SAP SD Enterprise Structure Enterprise structure or Organizational structure in SAP is a structure of SAP organizational units that reflects the

structure of the business in the real world. There are various SAP organizational units that can be mapped to business structure based on the real world business requirements such as: Client, Company Code, Plant, Storage Location, Sales Organization, Distribution Channel, Division, Sales Office, Sales Group, Sales Person, Shipping Point, Loading Point, etc. We must set the enterprise structure correctly in the first place. The change of it usually requires a great effort and very time consuming. To set it up correctly we must have a comprehensive knowledge about the business processes and how to map it to SAP configuration. A specific organizational unit is defined by a specific function or module in SAP. Company code is defined by FI module. Plant is defined by Logistics function. Storage Location and Purchasing Organization are defined by MM module. In SD module we have to define Sales Organization, Distribution Channel, and Division. We have an option whether to use Sales Office, Sales Group, and Sales Person or not. Sales Organization Sales Organization is an organizational unit that responsible to sell and distribute products and negotiate the term of sales to the customers. Sales Organization is the highest organizational unit in SD module. We should have only one Sales Organization in one company code. We must have a very good reason in term of business process to create more than one Sales Organizations in one company code. For example, we want to divide the market into regions where each region is responsible for its own

product liability and customer rights-of-recourse (right to recover a bad debt). A sales organization must be assigned exactly to one company code. A sales organization is assigned to one or more plants. Distribution Channel Distribution Channel is an organizational unit that represents the channel through which the materials or services reach the customer, such as wholesale channel, direct sale channel, retail channel, etc. A distribution channel can be assigned to one or more sales organizations. Division Division is a way to group materials or services. A wide range of materials or services can be divided into divisions. A material or service is always assigned to just one division. In SAP SD, the use of divisions allows us organize our sales structure around groups of similar products or product lines. We can define a division-specific sales structure. Within a division, we can also carry out statistical analyses or devise our own marketing strategies. Sales Area A sales area is a combination of sales organization, distribution channel and division. Sales documents, delivery documents, and billing documents are always assigned to a sales area. Every sales process always takes in a specific sales area. SAP SD enterprise structure and master data Master data is data records that remains in the database for a long period of time. In SAP SD module, master data includes materials, customers, conditions (pricing), etc.

Master data is created centrally and can be used in all applications. A customer is master data that can be used in customer requests, orders, deliveries, invoices, and payments. Master data also has an organizational aspect as it is assigned to organizational units. Material master data Division is a field in the material master data (it can be input/edited on “Basic Data 1” view by MM01/MM02 t-code). That’s why a material is always assigned to just one division. A material can be sold through one or more distribution channels in one or more sales organization. To allow it, we have to maintain the material master data for each combination of sales organization and distribution channel. We can set different data of a material for each combination sales organization and distribution channel, such as: “minimal order quantity” and “minimal delivery quantity” data. By doing so, for example, a material must be ordered by customer minimal 1000 PC for wholesale channel and 10 PC for retail channel (assumed we only have one sales organization). Customer master data A customer can buy one or more divisions (group of products or services) from one or more distribution channels in one or more sales organizations. To allow it, we have to maintain the customer master data for each combination of sales organization, distribution channel, and division (which is a sales area).

We can set different data of a customer for each sales area, such as: “delivering plant”, “shipping conditions”, and “delivery priority”. By doing so, for example, we can set that if a customer orders a material or service (with includes in a division) through a wholesale channel in a sales organization, we deliver it with “high” delivery priority. But, if that customer orders the same material or service (with includes in a division) through a retail channel in same sales organization, we deliver it with “standard” delivery priority. Conditions (pricing) master data A company usually sells a material or service at different price conditions for different channel distributions. For example, it gives more discounts for same material or service that sold through wholesale channel than through retail channel (it’s because the minimal order quantity for wholesale channel is usually much bigger than retail channel). In SAP SD, we can set different materials or services pricing conditions that sold to the same customer for each combination of distribution channel and sales organization. The rule of thumb in determining SAP enterprise structure is try to create as simple as it can. We must have a very good reason in term of business process to create any additional organizational units of SAP enterprise structure.

SAP SD Enterprise Structure
Enterprise Structure
Related Trainings

SAP Training SAP SD Training SAP Access Concepts
Every organization’s Sales is structured in a certain way. This structure needs to be represented in SAP based on pre-defined organizational elements and combine them in a pre-defined way. This method of representing all the different organizational elements of the company in a structured way is called Enterprise Structure. Organizational elements or Org Units for short are a system representation of an actual company organizational unit. For example, an org unit in real life could be a particular product division , or a Sales Office in Seattle, or a manufacturing plant in Boston or a warehouse in Alabama. The following picture shows how an enterprise structure is created in SAP.

Instead of discussing the text book definitions of these organizational units, let’s take a company in real life and discuss the same. However, please do note the cardinality. For example, a company can be linked to multiple company codes as shown in the beginning of the picture above. Let’s take the example of General Electric Healthcare ( or GE Medicals ) and discuss the enterprise structure in detail. We have taken GE just as an example, and this enterprise structure in no way represents GE’s internal structure. In fact, GE Healthcare does not even use SAP as its ERP. Before discussing the same, let’s look at another pictorial representation of the same picture as above – but with GE’s org units.

Company GE Medicals is the name of the company. This company has presence across the world. And when GE Healthcare declares profits in the US, it is not just including the US company but the entire world. In SAP parlance, GE Medicals is a Company. Company Code GE Medicals in the US will be run through a legal entity. A company code is an entity that has to report its financials to the government on a timely basis. For example an Incorporated entity can be called a company code. In this case, GE Medicals in the US is being called as a legal entity. Sales Organization Since the company has presence across the US, there will be sales organizations across the united states responsible for selling goods. For example, the Western division is responsible for selling goods in the

Western states. The same organization is also responsible for handling returns, credits, availability of materials etc. Distribution Channel Just as the name speaks, a distribution channel is the sales channel through which products are distributed. In this case, the medical equipment could be sold through the direct channel or through an agency. Each of them will be represented as a distribution channel. A more common example could be Retail or Wholesale. Division Division is purely related to the product/service we are selling. Its a grouping of our products. For example all different types of X-Ray machines would fall under the X-Ray division. Sales Office The western division of the company might be having multiple sales offices in california. For example there could be one in the bay area and another in Los Angeles Sales Group Each sales office contains multiple sales groups who have a fixed set of responsibilities. It could be based on the products that they sell or the type of sales that they perform or the role they play in the actual sale. For example, a sales group could be responsible for selling consumables used in the X-Ray while the field-apps will be responsible for selling the software used in the machines. Plant A plant is where goods are manufactured. Sometimes, you might not even manufacture anything – Just trade goods. Still you would need a plant. So a plant could be a physical or virtual place where goods are manufactured or stored at a high level. For example, there could be a plant in New Jersey.

Storage Location Each plant could be associated with multiple storage locations – A place where goods are stored before being sold. For example, the new jersey plant could have storage locations in Edison and Iselin. Warehouse A warehouse is an extension of the storage location. While a storage location represents a location where goods are stored, a warehouse goes much further and describes how the goods are sold, the topography of the storage, storage conditions etc. Goods can still be sold without using Warehouse Management, but a sales cannot happen without a storage location. Sales Office A combination of the sales organization, distribution channel and division is called the sales area. Sales Organization + Distribution Channel + Division = Sales Area

Configuration
The configuration for the enterprise structure is very simple. The Menu path is [ SPRO -> IMG -> Enterprise Structure ] Definition: The first step before doing the configuration is to assess the requirement as to how the company is organized and how best it can be represented in SAP. Each company is run in a different way. Since SAP’s enterprise structure is rigid, you might have to try different things to fit their organization’s model into SAP’s org structure. After you have fully understood the organizational units in the company, start by defining those in SAP. The following picture shows the path of the enterprise structure

definition in IMG. While the Company and company codes are defined by FICO consultants, the ones highlighted in red below are absolutely necessary for the functioning of the SAP Sales & Distribution Module.

In normal practice, organization units are normally copied from 0001 . While creating a new organizational unit is easy, there are many associated links in the background that are normally not easy to understand. So it’s always best to copy from 0001. Let’s see an example of how to create a new sales organization. Click on Define, copy, delete, check Sales Organization under the Sales and Distribution section. Choose the option highlighted below.

Enter the copy button and choose the ―From‖ and ―To‖ sales organizations.

Enter 0001 as the source and target for example is WEST. Thats it and you are done.

Organizational units can be defined in a similar way for the rest of them. Assignment : After defining the org elements, we have to assign them to each other to make a meaningful representation of the company’s organizational units.

The menu path is [ SPRO -> IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment ]. Let’s set up a sales area by assigning a distribution channel and division to the sales organization, just as an example. Select ―Set up Sales Area‖. However, if you are trying to create a sales area with the combination of WEST sales organization that you just created along with a distribution channel of 01 and a division of 01, you will see an error as shown below. The reason being that when WEST sales organization was copied with reference to the sales organization 0001, the assignments were also copied. This is just one of the default assignment – there are many more. So to be on the safer side, its better to copy it and delete all the necessary assignments rather that start from scratch. Otherwise, this is how assignments are created. Assignments can be made similarly based on our first illustration to all other organizational units based on your requirements.

The exact configuration steps are below.

Definition
Plant Define the plant New Jersey or Arkansas. Configuration = [ spro -> IMG -> Enteprise Structure -> Definition -> Logistics General -> Define, Copy, Delete Check Plant ]

Division Define A division say X-Ray or CT Configuration = [ spro -> IMG -> Enteprise Structure -> Definition -> Logistics General -> Define, Copy, Delete Check Division] Sales Organization Define the Sales Organization East, West or South West Configuration = [ spro -> IMG -> Enteprise Structure -> Definition -> Sales & Distribution -> Define, Copy, Delete,Check Sales Organization] Distribution Channel Define the division say Agency or Direct Configuration = [ spro -> IMG -> Enteprise Structure -> Definition -> Logistics General -> Define, Copy, Delete Check Distribution Channel] Sales Office Define the Sales office , say – Bay Area or Los Angeles Configuration = [ spro -> IMG -> Enteprise Structure -> Definition -> Sales & Distribution -> Maintain Sales Office] Sales Group Define the division say Field Applications or Consumables Configuration = [ spro -> IMG -> Enteprise Structure -> Definition -> Logistics General -> Maintain Sales Group]

Storage Location Define the Storage Location say – Edison or Iselin Configuration = [ spro -> IMG -> Enteprise Structure -> Definition >Materials Management -> Define Storage Location] Warehouse Define the warehouse – Give it any name you like. Configuration = [ spro -> IMG -> Enteprise Structure -> Definition -> Logistics Execution-> Define, Copy, Delete Check Warehouse Number] Shipping Point Define the Shipping Point , say – Door1 or Door 2 Configuration = [ spro -> IMG -> Enteprise Structure -> Definition -> Logistics Execution -> Define, Copy, Delete Check Shipping Point] Sales Group Define the division say Field Applications or Consumables Configuration = [ spro -> IMG -> Enteprise Structure -> Definition -> Logistics General -> Maintain Sales Group]

Assignment
Plant to Company Code Assign the Plant you have created to the company code 1000. Configuration = [ spro -> IMG -> Enteprise Structure -> Assignment-> Logistics General -> Assign Plant to Company Code ]

Tip : When you assign the plant to company code ( Since copies were made off of 0001 ), the system will say that the assignment has already been made with 0001. This is because of the “Copy” effect. For example, we have created a new plant for New Jersey ( NEW6 ) , but by default it has already been assigned to 0001 company code.

Since a plant can only be assigned to 1 company code, you cannot assign the plant to a company code of your choice. In this case, delete this assignment and create another. When you delete an existing assignment, you get the following error message. You can choose “YES”

And then , as usual, create a new entry to assign the newly created plant to the company code of your choice. Sales Organization to Company Code Assign the Sales Organization to the company code 1000 Configuration = [ spro -> IMG -> Enteprise Structure -> Assignment-> Sales & Distribution -> Assign Sales Organization to Company code]

Distribution Channel to Sales organization Assign the distribution channel you have created to the sales organization you have created in the definition step. Configuration = [ spro -> IMG -> Enteprise Structure -> Assignment-> Sales & Distribution -> Assign Distribution Channel to Sales Organization] Division to Sales Organization Assign the division that you have created to the sales organization . Configuration = [ spro -> IMG -> Enteprise Structure -> Assignment-> Sales & Distribution -> Assign Division to Sales Organization] Set up Sales Area Set up Sales area as the combination of Sales Organization, distribution channel and division Configuration = [ spro -> IMG -> Enteprise Structure -> Assignment-> Sales & Distribution -> Set up Sales Area] Sales Office to Sales Area Assign the Sales Office Created earlier in the definition step to the Sales Area you created in the previous step. Configuration = [ spro -> IMG -> Enteprise Structure -> Assignment->Sales & Distribution -> Assign Sales Office to Sales Area] Sales Group to Sales Office Assign the Sales Group to the Sales Office

Configuration = [ spro -> IMG -> Enteprise Structure -> Assignment->Sales & Distribution -> Assign Sales Group to the Sales Office] Sales Organization + Distribution Channel to Plant The Sales Organization and Distribution Channel needs to be assigned to Plant. Configuration = [ spro -> IMG -> Enteprise Structure -> Assignment-> Sales & Distribution-> Assign Sales Organization - distribution Channel - Plant] Warehouse Number to Plant / Storage Location Assign the Warehouse Number you have created to the Plant and Storage Location combination Configuration = [ spro -> IMG -> Enteprise Structure -> Assignment-> Logistics Execution ->Assign Warehouse Number to Plant/Storage location] Shipping Point to Plant Assign the shipping Point to Plant Configuration = [ spro -> IMG -> Enteprise Structure -> Assignment-> Logistics General -> Assign Shipping Point to Plant]
o o o o

Share this:

20 Responses to ―SAP SD Enterprise Structure‖

1.

Sudhakar November 14, 2011 at 4:50 pm #
Siva, I encountered a problem when I was creating the enterprise structure. I copied the company code and created my own CC (7667). S.org (SAIP) Dis. Ch (SC, LC) Div (S0, L0) Plant (PRAN) I assigned everything accordingly. Please take a look and let me know if I made any mistake. Also I created a customer named ABCD inc under S.org and material P-10. When I tried to create a SO for material P-10 for customer mentioned above I am getting an error saying (P-10 is not defined for the S.org, Dis ch and Div); can you please take a look at it. Thanks, Sudhakar.
REPLY o

siva November 15, 2011 at 6:42 am #
Hi Sudhakar Your Customer 7100 ( ABCD Inc ) is created fine. But the material P10 is not created in Sales Org SAIP, dist. Chnl SC and Plant PRAN.

Please extend the material for the same and try again.

REPLY

2.

Braj November 10, 2011 at 6:05 pm #
Hi Siva, I tried to create an Enterprise Structure, could you please kindly verify the below. Thank You ! Sales Organization = ZBGE Distribution Channel = B1 Division = BB Sales Office = ZBET

Sales Group = ZB1 & ZB2 Plant = B001 Shipping Point = ZBS1
REPLY

3.

Rajesh October 27, 2011 at 9:52 pm #
Siva, Created the Following : 1.Sales Org —– East 2.Dist.Chann—–GA, DI 3.Sales Office— BASO 4.Sales Group– GCO 5.Division——– XY & CT 6.Plant ———- NEJY 7.Location—— SL1 Assigned the Following : Sales Org – Dist Chan, Divisiom – Sales Org, Sales Group- Sales Office, Sales Org- Dist Chann – Plant, Sales Org – Dist Channel – Division, Sales Office – Sales Area I could able to display the org stracture in the syatem using the T:Code: EC01. Please review… Rajesh
REPLY

4.

Zahid Abbas August 16, 2011 at 9:14 am #
Sales Org. to Company Code. BABA = 1000 Dist. Channel to Sales Org. BA = BABA Division to Sales Org. AD = BABA Sales Area. Ad = BA = BABA Sales Off. to sales Org. ABBA = BABA Sales Group to Sales Off. ABB = ABBA Sales Org to Dist. Channel to Plant. BABA = BA = ABPL
REPLY

5.

Zahid Abbas August 16, 2011 at 4:52 am #
SALES ORG = BABA
REPLY

6.

Zahid Abbas August 16, 2011 at 4:50 am #

DISTRIBUTION CHANNEL = BA DIVISION = AD
REPLY

7.

Zahid Abbas August 16, 2011 at 4:47 am #
Company Code = 1000 Sales Office = ABBA Sales Group = ABB Plant = ABP Storage Location = ABPL Warehouse = BAW Shipping Point = BASP
REPLY

8.

Vinod August 6, 2011 at 3:54 am #
A. Can you assign multiple company codes to a Sales Organization ? If not why ? No, this is not possible. You can have multiple Sales orgs assigned to a Company Code but not visa versa. B. Can you assign multiple Sales Organizations to a company code ? If yes, give a business scenario. There can be 3 sales orgs based on geographic locations– 1. USA. 2. Europe & 3. Asia All the three can be assigned to a single company code.

C. Can you assign multiple distribution channels to a Sales Organization ? If yes, give a business scenario which would require such an assignment. You can have the distribution channels like online sales, direct sales, corporate account sales. All these can be assigned to a Sales Org. D. Can you assign multiple divisions to a sales organization ? If yes, give a business scenario which would require such an assignment. Yes, this is possible. Divisions are based on product lines and each sales org can support diff. product lines. For ex., Apple can have a divisions for #1. iPhone sales, #2. Mac sales, #3. Ipad sales, etc., E. Can you set up multiple Sales Areas using the same Sales Organization ? ( For example, can you set up 1000/01/01 and also 1000/10/01 ? ) This is not possible, one sales org can belong to one sales area. F. Can you assign a single sales office to multiple sales areas ? If yes, why would you want to do that ? Siva, can you explain me this scenario. G. Can a sales group belong to multiple sales offices ? If yes, give a business scenario which would require it Can the same shipping point belong to multiple plants ? Siva, can you explain me this scenario.
REPLY

9.

Bhanu August 4, 2011 at 12:27 am #
Siva, Created the Following : 1.Sales Org —– 9099 2.Dist.Chann—–ZD

3.Sales Office— ZATL 4.Sales Group– ZAG 5.Division——– ZB 6.Plant ———- ZBP 7.Location—— ZBL Assigned the Following : 1.Sales Org – Dist Chan 2. Divisiom – Sales Org 3. Sales Group- Sales Office 4. Sales Org- Dist Chann – Plant 5. Sales Org – Dist Channel – Division 6. Sales Office – Sales Area Created a Customer 000006BD and tried to create an order for this customer under the new Sales Area 9099+ZD+ZB but after selecting the material M-01 got an error msg that No Pricing Procedure defined— Table 683V Please clarify Thanks
REPLY o

Bhanu August 5, 2011 at 3:24 pm #
Siva, Can you please let me know why am i getting the above error. Thanks Bhanu

REPLY 

Bhanu August 5, 2011 at 4:57 pm #
I think its the table 683 V which is for Pricing Procedures and this table is not getting copied properly over . Could you please let me know and set it right. Cause I cant create an order under my Sales Area.
REPLY

10.

Zahid Abbas August 3, 2011 at 3:01 pm #
Warehouse – ZKW Shipping Point – ZKPO
REPLY

11.

Zahid Abbas August 3, 2011 at 2:49 pm #
Sales Org – ZAKA Distribution Channel – ZK Division – ZD Sales Office – ZKSO Sales Group – ZK1 Plant – ZKPL
REPLY

12.

GAUTAM July 25, 2011 at 7:47 pm #

Gautam sales org = zgd1 Gautam distribution = zg Gautam division = zg Gautam sales office = zgdo Gautam sales group = zgd Gautam Plant zgpl Gautam stroage location = zgdl Gautam warehouse -zgw Gautam shipping point = zgdp assign plant to company code = zgpl to 1000 assign sales org to company code = ZGD1 to 1000 assign distribution channel to division = ZG to ZG assign division to sales organisation = ZG to ZGD1 set up sales area = ZGD1 – ZG – ZG assign sales office to sales area = ZGDO to ZGD1 – ZG – ZG assign sales group to sales office = ZGD to ZGDO assign Sales Organization + Distribution Channel to Plant ZGD1—-ZG– ZGPL assign Warehouse Number to Plant / Storage Location ZGW – ZGDL – ZGPL assign shipping to plant = ZGDP to ZGPL Gautam sales org = zgd1 Gautam distribution channel= zg Gautam division = zg Gautam sales office = zgdo Gautam sales group = zgd Gautam Plant zgpl Gautam stroage location = zgdl

Gautam warehouse -zgw Gautam shipping point = zgdp assign plant to company code = ZGPL to 1000 assign sales org to company code = ZGD1 to 1000 assign distribution channel to division = ZG to ZG assign division to sales organisation = ZG to ZGD1 set up sales area = ZGD1 – ZG – ZG assign sales office to sales area = ZGDO to ZGD1 – ZG – ZG assign sales group to sales office = ZGD to ZGDO assign Sales Organization + Distribution Channel to Plant ZGD1–ZG– ZGPL assign Warehouse Number to Plant / Storage Location ZGW – ZGDL – ZGPL assign shipping to plant = ZGDP to ZGPL

SD Configuration
Enterprise Structure:1 Edit, Copy, Delete, Check Company Code(T001) Company is created by FI Consultant. The company code is an organizational unit used in accounting. It is used to structure the business organization from a financial accounting perspective. IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Financial Accounting -> Define, copy, delete, check Company Code
2 Define Credit Control Area(T014) Company is created by FI Consultant. The credit control area is an organizational unit that specifies and checks a credit limit for customers.A credit control area can include one or more company codes. It is not

possible to assign a company code to more than one control area. Within a credit control area, the credit limits must be specified in the same currency. IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Financial Accounting-> Define Credit Control Area 3. Maintaining Sales Organization(TVKO) Sales Organization is an organizational unit responsible for the sale of certain products or services. IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Sales and Distribution -> Define, copy, delete, check Sales organization 4. Assigning Sales Organization to Company Code(TVKO~BUKRS) This assignment ensures all the sales made through this Sales Organization are accounted for in the assigned Company Code (Company Code is created by FI Consultant). IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution -> Assign Sales Organziation to Company Code 5. Maintaining Distribution Channel(TVTW) Distribution Channel is the way, in which Products or Services reach Customers. IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Sales and Distribution -> Define, copy, delete, check distribution channel 6. Assigning Distribution Channel to Sales Organization(TVKOV) This assignment ensures, a Sales Organization can supply Materials to Customers through this Distribution Channel. IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution > Assign distribution channel to sales organization 7. Maintaining Division(TSPA) Division is a way of grouping materials, products, or services. IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Logistics – General -> Define, copy, delete, check division 8. Assigning Division to Sales Organization(TVKOS) IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution -> Assign division to sales organization 9. Setting up Sales Area(TVTA) All the sales are made from a particular sales Area. For creating a Sales Order Sales Area is compulsory. IMG ->Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution -> Set up sales area

10 Maintain sales office(TVBUR) you define the sales offices in your company. The definition of sales offices is optional. For each sales office, you can determine the printer for output based on the sales documents in different ways IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Sales and Distribution -> Maintain Sales Office 11 Assign sales office to sales area(TVKBZ) IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution -> Assign sales Office to Sales Area 12 Maintain sales Group(TVKGR) company. The definition of sales groups is optional. You can use the SD system without creating sales groups. 13 Assign sales group to sales office(TVBVK) you can assign as many sales groups as desired to the sales offices. Any one sales group can belong to several sales offices. IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution -> Assign sales group to sales office 14. Define Shipping Points(TVST) Shipping Point is the Organizational element, which is responsible for shipping the Materials to the Customers. IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Logistics Execution -> Define, copy, delete, check shipping point 15 Define, copy, delete, check plant(T001W) Plant is created by MM Consultant. IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Definition -> Logistics – General -> Define, copy, delete, check plant 16 Assigning Shipping Point to Plant(TVSWZ) This assignment ensures that goods from different Plant can be dispatched from different Shipping Points. IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Logistics Execution -> Assign shipping point to plant 17. Assigning Sales Organization- Distribution Channel- Plant(TVKWZ) Plant is created ny MM Consultant. IMG -> Enterprise Structure -> Assignment -> Sales and Distribution -> Assign sales organization – distribution channel – plant

Note: Ensure to do the undermentioned configuration also though it is not in Customizing node of Enterprise Structure. 18. Defining Common Distribution Channels for Master Data(TVKOV-VKWKO TVKOV~VTWKU) Use The purpose of this activity is to define distribution channels which have common master data.. Procedure Access the activity using one of the following navigation options: IMG Menu -> Sales and Distribution -> Master Data -> Define Common Distribution Channels Transaction Code: VOR1 19. Defining Common Divisions for Master Data(TVKOS-SPAKO TVKOS~SPAKU) Use The purpose of this activity is to define distribution channels which have common master data.. Procedure Access the activity using one of the following navigation options: IMG Menu -> Sales and Distribution -> Master Data -> Define Common Division Transaction Code: VOR2 Pricing Procedure In SD, Pricing Procedure is determined based on Sales Area (Sales Organization + Distribution Centre + Division) + Customer Pricing Procedure + Document Pricing Procedure. Sales Area is determined in Sales Order Header Level. Customer Pricing Procedure is determined from Customer Master. Document Pricing Procedure is determined from Sales Document Type / Billing Type (if configured). Once the pricing procedure is determined, Condition records are fetched. If appropriate condition records are found, the price is determined. If Mandatory pricing condition is missing, system will through an error message. In SD, the steps to configure Pricing procedure are as under: Step 1: Condition table: If existing condition table meets the requirement, we need not create a

new condition table. Considering the requirement for new condition table, the configuration will be done in spro as follows: IMG -> Sales & Distribution -> Basic Function -> Pricing Control -> Condition Table (select the required fields combination, which will store condition record). Step 2: Access Sequence: If existing access sequence meets the requirement, we need not create a new access sequence. Considering the requirement for new sequence, the configuration will be done in spro as follows: IMG -> Sales & Distribution -> Basic Function -> Pricing Control -> Access Sequence (Access sequence is made up of Accesses (Tables) & the order of priority in which it is to be accessed. Here we assign the condition table to access sequence. Step 3: Condition Type: If existing condition type meets the requirement, we need not create a new condition type. Considering the requirement for new condition type, the configuration will be done in spro as follows: IMG -> Sales & Distribution -> Basic Function -> Pricing Control -> Condition Type. It is always recommended to copy an existing similar condition type & make the neccessary changes. Here we assign Access sequence to Condition type. Step 4: a. Pricing Procedure: It is recommended to copy a similar pricing procedure & make the neccesary changes in new pricing procedure. Pricing Procedure is a set of condition type & arranged in the sequence in which it has to perform the calculation. Considering the requirement for new Pricing Procedure, the configuration will be done in spro as follows: IMG -> Sales & Distribution -> Basic Function -> Pricing Control -> Pricing Procedure –> Maintain Pricing Procedure. b. Pricing Procedure: After maintaining the pricing procedure the next step will be determination of pricing procedure. Configuration for determining pricing procedure in SPRO is as follows: IMG -> Sales & Distribution -> Basic Function -> Pricing Control -> Pricing Procedure –> Determine Pricing Procedure. 5. Condition record: Condition record is a master data, which is required to be maintained by Core team / person responsible from the client. During new implementation, the condition records can be uploaded using tools like SCAT, LSMW, etc. Normal Sales Order Cycle:Step 1: Sales Document Type IMG > Sales and Distribution > Sales > Sales Documents >

Sales Document Header: 1. Sales Document Type:The sales document types represent the different business transactions, such as Inquiry, Quotation, Sales Order, etc. To create new sales order type, always copy as with reference to similar sales order. If possible use standard sales order. 2. Define Number Ranges For Sales Documents: Maintain number range with discussion with core team. 3. Assign Sales Area To Sales Document Types: A. Combine sales organizations / Combine distribution channels / Combine divisions: Ensure to maintain these, else Sales Order creation will give error. B. Assign sales order types permitted for sales areas: Assign only required Sales Order Types to required Sales Area. This will minimize selection of Sales Order Type as per sales area. Sales Document Item: 1. Define Item Categories: If possible use Standard Item Category. Incase if required to create new, copy as from standard & maintain New. 2. Assign Item Categories: If possible, use standard. Formula for deriving item category: Sales Document Type + Item Category Group + Usage + Higher Level Item Category = Item Category Schedule Line: 1. Define Schedule Line Categories: If possible use Standard Schedule Lines. Incase if required to create new, copy as from standard & maintain New. 2. Assign Schedule Line Categories: If possible, use standard. Formula for deriving Schedule Line: Item Category + MRP Type / No MRP Type. Step 2: IMG > Logistic Execution > Shipping > Deliveries > 1. Define Delivery Types: If possible use Standard Delivery Type. Incase if required to create new, copy as from standard & maintain New. 2. Define Item Categories for Deliveries: If possible use Standard Item Categories for Delivery Type. Incase if required to create new, copy as from standard & maintain New. 3. Define Number Ranges for Deliveries: Ensure to maintain number range. Step 3: IMG > Sales and Distribution > Billing > 1. Define Billing Types: If possible use Standard Billing Type. Incase if required to create new, copy as from standard & maintain New. 2. Define Number Range For Billing Documents: Ensure to maintain number range.

3. Maintain Copying Control For Billing Documents: Maintain relevant copy controls such as Sales Order to Billing, Deliver to Billing, etc. The configuration differs from scenario to scenario & requirement of the client.

SAP SD Transaction codes List
I found a way to know hidden customizing Tcodes. Before executing customizing task you desire, point it and go to Edit-Display IMG Activity. Then mark activity. Go to T.Code se16 and type in CUS_IMGACH table. Execute. Paste IMG Activity and run. You will see Tcode that belongs to IMG Activity. SAP SD Tips by: Javier The most frequently used transaction codes are as follows: 1. VS00 - Master data 2. VC00 - Sales Support 3. VA00 - Sales 4. VL00 - Shipping 5. VT00 - Transportation 6. VF00 - Billing Others as follows: At Configuration: 1. VOV8 - Define Sales documents type (header) 2. OVAZ - Assigning Sales area to sales documents type 3. OVAU - Order reasons 4. VOV4 - Assign Item categoreies(Item cat determination) 5. VOV6 - Scedule line categories 6. OVAL - To assign blocks to relevant sales documents type 7. OVLK - Define delivery types 8. V/06 - Pricing 9. V/08 - Maintain pricing procedure

10.OVKP - Pricing proc determination 11.V/07 - Access sequence Enduser: 1. Customer Master Creation-VD01 and XD01 (for full inclu company code) VD02 - Change Customer VD03 - Display Customer VD04 - Customer Account Changes VD06 - Flag for Deletion Customer XD01 - Create Customer XD02 - Modify Customer XD03 - Display Customer 2. Create Other material ----MM00 3. VB11- To create material determination condition record 4. CO09- Material availability Overview 5. VL01 - Create outbound delivery with ref sales order 6. VL04 - Collective processing of delivery 7. VA11 - Create Inquiry VA12 - Change Inquiry VA13 - Display Inquiry Sales & Distribution Sales order / Quote / Sched Agreement / Contract · VA01 - Create Order · VA02 - Change Order · VA03 - Display Order · VA02 - Sales order change · VA05 - List of sales orders · VA32 - Scheduling agreement change · VA42 - Contract change · VA21 - Create Quotation · VA22 - Change Quotation · VA23 - Display Quotation Billing · VF02 - Change billing document · VF11 - Cancel Billing document · VF04 - Billing due list · FBL5N - Display Customer invoices by line · FBL1N - Display Vendor invoices by line

Delivery · VL02N - Change delivery document · VL04 - Delivery due list · VKM5 - List of deliveries · VL06G - List of outbound deliveries for goods issue · VL06P - List of outbound deliveries for picking · VL09 - Cancel goods issue · VT02N - Change shipment · VT70 - Output for shipments General · VKM3, VKM4 - List of sales documents · VKM1 - List of blocked SD documents · VD52 - Material Determination

Sales and Distribution: Table Description Customers KNA1 General Data KNB1 Customer Master – Co. Code Data (payment method, reconciliation acct) KNB4 Customer Payment History KNB5 Customer Master – Dunning info KNBK Customer Master Bank Data KNKA Customer Master Credit Mgmt. KNKK Customer Master Credit Control Area Data (credit limits) KNVV Sales Area Data (terms, order probability) KNVI Customer Master Tax Indicator KNVP Partner Function key KNVD Output type KNVS Customer Master Ship Data KLPA Customer/Vendor Link Sales Documents VBUK VBAK VBKD VBAKUK VBAK + VBUK Header Status and Administrative Data Sales Document - Header Data Sales Document - Business Data

VBUP VBAP VBPA VBFA VBEP VBBE

Item Status Sales Document - Item Data Partners Document Flow Sales Document Schedule Line Sales Requirements: Individual Records

SD Delivery Docume LIPS Delivery Document item data, includes referencing PO LIKP Delivery Document Header data Billing Document VBRK Billing Document Header VBRP Billing Document Item SD Shipping Unit VEKP Shipping Unit Item (Content) VEPO Shipping Unit Header

SAP SD Training – Enterprise Structure Excercise – Jan 2011 Batch
BY MAGNATRAIN ON FEBRUARY 3, 2011 IN SAP SD TRAINING, SAP TRAINING

This post talks about the enterprise structure in SAP SD Training for the Jan 2011 batch. It also provides all the necessary configuration steps required to do the configuration along with the visual representation of the structure. For other SAP Training modules , please visit our Magna Training home page . You would also need SAP Access to practice on these questions. You can get SAP Access from our preferred vendor.

Simplified Visual Representation of the Enterprise Structure in SAP SD

Please go ahead and create the enterprise structure as discussed in the class today. The company code that we will be using is 1000 for this exercise. The configuration steps are defined at SAP SD Enterprise Structure Configuration Steps .(Scroll down to the bottom of the page to view the configuration steps ) Please answer the questions in this forum as comments.

Questions
Write down the Organization Elements that you have created. 1. Sales Organization ( eg. if you have created WEST , list it as WEST against the Sales Organization ) 2. Distribution Channel 3. Division 4. Sales Office

5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Sales Group Plant Storage Location Warehouse Shipping Point Also write down the assignments that you have created

1. Plant to Company code ( eg., if you have created a Plant of ARKA , list it as ARKA plant assigned to company code 1000 ) 2. Sales Organization to company code 3. Distribution channel to Sales Organization 4. Division to Sales Organization 5. The Sales area you have set up 6. Sales Office to Sales Area 7. Sales Group to Sales Area 8. Sales Organization + Distribution Channel to Plant 9. Warehouse Number to Plant/Storage Location 10. Shipping Point to Plant. More quiz questions 1. Can you assign multiple company codes to a Sales Organization ? If not why ? 2. Can you assign multiple Sales Organizations to a company code ? If yes, give a business scenario. 3. Can you assign multiple distribution channels to a Sales Organization ? If yes, give a business scenario which would require such an assignment. 4. Can you assign multiple divisions to a sales organization ? If yes, give a business scenario which would require such an assignment. 5. Can you set up multiple Sales Areas using the same Sales Organization ? ( For example, can you set up 1000/01/01 and also 1000/10/01 ? ) 6. Can you assign a single sales office to multiple sales areas ? If yes, why would you want to do that ?

7. Can a sales group belong to multiple sales offices ? If yes, give a business scenario which would require it 8. Can the same shipping point belong to multiple plants ?

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful