Shafa’at ...........................................................................................

1

‫حْيم‬
ِ ‫ن الّر‬
ِ ‫سم ِ الل‬
ْ ‫ه الّر‬
ْ ِ‫ب‬
ِ ‫حم‬
Preface
‫و‬
ِ َ ‫مممممال‬
ِ ‫مممممدُ للمممم‬
ّ ‫ه َر‬
َ ْ ‫ا َل‬
َ ْ ‫مي‬
َ ْ ‫ب ال‬
ْ ‫ح‬
َ ‫ن‬
‫وِله‬
َ ‫م‬
ُ َ ‫س مل‬
ُ ‫علممى َر‬
ّ ‫وال‬
ّ ‫ال‬
ْ ‫سم‬
َ ُ‫صمملوة‬
َ
‫ن‬
ِ ‫ش‬
َ ‫و آل ِممه الطّي ْب ِي ْم‬
َ ْ ‫ممذْن ِب ِي‬
ُ ْ ‫ع ال‬
َ ‫ن‬
ِ ْ ‫في‬
ّ ‫ال‬
ِ ‫طا‬
ُ‫عد‬
ْ َ ‫ما ب‬
َ ْ ‫ري‬
ّ َ‫ ا‬: ‫ن‬
ِ ‫ه‬
There is no doubt that intercession forms the basic
principle of our faith and there are so many Quranic
Ayats, traditions and narrations supporting it. That is
why, people who have little knowledge of Quran, the
idea of intercession is as clear as the day. But today, in
this progressive world, people have pushed back the
Quranic ayats and the traditions of the prophet. They
look at intercession with doubt. There raise many
objections on intercession, for e.g. they think that if it is
in Islam, then it favours the people who are real sinners
because they think that intercession is a political group.
They also presume that intercession is against the
judgement of Allah as Allah has made obligatory for

2............................................................................................Shafa’at

Himself to punish the sinners. The reality of
intercession is this that they are not punished. Many
other objections are also there for intercession. To be
free from the punishment, they have introduced this
concept. In fact, the relation of intercession is not with
sinners but with good doers. Intercession is not to save
the sinners from punishment but to raise the position of
good doers in heaven. In other words, intercession is
there to increase in reward and not to decrease in sins.
This is also wrong from Quranic verses and traditions.
As intercession is related to sinners and good doers. It
does not conclude that the sinners go on committing as
many sins as they like on this basis and they may obtain
salvation on the day of judgement. If they don’t commit
sins, the idea of intercession will not come into picture.
And the Prophets and their successors will be deprived
of giving them intercession.
Looking at this issue, I found it necessary to pen down
some words regarding this topic. Readers are advised to
go thoroughly so that they can get the right concept of
intercession.

Shafa’at ...........................................................................................3

Sayed Abbas Abedi
Alipur

. The combination of intercessor and the one who is being recommended results in intercession.. In Islam..... But those who are ‘based ones’ who are astrayed and they are deaf to hear the voice of truth and blind to see and dump to speak for them there is nothing in the universe to save them from the fire of hell........... the conditions of both are well explained............... The people think that on the day of judgement Firaun..... Like this verse: . Hajjaj ibn Yusuf Saqafi........ It is the root of ‫ شفع‬which means pair.. etc... This concludes that on the day of judgement every sinner will not be forgiven...Shafa’at Meaning and concept of intercession The word intercession is well-known amongst the people and everybody is aware of it........ Yazeed...... neither anybody can do intercession........ The intercessor and his greatness on one hand and the ability and capacity of the other on other hand. Changez. In Holy Quran it is mentioned in many places that these people will taste severe punishment........... It is the recommendation of great personality by which the errors are forgiven....... will also be forgiven.......4.....

..”1 As per traditions.. ... if there is no life of faith in their hearts........ 1 Surah Baqarah (2): Verse 7....... Intercession in the light of Holy Quran The word intercession has come in Holy Quran thirty times which itself shows the importance of the subject. as intercession is also based on some conditions.. To understand intercession.......... traditions and the view points of some learned scholars........... one must understand the importance of forgiveness........... paradise is impossible.........5 ُ ‫عل َممى‬ ‫عل َممى‬ َ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫ه‬ ْ ‫قل ُمموِبه‬ ُ ‫م الل م‬ َ َ ‫خت‬ َ ‫م‬ َ َ ‫غ‬ ٌ‫وة‬ َ ‫و‬ ِ ‫م‬ ِ ‫م‬ ِ ‫ر‬ َ ْ ‫ه‬ ْ ‫ه‬ ْ ‫س‬ َ ْ ‫عَلى أب‬ َ ‫شا‬ َ ‫م‬ ِ ‫صا‬ ِ ‫ع‬ َ ‫ع‬ ‫م‬ َ ‫م‬ ِ ‫بع‬ ٌ ‫ذا‬ ُ َ ‫ول‬ ٌ ‫ظي‬ ْ ‫ه‬ َ “Allah has set a seal upon their hearts and upon their hearing and there is a covering over their eyes....Shafa’at .... There is no doubt that forgiveness and pardon is based on some conditions. As it enlightens the lamp of guidance of Allah’s Mercy...................... and there is a great punishment for them..... We will first shed light on this issue with Quranic Ayats....

1... . No. pg. people have not been able to grasp the right concept...........) says...... vol. Chap...”1 Ameerul Momenin. Ali Ibn Abi Talib (a.‫ضا‬ ً ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ع‬ َ ‫قْرآ‬ ّ ِ‫ا‬ ْ َ ‫ضه ب‬ ْ َ ‫صدُقُ ب‬ ْ َ‫ن ي‬ “Surely....a........Shafa’at Some verses refute and some recommend it so.... 59..”2 In Holy Quran there are seven different types of verses regarding intercession and its explanation...w. some verse of Holy Quran attests the other.. ُ ْ ‫ن ال‬ ... 1 Behaarul Anwaar.a.. Tr.. 41........s............ We have seen that because of the above mentioned reason. 2 Nahjul Balaghah...... 106...) said: ُ ْ ‫و ي َن‬ ْ ُ‫و ي‬ ‫د‬ ُ ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ه‬ ْ َ ‫ضممه ب‬ ْ َ‫ق ب‬ ُ ‫طمم‬ َ ‫ض‬ َ ِ ‫شمم‬ ٍ ‫عمم‬ ‫ضه‬ َ ِ ‫ع‬ ْ َ ‫على ب‬ “Some verse of Holy Quran speaks with the help of other verses and some testifies the other....... As the Holy Prophet (s... sermon 129...6............... by going through only one category will not suffice the discussion. As some verses explain the others...

..................Shafa’at ...................... Verse 254.......7 First category of verses of intercession The verse which totally refute the intercession: َ ُ ‫ف‬ ‫ممما‬ ِ ‫من ُمموا ْ َأن‬ ِ ْ ‫قمموا‬ ِ ّ ‫ها ال‬ َ ّ ‫َيا أي‬ َ ‫ذي‬ ّ ‫م‬ َ ‫نآ‬ ْ َ ُ ‫قَنا‬ َ ‫من‬ ْ ‫َرَز‬ ‫م‬ ٌ ‫و‬ ّ ‫كم‬ ْ ‫ي يَم‬ ِ ْ ‫قب‬ َ ِ ‫ل أن ي َ مأت‬ َ ‫شم‬ َ َ ‫ول‬ ‫ة‬ ُ َ ‫ول‬ َ ‫فا‬ ٌ ‫ع‬ ٌ ‫خل ّ م‬ ِ ‫ع‬ ِ ‫في م‬ ٌ ْ ‫ل ّ ب َي‬ َ ‫ة‬ َ ‫ه‬ ّ ‫م ال‬ َ ْ ‫وال‬ ..... E.......... Ayatul Kursi 1 Surah Baqarah (2)......‫ن‬ ُ ‫ن‬ ِ ‫كا‬ َ ‫مو‬ َ ‫فُرو‬ ُ ِ ‫ظال‬ ُ ‫ه‬ َ “O you who believe! spend out of what We have given you before the day comes in which there is no bargaining.............. and the unbelievers — they are the unjust.g.......... neither any friendship nor intercession...”1 َ ‫ش‬ َ َ‫و ل‬ (1) The sentence ‫ة‬ َ ‫فا‬ ٌ ‫ع‬ َ is the proof against those who completely refuse the intercession which will be explained thus: It is not right to base your opinion because since in other verses of Quran the proof of intercession is found. ....

..g............. It is evident from the other verses that only friendship of the believers will be useful on the day of judgement and not with the unbelievers...... ‫و‬ َ ‫ص‬ ِ َ ‫ا َْل‬ ُ ‫ع‬ ٍ ِ ‫مئ‬ ْ َ ‫م ل ِب‬ ْ َ‫ذ ب‬ ُ ‫ض‬ ْ ‫ه‬ َ ‫و‬ ٌ ُ‫عد‬ ْ َ ‫خل ّءُ ي‬ ٍ ‫ع‬ ...... ‫ن‬ ِ ّ ‫مت‬ َ ْ ‫قي‬ ُ ْ ‫ا ِل ّ ال‬ “The friends shall on that day be enemies one to another......Shafa’at ّ ‫عْنممدَهُ إ ِل‬ َ ‫شمم‬ ْ َ ‫ذي ي‬ َ ‫من‬ ِ ‫ع‬ ِ ‫ذا اّلمم‬ ُ ‫ف‬ َ ..... ‫ة‬ ُ َ ‫ول‬ ٌ ّ ‫خل‬ َ (neither friendship nor relation will count)..8. except those who guard (against evil). Verse 67............ 2 Surah Zukhruf (43)........g.‫ه‬ ِ ِ ‫ب ِإ ِذْن‬ “…who is he that can intercede with Him but by His permission?...... .............. For e............... For e... Verse 255.” 1 (2) It is not the negation of intercession but the false intercession.. It is the friendship of the believers but not for the disbelievers....... ......”2 1 Surah Baqarah (2)..

... nor ...‫ن‬ ُ ‫ن‬ ِ ‫والكا‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫و‬ ُ ِ ‫ظال‬ ُ ‫ه‬ ْ ‫م‬ ْ ‫فُر‬ َ There is no question of intercession with the unbelievers..‫ن‬ ُ َ ‫صُرو‬ ْ ‫ه‬ َ ‫م ُين‬ “And be on your guard against a day when one soul shall not avail another in the least..................Shafa’at ............... the negation of first part stating that there will be no intercession is meant for those who deny payment of zakat................................ ّ ‫م ال‬ . neither shall intercession on its behalf be accepted...... Therefore......... Second category of verses of intercession It is based on those verses which is regarding the believers of the Jews about intercession those two verses from: ْ َ ‫زي ن‬ ُ ّ ‫وات‬ ‫عممن‬ َ ‫س‬ ْ َ ‫وما ً ل ّ ت‬ ٌ ‫فم‬ ْ َ ‫قوا ْ ي‬ َ ِ ‫ج‬ ْ ُ ‫ول َ ي‬ ْ ّ‫ن‬ ُ ‫قَبممم‬ َ ‫س‬ ‫هممما‬ ِ ‫ل‬ َ ْ ‫من‬ َ ً ‫شمممْيئا‬ ٍ ‫فممم‬ َ ‫ول‬ َ ‫ش‬ ْ ُ ‫ول َ ي‬ ٌ ْ‫عممد‬ َ َ ‫ؤ‬ َ ‫ها‬ َ ‫فا‬ ٌ ‫ع‬ ِ ُ‫خذ‬ َ ْ ‫من‬ َ ‫ل‬ َ ‫ة‬ ....9 (3) The word ‫‘ انفق‬those who pay zakat’ and it is so important that those who deny this payment are termed as unbelievers.......

..... therefore................. nor shall they be helped.......... Almighty addresses them to convince the Muslims of their going astray....”1 ْ َ ‫زي ن‬ ُ ّ ‫وات‬ ‫عممن‬ َ ‫س‬ ْ َ ‫وما ً ل ّ ت‬ ٌ ‫فم‬ ْ َ ‫قوا ْ ي‬ َ ِ ‫ج‬ ْ ُ ‫ول َ ي‬ ْ ّ‫ن‬ ٌ ْ‫عمد‬ ُ َ ‫قب‬ َ ‫س‬ ‫ل‬ َ ‫همما‬ ِ ‫ل‬ َ ْ ‫من‬ َ ً ‫شْيئا‬ ٍ ‫ف‬ َ ‫شممم‬ َ ‫ول َ َتن‬ َ ‫هممما‬ ‫م‬ َ ‫فا‬ ٌ ‫ع‬ ُ َ ‫ول‬ ُ ‫ف‬ َ ‫ع‬ ْ ‫هممم‬ َ ‫ة‬ َ . nor shall they be helped..... 1 Surah Baqarah (2) Verse 48 2 Surah Baqarah (2) Verse 123 ......... nor shall intercession profit it...”2 It is evident from the presiding and proceeding of the about two verses that Lord addresses the Jews negating their stand of intercession by which they took pried over other tribes and religion............... thus affirm the truth of Islam..................‫ن‬ َ ‫صُرو‬ َ ‫ُين‬ “And be on your guard against a day when no soul shall avail another in the least neither shall any compensation be accepted from it.10.Shafa’at shall any compensation be taken from it............

..... as they say that our forefathers are capable of barring the burden of our sins.... Even the Christians are on the same line as evident from the Quranic verse: َ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ِ َ ‫قممال‬ ْ َ ‫صمماَرى ن‬ ُ َ ‫ت ال ْي‬ ُ ‫حم‬ َ ّ ‫والن‬ َ ُ‫هممود‬ َ َ َ ُ ‫حّبا‬ ‫ه‬ ِ ‫وأ‬ ِ ‫أب َْناء الل‬ ُ ‫ؤ‬ َ ‫ه‬ And the Jews and the Christians say: We are the sons of Allah and His beloved ones............................11 Jews who take pride of being the progeny of Prophet Yaqub (a.........) and are thus free from committing any sins........1 The tradition says that they consider themselves the owner of Heaven and thus nobody can enter it......s... Quran has stated in: َ ‫و‬ َ ‫خ‬ ‫مممن‬ ُ ْ‫قاُلوا ْ ل َممن ي َمد‬ َ ‫جن ّم‬ َ ْ ‫ل ال‬ َ ّ ‫ة إ ِل‬ َ َ َ ‫صاَرى‬ ُ ‫ن‬ َ ‫كا‬ َ َ‫و ن‬ ْ ‫هودا ً أ‬ “And they say: None shall enter the garden (or paradise) except he who is a Jew or a Christian…........Shafa’at ........... thus intercession is for us.”2 1 Surah Maidah (5) : Verse 18 2 Surah Baqarah (2) Verse 111 ...............

.. and there is no fear for him nor shall he grieve.................... Say: Bring your proof if you are truthful...................... These are their vain desires..”1 1 Surah Baqarah (2) Verses 111 & 112 ...... Quran further states thus: َ َ ْ ‫ت ِل‬ ُ ‫م‬ ْ ‫ق‬ ‫م‬ َ ‫هاُتوا ْ ب ُْر‬ َ ‫ل‬ ُ ّ ‫مان ِي‬ ْ ُ ‫هممان َك‬ ْ ‫ه‬ َ ‫كأ‬ َ ُ ‫ِإن‬ ‫م‬ ِ ‫صاِد‬ ْ ‫ن أ‬ ْ ‫م‬ َ ‫قي‬ َ َ ‫سل‬ َ ‫ن ب ََلى‬ ْ ُ ‫كنت‬ َ ‫م‬ َ َ ‫فل‬ ‫ه‬ ُ ‫و‬ ِ ‫ح‬ ِ ‫ه لل‬ ْ ‫هأ‬ ْ ‫م‬ ْ ‫و‬ َ ‫ج‬ ٌ ‫س‬ ُ ‫جُر‬ ُ َ ‫ن‬ ُ ‫و‬ ُ ‫ه‬ َ ‫ه‬ َ ‫ه‬ َ َ َ ‫ف‬ ‫م‬ َ َ ‫ول‬ ُ َ ‫ول‬ ٌ ‫و‬ ِ ِ ّ ‫عندَ َرب‬ ْ ‫ه‬ ْ ‫ه‬ َ ‫م‬ ْ ‫خ‬ َ ‫ه‬ ِ ْ ‫علي‬ ‫ن‬ َ ‫حَزُنو‬ ْ َ‫ي‬ “And they say: None shall enter the garden (or paradise) except he who is a Jew or a Christian.................................Shafa’at In many places the Quran has expressed clearly their wrong and adamant behaviour and declared that Heaven is not the estate of Jews and Christians..12.... Yes! Whoever submits himself entirely to Allah and he is the doer of good (to others) he has his reward from his Lord......

........ are there for us then any intercessors so that they ... Third category of verses of intercession These are that verses in which it is stated that there will be no intercession for unbelievers and also those who intercede for them will not be accepted.......................Shafa’at ......................... those who neglected it before will say: Indeed the apostles of our Lord brought the truth.........13 It is quiet clear from the above verses in which intercession is refuted is that intercession which the Jews and Christian believe................... there are three ayats: َ ‫ل‬ َ ‫من‬ ُ َ‫ي‬ ُ ‫قب ْ م‬ ُ ‫قو‬ ِ ُ‫سوه‬ ِ ّ ‫ل ال‬ ْ‫ق مد‬ ُ َ‫ن ن‬ َ ‫ذي‬ َ ‫ق‬ ُ ‫س‬ ‫هل ل ّن َمما‬ َ ْ ‫ل َرب َّنا ِبال‬ َ ْ ‫جاء‬ َ ‫ف‬ ُ ‫ت ُر‬ ّ ‫ح‬ َ َ ‫ش‬ َ ‫عاء‬ َ ‫ش‬ ْ َ ‫في‬ ُ ‫من‬ ِ ّ‫و ُنمَرد‬ ُ ‫ف‬ َ ‫ف‬ ْ ‫عوا ْ ل ََنما أ‬ َ ‫ل‬ َ ‫ل‬ َ ُ ‫مم‬ َ ‫م‬ ِ ّ ‫غي َْر ال‬ ْ‫قمد‬ ْ َ ‫ذي ك ُن ّمما ن‬ ْ َ ‫فن‬ َ ‫ع‬ َ ‫ع‬ ُ ‫سُروا ْ َأن‬ ّ ‫ض‬ ‫ممما‬ َ َ ‫ل‬ َ ‫و‬ ِ ‫خ‬ ُ ْ ‫عن‬ ُ ‫س‬ َ ‫ف‬ ّ ‫هم‬ ْ ‫ه‬ َ ‫م‬ َ ْ َ ‫كاُنوا ْ ي‬ ‫ن‬ َ ‫فت َُرو‬ “Do they wait for aught but its final sequel? On the day when its final sequel comes about.......

.............. So the intercession 1 Surah Aaraaf (7) verse : 73 2 Surah Shurah (26) verses : 98-101 ...... so we have no intercessors..”1 ُ ‫وي‬ ‫ممما‬ ِ َ ‫عممال‬ َ ْ ‫ب ال‬ ّ ‫كم ب ِمَر‬ َ ُ ‫إ ِذْ ن‬ َ ‫مي‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫ن‬ ّ ‫سم‬ َ ‫ن‬ ‫مممن‬ َ َ‫أ‬ ِ ‫ما ل ََنا‬ َ ‫مو‬ ْ ‫م‬ َ ‫ف‬ ُ ‫ر‬ ُ ْ ‫ضل َّنا إ ِل ّ ال‬ ِ ‫ج‬ َ .... nor a true friend.......Shafa’at should intercede on our behalf? Or could we be sent back so that we should do (deeds) other than those which we did? Indeed they have lost their souls and that which they forged has gone away from them............................ till death overtook us..... …”2 ‫حّتى أ ََتاَنا‬ َ ‫ن‬ ّ ‫وم ِ ال‬ ُ ّ‫وك ُّنا ن ُك َذ‬ ْ َ ‫ب ب ِي‬ َ ِ ‫دي‬ َ ‫شمم‬ َ ‫ممما َتن‬ َ ‫ن‬ َ ‫م‬ ‫ة‬ َ ‫فا‬ ُ ‫ع‬ ِ َ ‫ال ْي‬ ُ ‫ف‬ ُ ‫ع‬ ُ ‫قيمم‬ ْ ‫همم‬ َ ‫ف‬ ّ ‫ال‬ ‫ن‬ ِ ‫ف‬ ِ ‫شا‬ َ ‫عي‬ “And we used to call the Day of Judgment a lie..........14............‫م‬ ِ ‫ف‬ ِ ‫شا‬ ِ ‫ح‬ ِ ‫ص‬ َ ‫ق‬ َ ‫عي‬ َ َ ‫ول‬ َ ‫ن‬ ٍ ‫مي‬ ٍ ‫دي‬ “When we made you equal to the Lord of the worlds.......... and none but the guilty led us astray.

........... In the history of illiterate Arabs we find that they prepaid idols of wood and stone and mettles. and they used to worship them so that idols would be pleased with them and may intercede for them................... Fourth category of verses of intercession These verses relate intercession of their idols.15 of intercessors shall not avail them........................... Thus all the exegesis (‫سر‬ ّ ‫ )مف‬are unanimous that these verses clearly state that there will be no intercession for disbelievers.............. When there is no relation between them and the Almighty then how can they have relation with the prophets? And how can they expect intercession? And even those who have relation are themselves in hell.. as lifeless things cannot intercede since they have no ‫ شعور‬in them.....”3 It goes without saying that unbelievers have no effect of faith in them on the strength of which they can do intercession... Quran has ridiculed them on many occasions...Shafa’at ............ 3 Surah Muddassir (74) verses : 46-48 .

............16.. and you have left behind your backs the things which We gave you......................”1 َ ‫ممما ل‬ ِ ‫ن اللمم‬ ِ ‫ن‬ َ ‫دو‬ ُ ‫مممن‬ ُ ‫عُبمم‬ ْ َ ‫وي‬ َ ‫ه‬ ِ ‫دو‬ َ ُ َ ‫وي‬ َ ‫ول َ َين‬ ‫ن‬ ُ ‫ضممّر‬ ُ َ‫ي‬ َ ‫قوُلممو‬ ُ ‫ف‬ ُ ‫ع‬ ْ ‫همم‬ ْ ‫ه‬ َ ‫م‬ َ ‫م‬ ُ ‫ه‬ َ ‫شم‬ ُ ‫عا‬ ُ ‫همم‬ ْ ‫قم‬ ُ ‫ؤلء‬ ‫ل‬ ِ ‫ؤَنا‬ َ ِ ‫عنمدَ اللم‬ َ ‫ف‬ َ ‫فممي‬ ِ ‫م‬ َ ‫أت ُن َب ُّئو‬ ْ َ ‫ممما ل َ ي‬ ُ ‫عَلمم‬ َ ِ‫ه ب‬ َ ‫ن اللمم‬ 1 Surah Anaam (6) : verse 94 .. certainly the ties between you are now cut off and what you asserted is gone from you.Shafa’at Verses in support are: َ ‫ش‬ ُ ‫م‬ ‫ن‬ ِ ‫م اّلمم‬ َ ‫ف‬ َ ‫م‬ َ ‫ذي‬ ُ ُ ‫عاءك‬ ْ ُ ‫عك‬ َ ‫ما ن ََرى‬ َ ‫و‬ َ َ َ ‫ش مَر‬ َ َ ‫كاء ل‬ ُ ‫م‬ ‫قممد‬ َ ‫َز‬ ِ ‫م‬ ُ ّ ‫م أن‬ ْ ‫فيك ُم‬ ْ ‫ه‬ ْ ُ ‫مت‬ ْ ‫ع‬ ّ ‫ق‬ ُ ‫عن‬ ُ َ ‫ع ب َي ْن‬ َ ّ‫ت‬ ّ ‫ضمم‬ ‫ممما‬ َ ‫ل‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫طمم‬ ّ ‫كممم‬ ْ ‫كمم‬ َ ‫م‬ ُ ‫ن‬ ُ ‫م ت َْز‬ َ ‫مو‬ ُ ‫ع‬ ْ ُ ‫كنت‬ “And certainly you have come to Us alone as We created you at first............................................... and We do not see with you your intercessors about whom you asserted that they were (Allah’s) associates in respect to you.........

.........Shafa’at ... Say: Do you (presume to) inform Allah of what He knows not in the heavens and the earth? Glory be to Him.....”2 1 Surah Yunus (10) : verse 18 2 Surah Rom (30) : verse 13 ............... and they say: These are our intercessors with Allah......1 َ ‫شممَر‬ ُ َ‫م ي‬ ُ ‫مممن‬ ‫م‬ ُ ّ ‫كممن ل‬ ْ ‫ه‬ ّ ‫هممم‬ ْ ‫وَلمم‬ َ ِ ِ ‫كائ‬ َ ‫شممممَر‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫شمممم‬ ُ ِ ‫كمممماُنوا ب‬ ُ ‫م‬ َ ‫ف‬ ْ ‫ه‬ َ ‫عاء‬ ِ ِ ‫كائ‬ َ ... and supremely exalted is He above what they set up (with Him).‫ن‬ ِ ‫كا‬ َ ‫ري‬ ِ ‫ف‬ “And they shall not have any intercessors from among their gods they have joined with God......................................17 َ ‫ض‬ ِ َ ‫ول‬ ِ ‫وا‬ ّ ‫ال‬ َ ‫سممممم‬ َ ‫ت‬ َ ‫ما‬ ِ ‫فمممممي الْر‬ ُ ‫ر‬ ْ ُ ‫ما ي‬ ‫ن‬ َ ‫عاَلى‬ َ ‫كو‬ َ َ ‫وت‬ َ ْ ‫سب‬ ُ ّ ‫ع‬ ُ َ ‫حان‬ َ ‫ه‬ ِ ‫ش‬ “And they serve beside Allah what can neither harm them nor profit them............ and they shall be deniers of their associategods.....

.. shall not avail me aught.....Shafa’at ‫ن‬ ً ‫هم‬ ِ ّ ‫أ َ أ َت‬ ِ ‫دون ِم‬ ِ ُ‫خذ‬ ُ ‫مممن‬ َ ِ ‫ه آل‬ ِ ْ‫رد‬ ِ ‫ة ِإن ي ُم‬ ‫عّنمممي‬ ْ ُ ‫ضمممّر ل ّ ت‬ َ ‫ن‬ ُ ِ ‫ممممن ب‬ ْ ‫الّر‬ َ ‫ح‬ ِ ‫غممم‬ َ ‫ش‬ َ ‫م‬ َ ُ ‫ق‬ ...‫ن‬ َ ‫فا‬ ِ ‫ول َ ُين‬ ُ ُ ‫عت‬ ْ ‫ه‬ ِ ‫ذو‬ َ ‫شي ًْئا‬ “What! Shall I take besides Him gods whose intercession.. َ ُ ‫خممما‬ ‫ن َأن‬ َ َ‫ن ي‬ ِ ‫ه ال ّممم‬ ِ ‫ذْر ب ِممم‬ ِ ‫وأنممم‬ َ ‫فو‬ َ ‫ذي‬ َ َ ْ َ ‫ح‬ ‫هممم‬ ْ ُ‫ي‬ ُ َ‫س ل‬ ْ ‫هم‬ َ ‫م ل َي ْم‬ ِ ّ ‫شمُروا إ ِلممى َرب‬ َ َ ‫ول‬ ‫م‬ ِ ‫شم‬ ِ ِ ‫دون‬ َ ّ‫ع ل‬ ٌ ‫في‬ ُ ‫من‬ ُ ّ ‫عل‬ ْ ‫هم‬ ّ َ ‫ي‬ َ ‫ه‬ ّ ِ ‫ول‬ ُ ّ ‫ي َت‬ .......18.............‫ن‬ َ ‫قو‬ “And warn with it those who fear that they 1 Surah Yaasin (36) : verse 23 ................. Fifth category of verses of intercession Lord said that only He is authorised and there is no other to recompense.... nor shall they be able to deliver me?”1 Exegesis says that these words are uttered by Habib Najjar defending the prophets........................................... If the Beneficent God should desire to afflict me with a harm..

......... and remind (them) thereby lest a soul should be given up to destruction for what it has earned..................19 shall be gathered to their Lord — there is no guardian for them..................”1 ُ ‫خمم‬ ‫عًبمما‬ َ ّ ‫ن ات‬ ِ َ‫م ل‬ ِ ‫ر اّلمم‬ ُ َ ‫ذوا ْ ِدين‬ َ ‫ذي‬ ْ ‫همم‬ َ ِ َ‫وذ‬ َ ‫و‬ ‫حَيمماةُ الممدّن َْيا‬ َ ْ ‫م ال‬ ُ ْ ‫غّرت‬ ْ َ ‫ول‬ ُ ‫همم‬ َ ‫وا‬ ً ‫همم‬ َ َ ‫وذَك ّمر ب م‬ ْ َ‫ل ن‬ َ ‫سم‬ ‫ممما‬ ِ ِ ْ َ ْ ‫ه أن ت ُب‬ َ ِ‫س ب‬ ٌ ‫فم‬ َ ‫ه‬ ِ ‫ن اللم‬ ِ ‫همما‬ ُ ‫مممن‬ ْ َ ‫سب‬ َ َ‫س ل‬ َ َ‫ك‬ َ ‫ت ل َي ْم‬ ِ ‫دو‬ َ َ ‫ول‬ .... and whom this world’s life has deceived............................Shafa’at . nor any intercessor besides Him — that they may guard (against evil)...... it shall not have besides Allah any guardian nor an intercessor…”2 ‫ت‬ َ ‫ذي‬ ِ ‫وا‬ ِ ‫ه اّلممم‬ ّ ‫ق ال‬ َ ‫سممم‬ َ ‫خَلممم‬ ُ ‫اللممم‬ َ ‫ما‬ َ ‫ة‬ ِ ‫ممما‬ ِ ّ ‫سممت‬ ِ ‫فممي‬ ُ َ ‫ممما ب َي ْن‬ َ ‫ه‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫والْر‬ َ ‫ض‬ َ 1 Surah Anaam (6) : verse 51 2 Surah Anaam (6) : verse 70 .‫ع‬ ِ ‫ش‬ ٌ ‫في‬ َ ‫ي‬ َ ّ ِ ‫ول‬ “And leave those who have taken their religion for a play and an idle sport.............

............”2 Irresponsible person may deduce that only Lord can intercede and believe that the prophets........... then to Him you shall be brought back......... His is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth............ you have not besides Him any guardian or any intercessor..... saints and 1 Surah Sajdah (32) : verse 4 2 Surah Zumar (39) : verse 44 ................. will you not then mind?”1 ُ ‫مْلمم‬ َ ‫ش‬ ُ ّ ‫ه ال‬ ‫ك‬ َ ‫فا‬ ُ ‫ع‬ ِ ‫ج‬ ِ ‫قل لل‬ ً ‫مي‬ َ ‫ة‬ ُ ‫ه‬ ُ ّ ‫عا ل‬ َ ْ ‫ه‬ ِ ‫م إ ِل َْيممم‬ ِ ‫وا‬ ّ ‫ال‬ ّ ‫ض ُثممم‬ َ ‫سممم‬ َ ‫ت‬ َ ‫ما‬ ِ ‫والْر‬ ‫ن‬ َ ‫عو‬ ُ ‫ج‬ َ ‫ت ُْر‬ “Say: Allah’s is the intercession altogether................Shafa’at َ ‫مما‬ َ ‫وى‬ َ ْ ‫عَلى ال‬ ْ ‫ما‬ َ ‫ش‬ ّ ُ ‫أّيام ٍ ث‬ َ َ ‫ست‬ ِ ‫عمْر‬ ُ َ‫ل‬ َ ‫ول‬ ِ ‫ه‬ ِ ‫دوِنمم‬ ُ ‫مممن‬ ّ ‫كممم‬ َ ‫ي‬ َ ‫مممن‬ ّ ‫وِلمم‬ َ َ‫ع أ‬ َ ‫ن‬ ِ ‫ش‬ َ ‫فل َ ت َت َذَك ُّرو‬ ٍ ‫في‬ “Allah is He Who created the heavens and the earth and what is between them in six periods and He mounted the throne (of authority).............20..

.. On the day of resurrection the total control and status will be His..21 righteous people can intercede is false............. nor do they understand.......... َ ‫شمم‬ ُ ‫ه‬ ُ ‫خ‬ ‫عاء‬ َ ّ ‫أ َم ِ ات‬ ِ ‫ن الل ّ م‬ ِ ‫ذوا‬ َ ‫ف‬ ُ ‫من‬ ِ ‫دو‬ َ ْ ‫ق‬ ُ َ ‫ن‬ ‫شمي ًْئا‬ َ ‫مل ِك ُممو‬ ْ َ ‫و ك َمماُنوا َل ي‬ ْ َ ‫ول‬ َ ‫لأ‬ ‫ن‬ ِ ‫ع‬ َ ‫قُلو‬ ْ َ ‫وَل ي‬ َ “Or have they taken intercessors besides Allah? Say: What! Even though they did not ever have control over anything. their only reply is to refer to the preceding verses..................... ..”1 Sixth category of verses of intercession These verses lay stress on the Supreme Powers acceptant..... ّ ‫عْنممدَهُ إ ِل‬ َ ‫شمم‬ ْ َ ‫ذي ي‬ َ ‫من‬ ِ ‫ع‬ ِ ‫ذا اّلمم‬ ُ ‫ف‬ َ .........................Shafa’at ..................‫ه‬ ِ ِ ‫ب ِإ ِذْن‬ “…who is he that can intercede with Him but by His permission?”2 1 Surah Zumar (39) : verse 43 2 Surah Baqarah (2) : verse 255 ...

..‫د‬ ِ ‫ش‬ ِ ‫ع‬ ِ ّ ‫ع إ ِل‬ ِ ‫ما‬ ْ َ ‫من ب‬ َ ...........”2 َ ‫شم‬ َ ‫ذ ل ّ َتن‬ ّ ‫ع ال‬ ‫ن‬ َ ‫فا‬ ُ ‫ع‬ ٍ ِ ‫مئ‬ ُ ‫فم‬ ْ ‫مم‬ َ ّ ‫ة إ ِل‬ َ ‫و‬ ْ َ‫ي‬ َ ً ‫و‬ َ ‫ه‬ ....................‫دا‬ َ ‫ن‬ ِ ً ‫ه‬ ْ ‫عندَ الّر‬ ْ ‫ع‬ َ ‫ح‬ ِ ‫م‬ “They shall not control intercession..22... save he who has made a covenant with the Beneficent God....Shafa’at َ ‫من‬ ......................‫ل‬ ِ ‫وَر‬ َ ‫أِذ‬ ْ ‫ه الّر‬ ُ ‫م‬ ُ َ‫ي ل‬ َ ‫ح‬ ُ َ‫ن ل‬ ْ ‫ق‬ َ ‫ن‬ َ ‫ض‬ “On that day shall no intercession avail except of him whom the Beneficent God allows and whose word He is pleased with......”3 َ ‫ش‬ َ ‫ول َ َتن‬ ّ ‫ع ال‬ ‫ن‬ َ ‫فا‬ ُ ‫ع‬ ِ ‫ة‬ ُ ‫ف‬ ْ ‫مم‬ َ ِ ‫عندَهُ إ ِل ّ ل‬ َ َ ‫ه‬ َ ‫أِذ‬ ُ َ‫ن ل‬ “And intercession will not avail aught with 1 Surah Yunus (10) : verse 3 2 Surah Maryam (19) : verse 87 3 Surah Ta Ha (20) : verse 109 . ٍ ‫في‬ “…there is no intercessor except after His permission…”1 ُ ِ ‫مل‬ َ ‫ش‬ ّ ‫ن ال‬ َ ‫خ‬ ‫ذ‬ َ ّ ‫ن ات‬ َ ‫فا‬ َ ‫ع‬ َ ‫كو‬ َ ‫ة إ ِّل‬ ْ َ ‫َل ي‬ ِ ‫م‬ ...............................

...Shafa’at ... as 1 Surah Sabah (34) : verse 23 2 Surah Zukhruf (43) : verse 86 ............ Is it possible that some verses of the Quran oppose the other verses? Answer to this question is that there is no difference between the two verses.”1 ُ ِ ‫مل‬ ‫ه‬ ُ ْ‫ن ي َد‬ ِ ِ ‫دون‬ ِ ‫ن‬ ِ ّ ‫ك ال‬ َ ‫عو‬ ُ ‫من‬ َ ‫ذي‬ ْ َ ‫ول َ ي‬ َ َ ‫شمم‬ َ ‫مممن‬ ّ ‫ال‬ ‫ق‬ َ ‫فا‬ َ ‫ع‬ َ ْ ‫هدَ ِبممال‬ ّ ‫ح‬ َ ّ ‫ة إ ِل‬ ِ ‫شمم‬ ‫ن‬ ُ ‫و‬ َ ‫مو‬ ْ َ‫م ي‬ ُ َ ‫عل‬ ْ ‫ه‬ َ “And those whom they call upon besides Him have no authority for intercession... but he who bears witness of the truth and they know (him).............. If it is mentioned that anybody other than Almighty can intercede than this question may arise but it is not so............ as it can be seen that the verses in which the intercession other Almighty is mentioned is only with the condition with His permission only....23 Him save of him whom He permits...”2 Seemingly the question arises that with few conditions right to intercede other than Almighty is possible and this does not negate the other verses where only Almighty has the right to intercede..........................................

.24................... Seventh category of verses on intercession In these verses not only the existence of the intercessor are mentioned but also their attributes and specialties: َ ‫و‬ ‫دا‬ َ ّ ‫قممماُلوا ات‬ ً ‫وَلممم‬ ْ ‫خمممذَ الّر‬ ُ ‫مممم‬ َ ‫ح‬ َ ‫ن‬ َ َ‫ن ل‬ ْ ‫ه َبمم‬ ِ ‫ل‬ َ ‫مممو‬ َ ْ ‫سممب‬ ُ ُ ‫مك َْر‬ ّ ٌ‫عَبمماد‬ ُ َ ‫حان‬ َ َ ْ ‫ه ِبممال‬ ُ ِ ‫سممب‬ ‫ه‬ ُ ‫و‬ ِ ‫ر‬ ْ َ‫ي‬ ْ ‫هممم ِبممأ‬ ُ َ ‫قون‬ َ ‫ل‬ ِ ‫و‬ ْ ‫ق‬ ِ ‫م‬ َ ‫ما‬ ِ ْ ‫ن أي‬ َ ‫مُلو‬ ْ َ‫ن ي‬ ْ َ‫ي‬ َ ْ ‫ما ب َي‬ َ ‫و‬ ْ ‫ه‬ َ ‫م‬ ُ َ ‫عل‬ َ ‫ع‬ َ ‫م‬ ِ ‫دي‬ َ ‫شمم‬ َ ْ ‫خل‬ ْ َ ‫ول َ ي‬ ‫ن‬ َ َ ‫عو‬ ُ ‫ف‬ ُ ‫ف‬ َ ِ ‫ن إ ِل ّ ل‬ ْ ‫همم‬ َ ‫م‬ ِ ‫ممم‬ ْ ‫خ‬ ‫ه‬ َ ‫ن‬ ُ ‫و‬ َ َ ‫اْرت‬ ِ ِ ‫شمممي َت‬ ْ ‫مممم‬ ّ ‫همممم‬ َ ‫ضمممى‬ ُ ‫ف‬ ْ ‫م‬ ‫ن‬ ِ ‫ش‬ َ ‫قو‬ ُ “And they say: The Beneficent God has taken to Himself a son... and the power of all things lies in His hands... They do not precede ....................e...... Nay! They are honoured servants. (As ّ ‫ه ال‬ mentioned in the earlier verses) ‫ة‬ َ ‫شَبا‬ ُ ‫ع‬ ِ ‫و ِلل‬ َ ‫عا‬ ِ ‫ج‬ ً ْ ‫مي‬ َ and Lord has given the permission to the prophets to intercede on behalf of their Ummat..... other can intercede without His permission............................ so that they may intercede for their sins which is their right.......Shafa’at none i...... Glory be to Him.

.........................Shafa’at ..................... and they do not intercede except for him whom He approves and for fear of Him they tremble.........25 Him in speech and (only) according to His commandment do they act......... He knows what is before them and what is behind them..‫مُنوا‬ َ ‫آ‬ “Those who bear the power and those around 1 Surah Ambiya (21) : Verses 26-28 2 Surah Najm (53) : Verse 26 ...............”1 َ ‫و‬ َ‫ت ل‬ ِ ‫ك‬ ِ ‫وا‬ ٍ َ ‫مل‬ ّ ‫في ال‬ َ ‫سمم‬ ّ ‫من‬ ّ ‫كم‬ َ ‫ما‬ َ َ ‫ش‬ َ ‫م‬ َ ‫غِني‬ ‫د‬ ْ ُ‫ت‬ َ ‫فا‬ ِ ‫ع‬ ِ ّ ‫شي ًْئا إ ِل‬ ْ َ ‫من ب‬ ُ ُ ‫عت‬ ْ ‫ه‬ ْ َ َ َ ‫من ي‬ ‫ضى‬ َ ‫وي َْر‬ َ َ‫أن ي َأذ‬ َ ِ‫ه ل‬ ُ ‫ن الل‬ َ ‫شاء‬ “And how many an angel is there in the heavens whose intercession does not avail at all except after Allah has given permission to whom He pleases and chooses...........”2 ‫ن‬ ِ ‫ح‬ ِ ‫اّلمم‬ َ ‫مُلممو‬ َ ْ ‫ن ال‬ ْ َ‫ن ي‬ ْ ‫ممم‬ َ ‫ذي‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫عممْر‬ َ ‫ش‬ ‫م‬ ِ ‫مممم‬ َ ‫حو‬ َ ِ‫ن ب‬ ُ ّ ‫سمممب‬ َ َ ُ‫ه ي‬ ْ ‫هممم‬ ْ ‫ح‬ ُ َ ‫ول‬ ْ ‫حممم‬ ِ ّ ‫د َرب‬ ْ ُ ‫وي‬ ‫ن‬ ْ َ ‫ست‬ ِ ‫غ‬ ِ ‫ن ل ِّلمم‬ ِ ِ‫ن ب‬ ِ ‫ؤ‬ َ ‫فُرو‬ َ ‫مُنو‬ ْ َ ‫وي‬ َ ‫ذي‬ َ ‫ه‬ َ .....

.. that Lord may forgive and envelopes them in His bounty. and by giving ‘some share’ to their Priests will be free from 1 Surah Momeen (40) : Verse 7 ... in Quran there are two different types of intercession....... Two aspects of intercession in Quran So far we have seen the different aspect of intercession................26..........”1 As you have seen in above verses Angels and those who are near to Him seek repentance for believers..... the prophets will intercede for them................... (a) Non-acceptable intercession (1) In the eyes of Jews and Christians those person who are in the progeny of the prophets will be forgiven in spite of continues sinning.. the idea of intercession is nothing but the same.............. (a) Non-acceptable intercession and (b) acceptable intercession....... We give below the gist.........Shafa’at Him celebrate the praise of their Lord and believe in Him and ask repentance for those who believe......

....... If at the time of his death the person repents with pure intention it is possible that Lord by His grace allow on the day of judgement the intercessor to plead his case................................. Quran has refuted this concept and rejected this kind of intercession (2) Intercession of that person who have no relation with Him and also with that intercessor on the day of judgement......Shafa’at ........... ( َ ) ِ ‫ب الّر‬ ُ ‫وا‬ ّ َ ‫فا ِّنه ت‬ ِ ‫حي ْم‬ .............. Is it possible that anybody can intercede for idol-worshippers......27 sins. (b) Acceptable intercession (1) Only that intercession will be accepted by Him who is by His permission......... oppressors and tyrants? Quran has stated this clearly that such person will not eligible for intercession.... And their sins may not be to such an extent that the link between them is cut off and if it is such then the question of intercession does not arise..... (2) Only those persons having faith in Him and His Prophets are eligible..

. as this position is only allotted to him exclusively........”1 This status that Lord has given him will be praised by all the prophets.......... maybe your Lord will raise you to a position of great glory......... In Tafsir-e-Majmul 1 Surah Bani Israel (17) : Verse 79 ........ is there any position greater than this which will be beneficial on the day of judgement...... the reason is that Lord Himself has nominated Him for this purpose and selected him.... pray Tahajjud beyond what is incumbent on you.. َ ‫ة ّلم‬ َ ‫ل‬ ‫ك‬ ً ‫فل َم‬ ِ ‫ه َنا‬ ِ ‫جدْ ب ِم‬ ِ ‫و‬ ّ ‫ه‬ َ َ ‫فت‬ َ ‫م‬ ِ ْ ‫ن الل ّي‬ َ َ َ ‫ك َرّبمم‬ َ ‫عَثمم‬ َ ‫م‬ ‫ممما‬ َ َ ْ ‫سممى أن ي َب‬ َ ‫ع‬ ً ‫قا‬ َ ‫ك‬ .........28... All the exegesists are unanimous on this point that by the word ‫ مقام محمود‬is ‫مقام‬ ‫ شفاعت‬which is the status of an intercession..................................Shafa’at The Prophet of Lord – intercessor on the day of Judgement Verily among the Muslims there would not be any who does not recognize the prophet as intercessor on the day of Qiyamat..‫دا‬ ً ‫مو‬ ْ ‫م‬ ُ ‫ح‬ ّ “And during a part of the night.....

...........‫لول َممى‬ َ ُ‫خ مَرة‬ ِ ‫ول َْل‬ َ ِ ‫ك‬ َ َ ّ ‫ك َرب‬ َ ‫طي‬ َ ‫ك‬ . usurping the 1 Surah Zoha (93) : Verse : 4-5 ....... and Lord will accept his intercession.....‫ضى‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫فت َْر‬ ِ ‫ع‬ ْ ُ‫ف ي‬ َ َ ‫ول‬ ْ ‫س‬ َ “And surely what comes after is better for you than that which has gone before............... to save the people from going astray.. Prophet has suffered and borne hardship and continuous struggle till his last breath...... Lord be the witness that he always prayed for his nation as he is ‫ين‬ ِ َ ‫عمال‬ ْ ‫م‬ َ ‫رحممة ِلل‬.....................”1 Most exergists are narrating with reference to Ibne Abbas that he said: َ ‫خ‬ ‫جّنه‬ ُ ْ‫ن ت َد‬ َ ‫َر‬ ْ َ ‫ضاهُ ا‬ َ ْ ‫ه ال‬ ُ ُ ‫مت‬ ّ َ‫ل ا‬ Prophet will only be pleased when his nation will enter Paradise...............Shafa’at . But reciprocate in another way by harassing.......... ُ ْ ‫م من ا‬ َ ‫خي ْمٌر ل ّم‬ ..29 Bayaan it is written that prophet will stand with a banner (‫م‬ َ ) and all the prophets will gather around ْ َ ‫عل‬ him... And soon will your Lord give you so that you shall be well pleased..

........a......w.a.....) from the books of Ahle Sunnah.. We have taken care that the chosen traditions are complicit.................. Few traditions from the books of Ahle Sunnat Holy Prophet (s......Shafa’at rights. Intercession in the light of traditions Regarding intercession there are so many traditions that if you collect them they will take a ‘book form’ that is why the belief in intercession forms a basic peg in Islam.......... lowering their position and tried all means to injure them.a.......... clear and useful..a... By Lord this point is worth contemplating by the intellectuals.....30...... but we only relate here ten from Ahle Sunnat and fourteen from ‘Shiite’ sources....w... We have taken the support of traditions and narrations from exegesis of Jafar Subhani ‘Manshoor Javed’.. Forty five traditions are from ‘Sehah Sitta’ and fifty five are from Shiite sources....... we will first throw light on the tradition of the Holy Prophet (s........) said: .

.... 170.. Muta Malik. p.. 1440.Shafa’at .w..... 5.... 281..... p....... Sahih Muslim p..... p...... vol... 31.... p............. vol... Sahih Bhukhari...‫شي ًْئا‬ ِ ‫ه‬ ِ ‫ِبالل‬ “Lord has made some prayers of Prophets which are answered. Musnad Ibn Ahmad.... . 166......) said: ‫ت‬ َ ‫ت‬ ْ َ‫و ا‬ ْ َ‫ا‬ ُ ‫عطَي ْم‬ ُ ‫عطَي ْم‬ ً ‫م‬ ْ ‫خ‬ َ .a.a.... 238........‫شي ًْئا‬ ِ ‫ك ِبالل‬ ْ ‫م‬ َ ِ‫ل‬ ِ ‫ش‬ “Allah has blessed me with five superiority one of 1 Refer Sonan Ibn Maajah.....”1 Holy Prophet (s. Sunan Tirmizi.. 8-9... ‫سمما‬ َ ‫ي‬ َ ‫ة‬ َ ‫ش‬ ّ ‫ال‬ ‫ي‬ َ َ‫فا ِذ‬ َ ‫فا‬ َ ‫ع‬ َ ْ ‫خّرت‬ ّ ُ ‫ها ِل‬ َ ‫ه‬ ْ ِ ‫مت‬ ِ ‫ف‬ ُ ‫ر‬ َ ‫ه‬ ْ ُ ‫ن ل ّي‬ .31 َ ‫ة‬ َ ‫ج‬ ّ ُ ‫ل ِك‬ ‫ل‬ ْ َ‫ي د‬ ٌ َ ‫جاب‬ ّ ‫ع‬ َ َ ‫فت‬ َ َ ‫ست‬ ْ ‫م‬ ُ ٌ‫وة‬ َ ‫ع‬ ّ ِ ‫ل ن َب‬ ّ ُ‫ك‬ ‫ت‬ ْ ِ ‫و ا ِن ّممي ا‬ ْ َ‫ي د‬ ُ ‫خت ِب َمما‬ َ ‫وَته‬ َ ‫عم‬ ّ ‫ل ن َب ِم‬ َ ‫ي‬ َ ‫شمم‬ َ ‫ي‬ ‫ي‬ َ ‫فا‬ ْ َ‫د‬ ٌ ‫ع‬ ّ ُ ‫ة ِل‬ َ ‫عمم‬ َ ‫همم‬ ْ ‫مِتمم‬ ْ ِ ‫وت‬ ِ ‫ف‬ ُ ‫ر‬ ْ ُ ‫م َل ْي‬ ‫ك‬ ِ ‫ت‬ َ ‫ممما‬ ُ ْ ‫من‬ ْ ‫مم‬ ْ ‫هم‬ َ ‫ن‬ َ ‫ه‬ ْ ُ ‫ن َممائ ِل‬ ِ ‫شم‬ .. vol....... 2....... All have used them in this world but I have kept my prayer for the intercession of my nation which is only for the true believers of my nation who have not associated anybody with Allah... p.

.) said: 1 Musnad Ibn Ahmad.. p..... 4......a.. p. vol. Sunan Sanai...a........ Sunan Tirmizi..) said: َ ‫ك َرب ّممم‬ َ ‫عث َممم‬ َ ‫ك‬ َ ‫وُله‬ ْ َ ‫عسممم ٰي ا‬ َ ْ ‫ن ي َب‬ ْ ‫قممم‬ َ ‫م‬ َ ‫م‬ ‫ي‬ ُ ‫دا‬ ِ ‫م ال ّم‬ ً ‫و‬ ْ ‫م‬ ُ ‫قمما‬ ْ ‫ذ‬ َ ْ ‫و ال‬ ُ ‫ح‬ َ ‫ما‬ ً ‫قا‬ َ َ ‫ه‬ ْ ‫م‬ َ ‫ش‬ ْ ِ‫ا‬ . 246..... vol.a. 92 and p...”2 Holy Prophet (s...) said: ْ ‫م‬ ُ ‫و‬ َ ‫ل‬ ُ ‫و‬ ‘‘‫ع‬ ِ ‫ش‬ ِ ‫شا‬ ُ ‫ل‬ ّ َ‫و ا‬ َ ‫ع‬ ّ َ ‫’’ا ََنا ا‬ ٍ ‫ف‬ ٍ ‫ف‬ “The foremost of the intercessor will be myself and my intercession will be accept before everybody..... p..w..”3 Holy Prophet (s. Sahih Bhukhari......... p. 1..a. p. 172. is that status by which I will do intercession of my nation....a.... 4.. 119... 528...”1 Holy Prophet (s.... 2 Musnad Ibn Ahmad.a. vol.‫ه‬ ِ ‫ي‬ ِ ْ ‫في‬ ْ ‫ف‬ ّ ُ ‫ع ِل‬ ْ ِ ‫مت‬ “This praiseworthy position which is in Surah Bani Israel : verse 79.....w.. . vol.........Shafa’at which is my intercession which I have kept for the believers of my Ummat who have not associated anybody with Allah...... 325.......w. vol 2.... 1301 and vol... 1.32. p. 1..

...... 67.....) said: ّ ‫ه ا ِل‬ َ ‫ش‬ َ ‫ن‬ َ َ ‫فا‬ ْ َ ‫هدَ ا‬ ْ ‫م‬ َ ‫ن ل ّ ا ِ ٰل‬ َ ِ‫ي ل‬ ْ ِ ‫عت‬ ِ ‫ش‬ َ ُ‫صدُق‬ ‫و‬ ْ ‫م‬ َ ِ ‫قل ُْبه ل‬ ُ ‫ه‬ ُ ‫الل‬ ْ َ ‫صا ي‬ ً ِ ‫خل‬ َ ‫ساَنه‬ َ ‫ساُنه‬ ... 126 and p.a...w. p.... 2........ 6..... 441. 1 p.............a... vol. 1 Sunan Maajah.... p.........”1 Holy Prophet (s... 2 Musnah ibn Ahmad.................. vol..33 َ ‫ش‬ َ ‫ن‬ ‫ل‬ َ ‫فا‬ ْ َ ‫ة ِل‬ ِ ْ ‫م ال‬ ِ ‫مم‬ ّ ِ‫ا‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫قَيا‬ ِ ‫هم‬ ْ َ‫ي ي‬ ْ ِ ‫عت‬ ‫ي‬ ِ ‫ر‬ ْ ‫م‬ ّ ُ‫ن ا‬ ْ ِ ‫مت‬ ِ ِ ‫ال ْك ََبائ‬ “On the day of judgement my intercession will be for those of my Ummat those who have done major sins. p... .‫قل َْبه‬ َ ِ‫ل‬ “My intercession will be exclusively for those who bear witness of His oneness with a pure heart of whose tongue testify the heart and vise versa.. vol. 428....Shafa’at ..”2 3 Sunan Tirmizi... vol. 5.. 238... Sunan Dareme....

a. .”1 Holy Prophet (s.... 122.. 1443...... 2.. vol. p......‫ة‬ َ ‫فا‬ ِ ‫ع‬ “Surely one group will be extracted from hell by intercession. 8. Sunan Ibn Maajah vol...............a..... vol..a.‫ة‬ ِ ْ ‫ال‬ ِ ‫م‬ َ ‫قَيا‬ 1 2 Sahih Muslim........ p.‫ء‬ ُ ‫دا‬ َ ‫ه‬ ُ ْ ‫ال‬ َ ‫ش‬ ّ ُ ‫ماءُ ث‬ َ َ ‫عل‬ “On the day of judgement first to do intercession will be the prophets. learned people and then martyrs..w.....) said to attendant: َ ُ ‫جت‬ َ َ ‫قا‬ ‫ك؟‬ َ ِ‫ل ل‬ ِ ‫خاِد‬ َ ‫حا‬ َ ‫ما‬ َ ‫مه‬ “Do you have any need?” َ ‫شممم‬ ْ َ‫ن ت‬ ‫م‬ ْ َ‫ي ا‬ َ ‫ف‬ َ ‫حممما‬ َ َ ‫و‬ ْ ‫ي َيممم‬ ْ ‫ع ِلممم‬ ْ ِ ‫جت‬ .............. p...”2 Holy Prophet (s. 143.a......... and Sahih Bhukhai..34...) said: َ ‫ج‬ ‫ر‬ ْ َ‫ه ي‬ ِ ‫ممما‬ ّ ِ‫ا‬ ُ ‫خ مُر‬ َ ‫مم‬ ً ‫و‬ َ ‫ن الل م‬ ْ ‫ق‬ ِ ‫ن الن ّمما‬ َ ‫ش‬ ّ ‫ِبال‬ ......w.....a.a.Shafa’at Holy Prophet (s.......) said: َ ‫ش‬ ْ َ‫ي‬ ‫م‬ ِ ْ ‫م ال‬ ِ ‫مم‬ ُ ‫ف‬ َ ‫و‬ ّ ‫ة ا َْل َن ْب َِيماءُ ُثم‬ َ ‫قَيا‬ ْ ‫ع َيم‬ ّ ‫م ال‬ .w.. 1..

a..) said: َ ‫و‬ َ ‫قمما‬ ‫ل‬ َ ‫ص مّلي‬ ٍ ‫مم‬ َ ‫م‬ ْ ‫ممم‬ ّ ‫ح‬ ُ ‫ع لٰ م ي‬ َ َ ‫ن‬ َ ‫د‬ َ ‫م‬ ْ ‫م‬ ‫ب‬ َ ‫قممّر‬ َ ‫ق‬ ُ ّ ‫َالل‬ ُ ْ ‫عممدَ ال‬ َ ْ ‫ه ال‬ ُ ‫م ا َن ََزَلمم‬ ّ ‫همم‬ َ َ‫عن ْ مد‬ ‫ب ل َممه‬ ِ ْ ‫م ال‬ ِ ِ ‫مم‬ َ ‫جم‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫قَيا‬ َ ‫ة‬ ْ ‫ك يَم‬ َ ‫ش‬ َ ..‫وِد‬ ِ َ ‫فا‬ ِ ‫ي ب ِك َث َْر‬ ُ ‫س‬ ّ ‫ت ال‬ ّ َ‫ا‬ ْ ‫ج‬ ْ ّ ‫عن‬ Holy Prophet (s.....w......a......a.a.a... p..a............ 3.. .w..)) on the position near to You 1 Musnad Ibn Ahmad....” َ ّ ‫ن دَل‬ َ ‫ع ٰلي ٰه‬ ‫ذا؟‬ َ ‫ك‬ ْ ‫م‬ َ ‫و‬ َ “Prophet asked from whom you have learnt to seek intercession from me?” َ َ ‫قا‬ ‫ل َرّبي‬ He replied: From my Lord...”1 Holy Prophet (s.a.....................35 “He said my need is that you do intercession on the day of judgement.) and prays to Lord to appoint you (Holy Prophet (s..‫ي‬ َ ‫فا‬ ْ ِ ‫عت‬ “One who sends blessing on Muhammad (s.....) said: “Then you help me in my intercession by your prostration.... vol...a... َ ‫ما‬ . 500........w..Shafa’at .........w....

....) now we quote below few traditions from the reliable books of the Shias on the subject of intercession...........Shafa’at and my intercession becomes obligatory.s. p..) said: َ ‫ش‬ َ ‫ة‬ َ ‫ش‬ ْ ُ ‫فا‬ ْ َ ‫ا ِّني َل‬ ‫ع‬ ِ ْ ‫م ال‬ ِ ‫م‬ ُ ‫ف‬ ُ ‫ف‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫قَيا‬ ْ َ‫ع ي‬ َ ‫شمم‬ َ ‫شمم‬ ُ ‫ي‬ َ ‫ش‬ ْ َ‫و ي‬ ْ ُ ‫في‬ ْ َ‫و ي‬ ‫ع‬ َ ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ف‬ ُ ‫ف‬ ُ ‫ف‬ َ ‫ع‬ َ ّ ِ ‫عل‬ َ ‫ش‬ َ ‫ي‬ ْ ُ ‫في‬ ُ ‫ه‬ . (one should bear in my...a.........36...”2 1 Musnad Ibn Ahmad... Few traditions from the books of Shias Holy Prophet (s..........) will also intercede and it will be also accepted.a....‫ن‬ ْ َ‫ا‬ َ ‫و‬ ُ ‫ف‬ ْ ‫ع‬ ْ ِ ‫ل ب َي ْت‬ “Undoubtedly I will intercede on the day of judgement and it will be accepted. Hazrat Ali (a.... vol...... .... 108.. that blessing on me will be complete only when he sends blessings on my progeny too.w...............)” 1 The above traditions are mostly from the companions of Holy Prophet (s........... 4.. and my progeny will also intercede and it will be also accepted.a.......w......a.

............ 624 .a.) said: َ ‫شممم‬ َ ‫ل ََنممما‬ ‫ودّت َِنممما‬ َ ‫فا‬ ٌ ‫ع‬ ْ َ ‫و ِل‬ َ ‫ل‬ َ ‫م‬ ِ ‫هممم‬ َ ‫ة‬ َ ‫ش‬ َ .... 104 1 Majmul Bayaan.) said: ّ ‫حم‬ ‫ه‬ ٍ ّ ‫سي‬ ِ ‫ي‬ ِ ‫ن‬ ّ ِ‫ا‬ َ َ‫د ا‬ َ ‫ن‬ ْ ‫م‬ ْ ‫م‬ ُ ‫ل اللم‬ ّ ُ‫ن ا‬ ْ ِ ‫مت‬ َ ‫ش‬ َ ِ‫ة ب‬ .. 392 2 Khesaal-e-Suduq. p...........a. p...s....a......w..‫ضّر‬ َ ّ ‫جن‬ ِ ‫فا‬ ِ ‫م‬ ِ ‫عِته ا َك ْث َُر‬ َ ْ ‫ال‬ ْ ‫م‬ ُ ‫ن‬ “There are such people in my Ummat...‫ة‬ َ ‫فا‬ ٌ ‫ع‬ “We will do intercession and also those who love us will intercede...”2 Ameerul Momeneen Ali Ibn Abi Taalib (a. 2.... vol...........a..... 1....... and Majmul Bayaan.. by whose intercession persons more than the Tribe of Mazhar (the biggest tribe of Arabia) will enter Heaven.s........ 1..... p..37 Holy Prophet (s. vol..Shafa’at . p...) said: 2 Manaqib Ibn Shahar Aashub.w. vol.”1 Hazrat Ali (a..) narrates that the Holy Prophet (s........ 15.

...........”1 Imam Ali (a..38... p......”2 It is clear from the saying of Hazrat Ali (a.Shafa’at َ ‫ش‬ ّ ‫جم‬ ْ َ‫ة ي‬ ‫ل‬ َ ‫ه‬ ٌ َ ‫ث َل َث‬ ِ ‫ن ا ِ ٰلي الل‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫و‬ ُ ‫ف‬ َ ‫عّز‬ ْ ‫ع‬ َ ‫ش‬ َ ْ ُ ‫في‬ ‫ماءُ ّثم‬ َ ‫و‬ ُ ْ ‫م ال‬ ُ ‫ف‬ َ َ ‫عل‬ ّ ُ ‫ن ا َْل َن ْب َِياءُ ث‬ ْ ‫ع‬ ّ ‫ال‬ .s............ vol.‫ة‬ َ ‫فا‬ ُ ‫ع‬ “Accept the excuse of those who plead so that..) has advised his son Mohammad bin Hanafia thus: َ ‫فت ََناُلمم‬ َ ‫عممذَْره‬ ْ ِ‫ا‬ ْ َ ‫قب‬ ‫ك‬ ُ ‫ل‬ ِ ‫ل‬ ْ ‫م‬ ُ ‫ن‬ ّ َ ‫مت َن‬ ٍ ‫ص‬ َ ‫ش‬ ّ ‫ال‬ ...... intercession for you will be accepted..............s....‫ء‬ ُ ‫دا‬ َ ‫ه‬ َ ‫ش‬ “There are three groups who will intercede and it will be accepted: (a) Prophets.. 156 2 Manla Yazharal Faqhi.. (b) Learned man of religion and (c) Martyrs (who have laid their lives on the path of Lord....... p. the reason being that if he does not forgive the fault of others how can he expect the Lord to forgive 1 Khesaal-e-Suduq..................) one who will not forgive the faults of brother in faith in spite of his asking forgiveness that person’s intercession is not possible...... 279 .. 4.......

..... Surely Lord will not accept my intercession for those people who have harassed and inflict my progeny.‫ي‬ ْ ِ ‫ذُّري ّت‬ “When I will be placed on Maqamul Mahmud ( ‫ )مقامو المحمود‬I will intercede that person of my nation who has committed greater sins....) thus: َ ‫م‬ ُ ‫ذا‬ َ ِ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ َ ‫و‬ ْ ‫م‬ َ ‫قمممما‬ ُ ‫ممممم‬ ُ ‫ح‬ َ ْ ‫م ال‬ َ ْ ‫ت ال‬ ْ ‫ق‬ ْ ‫ممممم‬ ّ ‫ش‬ َ َ‫ت‬ ‫ن‬ ِ ‫ت‬ ِ ‫ر‬ َ ‫ص‬ ْ ‫ف‬ ُ ‫ع‬ ْ ‫م‬ ِ ‫حا‬ ْ َ‫ي ا‬ ْ ‫ف‬ ِ ِ ‫ب ال ْك ََبائ‬ َ ‫شم‬ َ ‫ي‬ ْ َ ‫في‬ ‫و‬ ِ ‫ه‬ ْ ‫ف‬ ْ ‫هم‬ ُ ‫ي الل م‬ ّ ُ‫ا‬ َ ‫م‬ ْ ِ ‫عن‬ ْ ‫مت ِم‬ ِ ْ ‫في‬ ّ ‫شممم‬ َ َ‫ه ل َ ت‬ ‫ن ا َذَ ٰي‬ ِ ‫ت‬ ْ ‫ف‬ ُ ‫ع‬ ْ ‫مممم‬ َ ْ ‫في‬ ُ ‫اللممم‬ ...a......a. 177 .. Perhaps even Holy Prophet (s...a... mercy will not be showered on them..........a..............39 him on the day of judgement....w..................Shafa’at ...” Hazrat Ali (a...”1 1 Aamali-e-Suduq....) has narrated from Holy Prophet (s.... p....) must have mentioned thus: ‘‘‫م‬ َ ‫م َل ْي ُْر‬ َ ‫ن َل ْي َْر‬ ْ ‫م‬ ْ ‫ح‬ ْ ‫ح‬ َ ’’ “Those who withhold mercy........w.......s.

...... 2......”1 Forth Imam Zainul Aabedin narrates in one of his dua. 41 َ ‫ي‬ ْ ّ ‫فا ِن‬ ‫ح‬ َ ٍ ِ ‫صال‬ ............... َ ‫م آت ِم‬ َ َ‫ك ث‬ ‫ل‬ ِ ‫ت‬ َ ِ‫ي ب‬ ْ ‫قم‬ َ ‫ع‬ ْ َ‫ل‬ ٍ ‫مم‬ ْ ‫من ّم‬ َ ‫ش‬ َ َ َ ‫ول‬ ‫ق‬ ْ ‫م‬ َ ‫فا‬ ِ ‫ع‬ َ ‫ة‬ ْ ّ‫قد‬ ْ ‫خل ُم‬ َ ‫مُته‬ ٍ ‫و‬ 1 Makatebul Aimah.... vol.............Shafa’at Imam Husain (a...........‫ة‬ َ ‫فا‬ ِ ْ ‫م ال‬ ِ ‫م‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫قَيا‬ ْ َ‫ي ي‬ ْ ِ ‫عت‬ “My dear Husain I see you bathed in your blood and a group of my Ummat has slaughtered you in a state of thirst.. p....................40.. in spite of this they hope for my intercession (no my son) Lord will never accept my intercession for them on the day of judgement...) narrates that when he left Madina for Karbala he saw the prophet in his dream who said: َ ‫ن ك َا َّني ا ََرا‬ ‫ن‬ َ ‫ك‬ ُ ‫ي َيا‬ َ َ ‫ح‬ ْ ‫عمم‬ ُ ْ ‫سي‬ ْ ِ ‫حب ِي ْب‬ َ ِ ‫مائ‬ َ ‫حا‬ ِ ‫مَل ً ِبمم‬ ً ‫و‬ َ ‫ك‬ َ ‫د‬ ّ ‫مممَر‬ ُ ‫ب‬ ٍ ‫رْيمم‬ ْ ُ ‫مممذْب‬ ِ ‫ق‬ َ ‫ة‬ َ َ‫ض ك َْرب ََلء‬ ٌ َ ‫صمماب‬ ِ ‫ي‬ ِ ‫ع ٰلي ا َي ْم‬ ْ ‫د‬ َ ‫ع‬ ِ ‫ب ِاْر‬ َ ِ ‫ع ٰذل‬ ‫ن‬ ِ َ ‫و‬ ُ ‫ك ي َْر‬ َ ‫م‬ َ ْ ‫و ا َن‬ ْ ‫م‬ َ ‫ت‬ ّ ُ‫ن ا‬ ْ ‫جم‬ َ ‫مِتي‬ َ ‫شمممم‬ َ ‫ه‬ َ ‫فا‬ ُ ُ ‫ي ل َ ي ََنممممال‬ ُ ‫و اللمممم‬ ْ ‫ه‬ َ ‫م‬ ْ ِ ‫عت‬ َ ‫ش‬ َ ..s................

.....s.....a.).........Shafa’at ............ except the intercession of Muhammad and the Folk of his House(upon him and upon them be Thy peace)........41 َ ‫ش‬ َ ّ ‫وُته ا ِل‬ ‫ل‬ َ ‫فا‬ َ ‫ع‬ ْ َ‫و ا‬ ٍ ‫مم‬ َ ‫م‬ َ ‫َر‬ ّ ‫ح‬ ُ ‫ة‬ ِ ‫هم‬ ّ ‫د‬ ْ ‫ج‬ َ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫م‬ .) and is progeny (a...... surely You are most Merciful.w..” Imam Mohammad Baqir (a..............‫ن‬ ِ ‫م الّرا‬ ِ ‫َنا‬ ِ ‫ح‬ َ ‫ت ا َْر‬ ً ‫ف‬ َ ْ ‫ك ا َن‬ َ ْ ‫مي‬ ُ ‫ح‬ “O Lord sends blessing on Muhammad (s....” And in another dua he says.‫ك‬ َ ‫ب َي ِْته‬ ِ ْ ‫عل َي‬ َ ‫م‬ ُ ْ ‫سَل‬ ْ ‫ه‬ َ ‫ه‬ ِ ْ ‫علي‬ “I come not before Thee trusting in a righteous work I have sent ahead..) narrates: َ ْ ‫ي ال‬ َ ‫شمم‬ ُ ‫جمم‬ ْ َ‫ي‬ ‫و‬ ِ ‫ل‬ ِ ‫قب ِي َْلمم‬ ُ ‫ع الّر‬ ُ ‫ف‬ َ ‫ة‬ ْ ‫فمم‬ َ ‫شمم‬ ُ ‫جمم‬ ْ َ‫ي‬ ‫و‬ ْ َ ‫ل ِل‬ ِ ‫ل ال ْب َْيمم‬ ُ ‫ع الّر‬ ُ ‫ف‬ َ ‫ت‬ ِ ‫همم‬ .... nor in the intercession of any creature in whom I have hope... and on the day of judgement accept recommendation of intercession which will be beneficial to me.........a..............s. ّ ‫ص‬ ‫عممل‬ َ ‫ل‬ ٍ ‫مم‬ َ ‫ج‬ ْ ‫وا‬ َ ‫م‬ ّ ‫ح‬ ُ ‫ع لٰ م ي‬ َ َ ‫و آل ِممه‬ ّ ‫د‬ َ ‫ي ِبه‬ ‫ة‬ ِ ْ ‫م ال‬ ِ ‫شمما‬ ِ ‫مم‬ ً ‫ف‬ َ ‫و‬ ّ ‫و‬ َ ‫قَيا‬ ْ ‫عا ي َم‬ َ َ‫ت‬ ْ ِ ‫سل‬ َ ّ ‫عا ا ِن‬ .....

............a.... 101 .. vol. 8. َ ‫غّر‬ َ ‫ح‬ َ َ‫ن ا‬ ‫ف‬ َ ‫ن‬ ّ ‫عمم‬ ْ ِ‫ك ا‬ َ ْ ‫وي‬ ْ ‫م‬ َ ْ ‫ك َيا ا ََبا ا َي‬ َ َ ‫ج‬ َ َ ‫ب َطْن‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫و‬ ِ ‫والل‬ ْ‫ق مد‬ َ ‫فْر‬ َ َ‫ك ا‬ ْ ‫ه ل َم‬ َ ْ ‫ما‬ َ ‫ك‬ َ َ‫ة ل‬ ْ ِ‫ت ا‬ ‫د‬ َ ‫فمَزا‬ ِ ْ ‫م ال‬ ِ ‫قم‬ ِ ‫مم‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫َرا َي ْم‬ َ ‫قَيا‬ ْ ‫ع ي َم‬ 1 Usoole Kafi.............a...........‫د‬ َ ُ ‫و‬ ْ ‫م‬ ُ ‫قا‬ ُ ‫ح‬ َ ْ ‫م ال‬ َ ْ ‫ك ال‬ َ ‫ع‬ ْ ‫م‬ “Every person (believer) will do intercession for others on the strength of his good action it is possible that he alone can intercede for a tribe.... Imam became angry and the expression on his face changed and he said....42. or for his family members or for a single person and the right to intercede is termed “‫مقام‬ ‫( ”محمود‬as referred in Quran).......................w.s............Shafa’at َ ُ ‫ل ِللّر‬ َ ‫ع ٰلي‬ َ ‫ش‬ ُ ‫ج‬ ْ َ‫ي‬ ‫ر‬ َ ‫ن‬ ُ ‫ع الّر‬ ُ ‫ف‬ ِ ْ‫قد‬ ِ ْ ‫جلي‬ َ ِ ‫ف ٰذل‬ َ ‫م‬ َ ‫مِله‬ .) and said that few people from deviate the others saying that will be receive the intercession of Holy Prophet (s....”1 A Tradition relates that a person named Abu Aiman came to Imam Baqir (a..........) on the day of judgement (and will be forgiven) but the fact is every body will receive punishment or reward according to their actions. p.

....) narrates: َ ‫شم‬ ْ َ ‫ه ل َن‬ ‫ه‬ ِ ِ‫ن ل‬ َ ْ ‫شمي‬ َ ‫ف‬ ّ ‫ع‬ ُ ‫و اللم‬ ُ ‫و الل‬ َ ‫عت َِنا‬ َ ُ َ ‫حت ّممي ي‬ َ ‫شم‬ َ ‫و‬ ْ َ ‫ل َن‬ ‫ل‬ ِ ِ‫ن ل‬ َ ‫عت َِنا‬ َ ْ ‫ش مي‬ َ ‫ف‬ ّ ‫ع‬ ْ ‫قم‬ َ ‫س‬ َ ‫ن‬ ‫ن‬ ِ ‫ف‬ ِ ‫شمما‬ ِ ‫ممما ل ََنمما‬ َ ْ ‫عي‬ ْ ‫ممم‬ َ ‫ف‬ ُ ‫الّنمما‬ ...... O Abu Aiman! Do you think that by saving yourself from the sins of hunger and lust your become proud............. woe on you will anybody who deserve hell can except to get intercession?” Imam Jafar-e-Sadiq (a.43 َ ‫وي ْل َم‬ َ ‫ش‬ َ ‫ت ا ِ ٰلي‬ ‫ك‬ َ ‫فا‬ ٍ ‫م‬ ِ ‫ع‬ َ ‫م‬ ْ َ ‫حت‬ ْ ‫ا‬ َ ‫ج‬ ّ ‫ح‬ ُ ‫ة‬ َ ‫د‬ َ ‫ن‬ َ ‫ش‬ ْ َ‫ل ي‬ ْ ‫ه‬ ‫ت‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫و‬ ُ ‫ف‬ ْ ‫جب َ م‬ ْ ‫مم‬ َ ِ ‫ع ا ِل ّ ل‬ َ ْ‫ق مد‬ َ ‫ه الّناُر؟‬ ُ َ‫ل‬ “Woe be unto you.Shafa’at ............... By Allah when you witness the intensities and the calamites of day of judgement you will really know the importance of the Prophet’s intercession (and you will need his intercession).....................s....... till that extent (our enemies) they will shout that there is nobody to do our intercession or help ........‫م‬ ِ ‫ح‬ ِ ‫ص‬ َ ‫ق‬ َ ْ ‫وَل‬ َ ٍ ْ ‫مي‬ ٍ ْ ‫دي‬ “By Allah he will intercede for our Shias.. by Allah we will surely intercede for our Shias....................

.”1 Imam Jafar-e-Sadiq (a.... 14 2 Sifaat us-Shia by Shaikh Saduq... p...) narrated from Ameerul Momineen Ali (a...a.) said: ْ ‫م‬ ّ ُ ‫ل ِك‬ ‫م‬ َ ‫ن‬ َ ‫سمما‬ ٍ ‫عا‬ ِ ‫ؤ‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫س‬ ْ ‫خ‬ ُ ‫ل‬ ُ ‫مم‬ ْ ‫ت ي َم‬ ٍ ‫م‬ َ ‫ش‬ ْ َ‫ة ي‬ ........” Imam Ali al-Reza (a...”2 Imam Jafar-e-Sadiq (a..w.... p....a......s. 2......‫ة‬ َ ‫فا‬ َ ‫ع‬ َ ‫قب َْر‬ “One who refutes this three things he is not from our Shias: (1) Ascension (Meraj) of our Holy Prophet (s........) said: َ ‫ء‬ ْ َ‫ة ا‬ ‫ن‬ ٍ ‫شَيا‬ َ َ ‫ن ا َن ْك ََرث َل َ ث‬ ِ ‫س‬ ْ ‫مم‬ ْ ‫م‬ َ َ ‫فل َي ْم‬ ‫فممي‬ َ َ ‫سائ ِل‬ ِ ‫ة‬ ِ ْ ‫عت َِنا ا َل‬ ِ َ ‫عَرا‬ ْ ‫م‬ َ ْ ‫شي‬ َ ‫م‬ َ ْ ‫و ال‬ َ ‫ج‬ َ ‫ش‬ َ ْ ‫ال‬ ّ ‫و ال‬ .‫ها‬ ِ ‫ع‬ ِ ْ ‫ال‬ ِ ‫م‬ ُ ‫ف‬ َ ْ ‫في‬ َ ‫قَيا‬ “On the day of judgement five hours are fixed for a believer so that he can intercession for others...Shafa’at us.)....s..s................ 181 .s... (2) Questioning in the grave and (3) Intercession.........44................) that he said that: 1 Manaqib Ibn Shahar Aashub vol.

. their faith is well-founded and his helplessness and hopelessness is change into hope..45 َ ‫شم‬ َ ِ‫ب ب‬ ‫ه‬ َ ‫فا‬ ِ ‫ل اللم‬ ِ ‫ع‬ َ َ‫ن ك َمذ‬ ُ ‫ة َر‬ ْ ‫م‬ َ ِ ‫و‬ ْ ‫سم‬ ‫م‬ َ ‫ه‬ ِ ِ ‫و آل‬ َ ‫و‬ ْ َ ‫عل‬ ْ َ‫م ل‬ ُ ّ ‫سل‬ ُ ‫صّلي الل‬ َ َ ‫ه‬ َ ‫هه‬ .... but with special conditions........ One must not deduce that a person becomes careless in committing sins as there will be no punishment for the sin..a........) he will never be interceded...” Two important points regarding above mentioned traditions It is evident that the concept of intercession is not the idea of a particular sect but is found in the all Muslim Ummat...............‫ت َن ِْله‬ “Person who negates the intercession of Holy Prophet (s.....a.... So .......w......Shafa’at ......... This is also evident from the above traditions that everybody has not the right to do or receive intercession............... thus he take the step not towards evil but towards good.... definitely it is not as the think but those who have faith in intercession..........

..............Shafa’at let us examine those personalities who are a termed as “Intercessor of the day of judgement” Two types of intercession According to the traditions there will be two categories of interceder: (1) Those intercessor who have bodies and soul and who have an esteem position in His eyes and who are termed as intercessor. Deeds eligible for intercession (1) Fast: As Holy Prophet (s.. we only termed below six such interceder which are very important and acceptable.....) said: َ ‫ش‬ ُ ْ ‫و ال‬ ْ َ‫ن ي‬ ‫د‬ ِ ‫عب ْم‬ ُ ‫قْرآ‬ َ ْ ‫ن ل ِل‬ َ ‫ف‬ ُ ‫صَيا‬ ّ ‫َال‬ ِ ‫عا‬ َ ‫م‬ .....‫ة‬ ِ ْ ‫م ال‬ ِ ‫م‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫قَيا‬ ْ َ‫ي‬ ................................w.a. (2) Those who do not possess body and soul cannot be termed as interceder but have a few characteristic by which they can be termed as interceder...............a.................46......

........47 “Fasts and recitation of Quran will intercede us on the day of judgement for those people.......a.....”1 (2) Namaaz and His obedience: Said by Maula Ali (a..... 2......Shafa’at ....) said one out of six deeds will be trustworthy..) in Nahjul Balagah: َ ‫عُلوا‬ َ َ ‫ه‬ ‫ك‬ َ ‫طا‬ َ ‫ع‬ ِ ‫ش‬ ِ ‫ة الل‬ ِ ‫عا ل ِدَْر‬ ً ْ ‫في‬ َ ‫ج‬ ْ ‫فا‬ ... (3) Forgiveness and excuse for sins: Maula Ali (a.s..‫م‬ ْ ُ ‫طَل ِب َت ِك‬ ‘“For your needs make His obedience as your interceder.s.........2 1 Musnad Ibn Ahmad............. 2...‫ر‬ ْ ِ ‫ن اْل‬ ِ ‫شا‬ ِ ‫ح‬ ُ ‫ج‬ َ ْ ‫ع ا َن‬ َ ‫ف‬ َ ‫م‬ ِ ‫ذا‬ “No interceder more worthy than those who plead..............” (4) Trustworthiness: Holy Prophet (s... p.. vol.. 274.. 2 Manaqib Ibn Shahar Aashub.a. p.w..) said in Nahjul Balagah: َ َ‫ل‬ َ ِ ‫عت‬ . vol.............. 14 .

..s.a.a.w..): Imam Ali Ibn Husain (Imam Sajjad) (a..........” ...” (6) Qur’an: Holy Prophet (s....) and his progeny (a......48..) and His progeny (a...w..a...‫ة‬ ِ ْ ‫م ال‬ ِ ‫م‬ َ ‫ص‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫قَيا‬ ْ َ ‫ِل‬ ْ َ ‫حا ِبه ي‬ “Learn the Holy Qur’an as it will act as intercessor on the day of judgement for those who are intimate with Qur’an..s..............a......... 31 of Sahife Sajjadia: ّ ‫ص‬ ً‫ص م ٰلوة‬ َ ‫ل‬ ٍ ‫مم‬ َ ‫م‬ ّ ‫ح‬ ُ ‫ع ٰلي‬ َ ‫و آل ِممه‬ ُ ‫و‬ ّ ‫د‬ َ َ ‫شم‬ ْ َ‫ت‬ ‫م‬ ِ ْ ‫م ال‬ ِ ‫مم‬ ُ ‫ف‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫قَيا‬ ْ ‫و ي َم‬ َ ‫ة‬ ْ ‫ع ل َن َمما ي َم‬ َ ْ ‫ة ا ِل َي‬ َ ‫فا‬ َ ْ ‫ال‬ .‫ك‬ ِ ‫ق‬ “O Lord! Send blessing on Mohammad (s.............Shafa’at (5) Sending greetings on Mohammad (s..a.a.) said: َ ‫ن‬ ُ ْ ‫وا ال‬ َ ‫فممما ِّنه‬ ‫ع‬ ِ ‫شممما‬ َ ‫قمممْرآ‬ ٌ ‫ف‬ َ َ‫ت‬ ُ ّ ‫عل‬ ْ ‫مممم‬ ........) in his dua no........s..w....) such blessings which will do our intercession on the day of judgement.........

Shafa’at .........................................................................................49

Interceding personalities
(1) Prophet of Islam (s.a.w.a.):
The status of our Prophet is such that the creation and
existence of World and its end depends on him. Allah
(s.w.t.) has addressed him in Surah Zoha : verse 5

َ ّ ‫ك َرب‬
َ ْ ‫عطِي‬
َ ‫ك‬
.‫فت َْر ٰضي‬
َ ‫و‬
ْ ُ‫ف ي‬
َ َ‫و ل‬
ْ ‫س‬
َ
“And soon will your Lord give you so that you
shall be well pleased.”
In Surah Bani Israel : verse 79,

َ ‫ك َرّبمم‬
َ ‫عَثمم‬
َ ‫م‬
‫ممما‬
َ
ْ َ ‫ع ٰسممي ا‬
َ ْ ‫ن ي َب‬
ً ‫قا‬
َ ‫ك‬
.‫دا‬
ً ‫و‬
ْ ‫م‬
ُ ‫ح‬
َ
ْ ‫م‬
“Maybe your Lord will raise you to a position of
great glory.”
In Surah Nisa, Verse 63 and Surah Maryam, Verse 78,
Surah Zukhruf, Verse 86, Surah Munafequn, Verse 5, it
is evident from above verses that Holy Prophet
(s.a.w.a.) is the intercessor on the day of judgement.

50..........................................................................................Shafa’at

(2) Hazrat Ameerul Momeneen Ali (a.s.):
Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) has said thus,

َ ‫ش‬
َ ‫ة‬
َ ‫ش‬
ْ ُ ‫فا‬
ْ َ ‫ي َل‬
‫ع‬
ِ ْ ‫م ال‬
ِ ‫م‬
ُ ‫ف‬
ُ ‫ف‬
َ ‫و‬
َ ‫قَيا‬
ْ َ‫ع ي‬
ْ ّ ‫ا ِن‬
َ ‫ش‬
َ ‫ي‬
َ ‫ش‬
ْ ُ ‫في‬
ْ َ‫و ي‬
.‫ع‬
َ ‫ع‬
ُ ‫ف‬
ُ ‫ف‬
َ
ّ ِ ‫عل‬
“Without doubt on the day of judgement I will
intercede and it will be accepted, Ali (a.s.) will do
intercession and it will also be accepted.”
Imam Ali (a.s.) himself has said:

َ ‫شممم‬
َ ‫ل ََنممما‬
‫ودّت َِنممما‬
َ ْ ‫فا‬
ٌ ‫ع‬
ْ َ ‫وِل‬
ُ ‫ل‬
َ ‫م‬
ِ ‫هممم‬
َ ‫ة‬
َ ‫ش‬
َ
.‫ة‬
َ ‫فا‬
ٌ ‫ع‬
“Surely we will intercede and also those who
love us will intercede.”

(3) Hazrat Fatemah Zahra (s.a.):
She will be the third personalities who will intercede as
the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) has said:

‫و‬
ِ ‫ت‬
ْ ّ ‫صمل‬
ْ ِ ‫ممما ا‬
َ ّ ‫ا َي‬
َ ٌ‫ممَرا َة‬
َ ِ ‫وم‬
ْ ‫ي ال ْي َم‬
ْ ‫فم‬
‫ت‬
َ ‫ل‬
ٍ ‫وا‬
ْ ‫م‬
َ ‫صمما‬
ْ ‫خ‬
َ ‫و‬
َ ‫س‬
َ ‫مم‬
َ ‫ت‬
َ َ ‫صمل‬
ِ ‫ال ْل َي ْم‬
َ
‫ه‬
َ ‫م‬
ِ ‫ت اللمم‬
َ ‫ضا‬
ّ ‫ح‬
َ ‫و‬
َ ‫ت ب َْيمم‬
ْ ‫ج‬
ْ ‫ش‬
َ ‫هَر َر‬
َ ‫ن‬

Shafa’at .........................................................................................51

َ َ‫و ا‬
‫ت‬
َ ‫طمما‬
َ ْ ‫ال‬
ْ ‫ع‬
ْ ّ ‫و َزك‬
َ َ ‫مال‬
َ ‫ت‬
َ ‫همما‬
َ ِ ‫حَرام‬
‫ت‬
َ َ‫ي د‬
َ ‫ت‬
ِ ‫خل َم‬
ِ ‫ع‬
ْ َ ‫عل ِّيا ب‬
َ ‫و‬
ْ َ ‫وال‬
َ ‫ج‬
ْ ‫د‬
َ ‫و‬
َ ‫ها‬
ْ ‫َز‬
َ ‫ي‬
َ ‫ش‬
َ ِ‫ة ب‬
.‫ة‬
َ ‫فا‬
ُ ‫م‬
َ ّ ‫جن‬
ِ ‫ع‬
َ ْ ‫ال‬
َ ِ‫فاط‬
ْ ِ ‫ة اب ْن َت‬
“Whichever lady prays five times a day, and fast
for the Month of Ramazan, performs Hajj, pays
Zakaat and obeys her husband and loves Ali after
my death she will enter Heaven by my daughter
Fatemah Zahra (s.a.).”1

(4) Progeny of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.):
Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) has said

َ ‫ش‬
َ ‫ل ب َي ِْتي‬
َ ‫ش‬
ْ َ ‫في‬
ُ ‫ه‬
ْ َ‫و ي‬
.‫ن‬
ْ َ‫ع ا‬
َ ‫و‬
ُ ‫ف‬
ُ ‫ف‬
ْ ‫ع‬
َ
“My progeny will intercede
intercession will be accepted.”

and

their

He also said:

ُ ّ ‫و ن َب ِي‬
َ ‫شمم‬
ّ ‫َال‬
‫و‬
َ ُ‫عاء‬
ٌ ‫سمم‬
َ ‫ف‬
َ ‫م‬
ْ ‫كمم‬
ْ ‫خ‬
َ ‫م‬
َ ... ‫ة‬
ُ ‫ه‬
.‫م‬
ْ َ‫ا‬
ِ ْ ‫ل ب َي‬
ْ ُ ‫ت ن َب ِي ّك‬
“Intercession is of five types …… Firstly your
prophet and secondly progeny of your prophet
1

Amaali-e-Suduq, p. 291

..........52.......a.g. traditions regarding the ....‫صا‬ ْ ‫م‬ ْ َ ‫هدُ ا‬ َ ‫ش‬ ُ ‫ه‬ ُ ‫ه ا ِل ّ الل‬ َ ‫ن ل ّ ا ِ ٰل‬ ً ِ ‫خل‬ “All the prophets will intercede for those who have borne witness with sincerity there is no god but Allah............. even Holy Prophet (s..w..........” (5) Prophets (a...s..............w.....): Following verses from Quran indicate their intercession Surah Ambiya : verses 26-28....) said: َ ‫ن‬ َ ‫ش‬ ّ ُ ‫في ك‬ ْ َ‫ي‬ ‫ن‬ ِ ُ‫ع اْل َن ْب َِياء‬ َ ‫كمما‬ ُ ‫ف‬ ْ ‫ممم‬ َ ‫ل‬ ْ َ‫ي‬ .‫ة‬ ُ َ ‫مل َئ ِك‬ َ ‫و‬ ُ ‫ف‬ َ ْ ‫و ال‬ َ ‫ن‬ ْ ّ ‫ع الن ّب ِي‬ “The prophets and angels will intercede......a.....) has said: َ ‫ش‬ ْ َ‫ي‬ ..a..” And there are many intercession of angels.” (6) Angels: It is also proved from Holy Quran e.....a..... Surah Najm : verse 26....Shafa’at will also intercede.. Surah Zukhruf : verse 86. traditions from Holy Prophet (s....

......”2 (8) Learned persons of religion: Those scholars who have given up every thing to raise the Islam to its position..... and scarified themselves to 1 Jaameus Sagheer..‫ل ب َي ِْته‬ ْ َ‫ن ا‬ ِ ‫ساًنا‬ َ ْ ‫ا ِن‬ ْ ‫م‬ ِ ‫ه‬ “A martyr will intercede for seventy persons from among his relatives......) surely Lord will give them right to intercede.Shafa’at ..a.... 2 Kanzul Ummaal..w..... vol.......a..t. Holy Prophet (s............... pg.....”1 At some other place he (s......... pg. vol............ then the learned man and then the martyrs will intercede.....53 (7) Martyrs of Islam: Those people who have offered their lives on the path of Allah (s.... 434..) said: َ ‫شممم‬ ّ ْ ‫ع ال‬ ْ َ‫ي‬ ‫ن‬ ِ ْ ‫سمممب‬ ِ ُ‫هي ْد‬ ُ ‫ف‬ َ ‫فمممي‬ َ ْ ‫عي‬ ِ ‫شممم‬ ......‫ء‬ ُ ‫دا‬ َ ‫ه‬ ُ ْ ‫ال‬ َ ‫ش‬ ّ ُ ‫ماءُ ث‬ َ َ ‫عل‬ “On the day of judgement first the prophets.w... 405..w.a. 1.. 4...) said thus: َ ‫ش‬ ْ َ‫ي‬ ‫م‬ ِ ْ ‫م ال‬ ِ ‫مم‬ ُ ‫ف‬ َ ‫و‬ ّ ‫ة ا َْل َن ْب َِيماءُ ُثم‬ َ ‫قَيا‬ ْ ‫ع َيم‬ ّ ‫م ال‬ .a..

......”1 There are many traditions but we quote here only one.......... surely they have right to intercede.......) has narrated from Holy Prophet (s... As Hazrat Ali (a....... second learned people... vol...Shafa’at give light to the people.. third martyrs.a.....s.54......w....‫ء‬ ُ ‫دا‬ َ ‫ه‬ َ ‫ش‬ “Three types of people who will intercede will be first Prophets.a..........‫م‬ ْ ‫ه‬ ِ ِ‫ب‬ “On the day of judgement Lord will summon the learned and the pious He will order the pious to 1 Mizaanul Hikmah... 2. 1474.... ...............) that he said: َ ‫ش‬ ّ ‫جم‬ ْ َ‫ة ي‬ ‫ل‬ َ ‫ه‬ ٌ َ ‫ث َل ْث‬ ِ ‫ن ا ِ ٰلي الل‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫و‬ ُ ‫ف‬ َ ‫عّز‬ ْ ‫ع‬ َ ‫ش‬ َ ْ ُ ‫في‬ ‫م‬ َ ‫و‬ ُ ْ ‫م ال‬ ُ ‫ف‬ ّ ُ ‫ماءُ ث‬ َ َ ‫عل‬ ّ ُ ‫ن ا َْل َن ْب َِياءُ ث‬ ْ ‫ع‬ ّ ‫ال‬ .... pg............. َ ‫ذا‬ َ ِ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ َ ‫عم‬ ِ ْ ‫م ال‬ ِ ‫مم‬ َ ‫كا‬ َ َ‫ة ب‬ َ ‫و‬ ُ ‫ث اللم‬ َ ‫قَيا‬ ْ ‫ن ي َم‬ َ ‫ق‬ َ ‫و‬ َ َ‫عاب ِد‬ َ ِ ‫فا‬ ‫ن‬ َ ْ ‫و ال‬ َ ْ ‫ال‬ َ ‫فمما ب َْيمم‬ َ ِ ‫عال‬ َ ‫ذا‬ َ ‫م‬ َ ‫قي ْم‬ ّ ‫جم‬ ‫د‬ َ ‫ه‬ ِ ‫ل‬ ِ ‫عاب ِم‬ ِ ‫ي الل م‬ َ ْ ‫ل ل ِل‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫عّز‬ ِ َ‫ي َمد‬ َ ْ ‫قي‬ ِ ‫و‬ ِ ّ ‫جن‬ َ ْ ‫ل ل ِل‬ َ ْ ‫ق ا ِ ٰلي ال‬ َ َ ‫ا ِن ْطَل‬ َ ‫ة‬ ِ ‫عممال ِم‬ ْ ْ ‫ف‬ َ ِ ‫ن ت َا ِْدي ْب‬ َ ‫ش‬ ْ َ‫ف ت‬ ‫ك‬ ْ ‫ق‬ ِ ُ َ‫س ب‬ ْ ‫ح‬ ِ ‫س‬ ِ ‫ع ل ِلّنا‬ .

No.....a..... 245...... . 2 Sunan-e-Tirmizi....... memorize and act on it: Maula Ali (a.... vol...........w..”1 (9) Quran – those who learn.. 4. then God will make them enter Heaven and give them right to intercede for ten of his relatives who deserved to receive His punishment.s. 56.... pg.Shafa’at ...........55 go and enter Heaven and than He will address learned to wait and do intercession for others......”2 1 Behaarul Anwaar........ 8.....) narrates with reference to Holy Prophet (s.. as he you have brought them up well in the world.....‫ه الّناُر‬ َ ‫و‬ ْ َ ‫جب‬ ُ َ‫ت ل‬ َ ْ‫قد‬ “Person who learns Quran.a.... Tr... memorize it and understands its lawful as lawful and unlawful as unlawful and also act on it....) that: َ ‫ن‬ ُ ْ ‫قممَراءَ ال‬ َ ‫ن‬ ‫هَره‬ َ ‫قممْرآ‬ َ ْ‫سممت َظ‬ ْ ‫فا‬ ْ ‫ممم‬ َ َ ّ ‫ح‬ ‫ه‬ َ ْ‫مه ا َد‬ َ ‫م‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫ل‬ َ َ ‫فا‬ َ ‫حّر‬ ُ َ ‫خل‬ َ ْ ‫حَرا‬ َ ‫حل ََله‬ َ ‫شمم‬ َ ‫و‬ ‫ي‬ َ ‫جّنمم‬ ِ ‫عه‬ ِ ‫ه ِبمم‬ َ ‫ف‬ َ ْ ‫ه ال‬ ُ ‫اللمم‬ َ ‫ة‬ ْ ‫فمم‬ ْ ‫ع‬ ‫م‬ َ ْ َ‫ن ا‬ ِ ‫ة‬ ِ ‫شممَر‬ ُ ّ ‫ل ب َي ِْتممه ك ُل‬ ْ ‫ممم‬ ْ ‫همم‬ ِ ‫همم‬ َ ..... pg... vol. 66.......

w.......) narrates that َ ِ ‫مل َئ‬ َ ‫شممم‬ ْ َ‫ي‬ ‫و‬ ُ ‫كممم‬ َ ‫و‬ ُ ‫ف‬ َ ْ ‫و ال‬ َ ‫ة‬ َ ‫ن‬ ْ ‫ع الن ّب ِّيممم‬ ُ َ ‫في‬ َ ‫ن‬ ْ ‫م‬ ُ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ِ َ ‫جب ّمماُر ب‬ ِ ‫ؤ‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ْ ‫ل ال‬ ْ ‫قي َ م‬ ُ ْ ‫ال‬ ْ ‫ق‬ ْ ُ ‫من‬ َ ‫ش‬ َ ...) said.........a...‫ي‬ َ ‫فا‬ ْ ِ ‫عت‬ “Prophets. 2 Sahifah Sajjaadiyyah........ vol.. .. 9....”2 At another place.”1 It is difficult to comprehend how Lord can do intercession............... angels and the believers will do intercession Lord will say now My intercession is remaining for those who have yet not being interceded... is my interceder.a........ he (s.....) َ ْ ‫ي ا ِل َي‬ َ َ‫ي ل‬ َ ‫ك‬ ...........56.s. pg.a.......... Holy Prophet (s.w... 160.a........Shafa’at (10) Even Lord Himself intercedes: We read in tradition that Lord Himself will intercede and free them from fire of hell.‫ك‬ ِ ْ ‫في‬ ِ ‫ش‬ ُ ْ ‫ع‬ ْ ّ ‫حب‬ “My love towards Thee..... 1 Saheeh Bukhaari. we can see from this line of supplication of Imam Sajjad (a.

... therefore make Your grace and mercy my intercessor....Shafa’at ..a..... َ ‫ش‬ ُ ّ ‫ه ال‬ ْ ‫ق‬ .......................‫ك‬ ْ ‫ف‬ “In Thy presence there is no interceder of mine......w.....” Allah’s is the Intercession for whom It is evident from the Quranic verses and the traditions of the infallibles that on the day of judgement intercession is only for those who have faith with a pure heart and for those who harbour no enmity towards the progeny of Holy Prophet (s..........57 َ ‫ي ا ِل َي ْم‬ َ ‫شم‬ َ ‫ك‬ ْ َ ‫فل ْي‬ َ َ‫ل‬ ‫ي‬ ِ ‫ش‬ ْ ‫ف‬ َ ْ ‫في‬ ْ ‫ع ل ِم‬ ْ ِ‫ع ل‬ َ َ ‫ضل‬ َ .......t.........w..) said that..a.......)... 1 Ibid...‫عا‬ َ ‫فا‬ ُ ‫ع‬ ِ ‫ج‬ ِ ‫ل لل‬ ً ْ ‫مي‬ َ ‫ة‬ “Say: (O messenger!) intercession altogether.. .”1 In Surah Zumar: verse 44 Allah (s...........

. Beside these there are other sins which make intercession invalid we will list below group of such unfortunate persons.. when the question of intercession arose the Holy Prophet (s...) as the seal of the prophets (3) Love towards Holy Prophet (s........Shafa’at Minimum requirements for intercession are three (1) Tauheed – Having complete faith in unity of Allah...) with a few questions......a..... (2) Nabuwat – believe the Holy Prophet (s....... namely in Surah Aaraaf : verse 53..w.) progeny and aversion towards their enemy.s...) narrates that one day a group of Jews came to the Holy Prophet (s...a.a..a..58...w.... and also from the traditions......a...a..a.a.) said: ...w....w..... No intercession for unbeliever and polytheist The proof are the following verses of Quran.. Quoting an incident Imam Husain (a. Surah Shoaraa : verses 98-101................................

. but not for polytheist and the tyrants.........‫م‬ ِ ‫الظل‬ “As far as the question of my intercession is there my intercession will also be there for the great sinners.. (who is the greatest despot) who write and say in his favour...........Shafa’at ........ Even Lord has cursed the tyrants on many 1 Khesaal-e-Suduq..59 َ ‫ي‬ َ ‫شممم‬ َ ‫مممما‬ ‫ل‬ َ ‫فا‬ ْ َ‫ي ا‬ ِ ‫ف‬ ّ َ‫و ا‬ ِ ‫هممم‬ َ ْ ‫فممم‬ ْ ِ ‫عت‬ ّ ‫ل ال‬ ُ ‫همم‬ ‫و‬ َ ‫ممما‬ ْ َ ‫خل َ ا‬ ِ ‫شممْر‬ َ ‫ر‬ َ ‫ك‬ ِ ِ ‫ال ْك ََبممائ‬ ْ ّ ......... 355 ........‫ع‬ ُ ْ ‫ع ي ُطَا‬ ِ ‫ش‬ ٍ ْ ‫في‬ “The unjust shall not have any compassionate friend nor any intercessor who should be obeyed.........” This verse should be read by those persons who favour Yazid...............................”1 No intercession for tyrants and oppressor In Surah Aaraaf : verse 18 the Holy Quran says : ّ ‫ممما ِلل‬ َ ‫ول‬ ِ ‫ح‬ ِ ‫ن‬ ِ ِ ‫ظمما ْل‬ َ ‫ن‬ ْ ‫ممم‬ َ ْ ‫مي‬ َ َ ٍ ‫مْيممم‬ َ . p........

..........) refute or reject their intercession..‫وا‬ ِ ‫َنا‬ ُ ‫ف‬ ّ ‫ب‬ ٍ ‫ص‬ ْ ‫ع‬ “If (it is just an imagination) even sacred angels and prophets intercede for the enemies of the progeny of Holy Prophet (s......w.....) There are numerous traditions regarding this topic.... ... 184....t..................w. p.60. Imam Sadiq (a.....w...s........ but we only quote one tradition..) Allah (s..) has said: َ ِ ‫مَلئ‬ َ ‫م‬ ‫ن‬ َ ‫كمممم‬ ّ َ‫و ا‬ َ ‫قّرب ِْيمممم‬ ُ ْ ‫ة ال‬ َ ْ ‫ن ال‬ ْ ‫َلمممم‬ َ ‫ش‬ َ ‫ن‬ ‫ي‬ ِ ‫وا‬ ُ ‫ف‬ َ ‫مْر‬ َ ْ ‫سل ِي‬ ُ ْ ‫واْل َن ْب َِياءَ ال‬ ْ ‫ع‬ َ ْ ‫فمم‬ َ ‫ش‬ َ ‫ما‬ ...a.... No intercession for the enemies of the progeny of Holy Prophet (s.”1 1 Mahaasin of Barqi............a.a.a.........Shafa’at places as it is recommended to favour the oppressed it also recommended to curse the oppressor......

....Shafa’at .. pg.... 370.........).‫ذُّري ِّتي‬ “When I will be placed on a lofty status of intercession then I will intercede for the greater sinners of my nation and Lord will even accept my intercession..........a.......w..a...w..........r........) Holy Prophet (s..a..... by Allah He will not intercede for those persons who have harassed and troubled my progeny.........61 No intercession for those who harass the progeny of Holy Prophet (s....”1 1 Amaali of Shaikh Sadooq (a...a...) has said: َ ‫م‬ ُ ‫ذا‬ َ ِ‫ا‬ َ‫ود‬ ْ ‫م‬ َ ‫قمممما‬ ُ ‫ممممم‬ ُ ‫ح‬ َ ْ ‫م ال‬ َ ْ ‫ت ال‬ ْ ‫ق‬ ْ ‫ممممم‬ ّ ‫ش‬ َ َ‫ت‬ ‫ن‬ ِ ‫ت‬ ِ ‫ر‬ َ ‫ص‬ ْ ‫ف‬ ُ ‫ع‬ ْ ‫م‬ ِ ‫حا‬ ْ َ‫ي ا‬ ْ ‫ف‬ ِ ِ ‫ب ال ْك ََبائ‬ َ ‫شمم‬ َ ‫ي‬ ْ َ ‫في‬ ‫م‬ ِ ‫ه‬ ْ ‫ف‬ ْ ‫همم‬ ُ ‫ي اللمم‬ ّ ُ‫ا‬ ْ ِ ‫عن‬ ْ ‫مِتمم‬ ِ ْ ‫في‬ ّ ‫شممم‬ َ َ‫ه ل َ ت‬ ‫ن آذ ٰي‬ ِ ‫ت‬ ِ ‫واللممم‬ ْ ‫ف‬ ُ ‫ع‬ ْ ‫مممم‬ َ ْ ‫في‬ َ .............. ......

..a.a....) has also said: 1 Amaali-e-Suduq....w. the main source being Hazrat Ali (a.........s....... Imam Ali Reza (a.......s. No intercession for those who do not believe in intercession Holy Prophet (s.....”1 Imam Ali Reza (a.... who are of four types...‫ي‬ َ ‫فا‬ ْ ِ ‫عت‬ “Those who do not have faith in my intercession will be deprived from it.....Shafa’at No intercession for who do not believe in the successorship of Ameerul Momeneen (a.a....) who has heard from Holy Prophet (s..) quotes from his father and he from his father and so on.....a..) who said that persons eligible. 5 ...s.w......62.... p.........) and his infallible sons There are many traditions but we only quote here one..........) has said: َ ‫ي‬ َ ‫شم‬ ْ ‫م يُم‬ َ ِ‫ن ب‬ ‫فَل ْي َن َمما‬ َ ‫فا‬ ِ ‫ؤ‬ ْ ‫م‬ ْ ‫م‬ ْ َ‫ن ل‬ َ ْ ِ ‫عت‬ َ ‫ش‬ َ ‫ُله‬ ....s..........

..................”2 (In this tradition the word “Arab” is only for an example) otherwise to cheat any Muslim or to digest his trusts is such a great sin by which there will no intercession for him......) has said: َ ‫ن‬ ْ ‫خ‬ ‫ي‬ ُ ْ‫م ي َمد‬ ِ ‫ل‬ َ ‫عمَر‬ َ ْ ‫ش ال‬ ْ ‫م‬ ْ ‫ب ل َم‬ َ ّ ‫غ‬ ْ ‫فم‬ َ ‫ش‬ َ ......”1 No intercession for people who usurp the trusts Holy Prophet (s........ pg.‫ي‬ َ ‫فا‬ ْ ِ ‫عت‬ “Those who cheat the Arab they will not receive my intercession. 72. 66 2 Musnad-e-Ahmad.... 1.. 1 Ayoone Akhbaar-e-Reza.....‫ه‬ ُ ْ ‫م ي َن ِل‬ ْ َ‫ل‬ “Those who do not believe in the intercession of Holy Prophet (s.w.a.....a.........a.... vol.......... ...w......... p...63 َ ‫شم‬ َ ِ‫ب ب‬ ‫ه‬ َ ‫فا‬ ِ ‫ل اللم‬ ِ ‫ع‬ ِ ‫ن ك َم‬ َ ‫ذ‬ ُ ‫ة َر‬ ْ ‫م‬ َ ِ ‫و‬ ْ ‫سم‬ .a...Shafa’at .) they will not be interceded. 2........ vol.

.... 270 .‫ة‬ ِ ‫ص ٰلو‬ ّ ‫ِبال‬ “Those who consider namaz as a trifle affair will not receive our intercession.) said thus: َ ‫شمم‬ َ َ ‫ل‬ ُ ‫ه ل َ ت ََنمما‬ َ ِ ‫عت َُنا ا‬ ‫ذا‬ َ ‫فا‬ ِ ‫و اللمم‬ َ ‫فمم‬ َ ‫َر‬ َ ‫ب ٰهمم‬ ‫حّتممي‬ َ (‫عِنممي َالّزَنمما‬ ْ َ ‫ذا )ي‬ َ ‫كمم‬ 1 Usool-e-Kafi.”1 Those sins which delay intercession It is evident from the traditions that there are certain sins by which intercession will be prolonged and due to this they will have to bear the punishment for longer time and then only they will be interceded for e....s.. p............. the intercession will be delayed for the believer...) has said: َ ‫شمم‬ َ ‫ل‬ ُ ‫ل َ ي ََنمما‬ ‫ف‬ َ َ ‫سممت‬ َ ‫فا‬ ّ ‫خ‬ ْ ‫نا‬ َ ‫عت َُنا‬ ِ ‫مم‬ ...... Fornication..... 3...........s..... Imam Sadiq (a................. vol.g.............Shafa’at No intercession for those who take Namaz lightly We only quote here one out of many traditions on this topic........64......... Imam Sadeq (a..

therefore Holy Prophet (s....... backbiting........ one who has it his small action will be sufficient for his salvation.”1 Those actions which expatiate intercession There are such few good action by virtue of which there is no delay in his intercession....) said: 1 Usul-e-Kaafi......w......t...........a.......... false narration..... 5....65 َ ‫و‬ َ ‫عم‬ ‫ل‬ َ ‫و ي َمَر ٰي‬ ِ ُ‫ي‬ َ ْ ‫صي َْبه ا َل َم ِ ال‬ ِ ‫ذا‬ ْ ‫هم‬ َ ‫ب‬ .... and to be infatuated towards music.‫م‬ َ َ ‫ج‬ ٍ ّ ‫هن‬ “By Allah (s.. . will not be easily interceded....a. (1) Belief in His unity with a pure heart It goes without saying that the soul of good action is a pure heart.) our intercession for a fornicator will not be up to that time till he has not tasted grievous punishment.......Shafa’at .. having attraction towards base action........... 469. We quote below a few deeds so that the readers may be inclined to do such actions by which they will be eligible for intercession.... pg...w.. Beside this other sins like...... interest. vol..

..w.....a.) for a promise to intercede to which Holy Prophet (s..a....Shafa’at َ ‫شم‬ َ ِ‫س ب‬ ‫م‬ َ ‫فا‬ ِ َ ‫سمت‬ َ ‫و‬ ْ َ‫ي‬ ّ ‫ح‬ ُ ‫ق الن ّمما‬ ْ ‫ي ي َم‬ ْ ِ ‫عت‬ َ ‫ن‬ َ ‫قمما‬ ‫ه‬ ِ ْ ‫ال‬ ِ ‫م‬ ْ ‫م‬ ُ ‫ل ل َ ا ِ لٰ م ه ا ِل ّ الل م‬ َ ‫ة‬ َ ‫قَيا‬ َ ‫ن‬ ...‫قل ِْبه‬ َ ِ ‫صا‬ ْ ‫م‬ ً ِ ‫خال‬ “Those person who utter ‫ ل اله ال الله‬from the bottom of the heart they will be the first to receive my intercession on the day of judgement...... 22.w. pg. 2 Behaarul Anwaar......”2 1 Sahih Bukhaari... Tr. 36..........) replied that َ .. No..‫وِد‬ ِ َ ‫فا‬ ِ ‫عّني ب ِك َث َْر‬ ُ ‫س‬ ّ ْ ‫ة ال‬ ْ ‫ج‬ “If you want my quick intercession then help me with your long prostration......... 87.....w.....a.66.... vol. vol.... 1.. A person asked the Holy Prophet (s.... believers will be eligible for a quick intercession by the Holy Prophet (s....”1 (2) Long prostration in His presence By this.... pg...).. .....a....a. 39...a...........

) has said: There will be a queue for the people of heaven.......s.......w.....) We quote here one out of many traditions from Musnud Ibn Ahmed.....w.” (4) To dole out the services to a brother in faith Although to help mankind in general is a good act but the status of one who helps his fellow brother is something greater........ he will say yes I remember... vol..a......) and his progeny (a..) it will be incumbent on me to intercede for him.. 108...... a person among the hell will address to the person from the heaven O the son of “so an so” don’t you remember that when your were thirsty I quenched your thirst. Holy Prophet (s....Shafa’at .......a....‫ي‬ َ ‫فا‬ ٍ ‫م‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫م‬ ْ َ ‫جب‬ ّ ‫ح‬ ُ َ ‫د‬ ْ ِ ‫عت‬ “Those who send blessings on me and my progeny (a. Holy Prophet (s. the people of hell will be make to pass by...a.......a..w...a.....s...) said that: ‫ل‬ َ ‫صمممّلي‬ ٍ ‫مممم‬ َ ‫م‬ ْ ‫مممم‬ ّ ‫ح‬ ُ ‫ع ل ٰممم ي‬ َ َ ‫ن‬ ِ ‫وآ‬ ّ ‫د‬ َ ‫ش‬ َ ‫ت َله‬ .a..... p... to ..67 (3) To send blessing on Holy Prophet (s.... 4. We only relate one out of many traditions........

....: 1 Manla Yazharal Faqih......... 4. viz.. (5) Be prompt in forgiveness World is aware of the saying........68....) advised his son Mohammad bin Hanafia...‫ة‬ َ ‫فا‬ ُ ‫ع‬ “Forgive promptly the one who asks forgiveness from you so that Lord may accept your intercession immediately. there are other good deeds too. 279...... “you will reap as you sow”........Shafa’at which the person of hell will ask him towards his intercession and Lord will also accept it..... Below we quote a few... This incident throws the light on the importance of service to a believer..... p.. be prompt in forgiveness if you want a prompt intercession......... vol.. So... We hope after reading this.....s.. ....”1 Besides this............... by virtue of which your intercession will be accepted. and to help him in all possible way makes him eligible for intercession... Hazrat Ali (a. َ ‫فت ََناُلمم‬ َ ‫عممذَْره‬ ْ ِ‫ا‬ ْ َ ‫قب‬ ‫ك‬ ُ ‫ل‬ ِ ‫ل‬ ْ ‫م‬ ُ ‫ن‬ ّ َ ‫مت َن‬ ٍ ‫ص‬ َ ‫ش‬ ّ ‫ال‬ ...... you will not shirk from helping a believer..

) c) To strengthen the relation between the fellow believers d) To help the poor and the needy as per your capacity e) To bear the calamities with patience and perceiveness.. Remember that your actions will be your first intercessor to help you from the grave to the day of judgement.w...........69 a) To propagate the education of Holy Quran b) To make public the recognition of the progeny of Holy Prophet (s. Faith in intercession generates hope in humans and lightens the path towards optimism....... f) To behave nobly towards neighbours and people in vicinity..a..............a... never be careless towards the laws laid down by the Lord.. Lastly we lay stress on the most important point i...........................e.......................... To obtain perpetual happiness one must never forget that intercession . do not let your lethargic behaviour can deprive you from intercession.Shafa’at ....

........70........................... ............................Shafa’at creates in him hope of His grace and mercy and thereby enters heaven ——— our last abode.............................

...............Shafa’at .......................... ................................71 Shafa’at Distribute free of charge seeking Allah’s pleasure..................

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