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Stormwater Hydrology

Stormwater Hydrology

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begins discussion on watershed/drainage basin characteristics, deals with rainfall, effective rainfall and rainfall-runoff models. deals with time of concentration and basin lag time. described rational method and hysrograph analysis.
begins discussion on watershed/drainage basin characteristics, deals with rainfall, effective rainfall and rainfall-runoff models. deals with time of concentration and basin lag time. described rational method and hysrograph analysis.

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Published by: Dr. Akepati Sivarami Reddy on Nov 05, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/25/2015

•HSG-A: Low run off potential and high infiltration rates - Deep,
well drained sandy/gravelly soil - Water transmission rates:
>0.3 inch/hr.
•HSG-B: Moderate infiltration/runoff rates - Moderately deep
and moderately draining soils - Moderately fine to moderately
coarse texture - Water transmission rates: 0.15-0.3 inch/hr.
•HSG-C: Low infiltration rates and relatively high runoff rates -
Soils include layer impeding downward movement of water -
Moderately fine to fine soil texture - Water transmission rates:
0.05-0.15 inch/hr.
•HSG-D: High runoff potential and very low infiltration rates -
Clay soils with high swelling potential, or soils with clay pan or
clay layer at or near surface, or shallow soil over nearly
impervious material - Water transmission rates: <0.05 inch/hr

Watershed Characteristics: Slope

Average watershed slope
•Divide the watershed into different slope areas and find there
area fractions

–Select representative location for each of the slope areas and
find slope in percent
–Multiply slope and fractional area for each of slope areas and
sum the resultant to obtain weighted average watershed slope

•Divide watershed into square grids, and, at the intersections
of grids measure slope perpendicular to the contours

–Take mean slope of all intersections as average watershed slope

Watershed channel slope
•Rate of change of elevation with respect to distance along the
principal flow path
•Divide the elevation difference (between the end points of
the principal flow path) with the hydrologic length (ΔE/L)
•The elevation difference may not be the maximum elevation
difference within the watershed

Watershed Characteristics: Shape

Watershed shape
•Reflects the way runoff will bunch-up at the watershed outlet
•Depending on the shape various parts of the watersheds will reach
the outlet at different times
•Flood peaks produced vary with the watershed shape
Parameters used for describing the watershed shapes

m

o

e

m

e

C

C

ca

L

D

R

A

L

R

ratio

longation

E

A

A

R

ratio

y

Circularit

A

P

F

ratio

y

Circularit

L

L

L

factor

Shape



5.
0

0

5.
0

3.
0

1

2

)

(

)

(

4

)

(

.

)

(

‘Lca’Length to the center of area
‘L’ is watershed length
‘P’ is perimeter of the watershed
‘A’ is area of the watershed
‘A0’ is area of a circle with the same

perimeter as the watershed

‘Lm’ is the maximum length of the

watershed parallel to the principal
drainage line

‘Do is diameter of a circle of same area

Shape factor is considered as the best descriptor of peak discharge

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