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@)^( ;fn sflQs !( ut] cfOtaf/ (Nov. 4, 2012)

l/lt“b} ;+j}wflgs lgsfox?
sf7df8f}F . ;+;b\ gePsf] /
;+ j } w flgs kl/ifb\ ck" / f] /x] s f]
cj:yfdf ;+j}wflgs lgsfox?sf
cWoIf / ;b:ox? l/St x'g] qmd
a9] s f] 5 . lgjf{ r g cfof] u sf
sfo{jfxs k|d'v lgjf{rg cfo'St
gLns07 pk|t] Ln] ^ jif{ kbfjlw k"/f
u/L oxL sflQs @@ ut] clgjfo{
cjsfz kfpF b } 5g\ eg] c9fO{
dlxgfkl5 afF s L b' O { ;b:o
bf]nvaxfb'/ u'?ª / cof]wLk|;fb
ofbjn] klg ^ jif{ kbfjlw k"/f u/L
cfufdL k'; @^ df To;/L g} cjsfz
kfpg] 5g\ . nf]s;]jfsf ;b:o Pj+

lghfdtL ;]jfsf] a9'jf ;ldltsf
cWoIf /x]sf s[i0f kf]v/]nn] ^% jif{
pd]/ k'uL b;}+ labfs} aLr clgjfo{
cjsfz kfPsf 5g\ . cWoIf;lxt
kfFr ;b:o /xg] nf]s;]jfdf ca tLg
kbflwsf/L sof]b]jL odL, 6LsfbQ
lg/f}nf / /fh]Gb| ;fx dfq afFsL 5g\ .
sfo{jfxs cWoIf odL / ;b:oåo
lg/f}nf tyf ;fxn] rflxF ^ jif{ kbfjlw
k"/f u/L @)&! kmfu'g $ df cjsfz
kfpg] 5g\ . dxfn]vf k/LIfssf]
sfof{ n o / clVtof/ b' ? kof] u
cg';Gwfg cfof]u k"0f{?kdf l/St
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

ljdfg vl/b k|lqmof zL3| cl3 a9fOg]
sf7df8f}F . ;/sf/n] g]kfn jfo';j] f
lgudsf nflu cf7j6f gofF ljdfg
vl/b ug{ cfjZos k|lqmof zL3| cl3
a9fpg] ePsf] 5 . xfn} hf/L u/]sf]
zf;sLo tyf cfly{ s ;' w f/sf]
tTsfnLg sfo{of]hgfdf Ps dlxgfleq
ljdfg vl/b;DaGwL k|lqmof ;'lglZrt
gug{ kbflwsf/LnfO{ lhDd]jf/Laf6
x6fpg] :ki6 pNn]v ePkl5 ;Da4
lgsfon] pSt sfo{tbf?stfsf;fy
cl3 a9fpg nfu] s f] xf] .

sfo{of]hgfcg';f/ 5 dlxgfleq
lgudsf nflu cGt/f{li6«o p8fg ug{
b'Oj{ 6f / cfGtl/s ;]jf ;~rfngsf
lglDt 5j6f ljdfg vl/b ul/g] 5 .
;/sf/n] ljdfg vl/b ug{ ;+:s[lt,
ko{ 6 g tyf gful/s p•og
dGqfnonfO{ d'Vo lhDd]jf/ lgsfo
tf]ss
] fn] dGqL kf]i6axfb'/ af]u6Ln]
To;sf nflu ;lqmotf a9fPsf 5g\ .
ljdfg vl/b k|lqmof cl3 a9fpg'cl3
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

g]kfn k|x/Lsf] Ps jif]{ sfo{qmd ;fj{hlgs
sf7df8f}F . g]kfn k|x/Lsf s]Gb|Lo
k|jStf k|x/L gfoa dxflg/LIfs lagf]b
l;+xn] k|x/L k|wfg sfof{nodf lgoldt
kqsf/ e]63f6 sfo{qmddf g]kfn
k| x /Ln] lahofbzdL @)^( sf
cj;/df ljz]if ;'/Iff of]hgfcGtu{t
rfn]sf sbdx?, bz}Fsf] j]nf !)
lbgsf] cjlwdf ut jif{ / o; jif{

ePsf 36gfx?sf] t'ngfTds ljj/0f
k|:t't ug{'sf] ;fy} ph'/L 5fgljg
;DaGwdf eO/x]sf sfdsf/afxLaf/]
hfgsf/L u/fP . k|x/L k|wfgsfof{non]
xfn} cg'udgsf nflu ljleGg k|x/L
sfof{ n ox?df k| x /L jl/i7
pk/LIfsx?nfO{ v6fPsf]df lghx?sf]
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

k"0f{ ljj/0f # k]hdf

d"No ?= &.–

aaf{bLsf] lbzftk{m Pdfcf]jfbL
sf7df8f}F . ;+ljwfg;ef lj3l6t
ul/Psf] kfFr dlxgf lalt;Sbf klg
d'n'ssf] /fhgLltn] 7f]; ult lng
;ls/x]sf] 5}g . ;+ljwfg;ef lgjf{rg
b]lv g} ;xdlt / ;xsfo{sf] Psf]xf]/f]
/6 nufpFb} cfPsf sfFu|];, Pdfn] /
Pdfcf]jfbLn] ;xdlt / ;xsfo{nfO{
;/sf/df k'Ug] e¥ofËsf] ¿kdf
pkof] u ug{ vf] h ] k l5 d' n ' s sf]
/fhgLlt ;+s6k"0f{ aGb} uPsf] xf] .
;w}F, ;xdlt / ;xsfo{sf] nuftf/
9f]n lk6\b} cfPsf bnx¿n] s'g} klg
ljifodf ;xdlt / ;xsfo{ ug{ ;s]sf
5}gg\ . bnx¿ s} cs{d0o{tf Pj+
gfnfosLkgsf] sf/0f ;+ljwfg;ef
;+ljwfg gafpFb} lj3l6t x'g k'Uof] .
;+ l jwfg;efsf] lj36gkl5 klg
bnx¿ ;xdlt / ;xsfo{ s} /6fg
nufO/x]sf 5g\ . Tof] klg ;Qf /
s';L{ s} :jfy{k0" f{ lgoltaf6 cfO/x]sf]
ljZn]ifsx¿n] atfPsf 5g\ . s';L{s}
nflu hgtfsf] alnbfgaf6 k|fKt
;+ljwfg;efsf] lgota; xTof ug]{
k|wfgdGqL e§/fO{sf sf/0f d'ns
' emg}

hl6n cj:yfdf k' u ] s f] ;d] t
pgLx¿sf] egfO/x] s f] 5 .
;+ljwfg;efsf] lj36g;Fu} :jtM sfd
rnfpdf kl/0ft ePsf] e§/fO{
g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/ olta]nf cfk"mnfO{
:j3f]lift sfo{sf/L ;/sf/ g} xf] eGg]
9f]n lk6\b} b]z / hgtfdfly af]em

egfO{ / cfˆg} kf6L{n] dfq ;/sf/sf]
g]tT[ j ug'k{ g]{ Pdfcf]jfbLsf] cdfGo
l7kL g} jt{dfg ;+s6 lgsf;sf] afws
ePsf] /fhgLlts ljZn]ifsx¿sf] 7x/
5 . d'ns
' / hgtfsf] :jfy{ eGbf
cfk"m / cfˆgf] kf6L{sf] lglDt :jfy{nfO{
dfq s]Gb|df /fVg] Pdfcf]jfbLsf] lgolt

yKg] sfd ul//x]sf 5g\ .
k|wfgdGqL e§/fO{ cfk"m ;/sf/df
/x]dfq ;xdlt x'g] gq ;xdlt gx'g]

Pj+ z}nLsf sf/0f jt{dfg /fhgLlts
;+s6 yk ulxl/Fb} uPsf] hfgsf/x¿sf]
egfO/x] s f] 5 . sfF u | ] ; , Pdfn] ,

lgdf{0f ;fdu|Lsf] d"No cfsflzof]
sf7df8f}F . ljut rf/ jif{df
sf7sf] d"No em08} t]Aa/ a9]sf] 5 .
cfly{s jif{ @)^$÷^% df ! ;o ?k}ofF
kg]{ sf7sf] d"No a9]/ ut cfj
@)^*÷^( df @ ;o &( ?k}ofF k'us
] f]
s]Gb|Lo tYofÍ ljefun] ;fj{hlgs
u/]sf] lgdf{0f ;fdu|Lsf] d"No kl/;"rsn]
b]vfPsf] 5 . cfwf/ jif{ @)^$÷^%
df ! ;o dflgPsf] sf7sf] d"No
kl/;"rs a9]/ cfj @)^^÷^& df !
;o $( / @)^&÷^* df @ ;o #)
cÍ k'u]sf] lyof] . ;du| lgdf{0f
;fdu|Lsf] cf};t d"No kl/;"rs ! ;o
$& bzdnj ( eGbf sf7sf] d"No !
;o #! cÍn] a9L xf] . kl/;"rsdf
ljleGg !^ zLif{scGtu{t @@ lgdf{0f
;fdu|Lsf] d"NonfO{ ;dfj]z ul/Psf]

5 . sf7 dfq xf] O g, d' V o
lgdf{0fj:t'x?sf] d"No klg ;f] cjlwdf
pNn]Vo dfqfdf a9]sf] 5 . OF6f, 9'Ëf
tyf lu§Lsf] d"No kl/;"rsdf (!
k|ltztn] j[l4 ePsf] 5 eg] afn'jfdf
$*, la6'ldgdf $@, df6f]df $* /
k]06df ## k|ltztn] d"Noj[l4 ePsf]
tYofÍn] b]vfPsf] 5 . kmnfd] 58,
lan]6, hLcfO{ kfOk, dfa{n, ljB'tLo
tf/nufot j:t'x?sf] d"Nodf klg @)
k|ltzteGbf a9L d"Noj[l4 ePsf] 5 .
oL ;a} ;fdu|Lsf] d"No nuftf/
al9/x]sf] kl/;"rsn] b]vfPsf] 5 .
kl/;"rscg';f/ kl5Nnf] $ jif{sf]
cjlwdf lgdf{0f d"No ztk|ltztn]
a9]sf] 5 . ljefun] lgdf{0f ;fdu|Lsf]
d"No kl/;"rs;Fu} ;fj{hlgs u/]sf]

…lgdf{0f If]qsf] Hofnf kl/;"rs
@)^*÷^(Ú n] o; If]qdf sfd ug]{
k|fljlws tyf dhb"/sf] Hofnf klg
em08} bf]Aa/ ePsf] k'li6 u/]sf] 5 .
rf/ jif{sf] cjlwdf Go"g d"No j[l4 x'g]
;fdu|Ldf l;d]06, u]ljg jfo/ /
cfNd'lgod lj08f] k|md] /x]sf 5g\ . ;f]
cjlwdf l;d]06sf] d"No kl/;"rs @)
cÍn] j[l4 eO{ ! ;o !& df k'us
] f] 5
eg] u]ljg jfo/ ! ;o !@ / cfNd'lgod
lj08f] k|md] ! ;o # cÍ k'us
] f] 5 .
kf]lnlyg kfOk / h:tfkftfsf] d"No
kl/;"rs eg] cfwf/ jif{sf] ! ;oeGbf
sd cÍdf em/]sf] 5 . cfj @)^*÷^(
df kf]lnlyg kfOksf] d"No kl/;"rs 36]/
(& / h:tfkftfsf] (@ df k'us
] f] 5 .
sf7sf] eGbf cfNd'lgod lj08f] k|md] sf]
ef/ em08} cfwf eP klg cfpFbf lbgdf
;f] a9\g] b]lvG5 . d"No kl/;"rscg';f/
cfNd'lgodsf] kl5Nnf] d"No sf7sf] eGbf
! ;o &^ cÍn] sd 5 .

Pdfcf]jfbL / dw]zLdf]rf{sf] l;G8Ls]6n]
dfq d'ns
' n] lgsf; gkfpg] lgsf;sf]
nflu, g]skf–dfcf]jfbLn] cl3 ;f/]sf]
uf]nd]r;ef g} ;+s6 lgsf;sf] pko'Qm
ljsNk ePsf] ljZn]ifsx¿sf] egfO
/x]sf] 5 . k|r08sf] k]ml/bf] af]nL,
sfFu|];sf] ;Qf:jfy{k"0f{ lgoltsf]
e"dl/df d'ns
' sf] ;+s6 a9\b} uPsf]
5 . ;+ljwfg k'g;
{ :+ yfkgfsf] d'2f 6'lËb}
hfFbf bnx¿ lgjf{rg ug]{ ljifodf
5nkmn ul//x]sf 5g\ t/ s] lgjf{rg
eGg]df pgLx¿ aLr r/d ljjfb 5 .
;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rg ls ;+;b\sf]
eGg]df bnx¿ aLr r/d ljjfb /x]klg
cfd hgtf eg] gSsnL ;+ljwfg;efsf]
lgjf{rgsf] kIfdf g/x]sf] g]skf–
dfcf]jfbLsf Ps g]tfn] atfPsf 5g\ .
;SsnL ;+ljwfg;efn] lbg g;s]sf]
;+ljwfg gSsnL ;+ljwfg;efn] lbg
g;Sg] pgsf] ts{ /x] s f] 5 .
Pdfcf]jfbLsf] df};dL s'/fsf sf/0f
d'ns
' sf] eljio ;d]t cGof}nk"0f{ aGb}
uPsf] 5 . cfˆgf] lu/]sf] ;fvnfO{
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

k"j;{ ef;b;lxtsf g]tfx?
g]skf–dfcf]jfbLdf k|jz]
sf7df8f}F . l;Gw'kfNrf]s tLg
gDa/ If]qaf6 lgaf{lrt PsLs[t
g]skf dfcf]jfbLsf k"j{;ef;b\
bfjf tfdfª;lxt tLg lhNnf g]tf
g]skf–dfcf]jfbLdf k|j]z u/]sf
5g\ . kqsf/ ;Dd] n g u/L
g]skf–dfcf]jfbLn] pgLx? k|jz
]
u/]sf] 3f]if0ff u/]sf] xf] . kqsf/
;Dd]ngdf tfdfª;lxtsf lhNnf
g]tfx? pkl:yt lyP . cfk"mn]
kf6L{ k|j]z u/]sf] 3f]if0ff ubf{
;+ l jwfg;efsf k" j { ; ef;b\
tfdfªn] cfk"mx? klxn]bl] v g} j}B
;d" x sf] /x] s fn] PsLs[ t
dfcf]jfbLn] qmflGtsf] d"nwf/nfO{
5f8]sfn] g]skf–dfcf]jfbLdf k|jz
]
ug{ jfWo ePsf] atfP . ;ef;b\
tfdfª ;lxt lhNnfdf k|efjzfnL
e"ldsf v]Ng] PsLs[t dfcf]jfbLsf
lhNnf sld6L ;b:o s[i0fk|;fb
cfrfo{ / afa'/fd rln;]n] klg
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

Pg;]nsf] sf/f]jf/ z+sfsf] 3]/fdf bf]iff/f]k0fsf] /fhgLlt slxn];Dd <
sf7df8f}F . g]kfnsf] ;a}eGbf w]/}
df]jfOn k|of]ustf{ /x]sf] bfjL ug{
Pg;]nn] kl5Nnf] ( dlxgfdf @% ca{
%^ s/f]8 ?k}ofFsf] sf/f]jf/ u/]sf]
p;n] hf/L u/]sf] tYofªsn] b]vfPsf]
5 . k|To]s dlxgf nueu tLg cj{sf]
sf/f]jf/ ub}{ cfPsf] Pg;]nn] olx
lx;fjn] of] jif{ sl/j #% cj{sf]
sf/f]jf/ ug{ b]lvPsf] 5 . olt w]/}
sf/f]jf/ ug{ sDkgL ePsf] gftfn]
s/ klg w]/} g} tLg{k' 5{ t/ Pg;]n
s/ tLg{eg] Tolt pbf/tf b]vfpGg .
Pg;]nn] cfˆgf] ;a} sf/f]jf/sf]
Eof6df u5{ pkef]stfx?;Fu Eof6
;d]t p7fpF5 . o; lx;fjn] klg #
cj{ eGbf a9L t Eof6 dfq ltg{k' g{]
x'G5 . ;a} vr{ s6fP/ x'g] cfodf

@% k| l tzt hlt p;n] s/
a'emfpg'kbf{ sl/j % cj{ hlt
a'emfpg' kg{ x'G5 . t/ olx cg'kftdf
gt Pg;]nn] lxhf] a'emfPsf] lyof]
gt ef]ln g} a'emfpF5 hfgsf/x?
atfpF5g . nueu g]kfn 6]lnsd
hlt g} sf/f]jf/ ug{ Pg;]n s/ tLg{]
dfldnfdf eg] 6]lnsd eGbf slt xf]
slt kl5 5 . 6] l nsd nfdf]
;dob]lv s/ tLg{df klxnf] sDkgL
/xFb} cfPsf] 5 . Pg;]n bf];|f]df t
5 t/ w]/} g} kl5 . ut jif{sf]
tYofªsnfO{ x]g]{ xf] eg] klg 6]lnsdn]
% ca{ ^$ s/f]8 s/ ltbf{ Pg;]nn]
! cj{ $* s/f]8 dfq a'emfPsf]
lyof] . To;f] eP Pg;]nn] lsg s/
sd ltl//x]sf] 5 t < s/ If]qdf

lgikIf ;dfrf/ / k|:6 ljrf/sf nflu
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x]g{ ge'Ng'xf]nf .

nfdf] ;do sfd u/]sf hfgsf/x?
eG5g Pg;]nn] sd s/ tLg{df p;n]
u/]sf] 5nL g} d'Vo sf/0f xf] .
o;tkm{;DjlGwt lgsfosf] Wofg eg]
slQsf] uPsf] 5 Tof] eg] cfd
gful/ssf] k|ltIffsf] ljifo ag]sf] 5 .
7"nf s/bftfx?sf] sf/f]jf/ x]b}{
cfPsf clwsf/Lx?n] klg @)^& ;fn
;Ddsf] sf/f]jf/ x]g{] sfd clGtd
r/0fdf /x]sf] / To; otfsf z+sf
nfu]sf] sDkgLx?sf] sf/f]jf/ eg]
cg';Gwfgsf] bfo/fdf /x]sf] atfP .
Pg;]nsf] sf/f]jf/ z+sfsf] 3]/fdf
/x]sf] ;d]t gfd pNn]v gug{] zt{df
lt clwsf/Lx?n] atfPsf 5g\ .
kl5Nnf lbgdf Pg;]n / x]nf] g]kfnsf]
nfO;]G; xTofpg 6]lnof;f]g]/fn] k"j{
/fhf 1fg]Gb| / dfcf]jfbLsf cWoIf
k|r08nfO{ ljleGg dfWodaf6 /sd
pknJw u/fPsf] s'/f ;d]t ;fj{hlgs
ePkl5 Pg;]nk|lt pkef]stfx?df
cem cfqmf]z b]lvG5 . Pg;]nk|lt cfd
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

ljBdfg /fhgLlts cGof}ntfn]
lgsfz kfpg] 5fF6sf6 cem} b]lvPsf]
5}g . 7"nf sxlnPsf /fhgLlts
bnsf] OR5fzlStsf] sdLn] d'n'sdf
cem} cGof}ntf sfod /xg] b]lvG5 .
^@÷^# sf] cfGbf]ngsf] efjgf /

gug{] cflb ljs[ltsf] kIfkf]ifs aGg
k'us
] f 5g\ . gofF g]kfnsf] sf]/f ;kgf
afF8\g] dxf]bo k|wfgdGqL 8fS6/
afa'/fd e§/fO{n] e|i6frf/ z"Go
;xgzLntf gLlt ckgfpg] 3f]if0ff
u/]sf] w]/} ePsf] 5}g . t/, pgs}
g]tT[ jdf /x]sf]

If]Kof:q ax;
5qaxfb'/ d}gfnL

dd{nfO{ cfwf/ dfGg] xf] eg] lgwf{l/t
;doleq zflGtk|lqmof, ;+ljwfg
lgdf{0f sfo{ ;s]/ d'n'snfO{ gofF
o'udf k|jz
] u/fO{ ;Sg'kg]{ lyof] .
t/, 5 jif{sf] l;Ëf] ;do /fhgLlts
lvrftfgL, ;Qf kl/jt{g, kfn}kfnf]
;Qfdf k'u]/ sf] k|wfgdGqL aGg]
xf]8afhL d} Joltt eof], ljleGg
axfgfdf /fHosf] 9's'6Ldf ;s]sf]
a|Xdn'6 ug]{, dxFuL, e|i6frf/, xTof,
lx+;f, ckx/0f, rfx]/ klg lgoGq0f

;/sf/sf Pshgf axfnjfnf dGqLn]
bz}tF fsf v'nc
] fd 3'if dfu]/ b'lgofFnfO{
jf:tljstf 5n{Ë kfl/lbPsf 5g\ .
3'if dfUg'sf] sf/0f cfˆgf] kf6L{ ofg]
ls ;LkL d}gfnL g]tT[ jdf /x]sf] g]skf
dfn] kf6L{ ;+rfngdf hfg] / s]xL
efu /sd cfˆgf] lghL vr{sf] nflu
eGb} df]ndf]nfO{ u/]sf] b[Zo k|i6;Fu
;'Gg / b]Vg ;lsGYof] . ha of]
;dfrf/ ;j{q k|rf/k|;f/df cfof]
k|wfgdGqLn] kmf]g u/]/ /fhLgfdf lbg'

eGg] xjfnf lbFb} ˆofS;dfkm{t\
/fhLgfdf lbPsf] va/ cfof] . of] t
Ps k| l tlglw 36gf dfq xf] .
/fhgLlts ;+qmd0fsfnsf] gfddf olt
w]/} a]lylt a9\g' eg]sf] g]tT[ jsf]
sdhf]/Lafx]s s]xL xf]Og . pbfx/0fs}
lglDt ev{/} lqe'jg cGt/f{li6«o
ljdfg:ynaf6 cj}w ljb]zL d'b|f
cf];f/k;f/ u/]sf] cleof]udf ToxfF
axfn /x]sf P;P;kL /lj/fh >]i7
lgnDagdf k/]sf 5g\ eg] sfof{no
k| d ' v k| x /L gfoa dxflg/LIfs
gf/fo0f a:tfsf] 6 Lsf] t:s/Ldf
;+nUgtf gb]lvP klg ;"rgfsf] ;|ft]
sdhf]/ egL cf}NofOPsf] 5 . t/,
k|wfgdGqL 8fS6/ afa'/fd e§/fO{
g]t[Tj ;/sf/df /x]sf axfnjfnf
dGqLn] 7f8} ;]jfu|fxL;Fu 3'if dfu]sf]
ljifonfO{ g]t[Tjstf{sf] s] sdhf]/L
eg] / a' ‰ g] < 36gfsf] oyfy{
>Aob[Zo;lxt ;fj{hlgs k|;f/df
-afF s L clGtd k] h df_

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If]qsf] cjnf]sg u/]sf 5g\ .fy} k|fs[lts c:ktfn.'?sf jif{x?df ko{6ssf] .jfbL.+:s[lt. To.+x/af/sf] dxn eGbf c¿ s]xL .Qfaf6 d'lQm jf egf} :yfgLo . a]nfot.+3./f]sf/ df}nfpb} uPsf] 5 .fgfnfO{ P]g.f] dGqfnosf . 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Pp6f b]z / kl/jf/sf] . b[li6sf]0f / .bL{jf. cGwuN5L / 3f]/]kfgL h:tf ko{6sLo:yn eP klg ko{6g If]qsf] ljsf. o' .f/sf nflu y'k|} s'/f p7] klg 7f].] em/gf cf]em]ndf sf7df8f}F ./sf/L tyf ljb]zL . tL aflnsfn] tflnafgsf] lj/f]wdf klg cfjfh p7fpFb} cfPsL lyOg . :s"n a.] em/gfsf] ljsf.– -Ph]G."rgf ljefu sf7df8f} F . !!) k|hfltsf r/f. ljZj hfltjfbsf] l.foLx?sf] egfO 5 .+l3otf hgtfn] vf]hs ] f xf]Ogg\ .'kmhfO{ dfly ePsf] cfqmd0fsf] lj/f] w df tflnjfglj/f]wL k|bz{gx? eO/x]sf] hgfOPsf] 5 .f/sf] cefjdf cf]em]ndf kb}{ uPsf] 5 .xsfo{ ug]{ xf] eg] g]kfnn] ko{6g If]qdf km8\sf] dfg{ w]/} .g\ @)!) df b'O{ xhf/ #@@.~rf/hut /fhgLlts g]tfx¿sf] kmf]6f lvRg Jo:t b]lvG5g\.~rfngdf cfh klg cf. hd{gL.dfhjfbL jf c¿ bnx¿sf] cj:yf klg To:t} 5 .~rf/dfWodx?n] klg lszf] / L cleo:tfdfly ePsf] pSt cfqmd0fsf] eT. t/ pSt em/gf cf]em]ndf kb}{ uPsf] 5 .lsPsf] 5}g . o.fdfdf ko{6g . clxn] of] sf/ agfpg 5 6gsf] sRrf dfn.fdfufpFsf] . ug{ :yfgLo o'jfsf] .'Gg / /rgfTds .df cfpg] Go"g ah]6n] s'g} sfd ug{ g.Qf vf]Hg' 5f]6s/Ldf zlQm lgIf]kLs/0f xf] .+3Lotflt/ hf]8]/ hgtfnfO{ e|ddf kfg'{ / /fVg' sltsf] . efifefifL ePklg xfdL g]kfnL / xfd|f] b]z g]kfn xf] eGg] efjgfn] klxrfg agfPsf g]kfnLnfO{ lsg hftLotfdf nflbb} 5 of] uDeL/ k|Zg plAhPsf] 5 . ljZjsf hfltjfbsf] cWoog ubf{ qm'b zf.f]leot. r]tgfsf] lbof] afNg] .f u}/dw]zLsf] d'lQm x'G5 < of] g} uDeL/ k|Zg plAhPsf] 5 . (^)@ hftLo jf .dfwfgsf nflu .S5 . ef/t k|zfl.n] %) xhf/ /sd ljlgof]hg u/]/ s]xL k"jf{wf/sf] sfd u/] klg jiff{ofddf klx/f]n] .sf nflu g]kfn .f/sf] cefjdf cf]em]ndf kb}{ uPsf] 5 .+3Lotfsf] unt cy{ nufpFb} gofF pklgj]zL s/0fdf xf]rfpg] jf /fHo /hf}6fsf] k|d'vx¿df emu8f ug]{ . g]kfnsf nflu lrlgofF /fhb"t of]ª xf}nfgn] b'O{ b]zaLrsf] . z[ËL lxdfnnufotsf lxdfnx?sf] /d0fLo b[Zox? b]Vg . g]kfndf hftLo d'lQmsf] . a]gL– hf]d.Sg] k|r'/ .Fu} /x]sf b'O{ aflnsf klg 3fOt] ePsf 5g .dodfcfP/ .DaGw lj:tf/ ug]{ p2]Zon] s]Gb| :yfkgf ug{ nfluPsf] xf] . uf}/.Dd Ps xhf/ %%# ko{6sn] o. clg s]xL tn kljq sfnLu08sL gbLn] em/gfsf] .dy{ g gug{ gful/sx?nfO{ clkn u/] .+:s[lt ko{6g tyf gful/s p•og dGqL kf]i6axfb'/ af]u6Ln] ko{6g If]qsf] lbuf] ljsf.Dklt xf] gofF g]kfn < jf 8n/df rn]sf . .Sg] Joj.'s} hft wd{.g\ @)!$ leq ahf/df cfpg]5 . .jnLs/ssf] gf/f p7fpg] k|lti7fg . sf]l/ofnufot b]zsf ko{6s cfpg] u/]sf 5g\ .d'bfosf] dfq k|jz ] x'G5 < s. gj]{. If]qdf *!^# ld6/ cUnf] dgf:n' lxdfn.d:of . kfls:tfgL .|f] ljZjo'4sf] clezfk aGof] . cd]l/sL /fi6«klt af/fs cf]afdfnfO{ cfˆgf] cfbz{ / klZrdfx?sf] .+xb/af/l:yt .sf cj. of] sf/ lgdf{0f ug{ kfFr sDkgL nflu/x]sf 5g\ . / k|rf/–k|.fgf. pgn] kfls:tfgsf] /fli6«o zflGt k'/:sf/ .bfaxf/ .L_ nG8g . lzv.fIfL ag]/ alu/x]sf] x'G5 .t sflZd/sf jl/i7 k[ytfjfbL g]tf . . ?K.EotfnfO{ cfˆgf] l. jf:tadf sDo'lghd w/ftndf plebf obfsbf ljZjdf hfltotfsf] .f]r / of]hgfsf] cefjdf k|rf/–k|. s]xL ./L lgDg dw]zL. lj./sf/n] . lrlsT. oL x/km n] l v/xF b f Ps y/L qmflGtsf/L / cu|ufdL ljrf/wf/fnfO{ k|Zg p7\nf k+lQmsf/ . #@ k|hfltsf :tgwf/L hgfj/sf] k|ToIf cjnf]sg ug{ kfOg] PdSofksf k|d'v If]qLn] atfP .ls/x]sf] 5}g .lrj ltnaxfb'/ la.falstfasf] nflu s]xL .+. ae\mofª . cu|ufdL eGg] dfcf]jfbL jf dw]zs]lGb|t bnx¿n] hgtfnfO{ lbPsf wf]sfsf] 9fs5f]k ug{ hftLotf jf klxrfgsf] s'/f.d:of lg/fs/0f ug{ .+l3otf jf hfltotfsf] lj/f]w /x]5 / csf]{ y/Ln] ljZn] i fs unf{ g] k fn / cGo b]zx¿aLr leGg leGg kl/l:ylt 5 .f]leot.lrj uËf k'gn] atfP . O:nfdn] klg of] clwsf/nfO{ /Iff ug{ / O:nfdn] . .{Psf] 5 .f+:s[lts .+3 csf]{ cg's/0fLo pbfx/0f aGg.+:s[ltsf] k|j4{gdf sf].s hdgL{ lx6n/ jf pgsf] hfltjfbaf6 lgDTofOPsf] nfvf}+ dflg. .fdfg nfu]sf] 5 . o. hftLo cx+sf/ / . lhNnfdf ?K.sx?n] hfgsf/L lbPsf 5g .+xf/ bf]. pgsf] 6fpsf] / 3fF6Ldf uf]nL nfu]sf] 5 . a]nfotL OlGhlgo/n] /s]6sf] /ˆtf/df rNg] sf/ lgdf{0fdf .fb uf}td / g]kfnsf nflu lrlgofF /fhb"t of]ª xf}nfgn] pSt .sf] ljsf.sx?sf cg' .f/s} ulx/f] cGwuN5L.dfwfgsf pkfosf af/]df .g\ !((% af6 v'nf u/]kl5 . af]u6Ln] g]kfnsf] ko{6sLo If]qsf] ljsf.do gnfUg] af]u6Lsf] egfO 5 . ko{6g ljz]if ko{6gsf] ljsf.'n vfg klg .z:q .s eO{ /fHo.fdflhs . aLaL.4fGt / xftdf .Dd k'Ug] xf] . dguGt] jf duGt] g] t f jf /fhgLltsbn eGg] x ¿sf] k} l ts .fljt x'g] pNn]v u/] .+3sf] . lrlgof“ . oftfoft slxn].fndf &% k}. If]qdf 3'd]/ hfg] ko{6sn] /fd|f] k|rf/ u/]s} sf/0f a.n] b'Oj{ 6f k|Zg /fHolt/ jf egf} .+3Lotf.dfh.f]ef] cflb g]tfx¿sf] cWoog gu/]sf] jf l.+3. g] k fndf lrlgofF .P klg clxn] pSt l6s6 k|rngdf 5}g .Fu /fhgLlt ug{ vf]Hb}5g\ .+sf]r gug]{ atfP .'emfjx¿ u|x0f ug{ g]kfn . tftf]kfgLs'08.dy{g ePsf] eGb} lxF8]sf] eGb} kfls:tfgL tflnafgsf Ps sfo{stfn] :jft pkTosfdf Ps !$ jif{sL :s"n] aflnsfsf] 6fpsf]df uf] n L xfg] s f 5g\ . .S5g\ .'8fg.foLx?n] ko{6g /f]huf/L / cfocfh{gsf] If]qsf] ?kdf ljsf. vfg]kfgL. 3f/ / gf/ofª uflj./df /fhwfgLsf] ko{6g af]8{df cfof]hgf ul/Psf] sfo{qmddf Joj.dfhdf .L=.d:of ePsf] pgsf] egfO 5 .Lsf] j]a. /fhgLlts kf6L{x¿ k}.efaf6 gofF .g\ @))& df !*@& / . cfly{s jif{ @)^&÷^* / @)^*÷^( df ko{6g sfof{no kf]v/fn] .Dklt g] k fnsf] /fHo. sf/df kmd{n " f jfg OlGhg k|of]u ul/Psf] 5 . lunfgLn] pSt sfo{ q mddf r/dkGyLaf6 kLl8tx?nfO{ klg cfdGq0f ul/Psf] lyof] .G @))* df !*%). To:t} sDo'lghdsf] gfddf s=dL cfO n]lggn] lgDTofPsf] .s bLks If]qLn] atfP .do cufl8 g] s kf Pdfn] a f6 s] x L hghflt g]tfx¿ jf cGo kf6L{af6 cfPsf g]tfx¿n] cfˆgf] klxrfg jf :jfledfgsf nflu o:t} gofF kf6L{ vf]n]sf 5g\ . u/La.u/L hftLotfsf vf8ndf g]kfndf / g]kfnLnfO{ sf/s / ljZn]ifs ug]{ Oltxf.fdk|bflos dgf] efjgf u|l. sfo{qmdn] k"0f{tf kfpg .o !) lsnf]ld6/ k|lt 306f 5 .. If]qsf] e|d0f u/]sf 5g\ .sf] nflu ko{6g / pmhf{ eGg] gf/fsf . wgL–u/La jf h'g.. o. .sf] ult ! xhf/ ^ .f]d . k'glxn. .LdLt bnsf . . If]qdf cfpg] ko{6ssf] clen]v /fVg] u/]sf] 5 . lzIff.do s'g'{kg]{ cj:yf 5 . ug{ . clxn] pgL k]zfj/sf] c:ktfndf l. em/gfdf sfG5f e'd] b]jtfsf] jf.dembf/Lkqdf x:tfIf/ u/]sf 5g\ . hfkfg. pTkLl8t / ef]sf dw]zL.L hgtfsf] kL/dsf{ . .\ xfdL To.gx¿ / . To.+/If0f If]q cfof]hgfn] l.Fu s'/f ub}{ cfˆgf sfo{stf{n] dnfnf o'./sf/ .ls:t l5g . cfˆgf] cfTdsyfsf] ljdf] r gsf qmddf lunfgLn] x/]s . If]qdf ko{6ssf] cfudg a9]sf] dgf:n' .kmn eO.+/If0f If]q g]kfn .+3.L /f]o6.fd'bflos qmflGt ls juL{o d'lQm < oL x/km k+lQmsf/n] grfxFbf grfxFb} klg sndn] sf]g{ jfWo aGg'k/]sf] 5 . sDo' l gi6jfbL dfS. ef/taf6 kfs:tfg.+/rgf / Jojxf/ xf] .+Vof sd eP klg o. t/ oyfy{tf g]kfndf klg lelqPsf] kfOG5 .+ 3 L{ o tf jf hflto k| f Gtx¿sf] pS. k|hftflGqs eGg]x¿sf] s'/} x/]sf} dw]zjfbL eGg]x¿ dw]zsf] w/ftn jfx]s c¿ g]kfnsf Onfsfx¿sf] .dembf/Lkqdf x:tfIf/ ePsf] 5 . cUnf] :yfgaf6 x]g{sf nflu Eo"6fj/ / . . jf. An8xf]G8 . l.Dd k'Ug af6f] / .s lt/ t]l.sf] lx.otf ?K.sf nflu cem.Defjgf af]s]sf] eP klg bL3{sfnLg .+3.+/rgfdf /x]sf] /fHo. – Ph]G.+ljwfg hf/L ug{ rfx]gg\ / kmn:j¿k cfh of] . lhDd]jf/ JolQm jf g] t fx¿n] k6s–k6s g] k fnsf] /fli6«ojfbk|lt uDeL/ cf3ft k'Ug]u/L lbPsf cleJolQm jf cfk\mgf] l.}ob cnL lunfgLn] kfls:tfgsf] :jft 3fF6Ldf !$ jifL{of dnfnf o'.f+:s[lts cfbfgk|bfg x'gfsf .fdGtL .Sb}g . rLgsf] ljljw .L 6L=eL af6 lgofln/x]sf] eg} ljn ltg{df Jo:t b]lvG5 .sf nflu cfk" m n] txl/s P tflnjfg kfls:tfgsf] lgGbf ug{ .d"x v8f u/L qmflGtdf b]lvPsf] klg kfO{G5 ..xof]u k'Ug] atfP .fy} Pscsf{sf] .] o'jf Sna u7g u/]/ cl3 a9\g] k|of. of] g} juL{o d'lQmsf] 7"nf] r'gf}tL / . kfls:tfgL tflnafgsf k|jQmfn] a]nfotL .dy{g u5f}{ .lsg] ePsfn] ko{6g If]qsf] .+ljwfg.4fGtsf] k|rf/sf] clwsf/ ePsf] atfP .Dd !% xhf/ **& ljb]zL ko{6sn] o.n] juL{o d'lQm u5{ / gofF u0ftGqsf nflu n8\5 < – dw]z bk{0faf6 cf]afdfnfO{ cfbz{ dfGbf 6fpsf]df uf]nL /s]6 ultdf rNg] sf/ lgdf{0f kfls:tfg . 7"nfnfO{ r}g.xof]u k'¥ofpg] atfP . lj. pSt sfo{qmddf lx+. f/ pgsf] 6fpsf]af6 uf]nL lgsfNg .g\ @)!@ sf] h'nfO{ dlxgf./sf/L txaf6 l5§} kxn ul/g] klg atfP .+/rgfut ck/fwsf] kl/0ffd xf] .d]t dgf] g Lt ePsL lyOg .Qf :jfbdf lnKt x'g kNs]kl5 /fHosf zf.sf] pQ/df g]kfn k| o f] u zfnf ag] s f] 5 ./sf/L tyf ljleGg .Qf aGb} uPsf] 5 .f sdfpg / . fsf] .

.'ljwfsf] nflu kl/ifb\n] b.ft s/f]8 krf.~rfng ug{] sf7df8f}F . rr{.d]t vt/fsf] .'ljwf / eQfk|lt geP/ /fHosf] lje]bk'0f{ Jojxf/sf] lj?4df ePsf] pgLx?n] atfPsf 5g\ . xl:k6n. .f] k|ltjb]gdf cf}krfl/s ?kdf ljBfno lzIff lbPsf lzlIft aflnsfx? clzlIft aflnsfsf] t'ngfdf a9L .fdYo{df .xof]usf] lglDt rGbf lbFb} x'g'x'G5 eg] of] rGbf cgfjZos xf] lsg rbf{ rbf{ rGbf ls tkfO{+ /fhgLlt ug{} x'Gg eg] tkfO{ s f] rGbf /sd g] t fx?sf] ljnfl.sf] sf/0f s'g} g s'g} k|sf/n] xfdL .Ílnt /sd bfdfzfxL u/fpg] rng ljleGg b]zdf /x]sf g]kfnL .x.Íng ug{] u5f}+{ .Qfdf l6Sg g.dfh.ª ef/tsf] . ltgLnfO{ . oBkL .d:ofsf .f]6{df 5nkmn ug]{ u/]sf lyP .af6 s'g} .+lawfg .fy} ljleGg clwsf/jfbL .+oS' t?kdf . clxn].s]sf] 5 . . o'/f]–! / @ dfkb08sf dfq ePsf] .f/]tf klg clGtd cj:yfdf cd]l/sg nljsf sf/0f /fhgLlts bn ljz] i ftM g] k fnL sfFu|].fdflhs .xdlt sfof{Gjog gu/]sfn] k'gM cf7a'bF ] . lzlIft aflnsfn] cfˆgf] kl/jf/ / .]jf ug]{ .fs eQf .ft s/f]8 krf.ft jif{.s]sf] pNn]v ub}{ kl/ifb\ .lsPsf] / cfufdL rf/ dlxgfkl5 a. xfn k'g/fj]bg cbfntdf #@ / lhNnf cbfntdf $@ GofofwLzsf] b/aGbL l/St 5 .f] k|ltj]bgn] eg]sf] 5– …cem} klg ljZjsf sl/a .tfdf vr{ x'g]5 o. .+lawfg . g]kfn :jf:Yo k|fljlws . Kjfn cflbnfO{ hyfefjL gkmfnL vfN8f]df uf8\g] jf hnfpg] u/f}F .ft hgf lzIfsx?n] kf]. clvn g]kfn k|ultzLn :jf:YosdL{ .+ljwfg gjgfpgsf nflu jftfj/0f tof/ ug]{ cj:yf l.}sf] k|fb'ef{j / s8L !@ j'Fb] . b'u{d If]qdf . zf} r fno v] n s' b h:tf sfo{df tkfO{+sf] rGbf /sd vr{ ePsf] 5 ls 5}g ljrf/ k'¥ofpg'.?jf sfo{ljlw tof/ u/L .+3."rL .xsf/L oftfoftsf k|aGws dx]Gb|/fh kf08]n] hfgsf/L lbP . dlGb/.s]kl5 s'v'/f tyf sfFrf] df. ljBfno uPs} sf/0f ut xKtf dfq kfls:tfgsL Ps !$ jifL{of aflnsfnfO{ ljBfnos} a.fj{hlgs a.dodf tyf k"j{ k|= d= emngfy vgfnsf] . -n]vs cWofTd of]u tyf dGq of]u k':tssf n]vs x'g'x'G5 _ GofofwLzsf nflu **# hgf k|lt:kwL{ . …d aflnsf x'gfn]Ú gfdsf] .~rfngsf nflu oftfoft ljefu.Qfsf] v]ndf kf]lN6sn lkmlS. olb . 3fgfsf aflnsfdf ul/Psf] cg'.o k|ltzt .DalGwt :jf:YosdL{sf] pkl:ylt . xl/x/ejg–lqk'/Z] j/–/fgLkf]v/L–sdnkf]v/L– uf}znf–sf]6Z] j/–.d'bfon] b]vL / ef]uL /x]sf 5g\ . $^%)!@* . /fhlglts .fDoafbL zlQmsf] ultljwL jlnof] x'b} hfg' tyf g]kfn / ef/tsf dfcf]jfbL ljr .~rfngdf cfpg nfu]sf] xf] .' l gof] l ht tl/sfn] .} .+ljwfg .+lawfg .lrj.Defljt pDd]bjf/sf] . g]kfn :jf:YosdL{ .]gu] ndf !! k|ltzt /x]sf] klg .fj/sf] Ps ljBfnosL aflnsfnfO{ d'l:nd s§/kGyLx?n] pgL 3/ kmls{bF } u/]sf] a.femf oftfoft :yfkgfsf] $) jif{kl5 k'gM . …k|fKt cfj]bgx?dWo] s]xL cfj]bssf kmf/d Od]n / x'nfsaf6 bf]xf]l/P/ cfPsf lyP eg] s]xL cfj]bsn] Od]naf6} bf]xf]¥ofP/ kmf/d e/]sf lyP .efsf] Dofb gylkof]. ut a'waf/ clGtd lbg.+s6nfO{ lgjf/0f ug{ .+:yfn] tof/ kf/]sf] xf] .Qf / eQfsf] cf8df /fhgLlts ck/fw n'sfpg ljleGg jfxgfsf] vf]hL ul/Psf] dfq xf] .fs eQf .{ kb:yfkg sfo{ljlw tof/ u/L sd{rf/Lsf] kb:yfkg ul/g'kg]{ / . dfcf]jfbL ljrf/wf/fsf] k|efjn] g]kfndf lrgsf] /fhgLlts rf.dfhnfO{ pef] xf]Og pwf]ultlt/ ws]Ng] 5 . . g]kfn lzIfs .s]sf] lyof] .d"xx? ljb]zdf klg .]jf ul/g} /x]sf x'G5f}F .xof]usf] lglDt rGbf dfluG5 eg] tL c. ?jf ul/g'kg{.dfhnfO{ tg.Fu Ohfht lnPsf] atfPsf] 5 . xf] pxfFsf] egfO .+Vof dGqfnon] :jf:Yo If]qdf lqmofzLn 6«8] o'lgog . nfv aflnsf ljBfno aflx/} /x]sf] kfOPsf] 5 .fn] gfd sdfpg rfxg' x'G5 eg] of] rGbf bfg xf]Og 3'.+u7gsf cWoIf ls.f] k|ltj]bgdf b]vfOPsf] 5 .lrjx?n] .Sg] Ifdtf geP kZrft /fhgLlts lgsf.dfhnfO{ g} lzlIft agfpg vf]Hg] Pj+ pgLx?af6 . df. cfly{s.f] k|ltzt dfnLdf !% k|ltzt / . c08fsf] leqL.ef lj36g ug{ rx]gg\ . tL aflnsfn] !! b]lv !% jif{sf] pd]/df g} ljBfno 5f]8s ] f lyP . .Fljwfg jgfpg] cfZjf.Fu kfs]sf] s'v'/fsf] df.Dj4 & lzIfsn] . sf/0f carflxF .fx|f] x'g] cj:yf.d'bfonfO{ of] rGbf .]jf lbg] hgfPsf] 5 . ef/tsf] kf]lnl6sn lkmlS.f/ ljZjdf a.DalGwt dGqL tyf .Psf 5f}F .fj{hlgs .dfh.ft s/f]8 aflnsf :s'n aflx/ sf7df8f}F .dfKt ug{] if8oGqx? cufl8 g} to e}.kmn ePsf 5g . xfdL .+x s]. – Ph]G. . sf7df8f}F .j{>]i7tfsf] u'0f k/f]pksf/df a]l/Psf x'G5f}F .f] ljBfonsf lzIfsnfO{ g} k|dv ' bf]ifL b]vfPsf 5g\ .femfn] k|b"if0f dfkb08 o'/f]*–# sf] cfw'lgs a. Gofo kl/ifb\n] ut c.njfbL_x?sf] k|efj a9b} uof] . g]kfnsf] . hxfF ljleGg JolQmx?sf] gfdaf6 ?d a's u/L ljb]zLx?sf] uf]klgo tl/sfn] kx'r F k'Ug] jftfj/0f ldnfOPsf] lyof] .n] ef]lnsf lbgx?df g]kfnL– g]kfnLaLr k'm6 / lav08g u/fpg] 5.DjGwsf sf/0fn] u0ftflGqs g]kfn / ef/tsf] cfGtl/s .'ljwfjf6 jlGrt u/L cgfj:os ljjfbdf d'5g\ vf]hs ] fn] kf]. pkTosfsf] k|b"if0fnfO{ sd u/L ofq'nfO{ :t/Lo .\ .a}eGbf d'Vo / cfjZos kg]{ cfly{s l:ylt xfdLn] rGbf .}n] . ckfË of sfg'gL emd]nfdf km. cyjf pgLx? ljBfnodf .dfhnfO{ klg arfcf}+ .lawfg aGg' ef/tsf] nflu klg jfws b]lvPsf]n] . To. wfld{s / /fhgLlts k]:l/aGbdf klg plQs} sl.+:yfx?n] klg s8f ?kdf lj/f]w u/]sf 5g\ . ljBfno. cfk"m klg arf}+ .fs eQf lbPsf] t/ . 5f] / f. utxKtf kfls:tfgL .Íng u/]/ .xof]u ug{] dfgj wd{ klg xf] . u/]sf 5g\ .df uf]nL xfg]sf] . ctM cfhsf] cj:yfdf .f] xf] eg]/ hfGbfhfGb} rGbf lbg' wfld{s cju'0f cyf{t kfk xf] . hxfF nIolagfsf sfo{x? ug{] eGb} rGbf . lj>fdfno./sf/nfO{ jf]N8 u/] kl5 . ha ef/tsf] rfxgf ljkl/t dfcf]jfbL Pdfn] u7aGwgjf6 emngfy vgfnsf] .\ pgLx? ljleGg zLif{sdf rGbf . wf]qmf / ef8f yfk]/ a. csf]{ d'Vo Wofg lbg'kg]{ s'/f s] klg /xG5 eg] tkfO{a+ f6 rGbf p7fpg] kfq plrt / lg:jfy{ .{ u'0f:t/Lo :jf:Yo .lsG5 .xfo JolSt s:tf] kl/l:yltdf 5g\.df uf]nL xfg]sf lyP .'lglZrt u/fpg'kg].Ëaf6 /fhgLlts ultljlw a9\g] ljZn]if0f ul/Psf] 5 .' sf6\g] sfd .xof]usf] nflu kq sf6\5g\ gfO eGg ePg. ofjt\ kl/aGbsf sf/0f xfdLn] rfxF b frfxF b } klg k| T oIf . dg / wgn] . a"9fgLns07.+lawfg .]/ .fj{hlgs ul/Psf] 5 .' sf6]kl5 lg:sg] kmf]xf]/.dfhlagf hLjgofkg ug{ c.ftbf]af6f] x'bF } nugv]n.d]t kmf/d e/]sf / tLdWo] s]xLn] jsfnt u/]sf] / . nfv aflnsf sIff sf]7faf6} x/fpg] ub{5g\ .Qf kl/jt{gsf] .ef lj36g u/L /fhgLlts 5Ssf xfGg .fdflhs .' s'g} klg cj:yfdf vfg] gu/f}F . kf].Gbe{ n fO{ lnP/ Ps cfk.x/ k].+ljwfg . pSt 36gfsf] kfls:tfg . o. eGg] lrGtf.xof]usf] cfjZostf /x]sf] xf] ls xf]Og.Ë7g. sf/0fn] ubf{ ljZjdf cem} klg sl/a .dIf k].Qf x:tfGt/0f ubf{ ef/t cfkmgf] kIfkf]if0f ug]{ k|=d=8f= jfj'/fd e66/fO{nfO{ cuf8L .dfg b/jGbL / .L vr{ u/]sf] .f]h !( ut]b]lv Gofo If]qdf lglZrt of]Uotf k'us ] f cg'ej k|fKt JolStx?nfO{ tf]lsPsf] 9fFrfdf cfj]bg kmf/d a'emfpg .efjf6 .fa'g kfgLn] /fd|f].}sf] cfly{s cfocfh{ g a9fpg / nIf/lxt zLif{sdf tkfO{+ rGbf lbFb} x'g'x'G5 eg].?jf ubf{ .Dd]ng u/L .'nL. u'Daf. k'5\g] -lg.+ljwfg gjgfP klg b]zsf] ljBdfg .dfh . rf/ /fhgLlts bnsf g]tfx?n] lgof]lht ?kdf g} o.Dd /fd|f]. l/St b/aGbLdf s/f/df lgo'St ubf{ lg:kIftf / kf/bzL{tf sfod ul/g'kg{]." r L . vl/bsf nflu .'/lIft /x]sf / pgLx? t'ngfTds ?kdf dlxnf lx+.dfhdf s]–s] kl/jt{g ul/Fb5 } ufpF .+lawfg .d"x eP/ rGbf p7fpg] k|yf x'Fbf lbg]sf] . $^%)$(!. o.dodf klg . .Dd k/f]ksf/L / dfgjLo . . sf/0f rGbf lng] / lbg] b'j}n] .fdf sd k/]sf klg atfOPsf] 5 .sf sf/0f ljZjdf g} o'jf zlSt v]/ uO/x]sf] klg . ltgL /f]uL.+3.Dd lhNnf cbfntsf GofofwLzsf nflu !&* hgf / k' g /fj] b g cbfntsf d' V o GofofwLz. pkl:yt u/fP/ cltly agfpF5g\ / kfPsdf k|rf/ u5{g\ . eGg] ef/tsf] /0fgLlt cg'?k g} g]tfx?n] lnvtn] k'Ub}g skfnL td. .Gwfgdf ToxfFsf sDtLdf klg &% k|ltzt aflnsfn] ljBfon aLr}df 5f]8g\ k' g]{ afWotfsf nflu .f/]s]f lyof] / z]/ jxfb'/ b]pjf / k|r08nfO{ jfO{8 ug]{ /0fgLltdf dfcf]jfbL dw]zafbL u7jGwg ag]sf] xf] .xof] u df !@ a' F b ] .dodf klg kl/ifb\ v'nf /fVg'sf .'/Iffdf . tyf df.j{>i] 7 k|f0fL dfgj hflt xf}F. .femf oftfoftn] sf7df8f}d F f o'/f]kn ] L dfkb08sf] a.Dd kfFr lsnf]ld6/ b"/Lsf] Pp6f ?6 5 eg] . jftfj/0fLo k|b"if0fnfO{ dWogh/ ub}{ . /fHon] :yfoL lzIfsnfO{ jflifs{ & xhf/ % . ctM cfhsf] cj:yfdf hgtfsf] gh/df .f] k|ltj]bgdf atfOPsf] 5 . s.femfn] o'/f]–# dfkb08sf] a.fyLx?n] lbPsf] 7fpFdf lbg} k¥of] km]l/ af]/f.Snf eGg] l:ylt 5}g lsgeg] Ps . h.5 ˆ /fatOfc t]u (! sQlfs nf.a} k|lqmof .'s} d'2fdf .Dd g]kfnsf .Dd .nfO{ lnyflnË / .lrjb]lv .Sg] x'bF f rf}sf xfGg] cj.Fu k6s–k6s u/]sf] ./sf/L .df cfIf]k nufpg] / cfkm' plDsg] bfp dfq /r]sf x'g ./sf/sf . t/ cfk"mn] lbPsf] rGbf s'g / s:tf] sfo{nfO{ k| o f] u ul/F b } 5 of] a' ‰ g' klg rGbfbftfsf] wd{ / clwsf/ /xG5 cyf{t tkfO{+n] lsg / s]sf] lgDtL rGbf lbFb} x'gx' G' 5 < dfgjLo . :jf:Yo tyf hg.]sf 5g\ lgSof]{n u/]/ dfq rGbf lbg'xf]nf .f] k|ltj]bgdf ljZjsf sltko b]zx?df aflnsfx?n] k9\g rfxFbf–rfxFb} klg pgLx?n] ljBfno aflx/} a:g'kg]{ cj:yf /x]sf] b]vfOPsf] 5 ./sf/nfO{ g} lkmtf{ sf7df8f}F .Dd x'nfs / Od]ndfkm{t\ cfPsf cfj]bg kmf/d btf{ ug{] sfd afFsL /x]sfn] lglZrt .]l{ g o:tf aflnsfx?sf] . leqL efu. dl:ht lgdf{0f./sf/nfO{ g} lkmtf{ k7fPsf 5g\ .~rfng ug{] ePsf] 5 .+ljwfg ljlxg cj:yfdf s] x'G5 eGg] cfFsng klg gul/ eljiodf s] ug]{ eGg] d'2fx?sf] ljifodf klg 5nkmn gu/L Tjd z/0fd\sf] ca:yfdf ef/tsf] gofF g]kfn gLlt cg'z/0f ug]{ dfu{ k|. cem dft[el" daf6 6f9f /x]sf ljb]zdf sfo{/t .+u7g . of] sfo{ lgs} xb.d:ofnfO{ lgofNb} .\ .Fu xft w'g] u/f}F . g]kfnsf g]tfx? .xof]u.fFrf] ljb]zLsf] xftdf /x]sf] v'nf.'s rflxG5 eGg] tyf .]jf k|bfg ug{ tflnd .]jfdf k|jz ] u/]sf] .ˆ6j]o/ lgdf{0f u/L sd{rf/Lsf] clen]v /flvg'kg{] dfu cl3 .efx? u/]/ cfkmgf] d'2fdf cl8s /xg g. tkfO{+n] lbPsf] /sd wfld{s rGbf xf] eg] Tof] /sd s' g k| f of] h gf ljlgod ul/F b } 5 j[4f>d.] ut h]7 !& ut]kl5 ePsf .ef lj36g ug{] cj:yf cfPsf] lyof] .femfn] oL b'j} ?6df b'Ot{ kmL{ . t/ /fhgLlts b"/ufdL .]jL x'g ls xf]Ogg\ pgLx?sf] laut s]nfpg'.L u/]sf x'g\ .' dfq vfg] u/f}F .femfsf] bfaL 5 .\ .xdlt sfof{Gjogsf nflu 1fkgkq a'emfPsf] 5 .dy{ 5f}F . kl/j]zdf xfdLn] . k"j{ k|= d= dfwj g]kfnsf] .sf] cj. o.dfj]z ul/Psf] 5 .Dd sfd u/]sf .+oS' t /fHo cd]l/sfsf] Go'of]sd{ f . – – – – – – – – kG5Lx?sf] aw ug]{ tyf df.xof]u .+Vof a9\bf] dfqdf /x]sf] 5 .gdf Dofb yKb} cfkmgf] cfo' cfkm}+ yKb} .n] .efnfO{ ck|Tofl:ft ?kdf lj36g u/]sf lyP .'ljwf lbg] p2]Zon] .f] / .ftbf]af6f]–nugv]n–hfjnfv]n–lqk'/Z] j/–6]s–' sflndf6L x'bF } nugv]n.]jf x'g] 5}g . . u/]sf] lyof] . – xfn M s'a}t g]kfnsf] /fhgLlts v]ndf ef/tsf] kf]lnl6sn lkmlS.Sg] !) a'bF ] dfu cl3 . cfk"mx?sf] of] cleofg s'g} .xdlt sfof{Gjogsf nflu 1fkgkq sf7df8fF} .lqmo x'g nflu/x]sf 5g . vfg]kfgL. pSt a. ljZjsf .j{Zj hfFbf klg dfUg]sf] emf]nL el/Fb}g eg]em}F sltnfO{ lbP/ kf/ nfU5 .'sf] n.f]xL adf]lhd sd{rf/Lsf] .Sg] . .Fu kvfNg]. tfKn]h'ª . .Ú o.fy} pgLx?dfly x'g] u/]sf dfgjclwsf/ xggnufotsf ljifo .dfhdf o:tf] pkgfd / pvfgsf] pbfx/0f .Defjgf gePsf sf/0f g} /fhgLlts . vl/bsf nflu .fy} 5f]/L ePs} sf/0f ef]Ug'kl//x]sf] .Fljwfg .]jf ljefu :s'n k9\g Pleog OGk\mn'oGhf lgoGq0f cfof]hgf k7fcf} + . xfn pgsf] cj:yf uDeL/ /x]sf] 5 . vfg] b]zsf 7"nf ./ kf/]/ cfh .}sf] dgf]/Ghg k"/f ug{ s.dfh . xfn k|=d= 8f= jfa' / fdn] .+3 g]kfnsf cWoIfn] .Demf}tfnfO{ lng .osf b/n] kf].}u/L. . aw ul/.lsPkl5 .]jf . o.Ë ef/tdf x'g] ub{5 .dfh.lxt jx'blno k|hftGq eGg] ef/tsf] k'/fg} g]kfn gLlt ckgfpg dgzfo agfPsf] n ] ljleGg /fhgLlts rnv]nx? rNb} cfPsf] 5 .]jL eGg'xG' 5 d}n] Pp6} sfo{sf] lglDt tLg–tLg k6s rGbf lbPsf] 5'.f]r /fvf}F ls plrt sfo{sf] nflu dfq rGbf lbg / lng k5{ eGg] gq eg] 3'.dod} r]tgf /fvf}F .+s]t b]vf kg{ yfNof] .femf .}4flGts j}rfl/s .xdtLsf] gfddf ljleGg xf]6n tyf l/."rgf hf/L u/]sfn] ut a'waf/.Ú k'g/fj]bg cbfntsf] GofofwLzsf nflu k'/fgf pk. .n] Dofb yKg jfWo x'g k/]sf] lyof] .jfndf . u/]sf x'g\ .efsf] lj36gsf] .+ l awfg .lxtsf GofofwLzsf nflu &)% hgfn] cfj]bg kmf/d a'emfPsf x'g .f] 1fkgkq hf/L u/L .f] k|ltj]bg Knfg OG6/g].j] f cjlw k'¥ofPsf] hfgsf/L lbFb} pgn] ca l56} kl/ifb\ a}7s a.Fu .ef .+3.efjf6 .do hf]8/] !) jif{.+qmd0f_ u/f}F .+lawfg . afn cf>d.dfhdf 7"nf] x'gsf] lglDt k}.f]/ /fO{n] atfP ./x a8{km\ n' /f]usf] /f]syfd / lgoGq0fdf xfdL .dfg of]Uotfsf c:yfoL tyf /fxt lzIfsx?nfO{ eg] .d]t JoSt ug{'eof] .F kmf]gM $^%)!@*&. olb tkfO{+ /fhgLlts .'sf] pkef]u ug]{ k|j[lQ kl/jt{g u/f}+ .femfn] b'O{ ?6df a.efsf] lgjf{rg kZrft g]kfndf dfcf]jfbLsf] k|dv ' zlQmsf] ?kdf pbo ePkl5 ef/tdf klg ef/tLo dfcf]afbL gS.efleq ljb]zLx?sf] pkl:ytL x'g . + uF dfgjLo .f/]sf 5g\ .To xf] ef]lnsf lbgx?df a]dtnasf] rGbf p7fpg] cftÍn] lav08g kSsf klg lgDTofpg g.xdlt sfof{Gjog ul/g'kg]{ dfu klg k].xof]usf] nflu tkfO{+ rGbf lbFb} x'g'x'G5 eg] tkfO{+n] lbPsf] rGbfn] tkfO{+sf] .Íng sfo{ lgs} 7"nf] k/f]ksf/L dfWod xf] .+ljwfg .+lawfgsf] gfddf ckf/ wg/f. s'v'/f. la/fdL jf d/]sf s'v'/fsf] df.'?sf lbgdf uP klg aLr}df ljBfno 5f]8/] efUg] ub{5g\ .efsf] Dofb gyKgsf nflu hgtfsf cledt lng] jfxfgfdf lhNnf .Íng ub}{ lxF8\g] lkm/Gt] kf] x'g ls < o. 6f]uf]df sl/a !^ k|ltzt aflnsf sIff sf]7fs} . < xfdL of] a|df08sf .L’ cyjf wfld{s . o. cfhsf] g]kfnsf] /fhgLlts cj:Yff h'g kl/l:ytLdf 5 .Fljwfg gjgfpg] /0fgLltdf nfu]sf x'gfn] $ bnx? h:tf] . o:tf s[ofsnfkn] u0ftGq g]kfn x'g' 7'nf] ulNt :jLsf/ u/L /fhtGq . ljZjs} cj:yf x]bf{ sl/a rf/ s/f]8 aflnsfn] k|ltjif{ ljBfnoaLr}df 5f]8g\ ] u/]sf 5g\ .a}n] .dodf ljleGg jfxgfdf ef/t e|d0f ug]{ / ToxfFsf g]tfx?nfO{ e]6g] ub{5g . of] rGbf k|yf ljs[lt eof].k.sf] .femfn] xfn} ef/tLo df]6/ pTkfbs sDkgL 6f6f df]6/sf] g]kfnl:yt cflwsfl/s laqm]tf l.df/f]xdf lxF8\g klg ufx|f] eO. To.xdtL ug]{ t/ kfngf gug]{.xof]u. o. .f u/sf x'g\ .fj{hlgs ul/Psf] Ps k|ltj]bgcg'.fy} x'nfs / Od]ndfkm{t\ cfPsf cfj]bg klg btf{ ug{] u/]sf] lyof] ./sf/ s[lif tyf . a8{km\ n h:tf kG5LhGo /f]ux?sf] lgoGq0fdf .3+ sf] klxnf] cGt/f{li6«o aflnsf lbj. sf7df8f}.fdflhs.+Vof olsg x'g g. .'Gg gk/f].Dd pdfn]/ of ksfP/ vfg] u/f}F . kf]zfs eQf jfktsf] %@ xhf/ % ?k}ofF lhNnf lzIff sfof{no tfKn]hË' sf] vftfdf hDdf u/L /fHonfO{ g} lkmtf{ k7fPsf] .sf] nflu .]jfsf] klxnf] v'8l\ snf] xf] .a}sf] k|lta4tf 5f]/LnfO{ klg g]kfn .d'bfonfO{ g} s]xL of]ubfg ldNg] u/]sf] klg . k|=d= emngfy vgfn g]t[Tj .xof]u j9b} uPsf] / ef/tdf . o'/f] dfkb08sf !^ j6f a. .xefuL agL./ k|fKt x'bF fx'bF } klg .]sf 7fpFdf cfpF5g\ ToxfF klg lbg} k¥of] o.dfhdf kf6Lkf}jf.xof]u ch'{g a:g]t ‘pbf.:t ug{ ./L ljBfon 5f]8g\ ] cj:yf clxn] klg Ps k|dv ' r'gf}tLsf ?kdf /x]sf]n] o.k|bL 6«]l8ª sDkgL lnld6]8. b]zdf lautsf bzsb]lvg} rGbf cftÍ x'bF } / ub}{ cfPsf s]xL . h. olb tkfO{. (^)@ rGbf bfg xf] ls 3'.~rfng ul/g'kg]{ / ljutdf ul/Psf .Ë7g / /fli6«o :jf:YosdL{ . s'v'/f sf6]kl5 e'OF /fd|f]. / ef/tsf] :jfy{sf sf/0f ef/tsf] gof g] k fn gLltsf] /fhgLlts lkmlS. x'g5 ] . lhNnf cbfnt / k'g/fj]bg cbfntdf l/St GofofwLzsf nflu **# hgf k|lt:kwf{df pq]sf 5g . lsgls k|b]zsf] sdfOsf] s]xL c+z bfgsf] ?kdf rGbf lbP/ Psn] csf{sf] . dËn o1 cflb sfo{x?df nufOPsf] 5 ls 5}g ljrf/ ug{'. k6s–k6s aGb x'bF } cfPsf] .fj{hlgs ul/Psf] . cfj]bsx?sf] .xsf/L dGqfno kz' .Ddsf] !^=$ lsnf]ld6/sf] nfdf] b"/Lsf] csf]{ ?6 /x]sf] 5 . lbg] / 3'.L .q' eP em} rGbf lbg] / lng]sf] klg .af6 afnaflnsfx?nfO{ 6f9} /fvf}F .f9] . kG5Lx?sf] aw 3/aflx/ kfgLsf] .]jfaf6 r'ls/x]sf x'G5f}F t/ klg xfdL .+3./sf/ lgdf{0f eP kl5 g]kfnsf] /fhgLlt ef/tsf] lgoGq0f eGbf jflx/ hfg yfn]sf]] dxz'.Demf}tf u/]sf] 5 .dfrf/ kl5 cfh of] k|ltj]bg .fs eQf .xdtL nfO{ 6]s]/ .~rfngsf] tof/L u/]sf] xf] .}F ljbfsf . pSt k|ltj]bgdf ljZjsf afnaflnsfx?sf] cj:yfsf .b/d'sfddf kqsf/ . cb"/bzL{ g]tfx?n] .fj{ h lgs ul/g] atfP .fj{hlgs ul/g'kg]. olb PsnfO{ lbP/ csf]{nfO{ glbg] xf] eg] lav08gsf] sbd ToxLFaf6 lrl/G5 / rGbf bfg lbg] k|yfn] las[ltsf] ?k lnG5 .fyLaf6 ue{jtL x'g] ugf{n] ljBfon 5f]8g\ k' /]sf] pSt k|ltj]bgsf] tof/Lsf nflu lnOPsf] cGtjf{tf{sf qmddf atfPsf lyP .f] k|ltj]bgdf v'nfOPsf] 5 ./sf/n] pknJw u/fPsf] /sd lkmtf{ u/]sf] atfPsf 5g\ .k.dfhdf ljleGg ./sf/nfO{ g} lkmtf{ k7fPsf] pgLx?n] atfPsf 5g\ . .?jf tyf kb ldnfgsf] . d'4f kl/at{g ug]{ h:tf uljljlwx? ub{} cfO{ /x]sf 5g\ .Gbe{df s'a]tdf sfo{/t Ps .~rfngdf cfpg] .h{gf ug{ ef/t tyf g] k fnsf g] t fx?n] ljleGg /0fgLlts xys08f / jxfgfjfhL ljhog/l.Qfdf k'Ug ef/t k/:t x'g] g]tfx?sf sf/0faf6 8f= jfj' / fd e6/fO{ n ] g] k fnsf] /fhgLltsf] lgsf.Ësf] sf/0f g} k|dv ' bnx?sf] dxTjk"0f{ j}7sdf ef/tLo /fhb"tsf] pkl:ytL xg' / .gn gfds ./fhgLlts bnx?n] .+oS' t /fi6«.Fusf] n.lrj hLjgxl/ clwsf/Ln] eg].|f]teGbf 6f9f ug]{ u/f}F .f]r gePsf] / cfkmgf] .

'gof]lrt v]n dfq xf] h'g v]ndf .flos .dodf rrf{df /x]sf s]xL . dw]zL hgtfnfO{ lgs} g} 7"nf–7"nf .a} hft–hflt cflb ju{sf] .xdlt ePsf / .kmn eP .s]sf] 5 cf/] / rf"8} g} PsLs/0F x'g] bfaL.dfhdf df}nfPsf] x'G5 Tof] If]q cj. pRr cfly{s . sfpnL.sf] d"n kfq .L x'g] u/]sf] 5 .af/] kmf]/d nf]stflGqssf cWoIf ljho s'df/ u5bf/sf] s'g} egfO{ cfPsf] 5}g . If]qsf hgtfn] pgsf] Ifdtf / r]tgfcg'.|ft] / .L u/]/ cfoch{g ug{.+.f/ g]kfnn] k|of]uzfnfnfO{ tof/ ul//x]df of] dfGotf sfod /xg] 5 . xfl. obj eG5g\ kmf]/d g]kfnnfO{ s'g} hfgsf/L 5}g . .flos ljsf. cfOP.+3Lotf. k|of]u ug{. vfB k|of]uzfnfn] dfGotf kfpg] clGtd r/0fdf /x]sf] 5 .a}eGbf .fwg pkof]u u/L pTkfbgd"ns k|ljlwsf] ljsf. .Dd klg o.flos agL cfly{s?kaf6 . If]qsf ls.f/el/ lgof{t ug{ .sf] s'g} ts{ kfOG5 g t s'g} hjfkm g} .f. xfdLn] cfw'lgstfsf] gfddf h'g k|ljlwx?sf] pkof]u ug{ vf] l h/x] s f 5f} F tL j:t' x ?sf] pkof]lutf. pTkfbg.. g]kfndf eg] cGo s'g} klg k|of]uzfnfn] cGt/f{li6«o dfGotf kfPsf 5}gg\ . cfOP.dfj]zL kx'r F sf] clwsf/. .sf cltl/St %@ j6f JolStut / $@ j6f P. f/ gofF – gofF k| l jlw / 6]Sgf]nf]hLsf] cflj:sf/.f/ g]kfnaf6 jflif{s¿kdf sl/a Ps s/f]8sf] aLp lgsf.l6Psf] dfkb08cg'.dfh ljsf. x'g .Gtfg x'g'x'GYof] pxf"x?n] .L x'g] u/]sf] 5 . t/ pgLx¿sf] klg pxL kf/f 5 h'g dw]zL g]tf cfP klg klxnf uf]hL g} eg]{ . cfOP. /fof]. . g]kfnsf] s[lif ljsf.dfhn] cfˆgf s'n / j+zsf] OHht kmfn]sf] l6Kk0fL ug{ ub{Yof]{ . otf lgjf{rgsf] .af6 xhf/f}+ .+u7g -8An'l6cf]_ df k|jz ] u/]kl5 oxfFaf6 lgof{t x'g] j:t'sf] k/LIf0fdfly p7\g] k|Zg k|d'v aGb} cfPsf] 5 . dw]z cfGbf]ng.'v.Qf xf]Og k|e' .d]t ul/. kmfObf / To.lsg] Ifdtf / ./sf/L :t/sf] cGt/f{li6«o dfGotf kfpg] of] klxnf] k|of]uzfnf xf].'¿jft u/]sf 5g\ .f]rsf .Qf dfUg]x¿ clg ckm\g} zf.. hgtf dw]z s]lGb|t /fhgLlts zAbaf6} ql.flos k|ljlwx? lelqg] qmd lbgk|ltlbg a9]/ uPsf] 5 . ljsf. .do PsLs/0Fsf] k|of.xdlt ePsf] lyof] . t/ ofbjsf] l7s pN6f] hjfkm 5 .Sof] Toxf"sf hgtfsf] cfly{s– . t/ kmf]/d g]kfnsf cWoIf pk]Gb| ofbjsf] kl5Nnf] aofgnfO{ dWogh/ ug]{ xf] eg] PsLs/0f s'g} klg xfntdf . kl5Nnf] .8 :ofDkn .fdfGo tj/n] Pp6f k|Zg plAhG5 – To. g]kfnL k|of]uzfnfn] cGt/f{li6«o dfGotf gkfpFbf lgof{tstf{n] ljleGg lgsf. To:tf If]qx?df pko'St x'g] pRr k|ljlwx? leœofpg'.L eO/x]sf] 5 . /fHo k'gM .d[l4.flos ljsf. t/ of] PsLs/0fsf] ss. cfOP.Dd /xg] xf] eGg] eGg . If] q df lelqPsf] Rofpsf] aLpm pTkfbg ug{] sfo{ Rofp v]tL ug]{ k|ljlw.fgf 7"nf u/L .fdflhs / cfly{s ljsf. a+ufnfb]z.w} eg]sf 5g\ sL . gful/s .dfhsf] cfh s'g 3/sf] r'nf]df s'v'/fsf :jflbi6 kl/sf/ aGb} g g\ xf] n f / < of] Joj.xh pkef] u ug{ tL j:t' x ? k|flKtsf] nflu dflg.'? ug{ ePsf dsfn' kf]N6«L kmfd{df .xL tl/sfn] k| o f] u gubf{ To. .Fu g t o. dGqfnosf] aLplahg u'0f:t/ s]Gb|cGtu{tsf] s]lGb|o aLp k/LIf0f k|of]zfnfn] xfn} cGt/f{li6«o dfGotf kfPsfn] ca g]kfnL k|of]uzfn] u'0f:t/ k|dfl0ft u/]sf vfBfGg / t/sf/Lsf] aLp .s]sf 5}gg\ . x'g .flos k|ljlwdf .+ : yfut?kaf6 leœofOPsf] k|ljlw k|of]u u/L o.}n] .efsf] lgjf{rg cuf8L dw]zL hgtfn] gof" g]kfnsf] . clzlIft. dfgj clwsf/sf] /Iff.Dd ljleGg &( d'ns ' sf @ . g]kfnsf k|of]uzfnfx¿n] cGt/f{li6«o dfGotf gkfpFbf s]xL d'ns ' df lgof{t x'g] j:t'sf] ahf/ u'dfpg' k/]sf] 5 .l6Psf] cflwsfl/s j]j.f/ aLp k|of]uzfnf g} g]kfnsf] cGt/f{li6«o dfGotf kfpg] klxnf] k|of]uzfnf xf] .lsG5 < cjZo klg xf]Og . o. To.|f]t / . Joj.. o'jf k':tfaf6 klg cfpFb} cfPgg\ jf cfO/x]s} 5}g eGg] klg xf]Og .s]sf] . ul/aL lgjf/0f h:tf M z'.Qfdf]x clg . hgcfGbf]ng. Joj.f] t dw]zL bnx¿aLrsf] PsLs/0f dw]zL hgtfsf nflu v'.Dd dw]zL hgtfnfO{ dw]zL bnx¿n] s'g} 7f].dfhsf dflg.Fu s'g} tj/n] klg PsLs/0f ug{ .+usf] PsLs/0F k|lqmofsf nflu z'Snfsf] g]tT[ jdf kf"r . .f] t a]nf–a]nfdf 6'6–km'6sf sf/0f rrf{df cfpg] t/fO{–dw]z s]lGb|t /fhgLlts bnx¿sf] kl5Nnf] .sf/fTds / gsf/fTds k|efj.dfh Joj.'/Iffsf] k|Tofe"tL.Sb}g .Sg].~rfng ul/Psf 5g\ .flos . e'6fg / s]xL vf8L d'n'sdf d'nf. jt{dfg ./ k|fKt ePsf] 5 . ug{ .s]gg\ . /fhgLltsf] cf8df JolStut :jfy{k"lt{ ug{sf nflu cl:y/tf l.'?jft u/L .xdlt lagf . of] k|of]uzfnfn] cGg afnL / t/sf/L afnLsf] aLp k/LIf0f ub}{ cfPsf] 5 .l6{lkms]6Ú / …An' OG6/g]. e'6fg / a+ufnfb]zdf d'nf. aLp k/LIf0f k|of]ozfnfn] dfGotf kfPsfn] aLpsf ljifodf eg] ca k|Zg p7fpg] 7fpF gePsf] bfxfnn] atfP . /fhgLlts .f] t gofF .Dd Joj.lsg] ePsf] 5.fy} b'36{ gfu|:t x'g klg 5}gg\ eGg] klg s'g} 7f]. l9n} eP klg xfd|f] .+Vofdf o:tf kmfd{x? . zflGt.xdlt x'g afFsL ljifox¿ . oxL dfGotf /fvL . If]qdf z'?jft ug{n] lgs} .d:of x'Fbg} . vfB k|ljlw tyf u'0f lgoGq0f ljefucGtu{tsf] s]lGb|o vfB k|of]uzfnf / u'0f:t/ tyf gfktf}n ljefusf] k|of]uzfnfn] cGt/f{li6«o dfGotf lng] k|of.dfhdf gof" sfdsf] yfngL ug{ lgs} r'gf}tLsf] ljifo xf] .]Da/df g]kfnsf] k|of]uzfnfsf] clGtd k/LIff lnPsf] lyof].fwgx?sf] r/d ljgfz / b'?kof]u u/L cfˆgf] lglxt :jfy{ k"/f ug]{ k|>o h'g .b:oLo jftf{ 6f]nL .Defjgfx? xfdLn] b]lv/x]sf 5f}+ .f] xf] eg] Psftkm{ PsLs/0fsf] xNnf lkmhfpg] clg csf]{ tkm{ cf–cfkm\gf kf6L{x¿sf sfo{ .fdf Jo:t dw]zL k|dv ' g]tfx¿s} g]tT[ jdf dw]zL klg clwsf/ . k/Dk/fjfbL .sLo :j¿k yftL /fv]/ .} s f] cf8df k| f s[ l ts .'Gg klg rfxGg .Dk"0f{ g]kfnL bfh'efO tyf lbbLalxgLx¿df .L x'g] u/]sf] 5 . slxn].l6Pn] dfGotf lbPkl5 lgof{tstf{n] of] k|of]uzfnfaf6 u'0f:t/ k|dfl0ft u/fO{ aLp lgsf.fwgx?sf] pkof] u u/L pTkfbgsf . xfd|f] b]z / . l.Ifd aG5 ta dfq pm .j]G{ b|gfy z'Snfn] xfn.s]df dfq cfly{s.Lsf] s'/f xf] t/ . :yfgLo hgzlSt.fy sfd ug{ / sfd ug]{ jftfj/0f l.dfhsf] hLjg:t/ dfly p7fpg .f]af.+s6 lbZfflt/ ws]lng] 5 / . g]kfn ljZj Jokf/ .fdflhs Gofo.l6Psf] dfGotf kl5 lgof{tsf nflu cfjZos kg]{ …cf]/]Gh OG6/g]. To.~rfng ul/Psf] au/v]tL sfo{qmd xf] .kmntfsf] sf/0fn] cfh pxf"x? .Ú s[lif dGqfnosf k|jStf xl/ bfxfnn] eg].Sof}+ / To.x?df k|ljlwx?sf] .+ljwfg lgd{f0fsf] k|dv ' .S5 .fxhgs ePsf] egL lbgx' bfjL ub]{ cfPsf 5g\ . xhf/f}n F fO{ /f]huf/Lsf] cj. t.s]sf] 5 .nfO{ dfGotf lbPsf] xf] . of] xNnfafhL Pp6f if8\oGq dfq xf] .|ft] . ub}{ cfPsf :yfgLo If]qdf pTkfbgd" n s sfo{ d f k| z :t .lsG5 . d'ntM sfg'gL /fHosf] cjwf/0ff./ x'"bfx"'b} klg ljkGgtfsf] sxfnLnfUbf] e'd/Ldf km.+:yfut?kaf6 pTkfbg u/L ljt/0f ePsf] Rofpsf] aLpmaf6 v]tL u/L pTkfbg ul/Psf] Rofpsf] laqmLaf6 cf=j= @)^*÷)^( df bfª lhNnfdf dfq &@ nfv a/fa/sf] cfly{s sf/f]jf/ ePsf] 5 ."u PsLs/0Fsf] k|of.sf] dxTj.af/] rf}tkmL{ rrf{n] cjZo klg .L sfd ug{ . …oxfF dfq xf]Og blIf0f Pl.flos s'v/' fkfngsf] yfngL ubf{ . lhNnfdf . x'g]df s'g} sl7gfO{ x'g .lhn} lgsf.o ! k|of]uzfnfnfO{ dfGotf lbPsf] 5 . dw]zL bns} u[x dGqfno t 5g\ t/ pQm dGqfnodf dGqLsf] eg] s]xL rNb}g .y{ o.h{gf x'g] xf] eg] xhf/f+} k|ljlw leœofpg . aLkL clwsf/L k|ljlwx?sf] ljsf.foaf6 ha dflg.Dd cfOk'Ubf. :yfgLo .¿jf klqmof x]bf{ x'G5 .~rfnsx? hf] a|fXd0fsf . .+.af6 lglDtg] ljklQsf af/]df .dfh. …ca xfd|f] k|of]uzfnfn] u'0f:t/ k|dfl0ft u/]sf aLp . …o.fdflhs lgGbf ef]Ug'k/]sf] lyof] . .| f ] t .Sof] . Joj.+/rgf / zf. If]qdf . h'g d'ns ' df cfˆgf :yfgLo ./ cfocfh{g ug]{ dxTjk"0f{ cfwf/ to ePsf] 5 .+3Lo /fHo lgdf{0f ug]{ . cj:yfdf g]kfnL hgtf / /fi6« b'as } f] lxtdf .Lsf qmddf cj/f]w em]Nb} cfPsf lyP .|f]t aGg k'Ug'ePsf] 5 / lxhf] ToxL k]zfnfO{ 3[0ff ug{ JolSt / ltgsf kl/jf/ cfh o. k|of]uzfnf k/LIf0fdfly k|Zg p7fpFb} gj]n { ] g]kfnL dx lsGg c:jLsf/ u/]kl5 u'd]sf] dxsf] o'/f]k]nL ahf/ cem} :yflkt x'g . lqkf7Ln] y'k}| dw]zL bn.xdlt ePsf] lyof] . ]| 8]df]qm]6L k[i7e"ldsf dxGy 7fs'/aLr s'g} klg cj:yfdf PsLs/0f x'g' . o:tf] k/LIf0fnfO{ klg ljleGg d'n'sn] z+sf ub}{ lgsf.l6Pn] ut l8.sf] vf]hL x'g' kb{5 / olx cj:yfdf kmf]/d g]kfn 7fs'/ h:tf w[i7/fi6] gLlt ePsfx¿. bfªdf .+.xof]u u5{Ú g]kfnaf6 xfn ef/t.f/ k|ljlwx?sf] u|x0f ug{.QflnK.~rfng ul//x]sf 5g\ . gof" sfo{ yfngL ug{ JolSt ha.h{gzLn JolStn] To:tf If]qdf a.fdflhs.Ú pgn] eg].dtfd'ns ."rLs[t u/L . pT.lsg] sf7df8f}F .Lsf] cflwsfl/s tYofÍ 5}g .Sb}g / Tof] . To.dfhdf gof"–gof" pTkfbgd"ns Joj.Dd sfod x'g]5 .fdflhs .a} sfo{sf nflu :yfgLo:t/df s'zn dWo:ystf{sf] cfjZostf kb{5 .lsg] s'g} tYo b]lvb}g .fxg ldN5. s]Gb|sf] k|of]uzfnfnfO{ :jLh/NofG8l:yt cGt/f{li6«o aLp k/LIf0f .6 ˆ /fatOfc t]u (! sQlfs nf.Sg] xf] eg] .Sg]5g\ ."u} o. z}lIfs ?kaf6 .flos aGg cfjZos kg]{ cGo ljifoj:t'x?sf] . cfOP.'¿ u/]sf] . aLp pTkfbs sDkgLn] oL k|df0fkq lnP/ cfˆgf pTkfbg lgof{t ug{.fwf/0f hgtfn] k|ToIf cfly{s cfocfh{g ug{ . ltgsf af/]df jf:tljs k|of]ustf{nfO{ bIftf lbnfpg'. oxfF . t/ hgtfn] gof" .Sg] vfnsf cj.kL l8P.fljt lyP .f/e/ g} /fd|f] dflgG5 . .j}nfO{ tfg]sf] 5 .Defjgf a9\b} uP kl5 dw]z s]lGb|t /fhgLlts bnx¿ Ps kl5 csf]{ ub}{ dfcf]jfbL Ot/ jf dfcf]afbL lgs6 w|j' Ls/0Fdf .d]t lgof{t ug{ .sf lhNnfx?sf xhf/f}+ . z'ebLkfjnL tyf 57 kj{– @)^( . To.fy .+ljwfg. x'g.b'kof]usf nflu s'zn dWo:ystf{sf] oxf" lgtfGt cfjZostf 5 . a8L js{zk kl/jf/ :joDe".fO6sf cg'.xdlt g} Ps pQd ljsNk xf] .Sb}g .xL t/Lsfn] kl/rfng ug{.xof]u k'¥ofpg . t/.ldltx¿nfO{ wdfwd lj:tf/ ub}{ lx+8g\ ] .f/e/ lagf/f]stf]s lgof{t ug{ ./ k|bfg ug{.s]df /fli6«o pTkfbsTj a9\g uO{ cfly{s / .dfrf/ 5fk]sf] lyof] .j]G{ b|gfy z'Snfn] g]kfnL kqsf/x¿nfO{ d'v{ agfpFb} eGb}df b'O{ kf6L{ Plss/0f x'g .j{. g]kfnsf] kxf8L efudf pTkflbt t/sf/Lsf] aLp o'/f]k–cd]l/sf .do vr{ eO{/x] 5 . If]qsf] 3[0ffsf] kfq dfq aGg] ub{5 .fwgx?sf] k|of]u x'g .fnsf] pknIodf . xfdL a.'/Iff / ljklQx? klg ylkb} uPsf 5g\ .~rfngdf cfPsf 5g\. Tolta]nf s'v/' f kfNg t s] 5'g klg x'Gg eGg] dfGotfdf /x]sf] xfd|f] .'?df Joj.d:of g} s'g} g s'g} ¿kaf6 .gn l.ofdf g} .of}+ ljkGg ju{nfO{ .d]t lzIff lng] u/L gd'gfof]Uo ljifo aGg .fxg ldNg] bfxfnn] atfP . t/ ptf Ps cf}krfl/s sfo{qmddf pk]Gb| ofbjn] l..S5 .S5g\ .f/ g]kfnn] aLp lgsf.n] :ki6 kf5{ ls dw]zL bn .g k|flKtsf nflu hgtf cf.kmn eof] .d]t agfPsf] atfpFb} cfPsf 5g\ ./ntf dx. Rofpsf] .dfh / b]zsf] cfly{s / .Dd Tof] To.Ddsf] PsLs/0F s f] k| o f.flos 1fg / . ufh/.kmntfsf] Pp6f gd'gf xf] .f clg g]tT[ j 3d08df r'/ clxn]sf dw]zL bnsf g]tT[ js} cu'jfO{df dw]zL bnx¿ PsLs/0f xf]nf egL s'g} klg cfwf/ cg'¿k eGg .fo g]kfns} gd'gfof]Uo kmfd{x? :yfkgf u/L .lsPnf < xNnf lkmhfpg] tdnf]kfwf/L k"jb{ /jl/of g]tf z'Snf. xfdLn] xfd|f] :yfgdf pkof]u x'g] pTkfbgd"ns k|ljlwx? leœofpg . b]zdf olta]nf . cfOP.Sg]5g\ . oL .dfhsf] pbfx/0fof]Uo kfq aGg .lsg] cj:yf 5}g .:] tl/sf.dfh cfly{s bl/b|tfdf ?dlNng'sf] sf/0f oxL xf] .d]t .ef x'bF } .Lksf] ljsf. Ifdtf clej[l4sf] ljsf.df dxTjk"0f{ of]ubfg k'Ug] ub{5 .+ljwfgsf] klxnf] . To. . ul/Psf] 5 Tolt g} c.kmn kl/0ffd lbg .d'bfon] ." u } cfDbfgL / /f]huf/Lsf] e/kb{5 cfwf/ aGg.Dej 5}g .dfhdf k|]/0ffsf] .+:yfut?kdf yfngL ul/Psf] pTkfbgd" n s Joj. dGqfnosf k|jStf bfxfnsf cg'.fdflhs / z}lIfs :t/ dfly p7\g .Qf. x/]s dw]zL hgtfsf] dg–dgdf g} eO{/x]sf] cj:yf lyof] .n] xfn.kmn ePsf 5g\ eg] /f]huf/Lsf] cj.Dej g} 5 / eof] klg .l6{lkms]6Ú hf/L ug{ kfpF5 .+u cgf}krfl/s jftf{ . t/ ca eg] dw]zL hgtfsf] rfxgf km]l/Psf] 5 .+/lIft ck/fwLx?sf] af]nafnf . Pp6f .Defjgfx?sf] vf]hL ug{ / ljsl.Dd l. kl/jf/./sf/df t 5g\ t/ .+3.'b/" klZrdsf s]xL lhNnfaf6 ef/t.f"3'/f] .f] t tdnf]kfn] cGo dw]zL bn. h'g sfo{ o. If]q dfq xf]Og /fKtL c~rn / o.kf.xsf/Lsf] dfWodaf6 o. pbfx/0fsf nflu k|x/L k|dv ' sf] lgo"lQm clg lgo"QmL kl5 P.Defjgfx? 5g\ To.+zf]wgåf/f . km]/L pgLx¿ sf]xL cf–cfÎgf h:t} bn.sf cf.fgn] u/]sf] ldlxg]tn] v]/ uPsf] au/sf] afn'jfdf kmnfPsf] t/sf/Laf6 cf=j= @)^*÷)^( df em08} 8]9 s/f]8 a/fa/ cfly{s sf/f]jf/ u/L cfocfh{g ug{ .kgf b]vfP/ .g ckm\g} k|zf.+. u/LjL / cefjdf /xg'kb}{g . of] s:tf] kf/f xf] < clg Pdfn] sDo'lgi6 k[i7e"ldsf pk]Gb| ofbj clg sfFu.~rfng ul/Psf] au/v]tL sfo{qmd /fli6«o dfq xf]Og cGt/f{li6«o .s]sf] 5}g . o.s]sf] 5 . k|of]uzfnfn] cGt/f{li6«o dfGotf kfPkl5 eg] aLp pTkfbgdf nufgL ug{ rfxg]nfO{ yk k|f]T.Sb}g ta.DkGg xf]nf eGg] klg s'g} cfwf/ 5}g t/ lj8Dagf dw]zsf] sL dw]zlxtn] pTk|l] /t dw]zL s'g} g]tfsf] pbo ePsf] 5}g .kmn / pbfx/0fof]Uo aGg k'us ] f] gd'gfof]Uo sfo{ .DkGg aGg .l6Pn] lbPsf] of] dfGotf tLg jif{.d]t gx'‘bf cfw'lgs k|ljlwsf] k|of]usf] gfddf vt/gfs ljklQ ef]Ug' kl//x]sf] 5 .sf] Jojxfl/s k|of]u / pkef]u ub}{ lbgk|ltlbg cufl8 al9/x]sf] 5 eg] TolQs} Jo:t / tgfj klg aGg] u/]sf] 5 .sf] .fdflhs ljsf. To.fdflhs hLjg:t/ dfly p7\g uO{ . k6s– k6s ljleGg d'ns ' n] g]kfnL lrofsf] u'0f:t/dfly klg k|Zg p7fpFb} cfPsf 5g\ .fj{hlgs ljsf. ug{.Dej 5 < olb 5 eg] ts{ s] < s] tdnf]kfsf . bfª lhNnfdf s'v/' fkfng Joj.d]t ul//]sf 5g\ ./sf/nfO{ sf]xLn] j}wflgs t sf]xLn] cj}wflgs eGbf hgtfdf yk cGof]ntf al9/x]sf] 5 .lsg] ePsf] 5 .t ePsf gofFÐgofF k|ljlwx? :yfgLo lgsfodf Nofpg' clt g} h?/L 5 . cfwf/ 5}g .l6P_ n] dfGotf lbPsf] xf] . dw]zL /fhgLlts bnx¿sf] gfd t emg\ dw]zL hgtfn] .of}s + f] . hxfF u[x dGqLsf] s]xL rn]gg\ o:tf sof}+ pbfx/0fx¿ 5g\ h.f]l.sf/fTds .n] kfg{ . . sfo{x?df hlt . log}sf] ljsf.j{./sf/L lgsfo. ul//x]sf 5g\ . zf]if0f / e|i6frf/ d'Qm /fHo. t/. k|zf. o.fd"lxs?kaf6 v]/ uPsf] au/ k|of]u u/L ."u} JolSt.}nfO{ cfˆgf] d'Vo k]zf agfO{ Joj.Sg] / tL k|ljlw k|of]u u/L pTkflbt j:t'x?af6 Joj.nfO{ dw]zL bnsf] ldl8of gf}6s + L eGbf s'g} cg'lrt g xf]nf .}sf cfwf/df o.+3Lotf g} aGg uof] . . To. s]xL lbg cl3 Ps b}lgsn] lqkf7Ln] kmf]/d nf]stflGqs.t eO{/x]sf 5g\ .f/ o.foLx¿sf cg'. clGtd lbg clGtd 38Ldf klg . oBlk dw]zL /fhgLltaf/] yf}/} klg 1fg jf hfgsf/L ePsfsf] l6Kk0fLnfO{ dWogh/ ug]{ xf] eg] of] rrf{ Pp6f . …xfd|f] k|of]uzfnf] 5fk ePsf lap ljb]z k7fpg ca .Lk k|of]u u/L pTkfbg sfo{df Joj.Ldf cj/f]w ub}{ cfPsf lyP . lqkf7Ls} bfjLnfO{ klg cfwf/ dfGg . . .L ug{ .df qmo Ifdtfsf] ljsf. ljkGg >dhLjL ju{x?sf] >dnfO{ k|of]u u/L :yfgLo .+ljwfg lgdf{0f klg c. Kofhnufotsf] aLp lgsf.ljwfg.lsGg . /f]huf/L.j} eGbf klxnf dw]zjfbL clg dw]zs]lGb|t sf] xf] To. g]kfnaLr s'g} klg xfntdf PsLs/0F x' g .f]rfO ePsf] .S5 .flos v]tL / 3/– 3/df v]tL u/L pTkfbg. g]kfn casf] dw]z o:tf] xf]nf …g]kfndf cjsf] dw]z To:tf] xf]nfÚ eGg] ax.Ú pgn] eg] .kgf b]vs ] f lyP .s]sf] au/v]tL sfo{sf] cg'z/0f u/L b]zsf nfvf}F ljkGg ju{sf /f]huf/Lsf] cj. oxL If]qdf .lsPsf] atfpFb} cfPsf 5g\ . o./sf/ 5}g."u} cfly{s.'. s] t/fO{–dw]z nf]stflGqs kf6L{ / dw]zL hgclwsf/ kmf]/d.Ú g]kfnL k|of]uzfnfn] cGt/f{li6«o dfGotf gkfpbf lgof{tstf{n] cGo d'n'sdf k'u]/ k/LIf0f u/fpg' kg]{ afWotf lyof].+.8 n6 . /fhgLlts kf6L{. . cGoyf /fHo emg\ . cfly{s?kdf .flos s'v/' fkfng .fwf/0f hgtf k|ToIf nfeflGjt ePsf 5g\ . tdnf]kfn] t emg\ kmf]/d g]kfn.g. pkef]u ug{] afgLsf] ljsf. sf7df8f}F ./sf/sf] j}wflgstf k|Zg / cufdL lbgdf k'gM gofF lgjf{rg 3f]if0ffsf] cf}lrTo cflb dflysf] jfb– ljjfbdf g} olta]nf b]zsf] a9L . 1fg. s[lif lj1x¿sf cg'.fdflhs ljsf. …o.sf] vf]hL ug{ / ltgnfO{ :yfgLo txdf k'¥ofpg / k|of]u ug{ dWo:ystf{n] v]n]sf] e"ldsfaf6 tL If]q / :yfgx? pbfx/0fLo agL cGo If]q / hgtfsf nflu lzIffk|b gd'gfof]Uo sfo{ aGg . ePsf] . s'g} klg ./ ldNg'sf] . t/ otf tdnf]kfsf k|jQmf . cfk"mn] ckgfPsf] Joj.P6 . /fof] / sfpnLsf] aLp lgsf.+u PsLs/0Fsf nflu pkfWoIf x[bo]z lqkf7Lsf] g]tT[ jdf tLg . g]kfnaf6 xfn Go"g dfqfdf dfq aLp lgsf.Qfdf eg] 5}g . / lbuf] pknAwL lbg . To.fo .Lksf] ljsf.lsGg .QflnK. bIftf. x'g' lgtfGt cfjZos 5 .h{gf ug{ . Joj.f/e/ .df nfu]sf 5g\ elgPsf] 5 .L ug{ .]sf] x'G5.b 5}g.Fu} To.gn l.Qf k|flKtsf] rfnafhL n'ss ] f] 5 .fy} ltgsf kl/jf/sf] cfocfh{gsf] d'Vo k]zf aGg k'u]sf] 5 .b:oLo jftf{ 6f]nL agfPsf] 5 .dfhdf /x"bf.+3 -cfOP.xsf/L . s]xL jif{bl] v .fwgx?sf] pkof] u u/L pTkfbgd"ns k|ljlwx?sf] ljsf.j{.dfh cu|ultdf cufl8 a9\g .+:yfsf] cfof] h gfdf .Sg] xf] eg] oxf" sf]xL klg a]/f]huf/L.d"xdf cfj4 u/L .+ljwfg 3f]if0ff ug]{ k|dv ' tLg bnaLr lg0f{o c.n u/L cufl8 a9\g klg .lsg] b]lvG5 .+ljwfg kfpg .dfrf/x¿nfO{ cfwf/ dfGg] xf] eg] PsLs0fsf] k|lqmof .+:yfdf cf>o lnPsf / kfPsf cfk/flws lrGtgsf JolStx?n] To.|ft] / .j{ky| d Joj.Fu eg] aLp lgsf.g gf/f nufpg]x¿n] Ps k6s cfkm\g} cg'xf/ x]bf{ x'G5 clg dfq dw]zsf] 7]sb] f/ aGg] k|of.+ .Fu tdnf]kf sfof{nod} cf}krfl/s jftf{ .n] aLp pTkfbgdf nufgL ug{ rfxg] lghL If]qnfO{ klg k|f]T. PsLs/0fsf] gfddf dw]zL bnsf] ldl8of gf}6s+ L jL/]Gb| s]Pd tLgcf]6f dw]zL bnaf6 olta]nf sof}+ dw]zL bnsf] ¿k wf/0f u/]sf] dw]zL bnx¿n] Psk6s km]/L gof" gf}6sL+sf] . . g]kfnd} klxnf] k6s . cflbsf] pknAwL :j¿k cGtl/d . (^)@ s'zn dWo:ystf{ .sf] .kLx¿sf] .df h'6b\ f plrt xf]nf sL < – dw]z bk0f{af6 g]kfnL aLp .'¿ eO. pRr tfkqmd ePsf] :yfgdf pTkflbt t/sf/Lsf] aLp . :yfO{ .fdfGo r]tgf / 1fg. hasL clxn].fd"lxs v]tL. bL3f{o' Pj+ pQ/f]Q/ k|ultsf] nflu xflb{s dËndo z'esfdgf JoQm ub{5f}F .lqmo ePsf] ljzn]if0fx¿ klg eO/x]sf] 5 .n] cgf}krfl/s ¿kdf eO/x]sf] lgof{tnfO{ cf}krfl/s agfpg klg .b:o klg 5g\ .

+rfOsf] k|aGw ug{ . jiff{sf] nflu clgjfo{ zt{ dflgg] h+un kftnf] x'g] qmd cToGt tLj| 5 . .'? …. h. To.8s 8fFsf] 5f8]/ ?g]5 .f.dfhsf] jf:tljstfnfO{ a' e m] s f 5} g g\ .f]d . s'g} lbg 3/df rfdnsf] af]/f Nofpg . yf]/} dfq hldgdf l.n] cfh h'g.g] cj:yf pTkGg x'b" 5 } . ug]{ x'Gg eGg] xf]Og ./f]sf/ /fVg] lgsfox¿n] .– Ph]G. clnslt cfzf af]Sof] . To.}n] lgjf{xd'vL v]tL ug{ s[ifsx¿ afWo 5g\ .dfhsf nflu s]xL ug{ .dfhsf nflu. cfsf+Iff / .'gfPs} x'G5g\ . d]/f] ofqf . jg .8ssf uNnL rxfg{nfO{ k9fO dflgFb}g . o'uf}bF l] v h+unn] .+/If0fsf] r]tgf gePsf hgtfsf] xftdf jg 5 . ef}tfl/Fbf h'g dHhf cfpF5 Tof] clxn] st} klg kfOFb}g .n] d'/d'l/P klg. hgtf. To.d:ofnfO{ .sf] clwsf+z .+Vof hg. d slxn] .hfj6sf] j:t' dfq xf] . d .'? ug{ .dfhsf] lx:.Sbf of t hldg af"em} 5 of jiff{sf] kfgLdf lge{/ /xg'kg]{ cj:yf 5 . /fhgLlts bafasf] sf/0fn] xfdL sfd ug]{ cj:yfdf 5}gf}F eG5g\.f sdfpgsf] nflu vf]nfsf] 9'Ëf.f g} ./L klg k}.n] . .'lg/xG5'' . k"/f ug]{ lxDdt clxn]. oyfy{tf To:tf] 5}g .xh} cg'dfg ug{.fFem vfgf vfg / .fFemsf] lg/fzfnfO{ x/]s laxfg cfzfdf abNg' .'/lIft ub}{ cfPsf] dlnnf] df6f] jiff{ts \ f] kfgLn] aufP/ n}hfG5 .df vr{ x'b+ } cfPsf] 5 .8sn] klg To:t} cg'ej u/]sf] x'g'k5{ .8s d.xofqf .+ufn]/ csf]{ sfof{no wfpg slt ufx|f] x'G5 < of] s'/f d]/f] kl/jf/n].gLo vfnsf] kfgLsf] .8ssf] sNkgf ug{ .fdu|Lx¿ pTkfbg ug]{ sf/vfgfsf ¿kdf jgnfO{ lng'xGg .8sv08 cGtu{t kg]{ tftf]kfgLdf l.+/If0fsf] sfd cufl8 a9fpg . oxL cfzf / lg/fzfsf] demwf/df hLjg n8\ls/x]sf] 5 .+/If0fsf] lhDdf hgtfnfO{ lbg' w]/} /fd|f] xf] t/ To. ca P]gnfO{ .kmntfsf nflu of]Uotf rflxFb}g .r]t / uDeL/ aGg'k5{ .]/ Wofgdf nLg x'g.+Vof ePsf a]nf lgdf{0f u/]sf] jg . kfgLsf . sflnu08sL gbLsf] lsgf/df ^( l8lu| . jg. cem} klg &% k|ltzteGbf w]/} g]kfnLx¿ s[lifdf g} lge{/ /x]sf 5g\ eg] s[lifsf nflu clgjfo{ . z/L/df k|To]s lbg gofF pT. x'g klg xf]."u kof{Kt dfqfdf 5}g .s]sf] 5}g .Dks{ ub}{ ug{' xf]nf eGg] hjfkmsf] . .sf] hjfkm d. dfgl.DklQ /x]5 jg . x'g.f| ] r/0fcGtu{t ut c.dfhsf] u'0fufg ufpg]x? w]/} 5g\ .fgf vf]nfx¿ . t/./sf/sf] xf].a}n] s'6f sf6\b} ubf{ vfgf vfg klg sxfF dg nfU5 < t/ klg vfg} k¥of] lsgls csf]{ ljsNk g} 5}g .DalGwt .sf nflu clxn] xfdL hlt nfnflot 5f}. tftf]kfgL s'08df ko{6sx?n] :gfg u/L dgf]/~hg lng] u5{ . af6f] agfpFbf rGbf lbg klg .Dd ef}Ftfl//x]s} 5' . v'§f sfFwdf /fv]/ Ps 7fpFdf al.dfhsf] x]nfsf] kfq ag]+ < o. k|lti7f. jg sfof{no. klg hLjgnfO{ 8f]¥ofO/x]sf] 5' . cfˆgf] pkof]usf nflu v]/ uO/x]sf] hldgdf sfi7hGo lj?jf /f]k/] kmfObf lng]lt/ cfslif{t ug{ . DofUbLsf] pQ/L ko{6sLo :yn e'?Ë tftf]kfgLdf /x]sf] tftf]kfgL s'08df :jb]zL tyf ljb]zL ko{6sx?sf] rfk a9]sf] 5 . uflj.t d'ns ' x¿n] lbFb5 } g\ .a} k}. s'jfx¿. .S5.+:yfx¿n] k}/jL ug{ ."rs jgn] k|dfl0ft u5{ . d]/f] . lbg slxn] hfGb}g .xof]u ug{ . ef}tfl/Fbf–ef}tfl/Fb} d]/f cfFvf klg e|ddf kg{ yfn]sf 5g\ .Dd .lsg .'/]z. To.ft ug{ . To.}nfO{ tyfgfd ufnL u/]sf] klg 5}g .afkt -h+un k|of]u u/]afkt_ sf] 5'§} s/ ltg{ / To.Sg] cj:yfdf 5}g .'/Ifflagf .d[4 7flgPsf .dfhsf] jf:tljstf .dfhnfO{ glhsaf6 a'‰g] cj.+.Dd d] / f] cfjZostf k"/f ug{ .do v8]/L eof] . o. vf]nf gbLn] 5f]8s ] f e"–efux¿df j[Iff/f]k0f u/]/ gof" jg lgdf{0f ug{l] t/ Wofg k'us ] } 5}g .s] ef}lts of]hgf jf jgdGqL ag]kl5 sdfpg .Sg' x'Gg . .hg ./sf/sf ljleGg lgsfoaLr . zfob oL sl6Ëlagf d]/f] hLjg cw'/f] / ck"/f] 5 . To. ef}tfl/Fb} lxF8g\ ' eg]sf] 7fpF g 7]ufg.f g} lbg . d}n] dfG5] e|ddf k5{g\ eGg] .dfh e"lkn] sljtfdf j0f{g u/]em}F 5 . cf+lzs¿kdf hnjfo' kl/jt{g t ljZjsf] cfGtl/s lgod -ult_ xf]nf t/ c:jfefljs¿kdf hnjfo' kl/jt{gsf] sf/0f xfdL cfkm}F xf}F .]g yfkf h:tf JolStx? . hxfF nIf\dLk|. kl/jf/sf] nufgLsf] k|ltkmn lbg g. lg/fzf af]s]/ kmSof]{ .+s]t ldNb}5 eg] ef]lnsf k':tfsf] cj:yf s] xf]nf xfdL .dfh / d]/f] . nlntk'/. lbgel/ ef]sf] k]6 / vfnL v'§f z/L/nfO{ ntfb}{ lxF8\bf dg v'zLn] k|km" lNnt x'bF g} .f/ clGtd r/0fcGtu{t k"jf{~rn / dWodf~rnsf %) nfv afnaflnsfnfO{ nufOg]5 . jg pBf]u klg xf]Og. g t slxn] b'O{ rf/ k}. km]l/ of] . / lxDdt rflxG5 .dfhnfO{ lsgls dnfO{ ef}tfl/g afWo kf¥of] . bfb'/f / ?a]nf vf]k d+l./sf/L lgsfosf dflg. olb tkfOF klg .s] jg hf]luG5 .sF] .fxf/Lsf] lj/f]wdf gfª\uf] k|bz{g sf7df8f} F .Gb]z k|bfg ul//x]sL lyOg\ ./ h:tf zAb bf]x¥ofof] . Psflt/ jgdflkmofx¿sf] . of] .3g jif{Ú cleofgsf] clGtd r/0fcGtu{t sf7df8f}+. ] f] kf]Vg] 7fpF g} x'Fb}g . dnfO{ . ?vd'lg a./sf/sf lgsfox¿ lgl:qmo k|foM 5g\ .dft]/ .fd'bflos jgnfO{ a'‰g] ."F . To.fsf] .Fu 8'Ng' xf] .+/If0f ug{ sDtLdf %) jif{ nfU5 . l."rgf .S5.F u x' G 5 . sxLF of]Uotf a9L eof] eg] / sfd gkfpg' . hxfF klg cfjZostf dfq} b]V5' . slxn] l5lgPsf] rKkn xftdf . dnfO{ k6s–k6s e"lk z]/rgsf] …of] xNn} xNnfsf] b]z xf]Ú zLif{ssf] sljtfn] .+3. To..d]t tftf]kfgL em/]/ :gfg u/L gf/RofË x'Fb} d':tfË k'Ug] ub{5g\ .+/If0f ug]{ s'/f klg k|sl[ t . (^)@ ef}+tfl/P/ lx“8\g'sf] dhf g} a]Un} ef}tfl/Fb} lxFF8\g' d]/f] /x/ xf] jf afWotf d}n] a'‰g . 3/ kl/jf/nfO{ dfq k}. cem lzlIft a]/f]huf/ eOof] eg] t ef}tfl/Fbf emg\ cfgGb cfpF5 .\ . . x'G5 .a}sf cfFvfdf laemfpF5.Dd klg wfgv]tLsf nflu ls. e"lksf] . t/ dnfO{ yfxf 5.s]sf] 5}g .f kfpg] nfn.f s] slt 7luPsf JolStx?sf] xftdf kg{] x'g\ jf x}gg\ Tof] eg] k|sfzdf cfpg afFsL g} 5 .+:yfn] :k]gsf] afl. t/.'ljwfsf] nflu b'Oj{ 6f s'08 agfP/ :gfg ug]{ Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 .f 7"nf] xf] < lsg xfdL s. d kl/jf/sf] 58\s] cfFvfdf k/]sf] dflg."rgf.4fy{g} x'F a'4Tj k|flKtsf nflu kl/jf/."u of]hgf 5}g . aLr . !) jif{ x'b" f nfpg .\ .+Vof dGqfnon] cleofg 3f]if0ff u/]sf] lyof]. o. lhlj. .a}sf] efUodf x'bF g} .S5f}F emg} si6s/ x'g]5 .d"xn] @) k|ltzt pkof]u / *) k|ltzt . k}.Fu tNnf]:t/sf] Jojxf/ ul/G5 < x/]s laxfg hflu/ kfOg] cfzfdf klqsfsf] sl6Ë af]s/] Pp6f sfof{noaf6 csf]{ sfof{no rxfg{ lgs} sl7g sfd xf] .S5 . ef]lnsf k':tfnfO{ . c. cfkm}n F ] uj{ ug{ . d r'krfk .a} lhNnfdf nufOg]5 .a}nfO{ Tofu]/ PSn} st} uP/ a. kfgL lkkn. .+rfOsf] .df lrRofP/ g'xfpg] :yfg agfOPsf] 5 .xof]u k'¥ofp"5 .Sg] .sf] s'g} sfd x' F b } g .'?. d t .'Sb} hfgfn] lg.8s eP/ cl3 a9\g] dflg. sn]h.'ljwf 5 . bfFt b]vfpg' / sfof{no rxfg{' klg ef}tfl/g'sf] Pp6f kf6f] xf] . hxf" cTolws 9'Ëf afn'jf pTvgg\ u/L pkof]u ul/Psf] 5 Toxf" kfgL ulxl/O. sf7sf] d"No a9L ePsf] sf/0fn] cTolws k}.fd' dfG5]sf] s'g} d"No 5}g < s] . jg pkef]Stf dxf. . l/.' d kl/jf/sf] nflu vfgfsf] sfn dfq x'F . clxn]s} a]/f]stf]s cj:yf /lx/x] %) jif{sf jg .sf]df df+. afn:jf:Yo dxfzfvfsf lgb{z ] s tf/fgfy kf]vn]| sf cg'.fan] al9/x]sf] cj:yf 5 .l6{lkms]6 s'g} k'/f0fdf jl0f{t 3[l0ft j:t' xf] .+/If0fsf] of]hgf s] xf] t < k|sl[ t. To.lsPsf] 5 .sf] hLjgsf] cflv/Ldf Tof] jg xf] eGgnfos x'G5 . o.f]af.fFem 3/ kmls{b+ f .Dks{ /fv'F .dj]bgfeGbf k}. dfq leQfdf . oL sl6Ën] d]/f] . d} n ] dlagfsf] . g]kfnLsf] cfo' . hf] kl/jf/sf] gh/df a] s f/ 5' .}.7 ˆ /fatOfc t]u (! sQlfs nf. cfh dnfO{ yfxf 5. d vfnL lbgel/ otf ptf xlNn/xG5' . slxn]sfFxL t kl/jf/sf] s'/f . lxhf] 3gf h+un / sd hg. gePsf 7fp"df kfgLsf] cefj x'g] g} eof] .dfhdf .Sg'k5{ ."o{sf] tfksf] sf/0fn] p7]sf] jfkmnfO{ b|ljs/0f ug{ 3gf h+un rflxG5 .lsG5 .]lN. .+/If0f P]g xfdL.Sb}g . tfn. Tof] tLj|tfnfO{ g/f]Sg] xf] eg] xfd|f j:tLx¿ vfnL ub}{ hfg] cj:yf cfpg' lglZrt 5 . km]l/ lsg d kl/jf/ / .s]sf] 5}g . gf} dlxgfb]lv !% jif{. 3/kl/jf/sf] nflu ?k}ofF k}.S5 .bfrf/. g]kfnsf] t/fO{ e"–efudf g} /fd|f] vfnsf] v]tL x'g] ub{5 . d+ l .8seGbf 6f9f k'us ] f] lbg .'ljwf 5 . d]/f] dhfs p8fOG5 . . . xfdL. 3f/f x'bF } cfpg] ko{6sx? . k|foM u/]/ bfFt b]vfpg' / b'O{ xft hf]8\g Ps}k6s . .lsgF . ef]sn] 56kl6P klg.n] g t kl/jf/sf nflu s]xL ug{.'Tg dfq cfpF5' .dfhsf nflu s]xL ug{ . To.8ssf uNnL gfKg] k9fO x'GYof] eg] d}n] To.gÚ lgoldt sfo{qmdcGtu{t 5}g .+zf]wg ubf{ Pp6f clgjfo{ Wofg lbg'kg]{ zt{ xf]– . x/] s lbg of] sfof{ n oaf6 Tof] sfof{nosf] b"/L v'§fn] gfKg' slt si6bfos x'G5 < tkfO{ sNkgf klg ug{.q jif{sf] d]xgtsf] k|ltkmn Tof] .nfO{ b]v]/ . vf]nfsf] kfgL .+/If0f sfo{sf vr{ ug{ Joj:yf ldnfpg'kb{5 . To. slxn] ef]s}. /fhgLlts cl:y/tfsf] sf/0fn] .'ljwf 5}g .tfpF5 . dnfO{ yfxf 5.n] nufgLsf] t]Aa/ rf}a/ u'0ff kmfObf b]cf].f x'F eg] km]l/ lsg d.lsg] cj:yfdf 5}g . h'g vf]nfsf 9'Ëf oyfjt\ 5g\ ToxfF kfgL klg oyfjt\ 5 . oxfF of]Uotf xf]Og./sf/ sdhf]/ 5 .f."rgf ePsf sl6Ë dfq e]l6G5g\ . s] lzlIft x'g' d]/f] sdhf]/L xf] < s] d cfˆgf] rfxgfn] a]/f]huf/ ePsf] x'F < s] a]/f]huf/ x'g' clezfk xf] < s] d /x/n] lbgel/ .dfhdf s'g} km]/abn ePsf] 5}g .dfhn] lt/:sf/ ug{] sfd klg u/]sf] 5}g . ./L lxdfno If]qdf kfOg] k'tnLx¿ sd prfOaf6 a9L prfOlt/ hf"b}5g\ To. h. snsf/vfgf.dfhsf] lx:. clg s] sf] cf/fd < lxF8g\ } k¥of] .flxt x'G5 .fdfg xf] .Daf]wg ug{ . . v]tLkftLdf cfl>t clwsf+z g]kfnLsf nflu cfsfz] jiff{ g} e/f].L k|sl[ t .s]sf 5}gg\ .S5 . pgLx?n] Ps 7"nf] Kn]6df . sfof{nox¿n] slt c+z sfi7hGo kbfy{ k|of]u ug{ xf] . cGgk"0f{kb dfu{ cGt{ut lzv.lsGYof] . slt kL8fbfos x'G5 < tkfO{nfO{ yfx} 5}g . d?e"lddf lsg kfgL kb}g{ eg] jfliks/0f ePsf] jfo'nfO{ lrRofpg] Toxf" h+un gx'gn ' ] kfgL kb}{g .kgfx?sf] d"NonfO{ k}.ldlt lgdf{0f ug{ dfq . j}z + .fdfGo dfG5] x'F .fl:.Sg] cj:yf 5}g . x/]s laxfg km]l/ clnslt . If]qsf u/L $& nfv afnaflnsfnfO{ EoflS. lbgel/ sfof{no rxf¥of] ."u cToGt 3lgi6 eP/ /x]sf dflg.}n] /f]Sg . s'/} vQd . gf} dlxgfb]lv !% jif{. b'O{ xft hf]8\of].sf] gfddf hyfefjL ljgfz x'"b}5 .dfhsf] jf:tljstf yfxf kfpg rfxg' x ' G 5 eg] ef}ltfl/g'xf].. h.lsgF .fy glbP klg x/]s sfof{nodf hfFbf bfFt b]vfpg}kg]{ afWotf cfOk5{ ./L g} cfh .nfO{ s.f cfp"5 Tof] k}.Dd cfzf lg/fzfdf kl/0ft eO.f]hdf dWoklZrdf~rn ljsf.] lkkn. lsgls d]/f] b}lgsL g} ef}tfl/Fbf ef}tfl/Fb} laT5 . xfd|f] cfˆgf] lqmofsnfkn] c:jfefljs 9Ën] k|s[ltsf] ljgfz eO/fv]sf] 5 .+/If0f / pkof]u ug]{ k|To]s . slxn] Kof.sf] cy{ef}lts ljsf.w}+ tof/ x'g' sDtL bb{gfs x'Fb}g . cfjZostf klxrfg u/]/ dfq p. .Sy]. bIftf xf] O g.dGjodf jg ."u r'sr'sfpg'afx]s c? aRg] 5}g .Sg] .]lN.sf] cy{ s] xf] eg] s[lif sfo{ -wfgv]tL_ x'g] ls gx'g] låljwfdf 5 ."u r]tgf 5}g ./sf/L lgsfox¿sf] xf] . afn'jf a]Rg]b]lv jgh+un hyfefjL ljgfz ug]{ k|lqmof lbg b'O{ u'0ff /ft rf}u0' ffsf lx.'dg 8f“uL s. x/]s .+/If0f xf]Og .lsg . d .'/lIft ug{ xfdL. OHht .d'b|af6 ././.x?nfO{ zfsfxf/L aGg .' t ] s L o' j tLn] dflg. kl/jf/dfly af]em 5' . af6f] v:bf jg sfof{no. u/]g .f lkmtf{ u/]sf] / pSt sf08af6 cfk"m 7luPsf] atfPsf lyP .s]sf] x'G5 .o.lhn} .}n] ax'nfsf] kbjL yfKg'eGbf bfFt b]vfof].Ddsf afnaflnsfsf] . of] lsg ef}tfl/G5 < cflv/ ef}tfl/P/ s] kfOG5 < t/ tkfO{+nfO{ ef}tfl/g'sf dHhf yfxf 5}g . ko{6sx?sf] . eStk' / nufot dWodf~rn / k"jf{~rnsf . ToxfF d]/f] hfaf] l8u|Lsf] s] sfd < . 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To.f dfq xf] < s] dflg.sf nflu w]/} . of] .kmn x'gnfO{ of]Uotf / bIftfsf] s'g} cy{ 5}g .kl5 jg dGqfno.f]R5' ."u .sf] d"Nof+sg ug]{ dfWod k}. ltgLx?nfO{ ef}tfl/g' k/]sf] 5}g .r]t kfg{ sfd .x¿ . lxhf]cfh ljZjf.8saf6} . ' sf] cj:yf cfpg yfn]sf] xf] ls eGg] . gkf. ch{'g k/fh'nLn] Tof] sljtf d]/} nflu n]vs ] f x'g\ ls < d]/f] . ug]{ / To. 3gf h+un.g dfq lbG5g\ .Dej xf]nf < jgsf] c.cGtu{t (& nfv afnaflnsfnfO{ k'¥ofpg] nIo 5 .f eg. .fx af]s/] cfFvfdf cfjZostfsf] . of] .8sd} x' G 5 . 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Tof] d lbg. t/ s'g} klg cfjZostfn] cfh. ljBfno. h.sf] cy{ s] xf] eg] k|To]s k':tfn] glaufl/sg} csf]{ k':tfnfO{ x:tfGt/0f ug]{ cd"No .a}n] s]xL g s]xL . gf} dlxgf k"/f ePsf afnaflnsfnfO{ bfb'/fsf] vf]k lbg] Joj:yf eP klg bfb'/f / ?a]nf b'j} ldl.a} yf]s xf] < s] k}. d"nx¿ . tftf]kfgL s'08df ko{6ssf] rfk sf7df8f}F .f. kl/jf/df . d]/f] d"Nof+sg ePg eg]/ b'v.d:ofn] lbFbf]/x]5 eGg] . cfˆgf] dfG5] rflxG5 . kxf8 eTsfpg]./x'F h:tf] nfU5 . ePsf :yfgdf h]gt]g k|sf/sf] kfgLsf] .+/If0f sfof{no. d]/f] sfd eGg' g} ToxL sl6Ësf] kl5 ef}tfl/g' dfq xf] . d wGojfb lbG5'.l6{lkms]6 t slj ch'{g k/fh'nLsf] sljtfdf j0f{g ul/Psf] .+rfO.b:on] . kl/jf/sf] af]em ag]/ lhpg] /x/ klg xf]Og . ef}lts ljsf.8ssf] .gsf] k}.w}F lng dfq hfGb5.s] u[xdGqL x'g] g.}n] b]vfPsf 5}gg\ .jf]{bo pRr dfWolds ljBfnosf] ljsf.f sdfpg} k5{ < s] dflg. jf:tljstf To:tf] xf]Og . lxhf] c fh cvjf/df 5flkPsf cfjZostfsf sl6Ë d]/f] kl5 nfU5g\ jf d ltgsf] kl5 nfU5' < d}n] a'‰g .+Vofsf] #& k|ltzt 5 .sf] Joj:yfkgsf] . cfh}sf lkF9Lsf nflu kfgL cefj eP/ ps'. o.8sh:tf lgsfox¿sf] ./L ef}Ftfl/g' /x/eGbf klg afWotf xf] .sf] k/Dk/f xf] . rfs8L rflxG5 .Ddsf afnaflnsfdf bfb'/f / ?a]nf vf]k k'¥ofpg] p2]Zon] :jf:Yo tyf hg. clg lsg ?rfpFy] dnfO{ kl/jf/sf cGo .df ljBfjfl/lw ul/. c?nfO{ 7u]sf] klg xf]Og ."u s+s8 af"sL /xG5 / kof{j/0f laufg{sf .'? x'G5 . cem ljz]ifu/L vfgf vfg .fx.lDemG5 .F Tof]eGbf w]/} kL8f ljsf.fxf/Lk|lt lj/f]w hgfPsf] 5 . o. df+.Psf] …Pdcf/ EoflS.'b/" klZrdf~rn / bf].n] d2t u5{ . lsgls vNtLdf cvaf/sf sl6Ë dfq e]l6G5g\ .lxtsf] kxf8n] dfq jiff{ u/fpgdf dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf v]N5 .DaGwL sfd ug{] .dnh:tf sd . xftdf l8u|Lsf] k|df0fkq af]s]/ cfjZostfsf] .fFem. nfU5 .sf] cfk"lt{ sxf"af6 ug]{ xf] eGg] :ki6 Joj:yf /fVg'kb{5 / To. lbdfun] k6s–k6s xNnfpF5 . h+un gf:g] oxL g} xfd|f] ljsf.sf] jfjh'b g]kfndf sfo{/t Dofgkfj/ sDkgLsf cWoIf gjlszf]/ /fon] eg] cfkm} n ] tL g] k fnL sfdbf/x?sf] k}.fydf cfk"m gf+uf] eP/ .g nufO.'g u/]/ af6f] vGgsf nflu ljlgof]hg ug{ nufpg] / jftfj/0fLo cWooglagf g} hyfefjL af6f] vGg].Sg] ."u .+/If0fsf] saf]n ug'k{ b{5 .+st] cfh ljsl. of] ./ @* b] l v dWodf~rn / k" j f{ ~ rnsf afnaflnsfnfO{ bfb'/f / ?a]nf -Pdcf/_ sf] vf]k nufO{g] ePsf] 5 ./b/ ^) jif{ 5 . d}n] rf]/L u/]sf] 5}g. d x/]s lbg ef}Ftfl/G5' slxn] otf t slxn] ptf .dfhsf nflu. a]gL–hf]d.a} em:sG5g\.Fu hf]l8Psf] x'G5 < s] xfd|f] .cl3 klg hgfj/ . kl/jf/n] b'Mv si6 u/]/ k9fP. cbfntn] sl/a # s/f]8 g]kfnL ?k}o+ f hl/jfgf u/]sf] HofsA.fFRr} ef}tfl/Fg'sf] dHhf a]Un} 5 . .}n] t .dfKt eP/ hfg]5 .jfndf klg 7"nf] q'l6 /x]sf] 5 . ljBfnosf nflu cfly{s . g t d l.x/ / j:tLx¿af6 kfgL cefjsf] sf/0fn] dfgj a.n] t dfq s]xL l5g cfzf b]vfpF5 .s]sf] Pp6f lg/Lx k|f0fL . v'§f cfkm}F g} xfd kmfN5g\ . 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Kn] 6 df To.8s ljefux¿sf] :jLs[ltlagf g} 6«ofs vf]Ng] sfd eO/fv]sf] 5 .nfO{ vl/b ug{ cg'dlt lbg] lgsfo v8f ug{k' 5{ .dfhdf.{nf]gfdf o:t} tl/sfsf] k| b z{ g u/] / df+.fx. sfk|f.ls/x]sf 5}gg\ .df k}.fb b]jsf]6f h:tfnfO{ /fFrL nluG5 .dfh aflx/af6 h:tf] b]lvG5. cf+lzs¿kdf hnjfo' lalu|g'nfO{ xfdL hnjfo' kl/jt{g eG5f}F .+/If0fdf . d}n] .a}n] cfZjf. hxfF uP klg gd:t] . xj.f rflxG5 .kmn x'gnfO{ of]Uotf xf]Og. g t ef]sf] k]6nfO{ eg{ .sf] dfg.}n] d cem}.fxf/Lsf] lj/f]wdf gf+uf] k|bz{g ul//x]sf] Ph]G.dodf x'ls{g] lj?jfnfO{ au/df /f]Kg'k5{ . s]xL u5{ ls egL . ca :yfkgf x'g] k|To]s pBf]uwGbf.'? x'G5 eg] lbgsf] cGTo klg .nfO{ abNg jftfj/0f.}sf] OR5f. cvaf/sf sl6Ë / d]/f] hLjg kof{ojfrL ag]sf 5g\ . olb .}n] o. .n] cfhsf] jftfj/0fsf hNbfaNbf .]l/P/ dg'{ k5{ . /fhgLlts bndf .s]sf] x'G5 . z/L/nfO{ ntfg{ g} k¥of] . . e"–. lbgel/ uNnL–uNnL rxf¥of] .Ln] hgfPsf] 5 .sf] . gbL vf]nfn] ug]{ s6fg /f]Sg klg o. h.\ .f/sf] clGtd.} sxfF kfOG5 ef} t fl/g < cvaf/df 5flkPsf cfjZostfsf sl6Ë af]s]/ ahf/sf uNnL–uNnL rxfbf{ – rxfb} { z/L/ nvt/fg eO.sf] eljio k|s[ltsf] .a} lg/y{ s dfq x' G 5 . hgtfnfO{ . g t d 8f= ljj]sfgGb g} x'F . jif{ nfdf] .8sd} To:tf] x/st b]v]kl5 ToxL .o. dlGb/ agfpFbf bfg lbg .AhLx?sf . kl/jf/sf nflu h. o./ @* b]lv df+. zfob a]/f]huf/ eP/ xf]nf.lhnf] sfd xf]Og . . sfi7hGo k}bfjf/sf] d"No 36fpg'kb{5 . s.f/nfO{ abNg] cfF6 ug{. l. lsgls . .+ t/ ef}tF fl/g' jf .'? u¥of] eg] To. t/ klg dgn] ToxL cfjZostfsf] .'s} tl/sfaf6 eP klg k}. km]l/ .Sb}g .'gs ] f] lyPF . .

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Sofg8fsf cWofudg dGqL h].]s]08df kf/ ug{ .jfn s] p7\5 eg] g]kfn .ftfb]lv dxfn]vf k/LIfs klg l/St 5 .gnfO{ ut cfiff9 % ut] kqmfp u/]sf] lyof] eg] tL JolStn] g]kfnLx?.fy} dfgjclwsf/ . . /3'j+zLsf cg'. k|lt306f !*) hgf ofq'nfO{ cfjt–hfjt u/fpg .~rfngsf] .Sg] .Fu jftf{ ug{ Ps .8s .sf k|ltlglw.a} c:yfoL GofofwLzn] b'O{ jif{ kbfjlw k"/f u/L clgjfo{ cjsfz kfpFb} 5g\ .f]emf] kx'Fr :yflkt ug{ …k|x/L hjfg.'lgPsf] 5}g . PsLs[t g]skf dfcf]jfbL kf6L{df cfˆgf] .lxtsf]=== k|.f]r]gg\ .]nn] bf]. .f] g ] / fsf] k| l tj] b gdf Pg. tL Sofg]l8Pg a|f8\nL HofsA.fj{hlgs kb wf/0f u/]sf] JolStn] kbLo b'?kof]u u/]sf] .sdf klxnf] k6s Pg. | f ] 8 sf= lh= k|= sf= b= g+= !^#÷@)^#÷^$ q} d fl.h ] Ph]G. ljdfg=== ljdfg pTkfbs sDkgL Po/a./df k|x/L dxflg/LIfsaf6 Ps jif{sf nflu to ePsf .] j fsf] ljsf. s]xL ljkIfL kf6L{x?n] dw'/ :j/df la/f]w hgfP h:tf] cf}krfl/stf k"/f u/]sf 5g\ .'g.]K6]Dj/.–Ph]G. E-mail : chhepyastra@gmail.lxb 3f]if0ff ug]{ / d[tssf gfddf gub !) nfv ljt/0f ug]{ clg .d]t u'dfpFb} uPsf] 5 . km]g]{ :jfefljs g} lyof] / km]/] klg.DefJotf cWoog lad sG. kf6L{ g]tT[ jnfO{ emSemsfP. pgn] hgo'4s} qmddf ^ aif{ h]n hLjg latfPsf lyP .]s]08df pSt b"/L kf/ ug{ .xdltaf6} cfufdL af6f] to ug]{ nx8 rln/x]sf] 5 .dfhnfO{ lav08gaf6 hf]ufpg' .Fu sfdbf/ le. aaf{bLsf]=== :yflkt u/fpg Pdfcf]jfbL cg]sg xTs08fdf nfu] klg p hgtfdfem emg} gflËb} uPsf] hfgfsf/x¿n] atfPsf 5g\ .]jfsf] k|Tofe"lt u/fpg]. ] lj1lKtdfkm{t\ cfk"mx? g]skf– dfcf]jfbLdf k|jz ] u/]sf] 3f]if0ff u/]sf 5g\ .L (CBSA) n] hf/L u/]sf] lj1KtLsfcg'.fb lrdf}l/of. ul/G5 eg] .] n sf] .g\ @)!@ sf] t] .df hf]8 lbg] / .df n8\g' 7Ls < Pg.kmntfsf] sfdgf . zflGt .f]af.DefJotf b]lvPsf] xf] .Fu k|x/L dxflg/LIfs sfo{qmdÚ nfu" ug{. dGqfnon] o.fj{hlgs .f/ yfgsf]6 rGb|flul/sf] sfd eg] ltxf/k5fl8 g} cufl8 a9fpg] u/L tof/L eO/x]sf] 5 . v:sb} uPsf] xf] .]nsf u|fxssf] .xg ug{g.fF9] rf/ aif{sf] s}b .f] s]ansf/ dfu{af] b"/L Ps bzdnj ( lsnf]ld6/ /xg] / .nfO{ kqfrf/ u/L jftf{sf nflu sf7df8f}F cfpg cfu|x u/]sf] tyf p.|f] q}dfl. ljutdf . o:t} – o:t} z[+vnfcGtu{t cGo z[+vnfdf . ljleGg sf/0fn] Hofg u'dfPsfx?nfO{ .n] bL3{sflng ?kdf . ] Dd csf]{ cGt/f{li6«o af]nkq cfJxfg ug{ g.Ddsf] s]ansf/sf] . Psn] cfsf]n { fO{ bf]iff/f]k0f u/]/ kfgL dflysf] cf]efgf] aGg vf]h].fd'lxs :jfy{df cfwfl/t Pstf cfhsf] g]kfnnfO{ vfFrf] 5 .dodf Tof] @ nfv gubsf] qmozlSt cg'kft sdhf]/ 5 .docl3 lgudn] Po/a. x/]s gful/ssf] /fhgLlts l.+Vof *! nfv b'O{ xhf/ lyof] .sf] hjfkm hgtfn] lt/]sf] s/af6 cfˆgf] hLjg u'hf/f rnfpFb} cfPsf . .dfh lav08g ug]{ clwsf/ s.jf/L tf]8g\ .g\ @))( df ePsf] .