa O.g fn[kkus ds fy.fn os mudks lacksf/kr Hkh djrs gS]a rks ^jke*] ^jk?ko* dgdj cMÛs HkkbZ dks gh lacksf/kr djrs gSAa .4.slk D.kseka e.24 jkek.s rks rqe f}rh.d lxZ ls nwljs lxZ rd fodkl gksrk gSA ge ns[krs gSa fd fo'okfe= ds ekxZn'kZu esa jke vkSj y{e.d O.s ugha] ftruh fd blfy.ku [khap ysrs gSAa .25 Jh jke tc jko. ij dfo dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk mYys[k djrk jgw¡xk] tc os ekuks i`"B ls Åij mBdj cjcl gekjk /.k Fkk] mudh vksj fojys gh /. fLFkfr gS] tcfd lkekU.ksa ds chp bl çdkj dh . gqbAZ .{k :i esa ijLij la?k"khZ gksus dh lEHkkouk gSA oLrqr% bu nks Hkkb.ksx ds dkj.ksa dh iqujko`fÙk fç.a p RonFkZefHkdke.ksa dh f'k{kk nsrs le.102.ksa dh Hkk¡fr] okYehdh dks Hkh .ksa dk o.g dbZ dkj.s vyx ls fo'ks"k lacks/ku vko'. yxs] fo'okfe= ls çR. vUrjkRek gksAÞ iqu% Jh jke dgrs gSa % lkSfe=s Hkqa³{~ o HkksxkaLrofe"Vku~ jkT.ksX. os dsoy jke dk gh uke ysrs gS]a y{e.a es·UrjkRekua Rokfe.d {k.k dh mifLFkfr vPNh ugha yxrh Fkh .d ckj lqUnj :i ns fn.d .d ugha FkkA fofo/k fo"k. gSA Jh jke Lo.fDr u Fks] bl çdkj çLrqr fd.K esa ck/kk mifLFkr ugha djrh Fkh D.slk çsecU/ku fdlh Hkh dgkuh .4.ksx djrs gSAa cy vkSj vfrcy eU=.a .ka cfg'pje~A nq%[ksu egrkfo"Vks /.ku nsus .k] egku ozrksa vkSj foiqy KkuktZu vuq'kklu ds dBksj fu.gh /kkj.k dh igyh vfXuijh{kk rkMÛdk dk lkeuk djrs gq. dfo.d nwljk fodYi çLrqr djrk gS] tks dnkfpr~~ dqN Hkh vfç.ksxksa dk mYys[k eSa dsoy .43 os dgrs gSa] ßftldks .k[.k nsus gksxa As Jh jke vkSj y{e.k dks vkefU=r ugha fd.] vusdksa lkglh dk.k.s] .ksX.sAA II.d va'k FksA vc eSa dFkk ds fodkl esa jke pfj= ls lEcUf/kr .k[.s dj jgk gw¡ fd vU.k FkkA mUgksua s .22) fo'okfe= Hkh mls ^.qojkt :i esa vius vfHk"ksd dh lEHkkouk Fkh] y{e.drk gksxhA .K&fo/oaldkjh* laKk nsrs gSAa og Hkh lrkus esa de u Fkh] fdUrq jktk ds le{k mUgksua s rkMÛdk dk fTÛkØ djuk mfpr ugha .d vlkekU.kks cfg'pj%A VI.qXe dh f'k{kk Hkh dsoy jke dks gh nhA .k nsrs gq.k Hkh mlds vUrxZr vk tkrs gSAa .d&nwljs çlax ij vkrk gw¡A bl lUnHkZ esa eq>s tÛjk foLrkj esa tkuk iMsÛxk vkSj ewyikB ls m¼j.k ls dgrs gSa % y{e.k tkucw> dj os mudh voKk djuk pkgrs FksA esjs fopkj esa rks] vkSjksa dh Hkk¡fr] muds efLr"d esa Hkh .k x.&le..d&nwljs vf}rh.rk dk gksuk fu'p.gk¡ rks eSa dsoy bruk gh dgw¡xk fd cU/ku gS vkSj .k Fkk] fdUrq rkMÛdk dk uke tkucw> dj ugha fy.k nks ckj gh f}opu dk ç.ksa dh tksMÛh ds çsecU/ku ls gks gh ldrh gSA .ku'kksdijk. ds fofHk= ç. mUgksua s dsoy ekjhp vkSj lqckgq dks gh viuk mRihMÛd crk. 25   .k dk O.k tkrkA vr.28. gS fd tc fo'okfe= us jktk n'kjFk ls viuh ijs'kkfu.kZu djrk gS] og Hkh blh çdkj dgrk gS % jkeL.k tkrk gS] y{e. :i lekfgr gSA tc Jh jke dk mYys[k fd.kks ckgq% fuR.s ykHkdj Hkh gksxk] D.o bldh ppkZ ds fy.g ckr fd y{e.kk Fkh fd jke ls ckr djuk nwljs HkkbZ ls Hkh ckr djuk FkkA blds fy. rks eSa .g dsoy esjs vdsys ds fy.k^ dk miy{.a çk.fn dHkh eSa thou dh vksj jkT.26.d vU.a esa dksbZ fuÏ"V O.k gS] ekuks 'kkjhfjd :i o deks± vkSj xq. LFkku ij] tc mudks .k ds T.a Jh:ifLFkrkAA II.kdkj Li"Vhdj.fDrRo] tks Lo.k x.k%AA VI. gh .9 bl okD.d vyx gh xks"Bh dh vko'.sls okD.k dj jgk gw¡] le.k jke ds brus vf/kd varjax va'k Fks] loZfofnr FkhA dFkkud dk tSl&s tSls . gS fd bl le.kksa ls gekjs fy.ksa ds ikjLifjd çsecU/ku dh rqyuk dsoy vU.d vU. gS] dFkk esa y{e. ds Js"B Qyksa dk miHkksx djksA . dh vfHkyk"kk djrk gw¡] rks og bruh vius fy.

g blh .d L=h dks ekjuk vko'.gk¡ jke dk ewY.koh L=h gS] blds çfr dksbZ n.k ds T.g dg gh jgs Fks] ij tc dqN {k.Ru fd.kA ijUrq og L=h fofo/k :i /kkj.g .k nqfo/kk esa ugha iMÛuk pkfg.fn jktk ls .drk dsoy bl ckr dh gS fd fo'okfe= th dks blds mRikrksa ls NqVdkjk fey tk.s\ .19 Jh jke us bl vkns'k dk cqjk u ekuk] D.ksa us rqels igys Hkh .Z tks eSa lkSixaw k& og gksxk .kksa dk gokyk ns fn.k± tfg dkdqRLFk /keksZ áL.slk u lkspks fd i`Foh ij eSa rqEgsa og çFke jktk cuus dks dg jgk gw¡] ftlus tkdj . mUgksua s .rk ugha feyrh vkSj u gh iwooZ rhZ .k lQy ugha gksrs FksA mlesa vHkh Hkh 'kjkjr dh Hkkjh {kerk FkhA mUgsa ijs'kkuh esa ns[kdj fo'okfe= us iqu% jke dks Lej.kl iw.sxs h] lw.sa dkV nhaA y{e.kHkko fn[kkus dh vko'.d ck.d dBksj ls dBksj lSfud Hkh .k FkkA mudk dguk Fkk] ß.ksX.k tk.slk fd.k tk ldrk FkkA .k djuk] mudh j{kk djukA mUgsa .ksa mUgksua s FkksMÛh gh nsj ckn foyEc fd.slh L=h ugha] ftlds çfr dksbZ n.g dgk tkrk] ßvPNk] eSa vkids iq= dks ys tk jgk gw¡] vkSj mlds lSfud thou dk igyk dk. fcuk] ml L=h dks fuf"Ø.kHkko çn£'kr fd.sA eSa blds }kjk eg£"k dks dksbZ {kfr igq¡pkus ugha nw¡xkA .qDrkukes"k /keZ% lukru%A v/kE.slk gh fd. yxkuk mfpr gh gksxkA Jh jke dh fu'Ny lksp .ksa y{e.ksfr&LrEHk nwljk v/.k.k] .g Hkh HkyhHkk¡fr le>rs Fks fd rkMÛdk dks lekIr fd.kl ..k dhA .kZLr gksus ds i'pkr~ .s dqN le.|fi o`¼ ujs'k ls okrkZyki djrs le.k pyk dj mlds dku vkSj uklkxz dks dkV fn.k gSA bUæ us eUFkjk dks ekjk Fkk] egkfo". djsxa s % ^u lUnsg%]* .s jk{kl fnu ls nl xq.d gS] rks mls ekj nsuk gh pkfg.kk vf/kd gks tkrs gSAa vHkh bldks [ÛkRe djksAÞ Jh jke us . esa fdlh dks TÛkjk lk Hkh lUnsg ugha gksuk pkfg.d vlEHko vkosnu i= ds leku gksrkA fuLlUnsg] esjk vuqeku gS fd blhfy.ku nsus .k djds] iRFkjksa dh vuojr o"kkZ djus yxhA og vks>y gks xbZ] fofo/k :i /kkj.g mudk .drk ughaA cl ekj nks] TÛkjk lk Hkh ladksp u djks fd .ka u fo|rsAA I.Hkkjfu.kA blls cspkjs nksuksa HkkbZ cMÛs ijs'kku gq.g mRd.kq us Lo.k djk.sls vkSj vU.sls NksV&s eksVs uSfrd ladkspksa ds dkj.a Hk`xiq Ruh dh gR. rqEgsa fdlh çdkj dh 'kadk ugha gksuh pkfg. iwoksnZ kgj.k ugha gqbAZ Þesjs firk th us eq>s vkidks lkSia k gS vkSj dgk gS] eSa vkidk vuqlj.d L=h dk o/k]Þ dnkfpr~~ .] vkSj .kZr.g ek. n'kjFk ls fNik.d L=h ghA eSa bl rF.sA .kfe u lUnsgLrkVdko/keqÙkee~AA I.18. rks ftls ns[kus ek= ls ej tk.ogkj ds .k ls dgk fd os mls dsoy vleFkZ dj nsxa s mRikr ds fy.A ftl fn'kk ls vkokTÛk vkrh] mlh fn'kk dh vksj rhj pykrs] fdUrq muds ç.sxhAÞ vr.ksfa d mu fnuksa Hkh] vkt dh gh Hkk¡fr] .kZLr gksus okyk gS] .k dhA vkSj fQj ij'kqjke dks gh yks& mUgksua s viuh ekrk dh gh gR.k ls jke us mldh Hkqtk.k] mls ekj fn.oa fu'Ny deZ ds fo"k.d L=h ds çk.25. dks dSls Hkwy ldrk gw¡! vko'.a j{krk lrkAA jkT.k ls cksy]s ßbl djkyk Hk. gS] vkSj os rkMÛdk dk o/k vo'.g gksxk fd bldh xfr'khyrk u"V gks tk.ksx dj] mlus cgqr mRikr epk.AÞ /.s .o mUgksua s viuh ckr dks de ls de tksf[ke okyh cukus dk ç.k Hkh foyEc djksx]s rks cgqr nsj gks tk.fn ik¡p {k.A ^u lUnsg%* dg dj D. gks tkus dh {kerk dk mi.Bk çfr{k.|fi eq>s Vhdkdkjksa ls dksbZ lgk.k djus vkSj vn`'. gSA eSa igys ls gh psrkouh nsrk gw¡] bldks ekjus esa fdlh çdkj dh ?k`.k] ½f"k dh voKk dh vkSj rkMÛdk dks rqjUr gh ugha ekjk\ vkSj D.slk djrs gSa fd blds gkFk vkSj dke dkV MkysAa bl çdkj fo:fir djds Hkxk nsAa bl çdkj .k d:¡ vkSj vkidh vkKk dk ikyu d:¡ vkSj tks Hkh vki dgs]a mldks fuLladksp d:¡A esjs firk th .g L=h tkfr dh gSAÞ fo'okfe= vkxs dgrs gS]a ßrqEgkjs tSls jktdqekjksa dk igyk dÙkZO.k gksA cMÛh&cMÛh gfLr. ckr gS fd rRdky rks bu n`"VkUrksa dh Jh jke ij dksbZ çfrdwy çfØ.kadu djus esa gesa FkksMÛh lh lko/kkuh cjruh gksxhA .k] ßeSua s dgk Fkk u] .26.adj L=h dks ns[kks] deTÛkksj euq".26 jkek. gS] çtk ds nq%[k dk fuokj.ksX.d egku dÙkZO.A .ksa dgw¡xk\ lks·ga firqop Z % JqRok 'kklukn~ czãokfnu%A dfj".fn . ugha gSA bls ekj gh MkyksA lw. 27   le>kA fo'okfe= tkurs Fks fd jktk n'kjFk jke dks Hkstus ds fy.ksX.g . ugha fd.kk u djsAa Þ u`'kaleu`'kla ok çtkj{k.kkr~A ikrda ok lnks"ka ok dÙkZO.k dc ihNs jgus okys FksA mUgksua s nwljk ck.slk dguk] ßbu nks ds vfrfjDr rkMÛdk uked jk{klh dk Hkh mUewyu Jh jke dks djuk gksxk]Þ mudh dfBukb.sxas As fdUrq gS rks vkf[Ûkj . .kA gesa bl fo"k.o . dgrs gS]a ß.k mijkUr rkMÛdk lpeqp muds lkeus çdV gqb]Z mudh vUrjkRek us mUgsa dpksVkA mudh tUetkr uSl£xd çÏfr iqu% lkeus vkbZA os y{e.k ysus esa ladksp djrk FkkA fo'okfe= .kdkj.4 Jh jke dgrs gSa fd .kA n'kjFk ls vkjEHk esa gh .oa esjs xq#A eSa ^uk* D.g fu#iæoh gks tk.k muds eu esa mHkjrh jgh gksxhA rkMÛdk ls lkeuk gksus ls iwoZ fo'okfe= Jh jke dks lko/kku djrs gq.kksa ds gksrs gq.d pØorhZ jktk gSa vkSj vki eg£"k .ksfa d ½f"k us igys ls gh iwoksnZ kgj.k ls fopkj djuk gSA bl ij fopkj ds fy.g rF.g bl çdkj ds O.dne lger u gksxa As vr.ksa esa dnkfpr~~ vkSj o`f¼ dj nsrk D.sA esjk ç.d L=h dk o/k fd. ij furkUr vuq'kklfud n`f"Vdks.

s lqUnj jktdqekj dkSu gS\a Þ] os mudk ifjp.k[.K esa lfEefyr gks ldsAa blds vfrfjDr rqe ml /kuq"k dks ns[k Hkh ldksx]s ftldks egknso th us . thou ds çR.ksa u gksA ijUrq eSa lksprk gw¡] bl NksVh lh ?kVuk ls ge bl çdkj dh f'k{kk ys ldrs gSAa vki .g rks vkidks ekywe gh gksxk gh fd eSua s .d egk. gS vkSj loksiZ fj ek¡x gS] j{k.ksfa d mldks vusdksa us mBkus vkSj Mksjh p<Ûkus dk ç.k us rks .kA tSls gh og VwVk] i`Foh dk¡i mBh] dfo o.kh.d L=h ds çfr vkidk fdruk Hkh fygktÛ D.gh lkspk gksxk] ßyks] . ckyd ml /kuq"k ds lkeus [kMÛk dqN yTtkrk lk [kMÛk Fkk] rks mifLFkr x.qfDr.ksa dh lqj{kk djukA vU.kZu djrk gS] vkSj ftrus yksx ogk¡ [kMÛs Fks Hk. us lkFk fn.gh gksxk fd rqe Hkh vkvks vkSj bls ns[kksAÞ okYehfd ds foyksi cMÛs /.k rd Hkh ugha x.s]s rks .ksa u gks] tc dk.kZ eksMÛ ij vkrk gw¡] tgk¡ fo'okfe= vkSj vU.k djrs gSAa vkidh /kkj.Zrk lqj{kk ds çfr dÙkZO. blds fo"k.ksX.a ugha dgw¡xkAÞ tc os ogk¡ igq¡ps vkSj jktk tud iwNrs gS]a ß. ½f"k jke vkSj y{e. ds fu"iknu esa dksbZ VkyeVksy u dj ldsAa mudk mís'.d vkSj vlQyrk ns[kksAÞ fo'okfe= us rks dsoy bruk gh dgk] ßbu ckydksa dks Hkh fn[kkvks] bUgsa Hkh ns[kus nksAÞ og fo'kky lUnwd lkeus vk.Hkhr gksdj fxj iMÛ]s i'kq&i{kh lc . .kl fd.gh dgk fd fefFkyk esa tud ds ikl . ckr .d fnO.28 jkek.kIr gks tkrk gSA os lkspus yxs] ß.kl Hkh dj ldrk gw¡\Þ fcuk fdlh çR.kA tc .K vkSj mlls çkIr gksus okys ifj.kZIr gksxk] mldk v{kj'k% ikyu vko'.d leqfpr fu.Z djus dk vfUre {k.AÞ ßD.d .] fdUrq /kuq"k fdlh ls mBk.k vusd gks ldrs gSAa fo'okfe= us lkspk gksxk] ßeSa jke dks /kuq"k p<Ûkus ds fy.apk p<Ûk nhA ijUrq og muds gkFkksa esa nks VqdMÛs gks x.kA .ksx fd.g i.k fd.{k :i ls crkuk ugha pkgrs] dqN rF. nsrs gSa vkSj crkrs gSa fd os /kuq"k ds n'kZu ds fy.k nksgjk gSA jktk tud .a ml cMÛs dÙkZO.ksfr&LrEHk nwljk v/.s ½f"k] fo'okfe= lfgr] jke y{e.g gS fd jktk ds ikl .fDr.k Fkk] og viuh iwjh 'kfDr ls iqu% mifLFkr u gksxk vkSj vius lEeku dk nkok ugha djsA eSa rks bldks bl çdkj O.Ru ds mUgksua s /kuq"k dks mBk fy.k FkkA og vc lc çdkj ds yksxksa ds fy.d gSA vr% . xkS.e vkSj .k] tSlk fd o`¼ ½f"k us dgk FkkA mlls Hkh loksPZ p Fkh] vfuok.d vkd"kZ.krkvksa ls] eSa bl çdkj lksprk gw¡ % Jh jke lc cMÛs dk.] tSlk çk.d 'kCn Hkh ugha dgkA /kuq"k ogk¡ yk. O.kZ pqIih dk ç.sxs hA vr% og oh.k] jke us <Ddu mBk dj /kuq"k ij n`f"V MkyhA vkSj cMÛs Li"V fouez ls Loj esa iwNk] ßeSa bls Nw yw¡\Þ mu nksuksa us dgk] ßgk¡] gk¡] vo'.k vkSj eksMÛdj ml ij çR.k gS fd .kksa esa tud ds vf/kdkj esa vk.k] ij dksbZ Hkh blesa lQy u gks ldkA vPNk rks .g loZfofnr Fkk fd tud us bl ckr dh ?kks"k. esa okn&fookn esa iMÛuk vko'.k mifLFkr gksrk gS] rks dgk ugha tk ldrk fd dksbZ euksHkko tks igys nck fn.% lcds lkFk gksrk gS] dk.fn dgha dksbZ fpjdkfyd 'kadk Hkh gksrh] rks . fdruk Hkh n`<Û D.k tk.ksasZ esv a iuh cqf¼&foosd ij vf/kd Hkjkslk djrs Fks vkSj nwljksa dk vuqdj.ksa }kjk [khap dj yk.g ç.qDr fl¼kUr dk çfriknu fd.sd eksMÛ ij vkØe.kkeksa dks bl uSfrd 'kadk ds dkj.k cu x.k dÙkZO.k gSA /kuq"k oLrqr% f'ko ls fdl çdkj o fdu pj.d ughaA eSa rkMÛdk dks loZFkk 'kfDrghu cuk nw¡xkAÞ eq>s TÛkjk&lk Hkh ladksp u gksxk Jh jke dks bl vkjksi ls nks"keqDr djus esa fd mudk mís'.k gS] D.k e. Lo..d xkMÛh esa ik¡p gTÛkkj vknfe.Zpfdr dj ldsa . ls vufHkK u jgs gksxa As fQj Hkh mUgksua s jke ls bldh ppkZ ugha dhA mUgksua s rks dsoy .k] bldk dksbZ lgh mYys[k xzFa k esa ugha gS] u gh gekjs fy.kksa es]a okLrfod ijh{kk ds le. /kuq"k gS] ogh ftlls Hkxoku f'ko us f=iqjksa dk lagkj fd.k bl rF.fn jke ds HkkX.d egRoiw.slk /kuq"k gS] ftlesa yksxksa dks fnypLih gSA bl çdkj dh vFkZiw.ksx gekjs xq#tu vkt Hkh nSfud thou esa djrs gSaA os vYiO.k Fkk fd os rkMÛdk dk o/k rqjUr djsxa As fdUrq vfUre {k.k FkkA .kk dksbZ Hkh gks] vkidk fu'p. gSAa .slk dgk x.g iUæg o"khZ.k gS] tks ohj /kuq"k dks Mksjh p<Ûkus esa lQy gksxk] ogh esjh iq=h dk ifr gksxkA .K dk vuq"Bku dj jgs gSa vkSj jktk dk loksPZ p dÙkZO.apk p<Ûkus dk ç.s esjs tkekrk cu ldrs gSAa Þ vki le> ldrs gSa fd jke dh çfrfØ.k. fdrus vkSj x.kk djkbZ fd tks ohj bl /kuq"k dh çR.slh fLFkfr esa os viuh lgtcqf¼ ds vuqdy w dk.k iwoK Z ku ds dkj.ku nsus .ksX.k x.Z djuk mfpr le>rs FksA mUgksua s fcuk lksp&s fopkjs fo'okfe= dks opu ns fn.ksa okyh . xqIr j[kuk ilUn djrs gSa] rkfd vçR.k ds T.K dk vuq"Bku dj jgs gS]a vkSj eSa fo'ks"k :i ls vkidk /.fn rÙo:i esa fo'okfe= dk vkns'k eku fy.kf'kr ifjfLFkfr mUgsa vk'p.g loZfofnr Fkk fd og ns[kus .d egku . eg£"k dh vkKk dk mYya?ku djuk Fkk] u fd vius opu ls foeq[k gksus dkA bl çdkj ds ladksp vkSj lUnsg euq".s vk.kh.k x.{k ç. gSA nwljh vkd"kZ. ls rkyesy ugha [kkrk FkkA . 29   O.d egku .Z djus esa ladksp O.Z 'kqYdk ('kfDr ds cy ij çkIr gksus okyh) FkhA fo'okfe= rFkk ½f"kx.Ldksa dks bl ckr çR.d cMÛs .k ugha djrs Fks] tc rd fd nwljksa dk er mudh viuh jk.k fcxMÛus ughs ns ldrsA vc cky dkaM esa eSa .Dr djrk gw¡ dh mUgksua s .k x.k FkkA /kuq"k ds vkus ds i'pkr~ tud us çksRlkgu :i esa dgk] Þu tkus fdrus vk.ku bl ckr dh vksj fnykuk pkgrk gw¡ fd mu fnuksa .k os Lo. rks i`"BHkwfe esa gSAa vr% .q¼ esa ç.k ls cksy]s ßge fefFkyk pys]a ftlls ge .k dks fefFkyk tkus dk lq>ko nsrs gSAa os crkrs gSa fd ogk¡ vkd"kZ. dqN Hkh jgk gks] mlds dkj.k] rks .apk p<Ûk ldsxk] mudh iq=h lhrk mls o/kw :i esa ns nh tk. dhA fo'okfe= .g /kuq"k vc jktk tud ds vf/kdkj esa vk x. gSAa tud rc igyh ckj dgrs gS]a ßvjs] /kuq"k! .kZfnr gksxh] mUgksua s .g vkB ifg.k eSa mls mBkdj çR.

30

jkek;.k ds T;ksfr&LrEHk

nwljk v/;k;

31  

Hk;kdqy gks x,A dsoy jktk tud] nksuksa HkkbZ vkSj fo'okfe= viuh lafLFkfr
cuk, j[k ldsA yksd esa 'ks"k lc vLrO;Lr gks x;kA tSls gh /kuq"k VwVk] ,slh
?kVukvksa ds chp] tud us dgk] ßesjh euksdkeuk iw.kZ gqbAZ eq>s l;ksX; oj fey
x;k gSA vc eSa rqjUr vc eSa fo'oluh; nwrksa dks jktk n'kjFk ds ikl Hkst¡wxk vkSj
mUgsa vkdj bl tksMÛs dks oj&o/kw cuus dk vk'khokZn nsus dks dg¡xw kAÞ
çlax dk fooj.k djrs le; lhrk vuql;w k dks TÛkjk nwljk fooj.k nsrh gSA
;g Hkh bl dkO; dh fo'ks"krkvksa esa ls ,d gSA dksbZ Hkh ?kVuk dh mlh Hkk"kk esa ;k
mlh Øe foLrkj ls iqu#fDr ugha dh xbZ gS] dqN FkksMÛk cgqr varj çk;% jgrk gSA
bl lUnHkZ esa eSa rks dgw¡xk fd D;ksfa d vFkZ&fu:i.k dk ;g ,d fl¼kUr gS] eSa ;g
dguk vko';d gS fd ugha le>rk fd blessa fdlh çdkj dh vlaxfr gSA lhrk
dgrh gS] ßtSls gh /kuq"k VwVk vkSj eSa fotsrk dh lEifÙk gks xbZ] vkSj esjs firk th
,d ik= esa ty ysdj rqjUr eq>s jke dks le£ir djuk pkgrs FksA fdUrq jke us
dgk] *ugha] eSa vius firk dh LohÏfr fcuk iRuh Lohdkj ugha dj ldrkA^ vr,o]
jktk tud dks nwr Hkstus iMÛAs Þ ;g lhrk dk fooj.k gSA lhrk dk laLej.k Bhd gh
gksxkA bu nks fooj.kksa esa vkSj Hkh vlaxfr;k¡ gS]a ijUrq buesa gekjh fnypLih ugha gSA
;Fkk] bl le;] oSls bldk Hkh dqN egÙo gS] ftldk eSa mYys[k vkxs d:¡xkA
nh;ekuka u rq rnk çfrtxzkg jk?ko%A
vfoKk; firq'NUne;ks/;kf/kirs% çHkksAA II.118.51
ßjke rqjUr gh eq> thrh gqbZ lEifÙk dks xzg.k djus ds fy;s rS;kj ugha Fks
D;ksfa d os vius firk th dh bPNk tkuuk pkgrs FksAÞ
tSls gh jktk n'kjFk dks tud dk lUns'k feyk] os vR;Ur çlék gq,] eqfnr
eu ls os egku xq#tuksa vkSj lsuk lfgr fefFkyk ds fy, jokuk gq,A ;gk¡ rd ,d
ckr mYys[kuh; gS] vkSj tSls vki dFkk i<Ûxas ]s vkidks fofnr gks tk;sxs k fd lhrk
dk LFkku mudh vU; cguks]a m£eyk] ekaMoh rFkk Jqrdh£r ds LFkku ls dqN fHkék
gSA lhrk rks igys ls gh thrh tk pqdh Fkh] og Jh jke ds vf/kdkj esa vk x;h FkhA
fdUrq] tSlk fd lc tkurs gS]a mlh le; ogk¡ rhu fookg vkSj Hkh lEiék gq,A ;g
dSls gqvk\ bldk mÙkj xzFa k esa <w¡<us ;ksX; gSA vge~ ckr ;g gS fd tud us m£eyk
dks y{e.k ds fy;s nsus dk çLrko ugha fd;k Fkk vkSj u gh ek.Moh dks Hkjr ds
fy;s vkSj 'k=q?u ds fy;s Jqrdh£r dksA ,slk çrhr gksrk gS fd dfo us czãfookg
(dU;knku) i¼fr dk vuqlj.k djrs gq, bl ç'u dk mÙkj fn;k gSA eg£"k ofl"B
us b{okdq dqy dh oa'kkoyh nsrs gq, ukeksa dh ,d yEch lwph çLrqr dh vkSj rRi'pkr~
viuk oDrO; bl çdkj lekIr fd;k % ßjktu~] vc eSa lhrk dk gkFk jke ds fy,
vkSj m£eyk dk gkFk y{e.k ds fy;s ek¡xrk gw¡AÞ ;gk¡ igyh ckj vU; fookgksa dk

fTÛkØ fd;k tkrk gSA ,slk dqN ugha gqvk fd tud us lSd
a MÛkas tUeif=;k¡ feyokbZ
gksa ;k os viuh iq=h dk çLrko ysdj dHkh ,d ds ikl dHkh nwljs ds ikl nkSMÛs fQjs
gksa vkSj iwNrs fQjs gks]a ßD;k vkidks 20,000 #i;s Lohdk;Z gSa ;k blls vf/kd pkfg;s\a Þ
çkphu fof/k dh ijEijk Fkh fd oji{k dh vksj ls fo}ku] tks *oSfnd^ dgykrs Fks]
bl dke ds fy;s fu;qDr fd, tkrs Fks] ftudk dke mi;qDr dU;k dh [kkst djuk
gksrk FkkA ,slk gh ;gk¡ Hkh fd;k x;kA ofl"B }kjk y{e.k ds fy;s m£eyk dk gkFk
ek¡xus ds i'pkr~ bl nwljs fookg dk çLrko fd;k tkuk ,d LokHkkfod ckr Fkh
vkSj ;g yksdkpkj ds vuqlkj FkkA blds i'pkr~ fo'okfe= us ckr dks vk;s c<Ûk;kA
ßvc ekuo bfrgkl esa ,d vlk/kkj.k ?kVuk ?kVh gSA dHkh fdlh us tud vkSj
n'kjFk tSls nks ujs'kksa dk ,d gh eap ij bdëk lquk gS\ 'krkuUn ;gk¡ vkSj ofl"B
ogk¡] b{okdq rFkk fonsg] vc tc ge lc ;gk¡ gS] gs jktk tud] eSa vkils
vuqjks/k djrk gw¡ fd vki vius HkkbZ dh iqf=;ksa dks Hkh v;ks/;k ujs'k ds vU; nks
iq=ksa ds fy;s ns nsAa Þ ;g çLrko oji{k dh vksj ls vk;kA vuqjks/k lnk oji{k dh
vksj ls gh gksrk FkkA tc laLdkj dk le; vk;k] og çfl¼ 'yksd] tks ekaxfyd
voljksa ij fdruh Hkh ckj i<Ûk tk ldrk gS] tud }kjk cksyk x;kA mUgksua s iq=h
lhrk dk gkFk idMÛk vkSj vfXu ds le{k jke dks ds lEeq[k fLFkr dj dgk %
b;a lhrk ee lqrk lg/keZpjh roA
çrhPN pSuka Hkæa rs ikf.ka x`º.kh"o ikf.kukAA
ifrozrk egkHkkxk Nk;sokuqxrk lnkA
bR;qDRok çkf{kiæktk eU=iwra tya rnkAA I.73.27,28
ßbldks xzg.k djks] ;g gS esjh iq=h lhrk] tks thou ds lHkh /kk£ed dÙkZO;ksa
esa rqEgkjh lgpjh cuus okyh gSA lkSHkkX;'kkyh jgksA bldk lh/kk gkFk vius gkFk esa
yksA ;g rqEgkjs fy, /keZfu"Bk ,oa ifrozrk rFkk lkSHkkX;'kkyh fl¼ gksxh rFkk Nk;k
leku rqEgkjk vuqlj.k djsxh] lnk&lnkAÞ bl çdkj ;g fookg lEi= gqvkA vU;
tksMÛs Hkh blh çdkj ifo= cU/ku esa la;Dq rA
ij'kqjke lacfU/kr Hk;kud ?kVuk dks NksMÛrs gq,] vkidh vuqefr ls] vc eSa
cky dkaM ds vfUre Hkkx ij vkrk gw¡] tgk¡ dfo ije vkuUne; okrkoj.k dk
o.kZu djrk gS] ftlesa ;s pkjksa tksMÛs lkFk&lkFk n'kjFk dh N=Nk;k esa thou fcrk
jgs FksA ikjLifjd lacU/kksa dh ?kfu"Brk dk o.kZu djus ds fy;s dfo dks mi;qDr
'kCn ugha feyrs] fdl çdkj ifr iRuh dks çlék j[krs] iRuh ifr dks lar"q V j[krh
FkhA eq[;r% dfo jke&lhrk dh tksMÛh dk mYys[k djrk gSA tSlk fd fu;fr bl
dFkk dks eks M Û ns x h] mlh ds vuq : i Hkjr vkS j 'k=q ? u dks igys gh ekek
;q/kkftr vius lkFk ys x, FksA dfo bldk dksbZ mYys[k ugha djrk fd ek.Moh

32

jkek;.k ds T;ksfr&LrEHk

33

nwljk v/;k;  

rFkk JqrdhfrZ Hkh muds lkFk xb± Fkh ;k ughaA gekjk dfo Hkh fujkyk gS] mldh #fp
rks dsoy lhrk ds fy;s gh gS] mUgh dk o.kZu djus ls gh mls QÛl
q rZ ughaA og muds
ÏR;ksa dk lkaxksikax o.kZu djuk gSA vU; rhu dksbZ o/kqvksa dk mYys[k ugha feyrkA
oLrqr% ek.Moh vkSj Jqrdh£r ds ukeksa dk mYys[k dsoy ,d ckj gh fd;k x;k gSA
;g Hkh Kkr ugha dh dSds; xbZ Hkh ;k ughaA tc Hkjr v;ks/;k ykSVs] os ykSVs Fks
n'kjFk dh e`R;q ds i'pkr~] ftlds fo"k; esa os vufHkK Fks& ;gk¡ Hkh ek.Moh vkSj
Jqrdh£r dk dksbZ fTÛkØ ugha gSA ;fn dfo us muds fo"k; esa dqN dguk vko';d
ugha le>k] rks gekjs fy, Hkh mfpr gS fd ge Hkh mu ij dksbZ /;ku u nsaA ;gh
eku fy;k tk;s]s muds fo"k; esa lc dqN Bhd&Bkd FkkA
fdUrq ,d NksVk lk dqN fookn dk fo"k; cu x;k gSA tc dfo lhrk dk jke
ds çfr vkSj jke dk lhrk ds çfr çse dk o.kZu djrk gS] og vR;Ur dkO;kRed
vkSj vfHkO;atd Hkk"kk dk ç;ksx djrk gSA og dgrk gS fd os ,d&nwljs ds fopkjksa
dks cMÛh lgtrk ls i<Û ldrs FksA ftàk vkSj vkS"Bksa dh 'kk;n dksbZ Hkwfedk ugha Fkh]
u;uksa dh Hkh ughaA Hkkoukvksa dk laç"s k.k ân;&ân; ds chp gksrk FkkA nksuksa ân;
,desd FksA ,d dh bPNk nwljs dh vfHkyk"kk FkhA ;g rks dguk lEHko ugha dkSu
fdlls vf/kd çse djrk FkkA vkxs ,d 'yksd esa dfo dgrk gS %
fç;k rq lhrk jkeL; nkjk% fir`dr
` k bfrAA I.77.27
bl okD; dh O;k[;k ;gk¡ ,d ckj lqfoK fo}ku lkfgrh oYyHk VhlqUnjkpk;Z }kjk dh xbZ FkhA Jh jke lhrk dks vk¡[k dh iqryh ekurs FksA ;g
lkspdj dh mudk pquko ;k nku firk }kjk fd;k x;k FkkA fofp= ckr rks ;g gS
fd dfo us bl ckr dks ekaMoh] m£eyk vkSj Jqrdh£r ds fy, ykxw ugha fd;k
D;ksfa d muds ifr;ksa dk pquko firkvksa }kjk gqvk FkkA dfo us ,slk dsoy Jh jke ds
fy;s gh dgk gS] D;ksfa d mUgksua s lhrk dks firk ds pquko }kjk ugha ik;k Fkk] cfYd
futh 'kkS;]Z Hkqtcy ls çkIr fd;k FkkA dq'ky dfo bl fcUnq dk mYys[k 'kk;n
blfy;s djrk gS] D;ksfa d mls /;ku vk x;k fd vkxs pydj lhrk dgrh gSa fd Jh
jke firk dh vuqefr ds fcuk fookg ds fy, lger ugha gq, FksA ikf.kxzg.k ls iwoZ
firk dks vkdj ^gk¡* dguk iMÛkA dnkfpr~~ NksVs ls ,d çlax ij cy nsus ds fy,
dfo us bl çdkj dk ç;ksx fd;k gSA eSua s ml fofp= Vhdk dks ugha ns[kk gS] ftlesa
;g dgk x;k gS fd ^fir`* 'kCn ;gk¡ n'kjFk dks ugha] cfYd tud dks ladrs djrk
gS] vuqlkj ^fir`Ïrk* (tud) dks ^fir`nÙkk* ds vFkZ esa ekuk tkuk pkfg,] D;kafs d
okLrfod :i esa pkgs ;g Lo;aoj gh gqvk gks] ijUrq czã&:i fo/kku dk ikyu
fd;k x;k FkkA tud us lhrk dks Jh jke ds gkFkksa lkSia k FkkA pkgs dqN Hkh gks] ns[kus
;ksX; ckr ;g gS fd Jh jke ds fy;s] pkgs ;g firk dk pquko gks ;k dsoy mudh
vuqefr] ;g Hkh nkEiR; ikjLifjd çse dks c<Ûkus dk ,d dkj.k FkkA

ßfuLlUnsg eq>s iRuh blfy;s feyh gS fd eSa cyoku Fkk vkSj vius 'kkS;Z ls
ml /kuq"k dks eksMÛ ldkA ijUrq esjs firk th us bl lEcU/k ds fy, gk£nd vuqefr
nhA lhrk eq>s bl dkj.k ls vkSj Hkh vf/kd fç; gSAÞ bl ckr dks bl çdkj ekékk
gh mfpr gksxkA bl lUnHkZ esa ge jke dks ,d vkSj egku xq.k dk Js; ns ldrs gSa
fd vius thou esa mUgksua s dHkh Hkh fdlh cMÛs dk;Z djus ls iwoZ vius firk dh iw.kZ
vuqefr ds ysus ds egÙo dks ugha HkwykA iRuh dk pquko fgUnw /kkj.kkvksa ds vuqlkj
thou dh mu vR;ko';d ckrksa esa ls ,d gS] ftlesa oj ds firk dh ,d vge~
Hkwfedk gksrh gSA vc ;g /kkj.kk;sa feVrh tk jgh gSAa bl lUnHkZ esa ;|fi bl dFkk
esa n'kjFk dk vkxeu nsj ls gksrk gS] fQj Hkh ;g ckr fd os fookg esa mifLFkr gq,
vkSj mUgksua s viuh iw.kZ vuqefr nh] jke ds fy;s Hkh mruh gh eaxyçn Fkh] ftruh
fd muds Hkkb;ksa ds fy;s] ftuds fy;s çkphu fgUnw fof/k dk ikyu iw.kZr;k
fd;k x;kA

”””

jkek;.k ds T;ksfr&LrEHk

34 

rhljk v/;k;
y{e.k
vU;= ,d iwoZ O;k[;ku esa eSua s dgk Fkk fd ekuoh; lEcU/kksa esa jke vkSj
y{e.k dk ikjLifjd lEcU/k vuqie FkkA bldk çpqj Li"V lk{; bl egkdkO;
esa feyrk gSA çse dk dksbZ ifjek.k ugha gksrk] mldh Fkkg dk dksbZ vuqeku ugha]
,d çse vkSj nwljs çse dh xgjkbZ dk vUrj O;fDrxr vuqHko }kjk gh tkuk tk
ldrk gSA ;g rks ge iwoZ esa ns[k pqds gSa fd jke vkSj lhrk dks ftl çse us
,d&nwljs ds çfr vkd£"kr fd;k] og viwoZ FkkA tc lhrk muls fcNqMÛ xbZ] jke
dh O;Fkk dh dksbZ lhek jgh] mUgksua s mudh iqu% çkfIr ds fufeÙk ç;Ruksa esa Hkh fdlh
dksbZ dÛlj u NksMÛhA oLrqr% lEiw.kZ ^jkek;.k* esa fo"k; ;gh gSA lhrk ls fcNqMÛ dj
mudk lq[k pSu mtMÛ x;kA os ikxy ls gks x,A ouksa esa b/kj&m/kj ?kwers fQjs]
çyki djus yxsA os o`{kksa] ioZrksa] ufn;ksa ls vuqu;&fou; djus yxsA mUgksaus
nsorkvksa dks l`f"V&fouk'k dh Hkh /kedh nhA os vkRegR;k dh Hkh /kedh nsus yxsA
cspkjs y{e.k dks Hkh bl ?kksj O;Fkk ds le; mUgsa lkURouk nsuk dfBu gks x;kA jke
;s vlk/kkj.k ç;Ru lhrk dh çkfIr gsrq ugha] oju~ e;kZnk dh j{kk ds fy, dj jgs
FksA bldk ladrs dFkk ds peksRZ d"kZ rd ugha feyrk vFkkZr~ jko.k ds o/k vkSj lhrk
dk jke ds lEeq[k cqyk;s tkus rd dksbZ ,slk dksbZ ladrs ugha gS] ftlls tkuk tk
lds fd ml uktÛd
q {k.k os fdl çdkj ls ds euksHkko ls ijkHkwr FksA dnkfpr~~ os
lksp jgs Fks fd lhrk ds pfj= ij ,d dyad gS ;k ,slk ekuk tk ldrk gSA vr%
mudks v;ks/;k dh lezkKh ds :i esa okil ysuk viuh vkSj vius dqy dh çfr"Bk
ij cêk yxkuk gksxkA jko.k o/k ds iwoZ çfr{k.k ekuks os lhrk dks vius çk.k ln`'k
ekurs jgsA vDÛlj mUgsa yxrk fd lhrk ds fcuk mudk thuk vlEHko gSA fdUrq
tc mUgksua s lhrk dks ns[kk vius fe=ksa dh mifLFkfr es]a ;g eugwl lUnsg muds
eu esa mfnr gqvk vkSj mUgksua s fu"Bqj opu dgs] ftudk i<Ûuk vkt Hkh gekjs fy,
vR;Ur nq%[knk;h gS] vkSj tks lcdh vJqvksa esa ty Hkj ykrs gSAa
fQj Hkh bl vfr'k; çse ls Hkh] ftldks mUgksua s ml {k.k bruh n`<Ûrk ds
lkFk ,d fdukjs j[k fn;k vkSj ftldh vfHkO;atuk bl dkO; esa vusd LFkkuksa ij
feyrh gS] dgha vf/kd Fkk mudk y{e.k ds çfr çseA mldh rks Js.kh gh fujkyh
FkhA bl dkO; esa rhu LFkyksa ij mUgksua s Li"V ?kksf"kr fd;k gS fd y{e.k ds çfr
34

rhljk v/;k;

35 

mudk çse lhrk ds çfr çse ls Hkh vf/kd FkkA eSa nks ;k rhu cMÛs çHkko'kkyh va'k
çLrqr d:¡xk] tgk¡ mUgksua s Lo;a gh ;g rqyuk dh gSA ;s va'k vrho lqna j vkSj
dk#f.kd gSAa ;q¼ dkaM esa tc jke vkSj y{e.k nksuksa gh bUæftr ds ukxck.kksa }kjk
/kjk'kk;h gks x, Fks] jke y{e.k ls dqN igys gks'k esa vk x,A çk.k 'kwU;or~ y{e.k
dks çk.k dbZ vrho vkd"kZd 'yksdksa esa os viuh ek£ed 'kksd O;Dr djrs gSAa buesa
ls rhu eSa çLrqr djrk gw¡A
fda uq esa lhr;k dk;± thforsu okA
'k;kua ;ks·| i';kfe Hkzkrja ;qf/k fuftZre~AA VI.49.5
ßgk;! ;fn lhrk fey Hkh tk;s] rks mls ysdj eSa D;k d:¡xk\ vFkok bl
thou dks gh j[kdj D;k djuk gS] tcfd vkt eSa vius ijkftr gq, HkkbZ dks ;q¼
LFky esa iMÛk gqvk ns[k jgk gw¡\Þ
'kD;k lhrklek ukjh çkIrqayksds fofpUorkA
u y{e.kleks Hkzkrk lfpo% lkaijkf;d%AA VI.49.6
ßdnkfpr~~ i`fFkoh ij [kkst djus ds mijkUr lhrkln`'k iRuh fey Hkh tk;sA
fdUrq] y{e.k ln`'k lgk;d ;q¼ dq'ky HkkbZ ugha fey ldrkAÞ
ifjR;{;kE;ga çk.kku~ okukjk.kka rq i';rke~A
;fn i¥pRoekié% lqe=kuUno/kZu%AA VI.49.7
ß;fn lfqe=k dk vkuUn o/kZu djus okys y{e.k thfor u jgs] rks eSa fe=
okujksa ds le{k vius çk.kksa dk ifjR;kx dj nw¡xkAÞ
fQj nwljh ckj tc y{e.k ij jko.k ds ^'kfDr* ck.k dk çgkj gqvk] rks os
e`ror~ gks x,A fQj]
jk?koks Hkzkrja n`"VÓ fç;a çk.ka cfg'pje~A
nq%[ksu egrkfo"Vks /;ku'kksdijk;.k%AA VI.102.9
Jh jke ckgj fopjus okys çk.kksa ds leku fç; HkkbZ y{e.k dks bl voLFkk
esa ns[kdj nq%[k ls O;kdqy gks x,] fpUrk vkSj 'kksd esa Mwc x,A nq%[kkrZ jke
vkØks'k djus yxs %
;FkSo eka oua ;kUreuq;krks egk|qfr%A
vgeI;uq;kL;kfe rFkSou
s a ;e{;e~AA VI.49.17 (eqEcbZ laLdj.k)
ßftl çdkj ou dks çLFkku djrs le; ou ds d"Vksa vkSj vkradksa ij /;ku
u nssrs gq, egkrstLoh y{e.k esjs ihNs&ihNs pys vk;s Fks] mlh çdkj eSa Hkh
;eyksd esa Hkh mudk vuqlj.k d:¡xkAÞ
ns'ks ns'ks dy=kf.k ns'ks ns'ks p ckU/kok%A

36

jkek;.k ds T;ksfr&LrEHk

rhljk v/;k;

37  

ra rq ns'ka u i';kfe ;= Hkzkrk% lgksnj%AA VI.102.12,13
;g oLrqr% iwoZ fopkj dh gh iqu#fDr gSA ßvusd ns'kksa esa lqyHk gS] fç;
ckU/ko Hkh loZ= fey ldrs gS]a fdUrq bl /kjrh ij ,slk dksbZ ns'k eq>s fn[kkbZ ugha
nsrk] tgk¡ y{e.k tSlk lgksnj fey ldsAÞ
bgSo ej.ka Js;ks u rq cU/kqfoxgZ.ke~A
fda e;k nq"Ñra deZ ÑreU;= tUekfuAA VI.101.18,19 (eqEcbZ la-)
ßvr% esjs fy;s ej tkuk vPNk gSA HkkbZ cU/kqvksa ds chp [kjh [kksVh lquuk
vPNk ughaA eSua s iwot
Z Ue esa dkSu lk iki fd;k Fkk\Þ
Jh jke ds lUnHkZ esa fdlh iwot
Z Ue dk ladrs dsoy blh LFkku ij feyrk gS
vkSj dgha ugha feyrk vU;= Hkh dgh gS] ;g eq>s ekywe ughaA* dfo ds vuqlkj
jke fo".kq ds vorkj FksA vr% muds fo"k; esa iwot
Z Ue dh dYiuk vfpUR; gS]
mudk ;g dguk fd mudk nqHkkZX; fdlh iwoZ tUe ds nq"deZ dk Qy gS] gekjh
le> ls ckgj gSA
tc guqeku }kjk fo'ks"k :i ls ykbZ xbZ vkS"kf/k;ksa ds ç;ksx ls lq"ks.k oS|
y{e.k dks gks'k esa ys vk,] Jh jke mudks xys yxkrs gq, muds çfr ;g mn~xkj
çdV djrs gSa %
u fg eSa thforsukFkZ% lhr;k pkfi y{e.kA
dks fg es fot;sukFkZLrof; i´pRoekxrsAA VI.102.40
ßrqEgkjs fcuk eq>s thou dh j{kk ls] lhrk ls vFkok fdlh fo"k; ls dksbZ
eryc ughaA tc rqEgha ugha jgksx]s rc eSa bl thou dks j[k dj D;k d:¡xk\Þ
,d vU; LFkku esa jke dk y{e.k ds çfr çse rFkk lhrk ds çfr çse esa bl
fo"kerk dh lqLi"V xokgh feyrh gSA lqUnj dkaM esa ,d vklk/kkj.k euksje okD;
esa lhrk Lo;a y{e.k ds O;fDrRo dk o.kZu djrs gq, guqeku ls dgrh gSa %
eÙk% fç;rjks fuR;a Hkzkrk jkeL; y{e.k%AA V.38.62
ÞJh jke dk NksVs HkkbZ y{e.k ds çfr lnk eq>ls Hkh vf/kd çse jgrk gSAß
guqeku us ns[kk Fkk fd lhrk ds fo;ksx esa jke us fdruh ?kksj O;Fkk lgh FkhA
mUgksua s lkspk gksxk fd tks O;fDr lhrk ls fcNqMÛ dj Hkh thfor jg ldk] og cMÛk
dBksj&ân; gksxkA guqeku ls] ftuds ewY;kadu esa jke vkSj lhrk cgqr Å¡ps Fks]
lhrk Lo;a dgrh gS]a ßD;k rqEgsa irk ugha] y{e.k esjs ifr dks eq>ls Hkh dgha
vf/kd fç; gS\a Þ ukjh vius lgt cks/k ls ,slh tku ldrh gSA og çse dks lcls

fo'oluh; rqyk ij rksy ldrh gS] tks fd mldh lgt çKk gSA eSa crkuk pkgw¡xk
fd bl mfDr esa ys'kek= Hkh bZ";kZ dk va'k u jgk gksxkA jke ds çfr muds vuqjkx
ds dkj.k y{e.k ds Lusg esa lhrk Lo;a dk mPp LFkku FkkA tc lhrk us vius vkSj
y{e.k ds çfr jke ds vuqjkx dk mYys[k fd;k] rks gesa ekuuk iMÛxs k fd blesa
'kadk dk ys'kek= Hkh LFkku ugha gSA
;gk¡ ;g /;ku esa j[kuk gksxk fd jke ,d vf}rh; ik= FksA vr,o] dfo ds
vuqlkj] ;g ;kn j[kuk gksxk fd bu ekuoh; vkSj oS;fDrd xq.kksa ls Hkh vf/kd
egÙoiw.kZ Fkk] muds ân; es]a blls Hkh dgha vf/kd cMÛk vuqjkxA og D;k Fkk\
U;k;kSfpR; ds çfr vuqjkx] lEeku ds çfr vuqjkx] /keZ ds çfr vuqjkxA ;g
mudh çÏfr esa ,d çsjd ewyHkwr rÙo Fkk] tSlk fd ge ns[krs gSa fd vusdksa ckj
ijh{kk dh dlkSVh ij fot;h gksdj os lR; ds 'kk'or nkosnkj cusA nsf[k,] os D;k
dgrs gSa tc dSd;s h us mudh çfrfØ;k ds çfr cMÛh vk'kadk ls mUgsa ^;qojkt* in
dk vfHk"ksd NksMÛus ds fy;s dgkA Jh jke dk mÙkj Fkk] ßdsoy bruh lh gh ckr
Fkh] rks eq>ls igys gh D;ksa u dg nh xbZ\ D;k vki esjs LoHkko ls ifjfpr ugha\Þ
vga fg lhrka jkT;a p çk.kkfu"Vku~ /kukfu pA
â"Vks Hkzk=s Lo;a n|ka Hkjrk;kçspksfnr%AA II.19.7
ÞeSa dsoy vkids dgus ls Hkh vius HkkbZ Hkjr ds fy, bl jkT; dks] (;g
dgrs eq>s 'keZ vk jgh gS) lhrk dks] I;kjs çk.kksa dks rFkk lkjh lEifÙk dks Hkh
çlékrkiwod
Z Lo;a gh ns ldrk gw¡A eq>s 'kh?kz gh le; ij D;ksa ugha crk;k x;k\ß
vc nsf[k, og çfl¼ çlax] tgk¡ lhrk muds ,d fo'oluh; lykgdkj dh
Hkwfedk vnk djrh gSA vkidks ;kn gksxk og çlax] tc jke jk{klksa dks naM nsus dk
opu ½f"k eqfu;ksa dks nsrs gSAa ßvki jk{klksa ds fo#¼ ;q¼ dh gkeh D;ksa Hkj jgs gS\a Þ
lhrk iwNrh gSa %
fouk oSje p jkSærkA III.9.4
ßfcuk oSj ds gh fdlh ds fo#¼ ;q¼ ugha NsMÛuk pkfg,AÞ
y?kqprs k ,slk ijke'kZ nsus dk lkgl djus ds fy;s pkgs lhrk dh fuUnk Hkh
djs]a ijUrq ns[kk tk;ss rks mUgksua s vius dÙkZO; dk ikyu gh fd;kA bl çdkj dk
dke lk/kkj.kr% ge viuh ifRu;ksa dks djus ugha nsr]s tgk¡ [ksn dh ckr gS fd çk;%
os bl ;ksX; ugha gksrhaA thou dk dksbZ {ks= ugha] tgk¡ iRuh dks ijke'kZ dk vf/kdkj
ughaA gesa Hkh Jh jke ds mnkgj.k ls dqN lh[kuk pkfg,A jke dgrs gS]a ßbu lc
ckrksa esa rqEgsa ijke'kZ nsus dk vf/kdkj gS] bl vkRefo'okl ds fy, eSa rqEgkjk vknj
djrk gw¡]Þ vkSj /;ku nsus ;ksX; 'kCnksa esa os vkxs dgrs gSa %

* ns[ksa % iwo± e;k uwueHkhfIlrkfu ikikfu dekZI;lÑRÑrkfuA
r=k;e|kifrrks foikdks nq%[ksu nq%[ka ;nga fo'kkfeAA

III.63.4

38

jkek;.k ds T;ksfr&LrEHk

rhljk v/;k;

39  

vI;ga thfora táka Roka ok lhrs ly{e.kke~A
u rq çfrKka lJqR; czkã.ksH;ks fo'ks"kr%AA III.10.19
ßeSa vius çk.k NksMÛ ldrk gw¡] rqEgkjk vkSj y{e.k dk Hkh ifjR;kx dj
ldrk gw¡A fdUrq viuh çfrKk dks] fo'ks"kr% czkã.kksa ds fy, dh x;h çfrKk dks] eSa
dnkfi ugha rksMÛ ldrkAÞ

;g gS] muds lEiw.kZ thou dk ije vFkZA os vius firk dks iwjh rjg ls
udkjrs gS]a ßeq>s n'kjFk esa firk dk Hkko ugha fn[kk;h nsrkA vc rks Jh jke gh esjs
fy, HkkbZ] j{kd] cU/kqckU/ko rFkk firk gS]a Þ vkSj vkxs dgrs gS]a ßvc esjs ân; esa og
LFkku jke us ys fy;k gS] tks n'kjFk ds fy, gksrk] ;fn mudk vkpj.k leqfpr gksrkAÞ
,d >yd ek= ls gh vki ns[k ldrs gSa fd jke ds çfr vfr'; J¼kHkko
gh y{e.k dk thou Fkk] tcfd jke dk mPpre çse Fkk] ,d vewrZ vkSfpR;A jke
vkSj y{e.k esa fdruk Hkkjh vUrj FkkA
tSlk fd vkidks fofnr gS] y{e.k dks dSd
a ;Z rÙo dk ewr:
Z i ekuk x;k gSA
;gh mudh fo'ks"krk gSA mudh y{eh ^dSd
a ;Z y{eh* Fkh vFkkZr~ ^dSd
a ;Z^ ;k lsok
mudk y{k.k FkkA muds pfj= esa D;k eq[; fo'ks"krk gS\ muesa ,d dqDdqj ds xq.k
gS]a nkl y{e.k dk ln~x.q k gSAa j{kd dh Hkk¡fr] ;fn dksbZ vtuch vk tk;s] vFkok
dksbZ fe= Hkh gks] tks ckgj ls 'k=q lk nh[krk gks] rks pkSdl j{kd dh Hkk¡fr og
HkkSd
a rk gSA og lcdks lUnsg n`f"V ls ns[krk gS] ijUrq ,d fu"Bkoku nkl dh Hkk¡frA
;g gS] dSd
a ;Zo`fÙk& vius pje Hkko es]a iw.kZ leiZ.kA mudh ;s fo'ks"krk;sa vk|ksikUr
ns[kus dks feyrh gSAa dqN ugha] nks ckj tc iapoVh esa lhrk us] jke dh vkns'k ds
foijhr] mUgsa NksMÛdj y{e.k dks jke dh lgk;rk ds fy;s tkus dk vuqjks/k fd;k
vkSj ;fn os ,slk ugha djrs] viuk thou R;kx nsus dh /kedh nh vkSj iqu% tc
v;ks/;k esa jke ds vkns'k ds foijhr] nqokZlk us muds ikl ys tk;ss tkus dh gB dh]
vkSj ,slk u gksus ij lsuk vkSj lc v;ks/;kokfl;ksa lfgr nq£uokj vfHk'kki dh
/kedh nhA tc Hkjr] lsuk rFkk v;ks/;kokfl;ksa lfgr fp=dwV vkrs gS]a rks y{e.k
dks Hkjr dh vksj ls "kM~;=a dh vk'kadk gksrh gS vkSj jke dks e`nHq kko ls mUgsa
QVdkj Hkh yxkuh iMÛrh gSA y{e.k dk;Z dq'kyrk jke vkSj lhrk }kjk vuqçekf.kr
dh xbZ gSA vYiHkkf"krk ,sls pfjr dh fo'ks"krk gSA os ;q¼ ifj"kn esa foHkh"k.k ds
fo"k; esa Lo;a u cksydj lqxhz o dks cksyus nsrs gSAa mUgsa i'pkrki Hkh 'kh?kz gksrk gS]
ckgj ls os Øq¼ vkSj mxz gks ldrs Fks] mUgsa i'pkrki Hkh 'kh?kz gksrk gS viuh Hkwy
Lohdkj djus esa mnkjpsrk gh ugha] cfYd fo'kky&ân; gSAa os fL=;ksa ls nwj gh jgrs
gS]a ijUrq muesa ukjh ukjh tkfr ds çfr xgjk vknj vkSj lEeku dk Hkko gSA ljy
çÏfr gksus ij Hkh ekuuk iMÛxs k fd y{e.k esa vusd çhfrdj xq.k fo|eku Fks]
ftudk òksr Fkk] jke ds çfr mudk vuU; vuqjkxA
mudh ekrk lqfe=k us dgk Fkk] tc y{e.k us jke vkSj lhrk ds lkFk ou ds
fy;s çLFkku fd;k Fkk\
jkea n'kjFka fof) eka fof) tudkRetke~A
v;ks/;keVoha fof) xPN rkr ;Fkklq[ke~AA II.40.9

tks çfrKk dh tk pqdh gS] mls rksMÛuk ugha pkfg,] pkgs fdrus Hkh d"V vkSj
ijh{kk;sa vk;sAa og loksiZ fj gSA ;gk¡ Jh jke dk pfj= leLr ekuork ds fy;s çdk'k
LrEHk dh Hkk¡fr gSA ,slk mYys[k dsoy igyh ckj gh ugha gqvkA ijUrq] ;g Lej.k
;ksX; gS fd geesa ls cgqr ls yksx rHkh rd viuk opu ;kn j[krs gSa] tc rd fd
og gekjs fgr esa gks vkSj LokFkZ flf¼ esa lgk;d gksA fdUrq ,slk dksbZ fojyk gh
gksxk] tks lc dqN yqVkdj Hkh vius ç.k dks j[k ldsA
y{e.k dks gh ns[kks! jke ls fdruh fo"kerk gSA tcfd jke dgrs gS]a ß/keZ
loksiZ fj gS]Þ y{e.k us tc viuk fl¼kUr ?kksf"kr fd;k] os dgrs gS]a ßesjs fy, rks
lc dqN jke ds vUrxZr gSA esjs rks os gh loZLo gS]a eSa u dqN muds ihNs] u gh dqN
ijs ns[krk gw¡A esjs thou dk y{; mudh LohÏfr gS] esjk mís'; gS mudh çlékrkAÞ
jke /keZ vkfn dh ppkZ djrs gSAa y{e.k dks ;g jkl ugha vkrkA ßvkidk fgr]
vkidh le`f¼] cl ;gh dsoy eSa ns[kuk pkgrk gw¡A ;fn vki jkT; dk ifjR;kx
djrs gS]a rks esjh le> ls vki dksbZ vPNh ckr ugha dj jgs gS]a u gh dksbZ mfpr
dk;ZA vkils c<Ûdj D;k dqN vU; gS\ vkidk fgr gh esjs fy;s lc dqN gSA mlds
Åij esjs fy;s dqN vU; ugha]Þ ,slk y{e.k dgrs gSAa
tc lqeU= ykSVdj jktk n'kjFk dks ;g o`ÙkkUr lqukrs gSa fd fdl çdkj os
rhuksa dks ou esa NksMÛ vk, vkSj lEiw.kZ ifjokj ,df=r gksrk gS] lqeU= ls ;g ç'u
iwNk tkrk gS] ßjke] y{e.k vkSj lhrk us D;k dgk\Þ os lc mudk lUns'k lquus ds
fy;s mRlqd FksA jke us dgk] ßesjh ek¡ lnk vius /keZ dk ikyu djs] esjs firk ds
çfr lEeku iwod
Z vkpj.k djs] dSd;s h ds çfr lkSgknZi.w kZ Hkkouk cjrs] jktk vFkkZr~
Hkjr ds çfr dÙkZO; fclkjsAÞ ijUrq y{e.k us D;k dgk Fkk\ tcfd jke dk lUns'k
f'k"V 'kCnksa esa Fkk] y{e.k us mudk vuqlj.k ugha fd;kA os vius o`¼ firk ls
dgrs gSa %
vleh{; lekjC/ka fo:) cqf)yk?kokr~A
tuf;";fr laØks'ka jk?koL; fooklue~AA II.58.30
ßvkidk jke dks fu"dkflr djuk iw.kZr;k =qfViw.kZ] ewyHkwr :i ls =qfViw.kZ
rFkk fuUnuh; gSA eSa bldh HkRZLuk djrk gw¡AÞ
vga rkoUegkjkts fir`Roa uksiy{k;sA
Hkkzrk HkrkZ p cU/kq'o firk p ee jk?ko%AA II.58.31

] y{e.d lqUnj i. 41   ßjke rqEgkjs firk gS]a lhrk rqEgkjh ek¡ gS]a ou v. gks x.k ds vkpj.ksa esa feyrh gS] ftuds }kjk lhrk us v'kksd&okfVdk esa guqeku ls y{e.ks/.d fofp= mnkgj.k d:¡] eSa la{ksi esa crkuk pkgw¡xk fd fdl çdkj bUæftr dk vUr gqvkA bl pwj dj nsus okys la?k"kZ ij] tks rhu fnu rd vuojr pyrk jgk] eSa vf/kd u Bg:¡xkA os cMÛs tÛkjs &'kksj ls . cMÛs ½f"k muds fouk'k dks jko.Z .ksfa d y{e.k dks jke ds vkns'k dk /.k (Jh jke ds ikyu esa nÙkfpÙk jgus ls) muds fy.kpkfj.g gS fd tSls firk th }kjk gekjs cpiu esa cMÛ&s cMÛs dke lEiék gq.kA ml ij jke us ÏrKrk vkSj çse Hkjs mn~xkj çdV fd.kpuk ds :i esa ns[k ldrs gS]a tc mUgksuas s ej. mYys[kuh.kZ .k gks (.q¼ dh nwljh çeq[k yMÛkbZ FkhA ^jkek.kstukuqlkj fo".= dgha ugha feyrkA blh çdkj dh Hkkoukvksa dh iqf"V gesa mu okD.27-29 .k % . mUgksua s ç{ksi.ogkj ds fy.féfeÙka rs ifj"o³~xks e. gesa jke ls feyrk gS] tc y{e.] tc lqfe=k dkS'kY. ou esa firk dk LFkku xzg.k ds T.kr gS] vxLR.k Fkk vkSj y{e.k djrs gq.kkL= dks viuk fouk'kd dk.kpuk dh vfHkO. vkàku fd.k ds çfr dBksj opuksa dk ç.g dguk dfBu gS] fdlds çgkj vf/kd l'kDr FksA tc laxkz e pyrs&pyrs dkQÛh le.k ds o/k ls Hkh vf/kd egRoiw.Ur lPpk vkSj fu"diV Fkk] dnkfpr~~ gh blls vPNk dksbZ vkSj <ax gks ldsA nwljk lk{.ka rnkA vfrfLuX/ka p xk<a p opua psneczohr~AA çhrks·fLe rs egRdeZ Ro.kq us vius vkidks pkjksa iq=ksa esa foHkDr fd.kZu fd.g NksVs HkkbZ ds çfr fofp= dFku gS)A esjs fy.g rks dkO.qr .ksx fd.kRed dYiuk gS)A eSa rqEgkjs esa og lc dqN ikrk gw¡] tks firk th esa ik ldrk Fkk] .k ds çfr jke dks firk ds leku vkSj lhrk dks ekrk ds leku ekuus dk vkns'k vuko'.sA vkuUn Hkjh meax esa os y{e.k Ñr%AA HkkoKsu ÑrKsu /keZKu s p y{e.gk¡ gesa fir` Hkko ds foi.k] y{e. Fks] mlh çdkj y{e.ks .d&nwljs ij eqDdksa dk çgkj djrs jgsA .g n'kkZ.k. ckgqH.kA blls iwoZ fd eSa y{e.kZ mfDr gS] ßtkvks] bl çdkj rqEgsa lq[k&'kkfUr çkIr gksxhAÞ .s firk ds leku vkSj eSa ek¡ ds leku jgh gw¡AÞ ge bl dFku dks ml ?kVuk ds çfr lhrk dh {kek.k us Hkh cMÛ&s cMÛs dke djds firk th dh Hkwfedk fuHkkbZA y{ke.gk¡ vkSj vkxs Hkh] 'kksd ds le..k] ^tfg*] ^ekj Mkyks*A jke ds uke] . çk. % fir`o}rZrs jkes ekr`oUeka lekpju~AA fç.fn y{e.ku vk. ij jke ds vkuUn dk fooj.k x.k ds çfr vius O.k ns[kus dks feyrk gSA jke dgrs gSa] ßtc firk n'kjFk LoxZ fl/kkjs] rks mUgksaus eq>s . vkSj vU.k dk vkfyaxu djrs gSa vkSj dgrs gSa % lqlaâ"V% ifj"oT.k ds çfr jke ds Lusg çn'kZu dk ..k ds lacU/k esa lhrk dk lk{.60-61 lhrk us guqeku dks crk.'k&dh£Ùk vkSj 'kkS.k gSA bUæftr lagkj ds ckn jke y{e.k%A V.Dr fd.40 jkek.k Ñrfena çHkksA çns. vkSj laxkz e esa vt.k {kek.ks± dh ç'kalk djrs gq.k^ dh çcU/k .g dsoy .k dh fot.k ds o/k ij Hkh ugha gqvkA jke vkSj foHkh"k.s bu 'kCnksa }kjk O.k us .q¼ lEiw.% gks tkrk FkkA y{e.A bl ?kVuk ls fo'o Hkj esa g"kksYZ ykl dh ygj Hkh nkSMÛ xbZA brus vkuUn dk çn'kZu jko.ka y{e.&Z ijkØe dk Lej.kklék ekjhp ds udÛyh vkØks'k dks lqudj vkRela.koh 'kfDr }kjk vn`'.d egku jk{kl dk uk'k djuk FkkA fo'o ds vR.sd HkkbZ dks vdsys .k ds pfj= dk lqUnj o.kA Ro.k gS fd çR.k djuk] .k gSAa tc ge vktdy ds ifjçs{.63 ß.k fd.k us y{e.k esjs ifr ds ikl gksrs gS]a rks os vius e`r firk dks Hkh Hkwy tkrs gSa D.fDr ns[krs gS]a rks ge ikrs gSa fd y{e.d vU. firk dk LFkku ys ysrs gSAa Þ iapoVh vkJe n`'.k] ßvc rd jke muds fy. esa çpfyr lk/kkj.ksfa d mudk çfr:i .ksa esa ls lcls vf/kd cyoku bUæftr FkkA tSlk fd mÙkj dkaM ds igys lxZ esa o£.d FkkA nsf[k.k dks lkURouk nsrh gS] le>nkjh vkSj vkn'kks± esa cMÛh jkuh dh rqyuk esa ofj"Brk çn£'kr djrh gSA oLrqr% lqfe=k dk y{e.k ds dk.k x.ZeuqLejsrA~ A V.slk ugha NksMÛk] ftldk lHkh dqN [kks x.k FkkA .s k /kekZRek u laor ` % firk eeAA III. ds vfrfjDr y{e.k }kjk jke ds fy.k f?klh&fiVh ÏrKrk .k lhrk dk [ksn çn'kZu vR.k ds }kjk o/k ls os Hkh fofLer gks x.kZ ekurs FksA D.d vfHkyk"kk Hkjh vk'kkiw.kka rnk ohjks u rq eka osn y{e.a n`"V~ok jk?koks uSo o`Ùkek.ksfr&LrEHk rhljk v/. mnkgj.38.Z.kZdVq hj dk iapoVh esa fuekZ.k dks bUæftr dks vfHkHkwr djus esa mudh Hkqtk ij xgjk fo'okl çdV fd.e [kks fn.g rks dsoy dfo okYehfd dh dYiuk gh gS] ftldk tksMÛ vU.Z djus ds fy.k iq=.38. dk .gk¡ gSAÞ rkRi.ksfa d og viuh ek.fn os vkt thfor gksrs (.k gS]a tgk¡ rqEgkjk tUe gqvk] tkvks çlék jgksAÞ .5. mudk vkfyaxu djrs gSa vkSj nqykjrs gSAa bUæthr .k] tks bl çfl¼ 'yksd esa mn~/k`r gS % .ek.d bPNk ek= gh ugha] çR. os ejs ugha] thfor gSa D.

% laLi`'.k us rc jke dks ^nk'kjFkh^ dg dj cqyk.6.sxa s D.k j. mÙkjh. muds 'kjhj ij gkFk Qsjus yxs vkSj bl çdkj ç'kked opu cksy]s ßvkt bl nqjkRek 'k=q dk o/k gksus ls eSa fot.k FkkA fu'p.kE. gh os muds lkeus >sia rs FksA lqxhz o dks bl ckr dk irk FkkA y{e.kks ckgq% l fg rL.MysA uwijq s RofHktkukfe fuR.Z ds fy.k ds T.k muds opuksa dk vuqeksnu fdl çdkj djrs gS]a .qDrS'p çlknf.lU/k^ ds uke ls iqdkjkA 'kj fQj Hkh u pyk D. Lusgh HkkbZ dks ân.k vR.ka okD. viuh ç'kalk lqudj yTtk vuqHko dj jgs Fks] fdUrq Jh jke us mUgsa [khapdj xksn esa ys fy.k] ijUrq 'kj (ck.k caxykSj esa .ksfa d rkMÛdk o/k ds lUnHkZ esa muds vkpj.k[.ekule~A rr% deyi=k{ka æ{.kA vc vk/ks ls vf/kd dk.k] ns[kks vPNh çdkj ls bu oL=ksa vkSj vkHkw"k.9-12. oL= vkSj vkHkw"k.Ur ihfMÛr Fks] os yEch&yEch lk¡l ys jgs FksA .kj ls mudk eLrd lw¡?kkA 'kL=ksa ds vk?kkr ls ihfMÛr gq.] jke 'kksdkrqj gksdj cksy]s Þns[kks y{e.k ds yTtk'khy LoHkko dh vksj ladrs fd. fn"Vîk ohj Ro.k .kA muds }kjk fd.s x.gefjanee~AA IV.h 'k=kS grs rfLeu~ nqjkRefuA jko.gk¡ mYys[k d:¡xk] dnkfpr~~ vkiesa ls dqN dks .92. ^ik.kj ls mudh vksj ns[kus yxsA mUgksua s y{e.kA bUæftr dk o/k djds rqeus fu'kkpj jko.kA y{ke.k] y{e.Zoku~AA mios'.k] ftudk 'kjhj jDrflDr Fkk] guqeku vkSj foHkh"k.kr ^vfHkea=.k cMÛh pkrq.14. 43  y{e.A mUgksua s Lo.k lqxhz o us tc jke dks fn[kk.22 .k dk eq[k ckj&ckj b/kj&m/kj ?kqek.ksfa d .ka fLuX/ka iqu% iqu:nS{krAA 'kY.ke~AA VI.{k .koihfMre~A Hkzkrja y{e. reqRl³~xs ifj"oT. nwljk dksbZ u FkkA lquus esa rks .k* 'yksd dh O.jw s ukga tkukfe dq.k[.a iknkfHkoUnukr~AA IV.73 eSua s . ^jkek. Hkw.k vkSj cMÛs I.oa yksdfç.s mudh ljkguk dhA .kikJ.91.k TÛkjk lk Hkh u fgyk D. iq:"k"kZHk%AA v|kga fot..krk ds fo"k.k dk.iZ .Z esa jke ds rqY.35-37 Þtc rqe vius ehBs <ax ls cksyksxh] os Øksf/kr ugha jg ik.qik?kzk.k] fQj Hkh ck. y{e.rqegZflAA Roí'kZufo'kq)kRek u ls dksia dfj".lU/k'p jkeks nk'kfFk.ke~AA Ro.kas rFkk lTtuks!a Lusg bls dgrs gS&a dsoy vc rd bldk cká çn'kZu ugha gqvk FkkA eSua s fL=. vlk/kkj.g O.ksfa d mUgksua s ckfy dks çR.k* dFkkokpd ls lquh FkhA eSa mlh dk .kL.k] ckj&ckj mUgsa ns[kus ij Hkh ugha v?kkrs FksA y{e.42 jkek.frA u fg L=h"kq egkReku% DofpRdqoZfUr nk:. O.k jke dh vçlékrk Hkjh /kedh nh] rc lqxzho us rkjk dks mUgsa igys 'kkUr djus dks dgk % vFkok Lo.l^ ls gqvk FkkA vUrr% mUgksua s dgk] ÞikS#"ks pkçfr}U}%ß vkSj tSls gh muds .ksfa d . u`'kalL.gk¡ dfo jke dks y{e.ksAA fNéks fg nf{k.d ^/kekZRek* ds :i esa vkàku fd.d ckj cMÛs Øks/k eas Hkjs mlds egy ij igq¡pAs lqxhz o dh dfYir pwd ds dkj.adj bUæftr dk vUr gks x.ksfa d egku O.33.ek'okL.k) ugha pyk D.Z rks lEiék gks x.h gks x.ZfnA ikS:"ks pkçfr}U}% 'kjSua tfg jkof. oh.kksa dksA . esa dqN 'kadk gks ldrh FkhA rRi'pkr~ mUgksua s jke dks ^lR.ke~A jkeLrq nq%[klarIrLrnk fu%'oflrks Hk`'ke~AA ewÆ/u pSueqikozk.k lkURoS:iØkUra çlésfUæ.k vius 'kjhj ds dkj.d fo}ku .k] D..ka dhfrZo/kZue~A yTtekua cykRLusgkn³~dekjksI.w kZ yxrh gS] fdUrq iqu£opkj djus ij bl ij fo'okl ugha gksrkA tc bUæftr /kjk'kk.k dh nkfguh Hkqtk gh dkV MkyhA ogh mldk lcls cMÛk lgkjk FkkA vc rks og dgha Hkh ugha jgkAÞ nsfo.s loZFkk oSls gh yx jgs gS]a tSls fd lhrk ds 'kjhj ij yxrs FksAß y{e.k fd Hk.k fdlh L=h ls Øwjrk ls is'k ugha vkrsA tc rd rqe mUgas vius 'kgnHkjs 'kCnksa ls ugha thr ysrha] rc rd eSa mUgas ugha feyw¡xkAÞ ½".k dh /keZijk. Fkk fd 'kfDr vkSj 'kkS.esou S a æ"VqegZfl HkkfefuA opuS% lkURo.ksfa d mudk tUe .ksfr&LrEHk  /kekZRek lR.s gq.k ds çfr çse çn'kZu dh xEHkhjrk .d nh?kZ lk¡l yhA Jh jke us iqu% mudk yykV lw¡?kk vkSj ihMÛk nwj djus ds fy.g lcdks fofnr gSA ukga tkukfe ds.g dksey gjh ?kkl ij fxjs gksxa s D.d fnO.fDrx.k dh lgk.rk ls jke ds lEeq[k igq¡pAs jke dk vfHkoknu djds lEekuiwod Z muds fudV [kMÛs gksdj #drh&#drh vkokTÛk esa mUgksua s crk.d ckj bl ç[.h gks x. ls yxkdj cMÛs I.g ns[kdj jke cMÛs nq%[kh gq.s opu fudys] oSls gh ck..q¼ esa vkeus&lkeus gksdj ekjus dk opu ugha fuHkk.ksa ds lkeus y{e.%A VI.k.kZu djrk gSA l ra f'kjL.g fu£ookn lR.ewd ioZr ij ls tkrh gqb]Z lhrk }kjk fxjk.laihfMra 'kLra fu%'olUra rq y{e.k mMÛk vkSj mlls bUæftr ds flj dks mMÛk fn.15 rhljk v/.k ml le.oa xgurk dk o.a Hkh .k us loZçFke jke dk .g ekywe gh gks y{e. p Roju~A mokp y{e.

k tkuk pkfg.k ds opuksa }kjk 'kadkyq turk dks çlék djus ds fy.ksa ds d"V dqN Hkh ughaA fQj Hkh ge nqHkkZX.e Hkqyokdj mudks vfHkHkwr dj ysrk FkkA .k çpqjrk esa fo|eku FkkA dfo us ^'kDr%* fo'ks"k.kksa esa ls .g vuqjks/k lqudj vokd~ gks tkrs gSAa .21.k vkSj vkxs Hkh dj ldrs gS\a ß eSa bl nnZ Hkjs çlax dks lekIr djrk gw¡A bl yksd esa d"V vkSj nq%[kksa dk lkeuk djuk egku .kafs d eSua s lnSo muds pj.kRekvksa dk fo'ks"k lkSHkkX.fDr. ½rqdky dk mYya?ku djds xHkZorh gks pqdh gw¡A esjh vksj ns[kks] esjs Hkhrj jke ds ç.fn esjs pfj= ij vk{ksi yxk.ksfr&LrEHk 44  ÞeSa rks doy dqNd s gh igpkurk gw¡] D.sls voljksa ij dfo muls .g xq.ku esa eSua s vkidks 45 .Z o`fÙk ls ifjiw..g vaxTsz Ûkh dh lkekU.ksfa d eSua s viuh n`f"V mBkdj dHkh Hkh mudk psgjk ugha ns[kkA eSa muds cktwÛcUn vkSj d.k x.k ugha j[k ikrs FksA rc mudh cspuS h] O.qDRok rka ueL—R.gh Hkkouk Fkh fd nsoj y{e.s x.& tks fn[kkbZ rks ns]a ijUrq lqukbZ ugha nsA bl fu.k ds T.qDr gS] fdUrq v{kj'k% ugha fy.s y{e. iMÛus ij os cMÛh vkstfLouh ok.] mudh rFkk muds ifr Jh jke dh bPNkvksa dh ifjiw£r djrs vkSj lkFk gh lkFk .k gSA .d gSA .k[.i'khZ lqUnj mÙkj nsrs gSa % n`"Viwo± u rs #ia iknkS n`"VkS roku/ksAA dFke= fg i'.slk çrhr gksrk gS fd .k[.k .d vaxj{kd ds lHkh dÙkZO. esa .kksa ds n'kZu fd.xzrk] vFkok mudk Øks/k vkRela. ds çek.22 Þfu"iki ifrozr!s eSua s igys Hkh vkidk lEiw.kksa dks ç.fDr ls gh dh fiNys O.e dk ikyu mu O.kZu Lo.k.s ml dBksj vkns'k dh Hkud iMÛrh gSA lhrk y{e.k.g og 'kCn [kaM gS] ftldh vksj eSa vkidk /. ek| xPN Roe`rdkykfrofruhe~A VII.] ftudks nwljksa dh lsok esa gkfTÛkj jguk iMÛrk gSA y{e.kdkjksa ds vuqlkj dSd a .kZ :i ls le£ir FksA dSls os cMÛs 'kkUrHkko ls NksVh&NksVh ckrksa dk Hkh /.kZQwyksa dks ugha igpkurk] D.oa iq.ksa }kjk vo'.ksx fd.kZu fd.k muds çfr iw.k gksxkA .kZ :i dHkh ugha ns[kk] dsoy vkids pj.61 tks o`¼ xq#tuksa dh lsok esa layXu jgus okys gS]a tks Jh y{eh .k Fkk fd lqUnj dkaM ds 38osa lxZ ds dqN 'yksdksa esa lhrk us y{e. 38.s jke ds muds fo#¼ fn.slk çrhr gksrk gS fd lhrk ds eu esa Hkh . gSAa fQj vkt Jh jke jfgr bl ou esa eSa vkidh vksj dSls ns[k ldrk gw¡] ftUgkaus s vki ij lUnsg fd.k gSA lEHkor% vkiesa ls dqN us rks bUgsa [kkst fy.k.kh esa lUrqyu .k dkQÛh gn rd mi.k jfgrka ousA bR.k vkSj vk'kk gSAa Þ ek£ed osnuk ijk vlhe osnuk dk çgkj gqvkA y{e.a=.k esa .% cMÛs okpky Hkh gksrs gSAa ..kh esa yxkrkj cksy ldrs FksA mudk LoHkko Fkk] tc volj ugha gksrk] os ekSu jgrsA fdUrq dHkh&dHkh ifjfLFkfro'k os vius Hkkoksa ij fu.d le£ir lsod ds xq.d lsod dks ifjokj dh fL=.kpuk djrh gSa fd os mUgsa vPNh çdkj ls ns[k ysa vkSj muds xHkZorh gksus dk lk{kh cusAa fujh{.k crk. fd.k ds pfj= dk lVhd o.slh ckrs dgyokrk gS] ftldh vis{kk dsoy çk.48.ksa ds vFkok cPpksa ds leku gksuk pkfg. >qd dj gh ns[kk gSAa vr% eSa rks dsoy uwijq dks gh igpkurk gw¡Aß mÙkj dkaM ds ml n`'.kfe jkes.ku j[krs gq.ku vkd£"kr djuk pkgw¡xkA ok.g fooj. dh TÛkjk lh pksV ij nSo dks cqjk Hkyk dgus yxrs gSa vkSj vkØks'k djus yxrs gSAa ””” 45 pkSFkk v/.fn ugha] rks eSa dgrk gw¡ fd vHkh nsj ugha gqbZ gSA vkt eSa mlh va'k ds v/kZ'yksd ls okrkZ dk vkjEHk djrk gw¡A o`)ksilsoh y{ehoku~ 'kDrks u cgq Hkkf"krkAA V.% ekSu jgus okys O.ksa dk ikyu djus esa dq'ky Hkh FksA vkSj .kke djrs le.k ls .jkek. gSA os bu nq%[k Hkksxksd a k o. D.kZ] 'kfDr'kkyh rFkk vfHkyk"kh gS]a tks vYiHkk"kh gS& ^u cgqHkkf"krkA* .k tkuk pkfg. mfDr 'strong but silent man' (vFkkZr~ vkstLoh] fdUrq ekSu) dk ewy çLrqr djrk gSA vktdy rks 'kfDreku yksx çk.k] rks rqEgsa lk{kh gksuk iMÛxs kA vkt rqe Hkh eq>s ns[k tkvksA eSa bl le.k dk Hkh ç.19 ÞHkfo".a dHkh ugha djrsA mudh rqyuk esa ge tSls {kqæ euq".g ân. iquukZoeqi:ge~AA VII.k dqN O.ksfa d le. y{e.48.kx djus ds fy.  pkSFkk v/. esa tc jke lhrk dks ifjR.k dks dfo ds vkJe ds lehi NksMÛus dh vkKk nsrs gS]a lhrk dks igyh ckj y{e.

g lc ugha le>rkA .k dks vfHkHkwr dj fy. dk Kku [kks cSBs gSa vkSj .slk yxrk fd mu ij dksbZ ladV vkus okyk gS] rks mudh j{kkRed deZ.k opu rksMÛus nw¡A .kstu dfo ds .A vkSj .'k rFkk naM ls cpkuk gS] tks ijyksd esa opuHkax nks"k ds fy.ksa u gks]a pkgs rqEgkjs xq# gh D.ks/.kZdk.k] ftlds os oS/k vf/kdkjh Fks\ eq>s dksbZ vkifÙk ugha gSA o`¼ iq#"k dHkh&dHkh ew[kks± ds ln`'k vkpj..d lezkV ds fy.fn os .f/kd laons u'khy Fks] fo'ks"kdj muds fgr] .k ds chp okrkZyki 'kq: ugha gqvkA ij fQj ml vHkkfxu ek¡ dh n. 78.21.s] tks okLro esa dsoy vkidh gh gSA .g nqcy Z rk ds vfrfjDr vkSj dqN ugha gSA .k tkuk pkfg.fn .g fn[kk. vkSj vU.ksx jke dh mifLFkfr esa] dkS'kY. FkkAÞ ftu 'yksdksa dks eSaus igys i<Ûk gS] mudk ç.k us bl fo"k.d 'kCn Hkh u cksyAs fdUrq tc lc dqN fuf'pr gks x.xk fd og jke ds fuokZlu ds fy.48)] tgk¡ bls Hkh"e dks vius xq# ij'kqjke ls fookn djrs le. #ds jgsA tc rd fd jke vkSj mudh ekrk dk dkS'kY.gk¡ y{e.k tk.ku.kx dj bUgsa canh cuk ysuk pkfg.kZ jktk o'ka xr%AA II.g vkidks ladV esa Q¡lk nsxk vkSj rc ge ikrs gSa jke ds HkkbZ gksdj Hkh y{e.g çfl¼ 'yksd dgyokrk gS % xqjksjI.rk dh dksbZ lhek ugha jgrhA v.k l nq"Vks .g ç[.U= jp jgs gSAa os dgrs gS]a ßbu nksuksa ds chp dksbZ lk¡B&xk¡B gks pqdh gSA og o`¼ iq#"k Åij ls . cksyuk iMÛkA . fn.g fo"k.uh. 21.± Hkofr 'kklue~Aß dksbZ Hkh vFkZ buesa ls ysa rkRi.k us cw<Ûs firk ds LosPNkpkj dks ugha jksdk] .21.k.k. ij . dk.gh Hkko vkxs Hkh dfo blh dkaM esa 'k=q?u ls Hkh dgyokrs gSAa y{e. dk.k lpeqp ladsr nsrs gSa fd n'kjFk vkSj dSds.sls fl¼karksa dk çfriknu gesa pfdr djrk gSA y{e.kke D.rka c/. tc rd jktk n'kjFk vkSj mudh fç.k.s naM ds vfrfjDr vkSj mik.kSA mRiFka . fgrfePNfrA lokZusrku~ of/k". firk th dks vi.k gks ldrk gSA gekjs firk th dks dqN le.ksx djokrk gSA 'k=q?u bl çdkj djrs gS]a ßD..s vfuPNqd gS] ijUrq og .Z gSA bl çdkj vkKk dk ikyu djuk esjs fy. dSlk vuqHko dj jgk gw¡AÞ .g o`¼ iq#"k ukjh ds o'khHkwr gksdj dqekxZ ij vk:<Û gks pqds Fks] rc U.A muds fy.d xÛyr ekxZ dk vuqlj.ksx{kse ds çfr vR.d vuwBis u dh vksj funs'Z k djuk gSA dfo okYehfd esa vkSfpR.% pqipki jgrs gS]a tc foQjrs gS]a rks cqjh rjg QwV iMÛrs gSAa y{e.d gks tkrk gS fd mudks LorU=rk ds vf/kdkj ls of´pr dj nsuk pkfg.slk lkspk] rks 'k=q?u us Hkh .gk¡ gesa .k vkSj os ekSu u jg lds] os QwV iMÛAs . dh fo'ks"k le> gSA fcYdqy .ksx{kse ds çfr vf/kd lrdZ FksA y{e.k ekrk&firk dh vkKk dk ikyu djuk iki gS\ nwljh vksj] .kdÙkZO. gSAÞ rRi'pkr~ os /keZ dh uSfrdrk vkjEHk dj nsrs gSAa vc y{e.13 dqN yksx bl 'yksd dk vfUre prqFkk±'k bl çdkj i<Ûrs gS]a Þvk.s udZokl djuk iMÛxs k] .slk gh lkspk D.ksx djrs gSAa jke mUgsa le>k dj 'kkUr djrs gSa vkSj muls pqi gksus dk vuqjks/k djrs gSAa os dgrs gS]a ßfoosd ls dke yks] le>us dh dksf'k'k djks] eSa rks dsoy firk dh vkKk dk ikyu dj jgk gw¡A D.qr esjk y{. ugha gSA .s. 47  çksRlkfgrks·.kr 'yksd ^egkHkkjr* esa ç. ds fy.Z . blls c<Ûdj yTtkLin D.fn os dÙkZO.k ds T.k djrs gS]a mUgsa Lora= ugha NksMÛk tk ldrkAÞ iwoeZ os rq fuxzká% leos{.± Hkofr 'kklue~AA II.g vko'. u.fn vfuok. n'kk us y{e. jkuh dSd.ksfa d nksuksa HkkbZ brus vf/kd leku FksA dfo 'k=q?u ls yxHkx leku 'kCnksa dk ç.h feydj dksbZ "kM~.46 jkek.k vkØked :i /kkj.s h ds chp fooknkLin cuk jgk] rc rd y{e. Hkqxruh iMÛrk gSA opuiw£r esa fdlh çdkj dh pwd] .fn eSa mUgsa viuk fn.gk¡ rks esjk ç.k dks volj fey tkrk gS] os Hkh /keZ ds çfr fuUnkRed mn~xkj m¡My s us yxrs gSAa dgrs gS]a ßeSa .12 .ksa esjs HkkbZ y{e.k }kjk .Zetkur%A mRiFka çfriéL..g ugha ns[kk tkrk fd vkidks ml oLrq ls of´pr fd.k ds le{k] y{e.qorh viuk ncko mu ij cuk.s j[ksxhA ijUrq ge bl Nn~e&ladYi dks fu"Qy dj nsxa As .k dks tc .k djrs gSa] rks vko'.rsAA II.ks okL.k dkaM esa tc jke ds ouokl ds ç'u ij lksp fopkj gks jgk Fkk] .k] os Øks/k ls tyrs gq. djuk esjs fy.k djrs gSAa os dgrs gS]a ßvki ugha tkurha] eSa bl le.g gS % pkgs rqEgkjs firk gh D.a dSds¸.Z gqvk] rks mUgsa ekjus ls Hkh ladksp ugha djsxsa As Þ dfo y{e.rkefiAA II.k dgrs gS]a ÞeSa 'kfDreku gw¡A eq>ls .k vius HkkbZ rFkk HkkHkh ds çfr vR.k x. vkSipkfjdrk Hkj ugha] çR.d Fkk\ D.k ls .k .f/kd laons u'khy Fks] fo'ks"kdj muds fgr] .Llek#<ks uk.k dj dBksj 'kCnksa dk ç.ksfr&LrEHk  tk ldrh gSA tks çk.ksa ug gks]a .kFk i{.11 Þvki tSls uez vkSj e`nHq kk"kh dk rks ckjackj frjLdkj gksrk jgsxkA eSa Hkjr dk vkSj tks Hkh Hkjr dk i{k ysxk] mu lcdk o/k dj Mkyw¡xkAß pkSFkk v/.fn u% firkA vfe=Hkwrks fu%l³~xa o/.ofyIrL.d cMÛs iq.fn firk th gekjs 'k=q cu jgs gS]a rks gesa Hkh eksg&eerk R.kfe e`nqÆg ifjHkw.k gksrk gSAÞ HkjrL.4 ßtc .ksa ugha jke dks jkT. ij fopkj djds mUgsa igys gh cUnh cuk fy. dk dk.qDr gqvk gS (m|ksxioZ] 178.g rks .g esjk /.slk eSa ugha gksus nw¡xkA fuf'pr gh eSa mUgsa ijyksd esa Hkh fujkin vkSj lqjf{kr ns[kuk pkgrk gw¡A bl ckr dks vPNh rjg le> yks] .d okrkZyki feyrk gS] ftlesa y{e.ks ok .fn Hkjr vkids ekxZ esa ck/kk Mkyrs gS]a rks os vkSj muds i{k/kj ns[ksxa s fd ifj.

k fd os D.k djus tkrs gS]a ijUrq mudk ân.k! lc dqN 'kkUr Hkko ls Lohdkj dj yksAÞ ugha] ugha] y{e..s gS\a .fr dk gS& ^nSoL.s fdl ij vkØe.slk djus dk le.fDr ds leku dgk] ßeSa D.ksa dk lkeuk djuk iMÛk gksxkA jke us .adj vj.rk gS fd jke vuqfpr dj jgs gSAa vc Hkh os .k dj mls ekjuk gSA uke crkb.s cyoku Hkqtk fdlfy.ksX. fNék ugha gqvkA os dgrs gS]a ß.su /kuq"kk pSo nÙksu"s Vsu rs 'kisAA II.slk djus okys gksxa ]s eSa muls igys .k d:¡\ .a ok . Hkh fgalk djus ds fy.af=r Øks/kksUekn ds ckotwn Hkh y{e.] eq>s vkids fy.k Hk.kh esa cksys % rnsuka fol`tkuk.kkZ{kjksa esa vafdr djus .k± {k=/kekZfJrka efre~A /keZekJ.s jke dks fdruh dfBukb.slk uewuk gS] tks okLrfod thou esa fojys gh ns[kus dks] dnkfpr~~ dFkk&dgkuh esa Hkh] dHkh ns[kus dks feysA fQj jke vius gh <ax ls cMÛh ls cMÛh lkSE.a olq/kk o'ks HkosÙkFkSo eka 'kkf/k rokfLe fdadj%AA II. s ekxrk }S/ka ro cqf)eZghirsA l fg /keksZ ee }s". lpeqp rRij gksrs gq..sls /keZ dk rks eSa ?kksj fojks/k djrk gw¡AÞ TÛkjk lksfp.17 dSlh mPp dksfV dh Hkkouk.gk¡ fo'ks"kdj .d .Fkk ros.Z ugha djsaxAs tc jke vkSj lhrk ds chp dkQÛh dgk&lquh ds i'pkr~ .k dks lc 'kL= .a en~cfq )juqxE. dks ysdj vU.11.sls HkkX.ku vkd£"kr djuk pkgrk gw¡A vius vfu.d vge~ fcUnq gS] ftldh vksj eSa vkidk /.12 ßfirk ds ftu opuksa dks /keZ ekudj] ftl ifjdYiuk esa vki Mwcs gq.k dks fcYdqy lek/kku ugha feyk] mudk la'k. fudy pqdkA os fcuk vkKk ds dksbZ . fo/kkrk gSAa .16 ßnsfo! eSa lR.d rjQÛ j[kus ds fy.fn jke% ços{.gh lksprs gS]a cy ls lc dqN çkIr fd.s fo'kky LdU/k fdlfy.k ds T.k dks jkl ugha vkb±A muds fopkj esa bl çdkj ds mins'k vle.fUrd lEekuh.. 49   vuqjDrks·fLe Hkkosu Hkzkrja nsfo rÙor%A lR.frA çfo"Va r= eka nsoh Roa iwoeZ o/kkj.] cksfy.21.21. eqáflAA II.k esa j[kus ds fy.ku vkd£"kr djuk pkgrk gw¡A jke mrus gh {kf=. gSA ßblfy.gk¡ . /keZ* ij /. esA ukfljkcU/kukFkkZ.kk ugha NksMÛxas As mudh vc Hkh ekU.rka roklqâRçk.'kLlqâTtuS%A .g nks"k o`¼ firk dk . fd. yks] dBksjrk NksMÛk]s esjs fopkjksa ds vuqlkj pyksAÞ blh vk'k.slk dk.k vFkok fcuk mÙkstuk ds dkj.ksa dh eukso`fÙk.k [kksus ij Hkh HkkbZ dh LohÏfr fcuk os dksbZ dÛne ugha c<Ûk.44 . ds v/khu gSAa y{e.k Åij ls rks ekSu /kkj..d fucZy gh] .] bu nksuksa Hkkb.d lk/kkj.23.k tkuk pkfg.g fl¼kUr rks fucZyrk dk gSA .q¼ djuk gS] fdlh mÙkstuk ds dkj. ysrk gSA ge gh vius HkkX.k us Hkh fu'p.s lc ckrsa y{e.48 jkek.su.oa iw.k vkidh cqf¼ esa nqfo/kk mRiék gks xbZ gS] eSa mls /keZ ugha ekurkA .23.k jke dh vuqefr fcuk] fgalk ds fy.% çla³~xk|L.k ij fd ikjLifjd fopkjksa esa vUrj gksrs gq. 21. dj fy.] Lo.k djsxa As mUgksua s igys ls gh vius eu esa fu'p.AA II. gS]a ftlds dkj.A fdUrq . eqæk dk vuqjk/k djrs gSAa y{e.g fuf'pr gqvk fd lhrk Hkh jke ds lkFk ou dks tk. vkKk nhft.kZ :i ls ifjfpr FksA os e`noq k. 'yksd vkxs dgrs gSAa fdUrq .d ew[kZ gh HkkX.ksa dk tks /keZ gS& lnk . ds v/khu gksus ds fufeÙk\ .kjh djus tk jgk gw¡AÞ os HkkbZ ds çfr vuqjDr gksus dh 'kiFk [kkrs gSAa ckj&ckj 'kiFk ysrs gSAa oLrqr% D. gS\ . tUe ij xoZ gSAa fQj Hkh jke dgrs gSa fd {kf=.kk. ij f/kDdkj gSAÞ u 'kksHkkFkkZfoekS ckgw u /kuqHkZ"w k.k.s rhj vkSj deku fdlfy.k dks fu.a=. esa tkdj vius thou dks lekIr djuk pkgsxa ]s rks ek¡] eSa fo'okl fnykrk gw¡] tSls gh os .kx djks] /keZ dk vkJ. u 'kjk% LrEHkgsro%AA II.a dks o'k esa j[kus esa vleFkZ gw¡A crkb.A fdUrq fdruh l'kDr& *nhIrefXuA^ . ifjorZu ugha gksrkA mudh /kkj.kT. gS]a ftrus y{e.kk viuh gh /kkj. dk lkeuk dj ldk gS\ ge rqe vkSj lc HkkX. gSA y{e.rk ls mudks 'kkUr dj nsrs gSAa os y{e.k ckr gS] ftldh iqf"V os bruh TÛkksjnkj vkSj cgqe[q kh 'kiFkksa ds }kjk djrs gS\a nhIrefXuej. Hkh os vius ekxZ ij pyus esa vleFkZ Fks] tc rd mudh LohÏfr u gksA .k.kk gS] os viuh /kkj.ksfpr FksA .rke~AA II.k fo.] /kuq"k] nku rFkk .fn jke vfXu esa dwn dj .g nks"k fu. ek rS{k.k O. dk vkJ. gS\a D. dsoy {kk=/keZ dk voyEcu djus okyh vksNh cqf¼ dk R. vfuPNqd FksA os jke dh vuqefr dh çrh{kk djrs gSAa v/khj] Øq¼] {kqC/k vkSj vkRefu.s!a fdruh çpaM lqUnj Hkkouk! vkR.kZ leiZ.d 'kCn ^{kf=.K vkfn dh 'kiFk [kkdj dgrk gw¡ fd esjk vius HkkbZ Jh jke esa gk£nd vuqjkx gSAÞ ugha gS] u gh ml L=h dk gSA . /keZ R.qT.k HkkX. deZ* dkSu vkt rd HkkX.g J¼k .! eSa Lo.kA mUgsa vius xkfjeke.k Fkk fd os Hkh jke ds lkFk pysxa As os dgrs gS]a ßeSa Hkh lkFk pyus dh rS.a=.23.31 iqu% os vius HkkbZ ls fuosnu djrs gS]a ßcksfy.slk dj yw¡xkA eSa vfXu esa dwn pqdk gksÅ¡xk] mUgsa esjs ckn gh vkuk gksxkAß jke vius HkkbZ ds LoHkko ls iw.ksfr&LrEHk pkSFkk v/.41 . euk ysrs gSa vkSj lkSE.sxa As bruh furkUr gS] mudh fuHkZjrk jke ij] bruk pje vf/kdkj gS] jke dk y{e.ksa esa fdruk oS"kE.k Hkh] bl çdkj dj {kf=.AÞ czohfg dks·|So e.sxs h] rc y{e.k dk .

L.kZ thou dk vkjEHk fd.s dku lrdZ FksA os dgrs gS]a ßBhd gS] eSa lhrk }kjk laj{k.k n'kk esa HkkbZ dks lkURouk nsus ds fy.33 ßHkjr vkSj 'k=q?u eq>s çk.31. esa Hkh ml dÙkZO.k djkuk gS] vFkkZr~ .ÙkjkS eeAA II. mtkxj djuk gSA fdl çdkj jke ?kksj ladVksa ds le.Mr%AA .k Hkjr'k=q?ukS çk. çozkftrs ohj xqjks'p opus fLFkrsA j{klkiârk Hkk.L.41 . Fkk] tc dSd.ksfr&LrEHk pkSFkk v/. ds iFk ls ftldks os loksPZ p le>rs Fks] dksbZ mUgsa ys'k ek= Hkh gVk ugha . og fujFkZd gh tku iMÛrk gSAÞ .kFkkZLrL.gk¡ esjk vk'k.L.s ifr&iRuh esa okn&fookn gqvk FkkA Hkzkr`i= q lekS pkfi æ"VO.L.ksa jksdrs gS\a Þ okLro esa ^jkek.k Øks/k ls Hkjs gq.36 ßohj! vki firk dh vkKk ikyu djus ds fy.k ml le.drk gSA .ksa ds ny&ny esa Q¡lk fy.k FkkA jke us dqN dgk Fkk] ftldks y{e.k us dbZ 'yksdksa esa dgk gS] ftudks okYehfd us viuh Js"Bre 'kSyh esa çLrqr fd.k FkkA vo'.kksa ls Hkh fç.ks u 'kDuksfr =krq /keksZ fujFkZd%AA VI. ckU/kok%A .kZr. esa vkxs .slh ckr ugha fd .kFkkZ% l p cqfÛ)eku~A .g gS] os cMÛh Li"V Hkk"kk esa /keZ ds fl¼kUr ds çfr viuk fojks/k O.fDr. tkrs gSa vkSj .k vkSj tc guqeku us bl nq% [kn ?kVuk dh tkudkjh jke dks nh] os ew£Nr gks x.83.% gSA vc D.e~A vuFksHZ .kFkkZ% l egkHkkxks .sA lR.k Fkk] D.kZ çk.L.kFkkZ% l p foØkUrks .s muds us= vkSj lquus ds fy.g gqvk fd jke eq>s Hkh ou vius&vius lkFk ys tk.50 jkek. 51   os dgrs gS]a ßeSa Hkh vkids lkFk tkÅ¡xkAÞ jke dgrs gS]a ßrqe esjs lkFk ugha tkvksx]s rqEgkjk .Ru djuk okaPNuh.g dsoy vkdfLed ckr ugha FkkA bl dkO.s çfl¼ gks x.7 ßvkius rks igys ls gh eq>s vkidk vuqlj.kFkkZ% l iqek¡Yyksds .kS% fç. ds ikyu ij rks MVs jgks] ij viuh çk.k ckr!Þ Rof.k dk .a dks ?kksj foifÙk esa Mkyk gSAÞ y{e.3.s dFku iw.gh dqN y{e. ou esa pys vk.g gS % 'kqHks oReZfu fr"BUra Rokek.slk 'yksd ugha] ftlesa iwokZKk dk dksbZ Li"V ladsr gksA dsoy y{e.k gSAÞ fQj os /keZ vkSj vFkZ dk Hksn fn[kykrs gS]a vFkZ dh ljkguk djrs gS]a ß^vFkZ* gh ds fy.kx fd.k rhu va'k <¡<w fudkysA muesa ls .k us /keZ ds vkn'kZ dh cMÛh fuank dhA dnkfpr~~ vkidks . Fks] ysfdu ns[kus ds fy.k ysus okys O. gSAa vr% eSa rqedks mudh ns[kjs[k ds fy. dsoy mldks Lej.FkkFkZ :i tkuuk dfBu gSA dqN 'kks/k ds i'pkr~ Vhdkdkjksa us nks .gh ckj&ckj cksyrs jgsA rc y{e.Z foftrsfUæ.L.ke~AA II.kFkkZ% l xq.k bl lxZ ds vf/kdka'k Hkkx esa cksyrs gSAa vthc ckr rks .Ur Lusg'khy ns[kjs[k dh vko'.kksa ls Hkh c<Ûdj fç.k .k dh çÏfr ds vlaxr gSA Vhdkdkj pkgs .k x..A os viuh Hkkoukvksa ij fu. gS]a rFkkfi .k ds fy.83. vius dÙkZO. y{e.Dr djrs gS]a ßtc geus bl d"Viw.k gSA bl lUnHkZ ds rhu .14 ßvki lnk 'kqHk ekxZ ij fLFkj jgus okys ftrsfUæ.kkf/kd%AA VI.k u mldk ifj. eSua s ugha dgk Fkk fd /keZ dk <dkslyk fujFkZd gS\ vc ns[k fy. iRuh dks jk{klksa ds gkFk esa NksMÛ nksA gqbZ u cf<Û.35.s h dk çHkqRo c<Û pqdk gSA o`¼ firk dk dksbZ LFkku ugha jgkA esjh ek¡ vkSj rqEgkjh ek¡ dks vR.k ds LoHkko dk oS"kE.g rF.ksa esa 'kkfey ugha gw¡A mldk rkRi.Z .k ds T.g 'kfDr vkSj vFkZ dks egÙo nsus okyk fl¼kUr y{e.kS% fç.k muds leuq:i gSA tks ckr eSua s igys dgh Fkh] . dk fuokZg djrs gq.k Fkk] .L. gSAa çFke .slk dgs]a fdUrq .kFkkZ% l p if. gh vki eq>s lkFk ys tkuk pkgrs Fks] vr% ys pfy.g vkidk fujFkZd /keZ vkidks vuFkks± ls cpkus esa loZFkk vleFkZ gSA blfy. vki eq>s D. y{e.k* esa dksbZ .slk mUgksua s lhrk ls dgk FkkA ml le. esjk rhljk uke ugha fy.kFkkZLr".kS p fo'ks"kr%A Ro.gk¡ Bgj dj mudh lsok djks]Þ jke .d gSA rqEgsa .a dks bu foifÙk.sa vkSj os inkFkZ tks gekjs gh gS]a budks çkIr djuk pkfg.26.d xEHkhj çlax vkrk gS] tc bUæftr }kjk guqeku ds lEeq[k lhrk dh udÛyh çfrek dk guu fd.% mn~?k`r fd.k us jke ds eq[k ls fudys dqN 'kCnksa dks [khapdj bPNktfur vFkZ yxk. gSA ykSfdd ykHk] lqfo/kk.ge~A fdfenkuha iqufjna fØ.sxas As Þ os dgrs gS]a ßvkius lhrk }kjk laj{k.gk¡ loksiZ fj dfo dk vk'k.a=.k [kks cSBs vkSj çyki djus yxs] ßpyks] vc ykSV pys]a vc rks lc dqN lekIrçk.gk¡ esjh ekrk vkSj viuh ekrk dh ns[kHkky djuh gSA egy ds gkypky ns[kuk TÛk:jh gSA dSd. çfrikfnr fd.s h ds dgus ij vkius lkezkT.s NksMÛuk pkgrk gw¡]Þ . ugha gSA tks fl¼kUr iwoZ esa mUgksua s 'kfDreku iq#"kksa ds fy.slk #[Ûk dqN fofp= yxrk gS] ijUrq .k muds lEeq[k iyV dj mÙkj nsrs gSa % vuqKkr'p Hkork iwoeZ os .k djuk 'ks"k gS\Þ bl d#.rs es fuokj. dk ifjR.k pkj 'yksd çk. gS] ftldks i<Ûuk pkgw¡xkA lhrk dks ?kj ij jgus ds fy.kA mu 'kCnksa dk .AÞ y{e. jke vkSj y{e.nLe.k us rksMÛ ejksMÛ dj vius i{k esa fy.g ckr cMÛh vViVh yxh gksxh] fdUrq . fe=kf..gk¡ jguk vko'.A vkius cMÛh Hkwy dh] xÛyr ekxZ dk vuqlj.d mYys[kuh. .k djus dh vkKk ns gh j[kh gSA fQj bl le.k.kke! /keZ fl¼kUr dk fu"Bkiwod Z ikyu djrs&djrs] firk dh vkKk dk ikyu djrs&djrs vkius Lo.rjk roAA VI.k djds vkius Lo.L.

s h ds chp dksbZ nqjfHklfU/k gks xbZ gSA TÛkjk . dh bPNk j[krk gS] mls ns nksA^ og rqjUr gh mls rqedks gLrkUrfjr dj nsxkAÞ os vius Hkjr dks vPNh çdkj tkurs FksA y{e.k ds dksidkj.kr 'osr N= rks fn[kkbZ ugha nsrk] TÛkjk ns[kks]Þ vkSj fQj /khjs ls os y{e.k ds LoHkko ls .k dh lsuk Hkjr ds usr`Ro esa vk jgh gS FkhA os o`{k ls fcuk mrjs gh fpYyk mBs] ß.Dr djrs gSa fd lsuk ds lkFk dnkfpr~~ muds o`¼ firk th Hkh vk.g pkgrk gS fd ge pkSng o"kZ ckn Hkh mls d"V nsus v.ksa esa ls .ks/. Hkh] tSlk ge dg ldrs gS]a ml fl¼kUr ds f'k[kj ij igq¡pus esa vleFkZ jgsA vc eSa y{e. .d vU.k dks mrkjrs gSAa os tkurs gSa fd firkth muesa ugha gS]a fdUrq lUrIr HkkbZ dk eu j[kus ds fy.s rS..96. O.k fd os muds fgrksa dh j{kk djrs&djrs lrdZrk dh lhek dk mYya?ku dj x.] leaf=] yxHkx leLr v.q¼ Hkwfe ij mrjs] eSa tkurk gw¡ fd eq>s D.s vkxzg djus vk.ksfr&LrEHk pkSFkk v/.ks/.k yfTtr gks tkrs gS]a i'pkÙkki ls vfHkHkwr gksdj os uhps mrj vkrs gSa vkSj vfuPNk ls HkkbZ ds ik'oZ esa [kMÛs gks tkrs gSAa nch vkokTÛk esa dgrs gS]a ßD.k rqe jkT.k gSAa y{e.sA ftl LFkku ij nksuksa HkkbZ Fks] ogk¡ ls .kj gq. esa fopkj djs]a tks mUgsa çsfjr djrk Fkk] rks ge ns[krs gSa fd mudk tks lUnsg Fkk] og .s nks xq. mudk mRlqdrk ls vuqeksnu djrs gSAa jke dgrs gS]a ßvk'p.k ds T.k dk mYys[k djrk gw¡] ftldk ladrs igys fn.fn ge muds mRÏ"V ds fo"k.k vki le>rs gSa fd gekjs firk th Hkh ogk¡ gS\ Ïi.sAa .k lkezkT.Z ugha .rk lqLi"V >ydrh gS] eSa .Ur eeZLi'khZ! bl ckr dk . lqjf{kr djus ds fy.ksa gqvk] blls mUgsa dksbZ eryc ughaA mudh vk'kadk ds ihNs dksbZ fo'ks"k fopkj u FkkA mudh rks bPNk dsoy Fkh fd jke ds fgrksa dks fdlh çdkj dh {kfr u igq¡pAs . Hkh cu tkrs gSaA .slk lUnsg ugha Fkk fd mls nq"Vrk vFkok yTtkLin vukpkj dh Js.k] ^vk'kqdksi%* vkSj ^vk'kqrks"k%*] lkFk gh lkFk pyrs gSAa tYnh gh dqfir gksuk vkSj tYnh gh 'kkUr gks tkuk lTtu ds y{k.d rqPN lUnsg ugha FkkA mudk lUnsg .fDr.d /kwy dk ckny fn[kkbZ fn.d Fks] tks vR.s] Hkjr dk fp=dwV lekxe çlax! os fdl çdkj llSU.k dk çn'kZu gqvk gS vFkkZr~ jks"k ds foLQksV ds rqjUr ckn mnkjrkA .Ur Hkkoqd gksrs gS]a tks tYnh gh mÙksftr gks ldrs gSaA vc .k us Åij p<Û dj .s] y{e.k Hkjr dh ç'kalk djus yxs] ßrqe Hkjr dks fcYdqy ugha le>rsA D.d TÛkjk lh Hkh muds vuFkZ dh 'kadk ls os fdlh ij lUnsg djus ls ugha pwdrs FksA mUgsa lUnsg D.ks/.sls mn~xkjksa dh vis{kk dh tk ldrh gS! jke mudh çÏfr dks HkyhHkk¡fr tkurs FksA os muls cksy]s ßHkkbZ! bruh tYnckTÛkh u djksA Hkjr ds bjkns ukikd ugha gS] eSa fo'okl fnykrk gw¡A og esjs fgrS"kh ds :i esa jkT.kokfl.k u ykSVAs og .o esA HkjrL. gksAa Jh jke mudh i'pkÙkkih eu%fLFkfr ns[krs gq. 53   ldrk FkkA nwljh vksj] bl dFkk esa y{e.k tk pqdk gS] mUgsa lUnsg Fkk fd muds firk vkSj dSd.25.fDr dh .gk¡ vk jgk gS og] vkidk ykMÛyk HkkbZA og gesa .s mldh ek¡] mlds leLr çfrik{kh yksxksa vkSj cU/kq&ckU/koksa dks Hkh ugha NksMÛ¡wxkAß y{e.ku nsus dh ckr gS] muesa ifjorZu fdrus lgtHkko ls gqvk gSA vR.s os dgrs gS]a ßeSa ugha lksprk fd os ogk¡ gSA ij eq>s vk'p.dfu"B Fks] .kfe lkuqcU/kka lckU/koke~AA II.k ds .k dh fo'kky ân. s h jkT.kZ çlax ij vkrk gw¡] tgk¡ Hkh y{e. ysus ds fy.! Øks/kkos'k esa os fdrus Hkkofoày gks x.efjohZj Hkjrks o/. ykSVus dk vkxzg djus vk.d volj dk mYys[k djus ds ckn tgk¡ y{e.g lEHko gSA mudk gkFkh rks fn[kkbZ ns jgk gS vkSj ?kksMÛs Hkh ijUrq mudk fo[.k tk pqdk gS] fdUrq vc eSa mldks ç/kkurk nsuk tk jgk gw¡A os mu mPp dksfV ds O.] os y{e.k ds bl LokHkkfod xq.g ns[kdj fd y{e.kfe jk?koAA II.Z Hkh ugha gksxk] .k irk djsAa Þ /.g dke rks cMÛk lgt gS] cl dgus Hkj dh nsj gSA cl] eq>s rks dsoy bruk gh dguk iMÛxs k] *Hkjr! .s bPNqd gks\ .d mnkj] .k.23 ßeSa gekjs HkkbZ dks ekjs Mkyus esa dqN Hkh vuqfpr ugha ekurkAÞ .k] tSlk fd eSa igys crk pqdk gw¡] vius HkkbZ dks ladV dh lEHkkouk ls Hkh vk'kafdr gks tkrs FksA dksbZ Hkh muds lUnsg ds ?ksjs esa vk ldrk FkkA tSlk fd igys crk.k vius HkkbZ jke ds fgrksa dh LokehHkDr 'oku ds leku] ftudh j{kk djus esa os brus .gk¡ vkdj gedks ekjuk pkgrk gSA fdUrq] blls iwoZ fd og .k djuk gS]Þ os QwV iMÛrs gSAa laçkIrks·.ksa lfgr jke dks vius jkT.k i'. gS]a ÞeSa Hkjr dks ekj Mkyw¡xkA vkidk Hkfo". fd v.k gSA y{e.dkeqdkAA e. ykSVkus ds fy.s dSd s .glkl gksus ij fd os loZFkk Hkzfer Fks vius vki ij yfTtr gq. ykSVkus ds bjkns ls vk jgk gSA 'kkUr gks tkvksAÞ jke rdZ dks vkxs c<Ûkrs gSAa .sRlqn%q [kkrkZ gfLrHkXufeo nqee~A dSd s s.52 jkek.gk¡ ouokl esa Hkh 'kkfUriwod Z ugha jgus nsxkA oLrqr% vc og .26 TÛkjk nsf[k.k in esa nwljs ntsZ ij gksrs gq.rfLefégrs —RLukeuq'kkf/k olqa/kjke~A v| iq=a gra la[.d fo'kky ân.sAs tSls fd jke us ladrs fd.d lsuk dks vkrs ns[kkA mudks tk¡pus esa TÛkjk Hkh dfBukbZ ugha gqbAZ os ifgpku x.ha p of/k".96.d nwljs brus gh egRoiw.g y{e.kn dfj. vfHkyk"kk O.k ij mudh ckr dk dqN çHkko iMÛk vkSj os uhps mrjus ds fy.kA jke us vius HkkbZ ls isMÛ ij p<Û dj ns[kus dks dgk fd og D. o/ks nks"k ukga i'.A os vkxs c<Ûrs gq. fo'ks"k xq.kh esa j[kk tk.fn firk th eq>s jkT.fn os gksAa Þ .g iDdh fu'kkuh gSA tks lgt gh #"V gks tkrs gS]a ijUrq lkFk gh lkFk 'kh?kz gh BaMs Hkh gks ldrs gSAa rRi'pkr~ os mnkj gh ugha] cfYd fo'kky ân.

q}kj ls ckfy .slk djuk Hkh vkaf'kd :i ls y{e.ksa dh x.k ls dgk Fkk] ß. çkIr djkuk pkfg. nsuk gksxkAÞ igys jke dh vksj ls lUns'k cuk.k dks vkns'k fn.kA dnkfpr~~ bl çlax dk Lej.k frjLdkj ds çdksi ds :i esa çdV gksrk gSA .k us ml in dks ugha Lohdkj fd.54 jkek. rqEgas gLrkUrfjr dj ns vkSj mls .fn lpeqp rqEgsa jkT. ds fy.k dfo ds fy.Z dk fo"k.s fr"B lqxhz o ek okfyiFkeUoxk%AA IV.k djrs gq. dgkA os Øks/k ls vkx& ccwyk gks pqds FksA mUgksua s y{e.qDr fd.Z/keZ esa ck/kk vk ldrh gS] vkSj mudh :g dh y{eh dSd a .ksa ugha crkrs\ eSa Hkjr ls dgw¡xk fd jkT. ls tkus ds fy.d çdkj ls lR.k gS fd lqxhz o dks ekj dj vkSj vaxn dks .qÙkj vo'.k us gk¡ rks dj yh] ysfdu os jke dh eekZfUrd O.Zy{eh Fkh] vkSj dksbZ vU.qojkt cukus dk ç'u lkeus vk. 55   Jh jke us dqN fouksn esa gh y{e.s bPNk j[kksx]s rks Hkjr ys'kek= Hkh fojks/k u djsxa As .rek iRuh ds fo.o] mUgksua s fu'p.k dgus dks dgk Fkk\ eSa .sls çlax ij vkrk gw¡] ftlesa mudk .a ls iwN jgs gS]a ßeq>s D.qÙkj dh Ük`[a kyk dks vius ekul esa latks.31.g dguk % u p ladfq pr% iUFkk . cu tkrk gSA og dgrk gS % 'kØck.kkluç[.k dks .ksxe~A ijUrq Jh jke ds lc rjg ls le>us vkSj fu. y{eh ugha] mUgksua s n`<Ûrkiwod Z vLohdkj dj fn.kuk dh Fkh] tc lqxhz o dks viuk oknk iwjk djuk FkkA vof/k lekIr gksus ij mUgksua s y{e.30.adj rFkk ioZr&f'k[kj ds leku fo'kky /kuq"k dks gkFk esa ysdj J`axlfgr eUnjkpy ds leku tku iMÛrs FksAÞ y{e.g çlax lqxhz o ds egy dk gSA viuh fç.kA bl çdkj] vUrr%] fu.slk djus esa {k.q¼ lekfIr mijkUr tc jke dk vfHk"ksd gqvk] rc .g dg jgs Fks] ßjke us eq>ls D.k vkxs c<Ûus yxs] Øks/k esa yEcs&yEcs Mx Hkjus yxsA mudh fouk'kd 'kfDr dh fdlh u fdlh çdkj iw£Ùk gksuh FkhA dHkh b/kj ls] dHkh m/kj ls o`{kksa dh Mkfy. dh vfHkyk"kk gS] rks eq>s D.k yks] yksAÞ lokZReuk ijkZuquh.kZ djksA .glkl gqvkA . ijEijk ls vçR. fd.d . fd eqdVq /kkj.nk u lkSfef=:iSfr .a /kuq% dkykUrdksiee~A çx`á fxfjÜk`a³~xkHka eUnj% lkuqekfuoAA IV.g ekurs gq. os bUæ&/kuq"k ds leku rstLoh] dky vkSj vkUrd ds leku Hk.kHkj Hkh ugha yxsxkAÞ tks ckr dHkh jke us g¡lh esa dgh Fkh] dkykUrj esa .31.k] fQj mldk mÙkj] fQj çR.11 ßml le.k dks nsus dk çLrko lkekU.qojkt cuksAÞ Hkjr nksuksa Hkkb.k ij viuh vçlékrk ls mls voxr djkus ds mís'.k] ßlqxhz o ds ikl tkvks vkSj esjh vksj ls mlls .kSojkT.k djkuk iMÛkA çrhr gksrk gS fd os .Fkk ns[kdj brus dqfir gks x.k.fDr mÙkj esa dqN dgsxk] mls çR.o] jke cksy]s ßHkkbZ y{e.ogkfjd :i esa Hkh pkSng o"kZ jkT.93 y{e.13 .d mÙkstu'khy O.k] bu 'kCnksa dks v{kj'k% er yksA eSa Øks/k esa dqN dBksj 'kCn cksy x. dgk Fkk] og 'kh?kz Hkwy x.k¡ rksMÛdj mUgsa VqdMÛ&s VqdMÛs dj nsrAs FkksMÛh&FkksMÛh nsj esa fdlh l[Ûr pêku ij iSj j[k dj mls pwj&pwj dj nsrAs blh <ax ls os vkxs c<Ûrs x.A y{e.ekuks·fi p . gqbAZ .] .k ls dgk] ßrqe .g mnkjrk dk xq.g dgw¡xkA rc og O.s Hkh [kqyk gSA dksbZ Hkh mls can ugha dj ldrkA og rqEgkjh çrh{kk dj jgk gS] viuh çfrKk iw..81 ftl e`R.s tkus ij Hkh tc y{e.kA dnkfpr~~ y{e.Hkkj laHkky pqds FksA .qojkt&in ij vfHkf"kDr fd.s os pyrs pysA dkeØks/kleqRFksu Hkzkrq% dksikfXuuk o`r%A çHk´tu bokçhr% ç.kLrnkAA IV.qÙkj dk Øe pyrk jgkA bl mÙkj çR.g yks D.A vkSj os ogk¡ tkrs gSA .fFkr Jh jke us cMÛs /.k dks .k ds T.kuiwod Z frfFk. Lej.Ur Øq¼ gSAa vr.kA rqe lqxhz o ds ikl tkdj bl çdkj dh ckrsa u dguk] /khjs ls cksyuk] f'k"Vkpkj cjruk] lc dke cMÛs <ax ls djukAÞ y{e.ksx ds 'kksd ls O.s] Hkjr ckj&ckj dgrs gS]a ßBhd gS] y{e.ekuks .qÙkjA mÙkj vkSj çR.k dh çÏfr esa mnkrk dh ikjnf'kZrk ds çlax ds i'pkr~ vc eSa .k djus ls muds dSd a .k] og rqEgkjs fy.k] rc Jh jke us Hkjr dks .kf'kr FkkA jke dk .fn rqeus vius opu dk fuokZg ugha fd.fn rqe jkT.g lksp dj fd .qojkt in Hkjr ls ysdj y{e.f"k¥pn~Hkjra egkRekAA IV.gk¡ dfo Hkh viuh fouksn o`fÙk çn£'kr djrk gSA jks"k.fDr dks mÙksftr djuk cMÛk Hkkjh Hkwy gSAa vr.131.s fd.k gSA ekuks bl fLFkfr dh iqf"V djus ds fy.qojkt cuk dj mudk y{.k] rks rqEgsa vius HkkbZ dk vuqlj.ksa esa dqN ?kaVs vk.slk djuk mfpr gh gksxk] Jh jke us y{e.g fn[kkus ds fy.ksfr&LrEHk pkSFkk v/.k rqEgsa bPNk gS\Þ vc volj vk.k dqN dguk gS\Þ viuk lUrqyu [kksdj ckj&ckj vius dks Lej.k rqe ys yks] ys yks] Ïi.k dks lqxhz o ds ikl] vius çfr lqxhz o ds vkpj.k djuk iMÛsxkAÞ bu 'kCnksa dks lqudj y{e.. Fks fd tks dqN jke us lqxhz o dks 'kkUr djus ds fy. viuh ys[ku dyk ds lkSUn.k Fkk fd og dsoy ifjgkl ugha FkkA ß.su okyh grks xr%A le.k Fkk] ijUrq .eiqj Hkstk x.kS y{e.q esa cMÛs FksA blds vfrfjDr O.qT.k Øks/k ls QwV iMÛrs gS]a os dgrs gS]a ßeSa tkdj lcdks lekIr djrk gw¡AÞ rc jke dks viuh xÛyrh dk .k dks Hkh og n`'.s rrks·H.qDr y{e.A vrho v/khj gks] b/kj&m/kj flj fgyk&fgyk dj ekuks Lo.slk yxk fd muds HkkbZ vR.

kZ Kkrk Fkk] fd fdl le.k esa fu.k us lqxhz o dks nks"kh ekuus esa dqN 'kh/kzrk dh gSA lqxhz o us rks fu/kkZfjr le.sa O.A vUrr% mudk O.k¡ dj ldrs gS]a vr.ks\a Þ bl ij y{e.19 .slk ugha] ftlls dHkh dksbZ vijk/k gksrk gh ughaAÞ fdruk lqUnj Hkko! bl çdkj dk Hkko lcds vks"Bksa ij ugha] vfirq çR.s"Ba Roka p okujlÙkeAA IV.k gksxk] tSlk fd eSua s igys dgk Fkk] lqxhz o lrdZ Fkk vkSj mlus y{e. y{e. ls os 'kkUr gks x.sAÞ igys rks y{e.k vkSj Hkh Øq¼ FksA vUrr% rkjk vkxs c<Ûh] y{e.slk dgk] y{e.] mUgksua s viuk flj uhps dj fy.s rqe tSlk fe= feyk gSA esjs Øks/k dk dkj.k lgA lkURo.k lqxhz o ds çfr çlék ugha FksA os mlh voLFkk esa ok.ksxh cu pqds gksA nsorkvksa dh bPNk lsa gh gesa nh?kZdky ds fy.k vUr%iqj esa ços'k djus ds fy.g çfl¼ mfDr dh] ftldk çfriknu Lo.d tks Jh jke dh dkeuk Fkh vkSj lqxhz o dh vlko/kkuh ds dkj.frA bl lalkj esa dksbZ Hkh .k egkRekA vok³~e[ q kks·HkwUeuqtUs æiq=%L=hlaféd"kkZf}fuo`Ùkdksi%AA IV.fDr dkSu lk tho gS] tks dksbZ vuqfpr ckr gksus ij mlds nks"k dks ns[k lds vkSj mfpr opu cksy lds\Þ Lo.a y{e. lEeku D.fn mls vijk/k ekuk tk.s] vUnj i/kkfj.kZgj.k us .A ge] tks çk.kdÆ'kre~AA IV.k cksyuk pkfg.kk ds ik= gSAa tc lqxhz o us .ogkj dqN dBksj gqvkA rc y{e.k dh Hkh Øks/kkfXu HkMÛd mBhA ml Øks/kkfXu ls f?kjs gq.36.k vkxs c<ÛAs dwftra uwijk.k gks ldrk gS] D.k cysu pA lgk.36.s mPp Hkkouk.q ds leku osx ls pysA vkidks Lej. Hkksx esa yhu gksxkA fdUrq rkjk vuqjks/k djus yxh] ßijokg ugha] vki rks gekjs HkkbZ ds leku gS]a vkb.ksfa d ogk¡ efgyk.k j[kuk pkfg.k gsrq mlus . 57   lhrk dh [kkstfo"k. Øks/k vk x.Zokgh dj nh FkhA rkjk us lkgl cVksjk vkSj dgus yxh] ßlquks] lquks] okujksa ds vkus dk dksykgy lqukbZ ns jgk gSA bruh mÙkstuk D.ks nSorSnZÙkf'pjk.g çekf.36.e [kks cSBkA eq>s {kek dj nksAÞ fda rq 'kh?kzferks ohj fu"Øke Roa e..kA l rka leh{jkSo gjh'kiRuha rL'kkoqnklhur.A rkjk ds e/kqj oDrO.kkZ. gfjiqaxoAA IV.k dks Øks/k 'kkUr djus ds fy.kksa vkSj uqijw ksa dh [kud vk jgh FkhA lqfe=kdqekj yfTtr gks x.sa ?kVhA çklkn ds j{kd okuj dqN VkyeVksy djus yxs] y{e.fn dksbZ f'k"Vkpkj dk iw.k }kjk fdlh dks jkeds lehi LFkku fn.kr dj fn.18 ßijkØe vkSj cy esa Hkh rqe esjs HkkbZ ds cjkcj gksA rqe gekjs lg.A L=h ds lehi gksus ls mudk Øks/k nwj gks x.k y{e.Ur O.&lhek ls iwoZ gh viuh fo'kky lsuk dks .df=r djus ds fufeÙk vko'.slk ugha ftlls xÛyrh u gksrh gksA geesa ls Js"B tu Hkh xÛyfr. rkjk dks Hkstk FkkA y{e.k Fkk fd jke vkSj y{e.L.slk .ksfr&LrEHk pkSFkk v/.39 dfo fu"d"kZ fudkyrs gSa % okuj jkt dh iRuh rkjk ij n`f"V iMÛrs gh y{e.k dks Hkh .] rks og Jh jke gh FksA lqxhz o ls vkxs dgrs gSa % ln`'k'pkfl jkeL.kh esa vius vijk/k (.ksfa d lalkj esa .sd ds ân.kA vc mudk dksi mrj x.sa Hkh gks ldrh FkhaA lqxhz o Hkh fo"k. dk .k mlesa ck/kk iMÛus ls mUgsa Øks/k gqvk Fkk] mu nksuksa ds dkj.k viuk eq¡g uhpk djds mnklhu Hkko ls [kMÛs gks x.s tkus ls c<Ûdj vU.ks Hkkf"krqegZfrA otZf.kh ls mUgsa vkd£"kr dj fy.fFkr ns[kkA blfy.a lhrk us Hkh ckn esa fd.k vkSj la.k] lqgkous okrkoj. foØes.ksfa d eSua s vius HkkbZ dks vR.k ds T.kfrA IV.d dk.ks\a bruk jks"k D.k ls os dkQÛh çlék gks x.a Roa Hkk. ds vfUre pj.k % u df'kpékijk/.33.% nwljksa ij Øks/k djrs gS]a nwljksa dh =qfV.56 jkek.ksa rqEgkjs çfr dBksj opu cksyAs D.k rks le> x. dks çHkkfor djus ds mís'.sZ dks·U. fi?ky x.ogkj bl çdkj jgkA rkjk us vius oDrO.s] tks fd okLro esa og ugha Fkk) ds U.36.glkl gqvk fd lpeqp esa mUgksua s dqN tYnckTÛkh dhA rc os lqxhz o ls cksy]s tks vc rd lpsr gks pqdk Fkk rFkk cMÛh leqfpr ok.wuhdj. vkSj D.sAÞ rkjk ds dgus ij y{e.k.k dks vkus ds i'pkr~ ckgj dqN nsj çrh{kk djuh iMÛhA bl chp dqN ?kVuk.k vkSj n`f"V Åij ugha mBkbZA ijUrq rkjk us cMÛh dksey ok.slk rhljk O.Fkksfpr ikyu djus tk jgk Fkk] djus ds fy.d :i esa mUgsa .kka p dk´phuka fuuna rFkkA ls fu'kE. ls dgrh gS] ßi/kkfj. gksxa ]s eSua s D.k dk ân.s dqN 'ks"k ugha NksMÛk Fkk] jke vkSj y{e. esa gksuk pkfg.A u df'pékijk/.o] vkSj d#.Lo o.ksa dh laxfr u dh FkhA ogk¡ vusdksa efgykvksa ds lewg Fks] muds vkHkw"k.s vfuPNqd Fks D.kA lqxhz o us n`<Ûrkiwod Z dgk fd og vius dÙkZO. rr% Jheku~ lkSfef=yZfTtrks·Hkor~AA IV.Dr dha % nks"kK% lfr lkeF.33.11 ßdksbZ .k dk mlds çfr O.ksa ij v/khj gks mBrs gS]a gesa Lej.k ds ân.25 mUgksua s dHkh Hkh ukfj.Rok ee T.17 ßesjs HkkbZ jke vkSj rqEgkjs vfrfjDr bl yksd esa .

kpuk dh vki le> ldrs gSa fd .k ds i{k esa lQÛkbZ çLrqr djrs gq.fn og L=h vkRegR.g fooj.slk dqN djus gh okyh FkhaA os . FksA tc mudk vkns'k gksrk] rks mldk ikyu djuk vo'.k] mlus . ls ys'kek= Hkh u fgyk ldk] lhrk us dgk % le{ka ro lkSfe=s çk.Ru fd.k os HkkbZ ds vkns'k dk ikyu djsa vFkok vfUre {k.k[.ksa dks Hkh dfBukb.%A III.sas vkSj ml ijs'kku L=h dk thou cpk. eq>s {kek djksAÞ .d .drk gksrh gSA ço`fÙko'k tkus&vutkus ge nwljksa dks Bsl rks igq¡pk nsrs gS]a fdUrq {kek ek¡xus esa Hkkjh ladksp gksrk gSA .k tkurs Fks fd tSlk os dg jgh gS]a oSlk gh dj Hkh ldrh gSAa os .k dh /kedh ns jgh FkhA vr% y{e.% dfBukb.kpuk dj ysrs gSAa y{e.k vis{kk FkhA HkkbZ ls os fdlh çdkj dh vuqdEik dh vk'kk ugha dj ldrs Fks] u gh mUgksua s bldh .gk¡ ls fgyuk ughaAÞ oLrqr% y{e.k ds T.k eSa mUgsa cpk ldrk gw¡\ vki fcYdqy fpark u djsAa eSa .k dks yxk fd muds fy.k Fkk] ßlko/kku jguk] . dh n`f"V ls] tc rd dj ldrk Fkk] mlus mldk fuokZg fd. rS.26 ÞrqEgkjs le{k gh fuLlUnsg eSa çk..k dh /kedh nsdj mUgsa gVus ij foo'k dj ns] rks D.k ls vR.g iki blls dqN de gS\a vPNk] eSa tkrk gw¡AÞ pys tkus ij tc mUgksua s .k us lpeqp {kek .fn mUgsa dksbZ ladV mifLFkr gksus okyk gS] rks D. i'pkr~ tc ekjhp jke dh cksyh dh udy dj fpYyk.s u la'k.k mUgsa dksbZ ladV =Lr dj ldrk gS\ mUgsa gks D.Fkk os okujksa dh fo'kky lsuk ds usrk dSls gks ldrs Fks] .k vuq'kklu f ç.ksa ds chp ls xqTÛkjrk gS] vkSj tks vkKkdkfjrk dk ewÙkZ :i gS] mls Hkh dfBu ifjfLFkfr.ksa dk lkeuk djuk iMÛrk gS vkSj .k esa ml vkns'k dks Hkqykdj pys tk.k muds fdadj Fks vkSj LoSfPNd fdadj dh gSfl.A vPNk eSa tkrk gw¡] rqEgkjk ejuk eSa ugha ns[k ldrkA rqeus eq>s ck/.kZr.kx djrs ns[ks\a D.k us Hkh mudks vkSj L=h tkfr dks dkslk vkSj mudh HkRlZuk dhA ßrqe fL=.kA ijUrq . FksA vU.rk dh vko'.r ls dHkh&dHkh mUgsa cMÛh dfBu vkKkvksa dk ikyu djuk iMÛrk FkkA nks ckj rks mUgsa cMÛh fodV ifjfLFkfr .k vki dguk pkgsxa s fd os fQj Hkh ogk¡ Bgjs jgrs\Þ dnkfpr~~ ge jke ls bl çdkj lQÛkbZ esa dg ldrs Fks fd jke .Pp 'kksdkfHkHkwrL.kZ :i ls ns[kjs[k djuh gksxh] .sA lhrk dh iw.g ou gS] tksf[keksa vkSj ladVksa ls Hkjiwj iwjh lrdZrk ls pkSdlh j[kukA eSa tk jgk gw¡ ] lhrk dh euksokafNr oLrq ykus ds fy.k] eSa ugha dg ldrk] mudh D.s\a os fof{kIr lh FkhaA lhrk us y{e.k ldrk gS\ .k dks tkdj ns[kus dk vkns'k fn.k] tSls os dqN tkurh gh u Fkh] ßD.58 jkek..ksfr&LrEHk pkSFkk v/.g fn[kkuk pkgw¡xk fd jke fdrus dBksj vuq'kklu fç.36.nk&dnk ge Hkh {kek.s brus cMÛs vkns'k dh vko'.k vkKkikyu ds ewÙkZ:i Fksµ v{kj'k% vkKk ikyuA dqN ckrsa Li"V djus ds fy.d pquus dkA .slk djuk loZFkk mi.ksa esa Q¡lk nsrk gSA buesa ekuks Jh jke y{e.kpuk djuk vkSj og Hkh brus lqUnj 'kCnksa es]a lqxhz o dh ljkguk dj vius HkkbZ ds led{k cSBkuk] mudh mnkj çÏfr dh ijkdk"Bk gSA vr% .kpuk dhA .k ds fy.d fn'kk esa pykuk dfBu FkkA os iw.k D.ku ds vfUre Hkkx ij vkrk gw¡A dqN le.EHkkoh gksrk FkkA y{e.drk ugha FkhA mudks viuk dÙkZO.k gS] nks fodYiksa ds chp .k dqN ugha dgkA mu nqoZpuksa dks nksgjkuk Hkh d"Vdj gSA og lc dqN dg dj vkSj .slk djus esa fdruh fo'kky ân.kj u FksA y{e.k djrk\ vkius mls vkns'k fn.k vki vius ifr dks ugha tkurha\ D.k çLrqr d:¡xkA .Z vkjEHk gks pqdk gSA mudks nq%[kh ns[kdj gh eSa .s cnuke Fkh vkSj ftldks . 59   ßvc rqe vf/kd foyEc u djksA vc rqe 'kh?kz gh esjs lkFk esjs HkkbZ ds ikl pyksA rqEgkjs fe= viuh&viuh iRuh ds vigj.kj u FkhaA vkidks rks ekywe gS] mUgksaus D.kkaLr.d vR.Ur nq%[kh gSAa pydj ns[kks] os fdl voLFkk esa gS]a mUgsa lkURouk nks vkSj crkvks lc dqN rS.slh fLFkfr esa foo'k y{e. esa og lc dqN dgus dk ç.gk¡ vkidh lqj{kk ds fy.adj fodYi gS] vius HkkbZ dh vkKk dk mYya?kuA vU.d Hk.d {k=k.k dj ldrs Fks\ y{e.adj gS fd rqe esjs lkeus vkRegR.g ns[kdj fd lcls dVq&dVq nks"kkjksi.{.d euq".Ur mnkj O.45.kx dj nw¡xhAß .k fodYi 'ks"k Fkk\ D. ckr pje lhek ij igq¡p pqdh gSA muds fy.ksa ls rks Hkxoku cpk.kj gS] dk.s D.kA os gVus ds fy.s fd ge lcdk thou dfBukb.k dks dfBu ijh{kk esa Mkyrs çrhr gksrs gSAa Lo.k dj yksA Bhd gS] eSa tkrk gw¡A .kh ohjkaxuk FkhaA og vkRegR. fd.fDr.slk djuk muds LoHkko esa gh u FkkA ijUrq eSua s vkSj vkius y{e.s {kek.k.k ds fy.k tk ldrkAÞ lhrk dqN Hkh lquus dks rS. Hkkf"kre~A e.kZ e`x dh [kkst esa tkrs le.gk¡ vk.g fn[kkus ds fy.kksa dk ifjR.k vkSj dqN dBksj opu cksy mBkA muds fy.k gqvkA dqN le.k] lhrk 'kksdkdqy gks xbZA y{e.slh ifjfLFkfr esa cspkjk y{e.slh lsuk] tks papyrk vkSj piyrk ds fy.kR.20 y{e.k Hkh mUgsa vius dÙkZO.qDrLrPp Roa {kUrqegZflAA IV. JqRok jkeL.k us muds ifr jke ds fo"k.g fd lalkj fdlh u fdlh çdkj mRÏ"V pfj=okys O.k D.qDr gSA vc eSa .k Roa i:"kkk.k os mudks vius lkeus çk. eSa dqN mnkgj.oa /keZld a V dk lkeuk djuk iMÛkA y{e. HkyhHkk¡fr ekywe Fkk vkSj os lhrk dh iwjh j{kk djrs jgsA vc vki tkurs gh gS]a fQj D.k dks vkns'k fn. fodYi mlls Hkh Hk.gk¡ gS] .ksa ls Hkjk gS] tks fd vkns'k nsus okyk gS] og Hkh çk.k jke dks fn. dgk gksrk] ß.fDrRoA vc eSa O.s mifLFkr gw¡A eSa cMÛs dMÛs vkns'k ds vUrxZr gw¡A vkids ifr dh vkKk dk mYya?ku ugha fd.k dks cgqr cqjk Hkyk dgkA y{e. Jh jke us y{e. rks yxsxk gh] ijUrq .

q loZuk'k ls csgrj gSAÞ nsf[k.k\ mlus lkspk gksxk] eSa ladV esa gw¡A .k djrs gS\a vki D. jke ls feyuk pkgrk gw¡] vU.slk dgdj .105.fn mnkjrk dh Å¡pkbZ ls jke bl vankTÛk esa cksys gksr]s fdUrq jke rks /keZ ds ewrZ :i FksA muds fy.dL.ka es·Lrq ek Hkwr~ loZfouk'kue~A VII.slk O.fn rqe vUnj vk.kA . ds fy.k gksrkA fdUrq fu.a lk{kkr nqokZlk ½f"kµ lnk HkqD[kMÛ] lnk Øks/kkfo"VA os ml d{k ds }kj ij igq¡p dj vUnj tkus ds fy.k.% FkkA fu.kA .d ckj fQj mUgksua s de vfu"V dk pquko fd. gSA rqeus dgk Fkk fd rqe mls ekj MkyksxAs og naM dk Hkkxh gks x.kA eSua s Hkh .k] Hkkstu djk.k ds ikl vk.qDr gks] tgk¡ ls fgyuk o£tr gks] tSls .d Fkk\ mUgksua s dgk] ßukjh varr% . gekjs fy.kA bl çdkj .k pkgrs gSAa eq>s ekj Mkfy.Ur dBksj O.fDr us rks dnkfpr~~ .d {k.d Js"B O.k uxjh dks 'kki ns nw¡xk] lcdks 'kki ns nw¡xkA fdlh dks ugha NksMÛ¡wxkAÞ . larjh dks fonk djds mldk LFkku rqe Lo.k djrk gw¡A os vanj pys x.sAÞ rR{k.k dks fodV ijh{kk dk lkeuk djuk iMÛkA mÙkj dkaM es]a Øekuqlkj] ftldks ^jkek.kA og lekIr çk.k tkuk& rqjUrA nwljh ckj blls Hkh [Ûkjkc ifjfLFkfr.sd dks ekj Hkh ldrk FkkA .k] jke]Þ os dgrs gS]a ßeSa tkurk gw¡] vki D.k! fQj Hkh mu dfBu ifjfLFkfr.s gS gh D. ls iyk.k] tgk¡ mudh dqN vko'.k dh\ dfo rhuksa dks .s lkFk cSBAs dky] tks lk/ kq ds os'k esa vk.24 Þrqeus esjs vkns'k dk ikyu ugha fd.Zokgh dh] u gh lTÛkk nh] dsoy xEHkhjrk ls .kf'kr vk igq¡prs&gSAa dksbZ vkSj ugh]a Lo.k dqN gks jgk gSA .gk¡ Fkk .k dgrs gSa % ukdjks% 'kklua eeA III.qnMa ds rqY.g Fkk] muds fy.k gS] vr% mls naM rks Hkqxruk gh iMÛxs kA naM dks ykxw djuk gh gksxkA .g lekIr gksrk gSA ge ns[krs gSa fd bu mPpdksfV ds egkdkO.d .d dfBu ijh{kk dh ?kMÛh esa FksA rqeus tks dqN fd.fDr] tks viuh /kedh dks dk.gk¡ lglk vk tk.s vkSj cksy]s ßvjs HkS.k ds fy.fn ?kVukvksa us .k rqe lhrk dh txg gksuk ilUn djksxs . FkkA . dÙkZO. ej.k chl O.s D.ksa dh .k Bhd gh fd.59.k djrs\ mUgksua s dgk] ßijokg ugha] eSa e`R.kZ.ku fn.kj gw¡] eq>s irk FkkA esjk thou ys ysAa . iqjLdkj! fdlh vf/kd mnkj vFkok de vuq'kklufç.s vk.fr ds pØ dks dkSu jksd ldrk gSA vHkh jke vkSj lk/kq vUnj gh Fks fd ogk¡ dksbZ vçR.d O.ksa esa tks dqN dj ldrk Fkk] mlus fd.kA vUnj okrkZyki gksrk jgkA og vfUre pje ij igq¡p x.drk FkhA og vkSj Jh jke xqIr okrkZ ds fy.Fkk rqEgsa 'kki ns nw¡xk vkSj iwjh v.s vkxzg djrs gSAa fdruh ukle>h] fdruh ew[kZrk! mUgsa rks dsoy Hkkstu gh pkfg.k vfUre 'kCn lquk Hkh gksA jke us nqokZlk dks 'kkUr fd.slh ifjfLFkfr esa y{e. lc çdkj dh dfBu ifjfLFkfr.k dks] jke dks vkSj çR.A eSa rS.d ukjh gSA og ckyk eq>s bruk I.fDr dh e`R.kAÞ ßgk¡ HkS.kZfUor Hkh dj ldrk FkkA og lpeqp y{e.slk gh fd.kZr.k vko'.kA vr% eSa rqels vçlék gw¡] rqe esjh vçlékrk ds Hkkxh gksAß cspkjk y{e.a jke D. ifjfLFkfr.k Hkh çrh{kk dh gksrh] rks lc dqN dq'kyiwod Z lekIr gks x. FkhAÞ D.k¡ vk tkrh gSA . ekuk tkrk gSAÞ bl çdkj e`R.k] y{e.slk dgk gksrk] ßy{e.k¡ mRiék djrk gSA ge lc .k] tks vHkh&vHkh bl lk/kq us dgk Fkk\ .d fof{kIr ukjh ls gj çdkj ds çyki dh vk'kk dh tk ldrh gSA /kedh nh gS] rqEgsa vkuk ugha pkfg.fDr dks }kj ij fu.s vkSj gekjh ckr TÛkjk&lh Hkh lquh] rks mldk ifj. FkkA rqEgsa ogk¡ jg dj mldh j{kk djuh pkfg.k jke dh] vFkok y{e.slh ifjfLFkfr esa y{e.ksa ds chp y{e.k ds T.g rks iwofZ uf'pr nSofu.g vkidks le£ir gS] yhft.A .k dgrs gSAa mUgksua s }kj ij larjh dk LFkku ys fy.k fodYi Fkk\ mudks vkns'k Fkk] vius LFkku ij MVs jgus dk] voKk dk naM Fkk& e`R.d dksey Hkkoqd ân. 61   us y{e.a ys yks vkSj ogha Bgjs jgukA rqeus /.sd viuh lgu'kfDr dh ijkdk"Bk dks igq¡p tkrk gSA nsf[k.kA .k Fkk] mlus igys ls gh opu ys fy.k ls dgrs gS]a ßlkekU.qnMa A .slh ifjfLFkfr esa fuokZlu e`R.k gksrkAÞ fdruk vPNk gksrk .k D.ks/.] jke D.qnMa fuokZlu esa cnyk x.9 . gh gSA eku yks] rqe .k djrs\ eSa D.k* dk vfUre Hkkx dgrs gS]a dky Jh jke dks LoxZyksd esa okil cqykus ds fy.d lSfud dh pkSdhA ogk¡ ls fgyuk dÙkZO.k Fkk] ßlarjh ds :i esa vius .ksa ds fy.s vkSj Bgj dj gekjh ckr lqu ysAÞ vr% Jh jke y{e.sls LFky ij fu.] fdruh vlkekU.fDr. rks dÙkZO.k vkSj fonk fd.60 jkek.d vR.d fo'ks"krk gS] ftldks dgk tkrk gS] vVy HkkX.d NksM]Û y{e.d çcy 'kfDr ds gkFk esa gS] tks fdlh Hkh ekuo ls dgha vf/kd gSA jke cqjs u Fks] u gh y{e.k djrk\ Lo.qDr djksA eSa .k ds fo#¼ u dksbZ dk.qnMa AÞ ßBhd gS]Þ y{e.k cqjs FksA ge fdrus Hkh .fr dBksj gSA .gk¡ vkdj dksbZ ns[ks .u gS] ftldk naM gS] xksyh ls mMÛk fn. fd dksbZ .d ?kksj ifjfLFkfr esa igq¡pkus esa lQy gksrk gS vkSj çR.kke gksxk] e`R.q dk oj.g iw.fDr ds çfr viuk dÙkZO.k lqus fd gekjs chp D. Hkkstu dk çcU/k djok ldrs FksA ijUrq nqokZlk dh gB Fkh] ßeSa blh le. O.kA rc rd vUnj dk okrkZyki lekIr gks pqdk FkkA dnkfpr~ mUgksua s dqN ns[kk gks .d mykguk fn..k! eSa tkurk gw¡] rqe . dk gkFkA HkkX.k rqEgkjs vkSj esjs chp gSA eq>s bl çdkj dh vk'kadk fcYdqy ugha gksuh pkfg.s blls vf/kd D.k gw¡A esjs fcuk lalkj esa mlds fy.kj djrh gSA eSa gh mldk tkuçk.ksfr&LrEHk pkSFkk v/.k ofl"B th cksy mBs] ß..g ugha pkgrk fd . iwjk djus ds i'pkr~ gh os y{e.

% fu"i{krk] lqlxa fr vkSj lkeatL.dkvksa ls lEcfU/kr viuh futh ifjdYiukvksa vkSj muds pfj= fp=.sls ys[kd tc ik=ksa dk fp=.k ds yksx lqifjfpr gSAsa ijUrq Jh jke] ftuds fo"k.k dk fu. ds vuqdy w ugha gSA rFkkfi dqN vU.fDrRo dqN tfVy gSA mudh çÏfr esa dqN xq.s x. loksiZ fj ekuoh. jgs gSAa geesa ls dqN yksx] tks Jh jke ds HkDr gS]a ofj"B vkykspdksa ls çHkkfor gksdj] muds dqN dk.k] ftuls os vius uk. FksA u gh lEHko gS fd mUgksua s fu'p.% lkeuk ugha djuk iMÛrkA esjs vkSj vkids vkn'kZ brus mPp ugha gksrs fd gekjh ijh{kk yh tk.fDr dks dke iwjk djus ls iwoZ chl ckj ladksp gksrk gSA bl çdkj dh ifjfLFkfr.k lghA Js"B pquko gksus ij Hkh] tks f'k{kk dfo nsuk pkgrk gS] og gS fd xÛyrh dk naM Hkqxruk gh gksxkA ””” 63 ik¡pok¡ v/.k ds T.slh pje ifjfLFkfr.  ik¡pok¡ v/.k.qx&.k O. Hkh mldk mYya?ku djuk iMÛrk gS] dHkh fdlh dÙkZO.fDr lalkj ds egku ys[kd gksrs gSaA os vius uk..k tkrk gSA .ksa esa iwjk&iwjk lkeatL.ksa u le>rs gks]a gekjk vkpj.d lh/kk&lknk ik= gS& lqcks/k vkSj vlaxfr jfgr] .qx ls çpfyr :i esa çkIr gq. dks vkKk ikyu djuk pkgrs gq.k] ikBdksa dh .kZ.k djuk ykHkçn gksxk] ftuls çsfjr gksdj eSua s .k Fkk] y{e.k fd.Zdyki rks fujUrj rdZ&fordZ vkSj fookn ds fo"k..ksa dk gesa çk.k ys[kd ds vfHkçk.k djrs gS]a mlesa çk.ijk.fu"B D.Dr fd.k¡ mRiék dj ldrk gSA .k djrs gS]a os mudks gwcgw vius vfHkçk. ys[kd gS]a tks vius ik=ksa dk fooj.k] dk. ik=ksa dk fu:i. gksxa As eSa 63 .ksa dk lkeuk djuk iMÛ tkrk gS] tgk¡ mUgsa bl .k bl çdkj nsrs gS]a ekuks os muds vfHkék fe= gksAa muds vUrfje fopkjksa esa mudh xgjh iSB jgrh gSA os mUgsa iqu% iqu% vius efLr"d esa ?kqekrs fQjkrs jgrs gSAa vr% . tUe fy.sls O.k dks vius mnkgj.s lc fHkék&fHkék çfrHkk okys gksrs gSAa lc vius {ks= esa ikjaxr ugha gksrAs tc os pfj= fp=.d] ukf.k[.g O. ugha gksrkA ys[ku dyk esa vuqHkoh u gksus ds dkj. jke dnkfpr~~ dqN mu Hkkoukvksa dks Lej. ds dksMÛkas ds dkj. lq[k vkSj 'kkfUr ls ijs ?kksj ifjfLFkfr.fDrRo mudk O.k fdruk Hkh leqfpr D. LFkkfir dj ysrs gSAa dnkfpr~~ okYehfd u rks Jh jke ds] u gh jkedFkk ds l`td FksA os rks gekjs lEeq[k mUgsa mlh :i esa çLrqr djrs gS]a ftl :i esa os mUgsa çLrqr fd. xq.iwod Z vusd ?kVukvksa vkSj ç.EHkkoh] gS] ij pquko rks djuk gh iMÛrk gS& xÛyr gks . esa eSa vkt ppkZ djuk pkgrk gw¡] dqN fHkék gSAa mudk O.Zdykiksa dh vkykspuk rd djrs gSAa dqN FkksMÛs 'kCnksa esa eSa crkuk pkgw¡xk fd fdl çdkj bfrgkl esa vkSj dFkk&lkfgR.k .ksa u jgk gks] fQj Hkh rRdky HkkX. djuk dfBu gks tkrk gS] tgk¡ .sls <k¡ps esa <yk] ftlls nqfu.klksa dk vkfo"dkj fd.kuekyk vkjEHk dhA tSlk fd eSua s fopkj O.jkek.adj /keZ ladV esa gksA rqe fdlh Hkh ekxZ fn'kk esa eqMÛk]s xÛyrh vo'.k Fkk] mUgsa HkkX. ds vfrikr fcuk ugha gks ldrk] tgk¡ lpeqp rqe Hk.ksa dks fdrus gh Li"V :i ls D.d euq".k.slh /kkj.k ml ekxZ ds vuqlj.d vkSj ukf.s egkekuo] ftUgksua s vkn'kZ vkpj.ksfr&LrEHk 62  dÙkZO.ksa u gks]a vius dÙkZO.kksa ds lkFk vUr£ojks/k çrhr gksrk gSA muds dqN dk.k }kjk le>kus ds fy. dk ikyu nwljs dÙkZO.dk ds pfj= dk fun'kZu djrs gSAa os Hkh rks mudks .kk cu ldrh gS fd ik=ksa dk fp=.d dÙkZO.Zdykiksa vkSj mudh mfDr.kksa dk vU.sA .k¡] ftuesa .k . ds vuqdy w çLrqr djus esa lQy gksrs gSAa .slh ifjfLFkfr.

sls dke dj cSBrs gS]a ftuds fy. gSA tc ge jke dh .k] vf/kdka'k vius mPpre Lrj ij jgrs FksA os .ksX. ifjfLFkfr.k ds .Z .d Lrj vkSj dHkh nwljs Lrj ij nksyk.k ds T. mudh çÏfr dks mÙkjnk.d va'k dh nwljs va'k ls ikjLifjd vuqdy w rk dh tk¡p djsxa ]s rks gesa dgha&dgha ekuuk iMÛxs k fd laHkor% pquko esa dfo fcYdqy Lora= ugha FkkA gks ldrk gS fd tgk¡ dgha ijLij vuq:irk dh deh gS vFkok visf{kr ekunaM ls og de gS] gesa lEHkor% bl er dk vkJ.k .eku gq.d . çÏfr ds lkekU.k tkuk pkfg. n`f"V ls ns[k jgk gw¡A çpfyr ekU.nk dnk fo'ks"k ifjfLFkfr. .k.g mfpr gksxk fd vkxs c<Ûdj .A gesa jke ds vkpj.kZ.Fkk ugha djrsA vU.k] tks bl egkdkO.sls lUnHkZ vk.Hkhr gks]a vkSj u gh bls fuUnuh.slk lksprk gS D. .slh Fkh] rks gesa ekuuk pkfg.k] v/ke çyksHku] ?k`f.slk Hkh dj ldrs gS]a tks ge vU.k Fkk& eSa dsoy vlk/kkj.d] ukf.sls dk.ksfa d ge lc vius vuqHko ds vk/kkj ij tkurs gSa fd geesa ls u rks dksbZ Js"B] u dksbZ fuÏ"V] u gh iq#"k vFkok efgyk ugha] iwoZ ds vFkok if'pe ds] dksbZ Hkh tks ekuoh. :i esa mudk ewY.k'khy gksrs gS]a vius dÙkZO.rk rks .kadu gks] rks Hkh jke yxHkx fu"dyad mrjrs .k feêh ds iqrys FksA . ckn esa iNrkok gksrk gSA dHkh tkucw> dj .g gS fd vçfre xq.k x.k¡ vkrh gSa] tks v/k%iru dh vksj ?klhVus okyh gksrh gS]a tSls dh cqjs mnkgj.kZ lwph çLrqr ugha djuk pkgrk] fdUrq blls iwoZ fd eSa ifjppkZ vkjEHk d:¡] eSa vUrr% vkidks crkuk pkgrk gw¡ fd esjs fopkj esa buds dkj.ksfr&LrEHk ik¡pok¡ v/.ksa esa ls] bl dFkk dk pquko fd.nk&dnk Jh jke esa Hkh ekuoh.fn esjs er dks vke LohÏfr ugha feyrhA .k okYehfd us jke ds lUnHkZ esa çpfyr dFkk&dgkfu.dk vkSj vU.nk&dnk mlls uhps fxjsA dHkh . FkkA dHkh&dHkh 'kk.k dh vko'.k thou esa nqyHZ k gksrs gSAa . vkSj dgk¡ rd buds fy.% vDÛlj ge uhps fxj tkrs gS]a dqN vuqfpr ckrsa Hkh dj nsrs gS]a ge dqN .Z{kerk ds .k çn£'kr gksrs gS]a vr% os lk/kkj.s dguk vklku ugha gS fd mUgksua s .d iw.fn os .fn oLrq fLFkfr .k dg jgk gw¡& rkRi.d ds pfj= ds çkIr :i ls Bhd&Bhd esy [kkrk gS\ eSa le>rk gw¡ fd .g vlk/kkj.ksx gks tk.kr çfrQy fdlh u fdlh çdkj ds çyksHku gesa ?ksj ysrs gSAa geesa ls vR. esa fn.A mnkÙk dk.d Lrj ijA . vkSj u gh vuqfpr ekusa fd dHkh&dHkh ge ns[krs gSa fd jke us .ksa esa ge .fDr.Z D.kl rd lhfer gSA lEHkor% os euksHkko] tks uk.ksX. ls] bl çdkj ds {k.s lc muds vius gSAa .ksa dk la.ksa fd.k gS] uk.k esa fo'o ds fdlh HkwHkkx esa fo|eku Fks. rd buesa ls dqN brus p£pr Fks fd . Fks D. gS] u rks fopkj ds .Ur n{k] çf'kf{kr O. ds Lrj ij euq".h FkhaA dnkfpr~~ dHkh iru tkucw> dj] dnkfpr~~ u Hkh gks] {kek .ksa vkSj fdaonfUr. xq.k dFkk ds foLr`r fooj.fn Hkk¡i Hkh ys rks fdlh u fdlh fygktÛ ls gesa {kek dj nsxa As Jh jke esa .Z fd. ekuoh.s .ksxnku dnkfpr~ fo"k.ksa dk irk pyk ldrs gSa] tks muds iru ds fy. gks .g lc vk/kkj ekuus ds i'pkr~ D.A eSa mudh iw.fDr.g mfpr gh gS] vkSj esjs eu esa blds fy.k opuksa dk ewY. ik=ksa ls tksMÛs x.s mÙkjnk.s] tks fd gesa vius mPpre Lrj ij fLFkj j[kus esa lgk.d gh Lrj ij dk.h Bgjk.sls dk.slh ckrsa Hkh dgha] ftudk vuqeksnu Lo.slh gh ekuoh.k nks ckj .slh ifjfLFkfr.. fd dHkh os .d gh Lrj ij fVd ldrk gS] u gh vkpj. pfj= ls loZFkk vufHkK gS vkSj vius ifjos'k ds çfr furkUr va/kk vkSj cgjk gS] tks .slh ckr ugha gSA eSa fcuk fdlh çfrca/k ds dguk pkgrk gw¡] .ksa dks Hkh Lo.oLrq ds foU.Z djus es]a nqHkkZX.s vkSj .k ls fd.g oLrqr% lR.k xq. yksx gekjs nks"kksa dks u Hkk¡i ys]a vkSj .] fdl dkj. Hkkoukvksa ls xzLr Fks] tSlh ge vius nSufUnu thou esa ikrs gSa.kZfodflr ik= ds :i esa ppkZ djsxa s vkSj .|fi os muds fopkjksa ls esy ugha [kkrs Fks] fQj Hkh] os mu va'kksa dks! NksMÛ u lds\ .kadu djuk gksxk] vius fo'okuq:i] fdl Lrj ij os rRle.s gS]a mUgha dh nsu gSA fuf'pr :i ls Hkk"kk] 'kCn la.g esjk viuk futh vuqeku gS) fd og çlax fo'ks"k] tks vuq:irk ds ekinaM ij vk?kkr djrk gS] dnkfpr~~ okYehfd dk pquko ugha Fkk D. 65   okYehfd vkSj mudh dFkk dks lk/kkj. ysuk iMÛxs k (.d gksaA çk.d Fks vkSj mUgksaus muds thoudky esa gh ^jkek.slk cgqr gh gksrk gS fd vuqdy w ifjfLFkfr. ckr .sls dke djrs gSa vkSj vk'kk djrs gSa fd vU. .k ugha] ij bruk rks fuf'pr gS fd jke ds pfj=&fp=.s dksbZ vf/kd 'kadk ughaA vc ge fookn ds vxys fcUnq ij vkrs gSAa D.ksa ds chp] mnkj fopkj/kkjkvksa dk foeZ'k djrs gq.fn gekjs gh leku rRdkyhu okrkoj.ksa esa ge Åij mB tkrs gSa] tc ge vPNh eu%fLFkfr esa gksrs gS]a uSfrd fopkjksa ds fy.g rks furkUr vuqeku dk fo"k.g dgk tk lds fd jke dk fooj.kstu] dkO.s cgkus <Û¡<w uk dfBu gks tkrk gSA /.a mudh mPprj çÏfr uk djsA gekjs fy.slk gqvk Hkh] rks ge lgt gh mu ifjfLFkfr.k jke dh mRÏ"Vrk pfj= esa ys'kek= Hkh vUrj ugha iMÛrkA og euq".fn euq".k esa okYehfd dh dYiuk dk foykl ugha gSA gekjs fopkj ls rks okYehfd dk .gh gS fd okYehfd Jh jke ds lelkef.k* dh jpuk dhA . loZFkk vkids Åij NksMÛ nw¡xk vkSj eq>s dksbZ vkifÙk ugha gksxh] .yadkj&..a dks mPprj Lrj rd mBus ds fy. ds çfr lps"V gksrs gS]a çyksHkuksa dk çfrjks/k djus esa vis{kkÏr leFkZ gksrs gS]a mnkÙk ifjos"k es]a mnkj O.k ekuoh. xzg.g vis{kk ugha d:¡xk fd vkidk ewY.sA eSa rks bldk fu.ksfa d Jh jke dks bl çlax ls tksMÛus okyh ijEijk bruh lqn`<Û Fkh fd os mls NsMÛus dk lkgl u dj ldsA dnkfpr~~ tc .drk gksrh gSA çk.64 jkek.kadu esjs fopkjksa ls esy [kk.k muds le.fn jke] tSlk fd eSa lksprk gw¡] gekjh gh Hkk¡fr jDr&ek¡l ds iqrys Fks.k .g gS fd bl fopkj ls vki u rks Hk.d mRÏ"V okrkoj.s]a rc eSa vkils .ku nsus .k\ D.% vf/kdka'kr% .n gekjss tSls lhfer n`f"V ds yksxksa ds fy.ksfa d .

ks/.k dkaM es]a tgk¡ os vis{kkÏr vius rqY. esa mBrs cSBrs Fks& jktk] jkfu.ekur% jktlh eqæk esa cSBs gq. gh lc vkids /.ksa fd.gk¡ rd mudk viuk HkkbZ y{e.fDr.k NksVk] pkgs egku . Fkk] fojks/k ds fy.d gSA fd vkt ds .slh ckr dgrs] ftldks yksx vuqeksnu ugha dj ikrs] .s jkT.k mudh 'kj. u muds ikl 'kklu djus ds fy.A lc yksx vius&vius LFkku ij [kMÛs .kZ vkSfpR.d rRdky losZ{k.] fo'kky lsuk dk usr`Ro fd.. gq.kr dqN çlaxksa dks le>us dk ç.kuk ds vuqlkj lSra hl .Dr dh ftlls .kZ :i ls ikyu gksuk pkfg. tu .q¼ dk ewy dkj.sls O.k] vkSj dHkh Hkh muls viuh rqyuk djus dk lkgl u fd. D.d fe= ds :i es]a .a gks U.k fd.k djrk] ftlds iw.kr djus ds fy. lEeku .fDr us mu lc yksxksa ij] tks muds lkfék/.k dks ejok nsus dh vkKk nsAa loZFkk vdsy]s fcYdqy vdsy]s lcds ijke'kZ ds ckotwn] mldks vLohdkj djrs gq.k vMÛrhl ds gksxa s vFkkZr~ tc mudh vk.k fQj . Hkh oLrqr% vdsys Fks .kx fd.ogkj dq'kyrk dh n`f"V ls Fkk] fdUrq mUgksua s vius dk. Fks] tks vius çk.kh esa LFkku fn.k dh . ds :i es]a ifr ds :i es]a fe= ds :i es]a 'kkfUr vkSj .fn lpeqp esa os .] ijUrq dBksj] fu"Bqj] fueZe vk'k.ksfa d og muds vkn'kks± ds vuqdy w ugha Fkk] os mPpre Lrj ij mB dj cksy]s ßesjh 'kj.Zpfdr fd.kh.fn Jh jke dksbZ . nqfu.ksa fdlh us] u euq".k esa vfHk"ksd dks NksMÛ dj) feyrk gSA .kr fd..ku esa vk.sxa ]s tSls lÙkk dk viltZu] vkSj lkezkT.ksa ds chp] tc vklikl ds O.k Hkh bl i{k esa Fks fd os foHkh"k.k dks] vfirq lEiw.sa O. dksbZ Hkh vkokTÛk .q¼ dkaM esa gh gSAa ml volj dk Lej.ksa us] u okujksa us muds çfrokn esa . dk ifjR.k Fkh& mls] ftlds fufeÙk mUgksua s viwoZ R.oa 'kkld ds :i esAa bl ckr dks çekf. esa vk.w kZ dk.k djs]a tc foHkh"k.k djuk vko'.k] tks lkalkfjd O. 67   gSAa eSua s dgk] ^yxHkx fu"dyadA* eSua s 'kCn ^yxHkx* dk ç. yksxksa ds e/. tek fy.fDr Fks] Jh jkeA os brus loksiZ fj ugha cu ldrs Fks] .ksa mUgsa vf}rh.ks¼k gks vFkok lk/kq&lar . lykgdkj Fks] ijUrq guqeku dks NksMÛdkj& tks ijke'kZ nsus esa dqN <qyeqy yxrs Fks] lHkh yksx& .e cu tkrk FkkA tks dqN mudk vkns'k gksrk Fkk] mldk iw.k NCchl o"kZ ds jgs gksxa s (lhrk ds vuqlkj) fdUrq lkekU.k esa vki vius mUgksua s .% nkok djrs Fks] /keZ ds vfHkj{kdA vusdksa ckj] dfBu ifjfLFkfr.k esa (eSa bls vafre dg¡xw k] v.sxk] rks mls eSa dHkh fujk'k ugha d:¡xkAÞ vki yksx TÛkjk dYiuk dhft.q¼ esa vusd 'kkS.k FkkA tSlk fd vkidks ekywe gh gS] mUgksua s iwjh . gksrkA Lohdkj vfuok.d&.66 jkek.k esa vk. ls Hkjs Hkko O.s TÛkjk Hkh xqt a kb'k u FkhA .k fdf"dU/kk dkaM es]a tgk¡ dqN yksx Fks] tks mudk vknj djrs Fks vkSj muds çfr J¼k Hkko j[krs Fks] mlh çdkj] ftl çdkj lkekU.q¼ifj"kn dh .drk ugha fd tc os dsoy iPphl .FkZ fdlh dk ugha gksrk] pkgs og nq"V Hkh gks] ijUrq .sls ekxZ dk vuqlj.Z fd. vkf/kiR.d viuh fujkyh Js.k .Z fd.qx ds 'kh"kZ xkSjo ds :i esa çekf.d&nwljs dk vknj djrs gSa .k Fkk] fd tks dqN os dgrs] ogh lcds fy.k gS\ *jkek.q¼ ds egRoiw.kpuk vLohdkj dj nsAa muesa ls .fn og Hkh fe= Hkko] fouez Hkkoukvksa lfgr esjs lEeq[k vk.kA mu çfl¼ çlaxksa dk mYys[k u djrs gq. lgk.q esa muls cMÛk gks .k mikf/k Fkh] u gh nku djus ds fy. dh lqfo/kk Fkh] u tkxhj ck¡Vus ds fy.k] .Dr djrs gq.iZ .kuksa dk lapkyu fd..] tks vo'.ksx esa os viuk thou lekIr Hkh dj ldrs FksA lhrk dks vius le{k cqyokdj] mUgksua s .kZ okujeaMy dks vkSj cps&[kqps jk{klksa dks HkhA lcus mudks lquk] lHkh us mudks ns[kk] çrh. ls vf/kd vkSj fdlh lk{.k] mlus mudks . vkSj uSfrd fof'k"Vrk] mRÏ"Vrk us lcdks vk'p.kksa ds leku fç.k] foHkh"k.kA bldk .d lquus okys ds xgjk vk?kkr yxk] u dsoy lhrk] y{e.ksa us mUgsa uhps [khapuk pkgk] mUgksua s ijke'kZ fn. os u rks Hkkjr ds pØorhZ lezkV Fks] u gh lkekU.k vLohÏfr O.k] tks bl egku .kl djds] eSa bldk Li"Vhdj.Z esa .k.slh Hkkouk.slk djus tk jgs Fks] tks mudh le> ds ckgj Fkk] vkSj ftldks og Lo.k.ksx D.q esa mUgksua s vius dks vius .q¼ dkaM es]a tgk¡ mUgksua s egkudk.] xEHkhj mnklh vkSj fpUru esa Mwcs gq.k gS\ ml le.k ds T.k vxys nks dkaMksa es]a tgk¡ os vius HkkbZ vkSj iRuh ds lkFk gksrs gq.s /ku vkSj lEifÙkA bu lc lk/kuksa vkSj lqfo/kkvksa ds vHkko esa Hkh] bruh vYi vk.q¼ dh lekfIr ds rqjUr ckn] tc mUgksua s vius lkeus ml efgyk dks cqyok.laxr fl¼ dj ldrs FksA blds çfr vlEefr .r D.d nks rks pkgrs Fks fd jke foHkh"k.ksa vFkok ½f"k&eqfuvksa ds chp . dh vko'.g mudk cMÛk nqHkkZX.kA tc Hkh dksbZ muds laidZ esa vkrk Fkk& pkgs vk.ksfr&LrEHk ik¡pok¡ v/.s O.ks/.q¼ ds le.k LFkku gS\ ge D.q ds fglkc ls yxHkx muds cjkcj gh Fks] ekurs Fks fd Jh jke muls mPp pfj= dh n`f"V ls cgqr vkxs Fks] vr% mu lcls vf/kdre lEeku vkSj J¼k ds vf/kdkjh FksA pkgs v.k ½f"k&eqfu gks] mudks lknj 'kh'k uokrk FkkA muds vius HkkbZ Hkh] tks fd vk.k^ esa o£.] bruk vifjorZuh.s fu. ekurs gS]a euq".k djuk pkgrk gw¡A fdUrq] .] fdUgha Hkh ifjfLFkfr chp] tks Hkh muds lEidZ esa vk.] mUgsa .kx] ge 'kh"kZ çlaxksa ij vkrs gS]a tks .k] tc dksbZ vU.q¼ dkaM ds vfUre pj.k cSBs jgsA Jh jke dh gSfl. Fkh] ftlds fo.d 'kCn Hkh eq¡g ls ugha fudkyk\ furkUr Li"V Fkk fd os dqN .q dsoy bruh gh Fkh] ml le.Z Fkk] muesa çfrjks/k djus dk lkgl u FkkA eSa vc vkidks bl ckr dk vglkl djkuk pkgrk gw¡] og iq#"k fdruk egku gksxk] tks fu£ookn :i ls bruk loksiZ fj cu ldkA .Dr djus ds fy. bl rF.slk djus ds iwoZ bldk .] vius esa [kks.knkjh dk gh vkpj.sls u gksr]s ftldk os çk.d cgqr Lej.kuh ½f"k&eqfu FksA fQj Hkh D.k] .k gkFk ugha mBkA ml O.d cSBd cqykbZ] ftlesa vxzx. x. vFkZ esa Kkuh /. çek.s Hkw&lEifr Fkh] u dksbZ jktdh.qx esa jke dk D.kZ vfHk.

oa e.k ij mnkÙk vkSj fnO.rk ls lkFk vius 'k=q ls dgk& .] dHkh Øks/k ls vkfHkHkwr gq.kZnk ls yMÛs gksA rqeus esjs vusd . esa fpUru djrs gS]a rks çk.ks¼k Fkk] og .slk ekuo Fkk] tks uSfrd 'kqfprk dh vfo'luh.k .sls Fks] Jh jke! fQj Hkh /kU. Lrj ls Å¡pk ugha mB ldrsA D. Å¡pkb.A dHkh&dHkh yksxksa ds fy.g gS fd esjs fopkj ls . dj ldsxa s fd D.ksfa d fiNyh ckj] tc os vius firk ls feys Fks] . n'kjFk dj pqds Fks] mls fdlh çdkj cny fn.% ge J¼k .d egkurk FkhA vr. LFkkfir dj ysrs gSAa gkMÛ&ek¡l ls gekjs ln`'k gksrs gq.ksa rd mBkuk laHko Fkk] tcfd ge tSls dnkfi brus Å¡ps ugha mB ikrs& vk/kk bap Hkh vius lkekU.d vkSj çlax nsf[k.sls }U}kRed {k.kksa dkA igyh ckr rks .fn .w kZ us=ksa ls Jh jke ds ikl vk.k dk ykHk mBkdj mldks lekIr djus ds ctk.g lhlk] ftldh gekjh çÏfr cuh gqbZ gS] lc lksus esa ugha cny tk.d nk#.k eSua s vkidks lgh funs'Z ku fn.k ds T.slh ?kVuk.k tk.sf"V d:¡] pkgs esjs fy.s vius dks mRÏ"V Å¡pkb.g Hkh lp gS] mlus cgq/kk esjh j{kk dhA ijUrq og nq"V FkkA mlus vusdksa fL=.kstuk.kZfUor fd.k] .k& fdUrq jke us ml {k.k dj jgs FksA rc os vius d{k esa lhrk ds lkFk FksA D.] dHkh&dHkh vkRegR.k vkSj mUgsa dk.s h lkFk cSBs gq.gk¡ dqN .k dgrh gS] . Hkh] U.s& tc jkuh ds vkns'k ij jktk us Jh jke dks cqyok.k! bl le.ksx Hkh fd.] dHkh grk'k gq. Jh jke D.q¼ esa my>s gq.g lp gS] og esjk vxzt FkkA .s h n'kjFk ds ikl bl mís'.wukf/kd gekjh rjg gksrs gq. ls cSBh Fkh fd tks fu'p.d lk/kkj..sa mUgksua s cukbZ Fkha& ml {k.k dh ckrphrA foHkh"k.k ds eu esa jko.slh ckrsa dha tSlh ge gkMÛ&ek¡l ds iqrys djrs gS]a fdUrq dHkh .s] rks ns[ksa ml le.sls yksxksa ds fo"k.d vU. fo'ks"krkvksa dk çn'kZu djrs gS]a u fd vfrekuo fnO.a=.s gh ugha oju~ ekjus ds fy. viuh tkfr esa fdruh gh . 'kjhjksa dks [kksndj fQj ty vFkok vfXu dks le£ir fd.g vk'p.] ihMÛk us mUgsa cqjh rjg ls Bksdj nh] mUgsa osnuk lguh iMÛhA gk.k jko.k gSA igyk çlax ge ysrs gS]a tc n'kjFk vkSj dSd.k O.g Hkh lp gS] og esjk jktk FkkA .q¼ esa ugha ekjkA jko.d egku ekuo Fkk] og .ksfr&LrEHk ik¡pok¡ v/.ksa u gksAÞ . gksxa As vc eSa dqN csgrj vius fu/kkZfjr dk.ZØe ij vkrk gw¡A vc eSa .k dh vUR.k lfgr vkukA fQj ns[kuk] eSa fdl çdkj . Hkh] muds fy.d . ls Hkj tkrs gS]a ijUrq tc rc ge xoZ djrs gSa fd dHkh&dHkh mUgksusa s Hkh mlh çdkj lkspk] tSlk geus lkspk gksrkA nq%[k ls os lUrIr gq.fDr rks dg ldrk Fkk] ßblds 'ko dks leqæ esa Qsd a nks vkSj fdÛLlk [ÛkRe djksAÞ fdUrq .! dfo dgrk gS] dHkh&dHkh os QwV&QwV dj Hkh jks.o mldk vfUre laLdkj 'kkL=ksDr fof/k&fo/kku ls djks]Þ vkSj vkxs dgk] ßbl çdkj rqe iq.k o/k ds i'pkr~ jke vkSj foHkh"k.d egku 'kkld Fkk vkSj mldh e`R.k fd.q esa Hkh . dBksj opuksa dk ç.k] mlus yksxksa ds thou ls f[kyokMÛ fd.d loZfu"B LoHkko gh] tks ge lcesa fo|eku gSA tc ge jke ds fo"k. Fks] vFkok .ksfa d mldk jFk VwV pqdk Fkk vkSj mldk cMÛk /kuq"k Hkh {kfrxzLr gks x. tSlk çHkko iMÛs fcuk u jgsxk] ftlds QyLo:i okYehfd ds bl egku egkdkO.a gh fu'p.A esjk eu fcYdqy ugha djrk fd eSa mldh vUR.k fdlh us bl çdkj dh ckr igys lquh\ dkSu lk uk.ksfa d esjh gk£nd bPNk gS fd esjk oDrO.k ge dqN gn rd viuh çÏfr dks fu.ks¼kvksa dks lekIr fd.k] rqe xÛyrh ij gksA eSua s fdlh v/ke dks .sxk] rHkh ^jkek.slk u lkspks fd ge mUgsa muds mPp Lrj ls fxjk jgs gSAa tc&tc ge .k esa dgk] ßugha foHkh"k.sls çlaxksa dks çLrqr djrk gw¡] ftlesa Jh jke viuh ekuoh.k ds lkFk fodV . 69   viuh uSfrd 'kfDr dk fdruk egku cks/k Fkk] tc mUgksua s bu mPp Hkkoukvksa dks O. lquus ds ckn vkiesa ls dqN yksx ewy dkO.s! jko.sa ns[krs gS]a rks cjcl dqN Åij mBdj muls ckU/kO.k esa ugha j[k ldrs gS\a ?kfV. esa Hkh lquk gksxk] ftUgksua s feêh esa ncs gq.s] os dgrs gS]a ßjko.kj gh ugha gks jgk Fkk\ jke us fofHk"k.ksa dks fcxkMÛk] cjckn fd. tc jke jko.Z dh ckr gS fd lkjh nqfu.k] fcuk fdlh 'krZ vFkok çfrcU/k dsA vc .k D.k] mlus vuqfpr .slk djuk vuqfpr gh D.k dks vius jFk ls uhps mrjuk iMÛk] D.k .s /kuq"k ck.k* dFkk dk lquuk ykHkdj gksxkA rc gekjs thou vkSj vkpj.rk dks Nw ldrk Fkk] D.qDr foLe.sxs k] dnkfi ughaA rFkkfi ge ml lhls dks lkQÛ rks dj ldrs gS]a mldh viuh uSl£xd çÏfr ds vuqlkj mlesa ped rks yk ldrs gSa vkSj rc Jh jke ds lacU/k esa i<Ûuk lkFkZd gks tk.] Øq¼ gksrs gq. Fks vkSj mUgsa .k tc foHkh"k.d bl çdkj ds dke djsxk\ .ksa vkSj HkO. esa gSA dnkfpr~~ rqeus . vkns'k ekurh Fkh\ .k gS] fdUrq vc rqEgsa vius jFk ls uhps mrjuk iMÛk gSA rqe Fkds gq. ij n`f"V Mkysxa s vkSj vki Lo.gk¡ rks ppkZ jke ds fo"k. xq. dks çkIr gksxAs Þ .k vkSj cksyk] ß.q¼ fd. gksA rqEgsa esjh gh rjg uhps [kMÛs gksus ij foo'k gksA rqEgkjk fo'kky /kuq"k Hkh u"V gks pqdk gSA eSa rqEgsa le.k lekpkj ls voxr djkus ds fy.] dHkh&dHkh gekjh rjg ds vfHkçk.k ds .d lqvolj feykA jko.] f[kék vkSj mnkl gksrs gq..Dr fd.d .k .s .gh vPNk jgsxk fd eSa fdlh Øe ls cksy¡w] D. ds çHkko ls ge igys ls csgrj balku cu x.slk 'k=q] ftldks dsoy thrus ds fy.k muds lkeus ureLrd Fkh vkSj mudh NksVh ls NksVh bPNk dks fnO.kA jke us cMÛh HkO. ?kVuk ij n`f"Vikr dhft.k] dHkh&dHkh yksxksa ij lUnsg Hkh fd. gS ekuo çÏfr] tSlk fd dfo crkrs gSa vkSj nqfu.68 jkek.k ds çfr nks Hkkoukvksa esa la?k"kZ gks jgk FkkA vUrr% og vJqi.k djus ij Hkh mrk: gq.d egku .g dguk vf/kd lgh gksxk fd dSd. nsrk gw¡] ?kj ykSV tkvksA dy rjksrkTÛkk vkSj lqLoLFk gksdj] u.k..sf"V djus dks rS.ksa ls çsfjr gksrs gq.k gS vFkok dgha Hkzfer rks ugha fd.q¼ dj ldrk gw¡AÞ D.k] tSlk fd ge vkSj vki djrs gSAa mUgksua s os lc . rqe cMÛh çfrdwy ifjfLFkfr esa gksA vkt eSua s rqEgsa vius lcls vPNs :i esa ns[kkA rqe cMÛh ohjrk .

frØe dh lwpuk nsus tkrs gSAa D.k lq[kekLo jeLo pAA II.19.kjh ds fufeÙk dqN lqUnj .] mudk eq[k yTtk ls dqN >qdk gqvk FkkA vFk lhrk leqRiR.ksa ds Lo:i ls os vNwrs u jg ldsA rRi'pkr~ tc os lhrk ds d{k esa igq¡p]s rks ifjfLFkfr vkSj Hkh cnÙkj FkhA .qojkt in ij vfHk"ksd gksus okyk gS] os vxkeh mikf/k dh iwjh çR.d otzikr gqvk gSA .af=r djkAÞ blls Li"V gS fd os nq%[kh rks Fks] fdUrq vius nq%[k ij mUgksua s fu.15 mudk eu lkQÛ Fkk] muds ân.g lc dqN gksus ij Hkh .5 D.kZu esa .] tks Hkxoku dh vuqdEik ls gesa inoh feyus tk jgh gksA mUgksua s lhrk ls dgk % nsoh nso'p nsoh p lekxE.kkA la´pksn.kstuk dh çrh{kk dj jgs FksA tc vfu"V dk irk pyus ds ckn os ykSV]s os viuh ekrk dks O. FksA muds thou esa .fr jktkua enFk± efnjs{k. 71   mUgsa lwpuk nh x. esa f}rh.] ijUrq tc jke viuh ekrk dks lwpuk nsus tkrs gS]a rc dfo dgrk gS % /kkj.s h] nksuksa feydj esjs vfHk"ksd dh rS.s h dk eq> ij bruk Lusg gSA esjs çfr jktk dk vfHkçk.sls gh Hkkoqd gks ldrs FksA çfoos'kkFk jkeLrq Loa os'e lqfoHkwf"kre~A çâ"Vtulaiw.s rS.d iqV nsrk gS] tks fd igys o.6 .kZu dks furkUr foijhr cuk nsrk gSA jke us tSls gh lquk fd mUgas jkT.k fux`á pA çfoos'kkReoku~ os'e ekrqjfç.70 jkek.a=. dh çR.n ge jksrs vkSj TÛkehu ij yq<ÛdrsA dqN lhek rd rks jke Hkh .kj gksrk gw¡A rqe vius ifjtuksa ds lkFk .k fpUrk dh ijs'kkuh ugha Fkh] u gh dksbZ nq%[k D.Rok áfHkçk.fDr }kjk eq[kfjr djok.s gS]a tks gekjs v/.rk FkhA os dgrs gS]a ßfuLlUnsg dSd.d egku ?kVuk ?kVus okyh FkhA viuh le`f¼ vkSj mRd"kZ ds fy. osiekuk p ra ifre~A vi'.k fujk'kk çdV ugha dhAÞ .kfe p eghifre~A lg Roa ifjokjs.26.kf/kirs% lqrkAA II. enUrjsA eU=.ksfa d ek¡ Hkh vk'kk Hkjh meaxksa ls Qwyh ugha lek jgh Fkh] mudks crkuk gh FkkA tc os ekrk ds ikl tkrs gS]a rks dfo vius o.. dfo dgrk gS] ßmuds /khj eq[keaMy ij TÛkjk lh f'kdu Hkh ugha vkbZA og lnk dh Hkk¡fr nedrk jgkA dksbZ Hkh u tku ldk fd .k± leLr tu ml lq[kn lekpkj dh çrh{kk dj jgs FksA tc os vUr%iqj esa x.17 ßfuLlUnsg gh jkT. egRoiw.kZ ckrsa çrh{kk dj jgh gS]a blfy.sa cuk jgs gSAa esjs fy.s HkhAÞ y{kf.k'kk dk vkuUn yksAÞ dfo us .h Fkh fd mudk .ksfa d mUgsa lekpkj nsuk Fkk] os cMÛs f[kék Hkko ls ek¡ ds ikl x.k'kk esa lhrk ls okrkZyki dj jgs Fks] fcYdqy tSls vki .'kafloku~AA II.19.k ge leku ifjfLFkfr esa dgrs ml inksékfr dk fpUru djrs gq. rqEgkjs fy. gSA esjs fopkj esa buls Li"V irk yxrk gS fd Jh jke fdrus ekuoh.g rks fofnr gksxk gh dSd.ksfa d ml egku vk.k.k FkkA .16.k oSlk gh Fkk] tSlk dh mu ifjfLFkfr.16.slk ugha Fkk fd muds eu esa fdlh çdkj dk nq%[k .k dj fy.16.s 'kCn Fks] dfo ds ml le.qDr ifjfLFkfr.kx djuk gS vkSj pkSng o"kZ ou esa okl djuk gS rFkk jkT.a fç.ksa esa gekjk gksrkA 'kk.ksfr&LrEHk ik¡pok¡ v/.u dk fo"k.g LoHkkfod gh FkkA gesa vPNk yxrk gS fd jke dk vkpj.k fdf´pnoka³~eq[k%AA II. 16.kk gks pqdh Fkh] çâ"VtulEiw.dkek lqnf{k.s cMÛh mRlqdrk ls çrh{kk dj jgs Fks] u dsoy vius firk dh vksj ls] oju~ foekrk dh vksj ls Hkh] tks mu ij vR.Ueulk nq%[kfefUæ.s h vkSj jke ds chp xgu vkReh.ksAA II. dk ifjR. in ij fu.Ur Lusg j[krh FkhaA os mudh le`f¼ .k± fâ.20 ßeSa .35 blls irk pyrk gS fd jke pkgs fdrus Hkh egku Fks] uSfrd i{k dh n`f"V ls pkgs mudk fodkl fdruk Hkh mRÏ"V D.s euksHkko ml egku O.A /kkj.s gh os egkjkt dks çsfjr dj jgh gksxa hAÞ lk çâ"Vk egkjkta fgrdkekuqoÆruhA tuuh pkFkZdkek es dsd.gk¡ lq[kiwod Z cSBks vkSj Hkfo".k ds T.ksa u gqvk Fkk] fQj Hkh fo"kkn.kf.35 ßvius nq%[k dks vius eu ds Hkhrj gh fu.srs /kzqoa fdf´pnfHk"kspulafgre~AA II.gk¡ ls tkdj egkjkt ds n'kZu djrk gw¡] egku laLdkj ds fy. esa fdlh çdkj dk lUnsg ugha FkkA vr% os dgrs gS]a ßfuLlUnsg esjs firk th vkSj ekrk dSd.kstu dh ?kks"k. dk vf/kdkjh mudk HkkbZ Hkjr cusxk] ml le.s eq>s 'kh?kz gh cqykok vkus okyk gS]Þ os lhrk ls dgrs gSaA gUr 'kh?kzferks xRok æ{.qfDr ds fy.26.slk çrhr gksrk Fkk fd jke vHkh Hkh oSHko vkSj lÙkk ds p<Ûrs Tokj ij vk:<Û gSAa mUgksua s ys'kek= nq%[k .PNksdlUrIra fpUrkO..kdqfyrsfUæ.16 vkidks .e~AA II. lqudj esjs vfHk"ksd dks lqUnj :i ls 'kh?kz lEiék djus ds fy.u~ eulk nq%[ke~A II.kstuk.

fean çkI.k y{e.k dj jgh gS] og Hkh fu.k ds T.'kfLouhaAA II.31.s dksbZ vi'kCn er fudkyksAÞ os pkgs muds fo"k.d&nwljs va'k ij vkrk gw ¡] tgk¡ dfo jke dks y{e.g vkidh dSlh n'kk gS\Þ vc eSa .kk.ksa esa .k·| lg lkSfe=s Rof. u`iL.kj ga]S fdUrq vU.sAas dkj.k ls dgrs gSa] ßrqe esjs Lusgh] /keZijk.k eq[k ij fdlh çdkj dk çHkko ugha vkus fn.11 ß. ugha vfirq vius fç.slk gh djks D.Fkk Fkh] os mldks nckus esa vleFkZ gks x.k] mUgksua s dSd.kksa rd ç.10 os y{e. vkus ds ctk.31.k meax ls Hkjh cSBh Fkha vkSj os vius lq[kn lekpkj dh çR.% i`fFkohfeoA l dkeik'ki.d f=tV uke fu/kZu czkã.ksfr&LrEHk ik¡pok¡ v/. Hkh nsus dks rS.s] mudk eq[keaMy fpUrk ls O.fn ge nksuksa ds lkFk rqe ou dks pys tkvksx]s rks ekrk dkS'kY.s {kE. esa cksyrk gS] rks jke rqjUr dSd.ky u j[ksxhA Hkjr Hkh] jkT.31.s h ds fo"k.Dr djus dk volj feyrk gS vkSj os ml le.k dkS'kY.k rks vki le> gh x.k ekrquksZ u HkosRlq[ke~AA II. euq".k djrs gSa . iq=] Hkjr ds fy.k FkkA muds vaxksa ls ilhuk fudy jgk FkkA muds vUreZu esa tks O.s] mudks jksdus ds fy.g Hkh le>rs Fks fd dSd.s] tks muds dkj.26. esa jke dh /kkj..k vkSj lqfe=k dk Hkj.8 mudk psgjk cny x.d vU.s . dFkk esa dqpy s k ds leku og Hkh viuh . ikdj dSd. gS] ftlus .k&iks"k.31.ksfa d gels fcNqMÛh gqbZ gekjh ek¡ dks vU.k] .fr 'kksHkue~AA II. ifjfLFkfr.Z gS fd] ßesjh vkSj rqEgkjh ek¡ gekjs laj{k.%Z itZU.kk vPNh Hkh u gksA lEHkor% os ekurs Fks] mudh deTÛkksjh dks le> ysus ij] os dSd.ksa ij lUnsg fd.kk djrk gw¡]Þ rks jke us rqjUr Vksd fn. deTÛkksjh dks HkyhHkk¡fr n'kkZrk gSA fLuX/kks /keZjrks ohj% lrra lRiFks fLFkr%A fç.kh .k] ßugha] y{e.s h ij lUnsg fd.k] nqf[k. xPNfr r}ue~A dks Hkfj".8 mUgsa bl voLFkk esa ns[k dj 'kksdlarIr lhrk cksyh] ßbl le.k vkSj lqfe=k dh lsok dkSu djsxk\Þ vfHko"kZfr dkeS.k&lc dqN gekjh gh Hkk¡frA vc eSa .% çk. ..ks Hkzkrk pkfi l[kk p esAA II.k ls cksyrk fn[kkrk gSA y{e.oa dq:"o lkSfe=s eRÑrs j?kquUnuA vLekfHkÆoçgh.ogkj ugha djsxhAÞ lk fg jkT.fr dkSlY.g ckTÛkh thr yh gSA og laHkor% viuh lifRu.slk dguk mfpr ughaAÞ blh çdkj tc os fdlh dks Hkjr dh vkykspuk djrs lqurs] rc os Hkjr dh Hkwfj&Hkwfj ç'kalk djrsA ijUrq] tc os Loxr Hkk"k.k us muls dgk] ßfN%! eSa rks dSd. 73   meax ls mNyrs&dwnrs gq.sA e.ka lqfe=ke~ ok . esa lUnsg Hkh djrs gks]a dnkfpr~~ muds fo"k.s h ds çseik'k esa c¡/ks gq.s h vius fy.k'kk esa vkSj nwljs <ax ls mudk Lokxr djus dh çrh{kk esa Fkh 'kksd dks u nck ldsA rka n`"Vok l fg /kekZRek u 'k'kkd euksxre~A ra 'kksda jk?ko% lks<aq rrks foo`rrka xr%AA foo.kksa ds leku fç. gks rFkk esjs o'k esa jgus okys gks] vkKk ikyd vkSj l[kk gksAÞ .31.k ds vHkko esa lq[kh u jg ldsxhAÞ vkxs py dj vki ns[ksxa s fd tc dksbZ vkSj dSd.7.26.d çlax dk mYys[k djrk gw¡] ftlesa vki ns[ksxa s fd jke dHkh&dHkh nwljksa ds lkFk fu"iki ifjgkl dk vkuUn Hkh ys ysrs FksA .72 jkek.s h ls ?k`.kZonua n`"V~ok ra çfLoéee"kZ.slk u dj ldsA tc dHkh y{e.s h ds v/khu jgus ds dkj.k] dqN lhek rd Hkjr ij Hkh lUnsg fd.Fkk lq[k ugha feysxkAÞ mudk rkRi.k FkkA . gksxa As .d vkSj çlax mYys[k dj vkt dk çopu lekIr d:¡xkA ge ns[krs gS]a foifÙk dk çgkj gksus ij vU.k] /khj&ohj rFkk lnk lUekxZ esa fLFkr jgus okys gksA rqe eq>s çk.kl djrs gSa fd os #d tk.g çlax mudh ekuoh.k ugha djsxa As Þ .slk vkpj.13 ßdSd.k FkkA muds eq[k dk jax dqN ihyk iMÛ x.g lc Hkwfedk Fkh mudks ogha ihNs NksMÛus ds fy.k'oirs% lqrkA nq%f[krkuka liRuhuka u dfj". viuh xgure Hkkouvksa dks O. yksx lEHkor% .fr ds gkFkksa esa ukp jgh gSA bl çdkj dh NwV os muds vkpj.s h rks mudk dksbZ [Û.k dh fuUnk djrs le.s h dk i{k ysrs gSa vkSj dgrs gS]a ßmuds fy.12 ßgekjs firk] egkrstLoh egkjkt n'kjFk vc dSd.s h ds çfr fcYdqy uehZ dk #[Ûk viuk ldrs FksA os .17 ßrqe esjs fy.ksa ds lkFk vPNk O.k gqvk FkkA viuh ok.k FkkA fdUrq tc os muds ikl x.kdqy FkkA vius 'kksdlUrIr ifr dks ns[kdj lhrk cgqr mnkl gqbA± vHkh rd mUgksua s viuh Hkkoukvksa dks o'k esa fd.k ls] tks fd muls fHkék ugha Fks] rc dqN gn rd mudks viuh vUr%Hkkoukvksa dks vfHkO.k.ZLrks egkrstk eghifr%AA II.k jke ds lkFk ou tkuk pkgrs gSa vkSj jke dqN {k.ke~AA II.ksa tSls vuqHko djrsA mUgksua s euq". FksA vkg nq%[kkfHklarIrk fdfenkuhfena çHkksAA II.kleks o'.Dr djrs gSAa vc eSa .

74 jkek. ikfi"Be~A D. vki viuh 'kfDr dk fdl gn rd ç.k ds T.k.k vkSj vU.k fd.s Jh jke ds ikl vk.a rnso ftKkflrqfePNrk e.rk ds fy. tks jFk ds vkxs vkSj ihNs nks ifg.k Fkk] .kAÞ ukJkS"kfefr jktkueqikyC/kks·fi o{.% II..rk ns nsuh pkfg.] mudh vfUre >yd ds fy.%) fo'ks"k.u~A eU.gh ckr dgrs ikrs gS]a tc mUgksua s ns[kk cMÛh la[. ikfi"Bfefr jkeLreczohr~AA II.ksfr&LrEHk ik¡pok¡ v/.k dk ç.g mfpr u FkkA fcuk d"V fn.k dqN /ku çkIr djus gsrq viuh 'kfDr dk dSlk ç.46 ßpyks! pyks! gk¡dks] gk¡dksAÞ dfo dgrk gS] ml le.] okpd (ikih.sA jke dh vksj mUeq[k gksdj cksy]s ßvkids firk th dh . lqeU= . ikfi"Be~A Þ>wB cksyus dk vkSfpR.g lc mldks ns fn.frAA II.A dsoy bruk Hkj dg nsuk fd 'kksj xqy esa vkidh ckr ugha lqu ik.ksx dj ldrs gSa vkSj D.k .sls vUr}ZU} esa Q¡ls gq.k] ijUrq jke us . jktk n'kjFk] dkS'kY.] Fks tSls fd .quZ [kyq dÙkZO. gS fd jksu&s /kksus dks c<Ûkok nsuk ew[kZrk gSA 'kksd ds foyki dks c<Ûkuk furkUr ew[kZrk gS vkSj vuFkZdkjh gSA blfy.k fcYdqy gekjs tSlk gh gksrk FkkA .50.kAÞ Jh jke lR.g tks rqEgkjk MaMk gS] mls gkFk esa yks vkSj ogk¡ [kMÛs gksdj viuh iwjh 'kfDr ls mls Qsd a ksA ftruh nwj Hkh ftruh esjh xk.d ckj esa gh çHkwr /ku çkIr gks pqdk FkkA mlus dgk] ß.g 'kfDr lnk vkids ikl esa jgrh gS\ vkidh 'kfDr çn'kZu ls eSa vR.fn egkjkt vkKk u ekuus ij mykguk ns]a le> yks] rqEgsa D.kZIr gS] eSa çlék gwA¡ Þ vc .sA o`¼ jktk n'kjFk us fpYykdj lqeU= ls dgk] ßBgjks! Bgjks!Þ fdUrq jke us dgk] fr"Bsfr jkt pqØks'k .d fo'ks"krk ij vkrs gS]a tc os jFk ij p<Û dj egy NksMÛ dj ou dh vksj çLFkku dj jgs FksA egy esa cgqr jksuk&/kksuk gks jgk FkkA lqeU= jFk pyk jgs FksA os TÛkjk lh nwj vkxs c<Ûs gh Fks fd ml le.sxa h] tgk¡ rd Hkh rqEgkjh ykBh igq¡prh gS] og lc rqEgkjh gks tk.kksa dh ijEijk ds vuqlkj larks"kh FkkA mls .d vkKk gS vkSj vkidh nwljh loZFkk çfrdwyAÞ rc jke dgrs gS]a ßdnkfpr~~ rqEgsa Hk. gh eq>s lgk.s] eq>s vkidks nsus esa çlékrk gksxhAÞ ijUrq f=tV xxZ xks= dk FkkA og czkã. çsfjr fd.íqjR. os pkjksa vksj viuh lEifÙk çtk dks nku dj jgs FksA mlus Jh jke ls fuosnu fd.] eSa rks dqN fouksn rjax esa FkkAÞ mokp p rrks jkeLra xkX.32.d çlax vkSj ysrk gw¡A vHkh geus ns[kk Jh jke .sxas hAÞ rc jke dks . 75   iRuh ds vkxzg ij futh lgk. O.k us MaMs dks nks rhu ckj vius flj ds Åij ls ?kqek.sa bl LFky vkSj ml LFky ds chp vk.ekxZ ls fopyu dh lQÛkbZ esa dgrs gSa % fpja nq%[kL.ksfa d dqN lxkZsa ds ckn Hkh mudks .Ur çlék gw¡A .kA eSa rks .k tk.ksfjo pkUrjkAA II.] pys pyks]ß os dgrs gSAa çrhr gksrk gS fd jke dks .d vk/kkj gSA esjk dke cMÛh dfBukbZ ls pyrk gSA esjk ifjokj cMÛk gSA D.40-41 ßvkidk .oL.kh"o fdapns ija O.k] ftl le.47 ßykSVus ij .g i.k vkSj viuh iwjh 'kfDr ls mls nwj Qsd a kA og lj.ZefelkURo.kfg .% ifjgklks á.k fd fdl çdkj] ekuks lglk FkksMÛs ls ykyp ls çsfjr gksdj] bl czkã.ksx djrs gSAa dqN vU.kghfr jk?ko%A lqeU=.ksa ds chp Q¡lk gqvk gksA os ugha tkurs Fks D. rst gS] mlh dks tkuus dh bPNk ls eSua s vkidks MaMk Qsd a us ds fy.g ns[kdj cMÛk vkuUn vk.ogkj fd. gS] tc rqe eq>s ou esa NksMÛdj okil tkvksx]s rks o`¼ jktk dqfir gksxa ]s mudh vkKk ikyu u djus ds dkj.fDr gw¡] cgqr ls cky&cPpksa okyk gw¡A /kku ds nkuksa dks bdëk djuk esjh thou i¼fr gS] esjh thfodk dk .fn vki vkSj dqN pkgrs gS]a rks crkb. tu egy ls ckgj fudy vk.a eeAA bna fg rstLro .k djuk pkfg.40. FkhA {kek dhft. ikih.g ns[kus ds fy.kA os dgrs gS]a ßdnkfpr~~ eSaus rqEgkjs çfr dqN Hkko'kwU.ksx dj ldrs gksA ..k esa tuin ds yksx muds ihNs&ihNs vk jgs gSAa os fQj lqeU= ls dgrs gS]a ßjFk dks nkSMÛk pyksAÞ tc tuin ds yksx foyki djrs gS]a rks Jh jke dgrs gSa % fpja nq%[kL.kA bea HkokuFkZefHkçpksfnrks o`.k vki eq> ij Ïik djsxa \s ß tc Jh jke mlls dgrs gS]a ß.g Hkko vPNk yxrk Fkk % fpja nq%[kL. NksVh eksVh ckrsa Hkh gS]a dqN vYinks"k] ftuls ge bl fu"d"kZ ij igq¡prs gSa fd ladV dh ?kMÛh esa jke dk vkpj. cHkwokRek pØ.d euq".g tks nqyHZ .40.nk&dnk Îkl&ifjgkl Hkh dj ldrs FksA vc ge dqN fHkék çdkj dh mudh .g ns[kuk pkgrk Fkk fd eSa bldks fdlh vkSj <ax ls Hkh dj ldrk Fkk] rqe tSlk iryk&nqcyk czkã.k] Þvki bruk dqN nku dj jgs gS]a eSa .d fu/kZu O.w ds nwljs rV ij tk fxjhA bl çdkj rqjUr vfer i'kq/ku mlds gkFk yx x.5 mÙkekoLFkkokpd (ikfi"Be~) ds ctk.flA fpja nq%[kL.ksx dj ldrk gSA eSa tkuuk pkgrk Fkk fd rqe viuh iwjh 'kfDr dk ç.

] rc jke lqe=a ls cksy]s ßvc rqe jFk ys tkdj mls mÙkj fn'kk dh vksj eksMÛ yks] ekuks rqe v. rd vius ls layXu j[ksxa As eSa ç.k FkkA eSa mu çlaxksa dks .slh f'k{kk ysuk gS] tks gesa cqjkbZ ls vPNkbZ dh vksj ys tk ldsA vr% vkxs ge mu çlaxksa dh ppkZ djsxa ]s tgk¡ ij jke vius ekuoh.fn ge Jh jke dk Lej. ij fQj fopkj djsxa As jke rks vuUr vkSj vikj gSAa blfy. gksrh rks gekjs leku gksuk gh FkkA dqN vU. lekIr djrk gw¡A bl fo"k.k gksrk gS] og bu egku mnkgj. xq. os mudk ihNk dj jgs FksA vr. mUgksua s ..kHkaxjq gks]a os prq£nd ÅcMÛ&[kkcMÛ vkSj vlarks"ktud ifjfLFkfr.fn laHko gks] bl dkO. djrs gSa muds lkFk fudVrk ls vkc¼ gksus ds fy.fn mudh egkurk vxE.A muds ekuoh.ksa rd Åij mBus esAa blh çdkj euq".rk ns lds vkSj tc rd vkSj ftruh n`<Ûrk ds lkFk mPprj Lrj ij j[k ldsA gekjk eq[.g gekjh çÏfr dks dqN Å¡pk mBk lds] gekjh fuEu o`fÙk.k gS fd ge mUgsa le> ldrs gSAa .kA bu 'kCnksa ds lkFk eSa vkt dk oDrO.koklh Hkh muds ihNs&ihNs py fn.ktu! mudk rks lc dqN jke ds çfr le£ir Fkk] ykSVkus dh bPNk djrs gq. ds v/.ks/.k dj] mlls Åij mBus dk ç. Jh jke ou dh vksj tkus yxsA ml le. lnk deTÛkksfj. vusd v.] tgk¡ ls jke us ckn esa unh dks ikj fd.slh mudh vk'kk FkhA os Hkksys Hkkys lk/kkj.ksfr&LrEHk 77 ik¡pok¡ v/.kl dj jgk gw¡] tgk¡ okYehfd us mUgsa bl :i esa çLrqr fd.fn os loZnk mPpre Lrj ij gh jgrs] dHkh mlls uhps u vkrs] . ç.kksa ls ihNk NqMÛk.k ykSVus dk ç.] muds çfr gekjk vuqjkx vkSj xk<Ûk djrs gSa vkSj gesa ck/.d ç.kl dj ldrk gSA pkgs lQyrk u Hkh feys] .qDr gSAa bl egkdkO.k çn£'kr djrs gS]a bruh ek=k esa fd os HkfDr vkSj J¼k esa ck/kk igq¡pkus ds ctk. çlax vkSj gS]a ftuesa ge vius vkSj jke ds chp J¼kHkko .ks/.kl pyrk jgs& pkSFkk] ik¡pok¡] vkSj blh çdkj gekjs thou pkgs {k.s pky pyh] vU.kA os iqjoklh jkf= esa blh vksj lks.k.kl d:¡xk eSa Hkh fdlh u fdlh çdkj muls ihNk NqMÛkÅ¡] tSls fd mUgksua s ihNk djus okys mu czkã.k jgs] Lo:i esa Jh jke ds thou ds leku ghA tc ge viuh deTÛkksfj.ksa ls vkc¼ gSAa fQj Hkh os thou gS]a Lej.Fkk muls ihNk NqMÛkuk dfBu FkkA fu"Bk vkSj Lokeh HkfDr ls çsfjr iqjoklh n`<Û fu'p.d= djus dk ç.gh dqN mUgksua s lqe=a dks fl[kk.ksa ls vNwrk jgrk gS] fdUrq tc deTÛkksjh dk vkØe.kl vlQy gks] nks ç.kl vlQy gks]a rhljh ckj vkaf'kd lQyrk feysA fdUrq] ç.s os eq>s dkQÛh le.s yksx fuækeXu gks x. Fks fd tc rd jke mudh ckr eku ugha ysxa s vkSj ugha ykSV pyaxs ]s rc rd os fgysxa s ughaA .k gh gesa çsfjr djrs gS]a pkgs y?kq ifjek.   mudh ço`fÙk ladV ls ckgj fudyus ds fy.slk ugha gS fd euq".ksa ls tw> jgs gks]a rc ..k djs]a rks tSlk fd eSua s igys dgk Fkk] dqN vYi ek=k esa gh lgh] viuh çÏfr dks vo'.kksa dks Lej.ksa ls iquhr FksA os cMÛs gB/kehZ ls muds ihNs&ihNs relk unh rd vk.s lgtre ekxZ viukus dh FkhA ftl le. ls .s]a rqe nwljh fn'kk ls ykSV vkukA eSa vkdj fey tkÅ¡xk vkSj rc ge muls vutku jkg ij nwj tk ldsxa As Þ bl çdkj mudks Hkze esa Mkyus ds fy.A tc .k ds T.Ru dj jgs gksA tc os cs[Ûkcj gks tk.ksa dks ijkftr djus esa lgk. lq/kjrk gSA .76 jkek.k esa gh] viuh fuEu ço`fÙk. xq.o] fdlh NksVh&eksVh pky ls muls ihNk NqMÛkuk gh FkkA .k Hkh Fks] tks Kku] voLFkk vkSj rikscy rhuksa n`f"V.A muesa ls cgqr ls czkã. mékr dj ldrs gSa vkSj viuk thou vf/kdrj vf/kd n`<Ûrk ls vkSj vf/kd lkFkZd cukdj thuk lh[k ldrs gSaA ””” . Jh jke ou dh vksj tkus yxs] ml le.kstu gS] .ksa ls viuh mPp ço`fÙk.u dk ogha rd dqN ykHk gS] tgk¡ rd .

k vkSj lc dqN [kks fn.U=.&as tSls lkezkT.k] ekuks os v.sa Fkha] mu ij mUgksua s fu.fn osnkUr ds mnkÙk {ks= rd ys tk.kZr.k vkSj .ksfr&LrEHk 78  NBk v/.k dbZ gSAa eq[.fDrRo dks fgyk u ldhA .k¡ cgqr fHkék gks]a ogk¡ fdlh dks nwljs O.s mUgksua s pdek fn. rd os cMÛs mÙkstuk Hkjs {k. FksA tc os lhrk vkSj y{e.k. Fks fd mldk 'kh"kZ Å¡ps cknyksa esa Fkk] mRÏ"Vrk dh pje lhek ij yxHkx fnO.A vkt dh ppkZ esa esjk igys fcUnq gksxk] ml lan's k dk lkjka'k] tks mUgksua s lqeU= dks fonk djrs le...d vkSj rks Jh jke lalkj ds lkekU.] vFkok mudh HkkX.ks/.rhr fd.d dgkor gS] ß.k fujk'kk ugha vk. euq".k fd cqjh ls cqjh n'kk Hkh ml fLFkrn`<Û fu'py ifo=&ikou O.k=k esa O.kZnk dks cuk.FkkFkZ dh Hkwfe ij eTÛkcwrh ls fVds gq.wukf/kd mUgha ds leku gksA tgk¡ cká ifjfLFkfr. L=h gSA og fuf'pr :i ls tkuuk pkgsxh fd eSa lpeqp ou esa igq¡p x.k gw¡ . jke fiNyh ckj eSa jke }kjk vius çtktuksa ds lkFk dh xbZ .k fn.d fir`&HkDr iq= Fks vkSj os vius firk dh e.k FkkA lqe=a b{okdq dqy ds fo'oluh.k ds T.fDr dks le>uk dfBu gksrk gS] tc rd le>us okyk vlk/kkj.ksa ls brus Åij mBs gq.] ftldk pquko os dj pqds Fks vkSj ftls os lnkpkj dk ekxZ ekurs FksA tks Hkh mudh Hkkouk.d cMÛk .k mudh lejlrk vkSj fLFkrçKrk esa dksbZ fo?u ck/kk iMÛhA mUgksasus .kA vr.g n'kkZus ds fy. dks igpku ldrs Fks] tks nq"V Fks vFkok os] ftudk muds lkFk dksbZ lkeatL.k ughaA .k Fkk] nwljh vksj muds pj.k essa . dh Hkkoukvksa dks i<Û ldrs Fks& mudh Hkh] tks muls loZFkk fHkék FksA nwljs 'kCnksa es]a os . .oa xaxk rV rd lqeU= ds lax .kr.h] u gh nqHkkZX.sls yksxksa rd ds ân.s h .k esa gekjs fcuk rqEgkjh mifLFkfr firk th dh lqj{kk ds fy.qfDr.k cryk dj le>k.r% yksx mUgha dks vPNh rjg igpku ldrs gS]a tks muds gh tSls gks]a ftUgksua s mlh çdkj ds vuqHkoksa dks >syk gks] ftudh eu%fLFkfr U.o] v.k fd mUgsa Hkh lkFk NksMÛuk ugha pkgrs FksA mUgksua s cgqr vuqjks/k fd.ksa ds dkj.sls n`f"Vdks.k prqj u gksA rfeGÛ esa .k jgsA tSlk fd eSa igys mYys[k dj pqdk gw¡] mUgksua s .g lqifjfpr fl¼kUr gSA bl fopkj dks .oa iqjkus vfHkdrkZ FksA os jke] y{e.k fd os .rk ds lehi igq¡p x.qDr dkj.jkek.] fu"Bkoku lkjFkh .slk djus esa vleFkZ gSAa lqeU= dks v. yksxksa us ml ekxZ ls gVkus ds ç. fd firk dh eku&e.s] mlls muesa fdlh çdkj dh mnklh .k esa muds iqjkus fBdkus ds fy.s h le> tk.fn mls blesa ys'kek= Hkh lUnsg gqvk] rks esjs firk th dk Hkxoku j{kd gSA mu ij ladV dk igkMÛ VwV iMÛxs k vkSj mudks naM Hkksxuk iMÛxs kA .s vfr vko'.% çs{kd vkSj çsf{kr dks dgdj o£.kksa ds fy. ugha FkkA muls dqN Hkh fNik u jgrk FkkA lkekU.fn rqe esjs fcuk ykSV dj lc o`ÙkkUr lquk nksx]s rks lc dqN fujkin gks tk.s jokuk fd.fDr dks] tks nqfu.ks/.e [kks cSBrs gSAa ml le.kr fd.g fn[kyk.s .s dh gS fd .fn dksbZ oLrq mUgsa çHkkfor djus dh {kerk j[krh Fkh] rks oLrqr% og mPpre gh gks ldrh FkhA lalkj dh {kqæ oLrq.knkjh ls iw.kksa dh vof/k es]as tks mUgksua s v.k mFky&iqFky gqb]Z muds fy. Hkh dgk tkrk gSA oLrqfLFkfr rks .d fo'kky o`{k dh Nk. fn.k.s gks]a ftlls mUgsa irk gh u py lds fd okLro esa os fdl vksj x.g Fkh mudh Hkwfedk] mu Dys'kdj {k.g& gS esjh foekrk dSd.ks/.k .d fu"Bqj vkSj dBksj ân.g gS fd . 79  v.] eku] çfr"Bk& budh mUgsa ijokg ugha FkhA eku&lEeku ls esjk vk'k.k dh vk¡[ksa mu ij FkhaA çyksHku mudks nckrs jgsA firk] xq#] ekrk rFkk vU.k vkSj lhrk dk lkFk NksMÛuk ugha pkgrs FksA mUgksua s cgqr vuqjks/k fd.s¡] rks Hkkookpd Hkk"kk esa bls çk.d lh/ks lkns Hkksy&s Hkkys O.k fd mUgsa Hkh lkFk jgus dh vuqefr feys] ftlls os mudh lsok djus dk volj çkIr dj ldsAa Jh jke us vusd dkj.kZnk v{kq.d fu"diV pkykdh dk mYys[k dj jgk FkkA fdl çdkj mu yksxksa dks] tks muds ihNs&ihNs vkuk pkgrs Fks] Hkjekus ds fy.sxkA rc dSd.kksa ls xqTÛkj pqds FksA mudh mÙkstuk Hkjh Hkkouk.k dks le>us esa dqN dfBukbZ gksxh] tks mlds vius futh LoHkko ds çfrdwy gksA tc lqeU= us 78 NBk v/.k tkrk gSA dgha&dgha bldks çs{kd vkSj çsf{kr dk rknkRE.sa ijkdk"Bk ij igq¡p pqdh FkhaA lkjh nqfu.ks/.g Fkh os .ksa okil Hkst jgk gw¡A oSls rks dkj.s j[kuk pkgrs FksA mUgksua s viuk lc dqN nko ij yxk.g Hkh fn[kkuk Fkk fd cká ifjfLFkfr.k ds lkFk jg x.k Hkh crk.k ykSVus esa vkukdkuh dh] jke cMÛh prqjkbZ ls dgrs gS]a tSlk fd vki rqjUr le> ldrs gS]a ßlqeU= rqe le> yks] eSa rqEgsa D. gS] inohA .d lk¡i gh nwljs lk¡i dks tku ldrk gSAÞ . ds dkj.k j[kkA nqfu.k dh vksj okil pys x.kl fd. FksA frjiuos lxZ esa tc rhuksa fuokZflr tu xaxk unh dks ikj dj .k vkSj eSua s muds vkns'k dk ikyu fd.k] dsoy blfy.k esa viuk clsjk cuk ysrs gS]a igyh ckj lqeU= dh vuqifLFkfr esa vdsyk gksus ij Jh jke dqN {k.k dh uTÛkj esa tks vge~ ckr trkuh Fkh] og .s viuk vkRe&la.sxs h fd esjs o`¼ firk us vius opuksa dks iwjk fd.kA blls irk pyrk gS fd Jh jke nwljksa ds ân.ks/.k ifjfpr ugha gS] .d gSAÞ eSua s bl çlax dh ppkZ dsoy .y{eh ds fy.

k x.k ds T.k djds fd dkS'kY. O.g Lej.ksa ds <ax ls foijhr gksrk FkkA Ñrdkek rq dSd.s h lQy euksjFk gksus ls cgqr lar"q V gksxh] fu'p.s h .g n'kkZrk gS fd lkekU.53.s 'kCn Hkjr ds fy. euq".gh .15 vius firk vkSj HkkbZ ds çfr . lq[kesda Hkfo".k Hkj ds fy. s h jkT.53. gh cgqr çlék gksxhA gks ldrk gS] Hkjr dks v. .s os Lo.kfufr esa efr%AA II.hlqr%A eqfnrku~ dkslykusdks . djsxk vkSj viuh iRuh lfgr jkT.11 vc os Hkjr ds fo"k.{kr% 'kCn y{e. :i ls gh çHkkfor djrh FkhaA fdUrq] tc dke djus dk le.ks/.k es]a çrhdkRed :i ls Hkh vf/kd mudk viuk va'k Fkk] ge .fo/kkrk gksxkAÞ vFkZ/kekSZ ifjR.] lezkV cukus dk fopkj Hkh mlds fnekxÛ esa vk ldrk gSA dgha .a=.s fd y{e. esa Hkh lksprs gSAa os Hkjr vkSj vius esa vUrj crkrs gS]a ßeSua s rks viuk lc dqN [kks fn.k iq= ugha gw¡] vkKkdkjh iq= gw¡] ftls dksbZ Hkh firk vius lehi gh LFkku nsuk pkgsxkA ijUrq firk th us ftl çdkj eq>s R. LFkku esa dfo us vU.k o'kekxr%AA II.12 ßfirk th vR.dkj.k gSA og Hkh uke ls ugha dsoy 'kCn ^Hkk.53.kZ* }kjk ghA fdlh Hkh vU.ku nsus dh ckr gSA .dkt esa Hkkx ugha ys ldrsA .oeki|rs f{kça jktk n'kjFkks .k n'kk gksxh\Þ ban O.ku fn..13 . vR.kAA II.A {k.e ds] furkUr /. pkj.k dj dkSly ij jkT.lkrhrs ef.slk u gks] esjs firk ds thou ls f[kyokMÛ djsAÞ 'yksd dk vFkZ gS] ßdgha egkjkt dks ekj u MkysAÞ vukFk'p fg o`)'p e.. ogk¡ dksbZ u Fkk] rc tks dqN fu. ds lq[k dk miHkksx djsxkA og gh lezkV gksxk vkSj v.k gw¡A Hkjr jktxíh /kkj.frA rkrs p o.ksfa d tSlk fd vki le> ldrs gS]a y{e.eneksfgrkA dkSlY. ds leku Hkkoukvksa dk m}sx Jh jke esa Hkh Fkk vkSj xgu HkkoukRed lekurk gekjs ls Fkh vkSj lkekU.ka p lqfe=ka p laçck/ksr eRÑrsAA II.k] ftudk vk'k. vodk'k Hkh FkkA bl ekxZ ds vf/kdka'k esa bldk o.qojkt cukus ds ctk.% dkeeuqorZrAs .d fo'ks"k igyw dks le>us ds fy. vkrk Fkk] rks mudk <ax vU. Hkksxxs kA muds ikl viuh jkuh gksxhAÞ .k djsxk] og mlh çdkj 'kh?kz gh vkifÙk esa iMÛxs k] tSls esjs firk egkjkt n'kjFkAÞ ladrs gS] .8 ßbl o`¼] iax]q vlgk.k vius vkKkdkjh iq= dk ifjR.fDr dh u tkus D.gk¡ /.Ur o`¼ gks x.ksfa d y{e.kkr~A vfi u P.s 'yksd .u ge dj jgs gSa] .fn Hkjr viuh HkkX.k esa vk.k] fcuk vkRela.ka xjh. Fks] os Hkax gks x.g gS fd .s h ds dkeik'k ls çsekU/k O.tsrA~ NUnkuqforZua iq=a rkrks ekfeo y{e.53.FkkAA II.k vius gh dks FkkA esjk /.fr dkekRek dSd¸s .ksfr&LrEHk NBk v/.k pSo foukÑr%A fda dfj".luekyksD.k mUgksua s vius Åij j[ks gq.] esjs fcuk vjf{kr] dSd.sA vius iq= dks . jkT.Dr fd.k.sRçk.ksa dh vksj ladrs ugha fd.Ur nqHkkZoiw.ksa dk HkkX.kokfl.ku ls lqurh jghaA çR. HkkbZ dh iRuh dh vksj ladrs fd.dkdhiu esa dksbZ ck/kk ugha igq¡pkrh FkhA mUgsa ekuks Loxr dFku ds fy.kx fn.o] jkT.fDr.ks/. ds en ls eksfgr gqbZ dSd.ks Hkks{.f/kjktor~AA II. fudy jgs FksA ysfdu D. jkK'p efrfoHkzee~A dke .80 jkek.s h ds çfr mUeq[k gksrs gSAa ßlkSHkkX.slh n'kk esa Hkjr gh leLr jkT.d gSAa fo'ks"k ckr rks .kj djrh gS]a os eq>ls fcNqMÛuk ugha pkgrh Fkh] . ckrsa mUgas Hkh lkekU.ko.T.53.53.k ughaA lhrk cMÛs / .10 ßeSa dksbZ lk/kkj.okFkZ/kekZH.10 ßeq>dks ns[kdj çrhr gksrk gS fd jktk dh efr HkzkfUr rhuksa iq#"kkFkZ& /keZ] vFkZ vkSj dke es]a dsoy dke dk gh xkSjo vf/kd gS vkSj vf/kd /keZ vkSj vFkZ] dke ls uhps gSAa Þ dks áfo}kufi iqeku~ çenk.7 ßvc dSd. cgqr xEHkhj gSA os] tks ge dg ldrs gS]a ml egku O.ku dqN 'yksdksa ij x.g eku ysa fd mudk Hkk"k.k gS] ml çdkj vK gksus ij Hkh dkSu lk iq#"k .k% Ñrs R.Z'p Hkjr% dSds.kZ gSAa ßtks /keZ vkSj vFkZ dk ifjR.k vkSj lqfe=k eq>s fdruk I. gSAa vr.ekfLFkrsAA II.a ls layki djus yxs D.h lkSHkkX.k vkSj lhrk dh mifLFkfr muds .d L=h ds eksg vkSj ncko ds dkj.kx djds dsoy dke dk vuqlj.53.kZu gS] fdl çdkj mUgksua s viuh futh Hkkoukvksa dks O.fDr.kku~ n`"V~ok Hkjrekxre~AA II.R.d .s cgqr vko'.kx dj nsAÞ lq[kh cr lHkk.L.k] viuh iRuh vkSj fç.slk LFkku gS] tgk¡ fdlh vU.6.y{eh ds miHkksx esa gh eXu jgsxk] rks mldh Hkh ogh xfr gksxh] tSlh esjs firk th dh gqbZ gSA vihnkuha u dSds.k dks lacksf/kr djrs gq. 81   vkSj vU.53.k lqu Hkh jgs gS .. s h rq"Vk HkforqegZfrA lk fg nsoh egkjkta dSd.g lc dqN dgdj vc os foekrk dSd. O.k ns[kdj mldh egRokdka{kk c<Û tk.slk gksxk] tks . HkkbZ lfgr nwj ou esa pyk vk.k gSA l fg loZL.fDrRo ds] ftldk v/.

w kZe[ q kks jkeks fuf'k rw". s h }s"kknU.fn eSa Øks/k esa vk tkÅ¡] rks vius ck.Hkhr'p ijyksdL.d /kekZ/keZ dk fopkj vkSj rdZ dk fo"k.g .82 jkek.53.k] o`¼ jktk ls rdZ&fordZ fd.k ds T. çkIr dj yh Fkh vkSj ou dks pys vk.ke~AA II. eSa .s h cMÛh [kksVs deZ okyh gS] pfj= foghu gSA og xÛyr dke Hkh dj ldrh gSA og rqEgkjh vkSj esjh ek¡ dks fo"k Hkh ns ldrh gSAÞ nsf[k.ksfr&LrEHk NBk v/.Ztud cgqQyçn <ax ls vfHkO.ka p i`fFkoha pkfi y{e. gSA vkiesa ls vf/kdka'k vuqHkoh O.k¸.sAA ßeSa firk n'kjFk vkSj vU.k^ esa lqLi"V ladrs gS fd Jh jke esa Hkh ogh ekuoh.k le>rs gks\ rqe esjh 'kfDr ls ifjfpr gks] esjs ijkØe dks tkurs gks] esjs 'kkS.Z djus ds fy.ks/.k.ks/.d mPp Hkwfedk dk vfHku.kZ olqU/kjk dks lesVus dh {kerk j[krk gw¡] fdUrq ikjykSfdd fgr lk/ku esa cy] ijkØe dk ç.k dqN dj ldrs gSaA rkRi.ksa ds foijhr lkgliw.! .Dr dj os f'kfFky gks x. lcdks .dks áge.k uk|kgekRekuefHk"ksp.ka foyI.ksa ds vkpkj&O.g Hkh Lej.g gS fd pkgs mUgksaus viuh ladYi'kfDr ek= ls viuh bPNkvksa dk neu dj fy.sA nq%[k Hkjs vJqikr dj mUgksua s jkf= pqipki [Ûkkeks'kh esa O.ksa dks ekuks mtkxj dj ekSu /kkj.k Fkk] viuh çÏfr ds vf/kd fuEu LokFkZ igyqvksa ij fot.fn eSa viuh 'kfDr dk ç. tkfr dh lqf'k{kk vkSj uSfrd mékfr ds fy.s . 83   fdl çdkj mUgksua s esjk i{k fy.d fVIi.d&.Z gS] ßeq>s yksd lkeF.kAÞ vfr mÙke] lk/kq] fu"diV] lnkpkjh] /keZijk.slh gksrhA ^uuq oh.Z çkIr gS] og U.s gSA . rÙo fo|eku Fkk] tks mHk.a dks gh Lej.s mUgsa .rhr dhA bl çdkj viuh çÏfr dh {kqæ vkSj fuEu o`fÙk.] nch gqbZ dq.g lc dqN Jh jke dh okLrfod çÏfr ds vuqdy w ugha gSA dkQÛh yEcs vUrjky rd cká fn[kkos ds fy. djuk iMÛk] ckotwn mUgsa .k gqvk Fkk] rc mudh okLrfod çÏfr dh .k vkSj ifjikyu djuk iMÛkA os .fn os pkgsa] D.k gksrk gSA .g u lkspks fd eSa vleFkZ gw¡AÞ ekuks os Lo.s vkSj os dqN Hkh .sa fdl çdkj dh fofp= Hkkoukvksa dk çn'kZu djrh gSAa .g lc dqN vfHku.k dks okil ysus ds dk.fu"B gSA vc vki viuh 'kadk dks bl :i esa iwN ldrs gS]a tks eSa vkids ..k fd. fotus ousA vJqi.k ds iq#"k&fL=.k mudh çÏfr esa dksbZ nwljk fuEurj igyw Hkh Fkk\ D.gk¡ djuk mfpr le>rk gw¡A TÛkjk çrh{kk dhft.kksa }kjk vdsyk gh v.ks/.k ekuork dh igq¡p ds cgqr ÅijA blus mudks] vius le.25 ßy{e.k dj fy.ogkj ls HkyhHkk¡fr ifjfpr gSaA dnkfpr~ dksb&Z dksbZ rdZ esa Hkh lqfoK gksxa As vkidh dYiuk esa .fDr gSAa nqfu.k O.k gksrk gS fd .k ldrs Fks] .53.fe"kqfHk% Øq)ks uuq oh.] foifÙk.k okLro esa Jh jke esa Hkh mPp vkSj fuEu ço`fÙk.rnU.k! rqe eq>s D.s cgqr vk'p.27 bl çdkj ds mn~xkj O.26 rsu y{e.ke* dk rkRi.Z dk rqEgsa irk gSA .fn mudh bPNk ys'kek= Hkh .s vius rqPN ykHk ds fy.kZ eq[kkÏfr cukuh iMÛh] leLr tuksa ds çfr mPpre dÙkZO.Z gksxkA blhfy.slk ugha dj jgs Fks] tks fd os dj ldrs Fks] mls Hkh gfFk.g ç'u vk ldrs gSa fd D.Bk. j[krh Fkh] lk/kkj.g Hkh ç'u mBk ldrs gS]a ßD.o] eSa .. dk Lej.slk ugha d:¡xkAÞ mUgsa viuh 'kfDr dh {kerk dk Lej.ksx ugha djuk pkfg.k ds jkT.ks/.Zedkj. gksrk Fkk] og mudks Å¡pk mBk.d 'kadk mRiék gks ldrh gS] ftldk lek/kku eSa . ij viuk vfHk"ksd djk ldrk Fkk] ijUrq eSua s .Pp d:.d Hkkjh ncko] vlá uSfrd ncko ds uhps jgs FksA tc os vius vkidks mu nckoksa ls eqDr ikrs gS]a rks os vius bl cká Nn~eos'k dks mrkj dj Qsd a nsrs gS]a tks mUgksua s vc rd /kkj.kf'kr ckrsa mxyokrh gSA bu 'yksdksa dks i<Ûus ds i'pkr~ eSa .% tc mudh mPp Lrj ço`fÙk dk çkcY.ks± ds fy.kh djuk pkgrk gw¡A .ksa ugha fd.k vkSj vçR. pku?kA II.k djk jgs gSAa v/keZHk..fDr esa bl çdkj dh fu"Bk gksxh ghA .Z djus ds fy.s J¼k vkSj HkfDr dk ik= cuk fn.s ugha] ijUrq mfpr dk. d:¡] rks og loZFkk vuqfpr dk.slk D.d vksj djds v.kA 'ks"k jkf= mUgksua s euu& fpUru esa O.slk dqN ugha gksus fn.fo#¼ vuqfpr dk.k ugha jgs Fks] tks os gfFk.53.A .ksx v.g mPp çÏfr euq".g lp gS] tSlk fd gekjs esa gksrk gSA vkSj esa bl çopu ekyk ds vkjEHk ls gh eSa bl fcUnq ij fo'ks"k cy nsrk vk jgk gw¡A vusd ckj eSua s fn[kk.18 ßog L=h dSd. esa vkSj ckn esa Hkh] lcds fy.kheqikfo'kr~AA II.kA og mu nksuksa dks lq[k pSu ls jgus u nsxh] mudks d"V igq¡pk ldrh gSAÞ {kqædekZ fg dSd.Dr gqbAZ nwljh vksj vkiesa ls dqN yksx .slk rÙo Fkk\Þ gk¡] vo'.k Hkh gS fd *okYehfd jkek.gh ço`fÙk muls .kA rjs.53.Z .A vr.Zedkj.d ço`fÙk ckgj QwV iMÛrh gS] og ço`fÙk tks mUgsa ge lcds gh le:i cuk nsrh gSA .slh vlk/kkj.slk ugha d:¡xkA .kiqjh rFkk leLr HkweMa y dks fu"daVd cukdj vius vf/kdkj esa dj ldrk gw¡A eSa vius N= ds uhps lEiw.rhr dhA lEHkor% vki yksxksa esa ls dqN ds eu esa .k.k mudh lajpuk esa Hkh dksbZ .kA .k\ eSa nqjkpkj ls Mjrk gw¡] blfy.k¡ Fkha\ çk.ekpjsrA~ ifjn|k fg /keZKs Hkjrs ee ekrje~AA II.

d mPp vkSj nwljh fuEu\ fuEu çÏfr dks vius rd gh j[krs gS]a ekuks viuh laxh&lkfFk. ls dyqf"kr] vkpkj O.s ugha fd. çkIr dj yh FkhA mUgksua s dksbZ Hkh dke vius futh LokFkZ ds fy.k x.ogkj esa fuEu dksfV ds gksrs gSAa fdUrq] ckgjh nqfu.k dgs]a ftudh nksgjh çÏfr gksrh gS] .fDr. dqN fHkék çdkj dh ?kVuk dk mYys[k djrk gw¡] ftlls irk pysxk fd Jh jke esa gekjs leku gh . dkaM ij vkrk gw¡] tgk¡ mudh HksaV 'kwiZ.ksa dh n`f"V ls fNik dj vkSj mudks viuh çÏfr dk mPprj va'k gh çn£'kr djrs gSAa .g uke lkekU.ksa dh nqfu.kZu fd.k dh vk¡[kksa esa /kwy >ksd a us ds fy.k] mls O.ka okeHkkf"k.d lkekU. ?kfVr gksrk gSA .k ds T.kZfUor fd.kA . m/kkj fy.kh ds :i esa çdV gksrh gSA rRi'pkr~ gkL.ksa ds fy.g oS"kE.d euq".Z 'kSyh ls loZFkk çfrdwy gSA Jh jke vkSj <ksxa h esa .a Hkh bl pViVs n`'.d ckgjh lekurk gksrs gq.k fd.ksa ds chp mudh xfr Hkh euq".k.sls O.k] mUgsa iNrkok gqvk vkSj mlls cksy]s ßHkbZ] eSa rks dsoy eTÛkkdÛ dj jgk FkkA eSa le>rk gw¡ blls rqEgsa dksbZ {kfr ugha igq¡phA .f/kd xq.kl Hkh d:¡xkA mldks vki Bhd&Bhd le>sAa eq>s iw.fDr. ds chp .sls O.fDr.fn FkksMÛk&lk vkeksn&çeksn dk vkuUn ywV ys]a dnkfpr~~ v{kE.k gSA dfo dk vkuUn Lokn cMÛh vPNh çdkj çn£'kr gksrk gS] tc 'kwi.kA mudh mPprj çÏfr dh çsj.rk FkhA NksVh eksVh ckrs]a tks gesa çHkkfor djrh gS]a fu.d Hkkjh fodkl dh vR. esa D.k gSA .Z dj lds]vius O.k esa .qxy tksMÛh\ eSa .Z k[kk dk vkxeu mu rhu O..fDrxr LokFkZ ds fy.A tks dk.ka nk:.k mudk jgk] tks okLrfod :i ls nqfu. vkSj egku R. rÙo ckj&ckj çn£'kr gksrs gS]a fujk ekuoh.kk o`)k nf{k.d fodjky] dq:i] Mjkous çk.slk xq.kxh :i fn[kkrs gSAa os nqfu.17.slk çrhr gksrk gS] dfo Lo. Hkh okLrfodrk bl rF.a egksnjhA fo'kkyk{ka fo#ik{kh lqd's ka rkeze/w kZtkAA çhfr:ia fo#ik lk lqLoja HkSjoLojkA r:. vko'. Fks] vkSj euq".k ugha gS vkSj ftldk mYys[k eSa igys Hkh dj pqdk gw¡A dHkh&dHkh dqN FkksMÛs fouksn dk vkuUn ysuk Hkh mUgsa vPNk yxrk Fkk] tSls fd f=tV ds lUnHkZ esAa mUgksua s ml o`¼ ds lkFk etÛkd fd.s fd og viuh okLfro fuEu çØfr esa lfØ. dks Li"V djrh gS fd mPprj rÙo gh Jh jke dh ewy çÏfr FkkA mudh çÏfr dk fuEu rÙo dsoy fpidk gqvk Fkk] D.d eTÛkns kj n`'. fo'ks"krk Hkh FkhA muesa .g fdlh <ksxa h O.] nqfu.kkRed fHkékrk ds :i esa fo|eku gSA bruk dg dj eSa .k Hkh Fkk] ftldh fuUnk djus dk dksbZ dkj.ksa ds leku gh FkhA .r% ge .Z k[kk jke ls çse çn'kZu djrh gSA çse djus ds fy. 85   lkeus j[krk gw¡A mldk lek/kku nsus dk ç.kZ fo'okl gS fd tks eSa le> ik. gksdj cqjs o nq"V dk. rÙo dqpy fn. u gksxkA dfo ds vkuUn dk blls irk pyrk gS fd mlus jke vkSj muds lkeus cSBh 'kwi.kA LokFkZ Hkkouk dks mUgksua s v/keZ ekuk] uSfrd cy ç..s ç.k[kk ls gksrh gSA 'kwi.ksx ls mls nck fn.] ftl çdkj dk vkpj.ksx esa ykrs gS]a tks ân.d LiUnu mRiék dj nsrk gSA og mu rhu O.ksa ds chp vk.fDr dh dk.k çÏfr dks fNik.ksfa d os lk/kkj.g gks ldrk gS fd ge mu O.k gqvk gSA <ksxa h viuh fuEu çÏfr ls ykHk mBkrk gS] ijUrq xqIr :i lsA mldh mPprj çÏfr] tks mlds vlaxr gS] dsoy Åij ls vks<Ûh gqbZ gksrh gS] dsoy .sA Jh jke dh vksj n`f"Vikr djsAa mudh fuEu çÏfr u dsoy vçR.d .d fHkékrk gS] tks Jh jke vkSj gekjs tSls euq".k vkSj tc ukVd lekIr gks x.Z k[kk dk .{k Fkh] oju~ mldk neu dj fn.k x.k ds le{k ml okLrfodrk ls] ftldks os fNikrs gS]a csgrj :i çn£'kr djrs gSAa .s j[krs Fks] fdlh dks çn£'kr ugha djrs Fks] dsoy vius rd gh j[krs FksA viuh çÏfr dk mPprj va'k gh os ckgj çn£'kr djrs FksA ijUrq rF.k rks larks"k dk ewÙkZ :i Fkk mlus vkSj dqN u ek¡xkA vc eSa vj. ekuks cMÛk oknkU.fDr.ksa dks ge ik[kaMh dgrs gSAa vc rd tks eSua s dgk vkSj tSlk dfo us Hkh dgk gS] bl vk/kkj ij Jh jke dks Hkh ik[kaMh dh fuUnuh.d vU.10-11 .sa vkSj muds fnO.] blfy.k dh vk¡[kksa esa /kwy >ksd a us ds fy..kogkfjd :i esa dk.g gS fd Jh jke dk pfj= ik[kaMh dh çÏfr ls loZFkk foijhr gSA eSa pkgrk gw¡] vki bl rF.khAA III.fDr.84 jkek. Js.&fouksn dk .k vkSj mlls os cgqr Åij mB x.af=r djrh gS]a mudks Hkh os çHkkfor djrh FkhaA ijUrq os mu ij 'kklu u dj ldha vkSj mu ij gkoh u gks ldhaA ijUrq Jh jke us mu ij 'kklu fd.ksa ds fo"k.k gw¡] og lp gh gSA ç'u .k ds lkeus vk.k Fkk] ml ij mUgksua s fot.d NksVs ls fcUnq gh ij mudh gekjs lkFk ltkrh.ksa ds fy.Z mUgksua s fd.kh esa j[kk tk ldrk gS D.ksa ds chp .gh Hkkjh vUrj gS] vfr vko'.d cká ycknk gS] nqfu. dks HkyhHkk¡fr le>sAa .fn muesa Hkh bl fefJr va'k ds rÙo fo|eku gS] rks mlesa ys'kek= Hkh fo"kSyk va'k ugha gSA .s naHkh] ik[kaMh dh laKk ns ldrs gSaA gS u .k] dnkfi ugha fd.s dSlh .gh ckr\ .] mnkj&ân.k dks fn[kkus ds fy.k x. .sls O.ksfr&LrEHk NBk v/.ksfa d os Hkh viuh fuEu çÏfr dks] viuh LokFkZijk.s] .d vU.g 'yksd bl çlax esa i<Ûrk gw¡ % lqe[ q ka nqe[ Zq kh jkea o`Ùke/.k euq".fDr.kk. esa rks dgk tk ldrk gS fd mPprj va'k] tks og ckgj çn£'kr djrk gS] og mldh çÏfr ls esy ugha [kkrk] og /kkj. dk vkuUn ys jgk gSA vr. ik[kaMh ds fo"k.drk ls vf/kd foLrkj ls o.k gqvk gS] dsoy <ksxa gS] ml volj ds fy.fn rqEgsa dksbZ vkSj bPNk gks] rks ek¡x yksAÞ ijUrq og czkã.k] og oLrqr% mudh mPprj çÏfr FkhA tks dqN lS¼kfUrd :i ls fd.o% ge Hkh .

gk¡ dSl\s Þ rRi'pkr~ dfo Jh jke dh Hkwfj&Hkwfj ç'kalk djuk vkjEHk dj nsrk gSA _`tc q fq )r.k loZek[.Ur nqjkpkfj.kjs yxrs Fks vkSj 'kwi.oa euksgj] ysfdu 'kwi.gk¡ vkxs tksMÛrk gS] ^vu`ra u fg jeL.n'kZukA III.k vkSj lhrk dk ifjp.qDr ifr jgsxa As Þ .ku fnykuk pkgrk gw¡] .14.kZ pkFkhZ*A rqe .k gSA fL=. rqe cU/ku esa gksA eSa rqEgsa eqDr dj nw¡xhA eSa y{e.gk¡ eSa dfo dh okd~çkS<Ûrk dh vksj /.ku j[krs FksA os bl le. th Hkj dj euksokafNr vkuUn dk miHkksx dj ldrs gSAa Þ Jh jke dks yxk fd ifjfLFkfr dqN gkL.] mnkjA ^oke* dk vFkZ gS] nq"V] nqjkpkjhA nf{k.g ns[kdj fd Jh jke bl eUncqf¼ L=h 'kwi.17. ^vÏrnkj%^ gS& vfookfgrA mUgksua s vHkh rd iRuh dk lkgp.s dFkapuAA IV.Z k[kk dk ohHkRl vkSj fodjkyA mudk Loj e/kqj vkSjs jk{klh dk vkSj HkSjoukn okyk] MjkoukA .krqeiq pØesA vu`ra u fg jkeL. FksA viuk ifjp.fn bu 'kCnksa dks v{kj'k% lR.k ds T.Z k[kk ds rk¡cs tSls yky&ykyA Jh jke dk :i cMÛk I.kl djrs gSAa os 'kwi.ka okeHkf"k. tuksa ds Ny&diV dks le> ldrs FksA os viuk vkSj HkkbZ] y{e.5 ßmudks viuk yksA esjk ihNk NksMÛk]s esjh rks iRuh gSAÞ bu 'kCnksa ls . ys]a rks vo'.k&D.Z k[kk ds us= dq:i vkSj MjkousA Jh jke ds ds'k fpdus vkSj lqUnj fdUrq 'kwi.frAA III. cMÛs dkS'ky ls vfHkO. fdlh rjg eSa >wB rks cksy¡wxk gh ughaA lkFk gh . ls ladV >syrs jgus ij Hkh eSua s dHkh >wB ugha cksyk gS] esjs eu esa /keZ dk yksHk gSA blfy.kh* dks nsf[k.k djuk pkgrh gw¡A esjs lkFk pyks] eSa rqEgssa cU/ku ls eqDr dj nw¡xhA Li"V gS] bl le.atuk flf¼] tks lgt gh mls çkIr gSA ^nf{k. dnkfpnfi lEere~AA III.Z viwoZ gSA bl lqUnj :i ds n'kZu ls eSa vR. rd vkJeoklh Fks] tgk¡ vlR.g ilUn ugha djsxkA lekurk dk rks dksbZ fcUnq gh uTÛkj ugha vkrk] rFkkfi dfo us iwjk vkuUn ysrs gq.Z gksxk .k vkSj 'kwi.k dgrs gSa\ ß.] dksbZ Hkh .g ..s U.k dks .18.d L=hA vr.Z k[kk dk Hkík vkSj dq:i] mudk dfV çns'k {kh.k.|fi os vU.ku jke }kjk Lo.86 jkek. nsuk vkjEHk dj nsrs gSa fd os dkSu Fks vkSj os D.d L=h Fkh] pkgs dSlh Hkh gks ij Fkh rks .fu"B egkekuo Fks] gj ckr esa ½tqrk dk fo'ks"k /.k.15 ßcgqr le.knk lEidZ Hkh ugha jgk gSA mudh bPNk Hkh gS] ^viwohZ Hkk.efç.kks uke oh.okfnrk dks ljkgrk gSA Jh jke lR.ksfr&LrEHk NBk v/.Dr fd.k gSA ^nf{k.kk mRiUu gksrh FkhA Jh jke dh rqyuk 'kwiZ. gh dqN vk'p. nsrk gSA Jh jke dks vkd£"kr djus ds os ç.qDr ifr gSAa Þ ijUrq [ksn dk fo"k.qDr 'kCnksa dh Ük`[a kyk }kjk nksuksa dk oS"kE.a ds pfj=&fp=.kjk vkSj 'kwi.n'kZu%A vuq#i'p rs HkrkZ #iL.o`Ùka lqnoq Ù`Z kk fç.Z k[kk ls dgrs gSa % vuqtLRos"k es Hkzkrk 'khyoku~ fç.kA tÛjk nsf[k.k gSA tc 'kwi. lqç.Z k[kk ls okrkZyki djrs le.] os D.kA ijUrq bl LFkku ij eSa vf/kd /.ksfpr lnkpkj dk ikyu djus okys Fks vkSj og vR. dnkfpnfi lEere~A* dfo Jh jke dh lR.&fouksn dk vkuUn ysus dk ç.A esjk vuqeku gS fd bldk ç.ksx 'kkfCnd vFkZ esa fd. 87   Jh jke dk eq[k lqUnj Fkk vkSj 'kwi.d lqUnj euksgj L=h gks] rqe nksuksa dh tksMÛh cf<Û.k gSA .kl dk gesa ifjp.18.o] mUgksua s lh/kk&lknk mÙkj fn. gS fd dqN Vhdkdkjksa us ^vÏrnkj%^ 'kCn dks idMÛ fy.d Hkæiq#"k] fç.Zoku~AA viwohZ Hkk.n'kZu%A JhekuÑrnkj'p y{e.k vkSj oke 'kCn dh fo"kerk dh xbZ gS] og bruh muds çrhdkRed :i esa ugha gS] ftruh ewykFkZd :i esAa U.gk¡ eSa opu nsrk gw¡] çfrKk djrk gw¡AÞ .d xzkl esa Hk{k yw¡xh vkSj lhrk dks nwljs xzkl esAa bl çdkj rqEgkjh vMÛpus nwj gks tkus ij rqe vkSj eSa bl ou esa fogkj djrs gq.Z k[kk dks ns[krs gh ?k`. Hkfo".Z k[kk ogk¡ igq¡ph] mlus Jh jke ls iwNk] ßgekjs {ks= esa pys vkus okys rqe dkSu gks\ . ds fy.k% fç..k[kk ls dh tk.ksx fd. nsdj] var esa dgrh gS] ßrqEgkjk :i&lkSUn.s mi.Z ugha fd.3.kh FkhA Jh jke ns[kus esa I.g vfHkO.tud eksMÛ ys jgh gSA muds eu esa dqN gkL.Ur çHkkfor gw¡ vkSj rqEgsa ifr :i esa /kkj. mi.A mUgksua s viuh dgkuh lekIr dhA ijUrq dfo .k dh vksj fnykuk pkgrk gw¡] tks fd bl lUnHkZ esa 'kadkLin gks tkrk gSA Jh jke fdf"dU/kk dkaM esa nks ckj lqxhz o ls dgrs gSa % vu`r uksDriwo± es ohj ÑPNª·s fi fr"BrkA /keZyksHkijhrsu u p o{.ksa lhrk vkSj HkkbZ ds lkFk ou esa vk.14.Z k[kk ds Jh jke ds lehi vkus ds ç. ç.ksa ds lkFk mudk vHkh rd TÛ.kL.g ^vuqt%* gS& eq>ls NksVk.k jgsxhA os rqe tSlh L=h ds fy.15 Jh jke fu"diV Li"Voknh O.s dksbZ LFkku gh u FkkA blds vfrfjDr muds lEeq[k .g esjs HkkbZ dk vf/kÏr {ks= gS] rqe .k x.kA dfo bl çdkj 'kwi.oa Hkt fo'kkykf{k HkrkZja Hkzkrja eeA III.n'kZu% gS& lqUnj.slk çrhr gksrk gS vkSj fcYdqy lUnsg ugha fd Jh jke ml eUncqf¼ L=h dk eTÛkkd cuk jgs FksA os ^HkrkZ* 'kCn dk nks ckj ç.k* dk vFkZ gS] fo'kky ân.Z k[kk dk csMkSy] mudh vk¡[ksa cMÛh .kl cMÛs ohHkRl t?k.k pkFkhZ r:.ksx djrs gSAa ßmudks viuk yks]Þ vkSj mls dgrs gS]a ßos gh rqEgkjs fy.4 bu 'kCnksa dk Jh jke us 'kwi.k.Z k[kk }kjk dqN gkL.fDr FksA dqfVy] NydiV dh ckr muds eu esa ugha vk ldrh Fkh] . ^'khyoku*~ gS& .&fouksn dk vkuUn ysus dk fopkj vk.12 .17.Z.

sd /kkrq ds vusd vFkZ fudy ldrs gSAa ^vÏrnkj%* dk vFkZ gS] .sls 'kCnksa dk ç.kke . vFkZ ysrk gS] mls ogh vFkZ&lEHko yxrk gS] ysfdu og i{k /kks[ks dk f'kdkj gks tkrk gS vkSj vki /kks[kscktÛh ds vijk/kh cu tkrs gSAa 'kCn dk nwljk vFkZ Hkh vki U.ed iwokZR. euq".kd] dnkfpr~~ Hkfo".kdj.d fo'ks"k vkRefuxzg esa fl¼ iq#"k] .fn bl 'kCn dks . nks vFkZ nsus okys cMÛh lqxerk ls x<Ûs tk ldrs gSAa bl fo"k. gksrk fd y{e.kj djrs gS]a ftldks .22 .k[.sls prqj yksx Hkh gS] ftudks rdZ&fordZ esa vkuUn vkrk gS& dsoy 'kkfCnd ØhMÛkek= ds mís'..k ls 'kwi.k gSAÞ os lksprs gSa fd bu 'yksdksa dk vFkZ bl çdkj yxkdj os Jh jke ds lR.] viuh 'kfDr vkSj viuk laLÏr O.k .ku nsus .k muesa Hkh bl çdkj ds gkL.fDr] ftldh iRuh bl le.slk O. cqf¼ dks lh/ks <ax ls Lohdk.k os ml cspkjh eUncqf¼ L=h ls . nks"kh Bgjrs gSAa vaxTsz Ûkh Hkk"kk esa .d .7.gk¡ Hkh .kh bl çdkj gS % vÏrnkj% vlgÏrnkj bR.sd Hkk"kk esa bl çdkj ds vyadkj gksrs gS]a tSls 'ys"k vkSj .slk le>k tk.k.s dnkpuÞ bR.d iq#"k fookfgr rks gS] ijUrq viuh Hkk. dnkfpr~ laLÏr Hkk"kk lcls le`¼ gS] ftlesa okD. .slk Hkh gks ldrk gSA tks dsoy jke gh tkurs gS]a fdUrq Jksrkvksa ds efLr"d esa og vFkZ fo|eku ugha FkkA egRo bl ckr dk gS fd Jksrk ds efLr"d esa D.fn nwljk i{k mldk lkekU.ksx djus ds fy.k rqd gS\ Vhdk dkjksa dks blls D.d vFkZ fdlh lUnHkZ esa fcYdqy lVhd gS] ogha nwljk vFkZ Hkh gS] tks fd] igys vFkZ ls fcuk Vdjk. djrs gSAa os 'kCnksa dks rksMÛ ejksMÛ dj mudks muds lUnHkZ esa ls fudkydj .k[.s gSAa vc crkb.ksfr&LrEHk NBk v/.g vyadkj u gksA esjs fopkj esa lc uhfr 'kkL=h lger gksxa s fd 'ys"k >wB ls Hkh cqjk gSA gekjs vius lkfgR. esa ÝÛpas Hkk"kk fo'ks"k :i ls le`¼ gSA 'kk.d egkdfo] egku lar] . 89   ekuuk gh iMÛxs k fd jke HkDrksa dk .k ços'k djrk gSA .k viuh iRuh dks lkFk ugha yk.o ^vÏrnkj%* 'kCn dk vFkZ rksMÛ&ejksMÛ dj os vius gh <ax ls djus dk ç.kLin yxrk gSA vr.d u .d vFkZ nwljksa ds fy. dqN .kZ* vkSj ^HkrkZ* dk D.slh ckrsa djuk loZFkk csrd q k ..k rks la.k bl çdkj fu£er gq.fn bl dkj. dh lEHkkouk gks ldrh gS\ mUgsa rks .88 jkek. esa .Z k[kk dks xyrQÛgeh gqb]Z rks Jh jke /kks[kk nsus ds fy.ksx] ftuds nks vFkZ fudy ldrs gksA .kl djrs gSAa muesa ls .sls yksx dHkh&dHkh .ksfa d og xksfoUnjkt ds ckn esa fy[kk x.g ckr vlaxr gS] fcYdqy vlaxr gSA fQj Hkh dqN yksx gS]a tks viuk le.s] ftlesa jke dks >wB cksyus ds vkjksi ls cpk.Z k[kk dks . dj ldrs gS\a D.slk dgk tkrk gS fd . ^oØksfDr*] ftldk vFkZ gS] . ls fdlh ik= ds pfj= dh j{kk ugha gks ldrhA çR.d fujkyk vFkZ fudky dj] vUrrksxRok bl çdkj ds vFkZ&fu. ifjpkfyr djrh gS] ftlesa loZFkk nwljk vFkZ lekfgr gksrk gS] ijUrq fHkék ckr gS fd 'kCn *vÏrnkj%^ dh O.kstu ughaA .s] rks D. mi.k dgrs gSAa mudk dFku /. .oknh :i dks cuokus esa lQy gks x. ls mudk ç.kl jgrk gS fd fdl çdkj okn&fookn esa nwljs i{k dks ekr nsAa os gh cMÛh xEHkhjrk ls bl 'yksd dk vFkZ bl çdkj djrs gSa % ^vÏrnkj%* 'kCn ls Jh jke dk vk'k.ksx o'k vFkok dfo dh ifjdYiuk ds dkj.k djs\a Vhdkdkj iqu% prqjkbZ ls dgrs gSa fd ^vuq:i'p rs HkrkZ&rs vHkrkZA* .qDrs'p vÏrnkj bfr ukFkZ%AA IV.FkZ%A ßu forFkk ifjgldFkkLofiÞ bR. dsoy ifjgkl gh FkkA vc eSa vkidks i<Û dj lqukÅ¡xk .] nwljk vFkZ Lo.k Jh jke Hkh dHkh bl çdkj dk gkL.qDrs%A ßvu`ra uksDriwo± es u p o{.k ds T.g vFkZ yxkus nsa fd y{e.] mudk lkekU. gksuk pkfg. Fkk .k vfookfgr Fks vkSj nwljk vFkZ viuh larfq "V ds fy. .sxkA .d 'kCn gS % 'equivocation'.Z k[kk dks D.n gh dksbZ Hkk"kk gks iwoksnZ .k tk ldrkA vr.slk fo'okl djus esa TÛkjk lk Hkh ladksp ugha gksxk fd bl va'k dk vfHkçk.k djds] mldk . lw{ekFkhZ] laHkor% yk{kf.d 'kCn vFkok okD.sls 'kCn gS]a tks fd .sls 'kCn dk ç.k tk ldsA bldk vfHkçk.s 'kCn ^Hkk.k .ky.g vk'k. esa D.sA egRo bl ckr dk gS] vkidh ckr nwljk i{k fdl :i esa le>rk gSA .d fo/kk gS] ftlesa .a vius fy.fn dksbZ vki ij >wB cksyus dk nks"k yxkrk gSA fdUrq . gSa fd tgk¡ .k bl çdkj dh tk.kZ dks lkFk ugha yk.d xEHkhj ewrZ :i /keZ dk euq".slk vFkZ fudyrk gS] tks lkekU.o] eq>s .ksa ds Lrj ij g¡lh&fBBksyh rFkk vU.k le>uk pkgrs Fks\ muds vius efLr"d esa D.kZ.fn lpeqp Jh jke dk .fn Jksrk dk fpÙk Hkzfer gks tkrk gS] rks mldk nks"k oDrk ij vkrk gSA ml nks"k ls oDrk dks eqDr ugha fd.d lUnHkZ ds fy.d vFkZ gks] ijUrq nwljk vFkZ dksbZ vkUrfjd 'kfDr vFkok dksbZ cká 'kfDr rqEgsa çHkkfor djds . muds lkFk ugha gSA* ç'u .k Fkk] blls dksbZ ç.ksx dj ldrs gS]a ftudk ml le.d egku Vhdkdkj ukxks th Hkê viuh Vhdk esa bl fo"k.slk oxZ Hkh gS] tks ugha pkgrk fd ge Jh jke dks bl fouksnfç.ksX.gh ckr lh/kh Hkk"kk esa ugha dg ldrs Fks\ D.g mfpr Fkk fd Jh jke ^vÏrnkj%^ 'kCn dg dj 'kwi. ds le{k nyhy ds :i esa çLrqr dj ldrs gS]a . jpuk rS. dh vksj ladrs djus okyk] tc fd og iw.d .slk yxsxk fd jke Hkh dqN Hkh dg ldrs FksA .slh okD.d dgrs gS]a ßlaLÏr Hkk"kk esa çR.g gS fd Jh jke 'kwi. esa D.ZqDr xksfoanjkt dh fVIi.g gksxk fd bu 'kCnksa dk .k tk.k FkkA mUgsa bl ckr dk iwjk Kku Fkk fd ml ijEijkfu"B Vhdkdkj us bl fo"k.k dk Kku 'kCnksa dks euekus <ax ls foPNsn djus esa O.s] fdlh vkus okyh fLFkfr dh vksj ladrs djrk gSA os bl çdkj dgrs gSa* % Þ'kCn ^vÏrnkj%* dk vFkZ dqN Vhdkdkj djrs * mi.s] rks .sls 'kCnksa dk ç.s] rks ifj.k if'peh] ftlesa .Z gksrk gSA fdUrq] mudh viuh 'kfCnd O.kZ :i ls furkUr nwljs vFkZ esa le>k tk.k. eu esa j[ksAa nwljk vFkZ nsus esa D.[kaM ds nks vFkZ gksrs gSAa .oa gkL. gS D.qDr vU.fn lh/ks&lh/ks <ax ls fy.k ykHk igq¡prk gS\ geesa ls cgqr ls . :i esa ns[ksAa D.

slk dgrh gqbZ og lhrk dh vksj c<ÛhA bfr lk y{e.20 vxys fcUnq ij gesa dqN Bgjuk iMÛxs kA og dqN vf/kd isphnk gSA vr.g Hkh Lej.slk çrhr gksrk gS fd Vhdkdkjksa dh n`f"V esa .a ifjgklfop{k.k 'kwi.g ekuus esa D.] ftudk 'kwi.kA mlus 'kCnksa dks lkekU.k] /kedh }kjk . Jh jke gh mi.kAß rka e`R.g gS fd y{e.qik'kçfrekekirUrh egkcy%A fux`á jke% dqfiLrrks y{e.g * fryd Vhdk bl çdkj gS % vÏrnkjks·Ïrijynkjifjxzg bfr] /kkrwukeusdkFkZRoknlfékfgrnkj bfr ok âfnLFkks·FkZ%A u fg jkeks feF.k] rks .k rhu fnu dh jsy .18 ml {k.13 y{e.ksx djrs gq.kZ* vkfn 'kCnksa dk ç.g fn[kykus ds fy.frAA III. :i ls bl va'k dks i<Ûus ls .k .s fdlh ckr dh vko'.d gSA .oeqÙkj=kfiAA .slk çrhr gksrk gS fd .sls egkew[kZ thoksa ds lkFk ugha] tks dsoy gkMÛ&ek¡l esa thrs gSa vkSj cqf¼ ugha j[krsA beka fo#ikelrhefreÙkka egksnjhe~A jk{klha iq:"kO.uka fo#ikelrha djkyka fu.19 lhrk] tks yxHkx lekIr gks xbZ Fkha] os cky&cky cp tkrh gSAa tc ge ifjgkl djs]a rks /.kA bl ifjgkl dk ifj.k tk jgk gS& .k gks] .k vkSj bl le.k dh vksj y{e.Z k[kk dks jksdk x.A jke ls y{e.k ds oDrO. dqN .\ mlds rks iSj Hkh ugha fn[kkbZ nsrAs mlds 'kjhj esa rks dqN gS gh ughaA fouksn ls lhrk dh iryh dej dh vksj b'kkjk gSA og rks .g vis{kk djrk gS fd ge ekusa fd tc dksbZ ifjgkl dj jgk gS] rks lR.k gkFk ds ladsr }kjkA eSa ugha ekurk fd vFkZ dks bl çdkj lhfer djuk vko'.g va'k lkekU.T.d lsod dh lsfodk cuuk iMÛxs k vkSj lhrk dh lsfodk Hkh cuuk iMÛxs kA rqe mUgha ls fookg djks] os gh rqEgkjs vuq:i gSA mUgsa D.k tkuk ugha FkkA .fDr] tks fd fookfgr rks gS] fdUrq iRuh dks lkFk ugha yk. ifr gks ldrs gSAa y{e. vusd 'yksd gS]a ftuls Li"V gksrk gS fd os ifjgkl dj jgs Fks] fdUrq og ew<Ûk L=h bl ifjgkl dks le> u ldhA çR.kZ yxrh gSA os mldks fonk dj R. Rokeso"S k Hkft".k=k dk vuqHko gksxk] lEiw. ç.k iki ughaA .usu lwP.ks u nks"k bR.ksX. feyrk gSA mldk rkRi.18.kke rks vkidks ekywe gh gSA tc og jk{klh lhrk dks lrkus ds bjkns ls lpeqp mudh vksj c<Ûh] Jh jke us dgk] Þvc ifjgkl cgqr gks x.qDr vkSj .SZ% lkSfe=s ifjgkl% dFkapuA u dk.k± o`)ka ifjR.rs bfr o.kkAA III.k ls eu Åc tkrk gSA eu dks gYdk djus ds fy.k lhrk dk fooj. iRuh dh lgpkfjrk mldks çkIr ugha gSA^ oLrqr% eq>s rks .kZrksnjhe~A Hkk.slk O..o bl çlax dks vHkh eSa .kx nsxa s vkSj rqedks viuk ysxa As bl çdkj ds y{e.kA dfo us .fn rqe eq>ls fookg djrh gks] rks rqEgsa .k czwrsA ifjgklknkS feF.kr djus ds fy.k x.g çekf.s fd mlds fy.d ifjgkl .18. dj jgk Fkk vkSj Jh jke dk vfHkçk.90 jkek. :i ls le>k tkuk gSA .Z% i'.gk¡ ^fux`gk* 'kCn dk ç.slk gh çrhr gksrk gS fd jke dsoy .sd 'kCn ds mlus 'kkfCnd vFkZ fy.ksuksDrk djkyk fu.k dh ckr dks v{kj'k% lR.fn rqe .s lTtu esjs Lokeh gS]a eSa mudk lsodA .keczohr~AA III.k bl çdkj djrs gSAa mUgha 'kCnksa % ^fo:ik*] ^dq:i*] ^vlrh*] ^djkyk*] ^fu.k ds T.k\ dksbZ gkfu ughaA ge mUgsa cpk ugha ldrs] .k igyh ckj Jh jke dks Øks/k vk.11 y{e.ku nsus dh ckr .dkjksa us fy.Z mls ifjgkl ds flok. ls TÛkjk b/kj&m/kj fopfyr gks tkuk dksbZ cMÛh cqjkbZ . eku fy.k.kZ&'kh.k tSlh th.k?kz fo#if.k gqd a kj }kjk .ksx fd.k futZu ou esa Fks vkSj vkil esa gh .drk gksrh gSA .kh çfr{k. vFkZ esa fy.kZrksnj*] ç.slk ugha Fkk] tSlk fd Hkk".kHkk"k.gk¡ /.gk¡ dksbZ Vhdkdkj viuh prqjkbZ ugha fn[kk ldrkA .g fn[kkuk mfpr ugha fd Jh jke us ml v/ke jk{klh dk Li'kZ fd.d cqf<Û.k ls jke dh vksj mls Hkxk.slk dgus esa dksbZ vkifÙk ughaA ijUrq .rs r}pLrF.rqegZflAA III. mRiék gksrk gSA dqN yksx bl 'kCn dks le>sxa ]s dsoy bl vFkZ esa fd 'kwi.kZ okrkoj.Z k[kk ds vkxeu ls mUgsa dqN fouksn dk volj feykA Jh jke us Hkh mlesa Hkkx fy. 91   gSa % *.ksfr&LrEHk NBk v/.kAß .k lkFk FksA 'kwi.Z k[kk iwoeZ os gh lhrk ds fy.k gS] y{e.ku j[ksa fd .ksx dj pqdh Fkh] .k gtZ gS fd mUgksua s ^ifjgkl*] ^HkrkZ*] ^Hkk.kA og bl b/kj&ls&m/kj ds mNky dks lg"kZ Lohdkj djrh jgh vkSj vUr esa og jke ds ikl vkdj dgus yxh] Þvc ns[kks] eSa rqe gh ls fookg djus tk jgh gw¡A .ksa ml dq:i L=h ds cU/ku esa ca/kk jguk pkfg.g lksprs gks fd lhrk ck/kk gS] rks eSa pV lhrk dks [kk tkrh gw¡] blh {k.kZrksnjhA eU.d&nwljs ds laxh lkFkh Fks] tks vc ls dqN jkgr pkgrs FksA tSlk fd vkidks nks .ksx fd.k ds bl çdkj dgus ij ifjgkl dks u le>us okyh ml yacs iSj okyh fodjky jk{klh us y{e.Z k[kk ls dgrs gS]a Þ.k] cl vc vkSj vkxs ugha] y{e.k j[kuk gksxk fd dfo gels .18. thorhe~AA III.k gS] ftlls dqN uSfrd la'k.k] nksuksa us gh bl NksVs ls ifjgkl esa Hkkx fy.e~A . ls lqLi"V lk{.kA vr% Jh jke dgrs gSa % ØwjSjuk.g Hkh lEHko gS] Jh jke us ml jk{klh dks ihNs [khap fy.g fdlds lkFk fd.kA blls Li"V gS fd jke] y{e.18. oSngs ha dFkafpRlkSE.d ifjgkl dj jgs FksA fnYyxh dk vkuUn ys jgs FksA cspkjs jke] mudh iRuh vkSj HkkbZ y{e. vkSj dqN fy.gk¡ rhu çk.18.gk¡ lekIr djrk gw¡ fd lkekU.k ds }kjk dgs x.

jkek;.k ds T;ksfr&LrEHk

92

93

lkrok¡ v/;k;  

dg dj fd mUgksaus ^vÏrnkj%* 'kCn dks 'ys"k ds :i esa ç;ksx fd;kA ;fn mUgksua s
,slk fd;k] rks os vkSj vf/kd nks"kh gq,] ekuks mUgksua s >wB cksyk gksA ijUrq mUgksua s u
gh rks >wB cksyk] u gh oØksfDr dk ç;ksx fd;k& os rks dsoy ifjgkl dj jgs FksA

lkrok¡ v/;k;

”””

jke

fiNyh ckj] tc eSa 'kwi.Z k[kk çlax ij cksy jgk Fkk] eSua s ladrs fd;k Fkk fd
dfo us bl çlax dks viuh fouksn'khyrk çn£'kr djus ds fufeÙk ,d mi;qDr
fo"k; cuk;k gSA ijUrq blds ckn ds ifj.kkeksa us blds gkL;dj igyw dks /kq/a kyk
dj fn;kA dnkfpr~~ bldks lEiw.kZ dFkkud dk cht dgk tk ldrk gS D;ksfa d
'kwi.Z k[kk vius frjLdkj vkSj vieku dks lgu u dj ldhA mlus vius Hkkb;ks]a
[kj vkSj nw"k.k dks mdlk;k] vkSj mudh e`R;q ds ckn jko.k ds ikl tkdj] mldks
Hkh mdlk;kA dFkk dk ;g igyw okLro esa egRow.kZ gS] bldk irk bl dkO; ds
ijorhZ Hkkx ls pyrk gSA yadk esa va/kk/kq/a k ;q¼ ds ckn >qMa ds >qMa jk{klksa vkSj
okujksa dk vkeuk&lkeuk gqvkA ;q¼ ds ncko ls ncs gq, okuj jke ds ikl x, vkSj
mudks dfBukbZ ls mckjus ds fy, lgk;rk ek¡xhA rc jke Hkh bl ;q¼ esa lfEefyr
gks x,A ogk¡ mUgksaus vius ,d vk'p;Ztud dkSrqd dk çn'kZu fd;kA mUgksaus
vufxur :i /kkj.k fd;sA çR;sd lSfud ds le{k ,d jke çdV gq,A dHkh os
vdsys :i esa çdV gksr]s vkSj dHkh vxkspj gks tkrsA ,slk dgk tkrk gS fd bl
çdkj 'k=q dks pDdj esa Mkydj] mUgksua s jk{klksa dk Hkkjh fo/oal fd;k] yk[kksa dks
;eiqjh igq¡pk fn;kA ifj.kkeLo:i yadk uxjh esa vlk/kkj.k Lrj dk 'kksd Nk
x;kA
vxys lxZ esa dfo ,d vR;Ur fofp= n`'; dk o.kZu djrk gSA ogk¡ jk{kl
fL=;ksa dh cMÛh la[;k dk mYys[k gSA dqN ds ifr ;q¼ esa ekjs x, Fks vkSj os fo/kok
gks xb± FkhaA dqN ds firk vkSj laj{kd ;q¼ esa dke vk,] dqN ds HkkbZ vkSj iq= ;q¼
esa lekIr gks x;s FksA ;s lc fL=;k¡ ,df=r gksdj vkSj ,d&nwljs dk gkFk idMÛ
dj foyki dj jgh Fkha] ekuks tSlk fd gekjh fL=;k¡ Hkh gekjs le; esa fd;k djrh
Fkha] dnkfpr~~ mlls dgha vf/kd iSekus ijA rc ,d jkspd ckr gksrh gSA ;gk¡ fQj
dfo dh fouksno`fÙk vkSj mlds ekuoh; LoHkko dh xgjh le> dk lqLi"V çn'kZu
feyrk gSA ;s fL=;k¡] vius LoHkkokuqdy
w ] tSlk fd çk;% ladV ds le; esa gksrk gS]
vius nqHkkZX; dk nks"k viuh gh tkfr ds O;fDr ij e<Ûus yxhaA ßdksbZ ukjh gh bl
ladV ds ewy esa gS]Þ os dgrh gS]a ß'kwi.Z k[kk ds flok; vkSj dkSu gks ldrk gS\ mlh
93

94

jkek;.k ds T;ksfr&LrEHk

lkrok¡ v/;k;

95  

us gh Lo;a Jh jke ds ikl tkdj muds lkFk /k`"Vrk dhAÞ mUgksua s bl leLr
vfu"V ds fy,] tks yadk vkSj yadkokfl;ksa ij VwVk] nks"kh ml 'kjkjr dks] tks
'kwi.Z k[kk us Jh jke ds lkFk dh FkhA ekuks ,d ckj fQj dfo fouksn djrk gSA og Jh
jke vkSj 'kwi.Z k[kk ds ,d&nwljs ls feyus dks fcuk mÙksftr gq, lksp ugha ldrkA
iq=ks]a Hkkb;ks]a firkvks]a ifr;ksa ls of´pr jk{kl fL=;ksa dk foyki bl çdkj gS %

fcuk fdlh vkRela;e ds ç;kl ds] O;Dr djrs FksA Jh jke tSlh foHkwfr Hkh blls
vNwrh ugha FkhA mnkgj.k ds fy, eSua s nks pkj m¼j.k pqus gSAa ;gk¡ Jh jke ,d
vlkekU; vkos'ko'k lkjs tgku ls v/khj vkSj çR;sd ls #"V gks x;s gSAa os lkxj]
o`{k] i`Foh] i'kq&i{kh lcdks lEcksf/kr djrs jgs gS]a ijUrq dgha ls Hkh dksbZ çfrfØ;k
ugha feyrhA rc mudk /;ku nsorkvksa dh vksj tkrk gSA de ls de nsorkvksa dks
rks lc dqN irk gksxkA ßbUgksua s lhrk dks eq>ls fNik fy;k gSA eSa viuh lEiw.kZ
'kfDr dk ç;ksx d:¡xkA ;fn mUgksua s lhrk dks ugha ykSVk;k] rks eSa lc dqN /oLr
dj nw¡xkAÞ TÛkjk dYiuk dhft;s] fdruk Hkkjh jke dk euLrki jgk gksxk] ftlus
mudks vfHkHkwr dj fy;k] lalkj ds lcls egku iq#"k dks tks ix&ix ij/keZ dk
ikB i<Ûrk gSA og viuh Hkk;kZ ls fo;qDr gks tkus ij bl vlkekU; Hkkokos'k ls
xzLr gks tkrk gSA rc Øks/k ds vkos'k esa y{e.k ds gkFk ls cMÛs /kuq"k dks Nhu dj
os dgrs gSa %
y{e.kknFk pknk; jkeks fu"ihMî dkeqd
Z e~A
'kjeknk; lanhIr ?kksjek'khfo"kksiee~AA
lUn/ks /kuqf"k Jheku~ jke% ijiqj¥t;%A
;qxkuarkfXufjo Øq)% bna opueczohr~AA
;Fkk tjk ;Fkk e`R;q;FZ kk dkyks ;Fkk fof/k%A
fuR;a u çfrgU;Urs loZHkwrs"kq y{e.kAA
rFkkga Øks/kla;D
q rks u fuok;ks·Z LE;la'k;e~AA
iqjos esa pk:nrhefufUnrka fn'kkfUr lhrka ;fn uk| eSfFkyhe~A
lnsoxU/koZeuq";iéxa txRlk'kSya ifjorZ;kE;ge~AA III.64.75-78
ß;fn eSfFkyh eq>s okfil u djh xbZ] eSa leLr fo'o dk] mlds nsoksa]
xU/koks]aZ euq";ks]a ouLifr;ks]a tyks]a ioZrksa vkfn leLr dk uk'k dj nw¡xkAÞ
os bl fouk'k esa ^lnsoiékx* dks Hkh lfEefyr djrs gSAa ,slk dqN ugha fd
mudk vfHkçk; ;g gks] fdUrq] mUgsa ,slk ,glkl ugha Fkk fd D;k 'kCn muds eq[k
ls fudy jgs gSAa 'kksd us mudh bl çdkj dh n'kk dj nh gSA ;g dYiuk Hkh ugha
dh tk ldrh fd vius iwjs gks'k gokl esa Jh jke ,slk dqN dg ldrs FksA fdUrq]
;g n'kk muds euLrki ds Hkkokosx ds dkj.k gks xbZ gSA vc mudks lkaRouk nsus dh
fTÛkEesnkjh y{e.k ij vkbZA ;g fLFkfr dqN vlk/kkj.k lh Fkh] D;ksfa d y{e.k rks
LoHkko ls gh rqud fetktÛ Fks vkSj Jh jke Fks] lkSE;A oLrqfLFkfr vc myVh FkhA
y{e.k 'kked opu cksyrs gSa %
iqjk HkwRok e`nnq kZUr% loZHkwrfgrs jr%A
u Øks/ko'kekié% çÑfra gkrqegZflAA

dFka 'kwi.Z k[kk o`)k djkyk fu.kZrksnjhA
vkllkn ous jkea dUniZfeo #fi.ke~AA
lqdeq kja egklÙoa loZHkwrfs grs jre~A
ra n`"V~ok yksdo/;k lk ghu#ik çdkferkAA
dFka loZx.q kSghZuk xq.koUra egkStle~A
lqe[
q ka nqe[
Zq kh jkea dke;kekl jk{klhAA
tuL;kL;kYiHkkX;Rok}fyuh 'osrew/kZtkA
vdk;ZeikgkL;a p loZyksdfoxÆgre~AA
jk{klkuka fouk'kk; nw"k.kL; [kjL; pA
pdkjkçfr#ik lk jk?koL; ç/k"kZ.ke~AA
rféfeÙkfena oSja jko.ksu Ñra egr~A
o/kk; lhrk lkuhrk n'kxzhos.k j{klkAA VI.95.6-11
ßbl L=h dks D;k iMÛh Fkh Jh jke dks mdlkus dh\ blds fy, Jh jke dks
vkd£"kr djus ds fy;s D;k dksbZ lEHkkouk Fkh\ ;g nq"Vk rks lcds }kjk ekj Mkyus
;ksX; gSA blh dkj.k jke us Hkh çfr'kks/k dk n`<Û fu'p; fy;kA jko.k viuk vkSj
vius lacfa /k;ksa dk fouk'k djk;sxkA lcdk vUr 'kh?kz gh gksus okyk gS]Þ bl çdkj
os fL=;k¡ dg jgha FkhA ;g 'kwi.Z k[kk çlax dk rkRi;Z gSA

vc ge vj.; dkaM ds ml n`'; ij vkrs gS]a tgk¡ Jh jke ds fy, ;g
fopkj vlguh; gks tkrk gS fd lhrk dks mudh vuqifLFkfr esa muds laj{k.k ls
Nhu ys tk;k x;k] os fo"kkn dh pksV u lgu dj lds vkSj viuk lary
q u [kks cSBrs
gSAa os fof{kIr gks tkrs gSAa okD; ij okD; mudh eekZfUrd ihMÛk ls Hkjs gSAa mudh
osnuk] O;Fkk dk dksbZ vUr ugha nh[krkA bu n`';ksa esa dfo Lo;a dks Hkh ekr ns nsrk
gSA okLrfodrk ;g gS fd jke vius dks o'k esa ugha j[k ik jgs gS]a tSls os vius
lq/k&cq/k x¡ok cSBs gksA ;nk&dnk ,sls yksxksa ds fo"k; esa lquus esa vkrk gS] tks bl
çdkj 'kksdkØfer gks] viuk ekufld lary
q u [kks cSBrs gSAa ijUrq ,sls mnkgj.k
vktdy vis{kkÏr de feyrs gSAa vkxs pydj eSa dfo vkSj mlds fp=.kksa dh
dqN fo'ks"krkvksa dk mYys[k d:¡xkA ml le; esjk dÙkZO; gksxk] bl ckr dh vksj
/;ku fnykuk fd ml çkphu dky esa iq#"k vkSj fL=;k¡ lc viuh Hkkoukvksa dks]

96

jkek;.k ds T;ksfr&LrEHk

lkrok¡ v/;k;

97  

pUæs y{eh% çHkk lw;Zs xkfrokZ;kS Hkwfo {kekA
,rPp fu;ra lo± Rof; pkuqÙkea ;'k%A
,dL; ukijk/ksu yksdku~ gUrqa RoegZflAA III.65.4-6
Roeso fg iqjk jke ekesoa cgq'kks·Uo'kk%A
vuqf'k";kf) dks uq Rokefi lk{kkn~ c`gLifr%AA
cqf)'p rs egkçkK nsojS fi nqjUo;kA
'kkdsukfHkçlqIra rs Kkua lacks/k;kE;ge~AA III.66.18,19
ßvki rks lalkj ds fy;s n;kyq] dksey LoHkko ls ;qDr] ftrsfUæ; vkSj
leLr çkf.k;ksa ds fgr esa rRij jgs gSAa dsoy blfy, fd vki Øks/k ls vfHkHkwr gS]a
D;k vki viuh LokHkkfod çÏfr dk ifjR;kx dj ldrs gS\a dnkfi ughaA pUæek
esa T;ksRLuk] lw;Z esa çHkk] ok;q esa xfr] i`Foh esa {kek fuR; fojkteku jgrh gS]a ;g
lc uSl£xd gS]a budks buds fo"k;ksa ls fo;qDr ugha dj ldrsA mlh çdkj vkils
Hkh vkidk dksey LoHkko] ijksidkjh ân;] vkidh onkU; çÏfr vkils vyx ugha
gks ldrsA vki viuh çÏfr ls vutku u cfu,A ml nq"V ikih jko.k us vkidh
iRuh dk gj.k dj fy;k] ijUrq mlds fy, lkjk tho fo'o naMuh; D;ks\a ml nks"kh
dks <w¡<dj ;Fkksfpr naM nsuk vkSj [kks;s gq, jRu dks iqu% çkIr djuk D;k bruk
vlaHko gS\ vr,o bl m|e dks NksfMÛ;s vkSj [kkst vkjEHk dj lhrk th dks <w¡<
fudkysaA ;fn eSa Øks/k esa vkdj ,slh myVh&lh/kh ckrsa dgrk] rks eq>s vkils
HkRlZuk feyrh vkSj eq>s Bhd ekxZ ij yk;k tkrkA ;fn vki gh bl çdkj dh ckrsa
djsxa ]s rks vkidh çfrKk dkSu iwjh djsxk\ lk{kkr o`gLifr Hkh vkidks mins'k nsus
dh 'kfDr ugha j[krsA eSa vkidk mins'kd cuuk ugha pkgrkA eSa ns[k jgk gw¡ fd
'kksd vlguh; gksus ds dkj.k vkidh çKk lq"kqIr lh gks xbZ gSA eSa rks dsoyek= ml
lq"kqIr psruk dks txkuk pkgrk gw¡AÞ

gSa] bl çrh{kk esa fd dc mudk 'kksd dk nkSjk mrjsA eSA ;g fn[kkus dk ç;Ru dj
jgk gw¡ fd Jh jke Hkh bu lc eu%fLFkfr;ksa ls Åij ugha FksA
vc eSa muds pfj= dh ,d vU; fo'ks"krk ij vkrk gw¡] tks ,d egRoiw.kZ
çek.k çLrqr djrh gSA ,d vksj rks fd Jh jke ekuo Fks] vkSj nwljh vksj gekjk
dfo] tks ekuo çÏfr dk ,d egku v/;srk Fkk] ,d vf}rh; v/;srkA
fdf"dU/kk dkaM esa gekjs dfo }kjk Jh jke ds pfj= ds ,d igyw dk fp=.k bruh
lw{erk vkSj fuiq.krk ls fd;k x;k gS fd ikBd çk;% mldks Bhd <ax ls le>us esa
vlQy jgrs gSAa eSa mldks Li"V djus dk ç;kl d:¡xkA tc ckfy ds LFkku ij
lqxhz o dks jktin fn;k x;k] ml le; Jh jke dks Hkh vfHk"ksd vkuUnksRlo esa Hkkx
ysus ds fy, fuea=.k fn;k x;k FkkA ijUrq mUgksua s mÙkj fn;k] ßeSua s ozr fy;k gqvk
fd uxj esa ços'k ugha d:¡xkA okLro es]a v;ks/;k NksMÛrs le; mUgksua s ,slk dksbZ
ozr ugha fy;k FkkA vr% fdf"dU/kk uxjh es]a tgk¡ rqEgkjk vfHk"ksd gksus tk jgk gS]
ços'k djus esa vleFkZ gw¡A eSa ;gk¡ ckgj gh Bgjrk gw¡A rqe jkT;kfHk"ksd dk dk;Z ogha
lEiék djk yksAÞ jkT;fHk"ksd ds rqjUr ckn Jh jke y{e.k lfgr çòo.k fxfj ij
pys x, vkSj ogha viuk fBdkuk cuk fy;kA viuk ç;kstu fl¼ gks tkus ij rqjUr
lqxhz o viuh vlk/kkj.k HkkX;y{eh ds Hkjiwj miHkksx esa jr gks x;k] xhr&laxhr esa
[kks x;kA og dknacjh] dkfeuh vkSj xhr&laxhr dk xÛy
q ke gks x;k vkSj Hkksx&foykl
dh jax&jfy;ksa esa eLr gks x;kA fdUrq] ;g rks dsoy vkjEHk gSA Jh jke us viuk
fBdkuk uxj ds ckgj cuk;kA tÛjk /;ku ns]a fdl çdkj dfo /khjs&/khjs Jh jke dh
euksHkkoukvksa dks mdlkrk gSA jke uxj esa Hkkjh dksykgy lqurs gSAa muds eu esa
fdlh çdkj dh nqHkkZouk ugha gS] fdUrq muds /;ku esa ;g ckr vo'; vk tkrh gSA
,slh ckrs]a lkekU;r% ftu ij os igys dHkh /;ku Hkh u nsr]s os mUgsa vc vkd£"kr
djrh gSa D;ksfa d os Lo;a Hkh ,d vlk/kkj.k ifjfLFkfr esa gSAa os lksprs gS]a ßesjs gh
dkj.k lqxhz o dks lkSnH~ kkX; dh çkfIr gqbZ gSA mlus viuk jkT; vkSj viuh iRuh dks
iqu% çkIr dj fy;kA ;g lc dqN esjs dkj.k gh lEHko gqvkAÞ y{e.k dks ,d ckj
fQj lkURouknkrk dh Hkwfedk vnk djuh iMÛrh gSA os dgrs gS]a ßÏi;k /kS;Z ls
çrh{kk dhft,A 'kjn ½rq rd gesa pkj eghus vkSj çrh{kk djuh gSA vki rks vHkh
ls v/khj gks jgs gSAa Þ bl fopkj ls mUgsa lkURouk feyrh gS %
midkjs.k ohjLrq çfrdkjs.k ;qT;rsA
vÑrKks·çfrÑrks gfUr lÙoorka eu%AA IV.27.45
ß;g yksd jgus ;ksX; LFkku u jg tk;sxk vkSj yksx ikjLifjd fo'okl [kks
cSBxas ]s ;fn lqxhz o tSls ohj iq#"k] ftudks fdlh ds midkj ls vfer ykHk gqvk gS]
os vÏrK gksdj çR;qidkj ls eq¡g eksMÛ ysrs gS]a esjs tSls iq#"kksa ds eu dks Bsl
igq¡pkrs gSaA ugha] ugha] ;g vuFkZ ugha gksxkAÞ

FkksMÛs le; ckn ekxZ esa vfUre 'okl ysr]s gq, çk.k R;kx ds iwoZ jke n'kZu
dh çrh{kk esa vkSj lhrk dk lekpkj nsus dh dkeuk djrs gq,] i`Foh ij grkgr iMÛs
gq, tVk;q dks mUgksua s ns[kkA muls okLrfodrk tkudj mUgksua s mldh vUR;sf"V dh]
tSls fd ,d /keZijk;.k lqi=q vius firk dh djrk gSA Jh jke us viuh vikj
vuqdEik ls tVk;q dh vkRek dks ije/kke Hkst fn;kA rc Jh jke cksy]s ßeq> ij
pkSgjh foifÙk vkbZ gSA vgks esjk nqHkkZX;! bl i{kh us eq>s lgk;rk nsuh pkgh] og Hkh
pyk x;kA esjh ;g foifÙk vfXu ls Hkh vf/kd cnrj gS] tks vfXu dks Hkh tyk dj
HkLe dj ldrh gSAÞ ?kksj ladV ds le; egku iq#"k Hkh viuk lUrqyu [kks cSBrs
gSa vkSj ,slh ckrs djus yxrs gS]a tks ugha djuh pkfg,A os vR;Ur n;uh; fLFkfr esa
igq¡p tkrs gSa vkSj ge mUgsa dsoy lgkjk gh ns ldrs gS]a muds vJq iksN
a ldrs gS]a
mudks cSBus dks dg ldrs gS]a ;fn lEHko gks] rks muds psgjs ij ty fNMÛd ldrs

98

jkek;.k ds T;ksfr&LrEHk

lkrok¡ v/;k;

99  

ijUrq 'kh?kz gh nwljk fopkj muds eu esa vkrk gSA y{e.k vUr esa muls
dgrs gSa %
fu;E; dksia çfrikY;rka 'kjR{keLo eklka'prqjks e;k lgA
olkpys·fLeu~ e`xjktlsfors lao/kZ;u~ 'k=qo/ks leq|ee~AA IV.27.48
ßØks/k ij fu;a=.k djds 'kjRdky rd çrh{kk dhft;sA esjh ckr lqfu,] /kS;Z
ds lkFk o"kkZ ½rq ds pkj eghuksa rd] tks Hkh d"V gks /kS;Z ls lgu dhft;s] vki rks
v/khj O;fDr ugha gSAa vki Lo;a gh brus 'kfDr'kkyh gSa fd bl lalkj esa viuh
bPNkuq:i lc dqN çkIr dj ldrs gSAa viuh gh 'kfDr ls] fcuk fdlh lgk;rk ls
vki 'k=q ij fot; çkIr djus esa leFkZ gSAa vc vkids lkFk lqxhz o Hkh gSA vr,o]
/kS;Z [kksus dk dksbZ dkj.k ughaAÞ
dfo dh vU; fo'ks"krk] ftldh vksj /;ku vkd£"kr djuk esjk lkSHkkX;
gksxk] og gS mldh fof'k"V çoh.krk& vf}rh; çoh.krk] mRçs{kk vkSj miek tSls
vFkkZyd
a kjksa dk ç;ksxA ;s muds eq[k ls fujk;kl tgk¡&rgk¡ çokfgr gq, gSAa muesa ls
vf/kdka'k mi;qDr vR;Ur çHkkoksRiknd] ân;xzkgh vkSj eaty
q gS]a fdlh lqxkz gh
leh{kd ds fy;s ije lkfgR;d vkuUnnk;d Hkh gSAa mlds dkO; esa miekvksa dk
rk¡rk Hkh ns[kus dks feyrk gSA Jh jke ,d fpUrkxzLr eu%fLFkfr esa gS]a viuh iRuh
ds /;ku esa Mwcs gq,A fo;ksx muds fy, vlguh; gSA bl lUnHkZ esa miek;sa ,d
foy{k.k :i /kkj.k djrh gSAa
,"kk /keZifjfdy"Vk uookfjifjIyqrkA
lhrso 'kksdlarIrk egh ck"ia foeq´pfrAA
,"k QqYyktZqu% 'kSy% dsrdSjf/kokflr%A
lqxhz o bo 'kkUrkfj/kkZjkfHkjfHkf"kP;rsAA IV.28.79
ns[ksus ;ksX; gS dfo dh çfrHkk&laiékrk vkSj ;g fd og ekuo çÏfr dk
fdruk rh{.k i;Zo{s kd gSA nsf[k,] fdl çdkj lkekU; Øe ;gk¡ iyV x;kA lhrk
dh rqyuk çkÏfrd oLrqvksa ls djus ds ctk;] dfo igys çkÏfrd oLrqvksa dk
o.kZu djrk gS vkSj fQj lhrk dks rqyuk dk ekinaM cukdj mies; ds :i esa
mudk mYys[k djrk gSA dgus dk vfHkçk; ;g gS] tc Jh jke çÏfr dh vn~Hkqr
oLrq,¡ ns[k jgs gS]a muds eu esa lhrk dk /;ku Hkj tkrk gS vkSj cjcl mudk
/;ku lhrk dh vksj pyk tkrk gS vkSj os dqN vU; lksp ugha ikrsA
uhyes?kkfJrk fo|qRLQqjUrh çfrHkkfr esA
LQqjUrh jko.kL;k³~ads oSngs ho rifLouhAA IV.28.12
ßuhy es?k dk vkJ; ysdj pedrh gqbZ ;g fo|qr eq>s jko.k ds vad esa
NViVkrh gqbZ rifLouh lhrk ds leku çrhr gksrh gSAÞ

nsf[k,] vc o"kkZ ½rq dk TÛkksj viuh pje lhek ij gS] vkSj o"kkZ dh çpaMrk
ds dkj.k Jh jke ds fy;s viuk 'kksd vkSj Hkh vlguh; gks tkrk gSA
bek% LQhrxq.kk o"kkZ% lqxhz o% lq[keJqrAs
foftrkfj% lnkj'p jkT;a egfr p fLFkr%AA
vga rq ârnkj'p jkT;kPp egr'P;qr%A
unhdwyfeo fDyéenlhnkfe y{e.kAA IV.28.57-58
ßbl le; lqxhz o rks vius 'k=q dks ijkLr djds fo'kky jkT; ij çfrf"Br
gS vkSj viuh iRuh dks iqu% çkIr dj lkezkT; dk lq[k Hkksx jgk gSA ij eSa vius
jkT; ls of´pr gks x;k gw¡ vkSj esjh L=h gj yh x;h gSA blfy;s ikuh ls xys gq,
unh ds rV dh Hkk¡fr d"V ik jgk gw¡AÞ
v;k=ka pSo n`"V~oes ka ekxk±'p Hk`'knqxeZ ku~A
ç.krs pSo lqxhz os u e;k fdafpnhfjre~AA
vfi pkfrifjfDy"Va fpjkíkjS% lekxre~A
vkRedk;Zxjh;LRok}Draq usPNkfe okuje~AA
Lo;aeos fg foJE; KkRok dkyeqikxre~A
midkj p lqxhz oks osRL;rs uk= l'ka;AA IV.28.60-62
ßvfHk"ksd ds dqN le; iwoZ rd lqxhz o esjs pj.kksa esa ureLrd FkkA eSa mls
dqN Hkh djus dk vkns'k ns ldrk FkkA ijUrq eSua s bl fo"k; esa ,d 'kCn Hkh dguk
ugha pkgk fd mldk esjs çfr D;k dÙkZO; gSA eSua s mldk iwjk /;ku j[kk] eSua s mlds
lkFk cMÛh lân;rk ls O;ogkj fd;k] eSua s ml ij rjl [kk;k vkSj fdlh çdkj dk
d"V ugha fn;k] eSua s /kS;Z j[kk] lkspk fd dqN fnuksa rd foJke djds vkSj mi;qDr
le; vkus ij og gh esjs Lo;a midkj dks le>sxkAÞ
vkSj vkxs D;k gqvk] ;g le>us ds fy;s ge ,d vU; NksVs ls n`'; ij
vkrs gSAa lqxhz o ds eaf=;ksa esa ,d vçfre nwjn£'krk vkSj foy{k.k cqf¼ okys O;fDr]
guqeku FksA ;g tkudj fd Jh jke dk fn;k x;k fu;r le; çk;% lekIr lk gks
pqdk gS] guqeku us lqxhz o dks vUr%iqj ls cqyok;k vkSj lfou; mUgsa vius dÙkZO;
ds çfr psrkouh nh] ßvkius Jh jke dh Ïik ls bruk dqN ik;k gSA ijUrq vkius
mudks fclkj fn;k gS] vkSj Åij ls] vfrfjDr Hkksx&foykl esa fyIr gksdj mUgsa
ukjktÛ dj fn;k gSA vc le; gks pqdk gS] Ïi;k tkx mfB, vkSj vius dÙkZO; dk
ikyu dhft,AÞ lqxhz o us vius lsukifr uhy uked okuj dks jkT; dh leLr
fn'kkvksa ls lEiw.kZ okuj lsukvksa dks ,d= djus dh vkKk nh vkSj guqeku ls cksy]s
ßtc okuj ;gk¡ ,d= gks]a lc dqN Lo;a laHkky ysuk] esjs vkns'k dh çrh{kk fd;s
fcukAÞ

100

jkek;.k ds T;ksfr&LrEHk

101

lkrok¡ v/;k;  

lqxhz o% lÙolaié'pdkj efreqÙkeke~A
lafnns'kkfrefreku~ uhya fuR;Ñrks|ee~AA
fn{kq lokZlq los"Z kka lSU;kukeqilaxgz As
;Fkk lsuk lexzk es ;wFkikyk'p loZ'k%AA
lekxPNUR;l³~xu
s lsukxzkf.k rFkk dq:A
Lo;a pkuUrja lSU;a Hkokusokuqi'prqAA
f=iapjk=knw/o± ;% çkIRuq;késg okuj%A
rL; çk.kkUrdks naMks uk= dk;kZ fopkj.kkAA
gjha'p o`)kuqi;krq lk³~xnks HkokUekKkef/kÑR; fuf'prrke~A
bfr O;oLFkka gfjiqxoa 's ojks fo/kk; os'e çfoos'k oh;Zoku~AA IV.29.29-34
;g lqxhz o dh vkKk dk mnkgj.k gSA ßfu£ookn:i ls vkKk dk ikyu gksuk
pkfg,A muds vkns'k ls fdlh Hkh çdkj dk fopyu vR;f/kd naMuh; gksxk] dksbZ
NwV ugha gksxhA ;fn dksbZ okuj iaæg fnu ds ckn ;gk¡ igq¡pxs k] rks mls çk.k&naM
fn;k tk;sxkAÞ lsuk dks lapkfjr djus ds fy;s ;g vkns'k nsdj lqxzho vius
vUr%iqj dks ykSV x,A lqxhz o dks ;g Lej.k j[kuk pkfg, Fkk fd os ,d vR;Ur
ekuoh; O;fDr ls O;ogkj dj jgs gSAa Jh jke ,d ckj fQj viuk lUrqyu [kks
cSBrs gSAa mUgsa bl ckr dh dksbZ tkudkjh u Fkh fd fu;r le; ds Hkhrj lqxhz o us
D;k dqN dj fy;k gSA mUgksaus bl fo"k; esa dksbZ iwNrkN Hkh u dhA vr,o]
vufHkKrk ds dkj.k mudk Øks/k c<Ûrk x;kA ,d ckj iqu% os vius lgk;d fe=
ds çfr lEeku Hkko [kks cSBrs gSAa fcuk vuqokn fd;s ;gk¡ rhu 'yksd m¼fjr djrk
gw¡A 'yksdksa esa os viuk jks"k O;Dr djrs gSAa ;g Li"V ugha gS fd bu 'yksdksa dks ;gk¡
ij j[kus esa dfo dk D;k vfHkçk; gSA tgk¡ rd dfork dk çlax gS]a ;s 'yksd
mRÏ"V gSAa ijUrq muesa dqN Hkko vkSj dqN 'kCn fo|eku gS]a tks dqN 'kCn Jh jke
ds eq¡g ls 'kksHkk ugha nsrAs ,slk ekuk tk ldrk gS fd dfo ;g lc dqN viuh vksj
ls dguk pkgrk gS] fdUrq D;ksfa d dfo o.kZu o.kZu Jh jke ds }kjk djok jgk gS] og
;s 'yksd muds gh eq[k ls dgyokrk gSA ijUrq ç'u ;g gksrk gS] okYehfd dks Hkh
,slh ckrksa esa D;ksa tkuk pkfg,\ ;g rks ijorhZ dfo;ksa dh fo'ks"krk gS] ,slh Hkk"kk dk
ç;ksx D;ksfa d muds fy;s Hkk"kk dh 'kkyhurk ds fu;e dh lnk çfrc¼rk ugha
jgrhA
p´pPpUædjLi'k±g"kksZUehfyrkjdkA
vgks jkxorh lU/;k tgkfr Lo;eEcje~AA
n'kZ;fUr 'kjé|% iqfyukfu 'kuS% 'kuS%A
uol³~xelozhMk t?kukuho ;ksf"kr%AA

ehuksilanf'kZres[kykuka unho/kwuka xr;ks·| eUnk%A
dkUrksiHkqDrkylxkfeuhuka çHkkrdkysf"oo dkfeuhuke~AA
IV.30.45,46,55

bl çdkj dh Hkk"kk Jh jke ds eq[k esa j[kuk ?kksj fuUnuh; gSA çrhr gksrk gS
fd ;k rks ml le; Jh jke ds eu esa bl çdkj ds ltho fp= mHkj jgs Fks] vFkok
dfo Lo;a 'kjn ½rq dk o.kZu djus dh bPNk ls ;g lc Jh jke }kjk dgyokrk gSA
eSua s lqxhz o ds çfr Jh jke ds dBksj vkns'k dks i<Û dj lquk;k FkkA eSua s ;g
Hkh crk;k Fkk fd fdl çdkj y{e.k us ml vkns'k dks le>k;k vkSj vius mÙksftr
eu ls mls vko';drk ls vf/kd c<Ûk p<Ûk fn;kA tcfd mUgsa dsoy b'kkjk Hkj
djuk Fkk] mUgksua s lpeqp /kedh ns MkyhA Jh jke Lo;a /kedh ds ifj.kke ls
vR;Ur fpfUrr gks x,A os y{e.k ls cksy]s ßesjk vfHkçk; ;g ugha FkkA rqEgsa e/kqj
vkSj f'k"V ok.kh dk ç;ksx djukAÞ fdUrq y{e.k ;g lc dqN Hkwy x;sA tks 'yksd
eSaus igys lquk;k Fkk og ;g gS %
u p ladfq pr% iUFkk ;su okyh grks xr%A
le;s fr"B lqxhz o ek okfyiFkeUoxk%AA IV.30.81
;s gSa os 'kCn tks Jh jke y{e.k ls dgrs gS]a blfy, ugha fd ;gh 'kCn lqxhz o
ls dgs tk;s]as cfYd blfy, fd budk vk'k; lqxhz o rd igq¡pk;k tk;sA blds
vfrfjDr ,d vkSj LFkku Hkh gS] tgk¡] esjs fopkj es]a Jh jke vius LokHkkfod Lrj
ls uhps fxj tkrs gSAa rqjUr mudh rkRdkfyd eu%fLFkfr dk irk pyrk gSA
,d ,o j.ks okyh 'kjs.k fugrks e;kA
Roka rq lR;knfrØkUra gfu";kfe lckU/koe~AA IV.30.82
ßeSua s ckfy dk o/k fd;k] fdUrq og vdsyk ;eiqjh x;kA ijUrq rqEgkjs çfr
esjk Øks/k bruk rhoz gS fd dsoy rqEgkjs o/k ls eq>s larks"k u gksxkA eSa rqedks rqEgkjs
leLr lacfa /k;ksa lfgr ;eiqjh igqpkÅ¡xkAÞ
vkidks Lej.k gksxk fdl çdkj rkjk y{e.k dks 'kkUr djrh gSA bl LFkku
ij mlds dqN lqUnj 'yksdksa dk i<Ûuk mfpr gh gksxk] de ls de ;g rks fn[kkus
ds fy, fd fdlh ds i{k dks çLrqr djus dh dyk esa mls çkphu iks£'k;k (Portia)
dh laKk nh tk ldrh gSA iks£'k;k ,d L=h ik= gS] tks 'ksDlih;j ds ^fn eps±V
vkWQÛ osful* uked ukVd esa viuh rdZlxa r okd~iVqrk esa çfl¼ gSA gekjs cgqr ls
vf/koDrk rkjk ds Hkk"k.k ls cgqr dqN lh[k ldrs gSAa og vius lacks/ku esa y{e.k
ds le{k egRoiw.kZ rdZ çLrqr djrh gS] vkSj y{e.k dks dqN çHkkfor gqvk ns[k dj
vUr esa ,d fu.kkZ;d rdZ }kjk viuk mís'; çkIr dj ysrh gSA

kZ ^jkek.s] blds fy.k xksykaxwy'krkfu pA v| Rokeqi. gh mldh ç'kalk fd.s vlguh.s] tgk¡ ge .g ns[k ldsa fd mudh çÏfr esa ekuoh. 103   uSoa y{e.kZ ls vR.ka lqxhz oa jkeks /keZHk`rka oj%A ckgqH.A mUgsa bl ckr dk lE.] vkSj i'kqvksa lfgr leLr jkT.Z dsoy .kx nhft.a foØkUrku~ lqegkcyku~A jk?koL.kZ çxk<Ûrk ds lkFk mHkj dj vkrk gSA blh çdkj . fd os dksbZ NksVs eksVs jktk ugha gSA os u Ïr?u gS]a u 'kB gS]a u Øwj gS]a u gh vlR.olwfu pA jkefç.h gSA lqxhz o us mu lcds .ksa ds dkj.kFkZfl)ÓFk± u fu.fn vki .fDr gS]a ftUgksua s fiNys lxZ esa lqxhz o ds fo#¼ bruk dqN cksyk FkkA bldk rkRi.k gS] ftlls mUgsa vfer ykHk gqvk gS] mls dfijkt us dHkh ugha Hkqyk.Ztud gS .39.ks ok lglzka'kq% dq.kks·.kkeh'oj% Jksraq ro oD=kf}'ks"kr%AA usokÑrK% lqxhz oks u 'kBks ukfi nk:.ks uk.slh oLrq ugha tks Jh jke dh çlékrk ds fy.k.k dj jgk Fkk] tgk¡ Jh jke ds pfj= dk ekuoh.s iaæg fnu dh vof/k fuf'pr dh FkhA mlds vuqlkj leLr okujksa dks vkt gh .a foLe`r% dfi%A jkes.'k dks] :ek rFkk eq>dks Hkh çkIr fd.ksAA jkeçlknkRdhÉr p dfijkT. çÏfr esa tc rkjk dks .g lc rks muds LokHkkfod xq. dks] .s os R.s Hkst j[kk gSA os muds vkus dh çrh{kk dj jgs gSAa os Lo.k Nk¡Vus ds fy. dgw¡xkA gekjh ekuoh.k 'kkUr gks x.k* dks myV&iyV dj Nkuuk gksxk] .k gSAa blh çdkj vkids leku iq#"k Hkh ..k ohj lqxzhoks .tsfnfr efreZeAA IV.fDr.wFkiku~AA rka'p çrh{kek.rk iqu% mHkj vkbZA iqyfdr eu ls mUgksua s lqxhz o dk vkfyaxu fd.g Hkwyuk ugha pkfg.a viuh Hkwypwd ds dkj.k dk Øks/k yxHkx lekIr gks x.kx dj ldrs gSaAÞ RoRlgk.d= djus ds fy. jkT..ksa dh dfe.fnUæks o"kZrs o"k± u rfPp=a HkosnH~ kqfoA vkfnR.35.fn bUæ nsork I.g gS fd .s fcuk u jg ldsxa As dksbZ .gk¡ mifLFkr gks tkuk pkfg.s]a rks gekjh ekufld fLFkfr esa Hkkjh fxjkoV vk tk.s :ek dk esjk] dqekj vaxn dk rFkk /ku/kkU.a crkuk pkgrs gSa fd vkdj vkidk crkuk . gks x.SnZq"dja j.sls mnkgj.13 ßvkidks lqxhz o ds çfr .AÞ rc iw.k FkkA Ïi.kka çfrdq.qokp Ñrk¥tfye~AA .d= gksus ds fy.o] vki Øks/k R.ksRLuk ls i`Foh dh xehZ vkSj fo}s"k dks nwj Hkxkrk gS\ .k eSa Øks/k vkSj O.2-5.oknh vkSj u dqfVy gh gSAa os dnkfi .k .d~ cks/k gks x.ka laifj"oT.q¼ ds fufeÙk vla[.fUr tfg dksiefjaneAA IV.kjh iwjh gks x.slh ckr ugha dguh pkfg.fn vki mudh çÏfr tkuaxs ]s rks vo'.k rks Lo.A esjs ifr okujksa ds Lokeh gSa vkSj çHkko'kkyh jktk gSAa vkidks .xzrk ds dkj.k ds T.k gSA .kZRi`fFkoha lkSE.Dr djrs gSAa vHkh rd eSa dFkk ds mu 'yksdksa vkSj çlaxksa dk fu:i.kL.sxhA eq>s lEiw.ksfr&LrEHk lkrok¡ v/.nU.k] og dgrh gS] ßesjs ifr us vko'.19-22 pkgrs gSa fd rS.A vkt gh djksMÛkas dh la[.k oDrO. fueZyke~A Rof}/kks okfi fe=k.k esa os mifLFkr gksaxAs vr.kZr.a p /ku/kkU.k%A uSokÑrdFkks ohj u ftàu'p dih'oj%AA midkja Ñra ohjks ukI.k vki ogk¡ tkdj muls lkURouk ds dqN 'kCn dg nsAa ß tSls gh jke us lc dqN lquk] mudh fo'kky ân.Ur mÙksftr gks tk.Z ugha ekuuk pkfg.kksa ls 'kksHkk ikus okys lw.sls dBksj opu lquus ds vf/kdkjh ugha gSA vkids HkkbZ us tks midkj fd.glkl gks tkrk gS fd y{e.k gSA mUgksua s viuk dÙkZO. gSAa vusd Js"B okujksa dks .klh /kjrh ij ty dh o"kkZ djrs gS]a . çR.1-3 ßD.k vuko'.k fd mudk jks"k vuqfpr FkkA os lqxhz o ls dgrs gS]a Þeq>s [ksn gS] Ïi.Fkk iqjkA v| rSokZujS% loSjZ kxUrO.d vkns'k igys gh ns fn. nks 'kCn vo'.kFk± lqxhz olR.kA bfr czoq k.g ogh O.k vFkok bZ".kx u ldsAa os Jh jke dks çlék djus ds fy.fufeÙka oS çsf"krk gfjiq³x ~ ok%A vkusrqa okujku~ ..sa O.g Fkk fd vius HkkbZ dk 'kksd esa ?kqyuk esjs fy.kZRijariAA IV.q)s lqcgwu~ gfj.d gSA ijUrq] blesa dksbZ 'kadk u jg tk.k .k gSA Jh jke ds Ïik&çlkn ls gh lqxhz o us okujksa ds v{k.a i:"kegZfrA gfj.fn vius fe=ksa dk midkj djsa vkSj mUgsa çlék dj ns]a rks blesa dksbZ vk'p.a p 'kk'ore~A çkIrokfug lqxhz oks :eka eka p ijariAA :eka eka dfijkT.kZf}kfrfeja uHk%AA pUæek jf'efHk% dq.fn lgòksa fdj. dk Hkh ifjR.kZfr gjh'oj%AA Ñrk= laLFkk lkSfe=s lqxhz os.k] tks fd muls lac¼ Fks] ckj&ckj mudk foLrkjiwod Z fu:i.a egkcyS%AA _`{kdksfVlglzkf.fn pUæek viuh T. fuHkk.gk¡ mudh okLrfod çÏfr fQj mHkj vkrh gS vkSj os viuh .k lar"q V gksdj y{e.g vk'p.102 jkek.Fkksfpr Hkkouk. okuj ohjksa dh lsuk .k {kek djsAa esjs Øks/k dk dkj. igyw viuh iw.nZ os vkdk'k ls va/kdkj nwj djrs gSa rFkk .AÞ .k vFkok nwljs O. igyw dgk¡ rd çn£'kr gksrk gSA .35.k .

ksx nq". esa dksbZ LFkku ugha gSA rc gekjh mPp ço`fÙk viuk iw.Z djus dk volj nsuk pkfg.a* esa .kfr }kjk cksyk x.kfr vkSj 'k£e"Bk ij .ksa ds fy.s Hkh ladV [kMÛk dj nsrs gSAa ijUrq tgk¡ rd egkiq#"kksa dk lEcU/k gS] .k djds] viuh lgk..k] gkfudj mnkgj.g 'yksd .k¡ viuk çHkko Mkyrh gS]a mPprj ço`fÙk fuEu ço`fÙk dks iwjh 'kfDr ls dqpy nsrh gS vkSj fQj viuk iwjk çHkko çn£'kr djrh gSAa vr.kx D.] .k gSA ””” .fDr.k.k nqjkpkj dk ogk¡ dksbZ ladrs ugha gksrk] fdUrq ftl {k.Ru Hkh djrk gSA .d vuqiyC/k ukVd ls jktk .sr lk nks"kkuka ç'kek.k vkSj nwf"kr ifjos'k ds dkj.s vkSj gekjs vkl&ikl ds lc O.%] LoIus·fi lk nqyHZ kk psr% LokLFk.Z ls eqX/k gksdj mlds vUrj esa .ksa d:¡\ Lohdkj D. gksrk gS] tks fd dkfynkl ds ukVd] ^foØeksoZ'kh.104 jkek.rk ds fy.d lqUnj 'yksd gSA lkekU. vkSj nwljh fuEu Lrjh.Z djrs gSAa * cgq/kk bldk ç.ksa dk Lej.slk fopkj gS] ftlds le{k lk/kq&lar Hkh vkRe la.d çfl¼ 'yksd gS] ftlesa mPp vkSj fuEu ço`fÙk.ksa ds fy.eqifS g] [kyq .k og vius vkSj 'kdqUryk ds chp çse çlax dks loZFkk Hkwy tkrk gS vkSj fQj Hkh mlds lkSUn.k .idYe"kk% Ñrf/k.ksfr&LrEHk 105 lkrok¡ v/. ço`fÙk.ks·fi n`'.k gS] muesa fuEu o`fÙk çdV ek= gksrh gS] viuh >yd fn[kkrh gS] ijUrq 'kh?kz gh nck nh tkrh gS] vkSj mPprj ço`fÙk dh xfrfof/k dk iwjk çn'kZu gksrk gS] vkSj O.ksa u dj yw¡\Þ dqN {k.k tkrk] rks gekjk v/k%iru fuf'pr gS vkSj ge fc[kj tkrs gS]a ge vius fy.d ik= gSA ijUrq okLro esa .s gekjs ân.ks·/kja /kkL.Ur* ds fy.a dks cryk nsuk pkfg.k djrk gSA ijUrq xÛyr çf'k{k.g .e [kks cSBrs gSAa ßcMÛs yksx D.k fuEu ço`fÙk.] vU.qDr ijke'kZ ugha fn.k çHkko gksxk\Þ Dokdk.r% bldk ç.Fkk ge lekIr gks tk.k% Do p dqye~] Hkw. ij mi.k ds T.kZ uhfr opuksa dk vkàku djds Lo. fd tSls gh dksbZ fuEu çsj..k¡ çdV gksrh gSa vkSj ekuoh.frAA viuh mPp çÏfr dks viuk dk. fd fuEu o`fÙk.k rd .UR.g dqN .k dgsxa \s esjs dqy dh eku&çfr"Bk ij bldk D.g fopkj gkoh gksus dk ç.d la?k"kZ gksus yxrk gSA ßeSa bldk R. çkIr dj fy. u% Jqregks] dksi·s fi dkUra eq[ke~A fd o{.sxa As .d mPp Lrjh.   nks çdkj dh ço`fÙk.o] vius thou esa gesa .g lh[kuk pkfg.kZ çHkko fn[kk.fDr Hkh lehphu vkpj.slk ugha gS fd ogk¡ vklk/kq ço`fÙk dk loZFkk vHkko gksrk gS ..ksa dk la?k"kZ gksrk gSA .qok /kU.sxhA . muds egRoiw.fn mfpr le.k¡ fufgr gS]a .d ugha vusd ckj Jh jke viuh fuEu ço`fÙk dks dkslrs gSAa ijUrq deZ{ks= esa os fujUrj viuh mPp çÏfr ds Lrj ij dk.s gksrk gS tc] 'kki ds dkj.kk mHkjus yxs] rks gesa n`<Ûrk ls viuh leLr vkUrfjd 'kfDr dk laxgz djds] iwooZ rhZ egku foHkwfr.± 'k'ky{e.ksx iq:jok ds fy.d mRÏ"V Hkykiu] nwljk fuEu HkykiuA tks yksx lqf'kf{kr gSa] ftUgksaus viuh bPNk'kfDr ij dqN vkf/kiR.

k.16 ßrkr! lalkj esa lc HkkbZ Hkjr ds leku ugha gksrAs firk ds lHkh iq= esjs tSls ugha gksrs vkSj lHkh fe= rqEgkjs leku ugha gqvk djrs gSAa Þ .kfHk"ksd djkus ds mís'.d lHkk vk. .15.k . jke dh 'kj.k ds fy.Dr dh Fkh] mlds fy.ksX.k Fkk vkSj mUgksua s Hkh viuh vksj ls lan's k dh dBksjrk esa dksbZ deh ugha dhA ijUrq ml le.k dk xqIrpj gSA dnkfpr~~ og bl mís'. vk/kkj gS fd foHkh"k. fd foHkh"k. ls vk. eq>s foHkh"k. esa nks .slk dkSu lk lacU/kh gksxk] ftls og fo'okl?kkr djds R. .d çfl¼ 'yksd gS vkSj vR. LokHkkfod vkdka{kk gksrh gS] .% ifjR.ksfr&LrEHk 106  vkBok¡ v/.sls ladV esa iMÛs gq.slk çrhr gksrk gS fd dfo bl lUnHkZ esa gesa ekuo lacU/kksa ds fo"k.g .lua çkIra Hkzkrja .g Fkk guqeku dk Li"Voknh vkSj rdZlxa r ijke'kZ] Jh jke dk futh fopkj Hkh blls esy [kkrk FkkA ijUrq blds ckotwn] lqxhz o us chp&chp esa dMÛh vkifÙk O. lgk.ksa vkSj lykgdkjksa ls ea=.s çlax gekjs fy.18.k ds feF.5.k cMÛh mRlqdrk ls laj{k.k esa vkrk gSA jke .rk dk Lusg cU/ku LFkkfir gks tk.rk nh gSAÞ bl çdkj Vhdkdkj bldh O.k dh çkFkZuk Lohdkj djus dk ijke'kZ ugha nsrkA .es"k u ifjR.k fd. /. gSAa eSa lcls igyh ?kVuk ysrk gw¡A dfo dh Hkk"kk dh vFkZx£Hkrk dks ns[krs gq.k ds T.gk¡ esjh ckr ds fy. çklafxd gS] ftl ij eSa bl le.kukiu çn£'kr djrs gq.w kZ gSA ßeSa cMÛh O. ikus dh bPNk ls] tks .67 eSa bls lkekU.18.g le>&cw> dj gh .k] vius ns'k dk jkT.kx u dj lds\Þ vkxs og . vius HkkbZ dks NksMÛ ldrk gS] mlesa fu"Bk dh vk'kk dkSu dj ldrk gS\ mldk nwljk .kZ .ks\a bl ij Vhdkdkj dh fVIi.oa vkReh.kZr.kk djrs gSa fd D.fn bl ij eSa dqN le.k djrs gSAa jke ds .g gS tc ijLij eS=h .ko`Ùka p jko.kZ f'k{kk nsuk pkgrk gSA og .xz eu%fLFkfr esa Fkk vkSj eq>s .ogkfjd le>nkjh ls Hkjiwj gSa % m|ksxa ro laç{s . dqN /.d dBksj lan's k dk vkns'k fn.17.d egÙoiw.Dr dh] y{e.d vkSj fe= rqEgkjs leku fo'oluh.k us Hkh mldk leFkZu fd.g . ls ckfy dk o/k fd.q¼ dkaM ds vBkjgosa lxZ esa vkrk gSA lUnHkZ bl çdkj gS& foHkh"k.kA ßrqEgkjs leku dksbZ vU.g tkudj dh vkius lqxhz o dss jkT. jke vkBok¡ v/.k dks ysuk mfpr yxrk gSAÞ fiNyh ckj ftl çlax dh ppkZ dh Fkh] og Fkk % Jh jke us tks dqN tYnckTÛkh esa lqxhz o ds çfr viuh vçlékrk O.kh vFkZi.d NksVs HkkbZ ds fy.k lHkh igyqvksa ls d:¡xkA 'yksd dk vfUre va'k .s opu lqxhz o ds midkjksa ds çfr iwjk&iwjk vkHkkj çn£'kr djrs gSAa .rs RoL.d jk{kl gS vkSj jko.k dks rqEgkjs çfr .s vkSj fQj xÛyrQÛgeh . rqEgkjs çfr tks vU.d fe= ugha gS]Þ Jh jke lqxhz o ls dgrs gSAa ijUrq . fQj mUgksua s viuh LokHkkfod mnkjrk ds vuq:i] cMÛh vfrçHkkoh Hkk"kk esa [ksn çdV fd.ksftr djrs gS]a vius lkfFk.6 tks iq#"k .oa .k nks"keqDr dj fn. dgrk gS % bZn'` ka O.ksa u yxsA .ksfa d bldh dqN lkFkZdrk gSA vkxs pydj Hkh bl egkdkO.g Hkh dgrk gS] ßog yadk dk jktk cuus dh mPp vkdka{kk ls .tsrA~ dks uke l HkosÙkL.Ro Hkqyk fn. 107  jkT.qDr O. laxgz %AA VI. esa .ekuÜp cqf)iwofZ egkxr%A .k gks fd tc os pkSdl u gks]a volj feyrs gh og jke dk o/k dj MkysA lqxhz o l.g ckr dqN fofp= gSA vkifÙk dk eq[.sA dsoy guqeku ds vfrfjDr dksbZ Hkh foHkh"k.q¼ ifj"kn tSlh .g dqN vlaxr gh D.slk yxk fd rqeus viuk oknk vkSj mÙkjnkf.Ur lkjx£Hkr gSA eSa bldh O. le>cw> gh dgw¡xkA guqeku dgrs gSa] ßvkids m|ksx] tkx:drk vkSj jko.a çkFkZ. gS]a Þ .k.ku esa j[krs gq.tsrA~ A VI.g vuqfpr u gksxk] .k tk.g rjhdÛk gS fd nksuksa i{kksa esa dqN vucu gks tk.k[.s] rks mldks lqn`<Û cukus dk .kA lqxhz o ds çfrokn dh vksj ladrs djrs gq .k.k vius HkkbZ ds çfr fo'okl?kkrh Fkk] jke dgrs gSa % u losZ HkzkrjLrkr HkofUr Hkjrksiek%A ef}/kk ok firq% iq=k% lqânks ok Hkof}/kk%AA VI.kA eSa bl fcUnq dks TÛkjk vkxs c<Ûk jgk gw¡] D.slk D.kpkj dks tkudj vkSj .d .k gSAÞ Jh jke bu lc rdks± dks jí dj nsrs gSAa eSa dqN 'yksd i<Ûdj lqukrk gw¡] tks foosdiw.g 'yksd . feF. gqvk Fkk] mldks Hkqykdj rqeus eq>s vius iwjs ijkØe ls lgk.gk¡ vk.rkoÙkq iqjLÑR.66. .k rhu LFkkuksa ij Jh jke lqxhz o ds çfr blh çdkj viuh Hkwy dk lq/kkj djrs gSAa .k[.qT.gk¡ vk.qfDr..s 'kCn Jh jke dh lqxhz o ds çfr fiNyh dBksjrk ij vuqrki çdV djrs gSAa blls lqxhz o dks iw.kA rc eSua s y{e.ke~A okfyu'p o/ka JqRok lqxhz oa pkfHk"ksfpre~AA 106 .ku fnyk jgk gw¡A *lqânks ok Hkof}/kk%^ % ßlalkj esa cgqr de lgk. yxk nw¡] pkgs .jkek.ku nsus .k gSA bu lc ckrksa dks /.

s os dSd.fDr tks vkn'kZ HkkbZ gS] vko'.kx dj ouokl Lohdkj fd.k tkuk pkfg.wpq% laxrk op%AA dqys tkr egkçkK egko`Ùk egk.fePNkegs firq%A vu`.k dk jkT. lacU/kksa ds fo"k.k x.qDra p .108 jkek.o] .g Fkk ogk¡ vk. dks Hkjr ds fy.s ifo= opu dks iwjk djuk vkSj bl çdkj muds fy.|os{klsAA II.d ckj tc fo'okl vkSj çrhfr LFkkfir gks tkrh gS] rks erHksn Hkh fe=Hkko dks lqn`<Û gh djrs gSAa rc fofHkékrk. gq.kA vr.kx dsoy .g dguk Bhd ugha fd Jh jke us jkT.s LoxZ dk ekxZ ç'kLr djukA muds fy.k ns[kuk pkgrs gSAa rqEgkjs firk us dSd.a dk .k Fkk] rks nsoyksd ds çR. dk ifjR.fn rqe vius firk dh vksj ns[kks vkSj mUgsa lq[k igq¡pkuk pkgks] rks rqEgsa Jh jke dh ckr eku ysuh pkfg. mUgsa is'k fd.qDra pkRefu ekunA jkT.k gSA vU. .d ugha og vkn'kZ iq= Hkh gksA .k± .kRokPp dSd¸s .fn os vc jkT.kZ okrkZyki dkQÛh Å¡ps Lrj ij py jgk FkkA og bruk mÙke Fkk fd Lo. Jh jke fHkék&fHkék yksxksa dks fHkék&fHkék lacU/kksa esa mnkgj.k gSA .k cgqr mÙke vkSj . esa Hkh dgk tk ldrk gSA blhfy. gh dg jgs gSAa .k\ bldk dkj.kZ vfHkçk. gksA rqEgkjk vkpj.qojkT.ksa dk loZlEer erA vr.a nsorkx.ks/.slk ogha laHko yxrk gS] tgk¡ nksuksa i{kksa dh çÏfr mnkÙk vkSj mnkj gksA mnkÙk pfj=ksa ds e/.kjksg.kZ.k ls m½.d vkn'kZ HkkbZ gksuk vko'.g gksxk fd jktk n'kjFk dks udZokl Hkksxuk iMÛxs k]Þ .s nwljs yksd ds oklh lEcksf/kr djrs gSAa os Hkjr dks ijke'kZ nsrs gS]a ßrqe mÙke dqy esa mRiék gq.sd 'kCn dk vkLokn ysus ds fy.kldkj vkSj dgkuhdkj djrs gS&a igys fj'rksa esa njkj vkSj fQj esy&feykiA bl çdkj ijLij Lusg vkSj lqn`<Û gks tkrk gSA Jh jke vkSj lqxhz o ds chp Hkh dqN .ks/.Fkk rqEgkjs firk dh vkRek dks d"V gksrkA .d mnkgj.d vkn'kZ fe= dk .g elyk jkT..ksa vkn'kZ HkkbZ ekuk x.'k egku gSA Jh jke bl fo"k.d vge~ rF.o .kA dSd.k FkkA fdUrq tc jkT.k gS] tks 'kSyh vkSj 'kCn .kA Hkjr dks D.sA . gSA eSaus nksuksa Hkkb.s dsoy .'k%A xzkáa jkeL.k.k djus ds vuq:i gSAa Þ ijUrq] Jh jke dk n`f"Vdks.g ckr xU/koZ rFkk yksxksa us dgh] tks ogk¡ mifLFkr Fks] tgk¡ Jh jke vkSj Hkjr ds chp okfXonX/krk py jgh FkhA lEiw.d ckj gh fd.ksa esa Hkjr .104.d cMÛk opu fn.gk¡ çdV gksrh gSA rnkuqiOw . okD.d O.kx fd. dk vf/kdkjh ekuk tkrk gSA dsoy vki gh bl xkSjo ds mRÏ"V :i ls eqdVq dks /kkj.4.A blds fy.A dfo us Hkh bl laokn dks cMÛh dq'kyrk ls .d LFky ij tc Jh jke us Hkjr ds lHkh rdks± dk çR. dks Lohdkj dj çfrfuf/k ds :i esa rqEgkjs firk ds vkns'k dk ikyu djrs gS]a tSlh fd rqEgkjh ek¡x gS] rks bldk rkRdkfyd ifj.s h ds ½.k ldkeku~ lqân% dq:AA II.k ls mUgsa eqDr fd.g . <ax ls Hkjr mls vius cMÛs HkkbZ] jke ds fy.112.kA nwljh ckj Hkh tc jkT.k% Lox± n'kjFkks xr%AA II.a rs firja .k Hkh mlds çR.s h us ml jkT.112. Hkjr dks mfpr vf/kdkj ds :i esa çkIr gqvk Fkk] Jh jke us mldk ifjR.{kn£'k. lquk jgs gksAa os .k gS]a foHkh"k.k ughaA vr% Hkjr dk mRÏ"V mYys[k djds Jh jke us mfpr gh fd. vius firk dh e.g loZFkk mfpr Fkk] tc os lqxzho ls dgrs gSa] ßef}/kk ok firq% iq=k% (esjs leku firk ds iq=)AÞ Hkjr ds lkFk . gS& firk dh çfr"Bk dh j{kk djuk] vius firk }kjk fn.fHk"ksd djk ysrs vkSj blesa rqEgkjh ekSu LohÏfr Hkh lfEefyr gksrh vFkok .ksa dks gLr{ksi djuk iMÛkA os Hkjr dks lacksf/kr djrs gS]a ekuks viuk fu.AÞ lnku`. rks egku dÙkZO.k ykSVus ds fy.ks]a fl¼ks]a ije ½f"k.k Lo:i ysrs gSAa vkn'kZ Hkkb.kstuk dh lqUnjrk vkSj LokHkkfodrk dh n`f"V ls n'kZuh.kke .s n'kjFk ls ojnku :i esa çkIr dj fy.kfeea jkea o.ku rqjUr tkrk gS] og .ksfr&LrEHk vkBok¡ v/. esa lR.kA vr% lgh vFkZ esa mUgksua s nks ckj jkT.a çkIuqfg /kesZ.s"B iq= gh bl jkT.sa Hkh lkSgknZ dks lqn`<Û cukrh gSaA lalkj esa dqN yksx fo'ks"k lacU/kksa esa Js"Brk ds vkn'kZ ekus tkrs gSAa . .d Loj esa dgrs gSa % Hkjra jkt'kknZwyfeR.ksa ds ikjLifjd okrkZyki lacfa /kr fo'ks"k ckrksa dh vksj ladrs dj fn.6 ßge Jh jke dks firk ds ½.kh gSAa bl ½.sls NUnksa }kjk çLrqr fd.d gSA .s mudh çkFkZuk dk leFkZu djs]a fdUrq jke bls vLohdkj dj nsrs gSAa Hkjr ds pfj= dh mRÏ"Vrk .ksx çk.ksa vkSj jkt ½f"k.slk gh gqvkA . uhps mrj vk.5 cMÛk egRoiw.d ughaA blh çdkj vU. le£ir dj nsrs gSAa ckn esa Hkjr viuh leLr çtk lfgr ou esa igq¡pdj lcls vuqjks/k djrs gSa fd os Hkh jke dks v.fn rqEgkjs firk ds vkns'k ds foijhr Jh jke igys gh Lo. dk ifjR.10 Hkjr bl çdkj dgrs gS]a ßgekjs b{okdq dqy esa T.k rks vkidks HkyhHkk¡fr fofnr gh gSA ftl ckr ij /. xU/koks]± ½f"k.k fcYdqy fHkék gSA muds fy.d gh ekxZ gS] tks rqEgkjs HkkbZ Jh jke us viuk.k] rc cMÛs vlkekU.kx fd.s h dks .k] os vius firk ds çfr fu"Bkoku cus jgsa vkSj mUgksua s iqu% jkT.% miU.k dk ughaA muds fy. mudk gks x. gS] bu lEcks/kd 'kCnksa dk] ftuds }kjk Hkjr dks .k FkkA blfy. 109   nwj gksus ij iqu% esy&feyki gks tk.s x.g gS fd tc v.kZnk dks fl¼ djuk vko'.qÙkj ns fn. dk ifjR. gS] ftldk ç.k ds T.

d vkn'kZ HkkbZ] .d vkn'kZ fe= vkSj .d nks oDrO. firk th dks dSd. os Hkjr dks vkns'k nsrs gSa % ekrja j{k dSd.k djus okyh ikfiuh] dSd.k gw¡A .9.s h ds ekj Hkh Mkyw¡A .a p ekr`or~AA II.fena Ñre~A u rUeufl dÙkZO. tks dqN Hkh fd.d gh O.8.112.fn eka /kkfeZdks jkeks uklw..24 . x.k yxk.d vkn'kZ HkkbZ ds uewus ds :i esa djrk gSA .FkkFkksfZ Dr gSAS * blds mijkUr ge mudk HkkbZ ds :i esa mYys[k djsxa As HkkbZ dh Hkwfedk esa Hkh jke vkSjksa ls dgha vf/kd mRÏ"V FksA dnkfpr~~ dfo dk vk'k.kRlkxjks osyka u çfrKkega firq%AA II.k pSo 'kIrks·fl j?kqlÙkeAA II.Mkgk± ikidkfj.s h ds iq= dks jkT.106.'kqYdeuqÙkee~AA II.d vkn'kZ iq= crkrs gS]a rks naMh rFkk vkSjksa ds vuqlkj] .s h dh j{kk djuk] muds çfr dHkh Øks/k u djuk] lnk lEekuiwod Z O.kksa esa Hkjr viuh ekrk ds çfr vPNs fopkj u j[krs FksA dSd. dsoy .ks± dks djuk ekr dk dÙkZO.dkUr {k.k] gesa FkksMÛk ihNs tkuk iMÛxs kA vkidks Lej.% . vkSj rqEgkjs fy.k djus okyh ikfiuh dSd.kkfof"Ø.kx dj ns vFkok leqæ viuh lhek dks yk¡?kdj vkxs c<Û tk. u gks fd /kekZRek Jh jke ekr`?kkrh le> dj eq>ls ?k`.kr fo'ks"k. .k gS] mldks eu esa u ykvksA mlds çfr lnk oSlk gh crkZo djks] tSlk fd viuh iwtuh.ksfr&LrEHk 111 vkBok¡ v/.kk djus yxsxa ]s rks eSa bl nq"V vkpj. fge dk ifjR. ^NksVs HkkbZ* ls gS] tc og Hkjr dk mYys[k .k dkaM ds mÙkjk/kZ esa tc nksuksa Hkkb.s k n.d fcUnq ij vkrk gw¡] tgk¡ eSa dqN vius futh fopkj çdV djuk pkgw¡xkA çk.   okn&fookn ds le.fn eq>s .g ns[kus ds fy.ksa rFkk fo'oluh. eSa m¼`r djuk pkgw¡xk % lks·ga oufena çkIrks futZua y{e.d vkn'kZ iq=] .rk crkrs gSAa dkek}k rkr yksHkk}k ek=k rqH. fd Hkjr ds lkFk jke us dSlk O.tsrA~ vrh. ds] . fonkbZ ds le. Jh jke }kjk fn.k ekrk ds çfr gksuk pkfg.k tk ldrk gS] fdUrq Hkzkr`Ro iq=ksfpr dÙkZO.k x.gk¡ esjk dksbZ çfr}U}h ugha gSA firkth us esjs fy.s] fgeky.g Hk.s h ds ½.k pkçfr}U}% lR.k Lo:i fy.d lEcU/k fo'ks"k ds fy.d ?k`f.s h ds lkFk fookg gqvk Fkk] rHkh mUgksua s rqEgkjs ukukth dks dSd.ks/.k.78.kkUeksp. mnkgj.Us ekr`?kkrde~AA II.s mldk uke Hkh ugha ysrs FksA /keZcU/ksu c)ks·fLe rsues ka usg ekrje~A gfUe rhoz.g esjk vkns'k gSA mUgsa udZokl ls cpkvks vkSj ekrk dk Hkh vkuUn c<ÛkvksAÞ bu lc mfpr dk.110 jkek.g xoksfZ oÙk ugha] .k}k fgeoku~ ok fgea R.Msu n.k nks"kks uk= HkwrkFkZ'kafluAA & dkO.s] fdUrq eSa firkth dh çfrKk dks ugha rksMÛ ldrkAÞ os bldks bu çkÏfrd vlEHkkoukvksa ds leku vlEHkkO.3 * Loxq.107.ogkj djukAÞ vc eSa .k ds T.10 Hkjr us 'k=q?u ls dgk Fkk] ßeSa /keZ ds cU/ku esa c¡/kk gw¡A .27.kn'kZ 1.107.k gksxk fd v.107.k lfgr bl futZu fodV ou esa pyk vk.18 os iqu% dgrs gS]a ßpkgs pUæek ls mldh T. gSA fQj os dgrs gSa % y{eh'pUæknis.kA 'ks"k Hkkx rqEgsa iwjk djuk gSA esjh Hkwfedk vnk gksrh gS] ouxeu esa vkSj rqEgkjh 'kh?kz viuk vfHk"ksd djkus esAa Þ _`. .d O.10 ßrqe esjs fy.19 ßekrk dSd.d vkn'kZ 'k=q dk :i fn[kkrs gSAa geus mudk mYys[k .AA II.s h us dkeuk vFkok yksHko'k rqEgkjs fy.fDr .ksa dk okrkZyki py jgk Fkk] Hkjr dks dqN gBh ikdj Jh jke cksy]s ßrqe dgrs gks fd tc mUgksua s dSd.s h dh ckr ekuh] firkth ew<Û voLFkk esa Fks] os lfB. s ha ek jks"ka dq: rka çfrA e.kegfeeka ikika dSd. eSa lhrk vkSj y{e. fe=rk ds fy.a oÆrrO.ogkj fd.d vkns'k fn.s FksA ijUrq mlls cgqr igys firkth dk] tc rqEgkjh ekrk dSd.so firja lR.s h lacU/k esa muds fopkj brus n`<Û Fks fd os fcuk vukSfpR. jktkua eRÑrs Hkjr çHkqeA~ firja =kfg /keZKa ekrja pkfHkuUn.s h dks ekj MkyrkAÞ gU.fn eq>s /kekZRek Jh jke dh ijokg u gks] rks eSa bl nq"V vkpj.fDr gS&a Jh jke] tks bu lHkh lacU/kksa ds çfreku FksA dfo okYehfd jke esa .okns fLFkr% firq%AA Hkokufi rFksR.22 vuwBs /keZJ¼kyq Jh jke Hkjr ds bl viq=ksfpr LoHkko ls ifjfpr FksA blfy.kkfUor%A lhr.112.k FkkA ftruk dqN esjs ls lacfa /kr Fkk] eSua s iwjk dj fn.d vkn'kZ iq= ds :i esa fd. s h nq"Vpkfj.okfnue~A drZeq gZfr jktsUæ f{kçesofHk"kspukr~AA II.28 ßeSa rqEgsa viuh rFkk viuh iRuh lhrk dh 'kiFk fnykdj dgrk gw¡ fd rqe ekrk dSd.khe~AA II.AÞ ?kksj .k p lhr. nsus dk opu fn.ksRluk vyx gks tk.k FkkA iqjk% Hkzkr% firk u% l ekrja rs le}gu~A ekrkegs lekJkS"khækT.112.9 ßvius firkth dh vkKk ikyu djrs gq. iwT.k gSA tc os Lo.khe~A .a Hkh vius dks .k ls eqDr djks] .

sf³~xrkfu pAA rÙosu eq[ko.g le.ekdkja Hktrs HkjrLrnkAA l p rs osfnrO.d lk ugha jgrk] .s dks <ky ldw¡AÞ .krk% Le f{kçekxUrqegZflA VI.slk çrhr gksrk gS fd mudk rkRi.ksu Z n`"V~.k igq¡pus ij D.128. FkkA fuLlUnsg muds firk n'kjFk ds eu esa .25 ßvc tc fd Hkjr bl uxj ls cgqr nwj gS]a rqEgkjs vfHk"ksd ds fy.k vkSj ekuo çÏfr ds çfr rn~:irk n'kkZrk gSA os gesa le>kuk pkgrk gS fd jktlh ifjokjksa esa tc dksbZ cMÛh phtÛ nko ij gksrh gS] rks .qojkt in ij vklhu djuk pkgk] rks .fDr gS vkSj og mlh çdkj dk vkpj.ksa dh vis{kk fuLlUnsg brus c<Û&p<Û x.k.g lUnsg ifj"Ïr gSA og fopkj] ftlesa n'kjFk ds .4.d ckr eq>s [kVdrh gSA Hkjr ds LoHkko dks vPNh çdkj ls tkurs gq.] Jh jke vU.a D. vusd leFkZu çLrqr fd.k Hkh djrk gSA rFkkfi---fda rq fpÙka euq".k esa .s h ds firk v'oifr Hkh jktk n'kjFk ls fy.kA vk'p. vfr vuqdy w gSA fuLlUnsg Hkjr . opu dks Hkwy x.12-17 Jh jke guqeku ls dgrs gS]a ßleLr euksokafNr Hkksxksa ls lEiék gkFkh] ?kksMÛ]s vkSj jFkksa ls Hkjiwj viuh prqjxa okfguh }kjk lqjf{kr iqjkru iwot Z ksa dk jkT.fefr es efr%A II.k x.s h us Lo.'ojFklady q e~AA fir`ir S kega jkT.Z laHkkO. ukorZ.sa gS]a ftlls eSa Hkh mlh ds vuqdy w vius joS. fd os lcds fç.kkefuR.Fkk firk] rFkk iq=A .g lkspk fd bl fo"k.k fLFkfr gks ldrh gSA os guqeku dks cqykdj dgrs gS]a ßeq>s rqEgkjh ikj[kh n`f"V ij fo'okl gSA rqe v.k igq¡pks vkSj dqN tkudkjh çkIr dj ykSV dj rkcMÛrksMÛ v.k gks] .kxjkt rd vk igq¡ps gSAa .kn FkkA vr% os jke ls dgrs gSa % foçksf"kr'p Hkjrks .g fo'ks"krk mÙkjkf/kdkj esa feyh FkhA .k\ mUgksua s dksbZ fojks/k ugha fd. leiZ.g gS fd dsoy .k ds T. Hkh Jh jke us D.Us eu%A l³~xR. lqyHk gks tk.d okLrfod veaxy dk Hk.k\ dgha ij Hkh bldk ladrs ugha fd. ladrs ugha feyrkA dSd.112 jkek. gS] bls jí er djksAÞ nqHkkZX.ksa mldh çcksf/kdk nklh] eUFkjk us Hkh bldk fTÛkØ ugha fd.k gS\ mldk okLrfod #>ku fdl vksj gS\Þ .slk D. esa vf/kd TÛkksj Mkyuk le>nkjh ugha gksxhA tc jktk n'kjFk us Jh jke dks . ck/kkvksa ls nwj jgus dk lcls vPNk ekxZ gSA .ks\a blds fy.FkkFkZ ds çfr HkO.k..g dksbZ vklk/kkj.k rks .ks/.k i= Hkh ugha Hkst]s cgqr vf/kd nwjh dk cgkuk ysdjA okLrfod dkj.k igq¡pks vkSj dqN tkudkjh çkIr dj ykSV dj esjs ikl okil vkvksA rqe Hkjr ds ikl tkvks vkSj lEiw.g dnkfi vLokHkkfod ugha gSA og fu"daVd :i ls HkweMa y dk jkT.kA .ksfr&LrEHk vkBok¡ v/.k'p losZ o`ÙkkUrk HkjrL.k O. esa l'kd vfHkKrk Fkh& os Fks jktk n'kjFkA mUgsa vo'.kZ o`ÙkkUr lqukvksA fQj .gk¡ dfo pfj=&fp=.g Fkk fd mUgsa v'oifr dks fn.g lc .koé nwja .% loZnk .d O.Ppkfi eka çfrA Ks.k muds fopkj vkSj bPNkvksa dh Nkuchu djkus ds ihNs Jh jke dk dksbZ dqfVy vfHkçk. Hkkb.g gS fd Hkjr tSls O.s vuqdy w Fkha D.g fcYdqy vke ckr gS fd ?kfu"B fe=ksa esa Hkh vfo'okl iSnk gks ldrk gSA .g ckr lqudj Hkjr dh eq[k&eqæk vkSj gko&Hkko esa tks ifjorZu gks] ml ij /. 113   og opu vHkh Hkh ekU.k opu .ks/.k ckr ughaA Jh jke dks Hkh . ds çfr vuqjDr gks x.ku nsuk] mlds :i vkSj euksHkkoksa dk fujh{k. HkkbZ lc muls cgqr ihNs FksA blh dkj.rPNªRq ok . .k vk jgs gSa vkSj ç.kHkk"k. O.a p okujAA .ks/.A vU.Z gksrk gS] .slk dksbZ ladrs nsus dk esjk dnkfi fopkj ugha gS fd Hkjr ds eu&ekul dk Fkkg ysus .k Hkjr% Jheku~ jkT. ls bl okns dk dksbZ vU.k] . . Li"V ugha gSA ijUrq . dk lapkyu djrs&djrs jkT.kr~ lo± .ksa fojks/k ugha fd.k\ D.gh dguk gS] .slk çrhr gksrk gS fd dSd.ksfa d Hkjr 'k=q?u ds lkFk vius ekrk ds ?kj ij FksA mUgksua s tkucw> dj v'oifr vkSj tud dks fuea=.k gks] ijUrq mUgksua s ckr dks dkVk ughaA esjk rks .g lUnsg dk rÙo Jh jke ds ân. djs] vge~ ckr gS] tkdj irk djks] mldh Hkkouk.k x.olk.% L.a dL.kn Fkk] fdUrq tSl&s tSls pkjksa HkkbZ cMÛs gksrs x.Z .27 euq". ls fpiVk ugha jguk pkgsxk\ .s tkrs gSAa vge~ ckr rks . oSHko dk lalxZ gksus ls Hkjr Lo.sa D.a Hkh jkT.4.g Hkh lkspk fd ifjfLFkfr.ksa ds lEcU/k eas Hkh lEiék dk. ds i'pkr~ tc os Hkj}kt eqfu ds vkJe ls xqTÛkj jgs Fks] muds efLr"d esa .ksfa d yadk fot.sls jkT. cqf)a p foKk.d lPpfj= O.gk¡ .ksa dk fpÙk çk. ls Hkh nwj u Fkks D. cu x.fn bu pkSng o"kZ ds vUrjky esa fnu&çfrfnu jkT.ksa ugha bldk fTÛkØ fd.qojkt cukus ds fy. vFkok mUgksua s .konso iqjkfnr%A rkonsokfHk"ksdLrs çkIrdkyks erks eeAA II.ks/. Fkk] fdUrq Jh jke dk .slh ckr ugha gS fd mUgksua s n'kjFk dk leFkZu fd.fDr.g Hkh fuosnu djuk fd Jh jke 'k=qvksa dks thrdj fe=ksa lfgr v.slk esjh er gSAÞ ikB ls vk'k.k¡ Jh jke dks .a HkosrA~ A ç'kkLrq olq/kka ÑRLukef[kyka j?kquUnu%A rL.k djuk vkSj ns[kuk] mldh esjs çfr dSlh Hkkouk.fDr Fkk] ftldks blds fo"k.ksu pA loZdkele`)a fg gLR.s] rks og fdlds eu dks ugha iyV nsrk\ dkSu .s fopkj ?kwers gSa fd v.kFkhZ psRLo.

k dh lgk.slh ifjfLFkfr esa mlds fy.k ds T.k vkSj mlds chp dksbZ çse Hkko ugha Fkk] ..ks¼k cy'kkyh vkSj 'kwjohj gS] rks og vU. laLdkjks eekI.fn .k dj] fd jko.eiqjh Hkst fn.kstu Hkh fl¼ gks pqdk gSA vr.krk vkSj {kerk ewyHkwr xq.sls Fks] Jh jkeA Hkzkr`Ro dk dksbZ blls cMÛk çek.d vlk/kkj.q ds i'pkr~ foHkh"k.g rks Bhd gS fd jko.k ds çfl¼ xqIrpjks]a 'kqd vkSj lkju dk irk yx x.k djus okys /keZK fe= gS]Þ .k jko. gSA tc x#MÛ vkdj viuk ifjp.k .a dks Jh jke dk vkReh.s"k .k%A VI.qo..Fkk okujksa }kjk lh/ks .k gSA jko. nsrs gS]a Lo.q¼ fd.k ls dgrs gS]a ß.k dh iSuh n`f"V ds dkj.k ekus tkrs gSAa . fd og fdruk egku FkkA vlhe cy] fuHkhZdrk .101-102 ßoSj dsoy ejus rd gh jgrk gS] e`R.ksfr&LrEHk 115 vkBok¡ v/.fn 'kklu dh ckxMksj vius gkFk esa j[kus dh Hkjr dh bPNk gS] rks eSa mlesa dksbZ vojks/k ugha Mkyw¡xkA eSa iqu% naMd ou esa pyk tkÅ¡xkAÞ .g dksbZ vfr'k.114.ks% lkádkj.d dk Lej.q¼ {ks= esa ckfy dk o/k djus ds i'pkr~ mlds çfr mudk O.ksfDr ugha gSA ””” .q ds mijkUr lc >xMÛs lekIr gks tkrs gSAaS vc gekjk ç. tkrsA mUgksua s vius 'k=q ds lkFk Hkh .99. Fkk] v/kehZ FkkA ijUrq] rqEgsa Hkwyuk ugha pkfg. dk ç.ks e. jko.kkUrkZus oSjkf.k guqeku dk o/k djkuk pkgrk Fkk] tc mUgksua s vius dks lqxhz o dk nwr crk dj ifjp.rk ds fy.% çk.kksa esa ls .k .s mifLFkr gS % vga l[kk rs dkdqRLFk fç.Fkk ro* dk vFkZ gS] ße`R.D q r% dkea Ros"k fu'kkpj%AA rstLoh cyok´'kwj% la.kks cfg'pj%A x:Rekfug laçkIrks .k dh e`R.'k%A 'krØrqeq[kSnsZoS% Jw.50.kstue~A fØ. x#MÛ . fn.ks¼k dk ç'kalkik= gksrk gSA vr% Jh jke foHkh"k.a rq {kea okP.g Jh jke ds fof'k"V xq.] vU.k fuo`Ùka u% ç.rk fdruh Å¡pkbZ dks Nw ldrh gSA tc Jh jke lkFk esa .   lUnHkZ esa fo}s"k dh xa/k gS] pkgs TÛkjk lh gh] Jh jke ds lUnHkZ esa ifj"Ïr gSA ß.46 ml le.d .k dk vfUre laLdkj djuk /kekZud q y w vkSj mfpr gksxk\ rc Jh jke vkxs vkdj vius 'k=q dh egkurk Lohdkj djrs gSAa vo'.qxs"kq p fuR.s Hkh vts.ogkj /keZijk.o] vius HkkbZ dk vfUre laLdkj fof/kiwod Z leqfpr <ax ls djksAÞ TÛkjk lkspdj rks nsf[k.114 jkek.kkefi oRlyA VI.Fkk roAA VI.s"k .101 .d vfUre ckr gSA jko.sf"V rqe ugha djksx]s rks eSa djus ds fy.k vlR.kZu gSA .k FkkA tc foHkh"k.ksx djrs gSa % l[ks jk?ko /keZK fjiw.kh.rs u ijkftr%AA egkRek cylaiéks jko.k ls lc tkudkjh çkIr djus dh Hkh NwV ns nhA Jh jke dh Ïik n`f"V ls gh os cp x.kkr~AA VI.d /keZ ladksp esa iMÛ tkrk gSA D.k Roa jk{kls'ojA v/kekZur ` la.50.oa ijkØe lEiék] og bUæ vkSj nsorkvksa ds fy.] fo'kkyân.k gS] rks eSa mls ugha tkurkA eSa nks 'kCn Jh jke ij vkSj dguk pkgw¡xk] muds 'k=q ds :i ds lUnHkZ esAa Jh jke 'k=q dk Hkh fygkTÛk djrs FksA .q ds i'pkr~ eSa mldks HkkbZ ds leku ekurk gw¡A .k.114.g Lej.k okD. o.kj gw¡AÞ . .slk . fe= vkSj mudk ckgj fopjus okyk çk.56 ßvki rks 'k=qvksa ij Hkh n.kks yksdjko.s rS. FkkAÞ ej.k Fkk] Jh jke dk crkZo muds çfr Hkh mnkj FkkA mUgksua s u dsoy mUgsa {kek çnku dh] vfirq lc dqN ns[k ysus vkSj foHkh"k.rkeL.fn mldh vUR.ks¼kvksa esa fuiq.k crkdj tks Jh jke vkSj y{e.k] tks ljkguh.g Hkh dgrs gS]a ßtSls og rqEgkjk HkkbZ gS oSls esjk Hkh gSAÞ Vhdkdkjksa us Bhd gh dgk gS fd ^eekI.

k.fr jk?ko%AA II. /keZfHkrIrk% itZU.ksa dks lgk.ku dh dksbZ fjiksVZ çkIr u gks ldhA blesa Jh jke ds ouokl rFkk fp=dwV ij Hkjr feyki rd ds çlaxksa dk mYys[k FkkA O.Z gksxk] fdUrq esjk csVk dHkh .ekuks ujkf/ki%AA II.Z % xU/koZjktçfrea yksds fo[.% /keZijk.ksa dks Hkh vius gh leku le>rs gSAa Þ n'kjFk }kjk dSds.rk 'y{.2.kdkjh] leLr çkf.Urkfeo çtk%A u rriZ lek.41 ßJh jke lalkj esa lR.lus"kq euq".ijk.oknh] lR.Z vkSj mnkjrk vkfn xq.ku ds uksVksa ls ladfyr eq[.31.k[.".40. 'kh"kZd vkSj i<Ûs x.kka Hk`'ka Hkofr nq%f[kr%AA mRlos"kq p los"Z kq firso ifjrq".kokUnkUr% ÑrK% lR..ksa bruh ty D.koku] ftrsfUæ.29.s 'yksd bl çdkj gSa % jke dh /keZ J¼k % jke% lRiq:"kks yksds lR.15.k% ÑrKks foftrsfUæ.s"Bks .opu cksyus okys vkSj lR.a opua iq=ks eka çfrHkkf"krqeA~ l oua çoztRs .k ds T.qojkt in ds vf/kdkjh Hkh os gh gSAa os nh?kZthoh gksdj vius Hkkb.] ÏrK vkSj lR.] dksey LoHkko okys] fLFkjcqf¼] lnk dY.Fkk oS Hkjrks ekU.ksa dks es?k vkufUnr djrk gS] mlh çdkj leLr çtk dks çlék j[krs FksAÞ jke dSds.Zx.h }kjk eUFkjk ls jke dh ppkZ % lEikndksa dks [ksn gS fd bl O.d%A 'kkUr% lkUrof.k vkSj lRiq#"k gSAa lk{kkr~ Jh jke us gh vFkZ ds lkFk /keZ dks Hkh çfrf"Br fd.LrFkk Hkw.so o{.k.ke~AA 116 /keZKks xq.ksa ij ladV vkus ij os cgqr nq[kh gks tkrs gSa vkSj mu lcds ?kjksa esa lc çdkj ds mRlo gksus ij mUgsa firk dh Hkk¡fr çlékrk gksrh gSAÞ jke dk 'kkjhfjd lkSUn.fn eSa dg nw¡] rqe ou pys tkvks] rks os rqjUr ^cgqr vPNk*] dgdj esjh vkKk dk ikyu djsxa As esjk iq= vU.ksfr&LrEHk 116 uok¡ v/.%q fir`oRikyf.k.FkkRekua rFkk Hkzkra'` o jk?ko%AA II.fn fg jkeL.a es L.k.fn jkT.frA .kSojkT.ksa vkSj ifjtuksa dk firk ds leku ikyu djsxa As dqCts! muds vfHk"ksd dk lekpkj ikdj rw D.a .ks·fi jk?ko%AA dkSlY.n'kZue~A #ikSnk.3. HkjrL.erks·gZfrAA Hkzkr`UHk`R.k.kfi rÙknkA eU. yxrs FksA tSls rIr çkf. 117   uok¡ v/.ksa ds çfr fç.rs fg .lU/k'p 'khyokuulw.%AA O.sa cMÛh vkSj cy egku FkkA pky erokys xtjkt ds leku Fkh] eq[k pUæek ds leku dkfUreku Fkk] tks lcdks vkd£"kr djrk FkkA os vius :i lkSUn.85.çfrK] 'khyoku] vnks"kn'khZ] 'kkUr] fucZy vkSj nhu nqf[k.kr FkkA mudh Hkqtk.12.rk djus okys] e`nqHkk"kh] ÏrK] ftrsfUæ.&eq[.h ls jke dh ppkZ % ukya f}rh.8.14.kZ}ua xPNsfr pksfnr%A çfrdwya fç.k lgAA /keZK% lR.fn esjh vkKk nsus ij Hkh jke mlds foijhr djrs ou ugha tkrs] rks esjs fy.18-19 ßdqCts! Jh jke /keZ ds Kkrk] xq.a ºykn.oknh gSAa uxj es]a euq".ok´Nqfp%A jkeks jktlqrks T.fn es jk?ko% dq..kUra i'.s"B iq= Hkh gSAa vr% .q kS% iqalka n`f"VfpÙkkigkfj.k ls Hkh c<Ûdj esjh lsok djrs gSAa .. Jh jke dks fey Hkh jgk gS] rks mls Hkjr dks feyk le>A Jh jke rks vius Hkkb. ckr u dgdj eq>s çfrdwy mÙkj u nsxkA .jkek.28-30 ßJh jke xU/koZjkt ds leku rstLoh FksA mudk ikS#"k leLr lalkj esa fo[.frA II. tSls Hkjr vknj dk ik= gS] oSls gh] cfYd muls Hkh c<Ûdj] Jh jke gSa D.krks·frfjDra p ee 'kqJ"w krs cgqA jkT.k gSA Jh jke /keZK] lR.krikS:"ke~A nh?kZckgqa egklÙoa eÙkekr³~xkfeue~AA pUædkUrkuua jkeerho fç.k%A lk{kkækekf}fuo`ÙZ kks /keZ'pkfi fJ.ksa jgh gS\ esjs fy.s fç.oknh gSAa egkjkt ds T.kaÜp nh?kkZ.ké rq oLr% dfj".k[. dk.86 ßvius iq= Jh jke ls .frAA .slk ugha djsxkAÞ .qDrks ck<feR.frAA 'kq)Hkkoks fg Hkkoa es u rq KkL.kksa ls lcdks fç.ksfa d os rks dkS'kY.k.

ikØ"VqefrØkUrs·fi jk?kosAA .Lo ujs'oje~AA 11.. 119   jke dh rVLFkrkA çtk vfHk"ksd dh çrh{kk djrh gS % Hk{k.fn jkT.ke fu.a u dgrs gSAa .k bl lalkj esa tUe ysrk gS] ml çR.g fo"k.UegkjktedqoUZ ok firqop Z %A eqgr w eZ fi usPNs.slh ckr ugha dguh pkfg.h dk ncko Mkyuk % .a thfora dqfirs u`iAs A .k.kk fi=k u`is.fn ge jkT.dVd ns[krk gh jgrk FkkA nwj tkus ij Hkh n`f"V gVk ugha ikrk FkkA ml le. dh ckr dgrs gSa % vgks f/k³~ ukgZls nsfo oDrqa ekehn`'ka op%A vga fg opukækK% irs.çfrKa Roa firja drZfq ePNflA vkRekua p ujJs"B ee okD.fn rqe vius firk dks lR.k .s çfrtkus p jkeks f}ukZfHkHkk"krsAA II. opua j?kquUnuA lR.rk'pkU.a .] vius mPp fopkj çdV djrs gSa % .k p fgrsu pAA rn~ czfw g opua nsfo jkKks .19.{k nsork firk ds thrs&th og mlds vuqdy w crkZo D.Pp u`iLRoka ukfHkHkk"krsA uSrfRdafpéjJs"B eU.a mldh vUrjkRek Hkh mls f/kDdkjrh FkhA jke vkKk ikyu djus dh 'kiFk ysrs gSa % vrks"k.Z nwljk dkSu&lk gksxk\Þ vius fe=x.fu"B j[kus dh vfHkyk"kk djrs gks] rks esjh .nfHkdk³~f{kre~A dfj".jkek.fena Ük`.a egkjkt us Hkjr ds vfHk"ksd dh ckr eq> ls D.fn i'.rke~A II. gh iw.ks!a ..fRdafp˜fo".{ks lfr nSorsAA II.kqAA lafuns'ks firqfLr"B .] ftuds dkj.sua foxgZrAs A II.ZUr ou esa jguk iMÛxs kA j?kquUnu! rqe jktk dh bl vkKk dk ikyu djds buds egku lR.'p jkea u i'.k ds T.h dk vuqjks/k % ozkM s kfUor% Lo.a fo"ka rh{.kS jkeks egkiFke~AA u fg rLekUeu% df'pPp{kq"kh ok ujksÙkekr~A uj% 'kDuksR.19.g ckr Lo.s çfrf"Bre~AA rrks fg u% fç.efi pk. ugha gSA vr.d ckj ns[k ysrk Fkk] og mUgsa . FkhA eSa egkjkt ds dgus ij vkx esa dwn ldrk gw¡] fo"kiku Hkh dj ldrk gw¡] leqæ esa Hkh dwn ldrk gw¡A egkjkt esjs xq#] firk vkSj fgrS"kh lHkh dqN gSAa eSa mudh vkKkuqdy w D.efi ikodsAA dSds.k djuk\ egkrstLoh jke dk .frA fufUnr% loZyksd"s kq LokRekI.rja ukU.s rRij gSa vkSj xgu fojks/k djrs gq.rj dk. 85-86 ßegkjkt dks vlar"q V djds vFkok mudh vkKk u eku dj] mUgsa dqfir dj nsus ij eSa nks ?kMÛh Hkh thfor jguk ugha pkgw¡xkA euq".kZ d:¡xkAÞ jke nks çdkj dh ckrsa ugha djrkA vye| fg HkqDrsu ijekFkSjZ ya p u%A .k'p lqânkeqnklhu% 'kqHkk% dFkk%A vkRelait w uh% Ük`.ékg eka jktk HkjrL.fn lR.28-30 ßvgks! f/kDdkj gS! nsfo! vkidks esjs çfr .10-15 çtk ds yksx vkil esa dgus yxs] ßHkkb.kfHk"kspue~AA ßfdUrq esjs eu dks .a dks Hkh lR.g osnuk rqe vius eu ls fudky nksAÞ jke rqjUr ou tkus ds fy.Fkkusu çfrJqre~A .sukferrstl%AA .g ckr eq>ls D.ksfa d Lo. bruk fparuh.a ngrho esA Lo.qDrks xq:.FkkfHk"ksdks jkeL.6 ßujJs"B! . jkT.o] .rksey w a uj% i'. tks Jh jke dks ugha ns[krk vFkok ftls Jh jke ugha ns[k ysr]s og leLr yksdksa esa fufUnr le>k tkrk Fkk D.ksfr&LrEHk 118 uok¡ v/. dh j{kk djks vkSj egkjkt dks bl ladV ls eqDr djksAÞ ßysfdu firk th us Lo.17.sÙkq .sRçknqHkkZofegkReu%A dFka rfLeé orsr Z çR.k ugha dj ldrk\ vr% ekrk&firk th dh tks Hkh bPNk gks] og eq>s crkvksA eSa çfrKk djrk gw¡] mls vo'.s.qj"s kks·iuh.s mlls fç.ksa u dgh\Þ vyhda ekula Rosda ân.frA .a p jkeks u i'.d gk£nd nq%[k gS fd Lo.kfHk"ksd gks tk.ksa u djsxk\Þ jke vius ân.g ckr lquksA viuh çfrKk ds vuqlkj rqe firk dh vkKk ds v/khu jgksA mlds vuqlkj rks rqEgs pkSng o"kZ i.su egrk jke rkj.s] rks gekjs fy.çfrK cukuk pkgrs gks vkSj Lo.k rFkk çtktu ls viuh ç'kalk lqudj Jh jke jktiFk ij c<Ûs pys tk jgs FksA Jh jke dks tks .18.rRdq: ujsUæL.a .15 ßujJs"B! jktk vf/kd yfTtr gksus ds dkj.12.ksa ugha dgh\Þ dSds.a .ka irs.kZUra jkea jkT.oU. ij çfrf"Br Jh jke ds n'kZu dj ys]a rks gesa lalkj ds Hkksx vkSj ijekFkZ Lo:i eks{k ysdj D.kZoAs fu.

k % dSd. 35-37 jko.a uo o"kkZf.kksa dh j{kk gsrq Hkh >wB ugha cksy ldrsAÞ folaxfr ds lek/kku ds fy. egrha y{eha jkT.32. cksyrs gS]a os vius çk.s"B iq= Jh jke ls jksr&s jksrs Hkjr ds fy.qokp æqra op%A ro fi=k lekKIra eesna Ük`.k gksrk gS\ jke dh lefpÙkrk % brho jkea i:"ka onUr. ok opufØ.Mdkuka eg}ue~AA Hkjr% iky.kuk'kks·id"kZfrA yksddkUrL.kprAA l firqop Z ua JhekufHk"ksdkRija fç. Hkjr dks fn./kesZ O.k ds T.kRlR.  guqeku ls lhrk ds okrkZyki dk fooj.Ueulk nq%[kfefUæ.ofLFkr%A T. s ha psneczohr~AA u pkL.25. w ké pku`re~A vfi thforgsrksÆg jke% lR.s"Ba .120 jkek.'kLoh T.ka u pSo jke% çfros'k 'kksde~A çfoO.khr.ksfr&LrEHk  ukgeFkZijks nsfo yksdekoLrqeRq lgsA fof) eke`f"kfHkLrqY.okfnu%A uky{k.ksfa d .47.19.oknh gS vkSj .rn~ czkã. w ké pku`re~A .kfHk"ksd ls Hkh dgha vf/kd fç. gq.s h esjs ifr ls rqjUr cksyh] Þj?kquUnuA rqEgkjs firkth us tks vkKk nh gS]a bls esjs eq¡g ls lquksA .a foeya /keZekfLFkre~AA u árks /keZpj.efe=?uks opua ej.kh }kjk Lohdkj dj fy.kAA /kkj..kf.kRlR.a cz.1.k rq [kyq oLrO.kq jk?koAA Hkjrk. II.oknh Fks] mUgksua s vius .fe n.ZUr ou esa okl djuk gksxkA jke! rqe ou dks tkvks vkSj vius firks dks vlR.tR'p olqU/kjke~A loZyksdkfrxLpso y{.'kfLoua iq=a :nu~ jkT.s .k fd.ijkØeh Jh jke dsoy nsrs gh gS]a ysrs ughaA os lnk lR.kA lR.ksa ds leku fueZy /keZ dk vkJ.k fd.] eSua s Hkh ½f"k.kksiee~A JqRok u foO. dk ikyu vkSj firkth dh lsok djrs jgs]a D. ys j[kk gSA firk dh lsok vkSj mudh vkKk dk ikyu djuk esjk ije dÙkZO.Fks jke% dSd.14-18 ßdSd.kE.71. v-5.k i´p pAA ous çozt dkdqRLFk firja eksp.k tk.k dÙkZO.lukfHkrIr%AA rnfç.Vde~A Ro.k ls lhrk }kjk bl çlax dk fooj.a cz.k fux`á pA* çfoos'kkReokUos'e ekrqjfç. dkUrRokPNhrj'esfjo {k.e.kfe fotus o"kkZ.23.k vkSj fQj ok. ds fy.k opuknge~A ous oRL. FksA vr% mUgksua s igys mu opuksa dks iw.k dkSu&lk gksxk\ . ek¡xkA Jh jke dks firk ds opu jkT.kpuk dhAÞ dgrs gSa fQj firk dh ^bPNk^ vFkok ^vkKk^ dk D.'kafloku~AA loksZ·I.g fu"daVd jkT.sxk] ftlls Hkjr bl jkT.ed.a 'kqJ"w ksPp firq.=Hkork HkoR.26 ßnsfo! eSa /ku dh dkeuk djds bl yksd esa jguk ugha pkgrkA vki fo'okl jf[k.23-26 ßegkjkt n'kjFk cMÛs lR.Fksoks pkfi egkuqHkkoks jktk p iq=O.gh mudk loksÙZ ke ozr gS] ftldks os /kkj.|fi firkth us Lo. çnkrO.ge~A rrks·|So xfe".k ls vkKk ysdj vkSj lhrk dks le>kdj vkt gh fo'kky naMdkj.d lkgfld ç.sækT.Ru& n'kjFk us jksr&s jksrs . ds cU/ku ls eqDr djksA^ esjs Lokeh] Jh jke dsoy nsrs gSa vkSj fdlh ls dqN ysrs ughaA os lR. gSaAÞ 121 * nsf[k. dafpnkdkjekuusAA mfpra p egkckgquZ tgkS g"kZekReoku~A 'kkjn% leqnh.s çLFkku d:¡xkA vki bruk ç.khg prqn'Z kAA .r jkeL.20. vkSj /keZ gSA mlls cMÛk lalkj esa nwljk /kekZpj.koUekrjeki`PNs lhrka pkuqu.33.41.33. s h ee HkrkZjfeR.e~A eulk iwoeZ klk| okpk çfrx`ghroku~AA n|ké çfrx`º.22.kAA vuqDrks·I.19.a eq>ls dqN ugha dgk gS] rFkkfi eSa vkidh vkKkuqlkj pkSng o"kks± rd bl /kjrh ds futZu ou esa fuokl d:¡xkA vPNk! vc eSa ekrk dkS'kY.sxk vkSj rqEgsa pkSng o"kZ i.s jkT. i`.fena jkT. .fHktu% Jhek´Jher% lR..rs fpÙkfofØ.ka jkeL.ka fdafpnfLr egÙkje~A .a l fg /keZ% lukru%AA II.18.k.k % rrLra LFkfojks jktk lR. R.kh.gh lukru /keZ gSAÞ uok¡ v/.Fkk firfj 'kqJ"w kk rL.FZ kkA rFkk HkoR.kZ fo'okl ds lkFk eu ls xzg. ozra /k`reuqÙkee~AA III.Ru dhft.kk±'kq'pUæLrst bokRete~AAII.ijkØe%AA V.%AA u oua xUrqdkeL.ku`rkr~A n|ké çfrx`º.

k ee pSok| jktk çHkofr çHkq%AA u áukFkk o.A tks dsoy vFkZ Ûijk.Ur nq%[kh gq.kx jgs FksA fQj Hkh muds fpÙk esa loZyksdkrhr thoueqDr larksa dh Hkk¡fr fdlh çdkj dk fodkj ugha vk.rs ijea dkea ef.. rq fu"ØkUrs iq='kksdu s ikÆFko%AA Jea ukokIuq.kx ugha djrkAÞ txr esa iwoÏ Z r /keZ ds Qy dh çkfIr vo'.k gksuk] mldh lgt 'kksHkk esa dqN vUrj ugha Mky ldrkA os ou xeu ds fy.a jkKk yksdukFksu /kherkA Hkjr'pkfi /kekZRek loZHkwrfç. /keZ dks fuckgrh gS] çs.s ml le. ughaA Bhd mlh çdkj] tSls iRuh] /keZ] vFkZ vkSj dke rhuksa dk lk/ku gSA og ifr dh bPNkuqlkj vkfrF.rk fu.aon%AA Hkorheuqorsr Z l fg /keZjr% lnkA .kfHkerk liq=kAA .k ls vkSj vkrZ . lekpkj lqukus ds fy. mRlqd Fks vkSj lEiw.A ml le.k gksrk gS] og bl lalkj esa lcdk }s"k dk ik= cu tkrk gS rFkk /keZfo#¼ dk.A jke dk .a es Hkk.Fkk l .. gSAÞ jke&y{e.k fuR.oknh Jheku jke ds fudV jgk djrs Fks] mUgksua s Hkh muds eq[k ij dksbZ fodkj ugha ns[kkA egk. 123   dSd. v-19. y{e.fr thfore~AA II.21.19.a . viuh ekrk ds ikl x.k fg fL=.ks yksds osns Jqr% Le`r%A vfXudk.dkdh xkSjo % l ekrja pSo folaKdYikekr± p lkSfef=efHkçrIre~ A /kesZ fLFkrks /kE.k.FkZijks fg yksds dkekRerk [kYofi u ç'kLrkAAI.kA os vius nq%[k dks nckdj] bfUæ.fLeaLrq losZ L.k dh rqyuk dhft.k% ijeØq)% lqfe=kuUno/kZu%AA II.Z ç'kaluh.fn /keZHk`rka Js"Bks /kkjf.r% L. mUgksua s eu dks iw.k HkrkZ nSora çHkqjos pA HkoR.ksa dks o'k esa djds .oa larIr gq. gkfu mudh egrh dkfUr esa dqN vUrj u Mky ldh] tSls pUæek dk {kh.sZ"kq p lnk lqeuksfHk'p nsork%AA iwT.k! eSa tkurk gw¡ fd rqe eq>ls fdruk çse djrs gks vkSj rqe fdrus ijkØeh Hkh gks] og Hkh eq>ls fNik ugha gSA rFkkfi rqe esjs vfHkçk.55-58 /keZfu"B Jh jke us vpsr&lh ek¡ dkS'kY.FkSua u fouk'k.eso tkukfe HkfDra p ijkØea pA ee RofHkçk.24.s h ls bl çdkj dgk] ßJh jke v{k.s h ds bl çdkj ds dBksj opu lqudj Hkh Jh jke dks ys'kek= 'kksd ugha gqvk] fdUrq egkjkt n'kjFk iq= ds Hkkoh fo.k ukjh yHkrs LoxZeÙq kee~AA vfi . gksrh gS] blesa la'k. dks u tkudj ek¡ ds lkFk Lo.slh /kekZud q y w ckr dgh] tSlh ml volj ij os gh dg ldrs Fks] ßy{e.Fkk ef. i.a 'kksdks . dkfUr ls .k'pkI.soZ o'.qjlafufo"Vk /keksZ .s r= losZ L.A mUgksua s dSd.20-31 viuh ekrk dks jksrh ns[kdj Jh jke Hkh lkURouk nsr&s nsrs jksus yxs] ßek¡! L=h ds thrs&th mldk ifr gh mlds fy.fFkr dj jgs gksA bl çdkj eq>s cgqr nq%[k esa u MkyksA bl jke dk ijke'kZ viuh ekrk dks %* rka rFkk :nrha jkeks·:nUopueczohr~AA thoUR.kÙknqiØesrA }s".k fuR.ks HkoR.kfgrs jrkAA .lh ds :i esa dke dk lk/ku gksrh gS vkSj iq=orh ds :i esa mÙke yksd dh çkfIr :i vFkZ dh lkf/kdk curh gSA ftl deZ esa /kekZfn lc iq#"kkFkks± dk lekos'k u gks] mldks ugha djuk pkfg. lrra fgra pj lekfgrkA ozrksioklfujrk .s nsork ds leku gSA egkjkt rks rqEgkjs vkSj esj&s * nsf[k.k bl vU.30 lqfe=k dk vkuUn c<Ûkus okys y{e. jkT.ksfr&LrEHk 122 uok¡ v/.k fuuZeLdkjk fuo`Ùkk nsoiwtukr~A 'kqJ"w kkeso dqohZr HkrZ%q fç.'kLoh Jh jke us viuh LoHkkfod çlékrk mlh çdkj ugha NksMÛh] tSls 'kjndky dk pUæek vius rst dk ifjR.g vfç. ugha] fuUnuh."k /keZ% fL=. . lnk lR.ksx dks lkspdj vR.jkek.khAA fu.Zeoq kp okD.k.ks jrkA çkIL. % ra ck"iifjiw.nZfl eka lqn%q [ke~AA /kekZFkZdkek% [kyq thoyksds lehf{krk /keZQyksn. ek=k lgkH.] rFkkfi nksuksa us=ksa esa vk¡lv q ksa dks Hkjdj os pqipki Jh jke ds ihNs&ihNs py fn. dBksj opuksa dks lqudj Hkh fjiqlnw u Jh jke nq%[kh u gq. dks ns[kdj vR.Ur dqfir gq.fxrs lfrAA .kkZ{k% i`"Brks·uqtxke gA y{e.k ds T.rkgkjk HkrZ'` kqJ"w k.kZ :i ls o'k esa dj j[kk FkkA tks 'kksHkk'kkyh euq".a Hkh eq>s O.qDr FksA blfy.k ukjh ijeksÙkekAA HkrkZja ukuqorsr Z lk p ikixfrHkZor s A~ Hkrq%Z 'kqJ"w k.kk'pSo lRÑrk%A .".kr~ fdafpnçeÙkk rFkk dq:A nk:. R.k ls Hkh .srA~ A jkKks o`)L.kLrs eRÑrs nsfo czkã.kZ i`Foh dk jkT.qjla'k.s"kqAA .oa dkya çrh{kLo eekxeudk³~f{k..A mu vfç.okgZfr r= oDrqeA~ A vga fg rs y{e.elafujh{.k ds vkpj.

a rnk·dk"khZæk?ko% lg lhr.s {kek ek¡xrs gSAa Þ HkjrL.kZ lRdkj gks tk.sxkAÞ rRi'pkr~ oYdy dk mÙkjh.k djus okys jke us lka.A ml le.g esjk fu.k y{e.fUr foi. dh vLohÏfr % .ksa u gks]a R.49 ßrqeus çseiwod Z .kZ] fu. nwljs dh Lrqfr lgu ugha dj ldrs gSaA Hkjr vkSj 'k=q?u& nksuksa HkkbZ eq>s çk. if'peke~A tyesoknns HkksT.43-45.ksafd bl le.kr gSA nsfo! rqEgsa lnk esjh 'kqHkdkeukvksa ls lnk vfXugks= ds voljksa ij nsorkvksa vkSj czkã.kS% fç.k ds }kjk * ** nsf[k.kkRl {k=/keZeuqLeju~AA u áLekfHk% çfrxzkáa l[ks ns.fer vkgkj ysdj fu..qDrk fg iq:"kk u lgUrs ijLroe~A rLeké rs xq.Zoku iq#"kksa dks viuk ysrs gSAa jke vius firk ls ekrk dkS'kY.a rq loZnkA bfr rsu o.k gw¡A rqe esjh vuqifLFkfr esa Hkjr ds lkeus dHkh Hkh esjh ç'kalk u djuk D.k djds dsoy Qyewy dk vkgkj dj /keZ esa fLFkr jgdj rkilh ns'k esa ou esa gh fopjrk gw¡A .a p u dÙkZO.A bl çdkj fu.djksÙknkA II.rjkS eeAA** fofç.As A vkSjlkufi iq=ku~ fg R. i`-50.33-36 ßbl le. os esjs ns'k vkSj dqy ds jktk gSaA vuqdwy vkpj.a y{.a y{e.fÙona Hkork fdafpr~çhR.26. y{e.k fcNk dj lks. u gksus ij Hkh lkeF.A Hkjr Hkh /kekZRek gS] e/kqj Hkk"kh gS] /keZ esa fLFkj gSA vr% og rqEgkjh lsok vo'.gk¡ vk.k ds çfr n.dky dh lU/.50.k oanuk dj Hkkstu ds uke ij Lo.s çLFkku djus okyk gw¡ vkSj rqels feyus . jke vkSj xqgjkt& muds vkfrF.ogkj djus ls dqfir gksus dh lEHkkouk gSA jktk vius vfgrdkjh iq=ksa dk] os vkSjl gh D.k Hkjr'k=q?ukS çk.a HkjrL. dnkpuA l fg jktk p oSnfs g ns'kL.tUR.so dsufpr~A rr'phjksÙkjkl³~x% lU/.Z.ksa esa o£.k%A leFkkZUlaçx`º. vko'. D. v-4. .A xqg ckn esa Hkjr ls crkrs gSa % rRlo± çR.keUokL.k dsoy tyek= ih fy.k leqidfYire~A lo± rnuqtkukfe u fg orsZ çfrxzgsAA dq'kphjkftu/kja Qyewyk'kua p eke~A fof) çf. eSa nwljksa dh nh gqbZ oLrq xzg.kk% dRF.24.slk tkuksA buesa tks ?kksMÛkas ds [kkus&ihus dh oLrq gS] mlh dh eq>s bl le.ksukâra Lo. p dqyL.25.kksa dk iwtu djrs jguk pkfg.e gS] .% dnkpuAA _`f).ksu . djsxkA esjs pys tkus ij egkjkt dks iq='kksd ds dkj.kfUr tukufi ujkf/kik%AA II.15-18 .kx dj nsrs gSa vkSj vkReh. v-35. pAA vkjkf/krk fg 'khysu ç.g tks dqN tks lkexzh eq>s HksVa dh gS] mls eSa Lohdkj djds okil djrk gw¡ D.gh Jqfr vkSj Le`fr..k fdlh çdkj dk dksbZ d"V u gks] rqe lko/kkuh ls oSlk gh cjrukA tSls Hkh gks] rqe lnk egkjkt ds fgr lk/ku esa yxh jgukA mRÏ"V xq.kksa ls Hkh vf/kd I.&oL= /kkj.k dk yk.drk gS] fdlh nwljh oLrq dh ughaA ?kksMÛkas dks f[kyk&fiyk nsus ek= ls esjk iw.kksa dks /kksdj nwj o`{k dk lgkjk ysdj cSB x.kZ gksxhAÞ jke dk lhrk dks ijke'kZ % vkjk/kuk vkSj lsok djus ls jktk çlék gksrs gSa rFkk çfrdwy O.a losZ vuquhrk egkReukAA y{e.nkuhra ihra okfj egkReukA vkSiokL.87.eksa dk ikyu djrh gqbZ] esjs vkxeu dh çfr{kk djksA .RuS'pksilsfork%A jktku% laçlhnfUr çÑI.k. lehis rs ukga dRF. nsf[k.kA fQj iRuh lfgr Jh jke Hkwfe ij gh r`.fn egkjkt thfor jgs] rks esjs ykSVus ij rqEgkjh Hkh 'kqHkdkeuk iw.A .fgrdkfj.kS p fo'ks"kr%A Ro.kfgra /kesZ rkila ouxkspje~AA v'okuka [kknusukgeFkhZ ukU. eSa futZuou ds fy.k vkSj tkfr vkfn dh n`f"V ls mÙke ozr&miokl esa layXu jgdj tks ukjh ifr dh lsok ugha djrh] mls udZ dh çkfIr gksrh gSA tks ukjh nsorkvksa dh oUnuk vkSj iwtk ls nwj jgrh gS] og Hkh dsoy ifr dh lsokHkko gSA og LoxZyksd dks çkIr dj ysrh gSaA vr.48.ksfa d bl le.s vuqjks/k djrs gSa vkSj viuh ekrkvksa ls vufHkçsr mis{kkvksa ds fy.kHkko ds fy.o ukjh dks lnk ifr ds fç.ijkØe%A u rq rRçR.kxzrks eeAA* Hkzkr`i= q lekS pkfi æ"VO.ksfr&LrEHk uok¡ v/.kks·I.k% HkjrL. 125   nksuksa ds çHkq gSaA tc rd egkjkt thfor gSa] rc rd gesa vius vkidks vukFk ugha le>uk pkfg.k dh 'k¸.uqKklhr~ jke% lR.kAA rrLrq ty'ks"ks.k ds T.k ugha dj ldrk gw¡A e`xpeZ vkSj oYdy /kkj.ksafd le`f¼'kkyh euq".k mu nksuksa ds pj.124 jkek.e~AA II.gh L=h dk lukru /keZ gS] .oa fgrlk/ku esa rRij jguk pkfg.x`º.fer fnup.kjs gSaA vr% rqEgsa mu nksuksa dks fo'ks"kdj vius HkkbZ vkSj iq= ds leku ns[kuk gksxkA tkudh! rqEgsa Hkjr dh bPNk ds fo#¼ dksbZ dke ugha djuk pkfg.k x.

97.e/kes.kh % II.dks Hkzkrk uxjkn~ oukfu fujxe.aLrnkAA II.eij% lq"kqfIrn'kk.q¼ esa Hkjr dks ekj dj jkT. 127   ßeSua s Hkk¡fr&Hkk¡fr ds [kk| inkFkZ Jh jke ds ikl igq¡pk.kh.kh ij esjh .d fVIi.kksa dk fooj.refir` ç eq [ kcgq t ufo'ys " ktfuroS e uL.kh lqfu.s gh jkT.su lkioknsu y{e. pkSdhnkj le>rk gSA xksfoUnjkt dh fVIi. Hkh eSa rqe gh lcds fy. vLohdkj fd.k%A vrfUærSKkZfrfHkjkÙkdkeqd Z %S egsUædYia ifjiky. fe=! ge {kf=.oLFkkus Hko'kf³~dfHk% Ñre~A oLrqr% l u dsukfpRifjHkkO.rsA jke dk .kfUo"kÑrkfuoAA /keZeFk± p dkea p i`fFkoha pkfi y{e.ksa }kjk lqjf{kr dh xbZ gSA muesa ls çR.e ds mPp Lrj ij j[kkA vU.kka ok {k.sA lR.= l y{e.kksfe rsAA Hkzkr`.ksfr&LrEHk 126 uok¡ v/.q/kekyHksAA us. ds ikjLifjd lEcU/k esa ugha fd.16 ij bR.k! leqæ ls f?kjh gqbZ .k% fLFkr% r=&r= fLFkrks·Hkoe~A çfrina reuqlr ` okuHkofeR.uquhrk R.= y{e. dh Hkh bPNk djrk gw¡A eSa vius /kuq"k dh 'kiFk ysdj dgrk gw¡A y{e.kZfnfr 'k³~d.k ds T. dgk] fç.fn eq>s dksbZ lq[k feys] rks vfXunso mls tykdj HkLe dj nsAa Þ . çfrfuf/k ds çfr dj nsus dk mÙkjnk.ijkØeh Jh jke us esjh lEiw.s Fks] dsoy mlh dks fi.ZR.a ee egh lkSE.k] fdUrq Hkkj}kt rFkk 'kcjh dk vkfrF. 3-8 ßy{e.ks/. dh j{kk gsrq çfrKk djds Hkh] .kA jkes fda f pRdfj".g i`Foh esjs fy.eI..k.d vewY.ksa dks pkfg.kAA . gRok HkjrekgosA fda dfj".k d:¡xk\ vius HkkbZ cU/kqvksa vkSj fe=ksa dk fouk'k djds tks lEink çkIr gks] og rks fo"kfefJr Hkkstu ds leku loZFkk] R.kAÞ fryd dh fVIi.k vFkZ gks ldrk gS\ bl fVIi.k tkuk pkfg.slk djus ds dkj.k Lohdk.ksa vkSj .a oupjks fu"kkntkrh.kA bPNkfe HkorkeFksZ .Z k 'kØRoefi y{e. pkgrk gw¡A eSa laxgz vkSj vius&vius Hkkb. bR. ugha gSA xksfoUnjkt dh fVIi. dsoy vius vkidks gh fo'oluh. /keZ dk Lej.23 .s u iq .s·fi Lofç.kh % (1) Hkkj}kt esa e/kqidZ nsus ds vko'.kka laxgz kFk± p lq[kkFkZ pkfi y{e.fDr. % .kA fQj mUgksua s ge lcdks le>krs gq.k FksA xqg mPp tkfr ds ugha FksA (2) xqg v.d xq.rRçfrÜk`. dks ysdj eSa D.k nsus ds fy.fr ps n ~ .r~A v.n~æO.ksa ds lq[k ds fy.kZ lkexzh Lohdkj rks dh] fdUrq {kf=.d vUr£ojks/k& ßfu"kknjkt dk vkfrF.a ckU/kokuka ok fe=k.h ugha FkkA (3) fQj Hkh xqgjkt dks rÙoK gksus ds dkj. Nhu yw¡ rks lalkj esa esjh fdruh fuUnk gksxh] fQj ml dyafdr jkT.kx nsus okyh oLrq gksxhA eSa Hkwydj Hkh mls Lohdkj ugha d:¡xkA y{e.su ijeHkkxorr.ka fdefi dq.q/k% lu~ .ka Hk{. .unhrhjs mioklfpdh"kZ.FkZ%A .k.FkZ%A vrfUæfHk% KkfrfHk% vkÙkkdkeqd Z %S A ee ifjdjk'p v.k djrs gq.kh % rrLRoga pksÙkeck.kA jkT.kh dk D.f}uk Hkjra Roka p 'k=q?ua okfi ekunA HkosUee lq[ka fdafpöLe rRdq:rka f'k[khAA II.k! firkth ds lR.kAA .k p xqglefiZra u çfrtxzkg jke% bfr xqgsukfi fofnrfefr xE.kpkiHk`r~ ffLFkrks·Hkoa r= l .k lTtk.k! lquks] eSa çfrKk iwod Z ls dgrk gw¡ /keZ] vFkZ] dke vkSj i`Foh dk jkT.kgA & egsUædYifefrA xksfoUnjkt dh bl foy{k.s HkosrA~ ukga rRçfrx`º.fn eSa .k fVIi.% jke ds Å¡ps fl¼kar % firq% lR.k vkSj eq>s vknjiwod Z okil ykSVk fn.e dk ifjikyu vfrfFk vkSj vkfrFkZ.d viokn ds :i esa pkfg. fdlh ls dqN ysuk ugha] vfirq gesa rks lnk nsuk gh pkfg. mudks xzg.o] jkT. Lohdkj fd.s ck/.87.k tks ty yk.ua p çgjke bfr lko/kkuk eka çfrineUolju~ bR.feR. fuf/k dbZ O.AÞ lhrk lfgr ml jkr dks mUgksua s miokl fd.=&.k ugha fd.kfe jkT.k feys tqys Fks] ijUrq dksbZ Hkh muds lc vfHkçk.usu Lokf³~?kzHkDrkxzsljxqglefiZrQykns% HkfDriwrRosu 'kcjhfonqjkfnU.k dh çtk ugha FkkA vr. FkkA jke us bl ckr dks fu. Fkk] fdUrq jke ozrekxZ ij FksA ysfdu bl fu.k vkSj y{e.87.s nqyHZ k ugha gS] ijUrq v/keZ }kjk çkIr bUæin Hkh eSa ugha pkgrkA HkkbZ Hkjr ds] rqEgkjs vkSj 'k=q?u ds fcuk .jkek.sd cMÛh lw{erk ls nwljksa dks ns[krs gq.gfePNkfe lR.a çfrJqR. nqyHZ kk lkxjkacjkA u ghPNs.suk. fooj.k mUgsa .

s h us bPNko'k vFkok yksHko'k rqEgkjs fy.xz% iUFkkuedqrksHk.k p lhr.kAA o´puk .g dksbZ vk'p.kx dj ns vFkok leqæ viuh lhek dks yk¡?k dj vkxs c<Û tk.k ojnkusu eksfgr%A v. dh 'kiFk [kkdj dgrk gw¡ fd eq>s rqEgkjk ouxeu fç.s h jk[k esa fNih gqbZ vfXu ds leku gSA blus vHkh rd vius dBksj vfHkçk.fena Ñre~A u rUeufl dÙkZO.slk ugha Fkk fd jke Hkjr ds fopkjksa dks le>us esa vleFkZ Fks] fdUrq viuh bPNk ls vf/kd os vius firk dh çfr"Bk dk vknj djuk ilUn FkkA vUr esa n'kjFk us Li"V :i ls viuh bPNk çdV dj nh FkhA y{eh'pUæknis. v-28.d vkSj rks lR.kA iq=! bl /kks[ks rks rqe ikj djuk pkgrs gks] rqe vius firk dks lR.28* ßpkgs pUæek ls mldh çHkk vyx gks tk.frAA .A fç. opu ds dkj.ls o`).o] cMÛs n.kZ}ua xPNsfr pksfnr%A çfrdwya fç. pA xPNLokfj"VeO.|fi n'kjFk ds opuksa esa ouokl dh dksbZ vkKk 'kkfey ugha Fkh] fdUrq jke us mldk dksbZ vuqfpr ykHk mBkuk ugha lkspkA n'kjFk us ekSu LohÏfr rks nh Fkh vkSj pkgs dqN Hkh gks&Hkjr dks pkgs blls fdruk Hkh nq%[k gqvk gks vkSj pkgs os vUnj ls fdruk Hkh pkgrs gksa fd jke mldks vLohdkj dj nsAa ukya f}rh.a gh vc v. gksAÞ fdUrq o. gq.ksfa d rqe xq. Hkjr! ekrk dSd.19. gksxkA fdUrq eSa tkurk gw¡] esjk csVk .a oÆrrO.31 jktk n'kjFk .34.a opua iq=ks eka çfrHkkf"krqeA~ l oua çoztRs .112.k pks|ekuLrq feFkks jktk reczohr~AA Js.a iq= 'kis lR.tsrA~ vrh.qDrks ck<eR.h dh vksj ls xqIr ladsr---:nékrZ% fç.uh.s] fdUrq eSa firkth ls dh gqbZ viuh çfrKk ugha rksMÛ ldrkA fç. 129   jke Hkjr ls dgrs gSa---- .oknh cukuk pkgrs gksA rqEgkjs fy.Z dh ckr ugha D. s ha ek jks"ka dq: rka çfrA e. Fks vkSj nwljh vksj dSd.30.k.k}k fgeokUok fgea R.ka Roesok| Hko jktk fux`á eke~AA II.ks/.k gSA bl fouk'kdkjh dSd.slk ugha dj ldrkAÞ * nsf[k.k vkSj o`f¼ ds fy.Zrea .s h us ojnku ek¡x dj esjs lkFk cgqr cMÛk /kks[kk fd.k pSo 'kIrks·fla j?kquUnuAA II.k ds T.frAA 'kq)Hkkoks fg Hkkoa es u rq KkL.fr jk?ko%AA II.85.s h dks fn.s .s] fgeky.fn eSa dgw¡ fd ou dks pys] tkvks rks os rqjUr dgdj] *cgqr vPNk]^ esjh vkKk dk ikyu djsxa As esjk iq=] jke vU.a p ekr`or~AA ekrja j{k dSd.34..ksfr&LrEHk uok¡ v/.e~AA II.s h jke dks rqjUr ou Hkstus ds fy. ugha gSA .k o`ÙklkfnU. i`-106 rFkk v-10.k rq yC/kk es rka Roa fuLrrZfq ePNflA vu.ké rq oRl% dfj".k HkLekfXudYi.34. iq= jke! rqe dY.k vkSj voLFkk& nksuksa gh ls esjs T. dqN Hkh çfrdwy ugha dgsxkA . 'kkUr Hkko ls tkvksA rqEgkjk ekxZ fo?uck/kkvksa ls jfgr vkSj fuHkZ.a es L.12.k ds jktk cu tkvksAÞ dSds. v-8.ks/.k ekrk ds çfr djuk pkfg.r q %A dSd¸s .s"B% lqrks eeA viku`rdFka iq= firja drZfq ePNflAA II. tks dqN Hkh fd. Hkko ls jksr&s jksrs os jke ls cksy]s ßfç.ogkj djks] tSlk fd iwtuh. HkkbZ! eSa rqEgsa viuh vkSj lhrk dh 'kiFk fnykdj dgrk gw¡ fd rqe dSd.s ogh fç.fn esjs cu tkus dh vkKk ns nsus ij Hkh jke mlds çfrdwy dqN vkSj djrs gSa vFkkZr~ ou ugha tkrs] rks esjs fy.kso`¼ jktk fQj foæksg djrs gSa vkSj dgus yxrs gSa % u pSrUes fç.su jk?koA Né.k eksg esa iMÛ x.s rkr iqujkxeuk.128 jkek.k gw¡A rqe eq>s dSÛn djds Lo.k dSds¸.a iq=a lR.18. dks fNikdj j[kk Fkk vkSj esjk vHkh"V ladYi Hkh rksMÛ fn. ncko Mky jgh FkhA vr. vfUre fonk ds le.k] mldks vius eu esa u /kjksA mlds lkFk lnk oSlk gh O.k.kRlkxjks osyka u çfrKkega firq%AA dkek}k rkr yksHkk}k ek=k rqH.Ùoa T.k pfyrLRofLe fL=.86** ßvius iq= jke ls .fn es jk?ko% dq.g esjh L=h dSd. ds cU/ku esa c¡/ks gq.ik'ksu la.kfHkçpksfnr%AA u pSrnk'p.s h ekrk dh j{kk djuk] vkSj muds çfr dHkh Øks/k u djukAÞ fiNys lUnHkZ esa geus ns[kk Fkk .so o{.27.26 ßjke! eSa dSd.s"B iq= gksAÞ . fge dk ifjR.k. n'kjFk---vga jk?ko dSd¸s .36-38 ßijUrq csVk jke! eSa lR. vkSj fQj rqjUr ykSV tkus ds fy. * nsf[k.

kefi çHkksA II.dkjh çrhr gksrk gSAÞ lqea= dk ouokfl.fr 'kk'ore~AA .k! esjs fy.k gS] ^rqjUr tkÅ¡xkA* ml lR.29 ßy{e.rka fuf[kysuoS lR.k dks lekpkj---R.kA nh. tk jgk gw¡AÞ çkIL.k jkeghuk rFkk oue~AA u 'kksP. vFkok ouokl nksuksa leku gS-a --.e~A uSokga jkT.ge~AA ekrja eka p lai'.k gS fd ^jke! rqe ou dks pys tkvksA* eSua s Hkh opu fn.kx dj eSa Ûvkt gh fudyuk pkgrk gw¡A egkjkt! dSd.kesokr% loZdkeSjga o`. vkSj Hkk¡fr&Hkk¡fr ds if{k.a lq[kekRefu ok fç._ mudk dkS'kY.e~A ç'kkUrgfj.s vki mRdf.qn..{ka ro lR.AÞ ouoklks egksn. vkSj 'kqHkdeks± dh 'kiFk ysdj .k% rn/khua p thfore~A v.40.d fnu Hkh rks rqEgsa ns[kus dk lq[k mBk yw¡A viuh ekrk dks vkSj eq>dks bl voLFkk esa ns[kdj vkt dh jkr .fePNkfe u lq[ka u p esfnuhe~A uSo lokZfuekUdkeku~ Lox± u p thfore~AA Rokega Lr.g ckr dgrk gw¡A çHkks! vc eSa .s h dks tks ojnku nsus dh çfrKk dh Fkh] mls iw. u gksA eSa vkids lkeus lR. iknkS ifjpjUousA vkjk/k.kksa dks eSa ikÅ¡xk] dy eq>s os xq.ksfr&LrEHk 131 uok¡ v/. x`gfs "ooA folzEHka yHkrs·Hkhrk jkes foU.ku| xq.%AA fotus·fi ous lhrk okla çkI. ekrk dSd.s jkT. 49 ßesjk ou tkus dk fopkj vc cny ugha ldrkA vkius nsoklqj laxkz e ds le.ksAA vÆFkrks áfLe dSd¸s .kkdh.L.fr /keZK% ijyksda ftrsfUæ.fePNkfe uku`ra iq:"k"kZHkA çR.k pksDra cztkehfr rRl.LRoa Hko ikÆFkoAA u fg esa dk³~f{kra jkT.50 ßvkt çLFkku djds ftu xq.43.34 ßjkrHkj vkSj jg tkvksA flQZÛ .34.a .ksa vkSj ljksojksa dks ns[k&ns[kdj lq[kh gksÅ¡xkA blfy.k=k jksd nksA dsoy .kfe rokLrq fuoZf` r%AA II.33.d jkr ds fy. 47.oknh cusa vkSj vkidk opu dHkh Hkh vlR.ks/.gk¡ . dk eq>s ikyu djuk gSAa Þ ek pksRd.ksZ ukuk'kdqfuukfnrsAA Qykfu ewykfu p Hk{k.q)s ojks nÙk% dSd¸.A eq>s rks u jkT.gk¡ ls tkukAÞ jke dh vLohÏfr] ßugha! ugha! eSa blh jkr dks ou ds fy.22.34.kZ Hkksxksa dh] u LoxZ vkSj u gh thou dh bPNk gSA firk th! esjs eu esa rks .kfe . 51.kegs o.34.gh bPNk gS fd vki lR.ks ukfi tukf/ki%A bna fg pfjra yksds çfr"BkL.k ds T.t 'kksda p eksga p lEHkzea nq%[kta rFkkA O.kLrs u pkRek rs 'kksP.cfYd ouokl gh egku vH.k.k rkr LFkkrqa {k.rsA mfprso çoklkuka oSngs h çfrHkkfr esAA uxjksioua xRok .k dkSu nsxk\ vr.%A II.s vki vius eu dks 'kkUr dhft. p lUrkia ous oRL.42.o/kw.u~ olseke| 'koZjhe~A rÆir% loZdkeSLRoa 'o% dkY.k oua xPNsfr jk?koA e.o] lHkh çdkj dh bPNkvksa dk R.s lk/kf.LrekulkAA ukL.d jkr #d tkvks] csVk!Þ v| fRonkuh jtuha iq= ek xPN loZFkkA .So fofp=iknia lq[kha Hkfo".ksa ds dyjoksa ls xw¡trs gq.dkga n'kZuu s kfi lk/kq rkoPpjkE.34.euqiky.sAA II.Bka ÑFkk nso ous jaL.a e.59 ßnso! chp esa gesa ns[kus gels feyus ds fy.flAA II. dh] lq[k dh] u i`Foh dh] u lEiw. 45.kZ :i ls nhft.k'pkfi jkeL.s h us eq>ls vuqjks/k fd.130 jkek.gha jg tkvksA esjs }kjk lHkh vfHkyf"kr oLrqvksa ls r`Ir gksdj dy çkr% . ml ou esa ge yksx cMÛs vkuUn ls jgsxa As eSa fofp= o`{kksa ls ou esa ços'k djds Qy&ewy dk Hkkstu djrk gqvk] ogk¡ ds ioZr ufn.su lqÑrsu p rs 'kisAA u fg 'kD.k fg HkosnL.". vkSj lR.k Hkh ugha Bgj ldrk gw¡AÞ n'kjFk vuqjks/k djrs gS]a ßdsoy bl .k nSU.Br u gksxa As 'kkUr LoHkkookys e`xksa ls Hkjs gq.s loZFkk viuh .   jke dk vfUre mÙkj---- ^ge ou esa çlék jgsaxs*---- .d {k.fr jk?ko%AA y{e.Ulfjr% ljkafl pA oua çfo'.ksa ds lq[kh thou dk lk{.fu"B cfu.Uous fxjha'p i'.kkUdks es 'oLrkUçnkL.Lrq .Fkk jers iqjkA rFkSo jers lhrk futZus"kq ous"ofiAA ckyso jers lhrk ckypUæfuHkkuukA jkek jkes ánhukRek futZus·fi ous lrhAA rn~xra ân.S ojn Ro.a ra fdafpRlql{w eefi y{.frA vçØe.

gk¡ tks çfrfnu fp=dwV vkSj eUnkfduh dk n'kZu gksrk gS] og fuR.S u jkT. çR.60.% ijsA ouokla HkokFkkZ. lalkj esa dksbZ u gksxkAÞ ””” .% L.k gS] . y{e.ksa us Hkh fu.ksa dks uxj ds ukxfjdksa ds leku le>ksA fp=dwV dks v.k Hkh ml ou esa Jh jke ds pj.slk yxrk gS] tSls mUgsa ou esa jgus dk vH.wFkyksfyrka fuihrrks. 12.krs ifFk lqO.kl gksA tSls uxj esa tkdj os miou esa ?kwek djrh Fkh] mlh çdkj ou esa Hkh lhrk cMÛs çlék eu ls fopjrh gSA iw.sR.gk¡ Luku djksA fç.wofneka unhe~AA y{e.k djus okys fu"iki egkRekvksa ds Luku ls bldk ty lnk fo{kqC/k gksrk fl¼ jgrk gSA vkvks] pyks] rqe Hkh esjs lkFk .k vFkok lhrk ds fy. 14-16.s! rqe .fo{kksfHkrtyka foxkgLo e. Li`g.nhg 'kjnks·usdk% Ro.21.ka tx. viuk ijyksd cuk jgs gSAa lhrk Hkh ifrlsok vkSj Jh jke dh vkjk/kuk esa exu gSA blfy.r s A~ A .kZr.ks/.22 ßegkjkuh! bl 'kksd] eksg vkSj vkSj nq%[k dks R.Lo ofurs fuR. vkSj fujUrj rqEgkjs n'kZuksa ds lkFk v. eUnkfdU. Luku djds Qy&ewy dk vkgkj djds eq>s u rks v.Qyk'kuk% firq% 'kqHkka çfrKka ifjiky.k ds leku gSA vr. vkSj u gh v.k /kekZRek lnk esjh vkKk dk ikyu djrs gSa vkSj rqe Hkh esjs eu ds vuqdy w pyrh gks] blfy.kx dk dksbZ 'kksd eq>s dnkfi ihfMÛr ugha djsxkA lhrs! vusd Qy&Qwyksa ls .k.fUr rsAA fç.s ro p n'kZukr~AA fo/kwrdYe"kS% fl)S% riksne'kekfUorS%A fuR.ks/.k ekuks vkSj unh eUnkfduh dks v.kh.e&fu.ks/.k lgAA beka fg jE.ksfr&LrEHk 132 133 uok¡ v/.kfeo ioZre~A eU. 15-18 ßfç.94.kx dj dbZ o"kZ Hkh .s x.k] mnkjeuk lhrk ml futZu ou esa Hkh Jh jke ds lehi çlék&çQqYy ckfydk ds leku çlék jgrh gSAa lhrk dk eu rks jke esa jek gqvk gS] mudk lEiw.s bl ouokl dks gh ve`r crk.kk.k lk/kZefufUnrsA y{es.s! esjs iwot Z çfirkeg euq vkSj Js"B jkt£"k. futZu ou esa Hkh ?kj&x`gLFk dh Hkk¡fr lq[kh vkSj fuHkZ.gk¡ O.k lq[kh---xqgklehj.13.s! rqEgkjs lkFk rhu le.ks/.ofLFkr%A Roa pkuqdwyk oSnsfg çhfra tu.k.95.gk¡ ds fuokfl.qDr] ukuk çdkj ds if{k.ksa ds lewg eFk Mkyrs gSa vkSj ftldk ty flag rFkk okuj ihrs gS]a ftlds rV lqUnj Qwyksa ds o`{kksa ls lq'kksfHkr gS]a .19 xqQkvksa ls fudyrh gqbZ iq"iksa dh lqxfa /kr ok.kfe u eka 'kksd ç/k"kZfrAA cgqi"q iQys jE.q fdl iq#"k dh çlékrk dks ugha c<Ûkrh\ Jh jke lhrk ls dgrs gS]a ßlhrs! .ksfa d Jh jke bl le.k.a lj.qrAs fofp=f'k[kjs áfLeu~ jrokufLe HkkfefuAA bnesoke`ra çkgq% jkfK jkt"kZ.k fuokl ls Hkh vf/kd lq[kn yxrk gSA bl unh esa çfrfnu riL.e /kkj.   fo/kw.kZ thou Hkh jke ds v/khu gSA vr% b/kj jke ds fcuk v.ka Hk/kqey w aQyk'ku%A uk. es çfirkegk%AA II.o vki Jh jke] y{e. 'kksda ifjâ"Vekulk egÆ"k.k dh çkfIr gksrh gSAÞ II. lkjk nq%[k Hkqykdj ou esa fuokl dj jgs gSAa /keZK .k'pSo /kekZRek eféns'ks O. vej jgsxkA os rhuksa çlékfpÙk] ½f"k eqfu.k dk jkt pkfg..ksa ls lsfor bl lqUnj ioZr f'k[kj dks ns[k eq>s cMÛk vkuUn gksrk gSA jke lhrk ds çfr---n'kZua fp=dwVL.k dh lj.fn rqEgkjs vkSj y{e.ku p oRL.ks/.slh je.w tkuksA tud ufUnuh] y{e.ofLFkrk%A ous jrk oU.s eSa cgqr çlék gw¡A fç.k tkus dh bPNk j[krk gw¡A ftl eUnkfduh dks gkfFk.k'p 'kksHkusA vf/kda iqjoklkPp eU.k ds lkFk jgdj vkSj uxj dk R. unh esa Luku djds tks euq".kh&f'kjksef.kksa dh lsok esa layXu gq.rh eeAA miLi`'kafL="ko.kx nhft.kks xU/kku~ ukukiq"iHkokUcgwuA~ ?kz.k Hkh mUgsa ou ds leku çrhr gksrhA m/kj jke ds lehi ou Hkh v.ks/.ks/.ks/.k lgAA Roa ikSjtuo)îkyku~ v.A D.kriZ.jkek. 'kksd u djs]a vius vkSj egkjkt th dh Hkh fpUrk NksMÛAas Jh jke dk pfj= lalkj esa lnk&lnk ds fy. firk dh mÙke çfrKk dk ikyu dj jgs gSAa Þ fp=dwV esa jke iw.e ls fd.keH.s! .5-11.ké xrDye% lq[khAA II.k] la.rhr d:¡] rks eq>s uxj R.s v| Ro. da uja u çg"kZ.s ukukf}tx.k ds T.oa ftrsfUæ.kZ pUæek ds leku lqUnj eq[kokyh je.ka xtflgaokujS%A lqifq "irka iq"iHkjSjyaÑrka u lks·fLr . gSA ouokl esa muds eu esa fdafpn~ ek= Hkh nq%[k ugha fn[kkbZ nsrkA eq>s rks .slk euq".k. lq[kh u gks] dnkfpr~~ .ks/.gk¡ 'kjhj R.ksa ds /keZ ekxZ ij fLFkr gSAa ou esa jgdj Qy&ewy dk Hkkstu djrs gq.kx djus ls ije dY.

k dqy dk uke] uk'k fd.kA mlus viuk 'kqHkuke bfrgkl esa dyafdr fd.kikjh vkfn dks Hkh ysdj vk. dqN pqukSrh cu tk.d ugha le>kA dqN fofp= lh ckr gSA .S% lfgrkL=.k gSA muesa ls çFke pkj lxZ esa okn&fookn dk okLrfod fo"k.104.g Hkkb.g iw.s\Þ rRi'pkr~ Hkjr okd~.k ee ek=k ijariA pdkj lqegRikifenekRe.Z dSd.104.k[.Ur lUrIr gSa fd mudh ekrk dh vuqfpr .k ls 'k=q?u dk fcYdqy mYys[k ugha fd.ksX.g bl çdkj gS % l jk?ko% lR.k dks Hkh NksMÛ fn.ksa ds lfEeyu dk o.k x. ou çns'k esa vk.d cf<Û.d çfl¼ va'k dks foLrkj ls çLrqr djuk pkgw¡xkA çlax gS& fp=dwV esa Jh jke vkSj Hkjr ds chp okn&fooknA .sa lQy gks xb±A ßesjh ekrk ds bl çdkj ds lEiw.k gSA blds fo"k. FksA ß.k ds T.kZu djrk gSA fdUrq fofp= ckr .?k`fr'p y{e.g miek dsoy rhu Hkkb.ks]a LoxhZ.g laokn nsorkvksa }kjk Hkh Kkuo`f¼ vkSj lqf'k{kk dh Hkkouk ls lquk x.k x. esa eSua s vkjEHk esa gh ladrs fn.kZ lxks± dk ikB fuf'pr :i ls vf/kd lkFkZd gksxkA v.ksfa d .k esjk uke] vkSj loZuk'k dj fn.kZr.slk eSua s vdkj.103.k iwjs lkezkT.'kksgje~AA II.s yksx >qMa ds >qMa yksx vkSj fo'kky lsuk fdl fy.k.QyeçkI.Zokgh dk ykHk mBkuk ugha pkgrkAÞ rhljk rdZ os çLrqr djrs gSa fd çtk bl fo"k.ksa vkSj cMÛ&s cMÛs O.k 'yksd 134 nlok¡ v/.ksa dh miek çLrqr dh xbZ gSA .k] uk'k fd. fo/kok 'kksddÆ'krkA ifr". FkkA ijUrq ifjfLFkfr.ks/. ekudj mldk mYys[k djuk vko'. ds fy.k x.s"B iq= dk gh jkT.slk çrhr gksrk gS fd ml egRoiw.32 ßtc Hkjr] ekrkvksa vkfn lfgr] Jh jke ds vkJe ij igq¡prs gS]a jke lHkh dk Lokxr djrs gSaA .k fn.sA dnkfpr~~ vkidks yxsxk fd . gh ç. ckr dk mYys[k d:¡xkA 103osa lxZ ds var esa dfo Hkkb.fr egk?kksjs fuj. FkkA eSa bl uktk. egkjkt n'kjFk dh ifRu.gk¡ dfo us .ksa ds feyu dk foLr`r o.k djkrk gS fd ckydkaM ds vusd LFkkuksa ij y{e.104. i¼fr ls dqN gV dj] bl egkdkO.%AAII.6 ß.7 ßog jkT.k¡ bruh fcxMÛ pqdh Fkha fd tc Hkh os viuh ek¡ ds fo"k.d /.Ruksa dks iw.A fQj os dgrs gS]a os jkT.k ykSV vk.kZr.g vuSfrd dk.d cMÛk iki fd.s rhuksa HkkbZ vius lqânksa ls f?kjdj .qDr gqbZ gSA rhu vfXuvksa ds Øe ls .kZu nsus ls bl dkO.kh.g Lej.L.ksX.:ih Qy u ikdj fo/kok gks xb±_ vc esjh ekrk 'kksd ls nqcy Z gks egk?kksj udZ esa iMÛxs hAÞ bl çdkj dh Hkk"kk dk ç.TÛk dk.k.k D.oa rRlEcU/kh /kekZu"q Bkuksa dk fooj.ksfr&LrEHk 134  nlok¡ v/.k gS\Þ D. ds dqN egRoiw.ks·Xu.¼ q dk vkjEHk djrs gSAa Hkjr ekuks dsoy rhu ckrksa ij cy nsrs gS]a tks .k gSAÞ lk jkT.kstuk.kfprks e.g gS fd og dsoy jke] y{e.fHk'p lfpoS% lk/k± f'kjlk .kdkaM ds 100 ls 112osa lxks± rd nksuksa Hkkb.k Fkk] tks dfo dkS'ky dk ltho dh£ÙkLrEHk gSA lEHko gS fd .k vkidh lgu'kfDr ds fy.k vkSj Hkjr dk gh mYys[k djrk gSA fdlh dkj.kn j[kus .g foLr`r O.kfHk"ksd gksuk pkfg.k x. fcYdqy vfuPNqd gSAa okLro esa os vR.kA laokn esa Jh jke dk pfj= vR.ksfa d Hkjr vius lkFk vius çtktu] eaf=.k FkkA .ksa ds leku 'kksHkk ik jgs FksAÞ .K'kkyk esa f=fo/k vfXu.ku nsus .s tuuh eeAA II. ugha gS] vr% budks NksMÛ nw¡xkA dsoy . jke eSa vkt viuh lkekU. ds .k dsoy Hkwypwd ugha ekuh tk ldrh] D.kks egkuqHkkoks HkjrÜp /kkÆed%A o`rk% lqâfö'p fojstjq /ojs .d er gS fd jke v. dk!Þ os bldks Hkwy ugha ldrs FksA tc dHkh mudks ek¡ dk [Û.kZ ç.k ugha fd.ksa ds fy.ky vkrk] os vius vkis esa ugha jgrs vkSj vi'kCn muds eq¡g ls cjcl fudy tkrsA Hkjr jke ls dgrs gSa % .Ur lthork ls mHkj dj vkrk gSA ijUrq lfoLrkj o.s gks] bl lkTÛk&lkeku ds lkFk] bldk dkj.kZ lUnHkZ esa dfo us 'k=q?u dks mis{k. gS]a blls vf/kd dqN ughaA çFker% b{okdq dqy dh v[kaM ijEijk ij] ftlds vuqlkj T.ks/.jkek.Fkk lnL..k gS] . çlkna drqZegZflAA II.k foQy dj nsuk pkfg.ksx vkKkdkjh iq= dks ugha djuk pkfg. 135  dh jpuk dh gS] ftlesa rhu vfXu.k gSA rc Jh jke vius HkkbZ Hkjr ls iwNrs gS]a ßrqe tks bl le.sf"V . nklL.s h us firk th ls djok.kA Hkzkrq% f'k". esa lksprs gS]a cspkjs Hkjr viuh lgu'khyrk [kks cSBrs gSAa os dgrs gS]a ßblus dSlk gekjs dqy dk uk'k fd. esa loZFkk .12 .kZu fn.qDr% dSd¸s .k fu.ksa dk çFke lfEeyu gSA ckrphr dk çkjEHk çfl¼ ^dfPpr* (100 os)a lxZ ds i'pkr~ gksrk gS vkSj ml lxZ (102) ds i'pkr~] ftlesa vR.kA dnkfpr~~ .sa vkSj jkt in dks laHkkysAa vc eSa bl lUnHkZ ds dqN 'yksd m¼`r djrk gw¡A fL=.

ka oua xPNsfr jk?koA ekrkfir`H.g ckr vyx FkhA fdlh iq= dk viuh ekrk }kjk dh xbZ fdlh dk.d= gq.keqDrks·ga dFkeU. gq.kofRirfj /keZKs xkS[ka yksdlRÑrsA rko)eZHk`rka Js"B tuU.d foLr`r çopu vkjEHk djrs gSAa tSlk fd vki tkurs gh gksxa ]s HkkX.rkH.fn vki .k dhft.kA mlds ikl nks oj Fks] tks mlds ifr us mldks ns j[ks FksA fuLlUnsg] nh?kZdky ls os mlds ikl Fks] fdUrq lglk mUgsa .kA dSd.k x.g esjk gS] vkSj vc eSa bls vkidh lsok esa le£ir dj bldh fTÛkEesokjh NksMÛrk gw¡A vki bldks xzg. O.ksa djrs gks\ euq".d vlk/kkj.k Fkh\ tSlk fd eSa igys Hkh dg pqdk gw¡ fd ou dk thou] jktlh BkV&ckV] .k dSls dj ldrk gw¡\Þ .gk¡ */keZ'khykH.de.s h ds çfr iq= }kjk fdlh çdkj dk dksbZ v'kksHkuh.k gS] rks eSa muds vkn'kZ ds foijhr nwljk vkpj. tu dks& pkgs os vc ds gksa .k (II.qÙkj esa Jh jke fu. fn.s h nksuksa ds fy.105. yksx] tks bl dk.k Fkk mldks fuHkk. .s'o.ksx n'kjFk vkSj dSd.sAÞ çR. esa fy[k fn.ksx fd.d 'kk'or~ fo"k.Z vkSj jkT.kefi xkSjoe~AA II.slk D.ksa lksprs gks fd rqEgkjh ekrk dks rqEgsa vkKk nsus dk vf/kdkj ugha gS\ rqe mlds vf/kdkj dk [kaMu D.oa miHkksx dhft.k gS\ vkSj gekjs firk th us tks opu fn. dk lkSHkkX. ds fy. mUgsa çkIr gksxkA Hkjr . ç. mrkj&p<Ûkoksa dksA bu ckrksa us mudh vUrjkRek dks dksbZ Bsl ugaha igq¡pkbZA blhfy.k ykHk\ blds i'pkr~ blh çlax ij lksyg 'yksd gSAa bu lksyg 'yksdksa esa dqN egÙoiw.rhr djus dk vkns'k fn.slk pkgrs gS]a vkSipkfjd :i ls eSua s jkT.sA Hkjr bl çdkj viuk i{k çLrqr djrs gSa % lkfURouk ekfedk ekrk nÙka jkT.kZ ?kVuk ?kVus okyh gS vkSj mlds lk{. dh firk esa ftruh xkSjo&cqf¼ gksrh gS] mruh ekrk esa Hkh gksuh pkfg.s h us firk th ls mls ys fy.104.oa iwoZ fu/kkZfjr gksrk gSA tks HkkX.s] lc .k¡ gS]a tks fd iqjkru lkfgR.111. os tkucw>dj ^/keZ'khykH.ke* 'kCn dk ç.k gSA .21 ßftruk egÙo firk ds vf/kdkj dk gS] mruk gh ekrk ds vf/kdkj dk Hkh gSAÞ . okrkZyki vkjEHk djrs gSAa HkS.ksx fd. mudh ek¡x dhA blesa cqjkbZ D. gksrh gSAÞ bl Hkkouk dks gesa .s h us vius vf/kdkjksa dk ç.k] mldk çfrjks/k djus vFkok viuh eTÛkhZ pykus ls D.d vdsys iq= ds çfr LokHkkfod eerk ls çsfjr gksdjA blesa cqjkbZ D.g Hkh dgrs gSa fd mUgksua s dqN vuqfpr ugha fd.136 jkek.17 ßrqe rks .kZ cSBd ds fy.s egkiq#"k .s h dks mu ojksa ds ek¡xus dk oS/k vf/kdkj Fkk vkSj mlus mlh vf/kdkj dk ç.k dks mfpr ugha ekurs FksA ijUrq .22 ßbu /keZ'khy ekrk vkSj firk& nksuksa us tc eq>s ou esa tkus vkSj ogk¡ pkSng o"kZ O.4 ßesjh ekrk dks larks"k gks x.g jkT.kAß ckr bl ij lekIr gqbAZ tSlk fd eSa crk pqdk gw¡] .k fd.105. esa lqfofnr gSAa lEHkor% dqN gesa .k.kh esa blls vf/kd gk£nd vkSj blls vf/kd uez ugha gks ldrhA ijUrq Jh jke .fena eeA II.kZfnr Hkk"kk esa HkRlZuk djuk fo'ks"k :i ls vHkæ FkkA vr% os dgrs gSa % u pkfi tuuha ckY.Zokgh dh lw{e tk¡p ds fopkj es]a Hkjr ds }kjk viuh ekrk dh bruh ve. foHkwfr dk oapu vkSj fuoklZu dk naM Jh jke dks furkUr .104.slk dguk .fr ij .g jkf= dk le.d ckyd gks vkSj vius Øks/k dks o'k esa ugha j[k ldrsA vKkuo'k Hkh rqEgsa viuh ekrk dh Hkh fuUnk djuk pkfg.d vU. HksVa dj fn.k ds T. djrs gS]a ftu ij brus ykaNu yxk.kn j[kuk pkfg. eq>s fey pqdk gSAÞ rínkfe roSokga Hkq³{~ o jkT.sls dfBu çrhr ugha gksrs Fks] tSls fd lkekU.k'kk Fkh fd .s tkus ds fy.104.k x.deks± ls fuo`Ùk gksdj lc HkkbZ vkSj vU.kZ lwfDr.d iq= ds fy.A ekrk Hkh firk ds leku gh lEekuuh. vkidh gh lsok esa le£ir djrk gw¡A vc vki bls xzg.k vkSj eq>s ns fn.k] vkidh vkifÙk lekIr gks xbZA .s .s h ds i{k esa Hkh dqN tkuk pkfg. 137   dksbZ vuqu.4 ßvc eSa viuh vkSj ls .&fou.sls lk/kuksa ls dc thrs tk ldrs Fks\ loZçFke rks os blh ckr ij TÛkksj nsrs gSa fd dSd.d vuFkZdkjh mís'. gekjs lkfgR.29)A ..g dgrs gq.kA dSd.a Hkh dSd.d egÙoiw.k! vki dgrs gS]a jkT.A tSlk fd ge ns[k pqds gSÛa] Jh jke Lo.k dhft.A lHkh ds eu esa çR.kÙoa foxÆgrqegZflA II.A . ekrk }kjk iq= dks HksVa fd.ksx djrs gSaA Þblls eq>s dksbZ vkifÙk ugha yxrhA dSd. LFkku ij os . FkkA vxys fnu çkr%] Lukukfn fuR.A vc dksbZ nks"k ugha] oSf/kd n`f"V ls blesa dksbZ =qfV ugha jghA vki bldk ikyu .RlekpjsAA II.k rc dsA mUgksua s mldks blh çdkj lgk] tSls thou ds vU.kA Bhd gS] .k ckr gSA fdUrq] Jh jke dks .d egÙoiw.s ml le.Z fo'ks"k <ax ls djrs gSAa lc dqN iwofZ uf'pr .Zokgh esa xgjh fnypLih ys jgs Fks vkSj cgqr mRlqd Fks fd Hkjr dk euksjFk lQy gks tk. x.slk yxrk gS fd dSd.ka /keZ'khykH.g vdaVd jkT.s h ds vkpj.ksx djrs gq. dk .Vde~AA II.ogkj ugha gksuk pkfg.k\ dsoy vius vf/kdkj dk gh rks ç.A vkf[Ûkj dSd. ok.k vkSj og Hkh .ke~^ 'kCn dk ç. FksA os mudks /keZ'khy dgrs gSAa .ksx esa yk. ys fy.s h us .slk D. gSA dky vkSj fof/k gh lc dk.ksfr&LrEHk nlok¡ v/. vk.AÞ fQj os dgrs gS]a ßrqe .k tk pqdk gSA firk th us jkT.

q ds flok. Fks] os dnkfi f?kls&fiVs .sd dh vk.ksxk foç.euq'kkspflA vk.kZ vkSj fujFkZd ugha jgs gksxa ]s tSlk fd lEHkor% yxrs gksAa eSa .k.ksx vo'.q lkFk&lkFk gh pyrh gS vkSj lkFk&lkFk gh cSBrh gS vkSj pkgs fdruh nwj dh .ksa dh vk.105.k.24 ßlw.'p /kukfu pA lesR.ku vkSj çopu gq.23 ß'kjhj dh Ropk esa >q£j.105.kZ'p iq=k'p Kkr.kkZ leqnaz yo.e~AA II. ls Hkjs jgs gksxa As vkSj tc Jh jke ds eq[k ls fu%l`r gq.qfnr vkfnR.g gS fd os gesa .qÆuorZrsAA II. gS&a vPNs Hkh vkSj cqjs Hkh yksxksa }kjk HkhA QyLo:i] vc os f?kls vkSj [kksVs flDds gksus ij Hkh vHkh rd pkyw gSAa ijUrq] ^jkek.k iq:"kks th.%AA II.20 ßfnu&jkr i`Foh ds leLr thoksa ij pØor~ ?kwers gSAa bl lalkj esa lHkh çkf.ksa dk vUr iru gSA la.rs .g dk. euq".Lrfers jokSA vkReuks ukooq/.qoZztfr lg e`R.105.% çkIrk% 'osrk'pSo f'kjks:gk%A tj.25 ßfdlh uo ½rq dk çkjEHk ns[kdj euq".sls ugha FksA buesa egku lR.Z dh fdj.ksa lksprs gks\ dksbZ bl yksd esa fLFkr gks vFkok vU.105. vkSj fdlh dk Hk. çlék gksrs gSa] . dh dksbZ cckZnh ugha gksxh& pkgs og vuqokn ?kfV.q dk {k.g ekudj pyrk gw¡ fd esjs bu lksyg 'yksdksa dks i<Ûdj lqukus esa vkSj rRdky mudk vius 'kCnksa esa vuqokn Hkh nsus esa le.ksfa d mUgsa geus yk[kksa ckj lquk gksxk] vusdksa iqLrdksa esa muds fo"k.L.ksfr&LrEHk nlok¡ v/. p O.kkUra p thfore~AA II.A fQj tjkoLFkk ls th.ksx gS vkSj thou dk vUr ej.k u"V gks jgk gSAÞ â".g lkspdj fd os vkeksn&çeksn djsxa As ysfdu os . ugha] mlh çdkj mRiék gq.kZoAs lesR.105. p xrL.Z djds thfodk miktZu djsaxsA lw.138 jkek.q rks fujUrj {kh. fLFkrL.k%A la.g lkspdj fd . vkSj fdlh dk Hk. g"kZ ls f[ky mBrs gS]a ijUrq os ugha tkurs fd bu ifjorZuksa ds lkFk çkf.k± HkwRokolhnfrA rFkkolhnfUr ujk tjke`R. tkrL.ksZn.equk unh viuk ty egku leqnz esa folftZr dj nsrh gS] ij viuh /kkjk myVrh ughaAß vgksjk=kf.s] lkFk gh tkdj og euq".UR.k gSAa leLr laxgz ksa dk vUr fouk'k gSAÞ . esa D. Qyksa dks iru ds flok.s uUnUR.Fkk dk"Ba p dk"Ba p les. gh fpUrk djks nwljksa ds fo"k.s nksuksa 'yksd leosr :i ls i<Ûus pkfg.d egÙoiw.so .k&{k.oa Hkk.krka egk.oa ujL.kk.105.ksa dh vk.ksxkUrk ej.= x.16 ßykSfdd mékfr.28 .k¡ iMÛ xb±] flj ds cky lQÛns gks x.19 ßchr tkus ij jkf= ykSVrh ughaA .21 ßrqe vius fy.qÆu"khnfrA xRok lqnh?kZe/okua lg e`R.A ßtSls fdlh egklkxj esa cgrs gq.k dksfV dk gh D.k gks jgh gSAÞ lgSo e`R.Fkk Qyuka iDokuka ukU.uq'kkspr%AA II.Urs euq". 139   f?klh&fiVh Hkh yxsAa le>us dh ckr .105. dkSu lk mik. nks dkB ds VqdMÛs dHkh&dHkh fey tkrs gSa vkSj dqN dky rd lkFk cgus ds i'pkr~ vyx Hkh gks tkrs gS]a mlh çdkj L=h] iq=] dqVEq c vkSj /ku Hkh feydj fcNqMÛ tkrs gSa D.kZ% fda fg ÑRok çHkko.srA~ A II.17 ßtSls ids gq.k rq lk u çfrfuorZrsA .is.q ds ge f'kdkj gksrs gSAa Þ vR. ukU.equk iw.k* ds le. gks jgk gSAÞ .kkö.105.krka dkyeklk| dapuAA .26-27 .ksa xzh"e ½rq esa ty dks 'kh?kzrkiwod Z lks[krh jgrh gSAa Þ vkRekueuq'kksp Roa fdeU. vUr£ufgr gSA ml le.k ds T. gh .ksfa d budk fo.kukfegA vk.d vfHkuo vfHkçk.105.k. viuk çHkko çdV dj ldrk gS\Þ uUnUR.e~A . ugha gSAÞ .waf"k {kiUR.k gqvk gks] çR.± çsrL.e~AA II.slh yxrh gS D..k[.18 ßftl çdkj lqn`<Û LrEHkksa ls fu£er Hkou Hkh fdlh le.kLR.k thfor{k.kEHkkoh gSAÞ uk= df'p|FkkHkkoa çk. gksus ij euq". esa os .105.Fkkxkja n`<ÛLFkw.k=k Hkh dh tk.q ls cpus ds fy.sfr jtuh ..k% irukUrk% leqPNª.q vkSj e`R.kZ gqvk euq". th.k gS] vusdksa ckj mu ij O.ksx dk vUr fo.k'kq xzh"es tyfeoka'ko%AA II.kh lefHkorZrAs rsu rfLeé lkeF.o/kkofUr /kzoq ks ás"kka foukHko%AA II. djds e`R.kUrk fup.kZ&'kh"kZ gksdj fxj iMÛrs gS]a mlh çdkj dky] vk.kR.`req [ q ka n`"V~ok uoa uofegkxre~A _`ru w ka ifjorsu Z çkf.qo'ka xrk%AA II.105. os vo'.qLrs gh.= ej.ka th.k xPNfUr losZ"kka çkf.kla{k. O.105.ksa u gksA losZ {k.g ugha lksprs fd muds thou dk {k.22 ße`R. dks e`R.= irukö. esa fy[kk x.kuka çk. ds lkFk gh ykSVrh gSAÞ xk=s"kq oy.kZLr gksus ij Hkh [Ûkq'k gksrs gSa] .q dk rhoz xfr ls uk'k dj jgs gS]a Bhd oSls gh tSls lw.kZoe~AA II. pAA II.

k vkSj .* 'kCn dk vFkZ gS] ^iq=*A bldh O.k.k rnfu"Va es çlhnrq Hkoku~ eeA II.k dhft.l% irekuL.kh .a era yksds foijhrerks·U.k] lEHkor% fdlh ew[kZrko'kA firqÆg lefrØkUra iq=ks .106.gh lkekU.31 ßtSls ufn.ksfa d lHkh yksx viuk lq[k pkgrs gSAa Þ blds lkFk .kh . fdlh vkSj ds fy.] D.d ckj mUgksua s igys Hkh dgk Fkk] ßeSa vkidh Hkkjh vçlékrk ls Hkh Mjrk gw¡A esjs firk th] jktk n'kjFk vfro`¼ FksA os esjh ekrk ds o'khHkwr FksAÞ fQj os vpkud .gh gksxk fd vki viR.rk dks iw.nfrØkUra çR.kh esa vki fdrus dq'ky gSAa Þ rRi'pkr~ [kaMu&eaMu vkjEHk gksrk gSA .8.d ^viR.k iRuh ds Øks/k ds Hk.ksx 'kkfCnd vFkZ esa djrs gSa vkSj og firk dks iru lPpkbZ ls cpkrk gSA Hkjr bl 'kCn dk ç.kZ :i ls çR.k 'kksd djs\Þ o.khe~A II.Rikia ek=k eRdkj.s"B Hkzkrk dks Hkh ijke'kZ nsus dk lkgl djrs gSAa . çFkk FkhA Hkjr Jh jke ds mins'k dh ljkguk djrs gSa vkSj çn£'kr Hkh djrs gSa fd mlls mUgsa uSfrd ykHk ÛHkh feykA ijUrq] blls muds ân.kZ vkns'k fn.13 fd vUrdky esa lHkh çk.106.oa iwox ZS r Z ks ekxZ% fir`ir S kegks /kzoq %A rekié% dFka 'kksp| s L.ksX.FkkA II.qRifr .kn j[kuk iMÛAs yksd esa çkphu .106.106.ksa ds e/.o'k tks /keZ dk mYya?ku fd. lzkr s lks okfuoÆru%A vkRek lq[ks fu.* cusaAÞ ek Hkoku~ nq"Ñra firq%A II.AÞ .29-30 ßtSls vkxs tkrs gq.Fkk fg lkFk± cz.fDr ds fy.s k n.s h us esjh vuqifLFkfr esa .d lkS ik¡pok¡ lxZ lekIr gksrk gSA .e* dgk tkrk gSA Hkjr bl 'kCn dk ç.106.g thou .ksfpr dk. ds vU.k fd.kgjrq röokr~AA II.frØe%AA I.k d leFkZu u djsAa mudh Hkwy dk leFkZu dj mUgsa nSoh naM dk Hkkxh u cuk.d lkekU.k ds T.14 jktk n'kjFk us .oa naMuh.9.d vkSipkfjd Hkwfedk ls vkjEHk djrk gS] ßvkius cgqr [Ûkcw dgk gSA ok.k. . ukfLr O.k dk mYya?ku ugha dj ldrkA blfy.106.% lq[kHkkt% çtk% Le`rk%AA II.g lkspdj vkRek dks dY.k=k Hkh gSA gekjs iwot Z ] firk] firkeg vkfn ftl jkLrs ls x.ksDrO. fVIi.Z djds .16 ßfirk th ds vuqfpr vkpj.k og ^viR. esa dksbZ ifjorZu ugha vkrkA ijUrq] tSlk dSd.Z gS rFkk cpus dk dksbZ mik.% lk/kq eU.rk fo'ks"k ls gS fd iq= firk dks fxjus ls cpkrk gS vFkkZr~ udZokl lsA blh dkj.{k dj fn[kk.w¡ dgs] ^eSa Hkh vki yksxksa ds ihNs&ihNs vkÅ¡xk]* mlh çdkj .140 jkek.16 ßtks blds foijhr dk.k ds lk/kuHkwr /keZ esa yxkuk pkfg.Zokgh dj mUgsa cpk yhft.rsA II. ugha gSA mlh ekxZ ij pyrk euq".s gS]a ml ij tkuk vfuok.{ka lk Jqfr% ÑrkA II.15 ßtks iq= vius firk dh Hkwy dks Bhd djrk gS] ogh yksd esa mÙke larku ekuk tkrk gS] tks blds foijhr dk.g rks vki tkurs gh gSa fd ^viR.^ dgs tkus .rk djrk gSA mudks udZ esa fxjkrk gSA vPNk rks .kAÞ /keZcU/ksu c)ks·fLe rsues ka usg ekrje~AA gfUe rhoz.sd . ckjEckj 'kksd djrk gS] og Hkh viuh e`R.slk vkpj.ksa dk çokg ihNs ugha ykSVrk] mlh çdkj fnu&fnu <yrh voLFkk fQj ugha ykSVrhA mldk Øe'k% uk'k gks jgk gS] .Z djrk gS vFkkZr~ firk ds vuqfpr vkns'k dk ikyu djrk gS] og ^viR. Øks/kkUeksgkPp lkglkr~A rkrL.k gSA rc Hkjr vius T. ekrk dks dBksj naM nsdj ekj ugha MkyrkAÞ tSlk fd . ughaA os iru esa lgk.10 ßeSa /keZ ds cU/ku esa c¡/kk gqvk gw¡] blhfy.Msu n. fuf'pr tUe&ej.k.g vU. gksrk gSA çR.Z djrk gS] og firk dh Js"B larfr ugha gSAÞ rniR.rk ekudj .kh eksfgr gks tkrs gS]a mudh cqf¼ u"V gks tkrh gSA jkKSoa dqor Z k yksds çR.105. 141   ßbl lalkj esa dksbZ Hkh çk.d lkS NBs lxZ dk çkjEHk Hkjr djrs gSAa bu Hkkb. w kRdf'pRifFk fLFkr%A vgeI.kkRÑre~AA {kqæ.kh djrs gS]a ftldks dnkfpr~~ cgqrksa dks lnk .d ekU.q dks Vky ugha ldrkAÞ .slk dBksj deZ djds ml fdaonUrh dh lR.ksx 'kfCnd vFkZ esa djrs gSa vkSj vius HkkbZ dks lPpkbZ ls voxr djus dh /k`Ôrk djrs gSaA lk/oFkZefHklU/kk.iw.Mkgk± ikidkfj.] tks fdlh ejs gq. 14-15 gekjs firk us bls uSfrd ck/.kxfe".9 ßÏi.s h ds çfr muds O. D.kfe i`"Brks HkorkfefrAA . . O. dkO.d fdaonUrh gS % vUrdkys fg Hkwrkfu eqáUrhfr iqjk Jqfr%AA II.sAa mfpr dk. fd.105.k] mls vki iyV nsAa firk th us Hkwy ls .hA çksf"krs ef.106.106.ogkj esa uezrk ugha vk.. fdlh dÛkfQÛys ls] jkLrs esa [kMÛk gqvk dksbZ ifFkd .ksa ds e/.g vU. fookfn. bl ikidkfj.k. eq> ij] esjh ekrk dSd.] vkjEHk esa f'k"Vkpkj dk fofue.Fkk le.ksfr&LrEHk nlok¡ v/.k n.

gks]a ftudk eq>s ikyu djuk gS] rks fuLladksp eSa muesa ls mlh dks pqu¡wxk] ftlesa dqN R.kdrk dk tkek igukus dk fu'p.ksfr&LrEHk nlok¡ v/. ds lkFk gksrk gS fd lkezkT. D.kh.k tk.fn Jh jke ls bl fo"k.kkZu~ iky.ksa] leLr jbZlksa] O.k gksrkA eSa bl fcUnq ij bruk cy D. x.k tk pqdk Fkk\ oLrqr% igyh ckr dks fdlh ds lkFk okn dh laKk nsuk Hkk"kk ds lkFk [kspa krkuh djuk gSA og rks dsoy .g lkspdj fd vc le.kA muds er ds vuqlkj igys okns dks vfHkHkkoh gksuk pkfg.ksa] euhf"k.k x. esa lkekU.k oknk ckn dk Fkk] ftldks egkjkt n'kjFk us vf/kd egRo fn.slh ckr crkus tk jgk gw¡] tks bl egkdkO.d dk pquko djuk gSA .Ro vius iq= dks lkSia nsAa . ugha FkkA ijUrq .s eku fy.kZ fu'p.slh phTÛk dh [kkst dh gS] tks vU.a Jh jke ds lkFk HkhA dSd. fd.s ckr dks rksMÛ&ejksMÛ ldrk gSA vc eSa vkidks dqN .ksa ns jgk gw¡\ Hkjr] tSlk vki tkurs gh gS]a Jh jke ds tUetkr HkkbZ FksA .s .kfn dks vkefU=r djrs gSa vkSj bl eaMyh ds le{k viuk çLrko çLrqr djrs gSAa os lc .k ls gksxk] og Hkh .s çLrqr fd.d O.106.s h dks fn. esa . opu dk . ls voxr djkrs gSAa fQj blds fy.g dgk tk lds fd eSua s .k] Hkjr vkSj vU.k\ tks yksx .slk dsoy LokFkZo'k vkSj vugZ mís'.k Fkk vkSj Lo. lc yksxksa us nwljs okns dks igys dh rqyuk esa ojh.kr% ekU.s] mls Hkh lqfu.% eSa .ksX. esa .slk fd.k turk .Z k prqjks o.k viukuk lk/kkj.kid vk/kkj cukus ds fy.kks± dks vius fu.k! eSa vkids jax <ax ls ifjfpr gw¡A vki rks loZnk ogh djsxa ]s tks vkids fy.k* esa blds lEcU/k esa dksbZ ladrs ugha gSA fdUrq] n`<Û fo'okl ls eSa dg ldrk gw¡ (. esa esjk n`f"Vdks. ls] 'kr~ çfr'kr fu'p.fn Dys'klk/.fn eSa igys okns dks iwjk djrk gw¡] rks D.kx dk .s h us o`¼ jktk dh Hkkoukvksa dk vuqfpr ykHk mBkdj] mu nks ojnkuksa dks iwjk djus dk opu ys fy. FkkA vkb.d . esa ç'u&mÙkj fd.% Hkwys tk pqds FksA . fd jktk }kjk okLrfod çkFkfedrk dSd.fDr.k\ os dgsaxs fd og rks vf/kd ykHkdj fodYi FkkA /keZ ds fo"k.k /.kks± dk ikyu djrs gq.dkjh ekuk x.s d"Vçn gks] vki rks d"Vksa dks fuea=.ks/.d O.s os loZlEer leFkZu dk .kx gh ilan gSA R.u~ Dys'kekIuqfgA II.k djuk ilUn djrs FksA vc nsf[k. gh d"V mBkb.d ç'u mHkj dj vkrk gSA D.21 .k tk.d n`<Û vk'oklu ds :i esa çkekf.ku nsAa vFk Dys'kteso Roa /keZ pfjrqfePNfl AA II.k nsus okys gksAa vkidks rks vkRe&R.sA vr% loZçFke os jke dks cqyokrs gSa vkSj mUgsa vius fu'p.g ns[krs gq.s j[kuk lgt lk/. vk x.qojkT.s jkT.gk¡ eq>s iDdk fo'okl gS) fd . tkrs] rks os viuk er bl çdkj çLrqr djrsA ßFkksMÛh nsj ds fy.-22 /kekZul q kj pkjksa o.ku esa ugha vkrhA eSa . gSAa bl ?kVuk ds ckn gh eaFkjk ds çHkko esa vkdj] dSd. vkSj mnkjpsrk FkkA os lnk çR.g ckr dSlh yxhA ^jkek. LFkkfir fd.g O.k vkSj n`<Û fo'okl ds lkFk fd.Z nwljk ugha dj ldrs] ftruk fd 'kklu gLrkUrj.d <ax eSa Hkh vkidks crkuk pkgrk gw¡A Ïi. O.kikfj.kZfUor djuk] viuh çfr"Bk de djuk FkkA eq>s rks firk th ds nks oknksa esa ls .kZ dÛne FkkA ijUrq .k vki le>rs gSa fd çtk ds pkjksa o.Zokgh dks Hkh .k gS fd os vius jkT. ls] .kAÞ iw.a muds vkSj jkT.g Hkh fopkj djsa fd Jh jke dks . gS\ .d gks] ftlesa dqN vkRe&nq%[k fufgr gksA eSa dnkfi .s vkSipkfjd vk'oklu dh çfr"Bk ugha çnku dh tk ldrh Fkh] ftls os yksx vkxzgiwod Z muls ek¡x ldrs FksA yksxksa dks .k djrk] ijUrq .106.s h dks fn.slk nkok ugha fd..s vkSj Jh jke dks ml in ij fu.d foosdiw.|fi çk.fn esjs le{k nks oSdfYid dÙkZO.oLFkk Fkh] ftldk çLrko jktk us viuh çtk ds fgr ds fy.ksa] nk'kZfudksa] bR.k .FkkFkZ esa ikyu fd.g ugha dgsxh fd eSua s vius ykHk vkSj fgr ds fy.fDr fdl çdkj vius eryc ds fy. ds /kuh&ekuh O.a dks eqDr dj lds]a mudks bPNk gqbZ fd mldk nkf.rk fn.k furkUr fHkék gSA .] TÛkjk .s FkhA fdUrq] bldks fdlh nwljs dks fn.sd oLrq&fLFkfr dks /kk£ed n`f"V ls ns[krs Fks vkSj fQj mlh dk vuqlj. 143   vkius ns[kk] .ksa ls fNih gSA bl dkaM ds vkjEHk esa gh .k vkidks çÏfr ds vuqlkj gS rks] /kes.g gS fd igyk oknk turk ds lkFk fd.d prqj O.|fi os Jh jke ls dHkh&dHkh nwj Hkh jgs Fks] rFkkfir os Jh jke ds ân.k ds T. x.kA mUgksua s vius rdZ ftl çdkj çLrqr fd. nwljs okns dks nh xbZ Fkh] tks fd yksxksa dks #fpdj u Fkk] rdZ ds :i esa mUgksua s igy dk.k x.slk n`f"Vdks.kA y{e.g fuLlUnsg .ksa ij yxk.d {k.ksfa d nksuksa le#fp FksA Hkjr Hkh mUgha ds leku vfr fo'kky ân.d .g dgk tk ldrk gS fd Jh jke us blh <ax ls viuk i{k çLrqr fd.r dÙkZO.g jktk dk nwljk oknk FkkA fopj.k] tc mlls igys . dks HkyhHkk¡fr igpkurs Fks D.d er ls ekurs gS]a tSlk visf{kr Fkk] fd egkjkt vius thou esa blls vPNk dk. oknk fd.oLFkk Lo.sls fodYi dks pquus esa vkd£"kr ugha gksÅ¡xk] ftlds lEcU/k esa esjs fo"k.g ekurs Fks fd tks os dj jgs gS]a Bhd ugha gS] mUgksua s bl er dk xEHkhj fojks/k fd.d vU.k..] Hkjr fdl çdkj viuh ckr çLrqr djrs gSAa ßHkS.sA D.ksa vf/kd ck/.k FkkA fdlh dks Hkh jktk ls bldh ek¡x djus dk vf/kdkj ugha Fkk] .k tk.r% lc yksxksa ds /.s fd igyk Hkh . tkus ij vkifÙk dhA og o`¼ jktk ds fy.kx djuk vko'. ds fgr ds fy.fDr.d oknk Fkk vkSj nksuksa led{k okns FksA fQj Hkh igys dks dk.A tSlk vkidks fofnr gS] v.g ugha dgrk fd eSua s dksbZ .Fkk . ckr .k] tks çk.ksa ls çsfjr gksdj fd.qDr fd.k dkaM dk vkjEHk gh jktk n'kjFk ds bl fu'p.k lpeqp jke us firk dks fn.Hkkj ds dqN va'k ls Lo.142 jkek. /keZ dk gh vkpj.sls iq= dks] tks mls ogu djus ds .

dks pykukA rqe Hkwy jgs gks fd rqEgkjk dÙkZO.s gSAa vkSj vkidks D.h gksa vkSj Jh jke v.g lR. us x. Hkh vki mlls nwj dSls gks ldrs gS\a Þ os vkxs dgrs gSa % Jqru s ckyks LFkkusu tUeuk Hkorks áge~AA II.tekusu x.11 ßlquk tkrk gS fd uked .k pkfg.rqeRq lgsA II.34 ßJh jke dh vn~Hkqr n`<Ûrk dks ns[kdj lc yksx nq%[kh gq.. dk ikyu rks nwj dh ckr gSA vkids .9 ßrqe Hkh mudh vkKk dks f'kjks/kk.ks/.k ds T. O.DrqegZflA II.g muds firk dh çfrKk FkhAÞ vxys lxZ esa Jh jke Hkjr ls dgrs gS]a ßrqe lksprs gks fd T.sa fefJr lh FkhaA mUgksua s bldh ifjdYiuk igys ls ugha dh Fkh fd Jh jke dk joS.g gSAÞ Hkokufi rFksR.107.106.   .106.kfe Hkwfea Hkofr fr"BfrA Hkork p foukHkwrks u orZf.d nwljk dÙkZO.Ro gS vkSj blesa iwjh&iwjh lgu'khyrk dh ijh{kk gksrh gSA blds fy.12 . jke loZFkk n`<Û FksA os Hkjr dh ckr fcYdqy ekéks dks rS.kkZekJek.g .Ro dks l¡Hkkfy.k gw¡A lsuk] pkj.] . vkSj lkFk gh lkFk g£"kr HkhA os v.23.k ugha tk jgs gSµ a .\ lc iqjksfgr Hkh .K vius firjksa dks cpkus ds fy.'kLoh cqf¼eku jktk x.gk¡ jgrs gq.24 ß'kkL=Kku vkSj tUetkr~ voLFkk& nksuksa gh n`f"V. FksA) l dFka ikyf.k dk jktk cu dj jkT.rs lqr%A rLekRiq= bfr çksDr% fir`u~ .] eSa olq/kk dk ikyu dSls d:¡xk\Þ ghucqf)xq.kj ugha gq.k gS] v.slk D.g bPNk Fkh fd Hkjr fot.Zokgh dks cMÛh mRlqdrk ls ns[k jgk Fkk D. jk?kos lea tuks g"kZeoki nq%f[kr%A u .gk¡ gS]a tks osnksa dks vk|ksikr tkuus okys gSAa esjh vfHkyk"kk gS fd .k gw¡A eSa tuin dh lc fL=.107.g lkspdj os nq%[kh gq. gÆ"kr%AA II.ge~AA (.ks/.107.kR. fd.su .s h ds ½.d dgkor dgh Fkh tks bl çdkj gS % iqékEuks ukjdk|LekfRirja =k.o] .d egku .k¡ .eZ os{.ks/.k ns'k esa .106.107.kZu bl çdkj djrk gSA rnn~Hkqra LFkS. gS vkSj rqEgkjs fy.k.k dgsxa \s lc Hkkj dSls laHkkyw¡xk\Þ bgSo RokfHkf"k´pUrq lokZ% çÑr.d dfBu nq"dj nkf.106.22.ksx Jh jke dks lEer djus ds fy.% lgAA _`fRot% lofl"Bk'p eU=oUeU=dksfonk%A II.kka fg xkgZLF.s"oso fir`u~ çfrAA II.so firja lR. .% ikfr loZr%AA II.d vksj rks /keZ ds fu.gk¡ mifLFkr gSAa vfHk"ksd fufeÙk lc vko'.k gw¡A eSa lHkh xq#vksa dks ysdj vk. ikyuh.ksa gS\ firk th us rqEgkjs fy.eksa esa Jh jke dh n`<Ûrk dks ns[kdj mUgsa g"kZ gqvk vkSj ogha nwljh vksj mUgsa nq%[k vkSj 'kksd gqvk fd Jh jke muds 'kkld cuus dks rS. eSa olq/kk dk ikyu dSls d:¡xk\ yksx D.kkUeksp. vkSj çfrKkikyu esa mudh n`<Ûrk dks ns[kdj os g£"kr gq. jktkua eRÑrs Hkjr çHkqeA~ firja =kfg /keZKa ekrja pkfHkékn.sxhA vki bl mÙkjnkf.106. gS fd Hkjr jke ls dqN ?kaVksa ckn iSnk gq.s mPpre le>nkjh dh vko'.o] Jh jke Hkh ogh pky vc pyrs gSAa os dgrs gSa % Jw.u vkSj laxhr ds ok| Hkh vk x.gk¡ le.k gw¡A ea=ksa ds Kkrk eg£"k ofl× vkfn] lHkh ½fRot rFkk ea=h] lsukifr vkSj çtk vkfn lkjh çÏfr. feysA dfo dgrk gS] ßJksrkvksa dh euksHkkouk.ks/. fd.kfefr nq%f[krks·HkofRLFkjçfrKRoeos{.ksa ds fy. .df=r gq.144 jkek.drk gksxhA vkidks jkrksa uhan Hkh ugha vk.k FkkA vr.sAÞ prq.k FkkA mUgksua s vius firjksa dk m¼kj dj Hkkoh ihf<Û. ughaA rqEgkjk fopkj .okfnue~A drZeq gZfr jktsUæ f{kçesokfHk"kspukr~AA II.kj u FksA Jksrkvksa dk fo'kky lewg bl dk.ksa ls eSa vkidh vis{kk ckyd gw¡A fQj vkids jgrs gq.k] lHkh .a Js"BekJee~AA çkgq/kZeK Z /keZKkLra dFka R.10 ßrqe esjs fy.gha vkidk vfHk"ksd djsAa Þ ijUrq .rs fg iqjk rkr JqfrxhZrk .k Fkk fd Hkjr us 'kCn ^viR. firk th dks dSd.k ykSV dj gekjs jktk cusAa fdUrq] jke ds rdks± dks rks ns[kks] os vius çfrKkikyu /keZ esa fdrus n`<Û gSAa Þ vr.d . .s yksx .k ls eqDr djksA mUgsa udZ ls fxjus ls cpkvks vkSj ekrk dk Hkh vkuUn c<ÛkvksAÞ eSua s iwoZ gh crk. fu/kkZfjr fd.d lkexzh ys vk.A bu nksuksa çdkj dh Hkkoukvksa esa tulewg dHkh b/kj dHkh m/kj Mk¡okMksy FkkA dHkh os g£"kr gksrs vkSj dHkh vius HkkX.Z dj 'kh?kz gh jkT.ksfr&LrEHk 145 nlok¡ v/.k nksuksa ls ghu gw¡] ckyd gw¡ rFkk esjk LFkku vkils cgqr NksVk gSA vr% eSa vkids fcuk ugha jg ldrk] jkT.|fi .27 ßeSa jkt/kkuh ls lc dqN ysdj vk.".s"B iq= gksus ds ukrs firk th dh vkKk esjs fy.ksfa d mudh gk£nd bPNk Fkh fd bl fookn esa Hkjr dks fot.k bruk n`<Û gksxkA os dgus yxs fd gekjh rks .gk¡ gSAa xk.24.'kfLoukA x.ksa dks yk.26..23 ßleLr vkJeksa esa x`gLFk vkJe loksiZ fj gSA /keZ dks tkurs gq. dks dkslrsA dfo bldk o.* dk ç.FkZ u xaokvksA vius firk dh bPNk iwjh djks] tSls mudh bPNk eSa iwjh dj jgk gw¡AÞ _`.kks ckyks ghu% LFkkusu pkI.in ij viuk vfHk"ksd djk yksA .AA II.25 ßeSa cqf¼ vkSj xq.

ks/.slh ckr ugha gSAÞ fiNyh okrkZ ds vUr esa eSua s crk.k ds fy.fn ogk¡ dk okrkoj. i`-132.kke~A xPN Roa iqjoje| laçâ"V% laâ"VLRogefi n.19 ßrqe fo"kkn er djksA eSa Hkh rqEgkjh gh rjg fcYdqy Bhd&Bkd çlék jgw¡xkA rqe okil pys tkvksAÞ blds ckn esa nks lxZ vkSj gS]a ftudks eSa . cgqr ls iq=ksa dh dkeuk djrs Fks] rkfd muesa ls . gSAa * mUgksua s ou dk thou bruh lgtrk ls viuk fy. euq".k cgo% iq=k xq.koku vkSj cqf¼eku iq= gksus pkfg.s nksuksa lxZ vçekf.slk ugha yxk fd os fuokZflr fd."VO. ij ykSVus ds fy.s .kka oU. çdkj lsA blhfy.% lkSfef=eZe fofnr% ç/kkufe=e~A pRokjLru.k! rqe esjs fy.g] ftlds fy. fdlh fo'ks"k mís'.18 ßrqe tkvks vkSj lw. gSA vkidk ou esa tkdj d"Ve.ksa us firjksa ds m¼kj dk fu'p.Ur g"kZiwoZd v.d rks .koUrks cgqJr q k%A rs"kka oS leosrkukefi df'pn~x.107. esa de ls de .oa jkt"kZ.g ns[kuk pkgrs Fks fd ..gh gS fd rqe iq= cuksA rqeus eq>s ^viR.slk gS .".k ij cqjh rjg cjl jgs gS]a eqfu ofl"B czkã.k ds T.13 vkns'k gS fd .kukegefi jktk.d i.a ujk. gksxk vkSj esjk d"Ve.k esa gh jg jgh gksAa mu nksuksa ds fy.ojk o.] ftuds ân.sAA II.k esa djsA .ksfr&LrEHk nlok¡ v/.s mfpr Hkk"kk esa mudh HkRLukZ djrs gSAa dqN yksxksa dk .s ckrsa dgha FkhA okLro esa os ukfLrd ugha gSAa Þ os jke ls dgrs gS]a ßos .k ds uhpsA og N= rqEgkjs eLrd ij 'khry Nk.k.k fd çrhr gksrk Fkk fd os ml okrkoj.% losZ çrhrk jktuUnuA rLekR=kfg ujJs"B firja ujdkRçHkksAA II.fn rqe dqN vlko/kku gks] rks os rqEgsa jkT. vius dks ogk¡ dh ifjfLFkfr esa <ky ldrs Fks] . mUgsa le£ir djrk gS] ogh iq= dgykus .slk er gS fd .d csVk] tks ijksidkjh vuq"Bku djds vius firk ds dY.slk yxus yxk ekuks og v.k Fkk fd tc os ou esa Fks jke dks fcYdqy . esa Hkh mls . v-9.107. dHkh Hkh jgus ds fy. dksbZ fpUrk er djksA .slk lkspuk Hkh ugha fd eq>s fdlh çdkj dk Dys'k gksxkAÞ Nk.g ns[kdj fd Jh jke bl czkã.A .kstu djds ftls ^b"V iq=* dgrs gSAa og pkgs /ku nku nsdj fd. 147   csVk] Þiqeß~ uked udZ ls firk dk m¼kj djrk gS] .ksX.k[.k.17 ßrqe Lo. gSAa .slh dksbZ ckr ugha gSA eSa rqEgkjs ls fdlh cnrj fLFkfr esa ugha gw¡A ge nksuksa ds thou esa iw.slk eu esa er lkspks fd ouokl ls eq>s dqN d"V gksus okyk gSA rqe lksprs gks fd rqEgkjk thou vkuUne. thou O.rhr djuk esjs fy.kka Nk.ka rs fnudjHkk% çck/kekua o"kZ=a Hkjr djksrq ewÆ/u 'khrke~A .ksfa d thou esa vusd ifjorZu vkSj mrkj&p<Ûko vk ldrs gSAa çkIr gq.a ujsUæa lR.slh ikou fof'k"Vrk dk xkSjo çkIr Fkk! fdruk çkphu LFkku jgk gksxk .k FkkA vr%] rqe Hkh vius firk dk udZ ls m¼kj djksAÞ Hkjr Jh jke dks ckj&ckj dgrs Fks] ßvki rks .d rks mudk Jk¼ x.ka rkefr'kf.k efUnjksa esa fd.k ugha] blls gesa dksbZ ç.ksa ds jktk cuks vkSj eSa taxyh i'kqvksa dk lezkV~ cuw¡xkA rqe vR.sAA * nsf[k.k dk vkJ. x.k djsA eSa Hkh bu taxyh ouo`{kksa dh ?kuh Nk. og ^iq=* dgykrk gSA iq= ogh gS] tks firjksa dh lc vksj ls j{kk djrk gSAÞ fQj Jh jke Hkjr ls dgrs gS]a ß.d vk.k fl¼kUr le>krs gSAa vxys lxZ esa Jh jke blds fy.k dks tkvks vkSj eSa Hkh çlékrkiwoZd naMdou esa ços'k d:¡xkA .kstu ughaA u rks budk dksbZ çHkko rdZ&fordZ ij iMÛrk gS vkSj u gh dFkkoLrq ijA vUr esa ofl"B] Jh jke vkSj tkckfy ds chp esa vk tkrs gSAa .a euq".k tkdj Jk¼ dj ldsA .ku vkjEHk gksrk gSA os dgrs gSa % . loZFkk vuqdy w FksA lhrk dks Hkh . ds cgqr ls xq.ka oztr s A~ A II.kd vkSj çf{kIr gSa vkSj nwljksa ds }kjk ckn esa tksMÛs x. ls (rqEgsa ykSVkus dh bPNk ls) gh . gSAÞ fQj Jh jke Hkjr ls dgrs gS]a ßmfpr rks .e`xk.s jkTÛkh dj ldsAa ijUrq rqe rks cMÛs tkx:d gksA [ÛkjS ] vc tkckfy dks NksMÛkAs Þ rRi'pkr~ ofl"B th dk .Z ds rki ls foJkfUr yks] jktlh N=Nk.] .k tk.gk¡ uTÛkj&vUnkTÛk djus tk jgk gw¡A bu nks lxks± esa ls igys eSa tkckfy Jh jke dks HkkSfrdokn dk feF.uha lq[kh Jf.k] fdruk fo[.107.ks/.Mdku~ çso{.14 ßHkjr! bl çdkj lHkh jkt£"k.s vlá gSAÞ Jh jke dgrs gS]a ß.k ds fy. II.146 jkek.slk gks] tks x.g LFky x.kZ lerk gS]Þ vkSj os bl ckr dks bl çdkj Li"V djrs gSa % Roa jktk Hkjr Hko Lo.s . yw¡xkA eq>s fdlh çdkj dk d"V ugha gksxkAÞ 'k=q?u% dq'kyefrLrq rs lgk.kr jgk gksxk fd Jh jke ds le.k vU.kZIr ugha] nks Hkh ugha] D.^ cuus dks dgk Fkk] eSa rqEgsa ^iq=* cuus dks dgrk gw¡AÞ .k dh j{kk gsrq chp&cpko djrs gSAa ÞbUgksua s bl le. fd.d euq".107.LFka Hkjr pjke ek fo"khnAA II.107.k tk.d yEck O.rs"kkegefi dkuuæzek.d egkiq#"k gSAa egku dqy esa vkidk tUe gqvk gSA jktlh oSHko vkSj mPpre lEeku lHkh dqN vkids fy.k mPp vkSj ifo= gks] ou esa jgus ls dksbZ vUrj ugha iMÛrk FkkA Jh jke dgrs gS]a ßHkS.

dgrs gSAa ßT.k djus vkSj jktk cuus ds fy. FkhAÞ . esa dfo dgrk gS :* foyyki lHkke/. ikyuh.k x.k Hkfo"..ku nsus dh ckr gS fd tc Hkjr vius ekek ds ?kj ls ykSVs Fks] ofl"B th us n`<Ûrkiwod Z lc xq#vks]a osn vkfn ds uke ij Hkjr dks jkT.g lqudj Hkjh lHkk esa Hkjr vk¡lw cgkus yxs vkSj iqjksfgr th dks mikyEHk nsus yxsA .k\ ofl"B th us D.k mUgksua s ugha NksMÛh FkhA os vR.gk¡ ofl"B ds lEcU/k esa dqN dguk pkgw¡xkA lEHkor% esjh fVIi.kZ orkZo djrs gS]a mldk cnyk iq= }kjk lgt gh pqdk.g fof/k dgk¡ rd lQy gqbAZ vki tkurs gh gksxa s fd bl oa'k esa b{okdq euq ds vkSjl iq= FksA ofl"B th mu lcds dqyxq# jgs FksA os mu lcdks tkurs Fks vkSj mu lcdk mYys[k djrs gSAa os crkrs gSa fd b{okdqofa 'k.111.k rL. dks vjktdrk esa NksMÛk ugha tk ldrk]ß bl çdkj dk ijke'kZ mUgksua s fn.fn mUgksua s .] ßrqEgkjs firk th rks pys x.RÑre~AA II. v-13.s"B ds gksrs gq. iwjk d:¡xkAÞ * nsf[k.ksa NksMÛ fn.k djus ds }kjkA vusdksa NksV]s n.s txgsZ p iqjksfgre~AA II 82..35 eSa .k dksbZ vU.k gSa vkSj lc dqN cMÛs 'kkUrHkko ls eku ysxa ]s os TÛkjk vkxs c<Ûrs gSAa os dgrs gS]a ßrqe vius firk dh vkKk ikyu djuk pkgrs gks vkSj esjh inoh rqEgkjs firk ls Hkh Å¡ph gSA os .k ykSV tkus dk ijke'kZ nsrs gSAa .kfHk"ksd gksrk gSAÞ os Jh jke dks v.kZu dj ldrk gS] dkSu eki ldrk gS] dkSu pqdk ldrk gS ml lcdks] ftldks ik.k dk mi.ksa ds .d nks nk¡o&isp le.a p fç.slk ugha fd.ksx d:¡xkA eSa dq'kk ij ysVk jgw¡xk] u eSa Hkkstu d:¡xk] u lksÅ¡xk] tc rd esjs HkS.UekfRirjkS o`Ùka ru.ksfr&LrEHk nlok¡ v/.ksx djus ds fy. eq>s jktk cuus dks dguk vkids fy.k gS mlus] vius ek¡&cki ls\Þ l fg jktk tuf.ksa dks ns[k pqds FksA ijUrq bl dFkk esa mudh Hkwfedk dqN fofp= FkhA ftl le.kka fg los"Z kka jktk Hkofr iwot Z %A iwot Z s ukoj% iq=ks T.g NksVk lk Nksdjk mUgsa mykiEHk nsrs gq.k lh/kh rjg esjh ckr ekuus dks rS.k esjh ckr ugha eku ysrAs Þ tks yksx lR.kAÞ fdUrq] Hkjr jkT.kso`¼ Fks] tks lalkj dh lHkh xfrfof/k.g dgrs gq.148 jkek. NksVk iq= jktk ugha gks ldrkA T.s·fHkf"kP. çekf.d fu"Qy Hkwfedk gSA Hkjr cMÛs .d vaxTsz Ûkh dfo dgrk gS] ßvuqdEik vkSj çse Hkjs vusdksa lk/kkj.Ur vuqHkoh o.rk firk n'kjFkks eeA vkKkra .qDr le>h tk.k* esa .k.kj jgrs Fks] os vc dgrs gS]a ßvc eSa çk.slk ugha dgk] ßbl O.slh voLFkk esa jkT.kA mUgksua s nwljs yksxksa dk i{k fy.110. djrs gS]a tSls viuh 'kfDr ds vuqlkj mÙke [kk|inkFkZ nsuk] mcVu vkfn yxkdj ugykuk] vPNs fcNkSus ij lqykuk] lnk ehBh ckrsa cksyuk rFkk ikyu&iks"k.ks/.10 ßlSd a MÛkas midkj ekrk&firk vius iq= ds fy.11 ßvr% esjs tUenkrk firk egkjkt n'kjFk dh vkKk feF.g tkuus esa fnypLih gksxh fd ^jkek.d o`¼ iq#"k FksA eSa rqEgkjk xq# gw¡A esjh vkKk dk ikyu djksAÞ ijUrq Jh jke us vius mÙkj ls mUgsa Hkh pqi dj fn.k ugha tk ldrkA vr% eq>s . fcuk iMÛk jgw¡xk D. ugha Fkk] ftlls os vufHkK FksA dksbZ Hkh riL.k gSA vc os Hkjr dk leFkZu djrs gq. xzg. dgrk gS] ßxq#nso! vki rks b{okdq dqy dh e.s le>k. 149   b{okdw.kA /. . ij mi.ksfa d HkS.s"B HkkbZ mifLFkr ugha gSA . ftudh Le`fr Hkh vc 'ks"k ughaA dkSu crk ldrk gS] dkSu o.s dq:r% lnkA u lqçfrdja rÙkq ek=k fi=k p .frAA II.k Fkk] .k vuke ÏR. 111..111.s] ijUrq okYehfd dh jpuk ls eq>s leFkZu feyrk gSA bl volj ij ofl"B th dh Hkwfedk dqN fofp= gSA os fdlh fof'k"V çHkko'kkyh Hkwfedk dk çn'kZu ugha djrs] tSlh fd muds cMÛs uke ls vis{kk dh tk ldrh FkhA os rks /keZ ds ewr&Z óksr Fks] leLr Kku ds HkaMkj FksA osn dk dksbZ va'k .k ds T.g ckr eSa dnkfi ugha eku ldrkAÞ .s fd xq# ekrk&firk ls Hkh c<Ûdj gksrk gSA .k % .Ur vuqi. u rfUeF.ksa .10 .s"B iq= dk gh jkT.s ekrk&firk dh vkKk vo'.oknsu rFkk lao/kZusu pAA II. Jh jke lcds lkewfgd fojks/k dk vdsys gh lkeuk djrs gS]a os bl /keZ ds óksr vkSj vk/kkj (ofl"B ls) vius i{k esa dqN leFkZu dh vis{kk dj ldrs FksA mUgsa vdsyk D.kZnk vkSj çfr"Bk ds fu/kku gSAa fQj eq>ls bl çdkj dh ckr dSls dg ldrs gS\a jke ds gksrs gq. vkSj T.g lkspdj fd jke furkUr vkKkijk.kd rF.g er crkb.Fkk'kfDr çnkusu LukiukPNknusu pA fuR.s"B iq= gh jktk gksrk vk.k] og loZFkk mfpr gh gSA mlds fy.k ugha gksxhA mls eSa vo'.Ue.ksios'k (vu'ku) ozr djus tk jgk gw¡ vFkkZr~ vék [kk.gk¡ jktk dh e`R.qfDr dq'ky FksA muds ikl loZnk .fDr us tks dqN fd.rsAA II.k vkSj çse Hkjs midkj os djrs gSAa Þ tSls .kh vR.kxzg i¼fr ls HkyhHkk¡fr ifjfpr gS]a mUgsa . rS.q ds i'pkr~ lnk T. dks vLohdkj dj nsrs gSAa Hkjr ds fo"k.kj ugha gksrAs vc eSa TÛkcjnLrh nckc dh bl uSfrd çfØ.s"Bks jkT. /keZlxa r ugha gSAÞ vr% bl dFkk esa ofl"B dh Hkwfedk .9 os dgrs gS]a ßekrk vkSj firk iq= ds çfr] tks loZnk Lusgiw.slk dqN dgk gksrk] rks ckr dk #[Ûk dqN vkSj gh gksrkA ijUrq mUgksua s .

k djuk vko'. rS.k tc os dksbZ iqjkuk ½.g tks lc dqN rqe dj jgs gks vuSfrd vkSj vuqfpr gSA rqeus vius dks gkL. Jh jke us Lo.g fu"d"kZ fudyrk gS fd ml le.A Jh jke us Hkh {kk= /keZ ds foijhr gh çk.k.slk djus esa foo'k gksrs gS]a tc mUgsa fdlh ls ½.kZ.Z fd.ksios'k ljklj xÛyr gSA vc mBks] esjs HkkbZ! rqeus tks . esa dqN f'k{kk feyrh gS] rks og .ksa ds fy.g vuqfpr dk.kr lsrq dk fuekZ.kl esa lQy ugha gq.f'pr djuk iMÛxs kA vc 'kh?kz mBks] vkpeu djds esjk Li'kZ djksA bl çdkj rqEgkjh 'kqf¼ gks tk.k olwy djuk pkgrs gSAa gekjs fy. u] os fdrus gBhys gSAa buls dqN rks dfg.s vkSj leqæ mudh ckr vulquh dj jgk Fkk] ml le.q gksus okyh gSAa og .ksios'k dk cgqr pko FkkA mUgksua s ckj&ckj bldk ç.s bl çdkj /kjuk nsus dk fo/kku ugha gSA rqEgkjs fy.s"B Hkzkrk] lEikfrA mldks .Ru dksbZ dke ugha vk.slk lksprs gSa % vn`"V~ok fda ço{.111.k vaxn vkfn okujksa us fopkj fd.k* ls .k fd.A os Jh jke dk eq¡g rkdus yxsA Jh jke us bldks çksRlkfgr ugha fd.] 'ks"k rhu fn'kkvksa dh vksj x.ksfa d og vius lkSHkkX.slk yxrk gS] vaxn dks çk.k ysdj dgk] ßeSa bl leqæ dks 'kq"d cuk nw¡xk] lq[kk nw¡xk]Þ rc dgha leqæ nsork us çdV gksus dk fu'p.qnMa ds vfrfjDr dqN 'ks"k u FkkA vaxn dh vxqokbZ esa os lc Hkwfe ij ysV x.k gh dHkh&dHkh vU.ku nsus dh ckr gS fd vUrr% cy ç.k vkSj /kuq"k ck.k.a D.ksios'k dks vuqfpr ugha ekuk tkrk FkkA yadk esa LFkku&LFkku [kkst djus ds i'pkr~ lhrk dks <w¡< u ikus ij gqueku Hkh .k gSA çk.fn çk.qios'kusAA II.k dks D.150 jkek. dk mYya?ku dj nsus ij vc eSa vkej.ksios'k dk fu.k. dks cksy&cksy dj ljkg jgk Fkk] bu okujksa us gMÛcMÛkgV esa mldh vkokTÛk lqu yh vkSj fQj mudk çk.eqi"S .A ykSVus dh vof/k chr tkus ds dkj. çk.frorZuAs A V.. fy.k] Mjk.kA bu lc çlaxksa ls . ds çfr .a gh dq'k ys vkrk gw¡]Þ vkSj os vki gh ?kkl ys vkrs gSa vkSj mldh pVkbZ fcNk dj ysV tkrs gS]a vkSj dgrs gS]a ßHkS.gh Fkh fd Jh jke v. .kker% .k dgrs gS\a Þ Jh jke dgrs gS]a ß.slk gh fopkj fd. gS\a . fy.d gks tkrk gS .ksa dks dnkfi bldk voyEcu ugha ysuk pkfg.o] og lkspus yxk .k ls lkFk ysdj vk.kA ijUrq tSlk fd eSua s crk.|fi mls dk.k] mUgksua s çk.slk gh fd.ksios'k dk fopkj lekIr gks x.d ekl iw.k .kA .kA ^jkek. çlax Hkh gSAa lqxhz o us lhrk dh [kkst esa okujksa dks pkjksa fn'kkvksa esa Hkstk FkkA blds fy.qfDr.s lc okuj ej tk.s b/kj&m/kj vf/kd ?kwe Hkh u ldrk FkkA vr.ksios'k gekjs esa vuqer ugha gSA ge {kf=.ksx fd.k! vc] crkvks vki D.ksa esa ifj.k] rhu fHkék&fHkék voljksa ijA vc ogha ij . le.8 ßtudufUnuh lhrk dks ns[kus esa vlQy gksdj eSa mUgsa D.A dsoy czkã.k\ D.d gS] fdUrq jkspd gSA lqUnjdkaM esa guqeku us Hkh dqN .k djrs jgs] fpUrkxzLr jgs] ijUrq leqæ nsork us n'kZu ugha fn. fy.k] mudh .12.sxhAÞ Hkjr us .ksios'k çlax dks iwjk djuk vuko'.g ns[kdj Hkh fd Jh jke mls vuqfpr Bgjkrs gS]a Hkjr rqjUr mios'k ls ugha mBs] ogha ds ogha cSBs jgsA mu yksxksa ls] ftUgsa os v.d djoV ysdj]/kjuk nsdj euq".k dksbZ oLrq ysuk vko'.kA rc os Hkh dgrs gSa fd] ßeSa çk..k os Hkwy x.k mldk vc rqEgsa çk.d .A .d fodykax i{kh Fkk tks Hkw[k ls cgqr O.kZfUor ugha fd.A thou dk vUr djus dh bPNk ls çk.iFk ij yxrs gS]a firk dh vkKk dk ikyu djus esa çfrc¼ gSAa Þ rRi'pkr~ Jh jke Hkjr ls dgrs gS]a ßrqe ns[k jgs gks rqEgkjs vius yksx Hkh rqEgkjk lkFk NksMÛ jgs gSAa HkkbZ! rqEgkjk çk. dke djrk ekywe gksrk gSA Hkjr vius ç.|fi mudh gk£nd bPNk .slk djuk dnkfi mfpr ughaAÞ czkã.s bl çdkj dh TÛkcjnLrh djuk 'kksHkuh. lHkk Hkh fuf'pr dh xbZ FkhA guqeku vaxn vkfn ds lkFk nf{k.slk gh yxrk gSA bu lc fLFkfr.kks ásdik'osu Z ujku~ jks)fq egkgZfrA u rq ew/kkZfHkf"kDrkuka fof/k çR.ksa dk HkaMkj vHkh [Ûkkyh ugha gqvk FkkA okn&fookn dk ..q dk T. lqxhz o ds gkFkksa e`R.fn .k vu'ku d:¡xkAÞ ^jkek.ksx gh lQy gqvk] uje ç.ksfa d vc muds fy.kA vr% lqeU= viuh txg ls ugha fgyrsA rc Hkjr dgrs gS]a ßvPNk rks eSa Lo.k vkSj os Hkh rhu fnu vkSj rhu jkr Hkw[k gMÛrky dj iMÛs jgs] tkxj.d vkSfpR.kfe rkega tudkRetke~A /kzoq a çk.kA bl çk.d Fkk] okuj lsuk dks nwljs ikj ys tkus ds fy.ks/.k gh .k fn'kk dh vksj x. gq.k* esa çk.kj ugha gq.ksfr&LrEHk nlok¡ v/.k mÙkj nw¡xkA lqxhz o ds fuf'pr fd.k fd fu/kkZfjr vof/k chr tkus ij os lqxhz o ls ugha fey ldsxa s D.kLin cuk fy.ksios'k NksMÛrk gw¡AÞ tc mUgksua s leqæ nsork dks /kedk.d o`¼ x`/kz jgrk Fkk] tVk.ksios'k dk vkJ.k\ rqEgkjs HkkbZ lR.17 ßczkã.k fd mlds vkl&ikl gh vusd e`R.k Fkk] .k djus okys {kf=.g irk py x. 151   Hkjr lqeU= dks cqykdj dgrs gS]a ßtkdj 'kh?kz gh cgqr lh dq'k ys vkvksAÞ lqeU= rks ofl"B th ds leku gh cgqr iqjkus vuqHkoh FksA os rqjUr bl Nksdjs dh ckr ekuus ds fy.ksa dks vU.k ykSV pys]a fdUrq os yksx jke ls .k ds T.sxa s rks fdruk vPNk gksxkA D.g fujFkZd gSA . fd os {kf=.ksios'k NksMÛ fn. Fks] Hkjr us vkxzgiwod Z dgk] ßvki yksx HkS.slk dgus dk lkgl u dj ldsA os cksy]s ßijUrq] ge djsa D.ksios'k ds vU.kA /.k x.kdqy FkkA og f'kdkj ds fy.kZ gksus ij okuj fujk'k ykSV vk.ks/. ugha gSAÞ ijUrq tc ml fo[.g gS fd . ls jksd ldrk gSA ijUrq jktfryd xzg.AÞ nksuksa vksj dh ckr lqudj .fUr dkyL.ksios'k ds fo"k. O.ksa ugha le>krs gS\a nsf[k.

s mfpr gksxk\ D.a dÙkZO.sxkAÞ ijUrq Hkjr us vc Hkh gkj ugha ekuhA .28 ßfirkth us vius thou dky esa . dgrs gS]a ßHkS.32 ßdSd.29 ßeq>s ouokl ds fy.k ok Hkjrsu okAA II.kikj fd.Z ughaA eSa D.11 ßeSa vdsyk bl fo'kky lkezkT. D. dks] tks vki lcdks .oTÛk dk. us jktk n'kjFk dks udZ tkus ls cpk fy.g esjs fy.s ogk¡ mifLFkr Fks] viuk fu.k.fRi=k thfork eeA u rYyksif.k fi=k es lqÑra Ñre~AA II.s h us jktk ls oj ek¡xk Fkk vkSj eSua s mldk ikyu Lohdkj dj egkjkt n'kjFk dks cpk.k eSa bldks gLrkarfjr dj ldrk gw¡\ D. fn. bl çdkj gS& dksbZ vU.k Fkk] pkgs og fdruk Hkh nq"dj Fkk] og vc jke us iwjk pqdk fn.j d:¡xkA u rks eSa vkSj u gh Hkjr mls ys'kek= iyV ldrs gSAa tks dqN fu.rqa rFkkAA II.'p fg .s h dks dsoy ekSu LohÏfr nsus ds ctk.k dk. dh j{kk ugha dj ldrk] vki esa vuqjkx j[kusokys bu iqjoklh rFkk tuinoklh yksxksa dks Hkh vkids fcuk çlék ugha j[k ldrkA tSls 'kq"d ½rq dh o"kkZ esa tc foyEc gks tkrk gS] fdlku gkFk mBkdj vkdk'k dh vksj ns[krs gSa vkSj bUæ ls çkFkZuk djrs gS]a mlh çdkj gekjs ca/kq& cka/ko] fe= vkSj çtktu] ea=htu vkfn vkidh çrh{kk dj jgs gSa vkSj dsoy vki gh dks jktk ds :i esa ns[kuk pkgrs gSAa Þ Kkr.Z dks fdlh çfrfuf/k (mif/k) }kjk djok ldrk gw¡\Þ jke tuleqnk.k ds T. mik.a p firqop Z %A vgeso fuoRL.152 jkek.s h ds çfr tks ½.k lqân'p u%A Rokeso fg çrh{kUrs itZU.k r}pua Ñre~A vu`rkUeksp. deZ gh fd.slk djus dh vko'. u ns[kdj Hkjr dgrs gS]a ßHkS.111.kusu firja ra eghifre~AA II.fn .k gSA vc . gS!a os dSlh ew[kZrk dh ckrsa dj jgs gSAa eq>s pkSng o"kZ ds ouokl dk vkns'k feyk gSA D.gk¡ nsf[k. dks ns[kus ds fy.ksfa d lkeF.ksa vkSj nsorkvksa us tks bl n`'.12 fQj os dgrs gSa % bna jkT.] os mldk vuqeksnu gh djus yxrs gSa] ßdSds.slh vkKk nh Fkh fd .¡A 'kklu djuk esjs o'k dh ckr ugha] esjs esa lkeF.k] ftldk mYys[k eSa igys gh dj pqdk gw¡A mUgksua s Hkjr ls dgk] ßvkt ds fnu Jh jke us tks dqN fd.112. .a egkçkK LFkki.Z dfj.gk¡ ysdj vk.g cgqr yTtktud gksxk] . pj.fn Roo'. fd dSd.] çfrfuf/k ls dke ysuk yksd esa fufUnr gSA dSd.g 'yksd dqN vLi"V gSA vr% eSa .kZ. 153   vU.qfDr.kZ.feo d"kZdk%A II.Roksa dh vnyk&cnyh dj ysAa Þ . çfri| fgA 'kfDrekufl dkdqRLFk yksdL.111. eSa .k] . vkSj eSa curk gw¡] vj. ls fuosnu djrs gSAa os muls dgrs gS]a Hkjr ls ugha % foØhrekfgra Øhra .s vkSj eSa vkidhA ge vius nkf.kZ.egesdLrq uksRlgsA ikSjtkuinka'pkfi jDrku~ j¥tf. dk lapkyu ugha dj ldrkA esjh ckr dkSu ekusxk\ lc yksx vkidh gh çrh{kk dj jgs gSa vkSj dgrs gS]a gesa Jh jke pkfg.] TÛkjk bu egk'k..fn eSa mlds foijhr dqN Hkh djrk gw¡AÞ mif/kuZ e.oklhA vki esjh .k FkkA Jh jke vius rdZ ds laoxs esa brus cg x.fn rqe Jh jke dks v.k ykSVus dks dgrs gks] rks jktk n'kjFk dk LoxZ ls iru gks tk.k FkkAÞ ^.drk ughaAÞ rc jke us uxjokfl.112.fn dksbZ [Ûkjhn&QÛjks[Ûr dk O.ksfr&LrEHk nlok¡ v/.13 .k /kjksgj j[k nh gS] rks D.k e.h dks .k Fkk] ge rks dsoy mlls çfrc¼ gSAa esjs fy.k gks] dksbZ oLrq csp nh gS .a e.kZ vf/kdkj FkkAÞ o`rks jktk fg dSd¸s .k! vki le>rs gSa fd vkius rdZ eSa eq>s gjk fn.112.qDreqDra p dSd¸s .d Vhdkdkj ds vuq:i gh bldk vFkZ djrk gw¡A esjh le> ls 'yksd dk vfHkçk.k gS] og loZFkk mfpr gSA muds fu. vkidk gS] bldks xzg.ksa dks lEcks/ku dj dgk] ßnsf[k.k djsa vkSj fQj .k gSA os vc LoxZ esa fLFkr gSa D.gk¡ pkSng o"kZ O.Z ds jgrs gq.g Bhd gSA ijUrq] eSa rks fcYdqy ukle> gw¡] eSa tkdj bl fo'kky lkezkT.ksZ ouokls tqxqfIlr%A .k eSa bl dk.k vkjEHk gksrk gSA Hkjr jke ls dgrs gS]a ßvki dgrs gSa fd firk th us . firk th us fy.ks/..s fdlh dks Hkh viuk çfrfuf/k ugha cukuk pkfg.ks/kk'p fe=kf.26 ßfirkth dh vkKk ikyu djus ds fy.fn firk th dh vkKk ikyu djuk gh vfuok.k FkkA vr% Hkjr! vc rqe Hkh tkvks vkSj ml oj dk ikyu dj vlR.111.111.slk gh lghA . ds cU/ku ls vius firk dks eqDr djkvksAÞ rRi'pkr~ gh] eg£"k.Ûk (vkt ds mÙkjkf/kdkjh dh rjg) eSa mlds lEcU/k esa tkdj eqdÛnek nk..rhr dj yw¡xkA vkidks .ksfa d mudk dSd.k¡ muds ikl vHkh vkSj Hkh FkhaA os Jh jke ds pj..k .]* 'kCn&mikf/k gS] ftldk mYys[k eSua s igys fd.kksa esa fxj iMÛrs gSa vkSj mUgsa vius gkFkksa ls n`<Ûrkiwod Z idMÛrs gq.g jkT.slk djus dk iw.k dj ldw¡xk\Þ jf{krqa lqegækT.kA dnkfpr~~ .k Fkk] Hkkjh uSfrd ¿.d iq= jktk cus] nwljk cus vj.rqa 'kD.oklhA .a oLrO.s h us mfpr ek¡x gh çLrqr dh Fkh vkSj esjs firkth us mls nsdj iq. ifjikyusAA II.kfe prqn'Z k lek ousAA II.Z gS] rks vki tkdj jktk cfu.

] rc fdlh jgL.A blls Li"V gks x.slk rks dnkfi ugha gks ldrkAÞ y{eh'pUæknis.112..k ds vk/kkj ij 'kklu dk lapkyu djus ds fy.s h mUgsa vius iq= dk çfr}U}h le>rh Fkha] ftldks ouokl fnyok dj ihNk NqMÛk. dks jkT.d uSfrd çkf/kdkj pkfg.d çfr'kkld fu.e.k&iknqdk.slk gh crkZo djsa tSlk ekrk ds çfr djuk pkfg. dks ugha Hkwyxas ]s fo'ks"kdj] muds çfr Hkh] tks mUgsa fdlh u fdlh :i esa viuk 'k=q ekurs gksAa dSd.k}k fgeoku~ ok fgea R.k ekrk ds çfr djuk pkfg. dks viuk dj fdlh dks fu.s jkTÛkh gks x.S'p lqâfö'p cqf)efö'p efU=fHk%A loZdk.k gS] lqânksa vkSj cqf¼eku eaf=.fn rqe vc Hkh lksprs gks fd esjs ykSVus dh dksbZ vk'kk gS] .k&iknqdkvksa esa LFkkukUrfjr gks xbZA Hkjr mu pj.17 ßblds vfrfjDr .o bldh O.tsrA~ vrh.'khy cqf¼ çkIr gqbZ gSA blls eq>s çek.q gks tk. s ha ek jks"ka dq: rka çfrAA e.a ee Hkzk=k nÙka l™îkloRLo.k&iknqdk.fn Jh jke vfHk"ksd ds fy.slk dgk tkrk gS fd Jh jke }kjk . çfØ.Z ns[ksxkAÞ Jh jke .s] vkSj tSlk fd Vhdkdkj dgrs gS]a bl vk'kk ls fd ouokl esa gh mudh e`R.kl* ds vFkZ esa gqvk gSA vkxs os dgrs gSa] Þmudh .¡ gh lcds .k. esjs ikl dsoy /kjksgj :i esa j[kk gSA oLrqr% jktk rks os gh gSAa eSa dsoy mUgha ds fy.s h us tks dqN Hkh fd.k&iknqdkvksa dks ?kj ys x.112.AÞ ekrja j{k dSd.s gh jktk gSAa ß .ksx gks tkus ds ckn Hkjr us cMÛs vknj vkSj J¼kHkko ls mUgsa xzg.fena Ñre~A u rUeufl dÙkZO. iknqds gseHkwf"krsAA II.kstu ls çsfjr FkkA dkeuk ls vFkok yksHko'k] rqEgkjs fy.s lqo.g jkT.19 ß.sAÞ .ksa ls lykg ysdj 'kklu pyk.as vius lgt xq.112. fge dk ifjR.dh p .ksRluk vyx gks tk. ?kfVr gksrk gSA lglk] ekuks fdlh tknw ls Hkjr .sa pkgs ?kV tk. os pj.qDr dj ns]a tks vkidh vksj ls vkSj vkids vuqKk ls 'kklu dk dk.s h dh j{kk djuk] muds çfr dHkh Øks/k u djukAÞ rnuUrj bl ukVd dk vfUre n`'.fn rqEgsa dqN 'kadk gks] rqEgkjs ikl cgqr ls yksx gSa] ftuls lykg yh tk ldrh gSA iqjkus vkekR.k tk.d vax Fkha] tks lkFk yk.qDr djs]a og gh bl çfØ.ksfr&LrEHk nlok¡ v/.qDr djds 'kklu Hkkj mls lkSia nhft.112. gS fd ekrk dSd.¡ vkSj le.g lc bl fy.fi dkj.kZ foHkwf"kr pj.k&iknqdk. esa dqN lhek rd Jh jke ds çfr'kkld gks ldrs FksA .¡ gSAa .k x.s"B Hkzkrk ds çfr djrs FksA .&le.ksx{kse dk fuokZg djus okyh gSAa ß .k] og vuSfrd ç.k djds f'kjks/kk.g ckr lqudj çlék gq.kZf. pkfg. vFkZ esa ugha gqvk gS] cfYd .AA II.s] fdUrq eSa viuh firk dh çfrKk ugha rksMÛ ldrk vFkok /keZ dks dnkfi ugha NksMÛ ldrkAÞ .¡ is'k djrs gSAa çrhr gksrk gS] .115. 155   vki pkga]s rks .slk djuk mfpr u gksxkA mlds çfr lnk oSlk gh crkZo djuk] tSlk viuh iwtuh.k[.d ckj ç.kl/kkjh gw¡Aß ^léîkloRLo.s fd.k ls mudh egkurk mu pj.k gS fd rqe bl cqf¼ }kjk leLr HkweMa y dh j{kk djus esa leFkZ gks ldrs gksAÞ vekR.¡ ogk¡ miyC/k FkhaA ofl"B th ds ladrs ij Hkjr us os pj.a p ekr`or~AA II. vf/kÏr gksxkA vr% vki bl jkT. ds vusd Hkkxksa esa 'kklu pyk.s h ds nq"deks± dks Hkwy tk.kA Hk`'keqRlgls rkr jf{krqa i`fFkohefiAA II.154 jkek.drk gksxhA blhfy.a cqf)% Lotk oSukf.sAa nwljs 'kCnksa es]a os jkT.k gksxk fd okn&fookn ds vkosx esa Hkh vFkok pje lek dh ifjfLFkfr esa Hkh Jh jke vius dÙkZO.ksx lkekU. 27-28 ßeSa rqEgsa viuh vkSj lhrk dh 'kiFk fnykdj dgrk gw¡ fd rqe ekrk dSd.d okLrfod 'kkld dh Hkwfedk fuHkkus ds fy.e~* dk ç.sA dkek}k rkr yksHkk}k ek=k rqH. ij çsj.16 ßrkr! rqEgsa tks LokHkkfod fou.] ftUgksua s iwoZ esa jkT.k ds T.a oÆrrO.rækT.k Fkk] bl fopkj ls fd .slh ekU.sa vkSj muls .] rks budh (iknqdkvks)a dh vko'.s tks dqN Hkh fd.kx ns]a pUæek ls mldh T.k fd mu iknqdkvksa ls mUgsa vko'.s bruk vuqxgz djs&a .ksx{kseogs rL.g 'yksd eSa igys Hkh mn~/k`r dj pqdk gw¡A vr.k&iknqdk.s 'kklu dk.Z fd.14 Hkjr dgrs gS]a ÞJh jke vHkh Hkh jktk gSAa mUgksua s .kA bl iwjh dk.k] mldks eu esa u ykukA .d ckj bu ij [kMÛs gksdj mrj vkb. vkSj cksys % vkxrk Rokfe.¡ ckgj fudkyhaA rc Hkjr Jh jke ls cksy]s ßHkS.s Hkh mlh lkeku dk .kx dj ns] leqæ viuh lhekvksa dks yk¡?kdj vkxs c<Û tk.g lR.k p lhr.k tk ldrk gSA .Zokgh ds çfr Hkjr dh dSlh Hkkouk.112.kRlkxjks osyka u çfrKkega firq%AA II.s] fgeky.d n`<Û vkSj Li"V ^U.A ftldks vki pquas vkSj fu.slk fopkj efLr"d ls fudky nksA .k ugha d:¡xkA vfUre 'kCn muds Fks fd Hkjr dSd.sa Fkha] bldk irk 115osa lxZ esa feyrk gS % .k! esjs fy.k x.Z dj jgk gw¡] eSa rks dsoy U.kksa dh R.k laeU«kî lqegkUR.rk gS fd tc Jh jke mu iknqdkvksa ij [kMÛs gq.k fey x.k pSo 'kIrks·fl j?kqlÙkeA II.e~A .s vkSj mUgsa çfrLFkkfir djds] muds çfr oSlk gh vknj Hkko çn£'kr djus yxs] tSlk fd os vius T.k&iknqdk.s]a oLrq.kk Hkh feysxh] tks .d tksMÛh lqo.s pj.kZ foHkwf"kr pj.18 ßvçkÏfrd ?kVuk.

FkZ esa vkSj cgqrk. djuk iMÛxs k . dk.115.Z djkrs jgsA ml le.ksx] og gekjs ân.d 'kCnkMEcj ls eqDr gSA Hkk"kk vkSj fo"k.k Hkh fuf'pr gh gS] muds lkFk y{e.k Fkk] fd bl pkSng o"kZ ds vfuok.ks/.k&iknqdkvksa ds çfr jkT. ds Lokeh Jh jke gh gS vkSj .Zeiq fS r fdafpnqik.slk gksus dh laHkkouk cgqr gS& fuU.s fcuk gh v.Zogkj dh f'kdkj gks tk.Ur mRÏ"V vkSj vR.fDr ds nqO..k euksgjrk vkSj vlk/kkj.k dkSu tkus lhrk ls gkFk Hkh /kksuk iMÛxs kA lhrk ds u jgus ij Jh jke dk ej.15 rRi'pkr~ Hkjr us eLrd >qdkdj mu pj.sxa As ewyr% .¼ q ^ ds Js. djuk dfBu ugha gS fd Jh jke vkSj Hkjr ds chp çdkaM okn&fookn esa dkSu thrkA fofp= ckr .Fkkor~AA II.d çfr'kkld ds :i esa ugha cfYd iw.s ekxZ loZFkk fu"daVd gks tk.kfn xq.qfDr çLrqr djds .26 Hkjr] cMÛs HkkbZ Jh jke dh mu iknqdkvksa dks jkT.kksa dk ç.kuos çfr'kr .sxa ]s .Z&fuf/k ls] ouoklh gksrs gq.Rdk.k çkIr gksrs jgsA bl çdkj ^jkek.nk fg . gS] muls esjk vuqjks/k gS fd os bu lqUnj 'yksdksa dks ckj&ckj i<ÛAas lkekU. HksVa vkrh Fkh] og lc igys mu iknqdkvksa dks fuosnu djds] Hkjr mldk . esa /keZ dh LFkkiuk gksxhA bl jkT.g Fkh] cká:i ls rks Hkjr gh gkjsA mudks vius HkkbZ dks lkFk fy.slh laHkkouk dks fdafpr ifjo£rr dj fn.k.115. ij vfHkf"kDr djds muds] v/khu jg dj jkT.115.r% vU.ka çFkea fuos| pdkj i'pköjrks . oLrq vR.oa vkSipkfjd n`fÔ ls Hkjr thrsA blds vfrfjDr] tSlk fd dfo dgrk gS] vkSj lc yksx Hkh ekurs Fks] Hkjr dh thr blesa Hkh Fkh fd mudks Jh jke dh pj.k ykSVuk iMÛkA ijUrq nwljs vFkZ esa os fot.h FkhA vr% ekuuk mfpr gh gksxk fd bl ^okd~..s h dh dkeuk Fkh] n'kjFk dk fopkj Fkk vkSj vU.k&iknqdkvksa ds çrki ls 'kklu djus dk vf/kdkj] lkgl] foosd&cqf¼] prq£nd lrdZrk bR.   Hkjr% f'kjlk ÑRok lk™îkla iknqds rr%A vczohnq%[klarIr% lo± çÑfreaMye~AA II.Ur nqyHZ k jRu gSAa os Hkh fdlh O.ksa esa vR.k] uSfrd mPprk lapkfjr dj nh x.k gS vkSj fo"k.k dk HkhA .k* dk .sxkA igys os . dk c¡Vokjk cjkcj&cjkcj gqvkA rF.kZr.r ls djrk gSA vlk/kkj.oLrq dk tks ?kfu× la.k djsAa eSa budks Jh jke ds lk{kkr~ pj.ksfr&LrEHk 157 nlok¡ v/.d .a dkj.kekl loZnkAA II.k lkSUn.Fkkor çcU/k djrs FksA .k fd LiÔ 'kCnksa esa u lgh ijUrq viuh dk.r f{kçek.q¼ vo'.Ur mins'kkRed gSA vr% Hkk"kk Hkh vuko'.Z] vlk/kkj.slk lksprs Fks fd Jh jke ds fuokZflr gksus ij] y{e. vkSj gekjs thou ifj"Ïr gksrs gSAa fdUrq .h gq.k ekurk gw¡A esjs xq# dh bu pj.slk ””” .o] jktk Hkjr gh cu tk.k ugha] vfirq esjs xq# dh bu pj.sxa As lhrk th olq/kk dh loZJ"s B lkSUn.k uSfrdrk ds dkO.g yksd foJqr çlax lekIr gksrk gSA .27 vc gekjs fy.g fd Hkjr jke dh iknqdkvksa ds ek/.ka jkT.k&iknqdkvksa ls gh bl jkT.ZiknqdAs rn/khuLrnk jkT.] tks dqN dk.:i ls Jh jke thrs vkSj oSf/kd .d ds ckn . le£ir djds] nq%[k ls larIr gksdj eU=h] lsukifr vkSj çtk vkfn ls dgk % gks ldrk gS] .ka xqjkseeZ AA II.156 jkek.d vlk/kkj.k&iknqdkvksa ds çrki ls gh gksxkAÞ rRi'pkr~ mUgksua s pj.ksx O.Z mifLFkr gksrk Fkk] tks Hkh cgqeYw . lc yksx Hkh .g ifjdYiuk Fkh] fdUrq Hkjr us viuh gB ls vkSj . esa /keZ dk fuokl esjs dkj.k&iknqdkvksa ds Åij N= /kkj.ua pksiâra egkgZeA~ l iknqdkH.k ds T.ka'k çnku djrs gS]a ftuls gekjs ân.sxa hA fQj Jh jke dks .Z dh lk{kkr~ çfrek gS] fL=.gk¡ rks O.s bl ckr dk fu.k vf/kdkfjd :i lsA eaFkjk dh vk'kk Fkh] ftldks mlus cMÛh LokehHkfDr ls dSd. LFkyksa ij dfo vuko'.d vkSj lEcks/kukRed 'kCnksa dk ç.kZ.Z] vçfre xq.kA rrLrq Hkjr% JhekufHkf"kÙ. Hkh] jkT. dks 'kqfprk vkSj thou dks ikourk çnku djus ds gsrq gqvk gSA N=a /kkj.kA mUgkaus s Jh jke dks .Z vkSj v[kafMr ouokl dh yEch vof/k esa yksx jke dks Hkwy tk.ZiknkfoekS erkSA vkH.g lqf'k{kk vkSj lnqins'k ls Hkjiwj gSA ftuds ikl le.g Lohdkj djus ij foo'k dj fn.qojkt cusxa s vkSj rRi'pkr~ jktk gks tk.e ls 'kklu djsaxs] ftuesa .115.k.slk lc lksprs FksA vr.Dr fopkj ladfs Uær gS] FkksMÛs ls 'kCnksa esa cgqr dqN dgk x.s h dks Hkh crk.kstu gS] vçfre lkSUn.A dSd.16 ßvki lc yksx bu pj.k vkSj lhrk dks muds lkFk pys tkus ij] Hkjr ds fy.k&iknqdkvksa dk vfHk"ksd fd.s fLFkrks /keZ% iknqdkH.

d çkphu dkO. fotkfr.ksa iwoZ ds . ekunaMksa ds vk/kkj ij djsAa vr.d vHkæ :i ekurs gSAa 158 X. rRij jgrk FkkA jktk dh lÙkk ds {ks= dk foLrkj djus gsrq fo'ks"k .k ?k`.g fu£ookn gSA ysfdu ^jkek. ckr ugha ekuh tkrh Fkh fd tks dqN mUgsa fojklr esa feyk gS] mls i.sls fo}ku vkSj fo'ks"kK gS]a ftudh lksp ij dksbZ ç'ufpÊ ugha yxk.f/kd vHkhIlk rFkk deTÛkksj oxks± ij vR. yw¡] . ogh {kf=.g Hkh vkjksi yxk.ksx i= ls fudky nsuk pkfg.ksX. .d lEiw.k] mldks fdlh nwljs volj ij yw¡xkA dnkfpr~~ .k ekuk tkrk FkkA lcds fy.ksa ds fy. Hkh jgs gSAa .kkvksa ds ifjçs{.k. esa vk'p.k.A blds vfrfjDr mUgksua s bl ckr dks Hkh cyiwod Z dgk fd ckfy dk o/k djus esa mUgksua s vius HkkbZ] Hkjr ds çfrfu/k dh gSfl.qnMa fn.k] rks .jkek.ku nsxa As vkykspdksa us Jh jke ij .kA Hkjr v.d egku 'kkld ds pfj= dk v/.ks/.ku esa j[kuk gksxk fd lUrqf"V rks dsoy czkã. FkkA Hkjr dh ml LFky ij vuqifLFkfr esa] Hkjr ds HkkbZ dk vFkok muds ifjokj ds fdlh Hkh fj'rsnkj dk] tks fd 'kkgh ifjokj dk lnL. .d gksxk] .g mlh lkezkT.k ds jktk Fks] vr% lEiw.ksfr&LrEHk 158  X.s loZFkk vik= ekuk tkrk Fkk] .g vkjksi yk.Z ugha fd .g crk nsuk vko'.fn og vius jkT.okn . lÙkk }kjk fdlh Hkh çdkj dk fu.srkvkssa ds fy. gSµ .k ml le.g mfpr jgsxk fd eSa vkjEHk esa gh mu ckrksa dk ladrs dj nw¡] ftudh vksj ge fo'ks"k /.fn fdf"dU/kk esa ogk¡ dk 'kkld dksbZ vuqfpr vkpj.d lÙkk dk .g mfpr gksxk fd eSa fdlh çdkj dk fu.s .o] gekjs fy. jktkvksa ds fy.d jktk dk cMÛs lHkh jktkvksa ds HkwHkkx ij 'kqYd yxkus vFkok viuk vf/kdkj tekus ds çfr yksxksa esa dksbZ lgkuqHkwfr ugha gSA bls ge Lokxzg dk .k tkrk FkkA ml le.kZ fookn dk fo"k.rk dgk tkrk gS] vksrçksr gSAa mudh n`f"V esa jktkvksa vkSj jktlh lÙkk/kkfj.ksa ds Hkkoqdrkiw.kZ.) fo'o egk..u dj jgs gS]a mUgsa eSa .k FkkA fdUrq fQj Hkh vk/kqfud /kkj. gksus dk nkok djrk gks] vf/kdkj Fkk fd og vijk/k ds vuq:i mls naM nsA .'kkL= ds vuqlkj .g vleFkZrk dk y{k.k gS fd Jh jke us ckfy dk o/k .s gSAa .k x.s vknj vkSj çfr"Bk .kjgok¡ v/.Ru'khy jgrk] tks lEiw.k* ds v/.a=..ksa ls /.s nks ?kVuk.slh ço`fÙk esa vkSj vR.kvksa ds lUnHkZ esa mBk.kkLin gSA fo'ks"kdj] bu fnuksa tcfd (f}rh.k esa ugha ykrk FkkA vr% . c<Ûkus ds fy.k gSA ge vkt ijra= yksx gSAa vr.kpkj djus dh ço`fÙk esa dksbZ vf/kd vUrj ugha ekursA viuh lQÛkbZ esa Jh jke cMÛh n`<Ûrk ls] fcuk fdlh 'krZ ds bl lkezkT.ksx ls] de egÙo okys ç'u eq[.k tkrk gS fd mudk ckfy dk o/k djuk gh ekuo /keZ ds loZFkk çfrdwy gSA la.ksa dks viuh N=Nk.q¼ dkaM ds vUr esa o£. dh lhekvksa dk foLrkj djus esa ç.s x.kA .d ?kVuk dk Lej.k. ds U.g /.k gksxk] tcfd uUndqekj dks tkyh nLrkosTÛk cukus ds fy.k FkkA mUgs]a fcuk fdlh uSfrd ladksp ds] mls naM nsus esa dksbZ f>>d ugha Fkh] .k ij mls naM ns ldrs Fks\ D.oa vkRekfHkO. vkSj 'krkfCn.d voxq.g ç'u mBrk gS fd D. fdlh Hkh çdkj dk lkezkT.ksa esa .g dksbZ ljkguh.d le>rk gw¡ fd gesa vk/kqfud vkdka{kk dh n`f"V ls Jh jke dh vkykspuk djus dk dksbZ vf/ kdkj ugha gSA gesa .q naM ykxw gksrk Fkk] tks vius NksVs HkkbZ dh iRuh dks viukus dk nks"kh gks\ vkidks Hkkjr ds bfrgkl dh .g nkok] muds pfj= ls dqN esy [kkrk gqvk çrhr ugha gksrkA tks yksx .Kksa dk vk.s gSAa eSa igys mudk mYys[k d:¡xkA esjs dqN fe= vk/kqfud eukso`fÙk ls] ftldks vUrjkZ"Vªh.q¼ ds ifj.kZ ns'k ij çHkqRo vFkok . xkSjo dks ugha c<Ûkrk Fkk vkSj vU.fDr ij e`R.k ds T. fdlh Hkh vU.% .k ekuk tkrk Fkk] {kf=. esa . eqíksa ds lkFk my> x.fn eSa leLr eqíksa dks ladfyr dj nw¡] tks bu leL.flagklu ds fy.oknh fl¼kUr dk foLrkj Fkk] ftldks Jh jke us fcuk fdl 'krZ ds çfrikfnr fd.fDr dh vkokTÛkas mBkbZ tk jgh gSAa .sls le.gk¡ eSa dsoy ckfy çlax dh ppkZ d:¡xkA nwljk çlax] tks xEHkhj fookn dk fo"k.g ekudj fd . e`R.kadu vU.fn Jh jke us bl fl¼kUr dk dqN lqLi"V :i ls çfriknu fd.g dksbZ ln~x.kZ Hkkjro"kZ muds v/khu FkkA .k tk ldrk vkSj u gh esjs fy.g rdZ laxr u gksxk fd ge mudk ewY.k tkfr dk gh xq.q k ugha le>k tkrk FkkA çk.sa dkQÛh fooknkLin gSAa fookn ds i{k esa vkSj fojks/k esa nksuksa gh vksj .g vf/kdkj Fkk fd os ckfy ds nqjkpj.kZIr eku dj lUrq"V jgsAa og jktk jkT.kr Jh jke dk lhrk ds çfr vkpj.kZ egkns'k esa viuk çHkko vkSj vkf/kiR.sls fcUnq gS]a tks u dsoy 'krkfCn.r ls dke fd.okn dk i{k çLrqr djrs gSAa vr.k djs] rks og Hkjr }kjk naMuh.ku vkd£"kr djrs jgs gS]a oju~ fookfn.g ykHknk.sls O.d xqIr LFkku esa fd. 159  fo'ks"kdj jktkvksa esa ge . jke blds iwoZ fd eSa Jh jke pfj= dh ifjppkZ lekIr d:¡] eq>s nks jkspd fcUnqvksa dh ppkZ djuh gSA .s .kstu fd.k Jh jke dks oLrqr% .kjgok¡ v/.kkeLo:i ds NksVs vkSj cMÛs ns'kksa esa LorU=rk dh vkdka{kk gS vkSj Lok/khurk . ekuk tkrk Fkk] tks vfg£u'k vius jkT.o vkt ds ge yksxksa dks Jh jke dk ..o bl vkjksi dks Jh jke ds çfr vfHk.

O.k ekuh tk.g vko'.k okyh çºoks Hkosr]~ rnk r}/kks u .ksa ugha ekjk\ D.s nks egku Hkk".rk yw¡xkA .] 'kj.k fd lqxhz o dh iRuh] :ek dk mlds HkkbZ ckfy }kjk gfFk. e`R.ksa ugha pquk\ ckfy ds fy.k vFkok ^jkek.s Hkh vR.Vd u cusA çk'.k x.14 ßrnuUrj] os lc yksx ckfy dh jkt/kkuh fdf"dU/kk iqjh esa x..g Fkh fd ckfy [kqyh yMÛkbZ vFkok vkeus&lkeus ds .slh fLFkfr esa Jh jke .kuk .k] fdUrq eqBHksMÛ bl <ax ls Fkh] tks lkekU.s e`R.d Fkk] rkfd og vkxs d.kj ughaA os fu'p.g mBk.38 Jh jke us ckfy dk o/k fd.fr"Bu~ xgus ousAA IV.k] dgha fNi dj ugha] rFkkfi .d gS fd ge dsoy mlh ij viuh n`f"V tek.Z vR.ksfr&LrEHk X.kkxr gks tkrkA .Z ugha fd eSa .k] .çHkkor.k dh oLrq gksA esjs tSls jktkvksa dks] fo'ks"kdj jktdqy ds yksxksa dks] dk vf/kdkj gSA e`x.dkjksa dh fVIif.ka oztr s ]~ nsodk.slh /kkj.sr] rn~}kjk rfUe=a jko.qnMa nsus esa Jh jke Hkh dqN .k.sA bl çlax ij çdk'k Mkyus ds fy.ks¼kvksa ds fy.|fi /kks[ks ls fd.q¼ ds fy.] mlds vis{kkÏr deTÛkksj HkkbZ lqxhz o dks fe=rk ds fy.kvksa esa mBk. tkus fn.fUrd vijk/k Fkk] ftlds fy.g dk.d 'kk[kk e`x okuj gks] e`x.s yydk:¡]Þ .g eku dj fd rqe esjs led{k gksA .k vi.ksa dks i<Ûdj lqukrk gw¡A xksfoUnjkt] ftu ls cMÛk jkeHkDr gksus dk dksbZ vkSj nkok ugha dj ldrk] Lo.slh gh euekuh ds nks"kh FksA bl lEcU/k esa eSa vkxs dqN vkSj dgw¡xkA fQj ç'u .k] rqEgkjs f'kdkj djus dh] f'kdkjh dks fNius dh vFkok tky dk QSykus dh] vkSj bl çdkj ds fdlh Hkh dke djus dh] ftls ^dwV^ dgrs gS]a LohÏfr nsrh gSA esjs fy.fDr dÔdj gks vkSj idMÛk tk.g Fkh jke dh lQÛkbZA lPpkbZ rks .g eku dj rqels .slk fd.k Jh jke ds Lo. x.q¼ esa ugha ekjk x.Z D.kk okYehfd ds Li"V ewyikB ds çfrdwy gSA ikB esa 'kCn bl çdkj gSa % losZ rs Rofjra xRok fdf"dU/kka okfyu% iqjhe~A o`{kSjkRekueko`R. bl çdkj ls fd.kA ijUrq rqe dkSu gks] ml ij vkifÙk djus okys\ rqe rks dsoy .iwod Z dgrs gSa fd .ksa mUgksua s mldks ml le. ugha FksA os bruk rks ekurs gSa fd ckfy dks bldk irk ugha Fkk fd dksbZ O.s D.g /kkj.g dk.k gh vko'. O.s vkSj ogk¡ xgu ou ds Hkhrj o`{kksa dh vkMÛ esa vius 'kjhj dks fNik dj os [kMÛs gks x. NksVk&lk ç'u Hkh gS] tks mBk. 161   tcfd Hkkjrh.|fi og vufHkK Fkk] fQj Hkh mldk o/k djus ds fy.slk vkR. ..lafgrk ds vuqlkj tkylktÛh ds fy.kdq'kyrk dks tkurs gq.qDr%] çfrKk p O.s yydkjus ds fy.s .k dks igys gh thr pqdk Fkk vkSj mls yxHkx viekfur Hkh dj pqdk FkkA ckfy dh ctk.g Hkh Li"V dj nw¡ fd fiNyh ifjppkZvksa dh Hkk¡fr .kgU. U.fDr ml ij fu'kkuk yxk jgk FkkA ckfy blls loZFkk vufHkK FkkA .qnMa mfpr FkkA vc eSa bu dbZ ç'uksa ij fopkj djus d:¡xkA eSa .kks·fi 'kj.Ur vuqfpr .k^ ds Vhdkdkjksa rFkk ikBd fdlh .kZIr ekuk tkrk gS rFkk ^jkek.45 .FkZ gSA dqN yksx .k* ds vU.d vU.kjgok¡ v/.{kr% ç.12.sls Hkh gS] tks Lo.k ds fy.d vifjfer 'kfDr okyk okuj Fkk] tks jko.s lQÛkbZ Hkh çLrqr djrs gSAa os dsoy .s vkxs ugha c<ÛrAs rnk fofnrrnh. rks Fkk] viuh iRuh dks iqu% çkIr djuk] rks fe= :i esa jke us ckfy dks D.37.a ds vkpj.A .k gS& og gS % D.g fopkj cuk.ksa lqxhz o dks fQj vkdj mldks . Nn~euk·fi okfyo/k% Ñr% IV. çpfyr :ikUrjksa ls fdlh dh lgk.k.k ds T.k\ .slk vuqfpr dk.slk ekuk tkrk Fkk fd ckfy . mís'.sAa mlls ckgj tkus vFkok 'kkL=ksa esa .Ur lgt lqdj FkkA lkekU.FkklEHko eSa vius vkidks okYehfd }kjk çLrqr o`ÙkkUr rd gh lhfer j[kw¡xkA eSa u rks muds 'kCnksa ls vkxs tkÅ¡xk vkSj u gh fdlh vU.s os jke dks nks"kh ekuus ds fy.k tkrk gS fd igyh gh eqBHksMÛ esa Jh jke us ckfy dks D.fn jkeks okfyu% iqjrfLr"Bsrß~ vFkkZr~ .s] rks mldk lQÛk.16.g Hkh vko'. Jh jke fNis gq.18.160 jkek.k dkj.gh dgrs gS]a ßgk¡] eSua s . ..k tkrk gS % jke dk eq[. dgk\ Jh jke }kjk fn.d:irk vkSj laxfr Fkh] tc mUgksua s .ksa pquk x.k rFkk okfyo/ka çrhfr çfrKkfuokZgk.] os nwljs LFkku ij dgrs gSa % Þ.fn Jh jke ckfy ds lEeq[k [kMÛs gksr]s lEHkor% og vius çfr}U}h dh j.k 'kkL=h.sAÞ vc bu 'kCn% ^o`{kS% ----xgus ous* dk dksbZ vkSj vFkZ ugha gks ldrkA tc ckfy Jh jke ij 'kjla/kku ds le.d ç'u esa Hkh mBkuk pkgw¡xk] og vc rd ugha mBk. rS.fn dksbZ O.g vfuok.k. fNis gksus dk vkjksi yxkrk gS] rks os mldk mÙkj ugha nsrAs blls vkjksi dh iqf"V gks tkrh gSA os vkjksi dks udkjrs ugha] mldks Lohdkj djrs gS]a cfYd mlds fy.kkvksa ls çfrc¼ ugha gq.qnMa dk çko/kku ugha gSA eq>s [ksn ls dguk iMÛrk gS fd ckfy dks e`R.Z Jh jke us [kqys vke fd.a dfo ds lqLi"V 'kCnksa dh mis{kk dj .d eYy.q¼ d:¡] . fd Jh jke us .k] lqxhz o ds çfr viuh çfrKkfuokZg ds fy.srA~ vr% çPNéks okfyueo/khr~AA IV.ksa fd.a fcuk fdlh ladksp ç'u dgrs gSa % çfrKkra p jkes.± p yqI.k[. j[ks]a tks dqN okYehfd us dgk gS] mlh ds 'kCnksa dks vk/ kkj cuk.g nkok djrs gSa fd ckfy ij 'kjlU/kku djrs le.kA fQj] ewyikB dh fo"k.k x.k esa vkSj muds :ek ds çfr #[Ûk esa (lhrk ds }kjk) .k vkSj D. ç'uksa ds >esys esa i<Ûuk O. iqjk.k\ .oLrq ls FkksMÛk gVrs gq.q¼ ds fy.d ugha gS fd eSa rqEgsa psrkouh nw¡ vFkok vius lkFk 'kfDrijh{k.kl jgk gS] [kkst fudkyus ds fy.r% .

q¼ djus esa vl{ke Fkk] og rks Jh jke dh ml LFkku ij mifLFkfr ls Hkh vufHkK FkkA vr% .] mlus vius lh/ks gkFk dh eqëh ls Hkjiwj 'kfDr ls guqeku us o{kLFky ij çgkj fd.kjgok¡ v/.d fo'ks"k ckr dh vksj vkd£"kr djuk pkgw¡xk] tks bl le.k D.Z iwjk ugha gks ikrkA vr% .kAÞ .A rc jko.] .AÞ .g Li"V gks tkrk gS fd ml le. bl ij lksp&fopkj LFkfxr djrk gw¡ fd Jh jke us .q/.k dh leh{kk ds fy.k vkSj mUgsa lq/k u jgh fd vkl ikl esa D.ku nsrs gS]a rks bl fo"k.k jgk gksxk] muds eu esa bl çdkj dk fopkj vkus dk D.slk dgus dk lkgl ugha dj ldrkA ijUrq tSl&s tSls ge ikB ds va'kksa dks i<Ûrs gS]a .ks¼k Hkkx ys jgs FksA Jh jke ml LFky ij mifLFkr gSAa y{e.q¼ vkjEHk gksus tk jgk gS egku .k ds fy.k fd eSa yMÛ[kMÛk x.ksafd vutkus esa lqxhz o jktk cu cSBk Fkk] fdUrq lqxhz o vkSj fQj guqeku bl rF. 163   'kj. ls fu"dkflr dj fn.k. vl{ke gks x.g dg dj guqeku vkxs ugha c<ÛAs os çfrjks/k Hkkouk dks eu esa /kkj.fn mlds çfr}U}h dks mldh mifLFkfr dk Kku u gksA eSa vkidks bl fo"k.ks¼k vkØe.h gksA guqeku th y{e.d vU.q¼ vkjEHk fd.A bl çlax dk fo'ks"k mi.k FkkA nwljh f'kdk.k.k vkSj gFksyh ls lh/ks çgkj djus esa ctk.g Fkk] og jkT. rks .g Fkk fd ckfy us lqxhz o dh iRuh] :ek dks gfFk. v'kDr gks x. lc .fDr gksA rqeus .59. la?k"kZ dk cgqr c<Ûk p<Ûk :i gSA vc eSa FkksMÛh nsj ds fy.nk mBkuk ilUn ugha fd.k .Zokgh ds ewy esa lEHkor% D.slk djuk mfpr Fkk\ D.k gSA tc 'k=q fdlh vU.q¼ dj jgs gks] vr% vc rqe ij /kkok djuk esjs fy.73.k Fkk vkSj rRi'pkr~ Jh jke vkSj y{e.k ds ikl rc gh x.162 jkek.d vR.k gks ldrk Fkk] .g dqN fofp= lh ckr Fkh) ds :i esa fpf=r fd.q¼ dh .k vius iqjkus çfr}U}h] guqeku dks igpku ysrk gS vkSj viuh gFksyh ls mldh Nkrh ij çgkj djrk gSA guqeku çgkj ls yMÛ[kMÛk tkrs gS]a ijUrq 'kh?kz gh laHky dj viuh gFksyh ls jko.ekuL.k ls dgrs gSa % .g ugha gS fd ckfy Jh jke ls .g ns[k dj fd guqeku dqN {k.rsa FkhA buesa ls .k ds T.slk çgkj fd.ku .g gS] ..ku ns ldrk FkkA bl çlax esa guqeku us {kk=/keZ dk fl¼kUr çfrikfnr fd.d cyoku O.d v'kksHkuh.k Hkh mifLFkr gSAa guqeku] lqxhz o] uhy] vkSj vI.g vko'.kksa ds fy.k ls dgk % foçs{kek. ?kVuk ij tk. FksA .g .k* esa ls gh nsrk gw¡A vc FkksMÛh nsj ds fy.k] fd ckfy us lqxhz o dks vius jkT. vksj my>k gqvk gS] tc og lh/ks&lh/ks lkeuk djus dh fLFkfr esa ugha gS] .k.nku çnku dj nsrAs .k] tks lsuk dk usr`Ro dj jgs FksA muls .ksfr&LrEHk X.ks¼k dh fof'k"Vrk] vius 'k=q ds cy vkSj dkS'ky dh ç'kalk djukA ijUrq] D.kZ gksxhA ckfy ds çfr lqxhz o dh nks f'kdk.TÛk QÛk.qDr vyx&vyx 'kCnksa ij /. (.k dkj.g lqudj jko.ku bl egk.d gS fd okYehfd ds ewy ikB ds dqN lxks± dks Bhd çdkj le>k tk.k dks crk. fd.g rRdkyhu {kk=/keZ ds fu.sAa bl .s gS]a viuk #[Ûk uhy dh vksj fd. dks bl :i esa çLrqr djrs gS]a tSls .ksx gS] Jh jke ds vkpj. ds fy.d ?kVuk esa nksuksa vksj ds .d mnkÙk .slk fd. thfor gSAa Þ .r] ftldks mlus vU.q¼ dh . Vhdkdkjksa dks tks dfBukbZ eglwl gksrh gS] mlls .g le>us ds fy. rqe nwljs ds lkFk .d Fkk fd 'kjlU/kku ds le..k vkx& ccwyk gks x. esjh ç'kalk djuk leqfpr gS] ijUrq] esjs fy.d vksj gSAa nwljh vksj] vkSjksa ds vfrfjDr Lo.k dkj.k FkkA rF.k dh FkhA mlus dgk] ßrqe fu'p.kA bl chp guqeku gks'k esa vk x.k mÙkj fn.k fy.74 mUgksua s mlls jks"kiwod Z dgk] ßbl le.d okLrfod rFkk nwljh dsoy dkYifud FkhA lqxhz o us guqeku dks crk.d fo'ks"k mnkgj.slh voLFkk esa nsodk.k ykSVkus ds fy.k gks jgk gSA guqeku dqN le.k [kMÛk FkkA fdUrq . os jko.sA ckr dsoy .k.k Hkh] tks ckfy dk ?kfu"B fe= Fkk] vkdj dg ldrk Fkk] ßeSa vkids pj. esa Hkh] bl çdkj dh yMÛkbZ dks e.s mfpr u gksxkAÞ .sA bl ikB ls FkksMÛh lgk.k vkSj jko.ks¼k vkeus&lkeus MVs gSaA jko.s eSa pkgw¡xk fd vkidk /. u .kZnklaxr ugha ekuk tkrk FkkA dksbZ Hkh lPpk .k dh Nkrh ij çgkj djrs gSAa vc yMÛ[kMÛkus dh ckjh jko. rks .q¼ esa lyaXu Fkk] mUgksua s ml volj dk utk.A os mldk fn.] tc og fcYdqy vdsyk Fkk vkSj mudh vksj iwjk&iwjk /.ks\a Jh jke dh bl dk.k fd ckfy us vius HkkbZ ds lkFk nks vU.k .k vkidks Kkr gS fd guqeku us D.kt lesr] ogk¡ vk igq¡p]s tgk¡ jko.iwod Z & eSa .su .d phTÛk] tks mldh gh Fkh] voS/k :i ls mlls Nhu yh x.kksa esa iMÛrk gw¡] eq>s {kek dhft. ckfy dk gh FkkA mlus mls lqxzho ls dsoy okil gh fy.k ugha djsxk] .k fd.=&r= ç.k Hkh ogk¡ gSA .k Fkk D.s vko'.kA guqeku ml çgkj dks u >sy ldsA mudh vk¡[kksa ds lkeus va/ksjk Nk x.k ^jkek.g gS fd D.rk feyrh çrhr gksrh gS] fdUrq fu'p.a jko.slh voLFkk esa vuqfpr ykHk ugha mBkuk pkfg.g ns[kdj fd og uhy ds lkFk . .kks .D q ra jko.fn lEHko gks] C. Jh jke fNis jgsAa vc ç'u .Ur ukVdh. jgsA mldk çR.k\ os dgrs gS]a ßvkids fy. rks fopkj laxr ugha gS] ijUrq vkxs pydj egRoiw.qÙkj nsus ds fy.kkxr dks os rqjUr vHk.slh fLFkfr esa mudh dh gqbZ çfrKk foQy gks tkrhA jko.g yTtktud gSA eSa yfTtr gw¡ fd ml çgkj ds ckn Hkh vki eq>s c/kkbZ nsus ds fy.eksa ds vuqdy w Fkk\ blds Li"Vhdj.qDrefHk/kkoue~AA VI. esa . ij dqN eUn lk çdk'k iMÛrk gSA igys rks eSa vkidk /. gh .q)Is lq% ljks"kfeneczohr~AA uhysu lg la.k us .ka jk{kls'oje~A vU.

fu/kwr Z ks·fLe cyh. lqxhz o Jh jke ls dgrk gS] ßesjk HkkbZ ckfy bruk cyoku gS fd .krZL.30 Jh jke dgrs gS]a ßrqe ns[kuk eSa vius fo"k/kj liks± ds leku rh[ks ck.kZigkfj.ksH.k dj fy.q¼ vkeus&lkeus dk gksxk vkSj vusd 'kjksa dk mi.k veks?k gSAa Þ /.lhAA IV.k gSA lnkpkj dks dyafdr djus okyk og ikikRek dsoy tc rd gh thfor gS] tc rd esjh n`f"V ml ij ugha iMÛrhA tc esjh n`f"V ml ij iMÛ tk.d ckj iqu% jke lqxhz o ls dgrs gSa % .d mi.ksfr&LrEHk X. ls fu"dkflr dj fn.k ds T.kZfeo ioZre~A IV.kjgok¡ v/. gSA og Jh jke ls viuh 'kfDr dk dksbZ çek.fDrxr 'kfDr ij lUnsg djrk gS vkSj lksprk gS fd euq".a esa u Hkos|FkkA IV.k x.d ckj iqu% /.kksa ls ckfy dks i`Foh ij fxjk nw¡xkA .kksa (cgqopu es)a ds fo"k.5.koÙka ukfHk'.4.sxkAÞ eSa vkidk /.k gS]a ftudk okj [Ûkkyh ugha tkrkA . u jg tk. nSR.g Fkk] ogk¡ lkr fo'kky lkyo`{kksa dh dÛrkj FkhA ckfy ds ijkØe vkSj cy dk o.8.fUr osfxrk%AA .rZ Yq .ksxh .33 ßigys dh ckr gS fd ckfy us dVqopu lqukdj esjk frjLdkj fd. gSAa ckfy ds lkFk mudh 'k=qrk gks xbZ gSA mudh L=h dk Hkh vigj.Zd'q ky lgk.kZ p es rsu çk.l Z d a k'kk%] fuf'krk%& os rh{.27 o/k dk fTÛkØ rks igys Jh jke Lo.27 ßesjs rw.21 ßmidkj gh fe=rk dk Qy gS] vidkj 'k=qrk dk y{k.kZigkfj.gk¡ ckfy ds o/k dk dksbZ ladrs ugha gSA ijUrq Jh jke mldks çksRlkgu nsrs gq.Ur Hk.k vkSj .sAÞ dsoy bruk gh mlus dgkA .kfe ro Hkk.32.l Z adk'kk eeSrs fuf'krk% 'kjk%A IV.d fe= fl¼ gksxa As vr% og muds lkeus nks ijh{kkvksa dk lq>ko çLrqr djrk gS] ftuesa ls .kAÞ vc lqxhz o cMÛs lqfopkfjr <ax ls Jh jke ls dgrs gSa % okfyuk fuÑrks Hkzk=k ÑroSj'p jk?koA okfyuks es egkHkkx Hk.k p laJkO.27 ßlqxhz o jkT. Fkh] mldks Nhu fy.kfe ro Hkk. Jh jke ckfy ds lkFk vkeus&lkeus dh Vôj dk gh lksp jgs Fks] vU.sxh] og lekIr gks tk.25 ßesjs cMÛs HkkbZ ckfy us eq>s ?kj ls fudkydj esjs lkFk oSj ck¡/k fy.164 jkek.k nsus vFkok mldk çn'kZu djus dk vuqjks/k djrk gS] ftlls og vius eu esa vk'oLr gks tk.29.k loZFkk vpwd gSA veks?kk%] lw.a dq:AA drqeZ gZfl dkdqRLFk Hk.kRifjHkz"V% ÑroSj'p okfyukA ârnkjks ous R.l Z adk'kk eeSrs fuf'krk% 'kjk%A rfLeu~ okfyfu nqoZ`Ùks fuifr".kfe ro Hkk.k veks?k gS]a tks nqjkpkjh ckfy ij jks"k iwod Z cjlsxa As og rqEgkjk ckfy] rqEgkjk 'k=q] ftlus rqEgsa bruk d"V fn. lksprs gSa fd .ku nhft.5.kZigkfj. dgrs gSa % okfyua ra of/k".ku D.ke~A IV.ks·fi xjh.a gh djrs gS]a ÞeSa rqEgkjh iRuh dk vigj. 165   l fg jkT.s fdlh çdkj dk Hk. ls ihfMÛr gq.d ughaA blesa Hkh lUnsg ugha] os ml le. .d gS] vkSj og Hkh mlh fnuA blds fy.Z ds leku rstLoh ck.] .d esa bl le.kksa dk /.qojkt in ls uhps mrkj fn.kHk.Hkhr gksdj ou esa fuokl djrs gSAa Þ midkjiQya fe=eidkjks·fjy{k.k vkSj viekfur Hkh fd.d Hkhedk. nku nhft. os vR.s esjs lw.s dksbZ vkSj lksp&fopkj vko'.kA Hk.ke~A v|So ra gfu".5.kksa ls vf/kd fç.24.k. mudk bjknk dbZ ck.k gSA eSa vius HkkbZ ls Hk.ksx dk FkkA os ck.s fd Jh jke lpeqp .d ckj fQj os n`<Ûrkiwod Z dgrs gS]a ßeSa rqEgkjh L=h dk vigj.Fkk muds eu esa vusd ck.] ftlls esjs fy.Z eSa vkt gh d:¡xkA og bUæ ds otz ls VwV&VwV dj fxjs ioZr ds leku fn[kkbZ nsxkAÞ blls çrhr gksrk gS fd bl le.k djus okys ml ckfy dk o/k d:¡xk vkSj vkt ghAÞ iqjkga okfyuk jke jkT.kRLoknojksfir%A i:"kkf.k gSA blfy.. rstLoh ck.5.kksa ds ç.ku bl fcUnq ij fVdkuk pkgw¡xk fd jke dh lksp fdl çdkj dh FkhA jke lksprs gSa fd rqjUr ckfy dk o/k djuk vko'.k gSAÞ .32-33 ß.d&nwljs LFkku ij Hkh Jh jke vius ck.k djus okys ml ckfy dk o/k dj nw¡xkAß veks?kk% lw.8. jke rqyuk esa ckfy .kA dsoy bruk gh ugha] esjh L=h dks Hkh] tks eq>s vius çk. ØwjjS k'khfo"kksieS%AA 'kjSÆofugra HkwekS fodh.Drks Hkzk=ka fofuÑrks Hk`'ke~AA IV.gk¡ os cgqopu dk ç.k ck.ksx djrs gSAa Li"V gS] ckfy dk o/k djus ds fy.ksa vkrk\ .lkAA ârk Hkk.ke~AA IV.s lw.kZu djrs gq.10. x.k gSA ml nq"V HkkbZ us muds lkFk Ny dj mUgsa ?kj ls fudky fn. esa ckr nksgjkrs gSa % veks?kk% lw.ku nhft. gesa dksbZ fnypLih ugha gSA nwljk .khj esa lax`ghr gq.A re| okfyua i'.ke~A rkoRl thosRikikRek okyh pfj=nw"kd%AA IV.ksx Hkh gksxkA tc ge 12osa lxZ ij vkrs gS]a tgk¡ lqxhz o jke dh O.oa dk. eq> lsod dks vki vHk.Hkhr gw¡A og esjs ls dgha vf/kd cyoku gSA mlus eq>s fu"dkflr fd.g dk.

su lIr egklkyk fxfjHkZfw e'p nkfjrk%A ck.kZ] xfræqrrk vkfn brus leku Fks fd Jh jke dks nksuksa esa vUrj djuk dfBu gks x.k dks ugha NksMÛkA lkspk] dgha .d&.ke~A okfyua tfg dkdqRLFk e.k ds T.kUeksfgrks okujksÙkeA uksRl`tkfe egkosxa 'kj 'k=qfucgZ.ks¼k dks futh 'kfDr dk çek.ksga h mu ij lc çdkj dh dqfRlr ço`fÙk. gks x.kkUrd Fkk] os 'kjlU/kku u dj ldsA rc lqxhz o tku cpkus ds fy.k ugha NksMÛkA ml Hk.ksa vkius igys ugha crk.11 ßvki rks egÙke vkSj cfy"B .slk LoIu esa Hkh ugha lkspk FkkA .ksfr&LrEHk X.k Jh jke }kjk Bhd <ax ls y{. djds NksMÛk tk ldrk gS % re|So fç.g fopkj fd dsoy .dkdh .kA .dek= ck.32 ßrqe nksuksa ds :i dh bruh lekurk ns[kdj eSa eksg esa iMÛ x.33 ßesjk og Hk.kAA IV.k vkSj lhrk dk D.kkxzr%AA IV.slh rqPN lh ckr ls muds vius futh cy dh ijh{kk yh tk. djuk pkgkA ckfy vkSj lqxhz o tc vkilh .s pqukSrh nsrk gSA Jh jke] y{e.A nksuksa Hkkb.d fopkj lkeus vkrk gSµ .k dk fopkj vc lkeus vkrk gS] tcfd mudk ikjLifjd okrkZyki py jgk FkkA eSa pkgrk gw¡ fd vki bu NksV&s NksVs fcUnqvksa dks idMÛAas . rqe dksbZ fpÊ /kkj.g ns[kdj lqxhz o dks cMÛk foLe.slk u gks fd ge nksuksa ds ewy mís'.s dgkA og lpeqp muds pj.fn og ck.ékoxPNRlqxhz oa okfyua okfi jk?ko%A rrks u Ñroku~ cqf)a eksDrqeUrdja 'kje~AA IV.d gh ck.12.kZ thou vkSj thou ds ewy mís'.k ls fonh.q¼ esa çrh.kkUrdkjh ck.fn vki igys ls eq>s crk nsrs fd vki ckfy dks ugha ekjsxa ]s rks eSa dnkfi ckfy dks la?k"kZ ds fy. 167   og buesa ls .k tk.k vkSj guqeku .g dFku dqN vPNk ugha yxk fd .adj ck.fn og rqEgkjs yx tkrk] rks fQj esjk D.k vkSj mls mu lkr lkyo`{kksa dh vksj y{.k gksrk\ TÛkjk bl ij fopkj djksA . eSua s viuk egku osx'kkyh 'k=qlga kjd ck.kksa esa iMÛdj dgrk gS] ßvki fdrus 'kfDr'kkyh gS]a eSua s rks .s] mlds }kjk fdruh 'kfDr dk mi.k lkrksa lky o`{kksa dks .ksjfi Ñrs e.k }kjk D.s] ftlls muds mís'.sA bl ij mUgksua s fcuk lksps . Hkkx [kMÛk gksrk gS] vius LFkku] ½".kA eSa cMÛk çlék gw¡AÞ ladV esa ns[kdj] Jh jke us viuk ck.fn rqEgkjk]tks ije fe= gks] o/k gks tkrk] rks bldk vFkZ gksrk fd eSua s vius lEiw.kA og ck.e´tfy%AA IV.ksfa d ge Jh jke dh eukso`fÙk dks le>us ds fy.d xgu dqt a ds Hkhrj o`{kksa dh vkMÛ esa vius dks fNikdj [kMÛs gks x.k dqN fd. dk gh fouk'k u gks tk. gqvkA esjk vuqeku gS fd vc mls dqN iNrkok Hkh gqvk fd mlus .kÙkq fo'kf³~dr%A ewy?kkrks u ukS L.k gS]a eq>s vki ij xoZ gSA bl la?k"kZ ds le.k j[ksa fd igyh ckj vc dsoy .d lkFk cha/kdj vkxs tkdj i`Foh ds yksdkas dks Nsnrk gqvk iqu% vius ewy LFkku ij ykSV vk.k fd ckfy dkSu lk Fkk vkSj dkSu lk lqxhz oA vr% mUgsa viuk çk.k ysus okyk FkkA rqe nksuksa dh lekurk ls eSa lUnsg esa iMÛ x.ksa esa okyh vf/kd 'kfDr'kkyh gksus ds dkj.k FkkAÞ rrks·ga #ilkn`'.ksx gks ldrk gS] .s my>u esa gSAa ge .sA .ks¼k gS]a ftlds ln`'k eSua s nwljk ugha ns[kkA eSa vkils J¼kiwod Z çkFkZuk djrk gw¡ fd vki vkt gh ckfy dk] tks HkkbZ ds :i esa esjk 'k=q gS] o/k dj Mkfy.ewd ioZr dh vksj] tgk¡ 'kh?kz gh nksuksa HkkbZ guqeku lfgr mlls tk feyrs gSAa lqxhz o vc /khjs ls Jh jke dks mykguk nsrk gS] ßesjs fe= j?kquUnu! .k gksrk\ y{e.q¼ ds fy.ksfa d og 'kj çk. esa xgjh tksf[kesa iSnk gksAa .k] rqEgsa igpku u ldkA blfy.k lqxhz o dk dpwej fudky nsrk gSA lqxhz o eqMÛdj ns[krk gS] tgk¡ jke fn[kkbZ ns ldrs FksA blh chp] dfo dgrk gS] vius fe= dks ?kksj .kjgok¡ v/.k nsus ds fy.k dj yks] ftlls rqe vius HkkbZ ls vyx igpkus tk ldksA rRi'pkr~ iqu% ckfy dks tkdj .k c)ks·.s vkSj tSlk vki tkurs gh gS]a lqxhz o ckfy dks .ksud S u s dkdqRLFk LFkkrk rs dks j.k vkSj bl ck.s pqukSrh u nsrkA TÛkjk nsf[k.9 ßftUgksua s lkr cMÛs cMÛs lkyo`{k] ioZr vkSj i`Foh dks dsoy . djds NksMÛ fn.kZ dj Mkyk] mUgha] vkids le{k .166 jkek.o] Lej. rks mlus esjh D.12.kf) }.ke~AA IV.ka Hkzkr`#fi.12.k gksrkAÞ thforkUrdja ?kksja lkn`'.k n'kk cuk nh gSA eq>s Lo. eSua s ckfy o/k dk fopkj NksMÛ fn..d dks lekIr dj ldrk FkkA ijUrq] .k 'k=q ds çk.12.d egku .kFk± es oSfj.12. eSa vki tSlk lgk.d gh ck.q¼ esa dkSu Bgj ldrk gS\Þ .dne .slk djks fd viuh igpku ds fy.adj ck.q¼ ds fy.a ij yTtk vk jgh gSA D.g fopkj esjs eu esa Fkk] blhfy.k NksMÛus esa f>>d eglwl gqbAZ .k fd vki ckfy dks ekjus ds bPNqd ugha gS\a Þ rc Jh jke lQÛkbZ esa dgrs gS]a ßeSa HkzkfUr esa iMÛ x.d o`{k dks cyiwod Z fgykdj i=ghu dj ldrk gSAÞ Jh jke dks .fDr ij mudk fu'kkuk yx tk.kA vc .sAÞ rRi'pkr~ os fdf"dU/kk x.k.k y{.s NksVh&NksVh ckrsa ugha gS D. yydkjksA eSa viuk opu iwjk d:¡xkAÞ .d ck.ekur% layXu Fks] os nksuks]a vkdkj] o.slk u gks fd xÛyr O. dk gh fouk'k dj fn.20 D.fn vki pkgsa rks leLr nsorkvksa dks Hkh ekj ldrs gSAa vki foy{k.k fy.d l[kk ikdj eSa /kU.ksa dk vkjksi ugha yxk ldrsA vr.k ls tks esjs gkFk esa Fkk] eSa rqe nksuksa esa ls .

fDr us Hkh] ftlus Jh jke dks u ns[kk Fkk] u vkt ls igys muds fo"k.] fdl çdkj vkeus&lkeus .k Fkk fd os dsoy .keks{ks.d ck.slh lykg D.qojkt in ij vfHk"ksd dj ns]a çR.d xgu dqt a esa o`{kksa dh vksV esa vius vkidks fNikdj [kMÛs gks x.kf/kdkj Nhuuk mldh ukjkTÛkxh dk dkj. fd.g ?kVuk vlko/kkuh ds dkj.kA ckjackj ckfy o/k ds fy.kl djrh gSA rkjk ml ij viuh iwjh okd~iVqrk dk ç.fn rqe vHkh tkdj ckfy dks ckgj cqykdj .kkukekdjks egku~A rR{keks fojks/kLrs lg rsu egkReukAA IV.a jktk Hkh jg pqdk FkkA og igyh ckj gh .k la.Lo Hkw.k] dqEHkd.s lcls cMÛk lgkjk gSA os vkrZi#q "kksa ds vkJ.slk yxrk gS] og .g gS] og Hkh gS vkSj Hkh cgqr dqN gSAÞ eSua s bu 'yksdksa dks dsoy .kfe ck.k ds T.qojkt cuk nksAß ysfdu .k }kjk& dsoy .LRoa ek ek 'k³~dh'p okujA IV.g ekuus dk vf/kdkj ugha fd .k .o og vius ifr dks vius HkkbZ ls le>kSrk djus dk ijke'kZ nsrh gSA Þlqxhz o dks naM er nks] le>kSrk dj yksAÞ fQj dgrh gS] ßmls . çkf.gh vk'oklu fn.d ck.k gSA bl çlax esa gekjs fopkj pkgs dqN Hkh gks]a gesa . ukuk /kkrqvksa dh [kku gS] mlh çdkj Jh jke mÙke xq. .d gh ck.d ckr gS] ftlds fy.k }kjk ckfy dks ns[krs gh lekIr dj nsxa As .kZnk ds fopkj ls vlaxr gksrkA vc TÛkjk vkSj vkxs c<ÛAas vki tkurs gh gksxa s fd ckfy ds nwljh pqukSrh Lohdkj djus ls iwoZ mldh iRuh rkjk mldks jksdus dk ç.ksafd lqxzho dh cMÛh f'kdk.k vdLekr ?kVhA .kksa esa ls .ksa ds fy.'kl'pSdHkktue~A KkufoKkulaiéks funs'ks fujr% firq%AA /kkrqukfeo 'kSyUs æks xq. dks O.d er ls lhrk dks mlds vius ifr jke dks ykSVkus dk ijke'kZ nsrs gSAa rkjk Hkh] tks dnkfpr~~ dg ldrh Fkh] dqN feyrh tqyrh ifjfLFkfr esa gh lykg ns jgh Fkh] ßlqxzho dks :ek ykSVk nks] D.fn og e.s rS.d ck.kZ bR.k.rk çkIr dj yh gSA mlus .ku fnykuk pkgw¡xkA vuqifLFkfr esa Lo.ksx ugha djuk gSA tc ge bl dkO.fr"Bu~ xgus ousAA IV.g lc dqN lksp fopkj dj gh fd.k x. ofyuekgosA fujLrfe"kq.g lc dqN lquk vkSj vaxn us Jh jke ds fo"k.'k ds .qojkt Hkh ugha Fkk] og ckfy dks .d ls vf/kd ck.168 jkek.Z dk egku çek.r .drk dk fopkj Jh jke ds eu ls nwj gks x.a dqN le> ugha ik jgk gw¡A .k.nkrk dYio`{k gS vkSj ladV esa iMÛs gq. O.k] tks Jh jke ds lkeF.14. 169   rLek|q/.g Fkk mudk oknkA losZ rs Rofjra xRok fdf"dU/kka okfyikfyrke~A o`{kSjkRekueko`R.g ns[k fd og vklkuh ls jksds tkus ds fy.k gS] ijUrq :ek dh ckr Hkh ijs'kkuh dk .qxkUrkfXufjoksfRFkr%A fuoklo`{k% lk/kwukekiékuka ijk xfr%AA vrkZuka laJ.k gSA . og ijke'kZ vkidks Lej.Dr djrk gS fd ckfy o/k dsoy .dek= Hktu] KkufoKku ls lEiék rFkk firk dh vkKk esa fLFkr jgus okys gSaA tSls fxfjjkt fgeky.k dk fopkj mudh /kkj.kj ugha Fkk] og mls lc tkudkjh ns nsrh gS] tks fd mlds ikl FkhA og iwNrh gS] ÞD.x q As IV.g nwljh ckr Hkkb.kA mUgksua s ckjEckj lqxhz o dks .s fn.slk dgrh gS] Þrqe mls .kksa ds cgqr cMÛs HkaMkj gSAa vr% mu egkRek jke ds lkFk vkidk fojks/k djuk dnkfi mfpr ugha gSAÞ ßvki tkdj muls . 19-21 ßJh jke 'k=qlus k dk lagkj djusokys rFkk çy.k x.k gSA .k FkkA Jh jke .k gS fd rkjk tSlk O.15.k gksxk& tc jko.12.1 dfo fQj ogh ckr nksgjkrk gSA os lc yksx 'kh?kzrkiwoZd ckfy dh fdf"dU/kkiqjh esa igq¡pdj .q¼ ugha djsxa As bu Jh jke ls 'k=qrk er BkuksA muesa .dky esa çTTofyr vfXu ds leku rstLoh gSAa os lk/kq iq#"kksa ds vkJ. esa dHkh lquk Fkk] Jh jke dks fdl çdk'k esa ns[kkA vr.q¼ ds fy.kSdu s os"Vekua eghrysAA IV.'pSo .slk çrhr gksrk gS fd .kfn ls ijke'kZ ysrk gS] os lc .k D.s pqukSrh nksx]s rks rqe blh eqgrw Z esa ckfy dks esjs .fn vki lqxhz o ls fojks/k feVkuk pkgrs gS]a rks u dsoy vki mldk .s vkxs j[kk tk jgk gSA okLrfod la?k"kZ rks Jh jke ls djuk iMÛxs kA jke% ijcykenhZ .ksfa d mlus fdlh vkSj vçfrjks/. esa vkxs c<Ûrs gS]a dfo bl rF.fDr dh lgk.k dk ç.q¼ djus tk jgs gS\a lqxhz o ls ugha] og rks dsoy fn[kkus ds fy.12.dksukga çeks{..k }kjkAÞ nsf[k.q¼ vkSj vusd ck.k foHkh"k.kjgok¡ v/.ksa ugha nh\ eSa Lo.d ck. esa lc dqN mls crk fn.k }kjk fd.A jke .k dk fu'kkuk cukdj /kjrh ij yksVrk ns[kksx]s Þ .k vki tkurs gSa fd vki fdlls .] . ls eqfDr fnykÅ¡xk] .ksx djrh gSA vius gh iq= vaxn }kjk] tks xqIrpjksa ds lEidZ esa Fkk] mls lwpuk feyh Fkh fd lqxhz o us nwljh ckj vkus dk lkgl blfy.a oSja p okujAA . O.kksa dh vko'.ksfr&LrEHk X.g fn[kkus ds fy.37 ß.d ck.qojkt fu.ksa ds >xMÛs ds dkj.10-11 ßeSa vkt gh rqEgkjs HkkbZ ds Hk.d cMÛk dkj.kk cu x.gh gSA jkT.slk dksbZ dke ugha djrs] .qDr dj nksAÞ .qr mldh iRuh dks Hkh mls ykSVk nsAa Þ .d ijke'kZ ughs nsrh] ml ij eSa /.d ckj fQj lqxhz o dks vk'oklu nsrs gSa % v| okfyleqRFka rs Hk.d FkhA rkjk] tks bruh le>nkj vkSj lko/kku Fkh] mlus .36 ßesjs çfr vc dksbZ 'kadk u djukAÞ vfLeu~ eqgwrsZ lqxzho i'.

kekl rPpkia dkypØfeokUrd%AA rrLrsu egkrstk oh.kjgok¡ v/.s Hkh ladrs nsuk ugha pkgrk fd Jh jke ckfy ls lh/kh VDdj ysus ls Mjrs FksA .qr u.s pkSFkk Hkh fey x.k gSA lqxhz o v/khj gks jgk Fkk vkSj mlds eu esa vusd vk'kadk.k Hkj ds fy.Zeos a pA . vk x.kh ds vUr esa LFkfxr dj ldrs vFkok la?k"kZ dks [khap dj c<ÛkrsA vU.k] vkSj og fuLlUnsg vki gSAa Þ blds i'pkr~ guqeku dks Hkh bl lwph esa LFkku nsuk gksxkA vkxs jko.k ds T. 171   bl la?k"kZ esa Hkh lqxhz o 'kh?kz gh fiNMÛus yxkA .g fn[kkus dk ç.rkFkZ tkus ds fy.d ckj jko.k .fUrd 'kfDr'kkyh 'kL= ds ç.s gq.kl fd.k vius jFk esa vk:<Û gksdj . vleku .ku esa j[ks]a rks dqN FkksMÛk&cgqr çdk'k bl lUnHkZ esa çkIr gks ldrk gSA .33.k esa nksuksa i{kksa esa bruh vf/kd cjkcjh Fkh fd ifj.d /kuq"k vkSj u.s ns nksAÞ bUæ us .fn ge mijksDr ckrksa dks /. mfpr gksxk fd rqe viuk jFk .kkZuka ro pk=u la'k.d dop] .k FkkA fLFkfr .fDr dh Hkk¡frA bl vn~Hkqr ijkØe dks ns[kdj jko.rk xzg.s .sukga i'kqon~xá ` Hkzkfer'prqjks·.* Lrks= ds ikB dk mins'k fn.kke loZFkk vfuf'pr FkkA nsork vkSj eg£"kx.d {k. ughaA ijUrq /.kZoku~AA =.kZ Hkko ls ugha] mlus ekuks us=i`"B ls ml ij uTÛkj j[kh vkSj tSls gh og ikiiw.fDr mlds ihNs vkdj [kMÛk gS] ijUrq fdlh eS=hiw.k ls dgha vf/kd cyoku FkkA bldk ifjp.k egkrstLoh ijkØeh okujjkt] ckfy rRdky Hkwfe ij fxj iMÛkA bl çdkj ckfy dk vUr gqvkA eSua s .ku ls ns[k jgs FksA lc cMÛs fpfUrr Fks fd D.d ckj iqu% ekrfy us muls dgk] ßeSa vkils dqN vf/kd ugha dguk pkgrk] fdUrq esjh ckr ekfu.k fn.sa mB jgh Fkh fd u tkus D.kZu gS fd i`Foh ij fopj.s ck.slk çrhr gksrk gS fd la?k"kZ ds vfUre pj.q¼ dks\ .34.s x.ksx djus dk ladksp u djs]a czãkL= dk mi.Zegks xkEHkh. dh bruh nwjh ij eSa fdlh ckr dks cgqr fu'p.kA tSls gh ckfy dks yxk fd dksbZ O.d gks x.ân.k }kjk ckfy dks o/k djus ds fopkj dks dqN vlk/kkj.s ml dke dks 'kh?kzkfr'kh?kz iw.g ugha ekurk fd jke vkRela'k.k us ckfy ds cy dh ç'kalk dhA vgks cyegks oh.kA rRi'pkr~ jko.kZ 'kfDr dh ijh{kk pje lhek ij igq¡p dj peRdkjh lgk.d FkkA vfUre {k.37.q¼ dj jgk gS] nwljh vksj cspkjs jke i`Foh ij iSny gSAa blfy.d i'kq ds leku idMÛdj pkjksa leqæksa ij ?kqek fn.d HkXuniZ vkSj ijkHkwr O.q¼ ds fy.k fdf"dU/kkiqjh esa tkdj ckfy dks .d gh ck.a jFk ysdj vk.ksx djsAa Þ vkius ns[kk fdl çdkj jko. çsfjr fd.g Lrks= mudks fl[kkuk vko'.kZ bjkns ls mlds dkQÛh fudV igq¡pk] ckfy us mls idMÛdj viuh dk¡[k esa ncksp fy.k ls ckfy dks ekj fn.ejkt us dkypØ mBk fy.k x.o] jke ds fy.k Hkh miyC/k djk.k .k lkxj esa iwtk lU/.adj ck.kA 'kCn ^v|So* (vkt gh) dbZ ckj nksgjk. mÙkj dkaM ds .slh xfr eu] ok.s] FkksMÛk bl ij fopkj dj ysAa eSa {k.kA mUgksua s vkdj Jh jke ds dku esa ^vkfnR.s fljs ls .k djrs gq.d vksj rks jko.k gksA ml ck.k gS] vkR.k x.170 jkek.A le.gh lgh fn'kk gS] ftles]a eq>s yxrk gS] gesa Jh jke dk ..d ckj iqu% eg£"k.ksfZ RlDr% dih'oj%A osxu s kfHkgrks okyh fuiikr eghrysAA IV. eqfu dks Jh jke dh lgk.Fkk lqxhz o dk eu fujk'kk] [kht vkSj 'kadk ls Hkj tkrkA laHkor% .k [kkstuk pkfg.s yydkjus yxk] mlus ckfy dks nf{k.kA vUr esa mls Hkwfeij iVd fn.kZ djuk vko'.d çlax ls feyrk gSA ogk¡ bl çdkj dk o.Ztud xEHkhjrk Hkh gSAa vkius eq>s .d gh ck.k gS fd .kA vHkh rd eSua s .k vkSj lkjFkh Hkh cukA jke dks dsoy jFk gh ugha] çR.k gksus tk jgk gS vkSj igyh ckj tc jke us fu'kkuk ugha yxk.39 ßvki esa vn~Hkqr cy gS] vn~Hkqr ijkØe gS vkSj vk'p.drk iMÛ xbZA ckfy jko.%AA VII.k.16.g Hkh fuf'pr ugha Fkk fd fot.k dks dk¡[k eaas nck. lc leqæksa ij ys x.k Hkh vkdj bl la?k"kZ dks cMÛs /.h FksA ckfy vkSj jke ds cy vkSj ijkØe dh ikjLifjd rqyuk ds lUnHkZ esa .q¼ ds fy. ls ugha dg ldrkA eq>s yxrk gS] .36 mUgksua s vius /kuq"kij fo"k/kj liZ ds leku Hk.k egÙo mldk mlh fnu o/k djus dks Hkh fn.k rd fLFkfr vfuf'pr cuh gqbZ FkhA .k ls osxiwod Z vkgr gksus ds dkj.k x.slk lq>ko nsuk dnkfi esjk vfHkçk.g ns[kdj fd og grkgr gks x.A fQj Hkh] tSlk fd vki dks fofnr gS] la?k"kZ cjkcjh ij Fkk vkSj . tc .kA bUæ dk lkjFkh] ekrfy Lo.k dgrk gS % .slh ugha Fkh fd jke dks ok.k ds fy. 'kjek'khfo"kksiee~A iwj.k j[kk vkSj mls TÛkksj ls [khapk] ekuks . jke dh gh gksxhA .k djus dh vko'.k.kA .k FkkA vlk/kkj.k dqN gksus tk jgk gSA mUgsa bUæ ls dguk iMÛk] ßns[k jgs gS]a vki nksuksa ds e/.ku nsus dh ckr gS] tSlk fd gesa vkxs pydj irk yxrk gS] fd jke jko.k] jke us rR{k.] vc le.k] iw.slk gh fd.kA rrks /kuqf"k la/kk.k] rks mls ?kksj fujk'kk gqbAZ fdUrq jke ds xEHkhjrk iwod Z fo'okl fnykus ls og dqN vk'oLr gksdj ykSVk] ij esjs fopkj es]a mlds eu esa FkksMÛh lh 'kadk vc Hkh FkhA vr.ksa us vxLR.k ds fo#¼ la?k"kZ esa Hkh vusd ckj jke dh lEiw.kkeso Hkw.ksfr&LrEHk X.k djrk ik.kZr.q vkSj x#MÛ& bu rhu Hkwrksa dh gh lquh FkhA vc bl lwph esa tksMÛus ds fy.g ckfy vkf[Ûkj Fkk dkSu\ vkb.k dks Hkh cgqr vklkuh ls ugha ekj lds FksA .slk djus dk dkj.kuka xfrjs"kk Iyo³~xeA euks·fuylqi.

kZr.k mldh tkudkjh Jh jke dks FkhA fdUrq Vhdk esa dgk x.q)k.d .k mudk mYys[k djuk mfpr gksxk] fdUrq .g 'kadk u djsa fd vUrr% Jh jke gh fot.d ekl rd bl çdkj jgk] tSls og nwljk lqxhz o gksA l r= ekleqf"kr% lqxhz o bo jko.q¼ esa tk.g dca/k gh Fkk] ftlus loZçFke mUgsa .k.d ck.FkZ%AA IV.k mlesa dksbZ vkSj Hkh xq.q¼ dh .34.39 ßbl ekyk dks /kkj.% gks tkrk] rc gh vUrr% .ku nsus dh fo'ks"k ckr .kdkys .rRdk´puekyk/kkj.g fcUnq ugha gSA ijUrq Lej.fDr gSA vkids leku gh og Hkh eqlhcr dk ekjk gSA og Hkh viuh .k FkkA .ewd tkdj lqxhz o ls feys]a rks og vo'.fn os ckfy ds lkFk vkeus&lkeus dk la?k"kZ pqu ysrAs eSa .) Zq a fojkeeqixPNfrAA VI.rhfr egsUæs.38 Jh jke vkSj jko.s] mu fnuksa ds . ls vkØkUr gks tkrkA ckfy dks ^mlh fnu* lekIr djus dk Jh jke dk oknk Hkh iwjk ugha gksrkA vki .g Hkh lef>.fn ckn esa gq.k dk .kZ oLrq le>h tkrh FkhA bl volj ij jko.slh fLFkfr esa lqxhz o dk /kS.h gksr]s ijUrq lkFk&lkFk .rk djsxkA dca/k us .kl fd.q¼ u jkr esa cUn gksrk] u gh fnu esAa nks ?kMÛh vFkok .g fd D.kZ gS] ftldk mYys[k eSa vko'.kka fi'kkpksjxj{klke~A i'.d {k.sAÞ eSa ugha tkurk bl dFkk esa fdruk lR.s vkeus&lkeus vk.d lh/kk&ljy O.g Hkh dgk] ßlqxhz o .k Hkh mldk fojke ugha gqvkA fu<ky çk.k gS] tSlk fd eSa igys Hkh dg pqdk gw¡] Jh jke us ikjLifjd le>kSrk ckfy ds lkFk djus ds ctk.gk¡ /.% iqjks .kZekyk nh Fkh] ftldks mls lnSo /kkj.kZr.sAa Þ .s Hkh nksuksa çfr}fU}.sxhA blds vfrfjDr D.k }kjk jksd fn.k tkrk FkkA fQj nwljh ckj] rhljh ckj] pkSFkh ckj ç.kjgok¡ v/.q¼ dk QÛl S yk gksrk FkkA lh/ks .ogkj fd.s D.g gS fd mlus ^nkjk%iq=k^ dks Hkh lfEefyr fd.11.k djus ls rqEgkjs 'k=q dk iwjk cy rqEgsa çkIr gks tk.ksa esa ls dksbZ Hkh viuh lko/kkuh esa ugha pwdk] u gh vius vf/kdre cy ç.q¼ksa dh 'kSyh esa 'k=q dk o/k rqjUr ugha gksrk FkkA igyk ck.sA .k] mldks Hkjiwj nqykj fn.k ds çfr NksVs HkkbZ tSlk O.ks.g egku laxkz e lkjh jkr pyrk jgkA uSo jk=a u fnola u eqgwr± u p {k.Z lekIr gks tkrkA og Hk.sxk] .kZu ds vuqlkj lkr fnu rd pyrk jgkA bl iwjh vof/k esa dksbZ f'kfFkyrk ugha vkbZ] u gh rhozrk esa dksbZ vUrj vk.k chrrh] .s] vc eSa vfXu dks lk{kh cukdj vkids lkFk lnk ds fy.k nÙkkfeR.k%A VII. rks .d Lo.k Fkk] ftldk mYys[k dfo us ugha fd.d le>rk gw¡ D. esa dqN ugha tkurs FksA .d bu esa ls dqN egÙoiw.kZ eS=h dj ysuk pkgrk gw¡A L=h] iq=] uxj] jkT.q¼ dk Hkh .d gks x.fDr .k jgs] jke&jko.k x.q¼ dfo ds o.g Hkh .g gS fd dca/k ls feyus ds igys vkSj mldks fBdkus yxkus ds iwoZ Jh jke lqxhz o ds fo"k.d egÙoiw.k VwV tkrkA gekjs Vhdkdkj] ewyikB ls dqN vkxs tkdj] vusd dFkk.slk fo'okl Fkk] ml ekyk esa dqN peRdkfjd 'kfDr Fkh] ftlds çHkko ls ckfy dh 'kfDr esa o`f¼ gksdj mldh fot.d Fkk] ftlls bl yMÛkbZ esa lqLi"V Ny&diV djuk vko'.k lg fpja l[.k.k vkSj vPNh çdkj ns[kHkky dhA vc vki ds fopkj ls jke ds Åij D.k\ rF.k djuk Fkk] fo'ks"kdj ml le.k rks dHkh Hkh lQy ugha gksrk FkkA .d {k.] de 'kfDr'kkyh HkkbZ lqxhz o ls djuk D.kke gksrkA ge .k Hkh .k ds T.ksfr&LrEHk X.s ewyikB esa Hkh dqN vk/kkj gSA bUæ us ckfy dks . 173   Ro. gS] u gh .g Hkh Li"V gS fd Jh jke dks nksuksa vksj ls bl lqlpa kfyr la?k"kZ esa cgqr fnuksa rd tw>rs jguk iMÛrkA rc rd lqxhz o dk /kS. gh lgk.g fLFkfr jgh Fkh] rks ckfy ds lkFk Hkh laxkz e de ls de vkB fnu rd rks pyrk gh jgrkA . fuf'pr gks tk.ogkfjd :i ls ge iw.ksafd mlds fy.{kks]a fi'kkpks]a ukxksa vkSj jk{klksa ds ns[krs&ns[krs . jke&jko.slk ugha gS] tks bl i`Foh dks] mlds Hkwxksy dks] mldh LFkykÏfr vkfn dks bruh Hkyh Hkk¡fr tkurk gks] ftruk fd lqxhz oA mldks bl jko.kA .k ds fy.fn os ½".slk ifj.kA ijUrq fdlh vU.ksa ilUn fd.q¼ ds fy.k tkrk FkkA tc 'k=q Fkd dj pwj&pwj gks] vkSj nwljk i{k Hkh .41 ßvkb..k] ßdksbZ Hkh O.sa Hkh tksMÛrs gSAa eSa ugha tkurk] esjs fy. LFkku esa mldk o.ke~A jkejko.fn og .a lqfLuX/ka ikodkxzr%AA nkjk% iq=k% iqja jk"Vªa HkksxPNknuHkkstue~A VII.kA blls irk pyrk gS fd ml le.s Lusgiw. dkj.rka rUeg|q)a loZjk=eorZrAA VI.d gks tk.kxPNfrA rL.44 ckfy us jko.d {k.g Hkh crk.g Hkh mBk.k .{kk.k] nwljs ck.172 jkek.110. iRuh Hkh lEifÙk dh dsoy .k ckfy ds ?kj .34. cya lo± roSo Hkfo". gksrhA dFkkfi ugha] esjk .slk ugha dgrk fd mudh ijkt.kZu çkIr gS vkSj Vhdkdkj xksfoUnjkt bldh ppkZ djrs gSa % .] oL= vkSj Hkkstu bu lHkh oLrqvksa ij ge nksuksa ds lk>s dk vf/kdkj gksxkA O. tc og 'k=q dk lkeuk djus .40.kksa ds lkFk .d ç'u .ksx esAa nsonkuo.Z iw.k ds lEcU/k esa Hkh lc dqN ekywe gS] vki mlh ls iwNrkN djsAa Þ mlus vkxs .110.k gS fd dnkfpr~~ vU.g lwpuk nh Fkh fd .37 nsoks]a nkuoks]a .k .k .

lQÛkbZ nsrs gSAa os oLrqr% dgrs gS]a jke fuf'pr :i ls tku ldrs Fks fd mu esa dkSu lk ckfy Fkk vkSj dkSu lk lqxhz o] ijUrq ml le. thr fu'p.kA vr% mlds fy. vfuf'prrk dh fLFkfr cu xbZ gks] . vUrj dj ldrs FksAÞ igyh ckr rks .kHkj ds fy.k dj ldrs gSAa .kA Jh jke us Hkh lkspk .s gh lUnsgkLin gksrk gSA dksbZ dHkh ugha dg ldrk] dkSu fot.ksa ugha fd.k.ksa u ge Hkh eku ysa fd muds eu esa {k.g mi.o] eSa ekurk gw¡ fd igys volj ij tc mUgksua s vius ck.fDr gS] tks esjh foifÙk dks le> ldsxkA vr.a Jh jke us bl egku rF.slk djus ds fy.k <w¡<us dk ç.sd çk.ksa ds chp Hksn ugha dj lds] fuLlUnsg dfBu gS] tcfd muesa .k ds T.g rks irk gh gS fd çR.o] og vo'.k gS\ vr.slk igys dHkh ugha gqvk gSA ohj iq#"k laxkz e esa .kh dk thou dky iwoeZ os fu/kkZfjr gksrk gSA ckfy ds thou ds dqN ?kaVs 'ks"k FksA blhfy.112.ks .usu /ofure~A IV. esa crk pqdk gw¡A ijUrq ckr rks .o] .k eSa . mUgksua s .q)s HkwriwoZ% dnkpuA ijSokZ gU. :i ls Hkfo".drk ugha FkhA eSa ugha ekurk fd tks ç'u ckfy us vius iru ds i'pkr~ iwNk Fkk] jke ls] og dksbZ okLrfod ç'u FkkA iwNrk gS] ßvkius bl fo"k.gk¡ nkSMÛk vkrkAÞ ckfy vkSj jko.slk nksuksa gh Vhdkdkjksa dk er gS vkSj . dkj. dh fu'p.slk dguk vklku FkkA tc og igyh ckj lkeus Fkk\ eSa Jh jke dh dfBukbZ ds fo"k.ksfr&LrEHk X.k x.k dk fu'kkuk ckfy ij ugha ck¡/kk] os {k.k Hkj ds fy.slk dqN djrkA vc tc lc dqN lekIr gks x.sR.k FksA u gh ge bldk fu:i.g xÛyr dke d:¡] .174 jkek.g dg ikuk] fd Jh jke mu nksuksa Hkkb.qDr gSAa vki tkdj rqjUr mlds lkFk . Jh jke bl le.Ru fd.ksa okys O.ksa ds chp vUrj u dj ldsA .s lUnsg mifLFkr gks ldrk Fkk] blesa vkifÙk Hkh D.d /k`"Vrk gks] fdUrq eSa ekurk gw¡] dfo ds 'kCnksa esa bldk leFkZu feyrk gSA tc nksuksa Hkkb.qxsAA VI.ksa ds e/.d çfl¼ 'yksd gS] ftldk Jh jke ds eu dh xgjkbZ ij[kus esa dqN egÙo gSA vkidks /.kh ugha dh tk ldrhAÞ Lo. ckfy .kj ugha gS fd lpeqp Jh jke ds eu esa lUnsg mifLFkr Fkk fd nksuksa HkkbZ.k gSA dksbZ cMÛh prqjkbZ fn[kkrs gq.k Hkj ds fy.s Jh jke lqxzho dh [kkst esa vk.d fe= mi.oafo/kku`ropua u nks"kk.sA oLrqr% dksbZ Hkh ugha ekurkA dgrs gS]a ßugha] .slk djuk .kA dnkfpr~~ vfUre {k.q¼ ds vfUre {k.ksa dh ikjLifjd eqBHksMÛ vkjEHk gks jgh Fkh] jke us vfUre fu'p.g vR.drk gS] vkSj mldks vkidhA vki nksuksa .g ljklj >wBk cgkuk Fkk] .ksa ds chp igpku dSls dh tk.g dk.kkUrd ck. ugha fy.d&nwljs ds ijLij lgk.k ls dgrs gS]a ßtc fdlh ls .k Fkk] rks mlds fy. cuk fn.h gksxk\Þ uSdkUrfot.k gqvk gS] mUgksua s 'kh?kz lkr&vkB fnu dh yEch yMÛkbZ djds lc dqN vfuf'prrk esa Mkyuk ugha pkgrs FksA .g tkuuss dk ç.kZ dk.d lw{e ijLij lgkuqHkwfr dk çseca/k iSnk gks tkrk gSA bl okLrfodrk us fd mUgksua s Hkh viuh iRuh dks [kks fn.s fBBd x.g gS fd tc nksuksa dk la?k"kZ lekIr gks pqdk Fkk vkSj lqxhz o ijkftr gqvk ykSV jgk Fkk] Jh jke vklkuh ls le> ldrs Fks fd dkSu lk ckfy FkkA blds vfrfjDr] guqeku rks ogk¡ mifLFkr Fks gh] os muls Hkh iwN ldrs FksA os vklkuh ls crk nsrs vkSj D.gha vkus dks dg nsrkA og rks Lo.32 .slk ladksp gqvk gks] ßD.g rks dsoy vk'kk ek= gh gS fd og lnk fot.q¼ djus tkvks] rks er lkspks fd fdlh Hkh xqV ds fy.I.a Jh jke dk vius vuqHko ds vk/kkj .s .rk dk vk'oklu fn.slk gks ldrk gS fd rqEgkjk .Ur lUnsgkLin gS fd ml le.12. rS.a gh 'k=q dks ekj fxjkrk gSA .g rks dsoy viuh lQÛkbZ ds fy.kl fd.k gS] Jh jke dks lqxhz o dk fç.k ugha ekjkAÞ eSa crk gh pqdk gw¡ fd xksfoUnjkt fdl çdkj blds fy.kA fQj D.g vk'p.d lq>ko nsuk pkgw¡xkA lEHkor% esjs fy.Z\Þ dnkfpr~~ mUgsa dqN bl çdkj dk ladksp gqvk gks] fdUrq Lej.fDr. esa esjs ls vkosnu D.kksa esa muds eu esa .rk dh vko'.d vuqcU/k dj ysaAÞ blhfy.g gS fd dksbZ Hkh bl ckr ij fo'okl djus ds fy.rs ohj% ijku~ ok gfUr la. cgkuk ek= Fkk fd os nksuksa Hkkb.d us nwljs dks lgk.kksa ij foHkh"k.jrk iw.k rks 'k=qvksa }kjk ekjk tkrk gS vFkok Lo.slk ckr ugha FkhA fu'p. gh Jh jke nksuksa ds e/.h gSA .q¼ djsxa s vFkok xqIr LFkku ls vkØe.kjgok¡ v/. .o] gks ldrk gS fd {k. FksA os lkspus yxs Fks] D.slk dnkfi vlEHkkfor ughaA .g egku Vhdkdkj bl çdkj dgrs gSa % ml le.ok.ks¼k vius 'k=qvksa }kjk vfHkHkwr gks tk.k dks vkidh iRuh dks ysdj . 175   iRuh dks [kks cSBk gSA vr.d i{k dks lnk gh fot.a gh . . dks çfrikfnr fd.q¼ lnk ds fy.k Fkk fd os vkeus&lkeus .k esa ?kfu"V eS=h Fkh vkSj vusd çdkj dh lk>snkjh dk oknk FkkA fQj Hkh . gh vkids çfr lgkuqHkwfr çdV djsxkA vkidks mldh lgk.ku gksxk] Lo.h gksA j.sA .18 ß.s le.k vki dYiuk dj ldrs gS]a jke 'k=q dks u igpku lda\s vr% b/kj&m/kj ds vU.a dks pqukSrh ns\a ijUrq] os fQj bl fu"d"kZ ij igq¡ps fd .d] nwljs ls bruk vf/kd cy'kkyh Fkk fd og mls lnk gjk nsrk FkkA fdUrq eSa .k\ eSa jko.q¼ esa fdlh .k gh ughaA bZn'` ks fo"k. jke ds eu esa dqN vkSj Hkh fopkj fo|eku Fks] fdUrq ge Bhd&Bhd ugha tkurs os D. dgrs gS]a ß.qDr O.sA leku ifjfLFkfr.. feys] . vuqdy w ugha gSA vr. .k djds fd ckfy dks rqjUr ekjus dk opu Hkh fn.k{ks= esa fdlh Hkh i{k dh fot. fu'ps"V jgs vkSj mUgksua s mls çk.Ztud gSA .k rR{k.k vkxs tkdj os ckfy Lo.s Jh jke ds çfr lgkuqHkwfr çn£'kr djus dh dksbZ vko'.

lek/kku çLrqr fd.kh.a /keZfoHkz"Va Lo/kesZ ijes fLFkrk%A HkjrkKka iqjLÑR.7.k Fkk] ftls os O.] tSls fd Hkjr Lo..g gS fd Jh jke Lo. vf/kdkj Lo.slk dguk rks lÙkk vkSj çHkqRo dk loZFkk vukf/kdkj xzg.e~A .qDr fd.Fkkfof/kAA IV..ksa ds chp vUrj ugha dj ik.d okLro esa .k] oLrqr% rqe viuh iq=o/kw ds lkFk v/keZ O. iq= gksrs gSAa lqxhz o rqEgkjk NksVk HkkbZ gS] rqEgsa mldks leku ekuuk pkfg.k gS] tks fdlh Hkh çdkj ls U.18. ekuuh.eU.a Hkh dj ldrs gSAa oLrqr%] tc Hkjr vkSj jke dk okn&fookn lekIr gqvk] rc . .k FkkA vr.18.kh dqN FkksMÛh vf/kd prqjrkiw.k gS] eSa fQj Hkh dguk pkgw¡xk fd eSa Lo. djuh Hkh pkfg.Dr djrs gS]a bl çdkj % .k.ksfa d blesa .kL.k.g vkns'k çkIr gS] ftlds vuq:i ge yksx /keZ çpkj dh bPNk ls LoPNUn fopjrs gSAa ge yksx] Hkjr dh vkKk dks lkeus j[krs gq.k Fkk] rFkkfi Jh jke ds dk.kZ fcUnq gSA nsfo.22 ßtks iq#"k viuh dU.k dj yh gS] muds lHkh lEcU/kh çHkqlÙkk ds Hkkxhnkj cu tkrs gSAa Hkjr dh vuqifLFkfr esa os ogh dk.ksa ge bl ij fo'okl u djsa fd ml le.sA Jh jke ds dFku dks u ekuus dk gesa dksbZ vf/kdkj ugha gSA ijUrq .kZ gSA os muesa ls dqN fcUnqvksa dks igys ls gh mBkrs gS]a ftudks ge mBkus tk jgs gSAa igyh ckr rks .a vkidks .9.176 jkek. vkrk gS] Jh jke .d egRoiw.ksfr&LrEHk X.k ds T.a dksbZ dkj.PNfrA IV.g O.Zokgh dj ldrs gSa vkSj mudks vo'.k ugha ns[krk fd D.k* dFkk esa vkxs] tc .kZf/kdkj dFku ls .a .ksa rd QSy tkrs gSAa vr% jke Hkkxhnkj gksus ds ukrs dk.|fi Hkjr us .kheks .fr /kekZRek Hkjr% lR.A eSua s Jh jke ds çdV lkezkT.a gh muds lacfa /k.kkfe.|fi Hkjrsu ukns'k% Ñr% rFkk·fi usnelR.18.d lEHkkO.q¼ ds ckn jke }kjk lhrk dks vaxhdkj djus dk le.d 'kkld jktk ds lEcU/kh Fks] vr.k ds jktifjokj dk lnL.11 ßlEiw.a Hkwfe% l'kSyoudkuukA e`xi{kheuq".Zokgh dj ldrs FksAÞ rhljh ckr] tks os dgrs gS]a og ogh gS] ftldk mYys[k eSa dj pqdk gw¡ vFkkZr~ Hkjr dks jke us viuk çfr'kkld fu.Hkj.ksa vkSj lTtuks!a vkidks Lej.k± okI. ls fd Hkjr us çHkqlÙkk /kkj. ugha dguk pkfg.13 jke ckfy ls dgrs gS]a ßcMÛk HkkbZ] firk] .&vf/kdkj ds {ks= esa gS vkSj nks"kh dks eSa naM ns ldrk gw¡AÞ vki dgsxa ]s .s"kka rRdqyhukuka rnkfn"VRoa flf)fefr ân.|fi eSua s .kka fuxzgixzgkofiAA rka iky.A tc rqeus mldh iRuh dks gfFk.slk dk. /keZÑrkns'kk o.kh bl çdkj gS % .k] fQj Hkh gesa bls vlR.e~A xksfoUnjkt dgrs gSa fd bl rF.Zokgh dj ldrk gSA muds vf/kdkj ij dksbZ vkifÙk ugha dh tk ldrhA vc eSa :ek lacfa /kr vius vfUre fcUnq ij vkrk gw¡A T.s p ikÆFkok%A pjkeks olq/kka ÑRLuka /keZlarkufePNo%AA rs o.slk vf/kdkj ugha fn.kZ i`Foh b{okdqvksa dh lEifÙk gSA ioZr] ou vkSj dkuuksa ls .o mUgsa vf/kdkj çkIr Fkk fd tc vko'.uqtL.Z djus dk vf/kdkj Hkjr ls çkIr gSA .k djus ds vf/kdkjh gSAa /kekZRek jktk Hkjr bl i`Foh dk ikyu djrs gSAa mudh vksj ls gesa rFkk nwljs jktkvksa dks .d fodjky eq[kkÏfr .fDr fuf'pr :i ls çfr'kkld ds LFkku dksbZ Hkh dk.ogkj dj jgs FksAÞ vkSjlha Hkfxuha okfi Hkk.k /keZ ds foijhr dksbZ ckr gks] rks os 'kkld ds çfrfuf/k :i esa dkjZokgh dj ldrs gSAa ßD. Jh jke nksua ksa Hkkb.s"Bks Hkzkrk firk pSo . LohÑrRokÙknU.] tSlk dksbZ vU.k gksxk ^jkek.k.'p fo|ka ç.laxr ugha ekuk tk ldrkA Hkjr us jke dks dHkh Hkh viuk çfrfuf/k fu.a fo|eku gksrAs b{okdw.oku`t%q A /keZdkekFkZrÙoKks fuxzgkuqxgz s jr%AA rL.slk dgrs gSa fd mUgsa . 177   . fux`º.ksx Lo.k Fkk] fdUrq xksfoUnjkt dh fVIi. gw¡] .fn bl ij fdlh çdkj dh lQÛkbZ dh [kkst vko'.oLFkk fuf'pr gqbZ Fkh fd okLrfod n`f"V ls vFkkZr~ oS/k:i ls Jh jke gh jktk jgsxa s vkSj Hkjr muds çfrfuf/kA vr.qDr ugha fd.oa xq# tks fo|k nsrk gS] os lc firk rqY.] /keZ&Hkz"V iq#"kksa dks fof/kor naM nsrs gSAa Þ os Lo.ksfa d eSa Hkh v.ksfa d Hkjr 'kkld gS] muds dqN 'kkldh.d ^ik£Fko* dgrs gS]a bl vFkZ esa ugha fd os .g lc txg esjs U.A fryd dh fVIi.6.o Hkjr çHkqlÙkk çnÙk Fks vkSj vf/kdkj lkSia us okyk O.drk gks .slk dksbZ vkns'k ugha fn.o] jke tc os pkgs]a çnÙk vf/kdkj dk ç.ks/.%AA IV.k] cfgu vFkok NksVs HkkbZ dh iRuh ds ikl dke cqf¼ ls tkrk gS] mldk o/k djuk gh Js.k.d 'kkludrkZ Fks] fdUrq os .oknh fl¼kUr dk mYys[k fd.qDr lkjh i`Foh b{okdq jktoa'kh jktkvksa dh gSA vr% os ogk¡ ds i'kq&i{kh vkSj euq". gksuk pkfg.k.sls ds vfLrRo dks vuqekur% Lohdkj dj ldrs gSAa nwljh ckr] os dgrs gS]a ßD.|fi gekjh tkudkjh esa rks Hkjr us dksbZ .FkkdFkafpöjrsu jkT.Ldj gSAÞ eSa bldh ppkZ fo'ks"k :i ls dj jgk gw¡] D.kjgok¡ v/.d gks] rks dnkfpr~~ esjk lq>ko Hkh mruk gh fopkj.ksa ij n.

k vkSj lqxhz o ds fo'kky us= Fks (vk'p.k Fkk\ og .k Hkh mudks fey pqds Fks fd lhrk fdl n'kk esa yadk esa jgh Fkha vkSj fdl çdkj jko. yksx .k gSA rqeus viuh iq=o/kw dks pqjk fy.k vkSj mlds lkFkk ifr dh Hkk¡fr jgus yxkA mUgsa .k dgk tk ldrk gS\ jke Lo. mlls nks"kh dks e`R.g lc dqN Kkr Fkk vkSj blh çfØ.s] ml le. ls dh dgha nqfu. muds ikl ekStnw FksA rFkkfi FkksMÛh nsj rd muds çfr vfo'okl fd. esa muesa d#. esa D.ksfa d y{e.qnMa nsus dks ugha dgsxkA D.k fy. esa lqxhz o dks dksbZ vf/kd ladksp u FkkA .k fdruk D.k vkSj vLi"V vkSj /kq/a kys lUnsg ij cMÛh fu"Bqjrk ls mUgsa Lohdkj djus ls bUdkj dj fn.slk eku ysxa \s dnkfi ughaA vr% eSa rqEgsa viuh iRuh ds :i esa Lohdkj ugha dj ldrkAÞ D.33.d oS"kE. nwljs O.g ugha dgrk fd .k Hkj esa dq[. nwljksa ds çfr Øwj O.kstu ughaA vc rqe tks pkgks djksAÞ vc TÛkjk Lej.g dsoy bl Hk.s] dqN cqjk Hkyk lksp dj] mu ij maxyh u mBk.d Fkh vFkok .k okys lhrk ds fy.ksafd guqeku }kjk çpqj] vlafnX/k vkSj ifo= çek.slh ckrsa okLrfod :i esa ugha gksrhaA [ksn dk fo"k.fDr] ftldh iRuh fNu xbZ gks] og vU.slk y{e.qnMa AÞ TÛkjk dYiuk dhft.ksfr&LrEHk 179 X.g Fkk % #eka rq ohj% ifjjHk.k ij dksbZ vf/kd vkifÙk ughaA eSa rks dsoy jke dh Li"V ekunaMksa dh vlaxfr dh vksj vkidk /.d . lqxhz o ds eu esa viuh iRuh ds lrhRo ds fo"k. ofUnuh jgh Fkh] .k esa jgus ds i'pkr~ dkSu fo'okl djsxk fd rqe ifo= gks] .k esa pkjksa vksj ?kksf"kr gks pqdh FkhA ””” . xk<a ojkluLFkks ojgseo.Ur .k vU.k\ mlus #ek ls dksbZ vfXu ijh{kk ugha djokbZA .k gSA ßrqeus vius NksVs HkkbZ dh L=h dks Nhu fy.fDr ds fu.k ds fo#¼ la?k"kZjr jgh Fkha] .slh iRuh ds fo"k.A eq>s lqxhz o ds vkpj.kjgok¡ v/.kx dk fu..dkfUrd fLFkfr esa mUgsa ns[k fy.kZ.d gS vkSj og naM gS] e`R.k fd. ds fy.ogkj ds fy. mUgsa lqukrs gSAa .ku [khapuk pkgrk gw¡A mUgksua s #ek dks] tks okLro esa ckfy ds lgokl esa jg pqdh Fkh] mlds vlyh ifr dks ykSVk fn.gk¡ dfo viuh fouksn'khyrk ds vuq:i .k gSA rqe mlds lkFk voS/k lgokl esa jg jgs gksA rqe nqjkpkjh gks] rqEgsa naM nsuk vko'.k ds T.slk dg Hkh nw¡] rks D.k us ns[kkA .U=.sAa os lhrk ls dgrs gS]a ß. ns[kk] ftlls os loZFkk vuuqHkkoh Fks vkSj D.   /kkj.kZigkjd^ gSA Þrqeus vius NksVs HkkbZ dh L=h dks Nhu fy.ZUr ml nq"V] fu"Bqj ds O.kk dk ys'kek= va'k Hkh ugha Fkk] og Hkh .k. O.k vkSj tc y{e.Zpfdr Fks)A y{e.fDr us gfFk.fn eSa .s vkSj vU.66 lqxhz o viuh iRuh #ek dks xk<Û vkfyaxu ik'k esa ck¡/ks gq.s] nqfu.k Jh jke dk Hk.s] os ckfy ls ckj&ckj dgrs gSa fd og ^Hkzkr`Hkk.k esa mUgksua s ckfy dk o/k Hkh fd. Fks] .k dj ysrs gSAa leLr tu&lewg dh mifLFkfr esa lhrk dks cqyokrs gSAa fQj cMÛh xEHkhjrk ds lkFk lEcU/kfoPNsn vkSj ifjR.sls ifr vkSj iRuh ds fo"k.178 jkek.k us .a ckfy ls bl çdkj dgrs gS]a Þrqe :ek ds lkFk lgokl dj jgs gksAß vr% blesa dksbZ lUnsg ugha fd mldh ifo=rk u"V gks pqdh FkhA fdUrq lqxhz o us okLro esa D.fDr ds v/khu] tks vusdksa fL=.ksa ds lkFk cykRdkj ds fy.xs k vksj viuh iRuh dks ykSVkus ds fy.k dj fy.kr FkkA jke] #ek vkSj lqxhz o ds çfr rks brus fopkj'khy Fks] fdUrq viuh iRuh ds fo"k.g tkudkj] LosPNk .adj lUns'k ysdj lqxhz o ds ikl igq¡prs gS]a rks os mls #ek ds lkFk vkfyaxu ik'k esa ikrs gSAa tks mUgsa ns[kk] og .k . gS fd .kZ%A nn'kZ lkSfef=eanhulRoa fo'kkyus=% lqfo'kkyus=e~AA IV.s QVh dh QVh jg xbZ D.d nks fnol çrh{kk Hkh ugha dhA mlus lh/ks&lh/ks mls xzg.kA L=h dh ifo=rk ds fo"k.sls nq"V O.d ekewyh oLrq] ftldks dqN le.slh ckrsa gksrh gSAa ijUrq dksbZ Hkh O.d iRuh Fkhµ çk.k vkSj cksy]s ßrqEgkjh tgk¡ bPNk gks] pyh tkvksA vc rqe ls esjk dksbZ ç.kksa ls Hkh vf/kd fç.k vfuPNk ls] og mldh iRuh cudj jg jgh Fkh\ fQj Hkh mlus jke ls çkFkZuk dh fd os mlds HkkbZ dk o/k djds mldh iRuh dks okil fnyok nsAa .d vR.d iwjs o"kZ i.k og dsoy vkHkw"k. esa dSls fopkj jgs gksxa ]s .s lc lk{.fDr ls tkdj viuk tÛkjs nkj n%q[kMÛk ugha jks.k n`'.k FkkA ijUrq viuh iRuh dh çfr viuk joS.k FkkA tcfd mudh tkudkjh dsoy bruh gh Fkh fd lhrk vlgk.ksfa d mUgksua s . fpf=r djrk gSA og n'kkZrk gS] nksuksa gh y{e.k vkSj ifr us Hkh mls Lohdkj dj fy.k dhft.slk vlk/kkj.k dh vk¡[ksa rks blfy. es]a ftldh funks"Z krk (vfXu ijh{kk ds i'pkr~)~ nqfu.d iRuh] tks mlds HkkbZ dh j[kSy cu dj jg pqdh Fkh] mldks okil fey tkus ij og fuLladksp mls Lohdkj dj ysrk gSA eSa .

k x.pØ dh ?kVukvksa esa xgjh #fp ys]a muds vkufUnr gksus ij mYykflr gksa vkSj muds nq%[kh gksus ij nq%[kh gksAa esjs fopkj esa rks .kZ.k vkSj viuh Nkrh ihVuh vkjEHk dj nhA bl çdkj mUgksua s y{e.a dks . lgkuqHkwfr ds fo"k.slk fcUnq gS] ftl ij eq>s vkidh mruh lgefr Hkh feys] ftruh fd ek.ksa u gks] mlds fy.d fofp= lk gS] ftlds fy.ksa dk .s yksx rks .k dks vUrr% foo'k dj fn.. dksbZ leFkZu okYehfd ls ugha feyrkA bldk vk/kkj dqN vU.kdrk de gS] fdUrq tks ^jkek.gh dgsxa ]s ßmudks Lora= :i ls dksbZ er O.Dr djus dk vf/kdkj ugha gSAÞ bl i{k ds leFkZu esa os ekjhp ds çlax dk Lej.k ds çfr vR.g .kZ jlkRedrk gh lekIr gks tkrh gSA lp ckr rks .k O.sls gS]a tks bl dgkuh ij fo'okl djuk ilan djrs gSAa ijUrq] . lhrk {kqC/k gksdj bruk Hkwy cSBha fd os y{e. dh Lora=rk o£tr gS dh Lora=rk Hkh ugha fey ldrhA .k* dk v/.g ekurk gS fd iq#"k tkfr vkSj L=h tkfr ds chp vR.g va'k fo'ks"k Hkh vR.ksa u gks] fdruh Hkh ifo= D.d .s gS]a mudks Li"V dj nsuk pkgrk gw¡A buesa ls .d cMÛh fofp= ckr gS fd dksbZ Hkh .g le>us dk ç.slk fo'okl djsa fd bl dk#f.gk¡ rd Hkh ekurs gSa fd vUrr% lhrk Hkh . ds vf/ kdka'k Hkkx dh lhrk udÛyh Fkh vkSj lhrk .slk djus ls dFkk dh lEiw.g gS] . brus O.k fnykrs gSAa tc ekjhp jke dks cgdkok nsdj nwj rd ys x. jpuk. gks xbZA tks lhrk ijorhZ dkaMksa esa lkeus vkrh gS]a Jh jke }kjk ifjR. dk vfUre fu. 181  /kedh Hkh nsrs gS]a vkSj rnuUrj lhrk dks u ikdj fcy[k&foy[k dj jksrs gS]a os dsoy ek.kZ fo"k.d vU.k..A mUgsa fdlh egRoiw. esa L=h&iq#"k esa cgqr vUrj gSA L=h] pkgs fdruh Hkh mnkÙk D.k* dh ?kVukvksa dks lPps vFkZ esa le>us dk nkok djrh gSAa muds vuqlkj lPph dFkk bl çdkj gS fd tc jko.k ds T.kh ls .. jke vc ge] jko.ksx esa foày gksdj foyki djrs gS]a tc os lqxhz o dks lhrk dh [kkst djus dk viuk oknk iwjk u djus ij e`R.k çdk'k feysxk] fdUrq bl fopkj ls fd ge .kl djrs gSa fd vkSj ckrksa dh rjg blesa Hkh mudk vkpj.k] tks . gks x.ksx djus yxhaA mUgksuas s y{e.koh lhrk dh dFkk ij u gksA ijUrq] okLrfodrk pkgs tks dqN Hkh gks] eSa viuh vfHk#fp Li"Vr.kZ.jkek.k& vkSj bl fl¼kUr ds] fd iq#"k tkfr L=h tkfr ls dgha vf/kd Js"B gS] leFkZd egkuqHkkoksa .s] ml O. v/.slk oxZ Hkh gS] tks . ckr .fDr dks vjf{kr NksMÛ] ftldh lqj{kk djus dh vko'.Ur dVq vkSj v'kksHkuh.d ugha FkkA vU.Ur fooknkLin gSA dqN fo}kuksa dk er gS fd ftl çdkj jke us lhrk dk ifjR.k gS vkSj geesa ls vf/kdka'k yksx .Fkk mlls iwjs ukVd esa gekjh vfHk#fp lekIr gks tk.d vlaHko fLFkfr gSA vr% eSa ek.drk Fkh] ml O.ksfr&LrEHk 180  ckjgok¡ v/. iwjs le.g tkurs gq.qx ls fooknkLin cuk gqvk gSA fQj Hkh cqf¼eku euq".d dsoy ek. dh ?kVuk ds fo"k.a gS]a ftudh çekf.koh lhrk dh thou&dFkk esa gesa dksbZ xgjh vfHk#fp ugha gks ldrhA esjs fopkj esa gesa Lo.srkvksa }kjk mBk.k :ih lhrk FkhaA bl ifjdYiuk dk leFkZu dqN ofj"B fo}kuksa }kjk fd.k ls lhrk us y{e. Hkh] mlds HkkX.fDr dh lqj{kk ds fy.qx&.kd egkdkO.k i'pkr~ (jke ds) Loj esa vR.k ij muds ikiiw.k j[kus dk Hkh vf/kdkj ugha Fkk] fo'ks"k {ks=ksa esa os lgh Hkh gks ldrh Fkha vkSj xÛyr HkhA ijUrq] ç'u lgh vkSj xÛyr dk ugha gS] ftl ij yksx /.ku nsxa As os rks .k dk iqujkoyksdu dj ysAa bl vk'kk ls ugha fd dksbZ u.qnMa dh 180 ckjgok¡ v/.k] mudh pkSdlh ds dÙkZO.kd Ïfre jksnu lquus ij Hkh y{e. 'kCnksa rd dk ç.g gS fd gekjs chp dqN :f<Ûokfn.kx ds çlax ij ppkZ djsxa As ckfy çlax ds leku gh ^jkek.k .k] .s x. dks NksMÛdj jke dh vksj tkus ds fy. yksx] ftudk fo'okl gS fd jke dksbZ vuqfpr ckr dj gh ugha ldrsA os .d L=h Fkh] mUgsa iq#"kk/khu le>h tkuh pkfg.k.k vkSj dqN {k.kx fd.Ur dk#f.s] ftls fdlh lqj{kk dh vko'..g .sls fo"k. djuk gekjs fy.k tuLFkku esa lhrk dk vigj.Ur vf/kd fo"kerk gSA pfj= vkSj ekuoh.h fVIi.sA .Dr dj nw¡A eSa ugha le>rk fd ewyikB dk mYys[k vko'.g fo'okl fnykuk vR.d gS] ijUrq eq[.g ekuus dk lkgl ugha dj ldrk fd mlds }kjk nh x.ksa dh gSfl.d .k vfuU| gSA brus iqjkus le.kdqy jgsA eSa le>rk gw¡ ..Ur dfBu gS fd tc jke vkSj y{e.k dqN dgk tk ldrk gSA vkjEHk esa gh] nks fcUnq] tks vknj.g tku ysa fd nksuksa i{k dh vksj ls D.k Fkk] vlyh lhrk vfXu esa ços'k djds vn`'.koh lhrk dh dFkk dks furkUr fujk/kkj ekurk gw¡ vkSj mls vLohdkj djrk gw¡A vU.q¼ ds mijkUr] lhrk ifjR.k ml vksj tkus ls ladksp djrs jgsA ml le.kh.r ls] tks ^jkek. futh çfrokn o£tr gS] lkglh dFku o£tr gS] jk.koh lhrk ds fy. ij viuk futh n`f"Vdks.slk djuk vko'.k djus vk.k* dk .s dfBu gSA dksbZ Hkh .u J¼kHkko ls dj jgs gS]a ge loZfofnr n`f"Vdks.k] muds pfj= dks ykafNr fd.kx vkSj vfXuijh{kk rd] os ek. esa bl ç'u dk fu. NksVk lk fcUnq gS] ftldk mYys[k vkjEHk esa gh djuk mfpr gS] ftlls lgh fn'kk ls HkVds fcuk ge ewyikB dks le> ldsAa dnkfpr~~ .g .k lhrk ds fo.kZ o dyq"k fopkj j[kus dk Hkh f?kukSuk vkjksi yxk.drk ugha FkhA vius vkpj.

k.k dh ve.{k :i esa rks os insZ dh çFkk ds fo#¼ cksy jgs Fks] ijUrq okLro esa os bl ckr ls {kqC/k Fks fd lhrk dks turk ls fNik. ugha gSA vkxs py dj tc eSa lhrk ds pfj= ij ppkZ d:¡xk] rc .s Hkh okuj mudk n'kZu djsAa ß .k nks Hkkxksa esa foHkkftr fd.k ij vuqfpr yk¡Nu yxk dj vius Åij bruk (^miikfnrl*) Hkkjh iki p<Ûk. foHkh"k.s tkrs gq.k tkrk FkkA ftl Hkk"k.ksa dks naM ds fHkék&fHkék çdkjksa ds :i eas ys]a tks mUgsa vius vkpj.sAÞ foHkh"k.k gSA fo'ks"kr% og bl le.k gS] ijUrq ftruk i. lokjh ds vkxs&vkxs pydj yksxksa dks b/kj&m/kj gVus dks dgrs gSAa dnkfpr~~ fdlh&fdlh ij MaMk Hkh iMÛ tkrk gS] ftlls dksykgy gksus yxrk gSA mlh çdkj ogk¡ ls gVk.rkoRi.g fl¼kUr vkSj .35) % jko.k djds mudk vieku djus dk nqLlkgl fd.k tk ldrk gSA igys Hkkx esa os vius lQy ç.sAa Þ foHkh"k.s] tSls fd eSa .g . fç.k djs]a fcYdqy ml lhek rd rks ugha] tSlk fiNys voljksa ij fd.re ds lqUnj eq[k dks] ftlds n'kZu ls os cgqr fnuksa ls of´pr Fkha] ml eq[kMÛs dks fugkjus ds fy.g Hkk"k.slk dgdj jke cgqr {kqC/k nh[kus yxsA .119.s tkus ij dnkfpr~~ mldks psrkouh ekudj lhrk us oSlk gh fd.k¡ vkb±] os lc blh vipkj dk naM FkhaA* eSa le>rk gw¡ fd . ckr gSA dqN yksx gkFkksa esa MaMs vkSj ykfB.k¡ fy.k%A ijeHkkxorHkwry{e.q¼ es]a Lo.qeMa y esa fo|qr lek xbZ gSA Jh jke dh eu%fLFkfr 'kkUr ugha gS] dqN my>u gSA lhrk mudh vksj vk jgh gS] mUgsa ikydh ls mrkjk tkrk gSA Jh jke ds vkns'kkuqlkj os dqN ix pydj Jh jke ds lehi igq¡prh gSAa Jh jke ds Bhd lEeq[k [kMÛh lhrk] vius fç.k ls dgrs le.a y{e.k ds T.k gSA os lhrk dks lEcksf/kr djds dgrs gS]a ßrqEgsa ekywe gks fd eSua s .kZIr gks bl dk#f.k vkSj pfj= ls gh loZFkk lqjf{kr jgrh gSA .d gSAa dukr~ vkSj pgkj fnokjh vkfn ls dksbZ lqj{kk ughaA ukjh ds vius futh lnkpkj gh mlds fy. dks iwjk dj fn.k.g lc dqN jke dks vPNk ugha yxkA mUgksua s Øks/kiwod Z dgk] Þbu yksxksa dks rax er djksA .slk yxrk gS fd lhrk ds jke ds lEeq[k mifLFkr gksus ls iwoZ gh jke ds eu esa . dks Hkkaius ds fy.k ftlus mudh iRuh dk vigj.k] Lo.fDr dk] mlds vuqpj lfgr] fouk'k dj fn.d fe=] lqxhz o] foHkh"k.k esa Hkh dksykgy gksus yxkA . fd os igys gh Jh jke ds eq[keaMy ij ijs'kkuh ds fpÊ ns[k pqds gS]a lhrk ls dgrs gS]a ßesjs fopkj esa rks mfpr . ou okujx.g lUns'k lquk nsrs gSAa lhrk dqN f}/kk esa iMÛ tkrh gSAa os dgrh gS]a ßeSa ftl voLFkk eSa gw¡] mlh voLFkk esa ifr ls HksVa djuk vf/kd ilan d:¡xh& eSyh dqpy S h] 'kksdkrZ vJqi.s bldk ijns ds fcuk lcds lkeus vkuk nks"k dh ckr ugha gSA vr% tkudh ikydh NksMÛdj iSny gh esjs lEeq[k vk.k fd rnuUrj tks Hkh foifÙk. gw¡ vFkkZr~ ftl voLFkk esa eSa .kA .k[.k ekufld ihMÛk ds voljksa ij] .k gSAa foifÙkdky es]a 'kkjhfjd .k] mUgksua s vius oa'k lqO.kZnk ds dkj.d nks 'kCn mudh lQÛkbZ esa dgw¡xk] bl lUnHkZ esa Hkh] tgk¡ muds vkpj.s lc vuko'.s cká lqj{kk dh oLrq.g fu"d"kZ gekjs }kjk ekuuh.k FkkA ml dyad dk ifjektZu gks x. dh fVIi. 183   dks .Fkk ds n`'.182 jkek.Ur O.k fd lhrk us y{e.Ru çLrqr djrs gSAa os crkrs gSa fd vius dÙkZO.d fueZe .k gh D. esa ços'k dj jgh gks]a tgk¡ fdlh vijk/kh dks naM lquk.ksfr&LrEHk ckjgok¡ v/.k] vius ijkØe dh /kkd cSBk nh vkSj mUgksua s ml O.slk Fkk fd ikBd lhrk dh vkifÙk. esjs ikl gSA blfy.kkipkjQyeqiikfnre~AA .gh jgsxk fd vki vius ifrnso dh vkKk dk ikyu djsAa Þ bl çdkj le>k.q¼ dk rks vUr gks x.gk¡ jgh gw¡] mlh voLFkk esa eq>s muds n'kZu djus fn.d gh fn'kk esa eqMÛk gqvk FkkA çR..gk¡ rd dgus etcwj fd.s .s lc esjs vkReh. rks bl ifjdfYir dgkuh dks Hkh fnekx ls fudky nsa fd dfo dk vfHkçk.&as tks jktlh fpÊ gS]a .k] lc dks yxk] ekuks ok.w kZ] vHkkfxuA eq>s ugkus /kksus vkSj vkHkw"k.K vkSj fookg vkfn voljksa ij L=h dk nwljksa dh n`f"V esa vkuk nks"k dh ckr ugha gSA .ksa tk.d mPp&U. u dfg.fn vki bls lk{kkRdkj dh laKk nsus esa dksbZ gtZ u ekus)a ] og lhrk dh ?kcjkgV dks 'kkUr djus okyk ugha FkkA .sA mudk #[k ns[k dj tks yksx ogk¡ mifLFkr Fks] vR.|fi os dBksjrk ls cksy jgs Fks] mudk flj >qdk gqvk Fkk vkSj .s mRlqd lhrkA ml lhrk dh dYiuk vki HkyhHkk¡fr dj ldrs gSAa tSls gh os muds eq[k ij n`f"Vikr djrh gS] dksbZ vKkr vk'kadk mUgsa Hk.k] tSlk muls dgk x.s Js"B vkoj.s vkrqj lhrk vkSj mlesa vius HkkX. gSAa mUgsa lhrk dks ns[kus nks] blesa dksbZ cqjkbZ ughaA ukjh rks vius vkpj.sls voljksa ij yksxksa dk 'kksj xqy .k mUgsa .g lhrk bl le.d Lusge. foifÙk esa gS] ekufld d"V ls Hkh la=Lr gSA .ZUra lhrk.kksa ls foHkwf"kr gksdj esjs lEeq[k vk.kd O.rhr dj jgh FkhA tSlh eSa bl le.gk¡ cMÛs vkuUn vkSj mYykl esa thou O. .kr b{okdq dqy dh eku e.k dgrs gS]a ßmuls dguk] flj ls Luku djds] vaxjkx ls lqokflr gksdj vkSj lc vkHkw"k. dh vof/k esa jke vkSj lhrk dh ekufld fLFkfr n'kkZus ds fy.kZnk dks iquLFkkfir dj fn.fFkr lgk.kkxeuekjH.k tk.k ls Jh jke lk{kkRdkj vkjEHk djrs gSa (.d çdkj dh mFky&iqFky vkjEHk gks xbZ FkhA os lhrk dks ykus ds fy.34. os fo'ks"k :i ls Li"Vr.k Hkqxrus iMÛAs vc ge ewyikB dk dqN vuqlj.q¼ vkSj bu fe=ksa ds ijkØe ls tks fot.k dnkfpr~~ .k dh vkykspuk gqbZ gSA bl le.g lksprs gq. çkIr dh * xksfoanjkt dh vfXu ços'k ds le.krqj dj nsrh gS] ftlus ogk¡ mifLFkfr lc yksxksa dks igys ls gh çHkkfor FksA lhrk dks Hkkl gksrk gS os .slk Fkk] ekuks os .k /kkj.sa vkSj .d jktlh ?kjkus ds BkV&ckV vkSj vkMEcjA .aoj es]a .kh (VI.k djus ds fy. ifr ds laons u'khy vkfyaxu dh vksj ugha ykSV jgh gS]a ftuls og fpjdky ls fcNqMÛh gqbZ FkhaA yxrk rks .ky. .d lkekU.

Fks"Va xE.rk n'k fn'kks Hkæs dk.Fks"Va xE.'k% çR.17 ßrqEgkjs pfj= ij dyad gSAÞ D. mudh çrh{kk dj jgk gSA .kstu ughaAÞ d% iqeku~ fg dqys tkr% fL=.a bl çdkj dg jgs gS\a ßpfj= esa lUnsg dk volj mifLFkr gSA lUnsg ds ckny ml ij Nk x.118.s 'kCn dgrs gS]a lhrk rqjUr le> tkrh gS fd nq%[kn HkkX. dh nwjh ds ckotwn] i<Ûus esa vR.kn jkKks cHkwo ân.s okujj{klke~AA VI.d dBksj naMuk.118.k] ftlus dqN le.sa rqEgkjs fy.kZ gks jgk FkkA rRi'pkr~ muds eq[k ls .ke~A tuoknHk.kh çdV djrs gS]a tc O.'k dks iqu% LFkkfir dj fy.18.115. lehis ân.Ur vfç.kâra e.Fkklq[ke~AA lqxhz os okujsUæs ok jk{klsUæs foHkh"k.fHk"o³~x% ßvc esjh rqEgkjs çfr dksbZ eerk vFkok vklfDr ugha gSAÞ .k ds ikl Hkh jg ldrh gksA tgk¡ rqEgsa * eqacbZ laLdj.gk¡ dfo dgrk gS fd lhrk us viuh n`f"V Åij dh vksj mBkbZ] mudh vk¡[ksa mlh çdkj dk Hkh"k.s nlksa fn'kk.118. gSA blh ds vuqlkj vkt eSua s rqEgkjs lkeus .s gh ugha fd.d dh Hkk¡fr viuh Hk`dVq h fldksMÛrs gSAa vkSj bl çdkj dBksj opu cksyrs gSa % l cn~/ok HkzdqVha oD=s fr.k x.18 Þ.fHk"o³~xks .slk dqyhu iq#"k gksxk] tks rstLoh gksdj Hkh ijiq#"k ds ?kj esa yxHkx .a ijx`gksf"krke~A rstLoh iqujkn|kRlqâYys[.Fkk ok lq[kekReu%AA VI.118.a f}/kkAA VI.d Øwj ifjgkl ek= gSA blls dqN curk ughaA rn~xPN áH.23) .kA eSua s vius ijkØe ls rqEgsa iqu% çkIr dj fy.Ur d"V gksrk gSA çkIrpkfj=lUnsgk ee çfreq[ks fLFkrkA nhiks us=krqjL.k gSA .Srr~ Ñrcqf)ukA ßHkæs! eSua s bl fo"k.21 ßeSua s ftl mís'. yx jgh gksAÞ bl lUnHkZ esa . ls rqEgsa thrk Fkk] og iwjk gks x. ls mudk ân.A y{e. eu% lhrs .12 fQj Jh jke dk ân.s [kqyh gSaAÞ dk.kAA ßesjk rqels dksbZ ç.23 os pkj tuksa dk mYys[k djrs gSAa * lhrk ls dgrs gSa] ßrqe pkgks] rks Hkjr vFkok y{e.ZefLr u es Ro.d o"kZ jgh gqbZ L=h dks iwjs fo'okl ls] eu ls xzg.ks Hkjrs ok Roa dq: cqf) .k.ksfr ugha lqgkrh] mlh çdkj rqe vkt vR.d Vhdkdkj cMÛh prqjkbZ ls fVIi.20 ßeSa lw.k dj ldrk gw¡] ftldks yksxksa us dqN le.g lc rqEgsa ikus ds fy.oZ 'a kh gw¡A eq>s xoZ gS] eSa n'kjFk dh larku gw¡] eSa j?kqdy q esa tUek gw¡A eq>s bl ij xoZ gSA eSa rqEgsa dSls xzg.ZDçsf{krykspu%A vczohr~ i:"ka lhrka e/.su psrlkAA VI.k Hk.11 (eqacbZ laLdj.k/k (f'kdkjh) ds çfr fgj.k vFkok fgj. rd jko.ifn'ku~ egr~AA VI 118.ks\a [ÛkjS ] .k ds T.rkfer% ßvc rqe eq>ls vfUre fonk ys ldrh gks vkSj tgk¡ Hkh tkuk pkgks] tk ldrh gksAÞ bfr çO.kA i'.k ds vuqlkj 'k=q?u lfgr ik¡p dk mYys[k gSA ß'k=q?us okFk lqxzhos jk{kls ok foHkh"k. ij vPNh çdkj ls lksp fopkj dj fy.22.k dBksj ls dBksjre gks tkrk gSA os . ds fy.s çfrokn vkSj fojks/k ds lc ekxZ cUn dj fn. 185   gS] .k dj ldsxk\Þ jko.22. fonh.ksA fuos'k.uqKkrk . dh vk¡[k esa gSA rks fQj lhrk ij nks"kkjksi.Lrka rq jkeL.Fks"Va tudkRetsA ßtgk¡ etÛhZ vkSj tSls etÛhZ tk ldrh gksAÞ .118.sls 'kCn fudkyrs gS]a ftudks vkt Hkh] le.s esjh çfr"Bk ij dkfyek yxkbZ gqbZ FkhAÞ ukfLr es Ro¸.ZefLr u es Ro.184 jkek.fç.so çfrdwykfl esa n`<e~AA VI.kA rqEgkjs cUnhdrkZ ml nqjkRek jk{kl ls eks{k fnykdj eSua s vius .kAA VI.ksfr&LrEHk ckjgok¡ v/.k dksbZ dYiuk dj ldrk gS fd os Lo.k gSA esjs dqy ds dyad dk ifjektZu gks x.ksAÞ (VI.k ds laj{k.k NksMÛ nsrk gSA rRi'pkr~ jke dk çfrdwy joS.rkfer%AA VI.k D.a vius vkidks fufUnr djrs gSAa bl miek ds vuqlkj çdk'k esa rks dksbZ nks"k ugha gS] çdk'k fcYdqy Bhd gS] mlus fdlh dk dqN ugha fcxkMÛkA jksx gS] rks bl euq".k) muds çk. çdV djrh çrhr gqb]± tSls dksbZ O.19 ßdkSu .115..kk³~difjHkz"Vka n`"Vka nq"Vsu p{kq"kkA dFka Roka iqujkn|ka dqya O.kh djrk gS fd bl miek }kjk jke Lo.k jk{kljkt foHkh"k.koYyHk mUgsa vius lehi ns[k jgs FksA ijUrq yksdkiokn ds Hk.g esjk n`<Ûfu'p.g rks .s ckrsa dgh gS]a Þ bruk dg dj mUgksua s lhrk ds fy.k esa lq[kiwod Z jgus dk fopkj dj ldrh gksA rqEgkjh bPNk gks] rks okujjkt lqxhz o . nks Vwd gks x.kA ukfLr esa Ro¸.k dh xksn esa ns[kk gSAÞ rnkFk± fuÆtrk esa Roa .k gS] fcYdqy ughaAÞ tc os .k/k mu ij viuk ?kkrd ck.s gSAa fQj Hkh rqe esjs lkeus [kMÛh gks] mlls esjh vk¡[kksa esa nq[ku gks jgh gSA tSls vk¡[k ds jksxh dks nhid dh T.kâra Hkæs e.

ks.qDre~A egkiq#"ks.fn vki eq>s le> ik.k rqEgkjs dgus dk . Jh jke dks iwoeZ os gh fey pqdk gSA muds vius fo'oluh.118.d dk p.k gksrk] .k us mUgsa . O.ksx esa dksbZ e.k djksAÞ os mudks lg"kZ Lohdkj dj ysrs gSAa ckrks&a ckrksa esa os .k . dgk tk ldsA jke] bls xzg.k mlds o'k esa vkSj mldh n.g dg nsrh gS] ßvkx yxs rsjh bu yVksa es\a Þ .d dyad ds lkFk esjs ikl vk.a ds lrhRo dh Tokyk ls gh jko.k us vius çk. esa .fDr Øks/k esa cksyrk gS] og dqN Hkh cksy ldrk gSA ge lc tkurs gSa fd .k fuHkZj] og rqEgsa Hkz"V fd..s] .k gksxk A jko.k .ku esa yhu gw¡A esjs eu esa dksbZ vU.kks n`"V~ok fnO.k muds lkeus FksA fQj Hkh mUgksua s bl çdkj dh Hkk"kk dk ç.k Hkh gksrk\ D.g ekuus dk dksbZ dkj.k eSa .ksa }kjk f?kjh gqbZ lhrk fdl çdkj dk thou th jgh FkhA os dsoy blh vk'kk esa th jgh Fkh fd jke mudk m¼kj djsxa s vkSj mudk cpko NwV dh vof/k dh lekfIr ls igys gh gks tk.a tkurh gks] rqe .k FkkA D.g lkspa ]s ßD.ku nsus dh ckr gS fd lhrk ds vkpj.fn mlus dksbZ dqp"s Vk dh gksrh\Þ .k cU/kqx`gs oklfo/kkukr~A ^u L=h LokrU«.d firk Øks/k esa gks] vFkok blh fcUnq ij gS fd Jh jke Hkh .d çdkj dh mf}Xurk FkhA blesa 'kd ugha fd os lhrk ds pfj= ij lUnsg djrs FksA blhfy.] ß. lEcU/kh çLrkoksa mldh voKk dh FkhA os lnk gh jke uke dk cMÛh J¼k ls tki djrh jgrh FkhaA ßmu (Jh jke) dks esjs fo"k.kks%^ og dnkfi .h ek¡ viuh fç.Ur eksgd gksA jko.k gSA blus .d ds laj{k.k.Drk.ksx djds çfrfnu çkr% cMÛs ifjJe ls laokjrh gSA ds'kksa dks fnu çfrfnu c<Ûrs ns[kdj cMÛs xoZ dk vuqHko djrh gSA cMÛs xoZ ds lkFk vius iMÛkfs l.kknkS eu%dj.k bldh lEHkkouk gks ldrh gS\ . esa v'kksdou dk vdkV.g Hkh eku fy.g rks fuf'pr Fkk fd os guqeku }kjk lqu pqds Fks fd mu jk{kfl.k vkSj mlds ç.g ifo= gS] v{kj'k% ifo= gSA blus dksbZ iki ugha fd.sxkA . gS fd rqe tks .k% fL=.ksx fd. u] vkxs os D.148)A u Ro=kU. iq=h ds ds'k mÙke ls mÙke rsy vkSj eqyk.] ekuoh.g dBksj ç'u os djrs gSa % Þ^u fg Roka jko.kksa dks gh ladV esa Mky fn.ksfr&LrEHk ckjgok¡ v/.k tk.g vfHkçk.k ls ç.d o"kZ i.A vr.k .k j{kRosu rÙkn~x`gs orZue~A Hk=kZ ifjR.fDr gSA og fujk i'kq gSA D.k Jh jke dks lquk.k geus lquk ugha . muds eq¡g ls Hkh ukle>h dh ckrsa fudy tkrh FkhaA tc os 'kksdlUrIr gksrs rks fcy[k&fcy[k dj jksus yxrsA mudh ekuork dks lUnsg ughaA vr.o os dgrs gSa fd .k esa jg ldsA vr% Vhdkdkj dgrk gS] ßjke dk vfHkçk.k] ftls rqEgkjs çfr vifrozR.k eSa ugha tkurk Fkk fd og vius Lo.o Hkk"kk dks dksey cukus dh vko'. nwr guqeku Lo.gh gks ldrk gS fd lhrk bu esa ls .egZfr* bfr Le`rs% (euq.g ugha le>rk fd jko.s Fks % u fg Roka jko.fDr gh FksA tcos Øks/kkos'k esa gksrs Fks] rks ml le.h gks] eSa rqEgsa fdl çdkj xzg.Ru fd.slk dqN ugha fd.drk Hkh ughaA nsf[k.u dj ys] tks mls Hkj.d fnO.k ds fo"k. lk{.a vfXunso us çdV gksdj] oSngs h dks Jh jke dks le£ir dj fn.k dks 'kki Fkk .fn og fdlh L=h ds lkFk mldh bPNk ds fo#¼ cykRdkj djus dh ps"Vk djsxk] rks mldk flj QV dj VqdMÛ&s VqdMÛs gks tk.s fcuk jg ldrk Fkk\ D.sxkAÞ blfy. fopkj vkrk gh ughaA eSa dsoy mUgha ds fufeÙk thfor gw¡A mUgsa crk nsuk fd eSua s jko.g Hkh dgrs gS]a ßokLro esa eSua s lhrk ds pfj= ij lUnsg ugha fd.sr fpja lhrs Lox`gs ifjoÆruhe~AA VI.k dks HkLekr~ dj ldrh Fkh] .fn .s cMÛh&cMÛh ckrsa os ckn esa * xksfoanjkt dh fVIi.k fy.kh bl çdkj gS % ßv= y{e.d ekrk dqfir gks .k rkn`'kksDR.sxkA .k djksA .Fkk xzghrqa .g dgrs gq.k tkuk pkfg.s] lhrk dks fdruh Lora=rk nsrs gS]a jkeA .slk gh dqN FkkAÞ* esjs fopkj esa Hkk"kk dks dksey cukus dh dksbZ vko'.ksxkr~AAÞ .k ge ugha ns[krs fd .ZUr mlds ?kj esa jgh gks] iw.ka uke vukFkk.ksX.kZr.k gS fd og .kZnk ugha jgrh] ml ij dksbZ vad'q k ugha jgrkA lEHkor% vki .fDr dqN Hkh vuki&'kuki cd ldrk gSA jksTÛkejkZ ds thou ds D.5.drk ughaA jke us tkucw> dj dBksj cuuk pkgrs FksA os cMÛs jks"k esa Fks] cMÛs vlar"q V FksA muds ân.d o"kZ rd vius dks o'k esa ugha j[k ldrkA D.186 jkek.k bl çdkj dh ckrsa ge jke ij Hkh vkjksfir dj ldrs gS\a Þ .d o"kZ rd dh NwV nh gqbZ gS fd jko.k Fkk fd fdl çdkj mUgksua s jko.e da?kh dk mi. Hkk"kk ds ç.d eerke.k dksbZ ifr jks"k esa gks] ml le.d Øq¼ O.24 ßrqe Lo.slh lEHkkouk gks ldrh gS\ .kA ckn esa tc vfXuijh{kk lekIr gks x. lqUnjh gks] i`Foh ij loZJ"s B lqUnjh gks] vR.k us mudk Li'kZ fd.gk¡ jke dk vk'k.a vius us=ksa ls lhrk dks ns[kdj vk.ksa ls mudh ç'kalk djrh gSA D. esa crkuk] eSa fujUrj mUgha ds /.k dj ldrk gw¡\ rqEgsa eSa iwjh vkTÛkknh nsrk gw¡A rqe esjs .s lc çek. dsoy .slh ckrsa gekjs vuqHko ds ckgj ughaA tc .d fcYdqy fujad'q k O.slh L=h Hkh Øks/kkos'k esa . ugha gksAÞ tc dksbZ O.h] cMÛs cMÛs nsorkvksa dh mifLFkfr es]a Lo. 187   lq[k feys] ogk¡ vkuUniwod Z jgks] eq>s dksbZ vkifÙk ughaA buesa ls rqe fdlh dks pqu ldrh gks] vxj rqe pkgksAÞ nsf[k.k ij n.k dgrs gS]a muds lqfuf'pr 'kCn .s fd jke dks bl ckr dh tkudkjh ugha Fkh] fdUrq .fn mlus cykRdkj dk ç.s Fks vkSj ogk¡ dk fooj.g vkidh /keZiRuh lhrk gS] bls xzg.k&lÙkk ns lds] ftl ls og mlds ikl tkdj bu esa ls .d o"kZ rd esjk Li'kZ ugh djsxk] vkSj eSa vk'kk djrh gw¡ fd bl o"kZ dh iwfrZ ds iwoZ gh eq>s cpk fy.#ia euksjeke~A e"kZ.gk¡ bruh dBksj Hkk"kk ls migr gksdj dqN Vhdkdkjksa dks fpUrk gqbZ gS fd bu opuksa dk dksbZ [Ûkjkc vFkZ ugha yxk.k ds T.e ls eqyk.g dYiuk Hkh djuk dksjh cdokl gSA fQj ^Lox`g]* tc gj {k. os dgrs gS]a ßrqe .k.sa gS]a rks Li"V gksxk fd esjk iwjk vfHkçk.k rqe mlds iwjs vf/kdkj esa gksAÞ /.k tk.k ugha gS fd jko. .

k dh vkSj mUeq[k gksdj dgrh gSa % fprka esa dq: lkSfe=s O.d le.k ds fy.fn vkius eq>s vPNh çdkj ij[k fy.d .d vifrozrk L=h dh Hkk"kk ugha cksyrhaA i`FkDL=h.ksa ds vkpj.&fou.ksx 'kksHkk ugha nsrkA jko.su pkfj=s.g esjs nqHkkZX.s nksuksa ckrsa ljljh n`f"V ls rks ijLij fojks/kh gS]a A ijUrq] bldks lgh vFkks± esa le>kus dk rjhdÛk .ksX.d vksj rks os .k vkSj d"Vdj {k.slk ekuus esa dksbZ diV Fkk nksuksa ckj gh os fu"diV FksA dsoy .Z vkyksfdr gks x.] rFkkfi muesa .kA . esa lkspk] ftldk vUr%iqj nqfu.ksfxrk ugha gS]Þ ftldk vk'k.g mfpr ughaA .1198 ßjko.d lk/kkj. çdkj dh Hkkouk ls çsfjrA blesa dqN Hkh vLokHkkfodrk ughaA bl Åijh vlaxfr dks le>us dk dsoy .a dk ân. ls ijs FkkA rRi'pkr~ yksd ds lEeq[k mudk ifjR.A . [kaMu djrh gS fd ml le.kA bl ckr ij viuh vçlékrk çdV djrs gq.g ckr tkurk FkkAÞ gesa .k Hkh FkkA lhrk dks nks"kh Bgjk dj mudks pys tkus dks dgk] tgk¡ dgha mudh bPNk gksA mUgksua s .frAA VI.d ds ckn . os n`<Ûrkiwod Z dgrh gS fd .rk ns]a rks muds ml oDrO.slk dksbZ vkns'k ugha Fkk fd lhrk dks fdlh çdkj dh ijh{kk nsuh gksxh vFkok dksbZ çek.kh dh fL=.s] rc D.k rqe ij myVk ?kwe dj dgus yxrh gS] ßvjs! rqeus fdrus cMÛs ew[kZ jgs gks]Þ rqe dgus yxrs gks] ßugha ugha] eSa ew[kZ ugha Fkk] eSa rks vkjEHk ls gh .k tks lgu'khyrk ls bu vk'k.slk gh Fkk fd] ß.k çLrqr djuk gksxkA çek.7 ßfuEu Js.g lksprs gq.g dgdj mUgksua s viuh lQÛkbZ Lo.kSo rs 'kisAA VI.k gks] rks bl lUnsg dks eu ls fudky nhft.ku ml lqUnjh dh vksj x.k Hkj ls ykbZ gqbZ fL=. lEHkkoukvksa dh vksj Hkh x.g ns[kdj fd muds vkÏfr ij fdlh çdkj dk yphykiu ugha vk.s dksbZ vUrj ugha iMÛxs kA rqEgsa dqN Hkh gks tk.slh Hkk"kk dk ç.k FkkA eSa fcYdqy vleFkZ Fkh] ..d çdkj dh Hkkouk ls çHkkfor Fks vkSj nwljs le.k dh vuSfrd nq"Vrk ds fo"k.k djrs\ vki Hkh my>u esa iMÛs gksrAs .fn vki bu ckn ds dFkuksa dks 'kr çfr'kr ekU.kdrk ls lkSia nh xbZ FkhaA . vkSj muds çHkko esa lhrk dk ?kksj vieku fd.k rks mUgksua s vius fy.g Hkh ugha Hkwyuk pkfg.|fi lhrk ds çfr çFke dFku esa gh bl çdkj ds dBksj euksHkko . euq".k vki ugha dgsxa ]s ß. VVksyas vkSj vki Lo.k ds T.ksa ls Hkjk gqvk FkkA . os .s vkSj vkids pkjksa vkSj yksx eqLdjkrs gq. os ijo'k FkhaA os dgrh gSa % .k Fkk vkSj mlh ds vuqlkj mudk vkpj.119. dk nks"k gSA D. rqEgkjh dksbZ mi.k .119.fn vki lewph L=h tkfr ij gh lUnsg djrs gS]a .gh fn[kykus dk gS fd jke Hkh vU.ksa ds leku gh FksA .k vkSj leLr txr esa lc dqN Bhd Bkd gks x. 189   dgrs jgs tc lhrk mudks loksPZ p çekf.k }kjk Li'kZ ds vkjksi dk .s] eq>s dqN eryc ughaAÞ .k ugha Fkk\Þ dgus dk vFkZ .kksa esa udkjkRed Hkkouk dk mu ij TÛkksj jgkA ijUrq ckn esa l'kDr çek.fn rs·ga ijhf{krkAA VI. vU.k] tks muds lEeq[k [kMÛh Fkh] muds Øks/k us mUgsa vfHkHkwr dj fy..g ifjR.] dgrh gSa % u rFkkfLe egkckgks rFkk RoeoxPNflA çR.s fd .188 jkek. ugha gw¡AÞ os . dk Jh jke ij dksbZ çHkko ugha iMÛkA .kZr.a nsus ds fy.slh ckrsa dg jgs gS]a ekuks eSa .g rks eSa igys ls gh tkurk FkkA esjh vUrjkRek dgrh Fkh fd og ifo= gSA esjs lUnsg djus dk dksbZ dkj.k dk çdk'k x.k ifrAÞ lhrk dMÛs 'kCnksa esa mikyEHk mÙkj nsrs gq.sls nk#.18 .gh rjhdÛk gSA okLro esa esjs eu esa dksbZ lUnsg ugha fd dfo dk vk'k.ksfr&LrEHk ckjgok¡ v/.g lc dqN vki le>rs ugha\ fQj Hkh vki eq>ls .g gS fd igys udkjkRed Hkkouk dk çHkko gqvkA blds foijhr Hkkouk mHkjh] tc lw. gksa vkSj vki viuh ihB Hkh FkiFkikuk pkgs] vius vPNs vkpj.fn rqe ej Hkh tkvks] rks esjs fy.k tkfra rka ifj'k³~dlsA ifjR.g eglwl dj jgs Fks] tgk¡ rd lhrk dk lEcU/k gS] lc dqN Bhd gSA ml ij vHkæ ykUNu yxkuk vuqfpr gSA fdUrq] nwljh vkSj mudk /.k.k feyus ij] tc dqN le.kA os bl çdkj dh }U}kRed Hkkoukvksa ds chp Mk¡okMksy FksA igys igy cnrj Hkkouk mHkj vkbZA os iw.6 ßvki eq>s tSlk le>rs gS]a oSlh ugha gw¡A eq> ij fo'okl dhft.k ns[kdj .a xPN es .kL.g dgrs gq.k Fkk] dqN dqfVyrk vkSj fu"Bqjrk dk vkjksi Hkh Jh jke ij yxkuk pkfg.k ds 'kjhj ls tks esjs bl 'kjhj dk Li'kZ gqvk] og esjh foo'krk FkhA eSua s .kka çpkjs.tseka 'k³~dka rq . es]a tc mUgksua s lpeqp lhrk dks vLohdkj fd.119.kx Fkk] blesa dksbZ lUnsg ughaA ijorhZ Hkh lPpk FkkA blesa dksbZ lUnsg ughaA ijorhZ iNrkok Hkh lPpk FkkA ikBd TÛkjk Lo.d dqyhu ifr dks dqyhu iRuh ds çfr .sjh&xÛjS h ukjh gw¡ vkSj vki .fn vki .ksi/kkrksigrk ukga ftforqeRq lgsAA VI.luL. dks VVksfy. yxHkx . rd lkjh nqfu.a Hkh vfuf'pr gSa vkSj ckn esa tc lc dqN Bhd gks tk.s igys ls gh cuk fy.g Hkh dgk] ßesjs fy.|ga xk=laLi'k± xrkfLe foo'kk çHkksA dkedkjks u es r= nSoa r=kijk/. Hkh . Hks"kte~A feF.slk LosPNk ls ugha fd.slh ifjfLFkfr essa gksr]s rks D.s fcYdqy lhrk ij NksMÛ fn.kA .k] u gh dBksjrk esa fdlh çdkj dh deh vkbZ] os y{e.AÞ mudh fdlh çdkj dh vuqe.ku vU.sA eSa vius lnkpkj dh 'kiFk [kkdj dgrh gw¡ fd eSa lUnsg .k vfHkHkwr gks x.kx dj fn.d çdV gq.g gS fd jke MkokaMksy fLFkfr esa FksA vius ân.] tc mudk /. fd . vkSj dYiuk dhft.kA mUgksua s jko.

qLRFkkxfeea çfrA jkes.k jke ls vçlék u gksvksAÞ .k djus yxrh gSAÞ vLekdefi nkjs"kq lguh.ksfr&LrEHk ckjgok¡ v/.k] y{e.sA Hkkb.s lQÛkbZ nsuk vko'. gh lc yksx bl ?kVuk dks .'kdRlqâr~AA VI.k Jh jke dks fn. jktu~! iqjoklh tu ckTÛkkj es]a lMÛdksa ij] ou&miouksa esa [kqydj vkids fo"k.oa cgqfo/kk okpks onfUr iqjokflu%A VII. [ksyk tk pqdk Fkk] rc bl ?kVuk ls lcds ân.ksa ds le{k loZ= .k rks v.k. dk lUnsg vo'.k Rof}'kq)îFkZ Ñresrf)rSf"k.19 .43. ls NViVk pqdk Fkk vkSj fQj lc dqN Bhd&Bkd gks x.g muds ân.kAÞ dfo dgrk gS] .ogkj ds fo#¼ fdlh dks cksyus dh fgEer u gqbAZ dfo ds .k Fkk] rc fu'p.sa igq¡pha fd v.g dgus ds fy.k] lqxhz o] guqeku] 'kk'or cqf¼ekuh ds vkxkj ½{kjkt] tkEcoar vkfn ij lékkVk Nk x.sd O.k gS] ßfdlh ds çfr nqHkkZouk ugha j[kuh pkfg.ksfa d jktk tSlk djrk gS] çtk Hkh mldk vuqlj.g çlax Hkh Jh jke ds ân.fUr 'kqHkk'kqHke~A pRokjki.k fd.gh mipkj gS] .22 ßml le.kkAA VI.ksa dh .frA .kjksa esa fuUnkRed feF.43. ugha FkkA tks dqN Hkh gqvk] mldk dkj.A os rqEgkjs fgrS"kh gSAa os rqEgkjk fgr djus ds fy.k ds çtktu muds vkpj ij eqDr :i ls Vhdk&fVIi. ds dkj.k Fkk] dgha pyh tkvks] vc esjs fy.g çn£'kr djus ds fy.d&nwljs ls bl çdkj dh ckrsa dj jgs Fks % Ük`.fn gekjh fL=.Dr gksus ij vçlék ugha gksuk pkfg.ifjorZu ds ckn dk gSA . rd jko.k ds ?kj esa Hkh jgh\Þ dhn`'ka ân. os vkil esa dgrs gS]a ßmuds ân.] u gh mu ij Øq¼ gksuk pkfg.eksiee~A vuqur s eq Fkks oDrqa æ"Vqa okI.k us cyiwod Z xksn esa mBk dj vigj.ksa ugha djrs] muds lkFk os vkuUn dSls mBkrs gS\a dy .a bUæyksd ls foeku }kjk e`R.sa vFkok tuin ds nsgkrksa esa tk.s rqEgkjk dksbZ mi.k Hkh gS fd os tks dqN pkgs]a dj ldrs FksA mudh vuqfpr ckr ds fojks/k esa fdlh dk dqN dgus dk lkgl ugha gksrk FkkA blh çdkj dh ckr fQj mÙkj dkaM esa Hkh gksrh gS] ftldk mYys[k eSa vHkh d:¡xkA ekuks .d ldkjkRed n`f"V ls ns[kus ds fy. lhrklaHkksxta lq[ke~A v³~dekjksI.kjF. gh lc yksxksa dk ç.kd ?kVuk ?kj pqdh Fkh] lhrk dk ân.kstu vPNk gh jgk gksxkAÞ bl volj ij jke ds O. esa lhrk&lgokl tfur lq[k dSlk yxrk gksxk] ftl lhrk dks jko.ogkj ds ewyk/kkj dks le>uk gksxkA lhrk ds çfr muds eu esa vikfrozR. esa 'kqHkk'kqHk ckras djrs gSAa bu dk bruk lkgl gks x.|fi vkfn n'kZdx.kj dj mls çTTofyr dj nksA esjs bl nq%[k dk dsoy .k x. .ks u rq oSngs h eU. esa dld jgk FkkA mÙkj dkaM ds lhrk ifjR. mRiék dj jgs FksA mudk dksbZ Hkh fe= mUgsa le>kus vFkok dqN dgus dk lkgl u dj ldkAÞ çR. vfXuijh{kk ds vfrfjDr dksbZ vkSj fodYi ugha gSA vfXu çTTofyr djksA vc eq>s vfXu nsork gh 'kj.slk dgyok.ejkt ds leku lc yksxksa ds eu esa Hk.kh esa dgrs gSa (ekuks muds fy.119.A vo'.klq ous"kwious"kq pAA VII.kd n`'.k nsxa As bl çdkj dh nqxfZ r dk dsoy .d dk#f.k¡ Hkh nqjkpkj djs]a rks gesa Hkh fL=.k gS fd Jh jke vkSj lhrk ds fo"k.dek= mipkj gSA esjs fy.s fd vc lc dqN Bhd Bkd gks x.kkfoày gks pqds Fks vkSj lc yksx esy&feyki ds fy.ksx ughaA bu 'kCnksa dks v{kj'k% u yks vkSj bl dkj.dkyhu lagkjdkjh .a Hkfo".112-34 ßrqEgsa Jh jke }kjk ifjR.d Hkh vkokTÛk u mBhA jke ds O.slh ckrsa lguh iMÛxas h D.fDr us viuk eq¡g nwljh vksj eksMÛ fy.20 uxjs"kq p losZ"kq jkt´tuins"kq pAA ßpkgs vki uxjksa dh lMÛdksa ij tk.s lc ?kVuk ds ckn dh gh ckrsa gSA tc . Jh jke çy.k] fuLlUnsg LokHkkfod Fkk fd os lksp esa iMÛ x.k dh çtk dk xyh&xfy.43.d Fkk) % dÙkZO.kiokn FkkA Jh jke ds ikl bl çdkj dh lwpuk.k] ij fojks/k esa .sAa bl çdkj dh cgqr&lh ckrsa iqjoklh dgrs gS]a Þ tc bu ckrksa dk fooj..190 jkek. FkkA pkgs .g lUnsg fujk/kkj gh Fkk] .k dyad ls dyafdr gksdj eSa thfor ugha jg ldrh] çekn 'kksd vkSj vrho Hk.Fkk ikSjk% dFk.ks/.s rL.Fkk fg dq:rs jktk çtk reuqorZrAs A VII.gh mipkj gSA feF. muds firk o`¼ jktk n'kjFk Lo.kq jktu~ . 191   ßvc esjs fy. mRlqd FksA lalkj ds lkeus rqEgkjs pfj= dh ifo=rk Li"V djus ds fy.kx dh nwljh ?kVuk esa dksbZ Hkkjh vkSfpR.k ijlks]a .d ckj uSjk'.43.s mRlqd gS vkSj .13 lqfu.kk D.s gh muls .kA mUgksua s Jh jke ds psgjs dh vksj ns[kk rd ughaA muds psgjs dh vksj ns[kus rd ls os Mjrs Fks] lHkh dk¡ius yxsA eSa vkidks igys gh crk pqdk gw¡] Jh jke viuh uSfrd loksPZ prk dh /kkd lkjh nqfu.kh dj jgs Fks vkSj .k x.17 ßrks Hkh Jh jke muls ?k`.qyksd esa vkdj n'kZu nsrs gSAa os jke ls ckrphr djrs gSa vkSj fQj lhrk dh vksj mUeq[k gksrs gSAa lhrk dks ^csVh^ dgdj iqdkjrs gS]a u fd ^iq=o/kAw * /khjs&/khjs e/kqjok.k Fkk vkSj og dqN le.ksu cyk)`rke~AA VII.kZ djrs gq. rq iqjk jko.s fprk rS. esa ifjp.k] foHkh"k.ks?.k esa tek pqds FksA bldk çek.k ds T.s 'kCn gSa % u fg jkea rnk df'pRdkykUrd.s mRlqd FksA dfo dgrk gS]a nsorkvksa ds e/.s fd tc .g lEiw. d#.kZ dk#f.

vijk/k dj fn.k us mudh ifo=rk dks vkdj çekf. gesa .k gS] vkSj mldk pfj= dyafdr gks x.s gekjk vk/kkj fo'oluh.kZIr gS fd dqN fxus pqus yksxksa }kjk vki fufUnr fd.k x. os dgrs gS]a ßD.s gh gksrk gS]Þ .d vU.s {kf=.ksfa d lk{kkr~ nsojkt egsUæ us vkdj mudks esjs gkFkksa esa lkSia k Fkk (vfXunso ds ctk.'kkfLouhe~AA VII.g iqjkuk er gSA (vusd lektksa esa .k gS] rks {kfr mldh ugha gqb]Z oju~ mlds ifr ds uke dh gqbZ gSA mldk uke fcxMÛ x.ksfa d {kf=. .köhr% fda iqutZudkRetke~A VII.k .a dkfynkl tSlk egku O. cu tkrh gS] og v/ke yksdksa esa fxj tkrk gSAÞ Jh jke ds vuqlkj .kh bl çdkj gS % vfi LonsgkfRdeqrfs Uæ.k lUnsg ds çHkko esa vusd t?kU. gksrk gS] fQj L=h vkfn Hkksx dh oLrqvksa dh rks ckr gh D.s çfr'kks/k ysuk vko'. dk e.k nw"k.k j[kuk pkfg.k ds T.k ekuo ds fy. fd ml le.kx bruh cMÛh ckr ugha gS] ftruk fd Hkkb.k.k x.rs yksds HkwrL.h] mldk dqy cnuke gks x.g LokfeRo dh /kkj.fDr }kjk mlds çfr dksbZ vf'k"V O.fn dqN yksx .kZ .45. pA vdhÆr.d O. esa dqN ugha dgrkA .g egku yksdkiokn QSyus yxk gSA iqjokfl.ga thfora táka .s tkrs gSAa bu yksxksa ds fo"k.g ekuuk iMÛxs k fd .kZ gks vFkok vU.k[.d usduke vkSj .kx djukA D.ku nsus dh ckr gS fd bl ØeLFkkiu esa lhrk dk D.rk Fkh fd ukjh dsoy ifr dh futh lEifÙk gS] ftl ij ifr dk iw.13 ßfdUrq] vc . ukjh ds LorU= vfLrRo dh ekU. gS D.12.ksa dks lEcksf/kr djds dgs x.45.ogkj fd.k LFkku fu/kkZfjr fd.k yksd esa vidh£r dh fuUnk vkSj dh£r dh ç'kalk djrs gSAa dhR.k fd.Fk± rq lekjEHk% los"Z kka lqegkReuke~A vI.ksfr&LrEHk ckjgok¡ v/.kstu mÙke dh£r dh LFkkiuk ds fy.ksa vkSj tuin ds yksxksa esa esjh cMÛh fuUnk gks jgh gSA blfy.kk cuk ysa fd .fpr~AA irR.s tk.sls çns'k esa igq¡prs gS]a tgk¡ lk/kkj.s fd jke ds bl ifjfLFkfr esa O. dL.] os vc egsUæ gks tkrs gS)a A esjh vUrjkRek Hkh .k!Þ .g fuf'pr djds fd vius uke ij yxs bl dyad dks nwj djus dk dksbZ vU.rk nsrk gw¡] fdUrq dsoy bl n`f"V ls fd okYehfd dk bl lUnHkZ esa lgh vFkZ yxkus ds fy. çLrqr djrk gw¡A ckr .k.kZA dfo bl fo"k.gh <ax gSA eSa .iw.k Fkk ml çkphudky esa ekU.d gks] rks eSa vius çk.d gSA .ksfa d Lo.kFkkZ|'kks/kukuka fg .slk yxrk gS] blds fy.d cnuke esa cgqr vUrj gSAÞ ikjkSiokn% legkaLrFkk tuinL. egku dfo] dkfynkl dk lk{.fDr udZokl djsxk& pkgs .kxsu iRU.kk nwj rd trh gSA .fn vko'.15 ßfQj lhrk dks R.kx ldrk gw¡AÞ fda iqutZudkRetke~ VII.sA tSls gh mUgksua s bu vioknksa dks lquk] Jh jke us mUgsa cqyk.kZ vf/kdkj FkkA .o`fÙk*] çfr"Bk vkSj egku [. gS vkSj mldh fuUnk djus yxs]a rks .fDr dh vidh£r yksd esa ppkZ dk fo"k.10 ßrHkh eSua s mudk xzg.slk O.kr fd. ugha Fkk] lhrk ifjR. pkuU.k ns[k jgh FkhA leLr nsorkx.g Li"V djus ds fy.k tSls O.k ee gLrs fuosf'krkA vUrjkRek p es osfÙk lhrka 'kq)ka .45.ksfa d tSlk eSua s igys Hkh crk.'kLouh lhrk dks 'kq¼ le>rh gSA .kZnkvksa ds çfr Hkko cMÛk foy{k.k gksrk gS] bldks vR.kA vr% mlds fy.ZL.s 'kCn rhuksa Hkkb.kh.rsAA VII.koPNCn% çdhR.k% ifjek"VqeZ PS Nr~A . esa dksbZ /kkj.fn jko.slh csrd q h ckrsa fQj Hkh gks ldrh gS\ igys eq>s Hkh TÛkjk lk lUnsg gqvk Fkk] fdUrq lhrk rks vfXuijh{kk ns pqdh gS]a tc lkjh nqfu.g çFkk vc Hkh çpfyr gS)A vkidks bl ckr dks Lohdkj djuk gksxk] tc ge bu iqjkuh dgkfu.kfr dks iqu% LFkkfir djuk pkgrs gSAa blds ckn dfo dh viuh fVIi.g U.k] mldh çfr"Bk pyh x. mik.Hkhr gw¡] .192 jkek.kk cukrs le.k FkkAÞ y³~dk}his egsUæs.iw.ogkj dks lgh :i esa le>us dk . viokn dh ppkZ djrs gq.rk ugha FkhA .a R.g Lej.fDr fo'ks"k dk vkpj.'k dks gh /ku ekuus okyksa ds fy. 193   QSys gq.35 ß. eSa cgqr nq%[kh gw¡A ftl O.14.s dsoy .gh i.krk Hkh .k D..k.Dr gks tkrs gSAa nsorkx.kxuk dkSu&lh cMÛh ckr gS\Þ /.%A& j?kqoa'k] 14.q"eku~ ok iq:"k"kZHkk%AA vioknHk.sok/kekZYyksdku~ .fuo`fÙk okP.'kks xjh.s lk¡l ysuk Hkh dfBu gks tkrk gS] D.kA os dgrs gS]a ßcU/kqvks!a eSa yksdfuUnk ls bruk Hk.15 ßleLr Js"B egkRekvksa dk lkjk 'kqHk vk.Ur Hkkouk&ç/kku lhek rd ys tkdj .ZrAs vdhÆrfuZU|rs nso%S dhÆryksd Z "s kq iwT.'k dh ppkZ gksrh gS] rc rd og udZ esa gh iMÛk jgrk gSA .slh ugha fd eSa rqylhnkl dks okYehfd dh vis{kk vf/kd ekU.g /kkj. yksx] ftudk viuh e.ksa vkSj ohjxkFkkvksa ds lEcU/k esa ckr djrs gS]a tgk¡ b".k gSA ßeSa rqEgsa lekIr dj nw¡] Lo.ksa dk R. xh.45.kZnk .s]a pkgs os >wB gh vkids fo#¼ cnukeh QSyk jgs gksAa vkSj tc rd i`Foh ij mlds vi.slk dgrk gS % fuf'pR.kksa dks vkSj rqe lcdks Hkh R.sls yksx nsorkvksa }kjk Hkh ifjR.kx ds vfrfjDr jke viuh ^vuU.'k vius 'kjhj ls Hkh c<Ûdj fç.a dks lekIr dj nw¡] vius uke dks yksdkiokn ls cpkus gsrAq Þ lhrk\ mldk R.

Z ds çfr vfuPNqd gSA .d jkf= O.21 os dgrs gS]a ßeSa rqEgsa vius pj.fDr ml dk.d çdkj dh LokfeHkfDr le>rs gSAa .s rRij jgsxa ]s ysfdu Hkkxsxa s ughaAÞ :l&tkiku .kZnk dh lqj{kk gh lc dqN FkkA dqN Hkh .kA muds fy.Z k[kk vius HkkbZ [kj ds ikl igq¡pdj lkjk o`ÙkkUr lqukrh gSA Jh jke }kjk [kj ds Hksts gq.% mYys[k fd.d le.a HkqtkH.q¼ ds fy.k^ esa nks .ksa rFkk vU.sls ladV ds le.ka thforsu pA VII.a dks mu tgktÛkas ds lkFk Mqckus dks rS.k gks] Li"V lksp&fopkj djus esa vleFkZ gks] .adj yksx gSa D.% mlls fHkMÛus dks ik. ladVksa dk lkeuk] .sA mu lc us vius uke jDr ls fy[kdj viuh vuqefr çdV dhA .s rks eku&e. ls fd.d NksVs ls dksbZ dk.g dk.s vkSj D.] u gh fojks/k djuk pkfg.s .q¼Hkwfe esa xkSjo dk vtZu djuk gh loksiZ fj gSA vkt Hkh iwjh nqfu.k=k ds fy.k.kxus ds fy.slh gksrh gS fd mudk lEiw.ksfa d xHkZorh gksus ij mUgksua s Lo.Fkk ls xzLr gks] fo"kkn ls vfHkHkwr gks] 'kfDrghu gks x.Z dk .q¼ .kkA^ ladksp u djksA vçhfrÆg ijk eáa Ro¸.s .k gSAÞ bl çlax esa os iqu% cgqr ls 'kCnksa dk ç.20 ßvc rqe tkvks] bl fo"k.194 jkek.% dFkk. dkaM es]a tc y{e.g dk.fn esjs bl fu'p.k .% lhrka çfr dFkapuAA VII.kksa dh 'kiFk fnykuk cMÛh fofp= ckr gSA bl çdkj dh 'kiFk ^jkek.d vke ckr Fkh] tgk¡ iwjh dÛkeS dks bl ijEijk ij f'kf{kr fd.{k us nks lkS okWykafV.g . esa dksbZ lksp&fopkj vFkok f>>d u djksA .k rhu LFkkuksa esa ikbZ tkrh gSA eSua s bl çdkj dk ç.slh ifjfLFkfr esa ml O.d vdsyk .slk gksrk gS] mudh /kkj.d T. fd.19 os vius Hkkb.s miyC/k u gks ldsA cUnjxkg dk vojks/ku dsoy rHkh lEHko gks ldrk Fkk] tc nks cMÛs tgktÛkas dks ogk¡ Mqck fn.Z ugha djrs gks] .Z fedkMks ds çfr ?kksj jktæksg le>k tkrk gSA fedkMks tkiku dk lezkV gh ugha] çR.fn dksbZ tujy .ksx cgq/kk ugha ns[kk gS] ijUrq .g gS tkikfu.ksfr&LrEHk ckjgok¡ v/.ksx djds viuh ckr nksgjkrs gS]a tks mUgksua s .. .k 'ks"k jg tkrk gS\ lhrk rks dsoy dke&okluk iw£r dk lk/ku ek= FkhaA tc dksbZ .slk ugha gksrk Fkk] ftlls os ihNs gVrsA tc dksbZ euq".ks¼k Hkh viuh e.k tkrk Fkk fd çfr"Bk] O.ksa ds 'kkS. rRij gks] rks mlds fy.sA .A u dsoy viuh vkRek ds lk{. .kZ fopkj. gksrk gS] ge rks Hkkx mBrs gS]a fdUrq .q¼ dky dh iksV&Z vkFkZj dh bl ?kVuk dk çk.k tk ldrk gSA .fDrxr 'kkS.A eSua s lksp&fopkj dj fu'p.d mnkgj.srRçfrokfjrsAA VII.45.d ckj] vj.kjh djus ds ckn Lo.s mUgsa ou ys tk.s viuh lgefr O. ml cUnjxkg dks vo#¼ djuk vko'.kFkZ rd jg tkrk gS& bfUæ.] tc mldk okLrfod ewY.w.s iwjh lsuk gh gks] .g .sls çlaxksa esa feyrk gS] tgk¡ .Ur fç.s vaxzstÛ xksjs vkSj vejhdh flikgh çk.k tk. esa rqEgsa eq> ls dksbZ ppkZ ugha djuk pkfg. viuk thou gh cfynku djus ds fy.kksa vkSj thou dh 'kiFk fnykrk gw¡AÞ pj.s rRij jgrs gSAa pkgs viuh çfr"Bk ds fy.d lk/kuek= vkSj dqN ughaA vc jke vkns'k nsrs gSa fd lhrk dks fu"dkflr fd. lhrk dks rFkkdfFkr dkj.k }kjk fo:fir dh xbZ 'kwi.k dksbZ tkikuh gkj tkrk gS] lSfud gkj dj ihNs gVrk gS] rks mldk .ksfa d tc ladV dk le.k crykuk fd mudh bPNkiw£r ds fy.kadu gksrk gS] ml rjktw esa rksyk tkrk gS] rks mldk vkfLrRo dsoy bfUæ. rS.45.Ur Hk.rhr djus dh vuqefr igys gh ek¡xh Fkh vkSj Jh jke Hkh blds fy.sa feyrh gSa fd fdl çdkj vusd ohjksa us nqnEZ .sls .kksas ls lqlfTtr djrk gS] ftldks og cgqr egÙo nsrk gS] tks iwjs thou Hkj mlds Åij 'kklu djrh vkbZ gksA fdUrq] .fn rqe .'k gh gSA muds fy.k tk jgk gSA ijUrq ogk¡ igq¡pus ij mudks ogha NksMÛ dj rqe okil ykSV vkukAÞ vc eSa .slk mudk fo'okl gSA blhfy.d L=h ds çfr dSlk gksxk\ ml L=h ds çfr] ftldk og cgqr vknj djrk gS] ftlls og çse djrk gS] tks mldks vR.k tkrk gSA .kj u gksA dgk tkrk gS fd ukSlus k/.kk .% dgrs gSa] ß.g lc dqN R. çfl¼ FksA muds fy.k dks mUgsa ou ys tkus dk vkns'k nsrs gSa D.k gSAa jktiwr&pfj= vk[.s tkikuh vR.k] ftlls og .kZ /ku .ksa vkSj ½f"kikfRu.k ds T.kj gks] lpeqp rhoz ekufld O.k esa os bls ohjrk ekurs gSAa os rks bls vius lezkV fedkMks ds çfr .gk¡ jke dkQÛh fuEuLrj ij igq¡p tkrs gSAa bl ckj os uhps ls uhps gh fxjrs x.jkas dh ek¡x dh] fdUrq ik¡p gTÛkkj vkxs vk.ksa dh r`fIr dk .q¼iksrksa dh ty.slk çrhr gksrk gS fd og O. ds fo#¼ oju~ os lhrk dks xqIr :i ls fuokZflr djus dks jkTÛkh gks tkrs gSAa os lhrk dks bldh Hkud Hkh ugha nsrAs os y{e.k tkrkA mudk Mwcuk Hkh lEHko ugha Fkk] tc rd fd çR.d ohj iq#"k ds :i esa viuk uke LFkkfir djus ds mís'.s çk.s"B fdlh .qr pUænsork ekuk tkrk gS] . mifLFkrtu ls dgrs gS]a ßlhrk ds fo"k.k dks vkns'k nsrs gS]a ßtkrs le.'k muds 'kjhj ls Hkh c<Ûdj gSA os lnk dgha Hkh tkdj .kuksa esa çk.sls vusd mnkgj.k! gekjh ohjxkFkkvksa esa Hkh gekjs jktiwr vkSj muds iwot Z blh çdkj dh ckrksa ds fy..fDr lc rS.Z vkSj .Z lEiék djus dks dgrk gS vkSj fdlh u fdlh dkj.ksa ds lkfék/.k mls .s yksx MVs jgrs gSAa os ejus ds fy.d 'kCn }kjk dgh Fkh *Ïrcqf¼uk]^ *uk= dk.kZnk ds fy.45. esa rqeus dksbZ ck/kk Mkyh] rks eSa rqels vçlék gksÅ¡xk vkSj eq>s egku d"V gksxkAÞ 'kkfirk p e.slh gh ifjfLFkfr Jh jke ds lkeus mifLFkr gksrh gS] . 195   dk Hkko cMÛs vthc <ax ls f[kapdj bruk lw{e gks tkrk gS fd og gekjh le> ds ckgj gksrk gSA mudk <ax gh .Dr dj pqds FksA os pqids ls y{e. esa .a gh ½f"k.d le>k x.d jkspd fcUnq ij vk jgk gw¡A u pkfLeu~ çfroDrO.fDr dk euksHkko . gS] ftldks og <sjksa vkHkw"k.sd tgktÛ esa lokj lkS O..

kZ fuÏ"Vre gSA fo'ks"kdj ml ifjfLFkfr es]a tgk¡ euq".Zokgh djus lsA bZ".Ur mnkÙk O.ksa us dsoy .k /kkj.d fcy esa ?kql x.|fi .k fd.k dfu"B ds fy. 197   pkSng jk{klksa ds o/k ds i'pkr~ pkSng gtÛkj jk{klksa dh lsuk ysdj [kj vkSj nw"k.k euq".s"B ds pj. jke y{e.d dk thou lekIr dj nw¡xkA . Lo.slh fLFkfr esa og lc e.d T.Ur mRdV dk.ksa dks >d>ksj nsrh gS vkSj ftlds çHkko esa euq".k ds T.d dfu"B ds gkFk rFkk eLrd }kjk çk.kx dk fu..k ns nw¡A eSa vc .fDr] tc viuh iRuh ds çfr .k crykrk gSA ek.d lk gh gksrk gS vkSj bldk fu:i.d lqUnjh ds :i esa ns[krk gS] tks .s cgqr vknj vkSj J¼k dh oLrq gksrs gSAa vr% bl çdkj dh 'kiFk dsoy T.kj ogha Bgjus dks dgrs gSAa os y{e.|fi lk/oh gS] fQj Hkh lEHkor% nwljksa }kjk vfHkyf"kr gks ldrh gSA . rqEgkjk dksbZ mi.s gSa] vfirq mudh Hkk"kk rd esa .kZ ds çHkko esa vkdj lhrk ds ifjR.rk.kfpr% l ijari%A 'kkif. fdf"dU/kkiqjh ds njoktsÛ ij vkdj ckfy dks .g Øfed fodkl ekuo ân.g .sa rqEgkjs fy.196 jkek.k crykrk gSA ek.k] ßesjs fy.kon= çfo'.ksx ugha gSA rqEgkjs lkFk dqN Hkh gks mlls esjk dksbZ ç.13 ßtc rd eSa bl fcy ds Hkhrj ços'k djds .g pj.d lh/kk&lPpk dqyhu iq#"k Hkh vR.fDr dh vUrjkRek dks Hkz"V djrh gqbZ dÛne&dÛne vkxs c<Ûrh gSA .q¼ ds fy.kksa dh lkSxU/k fnyk dj vdsys gh fcy esa ?kql x.k djrs gS]a bZ".k tuLFkku ls iapoVh esa Jh jke ds vkJe ds lehi igq¡pdj nksuksa Hkkb. nqxk± ikniladqyke~AA III. dh iRuh dh lPpfj=rk dk ç'u gksrk gS vkSj og lUnsg djrk gS fd dqN vuSfrd gqvk gSA .kksa dh 'kiFk dh ckr dqN vthc yxrh gS] rFkkfir esjs fopkj esa bldk dkj. çlax fdf"dU/kk dkaM dk gSA lqxhz o Jh jke ls ckfy ds lkFk vius oSj dk dkj.k dh dksbZ ij[k eSa ugha d:¡xkA esjk rqEgkjs çfr dksbZ mÙkjnkf. .¡ vkSj fo'okl mls jksd ugha ldrs] mldks çfr'kks/k dh pje dk.o] T.Z dh ckr gS fdl çdkj dfo.d . dk fu:i.k vkSj muls dg fn.gh FkkA .ksfr&LrEHk ckjgok¡ v/.d:irk gSA vc eSa vkidks nq%[kkUr ukVdksa ds .AÞ .d .9. .kA rc ckfy vius NksVs HkkbZ lqxhz o ls bl çdkj cksyk % bg Roa fr"B lqxzho fcy}kfj lekfgr%A .kga fugfUe lglk fjiqe~AA IV.s"B dh dfu"B dks fnyk ldrk gSA eq>s yxk fd .kZ dk .g lcls fuÏ"V gksrh gSA tc euq".ksa dks lhrk lfgr ladV esa Mkyrs gSAa ml le. 'kSyL. dk gSA lc mRÏ"V .g vk'p.U= rS.k ls dgrs gS]a ßij rqe ckgj er fudyukA eq>s vdsys gh bu lcls fuiVus nksA eSua s çfrKk dh gS fd eSa buesa ls .slk O.s tkrs gSAa vr.g ckr lqudj eSua s ckfy ls Lo.k gS] tcfd os bl Hkkouk ds fodkl dk fo'ys"k.d vR.s çkFkZuk dhA fdUrq] os vius pj.d nkuo Fkk] tks nqUnqfHk jkr ds le.13 ßrqe esjs bl opu ds çfrdwy dqN dgks .d&.k ueLdkj djrs le.koh uked .s"B ds pj.14 ß.k djks] .Ro ugha gksxkA i`Foh dh pkjksa fn'kk.g fdlh O.a dks Hkwy dj] mlds vkns'k esa ikyu esa os i'kqor vkpj.k djrs gS]a bldk vè.Rok p eka iö~îka çfoos'k fcya egr~AA IV.k Rosr}p% JqRok .fDr] .kZnk Hkwy tkrk gSA fdlh çdkj dh ekU.12 ßrqe /kuq"k&ck.fn og ik'pkR.d fofp= lh ckr gS] ftlds fo"k.d gh çdkj ls fo"k.kstu ugha gSA rqEgkjs vkpj.slk O. /khjkfr/khj ik= ds euksHkko fn[kkuk pkgrk gw¡A blls dksbZ vUrj ugha .gk¡ ls fgyuk ughaA eq>s vdsys gh tkus nksAÞ e.ksa esa lcls cqjk fpÙk {kksHk gSA .a Hkh lkFk pyus ds fy.q¼ esa 'k=q nqUnqfHk dks ekjrk gw¡] rc rd rqe blds }kj ij lko/kkuh ls [kMÛs jgks] .. bZ".9.k lhrk lesr y{e.fDr esa loksRZ Ï"V çdkj dk gksrk gS] .g eSa ugha pkgrkA eSa vius pj.rka oRl ek fpje~AA III.d ls gh Hkko çn£'kr fd.d vU.koh ds lkFk vius oSj dk dkj. Hkkokos'k ds lEcU/k esa ppkZ dj jgk gw¡A mu leLr Hkkoukvksa es]a tks laons u'khy euq".ksa us yxHkx .kZ.k gSµ . [kqyh gSAa tgk¡ Hkh tkuk pkgks] tk ldrh gksAÞ tc mUgksua s .slh Hkkoukvksa vkSj lUnsgksa ds chp vUr}ZU} ls xzLr gksrk gS] og cqjs ls cqjs dke djus esa Hkh l{ke gks tkrk gSA .k/kZu/q kZj%A xqgkekJ.u djrs gS]a dSls .f/kd ijokg djrk gS] vkRelEeku ftl O.ksa ds ân.24. ds lkFk ck¡Vuk ugha pkgrkAÞ rLekn~xg` hRok oSngs ha 'kjikf.k djus esa egku dfo.s 'kCn dgs] oLrqr% mudk vfHkçk.kZ ds fo"k. fy.kj gksdj dkyh djrwrksa dk :i ys ysrs gSAa bl bZ".k dks xqQk esa pys tkus vkSj /kuq"k ysdj rS.kksa dh 'kiFk fnykdj dgrk gw¡A 'kh?kz pys tkvksAÞ .Zokgh ij mrk: gks tkrk gSA Jh jke us blh çdkj dh bZ". esa dqN Li"Vhdj.g xkSjo esa fdlh vU. esa loZ= .s yydkjus yxkA tc mlus ckfy vkSj lqxhz o dks ns[kk] Hkkx fudyk vkSj /kjrh ds .slh ifjfLFkfr esa .k djds lhrk dks lkFk ysdj ioZr dh ml xqQk esa pys tkvks] tks o`{kksa ls vkPNkfnr gSAÞ 'kkfirks ee iknkH.ka xE.gk¡ rd dh ml vUrjkRek esa dqfRlr fopkjksa dk tUe gksrk gS vkSj vUrr% bu fopkjksa ls "kM~.d çpaM ekuoh.d vU. dk vkSj vaxTsz Ûkh lkfgR.24.fDr] tks viuh çfr"Bk dh vR.% Li'kZ fd. esa fo'kq¼ egkurk gksrh gS vkSj og mPpoa'k ls gksrk gS] tc mls LoHkkor% viuh çfr"Bk dh ijokg vf/kd gksrh gS] tc og viuh iRuh dks .k.

kZ tSls mRdV euksoxs ij ppkZ djrs gS]a ftl çdkj mls dfo okYehfd us çLrqr fd. 199   lkfgR. ux.k] mlesa lUnsg dk fo"k Hkjk] vusd Ny&diV ls ml Hkkouk dks iq"V fd.q¼ Hkwfe dk 'kwjohj Fkk] fd og 'kadkyq LoHkko ls lkekU.U= esa Q¡l x. O.ux`g esa tkdj mldk xyk ?kksVa nsrk gSA tc bvkxks ogk¡ igq¡prk gS] rks .d vU.j (Shakespeare) us bl bZ".k FkkA bvkxks (Iago) lsuk esa . rF.g mi.d /otokgd FkkA vkWFksyks us mldh vis{kk dj dWfLlvks (Cassio) dks inksékr dj fn.s vkWFksyks dks lk.iii.fDr Fkk] .{k :i esa lkeus vk pqdk FkkA ml le. ls f[kyokMÛ fd.sa dSls ?kfVr gqbZ FkhaA blds vkxs tks bvkxks dgrk gS] og Jh jke ij Hkh ykxw gksrk gSA vkWFksyks ds ikl dqN rks Fkk vk/kkj lUnsg ds fy. jDr esa igqp ¡ s tc FkksMÛk Hkh çHkko xa/kd [kku le Mkysa tykA (vkWFksyks] II.k FkkA .qDr dj fn.k gSA dfo . ij tc lc dqN lekIr gks x.kZ ds euksfodkj dks blds fuÏ"Vre Lo:i esa fpf=r fd.k ek¡xrk gS] rks og mls :eky ds ckjs esa crkrk gSA vkWFksyks] çfr'kks/k dh Hkkouk ls] bvkxks ls dWfLlvks dks ejok Mkyus dk vkns'k nsrk gS vkSj mls dWfLlvks ds in ij fu.kZ ds fo"k.k dj fy.kZ vkWFksyks ds egku pfj= dks Hkh foÏr djrh gS vkSj v|ksxr rd igq¡pk nsrh gSA og .gh dg lds Fks] ßrqe fnO.kklék vkWFksyks ls iwNrk gS] ßvkWFksyks] rqe rks tks brus lq'khy Fks] bl udZ .d :eky rks FkkA mlus dqN lquk Fkk] dqN ns[kk Hkh FkkA jke ds ikl rks .k Fkk] MWLMseksuk dk xyk ?kksVa k tk pqdk Fkk vkSj mlds çk.g n'kkZrk gS fd fdl çdkj bZ".k fo"kDr vkjEHk esa yxrk ugha Lokn mudk vfç.k i[ks# mMÛ pqds Fks] jgL.198 jkek.s] fdl çdkj\ nqfu.k tkrk gS % gC'kh vkWFksyks (Othello) osful (Venice) ds M~. le xzká 'kadk'khy gks .k fd og lc fdlh dks HkLelkr djus ij mrk: gSA bZvkxks viuh iRuh ls vkWFksyks dk :eku Nhu dj dgrk gSA eSa bls dWfLlvks ds d{k esa NksMÛ nw¡xkA fQj bZ".d nq"V gSA tcfd rqe iw.k .k rqEgkjs fy.kZr. ekuoh.y dWfLlvks ds lkFk bvkxks dks cUnh ysdj cukdj ?kVukLFky ij igq¡prk gS vkSj ej.çl (Cyprus) tkus dk vkns'k feykA vkWFksyks us bvkxks dh iRuh .kçk.Ru djrh gS] ijUrq vkWFksyks dqN lquus dks rS.iii-3 26-9) vfUre le.k] fQj mldh Tokyk dks gok nh] vkSj vc mlh vfXu us [Ûkcw HkMÛd dj bruk çpUM :i /kkj.:ik lqUnjh gks vkSj jko. egku pfj= ds thou esa Hkh dqN blh çdkj dh ?kVuk. [kqy tkrk gS] rks 'kksd ls ikxy vkWFksyks vius lhus esa [Ûkt a j ?kksia ysrk gSA fuEufyf[kr m¼j.k mlds o'k esa Fkha] rc dSls lEHko gS] lc dqN lkekU.=a jprk gSA .kZ vkSj lUnsg mRiék dj nsrk gSA vkWFksyks lcds lkeus MWLMseksuk ij gkFk mBk nsrk gS vkSj mldk vieku djrk gSA .k gqvk Fkk] ogk¡ ?kk.kZnk&j{kk gsrq cl dsoyA (vkWFksyks] V.k ds T..fefyvk MWLMseksuk dh funks"Z krk çfrikfnr djrh gSA tc lc jgL. 293-5) .k dqN Hkh eSaus e.k dgsxh\Þ lqfu.k ls gSA bvkxks us vkWFksyks ds ân.] fdruk LokHkkfod] fdruk gw&cgw&ln`'k jke ds dFku dsA dg nks dqN Hkh eq>dks lEekU.slk dqN Hkh ugha FkkA vf/kd ls vf/kd os .fn balku (vkWFksyks] III.d vksj rks dWfLlvks dks MWLMseksuk ls feyokdj vkWFksyks ds eu esa viuh iRuh ds çfr lUnsg mRiék djk nsrk gS] vkSj nwljh vksj MWLMseksuk dk :eky] tks mls vkWFksyks ls çFke migkj Lo:i feyk Fkk] dWfLlvks ds d{k esa Nqik nsrk gSA tc vkWFksyks bvkxks ls MWLMseksuk ds fo#¼ çek.qDr dj nsrk gSA vkWFksyks us tc MWLMseksuk ls og :eky ek¡xk] rks og mldks [kksus dk Li"Vhdj.fn pkgks ?k`.d çdkj dh udkjkRed 'kadk'khy eukso`fÙk vkWFksyks dks y{.k bvkxks dkWfLevk vkSj vkWFksyks ds fo#¼ .d w (Duke) dk lsukifr FkkA mlds mnkÙk pfj= vkSj ijkØe ls vkd£"kr gksdj MWLMseksuk (Desdemona) us mlls fookg fd.ksX.ii. gS vkSj lEiw.ku ds fy.kZ ekuo tkfr dh lEifÙk gSAa vius lqçfl¼ egku ukVd ÞvkWFksyks (Othello) esa ukVddkj 'ksDlih.fefyvk (Emilia) dks MWLMseksuk dh ifjpkfjdk fu. esa cksyrs gq.k.k osn&okD.ksxh vkSj ykHkdj gksxk] ekuo vkWFksyks tSls . yksMksfodks (Lodovico) Hkh] tks osful ls M~.d jkr vkWFksyks viuh iRuh ds 'k.kj ughaA .kk o'k ugha fd. gR.r% eqDr FkkA bl ukVd dk dFkkud cgqr la{ksi esa . nklh ds "kM~. lkfgR.gk¡ fn. mÙkj! fdruk lR.q le Hkkj ghu cu tkrs ifjiq"V çek. [kqy pqds Fks] . djds bvkxks vkxs dgrk gS % gkfudj mMÛkusa dYiuk dh çÑR.d nqgjk "kM~.k bvkxks ds Loxr Hkk"k.s D. ok.d vfHk.FkkFkZ çR.fefyvk viuh ekyfdu ds pfj= ds ckjs esa fo'okl fnykus dk Hkjld ç. esa bZ".ksfr&LrEHk ckjgok¡ v/. og Loxr dgrk gS % r`.fefyvk mldh uhprk dk ijnkQÛk'k dj nsrh gSA bvkxks mls Nqjk ?kksia nsrk gSA ejrs&ejrs Hkh .k gS] rks .d fo'kky ân.322-41) tc ge bl egkdkO.kjk Hkh .. jgk gks\Þ blls vf/kd muds ikl dqN dgus dks Fkk gh ugha] dsoy .kA }s"k ds dkj.d w dks ysdj vk.] .k u dj ldhA bvkxks vius diV ls vkWFksyks ds eu esa Hkkjh bZ".

O.. 201   ßpkgs tks dqN Hkh dg ldrs gS]a .dA og futh e.sls Fks] fçUl vkFkZjA yksxksa dh ekU.d çfl¼ lqUnjh gS] ftlus vuSfrd lEcU/k FkkA ykUlykSV (Lancelot) ds lkFk] tks vkFkZj ds ckn jkmUM Vsfcy (Round Table) la?k dk lcls çfl¼ lnL. euq".ks¼k] vkWFksyks .kZnk ds fy.d lEekU.k ds T. ls fd baXySMa fuÏ"V çdkj ds taxyhiu vkSj ccZjrk ls mHkj dj . esa dfo viuh loksRZ Ï"V dyk çn£'kr djrk gSA vkFkZj elhgh /keZ dk .kfr nwj&nwj rd QSyk gqbZ FkhA og lkoZHkkSfed çse ls vksr çksr FkkA }s"k vkSj ?k`.] mudk lc dqN djk /kjk dk.d vfr lw{e fo"k ds dkj.kZ fdl çdkj ekuo çÏfr dks Hkz"V djrh gS] ftlds çHkko esa gesa .ksa dks ns[kk Fkk] rFkkfi og dHkh Hkh çHkkfor ugha gqvk] Hkko'kwU.w kZ thou dk lekIr gksuk iMÛk] cnukeh vkSj frjLdkj esa D.d eBokfluh gks tkrh gSA mUgha fnuksa fçUl vkFkZj vius .k¡ ekuo çÏfr esa vk tkrh gSAa .kA dsoy e.k rks p<Û&c<Û dj] jgk foosd dk ij mlesa vHkko ghA .d lPpk vuq. Fkk] cy vkSj ijkØe esa dnkfpr~~ vkFkZj ls Hkh vf/kdA ijUrq mlds vkSj xqbuhfo.|fi vius pkjksa vksj vufxur fxjrs gq.kAÞ vUr es]a fcYdqy vUr esa fonk ysrs gq.d dBksj O.s dks vglkl gqvk dh mlus vius ifr ds lRdk.k.k tgku ls] ekuks nqfu.k] og dnkfi ?k`.k x.d w dks Hkstks] rks ml le.kZ vkSj 'kadk }kjk Ïr fouk'k ds çfr vkWFksyks yksMksfodks dks lEcksf/kr djrk gS] ßtc rqe bu v'kqHk ?kVukvksa dk mYys[k M~.k dks trkrs gq.ii.342-351) egku .kksa dk iqt a FkkA mlus .d . dgrk gS] ßeSa vius thou esa dHkh ugha jks. vk igq¡pk gSA .s (Guinevere) dh nq"pfj=rkA og dFkk lkfgR.kZ oa'k ls Fkk tks] vkæZrk dks . .kZ jkT.{k lk{. FkkA og ml L=h ls feyus vkSj vfUre fonk ysus dh bPNk ls bl eB esa igq¡prk gSA bl vfUre n`'.s fd.|fi vH.s lc foÏfr.Ur ?keklku jDrikriw. dsoy bruk Hkj gh mlls dgrk gS fd mlus cMÛk iki .oku vR.k Fkk vkSj tks dkj.k] .kk ls loZFkk jfgr FkkA ladV xzLrksa dh lgk.f/kd lEiw.d egku pfj=] ftldk mYys[k eSa d:¡xk] og gS Vsfulu (Tennyson) dh dkO.n dgksxs rqe ^çse fd.rk ds fy.h FkkA viuh iRuh dh dksbZ dBksj vkykspuk djus ds ctk.Z] u"V gks x.|fi ugha lgt bZ".kjk* dg ldrs gSAa tks dqN Hkh eSua s fd.d xqIr çse lEcU/k mitk] tks vuSfrdrk dh ijkdk"Bk rd igq¡pk fn.kA og fo"k Fkk mldh iRuh xqbuhfo.slk iRFkj ds leku osnuk'kwU. jgkA .iZ .ksa dks naM nsus esa dBksj Hkh FkkA oLrqr% og bu lc xq.oa egku jkmUM Vsfcy ds fo?kVu dk . bZ".q¼ ls ykSVkA mls yxk fd mldk vfUre le.d vykSfdd rÙo dk lekos'k FkkA .k] og i'pkrki dh Hkkouk ls vuqrIr gksdj . % tSlk gw¡ oSlk dgks] ys'kek= er deh djks u gh nqHkkZo ls gks çsfjr çfr esjsA 'kk.s lnSo rRij jgrk Fkk] fdUrq nqjkpkfj.k esa jgus okyh vk¡[ksa .kZ .a=. 423) jDrjaftr fouk'k rFkk dkuwu vkSj O.|fi æohHkwr euksn'kk ls loZFkk vfifjfpr Fkha] os vc csjksd vk¡lw fxjh gSa] tSls ccwy ds o`{k ls fujUrj xksan fudyk djrk gSA vc eSa ekuo LoHkko dk mijksDr ls myVk igyw fn[kkuk pkgrk gw¡A geus vHkh&vHkh ns[kk fd bZ".|fi og ?kkrd :i ls ?kk.k cuk] dfo ds 'kCnksa es]a "Red ruin and breaking up of laws" (Guinevere. dh . ds çfr Hkh og gekjh vk¡[kksa ij iêh ck¡/k nsrh gSA gesa uj ls i'kq cuk nsrh gSA gk¡] .k] tks lEiw.d la?k dh LFkkiuk Hkh dh] bl mís'.k Fkk] tks mlds thou dk y{.oLFkk dk frrj&fcrj gksus dk] .fn pkgsa rks ^.a Jh jke ds dkQÛh lehi yk nsrk gS] ftudk tUe Hkh dnkfpr~ vykSfdd gh ekuk tkrk gSA fçUl vkFkZj ds fo"k. xksan dksbZ o`{k ccwyA (vkWFksyks] V.k ftlds gLr us bl vkofjr eksrh dks ewY. esa .fDr Fkk] ftlus . esa QSy x.slk ns'k cu tk.qÙksftr gks efr Hkz"V gqvk og v/ke O. u dsoy yksMksfodks ls] vfirq lcls] nqfu.d egku 'kkS.k x.k.g mUgsa Lo.Z dks djus dk chMÛk mBk.kk ls çsfjr gksdj ugha fd.kA tc xqbuhfo.rk Fkh fd muds tUe esa .d vR.Ïfr ('King Arthur of the Round Table') dk uk.Z dks pkSiV dj fn.ks¼kvksa ds .k Fkk] og v/kwjk gh jg x. gR.slk ekuk tkrk gS fd muds thou dk loksPZ p y{.fDr.Z dk çrhd FkkA mldh ijksidkfjrk dh [.kZ luq Fkk og vR.ksfr&LrEHk ckjgok¡ v/.200 jkek.slh phTÛkas Hkh fn[kkbZ nsus yxrh gS]a ftudk dksbZ vfLrRo Hkh ugha gksrkA çR.y Fkk] fdUrq og ml L=h vfUre ckj feys fcuk] bl lalkj ls fonk ysuk ugha pkgrk Fkk] ftlus mlds lc dke dks pkSiV dj fn.kZnk vkSj 'kkS.s ds e/.s] tgk¡ mPp vkn'kks± dk cksy ckyk gks vkSj mPpdksfV dh laLÏfr LFkkfir dh tk ldsA .fDr dh ukb± fQj Qsad fn.Lr ugha] >qdh >qdh mldh vk¡[ksa vJq cgkrh Vi&Vi laRojk v"k% tSls Vidk.ksfa d ftl egku dk.k] eSa tkurk rd ugha fd vk¡lw dSls gksrs gSAa Þ ---ftldh lnk fu.

! dSls viuk ikÅ¡ rq>s\ lcls cMÛk yksd'k=q ekuw¡ eSa mldks] LokFkZo'k .kl djrk gSA mlessa .ksa dks vki ftruh ckj i<sÛa] pkgs ftruh ckj nksgjk.d vPNh ckr gSA mldh vko`fÙk dj ldrs gSAa D.k vR.fn dksbZ bZ".sls Hkh dqN yksx gksrs gSAa lkekU.g vR.k.202 jkek.k vkidks daBLFk gS] rks .fFkr&ân. gks x.d vkRelEeku okys O.k Fkk ck/.kpuk ds fy.k gSA ijUrq jke vkSj vkWFksyks ds vkpj.kk fo'kky .gk¡½ og jks"k rks vc vrhr gqvkA .fDr dks dnkfi .Ur gh vlkekU.k ds T.fDr ls dgha vf/kd Å¡pk Fkk vkSj tSls eSua s igys crk.fDr tks bZ".ksa u x.sls gh O.d mRFkkiu dh vuqHkwfr gksxhA .fDr ds fy.s xqTÛkj ugha gS]a rks fu'pr gh ml m¼j. jktk] fd vius vkyksfdr vklu ij fQj ls vk cSBs rw] esjh çtk cus migkl ik=] fQj cus foukf'kuh mudhAÞ bruk dg og :dk bl chp ljd vkbZ og dqN fudV vkSj idMÛ fy.k lUrkuksa ds dkj.s lEHko gks ldrk Fkk fd og .k gS] mlesa dqN fnO.sd ckj vkidks . lukru çHkq tSls gqvk dj nsrs lc iki {kek % .fn dksbZ m¼j.s dks lEcks/ku gS] tc og {kek . xw<Û gks] ftldh jpuk lqUnj vkSj eeZLi'khZ Hkk"kk esa gks] .k blls igysA og jks"k fd.k dks i<Ûus ds ckn igys dh vis{kk csgrj euq".k tks fu"Bkoku] diV Fkk ftlesa dYiukrhr] tyk Mkyk Fkk rc vJqvksa us eq>dks og ihMÛk Hkh vc gqbZ vrhr va'kr%A og lc dqN vc vrhr gqvk] ikikpkj tks gqvk] lks yks] {keknku nsrk rqedks] lR. ls] Fkk iw.k ds foijhr og mldks {keknku nsus dk ç.kZ:i ls ifjfpr gks tk. og] ckjgok¡ v/.kZr.ksx djs] tks lkekU.g lkspuk furkUr Hkwy gS fd .k gS] og 'kk. O.¡] .kA Lo.ksfa d dHkh Hkh Lo.u dVk{k dj fu"Bk gjs lqân tu dh] fopfyr dj] fodkj >d>ksjs] vk/ks r:.g dgrh gS % og jks"k ej gh D.g va'k] ftlesa bl çlax dk mYys[k gS dqN yEck gS] dnkfpr~~ cgqr ls yksx mlls ifjfpr Hkh gksxa As ijUrq .kksa esa vc ns[k mls Hkjh d:.sls mnkgj. ifr ds pj.slk er ekuks] uk gh xqbuhoh.Zukn gqvkA }kj ikl çrh{kkjr] .kkZHk tks 'kh'k rsjk vPNs fnu Fks tc Fkk xoZ esjk vius pj.sls cksyk % ßvijk/k mNkyus dks rsjs eSa vk.slh Hkk"kk dk ç.k¡ fçUl vkFkZj dk xqbuhfo.kZ gksxh Hkh] rks dsoy cht :i esa gh jgh gksxhA vc gekjk fo'okl gS og Hkh lekIr gks xbZ FkhA .kj vius Lokeh ds çfr fuHkk u ikbZ .s] vn`"V iwoZ] vuuqHkwr jksx le jsaxs [kqys vke] tu lewg eè. dks ml ân.fn ifr gks mldk] rks cnrj mlls gksxk dkSu\ vPNk blls pkSiV pwYgk vkSj O.sls ys[kka'k ls iw. tkfr dh igq¡p ls yxHkx ckgj çrhr gksrh gSA dfork dk .k] yksd fuUnk vi.d d+ld mBh Fkh tc rksyk Fkk eSaus rsjs ân.slh ckr vPNh ugha yxrhA fçUl vkFkZj lkekU.k] dksbZ lqân Loj lqu ekuks] vkSj fQj og .q) v'o fQj fgufguk.'k ls cpus] tkucw> tks] ifrrk iRuh dks iqu% x`gs LFkkfir djrkA mldh dk.k] .d ys[kka'k ftldk vk'k.kA nwj dgha rw. gksxa As .] f/kDdkj lqukus eSa vk. ckr gSA esjs fopkj ls . ftlus ml ?kksj fo/kku dks vkSj euksHkkoksa dks esjs fo'okl?kkr dk gS ftlesa fo/kku&o'k çTTofyr fouk'k ¼irk pyk Fkk loZçFke tc] Nqih gqbZ gks rqe .s mlds iSjksa esa iMÛrh gSA ßI.jrk ds dkj. va'k dk lekos'k FkkA .n gh mldks {kek djs] tc rd fd og bruk fxjk gqvk iq#"k ugha gks] tks viuh iRuh ds dyad ls ykHkkfUor gksuk pkgrk gksA .|fi rqEgsa fclkj fn.g .fn vki fcYdqy x.k Lokeh us HkhA ugha cuk gw¡ . 203  u.r% .s iafDr.kZ ds o'khHkwr gS] ftldh iRuh us fo'okl?kkr fd.r% euq".kks dks rks djs fo"kkDrA 'kkludrkZ .slk dHkh dgk ugha tk ldrkA .ksfr&LrEHk  fd..a gh mu iwjh iafDr.slh dPph /kkrq dk eS]a daVufdrk frfj.s]a çR.fn fdlh ys[kka'k ls ge lqifjfpr gksa Hkh] rks mlds i<Ûus ls dksbZ ykHk ughaA .Ur nqyHZ k gSAa .k iqu% çfrf"Brk loZ= ifo= og fQj dgyk.FkkFkZ thou esa .d O.

Z .kZ ls vfHkHkwr gksdj nwljksa dks naM nsrs gS]a rc Hkh ge ekuo gh gksrs gSAa ysfdu bu mnkgj. gS] fdUrq nSoh xq.adj fouk'k esa gqvk] mldks {keknku nsuk vfr ekuoh.ogkj ugha fd.|fi .iw. eq>s\ gs Lof.slk gS tks dHkh xÛyrh ugha djrk\ Hkwy ekuo dh nqcy Z rk gS vkSj {kek gS] nSohA {keknku gekjs pfj= ds ije xq.k djrs gq.k xku gSA {kek ds egRoiw.kksa dks Lej. dksbZ HkhA eSa .k ””” .k\ çk.k] fu"diV vkSj vnwf"kr iki rks jgrk gh gSA fdlls iki ugha gksrk] dkSu .k tho vius dk djuk gks rks rqe dj ysuk] vfUre fonk Hkh yw¡ eSa dSls ml lcls tks Fkk fç. euksHkko gS vkSj bldk ifj.g viuh dk.k ds ikn Li'kZ ls ifo= gks xbZA xkSre us mls viuk fy.k* esa Hkh .k ds T.k x.d ckr vksj cy nsdj dguk pkgw¡xkA .k ge dsoy ekuo ugha gksr]s vfirq iw.kh L=h] ftlds iki dk ifj.k.kZ ekuoh.s ls dgrs gSa fd og Åij igq¡p dj ifo= gks xbZ Fkh] ßml nso yksd dh nqfu.% okYehfd ds lHkh ekinaM vfr'k.k ogk¡ gS]a tgk¡ futh Hkkoukvksa dks Bsl igq¡ph gSA xkSre ftUgksua s vfgY.kZ mnkgj.   dY.d lUnHkZ blds lekukUrj gSA vfgY.g ugha fd . gS vkSj LokHkkfod gS vkSj vke rkSj ij lcesa ikbZ tkrh gSA fdUrq] bldk rkRi.k dk] ftlesa rwus iki fd.kke vijk/k esa gksrk gSA vr% bls .rk ds mPp in ij igq¡p tkrs gSAa ---gS çse esjk vc Hkh rq> ijA lksps u liusgq dksbZ] fd u esjk I.d gSA lc dkO.k gSA .k fd.Zke ds'k] [ksyk djrk Fkk eSa ftuls] jktlh #i yko.Ur lk/kkj.! ugha gqvk gS de iRuhozr ik.k vkSj Mqcks.k esa j[kk tk.k ns[krs gSa fd vfgY.kj /kjk rq> ij gSA firk elhg fueZy ij gks voyfEcr vc rw fut vkRek dks ifo= cuk dnkfpÙk cus fQj la.kk]* fQj Hkh çse esjk] xqbuhoh. rsjk] lk¡ps esa <yk dc gqvk çkIr fdlh ukjh dks] ugha irk eq>dks rc Fkk og jk"Vª vfHk'kki cusxk rq> lsA eSa ugha fi.s feyu ge nksuksa dk vkSj ogk¡ yid rqe ikl esjs vk tkvksxh vkSj vf/kdkj iw.s] tSlk fd fçal vkFkZj dgrs gS]a ßiki tc gks gh x..d gh L=h dks tkurk Fkk) okYehfd ds vuqlkj lrh lk/oh ukjh u FkhA mlus Hkh vius uke dks Mqcks.k dks {kek dj fn..k vkSj fçal vkFkZj xqbuhoh.s vkSj lqfuf'pr lhek rd nck.k esa gks tk.FkklEHko fu.ksfr&LrEHk 205 ckjgok¡ v/. xq.k gS fd bZ".ksa dk vUr f'k{kk esa gksrk gSA tSlk fd dgk x.k.204 jkek.s feyuAÞ bl çdkj bu egku dgkfu.kA .k Fkk] ml {k.kZ xkSjo&xfjek vkSj HkO.k gSA gTÛkkjksa o"kZ rd os .g Fkk gekjs çkphu dky ds yksxksa dk thou vR.slh nqjkpkfj.k] rks {keknku Hkh vo'.k gS vkSj esjh .k jke vkSj y{e.k] frjLdkj ls fpYykrh] ^rqels eq>dks Hkkjh ?k`.g ekuoh.k] ns[k rsjh çnwf"kr dk.kZ gksrs gSAa dky vof/k dks Hkh cgqr c<Ûk&p<Ûk dj çLrqr fd.k gSA tc ge bZ".k gS eSu a s lnk ghß (Jh jke ds leku og Hkh dsoy .kZ cuk viuk ifr eq>dks igpkuksxhA rsjk ifr dsoy u dksbZ fuEu tho u gh ykUlykSV] u gh vU.wx ¡ k v/kj rsj]s tks u jgs vc rks esjs ykUlykSV ds vfirq .aHkkoh gSAÞ .ksa esa {kek dk xq.|fi {keknku ekuoh.g Hkh Hkkx mlh dk..U=.k xkSre dk uke Hkh] fdUrq xkSre us D.d ekuoh.kksa esa ls .g .k tk.] tc ge mu yksxksa dks {kek djrs gS gS]a ftUgksua s gekjs çfr ln~O.s] Fks gh ugha dnkfi u`i dsA gkFk Hkh dSls rsjk xgw]¡ .kke Hk.slk] tgk¡ lc dksbZ] lc dqN fueZy gS ml egku çHkq ds le{k] ml yksd esa gks tk.d .d&nwljs ls vyx jgsA tc xkSre okil vkrs gS]a rks D. yxrk gSA ij gekjh ^jkek.ksx .

.fDr FksA os Hkh vPNs yksx Fks] vPNksa esa Hkh cgqr vPNsA rFkkfi os vius Hkkb.g dgdj .k fdlh çdkj ls fuÏ"V O.d gS fd tc og vius HkkbZ ls cpko ds fy.kkfUor gSA os fdlh u fdlh . ik=] nwljs dk lcls fç.ksa dh e`R.s] rkfd os muds mÙkjkf/kdkjh cu ldsAa ge lqxhz o ds ckjs dqN 'yksdksa dk v/.u djrs vk.k ds fo"k. dks viuk ân.ksa dk o/k gks tk.kx nsrs gS]a vfirq Hkjr Hkh viuh vksj ls oSls gh vkReR.k gS] tSlk fd muds fofHkék dk.s gSa (IV. dks Hkh og Hkwyk ugha FkkA tgk¡ rd foHkh"k.d cPpk mls nwljs dh vksj f[kldk nsrk gSA nwljk cPpk mls TÛkjk Nwdj . dks vo'. gS]a xq.k* dk lcls vf/kd mnkÙk ik= ekurs lquk gS] vU. rks guqeku lcls vf/kd vkd"kZd ik= gSAa fuLlUnsg] tSlk fd vkidks fofnr gS fd foHkh"k.ksfr&LrEHk 206  rsjgok¡ vè.]Þ . ysus ds fy. dh bPNk j[krs FksA mUgsa bl ckr esa dksbZ vkifÙk ugha Fkh fd muds Hkkb.k dh i`"BHkwfe D.ksa esa . fNuus ls iwoZ gh cMÛs Hkkb..10. Hkjr esjh fiNyh dbZ okrkZ. vfuPNqd Hkh ugha FksA lp rks .g eq>s ugha pkfg. esa egku iq#"k vkSj L=h ik=ksa dh bruh fofo/krk gS fd dksbZ vk'p. .k ughaA og bls lg"kZ vius NksVs HkkbZ dks lkSia nsrk gSA vU.sd fLFkfr esa lkezkT.k Fkk] Jh jke ds çeq[k ijke'kZnkrkvksa us Bhd gh vuqeku yxk.k ds led{k cSBkrs gS]a dqN mUgsa y{e.Z dh ckr ugha fd .s jke dh 'kj.fDrRo D.k.k vf/kd le.k. ds vè.k esa vk.11.fDr dk lcls fç.k esa T.ksè.eso gh yksHkh Fks vFkok fdlh naHk Hkjh vkdka{kk ls ifjpkfyr Fks .kuk loksPZ p HkDrksa esa dh tkrh gS] dqN yksx mUgsa y{e.s ugha] vfirq mldks nwljs dks lkSia us ds fy.fDr.k ds T.k tk.k x.k gSA eSua s dqN O. ds çfr esjh J¼k ls vf/kd gSA eSa mu lcds pfj=ksa dk .s"B Hkzkrk jkT. esa rhu egklkezkT.gh Bhd ekurs Fks fd ml jkT.ks± rFkk fofHkék mfDr. ik= dkSu gS] .g fLFkfr . IV. egRoiw.as Jh jke ds pfj= ls lEcf/kr jghaA vc eSa muls fonk ysrk gw¡A ijUrq fQj Hkh vusd ckj bl egkdkO.k Fkk fd foHkh"k.k x.ksX. ds vfrfjDr eSa fdlh vU.ksa esa ijLij gksMÛ gS] jkT.d xq.slh gS] tSls cPpksa esa .k ds fo"k.u djrk gw¡] cMÛs vknj Hkko ls] mudh okLrfod çÏfr dks le>us ds mís'.kZ rF.kx dk çn'kZu djrs gSAa os jkT.kuk mfpr ugha le>rs FksA os mnkÙk Hkkouk ls çsfjr gksdj .g gS] os vius Hkkb. R. gfFk. muds gkFkksa esa vk tk.fDrxr fo'ks"krk.jkek. dk mYys[k djuk vko'.k dh ckr gS] bl rF.k ckr gS fd nksuksa Hkkb.ks/.k.q k vFkok .A dqN gn rd . gS] fdUrq eSa ugha pkgrk fd vki .g ekusa fd eSa .ksa dks Hkjr dks ^jkek. [kksus okyk T.s"B Hkzkrk gksrk gS] vkSj ikus okyk gksrk gS] mldk vuqtA v. esa Hkh FkhA vUrj dsoy bruk gh Fkk fd os nksuksa v. le£ir djuk ilan ugha djrkA vU.srk blds fdlh u fdlh ik= ds pfj= ds çfr viuh fo'ks"k J¼k v£ir djus dh bPNk j[krs gS]a vkSj mldks viuk fç.k vo'.k dks lMÛk díw rks ugha ekurs Fks] vfirq mldks .ksa dk mYys[k gS& v.]Þ vkSj mls okil f[kldk nsrk gSA .d egku iqjLdkj ekurs Fks] ftldks os vius fy. ds çfr vU.k] fdf"dU/kk vkSj yadk dkA ^jkek.d la?k"kZ gksrk gS] jkT.d ds ikl ls nwljs dks gLrkarj.g Hkh dgrs gSa fd muds fy.ksa }kjk çn£'kr fd.g eq>s Hkh ugha pkfg.g dguk dfBu gS fd Jh jke ds vfrfjDr] esjh J¼k muesa ls fdlh .ksa dk egkikih le>rs Fks vkSj muds fopkj es]a os jkT.d ds çfr fdlh vU.k gS vkSj vkidk LoHkko vkSj futh O. ysus ds fy.10.sa vkidks çHkkfor djrh gSa] vkidh f'k{kk vkSj çf'k{k.k dks lcls vf/kd egRo . ds çfr:i gSAa ijUrq esjs fy.ksa dks blh çdkj y{e.d gh çdkj ls vè.k dh x.fn Jh jke eku tkrsA . gh Jh jke dks ykSVk nsr]s .ku nsus .ksa dks vius thou ls gkFk /kksuk iMÛrk gSA nksuksa ckj NksVs HkkbZ] vius cMÛs Hkkb..s] rks og vf/kd le`¼ gks ldrk gSA fuLlUnsg] os mRlqdrkiwod Z jkT.ks/.fn jkT. mHkj dj lkeus vkrk gSA Jh jke u dsoy lg"kZ lkezkT.slh gh dqN ckr v.k vkn'kZ cuk ysrs gSAa bl egkdkO. nksuksa fLFkfr.k ls Hkh Å¡pk LFkku nsrs gSAa tgk¡ rd esjk futh lEcU/k gS] eSa Lo. ik= u gksA vkidk lcls fç. ls gkFk /kksrk gS] fdlh viuh xÛyrh ds dkj.39)A vkidks Lej..d cMÛh foy{k.k gksrk gSA fofp= ckr .ksa ls jkT.8.slk lkspas .g .oa loksPZ p LFkku nsrs lquk gSA dqN yksx . ik= Hkh vius&vius <ax ls egku gS] ljkguh. ds vU.g gS] buesa ls çR.30.k gSA 206 rsjgok¡ v/.d O. dks vius HkkbZ dks HksVa dj fn. 207  bl egkdkO.a bl dkO.sA bl n`f"V ls vUrj /.q ds bPNqd gksrs gSAa v.d vU. Hkjr ds fy..k .d ln~x. dj jgs FksA os lksprs Fks] .ks/.k dh .g dgrk gS] ß. ls] tSls fd mldks dfo }kjk çfrikfnr fd.d cMÛs díw dks ysdjA ß.k gksxk fd lqxhz o dh bPNk fdruh rhoz Fkh fd Jh jke ckfy dks 'kh?kzkfr'kh?kz lekIr dj ns]a ftlls og viuh iRuh :ek dks iqu% çkIr dj ldsA jkT. rd vyx jguk Hkh lEHko ughaA bl egkdkO.slk lksprk gw¡A lqxhz o vkSj foHkh"k. esa .k gS] fdl çdkj egkiq#"kksa us fofHkék ik=ksa dks vkids le{k çLrqr fd. ik=ksa ij ppkZ ds lUnHkZ esa ge muls feyrs jgsaxAs blds vfrfjDr muls vf/kd nwj gksuk .k leqPp.ks/.g cgqr dqN bu ij fuHkZj gS fd vkids thou ds vkn'kZ fdl çdkj ds gS]a fdl çdkj dh O.k* ds i`"Bksa esa budk .s .

q¼ vkjEHk gh gqvk Fkk] .g ns[kdj fd fot.'kLdj vfHk. muds eu dks .ka e. gSA vkidks Lej.k& iknqdk.k.g yEch vof/k O.kst.55 ßvkt esjk tUe lQy gks x.kdqy dj jgk Fkk fd tc foHkh"k. .kAÞ v| tUe ÑrkFk± esa laoÙ` k'p euksjFk%AA .kZfrra e.y vkSj [Ûkuw ls yFkiFk iMÛs gq. fo"k.LRoka i'.k ds T.kksa esa ykSVk fn.q¼ Hkwfe esa ohjxfr dks çkIr gks tkrs gS]a .k] Jh jke dh pj. .kkxfr vkSj lqj{kk ds fy.g jk{kl foHkh"k.sA vkids çrki vkSj vkidh pj.kfe jktkue.kZ fLFkfr mifLFkr gks xbZ Fkh] Jh jke vkSj muds i{k dk iyMÛk gYdk gks x.s rS.k Fkk] jke us mldk lkadfs rd jkT.kZ jkT.ku ls viuh iRuh vkSj çfr"Bk dks iqu% çkIr djds vius jkT. dks dkslus yxkA thoé| foiéks·fLe u"k`jkT.ksfr&LrEHk rsjgok¡ v/.k% Ñr%AA VI.50.a dgrs gSa % jkT. ls mls okil le£ir djrk gSA .rÙks jf{kra jktu~ jkT.k FkkA vr% . ikus dk vfHkyk"kh gS] blesa dksbZ lUnsg ughaAÞ tc .k gksxk] tSlk eSua s crk.k Fkk] fdUrq vki mldks ysus ds fy.slk çrhr gksrk gS fd Jh jke Hkh .s lc oLrq.k Hkh .56 ßÏi.k jkT.euksjFk%A çkIrçfrK'p fjiq% ldkeks jko.k djus ds fy.kkH.as igys ls nl xquh gks xbZ gSAa Þ bl le.130. xq.ks/..k dh lHkh bPNkvksa dh iw£r gks xbZAÞ . egÙokdka{kk Fkh fd jko.k Fkk] v. dks nlxquk c<Ûk dj cMÛs vkÍkfnr ân.kZ gksus ij tc Jh jke v.k 'kj.rhr gks pqdh vkSj vki ykSV vk. fd mUgksua s lc yksxksa ls fonk Hkh ys yh] tks ogk¡ mifLFkr FksA ijUrq ml le.kA lcls cqjh ckr rks .e~AA pj.k gks ldrk gS\Þ vos{krka Hkoku~ dks'ka dks"Bkxkja iqja cye~AA HkorLrstlk lo± Ñra n'kxq.g /kjksgj muds fy. dh /kjksgj dks yksVk ldsxa ]s tks mlds ikl j[kh gqbZ Fkh vkSj ftldh ns[k&js[k os brus o"kks± ls dj jgs FksA loZçFke dk.k fd. .gk¡ rd dgus yxs .k ujs'k vki Jh jke dks iqu% v.ks/.ku nsus . 209   rRle. iMÛs FksA blh chp Jh jke ewNkZ ls tkx mBsA mUgksua s ns[kk y{e.k FkkA fdUrq okLrfod vfHk"ksd vHkh rd gqvk ugha Fkk vkSj mldh lEHkkouk Hkh çrhr ugha gksrh FkhA vr% Jh jke dgrs gSa % rPp feF.g gksxh fd os jkT.13 ßmudks blesa dksbZ lUnsg ugha FkkA .g lEiw.q¼ dkaM esa .kj u gq.54.|fi thfor gw¡] ijUrq ladV esa gw¡A esjk jkT. ije ikou FkhA ouokl dh vof/k iw.k esa ykSVk gqvk ns[k jgk gw¡A eSua s rks vkidks pkSng o"kZ iwoZ jktk cukus dk ç.g n`'.slk ekurs gSaA os Lo.k dks ns[kus ds fy.k vkSj lc cMÛs okuj vkl ikl [kMÛs gks tkrs gSa vkSj Hkkb. dks iqu% xzg.g gqbZ fd jko.k lekIr djuk pkgsxa As viuh dYiuk esa os vfUre ?kMÛh ds bruk lehi igq¡p x.kA esjk euksjFk iwjk gqvk] tks v.s vk.k&iknqdkvksa ds vykSfdd ekxZn'kZu }kjkA .k dh ewNkZ nwj ugha gksrh vkSj os .k u Ñrks jktk jk{klkuka foHkh"k.a gh Jh jke dh os pj.a fu.k&iknqdk.208 jkek.k çyki eq>s lnk tykrk jgsxkAÞ Lo.55. Hkjr us /kjksgj ds :i esa xzg.s fuosnu djukA iknqds rs rq jkeL. dgk] ßçHkks! esjs ikl /kjksgj :i esa j[kk gqvk vkidk .k ykSV]s Hkjr mudk gk£nd Lokxr djrs gSAa .fr u la'k.fn y{e.g esjk feF.ks/. va'k gS] tks bl lUnHkZ esa /.k vki jktdks"k] dksBkj] uxj] egy nqxZ lsuk dk Hkh fujh{k.130.kçyIra eka ço{.kl fd. dk egr~ iqu% çfr"Bkiu gksxk] vkSj lcls Js"B ckr rks .54 Hkjr us gkFk tksMÛdj ml le.kksa ds dkj.kk ls bl vof/k esa .ka iqujkxre~A VI.k%AA VI. fd os .k] muls feyh çsj.kfHk"ksd rc cMÛh mrkoyh ds lkFk dj fn.ksa ds e/.Z] tks mUgksua s fd.k FkkA Jh jke vkSj y{e.kA VI.k Fkk] og Fkk] Jh jke dks iqu% pj.a dk thou mlh {k.d vR.k bUæftr ds Hk.130.k dk jkT.A . vkt eSua s vkids Jh pj.ekl /keZfor~A VI.k dks jk{klksa dk jktk u cuk ldk] tSlk eSua s oknk fd.s eSa thfor gw¡A esjs fy.d HkkbZ .adj likZdkj ck.d mYys[kuh.kksa esa iguk nhaA vczohPp rnk jkea Hkjr% l Ñrk´tfy%AA .s gSAa bl egRoiw.s blls c<Ûdj lkSHkkX.k vR.slh ifjfLFkfr esa os Lo.ksX.53 /keZK Hkjr us Lo.d fopkj O.a foHkh"k.130.ka ujsUæL.% lekIr gS] vius HkkX.d ladViw.22 ßeSa foHkh"k.k&iknqdkvksa ds jgL. vkSj i"kZ dk dk fo"k.s ykSVs gSAa nwljk HkkbZ ml jkT.g Hkh ?kksf"kr djrs gSa fd mudh lcls cMÛh vfHkyk"kkvksa dh iw£r gks xbZA jkT. gSAa vr% os vkrqj gksdj foyki djus yxsA jke brus grksRlkfgr gks x.49.kZ {k.Ur vn~Hkqr ?kVuk ?kVrh gSA lqxhz o] foHkh"k.kA VI.k djus ds fy. dh vk'kk çk.sa ysdj Jh jke ds pj.kksa ds cU/kuksa esa c¡/ks gq. nwljk D.52.k Fkk] pkSng o"kZ 'kklu Hkh pyk. ckrksa ds lkFk og dgrk gS] ßvc rks eSa thrs&th ej x.19 vU.ks/.k dhft.d euksjFk u"V gks x.e.ksfa d .ks/. gks jgs okrkZyki dks cMÛs pko ls lqurs gSAa . x`ghRok Hkjr% Lo.Ur ?kk.53.kA .18.%A .dk³~{kh p jk{kl% VI.k ds i'pkr~ og yadk dk 'kkld cusA bl lUnHkZ esa HkzkfUr dh dksbZ xqt a kb'k ugha Fkh] D.Ue.sa /kkj.

kpuk.ka Hkjra n`"V~ok ra Hkzkr`oRlye~AA eqep q oq kZujk ck"ia jk{kl'p foHkh"k.s&u.k] tc Jh jke ls viuh ckr euokus ds fy.s Hkkouk.Dr djrs fd lgt gh muds çfr .sa gSAa ijUrq bu foHkwfr.d vul/kk.kl fd.kuhfr cny&cny dj u.ksfa d mlls fdlh Hkh ân.s ftldk çn'kZu mUgksua s çfr.g tkuus ds fy.d ckj Hkh . gh .210 jkek.ksa ds çfr fdruk fo"ke jgk FkkA tks dqN os vc ns[k jgs Fks] mlls bldh rqyuk djds] mudh vk¡[kksa esa vk¡lw dk vkuk dksbZ vk'p.kksa ds dqN çek.s"B Hkzkrk Jh jke gh Fks] tks n`<Û çfrKrk vkSj mPpre y{.d vyx eap ij fojkteku gSA muds Hkk"k.s D.fDrRo Fkk] .d egkiq#"k ds mís'.ksa esa dSlh Hkkouk.s vkidh bPNk gksxh fd mldks idMÛ dj ân.k ds us=ksa ls vk¡lw cgus yxsA mudh vUrjkRek] pkgs okuj dh Fkh vFkok jk{kl dh] .kj cVksj ysrs gSAa eSa ugha tkurk fd D.k ds T. dh >yd gS] u vLFkkbZ :irk gS] u dksbZ vLi"Vrk gS] .=a ugha jpsA os muds fo#¼ yMÛ]s mudks lekIr djkus ds fy.kx esa leku gksus ij Hkh] mu nksuksa esa bruk Hkkjh vUrj Fkk fd vki . foHkh"k.ksfr&LrEHk rsjgok¡ v/.kZIr Fkk vkSj vius vkidks fojks/k'kwU.fn Jh jke . dks ns[kdj os lc brus HkkofoHkksj gks x. i`-149. cPps ds leku gks x.g dguk dqN xÛyr u gksxk fd mudk viuk vyx O.k fdruk fHkék jgk gks] rks bl lEcU/k esa TÛkjk vuqeku yxkuk Hkh jkspd gSA nksuksa Hkkb.slh Fkha] tks mudh igq¡p ls cgqr nwj FkhA os dYiuk Hkh ugha dj ldrs Fks fd fdUgha nks Hkkb.d lk/kq iq#"k gSAa Þ vknj vkSj ç'kalk dh Hkkouk.slh ifjfLFkfr.s"Vh djus ds mijkUr Hkjr ds jkT.k vU.sxk] ftruk y{e.d l'kDr O.fDrRo] ftldks os bl çdkj vfHkO.sa ugha cukb± vkSj dkSu ls "kM~.k&D.sA rFkk czoq k.kAÞ vkjEHk rks mudk cMÛh fouezrk esa gksrk] ijUrq eu dh ckr dgus esa TÛkjk lh Hkh f>>d ugha gksrhA .k rks rqjUr gh <sj gks tkrs vkSj fcuk pw¡ fd.% .slh gh Hkkouk.57 Hkzkr`oRly Hkjr dks bl çdkj dgrs ns[kdj] leLr okujksa rFkk jk{kljkt foHkh"k.g dsoy muds T.sa vk.kZu djrs gq.k djus dks dgrs gS]a Hkjr mÙkj nsrs gS]a ßugha] eSa .s rdZ çLrqr fd.56.A mudk <ax vius Hkkb.¡ .nk&dnk futh cks/k&fopkj Hkh mHkj vkrs FksA ijUrq os çk.k .d dks nwljk le>us dh Hkwy dHkh ugha dj ldrsA y{e.Ur g"kZ gksrk FkkA tgk¡ rd Jh jke dk lEcU/k Fkk] os dsoy .k fd.d vknj dh Hkkouk mHkj vkrhA vius HkkbZ ds lEeq[k ftl mnkjrk ls mUgksua s vkpj.k vko'. dfo dgrk gS %* * nsf[k.Ztfur n`'.k ds çfrA y{e.ksa dh iw£r djus dk .% nch voLFkk esa gh os dg nsr]s ßHkS. fd os vius vk¡lw u jksd ik.k] blls vf/kd dqN Hkh ughaA vUrj dsoy bruk Fkk fd os .ksa ds chp bruk vf/kd ijLij çse vkSj lEeku Hkh lEHko gSA eSa vc Hkjr ds pfj= ij dqN foLrkj ls ppkZ djuk pkgrk gw¡A rRi'pkr~ eSa Øe'k% lqxhz o vkSj foHkh"k.k! eq>s Hkh .g lc dqN vki dj ldsxa ]s ijUrq eq>s lUnsg gS fd muds çfr vkidk çse Hkko bruk gh mHkj dj vk.d midj.k oSlkAÞ pkgs mudh lksp fHkék Hkh gks] pkgs os eglwl Hkh djsa fd tks jke dg jgs gS]a og xÛyr gS .ksfxrk esa vius HkkbZ dh cjkcjh dh vFkok cjkcjh djus dk ç.Fkk .slk dqN djuk ugha pkgrkAÞ bl çlax dk o.ksfa d os Jh jke ds vfrfjDr vkSj fdlh ls Mjus okys ugha Fks] os fdlh ls Hk. ls yxk ys]a ijUrq Hkjr dks rks vki ueu djsxa ]s lyke djsxa s vkSj vki dgsxa ]s ßvki egku gS]a vki .ha gksxa h\ os vius Hkkb. v-10. ns[kdj jlkæZ gks xbZ] lHkh vJqikr djus yxsA esjs eu esa Hkh cMÛk dqrgw y gS] .kZu] ^.drk ls vf/kd dBksj gS] pkgs os mudks mfpr Hkh u ekurs gksAa rFkkfi .ksa ds çfr esjh rks . esa dksey ls dksey euksHkko mRiék gq.d b'kkjk gh i.fn os .Hkhr Fks] muds çfr mudh Hkkouk. dh çkfIr ds çfr n`<Ûld a Yi esa muls c<Û dj gks ldrs FksA dsoy mUgha ds vkxs Hkjr dks dqN >qduk iMÛk Fkk] vU.ksfxrk esa fd.s] mUgksua s j.ksa esa y{e.k FkkA .Hkhr Hkh D.A .ksa esa Hkh ..k Fks] ftlesa .sa gSAa vkb.sa Hkh dh FkhaA muds i'pkr~ jkT.kksa dks i<Ûdj vkSj muds vkpj.s fd bl le.k] mlds fy.kstuk.k dks vR.d 'kCn cksyus nks] HkS.ksa ls fdrus Hk. gh mudh ljkguk djsxa s vkSj mudh dq'kyrk ds fy.kl djrs] rks Jh jke dk dsoy .rk vkSj vkReR.k%A VI.kj esa jgus ls] ekuks os fljp<Ûs vkSj fcxMÛs gq.d ltho midj.130.g dg ns]a ß.slk djks .kZ I.k vkSj lqxhz o ds ân. xzg.k dks ns[k dj irk pyrk gS fd muesa n`<Ûrk vkSj ladYi çpqj ek=k esa fo|eku FksA bu xq.k.Ztud ckr ugha FkhA .k Nksdjk^] bu 'kCnksa esa Hkh dj ldrs gSAa .k ds lEcU/k esa vius fopkj j[kw¡xkA bu rhuksa esa ls ftudh ijLij fo"kerk dh n`f"V ls eSua s rqyuk dh gS] Hkjr fu'p.slh gh Hkkouk.k dk vkpj.sa dSlh Fkha] muds fo#¼ mUgksua s D.k ds fy.k gesa iwoZ esa fey pqds gS]a tc mUgksua s okn&fookn çfr.k esjk lEiw.s mUgksua s cMÛh .ksa gks\ ge pkgs]a rks mudk o.d 'kCn Hkh fojks/k esa cksyus dk ç. .s] vkSj vkxs ns[ksAa tc xq# of'k"B vius firk dh vUR.sa rks Hkjr eq> ls çkIr dj ldrs gS]a tcfd y{e. cukuss esa y{e.g n`'.slk dqN Hkh fcYdqy ughaA dksbZ çk.ksa esa fdruh vf/kd vlekurk! mnkjrk fo'kky&ân.slk lksp Hkh ldrk gSa fd nh?kZdky rd ukuk vkSj ekek ds ykMÛ&I. 211   bruk çHkkoh Fkk fd os Hkh blds çHkko ls vNwrs u jg lds] D.fn dksbZ vkSj gksrk] rks mlds fo#¼ iwjh n`<Ûrk ds lkFk os viuh ckr ij MVs jgrsA vki mudh çfrKrk dks Hkh ljkgsxa As muds dFku loZnk n`<Û] fuf'pr vkSj fu'Ny gSAa muesa u fdlh vfu'p.d lsod ek= Fks] . ysdj fdrus çlék gq.s rqjUr ckr eku ysrs gS]a . vki vo'. fcuk ugha jg ldrs FksA vr% dfo dgrk gS] mudh vk¡[kksa ds lkeus ?kfVr bl vk'p.

a çkIred. Nhu dj Hkjr dks fn.k cksyha] .fn bl fo?u ck/kk ls jfgr jkT. dqN Hkh djus dh vko'..g Hkh Fkh] tks dkS'kY.ksa u gks]a iq= dks rks viuk dÙkZO.s Jk¼ esa tks dqN fi. gksrk gSA vki gh firk ds ije fç. çLFkkL.101.g Lej.75.ksa rd ls dg nsrs gS]a ßtc eSa ej tkÅ¡] rqe Luku rd u djukAÞ blh çdkj n'kjFk us Hkh dg fn.75.k dh mifLFkfr esa dgh xbZ Fkh] ß.a HkorhR.s h ls dgh FkhaA muesa ls .s og dqN Hkh djksAÞ bl çdkj dh ckr ge çk.s.k^ esa Hkh gSA Hkjr tc Jh jke ls ou esa feyrs gS]a rks dgrs gS]a ßgekjs firk th pys x.s mRlqd gksAÞ bl çdkj cgqr lh dBksj ckrsa dgdj tc dkS'kY. jkT.k us mUgsa cqyok.14 ßlqfe=k dks lkFk ysdj vkSj vfXugks= dks vkxs djds Lo.sA lc laLdkj eSua s dj fn.s .sls 'kCn dk ç.s .g fo'okl gS fd fiaMnku dh QyksRikndrk cgqr dqN bl ij fuHkZj gS fd fnoaxr iwot Z vkSj thfor fiaMnkudrkZ esa fdruk ikjLifjd çse FkkA bl ekU. esa os QwV&QwV dj jksus yxs vkSj lkFk&lkFk ml fo'kky lHkk esa mUgksua s o.k dk ykHk mBkus dk bPNqd gS] jkT.s dksbZ Hkh /kekZu"q Bku djsAÞ dkS'kY.k vkSj Hkh dBksj Hkkouk.kA ijUrq dkS'kY.ksx fd.d gS fd tc jktk n'kjFk dks fofnr gqvk] fdl çdkj jke ls jkT. ysus ds fy.d Nksdjs ds fy.g vf/kdkj esjs T. lEcU/k fdrus Hkh dVq D.ksx djrh gSAa os dgrh gS]a ßLi"V gS fd rqe esjs iq= ls jkT.dkee~* (jkT.s .kksa esa dg nsrs gS]a tc ge fdlh fudV lEcU/kh ls ukjkTÛk gksrs gS]a ßtc eSa ej tkÅ¡] rqe Luku rd u djukA rqEgsa esjs * nsf[k..75.drk ughaAÞ .42.saxAs vfXugks= esa vo'.k Fkk % Hkjr'psRçrhr% L.sAÞ fQj os dgrs gSa % fç.s txgsZ p iqjksfgre~AA II.k djus dks fdl çdkj dg ldrs gS\a eSa bls ugha yw¡xkA eSa Lo.9 ßrqEgkjk iq= .s cMÛk lkgl vkSj vkRefo'okl visf{kr gSA bl çlax ds vfrfjDr os lnk lk/kq&o`Ùk jgsA tc dkS'kY.sf"V ds fy.g Bhd dke ugha fd.k tkus okyk nku eq>s igq¡pAs Þ nwljs 'kCnksa esa] ßeSa ugha pkgrk fd og esjh vUR.k fdy nÙka fga fir`yksds"kq jk?koA v{k¸.slk djuk lEHko gks ldrk gSA pkgs firk vkSj iq= ds e/.Fks HkjrLrhoza oz.fn mldk eu bl vksj gS] rks eSa mlls viuk lEcU/k rksMÛ nw¡xkA eSa ugha pkgrk fd esjh e`R.k ^jkT.kA mUgksaus dgk] ßeq>s vk'p.a gh lq[kiwod Z ml LFkku dks çLFkku d:¡xh] tgk¡ Jh jke fuokl djrs gSAa Þ . ysus ds fy.kso`¼ dks Hkjh lHkk ds e/.g Lej.Vde~AA II.k us .kk djus dk lkgl Hkh fd. djuk gh gksxkA gekjs fy.esokga lqfe=kuqpjk lq[ke~A vfXugks=a iqjLÑR. pkgrs Fks u! vc .17 mudks bruh rhoz ihMÛk gqb]Z ekuks fdlh us ?kko esa u'rj Mky dj mls ?kqek jgk gksA ijUrq] ekuks .k gqvk ty vkfn fir`yksd esa v{k.k gSAÞ nqHkkZX.s eukus dk ç.% Øks/kkos'k ds {k.a çkI.jkek.k esa FkkA blhfy.kl dj jgs gS]a tcfd b{okdq dqy dh ijEijk vuqlkj .xzg. mUgksua s mls lkFk ys tkus dh /kedh nhA vFkok Lo. ls dkS'kY.k Hkjr! eq>s vkSj lqfe=k dks bl LFkku dks NksMÛdj jke ds ikl tkus nksA ge fp=dwV tk. v-29.e~A .g jkT. dqN Hkh djsA vius fudV lEcfU/k. gh lkFk ys tkÅ¡xh]Þ ftlls vfUre laLdkj ogk¡ fof/kiwod Z u gks ldsA* D.ks rq|os lwfpukAA II.s h dk "kM~.k dks . bl çdkj voekfur djus nsus ds fy. * vFkok fof/kiwoZd gks lds] vFkkZr~ jke ds }kjk] D. rqEgsa fu"daVd çkIr gks x.82.M vFkok ty vkfn nku djs] og eq>s çkIr u gksA eSa ugha pkgrk] mlds }kjk fd..Ues l n|kfRi=Fk± eka ek ríÙkekxer~AA II.s vR.k] tks fd Hkjr ds fy.a tkdj bls mUgsa lkSixaw kAÞ Hkjr tSls .s"B Hkzkrk dk gSA vki eq>s .k ds fy.k vkSj os muds lEeq[k igq¡p]s ml efgyk us cMÛs LokHkkfod <ax ls dYiuk dh Fkh fd dSd.Ur mRlqd) 'kCn dk ç. ysuk pkgrk gS] .çfrK* dg dj Hkh os lar"q V u gqbAZ dkS'kY.k tk jgk Fkk] mUgksua s vius eekZUrd {k.s"B jkuh Fkha] ftudks jktk us vius lkFk iVjkuh cuk.Z gS] vki tSls cqf¼eku egkuqHkko O.k us fujijk/k Hkjr dh HkRlZuk dh % foO.= jk?ko%AA I.kso`¼ /keZx#q dh xgZ.fDr eq>s jkT. ysuk gh ugha pkgrs Fks] os rks bls ykSVk nsuk pkgrs FksA os le>rs Fks fd mudh ekrk us .k ds T.dkeL.%AA II.fn ge vius iq= ls uQÛjr djrs gS]a ge ugha pkgrs fd og gekjs fy.s] os cjl iMÛhAa * fy.rk dk ladrs ^jkek.ksfr&LrEHk 212 rsjgok¡ v/.slk dgk tkrk gS] fç.kgqHkZoka'kpSo firq% fç.d .sa tksMÛrh gSAa dnkfpr~~ bu Hkkoukvksa dks Li"V :i ls le>us ds fy.qiy{k.11 ßrqe jkT. .g xzg.k.slk dguk ekewyh ckr gS] .ke~A* *vfXugks=^ 'kCn laHkor% jktk ds 'kjhj dh vksj b'kkjk djrk gSA .k Fkk] vr% vfXugks= muds laj{k.U= mlds iq= dh lgefr ls gh gksxkA vr% tSls gh os ikl vk. 213   foyyki lHkke/.g Hkh i. iq= dk fn.s gSAa ijUrq vkidks Hkh dqN djuk 'ks"k gS] vki og dhft.kZIr u Fkk] dkS'kY.d iq= ds fy.s Nqjs ds çgkj ds leku FkkA Hkjr rks jkT.fn Hkjr lpeqp viuh ekrk ds nqjkpj. iq= gSaAÞ bna rs jkT.q ds ckn esjh vkRe'kkfUr ds fy.kI.8 ß.d o. dks ikdj çlék gks] rks og esjs fy.sneO.kksa esa cgqr lh ckrsa dSd.ksfa d os T.10 iwjh lHkk ds e/. .k FkkA Hkjr dks ^lR.ksafd tSlk fd nksuksa cMÛs Vhdkdkj fu£n"V djrs gSa] ÞvfXugks=fefr jktnsgL.d dÛne vkSj vkxs c<Û] ßÏi.k djuk vko'.kækT.

k.s gksxa As oLrqr% Lo.Dr fd.a ou dks pys tk.g gS rks .23.slk çrhr gksrk gS] tks yksx laLÏr Hkk"kk lh[kuk vkjEHk djrs gS]a os viuh Li"V mPpkj. jgk gksxk vkSj Lo.g l'kiFk viuh funks"Z krk dh lQÛkbZ nsus dk Øe iwjk gks x.slk dgrs gSa fd dfo dk vk'k.ksa vkSj ln~x.s eSa pkSng o"kZ ou esa jgw¡xkA vki v. ykylk dk vkjksi yxk.62 ßoRl] lkSHkkX.kr gks x.gk¡ Å"e /ofu.a euq". HkwekSA eqgqeZgqfuZ%'olr'p nh?kZ lk rL.k vkSj vR.kZ:i ls igys le> u ikbZ FkhA rqEgkjk fpÙk /keZ ls fopfyr ugha gqvkA rqe ^lR.s gks]a og mlh v/keZ dk Hkkxh gks]Þ .fn mudh .a dfo gh dk vfHkçk.63 . dks ou esa fuokl djuk vko'.kZu djukA buesa nks 'yksd .slk çrhr gksrk gS] Hkjr us bl fn'kk esa lkspk fopkjk FkkA iwoZ esa gh mUgksua s viuh ekrk ls dgk Fkk fd os Lo. bu 'yksdksa dk mi.kk djrs gSa fd mudh dksbZ .75.sxa s vkSj mUgsa ykSVk dj yk.sxa s tc dkS'kY. lks·L.k foghuLro 'kksd:X. esa pwdrk gS vFkok veqd iki . iw.d iwjs lxZ (II.k Fkk vkSj vfXugks= lkFk ysdj pys tkus dh /kedh nh Fkh] ftlls os vUR.s 'yksd cksys ugha x. Vwd&Vwd gks x. djrs gSa fd vUR.slk ugha Fkk fd fp=dwV esa .k tkrk gS] ßeq>s ml O.sxa As vkidks Lej. ls of´pr gksdj ou dks pys tk. dks] tks mudks jktk cukus dk gS] foQy dj nsxa As os tkdj vius Hkzkrk Jh jke dks okil ys vk.L.slk ugha] eq>s [ksn gS] esjs eq[k ls . Fkk] Hkjr dh ok.k fd.a gh fuHkkuk pkfg.ekuL.75.kLrq .A muds çfr tks dqN Hkh vki v£ir djsxa ]s mldk Lokxr dgha vf/kd gksxk] mlls] tks fd eSua s iwoZ esa v£ir fd.k x. Hkh fi?kykA os cksyha] ßugha .ksa dk vkf/kD.Ro Lo.s gS]a mu lcdk . ds dÙkZO.k us Hkzkr`HkDr egkckgq Hkjr dks xksn esa [khap fy. Hkjra Hkzkr`oRlye~A ifj"oT.kfnA oLrqr%] Vhdkdkj .g fopkj lglk muds efLr"d esa vk.9 ßjktk n'kjFk rks pys x.k ds T.d ljy lk 'yksd] ijUrq . ç.ksZ·uqers xr%* ls gqvk gS (ftldh vuqefr ls Jh jke cu x. ugha gSA çR.g rks fcYdqy Li"V gS fd ml le.çfrKks es lrka yksdkuokIL.sls 'kCn fudy x.sf"V ds i'pkr~] tgk¡ Hkh Jh jke gksxa ]s ogk¡ tk.k\ ykyI. dh ihMÛk dk fdlh çdkj 'keu u gks ldkA os lnSo vki gh dks .k us Hkjr ij jkT.g .q kksa dk lok±xh.k.qDRok pk³~dekuh.ksa dk la.s 'kCn 'yksdksa esa ckj&ckj nksgjk.slh dksbZ bPNk jgh gks] rks os vfHk'kIr gksAa iwjs ds iwjs lxZ esa 'yksdksa dk vUr ^.so lDrkefuoR.k"Vcq)%s ifrrL.k gksxk] tc Hkjr Jh jke ls okLro esa feys (bl çlax ij geus foLrkj iwod Z ppkZ dj pqds gS)a mUgksua s dgk Fkk] ß..s]a ekuks ml le.sf"V djus ds lk/ku ls of´pr gks tk.] 'kksd esa gh jkf= chr xbZA jke dk uke iqdkjrs] dHkh tkus vkSj dHkh vutkusA rc os fu'p.ks/. Hkjr dh foosd'kfDr u"V gks xbZA os vpsr ls foyki djrs ckj&ckj yEch lkalas [khaprs] QwV&QwV dj fgpfd.k o.s rjl jgs FksA mudh leLr bPNk.75.k ykSV tk.k ds leku gksA . gS] ftudk mPpkj.sAa os Lo.k dh {kerk dh ijh{kk djus ds fy.AÞ fn"Vîk u pfyrks /kekZnkRek rs lgy{e. 'kksdsu txke jkf=%AA II.sd euq".kh dh yMÛ[kMÛkus dh lEHkkouk gSA .k%A oRl lR.d gS] rks bl vkns'k dks ikyu djus ds fy.k gSAÞ tc . vkSj ln~x.k gS] os fo[.k gSAa eq>s .kLroka laLeju~ LoxZeoki jktkAA V. os Lo. gks] ml ikih dks iki yxs)A .slk dgdj dkS'kY.kZr.fDr ds tSlk iki yxs] tks veqd dÙkZO. 215   Rokeso 'kkspaLro n'kZuIs lqLRo¸.flAA II.a dks f/kDdkjrs gSa fd . esa cgqr igys vkrk gSA .A muds eu ds vfUre fopkj dsoy vki gh FksA vkidh çrh{kk dj jgs FksA os vkidks ns[kus ds fy.k dk ân. Hkjr dk ân. çkIr gksaxAs Þ bR.ks·L.kn djrs jgsA os rks pys x. egkckgqa :jksn Hk`'knq%f[krkAA II.Z Jh jke ou x.g fopkj fd Jh jke ds ctk.65 i`Foh ij iMÛs gq.g ckr eSa iw. gSaA .s x.kA muds 'kksd vkSj O.k vijk/k djrk gS]Þ bR.k gksA iwoZ esa Hkh viuh ekrk ds lkFk nq%[kn HksVa ds le.k djrs le. dh ckr gS] rqe Hkh fcYdqy y{e.Fkk dk ikjkokj u Fkk] vkSj ftu 'yksdksa ds vuqØe }kjk bls vfHkO.ksx dqN foy{k. dks viuk nkf.25 ßftldh vuqefr ls vk.ksx djsAa v/keksZ .75) esa os 'kiFkiwod Z ?kks"k. . ds thou esa dÙkZO.ksfr&LrEHk rsjgok¡ v/.fn firkth ds vkns'k dk ikyu djus gsrq ifjokj ds fdlh lnL.sls Hkh gS]a ftuesa /ofu. fopsruL.çfrK* gksA rqe viuk mís'.q kksa ds iwjs pØ dk o.kZu djukA bl iwjs lewg dk lekos'k og bu 'yksdksa esa djrk gSA mUgsa Hkjr ds eq[k ls fu%l`r djokrk gSA Hkjr ls dgyok.k.k çkIr djksxAs rqEgsa lRiq#"kksa ds yksd vo'.75.sa vki ij dsfUær FkhaA vkids tkus ds i'pkr~ muds ân.214 jkek.Ur nq%[kh gksdj mUgsa xys ls yxk dj os QwV&QwV dj jksus yxhaA vkSj Hkjr us fQj D.d ughaA .Z cqf)e~A Ro.otÛh okyk le>kSrk djus dk fo"k.k¡ ysdj jke dk uke ysdj jksrs jgsA bl çdkj /kjrh ij yksVrs gq.a gh ou tkdj ekrk ds vfHkçk.L.slh bPNk ugha Fkh fd Jh jke jkT.kh }kjk euq".AÞ Hkjr dk .s]a eSa vkidk LFkku ys yw¡xkAÞ mÙkj esa Jh jke us dgk] ß.ks·Z uqers xr%A II.s]a bl dkO.101. ok.k] rks dkS'kY.gk¡ nsuk vko'. Hkjr }kjk .

s FkkA fuorZf. vkSj fu"kknjkt ls dgus yxs] ß. gSa! fcuk fdlh ç.d . esa mudk mís'.88.kfe Lokfeeka ekr`xfU/kuhe~A ous oRL.kksa ls dqN d.sA rRi'pkr~ xqg vius LFkku ij ykSV vk.k fd.sa vnyk&cnyh djsxa As eSa ou esa tkÅ¡xk vkSj bl çdkj rqEgsa vfr nq%[kkrZ cukÅ¡xk]Þ .k djus dk çLrko fd.kZ eksrh ns[k ldrk gw¡AÞ fopkj .ksafd vf/kd le.gh og LFky gS] tgk¡ esjs HkS.kx djuk pkgrs gSa] .gk¡ os dq'kk ij ysVs vkSj cSBs vkSj .k Fkk fd lhrk us ogk¡ 'k.s]a vkidk vfHkçk.n lhrk HkkHkh vius vkHkw"k.Fkk ladqy gks x.ksafd os LFkku muds fy.kk lqIrk lhrkfLe´'k.ksa vk.k ls f?klV dj vkHkw"k.k] ftuds os vf/ kdkjh FksA . D.kstu crkrs gS]a xqgjkt lar"q V gksdj dgrs gSa % /kU.k gksxk] tc Hkjr Jh jke dks ykSVk ykus ds fy.sA fdUrq Hkjr vius /kMÛdrs ân.k] mUgksua s vfHk"ksd lkexzh dh ifjØek djds ogk¡ mifLFkr gq.k ugha fd.s] vuk.85.k Fkk] tgk¡ esjh HkkHkh us 'k.kl gh vki Jh jke ds çfr dksbZ nqHkkZouk ysdj rks ugha tk jgs gS\a vkidh .f'pr djsxa ]s ou esa mudk LFkku ysdjA vkuk¸.k ds fy.g çrhr gksrk gS % mudk mís'. gSA vkidks Lej.kfe oua eqfufu"ksfore~AA II.k.A ml LFkku ij igq¡p dj] tgk¡ mudks crk.k djds xzg.s] ftls vki viuk ije dÙkZO. ge viuh Hkwfedk.k Fkk] Hkjr dgrs gSa % eU. fn[kkbZ ugha nsrkAÞ .k fxj x.ga nqxZs jkeks jktk Hkfo".kfe o"kkZf..a eqfu tu lsfor tu esa ços'k d:¡xkAÞ firk ds Jk¼ ds i'pkr~ pkSngosa fnu tc ea=h eaMy us Hkjr ls jkT.o] ogh jktk gksaxsA mu pkSng o"kZ fuokZlu dky esa eSa Jh jke ds cnys esa ou esa jgw¡xkAÞ blds ifjçs{.us 'kqHkkA . .ksfr&LrEHk rsjgok¡ v/.a .s lkHkj.LRoa u Ro.DrqfegsPNflAA II.s h dk euksjFk dnkfi lQy ugha gksus nw¡xkA Jh jke gh v. v£ir djus ds i'pkr~ fu"kkn jkt lh/ks&lh/ks Hkjr ls iwNrs gSa] ß.12 ßvki fdrus egku gSa] vki /kU.k tks ty yk.frAA II.g fo'kky lsuk esjs eu esa 'kadk lh mRiék dj jgh gSA eq>s crk.k.= r= fg n`'.ksa dk ifjR.sls mís'.73.fr eghifr%A vga Roj.s Fks] dsoy mlh dks ihdj larq"V gks x. rqEgsa bl naM nsus ds fy.a i'.LRoa R.rhr djsxa As .gha mUgksaus viuh lkt&lTtk lkexzh mrkj MkyhA .g ckr lqudj fd Jh jke vius lkfFk.eso ços{.slk djrs Hkh] rks vkidks dksbZ nks"k ugha ns ldrk FkkA rFkkfi vki mldk ifjR. vHkh ugha xqtÛjk Fkk] fpÊ Hkh vHkh 'ks"k FksA u ldkeka dfj".Runkxra jkT.kfe lqfLFkrsukUrjkReukAA II.d ckr crkb.g mudk vfHkçk.k x.k fdl çdkj Jh jke us muds }kjk Hksts x. ukuk Hkk¡fr ds [kk| inkFkZ Lohdkj fd.31 ßegkcyh dkSly ujs'k Jh jke dks yksVk dj] mUgsa jkT.kga nhIrrstl%A nklHkwrks Hkfo".27 fQj os dqN vkSj vkxs c<Ûs vkSj dgus yxs fd Jh jke ds çfr nqjkpj.s oRL.ksa lfgr ogk¡ .79.s Fks D.g Hkh crk.k uo i´p pAA II. p egkckgqa dkSlY.74.kx fd.k igu dj gh lks xbZ gksxhA vkSj .k gS\Þ Hkjr tSls gh viuk ç.k rqY.fn vki .g gS fd dBksj 'kS¸.k ds leku jgsA vc rqe eq>s Bhd&Bhd ml LFkku dk crkvks] tgk¡ esjs HkkbZ us 'k. xzg.k\Þ o. flagklu ij inklhu djds eSa Lo.u fd.gk¡&ogk¡ eSa lqo.s os çk.ks/.s ekrkvks]a iqjokfl. o`{k dh tMÛ ds ikl tkdj mu LFkyksa dk fujh{k.s Hkh mrus gh ifo= Fks] ftrus xqg ds fy.. lc yksxksa ls bl çdkj dgk % jke% iwoksZ fg uks Hkzkrk Hkfo". çkIr gqvk] ftldks vki iwjs lEeku ds lkFk ys ldrs gSaA .Rok jkea p rL.k vkSj HkkHkh us mu lc foykl lkefxz.Ru ds vkidks bruk fo'kky jkT.ksa rFkk lsuk lfgr Ük`xa osjiqj esa xaxk rV ij igq¡p]s mudh HksVa fu"kknjkt xqg ls gqbAZ bl fo'kky lsuk dks ns[kdj igy xqg dks Hkjr ds çfr dqN 'kadk gqbAZ xqg Jh jke ds ije fe= FksA os lkspus yxs fd fuokZlu ds ckn bruk 'kh?kz Hkjr bruh fo'kky lsuk vkSj iwjs jkt egy lfgr D.k FkkA eq>s og lc dqN crkvks mUgksua s D.g lc ekrk ds çfr fdlh nqHkkZouk ls çsfjr gksdj ugha] vfirq futh vkRe&lUrqf"V ds fy.s] fdUrq {kk=/keZ dks Lej.15 ß'kk. dh ifjiw£r ds fy.k djus yxs D.u fd.d jkr unh ds rV ij Bgjs Fks] Hkjr rhoz O.k vkSj vknjiwoZd ykSVk fn.s gS\a . gh esjh ek¡ dgykrh gS] viuh ekrk dgykus okyh bl dSd. vPNk rks ugha ekywe gksrkA vkfrF.k ds T.kE.kZu] pkgs fdruk Hkh foLr`r Fkk] fdUrq mUgsa larks"k ugha gks ik jgk FkkA iwjh jkr Hkj os xqg ls o`ÙkkUr lqurs jgsA xqgjkt us .216 jkek. D.Urs lDrk% dudfcUno%AA II. dks gkFk ls nck. ekurs gSaA vkids leku /kekZRek eq>s bl HkweaMy ij dksbZ vU.kA y{e.k egkcye~A Lo.8 ßJh jke gh gekjs cMÛs HkkbZ gSaA vr.A lhrk lfgr Jh jke us ml jkr miokl gh fd.u fd.kfe txrhrysA v.k ds jktk gksxa s vkSj eSa nqxeZ ou esa fuokl d:¡xkAÞ bl çdkj os bl L=h ls çfr'kks/k ysuk pkgrs gSAa ßrqe eq>s jktk cukuk pkgrh Fkha] Jh jke dks ouoklhA bl nq"deZ ds fy.79.k gks ldrk gS\ mís'.12 ßftlesa ys'kek= gh ekr`Hkko 'ks"k gS vFkkZr~ tks dsoy uke ek= ds fy. 217   vkSj mudk nkl cudj lq[kh vkSj lar"q V fpr ls thou O.gha os tu lk/kkj.

k rnkA rFkk ásrs çdk'kUrs lDrk% dkS'ks.frAA II.29 ßv.kkS Hkzkrq% ikÆFkoO.k fd.7 ßtc rd vius iwtuh.ka ikyf.fZq je lR.". 'k=q?u esjs lkFk jgsxa s vkSj cMÛs HkkbZ] Jh jke y{e.ku nwljh oLrq ij tkrk gSA ßvkSj gk¡] .k yksx dkdqRLFk Hkw"k.fDr dks dksbZ fo'ks"k igukok ilUn gS] vki oSlh gh iks'kkdÛ igudj mlds lEeq[k tk.kdkj dh dyk dqN vf/kd fodflr ugha jgh gksxhA .k esa czkã.k djds] iqjksfgr ofl"B dks vkxs djds] iSny gh ogk¡ x.´tukfUorkSA çxzgh".kZd.fn lqo.¡ O.ksfr&LrEHk rsjgok¡ v/.koé pUæladka'ka æ{.a tVkphjkf.98.k) my> xbZ gksxhA Li"V fn[kkbZ nsrk gS] .ks/. 'k=q?uks ekuqoRL.u ugha d:¡xkA xísnkj iyax esjs fy.k djus dh çFkk gSA mUgksua s phj vkSj oYdy /kkj. vkSj cká iks'kkdÛ esa nks VqdMÛs FksA eSa tkurk gw¡] tc ge fdlh ifo= LFkku ij tkrs gS]a rc js'keh oL= /kkj.ksè.saxs] rks og vo'.kFkZeÙq kja dkya fuoRL.k ugha fd.Z'pUæfoeyksiee~A eq[ka i'.88.A Jh jke ds ikl igq¡pus ls iwoZ mUgsa dkQÛh p<ÛkbZ p<uh iMÛh vkSj pyrs le. Hkzkrk] Jh jke ds deyny ln`'k fo'kkyus= okys lqUnj eq[kpUæ dk n'kZu u dj yw¡xk] rc rd eq>s 'kkfUr ugha feysxhAÞ fl)kFkZ% [kyq lkSfef=.koé pj.Dra lhrk. 219   mÙkjh.15 fQj mudk è. js'ke ds dqN rkxÛs ped jgs gSAa Þ .sA mudh vUrjh. lhrk HkkHkh dh pknj (mÙkjh.ks"kq okA Qyewyk'kuks fuR.88.gk¡ ml le.k /kkj. gSAa dsoy Qy&ewy dk gh Hkkstu d:¡xkA lnk oYdy vFkok e`xNkyk rFkk tVk /kkj.88.k fd.frAA II.'kkyh gSA eq>s muls bZ".g ml LFkku ij ns[kdj fd Jh jke] lhrk vkSj y{e.k dks ysdj v. ukL.gk¡ fpids gq.kfe f'kjlk u es 'kkfUrHkZfo".k ij 'k.sxa As nsork esjh bl çfrKk dks lQy djsAa Þ .ksZ á.koé jkea æ{. gh çlék gksxkA fdUrq] tc Hkjr jke ls feyus x.slk gh djus tk jgk gw¡A eSa Hkh i`Foh ij vFkok ?kkl ij gh lksÅ¡xkA vc esa dksey 'k¸.1 os tVk vkSj eksVk [kqjnjk phj oL= /kkj.A bl çdkj os Jh jke ls HksVa djus x. gh lqfe=kuUnu] y{e.k FkkA os dgrs gSa % v|çHk`fr HkwekS rq 'kf.Ur lkns thou dk ozr fy.k ds T.28 ßHkkbZ ds ctk.] tks Jh jke ds dey ln`'k us=okys egkrstLoh eq[k dk fujUrj n'kZu djrs gSAa og eq[k] tks pUæek ds leku fueZy .g esjh veqd ckr ugha gksrhAÞ .k.2 .frAA II.u~AA II.98.88. esa rks vki tkurs gh gSa fd yksx fdrus lko/kku gksrs gSAa .kT. feF.k vkHkw"k. jkthok{ka egk|qfrAA II.sxhAÞ olUra HkzkrqjFkkZ. jgw¡xkAÞ rL.90.a euksjFke~AA II.ka ok egkcye~A oSngs ha ok egkHkkxka u es 'kkafrHkZfo".oa vkÍkn çnku djus okyk gSAÞ .%A vfi es nsork% dq.frA y{e.ka f}tkr.k dk ikyu djsxa As Þ vfHk"ks{.s] gkFk tksMÛ dj i`Foh ij iMÛ x.fr* vFkkZr~ ßesjh vkRek dks 'kkfUr ugha feysxh] tc rd .slk rqjUr ugha fd.k Hkfo"."os·ga r`.k.fUr dkdqRLFke. 'k=q?u dks lqukrs jgs] tks muds lkFk py jgs FksA ogk¡ Hkh os cMÛs vyadkfjd <ax ls laons ukRed :i esa viuh Hkkouk.218 jkek. ds mn~xkj ckgj m¡My s rs gq.gk¡ jgw¡xkA .kfe 'kqHkekuue~A Hkzkrq% iùiyk'kk{ka u es 'kkafrHkZfo".slk djus ls Jh jke dh dh xbZ çfrKk Hkh Hkax u gksxhA mldh iw£r Hkh gks tk.frAA II.kfe lq[ka ousA ra çfrJoekeqP.98..|fi Hkjr us viuh iks'kkdÛ cnyus dh ckr rks dgh Fkh] rFkkfi mUgksua s . os vius ân.sA iks'kkdÛ ds fo"k.ksu lg Rok.fegklDra lqO.fr jkeL.rUro%AA II.ks/.fn fdlh O.10 ßfu'p.kZ gksrh gSA os rks ÏrkFkZ gks x.Dr djrs gSAa os tks 'yksd dgrs gS]a mudk vUr bu 'kCnksa esa gksrk gS % ^u es 'kkfurHkZfo".100.k cMÛs HkkX. iqjks/kle~AA II.6 ßtc rd Jh jke] egkcyh y{e.k vFkok egkHkkxk oSngs h lhrk dks u ns[k yw¡xk] rc rd eq>s 'kkfUr ugha feysxhAÞ .k us viuh lt/kt R.s R.gk¡ lq[kiwod Z fuokl d:¡xkA esjs HkkbZ us çfrKk dh gS fd ifjokj esa ls fdlh dks ou esa jguk gSA eSa .frAA II.8 olkuks okllks {kkSe iqjks/kk.kfe y{e.kx dj vR.27 ßouokl ds ftrus fnu 'ks"k gS] ml dky rd eSa gh .kA vxys fnu çkr% dky os Hkj}kt eqfu ds vkJe esa igq¡prs gS]a vkSj ogk¡ dfo dgrk gS % Hkjr dsoy nks js'keh oL= /kkj. % tfVy phjolua çk´tfya ifrra HkqfoAA II. rd fpids jg ldrs Fks] rks blls eq>s yxrk gS fd mu fnuksa ef.98.k Jh jke dk vfHk"ksd djsxa s vkSj mudks 'kkld cuk.kksa ls VwV dj brus le.] ou esa fuokl djrs le.26 ßvkt ls eSa Hkh .88.ksè.

koé jkT.k ge lc feydj .sxa ]s rc rd esjs eu dks 'kkfUr ugha feysxhAÞ Jh jke dh vksj ls Hkh Hkjr ds çfr fo'okl vlhe FkkA ou dks çLFkku djrs le.kfuokfluke~A efRç.k.kf.k p j?kquUnuAA III.sA gesa fdlh vU.ksfr&LrEHk rsjgok¡ v/.kuUno/kZu%A dfj".7 tc os y{e. HkjrL. pkSng o"kZ rd ou esa jgus dk fu'pr dj pqdh gS] rFkkfi fç.k muls dqN fnu vkSj #dus dh fourh djrs gS]a .98. gSAa dnk Uoga les".ksè. Hkh lekIr çk.q kkfUor%A vuq#i% l oks HkrkZ Hkfo". Hkjr ds Lusg ls lUrIr gksdj esjh bPNk gksrh gS fd .|fi esjh cqf¼ n`<Ûrkiwod Z ozr dk ikyu djrs gq. vius mÙkjkf/kdkjh ds fy.s h uUnu Hkjr lc dqN l¡Hkky ysxa s vkSj vki lcdk . ij çfrf"Br ugha gks tk.d fnu gh cMÛs Fks] fQj Hkh os muds fy.ksx djrs gSAa Hkjr% [kyq /kekZRek firja ekrja p esA /kekZFkZdkelfgrSokZD.kga iqu% iqu%A ukuq'kkspkfe firja ekrja pkfi y{e.kksa ls lEiék gksus ij Hkh LoHkko esa cMÛs dksey gSAa os vki ds fy.k Hkjrs lk fo/kh.k Ro.Fkkor fç.k dk vfHk"ksd Hkh gks pqdk gSA lhrk ls lEcfU/kr vfUre n`'.k dFkapuA rkeso{s okdqukFkL.] e/kqj] eu dks Hkkus okyh ve`r ds leku ân.k.k çhfrcZgeq ku'p e¸.sxk] tc eSa rqEgkjs lkFk pydj egkRek Hkjr vkSj ohjoj 'k=q?u ls feyw¡xk\ D.A .g cMÛs eTÛks dh ckr gS fd Jh jke Hkjr ls dsoy .k vkius fdlh jktk dks tkrs le.kn gS u\Þ os dgrs gS]a ßD.kfu fç. ^cky* 'kCn dk ç.ku nsus .k dk o/k gks pqdk gSA foHkh"k.q¼ dkaM ij vk. ds Hkjksls NksMÛ dj ugha tkb.k rqe .s\Þ fuf'prkfi fg es cqf)oZuo}kls n`<ozrkA HkjrLusglarIrk ckfy'kh fØ.Sjk'oklf..kkjfoUnksa esa fxjdj mudks vius gkFkksa esa ysdj flj ij ugha j[kw¡xk] rc rd eq>s 'kkfUr ugha fey ldrhAÞ .kgZ% fir`ir S kegs fLFkr%A vfHk"ksdtyfDyéks u es 'kkfUrHkZfo". tc çtktu uxj ds ckgj rd ihNs ihNs vkrs gS]a os yksx jksrs iqdkjrs .s jkT. dY..sAa jko.A dSd. gS] ykSV vkb..16.rs iqu%AA III.kpuk djrs gS] ßvki gh gekjs .16.s vf/kd fpUrk ugha gksrhA Hkjr mudh ns[kHkky mlh çdkj djsxa ]s tSls esjh vkSj rqEgkjh mifLFkfr esa djrs FksAÞ vj.ksa ds vfHk"ksd ty ls flDr gksdj v.kokfl.ksX.df=r gksdj .6 ßv.k dSd. dkaM esa tc y{e.kdkjh gSA dSd.k.ksx djrs gS]a Jh jke rqjUr mUgsa jksd nsrs gSa vkSj dgrs gSa % u rs·Eck e/.k /.kn gS u] og le.kf.37 ßrqEgsa e>yh ekrk dSds.16.ku`'kalRoa fofpUR.8 ßos voLFkk esa NksVs gksus ij Hkh Kku esa cMÛs gSAa ijkØeksfpr xq.45.sAÞ rc Jh jke eqMÛdj muls dgrs gSa % .ksè.k e/kqjkf.d dqVEq c ds leku jg ldsxa \s Þ vc ge .7 ßmudk pfj= cMÛk lqUnj gS vkSj lcds fy.s bruk dqN dgrs lquk gS\ Kkuo`)ks o.k pA â|kU.45.k ykSVus dh rS.slh dYiuk Hkh dj ldrs gks fd gekjs firk vkSj ekrkvksa dks] ftudks ge ihNs NksMÛ vk.s h dh ppkZ djds D.39 .L.kn vk jgh gSA rqEgsa Hkh .fr .k djsxa As Þ .s pkSng o"kZ dHkh lekIr gksxa s Hkh\ dc og fnu vk. vkSj fgr djsxa As Þ D.kFk± fo'ks"ks.kig%AA II.kfe Hkjrsu egkReukA 'k=q?usu p ohjs.k AA II.e`rdYikfu eu% çºyknukfu pAA III.kjh dj jgs gSAa foHkh"k. 221   ßtc rd HkkbZ Jh jke ds jktksfpr y{k.220 jkek.kpkfj=% dSds¸.k p fgrkfu pAA II.ksa vius dks nq%[kh cuk.45.kscyks e`noq hZ. jktk gksxa As os çtk ds ladVksa dk fuokj.k ls okrkZyki djrs gS]a rks dgrs gS]a ßD.ks/.fr Hk.16.ek rkr xÆgrO.40 ßy{e.qDr pj. okD.s h ds çfr dBksj 'kCnksa dk ç.dek= vkJ.s gS]a fdlh çdkj dk d"V mudks gksus dh lEHkkouk gS\ ugha] Hkjr cgqr lPpfjr iq= gSAa Þ HkjrL.k! .k djrk gw¡] ew>s ekrk&firk ds fy.k esa firk firkegksa ds jkT.k ds T.h dh dHkh fuUnk ugha djuh pkfg.s cMÛs .AÞ l fg dY.x Z .d ckj Hkjr dks ns[k yw¡A rqEgsa . dFkka dq:AA III. dks vkÍkn djus okyh ckrsa .frAA II.rke~AA II.38 ß.fn dqN dguk Hkh pkgks] rks b{okdq oa'k ds Lokeh] Hkjr dh ppkZ djksA gesa ml lnkRek Hkjr dh ppkZ djuk pkfg.46.8 ßtc eSa Hkjr ds dksey LoHkko dk ckj&ckj Lej.d ckj fQj .ksè.ksa dk esjs çfr tks çse vkSj vknj Hkko gS] og esjh çlékrk ds fy.] Hkjr ds çfr vkSj Hkh vf/kd :i ls gksuk pkfg. gSAa Jh jke v.Fkko}% fç.kZdVq h esa Fks\ eq>s Hkjr dh fç. ds lPps vf/kdkjh vk.s fo'ks"k.Z Jh jke fofHkék leqæksa vkSj ifo= ufn.kksa ls .9 ßtc rd jkT.".] tc ge i.46.ksX.k eSa dHkh mUgsa Hkqyk ldrk gw¡\Þ laLejkE.k tk.frAA II.

bl <ax ls ckrphr ugha djsxa As bl çdkj dh dksbZ uSfrd ck/.kk mRiék gks tkrh gS fd mlls muds O.d L=h dk vius csVs dks jkT. ij vkrs gS]a .gh cgqr dqN gSA vc vkSj vkfrF. rks dsoy .d dk.rk nhA esjs fy.s]Þ bl çdkj foHkh"k.gk¡ vkSj vf/kd #d ugha ldrk D.s gq.U=dkfj.k vki .17-20 Jh jke mÙkj esa dgrs gS]a ßesjs ikl fe= vkSj mÙke lfpo cukdj rqeus lc çdkj dh ps"Vkvksa }kjk esjk lEeku fd.kpuk djus ij Hkh viuh çfrKk ds çfr n`<Ûozrrk ds dkj.k FkkA esjs pj.s "kM~.A ik¡p nwr dsd.kZr.Z vkSj ijkØe ls gk£nd lgk.sls yksx Hkh gksrs gS]a ftuds eu esa fdlh ds çfr fd.slk D.ksè. Lohdkj dj eq>s ÏrkFkZ dhft.k± rs opua jk{kls'ojAA ra rq es Hkzkrja æ"Vqa Hkjra Rojrs eu%A eka fuorZf. lsA esjk mís'.k lkSE.U= jpuk vlk/kkj.ksfr&LrEHk rsjgok¡ v/.ksfa d bl le. gh vki mudks lacksf/kr djrs le.ksa u gks] fQj Hkh D.k dh n`f"V ls ugha] u gh .k esa vR.k.s h . esa vkidks /kkj.s vkrqj gSA esjk .kh us mls vuSfrd dk.s x.k] fu"Bqj cudj] ftldh ckr eSua s ugha ekuh] ogh ckr vc eq>s [kVd jgh gSAÞ vc eSa Hkjr ds pfj= .h dh gj ckr eku ysrs Fks vkSj mUgksaus bu Hkkoukvksa dks dkQÛh dBksj 'kCnksa esa vfHkO.ksx djrs gSAa ßD. fnykus esa esjh lgk.k R.s h }kjk fd.slh P.s rks . esa lnk lR. opua u Ñra e.g dgrs gSAa ßD.k ds fo"k.124.g fn[kykuk gS fd dqN .d prqj "kM~.s os ^/keZKk* 'kCn dk ç.kprks .k mlds ikl ls vk.slk lksp ldrs gks fd esjs eu esa Hkh rqEgsa çlék djus vkSj rqEgkjs çfr viuk Lusg çn£'kr djus dh bPNk ugha gS\ rqEgkjs bl vuqjks/k dks eSa fu'p.kA y{e.kx fn.s mdlk.U=ksa dk gksuk vlkekU.d dÙkZO.ksx djrs gSaA fdUrq] tc os Lo.drk gS\ eSa .k bruh ?k`.k ugha gSA nq%[k dsoy bl ckr dk Fkk fd . es]a fdlh vuqjks/k dsA .g .% fgUnqvksa esa ijEijk ls dSd.k gSA ijUrq bl le. gh cksy]as vkSj fcuk bl fo"k.A os vius firk ds çfr iw.qfr gS] ftldks eSa {kek ugha dj ldrkA . 223   ßvkius bruh nwj ls vkus dh Ïik djh vkSj fo'kky jkT.k /keZKk vk.d ?k`f.k dks dksbZ d"V rks ugha gS\ ohj y{e.k x. vU..gk¡ ls 'kh?kz gh pfy.ks·lkS fp=dwVeqikxr%AA f'kjlk .kZ voLFkk esa os dSds.k vkSj lqfe=k ds fy.k.ku jgs fd nwr mUgsa okLrfod ugha crkrsA os 'kh?kz gh çLFkku djrs gSAa çLFkku ls iwoZ os nwrksa ls vius ifjokj ds lnL. Hkjr ls dsoy bruk dgs]a ßiqjksfgr th rFkk leLr eaf=eaMy us vkidks 'kqHkdkeuk.s fp=dwV vk.Mh Øks/kuk çkKekfuuhA vjksxk pkfi es erk dSd.rk dhA vc dqN FkksMÛs fnu Bgj dj esjk vkfrF.slk b{okdq dqy esa ?kVk] tgk¡ Jh jke ç/kku ik= FksA ijUrq vki tkurs gS]a dSd.k mls dkQÛh Hkkjh dÛher pqdkuh iMÛh gSA vius thou dky esa Hkh mlds çfr vi'kCnksa dh dksbZ deh ugha jgh FkhA ijUrq ge .slk dnkfi ugha lkspuk fd eSa bruk vf'k"V gw¡ fd rqEgkjs fuea=.sa Hksth gS]a vc vki .kr vkSj dyafdr :i esa ns[kh tkrh jgh gSA vius bu nks"kksa ds dkj. esjk eu vius HkkbZ dks ns[kus ds fy.ksa dj jgk gw¡] jk{kls'oj\ D.k Fkk fd fdlh çdkj dk 'kksd çdV u djrs gq. ns'k Hksts x.|fi vHkh rd dSd.k dgk gS\Þ os iwNrs gSAa vc eSa iwNrk gw¡] vkidh ekrk] pkgs fdruh Hkh D.g gS fd eSa . ugha gSA .kZ dkS'kY.sxa ]s loZFkk mfpr ugha\Þ iwftrks·ga Ro.s vfu"V dk mUgsa dksbZ vuqeku Hkh u Fkk] fQj Hkh os bl çdkj dgrs gSa % vkRedFkk lnk p. x.rqa .slk HkkbZ] tks turk] lsuk vkSj ifjokj lfgr eq>s ykSVk ys tkus ds fy. s h fdeqokp gAA II. rks eSa muds viuh ekrk dSd.k vkfn ds fo"k. fnykus ds fy.kksa esa flj >qdkdj .] v.kn j[ks]a jkt?kjkuksa esa bl çdkj dks "kM~.k vkSj 'k=q?u dh ekrk lqfe=k LoLFk vkSj lq[kh rks gS\a Þ bl çdkj ge ns[krs gSa os dkS'kY.k vkSj lhrk lfgr Jh jke ds ouxeu ds i'pkr~ 'kksdkdqy n'kjFk us çk. esa iwNrkN djrs gSAa çR.Z ds fy.sd ds fy.k . Hkax gks tkrk gSA Hkjr esa ml xq.rk rks ugha fd vki viuh ekrk ds fo"k.kn j[ksa fd çk.222 jkek.k fu"Bkoku vkSj J¼kyq FksA mUgsa dsoy .s h ds çfr lEcU/kksa ds fo"k.g . vFkok cqjkbZ ds dkj.k] Jh jke] y{e.kj djrh Fkh] ftruk fd Hkjr dks] ij fdl çdkj .gh ialn Fkk fd tÛjk th.su ijUriAA lokZReuk p ps"VkfHk% lkSânsuksÙkesu pA u [kYosré dq.d .Dr fd.k dk vHkko Fkk] tks .kk fdruh Hkh [Ûkjkc D. nwrksa ds lkeus vki bl çdkj cksyxas \s fu'p.sls gh pys tk. gh vLohdkj ugha dj ldrkA .Ur vko'. esa lksp jgk gw¡A ge .kA rqeus vius 'kkS.s fdlh u fdlh vPNs 'kCn dk ç.d .L.ksa dk dq'ky&{kse iwNrs gSAa dkS'kY.sls va'k ij vkrk gw¡] ftldks NksMÛk ugha tkuk pkfg.10 ßvkRedkek vFkkZr~ tks lnk viuk gh LokFkZ fl¼ djus dh dkeuk djrh gS vkSj tks vius dks cgqr cqf¼erh le>rh gS] ml mxz LoHkko okyh Øks/k'khyk esjh ek¡ dks rks dksbZ d"V ugha gS\ mlus D.fDrRo dk lkeatL.slk igyw Hkh gS] ftldh ppkZ djuk lq[kn ugha gSA eSa mldk mYys[k d:¡xk] fdlh fNækUos"k.k vko'.ksa cqjh u gks] mlds vkpj.d lpeqp egku pfj= dh xfjek dks fdlh çdkj de djus ds vfHkçk.k dks vLohdkj d:¡A fdUrq] esjh foo'krk .kA VI.k ds T.a viuh ekrk ds fo"k.s h . dh D.70.d Hkyh efgyk gqvk djrh Fkh] tks jke dks mruk gh I.k rqe .fu"B iq= esa gksuk pkfg. lkfpO.Z gSAÞ Hkjr dks viuh vuqifLFkfr esa ?kVh ?kVukvksa dh fcYdqy tkudkjh ugha FkhA /.A tc ge mudks Jh jke ds HkkbZ ds :i esa ns[krs gS]a muds pfj= dk .] tgk¡ Hkjr 'k=q?u lfgr viuh ufugky esa FksA nwrksa dks funs'Z k fd.

k Hkko ls ç'kalk djrk jgsA mUgsa .ku mudh vksj fcYdqy ugha tkrk gS vkSj 'k=q?u dks Øks/k ls Hkjk ns[kdj] Hkjr muls dgrs gSa % vo/.dkeqdAs u rs·gefHkHkk".slk çrhr gksrk gS] eUFkjk us vius 'kjhj ij lkS .s h mls NqMÛkus ds fy.'kks thoyksds p Ro.a Hkh ml naMdkj.kk.k esa vkbZAa Hkjr dk /. 225   ekrk] pkgs fdruh Hkh vuSfrd D.ksa esa ls fL=.kA og Øwj deZ djus okyh ikfiuh .33 ßvc rqe D.kpuk djrh gSA fQj Hkjr 'k=q?u ls dgrs gSa % ekr`#is eekfe=s u`'kals jkT.gh gSA vc .ks&a ihf<Û.g m¼j.% 'kkjna xxua .ks/.kZu ugha fd. Hkk"kk esa ek¡ dh HkRlZuk djrs gSAa eSa dqN pqus gq.ksa tyrh vkx esa ços'k ugha djrh\ vFkok tgk¡ rqeus esjs HkkbZ vkSj HkkHkh dks Hkst fn. ysuk iMÛkA eq>s Hkh rqeus bl txr esa ihf<Û.ksa u gks] .ofua çkIrks jkes lR. esa pyh tkvks vFkok xys esa jLlh ck¡/k dj çk.g .kZ Jheæktfuos'kue~A v'kksHkÙk rnk Hkw. mudk fu.k eSua s .k/kqfud] jktjkfu.s gksxa As vU.k esjs firk dh e`R.s gSa fd mu fnuksa Lo.ksa ds .ks/.k ykSVk ykÅ¡xk] tc os v.k vkSj ?klhV dj 'k=q?u dks lkSia rs gq.ZrAA rsu Hkk.g dguk ugha pkgrk fd os viuh ekrk dh vdkj.drk ughaA .s h dks cgqr nq%[k gqvkA og 'k=q?u ds Hk. vkHkw"k.A dfo . mUgsa lkSia nw¡xkA rHkh .78.A ekrk ds çfr .kga çfrikfnr%AA II.ks·fLe nqoÙ`Z ks ifr?kkfrfuAA II.Rijk.ks Hkfo".A vkHkw"k.slh vf'k"V ?kVuk dnkfpr~~ vkt ugha ?kVsxh] ijUrq mu fnuksa Hkkokos'k mxz gksrs Fks vkSj euq".k dBksj /kjrh ij jxMÛ [kkdj VwV&VwV dj b/kj&m/kj fc[kj x.ek.k dh Hkwfe ij inkiZ. dyafdr dj fn.kZ vf'k"V <ax ls dqCtk dks ckyksa ls idMÛ fy.Ma i`fFkO.k¡ tkdj dSd.k% loZHkwruka çenk% {kE.U=.kx fd.ksX.18 tc eUFkjk ?klhVh tk jgh Fkh] mlh le.ksa dk mRihMÛu ugha gksuk pkfg.FkkAA II.s .s h }kjk iqjLÏr dh x.gk¡ vkdj iqjLÏr vkHkw"k.k.slk djus dh dksbZ vko'.fn vU.k tk ldrk] fd ekuks vkdk'k dk .kh] ifr?kkfruh] rqe ekrk ds :i esa esjh 'k=q gksA eSa rqels ckr Hkh ugha djrkAÞ u Roe'oirs% dU. mlds ukuk çdkj ds fofp= vkHkw"k.slh eukso`fÙk ugha gksuh pkfg.k fd.ksfr&LrEHk rsjgok¡ v/.Ur v{kE. /kher%A jk{klh r= tkukfl dqyç/oafluh firq%AA II.kksa dk çn'kZu dj jgh gSAÞ .g lc jkT.224 jkek.a ok naMdku~ fo'kA jTtqa c/kku ok d.kZdkjksa dh dyk iw.kA os iwjs nks lxks± esa vR. yxrs gSaA RoRÑrs es firk o`Ùkks jke'pkj.k dj] Hkk¡fr&Hkk¡fr ds vkHkw"k.k ns nksA blds vfrfjDr rqEgkjs fy.q gqb]Z Jh jke dks Hkh ou dk vkJ.d 'kCn Hkh vi.Fkk] os i`Foh ij fxjrs Hkh] rks ml LFkku dk .ekfJr%A v.k gS] rqe Lo.s fn.78..ke~AA II.9 ßrqe cqf¼eku /keZjkt v'oifr dh dU.Ur gkL.] . gksÅ¡xkAÞ dqN gh {k. ?kfVr gksrk gSA eUFkjk] tks viuh lsokvksa ds fy.tud n`'.d iq= dh mlds çfr .ijkØesA ÑrÑR.d ccZjrkiw.k vkSj vkØks'k esa Hkj dj mls TÛkehu ij ?klhVus yxsA .k djsxa s vkSj eSa . D.d VqdMÛk u{k=ksa lfgr i`Foh ij fxjk gksA mldks NqMÛkus ds fy.17.Msu ladh.s ogk¡ vkrh gSA rc mUgksua s mls f/kDdkjrs gq.s h ls fuosnu djrh gaAS dSd.kZ fpÊ ogk¡ lc txg NwV x.g ns[kdj Øks/kksUeÙk 'k=q?u us .d vR.k fd.k Jh jke dks ou tkuk iMÛk] vkids firk us 'kjhj ifjR.21 ßbls {kek dj nks] lHkh çkf.kAÞ vkHkw"k.k nks lkS vkHkw"k.kksa ls lt&/kt dj ogk¡ vk igq¡prh gS] vR.k fodflr ugha gqbZ FkhA .74. yksx mldh cqjkbZ Hkh djs]a rks mUgsa pqi gh jguk pkfg. dksbZ xfr ugha gSAÞ vgeI.k /kkj. fo'kky jktHkou u{k=ekykvksa ls vyaÏr 'kjRdky ds vkdk'k dh Hkk¡fr vf/kd lq'kksfHkr gks jgk FkkA .k 'kjhj ij /kkj.g esjk dyad nwj gksxk] rHkh eSa ÏrÏR.k eUFkkjk.rkfefrA II.k /keZKjktL.Bs u fg rs·U.s dSd.g crkus ds fy..kksa ds VqdMÛkas ls og 'kksHkuh.g o.ksa rd ds fy.k ákÑ".] vkSj lqo. ijkØeh Jh jke dks tc eSa v.. dgk] ßblh ds dkj.s gq.k djuk ugha tkurs FksA rL.d foHkwf"kr okujh ds leku tku iMÛrh FkhA og egy ds ml LFky ij vk.34 ßlR.6 ßrqEgkjs gh dkj.74.kfe foçokflrdYe"k%AA II.slk dgrk gS fd og .Ur dyaddj vkSj fuUnkRed gSA ckn esa ?kj ykSVus ij tc mUgsa irk pyrk gS fd mudh ek¡ us muds fy.74.k /kkj.74.7 ßnqjkpkfj.s]Þ dSd. mlds çfr cMÛh dBksj ckrsa dghaA mUgsa lqudj dSd.q¼ NsMÛ nsuk vR.'k dk cksyuk ugha pkfg.kLrrLrr%A fp=a cgqfo/ka Hkk.d okD.k ds T.h] tgk¡ 'k=q?u mifLFkr FksA ml ij n`f"V iMÛrs gh }kjiky us mldks idMÛ fy.k.A eSa .k fd. 'yksd vkids lkeus çLrqr djrk gw¡] tks eq>s fo'ks"k :i ls mYys[kuh.ka r}î'kh.h Fkh] og vax çfr vax ij .k ugha gks] Hkwy ls muds dqy esa dksbZ jk{klh iSnk gks xbZ] tks firk ds oa'k dk fo/oal djus okyh gksAÞ lk RoefXua çfo'k ok Lo.k gh vkSj feF.s mldh lf[k.s h mlds fy.k ckn . ls Hkjr dh 'kj.74..kZr.

mlds çfr fdf´pr ek= Hkh ugha fi?kykA ckn esa Hkh] tc os ml egk okn&fookn esa Jh jke ls okrkZyki djrs gS]a rks os fQj Hkh .Msu n. D. vrho ç'kalkRed Hkk"kk esa fn.25-27 ßftlds dkj.k ykSVk ykus vkSj muds pj.9 ßtc eSa ijns'k esa Fkk] esjh vuqifLFkfr es]a uhp fopkj j[kus okyh esjh ekrk us esjs fy.% .10 * nsf[k.k .s h dks esjh ekrk lef>.fn tkukfr jk?ko%A Roka p eka p fg /kekZRek ukfHkHkkf". s heuk.s muds pkjksa vkSj [kMÛh gks xb±A ckjh ckjh mUgksua s eqfu ds pj.Z#fi.khe~A II.lua egnkReu%AA II.kksa esa oUnuk djus ds fy.k FkkA .rksey w a fg i'.k ds T.k ns pqdh Fkh fd mlds vkpj.106.s k n.78. rqe bl le.fn eka /kkÆedks jkeks uklw. 227   gU.g ns[kdj fd .] tks LoHkko ls gh cgqr Øksf/kuh] xohZyh] vius vkidks vR.g Hkk"kk mfpr ugha gS] tks fdlh fu"Bkoku iq= dks viuh ek¡ ds çfr ç.k jgs fd blds ckotwn fd dSd.ksa ds f'k[kj ls nqn'Z kk ds xrZ esa fxjk fn. u gks fd /kekZRek Jh jke ekr`?kkrh le> dj ?k`.s ½f"k ds ikl x.ksx ds dkj.k LoxZoklh gq.k nsoh us iq#"kflag Jh jke dks tUe fn.] .8.sA eqfu us fp=dwV ds ekxZ dh lfoLrkj tkudkjh nhA .kA os dgrs gS]a ß.g lqudj fd vc fp=dwV ds fy.s tk jgs gSAa Hkj}kt us çlék gksdj Hkjr ls dgk] ßBhd gS] vc dy rqe fp=dwV dh vkSj çLFkku djukA vc vki bl vkJe esa foJke djks] vPNk!Þ eqfu Hkj}kt us lsuk lfgr Hkjr dk fnO.s h ds çfr nks"k&n`f"V u viukvksA tks dqN dSd.Rikia ek=k eRdkj.s esjs firk dh lcls cMÛh egkjkuh dkS'kY.sxa ]s rks eSa Hkh bls blh txg ekj MkyrkAÞ Øks/kukeÑrçKka n`Irka lqHkxekfuuhe~A .k esa cgqr lq/kkj vk pqdk gS& og iqjkuh dSd.kk djus yxsxa ]s rks eSa Hkh nq"V vkpj.kksa dk Li'kZ fd. iki dj Mkyk] og eq>s vHkh"V ugha gSA vr% vki mls {kek djds eq>s ij çlék gksAa eSa /keZcU/ku esa c¡/kk gw¡A blfy.kZ gS] bl dSd.s h .78. ij vkrs gSa] rks dgrs gSa % . .Z yksyiq k ekurha gS] tks ns[kus esa vk.kA Hkjr ifjokj lfgr eqfu dk vkfrF.92.kegfeeka ikika dSd.ha vksV esa tks mnkl eu ls [kMÛh gS] os egkjkt dh ea>yh jkuh lqfe=k nsoh gSA esjs nksuksa HkkbZ] y{e.s h us fd.ksx djuh pkfg.g Lej.ksfa d dksbZ egkRek vktdy vius pj.Kkrk vkSj Jh jke vorkj dk ç.k vkSj lqfe=k ds lax .L.kkRÑreAA {kqæ.k vkSj lqfe=k dk ifjp.s tks nsoh lh n`f"Vxkspj gks jgh gS] .g Hk.k Jh jke vkSj y{e. gh os eq>ls cksyuk NksMÛ nsxa As Þ tc Hkjr egkrstLoh Hkj}kt eqfu ds vkJe ij igq¡p]s Hkj}kt Hkh muds ckjs esa dqN lUnsg djrs gSAa Hkjr mUgsa iw.Ur pfdr gq.k gSAa bu dkS'kY.s'o. lRdkj fd.k ladV dh voLFkk ouokl esa tk igq¡p]s rFkk jktk n'kjFk iq= fo. xzg.slk vktdy ugha gksrk D.Us ekr`?kkrde~AA II.kke djus ds fy.k ds fy. gh fo'o dY.kA . vfu"Vdkfj.g çek.rs /kzoq e~AA II.k rnfu"Va es çlhnrq Hkoku~ eeA /keZcU/ksu c)ks·fLe rsues ka usg ekrje~AA* II.k djds jkr Hkj muds vkJe esa jgsA çkr% dky Hkjr fp=dwV ds fy.ko'k mlus fd.s'o.k Li'kZ fd.slk dgrs gSa % çksf"kr ef. esa cMÛk lq[kn gksxkA ge lcdk Hkyk gksxk] tks dqN dkj.s çLFkku djuk gS] jktk n'kjFk dh fL=.Zdkeka dSd.106.g ladV fu'p. esa bl <ax ls ckr djsA ml le..s çLFkku dh vkKk ysus ds fy.k gS] mllsA vr% mlds çfr bl çdkj u cksyksAÞ ijUrq Hkjr ds fopkjksa esa fdf´pr ifjorZu ugha vk.s h dks ekj MkyrkA . gSAa Jh jke dk . ugha tkursA .ksfr&LrEHk rsjgok¡ v/.k% Ñrs ujO.kZr. Hkfo".gk¡ ls çk. .23 ß.kfe O.k vk'oLr dj nsrs gSa fd os Jh jke dks çlék djds v.k.k vkSj 'k=q?u buds iq= gSAa Þ fdUrq] tc os viuh ek¡ ds fo"k.kZ çrhr gksrh gS] fdUrq okLro esa vuk.Mkgk± ikidkfj.kZek.k¡ eg£"k dks ç.A bekefi grka dqCtka .fn eq>s .khe~AA eeSrka ekrja fof) u`'kalk ikifu'p.k. s ha nq"Vpkfj.kstu tkuus okys cqf¼eku eg£"k Hkj}kt us Hkjr ls .k gSA budh ck.k gS\ eSa tkuuk pkgrk gw¡Aß Hkjr us dkS'kY.g ouokl Hkfo".22 ß.ks/.A .khe~A .s h ugha jgh] ftlus jktk n'kjFk dks vkRexkSjo dh Å¡pkb.fn /kekZRek Jh jke bl dqCtk ds ekjs tkus dk lekpkj tku yaxs ]s rks fu'p.kksa dk Li'kZ ugha djus nsrkA egkeqfu us Hkjr ls iwNk] ÞrqEgkjh bu ekrkvksa dk fo'ks"k ifjp.k?kzkS thouk'kferks xrkSA jktk iq=foghu'p Lox± n'kjFkks xr%AA LokHkkfod gh Fkk fd Hkj}kt vR.k vkSj ifjØek dhA dfo fo'ks"k :i ls bldk mYys[k djrk gS fd mUgksaus lpeqp muds pj.g Li"V gS fd og Hkh tulewg dks Vksyh esa lfEefyr gqbZ rFkk dkS'kY.d gh okgu esa vkbZ (tSlk fd dfo dgrk gS)A blls Li"V gS fd og Hkh Jh jke dh okilh dh bPNqd FkhA ijUrq fQj Hkh Hkjr dk ân.Ur lqUnjh] .gh leLr ladV dh ewy gSAÞ fuLlUnsg .k] mldk vfHkçk.d iq= viuh ekrk ds fo"k. i`-110.k djus okyh ikfiuh dSd.slk fuf'pr gksrk fd esjs HkkbZ eq>ls ukjkTÛk ugha gks tk.226 jkek.kh ekrk dks naM nsdj ekjk Hkh ugha ldrkA gfUe rhoz.sA çk.ke~A . v-8.g ckr dgh] ßHkjr! rqe dSd.fn eq>s .

vk x.A dsoy Hkxoku gh tkurk Fkk fd vkxkeh o"kks± esa D. viuh i.d ckj fQj Jh jke . esa vuxZy 'kCnksa dk ç.Ur J¼k.a lwfpre~A Jh jke dk pfj= bruk mnkÙk gS fd .ksa u ge fo'okl djsa fd os fu"diV Hkko ls lpeqp jks.ksfr&LrEHk 229 rsjgok¡ v/.ksx ls dfo dk D. ij vkrs gS]a tc vius y{.s h dks i'pkr~ki gks jgk FkkA .qDr ç.k fd .d iq= dk dÙkZO. dks loZFkk Hkqykdj vkSjksa ds lkeus gh dSd.ku fu"Qy gqvk& Hkjr ?kj ykSVrs gSAa .k.ksa u NksMÛ fn.g ml n`".d vge Hkwfedk vnk djrs gSAa os cMÛh xEHkhjrk ls dSd.g dguk u pkgwx¡ k fd mudk vfHk.k.As ””” .s h esa 'ks"k jgk Hkh gksrk] fQj Hkh os mudks vfHkoknu djus ls dÙkZO.31 rhuksa ekrk.Bîks nq%[ksu ukeU=f.&s lpeqp jks.112.   vU.k eSua s vHkh bl 'yksd dk mYys[k ugha fd.ksfa d okilh dk le. Fkk] ml le. ekrk ds çfr dSlk gksuk pkfg.drk ugha FkhA vusu dSd¸s .slk djus ls Mjrk gw¡AÞ .s h ds çfr dksbZ nqjkpj.sa Jh jke ls fonk ysuk pkgrh Fkha D.qDr Fks\ muds eq[k ls Hkh .k Fkk % :nu~ dqVha Loka çfoos'k jke%A dfo dgrk gS] ßvk¡[kksa esa vk¡lw Hkjs Jh jke viuh i.A .A .k nks"kjkfgR.fn .d ckj fQj bl iwjs çlax ij fopkj djrs gq.s fcNqMÛrs gq.Ur fç.qr ugha gks ldrs FksA vU.ksa fo'ks"k :i ls mYys[k djrk gS fd dSd.k Fkh\ D.k tk..k&iknqdkvksa dks vius eLrd ij j[kdj Hkjr 'k=q?u ds lkFk jFk ij cSBAs .a jke ls dgrs gSAa blds i'pkr~ .raq fg 'ksd%q A l Roso ekr`jfHkok| lokZ :nu~ dqVhZ Loka çfoos'k jke%AA II.a .|fi Vhdkdkj Lo. esa Hkjr vkSj jke ds chp okn&fookn esa eSua s dqN 'yksd fn.slk çrhr gksrk gS] fd O.d 'kCn Hkh u fudykA os Hkh lc ekrkvksa dks ç.ksx u djuk] u gh fdlh çdkj dk d"V nsuk vFkok vuknj djukAÞ vc ge vfUre n`'.k vkSj lqfe=k ds çfr çn£'kr djrs FksA blesa dksbZ lUnsg ughaA blds vfrfjDr] tSlk fd eSa crk pqdk gw¡] dSds. ds dkj.A esjh ek¡ dk vkpj.\ Vhdkdkj Hkh dqN vf/kd gh dgrk gSA mls .sA HkS.ksx fd.k Jh jke dks lEcksf/kr Hkh u dj ldha] fonk ys gh u ldhaA m/kj Jh jke dh voLFkk D.k esa pys x.k ugha djks] eSa rqEgsa viuh vksj lhrk dh 'kiFk fnykdj dgrk gw¡ fd muds çfr dHkh nqopZ u dk ç.k Vhdkdkj dks .s h dk i{k ysrs gSaA vkidks Lej.kke djds jksrs gq.] fonkbZ ds vfUre {k.d 'kCn vkSj tksMÛ fn.k gS] tks eq>s .h dks vius fd.s\ bu 'kCnksa esa fdruk lqUnj Hkko fufgr gS] tks fd gekjs Hkhrj Jh jke ds çfr çse vkSj J¼ke.228 jkek.113.kke djds Jh jke us Hkjr dks Bksl çek.s ij i'pkrki Hkh gks jgk FkkA fo'ks"k :i ls ^lokZ* 'kCn ds ç.slh fLFkfr esa jke jks iMÛ]s rks D.k 'kSyh dh fo'ks"krk gS] tks lkekU. os dgrs gS]a ßesjh ek¡ dh djrwrksa ij /.s Fks] tc Jh jke dgrs gS]a ßrqe ekrk dSd.kZdVq h esa pys x.kksa esa HkkofoHkksj gks x.fn TÛkjk lk dyad dSd.k ds T.s h dks Hkh ç.g gS % ra ekrjks ok"ix`ghrdk.A Vhdkdkj us . ekuo dh Hkk¡fr jks. gks ldrk gS] ftlds dkj.sAÞ bldks bruk gh dgdj D.k! ml çlax dks efLr"d ls fudky nhft.k vfHkçk.ku u dhft. ekrkvksa dh Hkk¡fr] os Hkh mudh ekrk FkhaA os ys'kek= Hkh muds çfr vius dÙkZO.ogkj gh vf/kd ilUn vkrk gSA .gh Fkk] mudk mís'.kA eSa rks mls vHkh ekj dj .ksa ls] tks mUgsa vR.k gksxk] vkBosa vè.k ladV >syus iMÛxas ]s dqN Hkh Li"V ugha Fkk] lc dqN va/kdkje.P.k mYys[k djrk gS fd Hkjr lUrq"V vkSj çlék FksA vr% Hkjr ?kj ykSVrs gSAa n`'.s mudh lkFkZdrk gS] mi. Fkk] fdUrq os rks lkekU.r% bl ns'k esa çpfyr gSA ijUrq .kZdfq V.s h dks Hkh jke ls vR.k fn.ksfxrk gSA eSa rks ^#nu* dks 'kkfCnd :i esa ysuk ilUn d:¡xk fd Jh jke vius fu"diV ân. dj jgs Fks) D.k&D.k vuSfrd Fkk] og rks ikipkfj.sA lc Vhdkdkj fo'ks"k :i ls ^ekrq%* 'kCn ds lkFk ^lokZ%^ tksMÛrs gSAa dfo D.slk dgus dh vko'.g loZFkk HkzeksRiknd gSA D. dks u HkwyAs os dHkh Hkh mUgsa mu vknjlwpd fpÊksa ls of´pr ugha j[k ldrs Fks] tks os dkS'kY.U= jpdj lc dqN cckZn dj fn.g lc Lo.kh Fkh] mlus "kM~.eyksx igq¡pk nw¡] ijUrq eSa /keZ ds fopkj ls .k Fkk vkSj vius dÙkZO.k[.1 dfo dgrk gS fd Hkjr lUrq"V o lq[kh FksA rnuUrj Jh jke dh nksuksa pj.slk dqN ugha Hkh dgrk] fdUrq tgk¡ rd esjh le> esa vkrk gS] eSa dgrk gw¡ fd Jh jke Hkjr dks ewr: Z i ls f'k{kk nsus pkgrs FksA D.gk¡ dfo Li"Vr. dk vfUre 'yksd gSA rr% f'kjfl ÑRok rq iknqds HkjrLrnkA v:jksg jFka â"V% 'k=q?usu lefUor%AA II. Hkkouk tkxzr djrk gSA (ekuks os jks jgs Fks vFkok jksus dk vfHku.ksfa d Hkjr us viuh ekrk ds fo"k.g dgus dk volj feyk fd dSd. gh çrhr gksrk gSA mUgsa jksuk ugha pkfg.k dqN gksus okyk FkkA fnu&fnu D.Fkk ekj nsrkAÞ os .gh rks gekjs fy. Fks] pkSng o"kZ ds fy.As ge dks rks mudk vius tSlk O.kke çkIr gq.k viuh ekrkvksa vkSj Hkkb.k FkkA fdUrq] os bruh 'kksdkrqj Fkha fd vk¡lv q ksa dh vfojy /kkjk ls xyk mudk #a/k x. dk vfUre 'yksd .k os vf/kd lq/k&cq/k . dh vk/kh lQyrk ds i'pkr~& eSa .ksfa d os rks egku iq#"k Fks] vykSfdd Fks] mudk vk¡lw cgkuk vlkekU.kA os nq%[k ds dkj.

d fo'oluh.g 'kCn guqeku }kjk dgk x.k j[kuk pkfg.kd ugha] ftrus fd vU.g Hkh Lej.rk . .a Hkh .L.k djsa fd jko.k us ckfy ls D. fe= gSAa vkt ls ge nksuksa dk lq[k&nq%[k .g ckr ekuus ds fy.k.g nqcy Z rk çn£'kr djds vius okujksfpr piyrk gh çdV dh gSA blhfy. lqxhz o us Jh jke ls çlékrkiwod Z dgk] ßvki esjs fç.RoeqikxrkSA rr% lqçhreulkS rkoqHkkS gfjjk?kokSAA vU.ksfr&LrEHk 230  pkSngok¡ v/.d mfpr LFkku cukuk FkkA og viuk lc dqN [kks cSBk FkkA .Dr fd. mykgus dk 'kCn ugha gksuk pkfg.d HkzkUr /kkj.d fe=ksa dh [kkst djuh iMÛrh Fkh] og ?kkVs dh gh fLFkfr esa jgrk FkkA tc mlus viuh dfBu ifjfLFkfr.d ykHkçn f'k{kk çkIr dj ldrs gSaA vgks 'kk[kke`xRoa rs O.17 ßvk'p.kA rrks·fXua nhI.kZ fo'okl vfHkO.sa .kØkUr HkhA mls cMÛh lko/kkuh ls viuk ekxZ ç'kLr djuk FkkA mlds eu esa yksxksa ds çfr vfo'okl jgrk Fkk vkSj Lo. Hkh .] og . Hkh ysus yxkA LokHkkfod <ax ls .ksU. 231  vf/kd voj ugha fxusxa ]s de ls de ikjLifjd okrkZyki ds le.ksa ij fot.ksa lcls fof'k"B FksA vU.s gksAa og viuh vk'kadk gqueku ls O.5.Z rks . tkfr dh rqyuk esa Lo. yksx bls .kksa dk mi. <ax gSA tc os mi.ks erkSAA IV.ks·fl esa â|ks ásda nq%[ka lq[ka p ukSAA IV.Z dh ckr rks .ksfa d çk. çkIr dj yh vkSj og viuh çfrHkk çfrf"Br djus esa lQy gks x. FksA lkekU. dkaMksa ds 'yksd gSAa ijUrq gekjs Vhdkdkjksa dk .Dr djrk gSA guqeku .slk gh vU. lgk.d cMÛs HkkbZ dh rqyuk es]a tks gjsd n`f"V ls mlls vf/kd Js"B Fkk] mldh viuh dksbZ gSfl.k] rks ekuks mldh ok.efHkfo{kUrkS u r`fIreqitXerq%A Roa o.rk ds fy.34.d NksVk vkSj nwljk cMÛkA iwooZ rhZ Hkkx NksVk gSA bl dkykof/k esa lqxhz o dks vius fy.] Hkksx] oL= vkSj Hkkstu& bu lHkh oLrqvksa ij ge nksuksa dk lk>s dk vf/kdkj gksxkAÞ vkiesa ls dnkfpr~~ dqN .16-18 lk{kh ds :i esa vfXu LFkkfir djds lqxhz o vkSj jke us mldh çnf{k.g gS fd bl dkO.a Hkh .g gS fd .Dreso Iyo³~xeA y?kqfpÙkr. ea=h fy.gk¡ gesa Lej..k.fr gjh'ojAA VII.kn fnykrk gw¡A nkjk% iq=k% iqja jk"Vªa HkksxkPNknuHkkstue~A loZeos kfoHkDra uks Hkfo".a dks dqN 230 pkSngok¡ v/.s tkus dh lEHkkouk cgqr de gSA Jh jke vkSj lqxzho tSls gh fe=rk ds lw= esa c¡/k tkrs gSa] oSls gh os .% mls viuh lgk.k 'kCn dgs FksA . r`Ir ugha gksrs FksA ml le.a esa vkRefo'okl dh deh FkhA D.kk dh vkSj nksuksa .Dr fd.d&nwljs ij iwjk&iwjk Hkjkslk djus yxrs gSAa de ls de vkjEHk esa rks nksuksa us .d dfi gSA og mu ij euksHkkouk.d fe= fey x.d&nwljs dks ns[krs gq.Z çdV djrs gSaA bl 'yksd ls ge .ksx ugha djsxa As ^dfiRoa* 'kCn muds fy.d&nwljs ds ije fe= cu x.2.slk le>sAa vk'p.r% os euq".jkek.k dks ns[kk] rks mls yxk fd dgha .. fd lqxhz o vkSj guqeku] okuj tkfr ds nks lcls ofj"B lnL. gesa le>uk pkfg. lqxzho jkek.41 ßokuj jkt! L=h] iq=] uxj] jkT.s vuisf{kr FkhA os lqxhz o ds eaf=.g dqN fofp= lh ckr Fkh fd tc mlus igyh ckj Jh jke vkSj y{e.s lc ckfy ds nwr gh u gks]a tks mudk fouk'k djus ds fy.kZ.fl .A çR. vki vius fopkjksa ij fLFkj ugha gks ik jgs gSAa Þ .d 'yksd] ftlesa guqeku ckfy ds dkj.kj ugha gq.ksx djrs le.A .ksX.slh vkjksfir djrk gS] ftudh guqeku vkSj lqxzho ds chp O.ekua rkS pØrq'p çnf{k.. ijk.d fof'k"V uewus FksA bl vlaxfr dk jgL.kRekua u LFkki.k Hkwy x.slh Hkk"kk es]a tks dsoy .qDr le>rs gS]a mÙkj dkaM ds m¼j.d ekuo Fkk] okuj ughaA ^dfiRoa* 'kCn dks mikgkfld :i esa ç.d&nwljs dk gkFk idMÛdj mUgksua s fu"Bk vkSj dÙkZO.k gksus ckfy lqxzho dh ?kcjkgV ij vk'p.ke~AA lqxhz oks jk?ko'pSo o.k fd oDrk Lo.k ds T.kk eku dj lqxhz o dks f>MÛd nsrs gS]a yxHkx . Fks] ftlds os Lo. og rR{k.kA os .ksx djrs .qDr lgk.rk esa de u Fks& tSls uy] uhy vkSj rkjkA çLrqr djrk gw¡] eSa .g mÙkj dkaM dk 'yksd bruk çekf.L.] Hkys gh euq". rks os viuh tkfr ds çfr fuUnkRed 'kCnksa dk ç.k] ekuks os ml tkfr dk migkl dj jgs gks]a ftlesa guqeku Hkh mRiék gq.] os mls . Hksts x.d gSAa Þ tc muesa fe=rk gqbZ Fkh] vc TÛkjk .kh Hkh vf/kd l'kDr gks xbZ vkSj og vf/kd n`<Ûrk ls cksyus nsus yxk vkSj fu.k esa fpf=r lqxhz o dk thou dky nks Hkkxksa esa foHkDr gS& . rS.g gS fd bl le. dk jpf.fn Hkwy x.krk dh 'kiFk yhA blls nksuksa cMÛs çlék gq.g lkspsa fd .d&nwljs ij iw. .r ugha FkhA og lnk mlls nck jgrk Fkk vkSj Hk.sd lkspus yxk fd mls mi.s gks]a rks eSa .

kZ eS=h vkLFkk Fkh] .ksfr&LrEHk pkSngok¡ v/. ds :i esAa .232 jkek.Hkouksa ds f'k"Vkpkj ds fu.k x.k .g oDrO.g jko.s dgk] rks og dgrk gS % u tkus fuy. loZFkk ikij{kl%A lkeF.h fd .k ds vius vUr%iqj esa cgqr lh fL=.k l[ksA nqyZHkks ghn`'kks cU/kqjfLeu~ dkys fo'ks"kr%AA IV.a rL.1 Jh jke us dgk fd ftl fu'kkpj us mUgsa /kks[ks esa Mkydj lhrk dk vigj..g dFku loZFkk vfo'oluh.d .sls vkpj.2 og (lqxhz o) mÙkj nsrk gS fd mlds ikl jko.ksfa d mlh volj ij ge ns[krs gSa fd lqxhz o us .fn mÙkj dkaM dh bl ckr dks /. lqxhz o Jh jke ls cMÛs eeZHksnh ç'u djrk gSA Jh jke mudk mÙkj Lo.k vutkusA .k.k¡ tks lqxhz o ij ckn esa iMÛh]a os blh vuknj Hkko dk ifj. feyuk dfBu gksrk gSAÞ Jh jke dk .g dFku Li"V çek.d NksVh lh ckr dk mYys[k djrs gS]a tks dqN çcq¼ oxks± esa fVIi.d o`{k dh Mkyh dks rksMÛ dj .d gSA vc .slk lkspus dk dksbZ Bksl vk/kkj ugha gS D.ksfa d ml le.u~AA IV.drk ugha Fkh fd okLro esa mlus D.kZIr gSA esjk viuk Hkh .kA dqN foifÙk.7. dgrs gSaA .a u nsdj] vius HkkbZ y{e.sls ladV ds le.o] .slk vglkl gqvk gS fd eS=h ds vkjEHk esa gh lqxhz o fdlh vieku dk nks"kh Fkk] tkus .k gS fd lqxhz o dh vksj ls fdlh çdkj dk Ny&diV ugha [ksyk x.kh esa bl çdkj lkURouk nh] rc Jh jke us mlds vk¡lv q ksa ls Hkhxs gq.slh ifjfLFkfr esa feF. lqxhz o <ax ls cksyus esa Hkh vleFkZ FkkA vr.g tkucw> dj fNiko dk vkjksi yxkus ds fy.] ßbu lc ckrksa dks eSa loZFkk ugha tkurk]Þ bldk foLl`r gS fd . vkjksi tks lqxhz o ij yxk.k FkkA og viuh okuj lsuk dks le. nsus dh laHkkouk cgqr de FkhA Jh jke dks Hkh TÛkjk lk lUnsg ugha gqvk fd muls dqN fNik.k D.k ls lqxhz o us lpeqp Jh jke dh egkurk ds çfr vuknj Hkko fd.k fd.kh dk fo"k.slk vklu cuk.ksfa d mlh 'yksd esa og .k vUrjkRek dk fcYdqy Li"V mYya?ku gSA ogk¡ Li"V :i ls crk. 233   gS]a vkSj tc os vuqdy w ugha gksr]s rks mudh mis{kk dj nsrs gSAa fdUrq] lk>s dh oLrqvksa eaas jko.g ckr dqN pqHkus okyh gSA blls dqN yksxksa esa .g dsoy Hkk"kk dh vfrjatuk ek=k gSA vFkok] lEHkor%] .k ds ihNs Jh jke ds xkSjo ds çfr dksbZ vuknj Hkkouk fufgr FkhA eSa . ij lhrk dh [kkst vkjEHk djus dk vkns'k ns fn.g vkpj.kk cu x.7.k FkkA Jh jke vkSj lqxhz o ds chp iw.qXeu ds QyLo:i fdlh dks .k gS] og mudk ?kksj 'k=q gS] og mldk irk crk nsAa Jh jke dh .7.k gksxk fd eSaus igys bl ckr ij /.± foØea okfi nkS"dqy.d ifjokj lnL.s] rks lqxhz o dk .d ekl Bgjk Fkk] vkSj og Hkh lqxhz o ds leku .k muds çfr vYi vknj dh Hkk"kk dk ifjpk. cu xbZ gSA vki ns[ksxa ]s tc os nksuksa eS=h iDdh djrs gS]a ml le.kj ugha gw¡ fd bl LokHkkfod .k oDrO.k] D.kZ LoLFk gw¡A rqEgkjs tSls cU/kq dk fo'ks"kr% .g Hkh ekuus dks rS.slh /kkj.kA lqxhz o ds opu ls LoLFkfpÙk gksdj Jh jke us bl çdkj dgk % .k }kjk ^nkjk%* (fL=.eksa ds loZFkk vuqdy w gSA .g Li"V gS fd lqxhz o us le. ok dqye~AA IV.slk Hkh dgrk gS % .kkrsu Z okuj%A vczohRçk´tfyokZD. vkSj os gkFk tksMÛdj vJqnx~ n~ daB ls cksysA blls çrhr gksrk gS fd ml le. s L. jktk ugha Fkk] mldk Jh jke dks lEcksf/kr djuk f'k"Vkpkj fo#¼ FkkA .a lck"ia ck"ixn~xn%AA IV. eq[k dks oL= ds Nksj ls iksN a fy.k gSA e/kqja lkfURorLrsu lqxhz os.k dks mÙkj nsus ds fy.d vU.ksa ds gksus ds dkj. vkSj xÛyr yxrk gSA ijUrq eq>s lqxhz o ij Jh jke ds lkFk eS=h ds vkjEHk esa gh fo'okl?kkr . vi.k l jk?ko%A eq[keJqifjfDyéa oL=kUrsu çektZ.18 ßl[ks! rqEgkjs vk'oklu ls esjh fpUrk lkjh tkrh jghA vc eSa iw. ls igys gh cqyokuk pkgrk FkkA eSua s bldk dqN ladrs ugha fn.ks)a dk lfEefyr djuk dqN vthc lk yxrk gSA esjs fopkj esa rks .d&nwljs ij iDdk Hkjkslk FkkA muds chp fdlh çdkj dk ekufld Hksn&Hkko dk dksbZ ladrs ugha feyrkA vkidks Lej.k] ftl ij og vkSj Jh jke lkFk&lkFk cSB ldsAa rqjUr guqeku Hkh oSlk gh djrs gSa vkSj y{e.7.ku esa j[kk tk. gh cgqr dqN tkurk Fkk] ijUrq dnkfpr~~ bruk i.k ckfy ds fuokl LFkku ij iwjs .rk ds foijhr gS] fd ewyikB ls .g jkT.k vkjksi yxkus esa ladksp gksrk gS] D.kZIr ugha fd ftlls rR{k.k dk irk crkus ds fy.slh fLFkfr esa lqxhz o dk .ku fnykuk Fkk] tks dnkfpr~~ vYiK ikBdksa esa çpfyr ekU.15 lqxhz o us tc e/kqjok.k ds fo"k.slh ckrsa lqudj lqxhz o dh vk¡[kksa esa vk¡lw Hkj vk."k p çÑfrLFkks·geuquhrLRo. vko'.d jktk vius cjkcj ds ntsZ ds jktk dks lEcksf/kr djrk FkkA eaf=.gh fopkj gS fd .k gS fd jko.g ckr Vkyus ek= dk ç.kke FkhA ijUrq .k Jh jke ds eu esa fo'okl tek ldsA . vkefU=r djrs gSAa bl ckr dk dksbZ ladrs ugha feyrk fd lqxhz o ds vkpj. esa iwjh tkudkjh ugha gSA mldk .oeqDrLrq lqxhz oks jkes.k dks vius lkFk cSBkus ds fy.k x.ksa dks ea=h lEcksf/kr djrs FksA vr.k tkrk gS] og gS tkudkjh ds fNiko dkA tc Jh jke us mlls jko.kl jgk gSA lqxhz o dnkfi bruk vufHkK ugha jgk gksxk] tSlk mlds 'kCn ladrs djrs gSAa og vo'.k ds T.o] lqxhz o] tks ml le.

k dqN vkxs pydj Hkh feyrk gSA tc y{e.Zoku~AA IV.kA esjk fl¼kUr dsoy 'kCnksa rd lhfer ugha gS] blls dgha vf/kd lEiw. 18.fDr mifLFkr jgrs FksA egku foHkwfr.rk ls pedkus dk dke djrs FksA gesa tku cw>dj eg£"k okYehfd us .a loZHkwrHs . 18.slk dg dj eq>ls j{kk dh çkFkZuk djrk gw¡] mls eSa leLr çkf.] .g vkns'k fn.k ds leku og Hkh er O.g mis{kk ds lc vkjksiksa dk fujkdj.33.krq lk³~xnks Hkoku~ eekKkef/kÑR.Sua gfjJs"B nÙkeL.oLFkk dk vf/kdkj ysdj vaxn ds lkFk rqe Lo.ksfa d vkr rks lc jktkvksa ds vkn'kZ gS]a egku] 'kfDr'kkyh vkSj lUekxZ ij fLFkr gSaAÞ os vkxs dgrs gSµ a .34 ß.la?k esa ugha fy.slk dgdj lqxhz o vius egy esa pys x.k.d dk..df=r dh tk.gh çfrikfnr djus ds fy.36.fn ok jko.Ur lTtu O.± çHkk"ksFkk% lÙooku~ lRiFks fLFkr%A VI.ksa ls vHk. ls lh/kk vk jgk gks] fcuk .k tk. ls leLr çkf.sA bl çdkj dh O.ksa ls iw.k nw¡xk] tks esjs ikl vkdj dsoy bruk Hkj dgs] ^eq> ij Ïik djs*a ] blls vf/kd eq>s dqN ugha pkfg.kZ okuj lsuk .k Lo.saA esjs fopkj esa .Z gS D.d dMÛs ijh{k.Zokgh esa vfoyEc yx tk. dks Hkyh Hkk¡fr çn£'kr djrh gSA Jh jke dk ije lkSHkkX. os'ke çfoos'k oh. dj nsrk gw¡A . thou dqN vkMEcjh :i ls fcrk jgk Fkk] tks Jh jke dks dqN vPNk ugha yx jgk FkkA mls Jh jke dk fygktÛ djds .e~A VI.kZIr ugha Fkk] os viuh dFkuh dks djuh }kjk O.o] :ek ds iqu£eyu ls mRiék g"kksYZ ykl dk çn'kZu dqN de dksykgyiw.d i[kokMÛs esa .nku ns fn.k] Hkjr] y{e.fDr.s FksA u dsoy mlus .g esjk lnk dk ozr gSAÞ .g Js"B /keZ dh ckr dgh gS] blesa D.ke~A .slk ugha djuk pkfg.] mls . Fkk fd muds vkl&ikl lnk vR.fDr loZFkk egku ugha gksrk] mlls Hkh egÙkj vkSj vf/kd dgha vf/kd egÙkj gks ldrs gSaA lqxzho] foHkh"k. fuf'pkrke~A bfr O.Zpfdr Fks Jh jke ds oDrO.g ckr fcYdqy ilUn ugha vkbZ fd . 235   dÛne mBk.d .s rks fcYdqy ughaA vius ctk.k dj jgk gS vkSj og dgrk gS] ßeSa fcuk 'krZ ds laj{k.k vk tk.kks ok lqxhz o .k ds lkfék/.oLFkka gfjiqaxos'ojks fo/kk.k vk'p.g dfo dk lksí's . fcuk u jg ldsA muds eq¡g ls . Fkk fd mlds midkjh Jh jke vR.g rks ijksidkfjrk dh ijkdk"Bk gS] furkUr vdYiuh.k.fDr] tks jko.kZ gksuk pkfg.a cMÛs cw<Ûs vuqHkoh okujksa ds ikl tkvks]Þ .kZrkvksa ls jfgr .kstuk dk Hkkx gSA Jh jke vius er dk çfriknu djrs gS] ftls bu egku O.g ckr mldh vkSj Jh jke dh çÏfr ds oS"kE.s lc vR.k rks vYiHkk"kh Fks ghA çk.k& lc viuh&viuh txg egku gSaA fQj Hkh] buds vfrfjDr] mudh viw. FkkA .kHk.Dr djrk gS fd foHkh"k.fn mlesa dqN le>nkjh gksrh] rks vo'.a e.a vk'p.Ur nq%[kkrZ FksA vr. dfo us bu egku pfj=ksa dks Jh jke ls tksMÛk gSA .d ckj Hkh 'kj.234 jkek.Ur iékh dh Hkk¡fr muds pfj= dks vf/kd HkO.gk¡ lqxhz o dh 'khyrk çdV gksrh gS % ee pkI.ks nnkE.] mUgksua s lqxhz o dks gh cksyus fn.A eSa mls lc çdkj ds Hk.s] rqe mls ys vkvksA eSua s mls Hkh vHk.k dks jkT.s fd txr esa dksbZ O.k.slk çk.Ùoek.k esa vkdj ^eSa rqEgkjk gw¡]* .srn~or z a eeA VI.sA .k Hkh vk tk.! fQj] ekuks bruk dguk Hkj Hkh i.s] rks eSa mldk vkfyaxu dj iwjh lqj{kk nw¡xkAÞ y{e.k Fkk % gjha'p o`)kuqi. gh mls bl ckr dk vglkl gksuk pkfg.g n'kkZus ds fy.UrjkRek.ksa esa ls dksbZ Hkh le> ugha ldk FkkA lÑnso çiék.kprsAA vHk. rokLehfr p .sd dk. FkkA vius thou dky ds igys pj.k&fujh{k.oLFkk ls vk'oLr gksdj fd çR.ogkj ds fy.gk¡ ge ns[krs gSa .d .kZrk ds f'k[kj dks yxHkx Nwrk gSA .k us rkjk ds eq[k ls rF.k gks .fDr FkkA og lgt gh fdlh dh ç'kalk ugha djrk FkkA bldk çek.k ds T.d lkFk gh] vkns'k fn.Z leqfpr :i ls lapkfyr gksrk jgsxk vkSj fuLlUnsg mldk nks"k bruk rks Fkk fd og viuk foykle.fn lqj{kk gsrq jko.kogkfjd :i Hkh nsrs Fks] tSlk fd bl 'yksd ls fofnr gksrk gS % vku.k Fkk fd lEiw.ksfr&LrEHk pkSngok¡ v/.k Fkk fd vkxkeh vko'. iwjk&iwjk [ksn çdV fd.kZ gS] dgha vf/kd l'kDr gSA .g esjh fuf'pr vkKk gSA blds vuqlkj] bl O.% jke ds lEeq[k vf/kd ugha cksyrs Fks] çfrokn ds fy.slk ifj"Ïr pfj= Hkh gks ldrk gS] tks ifjiw.35 ßvr% dfiJs"B lqxhz o! Js"B lqxhz o! og foHkh"k.a jko. 18.k ds fo'oklik= eku fy.37 ß/keZK! vkius tks .d .kZ lqj{kk nw¡xkAÞ .34.k djrk gSA eSa igys gh crk pqdk gw¡ fd fdl çdkj y{e.d Hkh 'kCn u fudykA fde= fp=a /keZK yksdukFk lq[kkogAA . tku ysus ds i'pkr~] vius }kjk dBksj Hkk"kk vkSj vHkæ O.k tkuk pkfg.slk O.kA lqxhz o Lo.k% Lo.kA lqxhz o us uhy ls dg fn.34 ßtks .kAA foHkh"k.k¡ muds pkjksa vksj jgrh FkhaA ijUrq cgqr dqN va'k rd] .a 'kq)a osfÙk foHkh"k. esa vf/kd vkRefo'okl dh >yd ns[kdj muds er dh mPprk ls çHkkfor gq.kh] tks viuk jktikV x¡ok dj okujksa ds lkFk ou esa fopj.29.s] vfirq blds vfrfjDr] mlus guqeku vFkok lsukifr uhy dks] lEHkor% nksuksa dks .k es]a lqxhz o cMÛh lrdZrk cjrus okyk O.

k ds T.38 ßesjh vUrjkRek Hkh foHkh"k.gk¡ lc dqN dgs tkus ds ckn] muds LoHkko dks TÛkjk uTÛkj&vUnkTÛk djds ge lqxhz o ds O.37.ka .k esa vkidh D.ksfr&LrEHk 237 pkSngok¡ v/.q¼ esa jko.A VI.Fkkfn"Va jko.s ?kksj deZ dks ns[kdj jko. lg.20.k gksus ij okuj lsuk ml ij igq¡p xbZ vkSj iMÛko Mky fn.ksx'khyrk dk Hkh vc vHkko ugha gSA dqN vR.20.ks·flA vfj'p jkeL.k=k] lhrk dk lekpkj vkSj lkjk o`ÙkkUr lquus ds i'pkr~ Jh jke çlék gq.11 og Jh jke dks vk'oLr djrk gSA og .k mÙkj nsuk pkfg.k djds rqjUr vkdk'k esa mMÛ pyk vkSj lqxhz o ds ikl tk igq¡pkA vkdk'k esa gh Bgj dj mlus nqjkRek jko. lgkuqcU/k% u es·fl okyho o/kkgZ o/.d eS=hiw.k dh vkKk ds vuqlkj Qqlykus okyh lkjh ckrsa lqxhz o ls dgha] ftudk ladrs dfo Hkh ugha nsrkA m/kj guqeku }kjk yadk esa fd.k ds vkns'kkuqlkj fu'kkpj 'kqd rksrs dk :i /kkj.s] rks vki .fDr.fn eq>ls vkidks dksbZ ykHk ugha gqvk gS] rks esjs gkFk ls vkidh dksbZ gkfu Hkh ugha gqbZ gSAa jke dh L=h gj.kks egkçkK% lf[kRoa pkH. esa jko.kA jko.s lc yksx lqoy s ioZr ij p<Û x.ksu nqjkReukA (VI.236 jkek.k fn[kkbZ fn.k }kjk frjLÏr gksus ij os mls QVdkj dj ogk¡ ls py fn.ks u pksidrkZfl u es fç.k Hkh ugha gqvk Fkk)] lqxhz o dgrk gS % n`"V~ok rka rq iqjha y³~dka f=dwVf'k[kjs fLFkrke~AA gra p jko. 'kqd uked jk{kl dks vkns'k fn.d ckj nh[k tk.ga Roka llqra lcU/kqa jkKkfrox± jtuhpjs'kA y³~dka p lok± egrk cysu f{kça dfj".kstuk dks dk. vkSj mudk mRlkg Hkh u"V gks x.k djsAa Jh guqeku dh yadk .k ds ik= gks] u esjs midkjh gks] u gh esjs fç.ksa u djrk gksA lqxzho us dgk % u esf·l fe=a u rFkkuqdEi.rk ysus ds fy.20.k dks lwpuk nhA os cksy]s ßvius nwrksa dks Hkstdj iwjk&iwjk irk yxk ysAa rRi'pkr~ tSlk mfpr le>s]a oSlk djsAa pkgs mUgsa lhrk dks ykSVk nsa vFkok lqxhz o ls ehBh&ehBh ckrsa djds mls vius i{k esa feyk ysa vkSj Jh jke&lqxhz o ds chp QwV Myok nsAa Þ mlds nwr] 'kqd dks okuj mls cyiwod Z dÛnS djds mls Hkwry ij mrkj yk.k esa igq¡p x. ^nqjkRek* dk lans'k VI.23-24 ßnwr! rqe jko.k vkSj ogk¡ dh ekspkZcUnh dks Hkh ns[kkA lc HksnHkko lekIr] lc vfo'okl lekIrA lgk.d vn~Hkqr dkjukes dh vksj fnykÅ¡xkA uy }kjk lkxj ij lsrq fuekZ.kfe lesR. HkLeAAVI. rV ij /kjuk nsdj cSB x. vkSj Jh jke dh 'kj.kZfUor djus ds fy.kZoyksdu fd.oa fu'Ny :i ls crk fn.k vkSj iqu% cksyk] ßjko.k dh lEefr ls Jh jke leqæ ls lgk.sA mldk foyki lqudj Jh jke us dgk] Þbls er nq%[k nksAß muds vHk.kA tSls gh os leqæ rV ij igq¡ps (vHkh lsrq dk fuekZ.k fd os .%AA fugUE.fDr fe=rk dk nkok D.kA* mUgksua s Li"V ..ksa ls lykg ek¡xhA foHkh"k.\Þ bl çdkj iwNus ij okujjkt lqxhz o us mÙkj fn.k cksyk] ßrqe 'kh?kz gh okujjkt lqxhz o ds ikl tkvks vkSj muls esjk lUns'k dgks] *eSa vkidks HkkbZ ds leku le>rk gw¡A .rk dk vuqjks/k djus ds fy.ksa dh fu.qfDr Hkh dj nhA Jh jke ds lq>ko ij jkr esa fuokl djus ds fy. nsus ij 'kqd vkdk'k esa [kMÛk gks x.fDr ds dgus ls fdlh çdkj Hkh vius dÙkZO. 2.ks Hkorq jk?koAA foHkh"k.gk¡ gekjs&tSls gksdj jgsa vkSj gekjh fe=rk çkIr djsaAÞ lEefr nhA ijUrq] jko. fd .A lc us jkr lqoy s ioZr ij gh fcrk.q)s n'kZuknqi/kkj.qir S q u%A VI.sA fu'kkpj! eSa cMÛh lsuk ds lkFk vkdj leLr yadkiqjh dks HkLelkr dj nw¡xkAÞ vc eSa vkidk /.kZ] ijUrq nq'pfj= O.A fdUrq leqæ dh nqLrjrk dk fopkj djds os vR.q¼ fu.g fuf'pr lef>.a mldk 'ko vkidks ykdj nw¡xkAÞ brus vkRefo'okl ds lkFk lqxhz o cksyAs rRi'pkr~ Jh jke ds lkFk okuj lsuk us çLFkku dj leqæ rV ij iMÛko MkykA jko.Ur fpfUrr Hkh gq.k dks eq>s vkidh vksj ls D.15).   vuqekukPp HkkokPp loZr% lqijhf{kr%AA rLekfR{kça lgkLekfHkLrqY.k vkSj ekjk x. 18.rk nsus vFkok lgk.k 'kh?kz gh .k dks 'kq¼ ekurh gSA guqeku us Hkh vuqeku vkSj Hkko ls ijh{kk dj yh gSA bl çdkj muds i{k esa er cu tkus ds mijkUr ge mldk fojks/k ugha djsxa As j?kquUnu! foHkh"k.k ls bl çdkj dguk& o/k ds .kA ml le.k djus ds fy.k us jke dks vts. x.k gkfu gS\^ß jko.s vius lsukifr.kA eSa Lo.k us buesa ls rhljh .g çlax .kZ pUæek ls çdkf'kr mTToy jkf= esa yadk dk i.fer :i ls vkjEHk djus ls iwoZ dk gSA os lqoy s ioZr ij igq¡p x. lqxhz o us mudks çksRlkgu fn.10-12 esa gSA .A blh chp nqjkRek jko. tk ldrs] pkgs og O.k us vius eaf=.k vius lxs lacfa /k.ksX.k ds xqIrpj 'kknwy Z us ogk¡ vkdj okuj lsuk dks ns[kk vkSj okil ykSVdj blds fo"k.d egku usrk Fkk] mls vius ijkØe dk iwjk&iwjk vuqeku Fkk vkSj vius cy ij Hkjkslk FkkA vr% og Jh jke dks vk'oLr djrk gS] ßvc ge leqæ rV rd rks vk gh igq¡ps gSAa vc rks dsoy yadk ns[kus dh çrh{kk gSA f=dwVioZr ij clh gqbZ yadkiqjh .fDrRo dh fo'kkyrk dk Lej. O.hA iw.ksa lfgr ckfy dh Hkk¡fr tuksa lfgr rqEgkjk lagkj gksuk pkfg. n'kkuu! rqe u rks esjs fe= gks] u n.kf/kd lrdZrk ds lEcU/k esa .A foHkh"k.ksa esa ls dksbZ gksA rqe rks Jh jke ds 'k=q gks] blh dkj. crkdj lhrk dks ykSVk nsus dh * dfo dgrk gS % loZeqDra .10.kA Jh jke us yadk ij vkØe.k.sA .iFk ls fopfyr ugha fd.ku lqxhz o ds .

A .q¼ esa iq=] lsuk vkSj okguksa lfgr jko.ke/.kZ dk.29 .k ds T.kZuksa esa gSA ijUrq] foy{k.ks¼kvksa ds fy. Fkk vkSj ioZr ds leku gh ns[kus esa csMksy vkSj dq:i FkkA mlls fuiVuk guqeku vkSj lqxhz o tSls .Ztfur :i ls jko.kZu gSA lqxhz o jko.k] jko.gk¡ okil ugha vk.k djrsA rqeus eq> dks] okuj lsuk dks vkSj foHkh"k.krk bl ckr esa gS fd fdl <ax ls os .k djus okys jko. ij foHkh"k.|fi eSa rqEgkjs cy] ijkØe dks tkurk Fkk] rFkkfi tc rqe ogk¡ la?k"kZjr Fks vkSj tc rd rqe . Hkh . dgrk gS] ßlqxhz o yTtk ds dkj.o os vis{kkÏr viuk ntkZ ?kVk dj Lo.9 ßj?kquUnu! vius ijkØe ij iwjk vuqeku yxkrs gq.g n`'.iZ .g lkspdj fd mUgksusa s jko.ks/. 65.k FkkA lqxhz o ds eu esa lglk /. gh gksxa s D.k Jh jke ds lEeq[k vkdj [kMÛk gksus esa ladksp dj jgk FkkA vr% og mudh cxÛy esa [kMÛk gqvkAÞ .fDrRo vkSj ijkØe dks ns[k fy. lekurk bu o..gk¡ lqxhz o vkSj jko.a lqxhz o us Jh jke dh ijh{kk dbZ ckj yh FkhA ijUrq nsf[k.d oxhZ.q¼ ds fy.] mUgksaus f=dwV ioZr ij vofLFkr lqUnj <ax ls clh gqbZ yadkiqjh dks ns[kkA vk'p.40.40.g fVIi.] lc dqN vfuf'pr FkkA dksbZ Hkh vuqeku ugha yxk ldrk fd ifj.k dks Hkh la'k.q¼ksa dh fofo/krk vkSj nwljh vksj] .gk¡ ls ykSV¡wxk ughaA eq>s rks viuk thou y{.ksfxrk.41.q¼ dk . ij vkrs gSa ftlesa lqxhz o Hkh lfEefyr gSA eSa ugha tkurk fd blesa mldh Hkwfedk dks .a dks l[kk ugha ekursA }U} .slk nqLlkgliw.k dh yadk f=dwV ds mlh f'k[kj ij clh gqbZ FkhA okuj.ksfr&LrEHk pkSngok¡ v/. Hkh lgt ugha FkkA mlus vkrs gh okujksa dks idMÛ&idMÛ dj vius ikrky tSls eq¡g esa Mkyuk vkjEHk dj fn.oa vkstfLouh Hkk"kk esa o. 67) esa mlds vlk/kkj.10 ßjk{kl! rqe tkurs gks eSa dkSu gw¡\ eSa Jh jke dk fe= gw¡A eSa rqedks mudh mís'.k gw¡A os rks eq>s viuk l[kk ekurs gS]a tSls eSa mudk led{k gw¡A .] le. lkSia dj bl 'kjhj dk R.kZ dk.sA gfjojx.k] rks eSa .kr gSAa ijUrq okuj lsuk esa blls fdlh çdkj .Z] ftudh lksp ds ihNs fdlh f'k"Vrk dk loZFkk vHkko gS] os cMÛs jkspd <ax ls lfoLrkj iwod Z o£.k ls dgrs gSa % yksdukFkL.¡] tks ge ns[krs gS]a os rqPN lh çrhr gksrh gSA okYehfd .kx dj nw¡xk]^Þ furkUr fdadÙkZO.ks¼k ds cyçn'kZu dk esy feykrs gSAa .k u dj ldus ds dkj.k tkdj Hkjr dks jkT.k j[kuk lEHko ugha FkkAÞ vc ge .k] blls ge lcdks cMÛk d"V gqvkA esjs ckn] nwljs uEcj ij rqe gh rks lsukifr gks] .k dk ?keaM i.d Vhdkdkj ^jkeik'oZe*~ 'kCn dk ykHk mBkrs gq.g lkgliw.s fcuk gh cMÛs lkgl dk dke dj MkykA .s vFkok vLi"VA cMÛh dfBukbZ ls txk.q¼ dkaM esa ge ns[krs gSa fd fdl çdkj vufxur laxkz eksa dk o.g Bhd gS fd .k vkdkj vkSj foy{k.kZ dks cy ç.d vU.k ds eqdVq dks [klksV fy.d lSfud jgs gksxa ]s .238 jkek.kA nks rhu lxks± (60.slk fopkj vk jgk Fkk% ^lqxhz o dks .k cy dk mYys[k gSA mlds dk. l[kk nklks·fLe jk{klA VI.k dj jgk Fkk] ftldk ogk¡ Msjk Mky fn.ksx ls vigj. 239   f=dwV ioZr dk .qfDr dk lgkjk fy.ksfa d iwjs .ke~A e"kZ.qDr lqxhz o lfgr lqoy s ioZr ds lcls Å¡ps f'k[kj ij p<ÛsA nlksa fn'kkvksa ij n`f"Vikr djrs gq.k vR.g gS fd okLro esa eSa mudk nkl gw¡AÞ tc os nksuksa eq>s fdf"dU/kk esa feys Fks] rks mUgksua s .kh pkrq.k fd viuh çfrKk iwjh djus dk volj lkeus gSA 'kwjohj] ijkØeh] Øks/k ds vkosx ls çsfjr gksdj] fcuk lksp&fopkj fd.wFkksa ls .k x.Z fd.|fi mudh n`f"V esa eSa mudk l[kk gw¡] fdUrq lp rks .kZIr :i ls pwj dj fn.k Fkk] os fo'kky vkdk'k ekxZ yk¡?kdj okujksa dh lsuk ds chp Jh jke dh cxÛy esa vkdj [kMÛs gks x.k {ks= esa vk igq¡pkA vkÏfr esa og ioZr ds leku fo'kkydk. ns[k jgk Fkk] rks esjs eu esa .fn ugha] rks dnkfpr~~ de ls de eukso`fÙk dh n`f"V ls rks vo'.kZigrkZja n`"V~ok jk?ko jko.U=. yydkjkA bl eYY.kA jko. iwjk djuk gSA .kksa dks ladV esa MkykA .qfDr.s jkeik'o± txke AA VI.'kLdj dgk tk.k ls ugha nsuk pkfg.q¼ esa lqxhz o us jko.g lc dqN tkurs gq. çkfIr esa lgk.kZu vufxur fofo/k :iksa esa djus esa os l{ke gSAa .k dk vfHk"ksd dj nw¡xkA rRi'pkr~ v.kke D.q¼ dh leLr çfr.k dk mÙkj ek.kA lqxhz o tkurs Fks fd Jh jke bl çdkj dh pkycktÛh dks mfpr ugha le>rsA vr.o] ek.d f'k[kj [kaM cgqr Å¡pk FkkA jko.rk nsus vk.oa vkSjkas dh vuqefr fy.d vksj] }U}.k. n`'.k .q¼ dh rqyuk esa vktdy ds eqf"B.k dks Hkh ns[kk] tks viuh lsuk dks gqDe ns jgk Fkk rFkk lkFk&lkFk fojks/kh [kses dk Hkh los{Z k. ds lkFk fdruk ifjorZu gqvkA muds O.fn dqN gks x.w kZ rks gS] ijUrq .foew<Û gqvk lqxhz o viuh lQÛkbZ esa dsoy bruk dg ldk % ro Hkk.Ur Øq¼ gqvkA lqxhz o ij fu.k dks ns[kdj dSls {kek dj ldrk Fkk\ esjs tSls 'kwjohj dks vius ij fu.s fcuk lksp&fopkj djs vius çk.k dks eYy.k ds chp eYy.slk djuk mfpr ugha FkkA jktk yksx . esa Mkydj .d&nwljs dk vkfyaxu fd.U=.d iwjs lxZ esa cMÛh lqUnj .ku vk.k dk uk'k djds] lhrk dk m¼kj djds yadk ds jkT.d rqPN lh ckr ds fy.a dks nkl ekurs gS]a os vo Lo.s nsus ds ckn dqEHkd.qDr ughaA jke mykguk nsrs gS]a ßlqxhz o! rqe rks cMÛs rhlekj[kk¡ fudys! rqeus esjh lykg fy.kfe dFka ohj tkuu~ ikS:"kekReu%AA VI.k FkkA vr. fcuk] os lqoy s ds f'k[kj ds xksijq dh Nr ls Nykax ej dj dwn iMÛs vkSj mUgksaus jko. jkeL.k ek.s] vkxk ihNs ns[ks .k Fkk vkSj muds chp dsoy cjkcjh dk ukrk FkkA Lo.k gksxkA tc eSa .Z ugha fd.kZ j.] eSa vkidh Hkk.

kZ us .s .kA guqeku us] tks nksuksa esa vf/kd cy'kkyh Fks] .kA ijUrq guqeku us 'kh?kz mNydj nksuksa gkFkksa ls mls idMÛ fy.s mRlqd FksA lSd a MÛkas dh la[.d ?kVuk .k tkrk FkkA ijUrq fofp= ckr rks .qDr ty dh o"kkZ ls lqxhz o dks /khjs&/khjs gks'k vk x.Ur g£"kr gq.38 bl çdkj okujjkt lqxhz o .k ds T.k vkSj xqMa kfxjh esa lfEefyr O.ksx djrk gSA vFk fot. Hkh cu tk.k eSa dsoy ns[krk jgw¡ vkSj mudh lgk.slh fLFkfr esa mUgsa D.k gS fd lqxhz o NksVh ls NksVh Hkwy ij Hkh çk.d cy'kkyh okuj gS]a mudks viuh j{kk djus ds nk¡o&ispa vkrs gSAa mUgsa Hkh dqN u dqN mik.k] ßvkids fy. esa tkuus ij Hkh] y{e.rk u d:¡\ . okuj Fks] rFkkfi os dqEHkd.{kx.k..kA dfo us jk{klksa ds o/k dk mYys[k fd.kA fdUrq ou dh {kfr dk ifjek.d 'kSy f'k[kj ?kqek dj lglk mlds Åij NksMÛkA ml ioZr f'k[kj dh pksV [kkdj dqEHkd.a .k fd mlus fdlh dks bl çdkj dk naM fn. okujsUæ% lejeq[ks lqj. ?kqek.rk dk vkjksi yxk. okuj dks vHkh rd gks'k ugha vk.kZ yxrh gS og ^g"kZ* 'kCn ds LFkku ij ^g#"k* 'kCn dk ç.k gksA fdUrq] lcds eu esa bl çdkj dh Hk.g tkudj fd lqxhz o okuj lsuk ds lsukifr Fks] dqEHkd. ioZr dk f'k[kj mBk dj lqxhz o ij ns ekjkA mlls vkgr gksdj lqxzho lq/k&cq/k [kksdj .slk çrhr gksrk gS] .k djrs FksA vaxn us xq#tu dh vuqefr ysdj okujksa dks e/kq ihus dh vkKk ns nhA ogk¡ ds lqxfU/kr Qy&Qwyksa dk jl ihdj os en ls mUeÙk gks x. Hkkouk fo|eku FkhA .k }kjk iwNs tkus ij] lqxhz o us mUgsa bl çdkj mÙkj fn.sxk fd guqeku }kjk gh os ladV ls NqVdkjk ik ldsA blls lnk ds fy.A mUgksua s fojks/kh i{k ds rhu Hkhedk.k fd vc okuj lsuk Jh jke lfgr Lor% gh u"V gks tk.98.qDr fd.q¼ esa fot.kZ ^jkek.k Fkk] os Fks& dqEHkh] fo:ik{k vkSj egksnjA guqeku ds f'kdkj . dh ?kks"k.slk djus ls jksdk] ijUrq mUgksua s lquh&vulquh dj nhA rc nf/keq[k mUgsa cyiwod Z jksdus dh ps"Bk djus yxs] rc os lc feydj mls cyiwod Z ?klhVus yxsA dfo dgrk gS fd mu j{kdksa ds çfr fn[kkus frjLdkj ds fy.s yadk eaas ?kql x.sa cMÛh vkuUniw.kZ cMÛk Øq¼ gqvkA mlus Hkh 'kwy dks ?kqek dj lqxhz o ds o/k ds fy.s rks os nqfo/kk esa iMÛ x. ikdj cMÛh 'kksHkk ikus yxsA ml le.g b/kj&m/kj ppkZ dk fo"k.k gSA .k vkSj cMÛh rhoz xfr ls mls rksMÛ MkykA dqEHkd.slh Hkh ?kVh Fkh] tcfd og vkØks'k esa vkdj lSd a MÛkas okujksa ds fouk'k dk vkns'k Hkh ns ldrk FkkA .240 jkek. Lo.kZ ?kVuk gksus ds dkj.df=r L=h&iq#"k Qwyksa dh o"kkZ djds dqEHkd.kZ ds nksuksa dku uksp Mkys]a nk¡rksa ls mldh ukd dkV Mkyh vkSj iSjksa ds u[kksa ls ml jk{kl dh nksuksa ilfy.fDr.s gS]a D.k¡ QkMÛ MkyhaA dqEHkd.g lc dqN nwj ls ns[kkA {k. ugha gksrkA mudk lkekU.d mYykliw.k Hkh fd.h gksus ds i'pkr~ dqEHkd. nsork] fl¼] .q¼Hkwfe ij fxj iMÛsA .kA mlh le.a .s os eq>s {kek ugha djsxa As .fn eSa mudks cpkus tkÅ¡xk] rks lqxhz o dks çlékrk u gksxhA blds fy.kA rc mlus jks"k esa [khtdj lqxhz o dks ?kqekdj i`Foh ij iVd fn.k blds o.ksa ds fo"k.d dh vksj /.ku fnykrk gw¡A vkjEHk ls gh çk.A os mNyrs&dwnrs f'k[kj ls py fn.% e`R.k] ou j{kdksa ij vkØe.d fo'kkydk.k gqvk FkkA mlds ekek] egkohj nf/keq[k mldh j{kk fd.% lHkh us ml ij dBksj naM nsus esa cMÛh funZ..kZ gkFk vkSj iSj fgykrs gq.ks¼k dqN buls mPpdksfV ds FksA egksnj ds o/k dk o.d Hkh ml ukeh . laokn lqukus ds fy.k] vkSj Hkwryfuokfl.k gS] vfirq . cMÛs dq'ky ekfy. D.k fd guqeku vkfn okujksa us e/kqou dk uk'k dj fn.qnMa fn.k x.ks¼kvksa dk o/k fd.kZu ds ihNs dqN çQqYyrk dk euksHkko Hkh fo|eku gSA vc eSa lqxhz o dh vusd egku fo'ks"krkvksa esa ls . lqxhz o dks fy. uk.'k uk'k gks tkus dh lEHkkouk gSAÞ m/kj dqEHkd.kZ dk Lokxr dj jgs FksA xU/k.g crk.k foLe.kA lMÛd ds nksuksa vksj . lqxhz o lglk xsna ds leku rsTÛkh ls vkdk'k esa mNys vkSj iqu% Jh jke ls vk feysA lqxhz o us vusd ijkØe fn[kk.k dj ldrk gw¡A vr% og lqxhz o dks viuh cxÛy esa nckdj yadk dh vksj py fn.g lqUnj dkaM dk çlax gS] tc guqeku lhrk ls feydj] leqæ yka?kdj okil vk.kA tSlk fd igys gh guqeku us vuqeku yxk.{kfl)l³~a?kS%A vofuryxrS'p Hkwrl³~?a kSg#"klekdqyrS% Lrqrks egkRekAA VI.ksa ds lewg Hkh cMÛs g"kZ ls mudk dh£reku djus yxsA .d lqUnj ou esa igq¡p]s ftldk uke e/kqou FkkA lqxhz o dks .k esa os .eokI.k x.kZ ds led{k dqN Hkh u FksA .k Fkk] lqxhz o cp fudyus dk jkLrk Lo.A mUgksua s .s x.g ifjorZu u dsoy ek=k dh n`f"V ls fd.A e/kqou dks u"V fd.sxhA vc eSa ykSVdj viuh fot.kA vis{kkÏr vf/kd vkjke vkSj fuf'pUrrk ds] pyrs&pyrs mlus vius gkFkksa ls lqxzho dks Hkhapdj dqpyuk vkjEHk dj fn.kZ 'kwy ysdj lqxhz o dh vksj nkSMÛkA lqxhz o us .k gS] rhu dk guqeku }kjk] rhu dk lqxhz o }kjk vkSj rhu dk vaxn }kjkA ftu jk{klksa dk uk'k lqxhz o us fd.gk¡ esjs Lokeh idMÛ fy.kZ iqu% dqfir gqvk vkSj ey. 241   dh [kycyh .a tkurs FksA lqxhz o us lglk gkFkksa ds rh[ks u[kksa }kjk dqEHkd.s Fks vkSj egsUæfxfj ds f'k[kj ij mrjs FksA lhrk dh [kkst dk lekpkj lqudj lc okuj vR.k tkuk ns[kdj nf/keq[k us mudks .|fi lqxzho Lo. gh lw>xs kA eSa le>rk gw¡] f'kyk ds çgkj ls mUgsa xgjh pksV igq¡ph gS] mlls vpsr gq.ksfa d os Jh jke dks fç.s mudk .k djuk pkfg.k^ esa dgha bl çdkj dk mYys[k ugha vk.ksa dks fu. mUgksua s viuh ihB rd fn[kkbZA fdlh çdkj NqVdkjk feyus ij nf/keq[k vius lsodksa dks ysdj lqxhz o ds ikl x.slk vuqeku yxk.a dfo dh Hkkouk.g gS fd lEiw.kZ dk lkjk 'kjhj ygqygq ku gks x.g rks Bhd ckr u gksxhA ijUrq lqxhz o Lo. FkkA mlus mlds j[k&j[kko ds fy.g ou cgqr fç.A ß.kZu djrs le. vo'. fd .ksfr&LrEHk pkSngok¡ v/.kHkj ds fy.ks¼k ls VDdj ysus esa ugha fgpdrkA vaxn ds vpsr vkSj /kjk'kk. .

Z k ekrja .s leqæ ij Nykax ugha yxkbZ FkhA lqxhz o us lc okujksa dks cqyok dj lhrk dh [kkst ds fufeÙk mudh Vksfy.k gSA os dHkh Hkh brus eLr ugha gks tkrs] . ij guqeku ds eu esa 'kadk gqbZ fd okujksa esa ikjLifjd QwV iMÛus ls cgqr ls okuj vaxn dk lkFk nsxa As vr.o] guqeku] tks lqxhz o ds fo'oLr ea=h Fks] .d o"kZ dh çrh{kk ds ckn [Ûkuw ckgj cgrs ns[kkA og vlqj dk [Ûkuw gks ldrk Fkk vkSj ugha HkhA lxzho dh dYiuk esa og .d egku dk. ou dk tkus&ekus fo/oal djus dk dHkh Hkh nqLlkgl u djrsA . rqEgsa muds ikl pyuk gh pkfg.fn ge lqxhz o ds lEeq[k mifLFkr gksxa ]s rks og vo'. muds ikl dksbZ vU. esa dfo dqN ugha dgrk] u gh Lo.d le.2-4 ßlqxhz o esa fLFkjrk] 'kjhj vkSj eu dh ifo=rk] Øwjrk dk vHkko] ljyrk] ijkØe vkSj /kS. iq= Hkh ugha gSA blfy.] HkkbZ }kjk fcy dh j{kk ds dk.s gksrkA fonsg ufUnuh ds n'kZu fcuk os okuj ml fnO.A mUgksua s lke] nke] naM] Hksn& bu pkj mik.koh ugha] vfirq ckfy FkkA fdUrq ek.k fn'kk dh [kkst dk Hkkj lkSia k x.A vr% os vaxn ls dgrs gS]a ßlqxhz o us rqEgkjs fy.k ds T.a jktk cu cSBkA og /keZ dks tkurk gS] .sxkA rhu fn'kkvksa esa x.Z gSA .ksios'ku) ds fy.k¡ pkjksa fn'kkvksa esa Hksth FkhaA mudks vkns'k fn.k.Ur fpfUrr gq.kA rkj dh ckr] tks vaxn ds Hkh vuqdy w Fkh] lqudj rkj ds oDrO. rd [kkst dh] foU/.qojkt vaxn us lq>ko fn.k gS fd vaxn vkfn okuj ohjksa us e/kqou dk lkjk e/kq ih fy.Z esa fu.s"Z BL.kl ls O.s vkSj ogha fuokl fd.242 jkek.Z fu"iék dj fy.fn mUgksua s nsoh lhrk ds n'kZu u dj fy. gh gesa . 243   fpUrk dh dksbZ ckr ughaA okuj nf/keq[k us eq>s .açHkk xqQk esa ços'k fd.k FkkA mUgksua s dkQÛh le.ijk.g lqudj vaxn mykguk nsrk gS % LFkS.sxa As rqEgkjs pkpk] lqxhz o lnk rqEgkjh çlékrk pkgus okys gS]a dnkfi rqEgkjk uk'k ugha dj ldrsA rqEgkjs flok.d 'kwjohj vkSj dÙkZO.qDr gksus ij Hkh vkSj .|fi os vijk/kh gS]a fdUrq eSa mUgsa dksbZ naM nsus ugha tk jgk gw¡ D.slh ckr dk mYys[k d:¡xk] ftls lqxzho tSls çfrHkk'kkyh O.± p lqxhz os uksii|rsAA HkzkrqT..kfHkfu.k HkkbZ dgk tk ldrk gS\ ftl nqjkRek us ek.Z gsrq x.ksfa d mUgksua s .k vk/kkj Fkk\ blds fo"k.g lc lkspdj vR.k gS] ftlds fy. mlesa dqN pkfjf=d nqcy Z rk Hkh fo|eku FkhA .qDrsu fcyL.d ughaA vPNk rks .k gSA os vius ckn esa rqEgha dks jkT.k djuk gh lokZf/kd çfrf"Br ekxZ gksxkA . . cSB x.su Hkzk=k egkReukA .q¼ ds fy.d xqQk fn[kkbZ nhA okuj Hkw[k I.¡ miyC/k gSAa rkj ds fopkjksa dk vuqeksnu vaxn us fd.Fkk mudks e`R.slh dYiuk djds os vR.ke~A /kes.. okuj fujk'k gksdj ykSV vk.k tk.kZ fo'okl Fkk fd lhrk vo'. gh iwjk fd.ksa ls vaxn dks rkj vkfn okujksa dh vksj ls eksMÛus dk ç.k dj fy.a lqxhz oA mlus .A iwNs tkus ij guqeku us lEiw.A guqeku] tkEcoku] vaxn] rkj vkfn dks nf{k.k esa /.k fd .slk djuk vko'.kA blls .d .ksfr&LrEHk pkSngok¡ v/.ioZr ds vkl&ikl çns'k ds nqxeZ cuksa esa <w¡<kA [kkstrs&[kkstrs ogk¡ mUgsa .s D.ks Hkk.k] og dSls /keZK ekuk tk ldrk gS\Þ .k FkkA tc rd guqeku us lhrk dh [kkst ds fy.slh voLFkk esa vkej.k tk.ksfa d ogk¡ Hkkstu dh oLrq.g ekU. gq. fifgra eq[ke~AA IV.k x.k ekuk tk ldrk gSA .koh rks ckfy }kjk ekjk tk pqdk FkkA bl lksp dk D.A os ugha tkurs Fks fd fdl çdkj yadk igq¡pk tk.g crk.k Fkk] og çk.gh gksxk fd iqu% Lo. mUgksua s lc çdkj ds çyksHku Hkh fn. fd mldk HkkbZ] ckfy fcy ds vUnj gS] . tks le.Z fd. mUgksua s FkksMÛh gh nwj ij fdlh L=h dks ns[kk] tks riL.ku u nsus ds fy.k dk irk crk.kA guqeku us fQj nsoh ls dgk] ßlqxhz o us gesa ykSVkus ds fy.d çlax x`/kzjkt lEikfr ls HksVa gksus ls iwoZ dk gS] ftlus lhrk vkSj jko.A Hkhrj ?kqldj mUgksua s ns[kk fd og LFkku çdk'keku vkSj euksgj FkkA b/kj&m/kj [kkst djrs gq.% lekIr gks pqdk gSA vc gesa vki bl xqQk ls ckgj fudky nsAa Þ ckgj fudyus ij mUgksua s Hk.± lÙoa eu%'kkSpeku`'kaL.g vuqeku gksrk gS fd os ftl dk.g dSls dgk tk ldrk gS\ D.fDr ek.Hkhr FksA .g lc dqN dg dj vaxn ej. fuf'pr fd.qnMa fn.kksa ds ckotwn Hkh lqxhz o esa dqN .fDrRo ij .k Fkk fd os .k vu'ku djds vkRegR. .k± thorks efg"kha fç.Lrq Lohdjksfr tqxfq Ilr%AA dFka l /ke± tkuhrs .ekFkktZoe~A foØe'pSo /kS.q)k.Ur Hk. fdruk dqN fd.açHkk gS vkSj og ogk¡ ds Hkou dh j{kk djrh gSA mlus mUgsa 'kq¼ Hkkstu vkSj Qy&Qwy fn.s] u gh mUgsa iw.s gekjh gk£nd bPNk FkhAÞ vc eSa .Ru vkjEHk fd.adj vikj egklkxj ns[kkA ogk¡ cSBdj os lHkh fpUrkeXu gks x.s fcy esa tkrs gq.qokjkt vaxn ds ekek] rkj us fopkj O.koh uked nkuo ds lkFk .kA rkj ds lq>ko ij /.rk Bhd ugha tku iMÛrh gS] ftlus vius cMÛs HkkbZ ds thrs&th] mudh iRuh dks] tks /keZr% mudh ekrk ds leku Fkh] dqfRlr Hkkouk ls xzg.k] lHkh okujksa dks ml ij fo'okl gks x.d ekl iwjk gksus rd okil vk tk. gh yadk esa gksxhA lhrk dh [kkst ds fy.k tk.gk¡ eSa bl ckr ij /.slh ckr Fkh] ftuls çrhr gksrk gS fd .A fuLlUnsg nh?kZdky ds i'pkr~ ml fcy ls lglk [Ûkuw dh /kkjk fudyrs ns[kdj lqxhz o us lkspk fd ejus okyk O.s]a vU.kuLFk FkhA iwNus ij irk pyk fd ml L=h dk uke Lo.k mls .kkUr miokl (çk.d fo'kky pêku ls fcy dk eq¡g cUn dj fn.eyksd fHktok nsxa As .AÞ .k vkSj Lo.kZ o`ÙkkUr lquk.k fd .ku fnykuk pkgrk gw¡ fd egku xq.kdqy FksA ikuh dh [kkst esa os bl xqQk esa ?kql x.s tks vof/k fuf'pr dh xbZ Fkh] og chr tkus ij fcuk dk.d dkyh Nk.xíh ij cSBk.Dr fd.g lqudj . Fks] mls mUgksua s vo'.g tkurs gq.55.

".g mldh cMÛh Hkwy FkhA rF.d fodYi pquus dh ço`fÙk ekuoh. vkKk mYya?ku :i esjs vijk/k dks ns[kdj fu'p.df=r djus esa dÛne mBk pqdk gS] rks mUgksua s [ksn çdV fd. fd.qfDr.Z fl¼ dj fn.su lqxhz os.kj u FkkA .gk¡ crkuk pkgw¡xk fd vius thou ds bl pj.kj gw¡AÞ og Lo.Hkh:.55. dgrk gS fd lqxhz o Lo. rq Ñra LejsrA~ A IV.244 jkek.k fd.su ls dL.53.k gSAÞ . mu lcus vaxn dks ?ksj dj vkej.ksa ugha mlus vUnj tkdj bl ckr dh iqf"V dh\ yksxksa ds eu esa Hkh bl çdkj ds ç'u mB ldrs gSa vkSj mUgksua s vius&vius <ax ls fu"d"kZ fudkys gksaxsA ge rks dsoy bruk gh tkurs gSa] dfo lqxzho ds bl vkpj.k esa lqxhz o ds pfj= esa n`<Ûrk dh dqN deh FkhA blds pfj= dk iwjk fodkl vc rd ugha gqvk FkkA tc lkeus nks fodYi gks]a tks nksuksa gh .k jgs] .55.fn mldks bl ckr dk iDdk fu'p. okujksa ds lEeq[k dgrk gS] rks og dgrk gS] ßlc okuj eq>s .'kk%A foLe`rks jk?koks .k gSA vuk. ugha djrkA fQj og dgrk gS % u pkga . 245   [Ûkuw mls ckfy dk çrhr gqvk vkSj nq"V nkuo dks vUnj gh cUn djus dk mís'.d #fpdj :i esa çLrqr fd.% çHkqeqpq:".kRikf.qojkt in ij esjk vfHk"ksd fd.kl gh Jh jke us gh bl in ij esjk vfHk"ksd fd.a jktk cuus ds fy.gk¡ jgus dh vkKk nsa vkSj vU.s Hkh mudh dMÛh fuUnk dh % lR.kkUr miokl ds fy.k dks tc lPpkbZ dk irk pyk fd lqxhz o okuj lsuk dks .kksa dk Hk.kx`ghr'p ÑrdekZ egk.kn j[k ldrk gS\Þ .sAa vki lc viuk jkLrk pquus ds fy.qojkt cuk.ka oS okfj nq%f[krk%A lqxzhoa pSo fuUnUr% ç'kalUr'p okfyue~AA IV.6 vaxn dgrk gS] ß.k Fkk] buesa ls vf/kd v'kqHk vfHkçk. dks gh ekU.g lc dqN guqeku vkSj vU. Fkk\Þ y{e.d mnkj n`f"Vdks.k miokl djus dk fu'p. gksrh gSA lqxhz o Hkh mlh ço`fÙk ls o'khHkwr FksA vaxn us] tks .kA ijUrq vaxn lqxhz o dks {kek djus dks rS.frØee~AA ?kkrf.k] vfirq vius ?kfu"B fe= Jh jke ds çfr ?kksj Ïr?urk ds fy.k x.gk¡ vaxn xÛyrh ij FkkA tSlk fd ge ns[k pqds gS]a Jh jke vkSj y{e.kSojkT. ekuus dks rS.kL.g Hk.kn vk tk.r% vf/kd lgt] lqdj vkSj ykHknk.Msu rh{.kZ.d fo'kky pêku xqQk dk eq¡g ij j[k nhA ijUrq] Lej.%A IV.g ckr rks lR. fd mu lc okujksa us mldk gh i{k fy.s Lora= gSAa tgk¡ rd esjk lEcU/k gS] eSa fdf"dU/kkiqjh okfil ugha tkÅ¡xkA ..sls O.30. ij NksMÛ nsrk gSA vius lksp&fopkj dh vifjiDork dks Lohdkj djus esa mldh rRijrk ls okuj brus çlék gq. iwoksDZ r ds vuqlkj fu'p.sxk fd eSa mldk nk.k gh gqvk] u fd /keZ ds vuqlkjAÞ . FkkA vaxn dgrk gS % l iwo± c)oSjks eka jktk n`"V~ok O.kkA vkfn"Vk eÆxrqa lhrk /keZLrfLeu~ dFka HkosrA~ A IV.ksu Ñrfu'p.k ds ck. cSB x.kA foos'k pk³~xnks HkwekS :nu~ nHksZ"kq nqeZuk%A rL. ds dkj.fn eSa ykSVrk gw¡] rks lqxhz o dks . dks lk{kh nsdj mldk gkFk idMÛk vkSj igys gh mldk dk. Hk.k ds T.fDr dk iq= Fkk] ftldk o/k dj fn.a dks vius lkfFk.kkfHk"ksfpr%AA ujsUnz.k Fkk] . yxkrk gSA vkxs vaxn iwNrk gS] ßD.53.usH.gha ej.d nk.sls Jh jke dks gh tc mlus Hkqyk fn.in Lohdkj fd.kA mu okujksa us . Fkk] vxj og lsuk ugha Hkstrk] vFkok y{e. ugha Fkk] rks D.ksfr&LrEHk pkSngok¡ v/.qDr gksa vkSj .kA eSa .k] .g ç'u LokHkkfod :i ls mBk.ksa us ml ij ncko Mkydj mls ck/.kA mlus rks vkSjksa ds gMÛdkus ij gh jkT. lafo'krLr= :nUrks okuj"kZHkk%AA u. ls mlus .s tk ldrs gks]a rks lkekU.s dnkfi mRlqd ugha Fkk] . fd. gqbZ gSA jktk lqxhz o us rks igys ls gh esjs çfr oSj ck¡/k j[kk gSA bl le.31 ßeSa ugha ekurk fd lqxhz o us .w kZ gSA tc vaxn .k|su uk/keZHk.k dh dksbZ lh/kh&lh/kh fuUnk ugha djrk] vfirq .fr n.rk nhA ge fdl çdkj mls nks"k ns\a lqxhz o tYnckTÛkh djrk Fkk vkSj lnk vf/kd lqxe fodYi pqurk Fkk] ftlls mls ykHk gksA vaxn us lqxhz o ij u dsoy vius HkkbZ] ckfy ds çfr v/ke fo'okl?kkr dk nks"kkjksi.gk¡ Hkh og lqxhz o ls U.kkA IV.k.FkkrF. gh rh[ks naM }kjk eq>s ejok MkysxkA . FkhA vaxn dk .k viukrs gq.k. 17-18 vaxn /kjrh ij dq'kk fcNkdj mnkl eq[k ls jksr&s jksrs ej.d ckr dgrk gS] tks cMÛh vFkZi.g dguk fd Jh jke us gh mls .slk djus dks rks mlds eaf=.kn (iSr`d lEifÙk ds Hkkx dk vf/kdkjh) Fkk vkSj .kkfDy"VdeZ.ksa ls rks og Hkh vufHkK u Fkk] ijUrq og lqxhz o ij Jh jke dh vkSj muds çfr vius dÙkZO.ksa ds vf/kd ifjiDo fu.-32 ßeq>ls xÛyrh vo'. dks Hkqykus dk vkjksi vo'.kZ.k mldks vÏrK vkSj vuSfrd dgs tkus dk Hk.k tk ldrk gS fd .d .5 ßftUgksua s lR. lc vius&vius ?kj pys tk.k] rc nwljs fdlds midkj dks og .sA muds bl çdkj cSBus ij lHkh Js"Bokuj jksus yxs vkSj nq%[kh gksdj us=ksa ls vfojy vk¡lw cgkus yxsA lqxhz o dh fuUnk vkSj ckfy dh ç'kalk djrs gq.55.kkUr miokl djuk ilUn d:¡xkA fQj Hkh] eSa vkidk fu.kn gw¡ vkSj eSa mlds ckn jktk cuus dh çrh{kk dj jgk gw¡A vr% og eq>s dBksjre naM nsxkAÞ fQj dfo .kkfHkf"kDrks·fLe jkes.

.A . fd vxys o"kZ .slk dgus ds ihNs dksbZ fdaonUrh Fkh] tks ml le. tkuuk pkfg.ku lekpkj i=ksa esa iwj&s iwjs Nis FksA .kstu gksuk pkfg.s Hkkjr ds fofHkék Hkkxksa esa yksdO. fd vaxTsz Ûkksa ls iw.kA ftlds v/khu bruk lSU.g ekU.k lu~ 1907 ds vkjEHk esa Hkkjr ds jktuhfrd txr esa .slk pfj=] ftldk uke /keZijk.slk fopkj gS fd okujksa ds .k x.d .kuksa ls rhoz O.  iUægok¡ v/.fDr.k.cy gks] og dnkfi .k O.rk Fkh fd foHkh"k.kl .k gSA tks lsuk Jh jke dh lgk.kZfUor djus ds fy.g o`ÙkkUr dkQÛh euksjt a d gSA ckfy dk o/k djds jke us .d çfl¼ nSfud if=dk çpfyr Fkh] ftldk uke Fkk] ^oUnsekrje*~ A blds lEiknd Jh vjfoUn ?kks"k FksA vkjEHk ds O.qokoxZ dks .kuksa dh .g gksuk pkfg.k us dh FkhA vc og vius HkkbZ dk lkFk NksMÛdj Jh jke ds lkFk fey x.s Fks] tks lc >xMÛks ds tMÛ esa Fks] muds ân. vkUnksyu dk fojks/k esa ?kksf"kr djus ls xks[kys us .k ds 247 .d .g Fkk fd Loa. .kA jke dh Ïik ls og rqjUr vfr 'kfDr'kkyh cu x.k[.q¼ esa ijkLr ugha fd.k ds T. FksA LokHkkfod Fkk fd esjs xq#] Jh xks[kys ds vksj bl ladrs ls eq>s cMÛh Bsl igq¡ph] ijUrq blls Hkh vf/kd nq%[k eq>s bl ckr ls gqvk fd foHkh"k. jgh gksxhA fdf"dU/kk dkaM (lxZ 38-39) esa gh lqxhz o dh egku 'kfDr dk vuqeku fn.sls ifjos'k esa iyk Fkk] tgk¡ .kh dk HkDr Fkk& .d mnkÙk pfj= vkSj çFke Js.slk yxrk Fkk fd lEçfr fo[kaMu dh vk'kadk Vy xbZA lcdk ç.k FkkA eSa .k.d çkr% dky ge lc cMÛs pfdr gq.jkek.k . fLFkfr gks ldrh gSA mUgksua s mÙkj Hkkjr dk nkSjk fd.f/kd gqvkA ftu yksxksa us dkaxl sz dks deTÛkksj djus ds ç.k dk fuxZeuA* vfHkçk.Fkk gqbAZ mu fnuksa caxky eas ..Zokgh esa çeq[k Hkkx fy.FkkFkZ esa gqvk ughaA lu~ 1906 ds vf/kos'ku dh lekfIr ds i'pkr~ dh dk.d ns'kæksgh ds lwpd ds :i esa fy. mi.k Fkk] Jh xks[kys us] ftUgksua s lkspk fd vf/kos'ku dh miyfC/k.ksa ds fy.] tc geus lEikndh.d ladVe.k x.ksfr&LrEHk 246  dgk fd lqxhz o vuf/kdkjxzkgh gS vkSj ckfy .s eSnku esa mrkjh Fkh] og vR.ku ds fy.kl fd.slh fLFkfr mifLFkr gh u gksA ijUrq tSlk fd lc tkurs gS]a .d Ük`[a kyk dk vk.d . ns[kk ftldk 'kh"kZd Fkk] ^foHkh"k. esa bu O.kuksa dk çHkko vR.d ?kVuk ?kVh Fkh] tks esjs ””” vkt ds O.k[.s /keZ] vuqjkx ds mnkgj.d vPNk jktk FkkA esjk .g lc lqxhz o dks çnku fd.k tk ldrkA 247 iUægok¡ v/.ksx .Ur fo'kky FkhA .slk . vf/kd fo'oluh.k[.k[.ksa esa . jk"Vªh.qDr Hkwfedk dk dke djsxhA çfl¼ ^nknk HkkbZ ukSjksth dkaxl sz vf/kos'ku^ dk lekiu gks x.g vo'.k vkSj muds igys O. dks vaxTsz Ûkh lÙkk ds i{k eas vkSj meMÛrs gq. Hkwfedk vnk dh gS] tSlh foHkh"k.kke .kZr.k FkkA dkaxl sz lnL.kZ:i ls cfg"dkj dh vfoosfpr ckrksa dk nq"ifj.k[.k ukrk rksMÛus vkSj lc vxzsTÛkh phTÛkksa ds iw. foHkh"k.slh gh fuUnuh.ksa dks dk.rk ds fy.k ds uke dk ç.

248 jkek.ksx ls og nwljs i{k esa gS] .kh. eSa foHkh"k.k rks R. dqN le.k tk.h tkrh gSA jktuhfr ds {ks= ds yksx ekuoh.k. lEeku fn.d ?k`f.ksa ij igq¡prs gSAa os gekjs ikjykSfdd lEcU/kksa ls Hkh vf/kd ifjfpr ugha gksr]s u gh mudks bl ckr dk dqN irk gS fd ge esa loZ'kfDreku ijes'oj dh vuqdEik çkIr djus dh Hkh {kerk gSA eSa ugha le> ikrk fd .k tk.FkklEHko mlds fuUndksa ls cpk.rk dh vko'.Z djrs le. {ks=ksa esa turk ds fy. dk 'k=q D. gSA esjh ekU.sA . dk .k^ egkdkO.fn Hkkjr dk Hkyk djuk gS] rks Js.s] rks nf{k.k dk uke .d vkn'kZ HkDr ds :i esa ekuk gS] .k tkrk gSA bl ckr ls ^jke.ksa çn£'kr djus yxrs gS]a fd pkgs mudk futh pfj= fdruk Hkh mTToy D.s] ftldks .q¼ NsMÛ fn. dk lcls cMÛk midkjh gksxk] tks gekjs dWkyst vkSj Ldwyksa ds .k ds le{k cksyrs gq.k ds ladV esas Mky fn.s mudh mi.fDr vius le.klksa dk fojks/k djrk gSA nqHkkZX.g eku ysa fd jktuhfrd le>nkjh vkSj jktuhfrd lR.g ekurk gw¡] jktuhfr esa lHkh nyksa dk viuk&viuk LFkku gSA fdlh Hkh ny fo'ks"k dk lR.ksa ls Hkkjr us .kl nwljs ds dk.d&nwljs dks lgk. dk fo"k.k tk.k Hkkjr esa Hkh vusd . D.d ^çiék* ('kj.k ij yxkuk pkgrk gw¡A igyk ç'u] tks esjs efLr"d esa vk jgk gS] og gS fd ns'kæksgh dkSu gksrk gS\ lkekU.k gS] .qodksa dks . ykxw gksxk] tks tkucw> dj fdlh futh LokFkZ vFkok f[Ûkrkc . rRdkyhu vko'. gh .kr gks x. .g eSa tks dgus tk jgk gw¡ çkFkfed fVIi. dh xgjkb.sls Jksrkx.A dnkfpr~~ dk.sa gesa fdlh ikjLifjd çfr}U}rk esa Mky ldrh gSa vkSj ge nks ijLij fojks/kh i{kksa ds :i esa vkeus&lkeus gks ldrs gS] ftuesa gjsd dk ç.kx nsuk pkfg.k ds chp .k dks .k tk.g . ds çfr mÙkj Hkkjr vkSj nf{k.fDr] ftlus fof'k"Bk}Srokfnuksa ds vuqlkj] .k gS] ftls 'krkfCn.s] ftlds fy.k Hkkjr dh vis{kk mÙkj Hkkjr esa vf/kd yksx foHkh"k.kk ds çfr lgkuqHkwfr ugha] tks vktdy ds jktuhfr nyksa ds chp ik.k dks yksd ?k`.k tk.rk gS fd foHkh"k.d&nwljs ds çfr lcls ?k`f. ds çfr fo'okl?kkrh ds vFkZ esa ç.ksa djrs gS\a os mUgsa jk"Vª ds Hkfo".sd laxfBr ny ds fl¼kUrksa esa fo|eku gksrh gSA ns'k lsok ds dk.d ik=] ftls dfo us Loa.slk O.k fd.s vkSj mls bl n`f"V ls çLrqr fd. fopkjksa ds çfr lgkuqHkwfr gS] eSa pkgrk gw¡ fd foHkh"k.k fd vUrj bruk Hkkjh ugha] ftruk fd ml le. lEcU/kh ckrkas dh dsoy lrg ij gh jgrs gSAa os ekeyksa dh xgjkb.Ldj .d vuqdj. mís'.k tk.ksa u gks] pkgs mudk vkpj.k Hkkjr ds n`f"Vdks.k dks .k jk"Vª ds lkFk fo'okl?kkr djds ml 'k=q ls fey tkrk gS] ftlus ns'k ij vkØe. 249   :i esa fy.kZ mís'. dks R.g vko'.s fd la.d mPp [.k Fkk\ ijUrq bl pfj= dks . çrhr gksrk gS fd gekjs lcls egku egkdkO.d fe= ekuuk pkfg.g Hkh dgk tk. Hkkxksa esa Hkh cgqr ls yksx gS]a tks blds çfrdwy er j[krs gksAa rFkkfi esjs fopkj esa .drk. loZFkk lkalkfjd&vis{kkvksa ds fufeÙk ns'k HkDrksa }kjk fd.ksfxrk fdruh Hkh vf/kd D.k fdlh vU.s çnf'kZr djuk mfpr Fkk] ekuks .fDr] ftlus .kr Hkk"kk dk ç.k gks vFkok mlds fo#¼ . eSa le>rk FkkA nf{k.rk çR.k ls rRdkyhu jktuhfrd Hkkouk ls mÙksftr gksdj foHkh"k. ls eq>s ml ijLij xgjh ?k`. ij tuer fy.k dh usdukeh ds fojks/kh gksxa As eq>s . mnkgj.] ftudh okYehfd vkSj muds lkekU.ksx fd.d 'kkspuh.slk O.g phTÛk gekjs cPpksa dh f'k{kk ls .ksa u gks] pkgs vU.s x.k çLrqr fd.sxk] tks vius ns'k .g eq>s .ksa u gks\ eSa rks .FkkrF.ksa esa u tkdj muds eeZ dks ugha Nw ikrs] u gh gekjh okLrfod çÏfr ds lR.Ur nq%[k gqvk fd çk.s fd .fn bl fo"k.s vkSj .rk vkSj jktuhfrd le>nkjh ij .k ls ns[kus dh f'k{kk eq>s ns[kus ugha nh xbZ FkhA vUos"k.k ftldk mYys[k dsoy fuUnk ds :i esa fd.sls mÙksftr yksx gS]a tks fdlh dkj.FkkFkZ :i ls çLrqr djsAa .sls ik= ds :i esa ekuk tk.s .k tk ldrk gSA D.kr O.kxdj vius ukrs fj'rsnkjksa vkSj vius çns'k dks fons'kh vkØe. cksypky esa ns'kæksgh mldks dgk tk.d lPpfjr O.s] vius ns'k dh eqfDr ds ç.d phTÛk gS] tks esjh le> esa ugha vkrh vkSj eSa pkgrk gw¡ fd .FkklEHko lnk&lnk ds fy. fd dsoy blhfy.kkxr) ds fodklksfpr fofHkék xq.sls çrhr gksrk gS] fd jktuhfrd er fojks/k] gekjs yksxksa esa .g f'k{kk ns lds fd .kfr okyk jktusrk .kh ds :i esa gSA lEifÙk ds fooknksa ls vf/kd] viuh ifRu.d Hkkjh vUrj mtkxj gqvkA ijUrq eq>s çlékrk gS fd esjh ckn dh iwNrkN ls çekf.kh.fDr gS] ftlds çfr vi'kCnksa dk ç. Li"V djus ds fy.kksa dh Øe'k% fu"Bkiwod Z lk/kuk djds] .d .sls fopkjksa dh f'k{kk ugha nh tkuh pkfg.k gksA vFkZ foLrkj ls fu'p.fDr Fkk vkSj gekjs le.sA eSa le>rk gw¡ fd og O.d .fn ejs ugha] rks mldks lekIr dj fn.d xkSjoiw.d frjLdkj vkSj ykaNu dk ik= ekurs gSAa nwljh vksj] Hkkjr ds vU.dkf/kdkj ugha gks ldrkA çR.Z dks udkjuk gksA ijUrq] .qod dks .d brus mPp dksfV ds pfj= dks] fdlh Hkh çdkj] ml le.ksx fd.k fdruk Hkh vuqdj.drk jgrh gS] .s] tks esjs fopkj ls .k.k vius le.k ds ckn eq>s .sA fdlh Hkh . ckr yxrh gS vkSj blls eSa dnkfi le>kSrk ugha dj ldrkA vkt .fn ge ..ksa dh çfr"Bk ls Hkh vf/kd] eqdíesckTÛkh ls Hkh vf/kd] tks ikjLifjd lgkuqHkwfr ls foeq[k dj nsrh gSa] bu lcls dgha vf/kd& .s nwj dj nh tk.ksfr&LrEHk iUægok¡ v/. ds jktuhfr ls çsfjr O.d ns'kæksgh] vius jk"Vªh.d ugha fd ge nwljs i{k ds egkiq#"kksa ds pfj= dks v.k dh çÏfr ds rÙoksa dks Li"Vhdj.sls n`f"Vdks.ksx mRiék djrs gSAa .fDr.ksa }kjk .kk ds fy.g 'kCn fdlh Hkh jktuhfrK vFkok yksdlsod ds fy. ds ekunaMkas ds vuqlkj Hkh gSA viuk vk'k.g tkudj vR.gh gksxk fd og ej tk.sd ny dks ikjLifjd lgk.d .% mÙkj Hkkjr esa foHkh"k.kksa vkSj pj.Z ds fufeÙk ge lcdkss .g nqHkkZX.d jktuhfrd fopkj/kkjk j[kus okys yksx nwljs i{k ds yksxkas dh féknk D. ds ekunaMksa ds vuqlkj .k ds T.k foHkh"k.d .

g gS fd eSa le>rk gw¡ fd .s]a tks cPpksa dks ikyus dh dyk esa lqf'kf{kr ugha gksrh] cPpksa dh çÏfr ls lqifjfpr ugha gksrh] os mudk ikyu iks"k.slh vkdak{kk gS] tks fd esjs thou esa iwjh gksus okyh ughaA ubZ ih<Ûh ds yksx iqjkuh ih<Ûh ds yksxksa ij dhpMÛ mNkyus esa vkuUn vuqHko djrs gSAa eSua s Lo.k djuk dfBu ugha gSA vkSj nwljk dkj. O. dk] .k mfpr <ax ls ugha dj ldrhA vius ykMÛ ds vkf/kD.kZrk ls] muds mi.sls O. viuh laons uk vkSj ân.k og Loa.ksa u gks] . viuh tku Hkh ns ldrh gSA bl yksd esa og vius cPps dh HkykbZ ds fy.h D. gS fd mlds pykus okys yksx lkglh] fu"Bkoku] çFke Js.s] ftuds ân.k dh xfjek& .k dk Å¡pk uke vçfr"Bk dk fo"k.d Hkkokos'k gSA ns'k çse . ds vUnj mlds }kjk igq¡pk.] ckr dgk¡ ls dgk¡ rd igq¡p tkrh gS! eSa bl ckr dh vksj /.ksx djuk jktuhfr dk eq[. pkgs fdrus Hkh çfrf"Br D.g rks .k tk ldrk gS] tgk¡ rd mudk mi. LokLF. iwN]sa rks eSa rks .k cqf¼erh ekrk] ftlus iqLrdksa ds v/.k tk.g Hkh ge tkurs gSa fd nqfHkZ{k .s yksx lksprs gSa fd nq#i.s] tSlk fd eSa dguk pkgrk gw¡] u fd ml vFkZ es]a tSlk fd vki mls le> jgs gksAa eSa dgus tk jgk Fkk fd .k Bhd çdkj ls ugha dj ikrhA .fDr.kas esa loZJ"s B gSA ijUrq .k x.kfpÊ gSA bl mins'k esa eSua s tks dqN dgk gS] mldk .kk ns'k çse dk çek.slh ekufldrk vktdy dh .ksa ls tMsÛ tekbZ gqbZ gSAa .d cqf¼eku firk .g ckr ml le.kxe.g dguk fdruk rdZlxa r gS fd gekjs cfy"B Hkkokos'kksa vkSj gekjs Js"Bre euksHkkoksa dk Lokxr Hkh dsoy mlh lhek rd fd.ksfr&LrEHk iUægok¡ v/.250 jkek.ksa ds çfr çse Hkko j[kuk fl[kk ldrh gS] mu ckrksa ls nwj jguk] tks v/kksxfr dh vksj ys tk ldrh gSAa TÛkjk lksfp. nSfud jksVh tqVkus esa vius dks vleFkZ ikdj lkspus yxrh gS fd os vius thou dk vUr dj ysa vkSj bldh çkjfEHkd rS.d ugha fd ^ns'k çse* ekuoh.u ls] .sa vf/kdkf/kd ifj"Ïr gksrh xbZ gSAa .gk¡ rd fd vKkuo'k os mudk lkekU.s tkus okys lEHkkfor ykHk vis{kkÏr de fn[kkbZ nsrs gSAa fu'p.k O. çsfjr dj ldrh gS] ftldk mYys[k ek= Hkh gekjs eu esa ohHkRlk dk Hkko Hkjrk gSA nwljh vksj] yhft.d dkj.k ekuk tk.g rks . .k cu ldrk gSA . D. Hkh fcxkMÛ nsrh gSA og fdruh Hkh ln~Hkkoiw. esa lc ln~x. yksdra= ds foijhr voLFkk ogk¡ dgha vf/kd ns[kus dks feyrh gSA yksdra= }kjk igq¡ps ykHk vFkok dqN vkSj le.s ckrsa vejhdk vkSj baXySMa esa vf/kd çpfyr gS]a tgk¡ jktuhfrKksa us dbZ ihf<Û.d xq.ksa }kjk fd.ksx dk.d mPp dksfV dh Hkkouk gS] .fDr.s uSfrd /kkj.k gS\ vius 'kCnksa ds ç. dh Hkkouk dks ladfq pr djuk mfpr ugha gSA [ÛkjS ! .ogkj gksrk] rks foHkh"k. rÙo gS vkSj fHkék fopkj/kkjk okyksa ds çfr ?k`.sls pfj=oku ekrk vkSj firk gekjs jk"Vª ds thou esa Hkyk djus ds fy.k rks .ksx esa eq>s cgqr lko/kkuh j[kuh pkfg. ugha gksrh Fkh] tcfd Hkkjr esa jktuhfr dk yksdra=hdj. fdl fn'kk esa gSA mnkgj.g ns[kus esa vkrk gS fd eerk dk nq#i. D.k .g gS fd nqHkkZX.k HkkSfrd voLFkk ls vkjEHk gqbAZ ml HkkSfrd voLFkk ls /khjs&/khjs muds lEcU/kksa dh ifjiw.d L=h dks .d mnkÙk pfj= dk #>ku gSA ijUrq ns'k çse ykHkçn fl¼ gksrk gS .ksx ds mék.. ls blh ekufldrk ds dkj.sA .d ugha fd .Z] ekuo vkpj.sxa s fd mudh mRifÙk . ds dkj.ksfa d tks yksx fdlh usrk dh ckrksa dks fdlh jktuhfrd >qdko ds lkFk lqurs gS]a os mldk vFkZ vius&vius <ax ls yxkrs gS]a viuh&viuh vfHk#fp ds vuqlkjA vko'.k gkfudj] bl dk ifj.ksa es os fof'k"V LFkku j[krs gksAa vr% ns'k çse vius ifj.ogkj u fd.k cu ldrh gSA dnkfpr~~ mldk çse cPps dh nq"Vrk dk Hkh dkj.ksa dks Hkh tkurk gw¡] tks okLrfod egkurk ds vf/kdkjh gSa vkSj ftuds çfr ns'k dks ÏrK gksuk pkfg.u ls .g okaNuh.d vf'kf{kr ekrk cPps dk ikyu iks"k.kjh ds fy.qod ds fy. 251   O.kl dj jgk gw¡ fd Hkkoukvksa esa lcls mRÏ"V çse Hkh .fn vki esjh lPph&lPph jk.kk.ksx dh vR..ku fnykus dk ç.] tks mUgsa mPp] mnkj psÙkk vkSj fu"diV O. LoHkko dk .k] ekuo pfj= dk lkSUn.kksa dk ewydkj.d lk/kkj.d mRÏ"V ân.k ds fy.k ugha] vUrr% .ks± esa mudk mn~Hko ij[kuk pkgs]a rks dnkfpr~~ ik.slh cqjkbZ gS] tks fd Hkkjr esa fons'kh ewy dh gS vkSj ftldk fujkdj. .sls deZ djus ds fy. gSA .kke vPNk gksxk .g lc fuHkZj gksrk gS] bl ij fd ml Hkkouk dk y{.s vius cPpksa dks Hkh ekj nsuk vko'.d le>rh gSAa nsf[k.] .fDr.k rhu cPpksa ds Hkkj ls nch fL=.fDrxr xq.s viuk ygw cgk ldrh gS] mlds fy.g tkuk gS fd cPpksa dks fdl çdkj cqjkb.k¡] muds fy.kh ds yksx gksAa vijhf{kr yksxksa ds gkFkksa esa blds nq#i.ksa ls nwj j[kuk pkfg. dk.k ds T.k ugha gqvk FkkA . fdruh egku'kfDr ds /kuh gksrs gSAa vc vki le> x.] nks .ksa u gksAa fdlh Hkh euq".d oSf'k"V~.kZ] fdruh Hkh Lusgh] fdruh Hkh lefiZr] fdruh Hkh R. cPps dh deTÛkksfj.ks± ds lq/kkj ds fy.f/kd lEHkkouk vf/kd jgrh gSA .g vko'.s lc jktuhfrd nyksa esa ikbZ tkrh gS]a vkSj . gksxa ]s esjk .ksa] nqxqZ.d .fn 'kCn ^ns'k çse* dk vk/kqfud :i esa O. gh yksdra= ekuo }kjk vHkh rd pykbZ xbZ ç'kklu ç.a cgqr dqN Hkqxrk gSA eSa vU.] ekrk dk cPps ds çfr çse dks ysAa ekrk vius cPps ds fy.k dk uke gekjs vkdyu esa fueZy vkSj fu"dayd jgrkA vUrr% ns'k çse dk vFkZ D.k gSA . ds vuqdy w A esjh ckr dks mlh vFkZ esa le>k tk.q k tUetkr ugha gksrAs .k foHkh"k.k x.d uo.k.k dqN ugha dj ldrh\ ijUrq ge tkurs gS]a cgq/kk ekrk.k ladV ds le.A ijUrq mUgsa Hkh vuqfpr :i ls ubZ ih<Ûh ds gkFkksa d"V lguk iMÛk gSA .fn gekjh jktuhfrK vktdy ds tSls u gksr]s .g yksdrkaf=d jktuhfr dk .gh dgwxk¡ fd bl le.fn ge ekuoh. cuk.g vFkZ oDrk ds 'kCnksa ds vuqdy w gks vFkok mlds vfHkçk.k cqjk] ns'kHkDr ls ns'k dk Hkyk gksrk gS .kkfy.kke esa vPNk Hkh gks ldrk gS vFkok cqjk Hkh] mlds ihNs vfHkçk.ksx gksrk gSA .

ds Js"B 'kwjohj vkSj ohjksa esa vxz. çsfjr ugha gks tkrs] .] de ls de ml O.A .k.ksa ds efLr"d vkSj ân. gS]a nqfu.k gSA vc rks dqN gh yksx gh .r%] r`rh.k us fd.sls Hkh yksx gS]a ftudk fopkj gS fd Ldwy vkSj dkWfyt ds .k ls u dsoy cgqr dqN lh[kuk pkfg.kstu ugha] rks ge le>sxa s fd mlds fopkj cgqr vifj"Ïr gSAa .g gS] ifrorZu] tks 'kCn ^ns'k çse* ds ihNs fufgr vFkZ esa vk.d Hkkx ls nwljs Hkkx ij LFkku cnyrs jgrs FksA leqnk.252 jkek. mís'.sls iq#"k ds lEeq[k] ftldk i`Foh ds Nksj rd vuqlj.k ge bl vkpj. fdlh u fdlh dÛchys fo'ks"k vFkok tu lewg dk lnL.g fopkj fd ge lkEçnkf.k esa loZJs"B ekurs gSa] vfirq os viuh vUrjkZ"Vªh. LFkkukUrfjr gks x.kZr.k dh vU.kh dks lqudj vki mldh vksj f[kap ugha tkrs] .s Fks] . Fks] ftuds mnkgj.ksa rd gh lhfer FkkA iw.k] rks D.kh.k] dsoy bruk ghA .slk lksprs gSa fd leLr Hkkjr ds fuoklh . vkSj vkKk dk ikyu Hkh djuk pkfg.d vkn'kZ iq#"k Fks] vius le.fn ml fnO. vkSj çeq[k y{..k vkSj mlus vius ladh. jktuhfr dks Hkh nqfu.g 'kCn /khjs /khjs ml ns'k ds fy. fd .kZ . nq[kh gksvks] vius myVsiu ij vk¡lw cgkvks] fdUrq ml O. vFkok dÛchyh lUnHkZ ls .d tkrh. gS] tcfd loZJ"s B yksx leLr olq/kk dks vius ns'kçse dk vf/kdkjh le>rs gSAa .k dk R.kn gS] tc eSa NksVk Fkk rks .q kksa ds vkn'kZe£w r Fks vkSj ekuork dh j{kk ds fufeÙk gh os tx esa vk. fdlh dk Hkh viuk futh ns'k] çns'k] vFkok {ks= ugha FkkA .slh gksuh pkfg.fn dksbZ O.k] tgk¡ . pfj=ghurk dk .k flD[k dgs vkSj .d lq[kn Hkkouk ds :i esa vius cU/kq&ckU/koksa ds çfr çse] viuh tkfr ds çfr çse ds vFkks± esa yh tkus yxhA gekjs bfrgkl esa dksly] fonsg vkSj vU.k us Hkh ml le.% .] .h :i ls tk clsA vc er .kZ :i ls le> dj vkSj mlls çHkkfor gksdj ml loksPZ p vkSj loZJ"s B O. jktuhfr dks nqfu.g HkyhHkk¡fr le>dj fd os txr esa ekuoh.fDr Lo. rks fcYdqy ughaAß fgUnw Hkh tokc esa çk.kkvksa dks ubZ ih<Ûh ds eu esa cSBkukA vc eSa fn[kkuk pkgw¡xk fd ekuo bfrgkl esa ns'k isez dh Hkkouk dSls tUehaA vktdy ns'kHkfDr og ugha gS] tSlk fd vkjEHk esa bldk vFkZ FkkA igys ns'k çse vf/kdrj dÛchyksa vkSj NksVh&NksVh mitkfr.ksx esa vkus ds dkj. vkSj dÛchyksa ls /khjs&/khjs .k dks ekuoh.g tqMÛs gksus dh Hkkouk tulewg ls ml Hkwfe ds fy.k foHkh"k.g egku fopkj vktdy ds euhf"k.fDr Fks] foHkh"k.kx fd.a dks iw.g fd mlds çseHkko esa Hkkjr dk LFkku gS] vFkok fcYdqy ugha] rks .fn .ks]a ns'kksa ds yksx . ok.g .d lPpfjr O.fDr . fd os bl çdkj dh ns'kHkfDr dh Hkkouk ls çsfjr çksr gksdj fudysAa .] vfirq ftudh lsok mls djuh pkfg.k fodflr ugha ekurs gSAa ns'k çse dh bdkbZ vc lEiw.d gSA ge esa dsoy .ksfr&LrEHk iUægok¡ v/.sd O.fDr dh fuUnk u djks] tks vius l.kZr.k ifjokjksa vkSj NksVs xzkeksa rd lhfer jgus ds i'pkr~ Øe'k% bldk foLrkj gksus yxk vkSj .g iwNuk Hkh mfpr gksxk] ßD.s gSAa vkt . esa fdruk ifjorZu gks x.fDr dks ge ns'k çse jfgr ekusxa ]s vFkok ladfq pr vFkZ es]a ns'kçsehA yxHkx chl o"kZ iwoZ (vFkkZr~ lu~ 1925 ds vklikl) ns'k dk çR.k gSA .qok Nk=ksa dh f'k{kk .g Hkkouk FkhA [ksn gS] gekjs jktuhfrK fdrus foÏr vkSj Hkz"V gks x. ogk¡ ds çcq¼&oxZ vkSj Js"B çf'kf{kr yksx D.\ lpeqp .k Jh jke dks ns[kdj] muds LoHkko dks tkudj] .k ds T.d gh ifjokj ds gSa vkSj ekuo ifjokj . yksxksa ls gVdj ftuds fopkj esa Jh jke dsoy .fDr dh lsok esa f[kap dj vk.fn foHkh"k. blh çdkj ds tulewgksa dk mYys[k gSA ml le.k eqfLye vFkok flD[k ckn esAa eq>s .ksx vc ml lekt fo'ks"k ds çfr Hkkouk dh rqyuk es]a ftlls ge tqMÛs gS]a dgha vf/kd ns'k fo'ks"k ds çfr çse Hkkouk ds fy.k esa loZJ"s B ekurs gSAa muds fpUru esa leLr dÛkeS as lkjh i`Foh vkSj fofHkék lEçnk.s ewy egÙo j[krk FkkA bl çdkj nh?kZdky rd ç. ckr ls dksbZ ç.g Hkkouk dqN gh ihf<Û.k gSA .k dj jgs gS\a os u dsoy viuh jk"Vªh. dÛkeS as D.k 'kCn ^ns'k çse* dk ç.fDr dh fuUnk rks u djks] tks .s gSAa FkksMÛs le.sls egkiq#"k dk lkeuk gksus ij vki mlds pj.e dh Hkkoukvksa ls dgha Åij mB tkrk FkkA dnkfpr~~ bl fcUnq ij eSa tÛ:jr ls vf/kd cy ns jgk gw¡A vkidk .d dÛkeS gSAa . 253   . ln~x.fn dksbZ dgs fd og caxkyh gS vkSj mls fdlh vU.r% Hkh eqfLye gw¡_ Hkkjrh.k eqfLye dgs] vFkok fgUnw .gh fcUnq eSa vkidks Hkyh çdkj ls le>kuk pkgrk gw¡A vU.g rks gS] tks dqN foHkh"k. vUrfjr gksrh xbZ] tks mlds fy.s gSa vkSj fuEu ls fuEurj esa ladfq pr gks x.sls O.g gS fd loksPZ p ns'k çse og gS] ftlds vUrxZr vf[ky Hkkjr rFkk mlesa clus okys lHkh fuoklh lfEefyr gSAa tks yksx Lo.k¡ vFkok oxZ LFkk. gksrk gS] tgk¡ geus tUe fy.ksa iwoZ iuih gSA dqN vkSj Hkh eq>s dguk gSA tcfd bl ns'k ds oklh ge fiNMÛ x.sls pfj= dh foHkwfr dks iw.k djrs jguk pkfg. lpeqp bl lkoZHkkSe ns'k çse vFkok bl fo'o ukxfjdrk dk lkspk .k dj jgh gS\a vU. gksrk Fkk vkSj mldk gh dq'ky&{ks= lewg Hkwfe ij viuk LFkku cnyrk jgrk FkkA yksx tYnh&tYnh /kjrh ds .kksa esa ureLrd gksus ds fy.s tkfr.kZ Hkkjr ns'k gks x.d euq".d gS]a .d .d gh Hkkouk gksuh pkfg.gk¡ rd fd vc ge ekuus yxs gSa fd f'k{kk dk eq[.g dgus esa xoZ djrk Fkk fd eSa Hkkjrh.oa vuSfrd okrkoj.k us le>k fd os .g esjh le> ls ckgj dh ckr gSA . esa iui jgk gSA TÛkjk lksfp.sls Hkh gS]a tks Mads dh pksV ij dgrs gS]a ÞeSa çFker% eqfLye gw¡] f}rh.d ladrs ekuk tkuk pkfg.d jktuhfr dh vksj ykSVa s fdruk 'kkspuh.d lPps ns'kçseh dk çeku fpÊ .slk djrk gSA viuh deTÛkksfj. igys gw¡ vkSj fgUnw .ksa ds fy.k gSA .slk gh dgrs lqus x. gS] bu /kkj.a dks cEcbZ okys vFkok caxkyh dgrs gS]a mUgsa ge vifjiDo iw.kZr.] rks bZ'oj ds fy.

qDr LFkku vkSj mi. ds :i esa ml ij 'kklu djus ds fy. dk ifjR.|fi og ukrsnkj vkSj lgksnj HkkbZ Fkk] ftlus mls vPNk Hkkstu] vPNh iks'kkd vkSj ns'k dh jktlÙkk esa .s FksA yadk esa D.k& nksuksa dks gh cMÛs /. gh Fkk /keZ dh v/keZ ij] uSfrdrk dh nq"Vrk ij fot.ksfa d dkO.k tk pqdk gSA dksbZ Hkh O.rk djus dk D. dk /.sA jkT. fd. gh mldks rVLFkrk jkl u vkbZ gksxhA esjs fopkj esa Hkh bl çdkj dk lq>ko lgh ugha fd lEHkor% rVLFkrk foHkh"k.slk dgrs gS]a ßdksbZ ckr ugha] .fDr ugha] ftlds fy.d {k. ds egku O.k x.g D.k vkSfpR. ijke'kZ vkSj lg.kZ ç.d ds vfUre v/.fDr] dqyhu iq#"k dk mYys[k gS] ftls ns'k dh rRdkyhu ifjfLFkfr. mi.k us jko.s og fdlh dks vkd£"kr djus ds .d vius le.k] rks vkSfpR.ksfr&LrEHk iUægok¡ v/. ugha pkfg.k ds i{k esa Fkh] eSa .kZnk dh lhek ds vUnj rVLFk jguk pkfg.ksxh oLrq 'ks"k u jgh gksxh] D.u fd.k vuqHko u djus ds dkj.kk Fkh fd jko.Ruksa dks çsfjr fd.sls Hkh yksx gSa tks dgrs gS]a ß.k.k Fkk\ jko.sa vkSj .s] rks mfpr .kRed D.k tk.fn og ml le.k fdl çdkj dj ldrk Fkk\ og jko.k ds fodYi dk ç'u foHkh"k.k gksA dqN le.k rVLFk gh jgsA dnkfpr~~ bl çdkj dk dsoy .sls deZ] tks fd lEiw. 255   gksxk] tSlk fd vki lksp jgs gS\a Þ ugha] ugha! eSa bl ckr dk nkok ugha djrkA eSa tks dg jgk gw¡] og dsoy .k dk ifjR. Fkk] os ekuoh. ugha dj ik jgs gksa fd fdl i{k dks viuk leFkZu ns]a ftlls cqjkbZ ij vPNkbZ dh fot.k\Þ .k fd dksbZ rVLFk ik= .qDr deZ{ks= pquus ds ctk.Ldks]a o`¼ks]a fo/kokvksa vkSj vukFkksa ds vfrfjDr dksbZ u cpk FkkA lHkh .ks¼k ekjs tk pqds FksA jktifjokj esa mlds vfrfjDr dksbZ 'ks"k u Fkk] vkSj mlds ikl dsoy pkj ea=h jg x.k jke ls tk feyk] ijUrq mlus vius vkidks bruk fØ. lcls vPNk fodYi gks ldrk Fkk vkSj rVLFkrk dh ckr le> esa vk ldrh gS] .k }kjk .ksx nsuk loZFkk mfpr FkkA mldh ogk¡ mifLFkfr dk mís'.fHk"ksd ns[kus ds fy.k] .ksx djds yadk ds 'k=q jke dks lQyrk fn[kkbZ vkSj vius lgksnj HkkbZ dk fouk'k fd.d mnkgj.kx djus dk fu'p.k FkkA Lo. ç'u Hkh mBk.ku ls ij[kkA .k gS] ftldh ifjdYiuk dksbZ dgkuh ys[kd dj ldkA tks yksx .k gksxk] rks fu'p.k nks ckj dgyk.kksa esa yadk vkSj mlds ekspkZcUnh ds lc Hksn [kksy]s vkSj viuk vR.ksa esa .d vU. dk v/.k vdsyk gh x.k 'ks"k jg x.k dk Hkfo".slh /kkj. Hkwfedk vnk djuk lEHko Fkk] ijUrq tks nksuksa esa ls fdlh i{k dh vksj fuf'pr :i ls vkd"kZ.gh ckr bUæthr us vius pkpk ls dgh FkhA bl ç'u dk mÙkj igys gh ns fn.sA .k ls ewydkO.g ugha dg ldrk Fkk fd mls jkT. çÏfr dh xfjek dks ugha le>rs] u gh ml mís'.kkZ. Fkh\ ml Hk. us gh mlds lEiw.fDr vPNk gks ldrk gS .adj .d gSA Vdjko esa vkidks lfEefyr gksuk vko'.k dh .Ruksa ds pje y{.d .k Fkk] tks fdlh esa jktk cuus dh bPNk txkrk\ tcfd lHkh okuj] ftudks fotsrk i{k esa gksus dk lkSHkkX.k] .] gkFk ij gkFk j[k dj vius oS.k /kkrq ik. ysuk vko'. mls de ls de e.k ds fy.d lEekU.q¼ esa fot.k dks bl fo'o çse dh Hkkouk dk dksbZ vkHkkl Hkh u Fkk] tSlk fd ge yksx le>rs gSa vkSj mlus yadk rd dks Hkh vius ç.A yadk ls dsoy foHkh"k.ks/. fu'p.gh gksrk fd og yadk ls ckgj tkdj dgha vkSj Hkkjr esa pqipki jgus yxrkA Jh jke dh lgk.fDr ?kksj ladV ls la=Lr gS] vPNkbZ vkSj cqjkbZ dk ?kksj la?k"kZ gks jgk gks] nqfu. rd esa ugha ik.k FkkA ..k og mi.kx foHkh"k. gh vfu'p.fn lPpkbZ vkSj cqjkbZ dh nks 'kfDr.kZ.e ek= thfor iq#"k FkkA ml yadk }hi esa vYiO.kA [ÛkjS ! fdUrq Lo.kZu gS fd jkT.d O.ksa mlus Jh jke ds ik'oZ esa [kMÛs gksdj dqEHkd.ksa mlus .gh .g gS fd foHkh"k.kZ] bUæthr] çgLr vkfn dh vksj b'kkjk fd.d egku pfj= ekuk x.a foHkh"k.slh fLFkfr esa Hkh vkidks dqN u dqN fu.fn foHkh"k.a dks jktk D. feyk Fkk] iq"id foeku }kjk jke vkSj lhrk dk jkT. rd og fdadÙkZO.254 jkek.kx dj ldrk gS\ eSua s bl çdkj dk ekxZ viukus fojys gh ns[ksa gksxa As tc Jh jke vkSj jko.k ds lkeus vk.d dks mlus ?kfV.foew<Û jgrk gSA ijUrq tc og vPNh çdkj le> ysrk gS fd og vPNkbZ ds i{k esa D. gks tk. ds :i esa ugha lkspk FkkA mlus rks Jh jke vkSj jko.q¼ ds fu.slk dgrs gSa fd tc foHkh"k.Dq r lc çdkj dh nq"Vrk.\Þ D.ksx Jh jke dks fn.fn foHkh"k.k x. Hkh esjk mÙkj lh/kk gSA yksx dgrs gS]a ß.k tkrk gS] ftlds fy.k og .d çfrf"Br LFkku nsdj viuh vksj vkd£"kr fd.k¡ yxHkx cjkcj dh VDdj dh gks]a vkSj vki .ksa esa . ds ewyikB esa gh bl ckr dk o.k .k ds pfj= esa Fkh la.klksa esa ls .g fu'p.d c`gr~ fVIi.k cqjkA fdlh dks rVLFk jgus dk vf/kdkj ugha] tc rd fd og .kZ ekuo tkfr dks cnuke djus okys gSAa dqN . fnykuk] thr ml i{k dh ftlds lkFk mlus vus vkidks tksMÛ fy.ksX.s ç'u dsoy iwNus esa gh vPNs yxrs gS\a jke ds lkFk tqMÛus ij ml i{k dks iwjk&iwjk lg.k dqN dj ldrk gSA rks D.k.k gksA fyêu (Lytton) ds miU.k Fkk\ D.k ds T.d gSA mlls vNwrk jguk vlEHko gSA eSua s fdlh dFkk lkfgR. Fkk\Þ fcYdqy .g u lksps fd nksuksa i{k vPNkbZ esa cjkcj gSAa vUrj rks vPNkbZ vkSj cqjkbZ ds chp dk gS] /keZ vkSj v/keZ ds chpA .slk O.gk¡ dsoy .ksa cukuk Fkk\ D.k gS fd .s vFkok mlds lkFk jgk tk.ku j[krs gq.k .ksa cuk.kh djrk gw¡] ftlds n`f"Vdks.Ur cgqeYw .ksxh gksA .q¼ ds mijkUr] ftlesa dksbZ Hkh mi.k\ D.k] ijUrq jke .k jg x.. v. dqN lsok dh tk.Jh jko. dks] ftlds fufeÙk ekuo tkfr bl i`Foh xzg ij fo|eku gSA dqN yksx .k ds dqy dk .fDrd thou dh lc vkdka{kkvksa dk R.fn mlus viuh iwjh deZ 'kfDr vkSj dkS'ky dk ç.xzLr gks x.d jkT. vkSj LFkku ds fy.k\ D.

k dk mfpr mÙkj fey tk.ksfr&LrEHk 256  tkus dks dksbZ vU.a gh foHkh"k.a lqxhz oa 'kj. /kekZRek 'kj.kZr.4.ks /keZoRly%A rL.s .47-21 ÞeSa vkSj esjs HkkbZ] Jh jke& nksuksa gh lqxhz o dh 'kj. igyh gh ckrphr esa y{e.gk¡ rd fd vius HkkbZ dk Hkh] ftlds çfr og lc çdkj ls ½.y çns'k dks . çlkns lrra çlhns.k jgs fd foHkh"k.k gSA vki lEHkor% le> tk.ka xrkSAA .d cMÛs /kuh Fks] v.k esa vk.gk¡ tks dqN fn.kkxfr esAa bl egkdkO.fDr dguk] tks vius mís'.ksa jke us foHkh"k.d cqf¼eku] lPpfj= vkSj fu"diV 'kkld dh vko'.d leL.k.d . pkuqÙkea ..k HkfDr dk çfr:i ekuk tkrk gS] ^çifÙk* (vFkok vuU..s vkSj . foHkh"k.fDr ds çHkqRo esa vk.g mís'. ykykf.L. Fkk gh ughaA blls vf/kd ltho çek.r FkkA mlus yadk dks vaxhdkj dsoy dÙkZO.d ije fe= us] ftudh fo}Ùkk ds fy.k vius HkkbZ dh vksj ls guqeku ls dgrs gSa % vga pSo fg jke'p lqxhz oa 'kj.k] vkSj og Hkh .ksfa d ml egku pfj= dks .sA ””” 257 lksygok¡ v/.a dk mÙkj cMÛk fo}Ùkkiw.k tk.qfjek% çtk%A l jkeks okujsUæL.k.slk dqN Hkh ugha fd.kkxfr* ckj&ckj fy.kstu djk.s . dks xzg. esa Hkh vkidk /.iw£r ds fy.k ds T.k dh ckr yh FkhA nwljh vksj] eTÛks .qDr ugha yxkA vkjEHk esa bu nks pfj=ksa ds e/.ku vkd£"kr d:¡xkA rc eSa ewyikB ds çklafxd m¼j.kh Fkk] ifjR.s Fkh fd ml }hi ds fy.k gS] u fd LokFkZijrk dkA blh pfj= ds çfr eSa vxys v/.k.  lksygok¡ v/.k gS] vki iw.k ds fy.s gSAa esjs HkkbZ] tks . ds dFkk&okpdksa ds fy.g bPNk dsoy blfy.k gks ldrk gS] iwjh cckZnh vkSj futZurk dk tks ml Hkw[kaM ij NkbZ gqbZ FkhA .d fons'kh 'kklu dh jktuhfrd cqjkb.ka xr%AA .g gS fd Jh jke vkSj lqxhz o ds e/.k D.sA jke Hkh yadk dks mlds .k D.k .'k%A yksdukFk% iqjk HkwRok lqxhz oa ukFkfePNfrAA firk . ls eSa dqN dguk pkgw¡xkA eSa vk'kk djrk gw¡ fd blds ckn lEHkor% bl leL.k tk.k djus dh bPNkek= Hkh fuLLokFkZijrk dk çek.k.d ns'koklh dks gh lkSia us okys FksA vr% bl çdkj dk dksbZ fopkj rd Hkh u Fkk fd vius ns'k ds lkFk fo'okl?kkr djds] mldks nwljs dk xÛy q ke gksus fn. cuk fn.k og Lo.'p lqxhz oa 'kj..d lkadfs rd vfHk"ksd dk vk. HkfDr) ds :i esa vFkkZr~ jke dh 'kj.k\ mudk Lo.sA gesa Lej.gh pkgrk gw¡ fd vkidks vkefU=r d:¡ fd vki Lo.k 'kj.ksa dk fo"k.ka xr%AA loZyksdL.d ns'kæksgh] ns'k ds çfr fo'okl?kkrh] .ksfa d ml ?kk.L.drk FkhA eSa rks bl ckr dks blh n`f"Vdks.d egRokdka{kh vkSj yksyiq O.d ckj fopkjkFkZ .q¼ vkjEHk Hkh ugha gqvk Fkk] fdUrq lqxhz o ds fy.d cgqr egÙokdka{kh vkSj yksHkh O. tkus okyh fo"k."k nÙok p foÙkkfu çkI.qfDr.k gSA oLrqr% eSa dsoy . djs]a blls vf/kd dqN ughaA D.sls le. esa tcfd okLrfod :i ls .kx dj ldrk Fkk] xÛyr le>uk gSA mlus vius ns'k ds çfr fo'okl?kkr ugha fd. oS"kE.k NksMÛus ds iwoZ gh viuk lkjk /ku oSHko dk nku djds 257 . nwljk fodYi Fkk gh ughaA blds vfrfjDr og .g dguk xÛyr gS fd foHkh"k.% 'kj. dks Li"V djus ds mís'.sxa s fd eSua s dqN vlaxr ugha dgkA eSua s mlds pfj= dks fpf=r fd.kZ Fkk] ijUrq og eq>s . dnkfi ugha Fkk fd yadk ns'k ds 'k=q dh lEifÙk cu tk.&oLrq gSA mlus vius HkkbZ dh çHkqlÙkk ds fo#¼ foæksg djds vkSj mlds naM dh /kedh ls cpdj Jh jke dh 'kj.s fd tks vPNkbZ vkSj cqjkbZ esa Hksn dj ldrk Fkk vkSj vius çtktu ds fgr dks loksiZ fj le> ldrk FkkA jkT.a ds fy.ksfa d mldk .ka iqjkA xq:esZ jk?ko% lks·.sls O. vius lEcfU/k.fDr Fkk] tks yadk dks gLrxr djus ds fy. vkSj lsok dh loksPZ p Hkkouk ls çsfjr gksdj fd.s ewyikB ds gh Li"Vhdj.k x.s esjs eu esa loksPZ p vknj Hkko gS] . ^foHkh"k.k ls ekuuk Bhd le>rk gw¡A gks ldrk gS fd mlesa yadk ij 'kklu djus dh bPNk jgh Hkh gksA fdUrq] . iq=% 'kj.jkek.k D.ks/. iqjk áklhR'kj.k Hkh nw¡xk] ftlls vki ns[k ldsxa s fd eSua s .k esjs ..ks]a vkSj .k çLrqr dh& D. çlknefHkdk³~{krsAA IV.k ds pfj= ds çfr U.

sA jko. ds fy.46.k ds T.kZ txr ds ukFk (laj{kd) Fks] os vkt lqxhz o dks viuk j{kd cukuk pkgrs gSAa ftuds firk igys 'kj.130.k dh lsuk dks fNék&fHkék djus] u"V djus vkSj jko.|fi vius gh ogk¡ vk.ks¼k lfEefyr FksA foHkh"k.k% iqjha iqufjgkxrk%AA .kka oj%A RoeLekda prq.gh cMÛh ckr FkhA ftUgksua s ^jkek.s gSa % vuy% 'kjHk'pSo laikfr% ç/klLrFkkA xRok y³~dka eekekR.s Fkh D. ls yxkdj muls dgk] ßlqxhz o! rqe ge pkjksa Hkkb.k vkSj .a ogk¡ vk.s igys ls dqN rS.g fLFkfr vUr rd vifjo£rr jgh] ge ns[ksa ml le.k igq¡p]s Hkjr us cMÛs e`nq Loj esa lkURouk nsrs gq.drk FkhA vr% os nskuksa cjkcjh esa LFkku ij FksA .s tk ldrs gSaA blls lqxzho vkSj foHkh"k.k nsus dks dgkA tc rd mls igys vkSj nwljs çek.kkxr ikyd vkSj /keZoRly jgs gSa vkt mUgha egkjkt n'kjFk ds iq=] Jh jke lqxhz o dh 'kj.g oS"kE.ksfa d mlesa tSls guqeku] tkEcoku] vaxn] uy] uhy vkfn tSls çeq[k .q¼ dkS'ky dk çek.k og bruh egÙoiw. lqxhz o jke dh egkurk ls vufHkK FkkA vkjEHk esa rks og . Li"V gks tkrk gSA lqxhz o us vuqcU/k dk viuk oknk iwjk djus ds fy.'k çkIr dj pqds gSAa tks iwoZ esa lEiw.d nwljs dh lgk.ksa iq=ksa vkSj eq[.a jko. rd bl çlax esa vusd 'yksd m¼`r fd.rk nsus dh {kerk ij lUnsg FkkA mldks fo'okl ugha Fkk fd jke mlds HkkbZ] ckfy ds lkeus Bgj ldsxa As vr% mlus muls viuh 'kfDr vkSj .q¼ ds fy.slk Hkh ugha dgk tk ldrk fd mldh lgk.k ugha fey x.su Ñra deZ lqn"q dje~A VI.Z Fkk] tcfd foHkh"k. 259   ije mÙke .k ds lkFkA igys rks lsrfq uekZ.k Fkk] og yxHkx vdsyk FkkA mlds lkFk pkj lk/kkj. gSA vFkkczohæktiq=% lqxhz oa okuj"kZHke~AA ifj"oT.slk Hkh ugha dgk tk ldrk fd Jh jke us vius vfHk.k ls TÛkjk igys vk igq¡prk gSA dnkfpr~~ gesa .ke~A VI.slk yxrk gS fd og .g lkjh çtk çlékrk ls çQqfYyr gksrh Fkh] os Jh jke vkt okuj jkt lqxhz o dh çlékrk pkgrs gSaAÞ ifjek.k Fkk vkSj mlds vkus ls Jh jke dks cgqr ykHk Hkh gqvkA ijUrq .k dh vko'.ksfa d Lusgiwod Z midkj djus ls gh dksbZ Hkh fe= curk gS] vkSj og fe= viuk HkkbZ gh gksrk gSA vidkj djuk 'k=q dk gh y{k.s lqxhz o vifjgk.g Fkh fd igyh HksVa ds le. fd .37.k fn.k Fkk] ftl fnu ijh{kk iwjh gks xbZ Fkh] v|SoA lkjk ?kVukØe bruh rhozxfr ls ?kVk vkSj bruk vuisf{kr Fkk jke vkSj lqxhz o dh eS=h gqb]Z jke us vius .s cMÛk dkykUrjky Fkk vkSj dkQÛh le.ksa dks fBdkus yxkus esa vkSj .fDr.k esa vk.k gksuk FkkA .q¼ esa Hkh dbZ fnu yx x.rk d:¡xk]Þ lqxzho dks fQj Hkh mudh lgk.k gSAÞ tc foHkh"k.kZ txr dks 'kj.s gSAa ftuds çlék gksus ij lnk .rk ikdj Jh jke us vR.kjh djus dh vko'.ka p Hkjr% lkURookD.k Ro.rk dqN fo'ks"k dfBukb. lsukifr.s FksA jke dks gh lqxhz o ds laj{k. dk n`'.k* i<Ûh gS vkSj tks bldh dFkk ls ifjfpr gS]a rqjUr le> ldrs gSa fd yadk fot.k] lqxhz o us vius HkkbZ dks .k lgk.drk ugha gS] ijUrq .q¼ {ks= esa vfUre feVus okyk Fkk& Lo.ku ds fy.d ik.g fn[kkus ds fy.k dk vfHkoknu lekIr gks x.k vuqpj Fks] ftuls uke rd dk mYys[k djuk dfo Hkwy tkrk gSA* foHkh"k.kZ lek/kku gks tkrk gSA vr% gjsd n`f"V ls lqxhz o Jh jke dk led{k Fkk vkSj nksuksa dks .ksfr&LrEHk lksygok¡ v/.q¼ ugha gqvk] tSlk fd jko.7 esa fn.44-46 tSls gh /kekZRekvksa esa Js"B egkrstLoh jktdqekj Hkjr okujjkt lqxhz o ls feys] mUgsa ân.k dk lEcU/k gS] mlds fy.kA tgk¡ rd foHkh"k.s x.k.k ds ifjokj] Hkkb.k] lgk.k nksuksa Hkjr ls feys] rc Hkjr us fdl çdkj nksuksa dk Lokxr fd.k] ßeSa rqEgkjh lgk.k dh vfHko`fÙk.drk ugha FkhA ckfy dk o/k rks mlh fnu gks x.kA dnkfpr~~ bls lw{e n`f"V mls ns[kus dh vko'.rs fe=eidkjks·fjy{k.kk± rq Hkzkrk lqxhz o i´pe%AA lkSânkTtk.ksa esa oS"kE. f'k{kkçn gS vkSj esjk fo'okl gS fd dfo dk bl çdkj dk vfHkçk.rk ds fcuk dke ugha py ldrk Fkk ..k ds dkj.258 jkek. vR.k gSAÞ brus gh 'kCnksa esa foHkh"k.kZ Fkh] ftruh lqxhz o dhA nwljh ckr .ksa dh fo"kerk iwjh rjg Li"V gks tkrh gS] tc os jke ds ikl vk.s] og lUrq"V ugha gqvkA fdUrq tgk¡ rd foHkh"k.k] .k u Fkh] vfirq blfy.Ur nq"dj dk.s mls furkUr vko'.Z lEiék fd.d 'kfDr'kkyh okfguh eSnku esa [kMÛh dj nhA og 'kfDr'kkyh vius c`gr~ * muds uke VI.d LoHkkfod <ax ls mldk vfHk"ksd lEiék gks x.k esa vk.kZ fl¼ gqb]Z ijUrq .Ur egRoiw..k dk lEcU/k gS] mls jke dh egkurk] muds ijkØe vkSj muds uSfrd xq. egkrstk Hkjrks /kÆe.k ds vkus dh dksbZ vis{kk Hkh u FkhA og lsrq fuekZ.drk FkhA blls gjsd ckr dk iw.k tc vk.ksa ds ik¡posa HkkbZ gks] rqEgkjk bl ifjokj esa Lokxr gSA D.s pqukSrh nh] Jh jke us vUrr% mldk o/k dj fn. dh ckr gS fd vkidh lgk.rk rks mlls cgqr feyhA oLrqr% mldh lgk.k nsus okys Fks] os vkt lqxhz o dh 'kj.kA dksbZ cMÛk . muls dgk % foHkh"k.s gSAa tks esjs /kekZRek cMÛs HkkbZ] Jh jke igys lEiw.kA bl çdkj bu nks O.kksa dk iwjk&iwjk Kku FkkA lqxhz o ds vfHk"ksd ds fy.ksa ds le.] tc jke ouokl ls ?kj ykSVs vkSj iêkfHk"ksd ds dqN iwoZ lqxhz o vkSj foHkh"k.q¼dkS'ky dk çek.k Lo.eFkkczohr~AA fn"V~.130.g Hkh ugha tkurk Fkk fd jke dkSu Fks\ tc jke us vk'oklu fn.rk dh vko'. .47 ßjk{kljkt! cMÛs lkSHkkX.

kh ls djrk gw¡] tks esjs fopkj esa çpqj ek=k esa .adj Hkkj fl¼ gksus tk jgh gS] mls ykSVk dj Jh jke ls lfU/k dj yksA jko.s lEHko u Fkk] ijUrq .k ds fo"k..ks]a ½f"k.37. esa loZFkk vufHkK ugha gksxa As nwljk lUnHkZ gS] lqUnj dkaM (V.k * nsf[k.ksa dh cgu gw¡A . Hk.k] muds nq"deks± ls Øks/kkfo"V gksdj vius vuqpjksa dks ml okuj dks ekjus dk vkns'k nsrk gSA oSls rks guqeku dks ekjuk fdls ds fy.kso`¼ gS vkSj ftudh Hkfo". gSA gks ldrk gS fd çfr"Bk vkSj egRo dh n`f"V ls lqxhz o dk Lrj dqN Å¡pk Fkk vkSj jke ds led{k ekuk tkrk FkkA .Z k[kk foHkh"k.kA mnkgkj.Z] ij'kqjke] cfy] ekdZ.ksa dh iw£r vfHk"ksd ds i'pkr~ gh gqbAZ tkudh dh [kkst Hkh rRi'pkr~ gh vkjEHk gqbAZ ijUrq foHkh"k.kZ]Þ vkSj rRi'pkr~ og rhljs HkkbZ] foHkh"k.ksa esa ls .k] nwljk gS egkcyh dqEHkd.d loZlk£od ^fpjathoh* gks x.fDr.slk vkns'k yadkifr }kjk fn.kZIr gS fd .k us bldk ?kksj fojks/k fd.d ckj .k gS]a tks vej le>s tkrs gSa % v'oRFkkek] Ïikpk. gh gekjs lkeus vusd dfBukb.k jgh\ tgk¡ rd lqxhz o dk lEcU/k gS] mldh jke ds çfr lc lgk. mfpr naM lksprk gw¡A okujksa dks viuh iw¡N cMÛh I.ku ugha fn.d ckr vkSj foHkh"k.9) dk tc lhrk guqeku ls jko. os mlds fo"k.40. fodYi Hkh esjs ikl gSAa eSa vijk/kh ds fy.k gksxk] blh lqUnj dkaM esa vkxs (V.k ds le{k çLrqr fd.s"B iq=h] dyk us] ftls mldh ekrk us xksiuh. esa vfHk"ksd ds ckn djus ds fy.k us .k ds lEcU/k esa gS] tks eSa crkuk pkgrk gw¡ fd tc jke dks foHkh"k. jktk }kjk Hksts x.sls O.kZfnr 'kkyhurk dh Hkkouk fo|eku FkhA tgk¡ rd foHkh"k.k cU/kqvksa dk vf/kd çseik= vkSj fo'okl ik= FkkA vkxs pydj mÙkj dkaM esa gh bldk mYys[k feyrk gS fd jke ds lalxZ ls mls .kjh gksrh gS] ogh budk vkHkw"k.k vkSj nwljs dk ughaA .2) ml n`'.k eSa viuk oknk iwjk u dj ldw¡xkA le. rks eSa . 261   vfu'p.slk çrhr gksrk gS fd ml le.k] .k gSA nwr ds fy.k x.a 'kwi. dqN 'ks"k ugha cpk FkkA bl oS"kE.qnMa mfpr naM ughaA .sxk] bldks okLrfod vfHk"ksd esa cny nw¡xkAÞ tgk¡ rd lqxhz o dh ckr gS] ogk¡ okns ds Hkjksls jgus dh dksbZ vko'. i`-238.] foHkh"k.260 jkek.a dks jke dk .k FkkA mlus crk.¡ vFkkZr mlds vkSj jke ds vkilh le>kSrs ds vuqlkj] mlds dÙkZO.kkFkZ] vj. nwr dk o/k ugha djrk gSA blesa lUnsg ugha fd mlus cMÛk vijk/k fd.17-24) esa tc Jh jke 'kwi.ksfr&LrEHk lksygok¡ v/.d cMÛs T.Z k[kk ls mldk ifjp.|fi tSlk fd vkidks Lej.k gSA vr% 'kh?kzkfr'kh?kz bldh iw¡N esa vkx yxkdj bl iwjs uxj esa ?kqek.k] muds }kjk yadk uxjh ds fo/oal ds çfrfØ.ok.kl vkSj guqeku)A ..ks/.kvksa ds dkj.k gSA fu'p.k vkSj mldh gB/kehZ ds fo"k. çdkj ds cgqr ls naM gS]a tSls vax&Hkax dj nsuk vkfnA ijUrq] e`R.k.d dk lkadfs rd vfHk"ksd fd. i.sls mYys[k gS]a ftuls ladrs feyrk gS fd os furkUr vufHkK Hkh u Fks] .slk djuk mfpr u gksxkA Þ. dksbZ vU.d gS (*fpjathoh^ fo'ks"k :i ls vkB nsoRo O.d vlkekU. rks dkQÛh yx ldrk gS] cMÛs ladVksa dk lkeuk djuk gksxk] blls iwoZ fd rqe jktk cuksA fQj Hkh .kA ml le.k x.kA fgUnqvksa esa ekU.d jktk vU.k ls dgha Å¡pk FkkA eSa bl lUnHkZ dks lekIr bl fVIi.g crkus ds fy. VI.drk ugha FkhA oknk fd.g Hkh ns[kus dh ckr gS fd Lo.g lkadfs rd vfHk"ksd dj jgk gw¡A tSls gh rqEgkjk HkkbZ lekIr gks tk.k gS fd jko.k dk mYys[k bl çdkj djrh gS] ßijUrq os /kekZRek gS]a os yksd/keZ dk ikyu djrs gSa vkSj jk{klksa ds vkpkj&fopkj dk ikyu dHkh ugha djrsAÞ Lo.k dks Jh jke us mlls dgk] ßeSa rqe ls .k us bu fgrdkjh opuksa ij /.k dh T.s fd bl fo"k. esa okrkZyki djrh gS] og dgrh gS] ßeq>s foHkh"k.k fd lquk x.s tkrs gSa vkSj jko.g iDdk oknk djrk gw¡A fu'p.slk djus ls mPpoxZ esa vkidh eku&çfr"Bk ?kVsxh] tgk¡ vkidh dh£r vkSj uke gSAß bl ckr rks jko.k dk lEcU/k gS] dnkfpr~~ mldk LFkku lqxhz o ds cjkcj u Hkh jgk gks] ijUrq ç. vuks[kk iqjLdkj çkIr gqvkµ og . nh gksxhA blds vfrfjDr vkidks Lej.rk gS fd foHkh"k.FkkrF.% lp fudyrh gS] ijke'kZ fy.a vfHk"ksd dh Hkwfedk D.qDr Hkk"kk vkSj muds ikjLifjd lEcU/kksa ds vk/kkj ij eq>s iwjk fo'okl gS fd lqxhz o dh rqyuk esa foHkh"k.d e.ogkj djrs gS]a ekuks eSa mudk l[kk gw¡A ijUrq eSa dsoy mudk nkl gw¡AÞ blls .rk lsok. esa loZFkk vufHkK FksA fdUrq ewyikB esa dbZ LFkkuksa ij .k lq>ko eku ysrk gS vkSj dgrk gS] ßvPNh ckr] tSlk rqe dgrs gks naM ds vU.d ckr vkSj gS] tks f'k{kkçn gSA tgk¡ eSua s bruk dqN dgk] ftlls .ksa ds fo'ks"k. ls lEcfU/kr . .52.k] O.k vkSj rqjUr mldh iw£r Hkh dj nh xbZ! eSa le>rk gw¡ fd bruh gh ckr Li"V djus ds fy.s esjs ikl Hkstk Fkk] crk.d gS fo'ofotsrk egku yadk ujs'k jko. gh blus Øks/k dks HkMÛdk.gh irk yxrk gS fd lqxhz o esa . vU.k ds fo"k.k dh lk/kqrk dh xokgh nsrh gSA bl çdkj Jh jke foHkh"k. dkaM (III. es]a tcfd guqeku jko.k gksxk] og Lo.g lhrk rqEgkjs fy.d vius ^nkl* gh dgrk FkkA* og dgrk gS] ßjke rks esjs lkFk .k v.kh çk.kkFkhZ ds :i esa mifLFkr gqvk gS vkSj muds fny esa ços'k pkgrk gS] .g dg dj fd .ksfr"kh ls] tks fd f=dkyK vkSj o. okrkZ ds fy.k ds T.slk yxs fd lqxhz o dk LFkku foHkh"k.k x.k Hkh egku fpjathfo.Ms.10 v-14.kA nq"VHkkouk ls çsfjr mldk ân. vHkh rd esjs ihNs iMÛk gSAÞ ge dYiuk dj ldrs gSa fd bl ckr dh guqeku us jke dks lwpuk vo'.k] . esa eSa xEHkhj gw¡] bl le. foHkh"k.|fi rRdky bl lUnHkZ esa dqN ugha dgk x. vkSj vk'kadk dh fLFkfr cuh jghA bruh yEch vof/k rd foHkh"k.k¡ gS]a ijUrq .k dh çkFkZuk dh lwpuk feyh Fkh fd og 'kj. iwNrs gSa] og crkrh gS] ßeSa rhu Hkkb.slk er lkspks fd bl dkj.

Z dh ckr rks .k gks vFkok Jh jke dks Lohdkj djus ds i{k ds rdks± dk Lej.k rqA foÑ".rk dh Fkh] vkSj foHkh"k.ksx djrs gSAa bUæftr dh Hkk"kk i<Ûrs le.slk yxrk gS fd mlesa vkSj bUæftr ds chp ?kksj fo}s"k FkkA ^jkek.g er O.Z%AA VI.gk¡ ls tk.ksÙkekukefi 'kksdnkrkA dFka ujsUækRet.kk% lexzk%AA lks·ga lqj.kk djrk gS D.Dr djuk pkgrk gw¡ fd ^'kki* 'kCn dk vFkZ dqN O.k gqvk] og rks vki Hkyh Hkk¡fr tkurs gh gSAa .s.d .k ds T.drk. 263   tk. opks·FkZghua cgq foçyIre~AA Roeso o/. nsdj uhps [kMÛs okujksa ls dgrk gS] ßJh jke ds ikl tkdj esjs vkxeu dh lwpuk nks vkSj dgks 'kj. .k.s cgqr lh fujFkZd ckrsa dj jgs gks] ifj. dk .k FkkA .ks .qDr Hkk"kk esa çfriknu djrk gS] ftldks vki ljkgs fcuk ugha jg ldrsA bUæftr fo'ks"k :i ls foHkh"k.ksa ds chp viuh cky piyrk ds dkj.k vkSj os Hkkx x.Z vkSj rst ls jfgr gSAa .k ds gh dkj.slk dj Hkh pqds FksA* ijUrq] fuf'pr :i ls volj mlds mYys[k djus dk Fkk] tcfd foHkh"k.gh jgk gksxkA foHkh"k.gh guqeku ppkZ djrs le.'p lqneZfr'p l pkfi o/.slk yxsxk] ekuks vki vktdy ds jktuhfrd {ks= ds yksxksa esa ls fdlh .UeU=Ñrka lehie~AA /kukfu jRukfu foHkw"k.kkFkhZ foHkh"k.ksa dks Hkh 'kksdeXu djus okyk gS rFkk tks cy&ijkØe lEiék gS] eq> tSlk ohj euq".k ds Lohdkj djus ds lEcU/k esa rdZ&fordZ gks jgs FksA .k FkkA ml le.15.ksfr&LrEHk lksygok¡ v/.g Hkh rkRi.sls gSa cy] oh.ksa u gks]a fQj Hkh vkidks /keZ dh vis{kk vius ns'k çse dk gh pquko djuk Js.g Hkh mYys[k djuk vko'.k gh . nUrkS rq e.Z .g lekpkj ikdj Jh jke vius çeq[k O.g .kha'p fp=ku~A lhrka p jkek.k vius pkj vuqpjksa ds lkFk vkdk'k esa çdV gksrk gS vkSj viuk ifjp.A vius bl ijkØe }kjk leLr nsorkx.7 ßfirk th! vkids NksVs HkkbZ dSls gS]a ftuesa ifjokj ds egku xq.36.s] ftlls blds dqVEq ch tu bldh ghu voLFkk dks ns[k ldsAa Þ vkxs D..d gS fd jke ds f'kfoj esa bl ckr dh ljkguk dh tkrh Fkh fd eukso`fÙk ls og .ks% çkÑR.kZu eSua s igys fd.k Fkk] .. v-12.s viuk er O.k pkj voljksa esa bl rdZ dk Hkh Lej.foiDocqf)%A rLekÙo.ks·| çkos'k.kke dks fcuk lksp&s le>sA rqEgkjh cqf¼ cgqr NksVh gSA * nsf[k.d eq>s nsf[k.k guqeku dks .k us lpeqp mudh lgk. gSA bl fl¼kUr dk bUæftr cMÛh mi.k gS] tc guqeku dh Lej. tkfr ds nks lk/kkj.262 jkek.9.sax]s tcfd mudh vko'.kid jgk gksxkA 'kki 'kCn esa u dsoy .sjkorks foLojeqénu l fuikfrrks Hkwferys e.ku bl vksj fnyk.k jktdqekjksa dk lkeuk dSls ugha dj ldrk gS\Þ vius ls cqTÛkÛxq Z vkSj pkpk ds çfr . rqe vius fouk'k ds fy.k vkidh lsok esa mifLFkr gqvk gSAÞ eSa .k gksA 'kk.k! ogh] tks nsorkvksa rd dk nyu dj ldrk gS] cMÛs cMsÛ nSR. bgku.k Fkk] tks bl Hkkouk ls vksrçksr gSa fd ns'kçse loksZPp ln~xq.g 'kki feyk Fkk fd os vius ijkØe vkSj egkurk dks furkUr Hkwy tk.k çlá fo=kflrk nsox. vkidks .Zs k p rstlk pA .d ckrsa Hkh Hkwy tk.ks·fLr ckyLRoe|kI.¡ Hkh ladV esa D.k dks vkrad esa Mky fn.Ùoke~A ckya n`<a lkgflda p .d vkSj ckr gS] ftldks dnkfpr~~ guqeku Hkyk u lds gksxa As tc foHkh"k.sls O.d% dqy·s fLeu~ iq:"kks foeqDrks foHkh"k. guqeku Hkh bldk mYys[k djuk Hkwy tkrs gSa fd fdl çdkj tc os yadk esa Fks] foHkh"k.k lfgr lqxhz o us Jh jke }kjk foHkh"k.sxa ]s tc rd dksbZ mUgsa fujUrj mldk Lej.k gqvk gksA tc eSa guqeku ij vkÅ¡xk] eSa fQj bl çlax dk mYys[k d:¡xk] tks fd mu rhu .g .g Fkh fd rRle.d Hkh ugha gSA gekjs bl jk{kl dqy esa NksVs pkpk] foHkh"k..drk gksxhA .k 'kkS. eSa fn[kkus dk ç.14 ßrkr! vHkh rqe ckyd gks] rqEgkjh cqf¼ vifjiDo gSA rqEgkjs eu esa dÙkZO.g fufgr Fkk fd mudks vius cy dh foLe`fr jgsxh] vfirq ..d nwljs ds çfr cMÛh dVq Hkk"kk dk ç.fDr.kfu e.Dr fd.Z Fkk fd os vR. fuos| nsoha olse jktfég ohr'kksdk%AA VI.slk çrhr gksrk gSA ½f"k.Zs k /kS. i`-164-168.k ls ?k`.ko'.11.k Hkh dBksjok.fDr Fks] ftUgksua s foHkh"k.s bu opuksa ls dqN vçlék gksdj] foHkh"k.ksuZ 'kDrks euq". ugha gSA blhfy.k dks viukus mdk dMÛk fojks/k fd.]Z 'kkS.slk çrhr ugha gksrk fd guqeku us Jh jke dk /. og TÛkksj&TÛkksj ls fpa?kk<Û jgk FkkA rRi'pkr~ eSua s mu nk¡rksa dk ç.k djkrk u jgsxkA bl lUnHkZ esa eSa .d Nksdjs }kjk dgs x.n os .ks% lqoh.k] tkEcoku] guqeku] lqxzho vkfn lsA y{e.kkfu oklkafl fnO. vdÙkZO.Z k ijkØes.15.k ds lEcU/k esa .d ^/kekZRek* gSA lÙosu oh.kl d:¡xk fd rkRi.kA guqeku gh vdsys .kLrkr dfu"B .! eSua s cyiwod Z ..k 'kfDr us mUgsa /kks[kk ns fn.g fd vius ukrs&fj'rsnkjksa ds çfr fu"Bk loksiZ fj uSfrdrk gSA pkgs /keZ dh ije vko'.k* ds nks ifjPNsnksa esa os .ksfa d og .sA tyh iw¡N ysdj .k dks Lohdkj djus ds fy.kh esa mÙkj nsrs gSa % u rkr eU=s ro fu'p.k ákRefouk'kk.FkkFkZ fu'p.k gS vkSj .d vksj eSa vkSj nwljh vksj esjs pkpk] foHkh"k.Z] ijkØe /kS.kksa esa ."k%AA .kkefi niZgUrk nSR.d /kekZRek Fkk] u fd jk{kl] ijUrq .k mudh tku cp xbZ Fkh] vkSj yadk ds vf/kdka'k Hkkx dks HkLelkr djus dk lqvolj muds gkFk esa vk x.ksa ls ijke'kZ djrs gSaµ y{e.sjkor gkFkh ds Hkh nksuksa nk¡r m[kkMÛ dj] mls LoxZ ls i`Foh ij fxjk fn.d dks lqu jgs gks]a ftudk o.k FkkA lEHko gS fd bl ckr dk mYys[k mUgksua s fd.ksx nsorkvksa ij fd.kA ijUrq vk'p.

O.ksfa d esjs HkkbZ jko.k dk ifjR. cU/kqvksa dk tks LoHkko gksrk gS] mls eSa Hkyh Hkkafr tkurk gw¡A vkinkvksa esa gh Kkrh g"kZ ekurs gSAa Kkfrvksa dk dHkh fo'okl ugha djuk pkfg. ck.s esjs 'kCn nq"deks± ds çfrdwy psrkouh rqEgkjs ân.ka la[.kZu ds m¼j.fn jg ldrs gksA ..kksa ds ç.k{ks= esa ços'k djrk gS] og vius çkf.fn rqe yadk esa fuf'par] fujik.d gh xks= ds O.fDrRo dh .adj gksrs gSAa Þ dbZ 'yksdksa ds ckn] ftudk vUr ^rFkkuk.ksx dh .k dh .Ur jkspd va'kksa esa gS]a tks fd vR.lus"okrrkf.kZ Hkwfedk gSA eSa bl çlax ij dqN le.16.k Jh jke dh 'kj.g lalkj dh xfr gSA tc euq".d nk.kus gS]a rks Kkfr ds lkFk ugha jgs]a D.kfe lR.kZ] vlw.s"Z kq lkSâne~* esa gksrk gS (VI. esjh psrkouh vkSj lqj{kk ds çfr opuksa dks ugha lqursA rqEgkjk dY.fn fdlh vU.k vk.k ij vkrs gS]a ftlesa bUæftr vkSj foHkh"k.kA mlds ckn vkSj tks ea=.ks/.kRed dYiuk ls Hkjiwj gSA tc bUæftr nksuksa Hkkb. eaf=.Ur dkS'ky.kx] yadk dk R.kksa us nksuksa Hkkb.k gw¡A eSa .h gksrs gSAa muls lnk fdlh u fdlh ladV dh vk'kadk jgrh gSA viuk HkuksHkko fNik.k.264 jkek.k dk o/k djds eSa rqEgsa yadk dk jktk cukÅ¡xkA eSa vius rhu rhuksa Hkkb.ksa ds 'kjhjksa ij vk?kkr fd.koh dkS'ky dk ç.fDr fopkj fofue.d ek.kkfoUn ij iMÛks vkSj lhrk dks okil dj cgqeYw . m¼j.s j.19.19.d xÛyrh gSA rqe ifj.q¼ esa iq= vkSj ckU/koksa lfgr jko.5 ßHkkbZ foHkh"k. dj jgs gS]a .kogk%AA VI.ksa vFkkZr~ ltkrh.d vaxy q Hkj Hkh fjDr LFkku 'ks"k u cpkA bu fouk'kdkjh likZdkj ck. 265   rqEgsa .gk¡ D. dkyo'k gksrk gS] rks fe=ksa dh psrkouh vulquh jg tkrh gSAÞ rc og ogk¡ ls pyk tkrk gS vkSj vkdk'k esa gh fLFkr jgdj vkSj viuk ifjp.d egÙoiw.s liq=cyckU/koe~A v.fDrRo dh ckr Fkh] ekuks mPp O.Lrq Hk.d Lej.kfe f=fHkLrSHkzkr Z f` Hk% 'kisAA VI.Ur HkkokRed] vR.k x.kn Hkh gksA .slk dgk gksrk] rks rqjUr gh eSua s mls lekIr dj fn.k gksrkA fdUrq] D.|fi ifjokj ds 'k=q gks] eSa rqEgkjk ek= ifjR.% lnkAA fuR.g dgrs gq.kiqjh esa ços'k ugha d:¡xkAÞ dqy vkxs pydj ge . gksrk gSA og vkarfjd :i ls bZ".k gksA çlék jgks esjs fcuk] .qDr o.d fu'kkuh) fd . esa [.k ?kksjk Kkr.eU.kZ oSHkoksa dk ifjR. gq.k ysus vk.k gw¡A viuh iRuh vkSj cPpksa dks Hkh ogha NksMÛ vk.k vkSj f'kfoj esa [kycyh gks xbZa muds cMÛ&s cMÛs 'kfDr'kkyh okuj Hkh u dqN dj lds vkSj u gh dqN lksp ldsA fdUrq foHkh"k.k ds T.k] rqe esjs Kkfr vFkkZr~ .kksa dk çHkko bruk gkfudkjd Fkk fd lc lkspus yxs fd mudk thou lekIr gks x.qfDr lw>hA bu ToyUr vkSj /kqvk¡ NksMÛrs gq. .k gS] tgk¡ o.kn loZnk vfo'oluh.o Øwj vkSj Hk.ksa dh lkSxU/k [kkdj .k dh vksj mUeq[k gksdj dgrs gSa] ß.s jgrs gS]a }s"k.k .ksa vkSj okuj lsuk dk lkeuk djus ds fy.kZr% vkidk gw¡] lewpk vkidk gw¡AÞ fQj jke 'kiFkiwod Z dgrs gSa % vga gRok n'kxzhoa lçgLra lgkuqte~A jktkua Roka dfj". egku ladV mifLFkr gSAÞ jko.ka u ços{.21 ßleLr mifLFkrtu dks lEcksf/kr dj eSa opu nsrk gw¡ fd çgLr vkSj mlds vU.kke dks lksp&s le>s fcuk vusd fujFkZd ckrsa dg ldrs gksA Ïi. ds vR.fDr gks] .16.s] vkSj muds 'kjhjksa ij .ksa rFkk iq=ksa ds lfgr jko.g rks vki tkurs gh gSa fd mlds ckn lqxhz o gqueku vkfn okujksa ds lkFk ea=.g .kso`¼ O.fDr us eq>ls .k vkSj oSjHkko dk ewÙkZ :i gSA 'k=qor~ iMÛkl s h vkSj dqfir fo"k/kj liZ ds lkFk jguk iMÛs rks jg ysA ijUrq tks fe= dgykdj Hkh 'k=q dh lsok dj jgk gks] mlds lkFk dnkfi ughaA . vkSj rqEgs jktk cuk.fn vki l. nsdj] mu okujksa ls] tks Jh jke ds vkl&ikl mifLFkr Fks] dgrk gS] ßeSa foHkh"k.g bl egkdkO.kh.ksx djuk ugha HkwyrkA .d lsod dh Hkkafr O.ksU.ksfa d .Fkk ge lcds fy. inkFkZ HksVa Lo:i nksA vU.qÙkj esa tks dgrk gS] os 'kCn lkfgR.ksa yk. 'k=q ds lkFk jgrk gSA oLrqr% og 'k=q dk gh fe= gksrk gSA gs jk{kl! lEiw.esrn~ czohfe rsAA vgRok jko.qDr ân.d nk.gk¡ bl dkj.laâ"Vk O.s fcuk] eSa v.3.kx] vkSj viuh lEifÙk vkSj ifjokj dk Hkh R.gk¡ mls likZdkj ck.k dk o/k fd.u%A çPNéân.k us dVqopu cksydj esjh HkRlZuk dh vkSj frjLdkj dj .2.kx dj nsrk gS] ß. ls vUnj gh vUnj eqLdjkrs jgrs gSAa vr.kk dh vkSj fQj mlus tkdj Jh jke dks lwfpr fd.kZ yksdksa esa Kkfr.g dgrk gw¡ (.k gw¡ D.ogkj djus /k`"Vrk dhAÞ .] llEeku vkSj lqjf{kr jguk pkgrs gks] rks tkvks jke ds pj.k okA u rq fe=çoknsu laolsPN=qlsfoukAA tkukfe 'khya Kkrhuka loZyksd"s kq jk{kl%A â".fUr O.k çR.ksfr&LrEHk lksygok¡ v/.ks/. rd u igq¡pxs hA lko/kku jguk] .lus"osrs Kkrhuka Kkr.k.ksfa d Kkfr ckr rks djrk gS] ehBh&ehBhA ijUrq mldk ân.k gSA eSa rks iw.kk ikjLifjd gqbAZ mlds vUr esa Jh jke dgrs gS]a ßeSua s vius lEiw.sA os cMÛs vkrrk.ksfa d rqe esjs HkkbZ gks] .slk çrhr gksrk gS fd mu fnuksa vfHktkr oxZ esa bl çdkj dh 'kiFk ysuk cgqr mPp O.k TÛkjk lkspks] le>ksAÞ fQj jko.kr gSa % olsRlg liRusu Øq)u s k'khfo"ks.kx dj fn. foHkh"k.kksa vkSj mPpdksfV dh dkO.1114)] jko.k esa fo'ks"k çfrHkk Fkh fd og vn`'.kx djrk gw¡A rqe dky ds o'khHkwr gks vkSj mlls cp ugha ldrsA blhfy. yxkÅ¡xk D.

kk fd fdlh Hkh phTÛk dh ^vfr* ?kkrd fl¼ gks ldrh gS] laLÏr dkO.kZIr ykHk mBk.k NksMÛ ns] vkSj nwljk vkJ.] dsoy bu Hkkb.k.ys dh jkf'k ds leku vkÏfr usA .ksx lhrk dks .der gksdj ml LFkku ls iyk..] jke us Lo.g fofnr gksxk fd fdl çdkj d#.d dk.k fd fdl çdkj nksuksa Hkkb.k ogk¡ ços'k fd. esa çk.kysok ugha gSA gekjs fç.k tk.kZ lq>ko lqukbZ nsus yxsA ml le.k fujk'k gksdj Lo.tu 'kh?kz gh bl ewPNkZ ls eqDr gks tk.o] lhrk dh j{kk djus okyh jk{kfl.q¼ esa .gk¡ tksMÛ nsrk gSA vki lc dks .kr dj fn.s gq.kA rqe l[kkvksa ds jktk gks] rqe ls vkSj bu okuj f'kjksef.fn thfor u jgs] rks eSa Hkh vius çk.k gS] vkf/kD.k vR.f/kd Lusg dh Hkkouk Hkj tk.k dk lk{kkRdkj djds] mUgksua s Hk. dks fuHkk.k] og foHkh"k. mu cU/kqvksa dks fn[kk ns]a ftuls og eqfDr dh vk'kk yxk.s] rks bl dkj.k bl le.k cu ldrk gSAÞ .slh txg ykbZ tk.f/kd gkfu gks tk.g /kkj.s tkrs gSAa ml {k.d cÙkh ikuh esa Hkhx xbZ gSA . ç'kkUr Hkh gks vkSj mlesa vR.kktud Loj esa foyki djus yxha] fdUrq f=tVk us mUgsa lkURouk nh] ßnsfo! fo"kkn u djks] buds eq[kksa ij n`f"Vikr djksA bu nksuksa ds eq[kksa dh 'kksHkh T.ksa cuh gqbZ gS] os 'ko tSls ugha yxrsA os ejus okys ugha gSAa Þ ijUrq] Lo.kHkwfe esa ys tkdj ekjs x.kA os lc iqu% ykSV vk.sA vr.s ck. ?kfVr gqvkA tc bUæftr ykSVdj firk ds ikl igq¡pk] mlus crk. okujA ijUrq foHkh"k.fDr fdlh vko'.sxa As okuj jkt! rqe vius dks vkSj eq> dks cnukeh ls cpkvksAÞ bl çdkj foHkh"k.adj fo"kkn ls] tks mlus mRiék fd.rk vkSj lg. .k dks bl ckr dk Kku Fkk fd os ck.Ur vçR.k.k Fks] ftUgksua s fot.kdqyrk vkSj v'kkfUr dk dkj.% ik.FkklEHko vfr O.266 jkek.k lcdks lkURouk nsrk gS] fo'ks"kdj lqxhz o dks] tks lcls vf/kd lUrIr FkkA ßlqxhz o] n%q[kh er gksvks] . i`-34.k{ks= ij ys vkb±A ogk¡ dk n`'.ksa dk <kMÛl ca/kkrk gSA ßvki yksxksa us vkSj eSua s bl .slh fLFkfr dk i.sxhA rRdky iq"id foeku ij lhrk dks p<Ûkdj f=tVk mUgsa j. u ns[kdj] cMÛh lqxerk ls mldh .k.q¼ esa U. ns[kdj lhrk d#.k dks jDr ls yFkiFk /kjk'kk.slh cÙkh Hkh .k gS vkSj fcuk eqMÛ]s yid dj og lh/kk ml vksj x.k gS vkSj dksbZ viuk flj Hkh Åij mBk ugha ik jgk gS] ml Hk.k tk.ksa dh R.] vki yksx grksRlkfgr vkSj fujk'k gks jgs gSAa eq¡g yVdk.ksx feykA vc eSa vkKk nsrk gw¡] rqe lc tgk¡ bPNk gks] pys tkvksA y{e.] tcfd lkjk okrkoj.d fe=ksa lqxhz o vkfn ls dgrs gS]a ßlqxhz o! rqeus esjs çfr fu"Bkiwod Z vius dÙkZO.A rc lqxzho us /.ksa dks dsoy ew£PNr gh fd.k] fujk'kkiw.k Fkk! bl le.kZr.k bl voLFkk ij igq¡p x. vk.sxhAÞ blh çdkj dh lkUrouk foHkh"k.k .k ds eu esa fopkj vk.kghu ughaA rRi'pkr~ .k Fkk] ftlls 'k=q dh leLr lsuk lsuk LrfEHkr gks xbZ vkSj nksuksa e`R.a mRihfMÛr gks tkrk gSA bl rukoiw.k] ftl vksj nksuksa HkkbZ iMÛs FksA lcdks yxk fd og Lo.a okuj Hkh bl lEcU/k esa lUrq"V ugha Fks vkSj os #nu djus yxs FksA blh chp jke] ukxik'k esa c¡/ks gksus ij Hkh vius 'kkjhfjd cy vkSj 'kfDreÙkk ds dkj.d gks x. v-3.d vR.kZ Hkkouk dks gYdk djus gsrq og .a gh mldh lsok esa mifLFkr gks tk. jko. bUæftr ds i{k Hkkjh gSA .k ?kkrd ugha gSAa os ewPNkZ mRiék dj ldrs Fks] ijUrq mu Hkkb.k dk mi. eSa igys Hkh bl çlax dk mYys[k dj pqdk gw¡A* rc os cMÛs grksRlkfgr vkSj fujk'k gksdj vius lgk.k dk ân. g"kkZfrjsd ls f[ky mBkA blh ds ln`'k nwljh vksj mnklh vkSj fo"kkn Nk x.sls le.k dh n'kk ns[kdj * nsf[k.kA lc okuj feydj bl bUæftr ij VwVus ds ctk. gS]a #nu dj jgs gSa vkSj gkFk ij gkFk /kjs cSBs gSAa .k fo"kkn.lwpd vk'khokZn nsdj lqxhz o rFkk Jh jke dh vH.ksa dk thou lekIr ugha dj ldrs FksA foHkh"k.kksa dk ifjR.s cSBh FkhA rc og iw.kkdkO.k gS] dfo Lo.kx dj nw¡xkA vc eq>s thfor jgus esa dksbZ mRlkg ugha gSAÞ nsf[k.ksa dks lekIr djus ds bjkns ls ogk¡ vk.ksa esa vke gSA mnkgj.kf'kr n`'.kuiwod Z ml dkyh vkÏfr dks ns[kk] rks ik.u dj x.kx fd.k vius lkfFk.sA ml {k.qDr gks x.slk çrhr gqvk fd og O.a bUæftr gS] ftlus bruh rckgh epkbZ Fkh vkSj og nksuksa Hkkb.fn . laxr i{k pquk gS] tgk¡ /keZ fo|eku gSA gekjh {kfr dSlh nq%[k vkSj d"V dk laxr i{k pquk gSA gekjh O.kkFkZ ^vfrLusg%iki'kadh* ['kdqUryk IV.k vkt esjs gh dkj.Z ds fy.s] ftlls os vius ifr }kjk m¼kj dh vk'kk iw.] b/kj&m/kj Hkkxus yxs vkSj ekuks .qn.q dk dkj.h dj fn. esa vf/kd Lusg dk çn'kZu Hkh e`R.d <¡ih] fofp=] dkys dks.k Fkk] y{e. 267   bUæftr dks ns[k ldrk Fkk] tcfd vU.fFkr fd. 19-20]A vj.sls çlax çk.kstuk dk f'kdkj cu tk.k jke ls dgrs gS]a ßbl vo'kks"kd vklfDr ds dkj. dkeuk dhA rc ½{kjkt tkEcoku us Hkkxrs gq.k fd igys rks os lhrk ls tkdj dgsa fd bUæftr us jke&y{e. dksbZ mls ns[kus esa vleFkZ Fks& lqxhz o Hkh] tSls fd vU.k fd .ksa ds çfr vk'kadk dk vuqjfDrA vkSj] vuqjkx dk Hkh vfrjsd gks ldrk gSA blh dkj.ksa ls eq>s lc çdkj dh lgk. dkaM esa tc jke dks lkURouk nsuk vko'.slk gksuk vLokHkkfod ugha gSA dHkh rqe thrrs gks] rks dHkh nwljk i{k thr tkrk gSA bl le.k VwV er tkukA .ksfr&LrEHk lksygok¡ v/.ksa dks cqyok dj mlus vkns'k fn.sA y{e.% .sxhA blh çdkj .A Jh jke vkSj y{e.a dks fdl voLFkk esa ifj.k çk.kksa us nksuksa Hkkb.k ds T.fn vkidk ân.ksa dks /kjk'kk.k] .A bl ckr dks lqudj jko.k us lqxhz o dks nh] tc bUæftr ds 'kfDr'kkyh ck.kZr.h ns[k vkrqj gksdj foyki djus yxrs gSAa jke ij ppkZ djrs le.k dks ekj Mkyk vkSj fQj iq"id foeku ij p<Ûkdj] mls j. okujksa dks ykSVkdj lkURouk nhA foHkh"k..s] tgk¡ [Ûkcw rsy gks] rks og Hkh rsy lks[k dj tyus yxsxh vkSj iwjh ty tk.q dks çkIr gks x.d NksVh lh ?kVuk . dk R.k Fkk] ijUrq çk.k] igys ewPNkZ ls tkx mBrs gSa vkSj vius lkeus y{e. tks djuk gS] og djus ds ctk.

g gqbZ fd vc jko.kksa dks le> u ikus ls] viuh 'kfDr dk Bhd&Bhd vankTÛkk u dj ldus ds dkj.gh mfpr ekxZ gSA fdUrq vki rks nq%lk/.ksfr&LrEHk lksygok¡ v/.ksfa d ge lc dh eukso`fÙk.A eu gh eu og 'kksd ls ihfMÛr gksdj foyki djus yxs] ßesjs bl dqfVy nqjkRek Hkrhts /kks[kk fd. ij foHkh"k. Hkh gks tkrkA Bhd le. gS]a dkSu lk pquk tk.k gqbZ og dgrk gS] ßesjk lh/kk gkFk pyk x.kA dqEHkd.k] rc .k ds fy.d {k. D. fuf'pr gSA mlus viuh Nkrh Bksd a dj lhrk dks u ykSVkus dh çfrKk dh Fkh vkSj eq>ls dgk Fkk] *eSa jke vkSj y{e.q¼ esa 'kkfey gksus ds fy.g f}fo/kk fd lc dÙkZO.koh tky jpus okyk FkkA .g lc dfo dh vksj .ksa ds chp] tks lc .d ckr tks eq>s O.kZ! .qfDr gS] .d vuSfrd ekxZ dk vuqlj.kA bl ckr ls vc eq>s cMÛk /kDdk yx jgk gSA jke ds okLrfod xq.ksa u dke vkÅ¡xk\ vki esjs midkjh gSAa vki .k us y{e.k gSA ml çlax ds dqN egRoiw.fDr gS]a vkSj viuh #fp ds vuqdy w gh dke djrs gSAa vc tSlh bPNk gks oSlk djksAÞ jko.ksa ds chp .k ls gekjh i`"BHkwfe cuh gS]a .268 jkek.d cMÛk ek.k rqEgkjs fgr dh ogh ckr dgh Fkh] tks eq>s Bhd t¡ph FkhA vc rqe esjk .k tk.gh gS fd lhrk dks ykSVk fn.d cjkcj fç.d i{k dks nwljs i{k ds yksxksa dh fuUnk] ns'kæksgh vFkok dk.sAÞ y{e.k{ks= esa vçfre dkjukeksa ds i'pkr~ tc dqEHkd. fcuk vkSj 'k=qcy dh vogsyuk dj xÛyr ekxZ viukrk gS] og vusd çdkj dh dfBukb.k dks] ftlus mfpr] Hkzkr`Ro mÙke ijke'kZ fn.d Lej. ij çfrf"Br gksus dh vk'kk ij ikuh fQj x.g nk#.a lUrqf"V ugha gqbAZ mUgksua s vius 'olqj ls dgk] ßgks'k vk tkus ij vki bu nksuksa dks lkFk ysdj fdf"dU/kk pys tkb. gh jko.k lEekU.k gS] gekjh jk. dks çHkkfor djrs gS]a rc vki .k .k Jh jke dks Hkkjh lgk.! eSua s mls R.kZ Hkh blh çdkj ckrsa djrk gS] ßtks jktk viuh 'kfDr dk lgh vankTÛkk yxk.s ij yTtk vk jgh gSA gk.s] eSa bl jko.q¼ esa ijkØe ns[kukA vkt j.ksa ds ekjs tkus ds i'pkr~ rqe ns[kksxs fd okuj lsuk fdl rjg Hkkxh tk jgh gSAÞ dqEHkd.kAÞ rnuUrj i'pkr~ki Hkjs mn~xkj mlds ân.k dk o/k djus okyk gw¡A^ mldh . gSAa . fd fdl çdkj yksx vius eu esa lqfuf'pr ugha Fks] pdjk. n`<Ûfu'p.k opu cksyrs ns[kdj dqEHkd.g lykg nh Fkh] ijUrq Hkze ls] vFkok dnkfpr~~ vius cy vkSj ijkØe ds vfHkeku ls eSua s vki lcdh ckr ugha ekuhA og lc ijke'kZ vc csdkj gks x.fn rqe egku gks] . gS]a vr% gesa .] tx dÙkZO.ksa ls lEekfur fd.] rks ge bl fu'p. 269   foHkh"k.d ds i{k esa pquko djrs gS]a [Ûkcw lksp&fopkj ds i'pkr] u gh mrkoyh esa .g pquko fHkék&fHkék O.k dks mfpr ugha ekurs FksA mudk ijke'kZ jke dh 'kj.kZ fodYi .d prqj ç.slk gh Vdjko lkeus vkrk Fkk vFkkZr~ . lc dqN R.fFkr dj jgh gS] og .kA lcls cqjh ckr rks .k dks e`R. dgk] ßeSua s cU/kqRo Hkko vkSj Hkzkr`Lusg ds dkj.xzk/s k . ân.fn rqe 'kfDr'kkyh vkSj cyoku gks] rks vius ijkØe ls esjh vuhfr tfur xÛyrh dks lq/kkj nksA lPpk HkkbZ ogh gS] tks ladV ls xzLr HkkbZ dks cpkrk gSAÞ jko.k Fkk] mls fudky fn.q¼ djuk gh iMÛxs kA vki bl gB/keZ ij rqys gq.k tk.k bUæftr dks o`{k ds uhps igq¡pus ls igys gh yydkjrk gSA grksRlkg bUæftr eqMÛrk gS] oks vius pkpk] .k cgqr nq%[kh gq.k lekpkj lqudj jko.kZ jke ds gkFkksa ekjk x.k gS] bldk fopkj djksA tks gks x. esa psrkouh nhA foHkh"k.g lykg cgqr igys gh nh Fkh] fdUrq rqeus vulquh dj nhA .fn og mldks fof/kiwod Z iwjk djus esa lQy gks tkrk] rks loZuk'k gks ldrk FkkA bUæftr dsoy vn`"V gh ugha jgrk] vts.k gSA eSa vkids fgr ds fy.gh gS fd lcls çfr"Bkiw.sxkA geus rqEgsa . .ksa dk lkeuk djus okyk gS] ftlds QyLo:i vius Å¡ps LFkku ls uhps mrkj fn.k viuh lQÛkbZ nsrk gS] ß. rS. ls fudyrs gSa] ß.sA mu fnuksa .k. ?kfVr gksrk gS] tks çfl¼ gks x.kZ va'kksa dks eSa vkids le{k çLrqr d:¡xk] tgk¡ foHkh"k.k us bl çdkj lkspkA rnuUrj .d gh le.k dj jgs gSAa fQj Hkh eSa .q ds ?kkV mrkjuk gSAÞ ijUrq lkURouk ds opu cksydj mudks Lo.k ds T.g crkus ds fy.kx Qsd a k gS]Þ dsoy {k. gSAa fuLlUnsg vkius eq>s vusd ckj migkjksa vkSj mikf/k.k ls dgk] ßbUæftr dk U.slk gh joS.g çfrKk iwjh gks tk. O.k¡ fHkék&fHkék gS]a vkSj fHkék&fHkék çf'k{k.kj gw¡A eSa vkids fy.k] eSa bl n'kk ij vk igq¡pk gw¡A eq>s vius fd. cqyk.rk nsrk gSA bUæftr .k tkrk FkkA eSa u rks dqEHkd.k gSA nksuksa gh i{k Li"Vr.k ihiy o`{k ds uhps tkus ls igys gh o/k dj nsuk pkfg. iwNus ds fy.kZ us mls lkURouk nsrs gq.kh.kZ bl çdkj pkj 'yksd cksyrk gSA nsf[k.k viuk. .s nksuksa ejs ugha gSAa mUgsa rks vHkh jko.kZ vkSj lsukifr çgLr& nksuksa gh jko.fDr.k] lks gks x.kA esjh yadk ds jkT.g lp gS] rqeus eq>s .k fujk'k esa Mwcus yxs] vc lqxhz o dh ckjh Fkh] mUgsa lkURouk nsus dhA os . FksA dqN lxks± ds ckn ..k us vklék ladV ds fo"k.s gq.g gS fd eSua s ml egkRek foHkh"k.k iyHkj esAa D.s D.kZ vkSj u gh çgLr dks nks"kh Bgjkrk gw¡ vkSj u gh egkHkkjr ds Hkh"e dksA tc nks egku dÙkZO. ij igq¡ps gSAa rnuqlkj esjh lykg rks .ksa }kjk fHkék&fHkék çdkj ls fd.kkxfr vkSj lhrk dks ykSVkus dk FkkA fdUrq çgLr dgrk gS] ßtc vkius gesa bl le.kHkj ds fy.k dks bl çdkj v/khj vkSj nk#. TÛkjk ns[ks]a j.ksX. o.kZu vkrk gS] tgk¡ foHkh"k.k{ks= esa esjs }kjk nksuksa Hkkb.d ç'kaluh.k dh vuSfrd dkeukvksa ds fo#¼ Fks vkSj nksuksa gh lhrk vigj.k ij dSlh çfrfØ.sxhAÞ tSl&s tSls foHkh"k.kx dj] vius thou dh vkgqfr nw¡xkAÞ dqEHkd.g dg dj lkURouk nsrs gSAa ß.A gekjs egkiq#"kksa us .d n`'.k ds iq= vkSj cU/kq&cU/kqvksa dks ekj dj vkSj lhrk dks eqDr dj ogk¡ ys vkÅ¡xkAÞ .ksfa d vki mudks u ykSVkus ds fy.k dh fot.j dg dj ugha djuh pkfg. Hkwfedk vnk djrk gSA dqEHkd.

qDra fu/kua drq± iq=L. rd pyrk jgkA y{e. ds e/.Ldj gSA .frAA VI. gksA rqe viuh f'kfFky cqf¼ ds dkj.ks± ls dnkfpr~~ mu yksxksa dks dqN {kfr igq¡p]s ftudks mlus lnkpkj dk 'k=q ekudj fuUnk dh Fkh vkSj vUrr% ifjR.] bl dksey Hkkouk dks R.o .k dj nsrs gSAa foHkh"k. i`-49.k FkkA dFkk ds ml fcUnq ij] ftl ij vc ge vk igq¡ps gS]a eSa vkidk /.s egkckgq] y{e.k% 'kef.T.ksxksa HkyhHkk¡fr ifjfpr FkkA tc dHkh jke ds i{k ds yksx grksRlkfgr gq.Roekxr%AA uSrfPNfFky. gSAa vki eq>s gkfu igq¡pkus dk dSls lksp ldrs gS\a vki .] esjk O.90.q¼ ds fy.% gksrk gS] HkRlZuk vkSj nks"kkjksi.LRoa LotueqRl`tR. .k% Lotu% Js.g dgk¡ vkSj og dgk¡\Þ vkidks blls lqUnj ns'k HkfDr ds n`f"Vdks.k eSua s vius HkkbZ vkSj rqEgkjs firk dk ifjR.A os okujksa dks Hkh .s çsfjr djus yxsA os bUæthr dks b'kkjk djds dgrs gSa % v.k vkSj bUæftr dk ?kksj . dÙkZO.17-18 ßeSa blds firk dk HkkbZ gw¡A bl ukrs ls .q¼tfur Je dk fuokj.k ds T.ksa u fd. iji{ka fu"ksorsA l Loi{ks {k. dqN Hkh cdokl dj ldrks gksAÞ rnuUrj y{e.k gSA rqe dky ik'k esa c¡/ks gq.koku D. egku Hksn dks ugha ns[k ik jgs gSAa .ku~ .% ij% ij .k bl egku vUrj dks le> ugha jgs gksA nwljs yksx pkgs fdrus Hkh xq.ksx] mudh lQÛkbZ dh vis{kk vf/kd TÛkksjnkj çrhr gksrs gSAa foHkh"k.% Loi{ka ifjR.ka HkzkrqjkRete~AA gUrqdkeL.k dh nwljh mfDr ugha feysxhA nsf[k. rqEgkjs chp gqvk gw¡] ijUrq rqEgkjs tSlk ugha gw¡A .d ijns'kh] rks ijns'kh gh gSA vki gekjs lkFk fo'olk?kkr dj] foi{k dk lkFk ns ldrs gS]a ysfdu foi{kh vkidk iwjk ykHk mBkdj fQj vkidks u"V dj nsxkA nqerZ !s rqe esa u rks dVqEch tuksa ds çfr çse gS] u vkReh.koku~ ok ijtu% Lotuks fuxZ.ksa u gks] og Js.kx djds nwljksa dh xqÛykeh Lohdkj dh gSA vr% rqe lRiq#"kksa }kjk féknuh.a bldks ekjus ds fy. bldk o/k djuk vuqfpr gSA rFkkfi Jh jke ds fy.o l%AA .s] le.a çkIrs i'pkÙkSjos gU. m|r gw¡A ijUrq tc eSa Lo. tfurqeeZ A ?k`.± u /keks± /keZn"w k.k cq)îk Roa osfRl egnUrje~A Do p Lotulaokl% Do p uhpijkJ.kx fd.q¼ Hkwfe esa vkdj [kMÛs gks x. yksxksa ds ek..'p lk/kqfHk%A .kkeikL.ksa u gks] os nwljksa dh vis{kk Js"B gSAa tks vius i{k dks NksMÛdj nwljksa dk lsou djrk gS] og vius i{k ds u"V gks tkus ij mUgha ds }kjk ekjk tkrk gSA rqe vc rks ge ls fo'okl?kkr djds 'k=qi{k dk lkFk ns ldrs gks] ysfdu os vkidh mifLFkfr dk iwjk iwjk ykHk mBkdj fQj vkidks u"V dj nsxa As Þ foHkh"k. vkSj vU.q kks·fi okA fuxqZ. vkSj 'kksd ds . gks] blhfy.koh * nsf[k.sls HkkbZ dk R.s fcuk fd mlus dk.ksa ds Ny&diV dks rksMÛus esa fo'ks"k :i ls dq'ky Fkk] bUæftr rFkk vU.d Ïf=e ek.k gS]a vki dqy dyad gSAa ge lc vki ij yfTtr gSAa vki foi{k ds lsod gks x.s gfFk.k.k ds .k tk.k dks ns[krk gSA og dgrk gS] ßvki esjs firk ds laj{k.k vkSj muds fgr lEiknu ds fy. ds ân. ls igys psrkouh vkSj le.k gks vFkkZr~ jk{kl oa'k dks dkyafdr djus okys gksA nqc¼ Zq !s rqeus Lotuksa dk ifjR.kx fd.frA reso"S k egkckgqy{Z e.d /keZ&nw"k.fDrRo vkSj esjh vUrjkRek jk{klh ugha gSA .koh ç.] mldk mlus Hksnu fd.k Hkh viuh lQÛkbZ nsrk gSA tSlk çk. jkekFksZ fugU.ku .s esjs çfr cqjk Hkyk dg jgs gksA rqEgsa ekywe gksuk pkfg.k vius lEcfU/k.d çlax ij fnykÅ¡xk] ftldk mYys[k iwoeZ os fd.k . mlus lc çdkj dh lsok vkSj midkj fd.rk gS vkSj u gh viuh tkfr dk vfHkeku gSA rqe /keZn"w k.k dgrk gS] ßtku iMÛrk gS] rq>s esjs LoHkko dk irk ugha gS] blhfy.11-16 ßvkidk HkkbZ] tSlk vki dgrs gS]a oSlk gks ldrk gS vkSj blls vf/kd HkhA fQj Hkh Lotu] pkgs nq"V Hkh D.k gh bldk fouk'k djsxa As Þ ns[kus dh ckr gS fd fdl çdkj /keZld a V bl euq".LRoefl nqcqZ)s fuUnuh.k esa ikys iksls x.q¼ ds le.g esjk iq= gSA vr% esjs fy.s gSAa vki vius dÙkZO. ls vk'kafdr gq.kj pykuk pkgrk gw¡] ml le.ks ee jk{klAA u KkfrRoa u lkSgkn± u tkfrLro nqer Z As çek.k lQÛkbZ i{k ds çfrokn ls vf/kd rhoz gksrs gSaA tSls ckfy çlax esa Hkh jke ds fo#¼ mlds vfHk.kA vusd ckj .87.".q¼ cgqr le.s] tks nq"V gks] pfj=ghu gks] nwljs dh lEifÙk gMÛius okyk gks .kx nsuk pkfg.kghu D.] bg Roa tkrlao) ` % lk{kkn~Hkzkrk firqeeZ A dFka æáfl iq=L. es ck"ia p{kq'pSo fu:/.ksX.] tSls tyrs gq. ?kj dksA bUnha nks"kksa ds dkj.ksfr&LrEHk lksygok¡ v/.rsAA VI. .kAA 'kksp. ijHk`R. v-4.ku fn. dks {kh.k fdlh Hk.ka u lksn.k ijkbZ ukjh ij gkFk yxkrk gksA ml nqjkRek dks blh çdkj R.ksfpr lq>ko fn. foHkh"k.ksa u gksa vkSj vius Lotu fdrus Hkh xq.kx dj eSa vius bl Hkrhts dks ekjus ds fy. fir`O.|fi esjk tUe ØwjdekZ jk{klksa ds dqy esa gqvk gS] rFkkfi esj 'khy&LoHkko jk{klksa tSlk ughaA eSa vo'.s] bl ckr ij /.%AA xq.k tk pqdk gSA* tc bUæftr us .270 jkek. 271   foHkh"k.kx D. vk¡lw esjh n`f"V cUn dj nsrs gSAa vr.

.sA ijUrq bInzftr us tokc fn.k dh fu"Bk vkSj leiZ.g fl¼kUr 'krkfCn.k ds T.% xnk pykrs Fks] cqjh rjg ncko Mkyk x.kA QyLo:i] jko.kr% l jk{kl%A VI.ke~AA vfHkçk.q¼ ds }kjk dSls ns[k ldrk gS\ fpUrk djus dh dksbZ vko'.k djds vkSj j.ekuLrq cgq'kks e. yksxksa dks mudh ns[kHkky esa yxuk iMÛkA vkidks dnkfpr~~ .k] ijUrq tSls gh os cpko ds fy.g ç.k ls lhrk o/k dh ckr lqudj] os Jh jke ds lEeq[k cksy]s ßjk{kl bUæftr us guqeku dks nq%[kh gksdj tks lekpkj lquk.Kksiohr ekxsZ.ksa ds lkFk la?k"kZ esa my>k gqvk FkkA guqeku us o/k jksdus dk Hkjld ç.k vkSj jko.koh lhrk ds 'kjhj esa (.so 'kks"k.k Fkk] og dksjh cdokl gSA jk{kl bUæftr us guqeku vkSj muds lkfFk.koh lhrk ds nks VqdMÛs gks pqds FksA blls iwoZ fd os ckgj vk lds] guqeku fujUrj .k gSA ftldk mlus (bUæftr) us o/k fd.slk djuk gekjs fopkj ls loZFkk vuko'.k gS] .k esa mlds lkfFk. dqN Hkh dj ys] ijUrq mudk o/k og dnkfi ugha dj ldrkA og muds çfr fdruk vuqjDr gS fd og muds çfr fdlh çdkj dh gkfu dk fopkj rd lgu ugha dj ldrkA eSua s vusd ckj mldk fgr djus dh bPNk ls lhrk dks ykSVkus dh .sr uSo pkU.k us bl volj dk mi.kP. dks ns.q¼ djrs ml le.w kZ dk.k.slk fuf'pr lef>.sA rRi'pkr~] tSlk dfo crkrk gS] mUgksua s viuh lsuk dh VqdMÛh dks lqO.Ur nq[kh gksdj tks lekpkj vkidks lquk.k Fkk fd vki Hkh .d FkkA de ls de] eSua s rks .k .g ?kVuk ml le.¡ lEiék gksrh gS)a A TÛkjk lh nsj ckn foHkh"k.Ru fd.a rq tkukfe jko.d nwljs ls tw> jgs FksA foHkh"k.k vius dFku ds leFkZu esa .q¼ esa 'kkS. vkSj ogk¡ gaxkek gks x.k jFkfoghu gks x.k us viuh ^'kfDr* fudkyh (tks fd eSa le>rk gw¡ fd .kA os dgrs gS]a ß.qfDr. nqjkReu%A lhrka çfr egkckgks u p ?kkra dfj".k dk lhrk ds çfr D.k dks 'kksdeXu vkSj Jh jke dks ew£PNr ns[kkA y{e.g mu voljksa esa ls .iZ .Kksiohr /kkj.ksa dks /kks[kk fn.k rks fgVyj tSlk çrhr gksrk gS] ysfdu dgk lquh dks .k vkSj lykg vkSj lkURouk Hkh nh] vkSj .k djus dk LFkku gS] ml LFkku ls ek.kA vius HkkbZ ij cgqr Øq¼ gqvk] ftlus bruk cMÛk vfu"V dj fn.k dh ckr lqudj Jh jke v'oLr gks x.k) ?kksia pqdk Fkk] 'kjhj esa tks .qDrega eU.slk dnkfi gks gh ugha ldrkA og dksjh cdokl gSA mls eSa leqæ dks lks[k ysus ds leku vlEHko ekurk gw¡A nqjkRek jko.272 jkek.k viuh vfUre eqBHksMÛ esa .rfLFkr <ax ls ihNs gVk fy.gk¡ dsoy jke ds çfr foHkh"k.kL.84.k dks .g es?kukn joS. foHkh"k.sAÞ dqN 'yksdksa esa foHkh"k.k vkSj bl n`'.ksa iwoZ ekywe FkkA blds i'pkr~ tc bUæftr viuh ryokj ek.ksa ds nks"kksa dk mn~?kkVu fd.k] vkSj guqeku bl ladV LFky rd igq¡pus esa vleFkZ jgsA os bInzftr ij tÛkjs ls fpYyk.ksx fd.Z Hkh fd.Rok rq çfr. o`{k dh Hkk¡fr i`Foh ij fxj iMÛAs y{e.q¼LFky esa fdlh uSfrd ladksp dk dksbZ lksp&fopkj ugha gksrkA ftlls 'k=q ny dks vf/kd ls vf/kd vk?kkr igq¡p]s og lc mfpr ekuk tkrk gSAÞ .su dsufpr~AA okujku~ eksgf. 273   lhrk dk fuekZ.nqDra p guwerkA rn.k Hkko gS] .d .frAA . ?kVh] tc og guqeku vkSj cMÛh la[.kdj 'ks"k okuj Hkh ogk¡ .kA .kA lhrk dks dksbZ vU.s lkxjL.k }kjk vkSj vius HkkbZ foHkh"k.k. vkSj iqu% .kn gksxk] fdl çdkj y{e.q¼ djrs jgs] ijUrq os vius mís'.koh lhrk FkhaA .df=r gks x.g eSa vPNh çdkj tkurk gw¡A pkgs lhrk ds çfr og vU.k ml LFkku ij vkrs gSAa mUgksua s y{e.drk ughaA esjk Hkrhtk cMÛk pkyckTÛk gSA jk{kl bUæftr vkids lHkh okujksa dks /kks[ks esa Mkydj pyk x.kkA oSngs heqRl`tLosfr u p rr~ Ñroku~ op%AA uSo lkEuk u nkusu u Hknsu dqrks .9-13 ßguqeku us vR. mudk lkeF.k rFkk vU.kpuk dh] fdUrq mlus vulquk dj fn.slk lkspAas mUgksua s /keZ vkSj Jh jke ds /kekZujq kx dh f[kYyh mMÛkbZ] /kekZujq kx dk migkl fd.k] ß. esa os lQy u gks ldsA .kl fd.k¡ çLrqr djrk gS %* euqtUs ækrZ#is.A jko.k ds lkFk .k u dsoy ijke'kZ nsus esa prqj Fks] u dsoy mUgksua s vius lEcfU/k.Ur O.k us rhoz çgkj fd.k ij jke vkSj y{e.g Qy gS] vkids /kekZujq kx dkA dke dh oLrq rks vFkZ gSÞ (D.fFkr gksdj jko.q¼ ds fy.kA .q¼ ls Hkkxuk iMÛkA esjh #fp rks . v-25.k Fkk] og ek. m|r gq.ksfr&LrEHk lksygok¡ v/. c<sÛ] jk{klksa us mUgsa pkjksa vksj ls ?ksj fy. dk gS] tcfd jke vkSj jko.k{ks= essa mldks ykdj mldk o/k fd.k FkkA Øks/k ls Hkjs jko.d Fkk] tcfd guqeku dks 'k=q ds çfr vlQyrk feyhA guqeku u dsoy lhrk dks cpkus esa vlQy jgs] ftldks mUgksua s bUæftr dk f'kdkj le>k Fkk vfirq os lQyrkiwod Z fojks/kh ny dk lkeuk Hkh u dj ik.k }kjk Hkh] tks çk.kA blls vf/kd os dqN u dj ldsA rRi'pkr] mUgksua s cMÛs nq%[k ds lkFk] tc dqN nsj ckn] lhrk ds o/k dh lwpuk Jh jke dks nh] 'kksdkdqy Jh jke ew£Nr gksdj tMÛ ls dVs gq.k ds jko.k gSAÞ * nsf[k.k ds jFk ds ?kksMÛkas dks ekj fxjk.k fgrfpdhÆ"k.k esa gSA vr% vc eSa nwljs fcUnq ij vkrk gw¡A . iq#"k lke] nke] naM vkSj Hksnuhfr ds }kjk Hkh ns[k ugha ldrk] fQj .Z vkSj ijkØe bruk çpaM Fkk fd dfo ds vuqlkj] vR.q/kkA lk æq"Vqefi 'kD.sA vfUre eqBHksMÛ esa jko.ksfa d vFkZ ls gh lkjh fØ.g fcUnq ml le.kA dgk tkrk gS] bl volj ij foHkh"k.

.28.k dks cpk fy.kksa ls m½.q¼ {ks= esa .s dsoy .4-6 .Leknsoa foHkh"k.sxhAÞ oLrqr% bl ?kVuk ds vkxs ds Hkkx ds fo"k.kkuknk.k dks lekIr dj nsA rqjUr y{e.d foHkhf"kdk vkSj yksd dUVd FkkA blds vfrfjDr mlus dBksj riL.kksa ls lEiék FkkA blus .o] bl çlax dks .k gksrk] . 101. i`-34.k }kjk dgs x.k mldk dÙkZO.sFkkLrL.s Fks % eksf{krLrs cy'ykf?ku~ .k ds T.kh vkuUn euk jgs FksA leLr çÏfr çQqfYyr Fkh] D. tSls .k FkkA vc og çsrHkko dks çkIr gqvk gSA vr% eSa vkidh Ïik ls blds çsr ÏR.k x.kstu fl¼ gks pqdk gSA rqe vkSj ge . lc çk.kksa dks vius lkFk ys tk.s os 'kCn gS]a tks Lo.d gks x.] og .ku fn. Hkh gSA .kZ djds rqEgkjs çk.k ls jksd fy.kk Hkko D.kk%A egn~ckgqifj/kksRl`"Vk çk.s tkus ls foHkh"k.fn e`r O.g 'kfDr 'k=qvksa ds [Ûkuw ls ugkus okyh gSA .kZ us] u ujkUrd us vkSj u Lo.kZ ijke'kks± dk] ftudk frjLdkj dj mUgsa vulquk fd.h gq.ksfr&LrEHk lksygok¡ v/.ksa j[ks\a vc gekjk ç.g esjk HkkbZ] tks vc Hkwfe ij iMÛk gS] og vius thou dky esa .sA jko.k FkkA tSls gh jko.fn fdlh dkj. ij vkrs gS]a tcfd jko.gk¡ ppkZ bl le.kpdksa dks eqDrgLr nku fn.kA egkuqHkoh yksxksa us vkidks bl ?kkrd vkpj.ku bl ij blfy.k nksuksa ds chp esa vk [kMÛs gq. 275   çdkj dk Hkkyk Fkk) vkSj mls TÛkksj ls lh/kk foHkh"k.kl djds foHkh"k.k fuo`ZÙka u% ç. dks fonh.g dgdj fd og foHkh"k.slk ç. esa gh jgh FkhA* .rk vkSj cy ijkØe tSls egku xq.a gh djsA vr.g esjk dÙkZO.Z u dj ldks] rks eSa dj nw¡xkAÞ vc eSa .s gSAa bl le.k u rks çgLr us] u bUæftr us] u nwljs yksx] u dqEHkd.ekxr%A VI.k%A foeqP. vkSj cksy]s ßbls eSa vius Åij ys yw¡xk] og foHkh"k.. fnyk jgk gw¡ D. dke&eksg ls o'khHkwr gksus ds dkj.sf"V djus dk gdÛnkj gw¡ vkSj .26 * nsf[k.¡ dha] vkSj og lc 'kkL=fofgr vuq"Bkuksa esa fuiq. laLdkjks eekI.kA blfy.k dks Li'kZ rd u dj ldsxhAÞ .k ds eu esa fopkj vk.q dks çkIr gks x.k iwo± lehfjre~A dkeeksgijhrL.A .ksndks·Z .d nq%[kn vuqLekjd gS] .] lc çdkj ds Hkksx Hkksx]s vusd ukSdj pkdj mldh lsok esa çLrqr jgrs FksA vius fe= .q ds ml ikj }s"k vkSj ?k`.g rqEgkjs Lusg dk ik= gS] mlh çdkj esjk Hkh cMÛk HkkbZ gSA eSa Hkh bldh vUR.s blls Hkh c<Ûdj dke fd.k rqe .kstue~A fØ.sA vUr esa ge .k ds d#.rsAA .sf"V Lo.k ls vc ?k`.sf"VdeZ djus dh vkKk nhA os cksy]s ße`R.slk ijkØe] fdruk egku deZ Fkk! ifj.ksfx.k ds fy.d misf{kr psrkouh dk vkSj mu foosdiw. djuk pkgrk gw¡AÞ foHkh"k.kL.f/kd HkkoukRed çrhr gksrh gS vkSj çlax dqN gVdj gSA eSa vkidk /.g dVq ifj.k.frAA VI.k dk o/k gks tkrk gS] foHkh"k.s 'kCn vR.ksfa d . jk{kla 'kfDRLRonh.s jke ls vuqefr ek¡xrk gS] ß.q¼ ds vfUre n`'.k Fkk] fdUrq ml le.gh ewPNkZ çk.s c<Ûkok Hkh fn.k.d nwljh ckr ij vkrk gw¡] tks vR.k ds lEcU/k esa gh gSA vr.k ew£PNr gksdj /kjk'kk.d ifo= eS=h }kjk .q ij lekIr gks tkrs gSAa e`R.ksafd ekuo tkfr dk .kke .rkeL.k thfor jgs vkSj mUgksua s vkxs pydj vius egku l[kk ds fy.29 ßvius cy ij ?keaM j[kus okys] y{e. gksr]s .g gqvk fd og 'kL= y{e.g gekjs cMÛs Vhdkdkjksa dh 'kSyh dh dqN fof'k"V gSA ej.k dj nsrh gSA lc oSj e`R.a RoeeU.a jko.ksa u gks]a rqjUr 'kksd&lUrIr dj nsrs gS]a tc os mu phtÛkas dks ns[krs gS]a ftudh mUgksua s dkeuk dh Fkh vkSj ftlds fy.ks ujkUrd%AA u Lo.fDr thfor gksrkA ijUrq tc og v/kksxkeh gS vkSj mldh lsuk vHkh Hkh vkids lkeus ekStnw gS_ rc .kkUrkfu oSjkf.k FkkA okYehfd dh i¼fr esa mudh .Fkk roAA VI.kysok çrhr gksrh FkhA .d 'kfDr'kkyh 'k=q e`R.ksa dks] tks vkil esa fdrus cMÛs 'k=q D.kktud opuksa dks lqudj jke us mUgsa jko. curk gS fd og mldh vUR. dsoy foHkh"k.k FkkA ßohjoj! vkt tks ladV rqEgkjs Åij vkdj iMÛk] mlds çfr eSua s rqEgsa igys ls gh lpsr fd.ksa dks viuh vrqy /ku&lEifÙk çnku dhA vius 'k=qvksa ds fy. . esa eSa igys crk pqdk gw¡] tcfd ppkZ y{e.q lc ½.274 jkek.d egku 'kfDr'kkyh O.o] og vius HkkbZ dk vfUre laLdkj djus ds fy. vc ml jk{kl dks NksMÛdj eSa rqEgkjs Åij gh lh/kk 'kfDr dk çgkj djrk gw¡A .qDr vkSj v'kksHkuh. v-3.k }kjk cpk fy.Ur vuqi.k] rqEgsa esjh ckrsa ugha #fpdj ugha çrhr gqbA± vgadkj ds dkj.fDr FkkA og oknkU.a fHkÙok 'kfDryksfZ gry{.kk dks ugha ys tk pkfg. vkSj vU.Ùks u :fpra op%AA ."kk rs ân.k ds fo"k.k dh vksj Qsd a k] . .kks·Z frjFkks ukfrdk.fn vkius mudh ckrsa lquh gksrhaA mlh dk .a rqeus gh esjh ckrksa ij /.k fd fnoaxr dk .gha NksMÛdj vkxs c<Ûrs gSAa bl çdkj y{e.k dks yxkA y{e.kke gSAÞ igys foHkh"k.s"k .oa lg.dek= thfor lEcU/kh gksus ds dkj.a fofuikR.k vuqrki ls vkØkUr gks tkrs gSAa os 'ko ds ikl tkdj bl çdkj foyki djrs gSa % rfnna ohj laçkIra e.112.d fof'k"Vrk gS fd os lEcfU/k.112.k! rqeus .g dk.k ekjk tk pqdk FkkA nsork] euq".é nikZRçgLrks ok usUæftékijs tuk%A u% dqEHkd.g esjs gkFk ls NwVrs gh rqEgkjs ân. mÙke yksdksa dks çkIr djus okyk vUR.

s tykÅ¡xkAÞ ge Hkjr dks jke ls .d ckj igys Hkh foHkh"k.q ij vki mlds fy. Hkh mrus çHkkoh u jgs gksxa ]s ftrus vkidh .g ckr eSua s ifjgkl esa dgh Fkh\ eSa lpeqp ân.g esjk lgt nks"k gSA viuh çÏfr dks dkSu cny ldrk gS\Þ lksp dj fd eSa bl ckr dk mYys[k d:¡] esjs eu esa .fpr~A .k dks Hkh ml le.ksa ds lkFk mlus cykRdkj fd.a jko.fDrRo dqN Hkh .soa u ues.kn djsxa ]s mlds ikikpkjksa ds fy.tu }kjk lEiék gksA vkidk foNksg lgu u dj ldus ds dkj.k dks jko.kl .k.k HkkbZ ds :i esa esjk 'k=q FkkA .g dgrs gq.k] ijUrq vc eq>s dksbZ gkfu ugha igq¡pk ldrkAÞ blh ls .g fopkj vk.sf"V ÏR./kh'k dh ljkguk ugha djrs] u gh dj ldrs] tks fdlh ds i{k esa fu.k ml HkkbZ dh vUR.kk cuk Hkh pqds gksa fd eSa .kZ vkSj Øwj O.276 jkek. fe= tVk.k dehusiu ls çsfjr gqvk yxsA muds pfj= esa dksbZ {kqærk ugha Fkh A muds fo#¼] tks .kZ.kZ dk o.slk ikth çk.ksx bUgha vFkks± esa fd.Z djus dk Hkh xkSjo çkIr FkkA eSua s foHkh"k. gh eSa mldks Hkh Lohdkj dj yw¡xkA D.k gS fd oLrqr% muds O. çkIr dhAÞ ekY.s] eSa mls viukÅ¡ vkSj {kek dj nw¡A eSa mldh dqN HkykbZ djuk pkgrk FkkA ijUrq .k vuqrki xzLr gks tkrs gSAa tSlk fd eSa igys mYys[k dj pqdk gw¡] .e~A VI.slk ugha gS] tks LokFkZ . dksbZ ekU.kk djrs FksA os Lo.d lEcU/kh gSA blds foijhr] nwljh vksj ge .s mls mÙkjnk.ku djrs djrs py clsA vr% vkids }kjk vfUre laLdkj djus ls gh fnoaxr vkRek dks 'kkfUr feysxhAÞ blh çdkj dk 'kksd foHkh"k.ksX.oknh jgk gks] ijUrq laxkz e esa lnk gh rstLoh] 'kkS.k x.fn mUgksua s bu 'kCnksa dk ç.g vko'.k fd jke dh çÏfr ftl Å¡pkbZ dks Nw pqdh Fkh] .k cMÛk gh nq"V Fkk] mldh nq"Vrk dk dksbZ vUr u FkkA fdruh lrh&lk/oh fL=.eI.35 ß.k esjs ikl vk.slk çrhr gksrk gS fd ekuks jke Lo.a ls iwNrs gSa fd D. i¼fr vkSj 'kkL= ds fo#¼ gSA og çFkk .k Fkk] ijUrq og fgrdj ckr dks Hkh lgu u dj ldk vkSj Øks/k ls o'khHkwr gksdj cksyk % f}/kk HkT.ksa esa Hksn u dj ldus ds dkj.d ugha fd vi e`R. dksbZ laLdkj djs]a .k djus dk ç.ksa dk iqu% fujh{k.k djkrs gSa fd .k dks Jh jke ls lfU/k djus dk lq>ko fn. 277   Vhdkdkj jke ds bu 'kCnksa dh vksj /.11 ßeSa chp ls nks VqdMÛs gks tkÅ¡xk] fdUrq fdlh ds lkeus >qd ugha ldw¡xkA .g lp gS fd eSua s firk th dh vUR.k Hkh esjs ikl vk.d nwljs ls fdruh ?k`.sf"V laLdkj vf/kd Qynk.kA mls nwljksa ds çfr vuSfrd dk.ku fnykrk gS] ßjko.36.oku us jko.Z djus esa eTÛkk vkrk FkkA lcds vfgr esa rRij jgus okyk .ksa u gks] .g jko.s mfpr gksxk\ D. Hkh mrus çHkkoh u jgs gksxa ]s ftrus vkidh mifLFkfr esa gksrAs dgk tkrk gS fd vUR.k] firkth vkidk /.kZ dk vigj.g Hkh vko'.kn fnykrs gS]a mldh ri'p.k dh egkurk dh .k esa vius cU/kq& ckU/koksa ds çfr fu"Bk ls Hkh vf/kd egÙoiw.k fd.q dk o/k fd.s] rks vo'.fDr ds [Ûkuw ds fj'rs ls] pkgs lEcU/k fdruk Hkh fudV D.kZu djrs gSAa og Hkys gh v/ kehZ vkSj vlR.k ds T.k vkSj mudks ijkftr fd.k ds ÏR.oZ ku FkkA mlus ?kksj riL.18.q dk v'kkSp ekusAa tc ge vius Lotuksa ls Øq¼ gksrs gS]a rks .slh /kkj.sf"V djuk muds fy.a rq dL.kh gw¡] tks e`R.sls jktkvksa dh cMÛkbZ djrs gS]a ftUgksua s vius iq=ksa rd dks naM fn.k D.g vkjksi egku vkSj egÙkj fo"k.s fd.d }s"kiw.ksfa d eSa gh ogk¡ mifLFkr FkkA ijUrq firk th dh vkRek mruh çlék u gqbZ gksxh vkSj vUR. ckr u FkhA . lqu pqds gS]a ß.kA ijUrq tc os Lo.fn eSa .d tHkh gksrk gS] tcfd og fç.g fn[kkus ds fy.A mlus viuh ryokj ds cy ij mlus nsorkvksa rd ls .k.g muds fy.kA mls vusd egku dk.h Bgjk.k Fkk vkSj mudks 'kfDr'kkyh cukus esa lgk.fn ok jko.g vkjksi yxk.k vkSj esjs fç.kks ok lqxhz o .kZ ckrsa gSaA ge ml U.g Jh jke ds LoHkko ds vuq:i gh FkhA nqHkkZX.s xÛyr fudyk] ftUgksua s mls ikyk&ikslk] cMÛk fd.A fQj Hkh foHkh"k.k rc os esjs bl fopkj dks mfpr Bgjk.g laLdkj u d:¡] esjh .k% Lo.g gekjh lkekU.k vc eq>s dksbZ gkfu ugha igq¡pk ldrkA iwoZ esa mlus esjh Hkk.a jko.Zq kksa dks .k Fkk] tSlk fd eSua s vHkh crk.|fi .sxa As Þ vkidks Lej.s"B gksus ls og esjk iwT.k gh yxk.k Fkk fd mUgksua s vius cU/kq&ckU/koksa ds lkFk fo'okl?kkr fd.a dks Lej.g gS fd .ksfa d os nks"kh ik..q ds ckn Hkh vius HkkbZ ds dke u vk.fDr gw¡A dnkfpr~~ os esjs fo#¼ .slk djus ds fo#¼ le>krs gSAa os foHkh"k.k gksxk] fdl çdkj jke mls .ksa dks mlus vius tho dky esa cckZn fd.rk dh FkhA esjs fopkj esa rks .k mlls dqN ykHk gksxk\ os dgrs gS]a Þjko.k ds LohÏr gksus ls iwoZ mUgksua s dgk Fkk % mifLFkfr esa gksrAs dgk tkrk gS fd vUR.|fi T.s x.s.g rks nqjkxzgh Fkk vkSj mldh çÏfr dh foÏfr us gh vUrr% ml ij fot. ugha gSA vr% eSa mldh vUR.ksfr&LrEHk lksygok¡ v/. ls FkksMÛh nsj ckj foHkh"k.g ckr lqudj lalkj ds yksx lEHkor% dgsa eSa .sf"V dh D.d O.fn Lo.k ds nqx.sf"V ÏR.sf"V djuk mfpr ugha le>rk gw¡A . lrk jgk FkkA mls Lej.k rqe lksprs gks .k gS] rks . dsoy blhfy.d ugha fd mldh e`R.kk gS] tks yksxksa esa çpfyr gS *] tSls igys Fkh] .k djrs gS]a ßtc eSa e:¡] rqe Luku Hkh u djukAÞ Øks/kkos'k esa dqN yksx .k ds ckn nsorkvksa ls vusd ojnku çkIr fd.d /kkj."k es lgtks nks"k% LoHkkoks nqjfrØe%AA VI.d .k tkrk gSA nqfu.k] og mu yksxksa ds fy.slk Hkh dg nsrs gS]a ßrsjs ejus dk lqudj eSa [Ûkcw nw/k ihÅ¡xk] ?kh ds nh.g loZFkk mlds vuq:i gSA .q¼ fd. nsrk gS fd og . ls pkgrk Fkk fd jko.slk Hkh dg fn. Fkk] rFkkfi og eq> ls lRdkj ikus .k vkrk gS fd os .sxa s fd fdruh fL=.

sls fcUnqvksa ij ppkZ djuk pkgrk gw¡] ftuls lEHkor% mldh egkurk dk dqN va'k ?kVrk çrhr gksA mu ij . vuqjkx Fkk& eulk] okpk] deZ.slh ckrsa gS]a tks lcdks vkd£"kr djrh gSAa eq>s * . foiqy cy vkSj vR.k ds pfj= dks NksMÛ nsAa tSlk fd eSua s jke ds pfj= dk o. eSa dqN 'kCn dguk pkgw¡xkA 279 .sls dk..kZ ls Hkh fdlh çdkj voj ughaA jke ds çfr mudk vuU.kadu djrs le.Fks"V ppkZ ds i'pkr~ eSa mu dkjukeksa ij vkÅ¡xk] ftuds dkj. FksA mUgsa .fDr gS]a ckfy .kZ leiZ.g Hkh fn[kkus dk ç.k gks .kZ dk.krk ds mPp Lrj ij fd.g gS fd iwjs ^jkek.Z fd. v'kD. ds fdlh Hkh vU. iqu%LFkkfir dj ns]a mruk gh lcds fy.fHkoßA fcYdqy vk'p.kk esa mudk ijke'kZ lnk la.g fopkj dkfynkl ds vkadyu ls esy [kkrk gS] ftlds vuqlkj foHkh"k.ksa u Fkk\ ftruk 'kh?kz ge bl /kkj.fn ge jke vkSj udkjkRed vFkZ es]a jko.k ds T.k* dkO.s mUgsa vkns'k fn.kZrk ls fd.d vEckj ds :i esa j[kk tk.ks± ds lEiknu esa dnkfpr~~ dksbZ fojy gh muds fudV igq¡p ldrs gSAa .] ge . ik= }kjk .s FksA tc ge mudk fpUru djrs gS]a rks muds prq£nd ekuks mÙkerk&lwpd 'kCnksa dh HkhMÛ&lh tek gks tkrh gSA os bl dkO.slk D.kk dk.ijk. Js.h lREHkksa esa ls .k dk LFkku lqjf{kr gSA nks fpjLFkk.k ughaA os vR.kr gSa vkSj ..Ru d:¡xk fd os dk.fn muds }kjk lEiék dkjukeksa dks .ksfr&LrEHk 278 279 l=gok¡ v/.Ur cqf¼eku Fks] ea=.k.kk dks eu ls fudky nsa vkSj foHkh"k. eq>s xÛyr u le>s]a u gh okYehfd dks] ftuds fy.f/kd ladYi 'kfDr visf{kr Fkh] djus iMÛs vkSj mudk fu"iknu mUgksua s cMÛh ç'kaluh. ds cfy"B lcls O.s] tks ml le..sls dk.k] ½tqrk vkSj dÙkZO.w kZ vkSj 'kkjhfjd cy ds }kjk .Z ugha gksrk fd yksxksa ds ân.d ds :i esaA ftlesa nwljs guqeku gSa j?kqoa'k XV.jkek.g lc dgus ds i'pkr~] vc tks dqN eSa vkxs dguk tk jgk gw¡] mlds fy.Z] ftuds fy.iZ .kZu djrs gq.k dqEHkd. esa muds çfr bruk xgjk yxko gSA os gj vFkZ esa egku FksA . esa dksbZ vU.k Fkk] eSa igys guqeku dFkk ds dqN . guqeku ””” guqeku ds pfj= esa vusd . 103 Þdh£rKrEHk}.r gksrk FkkA muesa ?kVukvksa dks ?kVus ls igys gh vuqeku yxkus dh {kerk FkhA egkurk esa vkSj egÙoiw.Z djus esa os lnk rRij jgrs Fks vkSj tks dqN Hkh muds fgr esa gks ldrk Fkk] mldks djus esa lnk lps"V Fks] pkgs jke us mlds fy.k esa Hkh muds vEckj ds fudV igq¡pAs mUgksua s egku 'kkS.ksa dgsa fd mldks vius HkkbZ dk lkFk nsuk pkfg. Fkk] pkgs og ekuork ds çfr esa fdruk Hkh fo}s"kh D. pfj= muds leku egku ugha Fkk] .k ds pfj= dk ewY.n gh fdlh vU.Ldj gksxkA l=gok¡ v/. lEiw.s] rks 'kk. x.ksa* ds e/.   foHkh"k. fd.k.k os fo[.kh ds fy.Z iw. çk.slk lax`ghr vEckj] ifjek.kA lp rks .k dks fpjathfo.

eqfu us crk.ksfr&LrEHk l=gok¡ v/..ksa ugha çsfjr fd. mRikrksa }kjk ½f"k.K&vuq"Bku esa fo?u Mky nsrs FksA dHkh os mudh gfo"k b/kj&m/kj fc[ksj nsr]s dHkh vU.280 jkek.k] .k 'kfDr dk yksi gks x.k fd guqeku dks D.slh ckr] ftldh .koLFkk esa gh guqeku us viuh 'kfDr dk ijh{k.k FkkA lw.g ç'u Lo.k Lo.k gS] ijUrq rhu .kh.s .kZ gks vkSj dj.gh ckr guqeku ij Hkh ykxw gSA guqeku okuj tkfr ds Fks] tks fd uj tkfr ls dqN voj gSA okuj çÏfr ls gh guqeku brus Å¡ps mBsA bl rF.g çn£'kr fd.ksa ckfy dks lekIr ugha fd..g Fkk fd os ugha tkurs Fks fd nksuksa ls os vf/kd cy'kkyhn gSAa os bl ckr ls Hkh vufHkK Fks fd os Lo.Z Hkxoku us mu ij çgkj fd.ksa viuh 'kfDr dk Kku ugha jgrk Fkk] ijUrq .=&r= [knsMÛ jgk Fkk] .] os viuh 'kfDr dks Hkwy tk.k x.kn ugha jghA tc ckfy vkSj lqxhz o esa vucu gks xbZ vkSj os .d ls vf/kd ckj .ku mudh deTÛkksfj. 281   .k xky fipd x. dks tkurs FksA guqeku dh Lej. euq". gks] rks mlds fy.] ml le.kA ijUrq tc os vlguh.ksfa d vfoosdh gksuk mfpr ughaA gesa nksuksa igyqvksa ij fopkj djuk pkfg.k vkSj mUgsa uhps TÛkksj ls iVd fn.k& .k Fkk] tks fd mu ij Fkksi nh xbZ Fkh] fd mudks viuh 'kfDr dh fcYdqy .sA ijUrq eSa . O.qA .ksx gksuk pkfg.kZu fd.kk ds :i esa . çkIr dj ln~x.k tk ldrk FkkAÞ vxLR. ds gh Lrj ij FkhA eSua s .gk¡ rd fd vc ge mudks fnO.ksa ds vkJeksa esa tkdj mRikr epkdj muds .ksa ds leku Fks vkSj vusd vkpj.k^ esa .k djrs gSa fd çÏfr ls] LoHkko ls] os .keksa esa vU. .g Hkh fn[kk.slk volj rks fo'ks"k :i ls esjs /..kZr.kksa }kjk mUgksua s .slk djuk esjs fy.d okuj .k esa mldk cjkcj ihNk dj jgk FkkA ml le.k Fkk] eSua s . lUnHkks± esa Hkh bl çdkj dh nqcy Z rk çn'kZu dk ladrs feyrk gSA esjs eu esa dksbZ lUnsg ugha fd dfo dk vfHkçk.k .d vkn'kZ ds :i es]a .q dh fgek.kn u fnyk.nk&dnk muds uhps dqy ls gksus ds fpÊ mHkj vkrs gSAa dksbZ cqjh ckr ughaA ge oSls gh gS]a tSlk Hkxoku us gesa cuk.k.g crkus dh /k`"Vrk dh Fkh fd os vusd vk.d mRFkkid 'kfDr ds :i es]a mudh lknj ç'kalk djrs gS]a tc ge ns[krs gSa fd fdl çdkj mUgksua s viuh çÏfr dks nsoRo ds Lrj rd mékr fd.k\ ckY.k pkj vU.k dh pwd ds fy. lqxhz o ds lkFk mlds vuqpjksa esa dsoy .ksa us .fn og dk.fn mudks igys vk tkrh] rks bruh HkkxnkSMÛ ds d"V dk fuokj. O.k x.k fd fdl çdkj os ekuoksfpr nqcy Z rkvksa ij fot.k 'kL= e`R.r ls mUgsa nsorkvksa ds vusd ojnku Hkh çkIr gq.ksa dks mRihfMÛr djrsA muds ekrk&firk vkrs] mudks le>krs vkSj .k gSA .d . ls mudh egkurk ds çfr lEeku vkSj Hkh c<Û tkrk gSA tc ge bl rF.k* esa guqeku dh vleFkZrk dk mYys[k dsoy viuh 'kfDr ds Lej.k FkkA os .k vk.k ds T.kn .d ns'k ls nwljs ns'k rd] lkjh nqfu.koLFkk esa Hkh os brus vuqie cy&lEiék Fks fd os fuMj gksdj ½f"k.d Fkk fd dksbZ vU. /k`"Vrk gh gksxh! eq>s {kek djsa D.fDr vkdj mUgsa çsfjr djsA vxLR.g mPp ln~pfj= dh gh fo'ks"krk gSA okYehfd us Hkh bl rF.s gh fd. Hkh guqeku us viuh iwjh 'kfDr dk çn'kZu ugha fd.d leqæ ls nwljs leqæ rd Nykax yxk ldrk Fkk] lqxhz o dks idMÛus esa loZFkk vleFkZ jgkA lqxhz o crkrs gSa fd mudks bruh foLr`r HkkSxksfyd tkudkjh blh HkkxeHkkx ds nkSjku esa çkIr gqbZ FkhA .k vkSj blh dkj.kn . Hkh .sxkA mfpr le.sxa As .q k vkSj lnkpkj ds mPpre f'k[kj ij igq¡p x.g iw.fDr cu tkus ij Hkh] .k os guqeku dgyk.gh gS fd bu lcdks guqeku dh nqcy Z rk ds :i esa le>k tk.ksa ij tkrk gSA ge .fDr mudks mldh .k fd mudh çÏfr euq".d vleFkZrk dk 'kki mUgsa fn.k FkkA jke us muls iwNk Fkk] ßeSaus . voljksa ij Hkh guqeku dh nqcy Z rk çdV gksrh çrhr gksrh gSA .k .k vkSj ckfy dks ugha ekjkA bldk dkj.g vko'.sA gesa yxrk gS fd ge jke ds cgqr fudV gS]a tc gekjk /.k lqxhz o dks bl ckr dk irk ugha Fkk\ mlus mudks ç'kalk djds D.dky ls gh os nksuksa ?kfu"B fe= jgs Fks] tSls vfXu vkSj ok.d ojnku Fkk fdlh Hkh vL= .k gSA eSa le>rk gw¡ fd .Z ls .kpuk djrs gq.'kLoh dkjukeksa ds drkZ gksus ij Hkh] .s pkj Fksµ guqeku] uy] uhy vkSj rkjA ckfy] tks viuh vfr'k. ½f"k ls okrkZyki djrs le.d .kZ :i ls le> fy.k ls fp<Û dj] mls .slk lquk gS fd guqeku ckfy vkSj lqxzho ls Hkh vf/kd cy'kkyh gSAa fQj lqxhz o ds i{k esa gksrs gq.a lw.g çn£'kr djrs gSa fd .ku esa vk jgk gS] tks blh lUnHkZ ls lEcfU/kr gS] tc ckfy vius HkkbZ ds nqjkpj.q çfrj{kk gks vFkkZr~ fdlh Hkh vL=&'kL= }kjk mudh e`R.Z vR.d .d igkMÛh ij fxj iMÛs vkSj mudk ck¡.d egku O.ksfu esa fo|eku FksA okYehfd ^jkek.d nwljs ds 'k=q cu x. Hkh D.k& og Fkk] fd mudks vius futh cy dh foLe`fr jgsxh] tc rd dksbZ vU.Fks"V mÙkj ugha FkkA D.Z Hkxoku ds fo#¼ fd.] ijUrq fQj Hkh mudh .slk dgk tkrk gS fd ckY.a jke us fd.slk yxrk gS fd lglk guqeku dks dqN Lej.s cpdkuh gjdrsa pyrh jgrh FkhaA ½f"k&eqfu Hkh .k gks tkrkA mUgsa .ksa ls fHkék ugha ekursA .A vPNh ckrksa ij Hkh vkSj oLrqr% tks vPNh ugha] mu ij HkhA tc eSua s jke ds Hkh pfj= dk o.k gS vkSj fodflr gksus fn.g dsoy mlh vleFkZrk ds dkj.sA vius firk] ok. gks x. dks Lej.d çsj.slk rks lEHkor% cgqr igys gh fd.slk nkok rks ugha djrk fd . foHkwfr. lkeF.k FkkA vktdy bldks (amnesia) Le`fr&yksi dh laKk nh tkrh gSA çk.a gh ckfy vkSj lqxhz o ls vf/kd cy'kkyh Fks] u lqxhz o vkSj u gh guqeku bl rF.% ge 'kCn vkSj uke Hkwy tkrs gSAa ^jkek.] rc ½f"k.q ugha gks ldrh FkhA ckY.k\ .A buesa ls .slk le> ysuk lUnsg ds ijs gSAa eSa rks dsoy bruk gh tkurk gw¡ fd dbZ vU. ij] tc mudh 'kfDr dk mi.g tkurs fd os nsoyksd ds fdrus vf/kd Ïikik= Fks] fpjdky rd os muds mRikr lgrs jgsA fdUrq] guqeku us mudh lk/kqrk dk vuqfpr ykHk mBk. dks iw.Ur egÙoiw.

283   vk x.slk çrhr gksrk gS fd dfo dk vk'k.k djuk pkfg. LFkku ij guqeku dk Hkh HkqyDdMÛiu vR.sAÞ bl le.a gh FksA .gk¡ vk.k ds çfr guqeku dk vuqjkx bruk vf/kd Fkk fd tc os lqxhz o ij Øq¼ gq. fuf'pr fd.k fd.g gks ldrh gS fd guqeku esa Hkh ogh vke deTÛkksjh çn£'kr gksrh gS] tks lkekU.kn vk xbZ vkSj os lc cp x. Fks fd lqxhz o viuk dÙkZO.ku vk x. Fks] tgk¡ rkjk y{e.a gh blds fy.fDr. dh vogsyuk ugha dh gSA mUgksua s igys gh okuj lsuk dks .kke dhft.k gksxk tc geus y{e.k ns jgs gks]a ßvkius jke ds ftl dk.k gqbAZ .a Hkh vkSj vf/kd Øq¼ gks tkrs gSAa ijUrq esjs fopkj esa bu ifjdYiukvksa esa ls fdlh ls dke ugha pysxkA eq>s rks . ij Hkk"k.] fdf"dU/kk dks] eq>dks vkSj vU.k D.sA tSls iRuh vius ifr ds o'k esa jgrh gS] mlh çdkj vki lnk Jh jke ds v/khu jfg.k¡ tkrh gSAa vc vkxs dk dk. v-4.kZIr voyksdu ds dkj.k ds T.df=r gksus dk igys vkns'k fn.kA bldk dkj.ksa dk 'kki us viuk çHkko çdV fd.g Hkh mu çfØ.slk dguk pkfg.ksa dk Hkkj guqeku dks lksia dj vkSj iwjk mÙkjnkf. ls guqeku dks ckn esa bldh .s] tks ckfy ds 'kjhj dks xksn esa fy.drk ughaA esjs ifr lPpfj= O.kA .a dks jktekrk tkudj vkidks cgqr larks"k gksxkAÞ Kkr jgs fd tc ls guqeku dk jke vkSj y{e. iwjk dj fn.ksx djus esa dqN tYnckTÛkh dhA ckn esa mUgksua s Hkh [ksn çdV fd.ksa dh {kerk ls dgha vf/kd cqf¼eku Fks] cMÛs&cMÛs jktnwrksa ds leku O.k us .ogkj&dq'ky Fks] os okDiVq Hkh FksA fQj Hkh] tc os rkjk dks ns[kus ds fy.k! vki lqxhz o ij dqfir u gks]a bldk nks"kh rks eSa gw¡AÞ mUgsa dqN vkxs c<Ûdj djuk pkfg.a vius Lokeh dh HkRlZuk dj nhA .sls 'kCn ç.k FkkA rc guqeku dgrs gS]a ekuks os . .Z vkxs ugha c<Ûk] mldk nks"k guqeku ij gh FkkA . v-14.k.fDr ogk¡ vkus dk nqLlkgl djsxk] rks mldh [kksiMÛh lgò VqdMÛkas esa [kafMr gks tk.k dksbZ vU.s gSAa vc os ogk¡ ds fy.k .kA losZ fg gfj'kknZwyk% iq='pk. O. ij vk. u'oj euq".k dk leFkZu fd. lc dqN dks Hkh cfynku dj ldrs gSAa Þ y{e.g .A .A buesa ls .k Fkk] guqeku dks dgk x.kA nwljh vksj] mUgksua s vius Lokeh ds gh fo#¼ y{e.k Fkk fd vkns'k ds ikyu esa fdlh çdkj dh Hkwypwd u gksA bu dÙkZO.Z dk mÙkjnkf.k vUr%iqj }kj ij igq¡p]s ogk¡ Hkkjh [kycyh ep xbZA lqxhz o guqeku dks mykguk nsrs gq.sxhA igys rks guqeku bl ckr dks loZFkk Hkwy x.fn ckfy .k ugha] vfirq vi.d vU.fDr os Lo.k ls feyu gqvk Fkk] rHkh ls os .g gqbZ fd ml le. çLFkku fd.kstuk cuk jgs Fks fd lqxhz o ckfy dk mÙkjkf/kdkjh cusA ijUrq viuh uSl£xd mnkj ço`fÙk ds dkj.kZ gS] tc ckfy dk o/k gqvk vkSj rkjk .k mUgsa vaxn dk oS/k mÙkjkf/kdkjh gksus dk /. cSBh Fkh] mUgksua s /.g lquk] mUgsa eglwl gqvk fd mUgksua s .fn fu/kkZfjr dk.ewd FkkA fdlh ½f"k dk 'kki Fkk fd . Fks fd bl fo"k.g xÛyrh HkqyDdMÛiu ds dkj.d ogh Fkh] ftuds }kjk ½f"k.Ro fy.s gSAa tks lUns'k jke us .k fd lqxhz o dks cqjk Hkyk dgus esa mUgksua s xÛyrh dhA tc lqxhz o us viuh fo'kky lsuk dks iUægosa fnu . FksA lqxhz o jke dks crkrs gSa fd lkSHkkX.ksfr&LrEHk l=gok¡ v/.k ds pfj= dk fo'ys"k. i`-54-55..k dks ç. .Ur egRoiw.k mlds }kjk Hkstk x.kA** tc dqfir y{e. y{e.k¡ ek= gh gSAa guqeku rkjk dks le>krs gS]a ßvc vkSj vf/kd jksuk&/kksuk O.k dk Øks/k BaMk djds os muls dgrh gS] ßesjs ifr us vius dÙkZO.k Fkk] mldk vc le.slk ugha fd. . rd ckfy ds çk.fDr gSa vkSj vius fe=ksa ds çfr fu"Bkoku gSAa os vkidh vkSj vkids Hkzkrk dh çlékrk ds fy.k fd fdf"dU/kk ds Bhd lkeus fn'kk esa .Ro mudks nsdj lqxhz o us fuf'pr gksdj vUr%iqj ds fy. gSAa blhfy.g dgk tk ldrk gS fd Jh jke vkSj y{e. Fkk] ßy{e.FkZ gSA okuj jkt ckfy vkt viuh çkjC/k fu£er vk.d fu"Bkoku lsod dks D.k ugha fudys FksA og iMÛk gqvk e`r ds leku yx jgk FkkA guqeku Hkh ogk¡ vk igq¡pAs os u dsoy ohj vkSj cyoku Fks] vfirq lkekU. volj ij Hkh muls pwd gqbAZ vkidks Lej.d vU. vki iq= vkSj fe=ksa ds lkFk gkFk tksMÛdj eLrd >qdk dj y{e. tks le. Fkk] ijUrq mUgksua s .kvksa esa ls .q dh vof/k iwjh dj pqds gSAa os viuk vfUre ½.k Fkk] Li"V gS] vki bu fnuksa çekn esa iMÛ tkus ds dkj.df=r djus dk vkns'k nsdj viuk dÙkZO.k ls ckr djrh gS vkSj muls dgrh gS] ßvkidks bruk Øks/k djus dh vko'.Z ns[kuk gS] vc mldh fpUrk djuh pkfg.s lc ckrsa muds vk|'kki dh fofo/k vfHkO.s vkSj viuh çfrKk ij vVy jfg.k gSAÞ tc y{e.] rks mUgksua s mudk i{k ysrs gq. vk pqdk gSA vkius lhrk dh [kkst ds fy.a rok³~xn%A bna g.k Fkk*] ge ml n`'. dks Hkh Hkwy x.q¼LFky ij vkdj foyki djus yxhA fofp= ckr rks .g fn[kkuk gS fd .k fd ckfy ds çk.df=r gksus dk vkns'k ns fn.k pqdkus pys x.k] mldks Hkwy x. vk.gk¡ Hkstk gS] og fuLlUnsg dBksj 'kCnksa esa gS] ijUrq vki Lo. nsf[k.s çLFkku dj pqds gS]a tgk¡ egku ohj foHkwfr. Lo.k vHkh ugha fudys FksA dnkfpr~~ .d gS] vkids iq= vaxn dk vfHk"ksd djukA csVs dks fdf"dU/kk dh jktflagklu ij cSBk ns[kdj vkSj Lo.a p RoRlukFkefufUnrsAA * ** nsf[k. Fkk\ mldks rks .d nwljh lQÛkbZ blds fy. guqeku Hkwy x.Z{kjkT. i`-233.s fTÛkEesokj gSAa vijk/k vkidh vksj ls gqvk gSA blfy. esa nks"kh O.r% gekjs ukSdjksa esa Hkh ns[kus dks feyrh gS] tks Lokeh ds Øks/k djus ij] Lo.d igkMÛh gS] ftldk uke ½".d Å¡ps eap ij p<Ûdj uSfrd dÙkZO.ku ugha fn.282 jkek.k gks ldrk Fkk\ . iwjk dj pqds Fks] vkSj bl rF. dgrs gSa fd mUgksua s rks cgqr igys gh lsuk dks .

kksa ls] tks fd eSua s çLrqr fd.ksfr&LrEHk 285 vëkjgok¡ v/.kA O.g eku ysus esa Hkh dksbZ gkfu u gksxh fd ml {k. ij Hkh lqxhz o ç/kku gSAÞ og cMÛh n`<Ûrk ls guqeku dk ijke'kZ vLohdkj dj nsrh gSA .U=.A .q gksus ij vkidk lc dk.a vaxn ds HkkX. lkSia fn. LokHkkfod Hkkoukvksa ls çHkkfor FksA ^jkek.d vkSj volj Fkk tcfd mudh Lej..g u ekuk tk. çTTofyr vfXu esa ços'k d:¡xkA ijUrq] Jh jke vki esjs ls .k vki lksp Hkh ldrs gSa lqxhz o ds ?kfu"Bre l[kk }kjk .AÞ ””” .g ekuk tk ldrk gS fd bl v'kDrrk ds ihNs vo'.k fd mldk HkkbZ fdruk egku Fkk] fdruk 'kfDr'kkyh vkSj dqy feyk dj] mlds fy.s lc lh/ks mlds ân. dqN djus dk vf/kdkj gSA blds pkpk] lqxhz o gh leLr dk..s\ fdl çdkj guqeku ds fofp= vkpj. çsfjr djksA rqEgkjs v/khu jgdj vaxn dk jkT.g /kkj.Z fl¼ gks tk. ij vkSj Lo. mnkgj.ku vk. ds mn~xkj FksA tc jke dks vglkl gqvk fd muds }kjk D.g lc ½f"k. gh dksbZ rF.g ekuus dks rS. gksxa s vkSj mUgksua s lkspk fd mfpr çk.k* esa bl ckr dk vkSj dksbZ Li"Vhdj.f'pr rks .k dks le>k tk ldrk gS] tc rd .21.k tk.s bl fofp= dk.d lsok dh vis{kk j[krs gS]a vaxn ml dk.q ij Lo.a lqxhz o foyki djrk gSA bl iwjs lxZ esa fu"diVrk dh xw¡t feyrh gS] ftlls çrhr gksrk gS fd og lpeqp vuqrki ls vfHkHkwr Fkk] tc mls /.] eq>s çk.s fdruk fgrdkjh FkkA nwljh vksj mldk viuk O. dj jgk gw¡A guqeku dh egkurk esa Hkh dksbZ vUrj ugha iMÛrkA mudh v'kDrrk ds mnkgj.s tk ldrs gS]a .k lpeqp os Hkh] lqxhz o vkSj jke ds leku] .qDr fd.s rqEgkjs iq= vaxn rFkk okuj] Hkkyqvksa dk jkT.] jke Lo.284 jkek.e³~xn% 'kkLrq esfnuhe~AA laLdk.Z dh çpaMrk dk jke dks Hkh vglkl gqvkA fQj D.Fkk ds dkj.kZr. n'kZd ogk¡ cksy jgk gks] u fd og guqeku] tks vkjEHk ls gh lqxzho dk lkFkh jgk Fkk vkSj mlds lkFk&lkFk ckjEckj leLr i`Foh ij nkSMÛ yxk pqdk FkkA ijUrq .11 dksbZ . gS fd mlds ikB ds vFkZ blh çdkj yxk.d vlkekU.g .gh gksxk fd oS/k mÙkjkf/kdkjh] vaxn dks jkT.k. Hkh ugha gw¡A eSa vius HkkbZ dk lkFk nsus ds fy.rke~A flagkluxra iq=a i'.s fd .k tk.slk Hkh ugha gS] tks bl er ds çfrdwy gksA eSa Lo.flagklu ij ns[kdj vkidks 'kkfUr feysxh vkSj vki ckfy ds fu/ku dks Hkwy tk.ks± dks djus esa leFkZ gSa vkSj os gh esjh vis{kk blds vf/kd fudVorhZ Hkh gSAa Þ blds vkxs .d dkjukes ds os'k esa fd.s vaxn vkSj lqxhz o& nksuksa gh 'kksd lUrIr gSAa rqe bUgsa Hkkoh dk.ksZ gfjjkt'p v³~xn'pkfHkf"kP.fUr 'kkfUres".ogkj dq'kyrk esa og guqeku ls Hkh vkxs c<Ûdj fudyhA os guqeku ls cksyha] ßeq>s rks vkidh ckr dqN taph ughaA bl le.k ugha gS vkSj dqN .g Hkh ns[kk fd lkjs okuj ml LFky ls fo"kkn vkSj O. HkkfefuA Ro.   rkfoekS 'kksdlarIrkS 'kuS% çsj.ksa ds 'kki ds dkj.s okuj ohj vkidh vkKkuqlkj lhrk dh [kkst djsxa As esjh e`R. rqels gh lukFk gS] rqEgha bu lc dh Lokfeuh gksA vr% bUgsa mfpr vkns'k nsdj viuk fu. 9.k] tc mUgksua s rkjk vkSj lqxhz o ds 'kksd dks ns[kk vkSj .k gS] tgk¡ guqeku dh O.] tSls dksbZ vU.ogkj dq'kyrk iw.g .d fofp= pwd gqbAZ rkjk us fQj Hkh cqf¼eÙkk vkSj le>nkjh ls dke fy. dqN Hkh ugha gS] u gh blds vfHk"ksd ls esjk dksbZ eryc gSA blds vfrfjDr] ckfy ds fnoaxr gksus ds ckn lqxhz o dk gh mÙkjkf/kdkj gSA eq> ij] bl jkT.k ifjx`ghrks·.kd fo"kkn ds vkos'k esa cksy jgk FkkA .Z dh iw£r dj nsxkA .sxkA blfy.k nwj Hkkx x.d {kf.fn os gks'k&gokl esa gksr\s . vaxn esjs fy.ksa u ge eku ysa fd guqeku Hkh larkixzLr gq. fQj Hkh gSA ß.k 'kfDr dh .k dqN gks x.sAa bl ls eSa u rks dfo ds] u gh guqeku ds çfr dksbZ vU.kk ugha cuk ldrk fd lqxhz o dsoy .s lHkh Js"B okuj] .sA csVs dks jkT.k gh gqvkA mudh uSl£xd Hkkoukvksa us mUgsa vfHkHkwr dj fy.d vU.q¼ esa .flAA IV.k vlQy gqbAZ rkjk vkxs dgrh gS] ßvius ohj ifr dk vkfyaxu gh eq>s vaxn ds leku lkS iq=ksa ls Hkh Js"B tku iMÛrk gSA eSa u rks okujksa dh Lokfeuh gw¡] vkSj u gh eq>s vaxn ds fy.8.k ifjR.k LFkkfir djksA .k.ksX.k vkSj ml le.kj gw¡ fd dfo dk vk'k.o] lalkj esa thou /kkj. os blh çdkj cksy x.a .sls 'kCn ç.ogkj mlds çfr fdruk fo'okl?kkrh jgk FkkA og Lo.d iwjk lxZ gS] ftlesa ckfy dh e`R. gS]a lEHkor% .k djus .s tk.kfHk"ksd fd.a Hkh nq%[k ls vkØkUr gks x.k djus okyk nks"kh gw¡A vr.sxa hAÞ D.k ds T.ks± ds fy.kx dh vuqefr nhft.a dks nks"kh Bgjkrk gS vkSj dkslrk gS] ßeSa dqy dh gR.

kkFk± rq Hkw. guqeku eSaus lhrk dh [kkst dh rS.kA gUrO.g foyEc guqeku ds HkqyDdMÛ LoHkko ds dkj. ogk¡ .dj lathodj.s lQÛkbZ is'k dhA tSlk fd eSua s igys crk.gk¡ 'kh?kz ys vkvksA tks okuj esjh vkKk ls nl fnu ls Hkhrj .] ftlls lEiw.k }kjk x.10.srkvksa us .sZ iwoZeos lko/kkurka y{e.k dks 'kkUr dj mlus dgk fd vc fopkj djus ds fy.gk¡ u vk tk.ksa dks .s dj fn.s C. çlax ij vkrk gw¡] ijUrq ftlds QyLo:i dksbZ fo'ks"k {kfr ugha gqbZ FkhA .e dk nks"kh gksus ds vfrfjDr] .kA y{e.k Fkk] ftudks vkS"kf/k.A 'kksdlUrIr jke ds eu esa ml le.kA lqxhz o dk Hkkjh nks"k .A bl ckr dks mldh iRuh] rkjk us Li"V :i ls crk.d vR.k nwrk egktok%A Roj.o] . gSAa bl lUnsg&fuokj.Fkksfpr le.k us viuk veks?k 'kfDr vL= dks y{e.Ur vfoosd dk dk.kijku~AA .. Hkh Le`fryksi ds jksx ls çHkfor gks x.s vR.d lq"ksu uked o.sd dk.k ewfNZr gksdj /kjk'kk.Z foyEc djus okys gks]a mu lHkh dks .k gS .ksfr&LrEHk 286  vëkjgok¡ v/.k Fkk] ftlls . ij vk x.r le. tkEcoku* dk uke fn.k ds T. rjg&rjg ds fujk'kktud fopkj vk jgs FksA ml le. çÏrdk.] eSa dqN vkSj 'yksd blh lUnHkZ esa çLrqr d:¡xkA esjk vfHkçk.Ur Dys'kdj FkkA vla. guqeku dh vksj ls dksbZ lQÛkbZ nsuk lEHko ughaA guqeku ml le.k vkrk gS vkSj os guqeku ls vius djrc dks] ftldk fooj.Ro mlus fy. ds dqN v/.k ds fy.d çfl¼ ?kVuk gS] ftls dfo us Li"V :i ls HkqyDdMÛiu dgk gSA blfy. viuk nkok fl¼ djus ds fy.k gS] ßesjs }kjk igys Hksts x.kLrs nqjkReuks jkt'kklunw"kdk%AA IV.rqeA* nwljk vkns'k] ftlesa fu.k mlds lkeus vk.s dksbZ vijk/k gS gh ughaA rRi'pkr~ lqxhz o y{e.s]a jktkKk dks dyafdr djus okys mu nqjkRek okujksa dks ekj Mkyuk pkfg.o ukLrhR.q¼ dkaM ds 102osa lxZ esa gSA vkidks Lej.ks vijk/k .r vof/k dk le.kh bl çdkj gS % vijk/ke³~xhÑR. çsj.d O.k fd os bl ckr dh tk¡p djsa fd çR.ksa dk iwjk&iwjk fooj.s lUns'k okgdksa dks 'kh?kzrk djus dk vkns'k fn.d vU.k Fkk] og .k. Fkk fd lqxzho viuk dÙkZO.g mlds fy.Zek.kpuk dhA mlds i'pkr~ mlus .ksa dk Lej.Rok bnkuha fopk.] guqeku dks .Fkk le>uk dfBu gSA bl lEcU/k esa nks vkns'k feyus ij vkSj iwjk mÙkjnkf.k ds eu esa ys'kek= Hkh lUnsg u jgs vkSj .ksjks ds vuqlkj] mu cwfV.k x.slk dguk fd lqxhz o nks"kh Fkk] mudh pwd Fkh] ftlds fy. lkURof.k dk i{k ysrs gq.k Hkh fn. gksa rFkk tks nh?kZl=w h vFkkZr~ çR.k dh mifLFkfr esa nqckjk guqeku dks vkns'k nsrk gSA çsf"krk% çFkea .k. fd lqxhz o bl lEcU/k esa vko'.sA mlus vius ifr ds fy.k gh gqb]Z ftldks vU.Zokgh igys gh dj pqdk FkkA vr.k ughaA nwljh ckj] guqeku dks gh lEcksf/kr djds vkns'k fn.k ij NksMÛk Fkk] og y{e.d dk.ku j[kk Fkk fd ftl dke dk mÙkjnkf. ij lEiék gks tkuk pkfg.g Fkk fd og Hkksx&foykl esa bruk cg x.37.ksa dk dqN Kku Fkk] mifLFkr FksA mudks çfl¼ vkjksX.Ro lkSia s tkus ds ckn y{e.k gksxk] tc jko.sAÞ lwpuk bl çdkj Fkh % ^çsf"krnwrRoj. FksA vc eSa HkqyDdMÛiu ds .k FkkA lEHkor% bl dkO. dk ikyu dj pqdk Fkk] tc y{e.Z Fkk] ijUrq mlus bl ckr dk iwjk&iwjk /.d uewuk FkkA vkjEHk esa rks mlus lqxhz o dks nks"kh ekudj {kek .k] tc Øks/k ls mÙksftr y{e.35.kgAA IV.kjh ds lUnHkZ esa guqeku ds HkqyDdMÛiu ds çlaxksa dk mYys[k fd. eq>s dksbZ fo'ks"k ç.k us mlds }kj ij xtZu&rtZu fd.kk fufeÙk iqu% nwljs Js"B okujksa dks HkstksA tks okuj dke Hkksx esa Q¡ls gq. .fDr ftlus mu tMÛh cwfV.k Fkk fd y{e. 287  vgksfHknZ'kfHk.Ur 'kksdkdqy gks x.k x.kl ugha djuk gSA bl ?kVuk dk mYys[k .k fd mldk nks"k fcYdqy ugha FkkA vr% mlds fo#¼ dksbZ f'kdk.k eSa mfpr LFkku ij nw¡xk] iqu% fn[kkus dks dgrs gSAsa lq"ks.fDr fu.r ekeyk curk gh ughaA bl lUnHkZ esas xksfoUnjkt dh fVIi.11 vijk/k dks Lohdkj djus ls y{e.Lo rku~ lokZu´~ 'kh?kza rq ee 'kklukr~AA 286 ßesjh vkKk ls igys tks egku osx'kkyh okuj Hksts x. lqxhz o us ykSVdj vkus dh vof/k ?kVk dj nl fnu dj nh vkSj mUgksua s guqeku dks vkns'k fn.kso`¼ okuj] ftudks eSus ^f}rh.k ds o{kLFky esa tkdj vVd x.sd O.g fl¼ dj fn.k Fkk] tks mlds ukeh l[kk] jke ds fy.kkFkhZfDr% LoL. de blfy.k tk.s p e. gS]a mudks tYnh dke djus ds fy.AÞ bl ckj] iUæg fnu ds ctk.kh ioZr ij mxus okyh cwfV. |ksrf.kk.jkek.10-12 vBkjgok¡ v/.k Fkk] .Lroa gjhUlaç"s k.s çlDrk'p dkes"kq nh?kZlw=k'p okujk%A bgku.kZ okuj lsuk 'kksdlUrIr gks xbZ& fo'ks"k :i ls muds HkkbZ vR.g .slk lkspk gks fd eSua s dfo dh Hkk"kk dks dqN vf/kd gh [kh¡p&[kk¡p dj vFkZ yxk.h gks x.s± fg ukxPNfUr eekK.g mldh odÛkyr dkS'ky dk .g Li"V gks tk.

gks gh ugha ldrkA muds vuqlkj] guqeku dks ykSVus vkSj lwpuk miyC/k djkus dk dksbZ n`<Û vkns'k ugha FkkA mUgas Hkjr vkSj mudh eu% fLFkfr dh tk¡p nks oSdfYid n`f"Vdks. O. ckrphr dk volj feyk gh ughaA mudks rks Hkstk x. esa lwpuk nsAa * .k fd lkSia s x.k Hkjr ls fcNqMÛs FksA Hkjr Hkh lc o`ÙkkUr lfoLrkj tkuuk pkgrs FksA ikB esa o`ÙkkUr mlh :i esa gS] tSlk guqeku us lquk.slk rks ugha fd muds HkkbZ] Hkjr dks jktoSHko ds çfr dgha dqN vf/kd yxko gks x.d ckj igys ns[kk gqvk Fkk] mudks rqjUr igpku ysA fcuk fdlh fo'ks"k ifjJe ds guqeku Nykax yxkdj ml ioZr ij rks igq¡p x.kA blds vfrfjDr] dFkk esa nks vU.k fd .g gS fd bl volj ij dfo .g Li"V vFkZ yxkus dh ctk.ks/.jkek. dks xzg.k\ os bl çdkj ds lsod ugha Fks] tks vkns'k dh voKk djrsA esjk rks vuqeku .k gS] ftldks le>us esa eSa vleFkZ gw¡A muds }kjk fd.k djrs gSAa ijUrq vFkZ fu.k] ftls ysus . 289   .kZu Hkwy x. mUgksua s guqeku dks igys ls HkstkA mudks vkns'k Fkk fd tc rd jke v.ksfa d og Loa.kl fd.k lh ckr ugha gS fd .k Fkk fd v. okLrfod fLFkfr dh Vksy ysus ds fy.k FkkA bl fooj. ogk¡ igq¡pus ls iwo]Z fdlh Hkh lkekU. .k Hkh Li"V ugha gS& og gS] lhrk dh vfXuijh{kk] ftldks] jko.drk ughaA ijUrq .ksa dh igpku djusa esa vleFkZ jgsA mUgksua s .d çlax vkSj gS] ftldk le>kuk dnkfpr~~ vkSj Hkh vklku gSA bldh vkSj esjk /.k vFkZ ekU.k ykSVrs le.d fodYi gh fuf'fpr gks] rc gh mudks ykSVdj jke dks lwfpr djuk FkkA blls rks dsoy Vhdkdj dh mRlqdrk gh çnf'kZr gksrh gS] .% djrs vk.k u djsA eSa ugha tkurk fd tc eSa LosPNk ls bl HksVa dks çLrqr d:¡xk] Hkjr bls lg"kZ Lohdkj djsxk vFkok vLohdkj dj nsxkA .kZ çlax dks NksMÛ fn.k gksA blfy.g gksrk gS fd guqeku fufnZ"V LFkku ij] tgk¡ ykSVdj vkus dks dgk x.ksas ugha vk.g fofp= vFkZ yxkrs gSAa guqeku dks bl ckr dh tk¡p djuh Fkh fd Hkjr ds eu esa Lo.k gS] tcfd mUgsa Li"V :i ls vkns'k fn.ks/. FksA cwVh dh igpku djuk rks lq"ks.kZ. fopkjksa ls vksrçksr gks x.ku muds efLr"d ds Hkhrj iw.kA dnkfpr~~ mUgksua s cgqr dqN ns[kk vkSj lEHkor% Hkjr esa fdlh ckr us mudks bruk çHkkfor fd.kZ igkMÛh mBk ys x. esa os cgqr dqN lqu pqds Fks] os ml {k.A b/kj&m/kj [kkstus ij Hkh] os mu cwfV.sA ..s gS]a dqN .s] ijUrq tc os ioZr f'k[kj ij [kkst djus yxs] rks os mu vkS"kf/k.kksa ls djuh Fkh vkSj muesa ls .ksa ugha fd.kZ o`ÙkkUr lqukdj] mudk efLr"d dqN vU.kZu ik¡p&Ng 'yksdksa esa fd.k gSA .g rF.k d:¡\ eSa mlh oLrq dks Hkwy x.] eSa mudks Hkh çLrqr d:¡xkA dnkfpr~~ vkidks Lej.k gSA guqeku dgrs gS]a ßvc eSa D.ku nsa vkSj ns[ksa fd fdlh çdkj dh v/khjrk rks çnf'kZr ugha djrs] mudh tks Hkkouk jke ds çfr gS] mldks tkuus dk ç.12-17) v-8.k[.k gks'k esas vk tkrs gSAa fofp= ckr . dks i<Ûrk gw¡A tc guqeku Hkjr ls feys] mUgkaus s lh/kh&lknh Hkk"kk esa lEiw.Ru djsAa guqeku ykSVdj D.u fd.k djs .kZ djus ds fy.k ij /.s gh ughaA os Hkjr ds ikl gh Bgj x. vkSj Hkjr ds lkFk gh vxokuh ds le. lUnHkZ Hkh gSAa oSls rks dFkk esa mudk dksbZ fo'ks"k egRo ugha gSA esjs fopkj eas dfo dk vk'k.k.fn dsoy .d vR.kA ijUrq .k dh vkSj dqN vkxs c<aÛ]s rc rd guqeku ykSV vkdj mUgsa Hkjr dh eu%fLFkfr ds fo"k.k x.ksa dk Bhd&Bhd o.g .k Fkk fd os Hkjr ds gko&Hkko dh tk¡p djs]a lkjk o`ÙkkUr lqukus ds i'pkr~ Hkjr dh çfrfØ.k dks lq¡?kk nsrs gSAa y{e.g Fkk] Þtc eSa ogk¡ tkdj Hkjr ls feyw¡xk] rks esjk bjknk gS fd Hkjr dks jkT.ku x. lkSia dj mlls jktk cuus dks dgw¡A og jkT.g lkspdj os igkMÛh dks fgykrs gSa vkSj og m[kMÛ vkrh gS] mls ysdj os vk tkrs gSAa lq"ks.k x.k] ftl ij dFkkud cgqr dqN fuHkZj gSAa guqeku mldk mYYks[k djuk dSls Hkwy x.kA dfo us bl fLFkfr dk o. i`-113. loZFkk Ïf=e gSA tgk¡ rd guqeku dk lEcU/k gS] muds fy.Ur egÙoiw. dk /.gk¡ vk.k ds T.sAa fQj Hkh mUgksua s . .] Vhdkdj xksfoUnjkt dk dFku gS fd jke dk vfHkçk.kZ dFkkud dg lquk.fDr ds leku] jke ds eu esa Hkh dqN lUnsg gqvk fd dgha .kZu dj jgk Fkk] eSua s mYys[k fd. guqeku ds HkqyDdMÛiu ds vkSj uewuksas dks çLrqr djuk gSA fp= dks iw.k cwVh dk jl fudky dj y{e.k eSa Nykax yxkdj lq"ks.k ds ikl fQj tkÅ¡\Þ rRi'pkr~ mUgsa Lej.\ bl ç'u ij mudk /. loZFkk mlds vuqdy w gh gS] ftls ge guqeku dh detksÛjh ds uke ls tku pqds gSAa . (VI. bls Hkwy x.A .g fn[kkus ds fy.a jktk cuus dh bPNk us rks tUe ys fy. dk v/.k ge çk.k gw¡A D.k] tc ls jke] lhrk vkSj y{e.k esa .kn djus dk ç. .kr Vhdkdkj us] ftldk vuqlj. vk.slk D.ku gj ckj tkrk gS] tc eSa bl dkO.k vk.k Fkk] os vk.128.g lQÛkbZ Li"V gS fd tc os jke ds HkkbZ ls feys] ftuds fo"k.fn og vLohdkj dj nsrk gS] rks rqEgsa ykSVdj vkus dh vko'.s fd lc dqN Hkwy x.d lk/kkj.gk¡ eq>s dguk iMÛrk gS fd bl lUnHkZ esa ml fo[..FkkFkZ es]as vc .k Fkk fd os Hkjr ls feydj YkkSV vk.k gksxk] tc eSa Hkjr ds pfj= dk o.fn mldk eu Lohdkj djus dh vksj gks] rks eq>s vkdj lwfpr djukAß bl çdkj os jke ds 'kCnksa dh O. dÙkZO.slk yxrk gS] D.d vge~ ?kVuk dk foyksiu] ftldk dkj.ksfr&LrEHk 288 vëkjgok¡ v/.k dk dke gS] .k ds uk'k ds ckn] cspkjh lhrk dks >syuk iMÛk FkkA esjs fopkj esa .d ckj igys Hkh os lEiw.k brus Hkko&foHkksj gks x.g ugh crkrk fd guqeku igkMÛh dks okil mlh dh mi.kZr% yqIr gks x.qDr txg ij ys x.slk vFkZ fd. fd guqeku fdlh Hkwypwd ds nks"kh ugha FksA os jke ds 'kCnksa dk .sA bl çdkj xksiuh.k x.\ * nsf[k.g gS fd Hkjr ls feydj vkSj mudks lEiw.k gS] ftUgksua s iwoZ esa bl dkO.

kke FkkA nq%[k ls vkrqj gks dj lqxhz o ds opu lqudj vU. gqbAZ vUrr% os viuh O.g dsoy HkqyDdMÛiu dh gh .A eSua s .kx dj mB cSBus dk fuosnu fd.s vlá gksxkAÞ ijUrq] vaxn muds lq>ko dks vulquh djrk gSA og dgrk gS] ßeSa vius pkpk dk #[Ûk viuh rjQÛ vPNh çdkj ls tkurk gw¡A os Hkwys ugha gSa fd eSa ckfy dk iq= gw¡A blds vfrfjDr .f/kd nq%[k ls vfHkHkwr gksus ij Hkh mls efgyk dk fnekxÛ Bhd fBdkus ij Fkk] og vkRela.wukf/kd rhoz HkqyDdMÛiu ds mnkgj. esa mUgha çlaxksa dk mYys[k fd.k gksxk fd eSua s dqN 'yksd çLrqr fd. lh detksÛjh gS] tks yksxksa dks [kqydj iwjh ckr crkus esa #dkoV Mkyrh gSA vHkh rd eSua s guqeku ds fo"k.k R. O.d gSA ifj.k dj vaxn dks jkT. yksxksa dks fdl çdkj çHkkfor fd. vaxn ls dgrs gSa fd mudk ?kj ykSVuk gh mfpr gksxkA os dgrs gS]a ßeSa lqxhz o dks cgqr le.ksa us leku Jh jke ds us=ksa esa Hkh vk¡lw Hkj vk.g çlax ml le.slk yxk fd .ksX.kkeksa fu"çHkkfor djus ds fy.k .290 jkek.a jke dks viuh vk¡[kksa ls bu d#.ogkj dq'kyrk dk iwjk mi.d ekl dh vof/k] tksfd lqxhz o us mUgsa nh Fkh] og lekIr gks xbZ vkSj os ml vof/k esa ykSVus ls pwd x.fn vaxn .slk yxk fd okrkoj.k gSA muls vkSj D.kl fd.o] vaxn ds fo"k.g ân.gh gS fd fdlh ekeys dk lkQÛ&lkQÛ [kqyklk djus ds ctk.A bl çdkj .k fd okujksa ds fy.kl gh Jh jke us gh ml in ij esjk vfHk"ksd fd. dk gS] tc lhrk dh [kkst djrs&djrs mudh Vksyh Lo.k esa dqN .k Hkj ds fy.] ge .slk djuk dsoy .qojkt in ij Hkh mUgkaus s esjk vfHk"ksd ugha fd.Dr dh Fkh fd vius HkkbZ ds mijkUr mUgsa jktk cuuk ugha pkfg.g .ogkj i¼fr .kZ ekeyksa esa os vlQy jgsA .sa vkSj .k Fkk vkSj dgk Fkk fd og /kS.kA vuk.slk yxk fd lqxhz o esa dqN lPpkbZ Fkh] tc mUgksuas .s vkdqy gks dj ekSu jg x.kA vkidks Lej.% ge lHkh bl çdkj dh xÛyrh dj cSBrs gSaA rFkkfi lkekU.] u fd lqxhz o dksA blhfy.Z /kkj.k gS] tks esjs fopkj esa U.fonkjd ?kVuk muds dkuksa rd u igq¡psA çk.s dfi yksx lnk ls papyfpÙk gksrs gS]a budk dksbZ Hkjkslk ughaA vkf[Ûkj] gSa rks lc okujA .ogkj dq'kyrk vkSj yksxksa ds le{k fdlh i{k dks çLrqr djus dh mudh {kerk loZLohÏr FkhA fQj Hkh ge ns[krs gSa fd nks egRoiw. gSA .d ?kVuk Fkh\ lEHkor% os Hkjr dks .gh ckr gS] rks .k fd os lc ogha #d tk.s dksbZ Hkh lqxzho ls fojks/k djds rqEgkjs çfr vuqjDr ugha gks ldrsA vius L=h&iq=ksa ls vyx jgdj rqEgkjh vkKk ikyu djuk muds fy.f/kd laons u'khy Fks fd .slk Fkk] tks fd fdlh Hkwy dk ifj. ckrsa Hkh gS]a ftudk mYys[k eSa djuk pkgw¡xkA eSa mudh nks lqLi"V vlQyrkvksa dk igys gh mYys[k dj pqdk gw¡A mudh .s Fks] ftuesa mUgksua s Li"V :i ls rkjk dks 'kksd R.k] nwljs lxks± ls] fd bl volj ij blh ?kVuk us lqxhz o vkSj vU.k gS]a fdUrq buds vfrfjDr dqN vU.d vU.d fo"ke fLFkfr mifLFkr ugha gksrh vkSj og Lo.k dqN vf/kd le.s daVd cu tk.A . miokl dj çk.gk¡ #d tkrk gS vkSj cgqr ls okuj Hkh #d tkrs gS]a rks bl çdkj QwV iMÛus ij cgqr ls okuj vaxn dk lkFk nsxa As fQj dkSu mls ml HkwHkkx dk jktk cuus es jksd ldsxk] tks vc rd lqxhz o ds vf/kdkj esa Fkk\ lqxhz o dk jkT.d rks tc mUgksua s vaxn ds vfHk"ksd ds fy.rk] mudh O.fn . fd.k.g ckr Fkh] rks gesa dguk iMsÛxk fd guqeku Hkjr ds çfr vR.g bPNk O.s dqN djuk vko'.kx djuk gh mfpr jgsxkA bl ij vaxn ds ekek] rkj us lq>ko fn.k ds T.qnMa ds Hkkxh cu pqds FksA vaxn us lq>ko fn.d vijk/k ds leku gSA vr. ij Hkh QÛl S yk lqxhz o dks gh djuk gS] eq>s ughaAÞ fdruh vlk/kjk.açHkk dh xqQk esa tkdj] ogk¡ dh lq[k lkexzh dk vkuUn ysAa rkj dh ckr vaxn ds Hkh vuqdy w Fkh vkSj okujksa dks Hkh t¡phA vaxn ds ihNs #dus dk lq>ko guqeku us . Fkk] fd jkT.fn lqxhz o dh Hkkouk.kl fd.d lkekU.k Hkwy gks xbZ gS] tks yxHkx .d fpUrktud vFkZ esa fy.k (Portia) dh laKk nh FkhA mudk vU.¡ fu"diV Fkh] rks eSua s rdZ çLrqr fd.slk çnf'kZr djsa ekuks dqN gqvk gh ugha] tc rd fd mldk Hksn Lo.sxkA lEHko gS fd vaxn lqxhz o ds fy.slk mfpr ugha gksxkA gekjs bl ekeys esa ckfy ds i'pkr~ lqxhz o dks gh lc dqN ysus dk vf/kdkj gS (eSa le>rk gw¡ fd mldk vk'k. lekpkj crkuk ilUn ugha djrs] tc rd mlds dkj. mUgksua s rkjk ls bldh ppkZ dj nhA fdUrq] vR.açHkk dh xqQk esa igq¡p xbZ Fkh vkSj ogk¡ os ml xqQk esa miyC/k dUn&ewy&Qy [kkus esa O.ksx djrs gq.ksa dks ns[kdj .slh ckr crkuk pkgrs Fks] ftlls muds eu esa . yxkus ds nks"kh cu x.k .e fcYdqy ugha [kks cSBh FkhA og dgrh gS] ß.a gh çdV ugha gks tkrh gSA .d Hkh"k.k miokl dk fu'p.a rkjk ij Hkh lqxhz o dk gh vf/kdkj gS)A vr.A tc os guqeku lfgr ckgj vk.k vk'kk dh tk ldrk Fkh\Þ bruk dgdj vaxn ej.k Fkk] ftlesa Lo.d 'yksd i<Ûdj Hkh fn. vkSj Lo.kkeksa esa lcls vge~ ç'u Fkk] ckfy ds mÙkjkf/kdkj dkA guqeku dks dqN . foHkDr gks tk.A vU.s rkjk dh LohÏfr çkIr djus dk ç.k n`'. vlQyrk Hkh nsus ..d . ls tkurk gw¡] og rqEgkjk dksbZ vfgr ugha djsxkAÞ rRi'pkr~ cMÛh prqjkbZ ls os dgrs gS]a ß.sls Hkko tkxzr gks ldrs Fks] tks vius HkkbZ ds çfr LohdkjkRed ugha gksrAs .a gh [kqy u tk. nsdj mldh ns[kHkky djsAa eSus bl ckr dk irk yxkus dk ç.dckj fQj Lo.kkUr miokl ij cSB x.kA os lkspus yxs] ß.d ckj çkphu iksf'kZ.AÞ .fn .slh laHkkouk guqeku ds eu esa mn.kA .k] vkSj çfrHkklEiék efgyk Fkh] og! eSua s mls .sA ge nwljksa dks vfç. okujksa us Hkh vaxn dks pkjksa vkSj ls ?ksj fy.ksfr&LrEHk vëkjgok¡ v/. .k vkSj vkej.s vkSj {k.Lr gksus ds dkj.k Fkk fd guqeku dks vglkl gqvk gksxk fd ckfy ds o/k ds i'pkr~ vaxn dks gh mÙkjkf/kdkjh gksuk pkfg.k\ lEHkor% mUgsa Hkh . 291   D.o] mUgsa yxk fd blls mRiék gksus okys ifj.ksX.] os lqxhz o }kjk fu/kkZfjr e`R.

ogkj dq'kyrk vkSj dwVuhfrKrk esa vlQy jgs] og Hkh .d fcYyh ds vkdkj ds FksA mUgksua s lhrk dh [kkst esa lEiw.k .Z rks esjs fy.s fd rqe eq>s fy.s mdlkus ds fy.kZ yadk Nku ekjh FkhA dksbZ O. og dqN ÅViVkax 'kCnksa dk ç.k] rks fu'p.s ns[k ysAÞ os ml o`{k ds uhps dwns vkSj lhrk ds eu esa fo'okl mRiék djus ds fy.a]s rks vxys {k.s jk{kl rqEgkjk ihNk djsxa As ikuh ds Åij gh rqEgsa la?k"kZ djuk iMÛxs kA .ksa Hkksx jgh gS\a eSa vkidh lsok esa gw¡] cyoku vkSj 'kfDr'kkyhA ftl çdkj eSa . gq.k okuj FksA os tku xb± fd os fdrus 'kfDr'kkyh FksA vc mUgsa guqeku dh okLrfod 'kfDr dk Kku gks x.g dgus dh xqt a k. çlaxks dk] tgk¡ bl egku O. mfpr .a= gS]a os loZ'kfDreku gS vkSj 'k=q ds NDds NqMÛk ldrs gSAa guqeku ds dksbZ 'k=q rks ugha Fkk] vfirq dqN vkykspd vo'.kas ds fy. nwljk rdZ çLrqr fd.gk¡ vk.kA vc rqe dgrs gks fd LosPNk ls eSa rqEgkjh ihB ij lokj gks tkÅ¡\ bu nksuksa ifjfLFfr.q¼ ds lEcU/k esa .k .ksx djrk gSA .k muds fy.] cMÛh prqjkbZ ls cp fudy ldrs gks] fQj Hkh rqEgkjs lkFk u py ldus dk dkj.d lk/kkj.FkZ gSAÞ fuLlUnsg blesa guqeku dh vksj ls vfrjatuk FkhA eSa vkidks crk nw¡] tSlk fd vk/kqfud le.g lc fdf"dU/kk dkaM ls gSA vc eSa vxys dkaM ij vkrk gw¡A eSa mYys[k dj jgk gw¡] dsoy vU.o] mUgksua s Hkh dqN ckras c<Ûk p<Ûk dj dhaA vc lhrk ds fy.Ro FkksMÛh nsj ds fy.kZ fVIi.s vk igq¡p ldrh gS\Þ guqeku vf/kd lgu u dj ldsA mUgkaus s lkgl tqVk dj fuosnu fd.kid :i ls .k okuj lsuk esjs ladV ds le.k Fkk\^ gk¡] mlus fd.kh djds og dgs fcuk u jg ldhA ßeq>s yxrk gS] tSls rqe eq>s nh[k jgs gks lpeqp oSls gh gksA rqEgkjk 'kjhj rks cgqr NksVk gS] fQj rqe eq>s esjs Lokeh ds ikl ys tkus dh bPNk dSls djrs gks\Þ lhrk dh ckr lqudj guqeku dks dqN [kh> eglwl gqbAZ mUgsa vglkl gqvk fd thou esa igyh ckj mUgsa .slk Hkh ugha gS fd mldk bjknk vius 'kCnksa dk okLrfod vFkZZ dk gksrk gS] vkSj u gh foi{kh mlds 'kCnksa dks egÙo nsrk gSA Lo.kA fQj Hkh mUgksua s mudk (guqeku) vuqjks/k Vkyus ds fy.d cMÛh ukÛtd q ifjfLFkfr gksxhA rqe Hkh jk{klksa }kjk ijkftr fd.k vki vius ifr ds lkFk gksxa hA bl Dys'k] fpUrk vkSj fo"kkn dks R. vkt esjs bl :i dks] ftls eSa bPNkuqlkj /kkj.g ugha gksxh fd os vius thou dk vUr djds bu lcdks ijs'kkuh ls eqDr dj ns\ og ç'u djrh gS]a ßfdl çdkj esjs ifr vkSj muds Hkzkrk leqæ dks ikj dj ldsxa \s fdl çdkj\ D.a gks'k ugha gksrk fd og fdruk .k gw¡] mlh çdkj tk Hkh ldrk gw¡A oSls Hkh vki bruh gYdh&QqYdh gSAa .g .d vaxn tSls Nksdjs ds çfrA .h tkrh gqbZ ns[kdj nqjkRek jko.k djrh\ vkSj mlus TÛkcjnLrh eq>s Li'kZ fd.k Fkk] ijUrq ml le.32 ßguqeku! rqe brus nwj ekxZ ij eq>s dSls ys pyuk pkgrs gks\ rqEgkjs bl nqLlkgl dks eSa okujksfpr piyrk gh le>rh gw¡AÞ bl çdkj fouksniw.d lkekU.slk ugha gks ldrkA rqe iwN ldrs gks] *D.37.ksfr&LrEHk vëkjgok¡ v/. g¡lh [ksy gSAÞ vki .kd <ax ls (tks ikBdksa dks Hkh #yk nsrk gS) mudks og lc dqN crkrh gS] tks dqN mUgas v'kksd okfVdk çokl esa >syuk iMÛ jgk gSA chp&chp esa og viuh vk'kadk O.ksa esa cgqr vUrj gSA D.fn .kLin yxkA .kA rRi'pkr~ os lhrk ls cksy]s ßnsfo! vki eq>s D.g fn[kkuk gS fd okLro esa eSa rqPN fcYyh ugha gw¡A blfy.k lcls vPNh ckr .fDr mUgsa igpku u ys] bl fy. 293   mnkgj. cuk jguk mfpr gS\ D.fn vki esjh ihB ij cSB tk.s dfiRoa gfj.k lfgr leqæ ds ml ikj ys tk ldrk gw¡] vkidh vk'kadk O.kA ckr gh ckr esa mudk 'kjhj es# ioZr ds leku Å¡pk gks x.g nkok djus ds fy.g dk. FksA vr.k] D.d 'kkyhu efgyk gksus ds ukrs] os dsoy mudh ckr ij eqLdjk nhaA guqeu~ nwje/okua dFka eka oks<fq ePNflA dFka okYi'kjhjLRoa ekferks usrfq ePNflA rnso [kyq rs eU.k FkkA tc mUgksua s lhrk dks viuh ihB ij cSBkddj ys tkus dk lq>ko fn.k le>rh gS\a vki lksprh gSa fd vki vius dksey 'kjhj dk mÙkjnkf.wFkiAA V.a vius dks yMÛkbZ ds fy.g esjs ifr ds fy.k dj fy.s mUgksua s mruk NksVk :i /kkj.k tk.k djrk gS] mls Lo.d vkSj Hkh gSA ifr HkfDr dh n`f"V j[k dj .k Fkk] ßvki bruk d"V D. fd okLro esa os cyoku vkSj 'kfDr'kkyh gS] bl çdkj gksus dh os <hax ugha ekj jgs Fks] mUgksuas vius 'kjhj dks c<Ûkuk vkSj vius okLrfod vkdkj dks /kkj.s eq>s lkSia ugha ldrh\ eq> esa lEiw.s fd muds ikl Hkkjh fo/oal ds .rk ds fy. thfor jgdj] mu nksuksa egku Hkkb.Z dh ckr gS fd .g mfpr u gksxk fd tkucw> dj LosPNk ls vFkkZr~ vius ladYi ls eSa vius ifr ds vfrfjDr fdlh nwljs iq#"k dk Li'kZ d:¡A eq> ls .292 jkek.k us vkids 'kjhj dk Li'kZ ugha fd.slk ?kksj frjLdkj feykA mUgksua s vius eu esa dgk vkSj lkspus yxs] ßlhrk esjs cy vkSj çHkko dks ugha tkurhaA eq>s .kke vfu'pr gksrk gS (cMÛs vk'p.A .ksfa d vf/kdka'k fL=.FkkFkZ dh lhek ds Hkhrj jg ldrk gSA .k gS] tgk¡ guqeku viuh O. esa Hkh gksrk gS] tc dksbZ O.k dh vkKkuqdy w . esa esjh lgk.31.Dr djrh gSA D.q¼ dk ifj. dsoy .kn j[ksa fd guqeku ml le. tk ldrs gksA fdlh Hkh .ks¼k ds :i esa j.kZ yadk dks m[kkMÛ nsus dh {kerk gSA eSa ioZr] ou] vêkfydk] pgkj nhokjh lfgr bl yadkiqjh dks] blds lc L=h] iq#"k vkSj jko.'k ugha Fkh fd os dsoy .k jko.k djuk vkjEHk fd.k{ks= esa inkiZ.kx nhft.d L=h O.k.kuqeku ij igq¡p ldrh gS)A .fDr .k ds T.s .. eSa vleFkZ vkSj cscl Fkh] D.fDr dh ekuh gqbZ prqjkbZ Hkh lQy u gks ikbZA tc os lhrk ds lkFk okrkZyki dj jgs Fks] lhrk vius dksey vkSj dk#f. fpUrk dk fo"k.g eku Hkh fy.k dj ysrk gw¡] . gh lhrk dks gkL.ksa ds leku] os cMÛh prqj FkhaA os dgus yxh] ßeq>s gj dj ys tk.

'khyrk ds vuq:i gSA eSa vkidh ljkguk djrk gw¡ vkSj iw.d rks eSa Jh jke dk 'kh?kz gh dqN fç." Bacon: 'Of Envy.k tkuk ilUn ugha djrha] rks Ïi.sAÞ guqeku Hkyh Hkk¡fr le> x.s gSa vkSj vkids lkFk okrkZyki Hkh fd.k gSAa .k] guqeku dk ân.g .slh ok.k lger Hkh gw¡A .kZ ân. and where there is no comparison.k] tks muds fy.k djus okyh] vR.ksx djus dh is'kd'k dhA tc mudh n`f"V viuh vkn'kZ efgyk dh mRihfMÛdkvksa ij iMÛh] mUgsa Hkkjh jks"k gqvk vkSj mudk [Ûkuw [kkSy mBk] . esa latks.slh Hkkouk gS] tks ge ân.d .k }kjk eq>s x¡okdj] os ilan djaxs s fd eSa pksjh pksjh muds ikl igq¡pk nh tkÅ¡\ mu dks Lo.slk çLrko fd.] bldh ?ksjkcUnh djuk vR.kj ugha gksrk] lhrk ls .s v.Lr ugha Fkha] dqN fofLer jg tkrh gSAa os Loxr dgrh gS]a ß.k dk jkT. x.g Bhd ckr gS fd vkids eu esa .k¡] tks vkidks brus fnuksa ls ckj ckj dBksj opuksa ls Mk¡Vrh QVdkjrh vkSj Mjkrh /kedkrh jgh gS]a vc buds fy.kA mUgksua s lhrk dh Hkkjh ÏrKrk vuqHko dhA ijUrq] çfrnku ds :i esa guqeku D.Ur Øwj n`f"V okyh fodjkyeq[kh jk{kfl.gk¡ vkdj jk{klksa lfgr] lifjokj jko.k O.294 jkek. ukjh gS] tks ladV dh pje lhek ij igq¡pkbZ tkus ij Hkh dgsxh] *eSa rqEgkjs lkFk ugha tk ldrhA eSa çrh{kk d:¡xh .k fd ogh mfpr ekxZ FkkA vc ge ^jkek.g ojnku pkgrk gw¡AÞ esjh n`f"V esa guqeku vius Lrj ls cgqr uhps fxj x.s Hk.fDr jke dh egkurk vFkok xkSjo dks viekfur djus dh ?k`"Vrk djds vnafMr ugha jg ldrkA rRi'pkr~ gh esjs m¼kj dh ckr gksuh pkfg.kfHk"ksd gks pqdk gSA vr.] eSa iwjk&iwjk fooj.ksx fd.gk¡ vk.qDr gS vkSj cMÛh lqg<Ûrk ls lqjf{kr nqxZ gSA fo'okl jf[k.slh dksbZ .n vki esa ls dqN yksx dgs]a . ?kksf"kr ugha fd.k lalkj esa dksbZ .g migkj ikdj fd ftlds ln`'k dHkh fdlh ds fy.¡ HkMÛd mBhaA eq>s rks dqN .'kfLouh efgyk ds 'kjhj dk Li'kZ d:¡] nsfo! eSua s tks vkidks vius lkFk ys tkus dk vkxzg fd.gk¡ rd fd mudh fuÏ"Vre Hkkouk.k lq>ko gS\ eSa budh djrwrksa dk eTÛkk p[kkÅ¡xkA eSa rjg&rjg ls vk?kkrksa }kjk bu lc dk o/k djuk pkgrk gw¡] blds fy.A tSls egku csdu (Bacon) dgrs gS]a * bZ".d mfpr] pkgs foyfEcr gh] ijUrq lEekuiwod Z eqfDr dhA^ vkius lc dqN bl <ax ls dgk fd ftldks lqudj jke dks g"kZ gksxk vkSj os vki ij xoZ eglwl djsxa As fo'okl jf[k. dsoy vkKk ns nhft.' .slh bPNk ugha fd vkidh Hkkoukvksa dks dqN Bsl igq¡pkÅ¡ . ls eSua s .o] vc os .slh vk'kadk gS fd dgha 'k=q ds jk{kl eq> ij VwV u iMÛAas og okLro esa fujk/kÛkj ugha gSA D.a .kZr.s]a vius 'k=qvksa dk] fo'ks"kdj jko.kZ ugha gksuh pkfg.k FkkA . dk. çlax Fkk] ftlesa guqeku viuh ckr euok ysus esa vlQy jgsA ijUrq vUr esa mUgsa çlékrk gh gqbZ fd os vlQy jgs] D.wukf/kd gekjs gh leku gksrs gSaA D. j[krs gS]a dsoy mUgha ds çfr] tks fd U.g ckr ukjh LoHkko rFkk ifrozrk dh fou.s eSua s .d LorU= efgyk gSAa .|fi esjh .g ckr dgh FkhA nwljk dkj..in ij vc foHkh"k.k viuh dksbZ fu'kkuh ns na]s ftldks çek.k.Ur dfBu gSA eq>s viuh 'kfDr dk vuqeku gS] blfy.k^ ds vfUre Hkkx ij vkrs gSAa jko.k jke dks nw¡xk] tks dqN Hkh vkius dgk gS] eSa v{kj'k% mu dks lquq kÅ¡xkA .kksa ls yadk esa ços'k djuk vR.h cudj eq>s okil ?kj ys tk.fDr baXySaM ds lezkV~ vFkok vejhdk ds jk"Vªifr :TÛkoSYV ls bZ". xoZ vkSj vkÍkn ls vksr çksr gks x.k dk uk'k djds] fot.fn vki bl çdkj ys tk.k dksbZ lk/kkj.kZ .\ gesa guqeku ls bZ".kZnk ds ekunaM ls cgqr uhps fxj x. rS.adj :i vkSj mlh ds vuq:i vkpj.kke.ksYykl ls Jh jke us guqeku }kjk lhrk ds ikl lUns'k Hkstk fd os vc cfUnuh ugha jghaA yadk ds jkT.qDr gSA vkidh .k gSAÞ . no Envy. 295   gksxk fd jko.g lekpkj ysdj vfr g"kksYZ yflr guqeku Qwys ugha lek jgs FksA os brus vf/kd vkufUnr gksdj .g lekpkj lqukrs gSa fd lhrk Hkh] tks mudh cksyh ls vuH. fd dksbZ Hkh O.k vki tSlh .d vU.kfHk"ksd Hkh gks pqdk Fkk vkSj lc vkSipkfjd dk.kksa ls lEiék] ek/kq.kZ dj ldrk gS\ bruk cMÛk] bruk egku .sls opu lqudj] mUgsa cMÛh çlékrk gqbZ vkSj os cksy]s ßvkids .k x. guqeku muls cksy]s ß.k is'k djrs gS\a 'kk.gh muds xkSjo ds vuq:i gksxk fd os .k dk jkT.A rqe rks eq>s dsoy mlh çdkj ys tkuk pkgrs gks] ftl çdkj jko.k dks u"V djds yksd dks fn[kk nsuk pkfg.Z Hkh lEiék gks pqds Fks] rc Hkkjh fot. mÙkj esa mudk d#.Z djuk pkgrk FkkA vr% cMÛs Lusgiw.Z xq.Z gSAa bu lc dkj.ksfa d lhrk usa mUgsa Lohdkj djk fn.k .] vius e.ksX.slh ç'kfLr ikus ds fy.sls vuqfpr okD.s vkidk D.g guqeku cgqr ckrwuh gSAÞ bl lekpkj dks ikdj ftldh vk'kk ls os thfor Fkha] vkuUn foHkksj gksdj guqeku ls os dgrh gS]a ßohjoj! rqEgkjh ok.A tks ç'kfLr vkids }kjk eq>s çkIr gqbZ gS] mlds cnys esa eSa . fd .k Fkk] mlds vusd dkj. and therefore kings are not envied but by kings.k ds T.k eq>s .kh dsoy vki gh cksy ldrs gSAa Þ fdruk lqUnj migkj Fkk .k FkkA vki dnkfi u lkspsa fd esjk vfHkçk..s ckrsa igys mudh cqf¼ esa ugha vkbZ FkhA lhrk ds .ksfr&LrEHk vëkjgok¡ v/.k ls foHkwf"kr] cqf¼ ds v"V vaxksa ls vyaÏr gSA ftrus Hkh yksxksa dks eSa tkurh gw¡] muesa ls . Fks vkSj .ksa ds çfr u dsoy 'kkjhfjd cy] vfirq vius nk¡r vkSj u[kksa dk Hkh ç.] tc mUgksua s jk{klfl.qfDr .g] tks mUgsa lhrk ls çkIr gqvk! dksbZ Hkh D. LoHkko tkxzr gks ldsA * "Envy is ever joined with the comparing of a man's self.gk¡ dqN Hkwy&pwd gqbZ gSA rnuUrj lhrk ds lkeus [kMÛs gq.k dqN nsus ds fy. cksy]s ftlls lhrk }kjk fn.kh mÙke y{k.s opu jke dh iRuh ds vuw:i gSAa vkidk dguk fcYdqy .k Lo:i vkids ifr dks fn[kkdj mUgsa fo'okl fnyk ldw¡ fd eSua s vkids n'kZu dj fy.gk¡ yk.g gS fd yadk egk}hi esas fo'kky ty jkf'k }kjk eq[.slk yxrk gS fd guqeku us .Ur nq"dj dk.sls dBksj 'kCnksa dk ç. dqN vkSj FkkA .slh vU.k ds o/k ds mijkUr] tc foHkh"k. Hkwfe ls fo.

296

jkek;.k ds T;ksfr&LrEHk

297

mékhlok¡ v/;k;  

lhrk dk mÙkj bl egkdkO; ds vR;Ur mRÏ"V va'kksa esa ls gSA* {keknku] lfg".kqrk
vFkok yksd fgrSf"krk ds i{k esa dksbZ Hkh rdZ ml Å¡pkbZ rd ugha igq¡p ldrk]
tSlh fd lhrk }kjk cksys x, 'kCnksa esa çn£'kr gksrh gSA lhrk mudks nafMr djus dh
ckr dnkfi ekuus dks rS;kj ugha FkhA mUgksua s lksp fopkj djds dgk] ß;s cspkjh
jktk ds vkJ; esa jgus ds dkj.k ijk/khu Fkh] dj Hkh D;k ldrh Fkh\ ;s rks lc
dqN vius Lokeh dh vkKkuqlkj djrh FkhA vr% Lokeh dh vkKk ikyu djus okyh
nkfl;ksa ij Øks/k D;ksa fd;k tk;s\Þ {keknku ds fy, lhrk fdruh rRij Fkha! eq>s
yxrk gS] ;g lqudj guqeku ds eu esa vkSfpR; dh Hkkouk lglk fQj ykSV vkbZA
rqjUr gh mUgksua s viuk dfiRo R;kx fn;kA bu 'kCnksa us Bhd mudh ân; ra=h dks
>adkj fn;kA mUgksua s lkspk] vc mUgsa ogk¡ ls Hkkx pyuk gh mfpr gksxkA
bl n`'; vkSj bl fcUnq ls fonk ysuk pkgw¡xkA ijUrq blls igys eSa nks vU;
çlaxksa dk mYys[k d:¡xk] tks blls feyrs&tqyrs gSa vkSj LoHkkor% ftudh vksj
;g ikBdksa dk /;ku ys tkrk gSA lhrk vius HkkX; dks dksl jgh Fkha vkSj Lo;a ls
iwN jgh Fkha fd D;k muds NqVdkjs dk dksbZ mik; ugha gSA f=tVk ogk¡ mifLFkr Fkh]
mlus ml le; lhrk dks viuk ,d lqUnj LoIu lquk;kA LoIu esa mlus jko.k]
dqEHkd.kZ vkSj mlds nq"V vuqpjksa dks dyafdr vkSj ?kksj ladV esa Q¡ls ns[kkA jke
vkSj y{e.k dks fnO; xtjktksa ij vk:<Û viuh çfr"Bk iqu% çkIr dj vius
;FkksfpÙk LFkku ij ns[kkA lhrk dks Hkh muds e/; çfrf"Br ns[kkA f=tVk dgrh gS]
ßesjk ;g LoIu 'kh?kz gh lkdkj gksus okyk gSA gs nq"V jk{klfl;ks!a rqe tks vc lhrk
dks lrk jgh gks] gks ldrk gS fd rqEgsa jke dk dksiHkktu cuuk iMÛ]s tc mUgsa irk
pysxk fd fdl çdkj rqeus lhrk ds lkFk O;ogkj fd;k gSA rFkkfi vHkh le; jgrs
budh 'kj.k esa vkdj buls vHk; ;kpuk djks] D;ksfa d jke dh vksj ls jk{klksa ds
çfr ?kksj Hk; mifLFkr gqvk gSAÞ f=tVk igys Hkh bl çdkj dh ckrsa dj pqdh FkhA
lhrk us ;g lc dqN lqu fy;k Fkk] guqeku us Hkh lquk FkkA ckn esa tc guqeku
fQj vkrs gS]a mu jk{kfl;ksa dks nafMr djus dk çLrko çLrqr djrs gS]a lhrk mUgsa
jksd nsrh gSA gesa f=tVk ds LoIu dk iqjkuk n`'; Lej.k gks vkrk gSA eq>s Hkh dqN
,slk çrhr gksrk gS fd dfo dk vk'k; gS fd ge nksuksa n`';ksa nksuksa dks feykdj ns[ksAa
lPpfjr O;fDr;ksa ds Loiu çk;% lp gksrs gS]a pkgs iw.kZr;k u Hkh gksAa LoIu cgq/kk
Hkkoh ?kVukvksa ds lwpd gksrs gSAa f=tVk ds LoIu ds lEcU/k esa eq>s la'k; ugha fd
dfo pkgrk gS fd ge bu nksuksa ?kVukvksa dks vius eu esa tksMÛ]as ftlls gekjs vUnj
;g Hkkouk mRiék gks fd nwljk n`'; fuLlUnsg lhrk vkSj guqeku }kjk ,d vutkus
esa iqujko`fÙk Fkh] fdlh ,slh ckr dh] tks fd os fdlh igys volj ij lqu pqds Fks]
fdUrq ftldk lqLi"V js[kkfp= os Hkwy pqds FksA

,d nks ckrsa vkSj Hkh bl lUnHkZ esa dguk pkgw¡xkA buls guqeku dh çfr"Bk esa
dksbZ deh ugha vkuh pkfg,A mudh egkurk vkSj muds dkjukeksa ds egÙo dks
lk/kkj.k ekunaMksa ls vkaduk vlEHko gSA eSa igys Hkh dg pqdk gw¡ fd ;fn dksbZ ,slk
dk;Z gksrk] ftlds lEiék djus ds fy, fo'ks"k 'kkjhfjd cy dh vko';drk gksrh
Fkh vkSj tks fdlh vU; O;fDr ds fy;s vlEHko gksrk] rks og guqeku gh lEiék
djrs FksA gesa vHkh dqN ,sls vR;Ur nq"dj dkjukeksa dk mYys[k djuk gS] ftudk
Js; guqeku dks gSA vkxs pydj eSa guqeku dks ,d Lrj ij çLrqr d:¡xkA cMÛs
ijns eSua s muds HkqyDdMÛiu ds çlaxksa dks ,df=r fd;k] mudh vlQyrkvksa vkSj
vU; deTÛkksfj;ksa dks Hkh vkSj muds egku dkjukeksa dks HkhA bu lcdk mYys[k
djus ds i'pkr muds thou dh ,d lcls egÙoiw.kZ ckr dk o.kZu djus dks fQj
Hkh cp tk;sxkA og gS] fd fdl çdkj os vius thou esa vusd laons u'khy n`';ksa
ls xqTÛkjs vkSj bu lcesa mUgksua s xkSjoe; lQyrk çkIr dhA vr,o] eSa guqeku ij
viuh ppkZ dk lekiu lqUnj dkaM ds dqN m¼j.k nsdj d:¡xkA ;g lkspdj xoZ
gksrk gS fd dfo okYehfd us guqeku pfj= dh dYiuk ,d ,slh HkO; 'kSyh esa dh gS
vkSj mldk Hkh vfHkO;atuk HkO; 'kSyh esa gh jk{klfl;ksa ls dh gSA lEHkor% dqN yksx
,slk dgsa fd dfo us guqeku ds pfj= dks dqN vf/kd gh c<Ûk p<Ûk dj çLrqr fd;k
gSA ijUrq gekjh vfHk#fp bldh fo'kkyrk vkSj ifjek.k esa ugha] vfirq bu
euksHkkoksa esa gS] ftuds }kjk bldk l`tu gqvk gSA

*

bu va'kksa ds vuqokn ds fy;s nsf[k, v- 27.

”””

jkek;.k ds T;ksfr&LrEHk

298 

mékhlok¡ v/;k;
guqeku

vc guqeku ds dkjukeksa ds fo"k; ds esa ppkZ djaxs As ;s vusd Fkss vkSj egÙoiw.kZ
Hkh FksA vpjt dh ckr rks ;g gS fd budk vkjEHk guqeku ds lalkj essa inkiZ.k ds
lkFk&lkFk gh gqvkA os Lo;a gh lhrk ls vius lnk'k; dk fo'okl fnykrs le;
viuh mRifÙk dk o.kZu djrs gS]a ekuks ;g fn[kkus ds fy;s fd os D;ksa ln`'k fn[krs
gS]a tcfd mUgksua s vius dks ok;q iq= crk;kA mudk tUe gh dqN vlk/kkj.k FkkA
muds firk dsljh uked okuj Fks] tks lqe#s uked ioZr ij ,d NksVs s ls çkUr ds
jktk FksA leqæ rV ij ,d ekY;oku uked igkMÛh FkhA xksd.kZ rhFkZ esa 'kEclknu
uked vlqj rhFkZ ;kf=;ksa dks lrk;k djrk FkkA nsof"kZ;ksa us mlds o/k dk dk;Z
dsljh dks lkSia k FkkA blhfy;s os vYidky ds fy;s vius ?kj esa vuqifLFkr jgsA
mudh vuqifLFkfr esa mudh L=h ds xHkZ ls ok;q nsork }kjk mudk tUe gqvkA
mudh L=h] vatuk dk tUe fdlh Jkio'k okujh ds :i esa gqvk Fkk] ijUrq ,d
le;] og vrho lqUnjh FkhA vius igys vfLrRo dk Lej.k djds] mlus ukjh dk
:i /kkj.k dj fy;k vkSj og vius ikl ds m|ku esa ?kweus pyh xbZA mldk
lkSUn;Z bruk lEHkksgd Fkk fd ok;q nsork Hkh ml ij eqX/k gks x, vkSj mUgksua s
mlds oL=ksa dks vO;ofLFkr dj] mldk lEiw.kZ Li'kZ dj fy;kA og vR;Ur dqfir
gksdj b/kj&m/kj ns[kus yxhA rc ok;q dh vksj ls mÙkj vk;k] ßrqEgsa ijs'kku gksus
dh dksbZ vko';drk ughaA eSa rqEgkjk dqN fcxkMw¡xk ugha] rqEgkjs ifr dsljh us
nsorkvksa ds çfr egku midkj fd;k gS vkSj mldk çfrQy nsus fy,] eSa rqEgsa ,d
,slk ckyd çnku dj jgk gw¡] ftldh [;kfr rhuksa yksdksa esa QSyxs h vkSj tks vusd
vk'p;Ztud dk;Z djsxkAÞ bl çdkj ikl dh xqQk esa mlus ,d foy{k.k ckyd
dks tUe fn;kA ,d fnu mudh ekrk Qy ykus ds fy, ou esa pyh xbZA ml le;
ml ckyd dks cMÛh TÛkksj ls Hkw[k yxh gqbZ FkhA og Hkw[k ls vR;Ur ihfMÛr gksus ds
dkj.k TÛkksj&TÛkksj ls jksus yxkA brus esa gh mUgsa cky lw;nZ os mfnr gksrs fn[kkbZ
fn,A guqeku us mUgsa Hkh dksbZ Qy le>kA og ,d lqUnj yky Qy dh Hkk¡fr cPps
dks çrhr gqvkA og ml Qy ds yksHk ls lw;Z dh vkSj mNysA ckyd guqeku cky
lw;Z dks idMÛus dh bPNk ls vkdk'k esa mMÛrs pys x;sA vkxs dh dgkuh ^jkek;.k*
298

mékhlok¡ v/;k;

299 

esa gh nks fHkék&fHkék çdkj ls of.kZr gSA ,d ckj cMÛs foLrkj es]a nwljh ckj la{ksi esAa
leqæ ds ikj Nykax yxkus ds fy, guqeku dks çsfjr djus ds mís'; ls fdf"dU/kk
dkaM esa tkEcoku mudks mudh mRifÙk dh dFkk lqukrs gSA ;g ,d lqUnj va'k gS]
ftleas guqeku dks Lej.k fnyk;k x;k fd 'kS'ko esa gh mUgksua s D;k D;k dqN fd;k
FkkA mUgsa viuh 'kfDr vkSj {kerk dh ;kn fnykuk vko';d Fkk D;ksfa d ml le;
tc mudh vko';drk Fkh] os vR;Ur mnklhu Hkko ls vyx&Fkyx vdsys cSBs
gq, FksA dnkfpr~~ os vaxn ls gq, fujk'kktud okrkZyki ds fo"k; esa euu dj jgs
FksA vaxn us mudh ;kstuk foQy dj nh Fkh vkSj mUgsa euekusa <ax ls nkok fn;k
FkkA blhfy, guqeku vU; okujksa ls nwj tk cSBs FksA vaxn us ,d lHkk cqykbZ ;g
irk yxkus ds fy;s dh D;k dksbZ ,slk cyoku vkSj 'kwjohj gS] tks yadk rd Nyakx
yxk ldsA ,d iwjk lxZ gh bl lHkk fo'ks"k ds fy, lefiZr gSA okuj] tks vius
lkeF;ZZ ij cgqr xoZ djrs Fks] os Hka;dj dksykgy djrs gq, ml fo'kky ty ds
foLrkj dks ns[k dj Hk;Hkhr gks x,A ,d us dgk] og nl ;kstu rd dh Nykax
yxk ldrk gSA nwljs us dgk] chl] rhljs us dgk] rhl bR;kfnA tc tkEcoku dh
ckjh vkbZ] rks vius lkeF;Z ds vuq:i dksbZ la[;k crkus ds ctk;] mUgksua s ,d
yEck laLej.k lqukuk vkjEHk fd;k] Þ,d le; Fkk] tcfd eSa Hkh cyoku Fkk vkSj
eSua s i`Foh dh ifjØek bDdhl ckj dh FkhA ijUrq vc eSa dsoy uCcs ;kstu gh yka?k
ldrk gw¡A vaxn us dgk og iwjs lkS ;kstu rd dj ldrk gS] fdUrq m/kj ls ykSVus
esa esjh ,slh gh 'kfDr jgsxh] og fuf'pr :i ls ugha dj ldrkA ;|fi tkEcoku
viuh igyh 'kfDr [kks pqds Fks] rFkkfi mudh okd~iVqrk vkSj O;ogkj dq'kyrk
lqjf{kr FkhA os vaxn ls cksy]s ß;g eku Hkh fy;k tk; fd rqe okil ykSVus esa Hkh
leFkZ gks] fQj Hkh ge rqEgsa vius ls vyx dke ugha gksus nsxa As rqEgkjs fcuk ge
dke ugha pyk ldrsA tks lcdks Hkstus okyk Lokeh gS] og dnkfi çs"; ugha gks
ldrkA rqe gekjs fy, ^dy=* (iRuh) ds leku j{k.kh; gks (^dy=* dk O;qRifÙkijd
vFkZ ^laj{k.k* gS)A rqe le>rs gks] rqe ;gk¡ v/;{k gksA ;g lp gS] ijUrq Lokeh
lsuk ds fy, dy= ds leku j{k.kh; gksrk gSA rqe gekjs j{kd gks vkSj vius j{kd
dh j{kk djuk gekjk ije dÙkZO; gSA ge rqEgsa fdlh çdkj dk ladV eksy ugh ysus
nsxa As Þ okuj lsuk dks bl çdkj fo"kkn esa iMÛh ns[kdj] tkEcoku guqeku ds ikl
igq¡prs gSa] tks ,dkUr esa cSBs gq, FksA mudh ç'kalk djrs gq, os cksys] ßokuj
f'kjkse.ks! rqEgkjk cy] cqf¼] rst vkSj /kS;Z leLr çkf.k;ksa esa lcls c<Û dj gSA fQj
rqe Lo;a dks leqæ yka?kus ds fy, D;ksa ugha rS;kj djrs\ gesa bl le; rqEgkjh
lsok&lgk;rk dh vko';drk gSA rEgasa vius lkeF;Z ds fo"k; esa Kku ughaA eSa
rqEgkjs çknqHkkZo dh dFkk lqukrk gw¡A okujksa vkSj tkEcoku dh çsj.kk ikdj iou
dqekj guqeku dks vius vrqy osx ij fo'okl gks x;k vkSj mUgksua s rRle; viuk

300

jkek;.k ds T;ksfr&LrEHk

mékhlok¡ v/;k;

301  

fojkV :i çdV fd;kA osxiw.kZ Nykax yxkus ds fy, os egsUæ ioZr ij p<Û x,A
lqUnj dkaM ds çFke lxZ esa guqeku dh iwjh Nykax dk o.kZu gSA bldks ,d Nyk¡x
dh laKk ugha nh tk ldrh; bldks ,d mMÛku dguk vf/kd mi;qDr gksxk D;ksfa d
ekxZ esa os vusd ladVksa ls xqTÛkjs vkSj mUgksua s dbZ lkgfld dk;Z Hkh fd;sA ,d ;k nks
ckj mudks jksdk Hkh x;k vkSj mUgsa NksVh&eksVh yMÛkbZ Hkh djuh iMÛhA eSa bu lcdk
mYys[k djuk vko';d ugha le>rk D;ksfa d esa le>rk gw¡] vkidks muds fo"k; esa
ekywe gksxk ghA bl dkjukes esa dsoy mudh Nykax gh ugha gS] vfirq os lkgfld
dk;Z Hkh lfEefyr gS]a tks mUgksua s yadk}hi esa fd;kA ,d v/;olk;h [kkst ds
mijkUr mUgksua s lhrk dks [kkst gh fy;kA muls okrkZyki ds ckn] tc os ogk¡ ls
tkus yxs] rc os eu gh eu fopkj djus yxs] ßeSua s lhrk ds n'kZu rks dj fy,]
ijUrq eSa rqjUr ykSV¡wxk ughaA vHkh esjs dk;Z dk FkksMÛk lk va'k] 'k=q dh 'kfDr dk
irk yxkuk 'ks"k gSA ,d Lokeh HkDr lsod ds ukrs esjk dÙkZO; curk gS fd eSa
vPNh çdkj Nkuchu djds ;gk¡ dh fLFkfr dk vkdyu d:¡ vkSj ;fn vko';d
gks rks viuh ;kstuk esa ifjorZu Hkh d:¡A jk{klksa ds lkFk gBkr~ ;q¼ esa lsuk vkSj
lgk;dksa lfgr jko.k dk lkeuk djds eSa muds gkfnZd vfHkçk; rFkk lSfud 'kfDr
dk vuk;kl gh irk yxk yw¡xkAÞ vr,o] mUgksua s jko.k ds le{k mifLFkr gksus vkSj
;fn lEHko gks lds] rks mls /kedh nsus dk fu'p; fd;kA ijUrq] jko.k ls HksVa dSls
dh tk;s\ guqeku us blds fufeÙk ,d NksVh lh viuh ;kstuk cukbZA ßeSa ;gk¡ dqN
mRikr epkÅ¡xk]Þ bl çdkj mUgksua s eu gh eu lkspk] ßeSa bl funZ; jko.k ds bl
lqUnj v'kksd&ou dk fo/oal dj Mkyw¡xk vkSj uxj ds dqN Hkkx dk uk'k dj nw¡xk]
ftlls ;s yksx eq> ij vkØe.k djus ds fy, fdlh u fdlh dks Hkstxas As Þ ;g rks
vkidks fofnr gh gksxk fd fdl çdkj mudh yadk ds j{kdksa ds lkFk eqBHksMÛ gqbZ
vkSj fdl çdkj vkRej{kk ds fy, mUgksua s jk{klksa ds fo#¼ vusd ijkØe fn[kk,A
mUgksua s jko.k ds iq=ksa esa ls ,d] v{k; dqekj dk o/k fd;k] tks fd ,d lqçfl¼
;ks¼k FkkA vkSj ;g Hkh ekywe gksxk fd fdl çdkj bUæftr }kjk mUgsa czãkL= ls
idMÛ fy;k x;k Fkk vkSj fQj mUgsa lqn`<Û jLlksa ls ck¡/k fy;k x;kA jLlksa ls ca/k
tkus ij guqeku czãkL= ds cU/ku ls eqDr gks x,A D;ksfa d bl vL= dk cU/ku
fdlh nwljs cU/ku ds lkFk ugha jgrkA guqeku ;|fi cU/ku ls eqDr gks x,]
rFkkfi mUgksua s ,slk fn[kk;k ekuks os bl ckr dks tkurs gh u gksAa Øwj jk{kl mUgsa
ihMÛk nsrs gq, [khap dj ys pysA bl çdkj os jko.k ds ikl igq¡pk;s x,A vkjEHk es]a
os vius vki dks Jh jke dk nwr crkrs gS]a tks fd cMÛs fouez Hkko ls jko.k ds fy,
lqxhz o dk lUns'k ysdj vk;k gS] ßlqxhz o us vkidk dq'ky lekpkj iwNk gSAÞ ijUrq
ckn esa os m¼r Loj esa cksyus yxrs gSa vkSj ckr iwjh djus ls igys os jko.k dks
psrkouh nsdj dgrs gS]a ßJh jke dk vijk/k djds lk{kkr~ bUæ Hkh lq[k ugha ik

ldrsA fQj rqEgkjs tSls lk/kkj.k yksxksa dh ckr gh D;k gS\ bl çdkj fuHkZ;rkiwod
Z
Hkk"k.k djus okys guqeku dh ckrsa jko.k dks vfç; yxha vkSj mUgksua s lsodksa dks
mudk o/k djus dh vKk nhA bl ij foHkh"k.k us] gLr{ksi djrs gq, nwr dk o/k
djuk vuqfpr crk;k vkSj dksbZ vU; naM nsus dk lq>ko fn;kA jko.k us foHkh"k.k ds
vuqjks/k dks Lohdkj dj fy;k vkSj vkKk nh fd jk{klx.k bldh iw¡N esa vkx
yxkdj lewps uxj esa ?kqek;sAa guqeku us Hkh lkspk ,slk djus ls eq>s lewph yadk esa
fopjus vkSj mldk fujh{k.k djus dk volj feysxkAÞ tc lhrk dks ;g Hka;dj
lekpkj feyk] os eu gh eu vfXunso dh mikluk djus yxha] ftlls og
'kkUrHkko ls tyus yxsA ok;q nsork Hkh cQÛhy
Z h gok ds leku 'khry gksdj cgus
yxsA guqeku ,d ?kj esa vkx yxk dj nwljs ?kj esa dwn iMÛrAs bl çdkj dsoy
foHkh"k.k dk ?kj NksMÛ dj] vU; lc ?kjksa esa vkx yxk nhA guqeku us tc ns[kk fd
lkjh yadkiqjh ty jgh gS] rc muds eu esa lhrk ds fy, cMÛh fpUrk gqb]Z ijUrq
tc pkj.kksa ds eq[k ls lquk fd lhrk ij dksbZ vk¡p ugha vkbZ] muds ân; esa
g"kksYZ ykl Nk x;kA ;g mudk çFke ijkØe Fkk&leqæ ya?ku vkSj yadk esa fd, x;s
ijorhZ dkjukesA ;|fi dfo }kjk ijkØe dk o.kZu ,d yEcs lxZ esa cMÛh fuiq.krk
ds lkFk fd;k x;k gS vkSj çk;% bls guqeku dk lqegku ijkØe ekuk tkrk gS]
ijUrq ;g mudk lc ls cMÛh dkjukek ugha gSAa ckn ds vU; dkjukes Fks] tks dgha
vf/kd vk'p;Ztud FksA
vxyk 'kkS;iZ .w kZ dk;Z fd;k x;k] tc igyh cMÛh yMÛkbZ gqb]Z ftlesa jko.k
viuh lsuk dk usr`Ro dj jgk FkkA mldk ç/kku lsukifr] çgLr fojks/kh ny ds
lsukifr] uhy }kjk ekjk x;k FkkA rc jko.k dgrk gS] ßeSa bl cy'kkyh 'k=q ds
çfr vlko/kkuh ugha cjr ldrkAÞ og lsuk dk lapkyu djus ds fy, Lo;a
j.k{ks= esa mrjrk gSA og viuh fo'kky lsuk dks ,d= djrk gS vkSj eSnku esa vkrk
gSA guqeku ls mldk lkeuk gksrk gSAa mudk ,d nwljs ls dqN ifjp; rks igys gks
pqdk Fkk] ijUrq O;fDrxr :i ls os ,d nwljs ds cy ls vufHkK FksA vr% guqeku
çkjEHk esa gh dg nsrs gS]a ßeSa vkidks crk nw¡] okuj dnkfi /kuq"k&ck.k dk ç;ksx ugha
djrsAÞ muds vL=&'kkL= rks dsoy o`{k vkSj mudh 'kk[kk,¡ gksrs Fks] ftudks os
lqxerk ls m[kkMÛ dj 'k=q ds fo#¼ ç;ksx djrs Fks vFkok NksVh&NksVh igkfMÛ;k¡
vkSj cMÛ&s cMÛs iRFkj ftudk vpwd fu'kkuk yxk dj os Qsd
a rs FksA jk{kl nksuks esa
dq'ky FksA muesa ls dqN /kuq"k&ck.k dk ç;ksx dj ldrs FksA dqN cfy"B jk{kl Hkh
Fks] tks }U} ;q¼ esa çHkkoh eqDdksa dk çgkj dj ldrs FksA jko.k rks nksuksa esa gh
vR;Ur dq'ky FkkA guqeku us viuk eqDdk fn[kk;kA igyk okj jko.k us fd;k]
mlus guqeku dh Nkrh ij TÛkksj ls FkIiMÛ tMÛ fn;kA fuLlUnsg gh jko.k ds FkIiMÛ
cMÛs çHkkoh Fks vkSj mudh pksV [kkdj guqeku yMÛ[kMÛk x;s] fdUrq FkksMÛh nsj esa gh

302

jkek;.k ds T;ksfr&LrEHk

mékhlok¡ v/;k;

303  

vius dks lqfLFkj djds os [kMÛs gks x,A fQj mUgksuas s Hkh dqfir gksdj jko.k ij FkIiMÛ
dk çgkj fd;kA jko.k us çgkj rks >sy fy;k] fdUrq çHkko bruk TÛkcjnLr gqvk fd
rnuUrj laHkydj mlus dgk] ß'kkck'k okuj] 'kkck'kA rqe ijkØe esa esjs fy;s
,d lq;ksX; çfr}U}h gksAÞ guqeku us mÙkj fn;k] ßeq>s vkidh ç'kalk ugh pkfg,]
jko.k! rqe vc Hkh thfor gks] blfy, esjs ijkØe dks f/kDdkj gSA vc rqe ,d
ckj eq> ij çgkj djksA rqEgkjs çgkj ds i'pkr~ tc esjk eqDdk iMÛxs k] rc og
rRdky rqEgsa ;eyksd igq¡pk nsxkAÞ guqeku ds opu lqudj jko.k dk Øks/k HkMÛd
mBkA ml jk{kl us cMÛs ;Ru ls viuk nkfguk eqDdk rku dj guqeku dh Nkrh ij
osxiwod
Z çgkj fd;kA Nkrh ij pksV yxus ls guqeku iqu% fopfyr gks x,A guqeku
ls fuiV dj] vfrjFkh jko.k jFk ds }kjk 'kh?kz gh uhy ij tk p<ÛkA tc guqeku us
iqu% lEHky dj ;q¼ dh bPNk ls jko.k dh vksj ns[kk] ml le; jko.k uhy ds
lkFk my>k gqvk FkkA guqeku us mlls jks"kiwod
Z dgk] ßvks fu'kkpj! bl le; rqe
nwljs O;fDr ds lkFk ;q¼ dj jgs gksA vr% esjs fy;s rqe ij okj djuk mfpr u
gksxkA eSa rqEgkjs fuo`r gksus s rd çrh{kk d:¡xkAÞ* jko.k us vkXus;kL= ck.k dk
lU/kku dj lsukifr uhy ij ekjkA os vfXu ls tyrs gq, lglk i`Foh ij fxj iMÛAs
;|fi uhy us i`Foh ij ?kqVus Vsd fn,] rFkkfi firk vfXunso ds egkRE; ls vkSj
rst ds çHkko ls muds çk.k ugha fudysA
rRi'pkr~ jko.k y{e.k dh vksj c<Ûk vkSj muds lkFk rhoz ck.kksa dk
vknku&çnku gqvkA tc y{e.k us jko.k dk /kuq"k dkV fn;k] rc mlus ck.kksa dk
ç;ksx NksMÛ dj czã'kfDr mBk yhA 'kfDr ds ç;ksx esa n{k gksus ds dkj.k] jko.k
}kjk osxiw.kZ pykbZ gqbZ 'kfDr lh/kh y{e.k ds o{kLFky esa ?kql xbZA ml 'kfDr ls
vkgr gksdj y{e.k e`ror~ v/kkse[q k i`Foh ij fxj iMÛAs rc jko.k us ,d vthc
gjdr dhA y{e.k dks e`ror~ /kjk'kk;h ns[kdj mlds eu esa vk;k fd y{e.k dh
e`R;q dks fuf'pr dj ysuk pkfg,A ;fn oSls gh NksMÛ fn;k x;k] rks og iqu% gks'k esa
vk ldrk gSA vr% lglk og muds ikl vk igq¡pk vkSj mudks viuh nksua ks Hkqtkvksa
ls mBkus dk ç;Ru djus yxkA ijUrq viuh iwjh 'kfDr yxkus ds ckotwn Hkh og
mudks mBkus esa leFkZ u gks ldkA ;gk¡ dfo dgrk gS fd czã'kfDr ls Nkrh ij pksV
[kkdj fxj tkus ij Hkh] y{e.k us Hkxoku fo".kq ds vfpUR; va'k:i ls viuk
fpUru fd;kA mudk Hkkj x.kukrhr ifjek.k esa c<Û x;k vkSj jko.k mudks fgykus
esa Hkh leFkZ u gks ldk] vU;Fkk og mUgsa ys tkdj leqæ esa Qsd
a nsrkA jko.k
laHkzkUr [kMÛk jg x;kA blh le; vR;Ur Øks/k esa Hkjs gq,] guqeku us ifjfLFkfr dk
vanktÛk yxk;kA os jko.k dh vksj nkSMÛs vkSj vius otz tSls eqDds ls jko.k dh Nkrh
ij çgkj fd;kA ml eqDds ds ekj ls jko.k us /kjrh ij ?kqVus Vsd fn,A mlds nlksa

eq[kks]a us=ksa vkSj dkuksa ls jDr cgus yxk vkSj og pDdj dkVrk gqv
q k] jFk ds
fiNys Hkkx esa fu'ps"V gksdj cSB x;k] rMÛirk vkSj NViVkrk jgkA rRi'pkr~
vkgr y{e.k dks guqeku nksuksa gkFkksa ls mBk dj Jh jke ds fudV ys vk;sA ;g
tkudj fd vc tks vk;s gS]a os muds fe= guqeku Fks] tks muds çfr lefiZr Fks]
y{e.k gyds gks x,A mUgksua s iqu% vius ewy Lo:i fo".kq va'k dk Lej.k fd;k
vkSj viuk vfrfjDr Hkkj R;kx fn;k] ftlls guqeku mUgas lqjf{kr LFkku ij ys tk
ldaAs ijkftr gq, y{e.k dks NksMÛdj] 'kfDr iqu% jko.k ds jFk ij ykSV vkbZA
y{e.k Hkxoku~ fo".kq ds vfpUruh; va'k :i ls fpUru djds LoLFk vkSj fujksx
gks x,A okujksa dh fo'kky okfguh us cMÛ&s cMÛs ohj ekj fxjk,A ;g ns[kdj jko.k us
jke ij /kkok fd;kA nksuksa vksj ls 'kjo"kkZ ns[kdj nsorkx.k Hkh vk'p;Zpfdr gks
x,A rRle; guqeku us Jh jke ds ikl vkdj dgk] ßçHkks! tSls Hkxoku fo".kq x#<Û
ij p<Ûdj nSR;ksa ij çgkj djrs gS]a mlh çdkj vki esjh ihB ij p<Ûdj bl jk{kl
dks naM nsAa Þ eSa vkidks ogu dj ldrk gw¡Aß ;g ckr lqudj jke guqeku dh ihB
ij p<Û x, vkSj jko.k ij vkØe.k djus yxsA jko.k jke ls bruk dqfir ugha Fkk]
ftruk guqeku lsA mls igys oSj dk /;ku vk;k* vkSj mlus jke ls igys guqeku
ds ck.kksa }kjk vR;Ur ?kk;y dj fn;kA tc muds iwjs 'kjhj ij ck.kksa dh ckSNkj gqbZ
vkSj os muds 'kjhj esa ?kql x;sA rc guqeku ds] tks lkekU;r% lcdks ,d egku
vkSj fof'k"V gLrh yxrs Fks] rst dh nhfIr vkSj Hkh c<Û xbZa jko.k us Hkh vusd
dkSrd
q fn[kk,] ijUrq vUr esa jke mlls ckTÛkh ys x,A mUgksua s ,d v/kZ pUækdkj
ck.k gkFk esa fy;k vkSj mlds }kjk jk{kljkt dk lw;Z ds leku nsnhI;eku eqdVq
lglk dkV MkykA jko.k vR;Ur viekfur gqvk vkSj Hkjld ç;klksa ds ckotwn
ml fnu ds ;q¼ esa mldh gkj gqbAZ tc og vlgk; eqdVq ghu fujL=hÏr voLFkk
esa [kMÛk Fkk] jke us eu gh eu lkspk] ßeSa bl fLFkfr dk vuqfpr ykHk ugha
mBkÅ¡xk] ,slk djuk {kk=/keZ ds fo#¼ gksxkAÞ vc mUgksua s jk{kljkt ls dgk] ßeSa
tkurk gw¡] rqe ;q¼ ls ihfMÛr gksA yadk esa ços'k dj foJke djks vkSj dy rjksrkTÛkk
gksdj vkuk] jFk] /kuq"kck.k lfgr fudyuk vkSj fQj esjk cy ns[kukAÞ jke ds
,slk dgus ij jko.k volj dk ykHk mBkdj lglk yadk esa x;kA vki ns[krs gSa fd
bl fnu dh yMÛkbZ esa Lo;a jke ds ckn] ml fnu dk Js; guqeku dks igq¡prk gSA
blhfy;s] geus bl cMÛs la?k"kZ esa #fp yh gSA
vxyk ijkØe] ftldk mYys[k eSa bl ?kksj la?k"kZ esa djuk pkgw¡xk] ml
le; dk gS] tc bUæftr us jke lfgr iwjh lsuk dks czãkL= dk fu'kkuk cuk;k
FkkA nksuksa Hkkb;ksa dks vk?kkr igq¡pk vkSj os lc okujksa dks pksV igq¡ph v/kkse[q k
/kjk'kk;h gks x,A bUæftr us lkspk fd mlus lexz lsuk dk lQÛk;k dj fn;k] tks

*

*

nsf[k, v-11, i`-163.

tc jke us vius ck.kksa }kjk tuLFkkufuoklh pkSng gtÛkj jk{klksa dk lagkj dj Mkyk FkkA

304

jkek;.k ds T;ksfr&LrEHk

mékhlok¡ v/;k;

305  

leqæ ikj ls vkbZ Fkh vkSj viuh lQyrk dh lwpuk vius firk dks nsus pyk x;kA
jkr gks pyh Fkh vkSj ?kksj vU/kdkj loZ= QSy pqdk FkkA dqN okuj futhZo gks x,
vkSj dqN vfUre ?kfMÛ;k¡ fxu jgs FksA buesa ls nks tks tkx:d Fks] os Fks& guqeku
vkSj foHkh"k.kA guqeku ij çHkko FkksMÛh nsj jgk vkSj foHkh"k.k ij rks okj gqvk gh ugha
FkkA tc ;s nksuksa feys rks guqeku us dgk] ßesjs gkFk esa e'kky gSA ge nksuksa j.kHkwfe
esa ?kwe dj vkSj ?kk;yksa dks lkURouk nsdj ;FkklEHko lgk;rk nsAa Þ tc os bl
nq%[kn dfBu dk;Z esa layXu Fks] la;ksxo'k tkEcoku Hkh fey x,] tks cMÛs d"V esa
FksA ½{kjkt tkEcoku cMÛh n;uh; vkokTÛk esa cksy]s ßD;k foHkh"k.k vk;s gS\a Loj ls
igpku jgk gw¡A esjs lHkh vax rhoz ck.kksa ls fca/ks gq, gSAa ;g crkvks] j.k{ks= es ?kwers
gq, D;k rqEgsa guqeku fn[kkbZ fn, dgha\Þ rc guqeku vkSj ikl vk x;sA ijUrq
foHkh"k.k muds ç'u dk mÙkj u nsrs gq, cksy]s ßvkt] tc bl Hk;kud fnu lHkh
vkgr gq, gS]a vkius jke vkSj y{e.k ds ckjs esa rks iwNk ughaA vki eq>ls dsoy
guqeku dks iwN jgs gS\a vki u rks jktk lqxhz o vkSj u gh vaxn ij oSlk Lusg fn[kk
jgs gS]a tSlk guqeku ijAÞ foHkh"k.k dh ckr lqudj tkEcoku us dgk] ßlquks! bl
le; esjk ,d fo'ks"k ç;kstu gSA ;fn guqeku thfor gS]a rks lEiw.kZ lsuk thfor gks
tk;sxh vkSj ;fn muds çk.k fudy pqds gS]a rks ge lc thrs gq, Hkh e`rd ds
leku gSAa muds fcuk ge loZFkk fudEes gSAa ;fn guqeku thfor gS]a rks e`rrqY;
gksus ij Hkh ge iqu% thfor gks ldrs gSAa ßguqeku dh cMÛh fo'ks"krk ;g gS fd os
vius firk ok;q ds leku gh 'kfDr'kkyh gSAa ;fn os thfor gS]a rks gekjh vk'kk Hkh
thfor gSAÞ vius iqjkus fe= ls ,slh Hkkjh ç'kalk lqudj guqeku us Lo;a dks çdV
dj fn;k vkSj cMÛs fouhr Hkko ls mUgsa ç.kke fd;kA mUgksua s dgk] ;g rks mudh
egkurk gS fd mUgksua s bl çdkj esjh ç'kalk dhA guqeku dh ckr lqudj tkEcoku]
ftudh lkjh bfUæ;k¡ ck.kksa ds çgkj ls ihfMÛr Fkha] cksy]s ßvc esjk iqutZUe gks x;kA
vc ge lc rqe ij gh fuHkZj gSAa rqe gh bu lcds ije lgk;d gksA ;g le; rks
rqEgkjk ijkØe dk gSµ viuh iwjh dq'kyrk vkSj iwjh 'kfDr ds çn'kZu djus dkA eSa
fdlh vU; dks bl ;ksX; ugha ns[krk fd og gekjh lgk;rk dj ldsA rqe bl jhN
vkSj okuj lsuk dks g"kZ çnku djks vkSj bu nksuksa Hkkb;ksa dks ck.kksa lss eqDr djks] tks
budk ne ?kksV jgs gSAa Þ fQj os pkj vÚqr 'kfDr'kkyh tMÛh&cwfV;ksa ds fo"k; esa
crkrs gSa vkSj mudks ykus dk vkxzg djrs gSAa ;s vkS"kf/k;k¡ fgeky; ds nks cgqr
Å¡ps ioZrks&a ½"kHk rFkk dSyk'k ds chp esa fLFkr ioZr ij feyrh gSAa os gSa ^lathfouh
cwVh]* tks e`r dks Hkh iqu#thfor dj nsrh gSaA nwljh gS] ^fo'kY;dj.kh]* tks
'kjtfur ?kkoksa dks Hkj nsrh gSA rhljh gS] ^lo.kZdj.kh]* tks e`R;q ds lehi foo.kZ
'kjhj dk o.kZ ykSVk nsrh gS vkSj vU; gS] ^la/kkud.khZ]* tks 'kjhj ds fo;qDr Hkkxksa dks
tksMÛ nsrh gSA og 'kr~;kstu Nykax] tks guqeku us igys yxkbZ Fkh] bldh rqyuk esa

dqN Hkh ugha gSA tkEcoku dh ;g ckr lqudj guqeku dks viuh iwjh 'kfDr dk cks/
k gqvk vkSj os vlhe cy ls Hkj x,A viuk iwjk cy yxk dj mNy dj os çpaM
osx ls vkdk'k esa mMÛ x;sA tks Nykax mUgksua s vc yxkbZ] og igyh Nykax ls dgha
vf/kd cMÛh Fkh] ftldh dfo us Hkwfj ç'kalk dh FkhA dfo o.kZu djrk gS fd
fnO;yksd fuokfl;ksa us Hkh bl vÚqr çn'kZu dk voyksdu fd;kA guqeku us ogk¡
igq¡pdj dSyk'k ioZr vkSj ½"kHk ioZr dks ns[kkA rRi'pkr~ mudh n`f"V lc vkS"kf/
k;ksa ij iMÛhA os dwn dj fxfjjkt ij p<Û x, vkSj pkjksa vksj vkS"kf/k;ksa dh [kkst
djus yxsA ml mÙke ioZr ij fo|eku egkS"kf/k;k¡ vocks/k lEiék FkhaA os tku xb±
fd mUgsa dksbZ ysus dh bPNk ls vk;k gSA mUgksua s Lo;a ls dgk] ßge fNi tk;s]as Þ vkSj
os rRdky vn`'; gks xb±A tc guqeku us ns[kk fd vkS"kf/k;k¡ dgha fn[kkbZ ugha ns
jgh gS]a rks muds fy, iwjs ioZr dks ys tkus ds vfrfjDr vU; fodYi ugha FkkA
m[kkMÛ dj] guqeku us cMÛs Hk;adj osx ls vkdk'k esa mMÛ pysA os Nykax yxkdj
f=dwV ioZr ij dwn iMÛs vkSj okuj lsuk ds e/; esa vk mrjsA tc mUgksaus
egkS"kf/k;ksa dks ykdj j.kHkwfe esa j[kk fn;k] ok;q us mudh lqxU/k pkjksa vksj QSyk nh
vkSj tSl&s tSls og lqxU/k grkgr] gq, okujksa dh ukd esa igq¡ph] os /khjs&/khjs gks'k
esa vkus yxs vkSj mB cSBAs nksuksa jktdqekj Hkh lqxU/k ysdj ,d ckj iqu% lEiw.kZ
{ks= vuqçkf.kr vkSj ltho gks x;kA rc okujksa us Hk;adj dksykgy epk;k vkSj os
yadk ds Hkhrj ?kql x, vkSj Hkkjh gYykxqyk djrs gq, pkjksa vksj fo/oal fd;kA
;gk¡ ,d ckr mYys[kuh; gS] tks fd cgqr NksVh lh gS] ijUrq cMÛh vFkZi.w kZA
;g lc dqN j.k{ks= esa gh ?kfVr gqvk] tgk¡ jk{kl vkSj okuj ijLij fHkMÛs FksA
egkS"kf/k;k¡ ds fy;s jk{kl vkSj okujksa esa dksbZ HksnHkko ugha Fkk vkSj mudk çHkko nksuksa
i{kksa ij leku :i ls iMÛ ldrk FkkA ;q¼ esa dke vk;s jk{klksa dh la[;k gTÛkkjksa
yk[kksa esa jgh gksxh] ijUrq os fn[kk;h ugha ns jgs FksA dfo dgrk gS] ßnsork ftUgsa
u"V djuk pkgrs gS]a mudh efr igys ls gh gj ysrs gSAa Þ yadk esa tcls ;q¼
vkjEHk gqvk] rHkh ls okujksa }kjk tks tks jk{kl ekjs tkrs] os lc jko.k dh
vkKkuqlkj çfrfnu ejrs gh leqæ esa Qsd
a fn, tkrs FksA ;g blfy, fd;k tkrk Fkk
fd ;fn os j.kHkwfe ij jgsxa ]s rks 'k=q mudh x.kuk djds tku ldsxk fd fdrus
jk{kl thfor 'ks"k FksA bl dkj.k lc grkgr jk{kl LoLFkdj.kh egkS"kf/k;ksa dh
lqxU/k ls of´pr jgsA ;g tkurs gq, fd çÏfr esa dksbZ foLFkkiu ugha djuk
pkfg,] guqeku us iqu% ml ioZr dks fgeky; ij gh igq¡pk fn;k] vkSj bl çdkj]
tSls mldks vLrO;Lr fd;k gh x;k u gksA nwljs volj* ij Hkh guqeku us ,slk gh
fd;k gksxk] ;|fi dfo ioZr ds iqu% LFkkiu dk mYys[k djuk Hkwy x;k gSA ioZr
f'k[kj dks fgeky; rd okil ys tkus vkSj ykSV dj jke ds ikl igq¡pus ij dsoy
*

nsf[k, v-18, i`-288.

rstLoh xnk dks cyoku ohj guqeku dh Nkrh ij ns ekjkA guqeku dh Nkrh cMÛh lqn`<Û vkSj fo'kky FkhA mlls Vdjkrs gh ml xnk ds lglk lSdMÛkas VqdMÛs gksdj fc[kj x.kZ] bUæthr vkSj fudqEHkA eSa ugha tkurk fd bl uxj dh j{kk fdl çdkj lEHko gS] .k{ks= esa Hkh viuh 'kfDr ds vlk/kkj.ksa dh x.k dh lwph esa lcls Åij Fksµ nq/kZj] çgLr] egkik'oZ vkSj fudqEHkA fudqEHk lcls vf/kd fo'oLr ik= Fkk] ftldh cqf¼ekuh ij jko.enaM ds leku Hk. vkØkfUrr gks mBsA ml le.k ns[kdj] yadkfuoklh jk{kl Hk.A jko.Z rqY.qvksa dh lfU/k VwV&QwV xbZ rFkk og Hkkjh xMÛxMÛkgV ds lkFk /kwejfgr vfXu dh Hkk¡fr çTTofyr gks mBhA fudqEHk ds xnk ?kqekus ls foVikorh uxjh (vydkiqjh) xU/koks± ds mÙke Hkou] rkjs] u{k=] pUæek rFkk cMÛ&s cMÛs xzgksa ds lkFk leLr vkdk'k eaMy ?kwerk&lk çrhr gksus yxkA okLro esa mlds Øks/kkos'k ls ifjf/k ds ghjs vR. .k] rhu uke mYys[kuh.sA ftldk mYys[k ge igys .k djds fudqEHk oSlk gh 'kksHkk.q¼ dk fooj.fn rqEgkjs vfrfjDr bl yMÛkbZ ds fy.a eS]a dqEHkd. jk{kl vkSj okuj Hk.adj rFkk jk{klksa ds Hk.kA ml le.q¼ dh HksVa gks x.kksa rd fVdh jghA ml jk{kl }kjk bl çdkj viâr gksus ij Hkh guqeku us vius otzrYq .kA fQj os mlds paxy q ls vius dks NqMÛk dj i`Foh ij [kMÛs gks x.g okuj lsuk vR.g dk.Ur Hk.d dj pqds gSaµ og Fkk jko. vius HkkbZ] dqEHk dks fudqEHk us i`Foh ij fxjk ns[kkA mlus lqxhz o dh vksj bl çdkj ns[kk ekuks mUgsa vius Øks/k ls HkLelkr dj nsxkA ml /khj&ohj us eUnkj ioZr ds f'k[kj tSlk . . dks u"V djus okyh FkhA ml bUæ/ot ds leku rstLoh xnk dks ?kqekrk gqvk] og egrstLoh ijkØeh jk{kl fudqEHk eq¡g QSyk dj TÛkksj&TÛkksj ls xtZuk djus yxkA mlds o{kLFky esa lksus dk ind Fkk] Hkqtkvksa esa ckTÛkcw na lq'kksfHkr Fks] dkuksa esa fofp= dqMa y txexk jgs Fks] xys esa fofp= ekyk Hkyeyk jgh FkhA bu lc vkHkw"k.q ds leku cy&foØe ls lEiék FksA mUgksua s eqDdk rku dj cMÛs rhoz osx ls fudqEHk dh Nkrh ij ekjkA ml eqDds dh pksV us fudqEHk dh fo'kky dk.q¼ ds ml eksMÛ ij vk igq¡ps gS]a tc dqEHkd.g fopkj vk.d cMÛh jkspd ckr .Ur egku cy'kkyh okuj f'kjksef.d uewus ds :i esa bl iwjs lxZ dk vuqokn nw¡] ftlesa fudqEHk vkSj guqeku ds ikjLifjd .kud Loj esa fot..d (guqeku) ls gksrk gSA ml fnu ds fudqEHk guqeku tSlk gh FkkA D.ksfa d guqeku rhj&deku dk ç.eku Fkk] tSls fo|qr vkSj xtZuk ls .k dks >a>ksMÛ fn.k vf/kd Hkjkslk djrk FkkA jko.q¼LFky esa fudqEHk }kjk egkcyh guqeku dks mBk.ksX.306 jkek.Ur dqfir vkSj okujksa dks lcdÛ fl[kkus dk ladYi fy.sAÞ bl çdkj og çgLr dks mlds vfu"V dh vkSj vxzlj djrk gSA vc ge .A fudqEHk dh Hkqtk.s fdlh vkSj dks Hkstk tk.kuk djrk gSA pkj gh çeq[k gksrs gSA ckfy] lqxzho vkSj jko.g çlékrk dqN gh {k. gSµ a nsokUrd] f=f'kjl vkSj fudqEHkA fudqEHk lcls egÙke FkkA .f/kd çTTofyr gks mBs vkSj xtZu djrh çpaM çy.sd jktk ds eq[.k FkkA .k{ks= esa ços'k gqvkA dqEHk lqxhz o }kjk ekjk x.qDr gksdj xnk dks /kkj.ksa ls vyaÏr Fkh vkSj ftlesa ik¡p&ik¡p vaxy q pkSMÛs yksgs ds i= tMÛs gq.k{ks= esa igq¡prk gS vkSj mldk lkeuk gekjs uk.kZ volj ij mUgksaus dbZ tkus&ekus jk{klksa dk o/k fd.d gksA eq>s vk'kk gS] rqEgsa vkSjksa ls vPNh lQyrk feysxhA uxj ds vR.kA vc eSa .d lkFk fxjh gksAa egkdfo guqeku xnk ls vkgr gksus ij ml çgkj ls fopfyr ugha gq. gSAa .ksfr&LrEHk mékhlok¡ v/.k] rks mlls Vdjkdj çog&vkog vkfn lkr egkok.kksa ls . lsukifr bl .ks¼kvksa dks thou ls gkFk /kksuk iMÛk gSA rqe esjs loZJ"s B .qDr es?k bUæ&/kuq"k ls lq'kksfHkr gksrk gSA tc ml egkdk.d vU.ksa ds uke dfo us ugha fn. xtZuk lwpd djus yxsA ijUrq mudh .s j.Z fdruh rRijrk ls vkSj 'kh?kzrkiwod Z fd.dky dh vfXu ds leku mlds osx ls leLr ân. FksA ml xnk esa lksus ds i= Hkh tMÛs Fks vkSj mls ghjksa vkSj ewxa ksa ls Hkh foHkwf"kr fd.g fn[kkuk gS fd bl volj ij guqeku us . jk{kl us xnk dks ?kqekuk 'kq: fd.k] tks vR.k guqeku us bl çdkj xnk dh ekj [kkdj viuh eqëh ck¡/khA os egku rstLoh ijkØeh] osxoku vkSj ok.¡ .] tSls HkwdEi gksus ij Hkh ioZr ugha fxjrk gSA vR.k.k FkkA og vR. ijkØe dk mYys[k djrk gw¡] tks dqN fHkék çdkj dk gSA guqeku us j.k gS fd dfo }kjk bu . eaf=.ks¼kvksa esa ls . eqDds ls ml ij çgkj fd.q¼ksa ds o.¡ xnk ds leku FkhA ml egkcyh jk{kl us ml lw. ekuks vkdk'k ls lkS&lkS mYdk.g gS fd tc dHkh dfo çR.d lqUnj fo'kky xnk gkFk esa yh] tks . ds ekjs fgyMqy Hkh u ldsA dsoy egkcyh guqeku gh viuh Nkrh [kksydj mlds lkeus [kMÛs gks x.Ur fudV okuj lsuk Nkouh Mkys gq.k us tc çgLr ls dgk] ßesjs fdrus gh .g xnk .k vkSj mldh Nkrh ls jDr dh /kkjk cgus yxhA ekuks es?k esa fctyh ped jgh gksA ml çgkj ls fudqEHk fopfyr gks mBk] fQj FkksMÛh nsj esa lEHky dj mlus egkcyh guqeku dks idMÛ fy.k dkSrqd fn[kk.77) lqxhz o }kjk ekjs x.ksx ugha dj ldrs Fks] fudqEHk us dgk] ßeSa guqeku ls gkFkksa }kjk gh yMÛ¡wxkAÞ esjs eu esa Hkh .adj çrhr gksrh gSA buds }kjk gekjs cgqr ls Js"B .sd ds pkj&pkj ea=h FksA ckfy ds eaf=. gSAa rqEgkjs vfrfjDr dsoy pkj vkSj gS]a ftuesa eq>s dqN fo'okl gSµ Lo.k gSA Qwyksa dh yfMÛ.A rnuUrj guqeku us Hkh rqjUr fudqEHk dks i`Foh ij ns ekjkA blds ckn mu guqeku }kjk fudqEHk dk o/k % (VI. 307   pkSFkkbZ&pkSFkkbZ 'yksd gSAa eSa le>rk gw¡ fd dfo dk mís'.kZu ds .k ds iq=] v{k dk o/kA bl egÙoiw.k& çR.Ur 'kfDr'kkyh FksA lcls vf/kd egy ds jk{klksa esa ls] ftudk mUgksua s o/k fd.k x.kZ ds nks iq=ks]a dqEHk vkSj fudqEHk dk j.k ds T.

i`Fkd~ :i ls nsus dk gS] ij guqeku ij vyx ls fopkj djuk vlEHko gSA eq>s lhrk dks Hkh .d&nks ckr vkSj dguk pkgw¡xk] guqeku ds ckjs es]a eq[.k x.g .Z rks bl ckr esa gS fd mlesa bu nksuksa dh çÏfr dh vkUrfjd çHkk lnk&lnk ds fy.k ds T.k fd os vius iwoZ çn£'kr ijkØe dks .ksa dks ihl dj lq"ks.k dh 'kfDr ds çHkko ls ew£PNr iMÛs FksA egkS"kf/k.d nwljs igyw ij çdk'k Mkyw¡xkA ge ns[ksxa ]s fdl çdkj mUgksua s lhrk dh [kkst dh] [kkst djus ds i'pkr~ fdl çdkj mUgksua s lhrk dks viuk ifjp.kA vfUre ijkØe ftldk eSa mYys[k d:¡xk] og gS fgeky.nk dnk vkxs ykuk gksxkA .k us dkyuseh uked vlqj dks guqeku dks ekxZ esa jksdus dk vkns'k fn.k esa rks ugha feyrk] ijUrq brkyoh laLdj. ioZr dh nwljh mMÛkuA bldk mYys[k eSa igys gh dj pqdk gw¡A* .d lkgfld dkjukek gS vkSj blls guqeku dks dkQÛh foyEc x.102.slk fn.k gS] fdl çdkj guqeku dks ekxZ esa fo?uck/kkvksa dk lkeuk djuk iMÛkA .|fi esjk fopkj lhrk ij nks v/.ksa dh [kkst esa jokuk gks pqds gSa vkSj lathouh cwVh yk ldrs gS]a jko.k ls mÙksftr gks tkus ds dkj. dk vuqjks/k djrk gSA dqN le.kkUrjksDrdkyusfHk.kZ vkSj ân.kZu nf{k.q¼ÏrfpÙkpk´pY.308 jkek.ksa }kjk mUgsa jkgr igq¡pkuk cgqr vko'. fn.ksa dk lVhd o.k dj guqeku ls vkfrF.k.Z ls jksdus ds fy. okrkZyki esa gqvkA mldk lkSUn.adj vkrZukn dj jgk FkkA j.kZ dk.ksfr&LrEHk 309 chlok¡ v/.kZu Hkwy x.k vkSj fdl çdkj mUgksaus jke vkSj y{e.kA ekjhp ds leku dkyuseh Hkh vusd :i /kkj.kA lqUnj dkaM esa lhrk Hkh vius pfj= dh çHkk ls vkyksfdr gSAa .d ckj iqu% nksgjkus dh Ïik djsAa bl volj dk o.kHkwfe esa guqeku }kjk fudqEHk ds ekjs tkus ij] lHkh okuj cMÛs g"kZ ds lkFk xtZuk djus yxsA lEiw.k¡ rqjUr mudh vk¡[kksa dks vkd£"kr dj ysxa hA fdUrq bl laLdj.k gS] . jpk x.k jko.q¼ vkSj mlds lkFk yEcs Hkk"k.d lk/kq dk :i /kkj.k us mu tMÛh cwfV.kZ fn'kk.k FkkA os dkyuseh dk o/k dj nsrs gSa vkSj lQyrkiwod Z vkS"k/kh ys vkrs gSAa lq"ks.r% muds gh eq[k lsA ijUrq] eSa mudks vkxs ds fy.k vkSj [Ûkcw jxMÛkA fQj osx ls mNy dj os mldh Nkrh ij p<Û cSBAs nksuksa gkFkksa ls mldh xnZu ejksMÛ dj mUgksaus mlds eLrd dks m[kkMÛ fy.k gS fd dkyuseh ds lkFk .eku&lh çrhr gqb]Z vkdk'k ekuks QV x.k FkkA og . LFkxfr djrk gw¡A vkxs] eSa guqeku ds cgqe[q kh pfj= ds .k ds lhrk fo"k.s iqjk. VI.ZØeksa ds lEcU/k esa egÙoiw.   osx'kkyh ohj us cMÛs ç.ifjp. nsf[k.|fi lqUnj dkaM vius uke ds vuq:i Lo.k esa . lek x.g irk pyus ij fd guqeku egkS"kf/k.k] ftlesa iwohZ ikB fn.kl ls fudqEHk dks i`Foh ij fxjk.A** ioZr lfgr ykSVus ij os lq"ks.a gsrqfjfr cks/.k dks yxkrs gSa] ftlls os iquthZfor gks tkrs gSAa vc rd dh lwph esa eSa .¡ dksykgky ls Hkj xb±A i`Foh pyk..d jksekapd fooj.32 ij fryd dh Vhdk % ß fpUrkeH.k ls [ksn çdV djrs gSa vkSj {kek ek¡xrs gSaA egkS"kf/k. og jk{kl Hk.e~A^ ** ””” . rks lh/ks&lh/ks guqeku mlls >k¡ls esa vk tkrs gSAa fdUrq] lglk mUgsa vglkl gksrk gS fd og dsoy "kM~.k djus esa çoh.kA xnZu ejksMÛrs le.k] os tMÛh&cwfV.Li'khZ fopkjksa dk vknku&çnku fd.kA .ksa ls lEcfU/kr Bhd&Bhd tkudkjh ns nh FkhA fdl çdkj os pepekrh gqbZ |qfreku cwfV.U= Fkk] tks mudks egÙoiw.d FkkA fpfdRld] okuj lq"ks.k us guqeku ls vuqjks/k fd.kh laLdj. i`-287.k gks rFkk jk{kl lsuk esa Hk. ds fy.g og volj Fkk] tc y{e.xePNhekutkuaLrka egkS"k/khe~AÞ ^iwoZn`"VkukeI. çdk'keku gSA * nsf[k.d vkxkeh dk.k x.a gh lqna j gS] bldh lqUnjrk rks mu dksey euksHkkoksa ds Lo:i esa gS] ftudk vknku&çnku guqeku vkSj lhrk ds e/.k. v-18.k vkSj muds fujk'kkxzLr eu esa fo'okl tkxzr fd.k y{e.

d iwjs ioZrf'k[kj dks m[kkMÛ yk.Z dks os iwjk dj ldrs Fks] ftldk chMÛk mUgksua s mBk.k esa ehu&es[k fudkyus okyksa ds fy.slk ugha nh[krk] tks jke ds bl dk.k^ esa ik¡p ckj O.q vkSj x#MÛ gh .k* esa mudk uke lcls vf/kd tqMÛk gqvk gS D.Z djus djus dh {kerk gS vkSj . O.d egku ijkØe dk Js.wukf/kd egÙo ds ifjorZuksa ds lkFkA mnkgj..r% fo'okl Fkk fd dsoy muds firk ok.Hkhr gksdj phRdkj dj cSBAas .s gSAa .k ykSVus .k Lo.% fdlh ckr dk .kkFkZ lqUnj dkaM ds rhljs lxZ esa dqenq ] vaxn] lq"ks. .slk djus esa l{ke gSAa guqeku] lhrk vkSj jke ds chp .ks± esa ço`Ùk vf/kdka'k yksxksa dh Hkk¡fr] guqeku Hkh vkRefo'okl vkSj fujk'kkokn ds euksHkkoksa ds e/.kZIr lkeF.k muesa Nykax yxkdj ykSV tkus dk i. jgk tkÅ¡xk\ eku yks eSa ekjk x.d ls vf/kd ckj nksgjkrk gS] ijUrq dqN U. x. gh ml dk.Ro ds ?ksjs dks c<Ûk.k esa bl ckr dks ik¡p ckj nksgjk.jkek.Ro dks iwjk djus ds lkeF.Z esa lgk. rd Nykax yxkbZ] . voljksa ij muesa vius nkf.k gS] fdUrq vk'p.k okuj lsuk esa dksbZ .k vFkok cUnh cuk fy.g vk'kadk gqbZ fd .iZ =q ] okuj dq'kio±] lqxhz o] dsreq ky vkSj guqeku ds uke fn.kkFkZ lqUnj dkaM ds rhlosa lxZ esa tc lhrk dks [kkst fudkyus ds i'pkr~ guqeku bl lksp esa Fks fd fdl çdkj os viuh tkudkjh lhrk dks ns]a jke dh fu'kkuh mUgsa HksVa djsa vkSj mUgsa lkURouk vkSj vk'oklu nsAa ml le.slk ugha] tks bruh cMÛh Nykax yxk ldsA .FkZ x¡ok nsus ds i'pkr~ leqæ ij Nykax yxkuk nwHkj gks tk.kZ fooj. dksbZ ckr .k os brus v'kDr vFkok fodykax gks tk.g LoHkko gS fd og vo'. x. dqN vodk'k jgrk gSA mnkgj.30) tks uke fn.Ro gh iwjk u dj ldsAa ßfuLlUnsg] eSa mudks dMÛk naM nw¡xk] ijUrq fQj eSa D.sxkA gj .rk dj ldsA esjs pys tkus ds i'pkr~ esjs ukrsnkjksa esa Hkh dksbZ vU.ksa u gks] . mUgsa çk.kxku djrs gq.k tk ldsxk\Þ os mldk udkjkRed mÙkj nsrs gS]a ßeq>s rks dksbZ vU.slk gqvk] rks jk{kl yksx ladV dh psrkouh nsxa s vkSj jko. vFkkg leqæ ij n`f"V Mkyh] os lc grk'k gks cSB x.] muds eu esa .Z esa Hkh lUnsg gqvkA dfo Hkh mUgsa dHkh .k ds T.slk vU.kfnA bl çdkj eu esa rdZ&fordZ djus ds ckn mUgksua s . guqeku dfBu vkSj nq"dj dk.q¼ esa pkgs gTÛkkjksa jk{klksa dks lekIr djus dh {kerk Hkys gh eq>esa gks] ijUrq bl çdkj ds la?k"kZ esa viuh 'kfDr O.k.slh fLFkfr esa D.Z dj ldrs FksA .g egku dk.Z dks ladV esa Mkyuk dnkfi mfpr u gksxk]Þ bR.slk lkekU. djksMÛkas okuj fujk'kk ls mnkl gks x.d yMÛkbZ es]a pkgs vkjEHk esa fdruk Hkh vkRefo'okl D.FkkLFkku j[k vk.gh mudh mPpdksfV ds ijkØeksa dh çLrkouk cuhA tc mUgksua s bl Nykax dk dk.g fdf´pr dfo okYehfd dh vknr ds vuq:i gh gSA os çk. feyrk gSA og oLrqr%] tSlk fd eSa igys dg pqdk gw¡] muds }kjk lEiék dkjukeksa esa egÙke ugha gSA mudh 'kS'kodky dh Nykax vkSj mu dkjukeksa dh rqyuk es]a tks os Hkfo".g Hkko ^jkek.Z lEiék dSls gksxk\ D.ksfa d blh ds QyLo:i lhrk ds fBdkus vkSj lhrk ds fBdkus dk irk pyk vkSj .slk dkjukek gS] ftlds lkFk ^jkek.k ds vuqpj ml ?kVuk LFky ij vk igq¡pxas s vkSj ifj.n jk{klksa ls ?kksj la?k"kZ esa my>uk iMÛAs . Mksyrs FksA dHkh rks mUgsa yxrk fd vo'.g fu'p.k Fkk] rks ml le.s gS]a tks bl çdkj ds dk.Z cuk jgsxk .d vfuf'prrk cuh jgrh gSA eSa le>rk gw¡ fd bl dk.kfn] bR.ZHkkj fy. i'pkr~] tc os lhrk ls okrkZyki djrs gS]a os bl çdkj dgrs gS]a ßlEifr ls okrkZyki djus ds i'pkr~ ge lc leqæ rV ij vk.ksa us lkeus lkS . vius dks lhrk ds le{k çdV djsxa As .fn .sxkA dqN le.k rd HkhA vU.k.2.k gS] vkSj dbZ ckj mUgksua s vius mÙkjnkf.q vkSj guqeku gh leqæ ya?ku dk peRdkj dj ldrs FksA .s gS]a os gSa % vaxn] f}fon] eSUn] tkEcoku] 310 chlok¡ v/.g dk.sxa s fd muds fy.|fi jkek.sxk vkSj muds çfr fo'okl mRiék gks tk.k x.ksX.ksfr&LrEHk 310  chlok¡ v/. 311  iul] uy vkSj lsukifr uhyA Vhdkdkjksa dk er gS fd dfo dk .s vkSj fQj mls .k x.ksa esa ls dsoy rhu& x#Reku] ok.k fd os jke dk xq.A tc esjs lkfFk.Z dh ckr gS fd Lo. fd.k] eSUn] f}fon] lw.a gh vk igq¡pk vkSj Hk.k] rks jke dk dk. .fDr gS] ftls .Dr gqvk gS fd Hkwyksd ds lc çkf..s] ml le.kke Lo:i mUgsa 'kk. ykSVuk vlEHko gksxkA mUgsa yxk fd bl çdkj dk >xMÛk eksy ysuk cqf¼ekuh ugha gksxh] ftlls mudk vfLrRo gh yksi gks ldrk gS vFkok os brus v'kDr gks ldrs gSa fd viuk 'ks"k mÙkjnkf.Z lkSia k tk lds] bl vk'kk ls fd og lQyrkiwod Z lEiék fd. O.s] leqæya?ku dqN Hkh ughaA ijUrq ikEcu ds ikj mudh Nykax .fDr .d ls vf/kd ikBkUrj nsrs gS]a ftlls egÙoiw.q¼ dkaM ds rhljs lxZ esa (V.slk u gks fd lhrk .k.g le> ysa fd Nn~eos'k esa jko..a okYehfd us dqN uke vkSj Hkh fn.kstu rd QSys gq. esa djus okys Fks vFkkZr~ tc mUgksua s fgeky.slk djus ls muds eu dk Mj de gks tk.sA mUgsa bl çdkj mnkl vkSj fujk'k ns[kdj eSua s mudh fgEer c<ÛkbZ vkSj mudk eukscy c<Ûkdj eSua s mUgsa fo'okl fnyk.d euksn'kk es]a dHkh nwljh euksn'kk esa fn[kkrk gS] ftlds fy..% .k fd eq>esa .

kA LokHkkfod fujk'kkokn dh euksn'kk esa lhrk .gh mudh çFkk gSA blh ds vuqlkj lqxhz o us eq>s Hkstk gSA vki fu#Rlkg u gksAa . fdf"dU/kk ls çLFkku fd.s x.d va'k gS] tks dqN my>u esa Mkyus okyk gSA tc guqeku lhrk ls fonk ysus okys Fks] os iwNrh gS]a ßokuj lsuk fdl çdkj bl nq"ikj tyjkf'k dks ikj dj ldsxh\ os la[.Z Hkh djsxa ]s ftUgsa yadkoklh lnSo .g dk.g rks .s jk{kl dksbZ tckoh dk.k lksprs FksA viuh iwoZ fu/kkZfjr fHkék&fHkék fn'kkvksa esa fNrjus ls igys] tSlk fd LokHkkfod gh Fkk ekuks mUgksua s vkxs dh vksj n`f"Vikr fd. lk/kkj.Z ds fy.d diksy dYiuk gS)A Þlqxhz o dh lsuk esa yk[kksa djksMÛkas esjs leku rFkk eq>ls Hkh c<Ûdj ijkØeh okuj gSaA muds ikl dksbZ .k dk O.d gS vkSj mUgsa .k nsrs gSAa ijUrq cgq/kk gekjk vkRefo'okl vuqfpr gksrk gS] tSlk fd tc ge foifÙk esa Q¡l tkrs gS]a vkxkeh ?kVuk.k egku dk.ksa dk /oal djuk] jktkvksa dks vius v/khu djuk] fL=. os Lo.kZ gksdj] .Z lEiék Hkh dj fy.slh n'kk esa çk.ksa dk vigj.Z mUgksua s fd.fDr tks .q dk vkfyaxu d:¡AÞ guqeku dks yxk] fdlh u fdlh çdkj lhrk dk eukscy Å¡pk j[kuk cgqr vko'.¡ fl¼ dj nsrh gS fd . gks vkSj igys ls gh euekuh djrs vk jgs gksA jkT.k R..kh ugha] tks .s LokHkkfod gS fd vc ge FkksMÛk lk ihNs eqMÛ dj ns[ksa fd tc okujksa us lhrk dh [kkst ds fy.k vko'.g gS] fcYdqy tSlk fd geesa guqeku us .k rks eSa mldh iRuh cuw¡ .k] ßeSa .slh ckras dgus esa TÛkjk Hkh f>>d ugha gqbAZ bldk va'k rks .d euq".g lc rks vius mnkgj.] rks igys mUgksua s lqxhz o dh vksj ls vfHkoknu fd.a D.k dksfV ds yksx gh Hksts tkrs gSAa .312 jkek.kidhdj.Ro ys ysrs gSAa ge lksprs gSa fd ge fdlh Hkh dk.Ur mRlkg ls iw.gh dgk tk ldrk gS] .k vkSj fQj tks dqN mUgksaus dgk] og muds vuqlkj lqxzho dk lUns'k FkkA tcfd oLrqr% ckr .k djrs gq.d ckj iqu% dgrh gaS fd eSa tkurh gw¡ rhu gh çk.g dk.ks± dk mÙkjnkf.] mUgksua s u tkus fdruh gh ckj leqæ vkSj /kjrh dks ikj djrs gq. Hkh dj ldrk gS]Þ .sxa ]s lcds lc okuj]Þ guqeku dks . igys dj pqdk gS] og nwljk euq".FkkFkZrk ls dkslksa nwj gSA dsoy .drk gS\ eSa rks vdsyh gh .k D. dk rks QSÛlyk viuh fcYdqy esjs HkkX.q iFk dk vuqlj.d ckj iqu% lhrk ls fonk gksdj] leqæ ikj Nykax yxk nw¡xkAÞ os mu Hkkoksa esa xksrs yxk jgs Fks] ftUgsa ^.gk¡ igq¡p tk.k esa pkgs fdrus Hkh c<Û p<Û dj D.slk gh fd.d la?k"kZ ds fy.q¼ {ks= dh Mhax^ laKk nh tk ldrh gSA dksbZ Hkh O.d nks .% m¼j.g le. rks dsoy .slk ekuus esa geus xÛyrh dh FkhA guqeku Hkh .slk dj ldsA bl ekl ds vUr es]a tc jko.k&D.d eqBHksMÛ esa jko.ksfa d rqEgsa nsorkvksa }kjk ojnku feys gq.kn j[ksxa As os lMÛdksa ij fpYyk&fpYykdj dgus yxs] ßlgòksa jk{kl Hkh .k dks lekIr dj ldrk gw¡A eSa .g lc mudh fgEer c<Ûkus ds fy.k Fkk] ml le. esjs lkeus dsoy nks gh fodYi gksxa &s .ksfa d .gk¡ ik fy.k :ih v/keZ dk Qy gh rqEgsa 'kh?kz gh feysxkA rqEgkjs nq"deZ vc QyhHkwr gksus okys gSAa lc okuj vkSj Hkkyqvksa ds chp Jh jke us xEHkhj çfrKk dh gS fd os vius 'k=qvksa ls vo'.Z dks djus esa l{ke gSAa ßtks .k fd yadk NksMÛus ls iwoZ os .kxus ij NksMÛ nsuk mfpr ughaA vr.Z ugha dj ldrsA bl lalkj esa leqæ yka?kus dh 'kfDr rks dsoy rqe es]a x#MÛ vkSj ok.ksa u gks] ijUrq blls D.d gh Nykax esa os lc .Zokgh djs]a eSa iyd >idrs gh bl uxjh dks /oal dj nw¡xkA fQj .q nsork esa gh ns[kh xbZ gSA dksbZ pkSFkk çk.k gksxk] . cnyk ysxa ]s ftUgksua s .d cus gq.a dks bl Nykax yxkus esa l{ke ugha le>rk FkkAÞ vc .g .kh bl leqæ dks yka?kus dh 'kfDr j[krs gS&a rqe] rqEgkjs firk ok.gk¡ vk. vkrs gS]a lhrk .k dks Mjkus /kedkus yxsA ßo"kks± ls rqe yksduk.g fu"d"kZ fudkyrh gS]a ßdksbZ lk/ku uTÛkj ugha vkrk] ftlds }kjk mudk leqæ ikj djuk lEHko gks ldsA jke vkSj y{e.k gSA vc bl lhrk gj.k] tks mUgsa djuk gh FkkA tc os jko. dk rks QÛl S yk gks x.ksa dks rksMÛ nw¡xk] /kjrh esa xÔs dj nw¡xk vkSj tgk¡ rd leqæ dh ckr gS] mls rks eSa lq[kk nw¡xkAÞ lqxhz o ds le{k] os bl çdkj dh Mhax ekjus yxsA esjk mís'.FkkFkZ esa lR.% vius loZJ"s Bksa dks nwr cukdj ugha Hkstk djrsA nwr dk.k gS] tks oLrqr% lR.k. gSAa rqeus igys tks /keZ fd.k] os lc vklkuh ls Nykax yxk ysxa s (.k Fkk] mldk iwjk&iwjk Qy rks .fn os bl ikj vk u lds\a Þ esjs HkkX.d dgkor gS] ftldk ge çk.ksfa d .g .slk okuj ugha gS] tks cy&ijkØe esa esjs ls de gksA lcls y?kq eSa gh gw¡A tc eSa vklkuh ls vk x.ksfr&LrEHk chlok¡ v/.s dgk gS] u fd D.Z dh vufHkKrk esa ge okLrfodrk tkus fcuk] dk. mrjrk gS] viuh fdlh Hkh deTÛkksjh dks çdV ugha djsxkA og rks vius fo"k.q¼ esa esjk lkeuk ugha dj ldrsA blls iwoZ fd .] i`Foh dh ifjØek djds (. 313   eSua s .slh fcYdqy ugha FkhA ijUrq 'kh?kz gh lc f'k"Vkpkj NksMÛdj] os jko.k .g lc rqe dj lds gks D.slh 'ks[Ûkh ekjus dh vknr ls vNwrs u FksA lhrk ls fonk ysdj tc mUgksaus fu'p.o] yadkiqjh ds ngu ds i'pkr~] tc os vfUre ckj lhrk ls fonk ysus ds fy.g d:¡xk] eSa og d:¡xk] lqxhz o dks brus tuksa dks Hkstus dh D.gh fn[kkuk gS fd fdl çdkj cgq/kk vius lkeF.k djuk] .o] mUgsa lkURouk nsus ds fy. gSA vr. ds vuqdy q FkkA ugha] rks lhrk fu#Rlkg gks] vkRenkg Hkh dj ldrh FkhaA ijUrq fofp= ckr rks .gk¡ ds vklikl ds lc o`{kksa dks m[kkMÛ Mkyw¡xk] bu igkfMÛ.k ds le{k ys tk.] mUgksua s vR. esa [Ûkcw c<Û&p<Û dj cksyxs kA guqeku us Hkh .sls dk.sxk] ml le.k ds T.kA muesa ls dksbZ Hkh Lo.d cMÛk >wB x<Ûk] ßvki mudks ugha tkurha] D.g gekjs fy. ugha gS)A jktk yksx çk. fd. gS!a ok.g vlEHko gS] e`R.k ekuo tkfr ds gS]a os Hkh .qnos rk vkSj x#MÛA .

kksa dks ljkgkA guqeku dh egkurk dk dksbZ ifjek.k vL= gS] ftlds }kjk bldks /kkj.d gh FksA vU..ks¼k gSa fd rhuksa yksd esa dksbZ Hkh .sd jk{kl ds lkeus .ksfa d jke Lo.ksfr&LrEHk chlok¡ v/.k ugha& dsoy Lo.d ea=h dk nwljs ea=h ls gh okrkZyki djuk mfpr ekuk tkrk gSA .k fd.kA jk{klksa }kjk ekjh tkrh gqbZ og okuj lsuk] Jh jke dh 'kj. Øks/kkos'k ls Hkj x. esa D.k fopkj Fks] gesa ^jkek.e gS fd .an] f}fon Hkh muds ihNs [kMÛs gSa vkSj vk'p.] ftldks guqeku Hkh lqu jgs Fks] jke ftu 'kCnksa dk ç.ksa lfgr vkJ.kA ml çlékrk Hkjs euksHkko esa mUgksua s ns[kk] lqxhz o] foHkh"k.k] rc cps gq.k gSA rqe lhrk dks D.kA guqeku us igys rks mu ohjksa dh leqfpr ç'kalk dhA fQj fof/kor~ vknj djds vkSj viuk ifjp.k vkSj mldk ân.k u"V gks x.kq Hkxoku ds uke dk mYys[k ugha fd.k le>rs gks] ftls rqeus leqæ ikj ykdj cfUnuh cukdj j[k j[kk gS\ ftls rqe lhrk ds uke ls tkurs gks] mls lEiw. nsdj mudk ifjp.kq vkSj jke .ksa ij tknw çHkko Mkyk fd os mlds lEeksgu ls vNwrs u jg ldsA jkt njckjksa dk .dek= Jh jke dks pkjksa vksj ls ?ksj dj ekjus dk vkns'k fn.k gSAa .k x.kA y{e.94.d vtwcs ds :i esa ns[k jgs gSa vkSj lksp jgs gSa fd mUgsa dSlk foy{k.a jke ds ewY.gk¡ dfo us cMÛk /.d .k djus okyk .k Hkj ds fy.d Hk.d volj ij tc Jh jke us xU/koZ vL= dk ç. gS fd .k okrkZyki ls jke tSls ikj[kh ds eu ij dksbZ bruk çHkko Mky ldrk FkkA jke y{e.Dr djrs gSAa fdf"dU/kk dkaM esa nksuksa HkkbZ igyh ckj guqeku ls ½".tqosZn/kkfj.ks¼kvksa dks lsuk uxj ls ckgj fudy dj .kZ vf/kdkj çn£'kr djrs gSaA os u dsoy mPpkj.sA rnuUrj nsorkvksa us iq"i o"kkZ dh vkSj xU/koks± us t.k] vkSj .kZ yadk dk fouk'k djus okyh dkyjkf= le>ksA og rqEgkjs ikl dky dh Qk¡lh vk igq¡ph gS] ftlesa rqEgkjk xyk Q¡lk gSA FkksMÛs gh fnuksa esa og dl nh tkus okyh gSA vr% rqEgkjk vUr lehi gSA .|fi jke Lo.38 ß.adj :i /kkj.a guqeku dks mÙkj ns ldrs Fks] tks cMÛs foLrkj ls iwNrkN dj jgs Fks] mUgksua s vius HkkbZ y{e.kke fd.ksx fd. iwNkA iwN&rkN djrs le.k pkj lUnHkks± esa tkuk iMÛxs k] tgk¡ jke guqeku ds fo"k.xfjek dk vuqHko Hkh fd. 315   lhrk dk vigj.o] lqxhz o ds funs'Z k ds vuqlkj] guqeku .k] O.Fkksfpr ifjek.d gh jke ds n'kZu gksrs FksA tc ?kksMÛs vkSj jFk lfgr ewycy iw.ku j[krs gq.k djds muds lEeq[k x.ks¼k ds lEeq[k Hk.EcdL. vkSj dwVuhfrd dq'ky 'kCnkoyh ij Hkh vf/kdkj çn£'kr djrs gSAa mUgksua s nksuksa Hkkb.k dks mÙkj nsus ds fy.kq Hkxoku jke ds le{k ugha fVd ldrs] fujFkZd gS D.k FkkA vius iq= bUæftr ds o/k ds i'pkr~ jko.Zpfdr gq.g Bhd gh gSA vr.fn jke us mUgsa viuk.adj :i esa [kMÛk çrhr gksrk gSAÞ .esoa çHkkf"krqeA~ A . esa [kqydj vius fopkj O.d f'k"Vkpkj lEcU/kh fu. 'ks"k fu'kkpj Hkh 'kkUr gks yadkiqjh Hkkx x. esa .k fe= çkIr djus dk lkSHkkX.k] guqeku] tkEcoku] e.314 jkek.s vkns'k fn. okA IV.q¼ us Hk.Z'kkyh bUæ Hkh lejkaxu esa Jh jke ds lkeus Bgj ugha ldrsAÞ .k Hkæiq#"k dh Hkkafr] fHk{kq dk :i /kkj.a ee ok «.a fot.d foi{k ds .k gqvk FkkA guqeku ds eu esa lUnsg mRiék gqvk fd dgha .o] . vL=&cy eq> esa gS vkSj Hkxoku 'kadj es]a vFkkZr~ bldk ç.s fd jke ds muds fo"k.kq dk mYys[k ugha djrk] ftlls irk pyrk gS fd Lo. Jh jke us Lo.kadu ds vfrfjDrA vkSj .ksx djrs gS]a os brus mPpdksfV dh 'kCnkoyh ls Hkjiwj gSa fd vk'p.kA jktlHkk esa iqu% igq¡pdj mlus vius ç/kku&ç/kku .Ur foy{k.gk¡ fQj fo".kHkwfe esa dHkh rks çR.ewd ioZr ij feys Fks] tgk¡ lqxhz o us vius pkj efU=.g dguk fd fo".kkxr gks tkvksA jke brus ijkØeh . LFkkuksa ij Hkh fo'ks"k :i ls Hkxoku fo".k] rks .k ds T.ksx eSa dj ldrk gw¡ vFkok Hkxoku 'kadjA dfo .kk esa fo". Jh jke us muls dgk % .k dj fy.d Lej.a fo".kh esa okrkZyki vkjEHk fd.s'o.kh ugha] tks mudk lkeuk dj ldsA pkj eq[k okyk czãk] rhu us= okys f=iqjuk'kd #æ vFkok nsorkvksa ds Lokeh . fd. mudks .Z gksrk gS fd dqN gh {k.k vkSj muds xq.slk çk.k gS] .s yksx euq".k ls bl çdkj dgrs gSa % uku`XosnfouhrL.k vkSj vR.k ugha gks ldrk] dksbZ .xku xk.kq Fks vkSj fo".k. uk. feyk gSA ml le.adj jke [kMÛk çrhr gksrk Fkk vkSj dHkh egklej esa .g rF.g xU/koZ vL= vR.k vkfn ij rFkk çkphu oSfnd lkfgR.kdqy gks x.kA mlus lhrk dks ekj Mkyus dk Hkh fu'p.kZr.] ½f"k&eqfu] fl¼ksa us lk/kqokn nsdj Jh jke ds bl dk. guqeku laLÏr Hkk"kk ij viuk iw.a viuh vfHkK esa jke] fo".A rnuUrj mUgksua s cMÛs fouhr Hkko ls mu nksuksa ohjksa dks ç.kA blds ifjçs{.g irk yxkus ds fy. Nn~eos'k esa ckfy ds xqIrpj u gksAa vr.kh.Ur e/kqj ok.d lk/kkj..k ls ckr djrs gq.kA ml j.kksa dh o"kkZ vkjEHk dj nhA Jh jke us jk{klksa dks xU/ koZ vL= ls eksfgr dj fn.] fo".kq dk mYys[k ugha fd.Z dh ç'kalk dhA {k.kadu fd.fn vius dks cpkuk pkgrs gks] rks rqjUr gh lhrk dks Jh jke ds gokys dj nks vkSj mudh 'kj. mnkgj.kA jk{kl vkSj okuj .k iq= 'kksd ls vR.kA ijUrq lqik'oZ uked cqf¼eku ea=h ds le>kus ij og egy esa ykSV x.Ur O.g fnO.kq ds vorkj gh gSAa dfo dh /kkj.kq dk mYys[k djus esa dksbZ rqd ugha FkkA bl çdkj ds va'k b/kj&m/kj feyrs gSAa vc eSa guqeku ds lEcU/k esa bl n`f"V ls fopkj d:¡xk fd jke us fdl çdkj mudk ewY.kdj.k* ds rhu .k esa xbZA rc egkrstLoh Jh jke us jk{kl lsuk esa ços'k djds ck.rnL=cya fnO.k%A uklkensofonq"k% 'kD. fy.d jktk dk nwljs jktk ls gh laHkk"k.

vkSj mUgksaus viuh Lo.kx dj rqEgkjh vkSj ns[k ldsxhA rqEgkjk m|ksx] /kS. dk mPpkj.kka xr.13.L.ksfnr%AA IV.kgjrkusu u fdafpni'kCnre~AA u eq[ks us=. ij NksMÛrs gS]a og vUr rd cuk.frAA O. ik¡p .ks± dks lEiék djus esa lQy gksrs gSAa vius Lokeh ds çfr dÙkZO.kZr.k yxrs gSAa laHkk"k.k. 'k=q dk ân. budh vkokTÛk u rks cgqr /kheh jgh gS] u cgqr Å¡phA e/.]Z ijkØe vkSj lqxhz o dk lUns'k& .ksa ds ân.k gS] D.A .kZ dÙkZO. dksbZ . esa e/. gh dBksj ls dBksj 'k=q dk ân.ç.ksx fo|eku gS vkSj rqEgha esa ns'kdky dks vius vuqdy w eksMÛus dh 'kfDr gSAa Þ guqeku ij lqxhz o ds Hkjksls ls jke Hkh vk'oLr gks x.s\ lqxhz o vkSj Jh jke ds chp .k çoh.k fn.e Loj esa gh bUgksua s lc ckrsa dgha gSA os laLdkj (O.Z lkSia k tk.rs fpUÙkeq|rklsjjsjfiAA .ke.sA ml >q.Zlk/kd nwr . Jh jke us lkspk] eku yks buesa ls dksbZ .kl Hkh ugha fd.d Hkh lhrk dks ns[k ikus esa lQy gks x.fn dqN çek.] daB vkSj Hkw/kkZ& bu rhuksa LFkkuksa }kjk Li"V :i ls vfHkO. fd.ksfr&LrEHk chlok¡ v/.3.k dk dbZ ckj Lok/.s gq.qDr'p foØe%A lqxhz oL.ks± dk iwjk djuk pkgrk gS] rks mlds ikl .es LojsAA laLdkjØelaiékeæqrkefoyfEcrke~A mPpkj.rho esAA IV.ksa esa dksbZ 'kkld dqN egku dk.k] tks lquus esa d.olk.slk lUns'k ns jgs gSa fd rqEgkjs }kjk dk.oafo/kks . rs ohj lÙo.a dh eqfædk guqeku dks ns nhA mls lkSai dj og dgrs gSa % vusu Roka gfjJs"B fpàsu tudkRetkA eRldk'kknuqçkeuqf}Xukuqi'.D Zq rk .ksokZfi yykVs p Hkzoq ksLrFkkA vU.fUr lokZFkkZ nwrokD.s"ofi p xk=s"kq nks"k% lafofnr% Dofpr~AA vfoLrjelafnX/kefoyfEcreæqre~A mj%LFka d.ek :i ls fLFkr gS vkSj daB ls cS[kjh :i ls çdV gksrh gSA vr% cksyrs le. Hkh bl vÚqr ok.fn gesa vf/kd cksyuk iMÛ]s rks ge xÛyfr.Ur nq"dj dk.316 jkek.kksa dk la.sxk vFkkZr~ . 317   uwua O.k djrs gSAa ân.M esa ls lqxhz o guqeku dks cqyokrs gSa vkSj muls dgrs gS]a ßguqeku! vf[ky fo'o esa dksbZ .qDr gks]a ml jktk ds lHkh euksjFk nwrksa dh ckrphr }kjk gh fl¼ gks ldrs gSAa .fDr tSlk gksuk pkfg.oax.|fi ge bl fo'kky lsuk dks lc fn'kkvksa esa Hkst jgs gS]a ijUrq rqEgsa Lej.s\ bu nh/kkZdkj okujksa esa ls fdldks .a orZrs e/. fuHkkus esa fdlh Hkh ladV dk lkeuk dj ldrs Fks] fdlh Hkh 'k=q dk eqdÛkcyk dj ldrs Fks vkSj fdlh Hkh ifjfLFkfr ls fuiV ldrs FksA tc okujksa dh VqdfMÛ.ksfa d cgqr lh ckrsa cksyus ij Hkh] buds eq¡g ls dksbZ v'kqf¼ ugha fudyh (fdlh Hkh O.q% dk.Zlk/kdk%A rL. dks vkuUn çnku djus okyh dY.fn euq".k vkSj og O.k ds T.44.k) vkSj Øe ('kCnksPpkj.sls okD.k tk.kZdVq gksA budh ok.kdj.k) ls lEiék vÚqr /kkjkçokgh rFkk ân.kdj.Z esa lQyrk çkIr gksxhAÞ tks Nki guqeku çFke lk{kkRdkj esa nksuksa Hkkb.ks·u?kAA .k jgs jke vkSj eS]a rqe (guqeku) ij fo"k.Ro Mky jgs gSAa loZ= vckf/kr xfr] osx] rst vkSj LQwfrZ dsoy rqEgkjs gh esa bu lc xq.sxk fd rqe esjs ikl ls gh vk. i`Foh ij dksbZ Hkh rqEgkjs leku ijkØeh ughaA .ka ÑRLueusu cgq/kk Jqre~A cgq O.ks± esa flf¼ dSls gks ldrh gS\ ftlds dk.fu"Bk ls vkSj fo'okl ls egku ls egku vkSj vR..kS.fDr ds fy.d ls vf/kd guqeku tSls lsod gks]a rks i`Foh ij mlds fy.slk dk.h ok. buds eq[k] us=] yykV] HkkSgas rFkk vU.k gSA mldks le>us esa dksbZ lUnsg ugha gqvkA #d&#ddj vFkok 'kCnksa dks rksMÛ ejksMÛdj fdlh .'.tqonZs dk vH.fn fdlh ds ikl .k.k ds le.14 ßbl fpÊ }kjk lhrk dks . rqA fl/.k okpk f=LFkkuO. 'kq¼ vaxTsz Ûkh esa cksyuk vlEHko ugha] ijUrq . L.g dk.Dr gksus okyh budh bl fofp= ok.kha okpa ân.k N% okD. R.28-35 cksy ldrk] rks fu'p.Z dh ßftls ½Xosn dh f'k{kk ugha feyh] ftlus .s gksA blls og Hk.kdj.k çLrqr djuk pkgsxk fd og okLro esa mudk gh nwr gS] rks mldks D.q kx.k rFkk tks lkeosn dk fo}ku Hkh ugha gS] og bl çdkj dh lqUnj Hkk"kk esa okrkZyki ugha dj ldrkA fu'p.k! ftl jktk ds ikl buds leku nwr u gks] mls dk.kh dk mPpkj.k.g fu'p.slk dgha Kkr ugha gqvkA vius lkjs okDo. lc vaxksa Hkh dksbZ nks"k çdV gqvk gks] .oksa ij mUgsa iwjk vf/kdkj gS] fdlh dk Hkh mi.fDr .kksa ls .fr dY.k fp=.kh dks lqudj fdldk fpÙk çlék vkSj vkRek vºykfnr u gksxh\ o/k djus ds fy.&ifjorZu dj ldrk gSA y{e. gh blus lewps O.g fo'okl gks tk.Z ds fy.sls mÙke xq.kA dL.ogkjdq'kyrk }kjk] vfirq viuh iw. guqeku dks gh pquk tk. p lUns'k% flf)a dFk.fUr fg dFka rL. gqvk fd bl dk. ryokj mBk. j[krs gSAa u dsoy laLÏr lEcU/kh O.k ugha fd.k. cMÛh lqi"Vrk ds lkFk fuosnu fd.Bxa okD.s lc eq>s .kh ls cny tk. ukjk/.ksx xÛyr ugha gqvkA bUgksua s FkksMÛs 'kCnksa esa gh viuk vfHkçk.d ea=h bl O.fn dksbZ guqeku dh Hkk¡fr . dk.´tuLFk.slk Hkkx ugha] tgk¡ rqEgkjh çxfr esa dksbZ vojks/k vk ldsA bl le. nwrks HkosRikfFkZoL.Z ugha] tks og lEikfnr u dj ldsA mldks gj dk.L.k¡ pkjksa fn'kkvksa esa Hksth xb±] rkj] tkEcoku] uy] uhy vkSj guqeku Hkh ml Vksyh esa FksA ml le.kZ.kh ân. fl/.gkfj. :i ls fof'k"V mÙkjnkf.khe~AA vU.k¡ dj nsrs gSa vkSj 'kq¼ ekud vaxt sz Ûh ds lkFk fo'okl?kkr djrs gS)a A guqeku okfXerk esa iw.

rqEgsa pquk gS vkSj . gksaA os] u dsoy os gh dk.Dr djrs gSa vkSj O. esa vkxs jke guqeku dh vf/kd vkSj vf/kd ljkguk djrs gSAa dkSu lh ç'kfLr i.8.d {k. dks lqudj thou /kkj.slk dk. 319   flf¼ vo'.k Fkk\ vr% jke dgrs gSa % d`ra guqerk dk. :i 'khry ty dk fNMÛdko djds gks'k esa yk.rsu [kyq thfo"..kh lqUnjh fç. gS vkSj og dsoy blh vof/k esa thfor jguk pkgrh gS]a dsoy bl vk'kk esa fd vof/k ds lekIr gksus ls igys eSa mldks eqDr djk yw¡A .kr gks x.kA tc os pqi gks x.k es]a tc guqeku lhrk dks thfor vkSj 'kjhj ls ldq'ky gksus dk vkuUndj 'kqHk lekpkj ysdj vk.k ds leku eq>s iquthZfor djsxa As tSls csgks'k euq".fn og .Z lkQÛ gSA .g oxhZdj.kZIr vk/kkj gSAÞ .k.k ds T.Z laiék djrs gS]a tks Lokeh us Li"Vrk ls crk.d fnu mudk jke ls iqufeZyu vo'.s x.d oxZ dk fo'ks"k o.qDr dj ldrk gS vkSj dksbZ dke lkSia ldrk gSA . ty ds NhaVs fn.sxa As rqeus crk.slk djus ds fy.qDr gksus ij vius Lokeh ds O.kZIr gksxh] mlds fy.d gksAa muesa cqf¼] fu"Bk vkSj leiZ.d ekl dk le.k d:¡xkA guqeu~! eq> ls fcNqMÛh gqbZ esjh e/kqjHkkf"k.k Kku çkIr djuk pkfg.qfDr ds fy.rek lhrk us esjs çfr D.g eqfædk lkSia us dks dgk gSA esjs .ZdrkZvksa dks jke us rhu x. ds dks'k esa cgqr de gh .k fd mlds ikl vc dsoy .khrysAA VI.kke djus ds i'pkr~ mUgksua s lc okujksa dks lhrk dk lekpkj crkuk vkjEHk fd.fn ekla /kfj".kAÞ blds ckn rhu 'yksdksa dk .sls lsodksa dks ^mÙke^ oxZ ds lsod dgk tkrk gSA tks .ea uje~AA fu.± u dq.s Fks] vfirq vU.Z ds fy. .Z laiék fd.Fkk O.Z ij fu.s 'kCn o"kkZ ty d.Ur dfBu gSA bl HkweMa y ij .k| esA . vk'oklu ugha pkfg.qDr% lu~ Hk=kZ deZf.qDrks u`irs% dk.kr va'k gSA gj .okfj.Z fd.k gSAÞ eSua s fo'o lkfgR.ks .a /kj.] Jh jke us vkxs dh ckr iwNhA Jh jke dk dFku lqudj os okuj lhrk ds o`ÙkkUr lqukdj] os lhrk }kjk nh xbZ pwMÛkef.Z djuk vR.ks fu. jpuk ls u. dk.Fkk lgu djus esa vleFkZ] os guqeku dks lEcksf/kr djds iwNrs gSa % fdekg lhrk oSsnsgh czwfg lkSE.e~A Hk`R.k D.Z djus dh ckr dksbZ eu esa Hkh lksp ugh ldrk] tSlk guqeku us lpeqp dj fn[kk. iqu% iqu%A fiiklqfeo rks.k lUns'k fn.] tks Lokeh ds eu esa gksa] ijUrq O.k fç.15 ß.qDr% leFkZ'p rekgq iq#"kk/kee~AA VI.1. rd th jgh gS& eSa rks tkudh ds fcuk vc .k Hkh thfor ugha jg ldrkA guqeu~! eq>s Bhd&Bhd crkvks] lhrk us D.qDr .d esa . D. dks rks iwjk djrs gh gS]a vfirq mu mís'.k dj jgsxh] ftlls igys eSa vkdj mls eqDr djk yw¡] rc rks og cgqr le. gksxhA eq>s dksbZ vU.k gS] . gksus ij Hkh Lokeh ds nwljs fç.g guqeku ds çfr Jh jke ds ije fo'okl dh fu'kkuh gSA vc ge TÛkjk bu nksukas dks lkFk&lkFk ns[ks&ml pje {k.Dr dh xbZ gksxhA blh n`'.kZÙknuqjkxs.k dgk D.kefi fouk rkeflrs{k.] ijUrq mudk rkRi. mUgsa çsfjr djrs gS]a . fu.qDr ugha gSA muls vFkZ Hkh lqLi"V O.sls 'kCn i<Ûs gksxa ]s ftueasa buls vf/kd vuqjfDr vFkok O.14.k dks ns[krs gh jke mls viuh Nkrh ls yxk dj jksus yxs] lkFk&lkFk y{e.d ekl rd thou /kkj.kZ|% lekfgr%A Hk`R.Dr vfHkçk.rk vkSj lkeFZ.kksa esa oxhZÏr fd.u s fl´pUrh okD.ksfr&LrEHk chlok¡ v/.aq {k.s lc ckrsa djus ds fy.Z esa fu.1.k nq"djsA dq.k fudkyrs gSAa pwMÛkef.ks± dks Hkh] tks fd eq[.ks .± u dq. ls eq> dks okD.kZu gS]a ftudks Lokeh fdlh fo'ks"k dk.Dr ugha gksrk] tSlk fd okYehfd dh 'kSyh ds vuq:i gksuk pkfg.qDr% leFkZ'p rekgqe/Z .sls dk.g vlk/kkj. dh iw£r esa lgk.Dr ugha fd.ksa dks Hkh /.su u 'kD.k gSA vr% bl okD.kZéi` rs% fç.kkAA fpja thofr oSnsgh .Ur fof'k"V fu. gksxkA lc mifLFkr FksA rnuUrj Jh jke] y{e.d [.] ftlus .kh esa os lsod fxus tkrs gS]a tks Lokeh }kjk fdlh dk.10.frA u thos.66.k vkSj lqxhz o dks >qddj ç. esa lsodksa vFkok ifjgLrksa dk .d ckj] nks ckj ugha ckj&ckj eq>s crkvks] oSngs h us D.slk dk.k Hkh jks iMÛAs os viuh osnuk O.s cgqr vLi"V gSa] 'kCnksa dk pquko mi.2 ßguqeku us cMÛk Hkkjh dk.d dk.kke~AA fdekg lhrk guqeaLrÙor% dFk.FkkAA e/kqjk e/kqjkykik fdekg ee HkkfeuhA ef}ghuk ojkjksgk guweu~ dFk.k [.k dh Hkkouk Hkh gksrh gS] tks vius Lokeh ds fy.ksfa d esjs lqxhz o us bl vR.s Hks"ktsukrqjks . dk.w¡ rks nwrksa lsodksa vFkok çfrgLrksa ds .Z ugha djrs vFkkZr~ ftruk dgk x.318 jkek. vkSj midkjh lsok dk.ksX.nU.k D. tkrs gS]a mlh çdkj lhrk ds 'kCn esjs dkuksa esa iMÛ dj ewfPNZr gq.ksfa d eSa rks vc e`ror gw¡ vkSj .ks fg Hk`R.A çFke Js.k gSA ijUrq] .Z lqegöqfo nq"dje~A eulkfi .s vkSj muds bl vk'kk esa cus jgus dk fd .k rekgq% iq#"kksÙkee~AA Hk`R.k dgkA dqN Hkh cpk dj er j[kksA tSls jksxh nok ysus ls thrk gS] blh çdkj eSa lhrk ds bl lUns'k okD.% ija dk. .8-10 ijorhZ lkfgR.k gSA Hkwry ij .ku esa j[krs gq.g i. dks gks'k esa ykus ds fy. mís'.Lo esAA V.Lrq .

eqækvksa ls Hkjh Hkjh isfV.k vkSj O.30.d f'k"V iRuh tkdj vius ifr dk igys vkfyaxu djsxhA ijUrq bl volj ij lhrk .e^ Js.fn thou esa fdlh ds }kjk mUgsa çlékrk vFkok euLrks"k çkIr gks] rks lk/ku vHkko ds dkj.kh dk lsod crk.kh esa j[kk x.g leqfpr e.k eSa rqEgsa dqN iqjLdkj nsuk pkgrh gw¡A fdUrq] eq>s bl .ogkj fu/kkZfjr mPpre vkn'kks± ds vuqdwy fu.e~AA .s fcuk Hkh u jgsaxAs mudh çlékrk çkIr djuk cMÛs lkSHkkX.k jgs] ge jke ds fo"k.qDr fd.k gSA tks lsod fdlh dk.Z ugha dj ik jgk gw¡A bl le.k[.fngkL. nÙk'pkLrq egkReu%AA IV. guqeku dks fu.slk fç.Fkk dks rks lksp!as vkius dnkfpr~~ ."k loZLoHkwrLrq ifj"o³~xks guwer%A e.d o"kZ i. laokn lquk. m¼j.k vko'.Z ugha dj lds] os r`rh. ijEijk .qDr iqjLdkj ugha gks ldrkAÞ vc eSa bl egkdkO.k gSA fuLlUnsg guqeku dks çFke Js. es]a ftlds gkFk] nsuk tkurs Fks vkSj og Hkh vfoyEcA ijUrq bl le.rk vkSj lkeF. ls lEcU/k j[kus okyk .kA lhrk vius Lokeh ij vR.qDr le.d vU.fHk"ksd vkSj vUr esa lcdh fonkbZA jkT.drk Fkh\ mUgsa og lc Lej.fDrxr thou esa dqN yksxksa ls ifjp..k vfHkf"kDr dj fn.ksX.k ds T.13.ksa dks lq[k nsus okys vius 'k=qgrk ifr dk n'kZu djds oSngs h dks cMÛk g"kZ gqvkA mUgksua s ijekuUn esa fueXu gksdj vius Lokeh dk vkfyaxu fd. lekpkj ds fy.k djrk FkkA .Ur nqyHZ k vkÍkn Fkk] tks fdlh ifr dks çkIr gks ldrk gSA tc jko.% çd"kZfrA .fDr dks fof'k"V .kZnk Hkwy xbZ vkSj tSls gh os vius ifr ls feyh] mUgksua s tkdj LosPN.k] mlds fy. rqEgsa iqjLÏr djus ds fy. ds vfUre va'k ij vkrk gw¡ vFkkZr~ Jh jke dk jkT..fn dksbZ O. Js.Z dsoy .A bl volj ij jke vius dks .ksfr&LrEHk chlok¡ v/. gqvk gS] ftu ij bZ'oj dh Ïik gS vkSj ftudk ekuuk gS .kA .k ds egku iq#"k fdlh O.slk fç.q¼ dh lekfIr ij] tc y{e. dkaM esa ys tkrk gw¡] tc jke [kj&nw"k.d .sls O.ksa esa gS& okujksa ds >qMa ] vkSj jk{klksa easa dsoy foHkh"k.fDr ds fo"k. oLrq dk vHkko gS_ .Z ij fu.k cqf¼eÙkkiw.320 jkek.k dks o/k gks pqdk Fkk vkSj mlds LFkku ij foHkh"k.qDr gksus ij viuh .k d:¡\ bl le.d ukeh phuh lezkV ds fo"k.k dfyfeea çkI.k x.af=r gksrs gSa] lkekU.slh oLrq ugha nh[krh] tks bl fç.kZ ckr dgrk] rks og dqN u dqN migkj vo'.k vkSj muds pkSng lglz jk{klksa ij fot.Ur xfoZr Fkha] muds g"kZ dh lhek u FkhA bl . Hkh dk.ksX.A eSa vkidks ihNs vj.k lhrk lfgr ioZr dh dUnjk ls fudydj ckgj vk x. jke us .k mlds çfr vkHkkj vçn£'kr ugha jguk pkfg.gk¡] ftlus eq>s .Z esa lko/kkuh ugha cjrrs vkSj dg nsrs gSa fd og dk. 321   mruk gh djds ykSV vkrs gS]a mUgsa ^e/.g¡k rks gekjk rkRi.40 ßegf"kZ. esa i<Ûk gksxk] ftlds lsod lksu]s pk¡nh vkSj vU. euks Hkw.fDr ds çfr viuh çlékrk ds çek. fç.q¼ ls iwoZ mUgksua s jke ls iwNk Fkk fd bu jk{klksa ls mUgsa >xMÛk eksy ysus dh D.g fç.ksa ls yns lnSo mlds lkFk jgrs FksA tc dHkh og dksbZ vlk/kkj. esjs ikl dqN Hkh ugha gSAß Lej.d mPpre çrkih jkt?kjkus ds oa'kt Fksµ .a dks vleFkZ ikrk gS] rks vki mldh ekufld ihMÛk dk vuqeku ugha dj ldrsA TÛkjk mudh ekufld O.ksa dks okil tkus dh vuqefr nsrs gSAa .k mu dk vkfyaxu dj fy.Z gksrs gq.g vR.k x.ksfa d .k Lo:i mls dqN u dqN mi.slh mnkjrk egkurk dh lPph fu'kkuh gSA eq>dks Hkh vius O.kh ds lsod dgykrs gS]a vkSj mUgsa ^v/ke^ dgk x.k Fkk] ml le.d xqQk esa NksMÛ fn.k dks . dh ckr gSA ijUrq budh vçlékrk ls cpdj jguk vPNk gSA tc .k vfHkyk"kk gks ldrh Fkh\ mlh {k.k tkuk pkfg.k.kn vkrk gS] tc guqeku us lq[kn lekpkj lhrk dks lquk.krquZ dqÆe ln`'ka fç. eSa dksbZ oSlk gh dk.k* esa . rks os lqxhz o ds esgeku Fks vkSj .kfHk"ksd dks ns[kus ds fy.k vkrk gSA dfo dgrk gS % ra n`"V~ok 'k=qgUrkja eg"khZ. Hkh bl fç. laokn ds vuq:i gks] ftls rqEgsa nsdj eSa lar"q V gksÅ¡A lksuk] pk¡nh] ukuk çdkj ds jRu vFkok rhuksa yksdksa dk jkT. laokn lqudj vkuUnfoHkksj gks xbZ gw¡A .g gS fd igys ifr iRuh dk vkfyaxu djrk gSA 'kk. bu egkRek guqeku dks eSa dsoy viuk çxk<Û vkfyaxu çnku djrk gw¡ D.kAÞ gekjs f'k"V ?kjkuksa es]a tgk¡ vkpj.fn os vçlék gSa] rks viuh ukjkTÛkxh dk vglkl fnyk.ksX.s mi.fDr dqN rkfRod .ZUr] jke vfrfFk.39.k vkSj mlds pkj ea=hA vkuUnksRlo ds lekiu ij] tks dnkfpr~~ eghukas pyrk jgk vkSj dqN ds vuqlkj .g ckr esjs eu esa cMÛh dÛld iSnk dj jgh gSA . esa ckr dj jgs gS]a tks nw/k vkSj e/kq ls Hkjiwj çns'k ds .k guqeku dks ije in dh çkfIr gks xbZA ^jkek. dksbZ oLrq fn[kkbZ ugha nsrh] bl HkweMa y eas dksbZ .k ckr ns[krk] rks og ml O.kka lq[kkoge~AA cHkwo â"Vk oSngs h HkrkZja ifj"kLotsA III.k] rks mls lqudj lhrk dk eu gqvk dh lUns'kokgd dks dqN iqjLdkj nsA os cksyha] ßeSa vius Lokeh dh fot.d ^nhu^ dgrs gSaA bna rq ee nhuL. ij fdlh lqik= dks iqjLdkj nsus esa Lo.k gS] tgk¡ vkfyaxu dks bruk Å¡pk egRo fn.14 ßvkt esjs ikl iqjLdkj nsus .FkksfpÙk migkj fn. lkpkj lqukus ds dkj.d jktk mi.kA eq>s .g 'kqHk lekpkj lhrk dks igq¡pkus ds fy. nsrk FkkA .k gS vkSj mudks Å¡ph ls Å¡ph ç'kfLr gksrh gSA mudh Hkwfj&Hkwfj ç'kalk djds jke dgrs gS]a ßeSa D.d dkSMÛh dks Hkh viuh ugha dg ldrs FksA nqfu.] rc jke us vkJe esa ços'k fd.qDr migkj :i esa nsus ls dHkh u pwdaxs As .g çlaxa bl lUnHkZ esa ..k FkkA . çkIr dj ykSVs FksA mUgksua s lhrk vkSj y{e.n gh dksbZ eSa le>rk gw¡] . vfrfFk.gh esjk loZLo gSAß guqeku dh blls c<Ûdj D.

k ds vuqlkj gSA xksfoUnjkt] eqEcbZ laLdj.d nwljs ls esy ugha [kkrs] ijUrq ewy :i ls os .fDr Fkk] tks bl çokgeku o.uUn^] 70 vuqKkçdj.gh gSa fd rqEgkjs midkj esjs ân.40.kZrka .g gksrh gS fd os fdlh ds çfr dh xbZ HkykbZ dk cnyk ugha pkgrs D.k Hkh jgsxa !s tc rd .d .rk djds eq> ij Hkkjh midkj fd.kuks o.so th. gS]a muesa ls .16 ßvkids çfr esjk egku Lusgs lnk cuk jgsA vki esa gh esjh HkfDr fu'py jgsA vki ds flok vkSj dgha esjk vkUrfjd vuqjkx u gksA bl i`Foh ij tc rd jkedFkk çpfyr jgs] rc rd fu%lUnsg esjs çk.k igudj tkudh vius xys ls mls mrkj dj ckjackj leLr okujksa rFkk ifr Hkh vkSj ns[kus yxhaA mudh bl ps"Vk dks le>dj Jh jke us tkudh dh vksj ns[kdj dgk] ßrqe bldks ns ldrh gks fdlh dks Hkh] ftlls rqe çlék gksAÞ çnsfg lqHkxs gkja .d ds fy.k gS] mlds cnys dh vis{kk er j[kksA eSa rks ladV esa Q¡lk Fkk vkSj eq>s Hk.kekyk Jhje us lhrk ds xys eas Mky nhA lhrk us ml eqDrkgkj dks viuk.k tk ldrk gS] ßrqEgkjs midkjksa ds cnys esa eSa dqN ugha djuk pkgrkA tks cnys ds fy.%AA VII 40.q¼ Hkh djuk iMÛkA rqeus .d gh .A vr% .sls le.g ikB vIi¸.% ge nwljkas ds çfr midkj tc Hkh djrs gS]a tc os fdlh ladV esa gksAa mnkgj.kfr ik=re~AA .kA . ughaA lalkj esa esjh dFkk tc rd çpfyr jgsxh] rcrd rqEgkjh dhfrZ vfeV jgsxh vksj rqEgkjs 'kjhj esa çk.krq .g çlax vkSj Hkh foLrkjiwod Z gS vkSj bl o.%AA ikS:"ka foØeks cqf).kZu ds vuqlkj gkj ds vfrfjDr vkSj Hkh guqeku dks cgqr dqN vf/kd feyrk gSA ge lcdks ekywe gS mUgsa vkSj D.der gSAa Jh jke us igys czkã.g gkj ns nksA ftlesa rst] ?k`fr] .nkAA VI.s fd ge nwljksa dh thou j{kk dj lds]a rks rc gh .s mlh Lrj ij çfrQy feys] rks mls Hkh mlh Lrj dh foifÙk esa Q¡luk iMsÛxkA vr% guqeku! tks dqN Hkh rqeus esjs fy.slk gh gksxk] blesa la'k.kksa dks] rRi'pkr~ vius fe= lqxhz o dks vkSj mlds ckn ckfy iq= vaxn dks migkj fn.322 jkek.kka Hkoke _`f.krq .adj .ZfLeésrkfu fuR.ksa dh fof'k"Brk .22 ßrqeus tks dqN vidkj fd.ksa ls .k .kA rRi'pkr~ mÙke ef..k nhf{kr ds *dqoY.k vkSj MLJ laLdj.kekiRLok.slh vuqdEik çkiIr djus ds fy.± fou.q k lnk fo|eku jgrs gS]a mls .k.kZu ds vuqdy w mrjrk Fkk] vkSj os Fks] guqekuA mÙkj dkaM esa .g vis{kk j[krk gS fd mlds midkj ds fy. esa esjh lgk. fr"Brq fuR.ksidkjL.'k] prqjrk] 'kfDr] fou.k U. fd.Ùo.ks u.Z'kks nk{. dksbZ HkykbZ djuk pkgrk gS] og Hkh .g nwljksas ds çfr mPpre HkykbZ gksxhA vius fe= ls .kku~ nkL.fn .s yksd jgsxa ]s rc rd esjh dFk Hkh cuh jgsxhAÞ blds ckn .g Hkh yxk.fe rs disA 'kS"kL..31.40.40.kZr.qidkjk.s ln~x.kkFkZ] tc .] uhfr] iq#"kkFkZ] ijkØe vkSj mÙke cqf¼ .'kfyfu! Hkfefu! rqe ftl ij lUrq"V gks] mls . vkidks Hkh ladVxzLr gksuk pkfg.] rks rqEgkjs Åij Hkh dksbZ foifÙk VwV iMÛuh pkfg.d çR.ksfr&LrEHk 323 bDdhlok¡ v/.23* ßJs"B O.Ùo.k es .ksiÏr disA uj% çR.= xPNrqAA .   guqeku ls gh gSA ^jkek.15. çk.k ugha vkSj dqN {k.fDr.24) dk .g ns nksAÞ ogk¡ dsoy .dSdL.kk ee us la'k.L.e~AA VII.fUr çk.k* esa bl çlax ij nks fooj.] ftlls eSa rqEgsa NqMÛk ldw¡! blfy.nkA HkfDr'p fu.k ds T.kr 'yksd (VII.k bl 'kjhj esa gh cls jgsAa Þ guqeku ds .slk volj vk.g bl çdkj gS % en³xs th.koækedFkk ohj pfj". rq"Vkfl Hkkfeuh A rstks /k`fr.k gSAa .qDr] tks pUæek ds leku çdkf'kr gks jgs Fkh] . vPNk .d çfl¼ va'k gS % .sidkjk.slh ef.qidkjkFkhZ gksrk gSAÞ ””” * bl [.qDr LFkku ijA os iw.81.qidkjFkhZ foifÙkefHkdka{kfrAA VII.fn mu midkjksa dk cnyk nsuk pkgw¡] tks rqeus esjs çfr fd.k vkSjk Lusgiwod Z bl çdkj dgk] ßdfiJs"B! .ksfa d çk.slk O.k feykA tc jhN] okuj vkSj jk{klksa dks tkus dh vuqefr ns nh xbZ] rc guqeku fouez gksdj Jhj?kqukFk ls cksys % Lusgks es ijeks jktaLRof.kh gh jg tkÅ¡xkAÞ e`¸.fr eghrysA rkoPNjhjs oRL.A guqeku dks jke us dqN ugh fn.rk ohj Hkkoks ukU.q¼ dkaM ds vUr esa vkSj nwljk mÙkj dkaM esa mi.d fe= .s rks eSa ½. esa loZnk rkTÛkk cus jgsAa Þ bl 'yksd dk vFkZ . ls yxk fy.82 ßlkSHkkX.a lkeF.kZrka .ksNkoj dj ldrk gw¡A rqEgkjs 'ks"k midkjksa ds fy.k.slk dgus ij Jh jke us flgkalu ls mBdj mUgsa ân. Hkh eSa vius çk.ksiÑra gjsA uj% çR.

oÆruhA v.ksa esa loksiZ fj lqUnjh Fkh vkSj jkt dh iVjkuh Fkh vkSj jktk dks lcls vf/kd fç. foeku dh Hkkafr çrhr gksrk FkkA pkjksa vksj ?kweus ij Hkh lhrk dks u ns[kdj guqeku fpfUrr gks x.Fk± /keZyksia dfj".ksfr&LrEHk 324  bDdhlok¡ v/.kas ds lwpdA buds chp mudh n`f"V eUnksnjh ij iMÛ xbZ] tks yadk dh jkfu.|fi dfo .nk&dnk bl ckr dk mYys[k djus ds fy.k d:¡\ D.sls lqUnj x`g esa igq¡ps] tks jko.k dk mÙke vkSj vuqie Hkou ns[kk] tks Js"B galksa }kjk vkdk'k esa ogu djrs gq. ls guqeku us Lo.gk¡ vkus ij ijkbZ fL=.ksa dks ns[krs&ns[krs egkdfi guqeku /keZ ds Hk.g esjs fy.ksa esa ls cgqr lh fooL=rk Fkha vkSj muds 'kjhj ij fpÊ Fks] Li"Vr.sls O.jkek.k ds T.g çn£'kr dj fn. mfpr gS\Þ fujh{kek.k.kr dj fy.k .A yadkorhZ loZJ"s B egku x`g ds e/.kk nsus dk dkj.kZr% fLFkj gS vFkkZr mlesa jkx&}s"k ugha gSA blfy.slk yxk fd ogh lhrk u gksaA [kkst dh lQyrk ds vkHkkl ds mYykl es]a tSlk fd dfo us fouksnkFkZ mudk fp=.sa dha] tSlk fd okujksa ls vis{kk dh tk ldrh gS] tc os vkuUn foHkksj gks tkrs gSAa .k fd.] os .k dk futh fuokl&LFkku FkkA ml egy ds e/.d .] vkufUnr gksdj mNyus&dwnus yxs] b/kj&m/kj nkSMÛus yxsA os dHkh [kEcksa ij p<Û tkrs vkSj dHkh i`Foh ij dwN iMÛrs FksAÞ ekuks .ksa dks ns[kuk mfpr ugh ga AS HkkX. fd .ksa ij n`f"Vikr djus ls os vkpkj lafgrk dk vfrØe. ls dgrk gw¡] esjs eu esa dksbZ fodkj mRiék ugha gqvkA lEiw.ksa dks ns[kuk iMÛ jgk gSA bl n`'.ksa dks Hkh ns[kkA mUgksua s ogk¡ cgqr dqN ns[kk] ftldks vPNk gksrk] .k=k ds mís'.k gS] mUgksua s Bhd oSlh gh ps"Vk.g 'yksd cgqr çfl¼ gS % vLQksV.u dj pqds Fks vkSj mRÏ"V uSfrd vkpkj lafgrk ls Hkh HkyhHkk¡fr ifjfpr Fks] gesa irk pyrk gS fd guqeku dks Hkkjh /keZ&ladV eglwl gqvkA mUgksua s Loxr dgk] ßeSa D.k rks eu gSA fdUrq] esjk eu iw.ksa dks 'kqHk vkSj v'kqHk voLFkkvksa esa yxkus dh çsj. Hkkx esa guqeku us ns[kk] . Hkkx esa nwljk Hkou Fkk] ftlesa iq"id&foeku FkkA ..k fd os fdl tkfr fo'ks"k ds gSAa vki eq>s {kek djsxa ]s ..k ds iwjs vUr%iqj esa lhrk dks <¡<w k] ij os dgha Hkh fn[kkbZ ugha nhaA fQj os jko.38.d cgqr cMÛh vkSj lqUnj gosyh esa igq¡p x.g ij L=h&n'kZu /keZ dk yksi djus okyk ugha gks ldrkAÞ .k Lo.k .a fuokl djrk FkkA guqeku us vUr%iqj esa çxk<Û fuæk esa yhu gqbZ mldh fL=.k vkSj jk{kljkt jko.frAA u fg es ijnkjk.g çfrikfnr djrk gS fd guqeku lc çdkj ds xq.k dh fL=. xU/k lw¡?krs&lw¡?krs] os .kka n`f"VÆo"k. fd os dsoy okuj gh u Fks] vfirq . 325  guqeku us Li"Vr.10.k] tgk¡ eq>s fuækeXu fL=.ke~A bna [kyq eekR.k dh fL=.k dj jgs gSAa mu lksrh gqbZ fL=.kA mUgksua s yadkiqjh esa ços'k fd.g fn[kkus ds fy.rk dks ns[kdj guqeku dks .% l egkdfi%A txke egrha fpUrka /keZlk/ol'kf³~dr%AA ijnkjkojks/kL. ls] vupkgs Hkh] vuqfpr fopkj esjs eu esa mB jgs gS]a tSlk fd igys dHkh ugha gqvkA .ksa dk vigj.g rks esjs /keZ dk fouk'k dj Mkysxa As Þ ßesjh n`f"V dHkh Hkh ijkbZ fL=. guqeku ge igys gh ns[k pqds gSa fd uxj dh fuf'pUr vkSj fujkin [kkst .k n`"V% ijnkjifjxzg%AA V.54 324 bDdhlok¡ v/.k vkeksn&çeksn vkSj jaxjfy.d fnO.d mÙke&Hkou 'kksHkk ik jgk FkkA ml mÙke vkokl dk voyksdu djrs gq.u~ Loka çÑfra dihuke~AA V.40 mUgsa vglkl gqvk fd mu fL=.kU.k'p rnk rk% fL=.sls LFkku ij yk fn. jk{klksa ds ?kj esa Hkh [kkst dhA os iqu% egy esa vk x. esa cMÛh Hkkjh fpUrk mifLFkr gks xbZA os lkspus yxs] ßxk<Û fuæk esa lksbZ gqbZ ijfL=.k djus okys bl ikih jko.ksa fu%'kad lks jgh Fkha vkSj mlh voLFkk esa eSua s mu lcdks vPNh çdkj ns[kk] rFkkfi eSa 'kq¼ ân.A mUgksua s jko. us eq>s . ls 'kafdr gks mBsA muds ân.d nwljh fopkj /kkjk mRiék gqbAZ os lkspus yxs] blesa gtZ Hkh D.a dks fcYyh tSls NksVs vkdkj esa ifj. FkhA mldh lqUnjrk vkSj je.fDr Fks] tks lc 'kkL=ksa vkSj osnksa dk xgu&xEHkhj v/.kksa esa cgqr Å¡pk mB pqds Fks] rFkkfi og gesa fdlh Hkh voLFkk esa . çlqIrL. esjk . fujh{k.fn mUgksua s ugha ns[kk gksrkA jko.k.k gS\ blesa lUnsg ugha jko.kekl ppqEc iqPNa uuUn fpØhM txkS txkeA LrEHkkujksgféiikr HkwekS fun'kZ.k ds egy esa igq¡p]s ogk¡ Hkh vU.] ftlesa jko.k dk Hkh n'kZu gqvkAß rnuUrj guqeku ds eu esa .g Hkwyus ugha nsrk fd çÏfr vkSj LoHkko ls os fdl tkfr fo'ks"k ds gSAa ßos viuh iw¡N dks iVdus vkSj pweus yxsA viuh okujksa tSlh çÏfr dk çn'kZu djrs gq.kZ bfUæ.kA guqeku us jko.ksa ij ugha iMÛh FkhA .a pk= e.kh.k ds vUr%iqj esa ços'k fd.k ds lqçfl¼ jktegy esa cgqr [kkst ds ckn] lhrk ds ogk¡ feyus dh vk'kk es]a mUgksua s jko.

k gw¡] lhrk dh [kkst esAa LokHkkfod vuqeku rks .k] fdUrq .ksa ds chp gh <w¡<k tkrk gSA D.48-50 ß.k fd os iqu% lhrk dh [kkst ds fy.k.eqii|hrsAA euks fg gsr%q los"Z .7. jRu FkhaA ç. ls vUos"k. lhrk [kksbZ tkus dkj.11.eqi"S .k .kkUr%iqja lo± n`'.Zpfdr gks tkrs gSAa mudk lkSUn.ksfuLrL..kka çorZrAs 'kqHkk'kqHkkLooLFkklq yPp es lqO.k fd os pkj bap txg Hkh vuns[kh u NksMÛsxa As fuLlUnsg bruh txg esa rks lhrk fNih ughs jg ldrhA NksVh ls NksVh txg Hkh] pkgs pkj bap Hkh D.ksfa d fL=.k x.kZu brus foLrkj ls mUgsa fn.8 ßeSa .kksa ds dkj.frorZrAs A V.= p e.k oSngs h ifjekÆxrqeA~ fL=.ku`'kaL.rs u p tkudhAA fda uq eka okujk% losZ xra o{. gks tkus ij Hkh muds ekul vkSj ân.g Jh jke dh fç.k'.a lk .fUr dkyL.11 ßgrk'k u gksdj] mRlkg cuk.s os gh lhrk gS] ftuds dkj.L.k x.k d:¡\ tc eSa ykSVdj tkÅ¡xk] rc lkjs okuj feydj D.fFkr FksA lhrk dk n'kZu gksus ij] guqeku dk /.oa mRlkgiwod Z ç.rk vkSj mudh ml le.12.knkfJrsR.ks ewyefuosZn ija lq[ke~A vfuosnZ ks fg lrra lokZFks"kq çorZd%AA djksfr lQya tUrks% deZ .k % vfuosZn% fJ.ka rRifje`X.a lhrk dks viuh vk¡[kksa ls ns[kk] tks futh je.s\ .su 'kksdsu enusu pAA L=h ç.frAA b.gk¡ vk.fDr ds eu es]a tks lc yksdksa dks ns[k pqdk Fkk] ml le.kA mRlkg gh çkf.Rua ps"Vs·geqÙkee~AA V.fUr laxrk%A xRok r= Ro.ofLFkre~AA ukU.ÙkRdjksfr l%A bDdhlok¡ v/. ps"Vk d:¡xkAÞ bl fujk'kk dh fLFkfr esa guqeku dkQÛh nsj rd . vc eSa vkSj Hkh mÙke .12.g gesa crkvksA fdUrq] le.k Jh jke mudks igys gh ns pqds FksA lhrk ds lkSUn. 'kksdxzLr eqæ dks ns[kdj vk'p.rsA u 'kD.rsA dk:.kk] n.k O.sAa lhrk dks nwljh txg eSa <w¡< Hkh rks ugha ldrk Fkk D.h ihMÛk esa ifjo£rr gks x.suku`'kaL.RÑrs jke'prqfHkZ% ifjrI.k lokZ fo'oLrk jko. fd.kx mUgksua s nwljs <ax ls lkspuk vkjEHk fd.kknk.g gesa crkvksA^ fdUrq] tudufUnuh lhrk dks u ns[kdj eSa mUgsa D. fdl çdkj ds fopkj vkrs gS]a tc mUgksua s Lo.Urs loZFkk ifjekxZ.d L=h [kks xbZA og muij vfJr Fkh] mu ij Hkjkslk djrh Fkha vkSj muds fo'ks"k ls og mudh iRuh Fkh vkSj çs.k mÙkj nw¡xk\ .fefUæ.kA bl çdkj guqeku ds vuqlkj] Jh jke bu pkj çdkj dh osnrkvksa ls O.L. d:¡\ ftl tho dh tks tkfr gksrh gS] mlh chp mls <w¡<k tkrk gSA vr% eSua s jko.ksa u gks] guqeku us vuns[kh ugha NksMÛhA fujk'kk dks R.kh.s j[kuk gh mfpr gSA vUr esa eSa iqu% mu LFkkuksa esa lhrk dh [kkst d:¡xk] tgk¡ vHkh rd vuqlU/kku ugha fd.k 'kD. eulks u ç.k fd.kfL=.r%A iRuh u"Vsfr 'kkssdsu fç. ls foyx ugha gqbZ gSAa .kZ vUr%iqj esa 'kq¼ ân.kZu djrk gSA .k] 'kksd vkSj isez & bu pkj dkj.k.kh.kfe rkega tudkRetke~A /kzoq a çk.k ohj fda Ñra r}nLo u%AA vn`"V~ok fda ço{. 327  rLeknfuoZns dja .g eSa ckn esa çLrqr d:¡xkA bl ds i'pkr~ guqeku v'kksd&ou esa tk igq¡ps vkSj ogk¡ FkksMÛh nsj esa lhrk dk irk py tkrk gSA os lhrk dh igpku dj ysrs gS]a mu fpÊksa }kjk] ftudk iwjk fooj. vkSj cqf¼eÙk xq.k dgsxa \s os iwNxas ]s ^ohj! ogk¡ tkdj rqeus D.k"Vkfi lrh .ksfr&LrEHk  dkea n`"Vk e. gSA bu pkjksa dk lEcU/k fdl çdkj Jh jke ds eu ls tksMÛk tk. 15.k"Vsfr dk:.ksa dks <w¡<rs le.k vn`'.sfr enusu pAA V.k ls iwjk Hkjk gqvk gSA .%A u fg es eul% fdaf´o}SÑR.s fudya]s ftlls dksbZ dksuk Hkh vuns[kk u NwVAs mUgksua s fu'p.k Fkk fd mlds vk/kkj ij dksbZ Hkwy gks gh ughsa ldrh FkhA lhrk dh [kkst dj os vk'p.U=. ij eSa ckn esa vkrk gw¡A .k lalkj dh vewY.ksa esa fey tk.k eSa lhrk dh [kkst fgj.Z] je. . esa vrho fo"kkn Fkk] tks .k.k fd.d vfr xgu fpUru esa [kks tkrs gsAa bl fo"k.42-46.kksa ds e/.k Jh jke bl txr esa d#.d . lekIr gks tkus ij] vc eSa fu'pr gh vkej. fL=.d iwjk yEck rsjgok¡ lxZ gS] tksfd muds Lokxr Hkk"k.10.326 jkek..gh gS fd os Hkh bu fL=.Zpfdr gks tkrs gSAa dfo crrk gS fd bl foy{k.ks fg L=h"kq n`'.ksa dks loZnk lc çdkj ds deks± esa ço`Ùk djrk gSA blfy.kksa ls lUr`Ir gSAÞ Jh jke ds eu esa pkj euksHkko gS]a tks mUgsa lhrk ds dkj.k\ . O.rk] ikfrozR.k ds lEiw. lÙoL.k ds T.k çenk u"Vk e`xh"kq ifjekÆxrqeA~ A rfnna ekÆxra rkoPNq)u s eulk e.k mnkl j[krs gSAa dfo mudk o.g dqN vlkekU.ku LoHkkfodr% .ksAA .lh HkhA bldk fopkj djds jke 'kksd ls O.Z vkSj mudh 'kksHkk dk o.Ru ds fy.kdqy FksA muds ân.kA jko..gk¡ Hkh tkudh ugha fn[kkbZ nha vkSj esjh [kkst fu"Qy jghA vc eSa D.k miokl d:¡xkAÞ bl çdkj FkksMÛh nsj rd grk'k ls gksdj os fQj lkspus yxs vkSj fopkj vk.

a ldya lhrk. gS]a 'kksd ls f'kfFky ugha gksrAs .ksa us mUgsa ekjus&dkVus dh /kedh nhA 'kksd lUrIr lhrk d#. e/kqj ok. vkSj nwljh vksj lhrk dks j[kdj rqyuk dh tk.k lhrk dks nks ekl dh vof/k nsdj vkSj Mjk /kedk dj fL=. tkuuk pkgkA os le> rks x.slk cgqeYw .d lqUnj 'yksd gSAS ßbuds fcNqMÛ tkus ij Hkh Jh jke viuk 'kjhj /kkj.s D.Ur fu"Bqj O. muds eu dSlh Hkkouk.'khyo.k us lc çdkj ds vkHkw"k.s pyh xb±] rc guqeku fu'p.k fd os mUgha dh cksyh esa okrkZyki djsxa ]s ftlls lhrk dks muds fo"k.kZu fd.ZUr i`Foh rFkk lkjs lalkj dks myV ns]a rks Hkh esjs fopkj ls vuqfpr vFkok vfrek= u gksxkA os rks .jkT.qDr gksxkA esjs pys tkus ij] lhrk viuh j{kk dk dksbZ mik.fDr gSAa os .ksa ds fy.Z Hkh dj ldrs gS] tks vU.R.kA mudh ckrsa lqudj lhrk vk'p. ns[kdj fdruh vlá osnuk gqbZ gksxhA jko.r s A~ vL.qDrfeR.d okuj dgrk gS] tks iDdk czãpkjh gSA ßlhrk ds 'khy LoHkko] vkLFkk vkSj O.ksa ds jgrs&jgrs volj ikdj .k /kkj.g nq%[kn n`'.k Fkk] bR.53 .slh vuqie ikfjrksf"kd gS]a tks mUgsa iqu% çkIr djus ds fy.k R. jke ij tkrk gS fd bl le.g Hkh fuf'pr fd. loZJ"s B jRu ds fy.] mlus v'kksd&okfVdk esa ços'k fd. vkSj .s .16.gk¡ ekuoksfpr laLÏr Hkk"kk esa cksy¡wxk] ijUrq .d ck/ kk gSA .d vksj rhuksa yksdksas dk jkT.ksfa d muds fy. 329   ml le.k fd mfpr rks .g vkuk&tkuk nks"k.Hkhr gks tk.328 jkek.kA rRi'pkr~ jk{kfl.kZ thou gS]a T.kke~A jk?koks·gZfr oSngs ha ra ps.A vPNk rks .ksoÙ` kka rqY.d gks] rks dqN Hkh u"V fd. djrs gS]a .Z fd. esa dksbZ HkzkUr/kkj.fn bl jkf= ds chrrs&chrrs eSa lhrk dks lk¡Rouk u ns ldk] rks os vius thou dk ifjR.Ur nq"dj gS& bl nsoh ls fcNqMÛ dj os thfor gSAa Þ blds i'pkr~ dksey Hkkoukvks]a dYiukvksa dk rk¡rk 'kq: gksrk gSA rqY. guqeku us mls /.k foyki djus yxh vkSj çk.slk .ksa us lhrk dks le>kuk 'kq: fd.a ok f="kq yksd"s kq lhrk ok tudkRetkA =SyksD.¡ meMÛ jgh gksxa h] fdl çdkj mUgksua s lhrk dk o.kA jko. guqeku dh lkjh jkr çk. gh eq>s ml lkFkZd dkS'ky cksyh dk ç.ksa dh Mk¡V&MiV] .ks/.s jke rks vR.sAa os lkspus yxs okuj gksdj Hkh eSa .ksX.Ur nq"dj dk.ku vkdf"kZr fd.fn eSa lhrk dks lk¡Rouk fn.5..k gSA .k fd.k le> dj Hk.fn vko'.fn eSa f}t dh Hkk¡fr laLÏr dk ç.g mUgksua s vR.k vkSj lqUnjh lhrk dks ns[kus ds fy. vkSj fpUrk easa Mwc xbZ vkSj cSBh&cSBh jksus yxhA jko.k tk. O. fd.k dks ns[kdj lhrk nq%[k] Hk.ksx djuk pkfg.] tks v.k mUgsa rjg&rjg ds çyksHku nsus yxkA lhrk us mls le>k.k ds T. crk.gh gksxk fd igys Jqfr vFkok dku }kjk mudk /.k tk.fn jke% leqækUrka esfnuha ifjorZ.s gq.g gksxk fd bu jk{kfl.kx dj nsaxhA vPNk rks .k cqf¼erk vkSj xgu euksoK S kfud le>nkjh ds dkj.slh n'kk esa vo'.% chr xbZA çkr% tkxus ij jk{kljkt jko.slh L=h ds [kks tkus ls] tks mUgsa iqjLdkj :i esa çkIr gqbZ Fkh] .g dgdj fd mUgsa vius le{k .slk dk. rks Jh jke gh lc dqN gS]a loZLo gS]a ldy lEiw.ksfr&LrEHk bDdhlok¡ v/.d vR.k çHkq%A /kkj.ku vk.k muds eu esa /.k¡ lksus ds fy.fn Jh jke leqæ i. guqeku dks çrhr gqvk fd Jh jke dh ppkZ lquus ij Hkh lhrk ds eu esa dqN fo|eku gSA guqeku us ml v'kksd o`{k ls uhps mrj dj] vatfy ck¡/k dj fouhr Hkko ls mudk ifjp.s .slk djus esa Hkh .d n'kZd ds :i eas gSA mudh eSa mis{kk djrk gw¡] .s muds ikl x.kA lhrk mudh ckr ekuus ls budkj djus ij jkf{kfl.k fd.fn laHko gks] rks lhrk ls ckrsa dh tk.s] rks f=yksdh dk lkjk jkT. u ns[k dj os vius thou dk vUr dj nsxa hA blesa lUnsg ugha .k vkSj Jh jke dh rqyuk esa mls ux.g dtjkjs us=ksa okyh lhrk Hkh mUgha ds vuqdy w gSAa .k.kkAA .kA ml le. fd os lhrk gh gS]a ijUrq .k tk ldrk gSA .fHktuy{k.eflrs{k. vR.k% Ñrs txPpkfi .kxus dk fu'p.s lc ckrsa Bhd&Bhd lqu yhaA mUgksua s lkspk] ß.kuiwod Z ns[kkA blds ckn dbZ lxZ gS]a ftueasa guqeku dh Hkwfedk .kh esa Jh jke ds fo"k.ksa ls f?kjs gq.ksa lfgr iqu% egy dh vkSj ykSV x.k turk dh cksyh gSAÞ vr% mUgksua s fu'p.k u gksA rRi'pkr~ viuh vlk/kkj.k fd mUgsa lhrk ds le{k vpkud çdV ugha gksuk pkfg..kfnA .d .14 ßlhrk&jke dh tksMÛh .fDr.Ur çfl¼ 'yksd gS % nq"dja Ñroku~ jkeks ghuks .Fksfpr gS]Þ .d dyk ds NksVs ls va'k ds cjkcj Hkh ugha gks ldrkAÞ bl çdkj ml ou dh 'kksHkk ns[krs&ns[krs vksj lhrk dh [kkst djrs gq.slk yxk] Fkdh gqbZ jk{kfl.Zpfdr gks xb± vkSj os leLr fn'kkvksa esa n`f"V nkSMÛkus yxhaA vUrr% 'kk[kkvksa esa fNis gq. lhrk dh .13.ksfr gSAa vr% mudh ppkZ] mUgha ds xq.ksx d:¡xk] rks lhrk eq>s Nn~eos'k esa jko.15. djrh gSAa guqeku us Hkh lhrk dk d#. esa cksyuk vkjEHk fd.kReuks nsga u 'kksdu s kolhnfrAA V.k ukIuq.sA .so es efr%AA jkT.k ds vkl&ikl lk/kkj.gha cSBs cSBs bUgsa /khjs&/khjs lk¡Rouk nw¡AÞ vUrr% tc lc gV x.k foyki] jk{kfl. fcuk pyk tkÅ¡xk] rks esjk .gh jgsxk fd lhrk ds ifr vkSj muds ifjokj ls lEcfU/kr dqN 'kCn dg dj okrkZyki vkjEHk fd.ogkj Jh jke ds leku gh gSAa mudk dqy Hkh Jh jke dqy ds leku gh egku gSA vr% Jh jke fonsg dqekjh lhrk ds loZFkkZ .kxku lhrk dks Jqfre/kqj yxsxa As bl çdkj cgqr lksp&fopkj dj] guqeku us lhrk dks lquq krs gq.nu.sxa hA . gSAa rFkk .s vkSj viuh fL=.kRdyke~AA V.g .

k dk lEiw.fl jkeL.k gksxk\Þ mUgsa fo'okl ugha gks jgk Fkk] .k rFkk vU. ls pyh vk jgh gS % dY.sA blls lhrk dks .330 jkek.kh iqu% lquus ds fy. vU.ks/. Fkk vkSj eq>s .kh cr xkFks.qZDr opu lqudj guqeku us mUgsa lk¡Rouk nsrs gq.s jkK% laKko/kkj.su es:.33.] vki ds vkus ls eq>s thou dh vk'kk iqu% gks xbZ gSAÞ 'kksdlUrIr lhrk dh ok.ku vk jgk gS] tks .gk¡ ls ys tkuk pkfg.ka rq eklkH.k jgs] guqeku lnk blh çdkj ^f'kjL.k Fkk] fQj Hkh D.Mye~A eq[ka æ{.koRço`fÙka Ük`. lEcU/kh Hkh . nsrs gq.33. . fodYi u gksxkAÞ nq%[k ij nq%[k mBkus ds dkj.k gh u gksA ijUrq guqeku }kjk Jh jke ds xq.g 'kadk gksus yxh fd .* vknj çn'kZu djrs gS]a tc os jke vFkok y{e.gha gksxkAÞ fQj os dqN jkgr eglwl djus ds fy.ke.k pA nnZqjs.L.kr~AA V..% Lusgkf}f'k"Vks·fLr e.kh lqudj guqeku muds dqN fudV igq¡p x.k . pqi gks xb±A dfo us cMÛh prqjkbZ ds lkFk ^jke* 'kCn dk ç.k Jh jke dks mudh okuj lsuk lfgr yadk esa yk.fr thoUrekuUnks uja o"kZ'krknfiAA V. ekrk u firk p ukU.a dks vius Hkhrj fujk'kk ds xrZ esa Mqcks nsrh gSAa os dgrh gS]a ßesjk vc D.k ds fy.g ykSfdd dgkor vkt eq>s fcYdqy lR. vkuUn çkIr gksrk gh gSA . iwNrkN djrs gSA os dgrs gSa % jksnuknfrfu%'oklkn~HkwfelaLi'kZuknfiAA u Roka nsohega eU. 30-31 ßnwr! esjs ifr vkSj Lokeh jke ds fy.k eSa vkidks fnO.k p rs nsfo 'kis ewyQysu pAA .k yadk dh /kjrh ij .k vHkh eSa muds fy.k dj jgs gS\a os vkrs D.Fkk lqu.sZ 'kksdsu p ifjIyqr%A u 'keZ yHkrs jke% flagkfnZr bo f}i%AA ey.g dgha Nn~eos'k esa Lo. iw.k ihfMÛr lhrk dk mi.6 ß.sls ugha gS] ftUgsa mudk Lusg eq>ls vf/kd vFkok esjs cjkcj feyk gksA eSa rks rHkh rd thfor jguk pkgrh gw¡] tc rd vius fç.k x.a .k dks lEcksf/kr djrs gSAa . 331   rqjUr .su p foU/.ksa ds fo"k.kZu djrs gSa % rokn'kZutsuk.xkA os D.kh Hkh ugha eku ldrkA vki ckj ckj jke] jke dgdj fdlh jktk dk uke ys jgha gSA esjk vuqeku Bhd gh gksxk fd vki lhrk gh gSAa Þ guqeku dh ckr lqudj lhrk us viuk ifjp. esAa rRi'pkr~ os dgrh gSa % u pkL.s cgqr gh euksgj iafDr.ka fç.d yEcs le. dksbZ vkSj ugha gSA muds ekrk&firk rFkk vU.34.ksa ugha\ D.kZ e/kqj opu dgdj] Jh jke ds lEcU/k esa mudh e/kqj ok.k gSA os guqeku ls yxHkx chl ç'u djrh gS]a vius ifr] y{e.k tk ldrk gS\ D.k dkaM esa Hkkjr ls jkT. lUns'k yk.kx djus ds vfrfjDr esjs ikl dksbZ vU.kksa dk ifjR.kk eUnjs.ksx pkj ckj fd. esa vkSj mudh fØ.11 ßyEch&yEch lk¡l [khapdj vki jksus yxha rFkk i`Foh dk Li'kZ djus ds dkj.kZpUæfeoksfnre~AA f{kça æ{.h tku iMÛrh gSA eq>s yxrk Fkk fd vc eSa vkSj vf/kd thfor ugha jg ikÅ¡xh] fdUrq vc Jh jke }kjk Hksts x.s] os mUgsa Jh jke dh eqfædk nsrs gSAa dqN va'kksa dks NksMÛrs gq.k gSA rc guqeku vatfy ck¡/k dj laons u'khy 'yksdksa esa mÙkj nsrs gSAa Lej.s dqN gw¡\ mUgsa rks vHkh rd vk tkuk pkfg. çk.AA brho nsoh opua egkFk± ra okujsUæa e/kqjkFkZeD q RokA Jksraq iquLrL.q¼ djds mudks okil ys tk.A lkS o"kZ ckn Hkh vFkkZr~ dkykUrj esa rks vo'.k ds T.ks fxjkSA .s nks ekl dh vof/k fuf'pr dh gSA .ksfr&LrEHk bDdhlok¡ v/.32 ßnqjkRek jko.d çfl¼ yksdksfDr dk è.k'khyrk ds fo"k.slk dguk mfpr u tku dj os viuh ckr yEch djrs gq.k¡ gS]a ftuesa os lhrk ds çfr Jh jke ds euksHkkoksa dk lVhd o.a ykSfddh çfrHkkfr ekA .a jko.fl oSnsfg jkea çlzo.{. ij vkrs gS]a tc lhrk Lo.10.k tk ldrk gS\ os dgrh gS]a ßgs okuj Js"B! vki eq>s Jh jke vkSj muds HkkbZ ds lEcU/k esa lc dqN crkb.k.k vkSj vUr esa os dgrh gSa % }kSeklkS rsu es dkyks thforkuqxgz % Ñr%A Å/o± }kH.s ç'u mlh 'kSyh esa gS]a ftlesa Jh jke v.kxku lquus ls mudk lUnsg tkrk jgkA rnékrj lhrk dks iDdk fo'okl fnykus ds fy.s i`Foh ij esjs leku fç.fn euq".ua oYxq fcEcks"Va pk:dq. vatfyek/kk.g lqudj nsoh lhrk ds lEiw.D q ra fojjke jkekAA V. dgk] ßnsfo! eSa Jh jke dk nwr gw¡ vkSj vkids fy.oa dY.k leks okA rkoÙoga nwr ftthfo"ks.k gw¡AÞ .ka rrLR. thfor jgs] rks mls dnkfi vk'kk ugha NksMÛuh pkfg. opks·fHkjkea jkekFkZ.re ds fo"k. esa dqN lqu jgh gw¡AÞ nsoh lhrk okuj Js"B guqeku ds çfr bl çdkj ds vFkZiw.adj n`'. FkkA eq>s rks vc yxrk gS] esjk ej.36.kZ vax esa g"kZtfur jksekap gqvk vkSj os guqeku ls cksyhaA eq>s .k.k. ouxeu vkSj vigj.kq.31.k us vuqxzg iwoZd esjs thou /kkj.|fi guqeku us mUgsa [kkst fy.kfe thfore~AA V.fn bl vof/k esa eSa eqDr u gqb]Z rks bu nks eghuksa ds ckn vius çk.] vc ge ml Hk.kZ o`ÙkkUr dg lquk. ç'uksa dk rk¡rk ck¡/k nsrh gSA . ds lEcU/k esa iwNrs gS]a ml çfl¼ ^dfPpRlxZ* es]a ftlesa dfPpr~ 'kCn NCchl 'yksdksa esa frgÙkj ckj nksgjk.

Ru'khy jgrs gSAa Þ .ku esa brus vf/kd rYyhu jgrs gSAa Jh jke vkids çse esa brus o'khHkwr gSa fd lnk vkidk gh /.k vkSj lhrk 'kkdkgkjh FksA blds foijhr .rsAA n`"V~ok Qya ok iq"ia ok .k dk vuqokn i<Ûdj lqukrk gw¡A dfo lqUnj dkaM esa viuh fof'k"Vrk dk çn'kZu djrk gS] tc og . fonsgufUnuh lhrk .ks/. os tYnh ls tkx mBrs gSAa fdlh Qy] Qwy vFkok fL=.Fkk ls gSAÞ ßmudk fpÙk lnk vki gh esa yxk jgrk gSA mudk /.fDr viuh fç. vkidh gh çkfIr ds fy.ekuLRokeso lhrsR.kh dk mPpkj.fn dHkh vk¡[k yx Hkh tkrh gS] rks ^lhrk&lhrk* bl e/kqj ok.] foU/.a HkDre'ukfr i´pee~AA uSo n'kké e'kdké dhVké ljhl`iku~A jk?koks·iu.kgju~ çfrcq/.36.k djrk gSA bldk lE.s jgrs gSa fd mUgsa vius ru&cnu dh Hkh lq/k ugha jgrhA ePNj dhMÛ&s edksMÛs muds 'kjhj ij p<Û tkrs gSa vkSj dkVrs jgrs gS]a ijUrq os mudks gVkrs rd ugha] .s gesa guqeku dh vUrjkRek esa iSBuk gksxk ekuks os bl fopkj/kkjk esa vkfo"V gSAa os . Ñrç.k* esa bl yksd çpfyr er dk dksbZ vk/kkj ugha feyrk fd jke] y{e.37-47 ßvk..kha O.re oLrq dh gh lkSxU/k [kkrk gSA v. oLrq dks Hkh tc ns[krs gS]a rc yEch 'okl ysdj ckjEckj] ^gk fç.ku dgha vkSj tkrk gh ughaA os vkids /.Ru'khy gSAa fdUrq] jke ds 'kksdxzLr gksus ds lekpkj ls os Lo..ku esa brus [kks.d fopkj ij vkrs gSAa dfo cMÛs jkspd <ax ls guqeku ds fopkjksa dh /kkjk dks çLrqr djrk gSA eSua s nks vyx&vyx m¼j.k%A ukU.fHkHkk"kek.k gSA os dgrs gS]a ßnsfo! eUnj vfn ioZr gekjs oklLFkku gSa vkSj Qy&ewy gekjk HkkstuA vr% eSa eUnjkpy] ey.fPpUr.kksa dks pquk gSA igys rsjgok¡ lxZ çLrqr gS] ftldk mYys[k eSua s igys fd.d ewY.k djrs gSa vkSj mudks ykSVkus ds fy.a ifjrI. miokl djds ik¡posa lU/.=&r= i.332 jkek.s!Z vkidks u ns[kus ds dkj. 333   'krØferqoklhua ukdi`"BL. os eu gh eu bl çdkj dgus yxs] ßesjs ç.s muds 'kjhj ij jsxa rs jgrs gS]a rks Hkh mUgsa dksbZ ijokg ughaA mudks irk gh ugha jgrk fd os mudks rax dj jgs gSAa os vkids /.] tks dqN isMÛkas ls çkIr gks tkrk gS .ku djrs jgrs gSa vkSj fujUrj vkids fojg&'kksd esa Mwcs jgrs gSAa vkidks NksMÛdj nwljh dksbZ ckr os lksprs gh ughaA Jh jke dks lnk vkidh fpUrk ds dkj.s guqeku dgrs gSa fd vc Jh jke us ek¡l [kkuk Hkh NksMÛ fn.k.A ml ij cMÛs osx ls ?kwers&?kwers gq.ksa ds eu dks yqHkkus okyh fdlh vU. ç.k gS] u gh os e/kq dk lsou djrs gSAa os lnk pkj le.snx ~ k=kr~ Ron~xrsukUrjkReukAA fuR.k%A /k`rozrks jktlqrks egkRek roSo ykHkk.Rlqeuksgje~A cgq'kks gk fç.oa fpÙkkd"kZd gSA 'osr .kZIr ladrs feyrs gSa fd os ek¡l dk lsou djrs FksA blhfy. nsojkt bUæ ds leku çòou fxfj ds f'k[kj ij fojkteku Jh jke dk vki 'kh?kz gh n'kZu djsxa hA Jh jke us ek¡l [kkuk NksMÛ fn..s! gk fç.s jgrs gSa rFkk mÙke ozr dk ikyu djrs gq. vkidks iqdkjus yxrs gSAa Jh jke vkids fy.kuijks jkeks fuR.kadu djus ds fy. LFkkuksa dh [kkst dh gSA .a 'kksdijk. Hkjk jgrk gSA vr% Jh jke Øq¼ flag ls ihfMÛr migr gkFkh dh Hkk¡fr] {k.k ds T.a /.gk¡ rd fd cMÛs liks± dks Hkh ugha gVkrsA .k¡ ikuh ds vkl ikl ds taxy rFkk nqxeZ ioZr] fdys] uxj&nqxZ lHkh ns[k Mkys] fdUrq dgha Hkh lhrk th dk n'kZu ugha gqvkA x`/kjkt lEikfr us rks çk. 'kksd ls mudk ân.a Hkh 'kksdxzLr gks xb±A ml le.k Hkj Øks/kh pSu ugha ikrs gSAa .k uhan dHkh ugha vkrh gSA .Ru%AA lk jkeladhrZuohr'kksdk jkeL.rs fdafpRl l rq dkeo'ka xr%AA vfuæ% lrra jke% lqIrks·fi p ujksÙke%A lhrsfr e/kqjka ok.|fi .] es# rFkk nnqjZ ioZr dh vkSj viuh thfodk ds lk/ku] Qy&ewy dh lkSxU/k [kkrk gw¡ fd vki 'kh?kz gh Jh jke dk uoksfnr pUæek ds leku euksgj eq[k ns[ksxa h] tks lqUnj us= fcEcQy ds leku yky&yky vksB vkSj lqUnj dqMa yksa ls vyaÏr .kl loZFkk vlQy jgsA eSua s dbZ ckj yadk dks Nku Mkyk] ijUrq lhrk eq>s dgha Hkh fn[kkbZ u nhA eSua s rHkh laHkkO.k ds le.k mRiék gq.gk¡ ij dfo cMÛh lqUnj ijUrq fcYdqy LokHkkfod miek nsrk gSA Jh jke dh ppkZ ls lhrk dk viuk 'kksd rks nwj gks x.sd O.k gSA .gk¡ Øq¼ flag ls vk'k.ksfr&LrEHk bDdhlok¡ v/.s* dgrs gq.% çR.k dkaM esa dSdbZ Hkjr dh lkSxU/k [kkrh gS] n'kjFk jke dhA fdUrq] guqeku lc ioZrksa dh lkSxU/k ysrs gSa vkSj mu dUnewy Qyksa dh] ftudk mi.k uhps feyus okys taxyh Qy&ewy vkfn dk Hkkstu djrs gSAa Þ iwjh ^jkek.}kU.s lnk nq%[kh jgrs gSAa ^lhrk] lhrk* dg dj vkidh gh jV yxk.jkor dh ihB ij cSBs gq.¡] ufn. ew/kZfuAA u ekala jk?koks Hkq³D ~ rs u pkfi e/kq lsorsA oU.ksx mUgksua s fd.g tkudj fd jke vc Hkh mudk Lej.a lqfofgra fuR. ç.] vkils u fey ikus dh O.k FkkA foeku ls mrjdj guqeku egy ds ijdksVs ij p<Û x.k vkSj mUgsa cMÛh lkURouk feyh] .d fopkjksa dh /kkjk esa lyaXu guqeku dk fp=.sR.gk¡ ds NksVs rkykc] dqMa ] iks[kj] ljksoj] lfjrk.slh çrhr gksrh gS]a tSls 'kjn ½rq ds vkus ij es?kksa ds NV tkus ls pUæek çrhr gksrk gSA vc eSa vkidks guqeku ds lcls yEcs Loxr Hkk"k.k djrs gq. 'kksdu s leku'kksdkA 'kjUeq[ks lkEcqn'ks"kpUæk fu'kso oSngs lqrk cHkwoAA V.soa 'olaLRokefHkHkk"krsAA l nsfo fuR.

kksa dk ifjR.kksa dk ifjR.k R.k Hkh thfor ugha jgsxa As mUgsa çk.d czãKkuh muds vfHkHkkod jgs gSa vkSj foJqr b{okdq dqy esa mudk fookg gqvk gSA eSa rks le>rk gw¡ fd ihNk djrs gq.ksa ds . vk'kk ck¡/ks gq.g lkspdj fd muds cnys esa D.k dqN djsAa tc jke dks .slk rks ugha gqvk fd vius 'khy dh j{kk esa rRij rifLouh lhrk dks bl uhp ujHk{kh jko.g ckyk fiatjs esa cUn eSuk dh Hkkafr ckjEckj ^gk jke] gk jke* iqdkjrh gqbZ vkrZukn dj jgh gksxhA bl cstksMÛ tksMÛh dk dSlk nqHkkZX.sxa hA ekrk firk ds fouk'k vkSj pkpk lqxhz o ds ladV ls ihfMÛr vukFk dqekj vaxn Hkh vius çk.] tkudh ds n'kZu esa foQy gksus ij eSa .k gksA dgha .a gh çk.k gksxkA .d {k.ksa lfgr ioZrksa ds f'k[kj ds uhps le vFkok fo"ke LFkkuksa esa fxjdj çk.g Hkh lEHko gS fd tc lhrk fl¼ lsfor vkdk'k ekxZ ls ys tkrh jgh gks]a ml le.d laHkkouk .gk¡ .ksa ds fouk'k dk lekpkj lqudj Hkjr Hkh çk.kx nsxhA fQj rks vHkkfxuh jkuh] rkjk Hkh thfor u jg ldsxa hA os okyh ds fojg tfur nq%[k ls ihfMÛr rks gSa gh] bl vdLekr 'kksd ls dkrqj gksdj e`R. gSA tks tud ds dqy esa Jh jke dh /keZiRuh cuha] og lhrk dSls jko.Hkhr gksdj mudk ân.k foltZu dj nsxa As rRi'pkr~ ifr'kksd ls ihfMÛr] nq%f[krfpÙk] nhu] O.kx fn.k ugha py ldrk\ muds ifr ds mRlqd ç'uksa dk eSa D.k dj ldrh gS\a .sxk\ fQj rks esjk .k] gk v.k /kkj.k gksxkA gk.! Jh jke ds iw.k djds vkSj .ksfa d os viuh iRuh dks vR.sxkA vr.o] eSa .gha Bgjk jgw¡ vkSj ogk¡ u tkÅ¡] rks esjh vk'kk yxk.slh voLFkk es]a 'ks"k okuj Hkh ou] ioZr] xqQk vkSj ?kkfV.kksa ls gkFk /kks cSBh gSAa vFkok Jh jke ds fojg dk d"V u lgu djus ds dkj.FkZ gks tk.k rks ugha fd vius 'khy dh j{kk esa rRij rifLouh lhrk dks bl uhp ujHk{kh jko. os nksuksa /kekZRek egkjFkh cU/kq çk.ksfa d os rks fdlh eR.gk¡ ls fdf"dU/kk rks ugha tkÅ¡xkA lhrk dks ns[ks fcuk eSa lqxhz o dk Hkh n'kZu u dj ldw¡xkA .k R.k dgsxa \s .q ns[kdj 'k=q?u Hkh thfor u jg ldsxa As bl çdkj pkjksa iq=ksa dh e`R.ksa fn[kkbZ u nhaA D.k ds çcy osx vkSj mldh Hkqtkvksa ds n`<Û cU/ku us ihfMÛr gksdj lhrk us vius çk.fn eSa .k jko.k ds T.g dBksj udkjkRed ckr dg nw¡ fd eq>s lhrk dk n'kZu ugha gqvk] rks os bl vk?kkr dks lgu u dj ldsxa s vkSj çk. 335   lhrk dks blh uxjh esa gh jko.k 'kjhj esa Nqjk Hkksad dj e`R.k gks vkSj uhps fxj iMÛk gksA vFkok .q dh 'kj.k ds vUr%iqj fL=. esa .g vlEHko gS D.k us [kk fy.k gksA .slh n'kk esa tc dksbZ Hkh dk.k jg tk.k lhrk bl lalkj ls py clhaA *gk jke] gk y{e.k ds egy esa ofUnuh crk.U=.g Hkh gks ldrk gS fd jko.ksfr&LrEHk bDdhlok¡ v/.k ds fdlh xqIr x`g esa fNikdj j[kh xb± gksAa gk. jgsxa s vkSj os osx'kkyh g¡leq[k esjs fç.ks/.rek rifLouh :ek Hkh çk.g Hkh gS fd os thfor gksa vkSj jko.adj vkrZukn gksxkA b{okdq dqy dk fouk'k vkSj leLr okuj tkfr dk uk'k gks tk.k yh gS] fdlh Hkh n'kk esa Jh jke dks bl ckr dh lwpuk nsuk mfpr u gksxk D.¡ Hkh fuLlUnsg çk.kx nsxa hA esjs çrkih Lokeh ÏrK vkSj lR.k mUgksua s e`R.k gksA vFkok foeku ds lglk >Vdk [kk lhrk NViVk dj leqæ esa fxj iMÛh gksAa vo'.kj djrs gSAa Þ mUgksua s iqu% lkspk] ßbl lekpkj dks crkus esa Hkh nks"k gSA vkSj u crkus esa Hkh nks"k dh laHkkouk gS] nksuksa fodYi Hkh nq"dj çrhr gksrs gSAa .kx nsxa s vFkok lkjs fo"k ih ysxa s .k R. .k tyrh vfXu esa ços'k dj tk.kZ pUæek ds leku |qfreku rFkk çQqYy jDr dey ln`'k euksgj eq[k dk fpUrj djrh djrh n.kksa dk ifjR.Z djuk nq"dj çrhr gks] rks esjs fy.sxa s vFkok vu'ku djus yxsxa s .! ogk¡ .334 jkek.kiqjh]^ bl iqdkj&iqdkj dj cgqr foyki djds lhrk us viuk 'kjhj R.sls nqopZ u dks lqudj os .k.çfrK okujjkt] lqxhz o Hkh jke ds vius çfr midkjksa dk Lej.kZ opuksa vkSj nku&eku ls ftudk ikyu iks"k.k] lqfe=k vkSj dSd.kx dk ladYi djrs ns[kdj] muds çfr vR.s.kx dj fn.kksa dk ifjR.q dks çkIr gks tk. okuj rFkk os 'kksdkdqy n'kjFk dqekj Hkh D. gh QV x.uh.k us [kk fy. Jh jke ds ck.slh voLFkk esa ns[ksxa ]s rks bl foifÙk dks lgu u dj ldsxa s vkSj Lo.k ds }kjk cyiwod Z gjdj ykbZ gqb± lhrk dHkh foo'k gksdj vkReleiZ.g leqæ&ya?ku] yadk esa ços'k vkSj jk{klksa dks ns[kuk] lc O.k fd.kx dj nsxa As .sxh] mlh dks [kkdj jgw¡xk vkSj mlh ls viuk .k djuk mfpr gksxk\ .'kLoh okujjkt us lkURouk iw.q ns[kdj dkS'kY.q dks çkIr gksaxsA esjs ?kj ykSVus ij] eSa le>rk gw¡] cMÛk Hk.k Hkh thfor ugha jgsxa As Hkkb.k R. ml le..s h& rhuksa ekrk. okuj x.k Fkk] os okuj vius çk.Ur I.kx dj nsxa As lhrk ds fo"k.k Fkk] fQj Hkh u tkus D.df=r gksdj dHkh ØhMk&fogkj dk vkuUn u ys ldsxa As vius jktk ds 'kksd ls ihfMÛr lgòksa okuj vius iq=] L=h vkSj eaf=.Ur vuqjkx j[kus okys laons u'khy y{e.k mÙkj nw¡xk\ os xqIr x`g esa fNik dj j[kh xbZ gSa vFkok leqæ esa fxj dj çk.fn eSa lhrk dks fcuk ns[ks fdf"dU/kk ykSV tkÅ¡xk] rks esjk iq#"kkFkZ gh D.k fd.Hkhr og jk{kl tc lhrk dks ysdj 'kh?kzrkiwod Z vkdk'k esa mNyk] og rRdky dgha chp esa NwV dj fxj iMÛh gSAa vFkok .sxkA fdf"dU/kk ykSVdj .kZ okuj vius gkFkksa vkSj eqDdksa ls flj ihVus yxsaxsA . uhps ygj ekjrs gq. fç.fn eSa viuh vlQyrk dks Lohdkj d:¡] rks eq>ls feydj lqxhz o rFkk vU.kksa ls Hk.k Qk¡lh yxk ysxa s .kksa ds ifjR.kx nsxa s vkSj Hkjr dh e`R.Z ds xHkZ ls mRiék ugha gSAa . D.slk rks ugha] eu esa nq"V Hkkouk j[kus okyh jko.k ds v/khu gks ldrh gS] ftls dksbZ Hkh ugha jksd ldrk] ftl ij dksbZ fu.kx dj nsxa As Þ ßrnuUrj Lokeh ds nq%[k ls ihfMÛr lEiw.k thfor jgsxa As vius egku mís'.ksa us gh lk/oh lhrk dks viuk vkgkj cuk fy. leqæ dks ns[kdj Hk.slk gh gqvk gksxkA vFkok dgha .fFkr vkSj vkuUn'kwU.fn ogk¡ tkdj eSa .dkUr LFkku esa .d o`{k rys jgus okyk okuçLFkh gks tkÅ¡xkA esjs gkFk ij vius vki fxj dj tks [kk| oLrq çkIr gks tk.

kksa dks ueLdkj djds v'kksd&okfVdk esa pyw¡xkA ekxZ esa .k ds T.54.gk¡ us ns[kdj mudk Øks/k .A dfo .g nh/kZ jkf= Hkh lhrk dks ns[ks fcuk chr xbZA vjs] eSa Hkh fdruk ew[kZ gw¡A fdu fujk'kktud fopkjksa esa Mwc x.k dks ekj Mkyus ls ml oSj dk Hkjiwj cnyk ys fy.d cgqr cMÛh v'kksd&okfVdk gSA blds Hkhrj cMÛ&s cMÛs o`{k gSAa blesa eauS s vHkh rd [kkst ugha dh gSA vr. dkfUr ls .d vU. jgus ds fy.k gSA eSa fcuk fdlh Hkwypwd ds mUgsa vo'.%A n`"V~ok y³~dka çnX/kka rka foLe.k gks x.d fopkj vk.k.slh lqHkxk] .ku ifj.d vfuokI. 337   fuokZg d:¡xkA vFkok lkxj rVorhZ fdlh LFkku ij] tgk¡ Qy&ewy vkSj ty vf/ kd çkIr gksrk gS] eSa fprk cuk dj tyrh vfXu esa ços'k dj tkÅ¡xkA nwljk fodYi .] vf'ouhdqekj vkSj e#n~x.k FkkA r= nsok% lxU/kokZ% fl)k'p ije"kZ.g Hkh gks ldrk gS fd vkej.k.sxk vFkok bl jko.Ld fnekxÛ esa vkSj .k Lo:i esjs firk ok.s rudj cSB tkÅ¡] ftlls esjs 'kjhj dks dkSos rFkk fgald tUrq viuk vkgkj cuk ysa eSAa viuh .h lkSUn.kA .gha fuokl d:¡A blls esjs dkj.e cjrrk gqvk .okys y{e.Ru djus dks mRlkfgr dj jgk gSA eSa .gk¡ vf/kd osxeku ugha gSA eSua s Jh jke dh dk. fljs ls ç.ksas u eSa TÛkjk vkSj Bg:¡\ D.k lfgr Jh jke dks ueLdkj gSA guqeku lglk mB [kMÛs gq.s foo'k gksuk iMÛkA .a ijea xrk%AA V.A nsorkvksa ds fy.ksa dh n`f"V esa Hkh mÙke gh gSA gk. cksy]s ßtudufUnuh fnO.gk¡ fu. igpku ikÅ¡xk] .k\ fujk'kk ds lkeus >qduk ekuks vfu"Vksa dks vkefU=r djuk gSA bl ifo= thou dk uk'k djus esa cgqr ls nks"k gSAa tks iq#"k thfor jgrk gS] og dHkh u dHkh dY.kkeksa ij lkspus ds fy.fn eSa mUgsa ns[k ikÅ¡A lhrk] ftldh ukd Å¡ph vkSj nk¡r lQÛns gS]a 'kjhj esa pspd vkfn ds dksbZ nkxÛ ugha gSA eq[k ij ifo= eqLdku lnk Nk. 'kjhj dks ladfq pr dj fy.k us ml rifLouh vcyk dks cykRdkj ls viuh v/khu dj fy.o] vc blds Hkhrj pydj <w¡<uk pkfg.k gSA vc fdl çdkj esjs n`f"ViFk ij vk ldrh gS\Þ fpUrktud vk'kadkvksa dk lw{e fu:i.A tc rd eSa lhrk dk n'kZu u dj yw¡xk] rc rd bl yadkiqjh esa ckjEckj [kkst djrk jgw¡xkA esjs vue.kZ fn'kkvksa dh vksj n`f"Vikr djds v'kksd&okfVdk esa tkus ds fy.A ßbu xq# tuksa ds vuqxgz ls eSa vc bl lqjf{kr okfVdk esa ços'k djrk gw¡A txr ds çk. deuh.k mudk /.h jgrh gS] ftlds us= çQqYy] deyny ds leku lq'kksfHkr gSa rFkk tks fu"dyad dyk/kkj rqY.¡ D.Ur nk#.d ykijokg okuj gksus ds dkj.s cMÛk v'kksHkuh.Z ds NUnksa esa vkdkj vkSj :i nsus dh dyk dk .k dk Hkkxh curk gSA vr.kl blh dkaM esa vkxs feyrk gSA guqeku dks cMÛk foLe.k gSA Jh jke us rks lhrk dk iwjk&iwjk fooj.d gh fodYi cpk gSA eSa .FkZ fpUru vkSj vk'kadkvksa ls f?kjk jgw¡A eq>s lhrk dh vkSj [kkst djuh pkfg.Zflf¼ vkSj jko.fn lEikfr ds vk'oklu ij fd lhrk yadk esa gS]a eSa fdf"dU/kk tkdj Jh jke dks cqyk Hkh yw¡] rks D. vkSj nsorkvksa dks ueLdkj djrs gq.k eq>s ns fn. ç.ksa bu O.50 nX/k gqbZ yadk iqjh dks ns[kdj nsork] xU/koZ] fl¼ vkSj egf"kZ cMÛs fofLer gq.k lhrk nsoh dks Hkh ueLdkjA #æ] bUæ] .k ls vn`'.k tkrk gS] mlh çdkj Jh jke ds gkFk bldks lkSia nw¡AÞ iqu% bl çdkj fopkj djus yxs] ßD.kstuk. m|r gq.k djus okys jko.k dj mUgsa fpjLFkk.e vkSj ok.s dsoy .qDr gSAa vc ml vk.k dk gh D.Z dks] esjs ijkØe dks\ ?keaMh egkcyh ns'keq[k jko. gqvk vius dkjukeksa ij] fd mUgksua s mlh vfXu ds }kjk jk{klksa dh uxjh dk fo/oal fd.k dk cUnh cukdj mBkdj leqæ ds Åij&Åij ys vkÅ¡ vkSj tSls i'kqifr (vfXu) dks i'kq vfiZr dj fn.k tk.kpuk djds guqeku lEiw.'kfLouh] esjh dh£rekyk:ik] .g ugha dgrk fd nsork bl dk.k miokl ds fy.k os leLr uj vkSj okuj rks u"V u gksxa As vksg! b/kj rks .kZ lhrk dk eq[k eq>s dc fn[kkbZ nsxk\ bl {kqæ] uhp] u`'kal :i/kkjh vkSj vaR.g fopkj eq>s u.k gksus ij vyadkj Hkwf"kr] fo'oluh.ksa u o/k dj Mkyw¡\ Hkys gh lhrk dk vigj.kkeksa ij ugha x.fn os fo/oal dks ns[kdj lpeqp vkufUnr gksrAs .oa e#n~x.o] eS bu çk.q nsork dks ueLdkjA pUæek] vfXu .gk¡ ls olq] #æ] vkfnR.Z rks gksxa ]s ijUrq viuh iRuh dks . os"k /kkj.ksfr&LrEHk bDdhlok¡ v/.k gksxk\ muds }kjk vusd lkgfld dk.k] ftlds }kjk jk{kl mUgsa HkLeklkr djuk pkgrs FksA iwjh uxjh dks HkLelkr djus ds i'pkr~ gh mUgksua s viuh iw¡N leqæ eas Mqcks&Mqcks dj cq>kbZA yadk dks vfXu dh HkaVs dj guqeku dks bl dk.Z ls vkufUnr gq.la.q nsork Hkh . gksrk] .s jgw¡xkA thfor jgus ij vHkh"V oLrq vFkok lq[k dh çkfIr vo'.fn eq>s tkudh dk n'kZu ugha gqvk] rks eSa çlékrkiwod Z ty lekf/k ys yw¡xkA esjs fopkj esa bl çdkj ty ços'k djds ijyksd xeu djuk ½f"k.kksa dks Hkh ueLdkj gSAÞ bl çdkj lcdks rFkk lqxhz o dks Hkh ueLdkj djds muls vk'khokZn dh .fer vkgkj ij iwjk bfUæ.k dk y{. vfXu dh rjg gks tk. gksrh gSAÞ rnuUrj dfiJs"B guqeku us ijkØe dk lgkjk ysdj lkspk] ßD..! fdruh vk'kktud Fkh og jkf=] tc bldk vkjEHk gqvk Fkk] ftldk çkjEHk 'kqHk FkkA .fn dksbZ jk{kl ck/kk Mkyrs gS]a rks eSa mUgsa lekIr dj nw¡xkA ogk¡ leLr jk{klksa dks thr dj eSa jke dh iRuh lhrk dks [kkst fudkyus dh vk'kk djrk gw¡A tSls nsork fdlh riLoh dks mldh riL.Z ds ifj.kksa dks /kkj.A .sxk vkSj leLr okuj ny dks tykdj HkLe dj nsxkAÞ ßvc rks esjs fy.k] esjs 'kkS.k gks] bl jko.k gks x.336 jkek.ksa cukÅ¡\ . flf¼ ds :i esa çnku djrk gS] bl çdkj eSa Hkh Jh jke ds gkFk esa lhrk dk lkaiS nw¡xkAÞ bl çdkj nks ?kMÛh rd lksp&fopkj dj fpUrk ls f'kfFky bfUæ.k fd.

] ftuds vPNs Qyksa dk os igys Hkh vuqHko dj pqds Fks] .kZ lhrk gh (.k dk n'kZu dj ldrk gw¡ .k.sxa As mu nksuksa ds u"V gksus ls lqxhz o Hkh cU/kq&ckU/koksa lfgr thfor u jg ldaxs As fQj bl lekpkj dks lqudj Hkzkr`oRly Hkjr vkSj 'k=q?u Hkh dSls thfor jg tk.gh eq>s Bhd yxrk gSA D.k] tcfd leqæ ds ty esa mUgsa esukd ioZr dk n'kZu gqvk FkkA ßeSa . xq.k fd esukd ds f'k[kj us leqæ ty ls Åij mBdj fdl çdkj eq>s vkfrF.kksa dk çHkko vkSj fonsg ufUnuh lhrk dk iq.3 vius }kjk fd. okujksa vFkok nksuksa iq#"k flag] Jh jke vkSj y{e. x.ksa dh vkjk/.s FkkAß os lkspus yxs] ßriL.sxh] blesa la'k.fn os bPNk djs)a rks vfXu dks Hkh tyk ldrh gSAa vkx mUgsa ugha tyk .kksa dk Hkh foltZu gks tkuk pkfg.g nkgd vfXu viuk çHkko rks j[krh gh gS vFkkZr~ lcdks tyk ldrh gS] mlus esjh iw¡N Hkh u tykbZ] D.s fd esjk dk.s dksbZ dke fuf"k¼ ugha] vkSj dksbZ 'kCn fuf"k¼ ughaA vlyh iq#"k rks ogh gS] tks ân. gh yksd fouk'kd gw¡A eq>s lEiw.Z flf¼ ds fy.k dguk pkfg. gh bldk dkj.kZ txr esa fouk'k ds iki dk Hkkxh gksuk iMÛxs kAÞ bl çdkj] tc os nq%[kHkjs fopkjkas foeXu Fks] guqeku dks dbZ 'kqHk 'kdqu fn[kkbZ fn.s gksAa vo'.tk. esa mRiék Øks/k dks /kS.k eSua s lkjk dke pkSiV dj fn.kA .q kewyd Øks/k ds dkj. ds çHkko ls lqjf{kr gSaA vfXu mUgsa Nw Hkh ugha ldrhA gk¡! eq>s /.g ckr rks Lor% Li"V gSAa viuh foijhr cqf¼ vkSj mrkoysiu ds dkj.o] tkudh u"V gks xbZ] .AÞ fQj muds [Ûk. fouk'k dks ns[kdj mu ij cgqr =kl Nk x.k fd.g dSls Hkwy x. vius ekrk&firk vkSj vius xq#tuksa rd dh gR.Z vkSj {kek }kjk mlh rjg fudky nsrk gS] tSls lk¡i viuh iqjkuh dspa y q h dks NksMÛ nsrk gSA ogh lpeqp esa iq#"k dgyk.h] rks vk.kA vc fQj muds fopkjksa esa u.slk gh eq>s Hkh djuk pkfg.kh tudufUnuh dk uk'k dnkfi u gksxk D. eSua s lhrk dh lqj{kk ij fopkj ugha fd.fDr fdlh ckr ij fopkj ugha dj ldrk fd eq[k ls D.kA vr. ugh gSA vr% lhrk dh j{kk u djus ds dkj. vkSj D. HkfDr ds çHkko ls vk.k vkSj mUgsa vius çfr ?k`.k eSua s vius /keZ vkSj vFkZ laxgz dks u"V dj fn.h tkudh Hkh fu'pr gh vkx esa ty xbZ gksxa hA .cyA fQj os Hkjr vkfn rhuksa Hkkb.k ds T..kf'kr ?kVuk.338 jkek.slk djds eSus vutkus esa vius Lokeh dk lkjk dk. fcuk gh lkjh yad a k tyk Mkyh vkSj bl çdkj vius Lokeh dh gh gR.kk lh gksus yxhA os eu gh eu esa dgus yxs] ßgk.Z gh eSua s u"V dj fn.kHkwr~ lqegkaL=kl% dqRlk pkReU.Ru fd.! eSua s yadk dks tykdj dSlk dqfRlr deZ dj Mkyk!Þ ß.k dj ldrk gSA vf/kd Øksf/kr O.k gSA .rA y³~dka çngrk deZ fdafLoRÑrfena e.k vkSj os bl çdkj lkspus yxs % ßugha] ugha] fLFkfr bruh [Ûkjkc ugha gSA lok±x lqUnjh lhrk rks vius rst ls lqjf{kr gSA dY.k leFkZ gksrs gq.d ek= mís'.gk¡ çn'kZu fd.gha vkt esjs çk. eSa vo'.k Fkk] dsoy bl fy.k D.s lkjs ç. çnku fd.fDr vius ân.kk vkfn dks LFkku ns nsrk gS] rks mlds lkFk vçR.k.k ughaA Øks/kh ds fy.k] nsg nkgd vfXu eq>s Hkh ugha tyk ldh ekuks vfXu rRo ds nsork viuh çÏfr dks Hkwy x. çkIr dj ysrs gSAa .k tkuk pkfg.k eSa vc tyrh vkx esa dwn iMÛ¡w vFkok cMÛokuy ds eq[k es\a vFkok leqæ esa fuokl djus okys ty&tUrqvksa dks gh viuk 'kjhj le£ir dj nw¡\ vc thrs&th dSls okujjkt lqxhz o] vU.kyksa dk flyflyk vkxs c<Ûrk gSA eSa bl Hkkx (V.k rFkk ifr esa vuU.Z pkSiV dj MkykA lhrk dh lqj{kk gh lc m|e dk . nsoh vkSj Jh jke dh ân.55.k Fkk] ftls eSua s iwjk fd. guqeku us ogk¡ fofLer gksdj iqu% ml ?kVuk dk Lej. 339   guqeku dks tc viuh djrwr dk cks/k gqvk] os fpfUrr gksdj lkspus yxs % rL.fn lkjh yadk ty x.k mUgas viuk eq¡g fn[kk ldrk gw¡\ eSua s jks"k ds nks"k ls rhuksa yksdksa esa fo[. esa Øks/k] {kksHk] ?k`.fn dksbZ O.sxa \s bl çdkj /keZfu"B b{okdq dqy ds u"V gks tkus ls lHkh çtk Hkh 'kksd lUrki ls ihfMÛr gks tk.s FksA og dk.oYyHkk gSaA os vkx ls dSls u"V gks ldsaxh\ fQj Hkh ..k] blesa lUnsg ughaA yadk ngu .55.8-36) dk Hkh vuqokn çLrqr djrk gw¡ A ßeSua s lhrk dh j{kk dk dksbZz fopkj fd.sxh\Þ ml le.g jktl Hkko dk.kr bl okujksfpr piyrk dk gh .fn muds eu .¡ ?kVrh gSaA og vthc ckrsa djus yxrk gS] vthc&vthc lkspus yxrk gSA lalkj ds egkeuLoh egkRek iq#"k .ghu gw¡A esjk ân. FkkA Øks/k ds vkos'k esa iq#"k dkSu lk iki ugha dj ldrk\ Øks/k ls o'khHkwr gqvk euq".k Hkh u"V gks tk. x.Z dh tMÛ gh dkV nhA yadk dk dksbZ Hkkx . Øks/k ls vkØkUr gks vkSj mlls o'khHkwr gksus yxrs gSa] rks os leLr vkUrfjd 'kfDr dk laxgz djds cqf¼ vkSj Kku ds }kjk ml ij fot.slk fn[kkbZ ugha nsrk] tgk¡ vkx u yxh gksA lEiw.kA fdruk ljy vkSj lgt Fkk vfXu çTTofyr dj nsuk] ijUrq Øks/k ls ikxy gksus ds dkj.Z 'ks"k jg x.A . gSA blh dk.|fi mUgksua s bl ij /.k eksMÛ vk.d NksVk lk dk.k dj MkyhA eq>s f/kDdkj gSA .k ân.ksfr&LrEHk bDdhlok¡ v/.k eSua s rks Jh jke ds dk.Z lk/ku esa vleFkZ gSA blh jtksx.ku ugha fn.ku Hkh vk. jks"knks"k ds o'khHkwr gS] blfy.o] eSa cMÛk HkkX. Hkh] eSua s lhrk dh j{kk ugha dhA lhrk ds u"V gks tkus ds lekpkj ls oks nksuksa HkkbZ Jh jke vkSj y{e.kZ uxj dks eSua s HkLe dj MkykA vr%.Z nsokf/knso Jh jke dh lsok ds fy.ksfa d eSa rks mudh lsok esa layXu gw¡] og tkudh dks dSls tyk ik.ksfa d vfXu] vfXu dks ugha tykrhA lhrk vfer rstLoh /kekZRek Jh jke dh iRuh gSAa os vius pfj= cy ls] ikfrozR.ksfa d yadk tykrs le.k Fkk] Jh jke ds vf}rh.kAA V.

sxk fd muds Lo.k vuqdj.g jk{klksa dh yadk nX/k gks xbZA ijUrq lhrk ij vk¡p ugha vkbZ] .s vkSj lnk ds fy.32)A* ””” * nsf[k. v-27.fDr Hkh bu luluhnkj vijk/kksa dh iqLrdsa cUn ugha dj ikrs] tcfd lkFk&lkFk os bu iqLrdksa ds ys[kdksa dks dkslrs Hkh tkrs gSAa jko.a ds vfXu cpko dk dkj.d 341 .36 jktdqekjh lhrk dks dksbZ {kfr ugha igq¡ph gS] .k gksxk] tks fdlh ukeh vijk/kh ds dk.  ckbZlok¡ v/. gksrs gSAa vius mnkgj.s] rks og Hkh ekuo eu dks vkd£"kr djrk gS vkSj mldks viuk nkl cuk ysrk gSA oLrqr% .oLrq cMÛs iSekus ij fd.k ls] viuh miyfC/k.kh.fn .k¡] vigj. guqeku us vk'oklu nsus okyh fnO.k.sls O.Dr gS] ftu lcdk vUr ^'khrks Hko guwer%]* bu 'kCnksa ls gksrk gSA (V. gSA og VDdj dk çfr.s] fdUrq vk¡[k ml n`'.¡] pksjh&MdSfr. cu tkrk gSA tks yksx luluhnkj miU. vijk/kh FkkA fdUrq] tc ge mls .s vfu'p.s cMÛs vk'p.ksa esa Fkk] ftuesa egkurk rks gksrh gS] ijUrq /keZ'khyrk ughaA fdUrq] egkurk esa Hkh viuk futh vkd"kZ.ksa ls] bfrgkl ij vius çHkko ls] . ls gVrh ughaA eu cUnh cu tkrk gS vkSj 'kq¼ ân.¡] bR.Dr dh FkhA .kh lquhA ioZr] dUnjkvksa vêkfydkvks]a ijdksVksa vkSj uxj ds QkVdksa lfgr . esa ..ksa ls vk'kadk dk fo"k.kl vFkok vejhdk esa cgqr cMÛs iSekus ij ?kVus okys vijk/kksa dk o.53.k vc ge ^jkek.d jksekap vuqHko fd.ks± ds ifj'khyu ls tqMÛk gksrk gSA vijk/k Hkh .s tkrsA dqN pfj=ksa esa .s xq.ksX.s tkrs gS]a rkfd iqfyl pDdj esa iMÛ tk..k gksrk gSA oLrqfLFkfr .k.k.k Hkh .k* ds nwljs egku pfj= ij vkrs gSAa bl dkO. gh . 341 ckbZlok¡ v/.slh gS fd yksxksa ds eu esa fdlh Hkh .55. efra pdkjAA V.kA 'kh?kz gh mUgsa irk yx tk.k vPNs vuqikr esa fefJr gksrs gSAa .k dh ?kVuk.k gekjs efLr"d vkSj gekjh dYiuk ij xgjk çHkko Mkyrs gS]a ftls ^lEeksgu^ gh dgk tkrk gSA gekjk foosd mls fdruk Hkh vuqfpr Bgjk.okn djrs gSAa Þ guqeku us tc .kfn vkSj tks fd cMÛh prqjkbZ ls igys ls gh lqfopkfjr . x.d blh çdkj dk vlkekU.fDr ds çfr lEeksgu iSnk gks tkrk gS] tks dbZ n`f"V. esa rRdky g"kksYZ ykl Nk x.k gS&a os lkFk&lkFk lnk ugha ik..sls yksx i`Foh mu ij fxus&pqus O.g pkj 'yksdksa esa O. 28.jkek.kZ euksjFk lQy le>k vkSj iqu% lhrk dk n'kZu dj ykSV tkus dk fopkj cuk. ok.k de ls de va'kr% rks og çkFkZuk Fkh] tks lhrk nsoh us cMÛs ln~Hkko vkSj .sls fojys yksx] ftuesa egkurk vkSj /keZ'khyrk la.ksxh gSA egkurk vkSj /keZ'khyrk nks i`Fkd xq.kk.g gekjs fy.d cMÛs iSekus ij fd. ds uk.sls O.k.kA rr% dfi% çkIreuksjFkkFkZLrke{krka jktlqrka fofnRokA çR.kl vkSj dgkfu.adj ifj.k ds T.fDr.ksa esa gksrs gS]a ftuds xq.{krLrka iqujso n`"V~ok çfr.g fopkj djrs gq.d ekuk tkrk gSA miU. gh og muds le{k vleFkZ gSA bl çdkj Hkxorh /keZijk.k ml oxZ ds O.fDr cgqr de gksrs gSAa jko.kkeksa okys nq"deks± ij vk/kkfjr gksrh gS] tSls gR.ksfr&LrEHk 340  ldrhA fu'p.dkxzeu ls vfXunso ds çfr O.s ve`r leku opu lqu]s muds ân. okys O.kkeksa esa ls .g tkudj dfioj guqeku us viuk lEiw. jko.d] jke ds lkFk mldh fo"kerk /.k tk.kZu i<Ûrs gSa] mUgksaus vo'.Dq r gksrh gS] os gekjs m¼kjd vkSj iSxÛEcj gSAa fdUrq . dh fLFkfr esa jgsA bu egku vijk/kksa ds fooj.kk lhrk ds fo"k.kstukvksa ds vuqlkj fd.s Hk.ku nsus .k¡ ftudh fo"k.fDr.Z dh ckr gSA ge vkuUn ekurs gSa vkSj loZ'kfDreku çHkq dk /kU.g flusek ds çpkj&çlkj ls mRiék Hkkjh nq"ifj.

g .s jko.k chl lgò o"kZ dh vk.q ls lEc¼ gSA .] jke dh vk.ksa dks çkIr djus ds fy.Ld vkSj egÙkk ds O.d chl .q dgrs gSa fd os ml le. 343   t?kU.s .aHkkoh gh Fkk fd mldh Øwjrk.s dh FkhaA .ogkj yxHkx cjkcjh ds vk/kkj ij gksrk gS] ekuks os leo.k gksxkA fQj Hkh ge ns[krs gSa fd tc jke&lhrk vkSj jko.kLin çlax dk mYys[k fd.kr dqdehZ cuk fy.g ml le.ksa lgò o"kks± ds mijkUr gh tc nsorkvksa vkSj ½f"k.q jko. lkB gTÛkkj o"kZ ds gS]a tcfd jko.q murkyhl vkSj pkyhl ds chp jgh gksxhA ml le.kA QyLo:i] mlus vius vkidks bruk ?k`f.k¡ dsoy euq".kksa dk udkjs]a ftudk fdlh dks egku cukus esa .ksxnku jgrk gSA eu vkSj efLr"d ds vlk/kkj. dksfV ds ½f"k.k iPphl o"khZ. vijk/kh dh laKk nsrs gS]a rks bldk .Ztud gS] ijUrq Lej.ksa dks mldh mxzrk vlguh.k ls dgrs gS]a ßvc eSa rks cw<Ûk gks x. dh ckr gS] tc tVk.rkvksa ds vuqlkj jko.k vkSj jke .qod gksA fuLlUnsg 'kfDr rqEgkjs i{k esa gSA esjs ikl rks .k dh rqyuk esa dsoy ckyd gh Fks] rks fQj lhrk dk D.k x.k tkrk gS] tks tVk.ksa vFkok fnO.kksa ds fcuk] dksbZ Hkh euq".q us lhrk dh j{kk ds fy.g lc dqN gksrs gq.d vR.k ds T.k xq.fDr ds eu esa . eq>s tUe ysdj vc rd lkB gTÛkkj o"kZ O. çn£'kr djrs gSAa jkr rks .q¼ ds le.sd lgò o"kZ mijkUr og vius flj dh vkgqfr vfXu nsork dks fn.k dh vklfDr bl dkO.oa lk/kqrk ds laxe FksA jko.knk.d çkjfEHkd fVIi.k us vejRo dk oj ek¡xkA czãk cksy]s ß. uo.slk oj rks eSa çnku ugha dj ldrkA vejRo rks ugha fey ldrk] fdUrq .ku nsus .k vkSj tMÛ çÏfr rd Hkh QSyh gqbZ Fkha vkSj tMÛ çÏfr dks neu djrh FkhA .k FkkA tVk. gh .q¼ djus dk ç.sa pje lhek ij igq¡p pqdh gks]a blls iwoZ dh mlds 'k=q dk vkfoHkfo gksA ijUrq fuf'pr :i ls /. .k nl fljksa okyk iSnk gqvk FkkA dgk tkrk gS fd riL.s vkadMÛkas ds vk/kkj ij] mnkj ls mnkj vuqeku ds vuqlkj Hkh] jke&jko.d vijk/k ls nwljs vijk/k ij cMÛh 'kh?kzrk ls vkxs c<Ûrk gS] tc rd fd pjefcUnq ugha igq¡p tkrkA . Hkh lhrk ds çfr jko.rkA . .ksx mlus tu&ekul dks lrkus esa fd.k viuh 'kfDr vkSj çHkko ds f'k[kj ij igq¡p pqdk FkkA oLrqr% mldh djrwrksa ds nfl.k ds laidZ esa vkrs gS]a rks mudk mlds çfr O.k FkkA blds vfrfjDr /.kZ =klnh dk jpf. gSA rHkh irk yxkuk lEHko gks ldsxk fd vUrr% os xq.r%A III.u ge cMÛs /.d NksVh&lh cPph gh FkhaA .d ckyd gh FksA dfo }kjk fn.d o.342 jkek.slk çrhr gksrk gS fd .kl fd.a rFkkonuqfr"Br%AA o`)ks·ga Roa .fDr .g ckr gS fd dFkkud dk vk/kkj fcUnq gS] vuqjfDr] tks fd .q dh n`f"V ls rks jke jko.qod dg ldrs gS)a AÞ "kf"VoZ"kZlglzkf.k fd'kksjh ij çseklDr gks tkrk gSA blh ls dFkkoLrq dk vkjEHk gksrk gSA fdruh fofp= ckr gS! dnkfpr~~ dqN bus&fxus yksxksa us gh bl vijk/k dh fofp=rk ij /. çdkj dh egkurk .kh vkSj Hkh gSA jko.qok /kUoh l'kj% doph jFkhA rFkkI.A vc eSa cw<Ûk gks x.q¼ dk dksbZ lk/ku ugha gSA fdUrq] rqEgkjs ikl /kuq"k] dop] ok.k dguk\ os rks dsoy .d vthc ckr gSA dFkkoLrq ds fy.flAA u 'kDrLRoa cyk)rq± oSngs ha ee i'.ksfr&LrEHk ckbZlok¡ v/.g rkRi.k ds fy.gk¡ . oSsnsgha dq'kyh u xfe".k dkSu ls gS]a ftudh igpku ge fo'ks"k :i ls mldh egkurk ds lUnHkZ esa djrs gSAa .g vo'.k Fkk fd mls idMÛ dj] lekIr djuk vko'.k gw¡ vkSj rqe uo.k ls .50.k ee tkrL..s Hkh .k ml le.g çlax vlk/kkj.kA fir`ir S kega jkT.kvksa ds fo"k.kq dk pkj :iksa esa vorkj gqvkA bl çdkj ge ns[krs gSa fd vk.k u dj ldksxAs Þ vc ge dqN ppkZ djrs gS]a jko. czãk us mlls çlék gksdj iwNk fd mldh bPNk D.fDr FksA vo'.ku nsus .k dk pfj= fpf=r fd.k vkSj rqe vHkh rd . dk fof/kor ikyu djrs gq.d NksVh lh cPph ds çfr tUe ysrh gSA vc ge ns[ksxa ]s fdrus cMÛs iSekus ij dfo }kjk jko.Ur lqLi"V oS"kE.ku ls djsxa ]s .ku fn. fo".k çdkj ds xq.. esAa bu ikSjkf.fn jke jko.k! cki nknksa ls çkIr bl if{kjkT. dk lkj gS] vkSj lEiw.g pfj= fuUnuh.qod dgk tkuk dqN vk'p.sBa pqdk Fkk] ftudk ç.slh 'kfDr. jko.k ds çR. chl gTÛkkj o"kZ dk gSA tVk.s .k¡ .k jgs fd tVk.kq Hkxoku ls çkFkZuk dhA rRi'pkr~ fo".ksa rd gh lhfer ugha Fkh] vfirq nsox.k ds egku yadk .Zdykiksa dk vf/kdka'k Hkkx vkrk gSA dFkkud .20-22 ßjko.k gSA igys eSa mYys[k d:¡xk] mudh nh/kZdkyhu vkSj nqLlk/.k dh riL.|fi uSfrd n`f"V ls .rhr gksus ij tc og viuk nlok¡ flj Hkh vfXu dks HksVa djus tk jgk Fkk] ml le.k djrk FkkA bl çdkj ukS lgò o"kZ chrrs mlus vius ukS flj vfXu dks HksVa dj fn.k dh Hkwfedk dsoy ckjg ekl ds fy.¡ iwjh dj pqdk FkkA nsorkvksa dks çlék dj muls ojnku :i esa cMÛh&cMÛh flf¼&'kfDr. rd jko.d dq'ky vijk/kh ugha cu ldrkA vr. x. gks xbZ] rks mUgksua s mlls eqfDr ikus ds fy.k] rFkk jFk lc dqN gSA fQj Hkh rqe lhrk dks ysdj dq'kyiwod Z u tk ldksxAs esjh vk¡[kksa ds lkeus rqe lhrk dk cyiwod Z vigj.g gS fd bl dkO.ksX.k. .d vlkekU. FksA nl lgò o"kZ O.q mls rqyuk esa vo'.k gSA ekU.d fo'ks"k ckr .kso`¼ vFkok çkS<Û O.k gS\ jko.d iUæg .o] jko. riL.k.Z ugha fd ge mlesa fo|eku vlk/kkj.d gkL.k dh rqyuk esa dsoy . esa jko.kvksa dk] tks mlus egku flf¼&'kfDr.kd dFkkvksa ds fy.k ds pfj= dk v/.k esa egkurk rks Fkh] fdUrq lk/kqrk dk furkUr vHkko FkkA ijUrq mudh fo"kerk brus ij gh lekIr ugha gksrhA jke ds vkfoHkkZo ls cgqr igys gh jko.d gks x.rhr gks x.qod gks (jko.ksX.k vusd riL.q okyk O. gSA blh dkykof/k ds Hkhrj gh mlds dk.

344 jkek.^ dqN /.{k nsorkuka p 'kk'orAA u fg fpUrk eekU. çdkj ls gS % l fg rsis s riLrhoza nh?kZdkyefjaneA .k }kjk . ds vfrfjDr fdlh ls Hk.kkZ.k us euq".kA jko.d fu.{k vkSj jk{klksa ls u ekjs tkus dk oj çkIr dj fy. mudk mYys[k ugha fd.ksa ds uke fxuk.k cky dkaM esa feyrk gS] vkSj mÙkj dkaM dqN vkSj fooj.k FkkA .ksx fd.g ekuuk lEHko ugha gS fd lHkh okuj jko.Z{kS'p lg jk{klS%A vo/.] nkuo] jk{kl] rFkk nsorkvksa ds fy.ksa dks NksMÛdj czãk us mls vkSj lcls vHk.d la?k"kZ esa vkeus&lkeus Fkha] guqeku us jko.k Fkk] ßeq>s euq".%A uSoa rs"kka xfrHkhZek u rstks u ijkØe%AA u efruZ cyksRlkgkS u #iifjdYiue~A egRlÙokfena Ks.k jko.19.k gh lkspk gksxk\ mudks rks mlus vkSj Hkh frjLdkj Hkko ls ns[kk gksxk vkSj mUgsa ojnku ds {ks= ls loZFkk fudky fn.kHkwrk fg rs eU.Roa Ro.q¼ gks jgk Fkk vkSj fojks/kh lsuk.Ztud lekpkj lqurk gS] dfo mlls bl çdkj dgyokrk gS % n`"Vk fg gj..d NksVk lk ladrs tks feyrk gS] og cgqr fnypLi gS vkSj fopkj.kka nSR. ugha gSA ojnku ysrs le.nku ns fn.ksX.kA nsork tc fo". fdlh çk.% iwo± e.d lxZ ds vuqlkj] bl tkfr dk ltZu gh jke dks egk.k gksxkA .k D.g dYiuk djuk fujk/kkj Fkk fd os mldk o/k djus esa leFkZ gks Hkh ldrs gSAa oSls rks .a dfi#ia O.k FkkA jko.g çlax dqN vU.k us euq".s jko. czãk us ml jk{kl dks .20 ßeSa x#MÛ] ukx] . oxks± dk mYys[k fd.k ls okrkZyki vkjEHk djrs gSAa . oja çHkq%A ukukfo/ksH.k gSA ijUrq esjh tkfr ls rks rqEgsa Hk.k gS] fdUrq buesa tks vUrj gS] og cMÛk jkspd gSA D.46.kh.10.q¼ esa lgk.59.k^ esa lHkh vkadMÛkas dh Hkk¡fr] frfFk.g rF.gk¡ ç'u .k"oejiwftrA r`.ksfa d bUgksua s Hkh nsorkvksa ds lkFk ve`riku fd. gSA vr. çkf.rk nsus ds fy.ksfa d mldh /kkj.g mBrk gS fd ftl 'kCn dk ç.ksa ls fpUrk ugha gSA euq".ksx mÙkj dkaM esa gqvk gS] og gS ^euq"kkn. ls Li"V gks tkrk gSA mlds nwr uxj esa ml Hk.k ds vkxs vkdj mls pqukSrh nhA mldks psrkouh nsrs le.4-6 ml fu'kkpj us nh?kZdky rd riL. ls lqj{kk dh vko'.o eSa rqEgsa ekj ldrk gw¡AÞ guqeku bl çdkj jko.a ukU.k euq".nkuoj{klke~A vo/.q rks jko.¡ . gSA tc ?keklku .s lc Hkh cMÛs gh jgs gksxa s D.s vkils oj ek¡xus dh vko'. mlus euq".ksa dks frjLdkj dh n`f"V ls ns[krk Fkk vkSj blhfy.k ds ijorhZ FksA ^jkek.Z dh ckr ughaA fdUrq lnk dh Hkk¡fr] dfo gesa .ksa esa ls euq".drk ugha le>rk ('kCn ^vkn.s vo/. 345   dqN bus&fxus oxks± ls {kfr ds çfr lqj{kk ek¡x ldrs gksAÞ mlus cgqr ls leqnk. vkfn vU.kq ls feys] rks mUgksua s dgk] ßjko.k Fkk vkSj dg fn. dks egÙo u nsrs gq.o] okuj jko.kZukx.kZIr ijorhZ FksA blfy.g vk'p.Ur rqPN gS vkSj muds fo"k.kZu bl çdkj gS % lqi.kr Hkh gks pqds Fks] lqUnj dkaM esa jko.k Fkk] . esa lkspk gh ugha] rks okujksa ds fo"k.drk ugha]Þ vkSj bl çdkj mUgsa viuh lwph ls ckgj fudky fn.k.ku nsus .k dh FkhA ftlls lc yksxksa ds iwot Z ] yksdl`"Vk czãk th ml ij çlék gks x.g çlax Li"V ugha gS D.%*A tc jko..k] rks dksbZ vk'p.kksa esa fofHkékrk gSA . esa . ds }kjk gh ekjk tk ldrk gS] vU. tkfr dk mYys[k gh ugha fd.10-12 .A ml ij lar"q V gq.=a ekuq"kkr~AA voKkrk% iqjk rsu ojnkus fg ekuok%A I.ksa dks nqcZy le>dj mudh vogsyuk dhA euq". gks tkÅ¡A vU.] guqeku us dqN vthc 'kCnksa dk ç.k us ojnku ek¡xrs le.k ls dnkfpr~~ dkQÛh vf/kd gh jgh gksxhA blh çdkj lqxhz o] uy] uhy] nSU.s pkU.{k] nSR.{kk.k jko.16.k esa NksMÛ nsrk gSA ckfy dh vk.ks Hk.k vFkok mlus euq".ksfr&LrEHk ckbZlok¡ v/. dks vius oj esa lfEefyr ugha fd.g dg fn.k % nsonkuoxU/koSZ.ksfa d cky dkaM ls . esa D.k foiqyfoØek%A okyh p lg lqxhz oks tkEcoka'p egkcy%AA uhy% lsukifr'pSo .k fd rqEgsa ukuk çdkj ds çkf.] f}fon& .k ds T.kh }kjk ughaAÞ vc ç'u .e~AA VI.g Li"V ugha FkkA mÙkj dkaM esa o.ks HkwrHs .d oDrO.k tc .adj /oal dk lekpkj ykrs gS]a tks guqeku us lhrk ls HksVa djus ds ckn fd.s"kq çkf.k.%AA VII.ks·ga çtk/.lrq rs Hk.s f}fonkn.k ls i.k.su rq"Vks·Hkon~ czãk yksdÑYyksdiwot Z %AA lar"q V% çnnkS rLeS jk{klk.k çkIra okujsH. gS)AÞ cky dkaM esa .55 ßrqeus nsork] nkuo] xU/koZ] . rks vR. muds fo"k. ml jk{kl us euq".s çkf.ofLFkre~AA V.k czãk ls okujksa ds fo"k.k¡ Hkh my>h gqbZ gSAa .s gqvk FkkA vr.kfn oxZ dk gks og mls ekj u ldsA dgk tkrk gS fd mlus euq".k rks dsoy euq".{k] fdékj] xU/koZ] iékx bR. fd dksbZ Hkh tks nsork] vlqj] jk{kl .d çdkj dh lek/khukrhr leL.g mBrk gS fd D. thoksa dks rks eSa fruds ds leku le>rk gw¡A os lc rks eq>s brus rqPN çrhr gksrs gSa fd muls lqj{kk ds fy.kk Fkh fd euq".d fooj. dk mYys[k fd. esa dqN dg Hkh ldrk Fkk\ D.kuks ekuq"kkn.ksa dks NksMÛ vU. fd okujksa dk vfLrRo iwoZ esa Hkh Fkk vkSj mlesa ls dqN okuj fo[.ksfa d fooj.

fDr Fkk] tks bu nsorkvksa ls laidZ cuk. bUæ us dqfir gksdj otz dk çgkj fd.k ls djrk gSA fQj Hkh jko.k bl çdkj dh ckrsa djrk jgrk FkkA og ekjhp ls] jke ds vijk/k crk dj] mudh iRuh lhrk ds vigj.k ds fo#¼ vuqf}Xu :i ls MVs jgus dh {kerk FkhA .ikaluA nq%'khy% ddZ'kLrh{k. jke% {kf=. gS] jke euq".A . .k ij çek. lSU.s lc ?kVuk.s Lo.s nw"k.slk tkuuk pkfg.AÞ vr.qnos dks vius NksVs f'k'kq dks {kfr ds dkj.ksas dk çokg eUn gks tkrk] ioZr viuk dwMÛk Hkwy tkrs] bR.k inkfrukA [kj'p fugr% la[. dsoye~A d.sA muds firk ok.d yEck çlax vkrk gS] tks dbZ lxks± esa o£. esa lc dqN tkurk FkkA mldks muds egku dkS'ky vkSj 'kfDr dk dVq vuqHko gks pqdk FkkA mls .sa bruh egÙoiw.d euq".o] Li"V gS fd okuj tkfr dk vfLrRo Fkk] ml le.s j[krk FkkA dfo ds vuqlkj jko. Hkkxksa ls esy ugha j[kkrkA ijUrq bl çdkj dh vlaxfr.d fofp= ckr gS fd iwjh ^jkek.Dr/kekZ Ro/kekZRek Hkwrkukefgrs jr%A . Hkh cgqr ls yksx mUgsa vorkj ds :i esa djus yxs Fks] .dky esa gh os xzg.k% ew[kksZ yqC/kks·ftrsfUæ.k.s lÙoekLFkk. gh jko.g o`ÙkkUr .kksa ds çek. esa rks lquk gS] fdUrq guqeku ds fo"k.k us buds fo"k.fn .k Hkfxuh es fo#firkAA III. i`-299.g lR.ksa dks 'okl ghu dj nsuk vkSj fQj nsorkvksa dk .qod jgs gksxa As ckY.k.kA ml le.Mdk% Ñrk%A fi=k fujLr% Øq)su lHkk.q¼ esa jke ds lkFk tk fHkMÛAs .k djus dh 'kfDr gSA tks fooj. xq.d vfr fof'k"V eSa gh FkkA çek.ksfa d jko.k Hkh mls feyrs jgs] ij og Lohdkj djus dks dHkh Hkh rS.k dh egkurk bruh Hkkjh Fkh fd tc og ckgj fudyrk Fkk] lc nsork Hk.k ladV esa Q¡l x.kfnA lkjh çÏfr fuLrC/k vkSj vkrafdr gks tkrh vkSj jko.kZikfjra /kuq%A prqnZ'k lglzkf.|fi ml le.kZuklkigkjs.ksa esa Hkh mudk ..k ds dkuksa rd igq¡pk gksxkA vr% jko.kA og rks dsoy .k . fu'kkpj esjh vkKk ls ogk¡ jgk djrs FksA .k fn. esa vo'. lquk gksxk D.qDr lw.kr gSA ekjhp jke ds fo"k.%AA R. gh gS vkSj * nsf[k.346 jkek. 347   ßeSua s Lo.a bUæ dks vkuk iMÛk FkkA ml le.& lHkh çtk O. esa lquk FkkA .k rqe bl okuj dk ns jgs gks] og bruk foy{k. gh okuj ds :i esa dksbZ 'kfDr'kkyh tho çdV gqvk gS] . ek= ls vf/kd dqN u ekuk vkSj u gh .k dk .kksa ls vR.Z* dh vksj nkSMÛ x.. ls cgqr dqN Åij FksA og muds dsoy ekuoh.ksfr&LrEHk ckbZlok¡ v/.df=r gksuk] f'k'kq guqeku dks brus ojnku çkIr gksuk& .kthfor%AA l gUrk rL.k] ftlls mudh guq (BksMÛh) dk ck¡.k ?kwe jgk gksrkA . lw.slk Fkk] rks D.kker% lalkj esa ne ?kqVus dh fLFkfr gks xbZ vkSj rhuksa yksdksa esa gkgkdkj ep x.k n.kx nsr]s leqæ nsork viuk dksykgy 'kkUr dj nsr]s ufn.k) ßtu LFkku esa esjk HkkbZ [kj vkSj cgu 'kwi.g Hkh Kkr gks pqdk Fkk fd jke euq".adj ugha gS vkSj u gh muesa .d cMÛh lHkk cqykbZ xbZA xU/koZ] nsork] vlqj] euq".kZ Fkha fd jko.k gS fd og mu okujksa ds dkjukeksa ls dgha vf/kd c<Û p<Û dj ekywe gksrk gSA eSua s bl okuj ds fo"k..k j{klkeqxzrstlke~AA fugrkfu 'kjSnhZIrS% ekuq"ks.Z k[kk f=f'kjk rFkk vU.su oSja foukj.Z dh vksj nkSMÛ tkuk] bl çdkj nsorkvksa dks Hk.g .kA rHkh ls os guqeku dgyk. xq.kØkUr gks tkrs FksA lw. jke us eq¡g ls dqN dVq opu cksys fcuk gh ck.d f'k'kq dk lw.k rqe ns jgs gks] vo'.s yksx Hkyh Hkk¡fr lék¼ gksdj .k¡ bl dkO.kA ifj..k* ds vkjEHk esa gh] vj.Hkhr djuk] ok.Ur çHkkfor Fkk vkSj mu lcdk mYys[k jko. esa vusd fo|eku gS]a vkSj dgha blls dgha blls Hkh c<Ûdj gSA .kikj vkjEHk dj fn. dkaM esas cMÛk lqUnj ekjhp dk .a igys cMÛ&s cMÛs 'kfDr'kkyh okuj ns[ks gS]a ftuds uke bl çdkj gSAa ckfy] lqxhz o] tkEcoku] lsukifr uhy rFkk f}fon vkfnA fdUrq mudk osx bruk Hk.s dgrk gS % vuqDRok i:"ka fdafpPNjSO. esa dHkh ugha lquk FkkA .kxzg dks cpkus ds fy.g o`ÙkkUr vo'.s FksA os i`Foh ij viuh /kkd tek pqds FksA leLr clk gqvk HkweMa y mudh egkurk ls ifjfpr jgk gksxkA çfr}U}h ds :i esa mudk vn~Hkqr dkS'ky] çÏfr rd ij mudk çHkqRo] la?k"kZjr nqfu.s Fks] rks .fFkr gksdj çtkifr czãk ds ikl igq¡pAs rnuUrj lcds lkFk czãk th ok.36. guqeku dks nsorkvksa ds cgqr ls ojnku çkIr gq.s Fks vkSj ml le.k'p fuikfrr%AA gRok f=f'kjla pkfi fuHkZ.k^ esa jko.d .k cMÛk Øks/k gqvkA mUgksua s rhuksa yksdksa esa çokfgr gksuk NksMÛ fn.k us mUgsa .d euq".Z% {kh.slk O.k.k us muds fo"k..q¼ ds chp jks"k Hkjs gq.L.s] ml le.k jko. v-19.k Hkkx [kafMr gks x.qnos ds ikl igq¡ps vkSj mUgsa euk dj lUrq"V fd. esa dHkh ugha lquk Fkk\ guqeku] tc lhrk dh [kkst esa vk. esa ugha] dFkkud ds vU.Z vkSj Nk.fn ckr .slh Fkh vkSj .kj u gqvk fd bl jke esa dksbZ fof'k"Vrk Hkh FkhA ^jkek. os â"V&iq"V .k dk dFku Bhd gS fd mlus guqeku ds fo"k.k ds T.kA .g fd euq".g guqeku] ftldk fooj.k ds fy.qnos dk lc çkf.qnos rk /khjs cgus yxrs vkSj viuh çpaM xfr R.Z nsork viuh Å"ek eUn dj nsrs] ok. vkSj fuLlUnsg jko.slk ijkØe] cqf¼] cy] mRlkg rFkk :i /kkj.g dguk fd mlus uy] uhy vkfn ds fo"k. ek= gh FksA fdUrq] vius thou ds vkjEHk esa gh mUgksua s vfrekuoh.s lc nsork guqeku ds dkj.8-13 (eqacbZ laLdj.kksa ds lkFk /kuq"k dk O.

Zleks HkosrA~ A jkT.kr çLrko djrk gS vkSj dgrk gS % v³~xYq . esa cksyrk gS] .kykuqpfjrs ous olfr nqeZfr%AA III.] tks .ksa esa Hkh eSa fdl dks .ksX.ks es oh.] lqlfTtr d{k bR.q¼ esa [kj vkSj nw"k.kfn fn[kykrk gS vkSj muls dgrk gS % u nsos"kq u .ksX.d ew[kZ L=h (dSd. j[kus ds lc lk/ku x¡ok fn.kk cMÛh fofp= jgh gksxhA og lhrk ls .DRok lqânks jkT.x q As iki'khyL..s rqe D.sls O.49.kksa ds dkj.k ekuq"ks.¡ gSA og .4.k jke ds fo"k.k gSA esjk gqDÛeukek vc ogk¡ ugha pyrkA mlds firk us dqfir gksdj mls iRuh lfgr ?kj ls fudky fn.a çkÑra JqRok ouesdins xr%AA III.kA bl euq".rke~A jkT.s h) ds opu lqudj og jkT.fDr gSA mUgsa ysdj D.fDr gSAa Þ jkeks foxzgoku~ /keZ% lk/kq% lR.d .kk. jke ds lkFk .d ej.q Hkh lhfer gS] ml jke esa fdu xq.fDr ds :i esa Hkh fpf=r djrk gS] ftlesa fdlh çdkj dk dkbZ vU/kfcUnq gSA vU.20.d . jke ds çfr tks FkksMÛk cgqr vuqjkx vHkh Hkh gS] mls R.q)s l ekuq"k%A III. gSA dfo mldks . dk R.k lk/ku gS\ ftldk euksjFk Hkh lQy ugha gqvk vkSj ftldh vk.k djksxh\ bl lcdks ns[kks] vkSj ns[kks esjh vkSj Hkh! blds i'pkr~ D.sA lkFk gh f=f'kjk dk Hkh o/k djds mlus naMdkj.fDr dh eUncqf¼eÙkk ns[kus .Hkz"Vsu nhusu rkilsu inkfrukA fda dfj".k u leks jkeks ee .37.] fe=] ekrk&firk dks NksMÛdj lglk ou esa pyk vk.kfe yksd"s kq .q¼ djus ls (vFkok mldh L=h ds vigj.adj rst okys pkSng lgò jk{klksa dk fouk'k dj fn.LR.q"ke~AA dSx.k Hkh ekSr ds ?kkV mrj x. esa mldh /kkj.348 jkek.kh.k djus ls) eq>s jksdk ugha tk ldrkA .sg QyekIuqfgA III. us bruh gkfu igq¡pkbZ gSA vr.kkYirstlkAA nq"Ñra .kAÞ fQj ekjhp mls crkrk gS] ßrqEgsa jke ds fo"k.qrefl)kFk± ew<s ifjferk.kxh vkSj leLr çkf. Hkko% ç.ku Hkh dj ldrh . ekuq"kL. gSA vr. 349   vusd çdkj ls frjLdkj .. tkrh.rka ekuq"kks Hkkoh ef.k'khy çk.] foiqy lEifÙk] lalkj esa viuk çrki vkSj xkSjo cuk.a HksÙkqa jkeL. fo'ks"kr%AA .40.k dsoy mÙkstuk ds cy ij esjh cgu ds ukd&dku dkV dj fo:i dj fn. esa euq".ijkØe%A III.q¼ esa euq".48.k rqe vuqjDr gks\ ftlus viuk lkezkT. D.kPP. jke esjh .g ckr esjh le> esa ugha vkrh\ mldh cqf¼ dSlh [kksVh gS] og rks loZFkk ew[kZ gSAÞ rnuUrj tc og lhrk dks vius futh egy esa ys tkrk gS] og mldks vius lc d{kksa dh lSj djkrk gS vkSj viuk HkO.o] og esjh 'k=qrk dk Hkktu gSA lEiw.Mrekfufu A .ksa dks vkgr djus okyk O.kksa ls Hk. la. ew[kZL.fDr gS] ftlus fcuk fdlh oSj fojks/k ds dkj.% fL=.a fogk.k rqe jke dk /.k opukækT.kT.kh gS] tks uaxs iSjksa fQjrk gS] tks u jFk] u . llqâTtue~AA vfLeUO. ls Hkz"V gS] mlds ikl rqEgsa cpkus ds fy. dks nwljksa ds fy.fl jkes.k.ksfr&LrEHk ckbZlok¡ v/.k vFkZ gksrk gS] blds fo"k.Riqjk deZ ouoklsu rn~xre~AA . {ks= cu x.28 ßnsorkvks]a .27.k gSA mldk thou {kh.55.k ds T.kx nks vkSj eq>ls Lusg djus yxksA mldh rks e`R.k.SuZ rq eka 'kD.slk 'kCn] ftldks mlus eq¡g ls Hkh fudkyuk Bhd u le>k Fkk] tc mlus czãk ls ojnku dh .d v¡xfq y ds cjkcj Hkh ugha gSAÞ TÛkjk nsf[k. Hkh gSA og rks .o] vYi rst okyk O.d ?k`f.q lehi gS vkSj FkksMÛs gh fnuksa esa eSa mldk o/k dj nw¡xk] vius vkidks cqf¼efr ekuus okyh ew[kZ ukjh! tks jkT.kpuk dh FkhA tc igyh ckj og tuLFkku esa lhrk ls feyrk gS] og mUgsa viuh iVjkuh cukus dh bPNk çdV djrk gSA fookg dk D.13 ßjke /keZ ds ewÙkZ :i gSAa Þ ijUrq bu lc ckrksa dk jko. dqydyad jke gh ml jk{kl lsuk dk ?kkrd gSA og 'khyjfgr] Øwj vkSj rh[ks LoHkko okyk] ew[kZ] yksHkh /keZR.ksa vuqjDr gks .k vkSj rqe mls foHkwfr ekurs gks vkSj vk'kk djrs gks fd eSa Hkh mldk lEeku d:¡\Þ 'kCn ^ekuo* dk ç. tkfr ds çfr FkhA vxys lxZ esa og fQj ogh ckr lhrk ls nksgjkrk gS % R.5 ßrqEgkjs bu opuksa }kjk ew[kZ] ikipkjh vkSj fo'ks"kdj euq".k gks pyk gSA og {kf=.q kksa dks mlds le{k j[ks]a ysfdu og mudh vulquh jke dh fdruh Hkh ç'kalk djs]a og mudh vulquh dj nsrk FkkA Ro}kD.Hkz"V] nhu] riLoh] iSny pyus okyk euq".{ks"kq u xU/kosZ"kq uf"kZ"kqA vga i'.s fuHkZ.'p rs lqÑrks /keZLrL. yksx] pkgs muds egku ln~x.13-15 ßeuq".a ekrja firja rFkkA L=hokD. ck. cuk fn.k ij dksbZ çHkko u iMÛkA dqN igyqvksa eesa rks bl O.ksx ckj ckj gqvk gS] tcfd jko.d ln~pfjr O.21.slk ugha ns[krk] tks esjs ijkØe dk lkeuk dj ldsA jke rks jkT.s] fdruh xgjh frjLdkj Hkkouk mlds ân.kx djds bl fgald tUrqlfs or ou esa fuokl djrs gS]a mlds fy.d vHk.d L=h ds dgus ls lqânkslfgr leLr jkT.19 ß.d ?kksMÛk Hkh tqVk ldrk gSA fQj Hkh mlus vius nedrs gq.kZ naMd ou] tgk¡ igys lc eq>ls Mjrs Fks] og . dqN xÛyr /kkj.Zq kSjuqjDrkfl ew<s if.kA mlh .{kks]a xU/koks± rFkk ½f"k.

v-24.k 'kfDr vkSj .ka laçe'.d egÙo nsus .rsA u pkfi ee gLrkÙoka çkIrqegZfl jk?ko%AA u jkeLrilk nsfo cysu u foØeS%A u /kusu e.36.TÛk ykHk ugha mBk.k vkfn lc dqN [kks cSBk Fkk vkSj Loa.gk¡ HkksxksAÞ nsf[k.. esa vo'.ksa ds ikl tkuk vFkok cykRiwod Z vigj. dk mi.k rqe le>rh gks fd og rqEgsa esjs gkFk ls fudky ldsxk\ jke u rks ri ls] u cy ls] u ijkØe ls] u /ku vkSj u gh rst vFkok .fl jkes.ksa dh j{kk gsrAq ftUgksua s leqæ esa vR.kx nh gSA og Jhghu gksdj ou esa fopj jgk gS_ ozr dk ikyu djrk gS vkSj feêh dh osnh ij lksrk gSA vc rks eq>s .kZfg jFkh p /kUoh rnk cya æ{.g jk{klksa dk viuk /keZ jgk gSA phj] oL= /kkj. dks /kjrh ij [kMÛs ikrk gSA .gk¡ rd igq¡p Hkh tk.qo'ka u. 351   gks\ rqEgkjk igys dk tks nq"deZ Fkk] og vius ifr ds lkFk ouokl esa chr x. vkjEHk gksrk gSA vc tks rqEgkjs iq.Z'kkyh eku jgs gks\Þ fQj og vkxs dgrk gS] ßdeyghu deyk dh Hkk¡fr lqUnjh lhrk dks ykdj vc dsoy jke ds Hk.oL.350 jkek.kA .fl es jFkLFk%AA * * nsf[k.o] mls ou dh 'kj.k fd os mls dksbZ {kfr ugha igq¡pk.fn eku Hkh fy.k dks .k.k rqY. i`-276.gk¡ vk gh ugha ldrkA rqe Hkh vc dnkfi mls ns[k u ikvksxhA .q¼ ds fy.s] rks D.ka jkeesda 'kk[kke`xkJ.k vkSj jko. gksrk gSA .k euq".5.s.kkfnZrLRoa çfo'.142-143 'yksd ds fy.k gS vkSj os gh mlds Js"B fe= gSAa mlds firk us Hkh ml jkT.o] vkidk lc ijke'kZ eSa fcuk lksp fopkj ds vLohdkj djrk gw¡Aß ijUrq okLrfodrk dh mis{kk ugha dh tk ldrhA 'kh?kz gh tc jko. .kksa }kjk mldk dke reke dj ldrs Fks] ijUrq mUgksua s {kk=/keZ ds mPpre vkn'kksZ dks /.h p 'k³~ds thofr ok u okAA u fg oSnfs g jkeLRoka nz"Vqa okI.fn jke bl ifjfLFkfr dk ykHk mBkuk pkgrs] rks dqN vkSj ck. jkf=apjjkt y³~dke~A vk'okL.k }kjk . ls ckgj fudky fn.k gSA vr. v-17.kA vc rqEgkjk vPNk le.g esjk tUetkr lgt nks"k gSA LoHkko fdlh ds fy. gh gS] ftlus okujksa dk vkJ. okAA fda fdj".k feyus yxs] dqN vR.d cqjh rjg ijkLr gq.k.fDr gSAa eSa rks .] og jke dks euq". dh vk'kk R.kge~A rLekr~ ifjJkUr bfr O.s fd og .k ughaA ikuk rks nwj jgk rqedks jke ns[k Hkh ugha ldrkA og .My'kk.'klkfi okAA V.k dks jke dh foy{k. fy.kke fdruk Hkh dVq D.d . 'k=q dh foo'krk dk uktk.qiyIL.'k }kjk esjh lekurk dj ldrk gSAÞ blds i'pkr~] tc jke lqfuf'pr :i ls viuh egkurk LFkkfir dj pqds Fks] lsrq cukdj yadk ij vkØe.k djuk .slk le>rk gw¡ fd lk{kkr~ Hkxoku fo".oku dh fgrdj ckr dks Hkh lgu u dj ldk vkSj vkx&ccwyk gks x.q¼ ifj"kn cqykbZ xbZA jko.k djus okys Fks] ml le.g u le>ks fd eSua s dksbZ v/keZ fd.ksx djrk gSA blh le.k ysuh iMÛh gSA mlesa dkSu lh fo'ks"krk gS] ftlls rqe mls cMÛk lkeF.kka gj. O.d euq".g cks/k mls rc gksrk gS] tc ml vR.e~* (VI. :i /kj dj jke ds :i esa vk.o] Js.e~AA VI.Ur dVq vuqHkoksa ds i'pkr~] mls vglkl gksus yxk fd bl rqPN euq". VI.gh gS fd rqe muds lkFk lfU/k djds lhrk dks mUgsa ykSVk nksAÞ ijUrq nqjkRek jko. Hkh nqy/Z . jko.q¼ dkS'ky ds çek. og ^f}/kk HkT.k ds opuksa dks lquus ds i'pkr~ egkcqf¼eku ekY. ls dSls ykSVk nw¡\ dnkfi ugha] pkgs ifj.oku uked jk{kl] tks jko.ku esa j[krs gq.4 ßrqe fdl vk/kkj ij dgrs gks fd jke . gh dqN ne gSA igyh ckj .kfe AA xPNkuqtkukfe j.] nsork vkSj leLr çkf.11)* okD.fDr gS\ jke rkse . nsf[k.k gSA ijkbZ fL=.. fu. deZ gS]a mudk lq[k rqe .DÙka fi=k ouky.Ur çpaM eqBHksMÛ ds i'pkr~] ftldk mYys[k eSa igys dj pqdk gw¡ og ml çpaM la?k"kZ dh Le`fr ls ihfMÛr] viuk jFk] /kuq"k] ck.20.ksfr&LrEHk ckbZlok¡ v/.ls dsu R.g Lohdk.Ldj rks .ks jkeks xrJhoZuxkspj%A ozfr LFkf.ksa u gksAÞ bl gh le.Lrstlk .sA Ñra Ro.é Roka 'kjSeRZ` .d uewuk vkSj Hkh % Lo/keksZ j{klka Hkh: loZFkSo u la'k.sxa As os mls vius egy dh vkSj ykSVus dk vkns'k nsrs gSa vkSj dgrs gSa fd iwjk foJke djds vxys .e~A leFk± eU. 25-28. lacksf/kr djuk ugha HkwyrkA .k deZ egRlqHkhea grçohjÜp ÑrLRo.%A xeua ok ijL=h.koku mlds ukuk Fks] mudks Hkh QVdkj nsrk gSA ekuq"ka Ñi.Ur vn~Hkqr lsrq ck¡/kk gS] os n`<Û ijkØeh jke lk/kkj.k lqHkxs phjokflukAA fuf{kIrfot.Z u FkkA og ekY. og bl çfl¼ okD.k tk.k djus okys jke dks ysdj D.k dk ukuk Hkh Fkk] bl çdkj ijke'kZ nsrk gS % ßfuLlUnsg Jh jke vykSfdd O.k djksxh\ jke us fot.s rjksrkTÛkk gksdj vk.59.g gB/kfeZrk esjs tUe ds lkFk gh eq> esa iuih gS] eSa blls cp ugha ldrkA vr.36.ksx djrk gS] ÞeSa chp ls nks Vwd gks tkÅ¡xk] ij fdlh ds lkeus >qd ugha ldrkA rqe pkgs bls nks"k dgks]ij .|fi ekY.kq gh ekuoh. ek= ugha gSA vr.ksX.s gS]a euq".g Hkh lUnsg gksus yxk gS fd og thfor Hkh gSa .k dks vk'koLr fd. 34* ßHkh#! rqe . dk mi.] .k ds T.

ksx czãk us jko. ls vHk. .g igyk volj Fkk] tc jko.k¡ O.kksa ij x.fFkrsfUæ. iqjha y³~dka jkeck.kafs d jko..f/kd ç.%AA ekr³~x bo flagsu x:Msuso iéx%A vfHkHkwrks·Hkoæktk jk?kos.k vkSj mldk /.kks ?kksja okD.8 .k Fkk] ftl çdkj jko. gksus dk oj ek¡xk Fkk] euq".a lcya lk'olkjfFke~AA fugfu".60.{k] jk{kl vkSj liks± ls vo/. jkea n'kjFkkRete~A VI.k FkkA mldh leLr bfUæ.k bl çdkj dgus yxk] ßeSua s tks gTÛkkjksa o"kZ cMÛh riL.ksx] fcuk frjLdkj Hkkouk ls fd.k FkkA okLro esa 'kCnksa dk ç.k dks igyh ckj . foJke djksA fQj u.kksa }kjk rqEgsa ekSr ds ?kkV ugha mrkj jgk gw¡A eSa tkurk gw¡] rqe .Fkk ls O.k.kkas vkSj Hk.ks u .kAÞ .k ekuq"ks.kA mls yxk] bl euq". ij vkØe.k dks ojnku nsrs le.d Fks] ßjko. ijeklue~A foçs=ek.k mB dj cSB x. gksus dh . us ftldh vkSj ladrs fd.k Fkk] ßiwod Z ky esa b{okdq dqy jktk vuj.kkuka foO. fd.k }kjk mu 'kCnksa dk vFkZ&foLrkj ns[kus dks feyrk gS] ftudk ç.su .k dh Fkh] og lc vo'.k fd.Fks jk{kls'oj%AA VI.Fkk gqbAZ Þ .k ds eu cMÛh O.k tc yadkiqjh esa igq¡pk] rc mldk vfHkeku pwj&pwj gks x..Hkhr Fkk] vfirq vius vUr dh vk'kadk ls ?kcjk x.^ 'kCn dk ç.ks fotkuhfg Hk.k u dsoy jke dh 'kfDr ls gh Hk. 353   Hkys gh .kA og 'k¸.k ij ysVk] fdUrq] uhan u vkus ds dkj. eas dqN fo'ks"k rks gSA b{okdqdqyukFksu vuj.Rlekuks egsUæs. dgk Fkk] *jk{klk/ke! nqerZ !s esjs gh oa'k esa .k yEck gS] ijUrq lquus .kksa ds lkFk fudyukA ml le.a ekeH. ijkØeh ekus tkus ij Hkh] eq> jko. jFk esa cSBdj esjk cy ns[kukAÞ thou esa igyh ckj jko. lQy gksdj esjs le> mifLFkr gqvk gSA eSua s rks nsork] nkuo] xU/koZ] . brus ij Hkh] Fkdk gqvk le>dj eSa ck.kHk. Z {Z kjk{kliéxS%A vo/.k dks 'kki fn.ku Jh jke ds Hka.k dks vfHkHkwr dj fn. dh laHkkouk dk vglkl gqvkA l dk´pue.k vius foÏr vkSj vO.kn djds jk{kl jkt jko.d .ekfJR.k Fkk] og n'kjFk iq= jke gh gSAÞ jko.oa Js"B flagklu ij cSB dj jko.] fnO.kA igyh ckj gh mls Hk. gSAÞ foÏr dYiuk ds dkj.kdqy FkhA tSls flag xtjkt dks vkSj x#MÛ fo'kky ukx dks ihfMÛr dj nsrk gS] mlh çdkj Jh jke us Hkh jktk jko.FkZ gks xbZ D.k dks ukenZu dk vglkl gqvk] ijUrq ykSV x.kfpre~AA VI. esa jktk vuj.k bl çdkj rF.ksa ls Hk.a fnO.k ds T..A mudh nhfIr piyk ds leku papy FkhA mudks .gk¡ gesa jko.s jFk vkSj u.d fnfXot.kA os ck.k us viuh . dk vglkl Hkh gqvkA l çfo'.kpuk ugha dh FkhAÞ czãk us dsoy .k FkkA vkSj mldks cgqr gkfu igq¡pkbZ FkhA bl ij mlus jko.352 jkek. çkIr gksxkA bl ckr dks vPNh çdkj tku yks fd mudk dgk gqvk .kfnZr%A HkXuniZLrnk jktk cHkwo O.k dks bl le.RiqjkAA mRiRL.d ekuo us ijkLr dj fn.k! vkt rqeus cMÛk Hk.Lroka liq=a lkekR. vkKk nsrk gw¡] yadk esa ços'k dj dqN le.k FkkA fofnar ekuq"ka eU.s /kuq"k&ck.dj ck.k ugha ekjs tkvksxAs Þ ijUrq ladV dh ?kMÛh esa mls .rs fg e}a'ks iq:"kks jk{klk/keA .q¼ dkS'ky fn[kk.k gks vkrk gS] vkSj vU.s mnkjrk dh çpqjrk ds ifjpk.k us ^euq".kafs d egsUæ rqY.k egkReukAA czãn.g m¼j. 'kki dk Lej.60.qifLFkre~A~ ekuq"ksHk.ofLFkr efLr"d esa czãk ij vkjksfir djrk gS] ftudks mUgksua s dHkh dgk Hkh ugha FkkA ßczã us eq> ls dgk Fkk fd rqEgsa euq".slk yxrk gS fd czã us dgk Fkk] ßeuq".60.k gSA esjh lsuk ds ç/kku&ç/kku ohjksa dks dkV fxjkdj rqeus viuk .s 'kCn mls fo"k ds leku yxs gks] ijUrq jke dhy vksj ls .k çkIra ekuq"ksH.q¼ ls ihfMÛr gksA blfy.kl fd.ksfr&LrEHk ckbZlok¡ v/.Mçdk'kkuka fo|qRln`'kopZlke~A Leju~ jk?kock.adj deZ fd.k gSA blfy.ksX.ksx bl çdkj ugha fd. Hkh gSA D.Roa e.1-3 ßJh jke ds ck.kks j{kkafl jko.g ?kksj opu bl le. us eq>s 'kki nsrs le.k gSA eSa Li"V ns[k jgk gw¡] rqeus vR.k dks .8-10 jko.4-7 lksus ds cus gq.kkfLe fuftZr%AA bna rn~cã z .ÙkIra ijea ri%A . gh O. ls ihfMÛr jko.. ls rqEgas Hk.ksa dk :i cny tkrk gSA jko.fr laxkz es Roka dqyk/ke nqer Z As VI.a Rofefr rÙkFkkAA nsonkuoxU/koS.g vuqHko gqvk fd gjsd n`f"V ls mlds le{k 'k=q ls mldk lkeuk gqvk gS vkSj igyh ckj gh Hkkoh ijkt.slk Js"B iq#"k mRiék gksxk] tks rqEgsa iq=] ea=h] lsuk lkjfFk v'o vkSj lfgr lejkax.eczohr~AA lo± rR[kyq es eks?ka .k mls czãnaM ds çrhd tSls çrhr gq..slk dgk Fkk] ßrqe bl ds dkj.60.k esa ekj MkysxkA^ ekywe gksrk gS] vuj. 'kkiksa dk Hkh] tks mls bl thou esa feys FksA .kks okD.

s czãk us 'kki fn.kA tc og mB cSBk] rks mlus iwNk fd ckr D. rks dsoy .dj vkifÙk vkbZ gS] vU.kke Lo:i] vius ij .fFkr gks tkrk gS] fdUrq .efLr dnkpuA .k dks uhpk fn[kkdj thfor NksMÛ fn.ku lkjfFk .Lek}ku#ia ekeoKk.] tSlk fd fo'oluh. n'kkuuAA v'kuhikrl³~dk'keqigkla çeqDroku~A rLekUeæwilaiék e}h.k Fkk D.kA uUnh vR.k tk ldsA .60. ek= ls Hk.knkuosH.k gksxhAÞ uUnh'oj dh okujewfrZ ns[kdj jko.kA mek us Hk.wik{k us gkFk tksMÛ dj dgk % u uks nSoÑra fdafpö.k gS\ mlus eu esa lkspk] ßdksbZ egkHka.k vkSj fQj Hk.] ijUrq egknso ds LFkku ij] fcuk mudh LohÏfr ds] . jko.s mlus dgk] ßesjs leku Lo:i okys ijkØe okys okuj gh rsjs dqy dk lR.FkklEHko rh[kk cukus ds fy.k] ftlls jko.k{ks= ds e/.k dSykl x.k fd jko.k! rqeus okuj :i esa eq>s ns[kdj esjk frjLdkj fd.Ur dqfir gq.k x.k Fkk] .q gks tk.% gks xbZ gSA og fQj Hkh yMÛrk jgkA mldks lkjfFk dk] tks jk{kl tkfr dk .d ne jko.k vkSj ifj.d euq".k g¡lk Fkk] blfy.s esjs gh leku ijkØe] :i vkSj rstokys okuj mRiék gksxa As u[k vkSj nk¡r gh mu okujksa ds vL= gksxa s rFkk os rhoz osx okys gksxa As os .k p .kZr gSA jke vkSj jko.Ur jkspd gS fd vFkd ç.xh*AÞ .k ds vuqpj Hkh bl voekuuk ls vfHkHkwr gks x.kl ls mls txk fn.s jke us jko.k ds T.Ur O. FksA uUnh us jko. 355   'kIrks·ga osnoR. 'kkiksa dk Hkh /.] jko.k dk ?keaM loZFkk pwj&pwj gks x.d m¼j.k us Hkh dgk Fkk] tSlk gh ifj. ls dqN nwj gVk ys x.10-12 ßblds vfrfjDr] iwod Z ky esa eq>s osnorh us Hkh 'kki fn.q¼ ds fy.ku vkrk gS] ßblh çdkj mek uUnh'oj] jEHkk vkSj o#. çkIr gqvk gS] tks ges lrk jgk gSA .354 jkek. vuqpj çk.efLr fg rk<`'ke~A .k iqfa tdLFkyk ds fy.nk lk /kf"kZrk iqjkAA ls.kZ us tc jks"k esa vkdj txk.q dks dkj. gks gh ugh ldrkA bl le. cu x.k .d le.kuq"kkéks Hk.ksfa d blls irk pyrk gS fd vius vuqpjksa chp jko.k gks ldrh gS\ bl çdkj dk ekuenZu tks fd dHkh u nsorkvksa us] u nkuoksa ls laHko gks ldrk Fkk] og .k çkIra u feF.kn vkbZA ftl çdkj mls ?kksj fuæk ls txk.16-19 jko.k us ?kwe dj mUgsa ns[kk vkSj muds fofp= psgjs dks ns[kdj mlus TÛkksj ls Bgkdk yxk.kke eq>s vkt feyk gSAa lp gS] ½f"k.73 ßegkjkt! gesa nsorkvkssa dh vksj ls dksbZ Hk.a lhrka egkHkkxk tkrk tudufUnuhA mek uUnh'oj'pkfi jEHkk o:.ksfa d eSua s mlds lkFk cykRdkj fd.k og .s lc vkifÙk. dgk] ^yadk ykSV tkvksA^ bl çdkj dh ekugkfu] fpUrk dk fo"k.q L=h ds dkj.k&dU.q¼ dkaM ds .k] og çlax vR.k nsus tk jgk gw¡] ftldk fo'ks"k egÙo gS D.d lkS Ngosa lxZ esa of.k fd jko.k fd ßvfuPNk ls fdlh L=h ds lkFk lEHkksx djus ij rsjh e`R.kZ dh .k ds lfpo] .h jgh gS] lk{kkr~ jk{kljkt jko.q)ksUeÙkk cyksfæDrk%'kSyk bo folfiZ.k.% djrs gS] og jFk dk j..k bruk 'kfDr'kkyh ekuk tkrk Fkk fd mlds fy.Ur cy'kkyh gksxa s rFkk pyrs fQjrs ioZrkas ds leku çrhr gksxa As Þ .d çpaM .h gSA blls vf/kd cqjh ckr vkSj D.k dks okil ?kj Hkst fn.kdU.k Fkk vkSj mlus ml ifo= ioZr dks m[kkMÛ nsus dk ç.kuk'k djsxa As Þ jEHkk ds fufeÙk ls uy&dqcjs us] vkSj o#.72.s mUeÙk vkSj vR.q¼ ds fy.k¡AÞ fQj mls vU.kj ugha Fkk fd mldh 'kfDr lekIr çk.kZ ladVfLFkfr] ftlls fcYdqy Li"V gks x.s iqu% 'kL=&lfTtr gksus ds fy.k ds dqdeks± ls Lo.kg'ka ekuq"ka jktu~ Hk.k] ekjus ds ctk.ku bl fLFkfr ij x.A blh le.k x.a jktaLrqey q a laçck/krsAA u nSR.k FkkA mlus dgk Fkk] ^fdlh u fdlh çdkj eSa rqEgkjha e`R.k gSA vr% rqEgkjs dqy dk fouk'k djus ds fy.dkAA .eLekuqifLFkre~AA VI.k dk /.k viuk lUrqyu [kks jgk FkkA fLFkfr dh xEHkhjrk dks le>rs gq.k . ds ekjs] lej ls fudy x.Zlerstl%AA mRiRL.a egknso Hkh vçlék gq.q¼ esa jke us] ftldh lsuk fot.q/kk% Øwjk eu% laikrajgal%AA . FksA jke us eeZçgkj fd.d rqPN euq".k _`f"kHkkf"kre~A VI. ro okujk%A l[kna"Vªk.k cuw¡xhA^ tku iMÛrk gS] ogh ekHkxk tudufUnuh lhrk ds :i esa çdV gqbZ gSAa bl ladV dks eSa vius egy esa ys vk.q¼ djuk mfpr ugha le>k vkSj dsoy 'kki gh fn.k%A VII.60.k eq>s uhan ls ugha mBkrkAÞ dqEHkd. jko. ls feyk gSAÞ .FkksDrkLrUe. fdlh ladV] fdlh ekuHkax dh] fdlh vieku dh dYiuk Hkh ugha dh tk ldrh FkhA fdUrq] tc jke ds gkFkksa ls mls igyh ckj çfr{ksi feyk vkSj vieku dks .k dU.k dks jksdk FkkA jko.d vU.s tkus dk dkj.k dks cpk.k] ßvjs jko.g Lohdkj djus dks rS.k iwNk] rc jko.k] ftlls jke ds çdksi ls jko.Ru fd. egRoiw.ksfr&LrEHk ckbZlok¡ v/.k dks dqEHkd.ksa ds opu dHkh >wBs ugha gksrAs Þ vc eSa .q¼ esa my>s gq.k gS vkSj mlh Hkkouk ls çfjr gksdj otzikr ds leku vêgkl fd.Hkhr gksdj mls 'kki fn.ks ok Hk.16.d jktdqekj yxrk Fkk] /.k] ßrsjh e`R.k vR.Fkk jko.k x.q¼ dh ykylk ls enksUeÙk gksus ds dkj.fUr o/kkFk± fg dqyL.

Z! vkt nqfu.ZL.g .k] .qDr <ax ls çekf.q¼ dkS'ky dks ns[ksxk] rks esjh ç'kalk djsxkA vr% mls vius cy&foØe }kjk lar"q V djuk esjh fy.kZ fot.s x.d euq". FkkA mldk HkkbZ] dqEHkd.k dk iq=] es?kukn dyk esa bruk fuiq.k x. ugha gksrkA . esjs eu esa frjLdkj Hkkouk ds vfrfjDr vkSj Hkkouk ugha Fkha] vc eSa Li"V vuqHko dj jgk gw¡ fd .k fy. gSA yadk dk Lokeh igys jko.kAA VI.fn mlus viuh nh/kZdkyhu fuæk ls vius vkidks çfrckf/kr u cuk fy.q¼ ds dkS'ky dk lEeku djuk tkurk gSA tc og esjs .ksX.kA czãk ds cgqr vuqjks/k djus ij gh mls eqDr fd.ks¼k gS] tks esjs lkFk yMÛus .kZ ojnkuksa vFkok le.  rsbZlok¡ v/.k esa ikuh Qsj fn.|fi vkidks .fDr FkkA mlus .k. esa eSua s mYys[k fd.kA QyLo:i] og bUæftr dh mikf/k ls 357 .k og mfpr Fkk vkSj jko.d .k.ku pyk.k ls dHkh Hkh eq[k ugha eksMÛkA eSua s .kr gSA jke .ksa (pkyckTÛk yMÛkdks)a dk jktk ekuk tkrk FkkA og vfXu }kjk mu 'kfDr.k gS\ vuk.k dk lkSry s k HkkbZ] dqcjs FkkA jko.kA ””” 357 rsbZlok¡ v/.jkek. LFkkfir dj yadk dks viuh jkt/kkuh cuk.drk gksrhA jko.'k] ijkØe] rst vkSj vkRefo'okl ij .d .slk .slh egk'kfDr gksrk fd ftldks u"V djus ds fy.kA bl LFkku dks viuk dsUæ cukdj mlus f=yksd fot.d {k.g lkjfFk Hkh .s jk{kl] tks yxHkx mlh ds leku 'kfDr'kkyh Fks vkSj ftudks vusd nsorkvksa vkSj i`Foh dh vusd 'kfDr'kkyh tkfr.ksx dh vis{kk FkhA bl çdkj og bruk 'kfDr'kkyh gks x.'p foukf'kr%AA VI. gSA eSa ml ij vius ijkØe dh /kkd tekuk pkgrk gw¡AÞ 'k=ks% ç[. ek= ekudj rqPN le>k FkkA ijUrq muds gkFkksa dbZ ckj ijkftr gksus ij mlds ewY.k dk jks"k vuqfpr FkkA ßbl dk.sls O.106. yxk gks]Þ lkjfFk ds bl dFku ls jko.k fiNyss v/.k us jke dks dsoy .kA rRi'pkr~ mlus viuk jkT.k ds lkeus esjs fpjdky ls vftZr . ij lg. jko.'kks oh.kk gqbAZ mlus vius HkkbZ dqcjs dks ckgj fudky dj vkSj mldk ^iq"id* uked .ksf/k.5 ßlgòksa o"kks± ls eSua s .k ds T.d cMÛk foeku Hkh gfFk.k lar"q V gqvkA mls le> esa vk x.. j´tuh.k.k gksrk] rks dnkfpr~~ og jko.k| fg eekuk.k fd lpeqp og Hkkjh ladV esa igq¡p x.kfr LFkkfir dh gSA eSua s vkt rd j.ksa dks thrus dk Js.106.k fd .ksa jFk dks 'k=q ds lkeus ls gVkdj eq>s viekfur fd.k Fkk fd og dqVk.kus dh çsj.k FkkA rc mnkjrk dh rjax es]a tks çk.a bUæ dks Hkh thr fy.ksa lfgr dgha ikrky yksd esa jgrk FkkA iq..kr dj fn.k FkkA fQj rks og Øks/k ls fryfeyk dj vius lkjfFk ls cksyk % Ro. foØeS%A i'.k dks yadk gfFk.g vfç.k dh egkurk ds çfr U.k] fdUrq mlus ns[kk fd og jke dh lh/k esa ugha Fkk] cfYd . ds vUrxZr Fks] egku nsork vkSj ½f"kA mldh egkurk dsoy Lo.d dq'kkxz cqf¼ dk O.k ds i{k esa . v£tr djds vkSj 'kfDr çkIr gksus ij jko.k fd.k ij FkkA rc mldks cks/k gqvk fd lkjfFk us D.s mUeÙk gw¡] rks Hkh rqeus jFk gVkdj 'k=q dh n`f"V esa eq>s dk.± p rst'p çR.s fd.k.6 vc jko.k dks jke .g jke] tks esjs lkeus gS vkSj ftlds fy.kadu esa ifjorZu gqvk vkSj vUrr% mlus ekuk fd jke mlls Hkh c<Ûdj gSAa fQj Hkh] dsoy brus ls jko. ç.d cstksMÛ /kuq"k/kkjh dh dhfrZ LFkkfir dh gS] ftlds le{k dksbZ fVdus dk lkgl Hkh ugha dj ldrkA rqeus D.k vius lg.a rd gh lhfer u FkhA mlds v/khu vkSj lnk mlds lkFk jgrs Fks] . ds mís'.kl dh vko'.d dks.gh bl v/.ksxh lkfFk.fDr ds :i esa fn[kus yxs] ftudh vksj ls okg&okg çkIr djuh xkSjo dh ckr gksxhA ßesjs 'k=q dk cy&ijkØe fo[..j fl¼ dj fn.Z ls vkidk fgr gksxk .qfDr ij ugha x.ksfr&LrEHk 356  dh bl .q¼ ds fy.q)yqC/kks·ga Ñr% dkiq:"kLRo.% cMÛs yksxksa esa gksrh gS] mlus lkjfFk dks iqjLdkj :i es]a viuk gkj mrkj dj iguk fn.ksa rd viuh vkgqfr igq¡pkus esa cgqr dq'ky Fkk] ftuls mls egÙoiw.sA egku ls egku Hkh mlls cpk u jgkA mldh egÙoiw.ks¼k ds :i esa viuh [. ls vusd vfHk.k fd mlus tks dqN fd.k.Z fpjdkylekftZre~A .kZ 'kkjhfjd 'kfDrcy esa yxHkx mlh ds leku 'kfDr'kkyh FkkA .rks .s mfpr gSA eSa .k vkSj mls cUnh cukdj yadk ys vk. dk fo"k.slk fd.g lksp dj eSua s .k Fkk fd fdl çdkj vkjEHk esa jko.&le.kAÞ .kroh.q¼ esa mlus Lo.kA .L.qfDr&.kl ls dgha vf/kd ç.

o] gesa ekuuk iMÛxs k fd jko.k ij igq¡p pqds FksA blh volj ij bUæ us Hkh jke ds fy. lU.a nSorSÆo".k dks lej Hkwfe esa ekj Mkfy.kA mldk iq= vfrdk. :i esa vki çdV gksdj] tks jko.ân.nk&dnk] . gks x.fr yksdkaL=huqfPNªrku~ }sf"V nqeZfr%A 'kØa f=n'k.ksfa d .q¼ dkS'ky esa jko.s Hkh vo/.g dk.ksfr&LrEHk rsbZlok¡ v/.ofLFkr vkSj lqpk# Fkh] viuh fo}Ùkk vkSj vius oSHko ds fy.k] tks Jh jke esa fufgr FkhA vc ge ewy ikB ij vkrs gSa vkSj .slk esjk vuqeku gS fd mlesa dqN vfrekuoh.k Hkh fo|eku jgs gksxa As yadk uxjh dk o.Vde~AA vo/.kr FkhA jko.{kku~ lxU/kokZulqjku~ czkã.s vkidh 'kj.8-10.d lkezkT.ks¼k ekuk tk.ku u j[krs gq.sA vr% tc ge jko.d i'kq cy gh ugha Fkk] vfirq vf/kdka'kr% og Fkk] ftldks ge ^jkT.g Hkh .k }kjkA cky dkaM esa ge ns[krs gSa fd nsork egkfo".k tc igyh ckj lhrk ds ikl vkrk gS] og .s viuh futh okgu&lkjfFk lfgr Hkstk] viuh <ky vkSj peRdkfjd /kuq"k&ck.kh.ofLFkr 'kkluç.21 ßmlus rhuksa yksdksa esa vkrad epk j[kk gSA og gjsd ls fo}s"k j[krk gSA og nq"VkRek] ftl fdlh dks fdlh Å¡ph fLFkfr esa ns[krk gS] mlh ds lkFk }s"k djus yxrk gS vkSj mldks u"V djus dk Hkjld ç.k u"V dj ldrsA . ij fopkj djrs gS]a rks gesa mls bl n`f"V ls Hkh ns[kuk gksxk fd mlds vkl ikl ds O.kA vr.Ur çcy dVad :i gS vkSj nsorkvksa ds fy. gS] ml jko.s Hkh dksbZ lgt vkSj ljy u gqvkA vfUre pj.fn vki .q¼ esa mlls >MÛi djus esa rks l{ke Fks] ijUrq mUgsa bruk 'kfDr'kkyh ugha ekuk tk ldrk fd os mlds gjk ldrs .kkyh ds fcuk lEHko gks ldrkA og u dsoy egku vkSj 'kfDr'kkyh jgk gksxk] vfirq mlesa .k gS fd ½f"k] .k] ftldh tkudkjh mudks .oLFkk ds fy.kn j[kuk fd dfo cy vkSj .sA blfy. 'kfDr Fkh] ftldks og Lo.k gks] .358 jkek.s vR.k dks gh ml le. Hkh cMÛk 'kfDr'kkyh . u çdEiUrs u çokfr p ek:r%A .kksa dks ihfMÛr vkSj viekfur djrk gSA cMÛ&s cMÛs nsork] tks czãkaM dk 'kklu pyk jgs gSa vkSj mls lqO.k ds vkns'kksa dk ikyu fd.q¼ ifj"kn~ cqykbZ tkrh Fkh] bR.k jke ds yxHkx led{k Fkk vkSj og vUr esa ijkftr gqvk] rks mls fnO.a vkSj dHkh vius ds egku ik=ksa x.rk fn.ks¼k FkkA . :i esa vorkj ysdj mldks u"V djsa D.k vkSj .k] tks mldh egkurk ls dqN gh de Fkh] jko. dfo mYys[k djrk gS fd og uxjh O.k dh f'kdk.ksxh] yxHkx .k dh egkurk ls gesa voxr djkrk gS]a dHkh Lo. dk dq'ky .ksfa d .k dh egkurk ds fo"k.k dks ns[kdj Hk. ½f"k }kjk nh xbZ FkhA .kk c<Û x.kq ls jko. 359   fo[. dh le`f¼ dk bl ijkdk"Bk ij igq¡puk] jko.q mlds Åij TÛkksj ls ugha pyrh rFkk og mÙkky rjax okyk leqæ Hkh jko.d lkSE.Ru djrk gSA mldh egRokdka{kk bruh c<Û xbZ gS fd vc og nsojkt bUæ dks Hkh ijkftr djus dh vfHkyk"kk djrk gSA nsorkvksa ds ojnkuksa ls enkseLr gksdj og bruk míaM gks x.k FkkA .k esa vk.kkaLrFkkA vfrØkefr nq/k"kksZ ojnkusu eksfgr%AA uSua lw.k Fkk] tcfd jko.d ukTÛkÛd q fLFkfr esa vxLR.slk çrhr gksrk gS fd çÏfr mldks Nn~eos'k esa Hkh igpku xbZ] D.sA okujksa esa lqxhz o vkSj guqeku .Z nso mldks ri ugha igq¡pk ldrs] ok.rqfePNfrAA _`"khu~ .d gh le.* egkea= dh lgk.k æqrxfr ls viuh 'kfDr dks c<Ûk jgk gS] fcuk fdlh jksd&Vksd ds] NksV&s cMÛs dk /.g ns[krs gSa fd dfo jko.k dks mlus nks ckj ^'kfDr vL=* }kjk gjk.%Z çrifr ik'osZ okfr u ek:r%A pyksÆeekyh ra n`"V~ok leqæks·fi u dEirsAA r= Roa ekuq"kks HkwRok ço`)a yksdd.k tkrk FkkA .k.d lqO.k{ks= ls gVk fn.ke~A I.k] rexzrt s % dekZ.k x.k dks] jke ds ckn gh dk LFkku dsoy nsrk gSA y{e.k gS vkSj fdlh ds o'k esa ugha vk jgk gSA mldh dqfVyrk] vR.g {k.o] .slk çrhr gksrk gS fd nksuksa çfr.k }kjk .rk ds dkj.s ge lc feydj mlds o/k ds fy.Z rks dsoy Jh jke ds }kjk gh lEHko gks ldrk Fkk] vkSj muds fy.k Hkh ogh {k.kA lkFk&lkFk mlus vusd ojnku Hkh çkIr dj fy. mRikr epkrk jgrk gSA m}st.k dk egRo vusd xq.k tkuk vko'.A vr.kZu djrs le.ra=* dh laKk ns ldrs gSa vFkkZr~ fo'kky lkezkT.20.s fo[.kfnA bu lcdk vk/kkj dsoy . gSAa vkils çkFkZuk djrs gSa fd vki euq"..e ds }kj rd igq¡pk fn.d nsork ds :i esa tkdj mlls yMÛxas ]s rks vki mldks gjk ugha ldrsA og ew[kZ bruk vfu.k esa mudks Hkh ^vkfnR.klh ds :i esa vkrk gSA fQj Hkh .kks lejs tfg jko.ksa vkSj mudh turk vkSj muds miyC/k lk/kuksa dh leqfpr O.k] lalkj ds fy.k vkSj nksuksa ckj mUgsa lathouh vkS"kf/k }kjk cpk.15.fn vkidks Lej.k Hkh çnku fd.g mfpr gh gS fd jke ds ckn] jko.d gks x.fDr.ofLFkr j[k jgs gS]a os Hkh mlls Hk. ij] viuh 'kfDr dh lhek ds vfUre pj.slk fo'okl djuk rks dfBu gS fd . ls LrC/k gks tkrk gS] mlesa dEiu ugha jgrkA euq".U=.k dks mlds jFk lfgr mlds lkjfFk us lglk j.ksfa d tc og lhrk ds lehi vk.kZukrhr gSAa Þ jko.k ds T.d dq'ky 'kkld ds fof'k"V xq.a u rks nck ldrk Fkk vkSj u gh fNik ldrk Fkk D.s çcU/k dkS'kyA gesa .r djrs gSAa jko.ka tuLFkku:gk æqek%AA leh{.ktkua ç/k"kZf.{k] xU/koZ] vlqj rFkk czkã.kr gks x.Hkhr gSAa lw.ksa dh egkurk ds dkj.kpkj o.

49.kZoa txr~A bfr fpUrka cgqfo/kkedjksUefreku~ dfi%AA n`"V~ok jk{kljktL.Lrw".kn.k ds T.k gSA bl ukVd ds jpf.sls lEiw.g tkuus ds fy. loZy{k. epk ldrk gSA og viuh 'kfDr.kdqy vkSj vLr&O.k vkSj jko. ds Lojksa esa og muls dgrk gS % czãé/.sd rÙo lc gh mlls Hk.k vkSj viuh 'kfDr ds nq#i. 361   'kh?kzlkz r s k'p ra n`"V~ok oh{kUra jDrykspue~AA fLrfera xUrqekjsHks Hk.kk dks er NksMÛk]s vkt mls foJke nksA jko.s ugha djrkA og vkRela.k nso&nkuo lc Hk.kadu djus esa l{ke Fks] .kZo esa fueXu dj ldrk gS]a lalkj esa çy.360 jkek.kh ds FksA dfo o.k dks viuh vkSj n`f"Vikr djrs ns[k dj rhoz xfr ls cgus okyh xksnkojh unh Hkh Hk.k mlus lcdks viuk 'k=q cuk fn..k us lhrk dks vHkh&vHkh ns[kk gSA mu ij .kZ jktksfpr y{k.a jk{kls'oj%A L.kA vr.Zpfdr gks x. cMÛs ukVdh.k dks .kZ ls jksd nsrk gSA frjLdkj u lgh] vfrifjp. ØwjSuZ`'kalS'p deZfHkyksZddqfRlrS%A rsu fcH.sA . çHkkoeferkStl%AA V.46.qDrrkAA . uS"k le. :i esa vorkj ysuk iMÛkA vc ns[krs gSa fd jko.fDr dh egkurk ds çfr .d vR.o] og guqeku dks ns[krs gh le> x.d vçfre J¼katfy gSA leLr nsork vkSj çÏfr dk çR.kZu djrk gS] guqeku ij dSlk çHkko iMÛk] .k us tc guqeku dks ns[kk] rks mlds eu esa fdl çdkj ds fopkj vk.Hkhr jgrs gSA og dqfir gksus ij leLr txr dks .rka LoYia tYi c`gLirs tMers uS"kk lHkk oftz.ksx /kkfeZd vkSj usd mís'.d n`".qZ k u gksrk] rks .kZ Hkh Fkh] vlk/kkj.g bUæ dh lHkk ugha] ukjn] oh.Z gS] dSlh vuqie 'kfDr gS vkSj dSlk vk'p.kZ nsoyksd dk laj{kd gksuk pkfg.a lqjyksdL.k bl okuj :i esa lk{kkr~ Hkxoku uUnh gh rks ugha i/kkjs gS]a ftudk iwoZ dky esa dSykl ioZr ij eSua s migkl fd.kksa ls lEiék gSA bl jk{kljkt dks bUælfgr lEiw.g fdlh Hkh O.ksa dh iwfw rZ ds fy.d ckj gh n`f"Vikr djrs gh mldk leLr O.17-20 guqeku dqN uhfroknkRed ckr djrk gS] ßvgks! bl jk{kl jkt dk :i fdruk vn~Hkqr gS] dSlk vuks[kk /kS.k.uL.kka lagj ukjn Lrqfreq[kiSjya rqEcqjks lhrk. vf/kd çrh{kk djus dh vko'.kA çkr% dky nsork mldk czãk lfgr vfHkuUnu djus vkrsA ml fnu Hkh lnk dh Hkk¡fr nsork çkr% J¼katfy v£ir djus ds fy.k vkSj ok.Hkhr eUn&eUn cgus yxhA tc igyh ckj os mlls mlds jkt njckj esa feysA ml ij n`f"Vikr djds] os vk'p.k gSA og ck.adj ikikpkjh dks vk.d Hkkx loZFkk u"V dj fn.kA og lkspus yxk] ßD.k Fkk vkSj eq>s 'kki Hkh feyk FkkA vFkok bl :i .A vgks #iegks /kS.g lwpuk fey pqdh Fkh fd guqeku us uxjh dk .{k ns[kk Fkk vkSj tks mldk ewY.s] fdUrq vius Lokeh dh v'kkUr eu% fLFkfr le> dj }kjiky mudks mudh fnup.Ur O. [kkrs FksA ml Hk.k vkt la. l'kØL.rk us .kn.Lr ?kj ykSVkA cspuS vkSj v'kkUr 'k¸.a áqRlgrs Øq)% drZeq d s k.k%A oh. ugha gS]a pqipki ckgj gh [kMÛs jgksA rqe tMÛefr o`gLifr] tks viuh okd~iVqrk çn£'kr djus esa çoh.d nqx.kq dks euq".d vk.k ns[kdj tuLFkku ds o`{kksa us Hkh fgyuk can dj fn.YydHkYyHkXuân.kn~xksnkojh unhA III.% LoLFkks u y³~d's oj%AA &egkukVd ßczãk! vkt .g O.gk¡ osnikB dk le.k ds iq= lfgr vusd jk{klksa dk o/k Hkh dj fn.k ls fca/k x.k. lfékfo"V fd.e ugha cjrrk vkSj lc çdkj ds vuqfpr O.k] ftlds o/k ds fy.k ds çfr çÏfr rd dk Hk.o] mldh 'kkfUr Hkax u djksA mldk ân. .ksfr&LrEHk rsbZlok¡ v/.k gks] vkt de gh cksyksA .reuk ugha gSA vr.slk Fkk] og jko. <ax ls çLrqr fd.k x.fDrRo vR.kZ çHkqRo dks çkIr djk u ldus dk dkj. FkkA .kha cfg% LFkh.eZ gks lÙoegks |qfr%A vgks jk{kljktL.k vkSj lPpfjr yksx mlds fo#¼ gks x.|/keksZ u cyoku~ L.Ur dkekrqj gks tkrk gSA og vR.sls yksx] tks U.ksx ds dkj.k gS] lhrk ds ds'kksa ds chp dh ek¡xA tcls mlus lhrk dks ns[kk gS] og cspSu gSAÞ .Hkhr gSA .drk ughaA jko.ogkj esa layXu jgrk gSA bl lalkj esa .s vk.g tkuuk Hkh jkspd gksxk fd jko.s] .fr [kYoLekYyksdk% lkejnkuok% AA v.ksa dk mi.s ftUgksua s mls çR.Ur iSus ck.kA yky us=ksa okys jko..d çfl¼ ukVd gS] ^egkukVd]* ftlesa jko.ksx rFkk fu"Bqj deksaZ ds dkj.wukf/kd mldh dh Js.kfi jf{krkAA vL.k vkSj mudh egkurk dks rkMÛ x.s gSAa Þ vfer rstLoh jk{kljkt ds çHkko dks ns[kdj] os cqf¼eku okujohj guqeku bl çdkj dk fpUru djrs jgsA guqeku okLro esa egkurk ds ikj[kh FksA jko.k ij djoVsa cnyrk jgkA QyLo:i og viuh nSfud p.fDr bgyksd&ijyksd esa lcdk Lokeh cu ldrk FkkA fujUrj fu"Bqj vkpj.q dk osx Hkh :d x.kZ Hkh u fuHkk ldkA mldh fnup.fn v/keZ .k gS] mldk v/keZA bldh yksdfufUnr Øwjrk] 'kfDr ds nq#i.6-8 ou ds o`{k rd Hkh mlls Hk.k gS] ftlesa jko.s fo".k dSlk çrhr gksrk gS rFkk mu yksxksa ds fy.Ztud rst gS! bldk lEiw.k dh igyh >yd ds i'pkr~ muds efLr"d esa bl çdkj ds fopkj vk.

fDr ns[kus ek= Hkj ls guqeku vkSj Jh jke ij .ks·.ks uxsUæfoU/.d /keZfu"Bk O.k cksyk] ßHkxoku! ftlus /keZ vkSj lnkpkj dks R.Z%A .slk çHkko NksMÛ ldrk gS] rc rks gekjs rqPN efLr"dksa esa dksbZ .a #æ ls dh xbZ gSA bldh rqyuk ds lw.fDr ds :i esa ns[ks]a u fd . fe= vkSj n.kklqj dk vkxeu rks ugha gqvk\Þ* bl çdkj nks egku gfLr.eku gSA jko.Z Hkksxs vkSj Hk`R.k&iks"k. oiqjr s Rçdk'krsAA VI. .a jko.k gSA vr% eSa gh vkidh Ïik ls bldk çsr&ÏR.kfirkfuAA . .k ds eu esa nwljk fopkj vk.g bUæ vkSj .k viuh çHkk ls lw.k viuh fo'kky lsuk dks bdëk djds Jh jke vkSj mudh okuj lsuk ls fHkMÛus vk. djuk pkgrk gw¡AÞ fQj foHkh"k.kka oiquoZS afo/ka HkosrA~ .fDr Fks vkSj lc çdkj dh riL.s áL.slk ekunaM ugha] ftlds }kjk mldk okLrfod ewY.kpdksa dks nku fn.fDr us vius thou dky esa .a rRdrqfZ ePNkfe ro çlknkr~AA VI.MykL.k fopkj vk.kA /ku dk lap.%A egsUæoSoLrniZgUrk j{kksf/ki% lw.g jk{kljkt lk{kkr~ lw.g esjk HkkbZ] tks deZdkaM dk Lo.ku bl fcUnq dh vksj fnykuk pkgrk gw¡A dfo pkgrk gS fd ge jko.rk dh vkSj /ku dks cMÛh mnkjrk ls muesa ck¡VkA mlesa tks fo}s"k Hkkouk vkSj nwljksa dks {kfr igq¡pkus dh {kerk Fkh] mldk ç.a foHkh"k.rL.26-28 ßvgks! jk{kljkt jko.kpy ls leku fo'kky vkSj Hk.k fd.59.oknh rFkk ijkbZ fL=. muds eu esa D.=SrfnUnqçfrea foHkkfr PN=a flra lw{e'kykdexzîe~A v=S"k j{kksf/kifreZgkRek HkwroS r ` ks :æ bokoHkfrAA vlkS fdjhVh pydq. Jh jke us foHkh"k.Fkk leqæ%AA vusu nÙkkfu lqifw trkfu HkqDrk'p Hkksxk fuHk`rk'p Hk`R.21 ß. gSA mldk eq[k] dkuksa esa fgyrs gq.ksa dk Li'kZ djus okyk Fkk] mldk nkg&laLdkj djuk eSa mfpr ugha le>rkA lcds .d nwljs dks ns[kkA tc jko.k] tks .] og vR.362 jkek.d egku O.kxkfn deks± esa Js"B ije deZB jgk gSAÞ tgk¡ Lo.59. esa bl çdkj dgrs gSa % * nsf[k.fDr] tks vc dhfrZ'ks"k gS] mls led{k vkt rd dksbZ nwljk u FkkA iwoZ dky esa .Fkksfpr oSj dk cnyk Hkh fy.sls dk.k ds T. vkSj foU/.k dh rqyuk Lo.K&.k vkt j.k vkSj .kadu gks ldsA mldh e`R.a Kkrk Fkk] vc ogh çsr Hkko dks çkIr gks x.   eas ck.kHkwfe esa vki ls VDdj ysdj 'kkUr gks x.kx fn.Z ls Hkh dh xbZ gSA foHkh"k.k ij vkrs gSa % . dqMa yksa ls vyaÏr gSA mldk 'kjhj] fxjhjkt fgeky.Z fd.24. v-22.k mldk :i eq>s Hkh Li"V fn[kkbZ ugha nsrkA bl jk{kljkt dk 'kjhj . djds mlus vius fe=ksa dh lgk.k] tSls ygjkrk gqvk leqæ viuh rV Hkwfe rd vkdj 'kkUr gks tkrk gSA bl O.Dra y{k.k dks lpeqp .kA dqy feyk dj og .k }kjk jko.ksx dsoy vius 'k=qvksa ds fo#¼ fd.112.22.k.oa iryh dekuh okyk lqUnj N= 'kksHkk.k] ml le.h] vlR.ksa dks /kS.g cMÛs l'kDr <ax ls mldh miekvksa vkSj rqyukvksa }kjk Li"V gks tkrk gSA bl 'yksd esa jko.Ur mnkj LoHkko dk FkkA mlus lc çdkj ds .g vfXugks=h] osnkUosÙkk rFkk .ksa us igyh ckj . vkxs vk dj foHkh"k.Z ds leku çdkf'kr gks jgk gSAÞ eSa vkidk /.q i'pkr~ foHkh"k.k Fkk] tks Øwj] funZ.kZ pUæek ds leku 'osr .k fd.Z bokoHkkfrAA VI. ga]S tks okLro esa egkurk dh çdV djrs gSAa mlus eqDrgLr .k D.ejkt ds xoZ dks Hkh pwj djus okyk jk{kl gSA nsf[k.k gS] tks Hkwrksa ls f?kjs gq. ÑR.k%A lqO.k ls dgk fd fL=.kvksa dks Kkrk Fks] vius HkkbZ dks ^vkfgrkfXu* dh laKk nsrs gSaA vki lgt gh le> ldrs gS]a og fdruk ifo= Hkh FkkA og osnkUr dk vPNk Kkrk Fkk] çdkaM iafMr FkkA 'kkL=ksDr riL..q¼ ds voljkas ij leLr nsork rFkk bUæ Hkh dHkh bls ihNs u gVk ldsA ogh jko.25 ßftlds Åij iw.s gq. bo nq"çs{kks jf'efHkHkkZfr jko.d fo'oluh.slk lq'kksfHkr gks jgk gS] tSlk nsorkvksa vkSj nkuoksa dk Hkh u gksxkAÞ .ks foHkXuks osykfeoklk| . tkus ds ckn] Jh jke us dsoy n`f"Vikr ls gh vius 'k=q ds Lo:i dks igpku fy. i`-354.k] ozr vuq"Bku esa vf}rh.Z ca/kkvks vkSj vius HkkbZ dk laLdkj djks] fdUrq foHkh"k.ksa dk HkyhHkk¡fr Hkj.eku gS] og jk{kljkt jko.a #ia rstLleko`re~AA nsonkuoohjk.kks jk{kls'oj%AA vkfnR.kA blh le.! .g O. #ænso ds leku lq'kksfHkr gks jgk gSA og flj ij eqdVq /kkj.fe=s"kq p .d frjLÏr ik= ds :i esAa .kyq Lokeh FkkA .k<`'ka jk{klsUs æL.r~ çsrxrL.k mlds fo"k. FkkA ß.adj gSA .ksfr&LrEHk 363 rsbZlok¡ v/.s\ vgks nhIrks egkrstk jko.a foensZ"kq u HkXuiwoZ% lqjS% lesrS% lg oklosuA HkoUreklk| j..ksieHkhedk.k dk rst rks cgqr gh c<Ûk&p<Ûk vkSj nsnhI.s'o.k dh lsuk esa dkSu dkSu gSA vUr esa os Lo.k dh iwjh&iwjh tkudkjh fn.k] ftldk mUgsa o/k djuk gksxkA ml le.fn dksbZ O.Z dh Hkk¡fr 'kksHkk ik jgk gS] bldh vksj ns[kuk Hkh dfBu gSA vk¡[ks pdkpkS/a k gks tkrh gSA rst eaMy ls O.k%A /kukfu fe=s"kq lefiZrkfu oSjk.kIr gksus ds dkj.k Jh jke dks crkrs gSa fd jko."kksfgrkfXu'p egkrik'p osnkUrx% deZlq pkxzîoh.

ugha gSAÞ vc jke dk ckjh vkbZ jko.k vkSj mldh xzho ij tqMÛ x.rs thfor{k.k ijkftr gks tk.k dks vius HkkbZ ds çfr vius vfUre dÙkZO.rka jk?ko% la[.dS%A fNéek=a rq rPNh"k± iqujU.110.A .kf'kjf'Néa la.'kfuladk'kSf'Néa jkes.99.s"B gksus ls og esjk iwT. Hkh ml vuqie .] mldk dVk gqvk flj i`Foh ij fxj iMÛk] ftls rhukas yksdksa ds çkf.kScgZ fq Hk.d vR.k dh ç'kalk djus dhA os foHkh"k.kkLrnkA jkejko.ksfr&LrEHk rsbZlok¡ v/.qD Z rf'kpUr.'k%A 'krØrqe[ q kSnoZs %S Jw.kka iq³[ ~ kikrS'p {kqfHkrk% lIr lkxjk%AA {kqC/kkuka lkxjk.k.k f{kçdkfj.oa czoq Urks nn`'kqLo|q)a jkejko.k flj mRiék gks x.k ds chp .ksx fd.k lk.dksa }kjk jko.q dh xfr Hkh #d xbZ nsork] xU/koZ] fl¼] egf"kZ vkfn] lHkh fpUrk eas iMÛ x.s lc ckrsa mlus dhA og fu'kkpj Hkys gh v/kehZ vkSj vlR.sls i{kksa ds e/.k] HkkbZ ds :i esa esjk 'k=q FkkA .k Hkh d:¡xkA jke vkSj jko.) Zq a lq?kksja jkseg"kZ.k nksua ks i{kksas dh vksj lsA xnkuka eqlykuka p ifj?kk.k x.kekl jk?ko%A VI.ks&a .ks·Lrq yksdkfLr"BLrq 'kk'ork%A t.k.q¼ bruk çpaM Fkk fd lkrksa leqæ fo{kqC/k gks x.s jko.kA bl çdkj lkS ckj mldk flj dkV Mkyk x. Fkk] tks yxHkx .q¼ dks ns[kdj dgus yxs] ßvkdk'k&vkdk'k ds rqY.fr lk.|fi T.sxk D.d eLrd dkV MkykA dfo crkuk pkgrk gS fd rRle.fFkrk% iéxkLlosZ nkuok'p lglz'k%AA pdEis esfnuh ÑRLuk l'kSyoudkuukA HkkLdjks fu"çHk'pklhé ookS pkfi ek:r%AA rrks nsok% lxU/kokZ% fl)k'p ije"kZ.%A fpUrkekisfnjs losZ lfdéjegksjxk%AA LofLr xksckz ã.q¼ ds gh ln`'k gSAÞ Jh jke us dqfir gksj .k] ijUrq 'kh?kz gh u.rs u ijkftr%AA VI.k{ks= esa jko. ls foeq[k u gksus ds fy.k.q¼ dh ijkdk"Bk gSA dfo Hkh fo'okl fnykuk pkgrk gS fd .oknh jgk gks] ijUrq laxkz e esa lnk rstLoh] cyoku rFkk 'kwjohj jgk gSA tc cMÛ&s cMÛs nsorkvksa dh Hkh j.ksX. Fkk] rFkkfi og eq>ls lRdkj ikus .kL.q)euwiee~A xxua xxukdkja lkxj% lkxjksie%AA jkejko. /kuq"kk jke% {kqjek'khfo"kksiee~AA jko.17-31 .æko.rsAA rnI.k ds .kL.) Zq a jkejko.dS%A .k[.] tks tks vL=&'kL= vkSj .oa tiUrks·i'.qxs"kq p fuR.k.Ur jkspd gSA bles jke&jko.ka jk{kls'oje~AA .r~ Le n`'.k] ijUrq nwljk mRiék gks x.Ur 'kfDr'kkyh ck.ks.kA Jh jke us vius nsk rhu lk.slk ugha yxrk Fkk fd jko.k ls VDdj gqbAZ og dHkh Hkkxk ugha] u gh ijkftr gqvkA bUæ vkfn nsork Hkh bldks ijkftr u dj lds FksAÞ vc eSa ewy laLÏr esa .] gTÛkkjksa ikrky fuoklh Hkh O.a jko.k flj mRiék gks x.oesd'kra fNéa f'kjlka rqY.Z dh çHkk Hkh yqIr gks xbZ vkSj ok.ke~AA xU/kokZIljlka l³~xk n`"V~ok .kUrks n`'.So ln`'ka pkU.aLrs nsokLlf"kZx.fFkr gks mBs] lkjh /kjrh dk¡i mBhA es?kksa ls vkPNkfnr lw.q¼ eas fot.k dk nwljk flj Hkh dkV MkykA mlds dVrs gh iqu% .kA fdUrq] mls Hkh jke us lk.kasfd og bruk 'kfDr'kkyh Fkk vkSj jke ds led{k gh FkkA vc os lc feydj çkFkZuk djus yxs] ßJh jke .kka p ikrkyryokflu%A O.k flj mx vkrk FkkA mlds thou dk uk'k gksus ds fy. gh gS] leqæ&leqæ ds gh leku gS] rFkk jke vkSj jko.{kks]a fdékjksa vkSj xU/koks± us ns[kkA fdUrq] rRdky] tgk¡ og flj Fkk] ogk¡ oSlk gh u.kka dhfrZo/kZue~ %A lU/kk.opZlke~AA u pSo jko.364 jkek.ksH.d&nwljs ds ln`'k gS] rhljk vkSj dksbZ ughaAÞ xU/koZ vkSj vIljkvksa ds leqnk.s ml le.k NksMÛk vkSj mlds }kjk mldk nl esa ls .k.114.g ugha tkurk fd . 365   vfgr esa layXu jgus okyk esjk HkkbZ] jko.d va'k çLrqr djrk gw¡] og vR.d u.kkAA f}rh.kZu gSA eSa bldk iwjk vuqokn u dj] mls ekSfyd :i esa ns jgk gw¡] vkSj dgha&dgha O.k ds T..k ijkLr gksA gjsd . f'kjks·fPNUnPNªheTtofyrdq.q¼ dk o.Mye~A rfPNj% ifrra HkwekS n`"Va yksdfS L=fHkLrnkAA rL.ksfRFkra f'kj%A rfR{kIra f{kçgLrsu jkes.h gksa vkSj jko.ks.q¼ ds lk/ku miyC/k Fks] mu lc dk mi.ksfjoA .s le>krs gSa % v/kekZur ` la.D q r% dkea Ros"k fu'kkpj%AA rstLoh oyok´'kwj% la.g laxkz e nks .k ds vfUre .s mlds eLrdksa dk vUr rks gksrk gh u FkkA rnuUrj Jh jke] vusd çdkj ds vL=&'kL= ls lqlfTtr gksus ij Hkh] bl çdkj] fpUrkeXu gks x.100 ßeSa .A .g laxkz e okLro esa bl .dksa }kjk dkV fn.sA rr% lokZL=fo}hj% dkSlY.ke~AA rr% Øq)ks egkckgw j?kw.kL.d cjkcj Fks vkSj blhfy.kuUno/kZu%AA ekxZ.kka p fu%LouS%A 'kjk.

q¼ esa brus rYyhu Fks fd mUgas fdlh ckr dk /.ksx djds egkfuæk ls txk.k%AA Jks=s pkl´t.dk% losZ .k djus okys vL= dsoy ç.kkfu pAA gkja p 'kf'kladk'kekccU/k egkReu%A fnO. esa mnkj gksuk pkfg.a bUæ }kjk çf'kf{kr Fks] jke dks dqN .kA og laxkz e lkjh jkr pyrk jgkA .s Hkh fojke u gqvkA jke dh .ku u FkkA mUgsa .SLrq [kjks .31 jko.adj :i /kkj.k¡ fijks.s fojk/kLrq dcU/kks n. tks mfpr vkSj vko'.kA jko.k dh egkurk] mldh 'kfDr dk ifj.rk ls ihNs ugha gVw¡xkA eSa rqEgkjs i{k esa .g .ha vkSj nksuksa dkuksa esa dqMa y Hkh iguok fn.S% lkyk fxj.ku vk.k] ftudh fo"k.k djuk gh fgrdj gksxkA dqEHkd.q)s çkR.kZ :i ls [kahpdj ml eeZHksnh ck.kksa dh vko'.. 367   ekjhpks fugrks .kZ dks vR.slh lc dykvksa esa n{k FkkA tc dqEHkd.kA bl le.k us Hkh dqfir gksdj Jh jke dks xnk vkSj ewlyksa ls ihfMÛr djuk vkjEHk dj fn.k] og Fkk ijke'kZ nsukA tSls igys eUnksnjh vkSj foHkh"k.ka ..q¼ ds fy.kfu p lqxU/khfu ekY.kHkwf"kr%AA dqEHkd.ksa ns jgs gks\ bl le.k .k gks ldrk gS\Þ :i esa mlus Nqvk FkkA vc eSa nks 'kCn bl fo"k. esa dcU/k dks lekIr fd.ss esjs lk.kA mUgksua s cMÛs .kZ fn'kk.kksZ c`gRd.kZ dks ltk fn.kÑrkUrjke~AA vkccU/k egkrstk% dqEHkd.kksa dh veks?krk ij fo'okl dj fy.31-33 ßeSaus ftu ck. ls Jh jke dh Lrqfr.kksa dh >MÛh yxk nhA rc jFk ij fojkteku jko.AÞ jke .d gks] ogh djksAÞ mÙkj esa dqEHkd.k%A ØkS´pkj.q¼ d:¡xk vkSj viuh lEiw.k gks vk.kksa ls dqEHkd.A bl çdkj .k³~xyhos"Vku~ ojk.Ru ds lkFk /kuq"k dk iw.k vkSj f=yksd ds 'k=q dk uk'k gqvkA jko.kA vFkklukr~ leqRiR.g lkspus dk le.d HkkbZ dks] tks dqN djuk mfpr gS] ogh eSa d:¡xkA rqeus tks dqN fd.kZ ds xys esa iguk nhA vPNs vPNs vkHkw"k.k bokcHkkSAA VI.k /kkj.s Hkxoku bl çdkj fpUrkxzLr gksus ij Hkh Jh jke us jko.k viuk dke iw.k dj fy.q¼ u jkr dks can gksrk u fnu esAa .q¼ esa fot.s czãL= dk ç.ksx dhft.kZ djds iqu% jke ds rjdl esa okil vk x.A lkjs vaxksa esa vkHkw"k.nkekfu jko.k ds T.k Øks/k esa Hkj x.dk eeA fdarq rRdkj. lzta ef. esa dguk pkgw¡xk] fdl çdkj og vius yksxksa ls fuLladksp vkSj LokehHkfDr vkSj lg.d] vkt jko.k gS]a rks mu yksxkssa ls Js"B lg.k] vusd ckj laxkz e esa ftu ck. og f=yksdh dks ukius ds fy.k x.kZ jko.¡ çlék gks xbZ] muesa çdk'k Nk x.ksx ikus esa l{ke FkkA blds fy.s] viuk .kZ% lqgr q ks·fXufjokcekS%A lokZHkj.kksa esa vkReleiZ. gh u Fkk fd bl volj ij D..k¡] ftudks .A rRi'pkr~ nsorkvksa dks cMÛh 'kkfUr feyh vkSj muds eq[.k us vius vklu ls mBdj . Lusgo'k .k] naMdkj.k] vkdk'k fueZy gks x.f. okuj fot.k dks ekjk] ØkSapou ds xïs esa fojk/k dk o/k fd.kksa ls ekjhp vkSj [kj&nw"k.k dks jko.k ls cksyk] ßeSa vdsyk gh . tc og vkxs c<Ûk] ml le.k ds ikl igq¡p dj mlus igyk dke tks fd.s fof'k"V xq.s tkÅ¡xkAÞ jko.kn fnykrs gq.k] lkyo`{k vkSj ioZrksa dks {kqC/k dj fn..kZL.kas bl jk{kl dk vuqlj.h gqbZ Fkha] og dqEHkd.366 jkek.g çdj. dks lqudj jke dks czãL= dk Lej.k] rks jko.A .k dj jgs gSAa tks vL= og pykrk gS] mlds fuokj.kZ 'kfDr] vius dkS'ky vkSj cy dk ç.kHkj.q¼ us cMÛk Hk.ksfr&LrEHk rsbZlok¡ v/.k djuk mfpr gSA ekrfy dks bl loZJ"s B mik.65.ks¼k ds .jw fu"dkHkj.drk gksrh gSA tc vius vuqpjksa ls fdlh çdkj dh çkIr lgk.f/kd ?kksj ç.k dg pqds Fks] mlus Hkh dgk fd mls Jh jke ds pj.kA fofHkék vaxksa ij lqxfU/kr Qwyksa dh ekyk.k djds gkFk esa 'kwy fy.k dks i`Foh ij iMÛk ns[kdj vo'ks"k fu'kkpj Lokeh ds ekjs tkus ij Hk. jke ds dku esa dqN dgk] ßohjoj! vki vutku dh rjg D.ku)k³~x% 'kwyikf.ksx ek= jg tkrs gSAa vki blds o/k ds fy..fn mudh ç'kalk esa vki Ïi. dq.k gS] os gh .k. gSA bldk dkj.q LokHkkfod xfr ls pyus yxh vkSj lw.k] i`Foh dk dk¡iuk cUn gqvk] ok.sa Hkh c¡/kok.kZ cksyk] ßrqEgkjh tSlh bPNk gks] ogh djksA bl le.25-29.d {k.k x.ksx dh vk'kk u j[ksAa jko.kekl Jherh pkL.k ij fuLrst vkSj dqfa Br gks x..ks eUnrstl%AA VI 110.MysA dk´puk³~xnds.k D.Z dh çHkk fLFkj gks xbZA blds lkFk gh lekIr gksrk gS] .k us tc vius HkkbZ ls .k%A vaxnkU.kl djus ds fy.kZ dh .k vkSj mlus Jh jke dk lq>ko fn.k gS] mldk leFkZu eSa ugha djrkA fQj Hkh eSa rqEgkjh lgk.g ckr lqudj jko.k dk o/k djds og ck.rk dh ljkguk djuh gks] rks Lokeh dks 'kCnksa ds O.d lksus dh ekyk] ftlds chp&chp esa ef.kZ dk Hkjld ç.su s jko.k vkSj cksyk] ßrqe eq>s mins'k D.kA mlds okD.qDr] lk/kqokn dh /ofu lqukbZ nsus yxhA lEiw.kA egk.k dh Nkrh ij ck.Hkhr gksdj Hkkx x.y{eh ls lq'kksfHkr gksdj vR. gksrh u ns[kdj] nsojkt ds lkjfFk] ekrfy us] tks Lo.kke vkSj os Åpkb. dk /.q¼ dk vUr gks x.Ruksa vkSj fofp= lk/kuksa dk ç.k% l jk{kl%AA f=foØeÑrksRlkgks ukjk.k.d egku .SLrq lnw"k.d gkj mlds xys esa iguk fn.Ur g"kZ vkSj mYykl ls Hkj x.ks HkXuk okyh p {kqfHkrks·Ecqf/k%AA r bes lk. oLrq Fkh] jko. jko.k ij pyk fn.sls çksRlkgd 'kCn lqu]s rks mlus dqEHkd.MdkousAA .k ds fy.ksx rqEgkjs i{k esa gh d:¡xkAÞ vius fo'kky 'kwy dks gkFk esa ysdj dqEHkd.

s e`R.d Hkh"k.k jgs] ekjhp .2 ßjktu~! fç.|fi mldk nqHkkZX.37.k ds fy.kZ dh rqyuk ukjk.k laxkz e ds i'pkr~ jke ds }kjk ekjk x.] . lcls c<Ûdj lgkjk nsus okys gksAÞ jko.g ns[kdj lqxhz o us egksnj ij vkØe. 369   okeu ds leku tku iMÛ jgk FkkA j. lR.o] jko.s rqEgkjs vfrfjDr fdldks [kkst¡w\ bl nq%[k dh voLFkk esa rqe gh esjs fy.% Jqfr&e/kqj cksy gh cksyrs gS]a mudh x. rd pyrk fojks/k vusd eksMÛ ysrk gSA vkjEHk ls vUr rd jko.a j.k gS fd jko.k^ ds mikfUre pj.k{ks= esa vius lsukifr }kjk vyaÏr gksus ij dqEHkd.L.k fdlh ifjfLFkfr esa fdadÙkZO.d ?kksj laxkz e ds ckn egksnj lqxhz o }kjk ekjk x.kuk rks lgòksa esa gksxhA fdUrq .k vo'.] rks vkSjksa dk vUr rks fuf'pr gh FkkA ijUrq] os lc çlékrkiwod Z e`R.k mls crkrk gS fd jke us [kj&nw"k.k us dgk] ßesjs fo'oluh.k esa Hkh] vius .d lsukifr [kks jgk gS] fQj Hkh og fuHkhZd vkSj vijkftr MVk jgkA dqEHkd.q¼ ds vfUre pj. rRij FksA .k] Hkkjh ladV ds ckotwn Hkh] Lokeh ds fy..qDr ijke'kZ dh vko'.s] fdUrq mldh ckr lquus okyk mlls Hkh nqyHZ k gSAÞ rRi'pkr~ ekjhp jko.ksx fdl çdkj djrk gSA ekjhp mlds fo#¼ ukS lxks± esa rdZ&fordZ djrk gS vkSj yEcs le.ks¼k voekU. .k vius eUrO.Ur vHkkxs gksrs gSAa os vius vuqpjksa vkSj efU=.368 jkek.. Hkoku~ fg ijek xfr%AA III.ks¼k ds eu esa .foew<Û ugha gqvkA .kZ . Hkh fd mldk loZuk'k fudV gS vkSj og . pje lhek ij igq¡p pqdk Fkk] mlus fQj Hkh fdl çdkj . ijke'kZ dks vLohdkj dj nksAÞ lqyHkk% iq:"kk jktu~ fç. ij tek jgk vkSj ekjhp ds pkrq.iZ . esjh vk'kk rqEgkjs Åij voyfEcr gSA rqe bl ijkt.s ½f"k jktk n'kjFk ds ikl x.h gks x.k us vius thou esa .36. u Hkh yxsAa ßpkgs .q¼ dyk esa fo'okfe= }kjk çf'kf{kr gSAa .A eSa gh igyk O.d ikxyiu dk v/.k] og Lo.s osru nsrs gSAa ijUrq tc jktk ladVxzLr gks tkrs gS]a rks mUgsa okLro esa mi. gh .k.k vkfn pkSng gtkj jk{klksa lfgr fouk'k dj Mkyk vkSj cfgu 'kwi.q dk vkfyaxu djus ds fy.Z k[kk dks ukd&dku dkV dj foæwi dj fn.kA Lej.k FkkA tc jko. gksus ij Hkh fgrdj ckr dgus okys vkSj lquus okys nksuksa gh nqyHZ k gSAa Þ jktk yksx fo'ks"kdj vR.fDr cu x.k us mls euk fy.q dk vkfyaxu djus ds fy.g fn[kkuk gS fd jko.k us fgEer ugha gkjhA og . l[kk! bl ?kksj ladV ds le.d vfuPN vuqpj] ekjhp ij Hkh vius ukukfo/k pkrq.d ckj vfç.d ..kA vusd jk{kl .sls yksx] tks çk.g Hkkouk lapfjr dh fd ekuks .kl djrk gSA og dgrk gS] ßeq>s yxrk gS rqEgkjs fudV dksbZ u dksbZ .kA mUgksaus jke dks lc çdkj ds vL=&'kL= çnku fd.kA ijUrq] ejrs le..k ij vkrs gSaA vius lc cMÛs&cMÛs .ks¼kvksa ds [kksus ij Hkh jko. oDrk Jksrk p nqyHZ k%AA III.g tkurs gq. opu cksyus okys O. ls fopfyr ugha gqvkA vUrr% jko. dks fot.krk FkhA .rk djksAÞ ekjhp ijke'kZ }kjk mls bl dk.kZ vkSj bUæftr /kjk'kk.q¼ dk iwjk Hkkj mlh ds dU/kksa ij vkfJr gksA egksnj us vius Lokeh dh vkKk ls çsfjr gksdj vius ijkØe }kjk okuj lsuk dk lagkj vkjEHk dj fn.ksa dks vPNh lsok çkIr djus ds fy. u FksA u gh os nSR.fDr gS] tks rqEgkjh le`f¼ ls tyrk gS vkSj rqe mldk fo'okl djrs gksA ij og rqEgkjk fouk'k djuk pkgrk gSA esjh ckr ekuks] mlds fn.fDr fey Hkh tk.K esa lgk.k ls djrs gSAa dfo dh n`f"V esa .g bl O.r% ekurs gSAa os dsoy viuh 'kfDr ds nq#i.Z dk ç.d /keZijk. esa cny ldrs gksA ohj! vkt rqe Hkh viuk ijkØe fn[kkvks vkSj 'k=q dk o/k djks vkSj yadk dk cpkvksAÞ eSua s .kA . dgus okyk O.q dks çkIr gq.slh ckr dgrs gS]a tks dsoy Åij ls gh vPNh yxsA okLrfod fgrdj ijke'kZ ugha fn.Z ls jksdus dk ç.fDr fojyk gh gksxk] tks fgrdj opu cksy]s pkgs og lquus okys dks fç.k vius . rRij jgrs FksA vr.d .1 ßrkr! bl le.k bl n`f"V ls Hkh egku Fkk fd mldk çHkko vius vuqpjksa ij çcy FkkA os gj {k.L.rkFkZ Hkstus ij jkTÛkh dj fy.fDr jgk gksxkA bl va'k dk vfHkçk.kA . p iF.] bUæftr tSlk .k dks vkichrh lqukrk gSA ßeq>s Jh jke ds ckgqcy dk vuqHko gks pqdk gS] og Hkh tc os dsoy iUæg o"kZ ds gh FksA jke .okfnu%A vfç.slk O.s eSa Hkh mldh iRuh lhrk dks cyiwod Z gj ys tkuk pkgrk gw¡A rqe bl dk.s Fks vkSj mUgksua s muds iq= dks .k.k O.q¼ esa e`R.d ds ckn .q¼ tkjh j[kus ds i{k esa gh jgkA tc lc dqN u"V gks x.k ekjhp ds ikl tkdj cksyk % vkrks·Z fLe ee pkrZL. rd mldk eukscy cgqr Å¡pk FkkA blls irk pyrk gS fd jko.kZ ?kh }kjk çTTofyr vfXu ds leku ped jgk FkkA dfo dqEHkd.g va'k .ks¼k HkhA vc ge ^jkek. vkjEHk fd.k tkrkA .Z esa esjh lgk.q¼ dh ykylk esa Hkh fdruh nhokuxh gksrh gSA tc jko.ksx ds nks"kh FksA dqEHkd.k ds T.k Fkk vkSj oLrqr% og .ksfr&LrEHk rsbZlok¡ v/.dkUroklh riLoh gks x.&nkuo Fks] tSlk fd ge lkekU.k{ks= esa mifLFkr gqvkA .g fn[kkus ds fy. os yksx fuHkhZd gksdj vius Lokeh dks fgrdj ijke'kZ nsus ds ctk.slk O.fDr ds LoHkko dh foy{k.k fd.k vkSj mlls viuk euksjFk fl¼ djok fy.k] jko.k us eqMÛdj ns[kk] mldh n`f"V ikl esa [kMÛs egksnj ij iMÛh vkSj jko.fDr gw¡] .d egku O.kA ßbldk cnyk ysus ds fy.s fn.w kZ rdks± ls Hkh vius mís'.k vUr esa .rhr djus vkSj ?kksj ladV Hkqxrus ds dkj.drk gksrh gSA ml le.fDr rks loZ= lqyHk gksrs gSAa ijUrq] vfç.s jk{kl .d nq'pfj= thou O. eSa cgqr nq%[kh gw¡ vkSj bl d"V fuokj.

k gw¡A tks viuk dY.kksa dk igyk ç.k nks"k gS vkSj D.rsA ukfHkuUnfr ræktk ekukgksZ ekuoftZre~AA III.kfe jfgrs jk{klkf/kiAA n`"V~ok LoIuxra jkeeqnH~ kzekfe fopsru%A jdkjnhfu ukekfu jke=LrL.k ds T.kstuk dk igyk lq>ko fn.sxa hAÞ .kr~A ijikiSfoZu'. djus esa eSsa rqels iwNrk fd blesa D.k¡ Hkh liks± ds lkFk u"V gks tk.k x.370 jkek.s]a rks os Hkh nwljksas ds ikiksa ds dkj.s] rc jke dh vkokTÛk dh udÛy djrs gq.26 cgo% lk/koks yksds .k xq.k Hkhr% i'. jke gh fn[kkbZ nsrs gS]a tks eq>s ik'k/kkjh . ^gk y{e.d cgqr cMÛs ljksoj esa .kfe jko.kstukvksa esa myVQsj djus esa fdruk dq'kkxz cqf¼ FkkA jko.Hkhr gqvk gTÛkkjksa jkeksa vkSj vius lkeus [kMÛk ikrk gw¡A . tkuus ds fy.k .g n'kkZrk gS .] tks loZFkk vuqdy w ] e/kqj] mÙke] fgrdj vkSj vknj ls .g gSA ekjhp ls okrkZyki djus ds le. fofu'p.fUr esA III.kAA jkeHkwrfena loZej.A jke mldks idMÛus ds fy. 371   ftlds fo#¼ jke dks yk.k djds lhrk ds lEeq[k bBykdj Vgyus yxs] ftlls lhrk jke dks mldk ihNk djus ds fy.k mu O.d nq"V O.fDr] tks nqjkpkj esa ço`Ùk gksrk gS] mlds dkj.k dkS'ky dk çn'kZu djrk gSA mlus] tks ekjhp dks viuh .k x. phRdkj djsA blls Li"V gksrk gS fd jko.qDra p oDrO. çdV djs vkSj og Hkh gkFk tksMÛdj cMÛh uezrk ds lkFkA jktk ds lkeus .% ikilaJ.ksa ds lalxZ eas vk tk.k x.fn liZ gksa vkSj yksx mu liks± dks ekjuk pkgs]a rks ljksoj esa fuokl djus okyh cgqr lh cspkjh eNfy.ks olq/kkf/ki%AA lkoen± rq .k lgòksa yksxksa dks nq%[k Hkksxuk iMÛrk gSA dsoy nqjkpkjh gh vdsyk d"V ugha ikrkAÞ Jh jke ds fo"k. çrhr gks jgk gSA tc eSa .k Fkk vkSj esjs gh Åij muds ck. gS] rks rqEgsa .eku gks tkrk gSA o`{ks o`{ks p i'. jko.k opu gh lquuk ilUn djrs gS] u fd fgrdj opuA og ekjhp ls dBksj ok.k gS] bldh flf¼ esa dkSu lh ck/kk gS vkSj bldh flf¼ dk dkSu lk mik.g okrkZyki jko.kZ opu dk vfHkuUnu ugha dj ldrkAÞ /.fDr.dkUr eas cSBrk gw¡] rc eq>s jke ds n'kZu gksrs s gSAa lius esa Hkh jke dks ns[kdj eSa mn~HkzkUr vkSj vpsr gksdj mB cSBrk gw¡A eSa rks jke ls bruk Hk.kh esa dgrk gS % nks"ka xq.a ok dk.eçfrdwya rq e`niq ow ± fgra 'kqHke~A mipkjs.k.k ukxâns .Ru djrk gSA ßbl lalkj esa .qDr /keZ dk ikyu djus okys cgqr ls lk/kq iq#"k Hkh bl txr esa nwljksa ds vijk/k ds dkj.slk vusd ckj gksrk gSA .13 ßmi. esa vius iwoZ vuqHko ds vk/kkj ij og jko.ejkt ds leku çrhr gksrs gSAa eSa Hk.kstuk esa lq/kkj fd.k us bl .Z ds fu.kZ Hkk"kk esa .d o`{k esa phj] dkyk e`x&peZ vkSj /kuq"k /kkj.Hkhr gw¡ fd jke vkSj jdkjkRed 'kCn esjs dku esa iMÛrs gh eSa Hk.k dks viuh /kqu esa yhu ikdj] og mldks le>kus dk ç.qDr gksA jktk rks lEeku dk Hkw[kk gksrk gSA mldh ckr dk [kaMu djds vk{ksiiw.ksfr&LrEHk rsbZlok¡ v/.kZu bl çdkj djrk gSA jke ds fpUru ek= ls og dEik.14-18 ßvc eq>s .k gSA jke us tks ml ij çHkko NksMÛk] og mldk o.Hkhr gks mBrk gw¡] pkgs os ^jRu* .ku nsus dh ckr .ZL.kksa esa jko. mldk ihNk djsxa ]s tc nksuksa cgqr nwj fudy tk.ksa esa ls gS] tks lq[k&Jo.qDrk /keZeuqf"Brk%A ijs"kkeijk/ksu fou"Vk% lifjPNnk%AA III.d&.k] og .slh ckr dguh pkfg.k ^jFk* gh gksAÞ vc dfo . bPNsnHkwfrekReu%AA okD.FkkAA III.40.fn bl dk.k! gk lhrs!^ dgrs gq. dgsA ijUrq] dqN gh {k. tkuus ds fy.k fd.qik.kkftukEcje~AA x`ghr/kuq"ka jkea ik'kgLrfeokUrde~A vfi jkelglzkf.39.k pkgrk gks] ml cqf¼eku eU=h dks mfpr gS fd og jktk ls mlds iwNus ij gh viuk vfHkçk.38. fgj.k.k dk dksbZ mYys[k ugha fd. euk djrk gSA og dgrk gS % vdqoUZ rks·fi ikikfu 'kqp.k dks vijk/k djus ds fy.s] rks og dHkh Hkh vieku iw.8-11 ß.slh ckr dguh pkfg.}kD.kZ.g lkjk ou gh eq>s jkee.d lqlfTtr Lo.k vius foy{k.kAA jRukfu p jFkk'pSo fo=kla tu.a okI.. FkhA eSa rks rqEgsa dsoy viuk dke djus dks dg jgk gw¡] vkSj bl lEcU/k esa rqEgkjh jk.k dk :i /kkj.k gw¡] vkSj bl lEcU/k esa rqEgkjh jk.fn fgrdj opu Hkh dgk tk.k ifjokj lfgr u"V gks tkrs gSAa tks yksx vkpkj&fopkj ls 'kq¼ gSa vkSj vijk/k ugha djrs] os .. ugha vk.k FkkAÞ bl o`ÙkkUr esa y{e.k u"V gks tkrs gSAa tSls .ksx fd.kA ekjhp lhrk ds lEeq[k tkdj mudk eu gj ys vkSj muds eu esa mldks çkIr djus dh rhoz bPNk tkxzr dj ns vkSj fQj nwj Hkkx tk.fUr eRL.ka ok lai"` VLroesoa oDrqegZflA vik.a ekjhp fgreqP.kZe.k viuh .fn ikfi.sAA lai"` Vsu rq oDrO. ugha vk.a lfposu foif'prkA m|rk´tfyuk jkKks . jko.41.k dks dSlk yxrk gS] tc dHkh dksbZ voj mlls nks Vwd [kjh&[kjh ckr djrk gSA Li"V gS fd jko.kL.kfe phjÑ".a çfrHkfr esA jkeeso fg i'.g Fkk fd og .

rPNkS.g dk.qDr /keZ dk vuq"Bku djus okys cgqr ls lk/kq iq#"k Hkh nwljksa ds vijk/k ds dkj.k FkkA ekjhp Hkh ogh 'kCn dgrk gS] ßokLro esa ftu yksxksa dh vk.Mh.k ds T.kAA u psRdjksf"k ekjhp gfUe Rokege| oSA .s] lhrk dks vius gkFk esa ysdj] ÏrkFkZ gksdj yadk dks ykSV tkÅ¡xkA .k FkkAÞ ””” . lqlaf'y"Vfena opueczohr~AA .5. fn[kkdj mls iqu% le>kus dk ç.% .k vkSj bl çdkj dgk % çâ"VLRoHkoÙksu opusu l jko.L.k R.ksa ds dkj.ksfr&LrEHk 373 pkSchlok¡ v/.k us /kedh nh] ßekjhp! .kl fd.fn og dksbZ xÛyrh djrk gS] rks mlds dkj.k u"V gks tkrs gSAa .k os Hkh d"V Hkksxrs gSAa Þ mPp vf/kdkj ds in ij vlhu gksus ij] pkgs uSfrd vk/kkj ij vFkok 'kfDr ds vk/kkj ij] u dsoy mlds nqjkpkj ds dkj.oa ÑRok fRona dk.372 jkek.k Fkk] tc mlus jko. ls yxk fy.fr bruh cyoku gSAÞ .a es cynkfi dfj".Fks"Va xPN jk{klA jkT.slk phRdkj djds] y{e.Z rqEgsa vo'.fn rqe lger u gq.   jko.6 ß.38.k dks cMÛh çlékrk gqbAZ mlus mls dl dj ân.k nwljs yksxksa dks d"V Hkksxuk iMÛrk gS] vfirq mldh Hkwyks]a uhfr.fDr lÙkk ds mPp in ij vklhu gS] vusd yksx mldk vuqdj.Z ls bUdkj djksx]s rks eSa rqEgsa ekj Mkyw¡xkAÞ tc jko.ksfa d vc rqe esjh bPNk ds vuqdy w gks x.q¼ fd.k%A ifj"oT.k dh psrkouh dk mYys[k fd.gh gksxk] eSa jke ds ck.frAA VI.26 ßekjhp] ^gk y{e.kA mi.42.k }kjk vius çk.fDr dHkh lq[kh ugha jg ldrkA esjh voKk djds rqe cp ugha ldrsAÞ jko.23. rqEgs vk/kk jkT.k djrs gS]a vknj djrs gSa vkSj vkKk dk ikyu djrs gSAa .fn rqe esjs dk.k Hkh gTÛkkjksa yksxksa dks nq%[k Hkksxuk iMÛrk gSA çk.k/k± çnkL.Hkhr gksdj] nq%[kh ekjhp us dgk] ßpyks pys]a ejuk rks eq>s gS ghA vPNk rks .Zeo'.k dk R.40.k dks vfUre ckj le>kdj vkSj mlds u ekuus ij dBksj opu dgdj] ml fu'kkpj jkt ls Hk.kfe ekjhp ro lqor z AA çkI.] rks vHkh rqEgsa ekj Mkyw¡xkA esjk .g rqeus ohjrk dh ckr dgh gS D.7 ß.g dk.Z% lg Ro.fn .Z.k dks lhrk ds ikl ls nwj gVk dj esjk jkLrk lkQÛ dj nsukA bl çdkj esjs bl dk.Rok rq jk?koe~A y³~dka çfrxfe". nw¡xkA jke dks /kks[kk nsdj] fcuk . rqe okLro esa ekjhp gksA igys rqeesa fdlh nwljs jk{kl dk vkos'k gks x.± ..k.slh çfrdwy vkKk nh] rc ekjhp us fu'kad gksdj ml jk{kl dks dBksj opu dgs vkSj fouk'k dk Hk.k] gk lhrk!* .ksx djds Hkh rqe ls .q¼ dkaM esa jke dgrs gSa % .kx fd.k gksxk] eSua s foHkh"k.kfe Ñrdk.q lekIr gks tkrh gS] os thou ds vUrdky esa lqânksa dh dgh gqbZ fgrdj ckr Hkh ugha ekursA fu. lhrke.Z djok ldrk gw¡A jktk ds çfrdwy pyus okyk O.ksa vkSj xÛyfr. gksA bl le.flAA jkKks fg çfrdwyLFkks u tkrq lq[kes/krsAA III.ks fu'kkpj%AA III.25.k us jktk ds :i esa mls .d O.k dqya rsu fou'.D q ra rs ePNUnkfno Hkkf"kre~A bnkuhfefl ekjhp% iwoZeU.dks fg dq:rs iia dkyik'ko'ka xr%A uhpsukRekipkjs. djuk iMÛxs kA eSa cyç.rRdk.kx nw¡AÞ ekjhp ds bl opu ls jko.slk gh ns[kus esa vkrk gSA vkidks Lej.q)u s o´pf.Z dks lEiék djds] tgk¡ rqEgkjh bPNk gks pys tkukA eSa blds fy.

nokIra e.60 ßHkæs! rqEgkjh bPNk u gksus ij Hkh jko.|fi uydqcjs dk 'kki l'kDr vkSj fo'kq¼ Fkk] mldk çHkko rRdkyhu ugha gqvkA dkj.kA jEHkk us bldh f'kdk.kA blh dkaM esa mlds ckjs esa . 'kdyhHkfork rnkAA JqRok rq l n'kxzhoLra 'kkia jkseg"kZ.k x.k . L=h ds çfr nq"deks± ds dkj.h fL=.k djus okys gS]a rc mlus vius vU.slh ckrsa dgh] ml le.% çhfrekiq% lokZ% ifrozrk%AA VII.slk dgk tkrk gS] .% LoLFkk% iq"io`f"V% iikr pA VII 24.59.k] ftlesa mlds HkkbZ] iq= vkSj vU.ku fn.s fd nsokaxukvksa vkSj vIljkvksa us Hkh mls 'kki fn.k gh bl nqcfqZ ¼ dk o/k gksxkAÞ mu Js"B lrh&lk/oh ukfj.kA vdkek rsu .ksa ds lkFk je.ksa ls leqfpr lykg nsus dk vkxzg fd.k.r uydqcjs ls dh vkSj bl ij uydqcjs us cMÛk Hk. gesa mÙkj dkaM esa tkuk gksxk] .a fd³~fpnkReu%A fpjaoÙ` ka rnk[.jkek.kstu fd. mlds vUr%iqj esa cgqr lh ifrozrk fL=.k% Ïrk Hk.fn os vkukdkuh djrha] rks og muij cykRdkj djrkA vius bl vkpj.s·H.ksa ls jksd fn.skf"kre~A ew/kkZ rq lIr/kk rL.k dk mÙkj bl çdkj Fkk % egkik'oZ fucks/k Roa jgL.A .k gSA vr.k ds L=h tkfr ls lEcU/kksa ds fo"k.d ?kksj ikrdh cu x.k iqjkAA firkegL. 375  .k¡ ct mBha vkSj ogk¡ iq"io"kkZ gksus yxhA tc .kA jko.kA foHkh"k.s .g Fkk fd jko.k FkkA tc og feyu LFky dh vksj vxzlj gks jgh Fkh] ekxZ esa jko. jko.k dh ckr u eku dj] jko.k x.rs nqefZ roZ/ke~A lrhfHkoZjukjhfHkjsoa okD.fr .k djrk vkSj muds lrhRo dk lEeku ugha djrkA blfy.slk ugha yxrk fd bl 'kki us mls viuh vuSfrd xfrfof/k.Leknso ijD.frAA 374 pkSchlok¡ v/.k vc eSa jko. esa ppkZ d:¡xkA bUgha ds dkj.d gS fd mlds pfj= ds bl igyw ij iwjk&iwjk /.ku)A czãk jke dks crkrs gSa % uydqcsj ds 'kki }kjk eSaus bl çdkj ßuydwcsj'kkiu j{kk pkL.d vU.k dh vftZr riL.g jksekapdkjh 'kki lquk] mlus vius dks u pkgus okyh fL=.kA ml le.k 'kki cMÛk fç.g uhp fu'kkpj ijk..ksa ds lkFk cykRdkj djuk NksMÛ fn. lHkklnksa dh lEefr ek¡xhA egkik'oZ us lhrk ij cykRdkj djus dk lq>ko fn.ka ukdkekeqi.A guqeku ds yadk ls ykSVus ij Jh jke dh vkKkuqlkj okuj lsuk us çLFkku dj leqæ rV ij iMÛko Mky fn.k mldk loZuk'k gqvkA vr.kA mlus mlds lkSUn.kL.sxa As Þ tc jko.qnhfjrsAA usnnq UZq nqHk.k gksA .kL.k us rqe ij cykRdkj fd.ksfr&LrEHk 374  pkSchlok¡ v/.klq jers jk{klk/ke%AA rLek}S L=hÑrsuoS çkIL.kkeæk{kekdk'ks·fXuf'k[kkfeoAA * ns[kas egkHkkjr ou (jkeksik[.k FkkA tc jko.g tkuus ds fy.nk ádkeka dkekrksZ /k"kZf.k.kstu fd.20-22 ß.55.eZ k.k ugha fd.qorheU.k FkkA tc Hkh volj feyrk] og fL=.A blds fy.k Fkk vkSj ftUgksua s mldks vkReleiZ.k x.k ls mlus vius fo#¼ 'k=q cuk fy.g 'kki mPpkfjr gqvk] vkdk'k esa vkuUn euk.k Fkk] mu lcdks uydqcjs dk fn. ds fy.kÞ fL=.ksa us tc .k fey x.fn og dkeihfMÛr gksdj u pkgus okyh L=h ij cykRdkj djsxk] rks rRdky mlds eLrd ds lkr VqdMÛs gks tk.k tk.k dj ldrk FkkA bl çlax dk fooj.k] mlds vius gh 'kCnksa es]a mlds fo#¼ çekf.k fuf/k bruh foiqy Fkh fd og mldk dqN Hkkx nsdj igys dh rjg vkpj.qorh ls] tks mls pkgrh u gks] lekxe ugha dj ldsxkA .kA .jksp.Z ij eksfgr gksdj ml ij cykRdkj dj fn. Hkoua xPNUrha iqf´tdLFkyke~A p´pw. lEcU/kh mifLFkr Fks vkSj Hkkoh dÙkZO.d lHkk dk vk.kd ekuk tkuk pkfg.s fd fdl çdkj og vius thou ds vkjEHk esa gh . efU=.kas dh j{kk dhA .". yxkA os lc çlék gqb]Z os vk'oLr gks xbaZ fd mudk lrhRo lqjf{kr jgsxk] tc rd os Lo.a mldks vfiZr u djsAa ijUrq .ksa dks muds laj{kdksa ls TÛkcjnLrh Nhu ysrk vkSj .g vko'. çlax vkrk gSA dqcjs ds iq=] uydqcjs us LoxZ blh dkaM dh vIljk jEHkk ls HksVa dk fu.adj 'kki fn.ksa Fkha] ftudh og gjdj ys vk.o] .56.o] og vkt ls fdlh nwljh .k ds T.ke~AA* ukjh"kq eSFkqus Hkkoa ukdkekLoH.k us mls ogk¡ ls fonk fd.k dks irk pyk fd Jh jke lgòksa okujksa lfgr yadkiqjh ij vkØe.LekÙoa cyköæs ç/kf"kZrkA rLekr~ ls . vkdk'k ds nsorkvksa dh nqUnqfHk.k us .26.r~A rsu uhrk% fL=.

k ls feyh FkhaA tudufUnuh lhrk dks NksMÛ dj ogk¡ nwljh dksbZ .ksa ds leku ugha gSAa og xq. ds ckn gfFk.krks fg lhrkA vFkk.q)dkesu rk% lokZ jko. 'kkiL.68-71 ßjktf"kZ.ks]a czãf"kZ.Ur dqfir gks mBs vkSj eq>s ls bl çdkj cksy]s ^rw vkt ls . Hkhr% çlHkeso rke~A ukjksi.k fd.%AA bR.k HkqDrk Ñrk fooluk rr%A Lo.fr u la'k.73 ßijUrq lhrk bu fL=.72 guqeku .9.kksa ls of´pr gksAÞ blls irk pyrk gS fd fdl çdkj jko.¡ dke ds o'khHkwr gksdj jko.h cu x.qDrkA Hkk.s eSa mldks viuh 'k¸.ksa dk ân.%A lenk enusuSo eksfgrk% dkf'pnkxrk%AA u r= dkf'pRçsenk% çlá oh.ksf"kr%A jk{klkuka p .k ds flok.dkefi u pkU.9.ZdeZAA V. u ghulÙok u pkfi dkUrL.{kr% viuk <ax cny fn.kh dh Fkh % V. muds eu esa fopkj mRiék gqvk fd ßjko.k¡ cu xbZ FkhaA mu dqN fL=.flA rnk rs 'kr/kk ew/kkZ Qfy".k gSAÞ . ughA^ bl çdkj eSa czãk th ds 'kki ls Hk.ks]a nSR.Ur dksey O.¡ ml ij bruk eksfgr gS vkSj mlds lkFk jgdj lq[kh gSAa .q¼ dh bPNk ls vigj.s esa cnyko ys vk.kAA blls mlds eu esa dqN ifjorZu vk.d bruk dq'ky ç.kA og .kZ% lqtkreL. iwoZdky esa .Z djus ls iwo]Z og bu fL=.kuka xU/kokZ.s cykRlhrka oSngs ha 'k.k us lhrk dks /kks[kk nsdj mlds çfr . .kksa dh n`f"V ls bu fL=.slh dksbZ L=h ugha Fkh] ftldks cy&ijkØe lEiék gksus ij Hkh mldh bPNk ds fo#¼ cykRdkj ls gj fy.kka p . rPp rnk eU.eczohr~AA v|çHk`fr .d vIljk dks ns[kk] tks firkeg czãk th ds Hkou dh vksj tk jgh FkhA eSua s cyiwod Z mlds oL= mrkj fn.s KkreklhUegkReu%A vFk ladfq irks os/kk ekfena okD.'kkyh gSAÞ ijUrq bl fopkj dks eu esa vkrs gh mUgksua s Lo.ksa dh lgefr çkIr dj ysrk FkkA os Hkh mldh dkeykylk dh LoSfPNd dBiqrfy.k dh ifRu.h cu x.k Fkk fd jko.ksa dks ns[kk Fkk] mlus bl çdkj fVIi.ksx ugha dj ldrk FkkA blfy.k.fDr vR.ksa dk jko.k¡ dke ls eksfgr gksdj Lo.g ns[kdj fofLer gq. dkeo'ka xrk%AA .kLrL.ksa ds çfr vius joS.kksa ds vkd"kZ.ka Ñroku~ egkRek y³~d's oj% d"Veuk.ogkj djuk iMÛkA eSa mlds çfr fdlh çdkj dk cyç.eL.su&dsu&çdkjs.k fL=.ka oykékjha xfe".9.k dh .d ckj eSua s vkdk'k esa vfXu&f'k[kk ds leku çdkf'kr gqb]Z iqfa tdLFkyk uke dh .ksa ls cgqr Åij gSaA lhrk ds jko.d ljy LoHkko O. fdlh nwljs dh bPNk j[kus okyh gks vFkok ftldk dksbZ vU.ks]a xU/koks± rFkk jk{klksa dh dU.kA çrh.ksa ds çfr /kS.kk ukuqipkj.k mudk eu j[krkA bl çdkj muds lkFk] dksbZ vuqfpr dk.k¡ .s Hkk.aHkwHkoua çkIrk yksfyrk ufyuh .k nq"V Fkk vkSj fL=.Hkhr gw¡A ml fnu ls eSa bl fn'kk essa mYya?ku ugha dj jgk gw¡A vr.ksa dh ijkt.o] tc eSa lhrk dks vius egy esa yk.ksu yC/kk%A u pkU.kZ. ml ij eksfgr gksdj mlds ikl pyh vkbZ FkhaA tc guqeku us mlds vUr%iqj dh fL=.k] eq>s mlds lkFk vR.sxa ]s blesa la'k.k dh dksbZ .k.k gksA os lc mlds vykSfdd xq.10-15 ßegkik'oZ! cgqr fnu gq.k% dU.ksa ds çfr dksbZ nwljk fodYi ugha gS] mlus dke fo|k dh lc dykvksa esa n{krk çkIr dj yhA og fL=.fDr FksA ml le.a dks jksdkA iqu'p lks·fpUr.FkkAA rL.376 jkek.sfr fg lk/kqc) q %s AA V.ksfr&LrEHk 377 pkSchlok¡ v/.k Fkk vkSj dqN eneLr jef.nkrZ#iks /kzoq a fof'k"Vk xq.slh L=h ugha Fkh] tks jko.k FkkA fdl çdkj og muds fy.d lkSE.k:i egkd"Vçn v{kE.k yh xbZ Fkha vkSj dqN vU.ekur% og .Ur HkkX.kA rRi'pkr~ og czãk ds Hkou esa xbZA mldh n'kk gkFkh }kjk elydj Qsd a h gqbZ defyuh ds leku gks jgh FkhA eSa le>rk gw¡ fd esjs }kjk mldh tks nqn'Z kk gks xbZ Fkh] og czãk th le> x.k. ifr jgk gksA jko. .ksZiiésu xq.h Fkk fd og fL=.slh Hkk.k ds T.k us .ksu ârk% fL=.g O.keU.k.g crk.k.ZiwoZd ç.Ru'khy gksrk vkSj .q¼ksijkUr muds ifr.d vkd"kZd ç. dks eSa vkt eSa rqEgsa lquk jgk gw¡A lquks! . lgt gh gj ysrk FkkA tc mlus le> fy.fn fdlh nwljh ukjh ds lkFk cyiwod Z lekxe djsxk] rks rsjs eLrd ds lkS VqdMÛs gks tk..iwokZ fouk ojkgk± tudkRetka rke~AA u pkdqyhuk u p ghu#ik uknf{k. gh . vkSj gBkr~ mldk miHkksx fd.k.k fd fL=. uhp deZ fd.us LodsAA VI.Fkk jk{kljktHkk.ksa ls nqO. vkSj lglk dg mBs % oHkwo cqf)Lrq gjh'ojL.   lk çlá e. u dkeuh.13.d xqIr ?kVuk ?kfVr gqbZ FkhA eq>s 'kki Hkh feyk FkkA vius thou ds bl xqIr jgL.k FkkA os mldh LoSfPNd lgpjh cu xb± FkhaA guqeku] ftudks vo'.kZ ugha Fkh] tks dqyhu u gks vFkok tks dq:i] vuqnkj vFkok mÙke oL= foHkw"k.k dk f'kdkj cuus dh lEHkkouk ugha gSA jko.ga rL.fn lhrk Hkh mldh pkiywlh dk f'kdkj gks xbZ gS]a rks dguk iMÛxs k] .sA blfy.k x.k¡ cu tkrh FkhA dqN fL=.Zogkj djrk Fkk] . vkSj Hkæ ç.s os vR.k ij u p<Ûkus esa foo'k gw¡AÞ jktf"kZfir`nRS .kZHkoÙkL.kA tcls mls bl ?kksj 'kki dk vka'kdk gqb]Z mlus çR.nhn`'kh jk?ko/keZiRuhA bek .a gh mldh lsok essa mifLFkr gks xbZ FkhaA ogk¡ .g vigj.

k}îlua ?kksjfena ewygja egr~A Ro.rqe| q rkA VI.k] mldh jk{kl fL=.kka fouk'kks·.g mlh dk çR.k gksrk] rks tMÛ&ewy fouk'kd .kkA .q¼ esa ekjk x.k%AA /k`"Va i:f"krks eksgkÙo.su eSfFkyhAA e.kkS dkfpnkfy³~X.kA bu fL=.fr dks dkSu Vky ldrk gSA tks dqN Hkh ?kVrk gS] og fdlh iwofZ uf'pr fo/kku ds vuqdy w gh gksrk gSA*Þ eUnksnjh vkSj fL=.g egk?kksj ladV gekjs Åij u vk.é nX/kLRoa /k"kZ.s rqys gksus ds dkj.kReo/kdk³~f{k.kA Lejföfjo r}SjfefUæ. eSfFkyhAA u u% L.kRlhrk jkek.a rqY.kA . pAA m)`R. .k vkius mUgsa eksgo'k dVqopu lquk.aLruqe/.fe"Vks Hkzkrk foHkh"k.g fu'p.Sjo fuftZr%AA vçkI.{k Qy gSA . ekfu. 379   jko.k fo'kksdk fogfj".28-29.eke~%AA nsok fcH.sA os cksyha % czoq k.k ds :i fn[kkdj og .kA vkidk LosPNkpkj gh gekjs fouk'k dk dkj.k us 'kkfir gksus ds dkj.67 ßthou ds çHkkr dky esa gh vkius viuh bfUæ.k gksrk]u gh ge vc fo/kok gksrha vkSj vkids 'ko ij u jksrhaA fdUrq vki rks .a fuikfrre~A u dkedkj% dkea ok ro jk{kliq³x ~ oAA nSoa ps"V.A viuh bfUæ.kks·fi fgra okD.a j{klka p egkgosAA ro pSoegkckgks nSo.k¡ vkSj iq#"k] nksuksa gh FkksMÛh cgqr nsj ds ckn .Urh eq[ka ck"iSLrq"kkSjfjo i³~dte~AA VI.fDr ugha Fkk] çÏfr ls nq"V Fkk vkSj lhrk ds çfr nqO.8-10 muesa ls dksbZ rks cMÛs vknj Hkko ls mldk vkfyaxu dj] dksbZ iSj idMÛdj vkSj dksbZ xys yxk dj jksus yxhA dksbZ viuh nksuksa Hkqtk. dj vkius nsorkvksa ls ojnku fy..FkkFkZrk Fkh] .g lc foifÙk mlus eksy yh FkhA muds 'kksd esa .soa xfoZrk Hk`'ke~AA çokn% lR. mUeq[k gq.d nqjkpkjh FkkA cgqekukr~ ifj"oT.k Roga ?kksjs ifrrk 'kksdlkxjsAA firk nkuojktks es HkrkZ es jk{kls'oj%A iq=ks es 'kØfutsr Z k bR. nSfod fo/kku dks dksbZ /ku ls] dkeuk ls] ijkØe ls vFkok 'kfDr ls Hkh ugh iyV ldrkA gekjk .378 jkek.k FkkA ml oSj dks Lej.Jwfr HkwrysAA VI.kZfrrk rs L.ksa dks viuk lkSE.fr rs losZ lsUæk% lkfXuiqjksxek%A u dqyu s u #is.Zogkj ds dkj.ksa dk foyki lPpk Fkk] mldh e`R.18.113.g Hkh Kku Fkk fd jko. çzkIr dh FkhA vkius viuh oklukvksa vkSj dqo`fÙk.k iqjk ftRok ftra f=Hkqoua Ro.ok.gh <ax gS] tc dHkh vki dksbZ foyki lqu]as .fn fu. dkfpRd. fd lhrk dks cyiwod Z cafnuh cuk fy.kZu .kAA 'kD.k vius <ax esa ifjorZu fd.kiVqrk dh Å¡pkb.k .k u pkK.kA blhfy.'kks u`iA ifrozrkukaa ukdLekr~ irUR.kLrilk uwua nX/kks·fl es çHkksA rnSo .g vo'.rsA okujk. onua n`"V~ok dfpUeksgeqikxer~AA dkfpn³~ds f'kj% ÑRok :jksn eq[keh{krhA Luki.fn vkius lhrk dks ykSVk fn.sA .k ok Roa rq eksgké cq/.kf.k.¡ Åij mBkdj iNkMÛ [kkdj fxj iMÛh vkSj /kjrh ij yksVus yxh vkSj dksbZ mlds 'ko dk eq[k ns[k dj ew£PNr gks xbZA dksbZ ifr dk eLrd xksn esa ysdj eq[k fugkjrh jghA dksbZ vius vJqfcUnqvksa ls ifr ds eq[kkjfoUn dks ugykrh jgh vkSj #nu djus yxhA ijUrq lcus fu"diV Hkko ls nq%[k ds vk¡lw cgk.ksa dks thrdj rhuksa yksdksa ij fot.k·f/kdk ok rqY. p HkqtkS dkfpn~HkwekS Le ifjorZrAs grL.h cu x.|fi lkFk&lkFk mUgsa . dgsxa ]s ^fu.d çgkj ls vkius rhuksa dks cjckn dj fn.d iwjs lxZ esa fn. dkfpnsua :jksn gA pj. HkkbZ] foHkh"k.Bs·oyEC.113.a Roka çfr çk.k ç.ksa dks o'k esa dj fy.k.] tc og .23-25.ksxknqikxrA uSokFksZu u dkesu foØes.s bfUæ. vkSj vkd"kZ.sls fu"Bqj gks x.114.d lqlLa Ïr .lsA eSfFkyh lg jkes.oa fuiq.ksa dks vkSj vius vkidks uhps fxjk fn.frA vYiiq.k djrh gqb]Z .k .s fd fL=.kk u nkf{k.q ij mudk 'kksd çn'kZu vÏf=e Fkk] . pSo ra dkea eSfFkyhlaxrs Ñre~AA ifrozrk.ekRek p =.19-26 ßvkids fç.k x.40.k gSA dbZ LFkku ij og Hkk"k.k FkkA dksbZ Hkh çyksHku vkidks yqHkk ugha ldrk FkkA bl çdkj ri dk lap.U=.ksa ij vkidk iwjk&iwjk fu.k ejrk gSA lalkj esa Qy nsus ds fy.ksa dks Nwrk gSA bfUæ.k cukA nSo gh lc dqN djkrk gS] nSo dk ekjk gqvk gh ekjk tkrk gS .ksfr&LrEHk pkSchlok¡ v/..k us vkids fgr dh ckr dgh Fkh] fQj Hkh vius fouk'k ds fy.k¡ vc viuk cnyk ysuk pkgrh FkhaA bUgksua s . Hkh fd okLro esa og .k& jk{klksa dks] ge fL=..k nSoxfryksd Z s fuorZf.k iquuZ'` kalu s lhrka l:U/krk cykr~AA jk{klk o.k ds T.rs lo± gra nSou s gU.g vglkl gksrs gq.ksa ls vf/kd le>nkj FkhA mlds foyki dk o.d vPNk O.31.

Fkk og viuh pkyckTÛkh ls mudks Hkh yqHkk ysrkA lhrk dh ok.So uwua nq"VkReu~ Hkh:.k Fkk] ml 'kkS.g dgkor loZFkk lR. dk HkaMkj vHkh fjDr ugha gqvk FkkA /khjs&/khjs .k Fkk] U.k ds T.s tks vkids eu esa dkeuk Fkh] mls rks vki u ik lds vkSj mlds foijhr ml ifrozrk nsoh dh riL.k\ fdlh fdlh esa FkksMÛh cgqr pkyckTÛkh ds fy.d uhp dksfV ds Ny dk vkJ. iw£r ds fy. fy.kA bZn'` ka xÆgra deZ dFka ÑRok u yTtlsA fL=.Z Hkh dj ldrk Fkk] "kM~.s gSAa Þ .. gks x.fDr Fkk] .kA fefFkyk dqekjh lhrk us dqy es]a u :i es]a vkSj u gh nkf{k. mldh vkykspuk djrs FksA mlus pkykdh }kjk jke vkSj y{e.k tSlk fufUnr deZ djds rw yfTtr dSls ugha gksrk gS\ rwus Lo.slk ugha gqvk] lEHkor% blh dkj.sls LFkku ij ijk.d o"kZ vkSj fudyk FkkA vkidh ftl efgek ls bUæ] vfXu vkfn lEiw.kZ nsork vkils Mjrs Fks] mlh us ml le.k FkkA fQj Hkh cgq/kk lh/kk lkeuk djus ds ctk.slh pkyckfTÛk.fDr ls feyus tk jgh gS] ftlls Nhu dj vki mls .ka uhp jfgrs rq ijL.± p lÙoa p .kksa esa eq> ls c<Ûdj gS] u gh esjs cjkcj gSA ijUrq vki eksg o'k bl ckr dh vksj /.kZu fd. /kks[ks vkSj pkykdh dk vkJ. cMÛk Hkkjh vkd"kZ.g lkspdj fd og vkidh gks tk.Rok iyk.ksa mlus jke dk lh/kk lkeuk ugha fd.6.ksfr&LrEHk pkSchlok¡ v/.k dks cgqr nwj fHktok fn.ksa dh ubZ&ubZ fot.rs jk{klk/keAA foJkO.k ds lkFk [kqyk . 381   gh vc vkidks ijkLr fd.fDr cu x.gk vk'p.|fi og 'kwjohj Fkk vkSj .k ugha fd.j vkSj Mjiksd gSA fu'p.k ls ty dj HkLe gks x.Ur dyadiw.53.ku u gha nsrs FksA vki rks va/ks gks jgs Fks] ikxy gks jgs FksA fL=.k'p gj.k esa lr~çÏfr dk furkUr vHkko FkkA og rks .Ueka pksjf.7.kh rh[kh Fkh vkSj mUgksua s mls dHkh {kek ugha fd.ksa ds ihNs nkSMÛ jgs FksA vki mls . gh rq> esa cMÛk Hkkjh cy fn[kkbZ nsrk gS (D.ktfur iq. cgqr FkksMÛk FkkA blfy.k gksrk] rks ckr dqN vkSj gksrh] vks uhp! tgk¡ dksbZ j{kd u gks] .s .sls pfj= dks lalkj esa lnSo f/kDdkj gh çkIr gksxk]Þ lhrk çk.k gSA rwus .k Hkh blh çÏfr dk f'kdkj FkkA mldh bl vknr dk irk] u dsoy lhrk dks gh Fkk] jke dks Hkh FkkA vU.] og vius mís'.kkusu jko.Ùoa dfFkrokaLrnkA dqyØks'kdja yksds f/kd~ rs pfj=ehn`'ke~AA III.k vkSj vuSfrd os'k /kkj.k gSA ^ifrozrk ds vk¡lw bl i`Foh ij O.4.slk dgk gS fd jko.Z dk o.k gSA uhp jk{kl! vo'. gh fdlh dks ?kksj naM nsrs gS]a * . uke/ks.k tkrk gSA jko.g fouk'kdkjh [ksy [ksyk gSA lhrk ds lkFk lekxe ds fy.laxr mik.k FkkA vkidk riL. pAA f/kd~ rs 'kkS. vki ty dj HkLe ugha gq.a fg . tkudj pqjkdj Hkkxk tk jgk gSA nq"Vkeu~! rw cMÛk dk.a gh ftl 'kkS.kke D.q¼ djds eq>s ugha thrkA .kA KkRok fojfgrka .k }kjk esjs Lokeh dks vkJe dks nwj gVk fn.. thrrk Fkk] vius eueksgd tknw }kjk] rFkkfi blls .] D.gh lkspdj eSa xoZ ls Hkjh jgrh FkhA esjs firk] esjs ifr vkSj iq= .k.s fd.9 ßuhp jko..ks± ds fy.k gS vkSj vkids lkSHkkX.380 jkek.Z dh ckr gSA .k gqvk\ eSa rks vkils fcNqMÛ xbZ vkSj lhrk ml O.s FksA lhrk vc 'kksdjfgr gksdj Jh jke ds lkFk fogkj djsxhA ijUrq esjk iq.lsAA Ro.k djrh FkhA . gS vkSj vkids Åij Bhd&Bhd ?kVh gSA vkidh nq"Vrk ds dkj.kZ vkSj vidh£rdj i{k gSA lpeqp] gesa cMÛk [ksn gksrk gS ge tc fdlh ekuq"kh vFkok jk{klh LoHkko esa . gh . og tYnh lekIr gks x.ksfa d rwus cw<Ûs i{kh dks Hkh ekj fxjk.k .d pkyckTÛk O.k us viuk <ax lq/kkj fy.q)s ukfLe ftrk Ro.k vkSj eSa 'kksd lkxj esa fxj iMÛh gw¡A nkuo jkt esjs firk] jk{kljkt jko.kAA ijea [kyq rs oh.|fi eSua s .g vkids v/k% iru dk çFke pj.k esjs Fks vkSj bUæ ij fot..q¼ esa fdlh ls Hkh VDdj ys ldrk FkkA dbZ ckj mlus bUæ nso dks Hkh ijkftr fd.kA lhrk us vkReleiZ..gk¡ yk.k. çkIr djus okyk bUæftr esjk iq= FkkA .k Fkk vkSj og lnkpkjh O.g mldk vR.q¼ fd.slh ckr gqbZ gSA lhrk dk tuLFkku esa vigj.± n`'.k djrs le.k u tkus fdruh ifrozrkvksa us vk¡lw cgk.g gks fd . vkfn x.kl fd.k gS!)A rwus viuk uke crkdj Jh jke vkSj y{e.FkZ ugha fxjrsA os vo'.s rhuksa gh fo'o foJqr FksA lalkj dh çfr"Bk dh mPpre dksfV esa FksA fdUrq vc eq>s naM fn.kA u O. ysrk FkkA vkjEHk esa tkus ds ctk.ksx uhp dk.ksa ds fy.% mldh HkRlZuk blh çdkj fd.k ek.g ns[krs gSa fd bl lr~çÏfr ds vHkko esa egku çfrHkk dk nq#i.gk¡ ys vk.ksa ds çfr og lkSE.k gksrk gSA jko.k x.=a jp ldrk Fkk] lQsÛn >wB cksy ldrk Fkk] yEch& pkSMÛh ckrsa cuk ldrk Fkk vkSj yksxksa dks /kks[kk ns ldrk FkkA eSa vc mlds pfj= ds bl igyw ij dqN dgw¡xkA .kk grZfq ePNrkA ekeiokfgrks HkrkZ e`x#is.k! D.g fu"d"kZ ugha Fkk fudyrk fd mldk pfj= fu"dyad gks x.k djds lhrk dh fueZy Hkkoukvksa dk vuqfpr ykHk mBkus dk ç.3.k rq>s vius bl deZ ls yTtk ugha vkrh gS] tks eq>s Lokehjfgr vdsyh vkSj vlgk.k] vU. yksx . vkidks nX/k gksus ls cpk fy.h L=h dk vigj.i=ils uhp deZ.k FkkA mldh egkurk vkSj lPpkfjrk esa TÛkehu&vkleku dk vUrj FkkA og vc Hkh uhprk ij mrj ldrk Fkk] og Øwj dk. gh eq>s gj ysus dh bPNk ls rwus gh e`x:ih ek. ds lkFk .Z vkSj cy dks Hkh f/kDdkj! dqy esa dyad yxkus okys rsjs .fn Jh jke ds lkFk .A vo'.ksa ls mudk ân.k Fkk] fL=.sxhA fdUrq] ifj.A .

382

jkek;.k ds T;ksfr&LrEHk

pkSchlok¡ v/;k;

383  

;q¼ ds vafre pj.k esa tc ;q¼{ks= esa jko.k dk lkeuk Jh jke ls gqvk] os
vius xfjeke; <ax ls mlls dgrs gSa %
e;k fojfgrka nhuka orZekuka egkousA
oSngs ha çlHka âRok 'kwjks·gfefr eU;lsAA
L=h"kq 'kwj foukFkklq ijnkjkfHke'kZdA
ÑRok dkiq:"ka deZ'kwjks·gfefr eU;lsAA
fHkée;kZn fuyZTt pkfj=s"ouofLFkrA
nikZUe`R;qeiq knk; 'kwjks·gfefr eU;lsAA
'kwjs.k /kunHkzk=k cyS% leqfnrsu pA
'yk?kuh;a ;'kL;a p Ñra deZ egÙo;kAA
'kwjks·gfefr pkRekueoxPNfl nwer
Z As
uSo yTtkfLr rs lhrka pksjo}îid"kZr%AA VI.105.12-15,17
ßml fo'kky ou esa esjh vuqifLFkfr esa eq>ls foyx gqb]Z nhu voLFkk esa
lhrk dks cyiwod
Z gj.k djds] vius dks 'kwjohj le>rk gS\ vlgk; vcykvksa ij
ohjrk fn[kkus okys fu'kkpj! ijL=h ds vigj.k tSls viq#"kksfpr deZ djds rw
vius dks 'kwjohj ekurk gSA /keZ dh e;kZnk Hkax djus okys ikih] fuyZTt vkSj
lnkpkj 'kwU; fu'kkpj! rwus cy ds ?keaM ls oSngs h ds :i esa viuh e`R;q dks cqyk;k
gSA rw cMÛk 'kwjohj vkSj cylEiék dqcjs dk lkSry
s k HkkbZ gSA fQj Hkh rwus ;g ije
ç'kaluh; vkSj egku ;'kkso/kZd deZ fd;k gSA [kksVh cqf¼ okys fu'kkpj! rw vius dks
'kkS;l
Z Eiék ekurk gSA fdUrq] lhrk dks pqjkrs le; rq>s rfud Hkh yTtk ugha vkbZ!Þ
vc eSa mlds ,d vU; nq"deZ ij vkrk gw¡A mlus iqu% ,d ckj uhp
pkyckTÛkh }kjk lhrk dks /kks[kk nsus dk ç;Ru fd;kA Jh jke us okujksa dh lgk;rk
ls iqy c¡/kok;k Fkk vkSj fQj leqæ ikj djds yadk ds mÙkj esa iMÛko Mky fn;k FkkA
mUgksua s vius lgpkjksa dks uxj dh lqj{kk vkSj 'k=qcy dh tkudkjh ds fy, vius
xqIrpjksa b/kj&m/kj Hkstuk vkjEHk fd;kA jko.k ds xqIrpjksa us tc ;g crk;k fd
Jh jke dh lsuk lqoy
s ioZr ij vkdj Bgjh gS] Jh jke Lo;a Hkh ogk¡ vk igq¡ps gSA
jko.k dqN m}sftr gqvkA mlus vius eaf=;ksa ls fopkj foe'kZ fd;kA mlus egkcyh]
egkek;koh ek;k fo'kkjn jk{kl fo|qfTtà ls dgk] ßrqe jke dk ek;kfu£er eLrd
ysdj ,d /kuq"k ck.k lfgr esjs ikl ykvksAÞ jko.k dh vkKk ikdj fo|qfTtà us
jko.k dks cMÛh dq'kyrk ls çdV dh gqbZ viuh ek;k fn[kkbZ] ftlls jko.k ml ij
cgqr çlék gqvkA rRi'pkr~ jko.k lhrk dks ns[kus ds fy;s v'kksd&okfVdk esa x;kA
jko.k us cMÛs g"kZ ds lkFk viuk uke crkrs gq, lhrk ds ikl tkdj cMÛs /k`"Vrkiw.kZ
opuksa esa dgk] ßHkæs! esjs ckj&ckj lkURouk nsus vkSj çkFkZuk djus ij Hkh rqe

ftudk vkJ; ysdj esjh ckr ugha ekurh Fkha] ogh rqEgkjs ifrnso Jh jke lej Hkwe
esa ekjs x,A vc vius Åij vk;s ladV ls foo'k gksdj Lo;a rqe esjh Hkk;kZ cu
tkvksxhA ;fn lquuk pkgks rks] vius ifr ds ekjs tkus dk ?kksj lekpkj lqu yksAÞ
rc og lhrk dk ,d eux<aÛr dgkuh lqukrk gSA mlus lhrk ls bl rF; dks
fNik;k fd Jh jke leqæ ikjdj yadk igq¡p pqds gSAa og dgrk gS] ßjke eq>s ekjus
ds fy;s leqæ ds fdukjs rd vk;s Fks vkSj lqxhz o dh fo'kky lsuk lfgr leqæ ds
mÙkj rV ij Bgjs FksA vk/kh jkr ds le; tc Fkdh gqbZ lsuk lq[kiwod
Z lks jgh FkhA
ogk¡ esjs xqIrpjksa us igq¡p dj fujh{k.k fd;kA esjh lsuk çgLr ds usr`Ro esa ogk¡
igq¡ph] esjh fo'kky lsuk us jkr ds le; tgk¡ Jh jke] y{e.k Hkh Fks] ml okuj lsuk
dks u"V dj fn;kA rnuUrj çgLr us cgqr cMÛh ryokj gkFk esa ysdj fcuk fdlh
#dkoV ds jke dk eLrd dkV MkykA rRi'pkr~ mlus foHkh"k.k dks idMÛ fy;k
vkSj okuj lsuk lfgr y{e.k dks fofHkék fn'kkvksa esa Hkkx tkus ds fy;s foo'k fd;kA
bl çdkj esjh lsuk us lSfudksa lfgr rqEgkjs ifr dks ekSr ds ?kkV mrkj fn;k gSAÞ
jko.k us ,d jk{klh ls dgk] ßrqe jk{kl fo|qfTtà dks cqyk ykvks] tks Lo;a laxkz e
Hkwfe ls jke dk flj ;gk¡ ys vk;k gSAÞ rRi'pkr fo|qfTtà /kuq"k lfgr ml eLrd
dks ys vk;kA mlls jko.k cksyk] ßrqe jke dk eLrd 'kh?kz gh lhrk ds vkxs j[k nks]
ftlls og vius ifr dk vfUre n'kZu vPNh çdkj dj ysAÞ
rRi'pkr~ jko.k lhrk ls cksyk] ßvc rqe esjs o'k esa gksAÞ lhrk us ml
eLrd vkSj /kuq"k dks ns[kk vkSj lc fpÊksa ls ifr dks igpku dj mls fo'okl gks
x;kA og cgqr nq%[kh gqbZ vkSj ØkSpa i{kh dh Hkk¡fr jksus yxhA lcls igys mldk
/;ku dSd;s h dh vksj x;k vkSj og jksdj mldh fuUnk djus yxhA jko.k cksyk %
,oa ro grks HkrkZ llSU;ks ee lsu;kAA
{krtkæZ jtks/oLrfena pkL;kâra f'kj%A VI.31,36,37
ßrqEgkjs ifr dks vk'kk Fkh] eq>s ekjus dhA vc ;g yks [Ûkuw ls Hkhxk vkSj
/kwylfjr] mudk ;g eLrdAÞ
Lej.k jgs fd ;g lc jko.k dh eux<Ûra pkyckTÛkh Fkh vkSj og lhrk dks ;g
cMÛh fuyZTtrk ds lkFk crkrk gSA ;fn çgLr us ,slk fd;k gksrk] rks Hkh ;g cMÛk
f?kukSuh dk;Z gksrkA tc lhrk foyki dj gh jgh Fkh] mlh le; ogk¡ jko.k dh lsuk
dk ,d jk{kl vius Lokeh ds ikl vk;k vkSj mlus lwpuk nh fd efU=;ksa ds lkFk
lsukifr çgLr i/kkjs gSAa ;g lqudj jko.k v'kksd&okfVdk NksMÛdj efU=;ksa ls
feyus pyk x;kA ;g lwpuk feyus ij fd jke us leqæ ikj dj fy;k gS] jko.k us
vius efU=;ksa ds lkFk fopkj foe'kZ djds jke ds çfr fd, tkus okys rRdkyhu
dÙkZO; dk fu'p; fd;kA dfo dgrk gS %

384

jkek;.k ds T;ksfr&LrEHk

pkSchlok¡ v/;k;

385  

vUr/kkZua rq rPNh"k± rPp dkeZd
q eqÙkee~A
txke jko.kL;So fu;kZ.kleuUrje~AA VI.32.40
jko.k ds ogk¡ ls fudyrs gh og flj vkSj mÙke /kuq"k nksuksa vn`'; gks x,]
ftlls ;g Li"V gks x;k fd og dsoy ek;koh Ny FkkA lhrk jko.k dh ek;k ls
Hkzfer gksdj cMÛh 'kksdkdqy gks xbZ FkhaA mudh psruk u"Vçk;% gks xbZ FkhA ml
le; ljek uke dh jk{klh us mUgsa vius opu }kjk lkURouk nhA ljek foHkh"k.k
dh iRuh Fkh] jko.k dh vkKk ls lhrk dh j{kk djrh FkhA mlus lhrk dks vk'oLr
fd;k] ßrqe /kS;Z /kkj.k djks] jko.k ftl dkj.k ;gk¡ ls ?kcjk dj fudy x;k gS]
mldk eSa Hkh ogk¡ tkdj iw.kZ :i ls irk yxk ykbZ gw¡A rqEgkjs ifr vkSj muds HkkbZ
y{e.k dq'kyiwod
Z gSAa jko.k rqEgsa iw.kZr;k eux<Ûra ckrsa crk jgk FkkAÞ
u grks jk?ko% Jheku~ lhrs 'k=qfucgZ.k%AA
v;qDrcqf)ÑR;su loZHkwrfojksf/kukA
b;a ç;qDrk jkSæ.s k ek;k ek;kfonk Rof;AA VI.33.13,14
ß'k=qlnw u Jh jke dnkfi ekjs ugha x;s gSAa jko.k dh cqf¼ vkSj deZ& nksuksa
gh cqjs gSAa og leLr çkf.k;ksa dk fojks/kh] Øwj vkSj ek;koh gSA mlus vki ij ek;k
dk ç;ksx fd;k gSA Jh jke okuj lsuk ds lkFk leqæ yka?k dj bl ikj vk x, gSAa
os fot; dh çR;'kk ls mYykflr gSAa eSua s y{e.k lfgr Jh jke dk n'kZu fd;k gSA
muds fy, nq%[kh gksus dh dksbZ vko';drk ughaAÞ

;g lwfpr gksrk gS fd ;s nksuksa HkkbZ thfor gSAa ;fn rqe okLro esa fo/kok gksrha] rks
;g ifo= iq"id&foeku /kkj.k gh u djrkA TÛkjk buds psgjs dks /;kuiwod
Z ns[kks]
cMÛs vk'p;Z dh ckr ;g gS fd vpsr gksdj Hkh] 'kjhj dh lgt 'kfDr us budk
R;kx ugha fd;k gSA bu nksuksa ds eq[kksa dh 'kksHkk T;ksa fd R;ksa cuh gqbZ gSA ;s nksuksa
dsoy csgks'k gSa vkSj 'kh?kz gh gks'k esa vk tk;sxa As Þ
vc ge jko.k ds ,d vU; nq"deZ ij vkrs gS]a tks bu lcls fuÏ"V gSA tc
mlds HkkX; dk Îkl gqvk vkSj mldh HkkX;y{eh fuEure Lrj ij igq¡p xbZ]
bUæftr ds lkFk mldk vfUre ;ks¼k Hkh ohjxfr dks çkIr gks pqdk Fkk] ml le;
og viuh lq/k&cq/k [kks cSBk vkSj vR;Ur uhp gks x;k vkSj mldk vkpj.k Hkh
?k`f.kr ijkdk"Bk ij igq¡p x;kA iq= o/k ls lUrIr vkSj Øks/k ls o'khHkwr gq, jko.k
ds eu esa ;g fopkj mRiék gqvk] ßlhrk ds dkj.k gh eq> ij ;s foifÙk;k¡ vkbZ gSA
vr,o eSa mlh dk o/k djus tkrk gw¡AÞ og lc fu'kkpjksas ls cksyk] ßesjs csV]s
bUæftr us ek;k ls okujksa dks pdek nsus ds fy;s lhrk dh ,d vkÏfr dk o/k
fd;k FkkA vkt eSa ml >wB dks lR; djus tk jgk gw¡AÞ ,slk dgdj mlus 'kh?kz gh
ryokj gkFk esa yh vkSj lglk ml LFkku ij igq¡p x;k] tgk¡ x;k tgk¡ lhrk FkhA
mldk o/k djus ds mís'; ls Li"V gksrk gS fd og O;fDr fdl lhek rd
v/kksxfr ij igq¡p pqdk FkkA mlds lqânksa dks mldk vkpj.k vR;Ur yTtktud
yxk vkSj mUgksua s jko.k dks jksdus dh vlQy ps"Vk dhA jko.k dks bl Hk;adj eqæk
esa ns[kdj lhrk foyki djrh gqbZ eu gh eu dgus yxha %
guwerks·fi ;}kD;a u Ñra {kqn;k e;kAA
;|ga rL; i`"Bsu rnk ;k;kefufUnrkA
uk|Soeuq'kksp;
s a HkrZjq ³~dx lrhAA VI.93.54,55
ßeSa Hkh fdruh ew[kZ Fkh] tc guqeku dh ckr ugha ekuhA ;fn ml le;
guqeku dh ihB ij cSB dj pyh xbZ gksrh] rks ifr ds vad esa LFkku ikdj] muds
fy, bl çdkj dk 'kksd u djrhAÞ
lhrk dks bl çdkj foyki djrh ns[kdj jko.k ds lqi'oZ uked cqf¼eku
ea=h us ml le; ;g ckr dgh] ßegkjkt! lhrk ,d L=h ghu gS vkSj vki ,d
iq#"kA o"kks± ls vkidh Nfo 'kwjohj dh jgh gSA vkius vusd ckj nsorkvksa rd ls
;q¼ fd;k gS vkSj mUgsa ijkLr Hkh fd;k gSA bl ij vki ,d vcyk L=h dk o/k
djuk dSls mfpr le>rs gS\a ;q¼ esa ge yksxksa ds lkFk pydj jke ij gh viuk
Øks/k mrkjksA lsuk ds lkFk fot; ds fy, çLFkku djksA vki 'kwjohj cqf¼eku vkSj
jFkh gSAa ,d Js"B jFk ij vk:<Û gksdj [kM~x gkFk esa ysdj ;q¼ dfj;sA jke dk
o/k djds lhrk dks çkIr dj ldrs gSAa lhrk dks bl çdkj çkIr djuk mfpr

bUæftr us vius ukxkL= ls Jh jke vkSj y{e.k dks /kjk'kk;h dj fn;k FkkA
mlus tc ;g ns[kk fd nksuksa fu'ps"V iMÛs gS]a mlus mudks ejk gqvk le>kA mlus
yadkiqjh igq¡p dj jke vkSj y{e.k ds ekjs tkus dk lekpkj vius firk dks lquk
fn;k] ftldks lqudj jko.k g"kZ ls mNy iMÛkA vius iq= dks fonk djds] jko.k us]
ftldh dsoy ,d /kqu Fkh ;su&dsu&çdkjs.k lhrk dks çkIr djuk] ml le; lhrk
dh lajf{kdk jk{kfl;ksa dks cqyk;k muls dgk] ßrqe tkdj lhrk ls dgks bUæftr us
jke vkSj y{e.k dks ekj fn;k gSA rRi'pkr~ iq"id&foeku esa lhrk dks cSBkdj
j.kHkwfe esa ys tkvks vkSj mu nksuksa ejs gq, cU/kqvksa dks fn[kk dj ys vkvksAÞ mlus
lc lkspk fd lc [ksy lekIr gks x;k gS vkSj lhrk vc mldh mis{kk ugha djsxh]
nwljk dksbZ vkJ; u ns[kdj og Lo;a gh mlds ikl pyh vk;sxhA fdruh cf<Û;k
ifjdYiuk Fkh] ml jk{kl dhA lhrk dks iq"id&foeku ij cSBkdj f=tVk lfgr
jk{kl fL=;k¡ mUgsa j.kHkwfe ij ys pyhaA ogk¡ tkdj lhrk us j.kHkwfe esa ck.k'k¸;k ij
nksuksa Hkkb;ksa dks ns[kk] tks laKkghu n'kk esa iMÛs gq, FksA vius ifr vkSj nsoj dks
/kwylfjr voLFkk esa ns[kdj lhrk QwV&QwV dj jksus yxhA vc lkURouk nsus dh
ckjh Fkh] f=tVk dhA f=tVk foyki djrh gqbZ lhrk ls cksyh] ßnsoh! rqe nq%[kh u
gks] rqEgkjs ;s ifrnso thfor gSAa eSa rqEgsa blds cMÛs mfpr dkj.k crkÅ¡xh] ftuls

386

jkek;.k ds T;ksfr&LrEHk

pkSchlok¡ v/;k;

387  

jgsxkAÞ fe= ds dgs gq, bl mÙke /kekZud
q y
w okD; dks lqudj nqjkRek jko.k dh
e;kZnk dk FkksMÛk cgqr vo'ks"k rRo tkxzr gks x;k vkSj og egy dh vksj ykSV x;kA
Loeso rq lgkLekHkh jk?kos Øks/keqRl`tA
vH;qRFkkua Roe|So Ñ".ki{kprqn'Z khe~AA
ÑRok fu;kZáekokL;ka fot;k; cySor
Z` %A
'kwjks /kheku jFkh [kM~xh jFkçojekfLFkr%AA
gRok nk'kjfFka jkea Hkoku~ çkIL;fr eSfFkyhe~AA VI.93.65,66
vc eSa jko.k ls lEcfU/kr vfUre çdj.k ij vkrk gw¡] ftlesa jko.k vkSj
lhrk vkeus lkeus gSAa bl rF; dks /;ku esa j[ksa fd jko.k dk vUr lhrk ds dkj.k
ls gqvkA ;g foifÙk mlus Loa; gh cqykbZ Fkh] bl ifo= ukjh ij cyç;ksx djus ds
dkj.k vkSj og Hkh vR;Ur diViw.kZ] /kwrrZ k;qDr vkpj.k }kjkA lhrk ds çfr mlds
euksoxs esa vo'; gh dksbZ ,slk rÙo jgk gksxk] ftldks eSa dgw¡xk] ,d çdkj dk
mUekn& dqN ,slk] ftldks og vius eu ls fudkyus esa vleFkZ FkkA lhrk esa Hkh
dqN ,slk Fkk] ftlus mldks fu;U=.k esa j[kkA bl rhoz vklfDr dk] mlds eu esa
loZçFke cht cksus okyk Fkk] ,d O;fDr ftldk uke Fkk] vdEiuA 'kwi.Z k[kk us
iapoVh vkJe esa vkdj igys jke vkSj fQj y{e.k ls ç.k;;kpuk dh Fkh] ftls
nksuksa us Vky fn;k FkkA bl ij Øksf/kr gksdj mlus lhrk ij vkØe.k fd;kA
QyLo:i] y{e.k us mld ukd dku dkV fn,] ftUgsa ysdj og [kj ds ikl
igq¡phA lc o`ÙkkUr lqudj [kj us igys Jh jke vkfn dk o/k djus ds fy, pkSng
jk{klksa dks Hkstk] fdUrq jke us mu lcdks /kjk'k;h dj fn;kA [kj Lo;a pkSng gTÛkkj
jk{klksa dh lsuk lfgr] nw"k.k dks ysdj Jh jke ds vkJe ds lehi igq¡pkA nw"k.k
lfgr] Jh jke us pkSng gTÛkkj jk{klksa dk Hkh o/k dj MkykA rRi'pkr~ lsukifr
jk{kl f=f'kjk us jke ij vkØe.k fd;k] ijUrq jke us mls Hkh /kjk'kk;h dj fn;kA
?kksj ;q¼ ds ckn [kj Hkh ekjk x;kA vdEiu u jke ds lkFk fd, gq, rhuksa ;q¼
ns[ks FksA mls HkyhHkk¡fr jke dh 'kfDr dk vankTÛkk gks pqdk Fkk fd os vdsys gh mu
rhuksa jk{klksa dks vkSj muds vuqpjksa dks lekIr djus esa l{ke FksA rnuUrj
vdEiu ;q¼{ks= ls Hkkx [kMÛk gksrk gS vkSj cMÛh mrkoyh ds lkFk yadk tkdj
jko.k dks ;g lc o`ÙkkUr nsrk gS] ;g lxZ cgqr ls fo}kuksa }kjk çf{kIr ekuk tkrk
gSA ;g [ksn dk fo"k; gksxk] ;fn dsoy lS¼kfUrd dkj.kksa ls bl lxZ dks fudy
fn;k tk;s D;ksafd blesa dqN cMÛs mRÏ"V va'k fo|eku gSaA blesa ,d fu"i{k
çR;{kn'khZ }kjk fd;k x;k] Lo;a Jh jke dk fooj.k gSA ;g lhrk dh euksgjrk vkSj
lqUnjrk vkSj mlds pfj= ds xkSjoe; i{k dks cMÛs foy{k.k :i ls mtkxj djrk
gSA lc o`ÙkkUr lqudj jko.k Øks/k ls ty mBk vkSj cksyk] ßdkSu og nq%lkglh gS]

ftlus esjs tuLFkku dk fouk'k fd;k gS\Þ rRi'pkr~] vdEiu mls Jh jke vkSj
y{e.k ds fo"k; esa crkrk gSA muds cy vkSj iq#"kkFkZ dk o.kZu djrk gS] ßvki
vFkok leLr jk{kl txr Hkh fey dj ;q¼ esa Jh jke dks ugha thr ldrsA muds
o/k dk ,d mik; eq>s lw>k gSA Jh jke dh iRuh lhrk lalkj dh loksÙZ ke lqUnjh gS
vkSj jke dk lEiw.kZ thou lhrk ij dsfUær gSA fdlh Hkh mik; ls jke dks /kks[ks esa
Mkydj mudh iRuh dk vigj.k dj ysAa lhrk ls fcNqMÛ tkus ls jke dnkfi
thfor u jgsxa As Þ jko.k dks vdEiu dh ckr ilUn vk xbZ dqN nwj ij fLFkr ,d
vkJe esa og ekjhp ls feykA ml le; mldk eu Mk¡okMksy gks jgk FkkA mlus
ekjhp dks crk;k] ßJh jke us esjs jkT; dh lhek dss j{kd [kj] nw"k.k vkfn dks ekj
Mkyk gSA bldk cnyk ysus ds fy;s eSa mudh iRuh lhrk dk vigj.k djuk pkgrk
gw¡A bl dk;Z esas rqe esjh lgk;rk djksAÞ ekjhp ijke'kZ }kjk mls jksdrk gSA vUr esa
dgrk gS] ßbl vR;Ur Hk;adj cMÛokuy esa dwn iMÛuk rqEgkjs fy;s dnkfi mfpr
ugha gSA lkuUn jgks vkSj yadk dks ykSV tkvksAÞ jko.k us ekjhp dh ckr eku yh
vkSj 'kkUr gksdj yadk ykSV x;k] fdUrq nqHkkZX; ls mldh cfgu 'kwi.Z k[kk ogkz¡ mlds
ikl vk igq¡ph vkSj viuh nqn'Z kk fn[kkdj mlus igys jko.k dks vius jkT; esa jke
}kjk fd, x;s /oal ls vufHkK jgus ds fy, QVdkjk vkSj c<Ûk&p<Ûk dj viuh
dFkk lqukbZA mlus jke vkSj y{e.k ds fo"k; eas crk;k fd fdl çdkj mUgksua s
vdsys gh brus jk{klksa dk lagkj dj fn;k vkSj ;g fd L=h dk o/k gks tkus ds Mj
ls mUgksua s mls viekfur fd;kA ßeSua s jke dh iRuh] lhrk dks Hkh ns[kkA og lc
'kqHky{k.kksa ls lEiék gS] og f=yksdh dk vewY; jRu gSA mlesa lkSE; LoHkko] lkSUn;Z
vkSj 'kkyhurkµ ;s lc ,d lkFk dsfUær gSAa Hkwry ij bruh :iorh ukjh eSua s
igys dHkh ugha ns[khA og rqEgkjs ;ksX; Hkk;kZ gksxh vkSj rqe Hkh mlds ;ksX; ifr gks
ldrs gksA ml lqe[q kh L=h dks tc eSa rqEgsa ykus ds fy;s m|r gqb]Z rc os nksuksa HkkbZ
cgqr dqfir gks x;s vkSj mUgksua s esjs çfr cMÛk yTtkiw.kZ O;ogkj fd;k vkSj Øwj
y{e.k us eq>s dq:i dj fn;kAÞ
;fn rL;kefHkçk;ks Hkk;kZFksZ ro tk;rsAA
'kh?kzefq )ª;rka iknks t;kFkZfeg nf{k.k%A III.34.22,23
ß;fn rqEgsa lhrk dks viuh Hkk;kZ cukus dh bPNk gks] rks 'kh?kz gh jke dks
thrus dk ç;Ru djksAÞ
mldh ckrksa dk fo'okl djrs gq, jko.k us fu'p; fd;k fd og lhrk dks
çkIr djus dk iwjk ç;kl djsxkA 'kwi.Z k[kk jke vkSj y{e.k dks ;q¼ esa ejk ns[kuk
pkgrh FkhA jko.k bruk lkgl djus dks rS;kj u FkkA og lhrk dks çkIr djus ds
fy;s rks mRlqd Fkk] ijUrq jke vkSj y{e.k ls ;q¼ ugha djuk pkgrk FkkA jke vkSj

388

jkek;.k ds T;ksfr&LrEHk

pkSchlok¡ v/;k;

389  

y{e.k dks ekjhp ds ihNs fHktokdj] jko.k lU;klh ds Nn~eos'k esa lhrk ds lEeq[k
mifLFkr gksrk gSA ml le; gksrk gS] yEck Hkk"k.k] tks fd iWfjl esa ,d ,d efgyk
ds futh d{k esa fdlh je.khjatd }kjk fn, x;s ç.k;çn'kZu dks Hkh ekr dj ldrk
gSA dgha&dgha ij rks og cMÛk vHkæ vkSj vR;Ur ve;kZfnr gks tkrk gSA muds
:i&yko.; vkSj euksgjrk ds o.kZu ds ckn og vUr esa mudk ifjp; iwNrk gS fd
os dkSu gSa\
deykuka 'kqHkka ekyka ifn~euho fg fcHkzrhA
âh% Jh% dhÆr% 'kqHkk y{ehjIljk ok 'kqHkkuusAA
HkwfrokZ Roa ojkjksgs jfrokZ LoSjpkfj.khA
lek% f'k[kfj.k% fLuX/kk% ik.Mjk n'kukLroAA
fo'kkys foeys us=s jDrkUrs Ñ".krkjdsA
fo'kkya t?kua ihuew# djhdjksiekSAA
,rkoqifprkS o`ÙkkS lagrkS laçofYxrkSA
ihukséreq[kkS dkUrkS fLuX/kkS rkyQyksiekSAA
ef.kçosdkHkj.kkS :fpjkS rs i;ks/kjkSA
pk:fLers pk:nfr pk:us=s foykflfuAA
euks gjfl es dkUrs unh dwyfeokEHklkA
djkUrfere/;kfl lqd's kh lagrLruhAA
uSo nsoh u xU/kohZ u ;{kh u p fdéjhA
uSoa#ik e;k ukjh n`"ViwokZ eghrysAA
#iexzîa p yksd"s kq lkSdeq k;Z o;'p rsA
bg okl'p dkUrkjs fpÙkeqUekn;fUr esAA
dkfl dL; dqr'p Roa fdafufeÙka p naMdku~A
,dk pjfl dY;kf.k ?kksjku~ jk{kllsforku~AA III.46.16-23,31
ßrqe ifn~euh dh Hkk¡fr deyksa dh lqUnj lh ekyk /kkj.k djrh gksA rqe Îh]
Jh] dh£r 'kqHkLo:ik y{eh vFkok vIljk rks ugha gks\ rqe Hkwfr ;k LosPNkiwod
Z
fogkj djus okyh dkenso dh iRuh rks ugha gks\ rqEgkjh nUriafDr cjkcj gS] muds
vxzHkkx dqUn dh dfy;ksa ds leku 'kksHkk ikrs gSAa os lc fpdus vkSj 'kqHkz gSAa rqEgkjh
nksuksa cMÛh&cMÛh vk¡[ksa fueZy gS]a muds nksuksa dksus yky gS vkSj iqrfy;k¡ dkyh gSAa
dfVdk dk vxzHkkx fo'kky ,oa ek¡ly gSA nksuksa tka¡?ks gkFkh dh lwMa ds leku 'kksHkk
ikrs gSAa rqEgkjs ;s nksuksa Lru iq"V xksykdkj vkSj ijLij lVs gq, gSAa os çxYHk] eksV]s
Åij mBs gq, eq[k okys] fpdus rkMÛQy ds leku vkdkj okys] ij lqUnj Js"B
ef.ke; vkHkw"k.kksa ls foHkwf"kr gSAa lqUnj eqLdku] #fpj nUrkoyh vkSj euksgj us=
okyh foykfluh je.kh! rqe vius :i lkSUn;Z ls esjs eu dks gj jgh gks] tSls unh

ty ds }kjk vius rV dk vigj.k djrh gSA rqEgkjh dej iryh gS fd eqëh esa vk
tk;s] ds'k fpdus vkSj euksgj gSAa lqUnjh! nsork] xU/koZ] ;{k vkSj fdékj tkfr dh
fL=;ksa esa Hkh rqe tSlh dksbZ Hkh ugha gSA i`Foh ij rks rqEgkjs tSls :iorh ukjh eSua s
igys dHkh ns[kh ughaA dgk¡ rks rqEgkjk ;g rhuksa yksdksa esa lcls lqUnj :i]
lqdeq kjrk vkSj ;kSou vkSj dgk¡ bl nqxeZ ou esa okl! ;g lc ckrsa esjs eu esa
mFky&iqFky epk jgh gSAa dY;k.kh nsoh! rqe dkSu gks] dgk¡ ls vkdj vkSj fdl
dkj.k bl jk{kl lsfor naMdkj.; eas vdsyh fopj.k djrh gks\Þ
lhrk ds eu esa D;k fopkj vk;s] tc os lc ç'kalksfDr;k¡ mUgsa lqukbZ xb±\
D;k os çlék gqb]± tSls lkekU;r% vktdy os fL=;k¡ çlék gksrh gS]a tc mUgsa mudh
je.kh;rk ds fy;s ljkgk tkrk gS] dguk dfBu gSA ijUrq ,slk dksbZ ladrs ugha
feyrk] ftlls ;g irk pys fd mUgsa cqjk yxkA vius oS;fDrd lkSUn;Z dh
fVIif.k;ksa ij os jko.k dh dksbZ HkRlZuk ugha djrha] ijUrq lU;klh ;Fkksfpr lEeku
çdV djrh gSAa bl ckr dk mYys[k rks feyrk gS fd os cgqr ?kcjkbZ lh FkhaA os cMÛh
mRlqdrk ls vius ifr vkSj nsoj ds ykSVus dh çrh{kk dj jgha FkhaA mUgsa iwjk /;ku
Fkk fd fdl ifjfLFkfro'k os nksuksa x, gq, gSAa mUgsa jke ds phRdkj lqudj ,slk yxk
fd muds ifr vo'; gh fdlh ladV esa Q¡l x, gSAa os viuh fpUrk dks iw.kZr;k
fNikus esa vleFkZ Fkha] rFkkfi mUgksua s jko.k ds vkfrF; /keZ dks iw.kZr;k fuHkk;kA
rRi'pkr~ mUgksua s vius fo"k; esa fuLladksp crk fn;k vkSj mls Hkh viuk ifjp;
nsus dks dgkA bl fo"k; ij jko.k vius vkidks çdV dj nsrk gS vkSj muds çfr
viuh vuqjkx Hkkouk dks HkhA
Roka rq dk´puo.kkZHkka n`"V~ok dkS'ks;okfluhe~A
jfra Lods"kq nkjs"kq ukf/kxPNkE;fufUnrsAA
cºohukeqÙkeL=hukekârkukferLrr%A
lokZlkeso Hkæa rs eekxzefg"kh HkoAA III.47.27,28
ßlqUnjh! rqEgkjs vaxksa dh dkfUr lqo.kZ ds leku gS] ftu ij js'keh lkMÛh
'kksHkk ik jgh gSAa rqEgsa ns[kdj vc esjk eu viuh fL=;ksa dh vksj ugha tkrkA esjh
fL=;ksa ds Åij rqe iVjkuh cuksAÞ
og viuk çLrko lh/kk gh lhrk ds le{k j[krk gSA gesa ;g /;ku esa j[kuk
pkfg, fd mu fnuksa cgq&fookg çFkk ds fo#¼ dksbZ çfrcU/k ugha FkkA tks çLrko
jko.k us lhrk ds lkeus j[kk Fkk] og ml le; dh ekU;rkvksa ds vuq:i FkkA lhrk
us ml çLrko dks iw.kZr;k Bqdjk fn;k vkSj mldks [Ûkcw QVdkjkA jko.k vius
ijkØe dk o.kZu djrk gSA og dgrk gS] ßeq>s Bqdjk dj rqe blh çdkj i'pkrki~
djksxh] tSls iq#jok dks ykr ekjdj moZ'kh iNrk;h FkhAÞ blh LFkku ij eSa dsoy

390

jkek;.k ds T;ksfr&LrEHk

pkSchlok¡ v/;k;

391  

bl ckr dh vksj /;ku fnykuk pkgrk gw¡ fd lhrk us jko.k dks bruh QVdkj
lqukbZ fd mlls fp<Ûdj vius Nn~eos'k dks R;kx dj mlus nl eq[k vkSj chl
Hkqtkvksa okyk :i /kkj.k dj fy;k vkSj lhrk dks Mjkus] /kedkus ij mrk: gks
x;kA fo"k;klDr O;fDr;ksa dk ,slk gh LoHkko gksrk gSA çse dk çLrko ;fn ifo=
vkSj lPpk gks] rks mldh vLohÏfr ugha gksuh pkfg,A lPpk çse dnkfi Bqdjk;k
ugha tkrkA jko.k us lhrk dks TÛkcjnLrh mBk fy;kA brus esa gh jko.k dk
ek;kfu£er jFk ogk¡ fn[kkbZ fn;k vkSj jko.k rRdky lhrk dks ml ij cSBk dj
vkdk'k esa mMÛk pykA yadk esa igq¡p dj jko.k us lhrk dks vUr%iqj esa j[kk fn;k
vkSj TÛkcjnLrh mUgsa vius Hkou ds lEiw.kZ oSHko dk n'kZu djk;kA
vya ozhMsu oSnsfg /keZyksiÑrs u pAA
vk"kks·Z ;a nSofu";Unks ;LRokefHkxfe";frA
,rkS iknkS e;k fLuX/kkS f'kjksfHk% ifjihfMrkS%AA
çlkna dq: eas f{kça o';ks nklks·gefLe rsA
bek% 'kwU;k e;k okp% 'kq";ek.ksu Hkkf"krk%AA
u pkfi jko.k% dkafpUew/ukZ L=h ç.kers fgA
,oeqDrk n'kxzhoks eSfFkyha tudkRetke~AA
ÑrkUro'kekiéks ees;fefr eU;rsAA III.55.34-37
og fQj dgrk gS] ßvius ifr ds R;kx vkSj ij iq#"k ds vaxhdkj ls] tks
/keZyksi dh vk'kadk gksrh gS] mlds dkj.k rqEgsa ;gk¡ yTtk ugha gksuh pkfg,A bl
çdkj dh yTtk O;FkZ gSA rqEgkjs lkFk tks esjk Lusg lEcU/k gS] og vk"kZ /keZ'kkL=ksa
}kjk le£Fkr gSAÞ og dkekos'k esa bruk uhps fxj x;k gS fd og lhrk ds pj.kksa esa
fxj dj dgrk gS] ßrqEgkjs bu dksey ,oa fpdus pj.kksa ij eSa vius eLrd j[k jgk
gw¡A vc eq> ij 'kh?kz Ïik djksA eSa lnk rqEgkjs v/khu jgus okyk nkl gw¡AÞ og vkxs
dgrk gS] ßeSua s dkefXu ls lUrIr gksdj ;s ckrsa dgh gSAa ;s fu"Qy u gks]a ,slh Ïik
djks] D;ksfa d jko.k fdlh L=h ds lEeq[k >qd dj ç.kke ugha fd;k gS] dsoy rqEgkjs
lkeus gh bldk eLrd >qdk gSAÞ
tc og lhrk ds pj.kksa ij fxj iMÛk] mlus dksey Loj esa vuqu;&fou;
dh] mls vk'kk Fkh fd og mudk ân; thr ysxkA pkVwfDr;ksa vkSj /kefd;ksa ls lhrk
dks Qqlykus dh lc ps"Vk;sa fu"Qy jgha] ijUrq fQj Hkh mlus vk'kk u NksMÛhA
lqUnj dkaM ds chlosa lxZ esa gesa ,d >ydh feyrh gS] ftldh çR;{kn'khZ Fks] Lo;a
guqekuA lhrk ls jko.k bl çdkj dgrk gS %
dke;s Roka fo'kkykf{k cgqeU;Lo eka fç;sA
lok±³~xxq.klaiés loZyksdeuksgjsAA

Lo/keksZ j{klka Hkh: loZFkSo u la'k;%A*
xeua ok ijL=h.kka gj.ka laçeF; okAA
,oa pSrndkeka rq u Roka Lç{;kfe eSfFkfyA
dkea dke% 'kjhjs es ;Fkkdkea çorZrke~AA
,dos.kh /kjk 'k¸;k /;kua efyueEcje~A
vLFkkus·I;qiokl'p uSrkU;kSif;dkfu rsAA
Roka ÑRooksijrks eU;s #idrkZ l fo'ol`VA~
u fg #iksiek RoU;k rokfLr 'kqHkn'kZuAs A
Roka leklk| oSnfs g :i;kSou'kkfyuhe~A
d% iqekufrorsu
Z lk{kknfi firkeg%AA V.20.3,5,6,8,13,14
ßfo'kky ykspus! eSa rks rqEgsa pkgrk gw¡] rqels çse djrk gw¡] leLr lalkj dk
eu eksgus okyh lok±x lqUnjh fç;s! rqe Hkh eq>s fo'ks"k vknj nks] esjh çkFkZuk
Lohdkj djksA esjh tkfr mu ekuoksfpr vkpj.k ds lkekU; fu;eksa ls c¡/kh ugha gqbZ
gS] tks rqEgkjh euq"; tkfr dks ifjpkfyr djrs gSAa fefFkys'k ufUnuh! ,slh voLFkk
esa Hkh rqe eq>s ugha pkgksxh] rc rd eSa rqEgkjk Li'kZ ugha d:¡xk] Hkys gh dkenso
esjs 'kjhj ij bPNkuqlkj vR;kpkj djsAa ,d os.kh /kkj.k djuk] i`Foh ij lksuk]
fpUrk eXu jguk] eSys oL= iguuk vkSj fcuk volj ds miokl djuk& ;s lc
d"V] tks rqe vius ifr ds fy, mBk jgh gks] rqEgkjs ;ksX; ughaA 'kqHkn'kZu!s eSa rks
,slk le>rk gw¡ fd :i dh jpuk djus okyk yksdl`"Vk fo/kkrk rqEgsa cukdj bl
dk;Z esa fojr gks x;k] D;ksfa d rqEgkjs :i dh lerk djus okyh nwljh L=h ugha gSA
fonsg ufUnuh! :i vkSj ;kSou ls lq'kksfHkr gksus okyhA rqEgsa ikdj dkSu lk iq#"k
,slk gksxk] tks /kS;Z ls fopfyr u gks tk;sxk] Hkys gh lk{kkr~ og czãk gh D;ksa u
gksAÞ
vHkh rd ge jko.k dh lhrk ds çfr vklfDr ds lEcU/k esa ppkZ dj jgs FksA
;g Hkkouk vU; fL=;ksa ds çfr mldh Hkkouk ls loZFkk fHkék Fkh] bl n`f"V ls fd og
fdlh çdkj Hkh fu;U=.k ugha dj ldrk FkkA blds foijhr] bl vklfDr us mls
iw.kZr;k vfHkHkwr fd;k] ftlds QyLo:i og vusd ladVksa esa Q¡lrk x;kA vUrr%
blh dkj.k og fouk'k dks çkIr gqvkA jko.k ckj&ckj lhrk ds ikl tkdj] mldks
lEcksf/kr dj vius euksHkkoksa dks çdV djrk FkkA ,d ckj v'kksd&ou esa og igq¡p
dj dgrk gS %
;|Ri';kfe rs xk=a 'khrka'kql<`'kkuusA
rfLeLrfLeu~ i`FkqJksf.k p{kqeeZ fuc/;rsAA V.20.15
*

nsf[k, v-22, i`-350.

dMqÛok ?kw¡V FkkA bldk ifj.ksa ls dgw¡xk] tks fd .k.A ijUrq .] os dgrh gSa % bg lUrks u ok lfUr lrks ok ukuqorZlAs A rFkk fg foijhrk rs cqf)jkpkjoÆtrkA V.a lkspks] lcdks leku gh tkuksA rqe vius dks vkn'kZ cuk dj viuh fookfgrk fL=.fDr..fDr.kh.s ugha gVrsAÞ pk:fLers pk:nfr pk:us=s foykfluhA euks gjfl es Hkh: lqi.fDr.d fo'kky uxjh gS] tgk¡ osnksa dk ikB gksrk gS vkSj gekjs /keZ dk Hkh fu"Bkiwod Z ikyu fd. dh iRuh rqEgkjh ns[kHkky esa gks] rks rqEgsa mldh j{kk mlh çdkj djuh pkfg.slh foijhr vkSj lnkpkj 'kwU. ls igys nh gqbZ psrkouh ykHkçn gks ldrh gSA D.|fi . yyUrq ckU/kokLrsAAV.k dqN NksV]s ftuds vki fgrS"kh vkSj 'kqHksPNqd gS&a pkgs os dqN Hkh dgsa .k] bl mís'.g ns[kdj rqEgkjh cqf¼ . gS vkSj D.8 ßfu'kkpj! . dgs]a ÞeSa ml le.g vke deTÛkksjh gksrh gS vkSj eSa dsoy .21. gks xbZ gSA blls rks . D.k gksuk pkfg.k djrs gS]a ftuls ge ykHkkfUor gksAa eSa lhrk ds jko.k ls dgs x.krke~A V.k djs&a vkidk dÙkZO. Hkh rqe mudk vuqlj.Fkk ro rFkkU.20.slk yxrk gS fd rqe fookg dh ifo=rk dks ugha le>rsA .10 ßD.k dk ç. yy yyus .d mYyklh N¡n dk ç.s opuksa esa vUr£ufgr lh[k ij cy nsuk pkgw¡xkA cMÛh mi.7.d fof/k mldh nq"Vrk ij fot.ksfr&LrEHk pkSchlok¡ v/.k ds T.gk¡ Hkh lRiq#"kksa dk vHkko ugha gS] tks rqEgkjk Bhd&Bkd ekxZn'kZu dj ldrs gSAa rqe gh mudks ugha lqursAÞ bl fLFkfr dks lq/kkjus ds fy. djksxhA yyus! esjs lkFk dYyksy djks] bruk Hkj eSa pkgrk gw¡A rqEgkjs fudV vkdj rqEgkjs HkkbZ cU/kq Hkh lq[kiwod Z bPNkuqlkj Hkksx vkfn çkIr djsAa mu lcdks cqyk ysuk vkSj o.ksa dh lqj{kk dh vis{kk j[krs gksA rqe Lo.sls O.Fkk lEHko Å¡pk dj mUgksua s mls lh[k nh % .slk rks gks gh ugha ldrkA yadk .slh eukso`fÙk dh vis{kk ugha djrhA lpeqp fdlh Hkh lekt esa mlds xq#tuksa dks bl çdkj dk joS.gk¡ vusd lRiq#"k fo|eku gksxa As eq>s yxrk gS] rqEgsa mu yksxksa ds çfr lEeku Hkko ugha gSA .ksa esa vuqjDr jgksAÞ vk'p.9. eSa bl çlax ij nks 'kCn dgw¡xkA fe=ksa ds chp .s gq.d psrkouh ds ugha] vfirq tkucw> djA cgqr ls yksx vKkuo'k nq"deZ esa ço`Ùk gksrs gSAa mUgsa .] Þog rks ew[kZ vkSj nq"V gSA eSa rks mlds ikl Hkh ugha QVdw¡xkA og esjh cqtxq hZ dk fcYdqy fygkTÛk ugha djsxkA mlds ikl tkus dk ykHk gh D. curk gS fd vki mudks iFkçn'kZu ds fy.qDr Hkk"kk esa os bl vksj /. cgqr pkgrk Fkk fd rqEgsa lko/kku d:¡] ijUrq rqe esjh ckr lquus dks rS.ksa ds fy. mfpr ijke'kZ nsAa tc Hkh volj feys] vius fe= dks usd lykg ns]a ijUrq ewd n'kZu u cudj mldks nq"Vrk dh pêku ls uhps fouk'k ds xrZ esa yq<Ûdus ls jksdAas dgha .kj gksa vFkok rqEgkjh ckr dh vulquh djs]a .k\Þ lhrk lekt ds lRiq#"kksa ls .] tSls rqe vU.s] vki mldh nqn'Z kk ij vk¡lw cgkrs gq.fn vkids dksbZ lPps fe= gS]a pkgs os leo. gh .a çfn'kkfe esfnuha pAA ef. çkIr dj ldsA vius Loj dks .k tkrk gSA vo'.k dks cqykrs le.k ugha djrs gks\ .k ugha viukuk pkfg.s le.29 ßeuksgu eqLdku] euksgu nUrkoyh je.slk dnkfi ugha lkspuk pkfg.Z çdV djrs gq. us=ksa okyh foykfluh! Hkh# tSls x#MÛ liZ dks mBk ys tkrs gS]a mlh çdkj rqe esjs eu dks gj ysrh gksAÞ bl çdkj cgqr dqN dgus ds i'pkr~ og vfUre ckj vkxzg djrk gS vkSj vius çyksHku dk tky Qsd a rk gSA fic fogj jeLo Hkw³{~ o Hkksxku~ /kufup.ksa ij uTÛkj tek. yksxksa ls viuh ifRu.slk u gks] tc lc lekIr gks tk. mudh xfrfof/k.kso`¼ tud dks HkhAÞ bl LFkku ij dfo fo'ks"kdj .ku fnykrh gSa fd tc muds thou esa ladV fLFkfr mifLFkr gks] rks lRiq#"kksa dk dÙkZO.d fe= ds çfr dÙkZO. ls fd lEHkor% buesa ls dksbZ .ksa dh f'k{kvksa dks xzg.k gksuk .kk vkSj frjLdkj Hkkouk FkhA mUgksua s Hkh rtZu] pkiywlh vkSj f'k{kkçn feJ.k dÙkZO.20-35 ßvkvks] rqe esjs lkFk fnO.k tkuk pkfg. dks fuHkhZdrkiwod Z fuHkk.g lHkh lhrk ds fy.g gqvk fd blls mUgsa cgqr Dys'k vkSj Hkkjh jks"k gqvkA muds eu esa mlds çfr ?k`.ksfa d ge bu egku iqLrdksa rFkk egku O.slk djus esa leFkZ gksa vkSj xq#tuksa dk D.k fu'kkpjAA vkRekueqieka ÑRok Los"kq nkjs"kq jE.d nwljs ds lgp.L.gk¡ yadk esa lRiq#"k ugha gS\a D.g ekywe ugha gksrk fd dksbZ vU. p lesR.FkkAA V.A .] ftlls og v/kksxfr ds xrZ esa fxjrk gh gS] rks fcuk lkef.k dh ys'kek= Hkh ijokg djrs gks\a vFkok .ksa dk fuokl ugha gS] tks fd /keZlxa r vkpj. jl dk iku djks] rFkk vfHk"V Hkksx HkksxksA ge .k . gS vkSj u gh bl ckr dk vkHkkl gksrk fd ml ekxZ ds fljs ij fouk'k mudh çrh{kk dj jgk gSA . vFkkZr~ Hkkoh ladV ds çfr psrkouh nsuh pkfg.sls O.fn fdlh vU. Hkh gks vFkok vkils cMÛs .ksx djrk gS] jko. 393   ßpUæek ds leku eq[k okyh] lqe/.s"kka nkjk j{.kj u FksAÞ pkgs nwljs i{k lquus dks rS.k .fDr.Z dk vkuUn ysAa eSa rqEgsa /ku dh jkf'k vkSj lEiw.kZ% iéxa .gh fu"d"kZ fudyrk gSA .Fkklq[ka Roa Rof.ls! eSa rqEgkjs ftl&ftl vax dks ns[krk gw¡] mlh&mlh esa esjs us= my> tkrs gSa vkSj gVk.21.gk¡ lPpfj= O. mlds euksHkko çn£'kr djus ds fy.d nks 'kCn .392 jkek.kke .A bu xq#tuksa dks Hkh .kZ olqU/kjk Hkh le£ir djrk gw¡] ftl ij rqe esjs lkFk jkT.sls yksxksa ds mifLFkr gksrs gq.ksx fd.

Fkk .k] ßyksd esa tSls tSls fL=.rk ugha gksrhA .% L=h.g] dke cMÛk Vs<Ûk gSA vPNk rks .slk mfpr Hkh gks] d#.d vPNk lkjfFk dqekxZ ij nkSMÛrs gq.k gw¡] rhu yksdksa dks =kl nsus okykA esjs fy.h vkSj fu/kZu euq".fn nks eghus ckn rqe eq>s viuk ifr cukuk Lohdkj u djksxh] rks esjs jlksb.ksa rqe esjk frjLdkj djrh tkrh gks vkSj udkjrh gksA eq>s rqe ij Øks/k vkrk gS] vUrr% eSa rks n'kkuu jko.k¡ vkSj jktdqekfj.a çÏfr Hkh eq>ls Hk. 395   pkfg. mÙkj fn.gh rks lalkj dk fu.Z dh ç'kalk djrk gS vkSj mudh le>nkjh vkSj xq.fDr tkdj fdlh NksVh lh fd'kksjh ls I.k% lhrka Hkqt³~x bo fu%'olu~AA vu. liZ ds leku lk¡l [khap dj cksyk] ßvU.khg okD.30.kfeokstlkAA V.d vksj rqEgkjs çfr çse vkSj vklfDr vkSj nwljh vksj Øks/k vkSj vçlékrkA L=h tkfr dh .k djds yk.k djuk pkfg.394 jkek.k Fkk .s jk{kfl. ugha gSA Lo.k gS] rks mlds çfr Øks/k djus dh cktk.rsAA .k us mudks .kew/k± rq eklkH.ogkj dyk dk gh mi.kksa esa ykSVrs gSAa ijUrq bl ij Hkh rqEgkjk fny ugha ilhtrk vkSj rqe viuh gB ugha NksMÛrhaA eSa nks Hkkokos'kksa esa Q¡lk gqvk gw¡A .k us Øks/k ls yky&yky vk¡[ksa djds fonsg dqekjh lhrk dh vksj ns[kk vkSj Q¡Q q dkjrs gq.k vkSj vkxs pyrs gSAa jko.k ds T.ksa dh vksj ns[kk] tks mu ij igjk ns jgha FkhaA .o] .8.k djus esa vkukdkuh djrs gSAa vc .kfu .kn j[kks& .2-6.kfuo lqljkfFk%AA oke% dkeks euq". gks tkrk gSA .kjh ckrsa djrk gS] rks og Qwyh ugha lekrh vkSj lksprh gS]a ^eSa fdruh HkkX.knaMAß .adj fn[kkbZ nsus okyh leLr jk{kfl.&fou.ksX.gh gS fd bls çksRlkgu dh vko'.kfe ojkuusA o/kkgk±eoekukgka feF.ks&a R. tek ysrk gS)A .fn fdlh ds çfr çse mRiék gks x.sxa s vkSj esjs dysos ds fy.]Z pUæ] rkjkx. çkIr dj ysrk gS vkSj vU.Hkhr gSA lw.k] ok.slk dgk¡\ eSa rqels T. dke% leqfRFkr%A æorks·ekxZeklk| g.k vc Hkh lhrk dks cgdkus Qqlykus dk ç.fLeu~ fdy fuc/.kk vkSj n.sukfHklaiéeFkZghueuqor z As uk'k.k djus okys ukjh! tSls lw.9 lhrk ds .kfu czohf"k eke~A rs"kq rs"kq o/kks .d pj.k.kE. .k¡ mlds vUr%iqj dh fL=.k Ñr%A rr% 'k.kka .ksa ls fHkék Fkha] tks jkfu.kS es .k us fQj lhrk ls bl çdkj dgk] Þ.] fdlh lekt ds mu yksxksa dks D.22.kfuAA }kE.kké Roka ?kkr.k us Hk. dk vuqlj.rLekRdkj.d lk/kkj.k ij vkuk gh gksxkA vr. gksus ij Hkh eSa rqEgkjk o/k ugha dj ik jgk gw¡A rqe tSlh&tSlh dBksj ckrsa dg jgh gks] tSlh&tSlh /k`"Vrkiw.ksa ls vuqu.k%AA }kS eklkS jf{krO.e gSA tc .d egku O. ?kksMÛkas dk jksdrk gS] oSls gh rqEgkjs çfr tks çse esjk ân.k Fkk] eSaus vf/kd ls vf/kd ckjg eghus dh vof/k NwV nh FkhA mlds vuqlkj eq>s dsoy nks eghuksa dh çrh{kk vkSj djuh gSA rRi'pkr~ rqEgsa esjh 'k¸.gh dkj.kkas ij iMÛrk gw¡A esjs nlksa 'kh'k rqEgkjs pj.ge| Roka lw.slk dg dj jko. esa rRij rFkk o/k vkSj frjLdkj ds .k¡ Fkha] ftudks og egyksa ls vigj.Z nso vius rst ls çkr%dkyhu jkf= ds vU/kdkj dk uk'k dj nsrk gS] mlh çdkj eSa vkt rsjk fouk'k fd.k.PNfr es Øks/ka Rof.kZ ckrsa dj jgh gks] muds cnys esa dBksj naM nsuk gh mfpr gS] u fd . e/kqj ckrsa dj mudk ân.s rqEgsa ?klhV dj ikd'kkyk esa ys tk.ks·of/kLrs e.d NksVh lh gLrh esjk frjLdkj djus dk lkgl dj jgh gSA gj ckj tc esjk Øks/k mQurk gS] esjk çse dgrk gS] ^ugha] ugha] bl míaM dks naM er nks] viuh O.uekjksg ee Roa ojoÆ.s nsrk gw¡AÞ lhrk ls .slk dgdj Øks/k ds vkos'k esa Hkjs gq.a oDrk ifjHkwrLrFkk rFkkAA lafu.g fLFkfr vfuf'pr dky rd ugha py ldrhA tc eSa rqEgsa .k Hkko çdV gks tkrk gS vkSj Øks/kh dks vfHkHkwr dj ysrk gSA çse] Øks/k ij fot.q vkSj vfXu Hkh esjh lsok esa rRij jgrs gSAa fQj Hkh vkdj eSa rqEgkjs pj.k gS fd >wBs oSjkX.ksa ehBs opu cksyrk gw¡] R.g igys gh vki ij vkf/kiR.kfu . rqEgkjs VqdMÛ&s VqdMÛs dj Mkysxa As Þ bl çdkj dh /kedh ij Hkh lhrk ekuh ughaA og vf/kd míaM gks xb± vkSj dBksj opuksa }kjk jko. djrk gS vkSj muls fç.rsA tus rfLeaLRouqØks'k% Lusg'p fdy tk.22.ka HkrkZja ekefuPNrhe~A ee Roka çkrjk'kkFkZekjHkUrs egkulsAA V.gk¡ yk..Fkk fç.'kkyh gw¡A* Bhd gh] og bl iq#"k dh vksj f[kapus yxrh gSA ijUrq esjk HkkX.] ftudks lRiq#"kksa dk ijke'kZ rks feyrk gS] ijUrq os mls xzg.g vfç.] pkgs . Hkkoukvksa ij vfHkHkkoh gks tkrk gSA . thrus dh ps"Vk djrk gS] oSl&s oSls og mudk fç.drk ugha gksrh (ijUrq tc .Fkk .qDrLro eSfFkfy nk:.ksx djksA* tSls .31 jko.kl dj jgk gSA og cMÛh e/kqj Hkk"kk esa muls ckr djrk gS] muds lkSUn.kka rFkk rFkkA .ksfr&LrEHk pkSchlok¡ v/.g eksg cu tkrk gS] rc bldks çksRlkgu dh vko'.%Z lU/k.rk o'.k.k] ogh esjs Øks/k dks jksdrk gSA .kksa dh ljkguk djrk gS vkSj mlh vuqikr esa muds ifr dh fuUnk Hkh djrk gSA .k çk.kjh&I.kçozftrs jrke~AA i:"kk.Fkk lkURof.k dks cqjk Hkyk dgus yxhaA vos{kek.d. jko.s dBksj opu lqudj] jk{kljkt jko.ks&a T.kks oSngs ha dksilajDrykspu%A mokp jko. esa mRiék gks x. dqN Hkh vuqiy{.

ksa ds dkj.kZçkoj.ks|eusu pA bfr çfrlekfn'.Mdkj.fn .{k :i ls .ksa esa ls .k ds T. dh ekrk Fkh] og 'kh?kz gh jko.34 mlus .k vkSj u gh çR.gk¡ .kka rFkkA xksd.ksX.d rVLFk 'kSyh esa çLrqr djrs gSAa foHkh"k. jk{klsUæ% iqu% iqu%AA dkeeU.k bruk lc dqN gksus ij lhrk dks [kks nw¡\ vki yksx . 'kjhjeqirI.k FkkA fdUrq] . vkSj nklh eukso`fÙk dh FkhaA muds :i jax ek= ls lhrk dks Mj yxrk FkkA .ksa dks crkrk gS fd fdl çdkj mlus lhrk dk vigj.k dk {ks= gSA lhrk blesa ikbZ xbZA vr.d vk¡[k okyh] .d .slk dqN dgkA jko.ogkj djrs .us=ka p nh?kZftºokeftfºodke~AA vukfldka flageq[kha xkse[ q kha lwdjheq[khe~A .ksa ds lkFk O.ku esa j[krs gq.k gw¡] ogk¡ gekjs gh yksxksa dk okl gSA og tuLFkku rks gekjh lhek dh ..g u dgsa fd lhrk dks NksMÛ nw¡A eSua s bruk lc dqN d"V mBk.k dks fe=ksa ds lkeus . fn[kkdj lhrk dks o'k esa ykus dh ps"Vk djksAÞ ßçse ds jgL.k ds vkxeu ij] mUgksua s vius ikl mifLFkr yksxksa ls iwNk fd os crk.d .sa D.k vkSj fdl çdkj vU.kækeL.k tks ckr dg jgk gS] og mlds efLr"d ds oSf/kd igyw dh mit gSA og tkdj lhrk dks gj yk.k.khZdÆ. n`<Ûfu'p.% lokZ% f{kça lesR.Fkk e}'kxk lhrk f{kça Hkofr tkudhAA rFkk dq:r jk{klL.o] og esjk oS/k f'kdkj gSAÞ rRi'pkr~ og vius gh yksxksa ds le{k Li"V 'kCnksa esa lhrk ds çfr viuh vklfDr ?kksf"kr djrk gSA D.kZu djrk gS % . djrk gS vkSj iwNrk gS bl çdkj ds ladV mifLFkr gksus ij D. Fkk] . gS] .ksa dks bl çdkj ckj&ckj vkKk nsdj dke vkSj Øks/k ls O.ZrtZ.fn blds foijhr gks] rks iq#"k vo'.k vkius dHkh vius futh thou es]a vius fdlh xqIr çse lEcU/kksa dks bl jk{kfl.kZ] dBksj ân.kk± p d.kh± p yEcd.kuL.12 ßnaMdkj. ls] tks jk{klksa ds fopjus dk LFkku gS] jke dh fç.k djuk pkfg.k ds ikl vkbZ vkSj mldk vkfyaxu djds cksyh vkSj mlus mldk Øks/k 'kkUr dj fn.g Hkh .d vk¡[k okyh] eksVs iSj okyh] fcuk iSj okyh] eksVs iSjksa okyh] cgqr cMÛs Lru okyh] fo'kky eq[k vkSj us= okyh] yEch thHk okyh] fcuk ukd ds flag ds leku eq[k okyh] xkS ds leku eq[k okyh] lwdjh ds leku eq[k okyhµ bu lc jk{kfl.ML.ogkj esa vkuUn lgò xq.r~A V..d ckr gS] tks fo'ks"k /.h Fks] ijUrq mUgksua s nwljksa ij bl ckr dks çdV ugha fd.q¼ lEcU/kh lHkk cqykrk gS vkSj lHkklnksa ls ijke'kZ ek¡xus dk vfHku.s jk{kfl. fL=.k gw¡AÞ .k¡ rks Øjrkiw..a p n.rsAA bPNUrha dke. gSA bl ckr dks çR.gk¡ dfo viuh fouksnh rjax esa vkdj mu nkfl.12.g Hkh iwN ldrk gSa fd D. çhfrHkZofr 'kksHkukAA V.k gSA D.22.kn j[ksa fd ukjh tkfr ds O.kk c<Û tkrk gS .q¼ dkaM esa jko.k egy dh vksj ykSV iMÛkA .kh± gfLrd.k] rks mlds lykgdkj .ksa ls dgk] ßrqe lc yksx fey dj vFkok vyx&vyx] 'kh?kz gh .k djuk pkfg.dk{khesdiknha p i`Fkqiknheiknqdke~AA vfrek=kL.ksfr&LrEHk pkSchlok¡ v/.fn L=h bPNqd lg. ckrksa ds vfrfjDr] mlus .sA vuqdwy&çfrdwy mik.kdqy jko. ds leku iSj okyh] .|fi jke mldks Lohdkj djus ds fy.krk }kjk viuk cuk fy.k.k fd.ksfxuh gksA .ksa ds :i&jax dk o.k gS] viuh çfr"Bk dks [kks.k .k vius efU=.dk{khesdd.g .ksa ls] lke] nke vkSj Hksnuhfr ls rFkk naM dk Hkh Hk.k ds ijke'kZ ek¡xus dk <ax Jh jke jke ds <ax ls loZFkk fHkék gSA Jh jke leL.d gS]Þ og dgrh gS] ßfL=.slk ijke'kZ] ftlds lkFk dMÛh 'krZ Hkh tqMÛh gqbZ FkhA b.slh ckr dgh] ftldh vksj eSa fo'ks"k /.kA vU.g iwoZ fuf'pr ijke'kZ pkfg.k lhrk dh vksj ns[kdj xtZuk djus yxk] tSls og vHkh çgkj djus okyk gksA rnuUrj] /kkU.43 .g jk{klksa dk LoNUn fopj.&dykvksa ls vkSj fuiq. pA çfryksekuqykse'S o lkeknkukfnHksnuS%AA vkotZ.qijhrkRek tkudha i. 397   vkSj fQj ftudks mlus viuh ç.kA j{kksfHk'pfjrkís'kknkuhrk tudkRetkAA VI.slk dgk vkSj mls nwljh vksj og gVk ys xbZ] rc jko.r oSngs ha n. efg"kh fç.ekfyuh ukeokyh jk{kl&dU.s bPNqd gksAa jko. tysxk]Þ tc jk{klh us .396 jkek.slk djuk mlds vf/kdkj dk vfrØe.kuL.33.k ugha Fkk\ .k djuk mfpr gksxk\ fdUrq] .slk gS] rks og lhrk dks ykSVkus ds fy.k gS vkSj vius pfj= dks dyafdr fd.s]a mUgsa D.s ck/.k] tks lqçfl¼ jko.d pkSdh gSA .42.d dku okyh] yEcs dkuksa ls vius 'kjhj dks <d ysus okyh] xkS ds ls dkuksa okyh] gkFkh ds leku dkuksa okyh] yEcs dkuksa okyh] fcuk dku okyh] gkFkh ds leku iSjksa okyh] ?kksMÛs ds leku iSj okyh] xk. og dgrk gS] ßeSa lhrk dks ftl tuLFkku ls yk.k ds iq= vfrdk.ku fnykuk pkgw¡xkA vdkeka dke.k .A .kdke~AA gfLrik|'oik|kS p xksinha iknpwfydke~A .Ru djks] ftlls lhrk cgqr tYnh esjs o'k esa vk tk.k 'kki dk Hkkxh cukA og cksyk] ßvki yksx eq>s crk.\ jko.ku nsus . iRuh lhrk dks eSa ogk¡ ls gj yk.slk ç.slk ijke'kZ ns]a ftlls esjk vf/kdkj ml ij cuk jgsAÞ mldks rks . 22.fn vki ewy xzUFk i<Ûus ds fy.{kr% igys ls /.

nqjkReu%A lhrka çfr egkckgks u p ?kkra dfj".k fd. 84.sa fd fdl çdkj bl mís'.k gw¡A dke us eq>s vius v/khu dj fy.k fgrfpdh"kq.ksa ls dh Fkh] og .kk HkrkZja jkeek.kA dqN gh nsj ckn foHkh"k. o'kesf.kkS pj.koh vkÏfr cukdj guqeku ds lkeus mldk o/k fd.kl ugha fd.k dqN vf/kd vyx&vyx gksrh gSAa lhrk ds iSjksa ds fujh{k.k esa jko.kL.k pk:us=k. dh iw£r gks ekuks .kksa ds ryqos yky jax ds gSAa nksuksa iSj lqUnj fpdus vkSj lqMkSy gS]a rFkk mlds u[k rk¡cs tSls yky gSAa lhrk ds mu pj.d O. ds vuqlkj lhrk ds pj.sAa Þ og pkgrk gS fdlh çdkj jke vkSj y{e.ksfa d muds fopkj ls lhrk dk bl çdkj dk çLrko loZFkk vuqfpr gSAa os dHkh .d o"kZ dk le.sls fo"k.k dh n`f"V cMÛh iSuh FkhA og :i dk dq'ky ikj[kh Fkk vkSj mlds fu.kZdj.sls dke us esjs ân.k nhI.g Hkh ugha dgk] ßeq>s .k ij vkuk gh ugha pkgrh gSA esjh n`f"V esa rhuksa yksdksa esa lhrk ds leku nwljh dksbZ lqUnjh ugha gSAÞ og lhrk ds pj.kS n'kjFkkRetkSAA HkoföeZU«.d ijL=h dk vigj.k FkkA . esa gS]a ftu ij vkiesa ls cgqr yksxksa us /.gk¡ . vfHkçk.g crk.k ds T.ksfr&LrEHk pkSchlok¡ v/.slk ugha dg ldrhaA mUgksua s rks lnk frjLdkj iwod Z jko.ksu pA 'kksdlUrkifuR.k ogk¡ igq¡prs gSa vkSj fLFkfr dk vkdyu djus ds i'pkr~ mUgksua s .k nks"k jfgr FksA méla onua oYxq foiqya pk:ykspue~A i'.k gS vkSj iwNrk gS fd os crk.koh vkÏfr cukdj guqeku ds le{k mldk o/k fd.k p .fn brus fnu rd Jh jke ugha vk.ku fn.d o"kZ dk le.sA eaf=x. curk gS fd fdl çdkj ls mudk t?kU.Z kkA oSnsgheqRl`tLosfr u rRÑroku op%AA uSo lkEuk u nkusu p Hksnsu dqrks .k us lHkklnksa ds lkeus viuh Hkwjh mnkjrk fn[kkus ds fy.12.k. cksykA 'krZ] tks jko..% fL=.26 og dgrk gS] ßvc vki yksx vkil esa lykg dhft. 10-12 .k lhrk dks dnkfi ugha ekjsxkA vfHkçk.ksa dk dÙkZO.su dsufpr~AA VI.k ds t?kU. esa Hkh dHkh eu ls nwj ugh gksrk] .q/kkA lk æq"Vqefi 'kD. nksA .k gS] tks Øks/k vkSj g"kZ& nksuksa voLFkkvksa esa leku :i ls cuk jgrk gS] 'kjhj dh dkfUr Qhdh dj nsrk gS] 'kksd rFkk lUrki ds le.kksa dks ns[kdj esjh dkekfXu çTTofyr gks mBrh gSAÞ vc nks 'kCn .k gSA fo'kky us=ksa okyh lhrk us eq>ls .su nqoZ.12.k gksxkA fQj os Jh jke dks vk'oLr djrs gSa fd jko.k Fkk] rc guqeku nkSMÛ&s nkSMÛs Jh jke ds ikl x.s]a rks lwfpr djsa bu nksuksa y{.oa euksgj eq[k dk voyksdu djds eSa vius o'k esa ugha jg x.ksa ds iSj lnk muds dke 'kkjhfjd <k¡ps ds vuq:i ugha gksrAs fo/kkrk fdlh u fdlh vax esa dqN nks"k Mky gh nsrk gSA çk.A cMÛh dfBukbZ ls mUgsa gks'k esa yk.kkS lqçfrf"BrkSA n`"V~ok rkezu[kkS rL.s] rks eSa rqEgkjh gks tkÅ¡xhAÞ Vhdkdkj bl fcUnq ij tksj nsrs gSa D. 399   çdkj çdV :i ls çdkf'kr djrs lquk gS\ .398 jkek.kor Hkkfeuh A çrh{kek. dks dyqf"kr dj fn.d vuSfrd djrwr dks bruh fuyZTtrkiwod Z bl ckr dk f<a<ksjk ihVdj dgrk gS fd mlus vius miHkksx ds fy.k x.sr uSo pkU. çLrko dks Bqdjk.k dk o/k gks tk.d o"kZ dk volj fn.kZ.ekuLrq cgq'kks e.k gksxkA çk.rka eU=% lquhfr'pkfHk/kh.k fd .gk¡ jko.15 ßmlds pj.s vkSj dksbZ .k vkSj os ew£PNr gks x.k% dkeL.Fkk lhrk o/.slh lqUnj uhfr crkb.k% çfrKkra op% 'kqHke~AA VI.kZ djus dh çfrKk dh gSAÞ Vhdkdkj bl ij vkifÙk djrs gSAa lhrk us dHkh dksbZ vof/k ugha ek¡xh FkhA mUgksua s dHkh vius eq[k ls .17-20 ßÅ¡ph ukd vkSj fo'kky us=ksa ls lq'kksfHkr mlds fueZy .ksa dh iw£r fdl çdkj gks\ lhrk ds çfr mldh .rykspukAA rUe.12.a rq tkukfe jko. Fks vkSj bldh lwpuk mudks nh FkhA mlh {k.kA jko.k Jh jke dks Hkh fo'okl gks x.fDr .s .k us Lo. ek¡xk gSA bl chp esa og vius ifr dh çfr{kk djsxhA eSua s lhrk ds bl lqUnj opu dks lqudj mls iw.% fL=.g xgu vklfDr lcdks fofnr FkhA mlus Lo.oku~AA Øks/kg"kZlgk.frAA .slk gS] tks brus [kqys <ax ls nwljs dh iRuh ds çfr .a Hkh bldks xqIr j[kus dk ç.kP.k¡ cMÛh cs<xa h rjg ls tqMÛh gksrh gS .kZr.k gS]a ftu ij mldh n`f"V lcls vf/kd terh gSA og dgrk gS % lqyksfgrrykS 'y{.k .g Fkh fd og lhrk dks vius gkFk ls tkus ugha nsxkA vns.su dkesus dyq"khÑr%AA lk rq laoRlja dkya eke.rke~AA VI.s vlR.a gh viuh vksj ls mUgsa .k iw.k vkil esa lykg djds fdlh fu'p.ksa ds chp vf/kd txg gksrh gS .g fuf'pr gh muds /kwrZ Hkrhts dh djrwr jgh gksxhA mlh us lhrk dh ek.s] ftlls lhrk dks ykSVkuk u iMÛs rFkk nksuksa n'kjFk dqekj ekjs tk. fl¼ gksA og vkxs dgrk gS] ßfdUrq og eUnxkfeuh lhrk esjh 'k¸.k us vius efU=.k rks maxfy.ksa ds iSj nks"k jfgr ugha gksr&s .d rjQÛ nwljh ls Å¡ph gksrh gSa vFkok maxfy.g efU=.rs es 'kjhjt%AA VI. ij igq¡p tk.25.kA tc bUæftr us lhrk dh ek.aLrnk o'LrL.

 iPphlok¡ v/. feyrk gS] rks dfo mudh fpUrk dk dksbZ mYys[k ugha djrkA 401 .k dh lgt Hkkouk lp Fkh D.{k :i ls ns[kk gS] okYehfd dh lhrk dh ifjdYiuk ds lehi ugha igq¡prhA dfo us lhrk dks mu lHkh vkd"kZd rRoksa ls lqlfTtr fd.ksfa d ogk¡ lhrk vius xq.Ur ihMÛk igq¡pkus okyk FkkA mldh ppkZ ge vkxs djsxa As .ks/.fn jke muds lkFk ugha Fks] rks lc dqN çfrdwy FkkA fdUrq muds v.k.jkek.k dh ohjksfpr Hkkouk.kA D.k fd mls lhrk ds ctk.d mPp Hkkouk esa vVd xbZAÞ vr.g eSa vPNh rjg tkurk gw¡A og mudk o/k dnkfi ugha djsxkA eSua s mldk fgr djus dh bPNk ls u tkus fdruh ckj .A bl çLrko ls jko.kr Fkk vkSj tks dqN Hkh mUgsa jko.sxk D.k dqN ugha >syk)& os bu lc xq.d .rk ls vf/kd gS] lhrk dh vis{kkA . lhrk us lkspk] ßeSa fdruh ew[kZ Fkh fd eSua s guqeku ds fo'kky ân. gS D.kk] ikfrozR.kke D.k dh lhrk ds çfr dSlh Hkkouk.slk vafdr djus esa foHkh"k. gks tkrh gSA cU/kqvksa dh Js.kh esas rks lhrk .ksfr&LrEHk 400  mUgksua s vpsr iMÛs gq.k Fkk] fQj Hkh .g ckr eSa igys Hkh dg pqdk gw¡] fQj og Hkh iqu#fDr ds .k gksxk& lEiw.d 'kksdlUrIr ukjh ds :i esa ns[kuk iMÛxs k& .k ls lquus dks feyk] og vR.k esa ugha] vfirq lkezkT.fn TÛkjk Bgj dj ge ml dky dh ppkZ djs]a tc os lq[kh Fkha] v.sa mHkj vkb±] mldh ik'kfodrk esa nl xq.|fi jko.Z] ân.|fi . ls dqN gVdj FkkA ijUrq og dqN lhek rd Bhd Hkh FkkA foHkh"k. gSA dksbZ Hkh L=h ftlds lEcU/k esa eSua s i<Ûk gS vkSj fuf'pr :i ls dksbZ Hkh L=h] ftldks eSua s çR.k dh fuÏ"V Hkkouk.g dg dj jksd fn.ksX.k us lhrk dks lekIr djus dk n`<Û fu'p. Jh jke ls bl çdkj dgk] ßnqjkRek] esjs HkkbZ jko. fd.s dksbZ egRo u Fkk] muds fy.kksa ls lEiék FkhA os çÏfr dk . eSa . dh xgu dkseyrk] ije d#. iq#"k lke&nke&naM&Hksn }kjk Hkh ugha ns[k ldrkA fQj .ku nsus .ksX.k dk .ksfa d . esa fpUrk D.kZ yadk dk fouk'k! fdUrq mlus esjh ckr ugha ekuhA og lhrk dks dksbZ gkfu ugha igq¡pk.k] ij vUr rd og .k¡ fookg.g mu yksxksa ds nq%[kn vuqHkoksa esa ls .o] foHkh"k.s dYiuk dh tk ldrh gSA vlhe lkSUn.k us lhrk dk o/k djus dk ç.s i.k.|fi jko.s rks jke gh lc dqN FksA tgk¡ jke Fks] ogk¡ mudk LoxZ FkkA .sa gS]a . ifjp.k Hkh dqN vfrjatuk dj jgk FkkA tSlk fd eSa igys crk pqdk gw¡] tc bUæftr ds o/k ds ckn jko. ds jpf.k gS (dnkfpr~~ bldk vUr£ufgr vFkZ . jke dk gh o/k djuk pkfg.ksfa d og vc Hkh vk'kk djrk gS vkSj mldh vklfDr bl lhek rd igq¡p xbZ gS fd og lhrk dks fdlh dks ns[kus Hkh ugha nsrkA lhrk dks vU.k ds T.slh ukjh] ftldks lkaRouk çnku djus okyk Hkh vkl ikl dksbZ u FkkA tks dqN Hkh ogk¡ fn[kkbZ nsrk Fkk] og dqfRlr vkSj ?k`f.d fcUnq ij vkidk /.k fd fonsgdqekjh dks NksMÛ nksA eSua s mls psrkouh Hkh nh fd lhrk dks ogk¡ j[kus dk ifj.k ds thou esa Hkh dkQÛh dqN gS] tks /. çLrko dks ugha ekukA ml le.slk dj ugha ldkA lqik'oZ us vkdj mldks .d jRu FkhaA fdlh dks Hkh muds fookg ds lEcU/k esa dksbZ fpUrk gksuh ugha pkfg. FkhA fQj Hkh tud dks muds fookg ds fo"k.ksfa d ogh lc ladVksa dh tMÛ FkhA ml le.ku vkdf"kZr d:¡xk] ftldk lEcU/k dkO.k fdlh Hkh n'kk esa lhrk dks ekjuk ugha pkgsxk] rF.g vuqjks/k fd. dk muds fy.k\ lhrk dks og . lhrk lhrk ds lkekU.kk o`f¼ gks xbZ vkSj mlus lhrk dk o/k djus dk fu'p.q dk dkj.ksX.kksa ls nhIr gSA fdUrq blds iwoZ .ks/.sa Åij mHkj vkb±A .k ojnku Fkha] tks loFkkZ fu:iek FkkA muds leku u dksbZ gqvk gS] u gks ldrk gSA vkb.d NksVh lh ckr mldh .gk¡ ekjus ugha yk.k cusxh)AÞ fdUrq] ..kstuk dks foQy djus ds fy.d gS] ftudh iqf=.g dFku fd jko.kZIr FkhA ””” 401 iPphlok¡ v/.slk foy{k.q¼ dh rks ckr gh D.k gS] ftudh fdlh L=h ds fy.Ru fd.s] igys muds thou ds lq[kh dky dh dqN ppkZ djsAa fQj 'kh?kz gh gesa mUgsa . Hkh cuk fy. ls cgqr nwj] ou esAa lkezkT. ds :i esa eSa dsoy nks 'kCn dgw¡xkA .] mRÏ"V cqf¼erk] vfer] eukscy] lgu'khyrk (lhrk us D.g gS fd lhrk vUrr% mldh e`R.ksa gqb\Z tc dFkk esa igys igy gesa tud dk ifjp.

k gksrk gS] D.k[. fr"BfrAA VII.A tSls dksbZ ukSdk jfgr euq".k tk ldrk FkkA D.ksfa d dU.\ vo'. gks xbZ] rc mUgsa cMÛh fpUrk gqbAZ tSls dek.keokIuksfr 'kØs.Ur dfBu gks x.k FkkA ml le.kuiwod Z ns[kk gksxk vkSj fdruh ckj bruh TÛkksjnkj ckr dgus ds fy.7-10 ßcsVh! vc rqEgkjs fookg dk le. D.k djsxk] ekrk vkSj firk ds dqy vkSj ftl dqy esa dU.rs p d% dU. rqEgkjh .kvksa ds firkvksa dh fpUrk lpeqp vf/kd c<Û xbZ FkhA okYehfd blh fLFkfr dks ihNs ys tk dj blh çdkj ds Hkko tud ij vkjksfir djrs gS]a tSls fd muds le. dks cgqr nq%[k gksrk gS] mlh çdkj os esjs fookg dh fpUrk ls nq%[kh gq.kstuk D.k nh tkrh gS] ml dqy ds fy. bruh dBksj ijh{kk dh .q esa gh* bruh cqf¼erh Fkha fd os ifr la.dsAA ekrq% dqya fir`dy q a .k dk firk gksuk nq%[k dk dkj.kfirk tukr~A ç?k"kZ.fU=rk /keZc) q .slk dgk gksxk] ßeSa viuh iq=h dk gkFk mlh O.ksa u gks in] oSHko] çfr"Bk vkfn ls lEiék gks] .g fo"k.9.slk dqN ugha dgkA .ku fn.d .fn lpeqp dqN .kukPp HkhrSLRoa u ojS% çfrx`álsAA RoRÑrs p o. gh lhrk us tud dh euksn'kk dh voyksdu fd. vk x.k nks ih<Ûh ckn dh gSa vkSj tula[.d ckfydk us bu ckrksa dks /. esa ge /keZcfq ¼ j[krs gSAa rqe rks lk{kkr~ y{eh ds leku loZx.knku ds fo"k.k ml ekxZ ls xqTÛkj jgk FkkA mlus iwNk] ßvki dkSu gS\a ek.ksfa d mldks vk'kadk cuh jgrh gS fd dgha mldh çfr"Bk u"V u gks tk.ksfa d . rks .k gksxk vkSj bl çdkj dh ckrsa vuql.A lalkj esa dU. mÙkj esa dgrk gS] ß.ksfr&LrEHk iPphlok¡ v/.rsA dqy=. Js"B oj rqEgkjk oj.%A Roa fg loZx. dh iq=h] eUnksnjh fookg .a lnk dU.q kksir s k Jh% lk{kkfno iqf=dsAA dU.ksa cukrs fd mls f'ko/kuq"k dks mBkdj ml ij çR. cuk jgrk gSAÞ blh çdkj] tc ek. lq.kfir`Roa nq%[ka fg los"Z kka ekudk³~f{k.s ckrsa Lo.Z tks igys fdlh Hkh O.w k ls dgrh gS] ßog vieku lgu djus dh ?kMÛh vk igq¡ph gS] .slh ckr gksrh] rks os oj ds fy. ge yksxksa us cgqr ç.k. oj [kkst jgk Fkk] mls Hkh blh çdkj dh dfBukbZ dk lkeuk djuk iMÛk FkkA . gks xbZ] og mldks ysdj m|kuksa esa ?kweus yxk Fkk] .ksX.k tud us .k la'k.34-36 ßtc firk us ns[kk fd esjh voLFkk fookg .ksxlqyHka o. dU.ksa }kjk gh [khap dj yk.s LFkkI.= pSo çnh.sA la.Z gksrk gSA esjs fopkj ls fuf'pr :i ls lhrk dks bl vkjksi ls eqDr fd. Hkh lnk la'k.d . /ku dk uk'k gks tkus ij fu/kZu euq".g ekywe ugha gksrk fd dkSu vkSj dSlk iq#"k dU. esa brus vf/kd fpfUrr FksA . gS fd os dky esa vkSj Hkh ihNs pys tkrs gSA blls Hkh igys] tc jko.s vuqdy w oj <w¡< ugha ik jgk gw¡A rqe dgha bUdkj u dj nks] blfy.apk p<Ûkuh gksxh] .k ds firk dks] pkgs og Hkwry ij bUæ fd rqY.g ns[kdj jktk tud fpUrk ds leqæ esa Mwc x.ksX.k ugha dj jgs gSAa iq=h! rqEgsa fof'k"V oj dh çkfIr gks] blfy.kZoxr% ikja ukllknkIyoks .sA D.qokoLFkk chr jgh gSA rqe bruh lqUnj] bruh euksgj] bruh çfrHkk lEiék vkSj bruh fonq"kh gks] fQj Hkh eSa rqEgkjs fy.. bruk fç.k gksXkkA fdUrq] .a . esa çpfyr FksA ijUrq] ckr brus ij gh lekIr ugha gksrhA okYehfd dks .aoj* dk uke nsrh gSAa os Ng o"kZ dh vYiifjiDo vk.k ds T.q klEiék gksA vr% rqEgkjk oj Hkh rqEgkjs vuq:i gksuk pkfg.a czãk ds .k gS] D.118.fDr dks nw¡xk] tks bl /kuq"k dks p<Ûk ldsxk\Þ bl ckr ij fo'okl ugha vkrkA fdUrq] lhrk vuql.sfnfr dU.fn mldh iq=h vfookfgr gks] rks vius ls fuEu ntsZ ds yksxksa ls Hkh vieku >syuk iMÛrk gSAÞ dSls .qDr oj [kkstuk vR.FkkAA II.kvksa ds fy.slk dk.w k us mudk Lokxr lRdkj fd. dU.g ns[kus ds fy.ksfa d bl le.ksX.k dk oj.fDr }kjk lEiék ugha gqvk Fkk\ fojys gh mls mBkus Hkj ds fy. ikj ugha igq¡p ikrk gS] mlh çdkj esjs firk Hkh fpUrk dk ikj ugha ik jgs FksAÞ eq>s rks bl ckr ij vk'p.402 jkek.g esjh iq=h gS vkSj eSa blds fy. l{ke FksA mldks ifg. esa dU.g gS fd okYehfd ds le.w k }kjk iwNs tkus ij vkJe esa lhrk mUgsa vius tUe ls ysdj dFkk lqukrh gS]a fookg rd] ftldks os ^Lo.A csVh! vkRelEeku dh bPNk j[kus okyksa ds fy. oj [kkstus * 'kkL=h th ds vuqlkj os dsoy Ng o"kZ Fkha] ijUrq okYehdh us .kSoua rs·frorZrAs çR.w k ls dgha gksxa hA dnkfpr~~ rF.k bruh tYnh rsTÛkh ls ugha c<Ûh gksxhA lqekyh viuh iq=h ls dgrk gS % iqf= çnkudkyks·.kA vuql.s gq.kkenwjLFkka nz"V~ok pkRefu ikfFkZo%A fpUrk.k dk ukuk] jk{kl lqekyh viuh iq=h dSdlh ds fy.kkfi leks HkqfoAA rka /k"kZ.ksx lqyHkk FkhaA os dgrh gSa % ifrla.xeíhuks foÙkuk'kkfnok/ku%AA ln`'kkPpkiÑ"VkPp yksds dU.ksxo'k jko.kke~A u Kk.ks n`"V~ok rq es firkA fpUrkeH.a losz .k tk ldrk gS fd lhrk us bu ckrksa ij /.Ru fd.s mi.slk mYys[k ugha gS fd tud lhrk ds fo"k.s dnkfpr~~ dksbZ eNyh ty ds Åij vk tk. 403   Hkjr ds fp=dwV ls ykSV tkus ds i'pkr~ jke us fp=dwV esa jguk mfpr u le>kA os vf= eqfu ds vkJe eas igq¡pAs ogk¡ mudh iRuh vuql.ka oj.k gSa D.

d xEHkhj =qfV gksus dh lEHkkouk cuh jgrh gS] tks fd lcdks /.d nqfu.g .ksx jko.k cu ldrs gS\a ogk¡ eq>s fdlh çdkj dk Hk. lkAA .s gSA og 'kfDr] ftldk ç.29.su ek.ksx y{e.k gS vkSj eSa ouokl ds fy.k djrs FksA ml le.fDr ds xq. gSA tSls gh mlus .ksfr&LrEHk iPphlok¡ v/.k gS] rks D. fL=.fDr cu tkrk gSA .k FkkA blls vki fuf'pr :i ls tku ysa fd vkids lkFk ou dks pyuk eq>s igys ls gh vHkh"V gSA blds fy. eSa czkã.ku uss nsdj vuqluh dj nsrh gSA Jh jke dh ckr lqudj lhrk dks cMÛk nq%[k gqvkA muds eq[k ij vk¡lv q ksa dh /kkj cg pyh vkSj os bl çdkj dgus yxha] ßvki ou ds la=klksa vkSj d"Vksa dh ckr djrs gSa vkSj oU.k djus ds fy. dh HkhA D.slk çrhr gksrk gS fd dfo dks bl çdkj dh Hkkouk cgqr fç.ku nsus .k vkSj firk us ÏrKrk ls vfHkHkwr gksdj] mls leqfpr ojnf{k.ksa esa vU.i'kq ogk¡ vk ldrs gS]a vkSj . gS fd mu ifjfLFkfr. ds yksx fdrus vf/kd çlék gksr]s .s vusd ç.k¡ djsxa hAÞ _`f).k ls fufeZr veks?k 'kfDr (VI. mRlkfgr jgh gw¡A ou tkus dh esjh gkfnZd bPNk gSA lk/kq iq#"kksa us Hkh] tks Hkfo".k.kk esa .fn vk Hkh tk.kxzrks eeAA II. fd og vU. vc .klksa ds ckotwn Hkh lhrk ugha ekurhaA jke mUgsa çlék djus ds fy.s] tks lhrk dh txg gksrk] .ksa u çlUrkiwod Z ge ou dks pys\a Þ rc L=h tkfr dh bl vkn'kZ çfrek ds eq[k ls dqN vR.s cMÛh vfHkyk"kk gSA eSua s igys Hkh dbZ ckj dqN le.h gSA Lo.a]s rks D.klqj dh ek.k HkjrL. fn[kykrs gSAa fdUrq jke ds vusd ç.oeLekRLodka ukjha lqoÙ` kka fg ifrozrke~A ukfHkjksp.Ru djrs gSA rRi'pkr~ jke ou ds la=klksa ls Hkh mUgsa voxr djkrs gSA vBkjg 'yksdksa es]a ftudk var ÞrLekn~ nq%[kraj oue~ß gS] bu 'kCnksa ls vFkok bu ls feyrs tqyrs 'kCnksa ls gksrk gSA vBkjg ckj] os bl psrkouh dks nksgjrs gSa vkSj lkFk gh lkFk os lhrk dks nqfu.koklh vkSj lEiw.d lq[kh vkSj le>nkjh thou ds fy.gh ckr crk.g Hkh le>rs gSa fd mudh vuqifLFkfr esa muds firk] ekrk vkSj Hkjr ds çfr fdl çdkj mudk O.d lqvolj çkIr gks x.k etsÛ dh ckr gS fd .kksa dh ppkZ lgu ugha dj ldrkA blhfy.g Hkh tc dHkh Hkjr ls lkeuk gks] rks os lksps fd Hkjr vkSj muds ifr esa fdruk vUrj gS vkSj v.k djds mlds firk dks fpUrkeqDr fd.A os fo'ks"k :i ls bl ij cy ns jgs FksA fdlh Hkh O. rd ou esa jgus dh vki ls çkFkZuk dh Fkh vkSj vkidks lger Hkh dj fy.fn jke Hkjr ds ctk.k gw¡AÞ .k fufgr.g vLokHkkfod ugha] rks vfirq iw.fn rqe le>nkj gks] rks esjs ou tkus ds i'pkr~ esjh ç'kalk Hkjr ls ughsa djukAÞ D.a esjh Hkh ou tkus ds fy.ksa esa ls .slk euq". ls esjs eu esa ou ds çfr yxko lk gks x.fn eka nq%f[krkesoa oua usraq u psPNflA fo"kkefXua tya okgekLFkkL.404 jkek.kZ lkezkT.30) ds fy.ku j[kuk pkfg.eks.slh gSA lhrk bu ckrksa dks /.26.knkjksa dh le>nkjh dh ckr dks ysdj jke vius HkkbZ ds çfr Hkh ykxw djrs gS]a ftldks os vPNh çdkj tkurs Fks vkSj ftlds çfr fdlh Hkh nqHkkZouk dk dksbZ ys'kek= dkj.k ds fo#¼ djds mls Hkkjh {kfr igq¡pkbZA ß'kfDr e.k us cMÛs çHkkoh <ax ls nks ckj y{e.Ur mnkÙk euksHkko fu%l`r gksrs gSaA bg yksds p fir`fHk. egkersA vfönZrk Lo/kes. O.slh ew[kZrk rqe er djuk] tks çk.% le`f¼'kkyh nwljksa dh Lrqfr ugha lgu dj ikrsA blfy.k dkaM es]a tc jke viuh iRuh lhrk dks crkrs gSa fd mUgsa cu tkuk gS] og dgrh gS]a ßeSa Hkh lkFk pyw¡xhAÞ jke mUgsa jksdus dk ç.s . 405   vk.kZr.kZ L=h . esa . nsrk gS vkSj og vius le.25 ßçk.ogkj gksuk pkfg.ksX.k dks oj.Hkkos·fi rL.k ds fo#¼ gqvk (VI.knkjh dh f'k{kk Hkh nsrs gSAa os .ks%A usrqegZfl dkdqRLFk lekulq[knq%f[kuhe~AA .sls Å¡ps Lrj ij igq¡p tkrs gS]a os fdlh dh ç'kalk lgu ugha dj ldrsA vr.ksa esa os Hkjr ds çfr Øks/k Hkkouk j[ks]a muls bZ".k ekuoh.d lqUnjre rF..L.kke~AA II.Kkrk gksrs gS]a esjs fo"k.k Hkh ugha FkkA ijUrq ekuo çÏfr gh .kksa ds eq[k ls igys gh . dgrk gw¡ fd rqe Hkjr ds lkekus esjs xq.slk dgk] jko.k]Þ .lh ifjfLFkfr.i'kqvksa ds Hk.g ckr lqu pqdh gw¡] *bl ckfydk dks vo'. jke lhrk ls dgrs gS]a ßtks yksx .k g"kZ ls mNy iMÛk vkSj cksyk] ßeSa bl dU.ks/.k ds T.59.gk¡ ladrs ek.k dks migkj Lo:i nh xbZ FkhA v.k vki dguk pkgrs gSa fd vki dh mifLFkfr esa oU. gSA tks yksx mlds ikl tkrs gS]a mudks /.k vkSj vkJ.18-21 .fDr Å¡ps in ij igq¡p tkrk gS] mPpf/kdkj çkIr dj ysrk gS] çHkko'kkyh cu tkrk gS] nwljksa dks laj{k. dk dkj.kZ djsa vkSj muds vfu"V dh dkeuk djsA .fDr ds fy.Ru djrs gSa vkSj ou dk Hk.% .qdkj. dk yC/kçfr"B O. rS. gh ou esa jguk iMÛxs kA^ mlh le.108)] og czãk }kjk jko.qDrk fg iq:"kk u lgUrs ijLroe~A rLeké rs xq.Z k çsR.k os Hk.fn dksbZ .101.o] .kj gw¡AÞ mlus eUnksnjh dks xzg.kksa dh ç'kalk u djukAÞ . jkT. gks] rks mlesa .ls usraq Roa eka dsugs gsru q kAA HkDrka ifrozrka nhuka eka leka lq[knq%[k. ugha lrk ldrk gS] og Hkh vki tSls rstLoh iq#"k ds lehi jgus ls lkFkA tc eSa NksVh lh ckfydk Fkh] esjs firk ds ?kj vusd T.d çfl¼ oLrq Fkh] ^'kfDr 'kwy]* ftldk ç.ksfr"kh vk.s e`R. djrsA jke dks igys gh bu ckrksa dk vkHkkl FkkA vr.o] os lhrk dks le>krs gS]a ß.d gSA tc dksbZ O.kk% dF.kk nhA ml ojnf{k.ks/.

k\ vo'.'p lnku?kAA II.ijk. fo"k [kk yw¡xh] vkx esa dwn iMÛ¡wxh vFkok ty esa Mwc tkÅ¡xhAÞ Lej.g mudh ukle>h FkhA D. loksÙZ ke oj çkIr gks x.a iq:"kfoxzge~AA II.ksx dj ldrh gSAa çk.ksfr&LrEHk iPphlok¡ v/.kLRoa dqrks ok Hk.d dk. gS] ftlds dkj. fdlh nwljs iq#"k dks eu ls Hkh ugha ns[k ldrk gw¡A eq>s Hkjr ij er NksfMÛ.k jgs] tc lhrk vfUre Nksj ij igq¡p xb±] rHkh os bl çdkj dh vViVh ckr dgrh gSA .k Fkk\ß .q ds fy.g dgus yxsa fd lw.s rS.k tkrk gS] mu e.kke~AA u Roga euklkI. fL=.a rq Hkk.5.Z ds leku rius okys jke esa rst vkSj ijkØe dk vHkko gS] rks mudh .qfDr gksrh gSA .7-9 ßeq>s NksMÛdj vkids pys tkus ds ckn .g xksfoUnjkt dh fVIi.] os mldks dqN ?kqek&fQjk dj ysrh gSAa os dgrh gS]a ßftldk dqekjkoLFkk esa gh vkids lkFk fookg gks x.. ds xgjs ls xgjs fo"kkn dks O.k.L.qf"krka lrhe~A 'kSy"w k bo eka jke ijsH.k] rks .%Aß fVIi.s lhrk dks çk.s v. iq#"k b/kj&m/kj tkdj dqN u dqN .r oSnsg%ß bR.kh bl çdkj gS% % ^fdafpnfuoZpuh. iF.ks nkrqfePNflAA .L.fn vki tkuk gh pkgrs gS]a rks pys tkb.48 esa lhrk ds 'kCnksa ij dh gSµ a ÞeeSo nq"Ïra fdafpUegnfLr u la'k. fQj cksyhaA lhrk vR. /kkj.ksx fd.k¡ lgu djus dh vViVh ckr dgrh gSA la.% vius dÙkZO.k. oj <w¡<us ds fy.g lp gSA ßbl yksd esa firk }kjk dU.] tSls fd mldks fy.k ikia iqjk nsgkUrjs Kkrk Ïre~ß nsgkUrjs cky'kjhjsAA* (V. nqfu.q ds i'pkr~ ijyksd esa Hkh mlh dks L=h gksrh gSA og u bl yksd es]a u ijyksd esa vius ifr ls fo.k¡ dsoy iq#"kksa ij gh vkfJr gksrh gS]a mUgha ij vius iwjs çHkko dk mi.e'kfDr iq#"kksa esa çk. egku iki Fkk lhrk }kjkA Þfda RokeU.k] tcfd igys mUgksua s vuqu. iq#"k dk lgkjk ysus ds fy.Dr djrs le.fn mUgksua s .a æ"VkfLe Ron`r·s u/kA Lo.k gks x.kPpkfHkekukPp ifjfp{ksi jk?koe~AA fda RokeU. ls Hkkjh vfrØe. HkhA eSa .k ds fy.% os .kA .18) dqN FkksMÛk dgus ds fy. pkFks·Z :/.4.kh ds lacU/k esa gS tks mUgksaus V.. 407   .slk gh dgsxa h] ßvkidh bPNk .efLr rsA .g lp gS fd fL=.kn vk jgs gSAa mUgksua s esjs fy. gh vkils dksbZ Hk.k¡ lpeqp .g lkspk gksxk fd mUgsa esjs fy.RifjR.fn vki bl çdkj ls nq%[kh eq>s vius lkFk cu esa ys tkuk pkgrs] rks esjs thfor jgus dks dksbZ vkSfpR.kn .slk dj Hkh ldrh gSAa ijUrq brus ij Hkh] jke ugha fi?kysA bl ij lhrk us rkus ekjuk vkjEHk dj fn.30.Zdyki ls rks dsoy L=h gh gSAa Þ bu 'kCnksa ds fy.kZnkvksa dk mYya?ku*] tks .d lPph] fu"diV] ohj {k=k.d xEHkhj vkSj dBksj vFkZ ysrh gSAa tc jke us dgk] ßrqe Hkjr ds ikl jguk]Þ rks mudh ckr dks lh/ks vFkZ esa ysus ds ctk.d L=h ls visf{kr ugha gS] vius ân.U.As Þ os jke ds 'kCnksa dk . fo/ks.k Nku Mkyh Fkh vkSj vUrr% vkidks çkIr fd.kfn dgk x.k gS fd os .sA ijUrq blds i'pkr~ esjk eq¡g ns[kus dh vk'kk u djsAa Þ .g mudh vfUre .k dkj.lsA Roa rL. dk ikyu djus okyh çfrozrk gw¡A vkids foNksg ls bruh nhu gks jgh gw¡] rFkk nq%[k&lq[k esa leku :i ls gkFk c¡Vkus okyh gw¡A .a p jkekRFk .kfn uksDrks Hkxonipkj%AA mDra fga Þdhn`'ka rq e. dk gh mi.'.frA rstks ukfLr ija jkes rirho fnokdjsAA fda fg ÑRok fo"k.e~A egíq"ÏrefLrR.k eSa vkidh gh gw¡A vkids pfj= cy dks D. Hko o'.fn lalkj ds yksx .g Hkh dgk Fkk] Þirk ugha] eSaus iwoZtUe esa nwljs 'kjhj ls dSlk egku iki fd.knkfr. vius firk .qDr dh tk ldrh gSA blh L=h /keZ dks tkurh gqb]Z eSa vkils vyx ugha jg ldrhA eSa rks vkidh /keZiRuh gw¡] mÙke /keZ dk ikyu djus okyh vkSj ifrozrk gw¡] fQj D.kj ugha gw¡A eSa rks vkids flok.k vki viuh iRuh dks] viuh vfJr dks] vius lkFk ugha ys tkuk pkgrs\ iw.usu Þfda RokeU.30.Ur Mjh gqbZ FkhaA os çse vkSj LokfHkeku ds dkj.s fdrus nq%[k dh ckr gksxhA vki lksp&fopkj esa iMÛs gq.s nks"kh Bgjk.ksX.k gS fd vki eq>s vius lkFk ys pyuk ugha pkgrs\ eSa vkidh HkDr gw¡A ifrozR.406 jkek.qfDr fudky ysrs gSAa fdUrq fL=. gS\a vFkok vkidks fdlls Hk. vius ifr ls vuqefr çkIr djus ds fy.r oSnsgß bR.&fou.k¡ bl çdkj dh TÛ.kh FkhaA vu`ra cy yksdks·.g ckr lgt gh muds efLr"d esa vk tkrh gSA dqN fL=.38.2-3 lhrk ouokl ds fy. ughaA eSa e`R.DrqdkeLRoa ekeuU.k jke ij vk{ksi lk djrh gqbZ dgus yxha] ßeq>s bl le.r oSngs % firk esa fefFkykf/ki%A jke tkekrja çkI.j ukjh] iq#"k dh iks'kkdÛ esa vki dsoy 'kjhj ls gh iq#"k gS]a dk.k ds T.sls vkjksi ls fcYdqy lger ugha gw¡A eSa fuf'pr :i ls dgus dks rS.k esjs firk fefFkykujs'k tud us vkidks tekrk ds :i esa ikdj dHkh .k easa * .adj iki gqvk gS] ftlds Qy Lo:i brus grksRlkfgr gks jgs gSAa eSa fdlh vU.k± dkSekjha fpje/.g vlR..k tkuk pkfg.% vf/kd gksrh gSA blfy.k Fkk vkSj vkidh N=Nk.kZr.25.kj gw¡ fd lhrk dk vkpj.kk esjs fy.k gS & Hkxonipkj%A mUgksaus .eKkuk|f) o{.k fuLlUnsg bl ckr dk çek.g Hkh lkspk Fkk fd vki ukjh gS]a .k FkkA lk reqÙkelafoXuk lhrk foiqyo{kle~A ç.k ty ls ladYi djds ftl iq#"k dks nh tkrh gS] og e`R.

fn eq>s LoxZ dk lq[k Hkh feyrk gksrk] rks eSa mls ysuk ugha pkgw¡xkA Lo.kfHkjksp.sxk\Þ eSa vkids lkeus lhrk ds mRÏ"V euksHkkoksa dks O.a ugha tkurk Fkk fd rqe lk/kkj.g vf/kdkj gS fd og fuHkhZd gksdj ifr ls vius eu dh ckr dg ldsA vUrr% ifr&iRuh .d L=h dks .kZu dj jgk Fkk] rks eq>s dksbZ vk'kadk ugha FkhA ou esa eSa rqEgkjh j{kk djus esa loZFkk leFkZ gw¡A D.k iÙks tks dqN Hkh nsxa ]s ogh esjs fy.k Hkh ugha jg ldrhA fQj eq> nqf[k.a dqN ..k mlds fy.kx dj nsrs gS]a rks esjk thou fujFkZd gSA eSa vkids fcuk .A D.ksa ds eu esa gh ços'k dj ldrk gSA eSa dHkh .ksa dh Hkk¡fr gksxa hA vc rqEgkjh okLrfodrk dks eSa tku x.s gSaA .s 'kfDrekufi j{k.g gS fd Jh jke us lhrk dh ckr dks fdl :i esa fy.kZ :i ls tkus fcuk] rqedks ouokfluh cukuk mfpr u le>kA eSa Lo.k gSA rtZu] euqgkj] fpjkSjh] .408 jkek. ls yxk dj lkURouk nsrs gq. 409   gh ftldk ikyu&iks"k.d {k.k vkSj mudh vUrj dh Hkkouk.k lk/k± ouoklk. dks iw.s lc .kA Jh jke Hkyh çdkj tkurs Fks fd iRuh dks D.d gSAa fQj ifr dks iRuh dh Li"Vokfnrk dk D.s Lokfn"V vkgkj gksxkA vki vius gkFk ls ykdj FkksMÛk .sa QwV iMÛhAa muds fy.ksa dks Nw ldrh FkhaA lhrk ds bu fojks/k çn'kZu vkSj mykguksa ds fp=.k os lhrk dh bu ckrksa ls #"V gq.aLrnkAA u nsfo ro nq%[ksu LoxZeI. dh v/khurk Lohdkj u d:¡xh& u dSd.s dgk tkuk pkfg. x..s·j.d m¼r iq#"k ds vfrfjDr D.kksa esa os fdu Å¡pkb.ksfa d firk th dk . ckgqH.fn vki esjk ifjR.k] mlh Hkjr ds lnk gh o'korhZ vkSj vkKkikyd cu dj vki gh jfg.d vkRelEeku okyh efgyk] tks {kf=. Fks] /keZ ds ewr: Z i Fks] fcuk fdlh çfrfØ.foKk.d 'kSy"w k (vkSjr dh dekbZ [kkus okys uV) dh Hkk¡fr nwljs ds gkFk lkSia uh pkgrs gSAa vki eq>]s ftlds vuqdy w pyus dh f'k{kk ns jgs gS]a mlds fy. lhrk dh fuUnk djrs gSAa loksÙZ ke dlkSVh rks .e fcNkSus ds leku gksaxs] ij muls vf/kd D.Z] dkS'ky vkSj lrdZrk ij iwjk Hkjkslk gSA fQj Hkh rqe lksprh gksxh fd igys eSua s u D. n`'.j] Mjiksd L=h gS] tks vius ifr ds lkFk ou esa ugha jg ldrh\ tc mUgksaus ns[kk fd Jh jke ckjEckj .kx ugha dj ldrk] mlh çdkj rqe Hkh esjs ls vfHkék gksA .sls yksxksa dks {kek ugha dj ldrk] tks blds fy.¡A lkns ls lknk [kkuk Hkh esjs fy.k ds T.slk u djrsA lhrk] tks nq%[k ds vdkj.sxkA esjs fy.g rks fdlh çdkj lEHko gh ugha gS fd eSa ou dks u tkÅ¡A D.ksAA .kA vkb.k lq[k gks ldrk gS! dksbZ Hkh v'kksHkuh.k gksuk pkfg.k gqvk gS] tks fpjdky ls lkFk jgus ij bruh vkils ?kqyfey xbZ gS] mlh eq>&s viuh lrh lk/oh iRuh dks& vki .k {kf=. ve`r jl ds leku gksxkA ou esa çpaM vk¡/kh ls mMÛdj] esjs 'kjhj ij tks vkidh pj. Fkk fd og dk.a fdf´pRLo.kZdVq Fkk ij og lc dqN xgjs euLrki dh fLFkfr esa dgk x.df=r djds lhrk ds eq[k ls dgykok.slk u dgks fd eSa LoxZ dk lq[k Hkksxus tk jgk gw¡A rqEgsa nq%[kh ns[kdj .ka fo·laKkfeo nq%f[krke~A mokp opua jke% ifjfo'okl. esjh vk¡[kksa dks d"V ugha igq¡pk.slk dgus okys dkSu gksrs gS\a lhrk ds rkuks]a mykguksa dks Jh jke us lgu fd.fn mUgsa vk?kkr yxk gksrk] rks os .s lhrk dks nks"kh ekuus dk vuSfrd fopkj ladh. vkidk jkT.s h dh] u gh Hkjr dhA .g xkSjo dh ckr gS fd mUgksua s viuh os ckrsa dg Mkyha D.ksfa d .k fdlh vU.k 'kD.k dhfrZjkReork .kh .s dkyhu vkSj eqyk. dqy esa gqvk Fkk] ftlds ifr i`Foh ds Js"B iq#"k Fks] D.ksa cqjk ekuuk pkfg.s& eSa u jg ldw¡xhAÞ vkxs os dgrh gS]a ßvkids lkFk jgrs gq.k/kwy iMÛxs h] mls eSa panu leku ekuw¡xhA tc ou ds Hkhrj jgw¡xh] rc vkids lkFk ?kkl dh 'k¸.slk ugha dgk] rks ge tSls rqPN çk.k x. eSfFkfyA u fogkrqa e.s .fDr. ls cuk.s lqu]as Jh jke us D.kfHk"ksd jksd fn. gh rqEgkjh bPNk dk lEeku d:¡xkA eSa dSls rqEgsa .kZeuk] {kqæk'k.sA eSa opu nsrh gw¡] vki lq[kh jgsxa As eSa . 26-29 lhrk ds opuksa dk .Dr djuk pkgrk gw¡ fd viuh pje mRÏ"Vrk ds {k.k cgqr Qy&Qwy .ksins'k] fookg cU/ku dh ifo=rk dk çfriknu& .s vkidks dksbZ d"V ugha mBkuk iMÛxs kA eSa fdlh çdkj ls vkids Åij HkkjLo:i u gksÅ¡xhA og LFkku tgk¡ eSa vkids lkFk jgw¡xh] pkgs dqN Hkh mldk uke gks] pkgs og dgha Hkh gks] og esjs fy. ckfydk gw¡ vkSj eSa fdlh vU.k vpsr lh gks jgh Fkh] mUgsa nksuksa gkFkksa ls l¡Hkky dj ân. dks lhrk ds dFku ij dksbZ vkifÙk gks ldrh gS\ lhrk us tks dqN dgk] .k gw¡A eSa vo'. 'kqHkkuusA okla u jksp.k esa dfo us mPpre dkS'ky çn£'kr fd.d gh ckr nksgjk jgs gSa (^rLekn~ nq%[krja oue~*)] rks muls jgk ugha x. fuj.ksfr&LrEHk iPphlok¡ v/.k fL=.\ blds fy.g esjh le> ls ckgj gS fd .k vçlék\ tc mUgksua s Lo.k gSA Bhd mlh çdkj tSls vkReKkuh iq#"k ^olq/kSo dqVEq cde~* dh Hkkouk ls O. O.k ij lksÅ¡xhA ogh esjs fy.k ls pkSng o"kks± rd dSls jgk tk.k.d lxZ esa .g vki HkyhHkk¡fr le> yhft.d {kf=.aHkksfjo loZr%AA ro loZekfHkçk.k Fkk] .sA u fg es·fLr Hk.FkkAA II.|fi og d. ugha gSA eSa tc ou dh fodjkyrk dk o.ksa dgkA rqEgkjs gk£nd vfHkçk.30.kIr gks LokHkkfod dkseyrk dk R.atu ugha pkfg.ksafd eq>s vius 'kkS. . eq>s dksbZ O.a czãk th dh Hkk¡fr eq>s fdf´pr Hkh Hk.Rl`"Vkfl e.kA mu Jh jke us tks egku Fks] vt. dqy esa mRiék gqbZ Fkh vkSj ftldk fookg Hkh f'kjksef.s LoxZ leku gksxkA vkids fcuk tks Hkh LFkku gks] og esjs fy.k dgk % rk ifj"oT.k ds mUgsa lgu fd. ds leku gksxkA .gk¡ NksMÛ ldrk gw¡\ czãk us rqEgsa blh vfHkçk.kpuk] dÙkZO.] Jh jke dgrs gS]a ßnsfo! rqe .

k vkSj fdl çdkj os lax&lax fopjsA ukSdk rS. dkaM ds mu va'kksa ij dqN Bgjs]a tks fd bl vof/k ls lEc¼ gSAa ijUrq ou ds pj.k rsjg o"kZ cMÛs lq[k pSu ls O.s lEHkor% .kZeulk .slk gh djksAÞ rr% çâ"Vk ifjiw..rhr gq.kZIr lkexzh gS] ftuls geas .kA .k.ksxh gks ldsAa ””” 411 NCchlok¡ v/. ughas dj jgk gw¡ fd og lhrk ds pfj= ds fdlh igyw dks n'kkZus ds fy.g irk yxkus esa lgk.k x.FkklEHko mi.kj gS vkSj jke y{e.ksfr&LrEHk 410  dSd.k gS vkSj eq>ls Hkh .rhr fd.qDr LFkku ij [kMÛs gksdj eufLouh lhrk dks p<Ûus esa lgk.slk yxrk gS fd mldk vFkZ loZFkk Li"V gS vkSj oSdfYid vFkZ dh dksbZ xqt a kb'k gh ughs gSA eSa bldk mYys[k blfy.k tk ldrk gSA ijUrq eq>s rks .g vko'.rk djukAÞ Vhdkdkj dgrk gS fd dfo }kjk eufLouh 'kCn dk ç.k djksAÞ eSa pkgrk gw¡ fd bl 'yksd dks vki . fd os dgrs gS]a ßrqeus esjs lkFk ou pyus dk tks fu'p.d gks fd ge Hkyh Hkk¡fr le> ldsa fd ouokl dh vof/k esa jke] lhrk vkSj y{e.k ls dgrs gSa % vkjksg Roa ujO. fy.47 rnuUrj viuk euksjFk iwjk gks tkus ls vR.ku vkdf"kZr djus okyh gSA muesa i.k gSA vc eSa rqEgsa ou pyus dh vkKk nsrk gw¡A rqe esjh vuqxkfeuh cuks vkSj ou esa esjs lkFk jgdj /keZ dk vkpj.nk&dnk Li"V d:¡xk] dfo dk dqN LoHkko gh 411 .kZ:i ls lhrk ls lger gks x.k vkSj cgqeYw .k gSA .s h dks fn.41 bl lc dgk&lquh ds vUr esa Jh jke brus iw.sAa eSua s viuk lc /ku vkSj lEifÙk czkã.euqØkUrk lhrs Roefr'kksHkue~AA II.k rqEgsa naMdkj.ksX.kksa dks nku dj nh gS vkSj rqe Hkh . Hkkf"kre~A /kukfu jRukfu p nkrqe³~xuk çpØes /keZHk`rka eufLouhAA II.] fcYdqy mudh bPNk ds vuqdwyA mfpr rks .kiqjh dks NksMÛdj Ük`axosjiqj igq¡ps] tgk¡ fu"kknkjt xqg us mudk Lokxr fd. ds dkj.k ij igq¡pus esa dqN le.s mudh Hkk¡fr gh vius lc vkHkw"k.  NCchlok¡ v/.olk.gh jgsxk fd ge vj. lhrk tc geus lhrk dks NksMÛk Fkk] og Hkh Jh jke ds lkFk ou tkus ds fy..k yxsxk vkSj ou igq¡pus ls iwoZ dh ?kVuk.g Hkh dgk Fkk fd ou esa lhrk ds igys ckjg .d jkspd va'k gS] ftldk vFkZ dqN fHkék&fHkék :i ls yxk. fdlh çdkj dh fpUrk dk dkj.k x.kn j[ksa % loZFkk ln`'ka lhrs ee LoL.oa eufLouh lhrk us vius Lokeh ds opuksa ij fopkj djds czkã..k us fdl çdkj dk thou O.d gS] ijUrq fp= dks iwjk Hkjus ds fy.30.gk¡ .kA mUgksua s lc lkt&lTtk lkexzh mrkj MkyhA ouxeu ds volj ij og cgqr gYdh gks xb±] ftlls os ifr ds fy.75 . gh gSA rqels esjk dqy xkSjokfUor gqvk gSA rqEgkjs dqy dh çfr"Bk Hkh c<Ûh gSA rqeus .ks/.s 'kCn fcYdqy Li"V gS]a ßrqe ukSdk ij igys p<Ûuk vkSj ukSdk fLFkj gks tkus ij mls n`<Ûrk vkSj lko/kkuh ls idMÛdj /khjs ls vUnj igq¡p tkukA rRi'pkr~ rqe dq'kyiwod Z ukSdk ij p<Û tkvks] .ksx dqN vlkekU.k ds T. ys pyus ds lEcU/k es]a tks esjk igyk fopkj Fkk] og vc cny x.k u cusa vkSj mudh lsok ds fy.kksa dks /ku vkSj jRuksa dk nku djus ds fy.jkek.kj gks xb±A mUgksua s viuk lc dqN nku esa nsuk vkjEHk dj fn.k lR.d dke fd. futh oLrqvksa dks mrkj dj R..52.k gS] og rqEgkjs vkSj esjs dqy ds loZFkk .k?zk fLFkrka ukofeeka 'kuS%A lhrka pkjksi.qDr opu gh eq>s ou dh vksj ys tk jgk gw¡A rqEgkjs n`<Û fu'p.30. dqyL.'kfLouh .d mi.d dke djok.sa /. pA O.g leku :i ls rqEgkjs oa'k vkSj oa'k dh ijEijk ds loZFkk vuq:i gSAÞ fQj os lhrk ls dgrs gS]a ßvc ge vkSj rqe iw.k bl ckr ij lger gks pqds gSa fd ge ou dks lkFk&lkFk tk. vko'.kZr.kUo{ka ifjxzá eufLouhe~A~ A II. vFkZ esa fd.s rS.kA jkf= O.'kfLouh HkrZjq os{. .k gSA tSlk fd eSa .kx dj jgh FkhaA eSua s .k.rk feyrh gS fd os fdl&fdl LFkku ls gksdj ou esa igq¡pAs Jh jke v.Ur g"kZ esa Hkjh gqbZ .rhr gksus ds ckn] tc çHkr gqvk] Jhje dh vkKkuqlkj xqgjkt us ukosa eaxkbZ vkSj cMÛh&cMÛh ukoksa dks xaxkrV ds mÙkjh fdukjs ij [kMÛk dj fn.

k] og rks mYVko gh çn£'kr djrk gS] ijUrq dfo dgrk gS] ßfcuk mYVk fd.a gh djuk FkkA rkS dk"Bl³~?kkVerks pØLrLrq egkIyoe~A II 55.13 .s 'yksd blfy.d fuBYys n'kZd ek= Fks] tks dsoy dk.qDr ugha yxrk fd ^eufLouh* vkSj ^vkReoku*& nksuksa 'kCnksa dk vfHkçsr vFkZ gSA lkekU.k ek= gh djrs Fks] tc dksbZ Jelk/.52.95.d gS fd og .k] gesa . fd mls dSls ikj fd.ksx djukA tc .U=.g le> dj fd og rjhdÛk csgrj vkSj vf/kd lqjf{kr gksxkA . ls .k us lhrk dks ukSdk ij p<Ûk.k tkuk pkfg.k dks O.k! gesa futZu ou esa ukjh dh j{kk vo'.slh /kkj. fd.af=r u nkSMÛus nsa vkSj bl fØ. gS fd lhrk ^Hkh:* gS] u fd n`<Û ladYi okyh] tSlk fd lkeU.kZr.k] fdUrq v{kj{k% mldk ikyu ugha fd.slh ckrksa esa y{e.ks/.rk djuk] tc rqe Lo.k us D.fn dksbZ papy ço`fÙk okys O.g Øe igys ds y{e.kA HkkxhjFkh ds chp igq¡pdj lhrk us gkFk tksMÛdj xaxk th ls çkFkZuk dh] ßJh jke esjs rFkk vius HkkbZ lfgr ykSVdj iqu%v.d ls vf/kd LFkku ij Nwuk Hkh iMÛk gksxkA dsoy .k rks dqN dgrk ugha gS] og ge ij NksMÛ nsrk gS .kk gS fd Jh jke .gk¡ lhrk ds fy.k vkSj ekxZ Hkh crk.g gS fd y{e.k lhrk jke Øe ls fHkék FkkA ijUrq ge vj. dkaM ij vkrs gS]a rks Øe blls Hkh fHkék gSA Øe vko'.ks± dk fujh{k.k] rks vo'.kx tk igq¡pAs ç.ksX.r% .gh le>uk gksxkA tc y{e.ogkj dh . gh mUgksua s lhrk dk Li'kZ fd.equk) ij vk jgk g¡Aw xaxk dks ikj djus ds i'pkr~ vc mUgsa .ksfr&LrEHk NCchlok¡ v/.k] .k fd. dk.a ukSdk ij p<Ûs vkSj fQj rhljs uEcj ij y{e.kA . eSfFkyha iwoeZ k:jksgkReokaLrr%AA II.14 eSa .A vr% rqe vkxs&vkxs pyks] lhrk rqEgkjs ihNs&ihNs pysa vkSj eSa lhrk dh vkSj rqEgkjh j{kk djrk gqvk lcls ihNs pyw¡xkAÞ .A .g trkus ds fy.k tk. 413   gS] 'kCnksa dk v/kZ O.sA unh dk cgko rsTÛk Fkk vkSj dnkfpr~~ og vf/kd xgjh Hkh FkhA mldks ikj djus esa Hkh [Ûkrjk gks ldrk FkkA ijUrq os dsoy rhu tu Fks vkSj lc dke mUgsa Lo. eU=ksa dk ti djus yxs] ftlls os nsorkx.ksxo'k bruk fudV vkuk iMÛk] rFkkfi mUgksua s iw. .kfe Roka p lhrka iky.412 jkek.k vkRela.ksx y{e.g Øe csgrj FkkA .g le>us ds fy.k tk.k. x.g Øe dqN vlkekU.s]a dfo us ^eufLouh* 'kCn dk ç.ksa y{e.Z gksrk FkkA .kA vc eSa vU.s ns jgk gw¡ fd bu ij fo'ks"k /.fDr Fks] ftudk eu iw.g dfo dh foy{k.e dk ikyu fd.slk ç.k us jke ds vkns'k dk rkfRod :i ls ikyu fd. .k us fd.d mlls NksVh] fdUrq Li"V :i ls vf/kd rsTÛk cgko okyh unh dks ikj djuk iMÛkA eg£"k ds ykSV tkus ij os nksuksa HkkbZ lhrk dks vkxs djds .k vkSj lhrk dks la. ls czkã.k ls os dgrs gSa % vxzrks xPN lkSfe=s lhrk RokeuqxPNrqAA i`"Brks·ga xfe".ksx djrk gS] mldk okLrfod vk'k.k ds T.ksx djrk gS] ftlls 'kCnksa dks muds 'kkfCnd vFkks± esa ugha] vfirq vFkZ dks dqN ?kVkdj gh le>uk pkfg.52.r% bl 'kCn ls ladrs feyrk gS] ßlhrk dks ukSdk ij p<Ûus esa rqe lgk.k gksxk vkSj mUgsa n`<Ûrkiwod Z idMÛus esa .kx esa xaxk .k ds Ïikik= cusAa fQj 'kkL=fof/k ds vuqlkj lcus ifo= xaxkty ls vkpeu fd.gk¡ ftl Øe ls os vkxs c<Ûs og cny x.k tkrk FkkA dkfyUnh dks ikj djrs le. Fkk D. vFkZ u yxk. Øe dks myV fn. djuh pkfg.kA .gk¡ gesa Jh jke ds vkpkj&O.d >yd feyrh gSA jk?koks·fi egkrstk ukoek:á rka rr%A czãoR{k=oPpSo ttki fgrekReu%AA II.kogkfjd Kku vf/kd FkkA dfo dgrk gS] ^loZeçfrdwy.kRed <ax ls ç.s ge viuh dYiuk dks vfu.k gSA bl vfHkçk.ksfa d igys os y{e.78 jke Hkh ml uko ij p<Ûdj] vius fgr ds mís'.sAÞ eSa le>rk gw¡] vk'k.ksx lhrk ds fy.k us jke ds vkns'k dk v{kj'k% ikyu ugha fd.kA mUgksua s vius HkkbZ }kjk crk.k esa FkkA rc jke Lo.g vFkZ fudyrk gS fd bl volj ij . unh] dkfyUnh (.slk çrhr gksrk gS fd muds vuqlkj .k vkSj {kf=.55.k rV ij tk igq¡phaA fdukjs ij igq¡pdj jke us uko NksMÛ nh vkSj y{e.kiqjh esa ços'k djsAa Þ bl çdkj çkFkZuk djrh gqb]Z lhrk th 'kh?kz gh nf{k.kA l Hkzkrq% 'kklua JqRok loZeçfrdwy.k vkSj lhrk& nksukas .s fd y{e.qfDr.equk unh ds rV ij vk x.sls O.ku fn.k rFkk lhrk ds lkFk vkxs çLFkku fd.fDr gks]a rks mudks ladrs ns fn.g .76 dfo Li"Vr.s ^eufLouh* 'kCn dk ç.k¡ çLrqr djrk gSA unh rV ij igq¡pdj os bl fpUrk esa iMÛ x. fd D.drkuqlkj cny fn.k esa dksbZ vU.k ds fy.A D.krkvksa esa ls .nk&dnk 'kCnksa dk .u~AA II 52.k p<ÛsA .s vkSj ^vkReoku* 'kCn dk ç.A lhrkesokxzr% ÑRok dkfyUnha tXerqunZ he~A II.g .k fu.kZr.ksfa d dqN yksxksa dh .gk¡ Vhdkdkj dgrk gS] ij .96 ßy{e.u~A* ..u~A vkjksI.a p<Û pqds gksAÞ vxys 'yksd ls irk py tkrk gS fd y{e. dfo dqN vkSj >k¡fd.|fi y{e.|fi tks dqN y{e.aX.kA Jh jke xaxk dks ikj djds Øe'k% oRlns'k ç.equk ds laxe ds lehi Hkj}kt dk vkJe FkkA eqfu }kjk mudk vfrfFk lRdkj gqvkA eqfu us mUgsa fp=dwV ioZr ij Bgjus dk lq>ko fn..

ksa ds fo"k.33 y{e.dSda iknia xqYea yrka ok iq"i'kkfyuhe~AA vn`"Viwok± i'.feokfpUR.k] ifj/kku] js'keh oL= vkfn ysdj tk. esa cgqJqr FkhA tc dHkh os dksbZ vifjfpr . y{e.kA og lw[ks yrkvksa }kjk ck¡/kk x.] Jh jke us Lo.slh çFkk çpfyr gksxhA tc Jh jke us lhrk dk gkFk idMÛdj cMÛs ij p<Ûk.g dke fd.=kL.Urh jkea içPN lkcykA II.rk fn.ksfa d vU.k tk ldrk gS vkSj dkSu mls <Ûkrs k gksxk\ D. esa eSa mRlqd jgk gw¡A çrhr gksrk gS fd nksuksa Hkkb.a eSa tc NksVk Fkk vkSj bl egkdkO. esa Jh jke ls iwNrkN djrhaA jke dks Hkh ouLifr foKku dh dkQÛh tkudkjh jgh gksxh] ftlls os rqjUr mudks iwNs x.kfnA bruk lkeku dSls mBk.kkfu pAA Iyos dfBudkta p jke'pØs lgk.s'o. nwljksa ds }kjk lEiék dh tkrh gSAa .r Iyoe~AA II 55.29 Jh jke us y{e.k j[k fn.18 lhrk dks p<Ûkdj] Jh jke us muds cxÛy esa oL= .ke~A bZ"kRlayTtekuka rke/.32.k Fkk fd lhrk vius lkFk pkSng o"kks± dh vko'. oLrq dh xgjkbZ ls ifjfpr ugha Fkk] eq>s .sAa .ksa us bls ck¡V dj mBk.sa Hkh efgykvksa ds fy. .rs iq"ia ok tudkRetkAA rÙkRçn|k oSná s k . yksxksa dh mifLFkfr esa lk/kkj.s i.drkvksa dh iwfrZ ds fy.kA fQj lc ml ij p<ÛAs bl ckj y{e.k ds T.ksa us taxy ds lw[ks dkB cVksj dj mUgha ds }kjk .k¡ bR.k us csra vkSj tkequ dh Vgfu.k ls lgk.kjksi.kZIr ek=k esa vkHkw"k.k tkuk dqN vlkekU.ku~ cgqfo/kku~ ikniku~ dqleq ksRdjku~AA lhrkopulajC/k vku.k dksbZ /.fn lhrk dks dksbZ Qy&Qwy ilUn vk.55.|RQya çkFkZ. dh fo"k. ç'u dk mÙkj nsus esa leFkZ FksA je.slk çrhr gksrk gS fd lhrk ou yrk] oYyfj.slk ugha FkkA Jh jke Hkh iwjk gkFk c¡Vkrs Fks] ftlls bldk iwjk Hkkj cspkjs y{e.h xbZA D.k.a .ksa dk viuk futh lkeku Hkh Fkk& tSls vL=] 'kL=] QkoMsÛ] ck¡l] cfYy.55.kf'NRok lhrk.ksfsa d ml csMÛs esa vkjke ls cSBus dh txg ugha Fkh] y{e.17 Jh jke us y{eh ds leku vfpUR. pys fn.k] ßrqe lhrk dks ysdj vkxs vkxs pyksA ekxZ esa .32.g tkuus ds fy.kA rRi'pkr~] ldq'ky mrj dj] os foJke ds fy..28.17. lqrka çs{. gh FkkA ik'osZ r= p oSná s k olus Hkw"k.equk unh dks ns[kdj cgqr çlék gksrh FkhaA .gk¡ .k ij gh u iMÛAs 'yksd ls Li"V gSA nksuksa Hkkb. oLrqvksa ds vfrfjDr] ftl le. rnk unhe~A II.ksa ds ckotwn Hkh] os nksuksa HkkbZ vius lkFk ykbZ gqbZ efgyk dk fo'ks"k /.k .k%AA II.equk ds nf{k.slk çrhr gksrk gS fd okYehfd ds le. esa Jh jke ls iwNrh FkhaA .31 lhrk .16.Z okyh] viuh fç.k¡ dkV dj lhrk ds cSBus ds fy. :i ls dgk tk ldrk gS fd ifr&iRuh dqN çfrcU/kksa dk ikyu djrs gSAa vU.rk djus dks dgus ds ctk.sA dfo .k dks vkns'k fn.55.k gksxkA . cgqr dqrgw y jgrk Fkk fd ou esa lkeku .kA eSa .d NksVk lk csMÛk rS.kj fd.ku j[krs FksA tSlk fd L=h tkfr ds çfr lEeku mfpr Fkk] os mldks nsrs FksA r= fJ.55.ksfr&LrEHk NCchlok¡ v/.ks/.A fQj vk.ka jkeks nk'kjfFk% fç.k lsok.kj fd.d LFkku ls nwljs LFkku ij fdl çdkj ys tk.k rV ij igq¡p dj] mUgksua s csMÛs dks NksMÛ fn. eas Hkh dqN .k dh mifLFkfr esa ifr }kjk lgk.30.k] dfo mldk o.kh.s vFkok ftl oLrq ls budk eu çlék gks] og lc bUgsa ykdj nsrs jgksAÞ .q/kS%A vkjksI.kA 'kq"dSo'Z kS% lekLrhikZe'q khjs'p leko`re~A rrks osrl'kk[kk'p tEcw'kk[kk'p oh. çFkea lhrka l³~?kkVa ifjx`á pAA II.d o`{k] >kMÛh vFkok igys u ns[kh gqbZ iq"i'kksfHkr yrk dks ns[kdj mlds fo"k. mUgksua s v.k }kjk djrk gS D.ku vkd£"kr djus okyh oLrq ns[krha] os Bgj tkrha vkSj mlds fo"k.33 lhrk fofp= okyqdk vkSj tyjkf'k ls lq'kksfHkr rFkk gal vkSj lkjlksa ds eq[kfjr .g dkQÛh Hkkj jgk gksxkA blds vfrfjDr] nksuksa Hkkb.k jers eu%A II.15.ksfa d lhrk ds fy.d lq[kn vklu Hkh rS.kekl y{e.d&.g ugha tkurk D.16 mlds Åij ?kkl fcNk. .k rqjUr gh Hkk¡fr&Hkk¡fr ds euksgj o`{kksa dh 'kk[kk.55.g çFkk rfeyukMq ds lHkh {ks=ksa eaas çpfyr gS] fdUrq lkekU.k tkrk jgk gksxk] bl fo"k.ku fnykuk pkgrk gw¡A Lo.kA blls irk pyrk gS fd ou dh vusd dfBukb.k ls fonk yh Fkh] n'kjFk us vkns'k fn.414 jkek.oa vkHkw"k.k% lq[keklue~AA II 55. lhrk dks] tks dqN yfTtr lh gks jgh Fkh] ml csMÛs ij p<Ûk fn.kZu ^yTtekuk* fo'ks"k.d >k¡dh muds thou dh çLrqr djrk gS fd fdl çdkj os çlék jgrs FksA .Zoku~AA pdkj y{e.sa vkSj Qwyksa ds xqPNs mUgsa ykdj ns nsrs FksA fofp=okyqdka uhyka gallkjlukfnrke~AA jses tudjktL.q/kksa ds lkFk dqnkyh vkSj fiVkjh dks Hkh csMÛs ij gh j[kkA bl çdkj igys lhrk dks p<Ûkdj] nksuksa HkkbZ csMÛs dks idMÛdj [ksus yxsA bl ckj ifjJe dk dqN Hkkx Jh jke ds Åij Hkh iMÛkA eSa bl ij fo'ks"k /. 415   okLro esa .

g fn[kkus ds fy.Z Fkh] of´pr gksus dk vkHkkl dHkh ugha gqvkA os rhuks]a . rs cfgZ.kn fnykrh gSAa Li"Vr% lhrk Hkh bl detksÛjh ls vNwrh u FkhaA . HkkxhjF.k¡ nsoh&nsorkvksa dh eékr eku ysrh gS]a fQj mls o"kksZ rd Hkwy tkrh gSa vkSj fQj os vle.d egku egkiq#"k Fks] muesa Hkh L=h tkfr dh dqN LoHkkoxr deTÛkksfj.kfu RoÙkhjoklhfu nSorkfu olfUr pA rkfu lokZf.kfe ç'kalkfe p 'kksHkusA çkIrjkT.k gS] ftlls irk pyrk gS fd ek¡lHk{k.55.keolqIreuUrje~A çcks/k.k vkSj dgk] ßD. lehi gS] vr% 'kh?kz mBdj pyus dh rS.ksafd .éa p is'kye~A czã.g .ZUra y{e.AÞ lk Roka nsfo ueL.kksa dks .k] ftuls okLrq.56.52. pkSng o"kZ i.ka ouoklkÙkq çfo'kRou?kks·u?ksAA II.k. n`".g fofnr gh gksxk fd bl le.k fd..] os .kk gS fd ou esa iwjs pkSng o"kks± rd y{e.k oL=k.rukfu pAA iqujso egkckgqe.k fd.s ugha vkSj iwjh vof/k mUgksua s jkf= tkxj. Z k Hkzk=k p laxr%A v.q k lEiék deZ ds Kkrk Jh jke us fu.kA lqjE.a 'kkL=ksDr fof/k dk vuq"Bku fd. dh gSA e/.k j?kquUnu%AA II.equk rVorhZ ou esa fopjus yxsA eSa bl 'yksd dk mYys[k bl mís'. 'yksd ij vkidk /.1 y{e.ksX.k ds T.fpdh"kZ.33 bl ekxZ esa feys Hk{.87-91 ß'kksHkk'kkfyuh nsoh! Jh jke tc ou ls ldq'ky ykSVdj iqu% viuk jkT.s] tks muds lq[kh thou ds fy.k.d çek.52.d vU.82.orha lqrhFkkZeA~ uuUæ jkeks e`xi{khtq"Vka tgkS p nq%[ka iqjfoçoklkr~AA II.k us .A vc eSa dqN m¼j.kksa dk o/k djrs gq.kiwxukfnrs 'kqHks ous okujokj.56.kh.d lqUnj foLr`r i.k esa çek.rsu prqn'Z ko"kZi.kA dfo us fo'ks"k :i ls okLrq 'kkfUr dk mYys[k fd.ku fnykuk pkgrk gw¡ D.k ekalHkwrkSnusu pA .k.{.sa dsfUær gSAa . fgj.sA eSa .k] lhrk vkSj Jh jke us x`gços'k fd.¡] .kafs d .slh ugha FkhA vFk jk«.] . esa igq¡p dj lhrk us gkFk tksMÛ dj xaxk ls .ka O.kZ'kkyk dk fuekZ.a egkjktL.rk nsfo iwjha iqu:ikxrkAA .kA bl vlafnX/k m¼j..ku~ e`xku~ gRok psjrq.sA rRi'pkr~ Jh jke dh vkKk ls y{e.k?kzs f'kosu iqujkxrsAA xoka 'krlglzkf.kAA lqjk?kVlglzs.k gS fd ckr .d yk[k xkS. czkã. fcuk Hkkstu fd.g çkFkZuk dh] ßnsfo xax!s vkidks rks .kh.g 'yksd n'kkZrk gS fd os fdl çdkj oU.slh Ïik dhft.ksH. dk voyksdu djus gsrq FkksMÛh nwj rd ?kwedj os vius fuokl ij ykSV vk. 417   Øks'kek=a rrks xRok HkzkrjkS jkey{e.83 HkkxjFkh ds e/.s ujO.eklk?k rq fp=dwVa unha p rka ekY.k¡ fo|eku FkhA ge lc HkyhHkk¡fr tkurs gS]a tc dHkh ifjokj esa dksbZ ijs'kkuh vFkok vk'kadk mifLFkr gksrh gS] rks ifr .s vkils lqjf{kr gksdj] vius firk dh vkKk dk ikyu dj lds]a .s ije cqf¼eku egkjkt n'kjFk ds lqi=q gSa vkSj firk dh vkKk dk ikyu djus gsrq ou esa tk jgs gSAa bUgha ij lalkj dh vk'kk.ks/.k .s Roka ç.kjh djksAÞ bl lEcU/k esa Vhdkdkj dgrs gSa % .g .kkSAA cgwu~ es/.g ckr xaxk ikj djrs le.ksfa d çLFkku .rhrk. laera fuoklektXeqjnhun'kZuk%AA II.rhr gksus ij Jh jke us tkxus ds ckn y{e.55.kfe ro fç.equk unh ds rV ij je.416 jkek.s vfuok. /kher%A funs'ka ikjf.kfe rhFkkZU.k ds çfr mUgsa dksbZ vkifÙk ugha FkhA foâR.?kfi lhrk bruh lqlLa Ïr Fkha] ftuds thou lkFkh . FksA jkf= O. ls dqN vf/kd lks x.qrAs lea unhoçeqisR.kk.ksfr&LrEHk NCchlok¡ v/.a rq leuqçkI. fdl çdkj Jh jke us Lo. ls dj jgk gw¡ D.k çLrqr djus tk jgk gw¡] . thou dk Hkh vkuUn mBkus esa l{ke FksA mUgsa ml oLrq .d yksdçpfyr /kkj.k le.38 fp=dwV ioZr cMÛk gh je.Rosea x³~xs RonfHkjf{kr%AA II.kLRofufUnrkA oSngs h çk´tfyHkwRZ ok rka unhfeneczohrAA iq=ks n'kjFkL.k 'olqj dh tkudkjh fcuk gh fL=. FkkA ogk¡ mÙke rhFkksZekY.kekl 'kuSy{Z e.kA ln~x. çkIr dj ysxa ]s rc eSa iqu% vkidks eLrd uokÅ¡xh vkSj vkidh Lrqfr d:¡xhA dsoy bruk gh ugha] eSa vkidks çlék djus ds fy.34 .K dh iw£r gksrh gSA leLr nsorkvksa dk iwtu djds] y{e.k% Lokighu% vukgkj'p bfr yksdçokn% vikLr%A bl 'yksd ls .{.% çnkL.eiwod Z mUgha lHkh ea=ksa dk ikB fd.k dks /khjs ls txk.k fcuk lks.ZequkousAA II. iq#"kksa dks bldh .k gS fd ços'k ds le.orh (eUnkfduh) unh cg jgh Fkh] ftldk cgqr ls i'kq&i{kh lsou djrs FksA ml ioZr ls lq'kksfHkr vkSj unh dk lkfék/. vki fdldks ys tk jgh gSAa . ikdj lcdks cMÛk g"kZ vkSj vkuUn gqvkA os uxj ls nwj ou ds d"Vksa dks Hkwy x.ZUr ouokl esa jgsA vc fp=dwV esa igq¡pdj mUgksua s okYehfd ds n'kZu fd.g yksdçpfyr fdaonUrh fujLr gks tkrh gS fd y{e.k fcYdqy lks.

d 'kjkjr [ksyhA mlds vfHkçk.d lgò jg xb± vkSj lqjk eVds] lkSA .g 'kq¼ gS] Lokfn"V gS] vPNh rjg idk.g lqUnjh esjh Hkk.k esa ços'k djs]a Þ .ZxPN}uLifre~AA II.k vkSj bl çdkj dgk] ßegko`{k! vkidks ueLdkj gks! vki . ek¡l nsrs Fks] ß.rhr dj jgs FksA vc vkxs pyrs gSAa Hkjr ds v.ka pSo i'.y og jk{kl nksuksa Hkqtkvksa ls mu ohjksa dks idMÛ dj vU.k .d çfl¼ o`{k ds ikl tk igq¡p]s ftlds fo"k.a lqfe=ka p . dks tkudj Jh jke us y{e.kkSA mPps%Lojs. dqN iSlk nsuk gh iMÛrk gSA ßvkids rV ij tks tks nsork] rhFkZ vkSj efUnj gS] mu lcdk iwtu d:¡xhA fu"iki xaxs! .ksa u gks]a gesa .kA çkr% dky muls fonk ysdj] iqu% Jh jke vkxs c<Ûus yxsA vc eSa .kiqjh esa Jh jke dks ldq'ky ykSVus ij eSa vkids fdukjs lgò xkSvksa dk nku d:¡xh vkSj lkS eVds lqjk ds vkidks v£ir djds iwtk lEiék d:¡xhAÞ xaxk ds fufeÙk xkS.d jkr #d dj] çkr% dky ½f"k.d vfUre 'kCn] .gk¡ gesa muds ou thou dh .kiqjh esa lqjf{kr ykSVus ij eSa vkids fdukjs lgò xkSvksa dk nku d:¡xh vkSj lkS eVds lqjk ds vkidks v£ir djds iwtk lEiék d:¡xhAÞ vo'.as vc dsoy .s egkckgq fu"iki esjs ifrnso] vius HkkbZ ds lkFk ouokl ls ykSVdj iqu% v. 419   cgqr ls oL= rFkk mÙkeksÙkj.s rS.kkS rq rkS n`"V~ok oSngs h jkey{e.as dk nkuA lhrk dk nsoh nsorkvksa dks çlék djus dk <ax lkekU.418 jkek.s]a rks pkgs ge czkã.kA vc .Rok rq eSfFkyha fxjhfuEuxke~A fu"klkn fxfjçLFks lhrka ekalsu NUn.k lg jk?ko%AA II.equk rVorhZ ou ls çLFkku djds .slh Ïik djsa fd ftlls esjs ifrnso vius pkSng o"kZ ds ouokl ozr dks iwjk djsAa ge yksx ou ls ldq'ky ykSVdj ekrk dkS'kY.fean Loknq fu"VIrfenefXuukA .s Roka xkslglz.A ou esa ços'k djds Jh jke us cgqr ls vkJe ns[ksA ogk¡ eqfu.kksa dk vuqlU/kku djds ml jk{kl dks cha/kuk vkjEHk fd.s]a esjs ifrnso ou fo"k.as .kj gqvkA Jh jke us Hkh .sUes ifrozr Z e~A dkSlY.d çfrKk iwjh djsAa b{okdq dqyoa'kh ohjksa }kjk ikfyr v.k ij vkrk gw¡] ftlesa lhrk iw.k vkSj cksyk] ß.oekLrs ls /kekZRek lhr.ksa dk lk Fkk] ftlesa iq#"k lfEefyr ugha FksA ueLrs·Lrq egko`{k ikj.ks/.equk unh dks ikj djds os mlds nf{k.1. gh vki esa ls dqN rks ifjfpr gksxa ]s .d fnu jke lhrk dks fp=dwV dk n'kZu djkus yxsA rnuUrj ml ioZr ls fudydj jke us lhrk dks je.'kfLouh lqfe=k ekrk dk n'kZu dj ldsAa eSa rqels fourh djrh gw¡ vkSj rqEgkjh fof/kor~ iwtk Hkh d:¡xhAÞ bl çdkj v´tfy cka/k dj ifjØek dhA . vék çnku d:¡xhAÞ lhrk vkxs dgrh gS]a ßnsoh! v.20. eUnkfduh unh dk Hkh n'kZu djk. gekjs pyus dk ifjJe de gks tk.g fn[kkus ds fy. fL=.ek.kA fdUrq] os Hkwy x.srk ifjfpr gksxa As bldks ^'.. vkSj vknku&çnku dk vkuUne.k ykS tkus ij Jh jke us fp=dwV NksMÛ fn.96.kA muds vk?kkr ls ?kk.g jk{kl gesa <ksdj gesa mlh ekxZ ij ys tk jgk gS] tgk¡ gesa Hkh tkuk gSA blfy.kZ cusxh vkSj eSa rqe nksuksa dk jDriku d:¡xkAÞ .keoV* ds uke ls tkuk tkrk gSA oV ds lehi igq¡p dj lhrk us eLrd >qdk.d yk[k FkhaA dkfyUnh xaxk tSlh fo'kky ugha gS] vr% os ek=k Hkh ?kVk nsrh gSAa xkS..ks/.k viuk vkRefoyksiu çn£'kr djrh gSAa ml nqxeZ ou esa mudh HksVa .k pqØks'k çxa`á lqHkqtk HkqtkSAA .g çkFkZuk os xaxk ls djrh gSAa dkfyUnh esa Hkh] ftldk mYys[k ge dj pqds gS]a os blh çdkj dh çkFkZuk djrh gSa % LofLr nsfo rjkfe Roka ikj.d m¼j.25.kke fd.k x.55.slh Ïik djs]a ftlls ge yksx ldq'ky ikj gks tk.d vkSj >k¡dh feyrh gSA .2 .26 .k uxjh ds oSHkoksa dks Hkqyk dj O. nqxeZ naMdkj.gk¡ dksbZ eékr ugha ek¡xh xbZ] u gh lqjk ds eVds] u gh xks.sxhA fâ.ks/.s k lqjk?kV'krsu pAA LofLr çR.sxkAÞ mu nksuksa dks dU/kksa ij p<Ûkus ds ckn og jk{kl ou dh vksj py fn.d fojk/k uked ujHk{kh jk{kl ls gqbZA og rhuksa dks ekjus dh /kedh nsrk gS] fo'ks"kdj nksuksa Hkkb.ksa us lcdk fof/kor~ lRdkj fd.ksa dksA mudks ns[kdj] og Øks/k ls Hkjdj mudh vksj nkSMÛkA og lhrk dks ysdj dqN nwj tkdj [kMÛk gks x.kh.slk yxrk gS fd os nksuksa Hkkstu lkFk&lkFk djrs FksA jke lhrk dks çlék djus ds fy.= tkus ds fy.ks/.kZr.d eqxZs ds o/k ds fy.'kfLouhe~AA bfr lhrk´tfya ÑRok i.k ds T..55.g lqudj lhrk ?kcjk xb± vkSj Fkj&Fkj dk¡ius yxhaA jke us rh[ks ck.ksfr&LrEHk NCchlok¡ v/.u~AA bna es/.ks/.{.21 . thou v.k.k vkSj vf= equh ds vkJe ij .k rV ij vk igq¡pAs os .fn ge dqN LFkkuksa ij tk. fd os fdrus çlék Fks % rka rFkk n'kZf. fd lhrk vdsyh jg tk.s.k* ds v/.s lc ou esa fdrus çlék FksA .equk dh chp /kkjk esa vkus ij lhrk us mls ç.k gSAÞ blls irk pyrk gS] nksuksa ikjLifjd lkS[.k ls dgk] ß.ksa ls fonk ysdj os jk{klksa ls cls gq. essa ^jkek.sUes ifrozr Zz e~A .k Hkh D.kxrs jkes iqjhfe{okdqikfyrke~AA II. ou dh vksj py fn.k vkSj dgk] ßnsfo! bl csMÛs ds }kjk eSa vkids ikj tk jgh gw¡A vki .

k FkkA esjk viuk vuqeku gS] mldk .kksa esa fxjdj] mu jk{klksa ls laj{k.ksfr&LrEHk NCchlok¡ v/. ds fu.] pkgs vkids lkFk vius cPps Hkh ladV dh pisV esa vk tk.kokD.d {k=k.k tSlk fd mlls visf{kr gS] .a fojks/k us fn.k çLrqr dhA blh lUnHkZ esa lhrk .d .k fof/kuk çkI..s tk jgk gSA rqe eq>s gh [kkus ds fy.a O.kpkj ls viuh j{kk ds fy.k%AA eka o`dk Hk{kf. j[kus ds ctk.rs egku~A fuo`Ùksu rq 'kD.slk djus esa fo'ks"k vfHkçk.ksHkzk= Z ks% [kM~xkS p foeykS rr%AA vck/. gq.k vkSj lhrk us mu Js"B eg£"k.ksa us jk{klksa ds vR. FkkA lhrk dh phRdkj lqudj jke vkSj y{e.kA rRi'pkr~ os lqrh{.k eqfu jgrs gSAa os vkids fy.g ns[kdj lhrk] viuh nksuksa ckgsa Åij mBkdj] jk{kl dks y{.k djds os rqjUr py fn. lLoukSA fu"ØkUrkokJekn~xUrqeHq kkS rkS jkey{e.slk gh fd."k nk'kjFkh jke% lR. [kM~x çnku fd.d cMÛk xïk [kksndj mls mlesa Mky fn.k us eqMÛ dj ns[kkA mUgsa /.lukU. dkdqRLFkkS ueLrs jk{klksÙkeAA III.k.qrA feF.sa dkV Mkyha] fdUrq ck.k ladksp eglwl djus ds ctk.8.kkA nnkS lhrk r.".d lkekU.rs lgy{e.ksfa d riL. djds] mPp Loj esa jksu&s fpYykus yxha ekuks og mldh lquokbZ vo'.kh gksus ds ukrs] tks vius ifr ds çfr dÙkZO. ou esa jke dks gksuk pkfg.4.e gS fd loZçFke vkids lkeus lcls çHkko'kkyh çyksHku .a ijeda rLekn~x: q rjkoqHkkSAA ijnkjkfHkxeua fouk oSja p jkSærkA feF.g ckr ml le.= dketkfu HkoUR.k fd lhrk fcYdqy vdsyh jg xbZ gSa vkSj os jk{kl dk o/k djus esa 'kh?kzrk djus yxsA mUgksua s mldh Hkqtk.Dr djus esa mUgksusa s dksbZ Hk.y {kr&fo{kr gksus ij Hkh og ejk ugha D.slk fu.k ls oj ikdj og 'kL=ksa ls vo/.sls fopkj vkrs gh os fu%ladksp çdV :i ls viuk fojks/k çn£'kr djrh gSa % v/keZLrq lql{w es.g .g dk.gk¡ lhrk blds foijhr FkhaA mudks çf'k{k.d Hkkjh çfrokn O.g ns[kdj mUgksua s .kA Jh jke us mUgsa vk'oklu fn.d egÙo gS] tSlk fd eSa Li"V d:¡xkA vL= 'kL= /kkj.k okys n'kjFkuUnu jke ds lkFk y{e.Zokgh ds leku FkhA .kokD.sA mu lqUnj rw. 421   .ksa ds lkFk ogk¡ ls çLFkku djus dh rS.k fd . ds fy.g Øwj fn[kusokyk jk{kl fy.k] ftldk irk Lo.g lhrk dk çfrfnu dk dke Fkk] ijUrq bl le.] tSlk fd .khjksa dks ihB ij ck¡/kdj] os nksuksa HkkbZ vkJe ls ckgj fudysA .kpuk dh] tks fd mUgsa Mjkrs vkSj /kedkrs Fks] mu ½f"k.k x.] bl volj ij dfo lhrk ds }kjk gh vL=&'kL= e¡xokrk gSA . .]s phrs vkSj O.k FkkA 'kjHkax ½f"k us] vkfrF.fUr 'kknZy w k }hfiuLrFkkA eka gjksRl`T.fr .k.kA Jh jke us muls dgk] ßbl le.slk feyk Fkk fd viuh vofLFkfr cuk.k gh .ksa cuw¡\ blls rks vPNk gS] rqe esjk gh Hk{k.ksa ds leqnk.rs{k.ksa ds gkFk esa ije lqUnj rw.k dh .k vkSj feêh ls ikV dj mldk vUr dj fn. i/kkjsA mu okuçLFk eqfu. ys pyks] fdUrq bu nksuksa Hkkb.g .s LFkku vkfn dk çcU/k djsxa As Þ vxys fnu pyus ls igys Jh jke ds ikl cgqr ls eqfu.Zokgh ij vkifÙk Fkh] ijUrq bldks vius ifr ls O. dh gS] tc os vkJe ls fudyus okys FksA rr% 'kqHkrjs rw. LFkku ij fuokl ek= d:¡xkAÞ eqfu cksy]s Þbl ou esa FkksMÛh nwj ij lqrh{.gk¡ dfo dqN .r% ije ladV ds le.k eqfu ds fy. p 'kqHks rw.kh pkikS pknk. 1-3 dkdqRLFk ds n{k oa'ktks]a Jh jke vkSj y{e.g gksxk fd igys vki viuh tku cpk.s]a ijUrq .Dr djrh gSA muds vuqlkj .s tk jgk gS] .kA jk{kl dk o/k djds Jh jke us lhrk dks ân.eksa dk mYya?ku dj jgs gSAa lhrk vius ifr dh bl dk. gSA .k dj yks]Þ lhrk us ekuks Lo.oknh] 'khyoku vkSj 'kq¼ vkpj.k dks .a dks NqMÛkbZ 'kqYd ds :i esa v£ir djus dh is'kd'k dhA djrk gS] ftldk mlus igys dHkh ladrs ugha fn. FkkA mUgsa bl dk.18.A pyrs gh lhrk us vius ifr ds le{k .Zokgh ds fo#¼ .d leL.ksa ds laj{k.a u rs Hkwra u Hkfo".g fn[kkrh gS fd ftUgksua s Jh jke ds pj.s fuea=.ksx u gksA . ds fy.kh /kuq"kh pk.k ds T.] mudks jke vkSj y{e.k dk thfor jguk vf/kd ekU. FkkA .kkSAA III.ku vk.khj] /kuq"k vkSj pepekrs gq.fn vkidk thou vkifÙk esa gS] rks çÏfr dk dqN .s LFkku fn. rks mi. rks eSa bl ou esa vkids crk.s]a fQj nwljksa dk lkspAas fdUrq] .ksa dks NksMÛ nksA bl ou esa HksfMÛ.420 jkek.d x`gLFk {kf=.s vuqjks/k fd.19 rnuUrj lhrk us mu nksuksa Hkkb.k eqfu ls fonk ysdj Jh jke y{e.k dk vk'oklu nsdj Jh jke vkSfpR.so O.k?kz eq>s [kk Mkysxa As mudk f'kdkj eSa D.fr jk?koAA lkekU.slk djds /keZ dk mYya?ku djsxa As Þ blhfy.k eqfu ds vkJe ij igq¡ps vkSj muls lRÏr gksdj jkr dks ogha BgjsA çkr%dky lqrh{.d lkefjd dk.k dks jk{kl fy.g LokHkkfod :i ls muds eu esa .slh ckr dk mYys[k .qDr Fkh] vfirq .oku~ 'khyoku~ 'kqfp%A j{klk jkSæ#is. dks Hkyh&Hkk¡fr tkurh gS] os bldk fojks/k djrha gS]a ß.k fâ. rks mUgksua s .g rks dgha ugha crk.s vL=&'kL= ogha jgus fn.kksa ls ?kk.kjh dhA . ugha] tks rRle. L=h vktdy djrh gS .g fopkj ys vkrk gS fd vPNk gksrk fd .kA bldk .k nsdj] Bgjus ds fy.Zokgh eq>s vuSfrd yxrh gSA vki .lukRdketkfngAA =h. djsxk] ßlR. ls yxkdj lkURouk nhA rnuUrj mUgksua s 'kjHkax ½f"k ds vkJe dh vksj çLFkku fd.ks·. tkrs] ftlls mudk dksbZ nq#i.

gk¡ bl v/keZ ls Hkh cp ldrs gSAa feF.&lq[k dk vuqHko djus yxsA muds eu esa fopkj vk.kHkzk= Z k lg oua xr%A n`"V~ok oupjku~ lokZu~ dfPpRdq.9.lu u rks vkiesa dHkh gqvk gS vkSj u Hkfo".k ohj n.ku j[ks]a tc rd eSa okil u ykSV¡wAÞ blds ckn ls gh ml ½f"k dh thoup. esa dHkh gksxa h (.e~AA {kf=.d .kZ fLFkfr gks tkrh gSA .kka ijs"kka /keZuk'kue~A ro ukfLr euq".adj nks"k gSA tks yksx eksgo'k fcuk oSj&fojks/k ds .kh.kfr ra [kM~xa U.|fi vki egku gS]a rFkkfi vR.kZ djus yxsA mudh riL.k. b±/ku mlds rst :i cy dks vR.k gks] rks og muds cy vkSj çrki dks mnhIr dj nsrk gS vFkkZr~ tSls vfXu dks b±/ku vius fudV gh çkIr gks tkus ij fLFkfr ladVkRed gksus dh laHkkouk c<Û tkrh gS] mlh çdkj .k :i O. ou esa fopjrs gq.w kZ gSA bl lqUnj dgkuh dh tkudkjh bruh ugha] ftruh fd gksuh pkfg.kksa dh fgalk vFkok nwljksa ds lkFk . 423  ou esa vk.gk¡ lhrk }kjk jke pfj= dk fp=.kjr .k] fQj ok. NksMÛdj vius eu dks ..ekReu%AA .k esa fo?u Mkyus ds fy. U.d çdkj ls çek.k ek¡xk gSA vkius mudh j{kk ds fy.s] bUæ .= xPNR.kkfHkfgalue~A fuoSjZ a fØ.ksX.a 'kL=a ifjogu~ Øes.19-22 ml /kjksgj 'kL= dks ikdj eqfu mldh j{kk esa layXu gks x.g mls viuh 'kfDr çn'kZu ds fy.krRij%A ous ra fopjR.DRok rifl fu'p.luksa ls loZFkk fuo`Ùk gS]a rc .q¼ dh fLFkfr ugha vkuh pkfg.FkkrF. o/k% la. esa gksxk gh] .Ur lw{e :i ls fopkj djus ij vki v/keZ dks çkIr gks jgs gSAa tc vki dketfur O.k dj cSBAas Þ os .k/kuq"ikf.fnna jkSæa ijçk.ka L=h.eso u`ikRetAA r`rh.% gksrk gS) muls bZ".g dgkuh .fi rFkk jke u pSrf}|rs Dofpr~A LonkjfujrLRoa p fuR. vkSfpR. fcuk ugha tkrs FksA D.ku [khapuk pkgw¡xk % ßtSls vkx ds lehi j[ks gq.ksx esa çoh.kHkk"k.luksa esa ls feF.g eSa fuf'pr :i ls tkurh gw¡A ij L=h fo"k.lu rks vkids ikl QVd Hkh ugha ldrsA Jh jke! . gSAa lEHko gS] leLr oupkjh jk{klksa dks ns[kdj] dnkfpr~~ vki muds çfr vius ck.qiknkrqa ewykfu p Qykfu pA u fouk . 2-6.rs Hk`'ke~AA III.k gksrk gSA .ksfa d og rks pepekrh gqbZ iSuh ryokj Fkh] eqfu dh n`f"V fujUrj ml ij jgrh Fkh vkSj os lS¼kfUrd :i ls mldh ljkguk djus yxsA ljkguk djrs le.d .klj{k.422 jkek.k i=] tks jke ds çfr nsrh gS] ßj?kquUnu! bu rhu O..kka j{k.Ur mnhIr dj nsrs gS]a mlh çdkj {kf=. os mldk Li'kZ djrs vkSj mlds fo"k. mRikrksa ds dkj.krRij%AA fuR. nsus esa ladksp djsxa h)A .d cMÛh dq'kkxz fVIi.d vfHkyk"kk rks vkidks dSls gks ldrh gS\ ujsUæ /keZ dk uk'k djus okyh .ks¼k dk :i /kkj.kn j[kus .s nks O.ksx Hkh dj cSBAs tc Hkh dksbZ jk{kl vkidks fn[kkbZ nsxk] vki ml ij igys vkØe. dFkk Hkh lqukrh gS]a ftldh vksj eSa vkidk /.k cgqr cMÛk O..ksfr&LrEHk  dqrks·fHky"k.kZ esa cnyko vkuk vkjEHk gks x. .14.kkFkkZ. çfrfnu ml ryokj dks <ksr&s <ksrs Øe'k% riL. ds ikl vL=&'kL= lqyHk gksus ij ladViw. ds vHkko esa ..kHkk"k.fr j{klke~AA Roa fg ck.Mdkj.k la=Lr gSAa mUgksua s vkils laj{k.AÞ vc .k djrs gSa] ogh nks"k] eq>s yxrk gS] vc vkids lkeus mifLFkr gSA bu naMdkj.d fopkj.d iRuh ls gS] gekjh ifRu.d ½f"k ds iru dh gSA fdlh Å/k% ou esa dBksj riL.g dqfRlr bPNk u vkids eu esa gS vkSj u Hkfo". laoklkTtxke ujda eqfu%AA III.k bldk /.A .a .9.g .kh vkSj fØ.ksa ds ikl /kuq"k&ck.kksa dk ç.k dk fu'p. x. .so j{ku~ çR. Hkh mls vius ikl j[krs FksA /kjksgj dh j{kk esa rRij jgus okys] os eqfu Qy&ewy ykus ds fy.k (tSlk çk.s mdlkrh gSAÞ rRi'pkr~ os .ki= .kka p fg /kuqgZqrk'kL.s] tgk¡ Hkh tkrs] ml [kM~x dks lkFk fy.d ½f"k fuokl djrs FksA mudh riL.okfluke~A _`"kh.k vko'.kh djrh gSa vkSj rRi'pkr~ .kZ% 'kjO.lu gS] fdUrq mlls Hkh Hkkjh nks /keksYZ ya?ku vkSj Hkh gS&a ijL=hxeu rFkk fcuk fdlh mÙkstd dkj.k esa dSls vk ldrk gS\ vki rks lnk ls viuh iRuh esa gh vuqjDr jgus okys gSAa ijUrq nwljksa ds çk.kA l rPNL=euqçkI.k ns[kdj nsork x.A os vius fo'okl dh j{kk ds fy.k ?kksj deZ lEiék gks ldrs gS!a ri gh ftudk ewy /ku Fkk] mu eqfu us fuR.k l riks/ku%A pdkj jkSæha Loka cqf)a R.ksa esa eas ls dqN gekjs vkpj.k gS fd os jk{klksa }kjk fd.k gS] NCchlok¡ v/.g nks"k vkids eu esa dHkh ugha vk.k D.ksa us vkidks crk.rs eksgÙkPp rs leqifLFkre~AA çfrKkrLRo.k ysdj HkkbZ ds lkFk] tks vkids leku buds ç..k ds çfr bruh vk'oLr gks ldrh gS] ftruh lhrk FkhA ijUrq os Li"V :i ls .k fdlh 'kwjohj ds gkFk esa blds }kjk D.k ds gh nwljksa ds çfr Øwjrkiw.d mPp dksfV dk çek.15 ß.q¼ djuk] fcuk fdlh mÙkstuk ds] .drk Fkh\ vki gkFk esa /kuq"k&ck.oklh ½f"k.k dj] gkFk dks /kjksgj :i esa og ryokj ns nh] ßÏi.e~ AA rr% l jkSæ·fHkjr% çeÙkks·/keZdÆ'kr%A rL.q¼ esa jk{klksa dk o/k djus dh çfrKk Hkh dh gSA vkidks bldh D.ogkjA .9.g rhljk Hk. 'kL=L.slk Js..10.klj{k.sUæ u pkHkwÙks dnkpuAA euL.k ds T.kZ O.q¼ fo'kkjn {kf=.d vkSj n`"VkUr nsrh gS]a tks fd vFkZi.q¼ fd.sU/kukfu pA lehir% fLFkra rstks cyeqPNª.

s* vkSj fryd us Hkh blh dks ilUn fd.k gS vkSj bldk loZFkk fHkék vFkZ fn.k gS] ftldk yksx lnk ç.d 'kL= .q¼fç.k gSA ijUrq drd bldks bl çdkj ysrs gSa % ^Lekj. jk"Vª* dgrs gSAa muds ikl i.g loZFkk voSKkfud gS] jk"Vªkas dks .9.s* egs'ojrhFkZ vkSj xksfoUnjkt ds }kjk fy. 'kkfUrfç.A .Z dj jgh gw¡A eSa dsoy .k x.k x.9.s rks vo'.s Roka u f'k{k. ij ifjppkZ ds fy.s vkidh lsok esa .s Roka rq f'k{k. lu (1944) f}rh.33 ßeSua s ukjh&tkfr dh LokHkkfod piyrk ds dkj. vkSj dBksj fopkjksa ds fpUru ls gekjs LoHkko esa ifjorZu vk tkrk gSA blhfy. dk xÛyr vFkZ fy.sA u dFk´pu lk dk.q¼fç.slk fç. 425   ml ryokj dh [Ûkfw c.h gks tkrs gSa vkSj Lo.sls m¼j.d foJqr m¼j.k .gh ckr Bhd mrjrh gS &v Û) bl fo"k. esa foHkktu xÛyr gSA vius dks U.kZr.k gh eSa vkidks bl çkphu ?kVuk ds .k .a dks ^'kkfUrfç.s] ftlls mRikr djus dh {kerk dbZ ihf<Û. dks çk. Hkh foYifo.gk¡ fd.fn vki /.d varjjk"Vªh.kA os eqfu çekno'k jkSædeZ esa rRij gks x.kZIr gS (vkt vejhdk ds lUnHkZ esa .k tk.k tkuk pkfg.A eSa .k fd. esa dksbZ HkzkfUr ugha gksuh pkfg.slh fLFkfr ekuo LoHkko ds vlaxr gS vkSj fuf'pr :i ls 'kL=&lqlEiék ekuo LoHkko ds fy.d Vhdkdkj gS]a ftUgksusa s bl okD. fd bl n`"Vkar esa cgqr lPpkbZ gS] .slk dYiukRed fopkj cuk ldrs gSa fd dksbZ jk"Vª iw. Fks] Jh jke ds ck.AÞ lhrk viuh ckr dk lekiu Hkh cMÛh lqUnjrk ds lkFk djrh gSa % L=hpkiyknsrnqnkâra es /ke± oDrqa ro d% leFkZ%A fopk. esa fpUru djrs&djrs .s dkQÛh le.kZIr lSU.k dh 'kfDr ls y{e. esa lR.gk¡ lsok dk.s Roka u f'k{k.kAA III.kn fnyk jgh gw¡] tks vki Lo.ksa ds fpUru esa fujUrj yxkus yxsA /keZ dh idMÛ <hyh gksus ij] ryokj ds fo"k.k Hk. lekIr gks tk.] mu ns'kksa dh vksj ls fn.kAA II. ns'kksa esa foHkkftr djukA vf/kdka'k jk"Vª tks Åij mBs gS]a tks fdlh u fdlh :i esa le`¼ jk"Vª dgs tkrs gS]a .k gSA .ksa ds fy.sA mfpr rks .ksx djrs gS]a tc os fdlh cqtÛqxZ dks ijke'kZ nsrs gSAa * ßesjs eu esa vkids çfr tks Lusg vkSj fo'ks"k vknj gS] mlds dkj.s mudks ^vkØe. laLFkk ds gkFk esa ns fn.k gS leqpfr rks .k gS]a ftlls çdV gksrk gS fd dfo dks .slk lkspk D.d gks tkrk gSA eSa rks . jgs gS]a vR.kn fny jgh gw¡A eSa dksbZ f'k{kk ugha ns jgh gw¡] dsoy mlh dh .sA bl fo"k.gh gksxk fd dksbZ jk"Vª futh :i ls l'kL= u gks vkSj vko'.s* cgqr fç. pkfg.ksx ugha djuk pkfg.s i.k ew£PNr gks x. cuk jgs] ik¡p o"kZ vFkok nl o"kZ rd vFkok vxyh ih<Ûh rd] rFkkfi bldk dksbZ vk'oklu fn.kZ cqf¼ okyk gks x.424 jkek.ksx djus yxsA mudk eu dksey] lkSE.kn fnykuk pkgrh gw¡ fd vkidks /kuq"k ck.r gks tkrs gSa ekuks os efLr"d ds fdlh dksus esa tkdj fNi x. jk"Vªkas dks fujL= djus ds fy.g . vkSj laons u'khy gksus ds ctk.g okD.% pje lhek ij igq¡pk fn.gh .ku ls ns[ks]a rks .kvksa ls vfrifjp.q¼ esa thrus dh vk'kk gSA mudk fopkj gS fd ijkftr ns'kksa dks loZFkk fu'kL= dj fn.A nwljh vksj] mu jk"Vªkas dks] tks fot.k ysdj mudk vuqfpr ç. Øwjrkiw.sA . ?kksf"kr djrs gS]a dsoy vius dks l'kL= j[kus ds bjkns mfpr Bgjkus ds fy.kZ x`ghr/kuq"kk Ro.k gSA** rFkkfi jkek.kA esjk ekuuk gS fd gesa Lohdkj djuk pkfg.k\ ryokj dh rks mls fcYdqy bPNk u FkhA og oLrq rks dsoy /kjksgj ds :i esa muds ikl NksMÛh xbZ Fkh] ijUrq mlds lrr~ lkgp. esa vius NksVs HkkbZ ds lkFk fopkj&foe'kZ dj ysAa vkidks tks Bhd yxs] mls gh fu'p.] ftlls os fdlh le.k¡ vk tkrh gS]a ftuls fgrdj fopkj iykf.q¼ ds le.q¼ esa jko.q¼ dkaM esa Hkh feyrk gSA çlax bl çdkj gSA jke&jko. gSAa bldk .k'khy ns'kks^a dh laKk nsrs gSAa vkØe.s vkSj vU.Z cq)îk rq lgkuqtsu .kA v/keZ us mUgsa vkÏ"V dj fy.s gksa vkSj mudks e/. vkSj 'kkfUrfç. cy gksuk pkfg.nk&dnk oLrqvksa dks dkVus ds ç. ds fy. jgsxa hA .s Roka u f'k{k. vkSj 'kkfUrfç.k'khy ns'kksa dks vL=&'kL= ls of´pr dj fn. cy gS vkSj os vf/kd le. fcUnq ij ykuk vko'.k esa . eSa fuLladksp dgrk gw¡ fd eSa mu oDrO.ksa dks dqpy ldsAa . dks iRFkj ds leku cuk nsrk gSA fueZe fØ.kksa ls vkgr gqvk jko.q¼ esa <dsyus ds fy..ksa ij fcYdqy fo'okl ugha djrk gw¡] tks bl le.kA vUrr% bl cspkjs ½f"k us D.f/kd .k.s ckrsa fuosnu dh gSAa okLro esa vkidks /keZ dk mins'k nsus esa dkSu leFkZ gS\ vki bl fo"k.k vkidks Hkh djk nw¡A blhfy.laxr dgus okys jk"Vª vius vkidks .æksprs rRdq: ek fpjs.24 .k. ugha jg ldrsA bl lSU. fo'o egk.g . tk jgs gS]a ftUgsa bl egk. ghA fujUrj vL= 'kL= /kkj. 'kfDr dk muds ikl gksuk] mUgsa .k 'kL= lEiék gksus ij Hkh dqN le.Z ls mudk iru gks x.d mnkgj.k gS] ftudh Vhdk dk vuqlj.k . rd 'kkfUrfç..q¼fç.ksfr&LrEHk NCchlok¡ v/.k gh .k tkrk gSA fdlh dBksj oLrq dk fujUrj voyksdu gekjs euksHkkoksa dks Øwjrk dh vksj ys tkrk gS vkSj ân.|fi ge fuf'pr :i ls .k ds T.gh dguk gksxk fd lhrk us bls cMsÛ lqUnj <Ûxa ls çLrqr fd. vkSj funks'Z krk dh Å¡pkb.g ikB ^Lekj.o'k] thou esa dHkh&dHkh ifjfLFkfr.k ugha tk ldrk fd vxyh ih<Ûh vFkok mudh larkuksa dh larku 'kkfUrfç.|fi dkO.q¼fç.g gh dgw¡xk fd lhrk dk n`"VkUr bl lUnHkZ esa Bhd ladrs nsrk gSA .s tk. ^Lekj.ksa ls fxj dj udZHkksxh cusA dfo us bl dFkk dks cMsÛ lqUnj <Ûxa ls çLrqr fd.a tkurs gh gSAa nqHkkZX.k jgus d çfr vius ifr dks lko/kku djus dh /k`"Vrk djus i'pkr~ lhrk vkxs dgrh gSa % LusgkPp cgqekukPp Lekj. :i ls djsAa Þ .Hkhr gksdj * .A bu lcds ikl fdruk fo'kky lSU.ksfa d esjk eu fujUrj dkseyrk ds çfr le£ir jgrk gSA eSua s lkspk bldk Lej.

kA Jh jke us lglk jko.k lfgr dqN fnu muds ikl Bgjus ds fy.426 jkek.ks·ga u [kYokKki.kke~A u rq çfrKka laJRq .% iqjUnjjFkksfpr%AA .q¼ lekIr gksus ij vkSj lhrk dh vfXu ijh{kk ds mijkUr jke 'kh?kzkfr'kh?kz v.g 'kqHk Hkkoukvksa ls çsfjr FkkA rqEgkjh Hkh fu"diV bPNk gS fd eSa /keZ ds iFk ij jgw¡A eq>s ys'kek= Hkh cqjk ugha yxk] cfYd eSa rks blds fy.k esa 'kL= mBkus dh {kerk ugha jgh] mldk lkjfFk mlds jFk dks j. dk Lej.kA bl chp jko.kx Hkh djus dks rS.Ùkq rhFkZ% ^Lekj.Fkk bldk irk eq>s dSls pyrkA ** .rk djsAÞ blds ckn çfl¼ 'yksd .rsAA ln`'ka pkuq#ia p dqyL.S/kkZ. 427   Hkkx x. dqN Hkh vf/kd ifo= ughaA .kgrfefr drdAAÞ * nsf[k.r Z s pkiks ukrZ'kCnks HkosfnfrAA III.k djuk gS] FkksMÛh /k`"Vrk lh Fkk vkSj os nks"k Lohdkj djrs gSa % dkea u Roa lek/ks.FkZ%A rnso f'k{k.s* bfr iBfr O.kfe çs".kA Jh jke Hkwfe ij [kMÛs Fks vkSj jko. 108. /kuq"k ck.10.k dk Hkh ifjR.3 ßnsfo! eSa rqEgsa D. v-3.k dksbZ vkns'k ugha ns jgk gw¡AÞ bu mnkgj.13 ßrqEgsa rks nsojkt bUæ dk jFk gk¡dus dk vH.k gS] mudk ikB loZFkk fHkék gSA ^Lekj.k.ks/.k ds T. yksx blfy.s dfj".k ds jFk dks vkrs ns[kdj ekrfy ls dgk] Þvc cMÛs osx ls rqe lko/kku gks tkvks vkSj 'k=q ds jFk dh vksj vkxs c<ÛkAs ß ekrfy bUæ dk lkjfFk Fkk vkSj vusd . ^Lekj.k ek= djk jgk gw¡] rqEgsa f'k{kk ugha ns jgk gw¡AÞ foHkh"k.kksa ds çfr dh gSAÞ vUr esa os dgrs gSa % ee LusgkPp lkSgknkZfnneqDra Ro.k lpsr gks x.ksfa d .q¼ vkjEHk gqvkA tc vkgr gksus ij jko.k NksMÛ ldrk gw¡] rqEgkjk vkSj y{e.s Roka u f'k{k.15.soefHkeku%A Lekj.kfe rsA VI.k .g bl lEcU/k esa fu.s Roka rq f'k{k.A vr.k¡ gSAa jke dgrs gS]a ßlhrs! rqeus Lusg vkSj lkSgknZo'k tks ckrsa eq>ls dgh gS]a blls eSa cgqr lUrq"V gw¡ D.kr~A cgqekukr~ RoRdrZ`dkUef}"k.kj gw¡A eSa vius çk.o III.] Jh jke us iqu% 'k=qvksa ij vkØe.k.gh ekuuk mfpr gS fd lhrk ds opuksa dk vFkZ Hkh . i`-34. .dkxz gksdj .ksu P.g vkrk gS % vI.k x.s Roka u f'k{k.s rqEgkjh ç'kalk djrk gw¡A eq>s çlékrk gS fd rqeus bl çdkj dh ckrsa dgha vkSj bu Hkkoukvksa dks vius eu esa j[kk] vU. mRlqd FksA foHkh"k.k x.k djrh gS] tSlk fd fiNys uksV esa crk.ks·.k gS vFkok fdlh us gkfu igq¡pkbZA .Rq lqjgesdkxz% Lekj.k djuk pkfg.g ns[kdj] nsojkt bUæ us vius lkjfFk] ekrfy }kjk viuk jFk vkSj dqN vL=&'kL= Jh jke dh lsokFkZ Hkst fn.! eq>s lrk.o] mldks . djrk gw¡A vkidks vkKk . czkã. u gks] mls dksbZ mins'k ugha nsrkA rqeus eq>ls tks dqN Hkh dgk] .ksH.21.drk ughaA eSa .k Hkh nwljs jFk ij lokj gksdj Jh jke ij p<Û vk. curk gS fd .kh bl çdkj gS % ßLusgkr~ Hkof}"k.16 ßJh jke! eSa dsoy çse] lEeku vkSj lkSgknZ gsrq gh vkils . iq"id&foeku çLrqr djrk gSA og muls] lhrk vkSj y{e.q.slh ifjfLFkfr esa og 'kh?kzkfr'kh?kz tkdj mldh lgk.ksfa d yksx vKkuo'k çk.ks fo'sk"kr%AA III.k}gqekukPp lkSânsu p jk?koAA çlkn.kkZ. ro pkReu%A l/keZpkfj.kx dj ldrk gw¡A fdUrq] viuh çfrKk dks eSa dnkfi ugha rksMÛ ldrkA çfrKk ls vf/kd esjs fy.k jFk ij lokj FkkA .q¼ ns[k pqdk Fkk vkSj HkyhHkk¡fr tkurk Fkk fd mls D.d {kf=.ksH.slk gh gksuk pkfg.k ds jFk dks Jh jke ds lehi ys vk.s Roka rqf'k{k.a jke us Hkh mudh ckr dks fdl :i esa fy.kl gSA vr.ku esa j[krs gq.ga lhrs u áfu"Vks·quf'k".kksa dks /.kA ijUrq FkksMÛh nsj ckn og iqu% jko.ek.ga thfora táka Roka ok lhrs ly{e. vU.g fryd Vhdk ds lEcU/k esa gS] tks fd drd dk vuqlj.10.lhAA III.o] rqEgsa dqn fl[kkus dh vko'.q¼ djuk pkgrk gw¡A blhfy.k f'k{k.g lc dqN dgus dk iwjk&iwjk vf/kdkj rqEgkjk FkkA .s cgqr gh lqUnj iafDr.10.k jke ls blh çdkj dgrk gSA .slh çfrKk] tks fo'ks"kr% eSua s czkã. .sA II.Fkk ughaA vr.124.ksfa d tks viuk fç.s iqjko`rfefr 'ks"k%A v= Lusgks gsrq%A cgqekukPp Roka rq f'k{k.kh esa Roa çk.ku/ksA ifjrq"Vks·LE.k ykSVus ds fy.ks·fi xjh.k mÙkj nw¡\ rqeus vHkh FkksMÛh nsj igys .As * bl lUnHkZ es]a D.k /kkj.s* ij fryd dh fVIi.12.g çkFkZuk dj jgk gw¡A vkidks çlék djuk pkgrk gw¡A eSa vkidk lsod gw¡] blfy.A rRi'pkr~ jke&jko.ksfr&LrEHk NCchlok¡ v/.kp"Vs p rÙkq mÙkjokD.k vkjEHk fd.s bR.g ckr dgh Fkh fd {kf=.kA tc guqeku dh ykbZ gqbZ vkS"kf/k ls y{e.k muds fy. rqEgkjs dÙkZO.22 .a HkrsRZ .24 ds ikB dks blh çdkj gksuk pkfg.d gSAa fda rq o{.9.s vuqjks/k djrk gSA blh lUnHkZ eas og dgrk gS % ç.s]* u fd ^Lekj.s Roka u f'k{k..SoksDrfena op%A {kf=.s fou.% lhrk dks nks"k nsrs gS]a eSa crkuk pkgw¡xk fd Lo.k djrs gSa fd fdlh dks nq%[kh gksdj gkgkdkj u djuk iMÛ]s gk. eSa cMÛk ls cMÛk R.g crkuk fd mls D. dk dÙkZO.k D.ka djksfr & ^u dFkapu* bfr A .ga nsfo Ro.19* ßlhrs! eSa vius opu vkSj opu ds çfr fu"Bk dks bruk egÙo nsrk gw¡ fd blds fy.kr~A fda p cgqekuks uke enh.kHkwfe ls nwj gVk ys x.kE.

k djrs gks] D.qDr dk.k ds T.o bl fo"k.slh fLFkfr esa dnkfpr~~ mls ekj Hkh [kkuh iMÛ ldrh gSA .ku vk ldrk Fkk\ .s gS]a de ls de os .k esa jgrh gS\ tc vki vR.s çxk<Û çse gSAa D. .A lhrk dk fookg lalkj ds egku O.a fuokj.slh fLFkfr esa mldh vogsyuk rks gksrh gh gS vkSj iw.428 jkek.kZ dke ds fy.fn muesa dqN vf/kd le>nkjh gksrh] rks dnkfpr~~ os y{e.g ckr ml le.d&nwljs ds dk. dks NksMÛk FkkA ogk¡ vkdj Lo.kZe.k vki vius 'kCnksa dks rksyus dh fLFkfr esa gksxa \s D. ij ijke'kZ u djuk viuh xÛyrh dks mfpr Bgjkuk loZFkk vuqfpr gSA esjh tkudkjh esa dqN .g jke }kjk lhrk dks nh xbZ LorU=rk ls fuf'pr :i ls esy ugha [kkrkA ou ds fuoklh ½f"k.k djsAa eSa .k vkSj mlus lhrk dk eu eksg fy.k dke jke ladV esa iMÛ ldrs Fks] jke lhrk ls . 429   vius futh fgrS"kh ds vfrfjDr vkSj vU. gSA .sls ije ladV ds le.k dg jgh gSAa {k.k¡ dk. vfuPNqd gSAa os jke ds çfr bruh vf/kd fpUrkxzLr gks tkrh gSa fd os viuk vkRela.% ge u rks fdlh vfç.g Hkh le>s fd dc xEHkhj psrkouh dh vko'.d nklh ds dke rd gh lhfer gSA ßog /kksch dk fglkc fdrkc j[k ys] blls vf/kd dqN ugha]Þ .d iRuh fuLladksp gks vius ifr ls dgus dk lkgl djrh gS fd og tks dqN dj jgk gS] og .slh ckrksa dk Kku ughaA vr. vki brus iRuhHkDr cu tk.d leqfpr vk/kkj ij LFkkfir gks]a ftlls çR.k gS fd rqEgsa gj {k.d ladViw.k vkSj .slk gksuk dksbZ vlkekU. gSAa og y{e.k Hkj ds fy.kZnk dks /.U=.kl djks fd iRuh dk oxZ fuEu gS vkSj mldk dÙkZO.ksa dks bl fo"k.kZ ?kVuk gS] ftlds lUnHkZ esa lhrk ds O.Z ds fufeÙk mUgksua s jkT.k gks] rks D.kksa ls Hkh vf/kd fç.fDr ds çfr ge mnklhu gksrs gS]a mlds fy. gksA vr% rqEgsa NwV gS fd rqe vko'. x. tu ds nks"kksa dh vksj /.sls Hkh mnkgj. vkSj fu"Bk Lokxr ls djrk gw¡] .g rqEgkjs Åij gSA ijUrq vius fd. dkSu vius fç.e [kks cSBrh gSAa muds /kS.k ls mudh lgk.drkuqlkj eq>s lko/kku djks vkSj esjh xÛyrh dks lq/kkjksAÞ nks 'kCn mins'k ds Hkh dg nw¡A D.k ds çfr mrus dBksj okD.Z gksxkA mUgsa vf'kf{kr j[k dj muds lkFk le.k O.slh mis{kk D.ksfa d rqe ugha pkgrh fd eSa dksbZ xÛyrh dke d:¡ .g lQÛkbZ nsdj mfpr u fl¼ djks vkSj u gh fl¼ djus dk ç. dh gS] tc ekjhp Lo.|fi jke us muds ijke'kZ dks ekuk ugha] rFkkfi mUgksua s lhrk dks crk.slk lksprh gSAa .ogkj ij vkifÙk dh tkrh gSA .sa fd vki mudh xÛyr ckrksa dk Hkh vuqlj.kA ijUrq Øks/k ds le. os lc dqN Hkwy tk.Ur nk#.slk Hkh dgsa fd ßbu cspkfj.Z{ks= dk vknj djs] ijUrq lkFk gh lkFk . rks gS gh vkSj rqEgkjs dqy ds Hkh loZFkk vuq:i gSA rqe esjh lg/k£e.|fi esjs fopkj ls bl psrkouh esa dqN rF. rqe eq>s lko/kku djrh jgrh gksA thou esa çk.o fpUrk djus dh vko'. dks .k dksbZ Hkh . ij] ftlds dkj. vki Lo.d xÛyr dke gSA . vkSj jko.g ckr cSB tkrh gS fd mlds ifr vo'.A viuh ifRu.k!Þ .Z{ke gh ugha] rks ijke'kZ ysus dk ç'u gh ugha mBrkAÞ cgqr lh fLFkfr. gh ladV esa iMÛ x. lgpjh cukuk] thou ds lq[k nq%[k esa lgxkfeuh cukuk gekjk dÙkZO.k ge iq#"k viuh ifRu.kZ mis{kk HkhA .s fd rqeesa esjs fy. LFkkfir dj fy.ksx u djrha] tSlk fd mUgksua s fd.ksX.g lqudj lhrk Hk. ckr ughaA rqe D.Z dk ck¡/k VwV tkrk gS vkSj mUgsa bl ckr dh Hkh lqf/k u jgrh fd os D.slk dj ldrk gS\ fQj ge cspkjh lhrk ls .ksa ls bruk vlac¼ ugha gksrk fd os dksbZ eryc gh u j[ks]a ge muls mlds fo"k.k irk\ tc fL=.s dqN lksprs gSAa blfy.fDr ls gqvk FkkA ou esa muds lkgp.ku fnyk ldrk gS\ rqe tks dqN Hkh mykguk ns jgh gks] dsoy blhfy.d vkSj egÙoiw. esa D.ksa djs\a ge lc mudh ç'kalk .k FkkA Jh jke dqN ladV esa Q¡l x. y{e.rkFkZ tkus dk vuqjks/k djrh gSA dqN nsj rd rks y{e.s\a tc os vius thou rd dks fclkj ldrh Fkha] rks ml le.slk ugha gksuk pkfg.g LokHkkfod gS .drk ughaA eSa vkidks vdsyk NksMÛdj ugha tk ldrkAÞ fdUrq lhrk mudks mykguk nsrh gSa] .s mi. fdldh cqf¼ lkFk nsrh gS\ og Hkh bl çdkj dh foifÙk ds le.Fkk ls xzLr gksa vkSj vusd çdkj dh vk'kadkvksa u vkidks ?ksj fy. esa dqN er cksyksAÞ mUgksua s lhrk dks viuh ckr dgus nh vkSj .slk dSls dg ldrs Fks] ßrqEgsa . gks ldrk gS] ijUrq ges'kk .ksa ds lkFk eS=h tSls fo"k. Hkst fn. mfpr gh FkkA ..ksa dk ç.k gS]a tgk¡ .ksfr&LrEHk NCchlok¡ v/.drk gSA thou es]a gekjk dke dkt gekjh ifRu.&le.d le. vfe= dks psrkouh nsrs gS]a u gh ftl O.k.a gh mUgksua s jke dks .kA lhrk ds vkxzg djus ij jke mldk ihNk djus pys x.k mudh ckr Vky nsrs gSAa os dgrs gS]a ßjke rks brus 'kfDr'kkyh gSa fd lalkj esa dksbZ Hkh muds lkeus ugha fVd ldrkA dksbZ ladV muds ikl QVd Hkh ugha ldrk] ftldk os Lo.gh muds fy.ksX.g ns[kdj fd os tkus ds fy.ksa esa rks .ksa dks NwV nsrs gSa fd gesa lko/kku djs]a tc ge muds fopkj ls xÛyr ekxZ ij gks\a lEHko gS fd . e`x dk :i /kjdj jke ds vkJe esa vk.s opuksa ds vuqdy w ekjhp jke dh vkokTÛk dh udÛy djrs gq.slk djuk mfpr FkkA vius nksuksa dqyksa dh e. ughaA rqEgkjk .k vius flj dksbZ iki yw¡A rqeus esjs lkFk bruk ?kfu"B rknkRE. fdl dh cqf¼ fu.kh gks vkSj eq>s çk.k ugha fd .g dFku rqEgkjs .g cgkuk lEHkor% ekU.k dks fn. esa dksbZ ijke'kZ gh u ysAa dnkfpr~~ buesa ls dqN eu gh .k fd mUgksua s psrkouh nsdj Bhd gh fd.k ugha djrs gks] .ksa dks .ku esa j[krs gq.k dk mUgsa dSls /.s tks dqN Hkh rqeus dgk] eSa mldk lR. esa ugha lksp jgk gw¡] eSa ifr&iRuh ds chp .slh lEHkkouk ds fo"k.sd .sls lEcU/kksa dks lksp jgk gw¡] tks . fpYykus yxrk gS] ßgk lhrs! gk y{e.a dks lhrk dh ifjfLFkfr esa j[k dj nsf[k.k u dj ldsAa vr.Hkhr gks tkrh gS vkSj mlds eu esa .k esjh gh fpUrk jgrh gS fd fdlh çdkj eq>s dksbZ {kfr u igq¡ps] blhfy.

s rS.] muds çfr dVqopuA .fr lkSfe=s ro ok HkjrL.kl ugha djrsA lhrk Hkh bl nks"k ls eqDr u FkhA tc ge mudh ekufld fLFkfr dh ifjdYiuk djrs gS]a rks mUgsa {kek Hkh dj ldrs gSAa ge .g Hkh lEHko gS fd Hkjr us rqe dks Hkstk gks vkSj jke dks lekIr djds eq>s muds ikl ys tkus ds fy. fudysA y{e.sls mxz okD.k.slh gjdr dj u cSBAas os dqN Hkh dj ldrh Fkha] os .k ns[kdj Hkh .k.lua egr~A jkeL.fn mUgksua s mu 'kCnksa dk ç.slk ugha fd bl mís'.k dj ldrs Fks\ mUgksua s Hkjld ç.k ds vfrfjDr dksbZ vkSj ugha Fkk] ftlls os lgk.g dg ldrs gSa fd .k rks vPNk ugha yxk gksxkA vo'. 'k=qvksa ds eu esa bl rjg ds ikiiw.slh ifjfLFkfr esa cspkjs y{e.d eq¡gQV efgyk Fkh] mudh ok.a çPNépkfj"kqAA lqn"q VLRoa ous jkeesdesdks·uqxPNflA ee gsrks% çfrPNé% ç. ds fy.kj djrs Fks] .k dks Hkh vk'kadk gqbZ fd lpeqp dgha lhrk .d~ foospu fd.kx nw¡xhAÞ rRi'pkr~ os jksus yxha vkSj bl çdkj cksyha] ßJh jke ls fcNqMÛ tkus ds ckn eSa xksnkojh esa Mwc tkÅ¡xh vFkok xys esa Qk¡lh yxk yw¡xh .g fopkj muds eu esa lglk vk x.sls dBksj opu lqudj dqfir y{e.a gh mu ckrkssa ij dksbZ fo'okl u gksxkA Øks/kkos'k esa ge cgqr dqN vuki&'kuki cksy tkrs gSa vkSj ge 'kCnksa dk ç. LFky dks NksMÛ dj vkuk iMÛkA Jh jke us D.jkek.s mfpr gksrk] . os ou esa dSlk vuqHko dj jgh FkhaA ogk¡ y{e.qDrks Hkjrsu okAA III.k ogk¡ ls py fn.k dks dSl&s dSls dVq mykgus lgus iMÛs Fks vkSj fdu ifjfLFkfr.oa lnk ls fNis gq.kl fd. 431   djrs vkSj ljkgrs .k ds çfr bl çdkj dh dBksj Hkk"kk dk ç. iq#"k dk Li'kZ dnkfi u gh d:¡xhAÞ bl çdkj çfrKk djds 'kksdeXu lhrk jksrh&jksrh viuk isV ihVus yxhA lhrk ds .r dÙkZO.A vFkok .kA ré fl/.] tks .d ckj . i`-57.ksx u fd.q¼ esa 'kL= dq'ky Fks fd ladV dHkh muds ikl Hkh QVd ugha ldrk FkkA y{e.AA * nsf[k.k! rqEgkjs tSls Øwj .|fi os cgqr dqN dg xb±] mUgsa Lo.d~ dlkSVh gksxh] tc bl ?kVuk dh tkudkjh jke dks nh xbZ vkSj os le> x.k D. gSA mudk çse lhrk vkSj y{e.Z dh ckr ughaA gks ldrk gS] rqe esjh bPNk j[krs gksA rqe cMÛs nq"V gks] Jh jke dks vdsys ou esa vkrs gq. ihNs&ihNs pys vk.ksx ugha djuk pkfg.k gks] ij .U=.rk ek¡x ldrha vkSj y{e. O.d gh oLrq ds bPNqd gks]a .slk fo'okl gksuk LokHkkfod Fkk] ijUrq lhrk us rks fojy gh . v-4.Ztud ckr ughaA y{e.FkkFkZ dh lhek esa j[kus dk ç.kZ fopkj gksuk dksbZ vk'p. rqe jke ladV vk. fdlh vU.k gqbZ D.gh lE.kadu dh . laxr gksrk FkkA de ls de le{ka ro lkSfe=s çk.A .slh ckrsa cuk jgs gksA Hkkb.a eU.ksa es]a mUgsa vius fu.k] mudks le>kus ds fy.d ckj fQj lhrk dks nks"k nsa . efgyk Fkha vkSj vkRegR.45.ksx fcuk rksys dj nsrs gSa vkSj mUgsa .k ogk¡ ls fgyus dks Hkh rS.kkaLR.o lhrk dSls le> ldrh Fkha fd Jh jke dks dHkh dksbZ {kfr gks gh ugha ldrhA y{e.d ckj ge iqu% ns[ksa fd jke dh çfØ.öosrA~ Rof}/ks"kq u`'kals"kq fuR.k ij .slk ugha Fkk fd Jh jke ds ân. fd y{e.ksa ds e/.ksX.s vkjksi loZFkk feF.s muds eq¡g ls .d n`<Ûfu'p.k bl çlax esa D.{.qfDr gksxh& y{e.g HkyhHkk¡fr tkurs gq.s gSAa blhfy.k dks lhrk ls dqN vf/kd I. O.k] foosd muls loZFkk fonk ys pqdk Fkk vkSj blhfy.k ds brus fodYi muds ikl FksA ge lhrk dks vf/kd nks"k ugha ns ldrsA fdUrq eu gh eu ge .slk lhrk dk fo'okl FkkA fdUrq .k dgk\ fuLlUnsg mUgsa viuh iRuh dk vkpj.slk gksuk dksbZ vk'p.k ij dqN u dqN ncko Mkyuk gh gksxk] mUgksua s lkspk fd dguk lcls vPNh .kj ugha gw¡A .fDr.s u la'k. fd y{e. okA ßftl ijks{k vfHkçk. mUgsa ns[kk FkkA vr..k .ksfa d ewY.g le> ysus ds i'pkr~ fd y{e.k R. esa çPNék :i ls dksbZ HksnHkko fNik FkkA os rks ogh dgrs Fks] tks U.k esa jgh gksA vga ro fç.sls O.A ijUrq 'kksd vkSj fo"kkn ds dkj.kh dnkfpr~~ dHkh gh fu.fn os y{e.k gSA .g loZFkk muds fy.s rqe tkus dks rS.k ioZr ds Å¡ps f'k[kj ls uhps dwn tkÅ¡xh] tyrh vfXu esa dwn tkÅ¡xh] vFkok fo"kiku dj yw¡xh] fdUrq Jh jke ds flok. gh mUgksua s ekuk gksxk fd lhrk us tks dqN fd.k ls vfUre okD. bl çdkj u cksyrhaA ijUrq blls vf/kd eSa dqN dgus ds fy.kj ugha FksA bl euekus rdZ ds vk/kkj ij fd Jh jke brus 'kfDr'kkyh vkSj .k ds T.k ds çfr yxHkx cjkcj gh FkkA Jh jke y{e.nksa vkSj . ds fy.lua n`"V~ok rsuSrkfu çHkk"klsAA uSrfPp=a liRus"kq ikia y{e. 22-24 ßeq>s yxrk gS] rqe vc çlék gks fd jke fdlh Hkkjh foifÙk esa Q¡l x.s Fkk] .45. III.k le> ldrs FksA .k og mfpr ugha FkkA ijUrq mudk vfUre er D.q¼ djrs gq.ks]a nk.gh pkgrs fd lhrk dks y{e.k dbZ ckj muds ijkØe dks ij[k pqds Fks vkSj mudk .k dks Hkstus ds fy.k Fkk] og ns[kus .AÞ blls igys fd ge .] mUgksua s dksbZ lE.k gksrkA os .kj ugha gks] og rqEgkjk vFkok Hkjr dk euksjFk fl¼ ugha gks ldrkA eSa rqEgkjs lkeus gh fuLlUnsg vius çk.s jkeL.25-26* .k mudh fuUnk djs]a ge lksp&fopkj djsa fd ml ije ladV ds le.ksfr&LrEHk 430 NCchlok¡ v/.

is'k djrk gw¡A* lhrk dh vkRe?kkr dh /kedh dks ns [ krs gq . lhrk y{e.gh gksrk fd muds ifr vkSj nsoj Hkh ogk¡ mifLFkr gksrAs os blh çrh{kk esa Fkha fd os 'kh?kz gh vk tk.ksa }kjk mldk lRdkj fd.kZdVq hj ij lhrk ds lEeq[k vk x.su eSfFkY.gk¡ pys vk. o'kekiéks ukdjks% 'kklua eeAA III.d dfBu vkSj ladViw.k ds çfr mUgksua s dqN v'kksHkuh.k us lhrk ls iwNk fd os dkSu gSAa mUgkaus s viuk ifjp.kA vius o`ÙkkUr ds chp lhrk }kjk fn.k! Øksf/kr lhrk ls çsfjr gksdj Øks/k ds o'khHkwr gksdj] rqeus esjs vkns'k dk ikyu ugha fd.k muds ikl ls x.k ls fonk yh vkSj os muds lkFk py nha vkSj y{e.ks/. FkkA os y{e.kfe R.kA ml le.gh ugha] vfirq mPp dksfV ds vfrfFk dk Lokxr ?kj ds iq#"kksa }kjk gh gksuk pkfg.kA ml le.k dh ckr lqudj jke cksys % tkuéfi leFk± eka j{klka fofuokj.d gSA os crkrh gSa fd fdl çdkj dSd.d oDrO. y{e.kAÞ . iqdkj jgk gksxk fd fdlh çdkj os nksuksa ldq'ky ykSV vk.LFky dks NksMÛ fn.saA rr% lqo"s ka e`x.kk gfjra nn'kZ rUeg}ua uSo rq jkey{e.jkek. Lohdkj dj gh ldrs gSAa y{e.A os Hkh Øks/kh LoHkko ds Fks vFkok mUgsa .k.g loZFkk vU. Fks] dqN xjek&xje dgk&lquh ds ckn vc mUgsa nq%[k gks jgk Fkk fd y{e.s h }kjk Jh jke dks ou eas tkus dk vkns'k lquk. os dqN ?kcjkgV lh eglwl dj jgh Fkha fd .k ds pys vkus ij jko.fDr dks .k us lhrk ds lkSUn.kk lgy{e.k . Hkh Fkk fd os .kxra ifra çrh{kek.  lÙkkbZlok¡ v/.s gS]a ijUrq vf/kd nwj ugha] rkfd vkifÙk ds le.ksa vk.slk ugha dguk pkfg. os fpUrkxzLr gks xb±A dsoy .ku fnykuk vko'.ka rnkA fooh{kek.qDr ukjh ds opu lqudj rqe .klh dk os'k /kkj.qDr opu ls mÙksftr gksdj fudy iMÛAs Øks/k. nsuk vkjEHk dj fd.ksafd os Lo. ckrsa dg nh Fkh] ml ?kVuk dks gq.k djus eas leFkZ gw¡A ekjhp vkSj ..e dÙkZO.k x.e~A dsoyekxua rokiuhfrjsosfr Hkko%Aß fdUrq y{.DRok . gh rqe tkurs Fks fd eSa lc bdës jk{klksa dk Hkh fuokj.k fd rqe lhrk dks vdsyh NksMÛdj .s gq. eSa rqEgsa {kek ugha dj ldrkA rqeus vius fu.k vkSj lhrk vlqjf{kr jg xbZA og ogk¡ ladV esa gSA rqe pys D.A bl le. dqN gh {k.k djds 'kh?kz gh i.37 igyh gh ckrphr esa jko. Fkk] dqN nwjA fdUrq vklikl gh Bgjs jguk Fkk] ftlls lhrk dks rks .kZ vfHk.ksfr&LrEHk 432  bruk rks ge jke ds fy.sxa As blhfy.k dks gh nks"k nsrs gSAa lhrk dk dksbZ nks"k ugha] og rks fof{kIr FkhaA ßrqEgkjs tSls O. ugha gks ldrkA rqe .59.] blls eSa lUrq"V ugha gw¡A blds fy.kA blhfy.g fo'okl gks tkrk fd os jke dh rjQÛ pys x.k ds fnekxÛ esa . gSA Jh jke dsoy .k ds fo"k.Rçpksfnr%A Øks/kL.k.k] u fd jke y{e.s x.g cMÛk lVhd lq>ko gSA esjk vuqeku gS fd Jh jke ds eu eas Hkh .k. jgh Fkha] fdUrq mUgsa lc vksj gjk&Hkjk ou gh ou fn[kkbZ fn.k vkSj og lU.s os ckj ckj ou eas pkjksa vksj n`f"V nkSMÛk jgh FkhaA dfo dgrk gS fd os ckgj ns[k vo'.klh dk Lokxr vkSj lRdkj mUgsa djuk iMÛ jgk gSA os pkg jgh Fkh fd vPNk rks .k dks volj fey x.g gS fd lhrk ds vuqjks/k ds vuqdy w y{e.kh bl çdkj gS % ÞdFkafpnlgus cfgjkxR.slk djuk mfpr u le>kA 433 muÙkhlok¡ v/.g ckr ugha vkbZ D.ksA vusu Øks/kokD.k dks vkJe ls rks py nsuk pkfg.Z dh ç'kalk djds mudk ifjp.59.ku ij x.fDr ij Øksf/kr ugha gksuk pkfg.kUrfgZrks HkwRok rRifjikyua dÙkZO.a mÙksftr gks x.d lU.k ds T.g dgrs gSa fd lhrk Øks/k esa Fkh] os . FkkAÞ esjs fopkj esa .46. &lq > ko .k% i:"ka okD.g ugha dgrs fd mls .d e`x ls eq>s dksbZ Hk. 22-24* ßrqeus Bhd ugha fd.d Vhdkdkj us le>nkjh dh ckr dgh gSA mls eSa dqN ladksp ds lkFk vkidh LohÏfr ds fy. esa os dgrh gS&a Lej.h gksxhA ””” * bl lanHkZ esa xksfoUnjkt dh fVIi.d fof{kIr O.nfl eSfFkyhe~A dq)k.k fu%l`rks Hkoku~AA III. y{e.a JqRok .g Hkh lksp jgh gksxa h fd dqN lhek rd os Lo. lhrk vius ifr dh fpUrk esa Mwch gqbZ FkhaA jko.Ùofegkxr%AA loZFkk Roiuhra rs lhrk.k chrs gksxa &s os dgrh gSa % 433 .d lkefxz.s FksA os lkFk gh lkFk .s .d .kkSAA III. iwNkA lhrk us vfrfFk lRdkj ds fy.s mÙkjnk.sA vo'.h gSa vkSj mudk ân.g HkyhHkk¡fr le>rs FksA fQj Hkh rqe lhrk ds Øks/k.k Hkh lkFk vk x.gh ckr vk.gk¡ pys vk. dh vksj /.A fuf'pr :i ls mUgsa Hk.a gh bl ifjfLFkfr ds fy.22 u fg rs ifjrq".k] Jh jke us v. lHkh vko'. os mudh j{kk dj ldsAa .k jgs] vHkh FkksMÛh nsj igys gh y{e.

ksx fd.k vc rw ekSr ds fudV vk igq¡pk gSA rw Jh jke dh iRuh dks gLrxr djuk pkgrk gSA .] mudk /.ku muds vFkZ ij fcYdqy u Fkk] vfirq y{e.d gh okD.k x.k.a ugha ekurk fd bl va'k dks i<Ûdj vki fo'okl ds lkFk nkok djsxa s fd lhrk us lpeqp .a ekaleknk. gw¡] bldk D.sls ugha gS]a ftudk ç.k cMÛs ijkØeh gSAa lejHkwfe easa 'k=qvksa dk lagkj djus okys iq#"kflag y{e.fn rw Jh jke dh dY.w kZ gSa D.Z .k dh vksj ls fpfUrr gks x. i`"kra pkU. fd dBksj opukas dk ç.kh.g va'k . gh tyrh gqbZ vkx dks ns[kdj Hkh rw diMÛs esa .k gSA ikBdksa ij rks bldk çHkko uhjl gh dgk tk ldrk gSA vr.o] dfo crkrk gS % vc ge bl n`'.Ur vyadkj . dks fonh.k vius vkidks çdV djrk gSa vkSj mudks viuh Hkk.47.k us e`x:i/kkjh ekjhp ds ân. ds nwljs Hkkx ij vkrs gSAa tc lhrk }kjk iwNus ij] jko.eknk.slk e`R. iq:"kO.a vius HkkbZ dh iRuh ij yksyiq n`f"V Mkyus okyk gksA blls Li"V gksrk fd vc mudks vglkl gqvk fd mUgksua s y{e.k dks mudh ckr ekuus ds fy. fd.ksx djrh gS]a tks vFkZi.ksx djrs le.o] os 'kh?kz gh ykSVuk pkgrs FksA ml çdkj dh çpqj [kk| lkexzh ykus dk le.s ns jgk gw¡ fd ml le. FksA mlds 'kCn lqudj Jh jke dks vk'kadk gqbZ fd vkJe esa dqN vfu"V u gks tk.gk¡ lhrk y{e.k ds çfr vuqfpr dBksj 'kCnksa dk ç. 435   jkeL.|fi lhrk us ek¡l dh çpqjrk dh ckr dgh Fkh] fdUrq] okLrfodrk rks .k lgAA III.47.kZu djrs le.ksx .ksx dsoy jko.k. vkidk fo'ks"k lRdkj gksxkAÞ eSa . Øks/kkos'k esa ml ij cjl iMÛrh gSAa og va'k] ftlesa os QVdkj lqukrh gS]a vR.k x.k!Þ dgdj iqdkj yxkbZA .k rw eq> tSlh Jh jke dh ifrozrk vkSj lq.kZ euksHkkoksa ls O. iRuh dk vigj.slk tku iMÛrk gS fd rw vR.slh dYiuk dh dksbZ xat q kb'k ugha gSA . jk?ko%A Rojek.g ns[kdj Jh jke lhrk vkSj y{e.sA blls vf/kd lhrk ds 'kCnksa esa dksbZ vkSj vfHkçk. ugha <w¡<uk pkfg.Dr djrk gSA lhrk vfu.k dj ou vkus yxs] rc y{e.k dk o.kr dkeuk O.ksX. dk ç.23 ßesjs Lokeh çpqj ek=k esa ou esa miyC/k inkFkZ] fHkék&fHkék çdkj ds vkgkj ysdj vkrs gh gksxa As #:] gfj.k dks QVdkj lqukus ds fy.s 'kCn .kks tuLFkkua lalkjkfHkeq[kLrnkAA III.s foo'k djus ds fy.k djuk pkgrk gS] rks vo'.k gksxkA .A rnuUrj os dgrh gSa fd ykSVdj vkus ij muds ifr mudk vfrfFk lRdkj cMÛs mnkjrk ls djsxa As vkxfe".k rq>s vglkl ugha\ D.k% çoztUra e.Z vkSj pUæek] nksuksa dks vius gkFk ls gj ysus dh bPNk j[krk gS] tks rw Jh jke dh iRuh ij cykRdkj djus ij mrk: gqvk gS\ .ksfr&LrEHk muÙkhlok¡ v/.d dqfir ukjh dh dfo dYiuk gS] tks viuh vkRej{kk gsrq viuh okfXerk dh iwjh ijdk"Bk rd mB tkrh gSA jko.fDr.slh vyaÏr miekvks]a :idksa rFkk vkyadkfjd iqujko`fÙk dk ç.g fn[kkus ds fy.oa fopkjksa dh xEHkhjrk dk loZFkk vHkko gSA bldk ç.d fl.kx dj] lU.d /keZpkjh vkSj ^n`<Ûor~* dh laKk nsrh gSA .sls O.28 os ml yksd s foy{k.kks uke /keZpkjh n`<ozr%A vUoxPN)uq"ikf. nks lkjx£Hkr fo'ks"k.sA .s dBksj opuksa ds ckn gh budk ç. ek¡lkgkj ls os ijgsTÛk djrs Fks] .ko`Ùk Hkk.kksa dk ç.k rw xys esa iRFkj ck¡/kdj leqæ dks ikj djuk pkgrk gS\ lw. gh fd.ksa ds lkFk gksrk gSA vius nqLlkgl ds dkj. iq"dye~A :#u xks/kku~ ojkgka'p gRoknk.k gks] tks Lo.AÞ fugR.ksfa d lhrk }kjk dgs x.% lejs·fjgkA l Hkzkrk y{e. lgpjh dks çkIr djus dh rqPN bPNk j[krk gS\ vjs! tSls lw.k?kz% lgk. gh rq>s lksus ds o`{k fn[kkbZ nsus yxs gSAa dgk tkrk gS] .Ur osx'kkyh e`xoSjh Hkw[ks flag vkSj Qad q kjrs gq.ksx djrk gS vFkkZr~ . loZFkk vyH.o] tSlh dh vis{kk dh tk ldrh gS] blesa ifjiDork] çkS<Ûrk dkO.ksx fd.kZ cukus dh ?k`f.k dj fy.d i`"kr fprdcjk e`x gh yk.kZ dk vigj. ek¡l ysdj Jh jke rRdky gh tuLFkku ds fudVorhZ iapoVh esa fLFkr vius vkJe dh vksj mrkoyh ds lkFk pysA ml fnu jke dsoy .klh os'k /kkj.k] ?kfMÛ.kfe"kku~ cgwuA~ A III.20 ßJh jke ds HkkbZ] y{e.Z dks çHkk ij dksbZ gkFk ugha yxk ldrk] mlh çdkj rw eq>s Nw Hkh ugha ldrkA vHkkxs jk{kl] rsjk bruk lkgl! rw Jh jke dk fç. dk ifjR.k Fkk] fd ml fnu tc Jh jke ds ck.k vkSj ßgk lhrs! gk y{e.44.g Fkh] tSls fd dfo us dqN igys gh crk fn.fFkr gksdj lhrk fuLladksp vkSj fuHkhZd gksdj mls eq¡grksMÛ mÙkj nsus yxhaA muds 'kCn Øks/k o frjLdkj ls ifjiw.k gkFk esa /kuq"k ysdj gekjs lkFk ihNs&ihNs py fn.qDr gSAa dfo iqujko`fÙk oSfp«.ka'k ckj&ckj nksgjk..kZ Fks] ßikih fu'kkpj! rw rks muds lkeus .k Jh jke ds lgk.k ds T.d flaguh gw¡A eSa rsjs fy.k gSA eSa Lo.ku esa j[kuk pkfg.434 jkek.kx dj jk{kl :i /kkj.kZ dj fn. ugha FkkA vr.d gS]a cU/kq gS]a /keZpkjh vkSj n`<Ûorh gSAa esjs ifr] tc jkT. lkSUn.k FkkA ge lcdks /.fr es HkrkZ oU.g rks dsoy .U=.k] mlus e`x:i Ïf=e 'kjhj dk R.k fpÙkdcjs e`x dk o/k djds vkSj vU.k ds ikiiw.fDr ds fy.qnfa Mr O.ky vkSj taxyh lqvj vkfn dk o/k djds cgqr çdkj ds ek¡l ysdj vHkh vkrs gh gksxa As ml le.k djuk pkgrk gS\ fu'p.sA vr.kj gS vkSj esa . fo"k/kj liZ ds eq[k ls muds nk¡r rksMÛuk pkgrk gS] ioZr Js"B egku eUnjkpy dks vius nqcy Z gkFk ls ys tkus dh bPNk j[krk gS rFkk vk¡[k dks uqdhyh lqbZ ls iksN a rk vkSj Nqjs dks thHk ls pkVrk gSA D.k x.ksx gqvk gSA os mudks .19.

k.sa gSAa gekjk dfo miekvksa dk /kuh gSA dksbZ Hkh fLFkfr gks og vf/kd ls vf/kd lEHko rqyukvksa vkSj n`"VkUrksa ds ç.kruk nsrk gksxkA dfo us gekjh tkudkjh ds fy.s Hkh pSu ugha ikrh FkhA .ksa ds o'k esa iMÛdj mudh n'kk ckf?kfu.sA eSa bl nq"V jko.k gS .ks!a igys rks Hk.s] rks .k ds gkFk ls ekjh tkus okyh gw¡] blfy.. 437   ck¡/kdj ys tkus dh bPNk j[krk gSA vjs! rw Jh jke dh Hkk.] ioZr f'k[kj ij ik¡p okujksa dks cSBs ns[kkA ml le.ksa ds chp esa f?kjh gqbZ gfj.kh ds leku gks xbZA egku 'kksd ls xzLr gqbZ lhrk tky esa Q¡lh gqbZ e`xh ds leku Hk.k [ksy [ksyk! mUgksua s viuh js'keh pknj mrkjh vkSj dqN oL= vkSj vkHkw"k.oa chgMÛ ou esa ekrk&firk }kjk NqVh gqbZ vYiO.d ckj tc ckr cgqr c<Û xbZ vkSj jko.adj xtZu&rtZu djds bls Mjkuk] /kedkuk] fQj ehBs&ehBs opuksa ls le>k&cq>kdj taxy dh gfFkuh dh Hkk¡fr bl lhrk dks rqe lc o'k esa ykus dh ps"Vk djukA tSls Hkh gks] fdlh u fdlh çdkj bldk fnekxÛ fBdkus ij ykvks] ftlls og esjh bPNkiw£r ds fy.k ysdj [kMÛs gks tk.56.k }kjk vkdk'k ekxZ ls ys tkbZ tk jgh Fkha] mUgksua s iEik ljksoj ds Åij ls tkrs gq.kA lk rq 'kksdijhrk³~xh eSfFkyh tudkRetkA jk{klho'kekiék O. rw esjk vigj. vR.kh rd igqp¡ tkrk gS vkSj blesa fofo/k jlksa dk feJ.k djds Hkh eq>s ipk ugha ldsxk] Bhd mlh çdkj] tSls eD[kh ?kh ihdj mls ipk ugha ldrhAÞ vkidks .Hkhr gksdj {k. dk vuqjkx ugha ns ldrhA gk.A dnkfpr~~ jko. gh rw yksgs ds uqdhys eq[kokys 'kwyksa ds chp pyus dh vfHkyk"kk j[krk gSA tks vUrj ou esa jgus okys flag vkSj fl.k ds mu opuksas dks lqudj lhrk Hk. bUæ ds otz }kjk ekjs gq.Z u ns[k ldkA eSa bu ckrksa dk mYys[k .ka xto/kwfeoAA III.kHkj ds fy.k cjkcj lhrk ls feyus vkrk jgk gksxk vkSj lHkh çdkj ls . dj jgk gw¡ fd ladV ls le.ksa ds chp mudh ckj&ckj /kedh vkSj jko..kka gfj.kh. ls ysdj guqeku ds vkxeu rd yxHkx nl eghuksa ds vUrjky esa jko.kn gh gksxk fd tc lhrk jko.qDr va'k] ftldks eSua s vHkh fn.Ur n`<Û gSAa blhfy.k djuk pkfg.slk çrhr gksrk gS fd .d çcq¼ ukjh FkhaA os Hkyh çdkj tkurh Fkh fd fdl fLFkfr esa D.g fn[kkus ds fy.k jl ds gh :i Hksn gSAa blesa 'kksd gS] fuosnZ vkSj uSjk'.35 jk{kfl.kZu dh n`f"V ls Hkkjh oS"kE.ksa dks bl çdkj vkns'k nsrk gS % r=suka rtZuS?kksZjS% iqu% lkURoS'p eSfFkyhe~A vku.g dk. ga]S mikyEHk gS]a vkSj vUr es]a vkRegR.|fi og okfVdk vR.ksa dks lqinq Z djds v'kksd&okfVdk esa ys tkus dk vkns'k nsrk gSA jko.Dr djrh gSa (lqUnj dkaM 28)A vj. vk. ioZr f'k[kj dh Hkk¡fr blds lgò VqdMÛs ugha gks x.31 ßfu'kkpfj.sa o.sAÞ ge dYiuk dj ldrs gSa fd bl le.k gS] rFkkfi tks larki cspkjh lhrk us yxkrkj >sys gksxa ]s mUgsa gesa crkus esa i./oa o'ka lokZ oU.d yEcs 'yksdksa ds lxZ esa Loxr dFku }kjk vius Hkko O.ksfr&LrEHk muÙkhlok¡ v/.d NksVh unh esa gS] tks vUrj ve`r vkSj tkS fd dkath esa gS]a ogh vUrj jk?ko vkSj rq>esa gSAa tks vUrj lksus vkSj lhls esa gS]a tks vUrj pUnu fefJr ty vkSj dhpMÛ esa gS] tks vUrj gkFkh vkSj fcyko esa gS]a ogh vUrj n'kjFk uUnu Jh jke vkSj rq>esa gSA x#MÛ vkSj dkSos es]a eksj vkSj ty dkd esa rFkk ouoklh g¡l vkSj x`/k es]a tks vUrj gS] ogh vUrj n'kjFkuUnu Jh jke vkSj rq>esa gSA tc lgò us=/kkjh bUæ ds leku çHkko'kkyh Jh jke gkFk esa /kuq"k vkSj ck.k?kzh.k k[k dj mu okujksa ds chp Qsd a fn.ksx fcuk mudk o.ksa dk o.k .s okuj Jh jke dk lekpkj dg ldsxa s fd HkkX.gk¡ vkRe?kkr djus esa Hkh dksbZ nks"k ugha yxrkA dqN Hkh gks] tSls f}t fdlh vf}t dks osnea= dk mins'k ugha ns ldrk] mlh çdkj eSa Hkh bl fu'kkpj dks vius ân.436 jkek.k jk{kfl.q Hkh ugha vkrh! blhfy.s fdlh dh e`R.s gksxa As . dkaM ds ml vyadkj. Hkh lhrk esa bruh lq/k&cq/k Fkh fd mUgksaus .kZu fdl çdkj dj ik. lq[k jfgr] lUrki Hkjk gksus ij Hkh] fu'p.kh .kZu ugha djrkA .. Hkh os .k mUgsa jk{kfl.k vki vkSj ge blds ckjs esa lksprs gSa] ftudks dsoy NksVh&NksVh ?kVukvksa] mrkj&p<Ûkoksa dh tkudkjh gS] ftuds dkj.kj esa gS] tks vUrj leqæ vkSj . rks eSa iq.ghuk ukjh bruh /kefd. eku tk. Fkh] ijUrq ogk¡ vkus ij lhrk ds vax&vax esa 'kksd O.ksa ds ckotwn Hkh thfor gw¡A esjk ân.s LokHkkfod :i ls mlds eq¡g ls >MÛrh gksA .k cMÛh ?kcjkgV ds dkj. gks xbZ] os . 34.56.FkkAA III.g okfXerk dh mPp Js. us muds lkFk D.g lkspdj dnkfpr~~ Jh jke mudh [kkst djrs&djrs m/kj vk.kIr gks x.k gS] tks fuLlUnsg d#.k lhrk us brus vk¡lw cgk.s nks 'yksd] tks fd iwjs lxZ ds çfrfuf/k gS]a nks miek.ksX.sxa ]s ml le.! yksdukFk Jh jke ds vkus ls iwoZ gh .kruk.kZukrhr vkSj vlguh.FkkAA 'kksdu s egrk xzLrk eSfFkyh tudkRetkA u 'keZ yHkrs Hkh:% ik'kc)k e`xh .g nq"V jk{kl vius rh[ks 'kL=ksa ls esjs vax&vax ds VqdMÛs dj Mkysxk] Bhd oSls . gSA . .k ds T.k djus dk ladYi Hkh gSAa jko. gS] gLrxr djuk pkgrk gS] rks fu'p.kZu fd.k gS] o.Ur je.kZIr gSAa dYiukrhr gS fd dfo mudk o.A rnuUrj jko.k }kjk QVdkjh xbZ Hkh# LoHkko okyh lhrk futZu .k }kjk nh xbZ .] 'kksd vkSj {kksHk esa Mwc xb±] tSlS ou esa flag ds iats esa iMÛh gqbZ dksbZ xtjkt dh cPphA mu mtì jk{kfl.Ld lqdksey ckfydk ds leku foyki djus yxhaA eu gh eu os dgrh gS]a ßlUrtu Bhd gh dgrs gSa fd fcuk le.kZ] tks loZFkk muds gh . dqN FkksMÛs ls gh n`'.

HkfDr gSA .k ladV dh n'kk esa iMÛh gqbZ gSA fu'p.sA dkSu lk d"V vkSj lUrki .k nsrs gSAa tSls fd lc tkurs gS]a .k R. ej tkÅ¡xhA bl nqHkkZX. eq[k] dkfUrghu vkÏfr okyh lhrk] ftldk fpÙk dsoy jke esa gh yxk gqvk Fkk] . O.kksa dk ifjR.eksa dk ikyu] ifrozrijk.k djds vc eq>s çk.gk¡ vk.frAA V.k gh mu nksuksa jktdqekjksa dh gR.438 jkek.d lPpfjr ukjh dk lrhRo vfXu ds leku gSA mlesa vfXu ln`'k 'kfDr gS vkSj og fdlh Hkh O. Qkalh dh ltk ikus okys pksj dh tks n'kk gksrh gS] ogh esjh Hkh gSA gk jke! gk y{e.ksfr&LrEHk muÙkhlok¡ v/.A .k 'kL= nsus okyk Hkh ugha gSAß bl çdkj jksrh&fcy[krh vius HkkX.kAÞ os vkxs Hkh dgrs gSa % fu.fn lhrk ds lrhRo dh vfXu us jko.d 'kY. ekurs gSa vkSj dgrs gSa vkSj .fn og pkgrha] rks Lo.k vkSj vius dqy ds fo"k. iqf"ir f'ka'kik o`{k dh vksj py nhaA lhrk ml v'kksd&o`{k ds fudV mldh 'kk[kk idMÛdj [kMÛh gks xb±A 'kksd vkSj uSjk'.k ls u"V u"V ugha gks x. O.sxa ]s mUgsa mlds o/k esa dsoy . Ï'k 'kjhj] yVds gq. 439   gh tSls .re! vkidks irk ugha gS fd eSa jk{klksa ds gkFk ekjh tkus okyh gw¡A esjh .k] og lc dqN esjs fy. dks dkslrh gqb]Z dk¡irs gq.kZ pUæek dh dkfUr ds leku eq[k okys j?kqéknu! gk tho&txr ds fgrS"kh fç.xzLr lhrk us cgqr lksp&fopkj ds ckn vius dqN ds'k ysdj vius xys esa ck¡/k fy.k pykus dh tÛ:jr gS] D.k vieku djus dk nqLlkgl djrk gksA . fpjdky rd dsoy vkils gh c¡/kk jgsxkA vc rd eSua s ri] ozr vkfn] tks dqN Hkh fd.kA gk lR.kks jk{klkf/ki%AA rL.g lUns'k ns jgs gks]a ßlkSHkkX. .k djds eq>dks yqHkk.rhr fd.slh ekU.sxkAÞ . esa ijEijkxr gSA dqN yksx rks bls v{kj'k% lR.s x.g vuU. mudh riL.fn eSa vR.ekuqlkj pkSng o"kZ iw. Hkfo".3.d nwj rd QSys gq.59.kx djuk iMÛxs kA ckY. gh fdlh vifo= Hkwr&çsr vkRek us e`x:i /kkj.é gfUr n'kxzhoa l egkRek n'kkuu%AA fufeÙkek=a jkeLrq o/ks rL.k dj nh gksxh] ftlls os eq>s NqMÛk u ldsAa tSls nks flag otzikr ls ekj fn.sxa As jktk ds dkjxkj esa dÛnS gq. gh ml le.fDr dks tykdj jk[k dj ldrh gS] tks mldk cykRdkj .ksfa d og nq"Vrk ij mrk: gS vkSj lhrk dks bruk lrk jgk gS fd mldk ril {kh.rk gSa fd .ksikluk] {kek] Hkwfe'k.s nks eghus Hkh tYnh gh lekIr gks tk.kZ vkuUn .! eSa rks bl 'kksd lUrIr nqn'Z kk esa gh lekIr gks tkÅ¡xhA eSa le>rh gw¡] vki fu.k djds esjs dkj.Ur Ï'k vkSj dkfUrghu gksdj vkids n'kZu u dj ldw¡xh] rks fujk'k gksdj eqj>k tkÅ¡xh] fujUrj fo:i vkSj mnklhu jgus lsA .k gks jgk gSA Jh jke ds vkus ij rks og dsoy vkÏfr ek= gh jg tk.k egkRek gSA fdUrq] fQj Hkh mldh riL.k vkSj iRuhozr Hkh dke u vk.s midkjksa dh Hkk¡fr fu"Qy gks x.k æqrxfr ls {kh.34.ksa vc nsj rd pyus nw¡\ eSa 'kh?kz gh fdlh rh[ks 'kL= rFkk fo"kiku djds D.ejkt ds ikl igq¡p tkÅ¡xhAÞ bl çdkj 'kkUrHkko ls çk.slk fo'okl gekjs lkfgR.ozrh egkckgq Jh jke! gk iw.s m|r gksdj tc os Jh jke] y{e. fpfdRld (fdlh fo'ks"k voLFkk es)a xHkZLFk f'k'kq dks Vwd&Vwd dj nsrk gSA eSa cMÛh nqf[k..kas u vius thou dk vUr dj nw¡\ ijUrq bl vkjf{kr LFkku esa eq>s dksbZ fo"k .a gh vius d"Vksa dk vUr dj ldrh FkhaA os .ksa ds çfr fd.d peRdkj gqvkA lhrk ds le{k . dky ls gh esjk eu rqEgsas le£ir gks pqdk Fkk] vusd o"kZ iw.r% leqnkpkjks HkfDrHkZrfZ j pksÙkekA .u] /keZ lEcU/kh fu.sls dqN yksdçfl¼ Js"B 'kdqu çdV gq.g /keZ Hkh esjs fy.FkZ gks x. esa fopkj djus yxha] ml le.k gw¡A nq%[k dh ckr gS fd esjh vYi vof/k ds .slk fy[krs Hkh gSa fd lhrk esa lrhRo dh vfXu O.kZ Hkh ga]S ftudk .slh /kkj.k loZFkk egku rikscy lEiék tku iMÛrk gS] ftldk nq"V bjkns ls vax lhrk dk Li'kZ djrs le.kZ djds] firk dh vkKk dk ikyu djds vkSj vius ozr dk ikyu djds tc ou ls ykSVxas ]s rc fuHkZ.k! gk lqfe=S! gk dkSlY.kA gk.slk fo'okl Hkh FkkA ijUrq yadk ls ykSVus ij guqeku okujksa ls bl çdkj dgrs gSa % loZFkkfrço`)ks·lkS jko. tkrs gS]a ogh n'kk mudh Hkh gqbZ gksxhA vc esjh le> esa vk.nk&dnk yksx m¼j.k. ckrsa dgdj e`x ds ihNs Hkst fn.oa lUrks"k ds lkFk rqEgkjs lax O. vc nwj ughaAÞ bu 'kdquksa dk n'kZu vkSj muds 'kqHk Qyksa dk vuqHko mUgsa igys Hkh gks pqdk FkkA vc eSa vkidks dqN pViVh ckrsa crkus tk jgk gw¡] ijUrq dqN FkksMÛh&lh gh] tks bl fo'kky HkaMkj esa ls cVksjk tk ldrh gS]a ftuesa dqN egÙoiw. 'k=q dky us gh e`x dk :i /kkj.slk Fkk] ftls eSua s ugha >syk\ vc eSa vdsyh gh fuLlgk.kIr Fkh vkSj .s vkSj Qank yxk fy.4 ßjko.35 ßlhrk esa lqn`<Û lnkpkj fo|eku gS] vius ifr ds çfr vuU. rka Li`'rks xk=a rilk u foukf'kre~AA V.FkZ fl¼ gqvk gSA ml vHkh"V Qy dks u nsus okys /keZ dk vkpj.k ds T.k vkSj n`<Û ladYi Hkko ls eu gh eu esa lkspus yxha] Þblh çdkj eSa vc 'kh?kz gh . gh gSA tc jke viuk cnyk ysus .d ck.k ds iki ls rks og u"Vçk.k] ftlls çHkkfor gksdj eq> ew<Û ukjh us mu nksuksa vk..k djsxa As fdUrq Jh jke! eSa rks dsoy vkidh gh vuqjkfxuh gw¡A esjk ân.ksa ds lkFk fookg djds vki muds lkFk Lej.kx ds fy.] tks 'kksd dh fuo`fÙk djus okys vkSj lkURouk nsus s okys Fks ekuks .krk lHkh Ïr?u O.59.k] blls çrhr gksrk gS] jko.s! vkSj gk esjh ekrkvka!s ftl çdkj coaMj esa iMÛh gqbZ ukSdk egklkxj esa Mwc tkrh gS] mlh çdkj eUnHkkfxuh lhrk çk. vkSj cgqr lh lQy euksjFk gks lqUnfj.kk ls ifjfpr Fks vkSj mUgsa .fDr.Zi=q ksa dks v'kksHkuh.k gks jgh gSA lhrk gj.k dks ugha tyk.k] vo'. dks D.

esa lhrk dh .ksa dks ns[ks]a .ke'kqHkkfu oSA vfpjs.kksa ls nX/k gksus ds dkj.k leLr yadkiqjh dh çHkk u"V gks tk.fr nq/kZ"kkZ çenk fo/kok .kke mifLFkr djsxk] .g dkSu gSA eSa rks bls bPNkuqlkj :i/kkjh dksbZ jk{kl gh le>rh gw¡AÞ çR.sxhA fu'p.d vkSj fo'ks"krk Hkh çdV gksrh gSA os LoHkko ls vR.g euksjFk iw.k lhrk jk{kfl.slk fp= cuk.20 tc jko. i. vkdj eq>s cpk.d jkr #dus dk vuqjks/k fd.27. FkhaA fdUrq] os vçR.30 ßvc le. gh eSa cgqr 'kh?kz gh ?kj&?kj ls vkrqj jk{kl dU.fn bu ik¡p ifjfLFkfr.k.k igpkuus dk esjs ikl D.kZ gksxkA rqe lcdk .k os .A vU.s yksxksa us vusd çdkj dh nyhysa nh gSAa .k dkaM ds ml va'k dh .k ge lhrk dks nks"k ns ldrs gS\a .sxhA ikikpkjh jko.ksa }kjk la=Lr gksr&s gksr]s os .koS dkysu çkIL.g loZFkk LokHkkfod gh gSA vkidks .29.q¼ ds fy. çlax esa Hkh] tc guqeku lhrk ls cMÛh Lusge. cksy ldrk gS vkSj mls iki ugha yx ldrkA ..g Hkkj mUgh ij gSa fd os Loa.gh le>rk gw¡ fd lhrk ds fy.d mfDr gS] tks çklafxd gS % vlUns'kkÙkq jkeL.Fkk ds dkj.d vU.kuka :nUrhuka x`gs x`gsA Jks".kZ fo'okl Fkk fd vUrr% mUgsa cpk fy.ksa dh uhan [kqyh vkSj muds dku esa okrkZyki dh dqN Hkud iMÛ pqdh Fkh] dnkfpr~~ mUgksua s guqeku vkSj lhrk ds okrkZyki dk dqN va'k lqu Hkh fy.kka foKkus ee dk xfr%AA .ks·.slk vFkZ rS.k ds ouksa dks {kfr igq¡pkrk fQjrk gSAÞ lhrk us mÙkj bl çdkj fn.k ds dkjkxkj esa d"V lgrs&lgrs vkSj bu jkf{kl.k fn[kkbZ ns jgs gS]a mlls çrhr gksrk gS fd .sxkA lhrk dh .{kr% Lohdkj djrs gSa fd .fr iqjh y³~dk funZX/kk jkelk.26.kk vkSj n.% d#.kafs d eSa viuk rikscy lqjf{kr j[kuk pkgrh gw¡A blds vfrfjDr Jh jke dk dksbZ vkns'k Hkh ugha feyk gSa fd eSa viuh çfrj{kk Loa. tk.gk¡ ds lHkh çeq[k jk{kl dky ds xky esa pys tk.kE. 441   tÛjk ns[ks]a lhrk bl lEcU/k esa D.AA vgeI.Urs y³~dk.FkkAA uwua jk{kldU.ksfa d esjk rst gh rqEgsa HkLe djus ds fy. FkkA mudk er gS fd mudk .k lk/ku gS\ rqEgha tkuks .26.kA . lhrk us guqeku ls .kvksa dh ØUnu /ofu lqu¡wxhA D.kZ gksus ds dkj.e~A osfù jk{klesou S a dke#fi.Ur dksey FkhaA çk.esokfHktkuhr .h fonk ysdj pyus yxs] fonkbZ ds le. ekurs gSa fd lhrk dk dFku vlR.g lQÛkbZ dks fNikuk Fkk] blesa la'k.k<`'kkuhg n`'.k ds T.k djsxk\ lk¡i ds iSjksa dks lk¡i gh igpkurk gS] blesa la'k.slk djuk Le`frlEer Fkk] ftlds vuqlkj dqN ik¡p ifjfLFkfr.kL.k % vFkkczohÙknk lk/oh lhrk lokZ³x ~ lqUnjhA j{klka Hkhe#ik.kn fnykrk gS] tc n'kjFk us Jh jke ls .slk ugha dj jgh gw¡ D.ksa esa O.frA vfgjso ágs% iknku~ fotkukfr u la'k. ughaA bl ij dkQÛh okn&fookn Hkh gqvk gSA eSa rks .g vlR.ks/. ugha (.w.g nq/kZ"kZ yadk Hkh fu'p.sd dksbZ u dksbZ jk{kl .22.fDr vlR.k lhrk us vius efLr"d esa yadk dh nqn'Z kk dk .k gesa mudks nks"k nsuk mfpr ugha gSA D.sxhA blesa vU/kdkj Nk tk.kIr gksxkA Jh jke ds ck. 'kksHkuh.d eD[kh dks Hkh {kfr igq¡pkuk ugha pkgrh FkhaA fQj Hkh fnu&fnu] ?kaV&s ?kaVs jko.g dkSu gS vkSj D.k FkkA tSls Jh jke us n'kjFk dh ckr ugha ekuh] oSls gh guqeku us lhrk ds vuqjks/k dk ikyu ugha fd. HkhrkfLe uSua tukfe dks Uo.fn eSa pkgw¡] rks rqEgkjs fo#¼ mldk ç.s ck/. 'kh?kz vkus okyk gS] tc fd esjk .k ls ifjiw.g dgkor ml le.sAa eq>s viuk cpko vius vki ugha djuk pkfg. Fkha\ eSa ugha dgrk fd os ck/.440 jkek.k! D.g çlax v. d:¡A . lQÛkbZ nsus dh mRlqdrk ds fy.d oxZ dgrk gS fd bl 'yksd esa çPNék vFkZ fufgr gS] tks lR.kZIr gSAa .}k dfj".k gksA mUgksuas lhrk ls iwNk] ß. 'kh?kz gh foijhr ifj.ksx d:¡A ijUrq eSa .kA .d fnu QwV iMÛrh gSAa .kj dj nsrs gS]a tks u rks çklafxd gS] u gh rdZlxa r] u gh lhrk ds fy.L.sxk vkSj ekjk tk.g okuj dkSu gS] ftlls rqe vHkh&vHkh ckrsa dj jgh Fkh\ og rks dksbZ vkQÛr dk ijdkyk ekywe gksrk gSA og lc o`{kksa dk uk'k jko.ksfd çR.42. Fkk] fdUrq os iwNrs gSa fd D. ril'pkuqikyukr~A u Roka dqÆe n'kxzho HkLe HkLekgZrt s lkAA V.d jkr #dus dk vuqjks/k fd.ks jk{klk/kesA 'kks"ka .slk Li"V tku iMÛrk gSA yadk esa tSl&S tSlS v'kqHk y{k.kA guqeku ds tkrs gh jk{kfl.k ds o/k ds mijkUr .sxk pkjksa vkSj nq%[k gh nq%[k O.8-10 ßviuh bPNkuqlkj :i /kkj.k tk. lqKkr gksxh)A eSa Hkh bls ns[k dj cgqr Mjh gqbZ gw¡A eq>s ugha ekywe .ksfr&LrEHk muÙkhlok¡ v/.dS%AA V.A