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Chapter 2
eee
2.1-1 Let us denote the signal in question by g(t) and its energy by By. For parts (a) and (b)
te rc
sintrdt= 3 fo ae cos 2dt=r+0=m
2), 2
©) ee [ sinttut= 2 [at-} [costae rt0=%
ae Bhp Se
2° eee
(a) ef casin 1? ar = a3 ek [corte] = ae soln ae
lo 2 Io 2 to
Sign change and time shift do not affect the signal energy. Doubling the signal quadruples its energy. In the
same way we can show that the energy of kg(t) is k*Ey,
2ae2 (a) Kes [Zar 2. Ey fe(uae+ f2(-1rae = 2
(2)?dt=4. Ex
[rans
“2 5 0/2
f pas f tora f (ytare
o ia
m2 a0/2 a
Eey= [tars [ores [Cota ee
0 f f
Therefore Eazy = Ex ~ Ey
(bE, = [ors f 7
Similarly. we can show that Ezy = 44 Therefore Exsy = E. + Ey. We are tempted to conclude that Ext =
E,—£y in general. Let us see.
o ee [Corns [cntaer ee [ataes
seve [ores [omer torn [ome [cote
‘Therefore. in general Exsy # Ex + Ey
Lf cheatin snare Sf ec
reed [Meteor ona & [econ sana
"hh I, dt+ [, cou(aaet +204] = Fete +0) F
2.1+4 This problem is identical to Example 2.26. except that 1 # w2. In this ease, the third integral in Py (see p. 19
is not zero. This integral is given by
2
y= gi, 2 [contort + O:}c08 ait + Ha) at
at rie
a a
eed if onl; —@)dt +f cos(2art +01 +62) dt
T Ura “ra
"
jinn, SY 11 eoaity ~ M9)} + O-= C.Ca costs ~ 2)
121-5
21-6
21-8
2.21
Therefore
F + crcecosins - #2)
2
Py [eras cur ®) port (yar = 64/7
a aj
a
[ (ct Pat = 6407/7
wr=5 f (2t*yPat = 4(64/7) = 256/7 — (€) Pea =
Sign change of a signal does not affect its power. Multiplication of a signal by ® constant © increases the power
by a factor ©?
ani aaron Lf7ss dima ert
Poa gin tf nine cars gin $f" SY parrot
ra 119 on tam
‘The integrals of the cross:product terms (when & # r) are fnite because the integrands are periodic signals
rinade up of sinusoids), ‘These terms. when divided by T — oc. yield zero. The remaining cerms (k=) yield
ue *
yy um $f Data = De?
71a bem fd
(a) Power of a sinusoid of amplitude C is C7/2 Bq, (2.6a)] regardless of its frequency (o # 0) and phase
Therefore. in this case P ~ (10)*/2 = 50.
(b) Power ofa sum of sinusoid is equal to the sum of the powers of the sinusoids [Eq. (2.6b)}. Therefore,
this case P = OME 4 UES = 178.
(€) (10 +2 sin 31) cos 101 = 10¢os 101 = sin 13¢ — sin 3¢. Hence from Ea, (2.60) P ay p+ $= 51
(d) 10cos 5¢ cos 10t = 5(cos 5t + cos 18¢. Hence from Eq, (2.6b) @ + SF a8,
(e) 10sin 5¢ cos 101 = S(sin 15/ ~ sin 8¢. Hence from Eq, (2.6b) P of 4 opt mas,
fetorse 4 ==). Using the esl in Prob. 21-7, we obtain P= (1/4) 40/4) = 17
(f) 0/9! cos.wat =
For a real a -
cof.
rp
tim &
tonT Jurpe
For imaginary a. let a= jr. Then
pea nineand [emcee ad [atm
1 ~
2J ttre)
Fig. $2.5-2
Clearly, if is real. ¢7* is neither energy not power signal. However, fa is imaginary, itis @ power signal with
power 1
malt) = alt 1) rant 2). galt) salt 1) tout +1). galt) = alt — 08) + sit +05)
“The signal qs(1) can be obtained by (i) delaying g(t) by 1 second (replace t with f— 1). (i) then time-expanding
by a factor 2 {replace f with #2). (il) then muttiply with 1.5, Thus as(t) = 1.595
2.32 All the signals are shown in Fig. $2.3-2
2.3-3 All the signals are shown in Fig, $2.3-3
4 Ba-4> 4 9 Gs)
3 A = 2 A
° oe -6 t 3 ,
gars) 4 gu-d
2
4
2
o =
Fig. 82.3-3
Fae [anra= [eon e, Exon [cota f° dena ty
bane [writen [Pours te Baum [ietarns [Pov
2.34
F y/o
bnone [ner oPaaE [doen Bue. Baio [etinieine [doi eat
of Pudn ets
Een = f fag(t)j? ar
24-1 Using the fact that q(7)6(r) = 9(0)4(7). we have
(a) 0 (b) FA(u) Ce) FMA) (4) $A) phate +3) (1) kO(w) (use L’ Hépital’s rule)
12.2 In these problems remember that impulse A(x) is located at x = 0, Thus. an impulse 4(¢—r) is located at
and so on.
(a) The impulse is located at +
and gf) at r =f is a(t). Therefore
3

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