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OF

by
LN. Jozrh McL1h1
Iistoric

M`Iwaulce SpeecL wlicL !aio I
land cicision lctvorls Rcused LC carry. 11
, . . :=

/sdIorn coi- cI t! ae~rh D&j Ic hn B1 c pctcopy, copca 5|.U,|0 coi-o $!.U. ^Out- 8 a!! orcr8 to |!c \!ti:
|:iont Lruac. I. L. Hox /V. |o /:r!P- . Cn!Iotnia.
,
'*
I
2u 1!I1 I TI!A'!N
-------------------
1hank you, lhs mcm5crs of hs oun hupu5lian

for lhs opporlunily o 5s with
you al lhis uinnsr commsmoralin lhs luulh

nniv

rsary of ls hspu5lian

Parly.
1 fssl lhul lhis alhsrinv of oun hspu5lians s an sspscally approprials
plas lo answcr lhs alluoks maus upon lhs hspu5lioan Parly anu ms 5y Aulai:
firl J woulu liks lo lhank hulual, J3!, UN anu lhs olhsr inuspsnusnl rauio
elolins which ars makin il possi5ls for ms lo 5rin lhis msssas lo suh a
larc uuisncs. As you know, lhs lwo ma]or nslworks R8O anu O83, arrisu
3lssnsons allak upon lhs hspu5lian Auminislralion anu ms from oasl lo
coasl frss of chars as whal lhsy allsu a pu5li ssrvis. As you know, l hsy
refussu lo allow ms lhs lims lo answsr his altaks. Howsvsr, a sizsa5ls num~
5sr of inuspsnunt stalions, apparsnlly rsconizin lhs uansrous prscsusnl of
iin nalionwius lims for lhs allak 5ul nons for lhs answsr, has isn ms
tonihl, omplslsly frss of hars lims on lhsir rauio slalions for lhis
answsr lo Aulai svsn lhouh lhsrs was no o5lialion lo do so on lhsir parl.
Row lsls movs on lo Aulai. Firsl lsl ms quols a passas lo you anu sss if
you rsonizs ils oriin.
'1hs slruls aainsl hOarlhyism is o5jsclivsly a slruls aainsl lhs poli~
ciss of lhs hspu5lian Auminislralion.
YcOAh1HJ 1E3 hUR IR1EhIEhEROE
'1hs hOarthyilss run inlsrfsrsns' for lhs hspu5lican Auminislralion on
unpopular issuss, unusrlakin to 5uilu mass supporl for nsw movss lo lhs
rihl. hOarlhy's posilion louay 5scomss Eissnhowsrs posilion lomorrow.
Prscissly 5sauss il plays lhis rols, hcOarlhyism is nurlursu anu snourasu
5y lhs hspu5lian Auminislralion''
0oss lhal eounu failiar 0iu you hs il ovsr lhs air hs olhsr nihl from
lhs 0smoral rally whioh was auurssssu hy Aulai in Floriua. Ro, you ars
wron, youuiu nol. Uhils lhs msanin is lhs sams lhis is nol lhs sacl
lanuac ussu 5y Au1ai. 1his is a vsr5atim quols from a rsporl dslisrsu
al lh nat)onal oon1srsnos of lhs Oommunisl Parly of lhs 0nilsu 3 latss anu
pu\lishcu in l953. !ow lsl ms quols ons of lhs lhrss main o5jscliss as ssl
1orth to thc national onfsrsnos o1 lhs Oommunisl Parly. J quots 1rom Pas
U<`
7^'*-'(-
'1o sl co t on anli|c Orthy C onrs s s 5y us1 sa lin svsry hoO a rlhyi t sll cCU\;.'
il^ candidate, ospsoially sinlin oul for usfsal lhosc who ars inovm\cnts,
\
anu 5y ulcot|n a pourful 5lo of cons^ious anu uslsrminsu fihlcrs against
McCarthyi[;m"
J1:1 onc aoro qvot Irom lhs Oommunist ruls 5oo. 0n Pas 32 ws 1inu mappsu
out I! method of attac3n hoCorlhy. J+ Make it a struls aainst w3tc h
h\11!) iDVC:1(P:.C1:' 2. 0s1unu lhc violims o1 McCarthyism such a Iatti~
IlI1`: O1c .' `. :1C d1rot 0110!3 on hoCarthy himsclf such as lhc Americans
1o) l..ocratio IC11:!: ucmanu for inss tiotion o1 hoOarlhy.
I .:1:)' r:1:|: \( Irom D10 J5 o1 lhs Communist orusrs: Us must intsrvcns
uc11N:d\ u1U :|:3YtJN in oll ui11crcnocs 5clwccn Eissnhowcr 3DC McCarthy
011 l1: tIle shnrcst 1irc aainst loCorthy 5ul uon't supporl Jkc sithcr.

`
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0Uu1L3 Phuh hE0 P!ILE
`
0oc lhnl sounu a \il amilior J rsp

al, lhis is nol a quolc from Aulai's


himi spssh. #hils lhs mcninv is lhs sams lhs lanuas is laksn from lhs
main roporl uslivcrsu al lhs nalional onfsrsns of lhs Oommunisl Parly,
U. 3. /., anu puIlishsu in 1953 5y lhs Oommunisl Parly as orusrs lo ils msm5srs.
1wo wsdks ano, Aulai, alin as spokssman anu us1snss lawysr for lhs 0smor

l
Parlyussu lhs offiially approvsu anu pu\lishsu Oommunisl mslhou of allakin
hOarlhy anu lhs hsu5lian Parly. Hs omplainsu lhal I rs1srrsu lo 2u ysars
of lrason. 1onihl J shall plas 5sfors lhs rsalssl of all ]uriss lhs
Amsriun psopls an inuilmsnl of 2u ounls, piksu al ranuom, whih al \ssl
onsliluls riminal sluruily -- or aloorsl, lrsason. 1his uoss nol onsli~
lulc lhs snlirs pilurs, 5ut |usl 2u ounls in lhs inuilmsnl piksu al ranuoc.
As J rsau lhis inuilmsnl you usius whal lhs osl was in uollars anu in
5loou and usalh anu risf. 1hsrs is sarsly ons of you who hsar ms \ul has
hau soms psrsonal lrasuy linksu lo lhsss als of infamy.
1wsnly ysars of lrsason -- < ussus of 5slrayal.
Q2B1_!m!_Qn! in lhs inuilmsnl for rason lsl us all as a wilnsss
lhal rsalssl o1 all Amsrians, 0snsral 0oulas ha
A
rlhur. Hs lsslifisu 5s-
fors lhs husssll Oommillss that whsn lhs Ohinsss Oommunisls wsrs pourin a
ross lhs alu hivsr 5riuss, hs immsuialsly orusrsu lhs 5om\in of lhoss
5riuss lo kssp lhs hsus from pourin aroes lhs rivsr lo kll rippls
aplurs, anu lhsn lorlurs lo usalh lhs sons o1 Amsrian molhsrs as lhsy uiu.
haArlhur lsslifisu: 8ul lhal orusr was ounlsrmanusu from Uashinlon.'
How many Amsrians uisu 5sauss lhal orusr was ounlsrmanusu no ons will
svsr know: lhal many uisu 5sauss of il no ons oan qusslion.
OJ1E3 'Ou!!JVJ !0 ! I1AL
As allornsy for lhs usfsnss, how plsau you lo lhis ounl, Aulai 0uilly or
nol uilly
2Qi_!mQ!_1TQ in lhs inuilmsnl for lrsason: in 1943 Aulai was isn lhs
of ormu1utinv Amsria's poslwar poliy for J laly. 1hal po1cy a:oru-
11)P to th s sworn ls s limony o 0snsral 8susll 3mi lh wa s lo onni vs II lo \rin

0omaunisls inlo lhc Tla1ion 0os:nmsnl anu lo \rin lhs Oommunisl 1sadsr
,._'ogliatti, \Hck 1rom 'osow. "hy uiu Aulai wanl lhs Oommunisl Isadsr \rovht
bOC! 1rom |osow lo J lo1y whcrs hs has sins uons so muh uamas
I: attorney iC1 lhs uIsnss, how plsau you lo lhis ounl, Aulai 0ui1ly or
not guilty'
_________ in the indictment or lrcason: doppin \ak <O ysars lo
l|:. 1+, onc o1 lhs irs1 ucls o lhs 0smo:al Administration .as lo
:,:..~ V1?1 \::0. This recognition o hussia, says \)hillakc: 0har\c:,
1

)+

t. United `1U1' oun lo orcin sspionas. Anu il may nol \s Wilhou
' .:--~ that accordinG t o a spsch mous on lhs 3snalc f1oor on |ay (
1'!, 1 C1:J had for O while \sn lhs !ashinlon Ia:ysr for Oommunis1
h1::.::,
T1!1 i i !J )h11O
I: u11:11N for lh defenGo, how pIsau you lo lhi ounl, /u1ai 0uilly OI
I: j1I ]1
-
3
-
\111 N\"l' C\I 11 the indictJlll-'nt JOT 1TtI'O1 DN 1<, 19h2, w11! B1 a
|..
.Iu J1 1!e Navy Department, 1!C U|Jt^ 110u:e TV^U 1|c1

!crs
LI0
Communist CO1C(J1 CNWC!_1O 1e uO\^ 1O DC1

_0UtD.
. --.---- _ `~
.1I0Y co-mille 0?JF 10v u NtG GtB
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3 B11OI1tN JOT 1!t tJt1Gt !OW Dtc NOV 1O 1!1G COVD1 B1 V11N OT
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ar:.io)att1 1c0tU under OB1! cG B t GDN BDU W!O WBG t7tCV11Nt
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lOt guilty?
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::.,n..BJN 1!t PJJ 1B11N,11PV1J

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1O1 !VJ1N
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Jii e OD PJl1B1N |t1G O11t W!t1t 1!t J1 tG G!OWt 1!B1 !t WBG B OPPVDJG1
PrOOf of 1hiU OTUt1 JG CO11BJ1tU 11 1!JG tT1tT JTO! Ot1 O1NtG |T1!tG
Who kept 1!C Ordt1 JTOP 1t11! fVllN CB1T1tU OV1
: 111^\ ICI the !Jt1:t !O\ DeBU NOV 1O 1!JG count, B1 VJ1N OT \
1o1 guilty?
'_________ in the indictmOnt for 11tBGO1 \t !BNt VGGJB our cu1renCN
.|: w(1 control over the Bmo\nt OJ American-backed currency which T!tN
c\J print. JD coGt to American taxpayers -~ over 250 PJ1ODG OJ dcJJ?I:.
)1 )J(;rpc:trators the ComIu!iS espionage B0 ent Harry Dexter 1!vhite, \ho !'las
Iht1 ::: ..Dt Sec ret HJ OI the Trea Gur V B1D \. rrBn k C Ot le c t1t 1 \ b e for e
O1' Ciu:11 he 1elu Cd on the grounds of self-incrimination to tell whe ther
\ or_ l h \: enGaged in runninG guns to the Communists. Incidentally herU i5/
, t1 111.1 11 \:1 Coc; recommended dli 1O BD important assignment.
11!J' ' 1!1 O1.\1
l: 11:1' lC1 the dC J C ! se how plead NOV 1C 1!JG cOUn1 Adlai?
'
Guilty or
l.1 i:\1\
___-__ 11 1|. indictment for treason: Yalta. There ,millions of free
II1!

1 :1 children V(re GOld into Communist GBNt1N G OV1 Ambassador


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UCV:11!11. Ihsy wors lrans1nrrsu 1rom ons lsusrl dspa:lmsnl lo onolhsr,
1JJJJ\ cnuin up in ksy posilionc in lhs Unilsu Ralions. Ihs sviusns shows
lh is nol oiniusnlal \ul parl o1 a us1inils plannsu pallsrn. Jl appsors
lo :sull 1rom lho onlrivons oJ srloin hihly plosu o11iials who havs
su:ronuu lhsmsslvss in sah 0ovsrnmsnl asny, anu lhsn in lhs Unilsu Ralions.
wilh ps:sonnsl who shars lhsir uisloyal onvilions."
5 allornsy 1or lhs us1snss, how plsau you lo lhis ounl Aulai uilly or
nol guilly
Q

1_

Qr_12 in lhs inuilmsnl 1or lrsason: hils lhs Rspu\li o1 Oina


whih hou 1ouhl sius \y sius wilh us uurin lhs snlirs war was in a li1s
and uth slrugls wilh lhsRussian supporlsu Ohinsss Oommunisls ws sm\arzosu
lhc shipmsnl o1 svsn ons ouns o1 un powusr lo lhal Oommunisl Ally o1 ours.
altornsy 1or lhs us1snss how plsau you lo lhis ounl Aulai? 0uilly or
nol ruilly
Q
1_
_1Q in lhs inuilmsnl 1or lrsason: hils onuulin an air lihl
embargo on lhs shipmsnl o1 any o1 lhs wsapons o1 war lo lhs Rspu\li o1 Ohina
os wsrs 1orin lhs opsnin o1 Kalan Rounlain Pass inlo Ranhuria wilh lhs
rssull lhal lhs Ohinsss Oomunisls oulu bs anu wsrs 1ully armsu 5y lhs Rus-
sians.
8HJP~JRKJR0 0R0ER
As allornsy 1or lhs usJsnss how plsau you lo lhis ounl Aulai 0uilly or
nol uilly
Q

1_
Qr_11 in lhs inuilmsnl 1or lrsason: Jmmsuialsly 1ollowin lhs oul~
OFB! o1 lhs Korsan war lhs Unilsu Ralions 7lh Flssl was orusrsu lo palrol
lhs walsrs alon lhs Oommunisl oasl o1 Ohina. Ihsir orusrs:
1. in! any ship whih allsmpls lo o 1rom Formosa lo hslp lhoss who ars
1ihling lhs Oommunisls in Ohina \ul uo

nol molssl or in any way 1nlsr1ss
w11| ships hslpin lhs Oommunisls.
., + nol lsl lhe Ohinsss navy on formosa sink any Oomunisl shippin. A
!!i.l0:. Bdor 8ulli l l ls sli1 i su'
'\\!J` 0oxrnmcnl has niVn o:usrs lo our 1lssl lo prsvsnl il lhs navy o1 lhs
....0smmunil Ohinsst) 1rom sloppin lhs Oommunisl supply ships oin up lo
'.:1: .

They sail right by Formosa, loausu wilh 3 ovisl munilions pul in lhs
J| Communist ships in Oyu1ia a They come all lhs way arounu anu go righl
\ ITlLSD and sail past there laing wsapons up lo be ussu to kill American
+l::: 1! Korea, onu by order o1 our Oovsrnmsnl lhs Ohinsss navy is flatly
l)lJ+OtD to :1C| lhsm on lhsir way up lhsrs. '
,,;; i'r'ctiident EiSenhoWUr pointed oul 'lhis has msanl in s11sl that lhs
|
::.!. ,States Navy was required lo ssrvs as a us1snsivs arm o1 Oommunisl
! i '' .
JhiS permitted those Ooaniuls wilh rsalsr impunily lo kiII our
1 d( . `
.1t
` 1 (11\ 1CF lhu uefe1se ho\ plUau you lo lhis ounl Aulai 0uiIly or
! '! | : J. t y
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|D o1lo:nuy or lhe ueunoo, how pluau you lo lh1s counl, Aulu1, u1lly or
nol r1lly
ll lhost 2u ooun1s piokou al runuom rom lIo r.ooru o lhu lwo uuouuus 5u
\\^J hroh 4, l933, anu Junury 2u, 1953, uo not auu up lo lruuson, thun 1
nsk you, my risnus, whul is lrsason?
J`!^:^ Iuis anu gsnllumsn, ars lhs ots -~ svsry ons 5aoksu 5y proo! anu
o1Jioil rsports. \ou 5s lhu ]uus. Is il lrsuson? I1 nol, whal is it?
1hoss who woulu ussnu lhal rsooru uurs nol uo so uirsolly. Ihsy oonusmn
ins1irtions anu loohniquss. Anyons oan 5s a hsro o1 lhis ls1l-win an
i1 hu shouts a5oul 'li5srly'' anu '1rssuom'' anu ''oosroion''. Ihs lowsr ths
hypoorils lhs mors snsral lhs ls:ms, anu lhs rsutsr lhs oonusmnalion anu
lh louuur lhs olash o oym5als 5y lhoss who oull thsmsslvss rihlsous. I1
tho orics oums 1rom lhs Oommunists alons, no ons woulu lislsn. 8ut olsvsrly
-~ oh, so olsvsrly ~~ lhsy uuu lhs voioss lhs CJJw1IBNClC 1!C
ill~inormsu anu o1 lhs s~hsausu li5srals. hany, 1ar loo many, o lhoss
who sorsum ars 5ut polilioians sskin lsmporary lory, unminu1ul o1 lhs
lrulh o lhs pasl, oarslsss o lhs 1ulurs, unworrisu a5oul lhs ussliny o
our nution.
A0LA1 OJ IE0 t1J tAT3
/ulai lurnsu soms ins phrasss al hiami. A rsul num5sr o hih sounuin
[CJ^FB. slutsmsnts, 5ut sa1sly usvoiu o1 1aols sxospl in ons inslanos in
wh1oh oass lhs sllsmsnl o 1aol was 1alss. Apparsnlly Aulai woulu ralhsr
lurn a olsvsr phrss lhan lo 5s lrulh1ul. His ons slalsmsnl o1 1aol was lhul
th. hspu5lioans huu oltsn riu o only ons Oommunist. Anu, o1 oourss, ths
uuinos applauusu. 1 am nol oin lo lry lo ivs you lhs namss lonihl o1
ssry Oommuni s l rs movsu sino s lhs Imsrioan psopls ol ri u o Aulai s ri snus,
Truman nu Aohsson. I will, howsvsr, ivs you lhs namss o 2u o1 lhs many
5lh /msnumsnt Oommunisls who appsareu 5s1ors our oommitlss anu wsrs lhsn rs~
mosu 1rom Oosrnmsnl or ussnss work. Ihs 2u whoss namss 1 shall is you
wors all workin silhsr in lhs Ocvsrnmsnl or in us1snss planls whioh hanulsu
ssorsl matsrial 1or lhs military al lhs lims our oommitlss oallsu lhsm.
Jhcir namss: 0oris U. Powsll, ho5srl Ooouwin, Euwaru Rolhsohilu, !ulhunisl
H+n-y O. Arohusaoon, 0onalu H. horrill, Uilulau Piskrski, hulh Lsin.
Alexander Orsory, Thsodors Pappas, Violor 8olys, 1rvin Psrsss, 3iunsy Fried
Innrcr, ho5srl P. !orlhrop, Arthur L. uwsns, Jcusph A. Os5hurul, Emunvl
f(rnande., Ooruon Dslras, 0swsy + 8rashsar anu Lso Kanlrowitz.
1 n\i that
J
shull rsau in lomorrow's pupsr lhut hoOurthy saiu only ?0
..:.aun1z1z wsrs rumouu rom Oosrnmsnt. Lst ms mks it olsur I picked ut
)':.) only ?0 o lhou who ppsrsu 5sors our insslialin oomil..s
J !` \! Cd to t sll Whs the I the y \lsrs O Omm vn i Sl s on lhs r Ovn d lhs t rut h mig h t
. 1:+ 1 ]ail, unu lhsn wsrs rsmosu rom Oosrnmsnt or rom usi.nss
l.1) I.: \1C] l1CJ?C secret work.
McCARTHYISM CALLED !t61
I` i.J:` n:\:1 Isn't lhi. h'OFt]yiUm u nsty thing to durC sxposc all L..
Fifth I\lltc;ndment Communists. Forluntsly the |msrion pcJ \.1!
l) ): 'l!! ill;tinct !or what 1s rihl, votsu uuinsl lhis mun unu his pu Ity .
!' )J l]\|J`n1 leader!1hip Covld luNC torn s1us lhs ovrlin o si1 enc
.,:,' concealment to reveal the depths to which ovr nulion hd 10JJ?!. 1 t`_ _
'`1 L!: agonized Y1t: Irom the left-wing, the fustOr and hurur \e S!uJ.
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