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1. CASR 61 LICENSING OF FOREIGN PILOT AND FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR (FI) OUTSIDE (f) Upon request of Director General or his authorized representative, each REP. OF INDONESIA person who holds licenses or certificate shall present it for inspection. A non-Indonesian citizen shall be issued license under this part only when Director General finds that pilot license is needed for operating Indonesian LICENSES AND RATINGS ISSUED registered aircraft or FI license needed for training Indonesians citizens. Two types of licenses are issued: - Pilot License REQUIREMENTS FOR LICENSES, RATINGS AND AUTHORIZATIONS 4. Commercial Pilot (a) No person may act as PIC or as required pilot flight crewmember of 1. Student Pilot 2. Sport Pilot 5. Airline Transport Pilot Indonesian registered civil aircraft unless he has pilot license issued under this part. However, he may use pilot license issued by foreign 3. Private Pilot - Flight Instructor License country the aircraft is operated within. (b) No person may, within Republic of Indonesia, act as PIC or as required There are six aircraft ratings: pilot flight crewmember of foreign registered civil aircraft unless he has - Aircraft Category Rating pilot license issued under this part or pilot license issued or validated by 1. Aeroplane 2. Rotorcraft foreign country the aircraft is registered. - Aeroplane Class Rating (c) No person may act as PIC or as required pilot flight crewmember under 1. Single Engine Land pilot license issued under this part except he has appropriate medical 2. Multiengine Land certificate issued under part 67 (if his pilot license is foreign, he may use - Rotorcraft Class Rating 1. Helicopter foreign medical certificate). - Lighter-than-air Class Rating 1. Airship (d) No person, other than holder of FI License, may: (1) Give flight instruction for solo flight, solo cross country, or FI - Aircraft Type Rating 1. Large aircraft Licensing or rating. 2. Small turbojet aircraft (2) Endorse pilot logbook. (3) Endorse student pilot license/logbook for solo operating privileges. - Instrument Rating 1. Instrument Aeroplanes
(e) No person may act as PIC or a co-pilot of a civil aircraft under IFR, or in weather less than minimums for VFR, unless: (1) For airplane, he holds instrument rating or ATPL with airplane rating. (2) For helicopter, he holds helicopter instrument rating or ATPL with helicopter category and helicopter class rating.
3. Glider 4. Lighter-than-air 3. Single Engine Sea 4. Multiengine Sea 2. Gyroplane 2. Free balloon 3. Helicopters requiring ATPL 4. Other aircraft specified by Director General 2. Instrument Helicopter
TEMPORARY LICENSE A temporary pilot or FI license, or rating, effective for 30 days, may be issued when applicant pending review of his qualification and issuance of permanent license or rating issued by Director General. DURATION OF PILOT AND FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR LICENSES - Any pilot license (other than SPL) has no expiration date. - Expirable pilot license holder with may not use the license after it expires. - Student Pilot License (SPL) expires at the end of the 24th calendar month after the month in which the license is issued. - FI license is effective only when holder has current pilot license and medical certificate. It expires at the end of the 24th calendar month after the month in which the license is issued. - A pilot or FI license isn’t effective after surrender, suspension or revocation. - Upon Director General’s request, any license suspended or revoked shall be returned to the Director General. DURATION OF MEDICAL CERTIFICATES - First-class medical certificate expires at the end of the last day of: For ATPL/CPL: 6th calendar month after exam date on certificate For PPL/Sport/SPL: 12th calendar month after exam date on certificate - Second-class medical certificate expires at the end of the last day of: For PPL/Sport/SPL: 12th calendar month after exam date on certificate REPLACEMENT OF LOST OR DESTROYED LICENSE - Make application for replacement to DGAC with the following requirements: 1. Name of person the license was issued, permanent mailing address, date and place of birth of holder, and any other information of license. 2. Accompanied by check giro or post wesel for replacement cost to DGAC. 3. Police report from local police office. - Make an application for replacement of medical certificate to DGAC, Aviation Medical Center, accompanied by check giro or post wesel for cost. - A fax may be received and can be carried as temporary license for 60 days.
CHANGE OF NAME Documents required: 1. Current pilot license 2. Copy of marriage license, court order, or any other documents verifying it 3. Check giro or post wesel for cost of replacement. TESTS WRITTEN TESTS PREREQUISITES (WHAT YOU NEED) - Show he has satisfactorily completed ground instruction for license sought - Present personal identification - Birth certificate for proof of age requirement PASSING GRADES - Specified by Director General for each booklet CHEATING AND UNAUTHORIZED CONDUCT You should not: - Copy or remove written test - Take test for another person - Give or receive to another, part of test - Use any aid during the test - Give or receive help to another test taker - Assist in above acts If he’s found guilty by Director General, the applicant is not eligible for pilot or instructor license and cannot take the test for 1 year after date of the act. FLIGHT TEST PREREQUISITES (WHAT YOU NEED) - Pass written test since beginning of 24th calendar month before he take test - Have applicable instruction and aeronautical experience - Hold current appropriate medical certificate - Meets the age requirement - Written statement from licensed instructor that applicant has been given flight instruction for flight test within past 60 days.
PILOT LOGBOOKS The following information must be logged: General 1. Date 3. Point of departure and arrival 2. Total time of flight 4. Type and identification of aircraft Type of training 1. Pilot in Command 2. Second in Command 3. Flight instruction Flight conditions 1. Day or night 2. Actual instrument
Night flying To fly at night as PIC, within preceding 90 days he has to make 3 takeoffs and 3 landings carrying passengers in the period one hour after sunset to one hour before sunrise. STUDENT PILOTS
4. Instrument flight instruction 5. Pilot ground training 6. Other pilot time
3. Simulated instrument conditions
LOGGING OF FLIGHT TIME Pilot in Command - For PPL and CPL: Flight time is when he (i) is the sole manipulator of aircraft controls, (ii) sole occupant or (iii) is the PIC of aircraft requiring more than one pilot. - For ATPL: All flight time when he is PIC and flight instructor - For instructors: All flight time during flight instruction Second in command Flight time’s when he’s second in command in aircraft of more than one pilot. Instrument flight time Flight time’s when he operates aircraft solely by reference to instruments under actual or simulated instrument conditions. RECENT FLIGHT EXPERIENCE FOR PILOR IN COMMAND General To fly as PIC, he has to make 3 takeoffs and 3 landings within the preceding 90 days as sole manipulator if aircraft of same type.
2. CASR 91 RESPONSIBILITY AND AUTHORITY OF PIC - Responsible for and has final authority on operation of an aircraft - PIC may deviate any rule under part 91 in an in-flight emergency - Each PIC shall send written report when deviate from the rule upon request of the Director General. CIVIL AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS No person may operate civil aircraft unless it’s airworthy. PIC is responsible to determine aircraft is in condition for safe flight. PROHIBITION AGAINST INTERFERENCE WITH CREWMEMBER No one may assault, threaten, intimidate, or interfere with crewmember in the performance of the crew’s duties aboard the aircraft. CARELESS OR RECKLESS OPERATION No person shall operate an aircraft for air navigations or operations on any part of the airport in reckless manner to endanger person’s life or property DROPPING OBJECTS No person shall create hazards to persons/property on surface by dropping object from aircraft in flight except there is insurance to avoid injury or damage to persons or property. ALCOHOLS OR DRUGS (a) No person may act as crewmember of a civil aircraft: - Within 8 hours after consuming alcohol - While intoxicated - While using drug that affects person’s faculties contrary to safety - While having 0.04% by weight or more alcohol in blood (b) Except in emergency, no pilot may allow a person intoxicated or who demonstrates by physical indications that the individual is on drugs to be carried on aircraft.
PORTABLE ELECTRONIC DEVICES No person may operate any portable electronic devices on: 1: Aircraft operated by holder of Air Carrier Operator Certificate or Commercial Operator Certificate, or 2: Any aircraft operated under IFR Except for: 1. Portable voice recorders 4. Electric shavers 2. Hearing aids 5. Any other devices considered will 3. Heart pacemakers not cause interference DOCUMENTS TO BE CARRIED Original documents or verified true copies of the following must be carried: 1. Certificate of Registration 5. Aircraft Radio Permit 2. Certificate of Airworthiness 6. Third Party Liability Insurance 3. Noise Certificate Certificate 4. Operation Specification 7. Journey Logbook Also valid crew license with appropriate ratings should be carried by crew. B – FLIGHT RULES FLIGHT CREW AT STATIONS - During takeoff, enroute, and landing each required crewmember shall (i) Be at station unless absence is needed to perform duties for aircraft operation, or due to physiological needs. (ii) Keep safety belt fastened while at station. - During takeoff and landing, each required crewmember shall keep shoulder harness fastened while at station, except if: (i) The seat is not equipped with shoulder harness. (ii) The crew would be unable to perform duty with shoulder harness.
OPERATION NEAR OTHER AIRCRAFT No person may operate an aircraft: - So close to another that creates collision hazard. - In formation flight, except by arrangement with PIC of each aircraft. - In formation flight while carrying passengers. RIGHT OF WAY: AIRBORNE OPERATIONS When weather permits (clear), vigilance shall be maintained by each flight crew on aircraft to see and avoid other aircraft. If the rule in this section gives other aircraft right of way, you should not pass over, under or ahead If there is: - Distress aircraft: Distress aircraft has right of way over all other air traffic.
However, towing/refueling aircraft has right of way over all other engine driven aircraft. - Coming head-on: Each aircraft alters course to the right to clear traffic.
- Overtake: Each aircraft being overtaken has right of way. Pilot overtaking shall alter course to right.
- Landing: Aircraft on final approach/when landing have right of way over aircraft in flight or on ground. However they shouldn’t take advantage to force aircraft just landed off runway surface. - Converging risk: If same aircraft category, aircraft to the other’s right has right of way. However, towing/refueling aircraft has right of way over all other engine driven aircraft.
- Converging risk: If different aircraft category: 1. Balloon has right of way over any aircraft category 2. Glider has right of way over airship/airplane/rotorcraft 3. Airship has right of way over airplane/rotorcraft
- Landing: When 2 or more aircraft approach an airport for landing, aircraft at lower altitude has right of way. However they shouldn’t take advantage overtake another aircraft on final approach to land. RIGHT OF WAY: WATER OPERATIONS Each flight crew on aircraft on water shall keep clear all vessels and avoid impeding their navigation. If there is: - Crossing: If aircrafts, or an aircraft and a vessel, on crossing course, aircraft/vessel to the other’s right has right of way. - Coming head-on: If aircrafts, or an aircraft and vessel, approach head-on, each shall alter course to right. - Overtaking: Aircraft/vessel being overtaken has right of way. Overtaking traffic shall alter course to keep clear. AIRSPEED - Below 10,000 feet MSL, unless authorized by ATC in Class A/B airspace, IAS must be below 250 knots. - At or below 2,500 feet AGL within 4nm of airport of Class C/D airspace, unless authorized by ATC, IAS must be below 200 knots. - At airspace underlying Class B area designated for airport or VFR corridor through Class B airspace, IAS must be below 200 knots. - If aircraft minimum safe airspeed > maximum speed prescribed, aircraft may be operated at that minimum speed. MINIMUM SAFE ALTITUDE (MSA) Except for takeoff or landing, the MSA: POSITION MINIMUM ALTITUDE 1000 ft above highest Over congested area obstacle Over other than 500 ft above highest congested area obstacle
ALTIMETER SETTING Within Indonesia FIR, your altimeter must be set, when operating: POSITION ALTITUDE ALTIMETER SETTING Below Current altimeter setting of station 18000ft MSL along route within 100nm of aircraft Within 135oE to east of Indonesia FIR At/Above 29.92 in Hg or 1013.2 mb 18000ft MSL Below Current altimeter setting of station o Within 135 E to west 11000ft MSL along route within 100nm of aircraft of Indonesia FIR At/Above 29.92 in Hg or 1013.2 mb 13000ft MSL COMPLIANCE WITH/FOLLOWING ATC CLEARANCE AND INSTRUCTIONS IF WHAT YOU SHOULD DO ATC Clearance has Do not deviate from clearance except ATC gives been obtained amended clearance. Position is in Class A Do not cancel IFR. Pilot may deviate (disregard) from ATC clearance and notify ATC of the deviation ASAP. In emergency If ATC requests a report of deviation, submit it within 48 hours. Instruction is issued Do not use that clearance; only use clearances given for other airplane for you. ATC LIGHT SIGNAL Color Steady green Meaning for Aircraft in flight Clear to land Return for landing (later Clear to taxi followed by steady green) Give way to other aircraft Stop and continue circling Clear runway in use Airport unsafe – don’t land Return to starting point Land at this airport, proceed (e.g. parking stand) to apron Aircraft on ground Clear for takeoff
HORIZONTAL SPACING 600 m radius of aircraft Minimum 200 m away from person/structure
Flashing green Steady red Flashing red Flashing white
AIRSPACE OPERATIONS 1. Class G TURNINGS - If you want to land at airport without control power, only make left turns unless airport display signals to turn right. FLAP SETTING - PIC of civil turbojet aircraft must use minimum certified landing flap according to Airplane Flight Manual for landing, except other setting is needed for safe operation of aircraft. RADIO COMMUNICATIONS - In aerodrome with operational control tower, two-way radio communication must be established ASAP and maintained before maneuvering to, from, through or on an airport. COMMUNICATION FAILURE - In aerodrome with operational control tower, if radio fails, operate aircraft and land by maintaining visual contact with tower and obtaining landing clearance. 2. Class E DEPARTURE - Each aircraft comply any special departure traffic pattern of airport. RADIO COMMUNICATIONS - In aerodrome with operational control tower, two-way radio communication must be established ASAP and maintained before maneuvering to, from, through or on an airport. COMMUNICATION FAILURE - In aerodrome with operational control tower, if radio fails, operate aircraft and land by maintaining visual contact with tower and obtaining landing clearance. 3. Class D DEFINITION OF PRIMARY AND SATELLITE AIRPORT - Primary airport is airport where Class D area is designated. Satellite airport is any other airport within the Class D airspace.
DEVIATION - Aircraft may deviate from any provision under ATC authorization. RADIO COMMUNICATIONS - Aircraft on arrival or in through flight, pilot must establish and maintain two-way radio communication with ATC of that airspace before entering and while within that airspace. - Aircraft departing from primary airport, pilot must establish and maintain two-way radio communication with ATC within airspace. - Aircraft departing from satellite airport, pilots establish and maintain two-way radio communication with ATC of Class D airspace ASAP. COMMUNICATION FAILURE - If VFR flight encounters comm. failure, PIC may operate aircraft and land if (i) weather at/above VFR minimums, (ii) maintain visual contact with tower and (iii) landing clearace is received. MINIMUM ALTITUDE - Large/turbine-powered airplane enter traffic pattern at, and maintain at, 1500 feet above airport elevation until descent is required. - If ILS approach is made, maintain altitude above glideslope between outer and middle marker. - If airplane approach with Visual Approach Slope Indicator (VASI), maintain altitude above glideslope until lower altitude is necessary. APPROACH - In airplane, each pilot must circle airport to the left. DEPARTURE - Each pilot complies with SID of that airport. - Pilot of turbine-powered/large airplane climb to 1500 feet AGL ASAP. TAKEOFF, TAXI, LANDING CLEARANCE - You must obtain ATC clearance to takeoff, land or taxi. - “Taxi to” assigned takeoff runway is NOT a clearance to cross takeoff runway or taxi on that runway, but is a clearance to cross other runways intersecting taxi route to that runway. - “Taxi to __” other than other assigned takeoff runway is clearance to cross runways intersecting taxi route to that point.
4. Class C DEFINITION OF PRIMARY AND SATELLITE AIRPORT - Primary airport is airport where Class C area is designated. Satellite airport is any other airport within the Class C airspace. TRAFFIC PATTERN - You CANNOT take off and land at satellite airport within Class C except according to arrival and departure patterns. RADIO COMMUNICATIONS - Aircraft on arrival or in through flight, pilot must establish and maintain two-way radio communication with ATC of that airspace before entering and while within that airspace. - Aircraft departing from primary/satellite airport, pilot must establish and maintain two-way communication with ATC in Class C. - Aircraft departing from satellite airport, pilots establish and maintain two-way radio communication with ATC of Class C airspace ASAP. EQUIPMENTS REQUIRED (NEEDED) - Aircraft has to have transponder with Mode C capability that reports pressure altitude information in 100-foot increments (intervals). DEVIATION - Aircraft may deviate from any provision under ATC authorization. 5. Class B - In Class B, a person must comply with class D rules, plus: 1. He receives ATC clearance from ATC having responsibility of that area before operating an aircraft there. 2. Operator of large turbine engine-powered airplane to or from primary airport of Class B must fly at/above floors of Class B area within lateral limits of that area. 3. Pilot training operations must comply with given ATC procedures. PILOT REQUIREMENTS - If a person wants to fly in Class B, he has to hold at least PPL. If he’s a student pilot or recreational pilot looking for PPL, he has to have (i) received ground and flight instruction from authorized instructor for the Class B airspace; (ii) logbook has been endorsed within
preceding 90 days for solo flight in Class B; and (iii) the logbook specifies the student pilot is competent for solo flight operations. COMMUNICATIONS AND NAVIGATION REQUIREMENTS OPERATION INSTRUMENT REQUIREMENTS IFR Operation Operable VOR or TACAN receiver Operable radio for two-way communications with All Operations ATC for frequencies in Class B area TRANSPONDER REQUIREMENTS - Aircraft has to have transponder with Mode C capability that reports pressure altitude information in 100-foot increments (intervals). 6. Class A Operations in Class A MUST use INSTRUMENT FLIGHT RULES (IFR) CLEARANCE - You can operate in Class A only when clearance is received from ATC RADIO COMMUNICATIONS - Aircraft in Class A, pilot must be equipped with radio capable for two-way communication with ATC while within that Class A airspace TRANSPONDER REQUIREMENT - Aircraft has to have transponder with Mode C capability that reports pressure altitude information in 100-foot increments (intervals). ATC AUTHORIZATIONS - Aircraft may deviate from any provision under ATC authorization. JOURNEY LOGBOOK The aircraft journey log shall contain the following: 1. Aircraft registration and nationality 5. Purpose of flight 2. Date 6. Observations of flight 3. Crewmember names and duties 7. Signature of PIC 4. Departure and arrival points and times
VISUAL FLIGHT RULES (VFR) FUEL REQUIREMENTS FOR VFR FLIGHTS - Under day VFR, there’s enough fuel to fly to first point of intended landing and to fly normal cruise speed after that for 30 minutes. BASIC VFR WEATHER MINIMUMS The flight visibility and distance from clouds must NOT be less than: Airspace Flight Visibility Distance from Clouds Class A IFR ONLY IFR ONLY Above 10000 feet: 8 km Clear of clouds Class B Below 10000 feet: 5 km Above 10000 feet: 8 km 1000 feet above Class C Below 10000 feet: 5 km 1000 feet above 1500 meters horizontal Above 10000 feet: 8 km 1000 feet above Class D Below 10000 feet: 5 km 1000 feet above 1500 meters horizontal Above 10000 feet: 8 km 1000 feet above Class E Below 10000 feet: 5 km 1000 feet above 1500 meters horizontal Above 10000 feet: 8 km 1000 feet above Below 10000 feet: 5 km 1000 feet above Class F Higher than 3000 feet AMSL: 5 km 1500 meters horizontal or 1000 feet AGL in sight Clear of Clouds Above 10000 feet: 8 km 1000 feet above Below 10000 feet: 5 km 1000 feet above Class G Higher than 3000 feet AMSL: 5 km 1500 meters horizontal or 1000 feet AGL in sight Clear of Clouds SPECIAL VFR Only be conducted with ATC clearance and clear of clouds. Takeoff and landing require 1 statute mile of ground visibility.
NIGHT VFR Night VFR is prohibited unless authorized by the Director. INFORMATION REQUIRED 1. The aircraft identification number and, if necessary, its radio call sign. 2. The type of the aircraft. 3. The full name and address of the pilot in command 4. The point and proposed time of departure. 5. The proposed route, cruising altitude and true airspeed at the altitude. 6. The first intended landing point and estimate time gone to the point. 7. The amount of fuel on board (in hours). 8. The number of persons in the aircraft 9. Any other information the PIC or ATC think necessary for ATC purposes. CANCELLING VFR - If flight plan activated, PIC shall notify appropriate ATC facility to cancel it VFR CRUISING ALTITUDE BELOW 20000 FEET`
ABOVE FL 200
FL 200 IS NOT USABLE VFR FLIGHT SHOULD NOT BE AT OR ABOVE FL 290
INSTRUMENT FLIGHT RULES (IFR) FUEL REQUIREMENTS FOR IFR FLIGHTS - Under IFR, there’s enough fuel to fly to first point of intended landing, then fly alternate airport, and fly cruise speed after that for 45 minutes. INFORMATION REQUIRED 1. The aircraft identification number and, if necessary, its radio call sign. 2. The type of the aircraft. 3. The full name and address of the pilot in command 4. The point and proposed time of departure. 5. The proposed route, cruising altitude and true airspeed at the altitude. 6. The first intended landing point and estimate time gone to the point. 7. The amount of fuel on board (in hours). 8. The number of persons in the aircraft. 9. Alternate airport MINIMUM ALTITUDE - If over mountainous area, fly 2000 feet above highest obstacle within horizontal distance of 4 nautical miles from course to be flown. - If any other case, fly 1000 feet above highest obstacle within horizontal distance of 4 nautical miles from course to be flown. IFR CRUISING FLIGHT LEVEL - In controlled airspace, aircraft fly at altitude assigned to him by ATC. - In uncontrolled airspace: TRACK REMARKS 000o – 089o 090o – 179o 180o – 269o 270o – 359o 3000 3500 4000 4500 IFR Cruise Altitude 5000 5500 6000 6500 7000 7500 8000 8500 9000 9500 10000 10500 11000 11500 12000 12500 13000 13500 14000 14500 15000 15500 16000 16500 17000 17500 18000 18500 19000 19500 -
DO NOT USE FL 200 FOR FLIGHTS FROM FL 210 INCLUSIVE TO FL 290: TRACK REMARKS o o o o 000 – 179 180 – 359 FL 210 FL 220 Flight Level at 2000 FL 230 FL 240 feet intervals FL 250 FL 260 FL 270 FL 280 ABOVE FL 290 INCLUSIVE WITHIN NON RVSM DESIGNATED ROUTE: TRACK REMARKS o o o o 000 – 179 180 – 359 FL 290 FL 310 Flight Level at 4000 FL 330 FL 350 feet intervals FL 370 FL 390 FL 410 FL 430 FL 450 FL 470 FL 490 etc. FL 510 etc. ABOVE FL 290 UP TO FL 410 INCLUSIVE WITHIN NON RVSM DESIGNATED ROUTE: TRACK REMARKS o o o o 000 – 179 180 – 359 FL 290 FL 300 Flight level at 2000 FL 310 FL 320 ft intervals up to FL 330 FL 340 and include FL 410, FL 350 FL 360 at 4000 ft intervals FL 370 FL 380 above FL410 FL 390 FL 400 FL 410 ABOVE FL 290 UP TO FL 410 INCLUSIVE WITHIN RVSM DESIGNATED ROUTE: TRACK REMARKS o o o o 000 – 179 180 – 359 FL 290 FL 300 Flight level at 2000 FL 310 FL 320 ft intervals up to FL 330 FL 340 and include FL 410, FL 350 FL 360 at 4000 ft intervals FL 370 FL 380 above FL410 FL 390 FL 400 FL 410
C – SPECIAL FLIGHT OPERATIONS AEROBATIC FLIGHT Aerobatic flight is prohibited: 1. Over any congested area of a city, town, or settlement 2. Over an open air assembly of persons 3. In lateral boundaries surface of Class B, C, F, or G designated for airport 4. Within 4 nautical miles of the centerline of any airway 5. Below an altitude of 1,500 feet above the surface 6. When flight visibility is less than 3 statute miles (4.8 km). FLIGHT TEST AREAS Flight test permitted over open water or sparsely populated areas. TOWING OBJECTS Pilot must follow Letter of Deviation issued by the Director.
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