You are on page 1of 17

By: kamalesh pallam .

al paint and metal spray finishes    primary Aluminium production by region References and Bibliography Conclusion . Equipment and Fixtures. Fabricating and Finishing. Industrial Buildings.Agenda:  Introduction-origin  Nomenclature history  properties of al  al in building. Maintenance.external and internal applications  Various Usages of al Services. Prefabricated Buildings.

AL is a light. •Strictly speaking al applies to the pure metals. In fact often the same equipment and fabrication methods are used as for steel. cast. lead or is found most abundant(8.In the earth crust.etc. copper.silver-grey metal used for making is extracted from the ore called bauxite. brass. zinc. . chemically and mechanically aluminium is a metal like steel. formed and machined much like these metals and it conducts electric current.Introduction to al •Al is a chemical element.3% by weight)metallic element and third most abundant of all elements(after oxgen and silicon). •Aluminium can be represented as ‘Al’. •Physically.number in the periodic table is 13. It can be melted.


In 1761 Guyton de Morveau suggested calling the base alum alumine.Ancient Greeks and Romans used aluminium salts as dyeing mordants and as astringents for dressing wounds. which he at first termed alumium and later aluminum . In 1808. Humphry Davy identified the existence of a metal base of alum. alum is still used as a styptic.

Corrosion Resistance Aluminium naturally generates a protective oxide coating and is highly corrosion resistant. light fittings or rescue blankets. about a third that of steel. painting or lacquering can further improve this property.7 g/cm 3 . and that together with its low weight. . Different types of surface treatment such as anodising.Aluminium is a very light metal with a specific weight of 2. for example. Electrical and Thermal Conductivity Aluminium is an excellent heat and electricity conductor and in relation to its weight is almost twice as good a conductor as copper. For example. Reflectivity Aluminium is a good reflector of visible light as well as heat. makes it an ideal material for reflectors in. the use of aluminium in vehicles reduces dead-weight and energy consumption while increasing load capacity. This has made aluminium the most commonly used material in major power transmission lines.