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Ummels_PhDThesis

Ummels_PhDThesis

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Published by Bummelsch
Ph.D.-thesis on wind power integration in power systems, published by Bart Ummels (general summary on p. V).
Ph.D.-thesis on wind power integration in power systems, published by Bart Ummels (general summary on p. V).

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Published by: Bummelsch on Jan 24, 2009
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05/10/2014

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CO2-Emissions

The simulation results clearly show that wind power leads to a saving of significant amounts
of CO2 emissions. In Fig. 4.10, the annual emission savings are shown for the Netherlands
without international exchange, and for the North-West European system as a whole (interna-
tional exchange is possible in this case), with the Dutch part of that as a dotted line. Emission

86 Impacts of Wind Power on Unit Commitment and Economic Despatch

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

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20

Installed Wind Power Capacity [GW]

CO2-Emission Savings [Mton/y]

No international exchange, the Netherlands only
1 h. ahead international exchange, NW Europe
1 h. ahead international exchange, the Netherlands only

Figure 4.10: CO2 emission savings by wind power.

savings are estimated to lie around 19 Mton annually for 12 GW wind power, with higher
savings for the isolated Dutch system due to the large share of coal in the generation mix. In
case international exchange is possible, more expensive, less efficient units (mainly CCGT)
have already been pushed out of the market at the 0 MW wind power. Wind power will also
replace more expensive CCGT-generation during the day rather than coal-fired units in the
isolated Dutch system, resulting in lower emission savings for the cases with international
exchange. It can be noted that emission savings also positively impact operating costs, since
CO2 emission savings are part of the total operating cost. The change in steepness of the
curves at 2 and 6 GW installed wind power capacity is due to the higher capacity factor of
offshore wind power. For the isolated Dutch system, there is a change at 8 GW wind power
due to the increasing amounts of wasted wind energy. The results for emission savings for
SO2 and NOx show similar trends as CO2. Total annual emissions show an estimated de-
crease of 11 Mton and 20 kton for SO2 and NOx, respectively, for an isolated Dutch system.

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