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Madhesh Post Daily

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( 5 Nov 2012 )

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af/]df ;f]Wbf k"j{ tkm{ cf}nfn]


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egf{ v'Nof] egf{ v'Nof] egf{ v'Nof]


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sfo{qmd v'Nnf wtL{


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E-mail: madheshpost@gmail.com

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ePkl5 ;/sf/n] pknAw u/fPsf]
kfFr sf hUufd} t/sf/Lv]tL ;'?
u/]/ /fd|f] cfDbfgL lng ;kmn
ePkl5 pgn] ufpFd} hUuf lnhdf
lnP/ tLgjif{bl] v t/sf/Lv]tLnfO{
Jofj;floskdf ckgfPsf 5g\
.t/sf/Lv]tLaf6 jflif{skdf ?
tLg nfvsf] xf/fxf/Ldf cfDbfgL x'g]
u/]sf] pgn] atfP .
pTkflbt nf}sf, s/]nf,
sfFqmf, km;L{, d'nf, uf]ne]F8f,
Kofhnufot a]df};dL t/sf/L ;xh}
:yfgLo ahf/d} oxfFsf s[ifsn]
vkt ug]{ u/]sf 5g\ .
cf7 jif{ b ] l v cf+ l zskdf
t/sf/Lv]tL ;'? u/]sf lkknf8L-%
hf]gfk'/sf] k"/} ufpFsf afl;Gbf xfn
k"0f{kdf t/sf/Lv]tLdf ;+nUg
ePsf 5g\ . t/sf/Lv]tLdf ;+nUg
eO{ cfly{s cj:yf ;'b9[ ePkl5
o;nfO{ g} Joj;fo agfPsf] cu'jf
s[ i fs dlg/fd rf} w /Ln]
atfpg'eof] .
oxfFsf] pTkflbt cfn'sf]
aLp g]kfnL ahf/df dfq geP/
ef/tLo ahf/df a]lrg yfn]sf]
5 . oxfFsf s[ifsn] pTkfbg u/]sf
t/sf/Lsf] ahf/ k| j 4{ g ug{
pgLxn] ;\ul7tkdf s[lif
;xsf/L;d]t vf]ns
] f 5g\ .

;jf] { R rsf c:yfoL GofofwLzsf]


Dofbdfly ax;sf nflu Plds; So'/L
sf7df8f}F, !% sflQs . k'gM
;+;bLo ;'gj' fO gu/L ;jf]R{ r
cbfntsf c:yfoL GofofwLznfO{
:yfoL ug{ jf Dofb yksf nflu
cGtl/d cfb]z hf/L ug{ dfu
ub} { bfo/ l/6df cfO{ t af/
;jf]R{ r cbfntn] Gofo kl/ifb\sf
gfddf sf/0f b]vfp cfb]z hf/L
u/]sf] 5 .
GofofwLz
lul/zrGb|nfnsf] Psn Ohnf;n]
;f] l/6nfO{ cu|flwsf/ lbP/ k]z
ug{ hf/L u/]sf] cfb]zdf cfufdL
d\ ; L/ % ut] ; Dd Gofo
kl/ifb\af6 lnlvt hjfkm k]z
] ug{
/ ax;sf nflu ;xof]u ug{ g]kfn
af/ tyf ;jf]R{ r cbfnt af/af6
tLg-tLg hgf sfg'g Joj;foL
Plds; So'/Lsf]kdf pkl:yt
u/fpg klg elgPsf] 5 .
cGtl/d ;+ljwfgsf]
wf/f !%%-!_ adf]lhd c:yfoL

GofofwLznfO{ cljnDa :yfoL ug{


jf c:yfoL ;]jf cjlwsf] Dofb
;lsg' cufj} c:yfoL kbd} sfd
ug] { u/L kbfjlw yk u/fpg
cGtl/d cfb]z hf/L ug{ dfu ub}{
clwjQmf cRo'tk|;fb v/]nn] ut
a'waf/ ;f] l/6 bfo/ ug'e
{ Psf]
lyof] .
;+ljwfgsf] wf/f !%%-!_df Psrf]l6
;+;bLo ;'gj' fO;DaGwL k|lqmof k"/f
gu/L pQm cbfntsf] c:yfoL
GofofwLzdf lgo'Qm eO{ sfo{/t
GofofwLznfO{ :yfoL ubf{ jf c:yfoL
kbd} sfdsfh ug]{ u/L Dofb yk
ubf{ ;+ ; bLo ;' g ' j fO;DaGwL
k|lqmofsf nflu l;kmfl/; ug'k{ g]{
eGg] Joj:yf g/x]sf] klg pxfFn]
l/6df pNn]v ug'e
{ Psf] lyof] .
rf}aL; hgf;Dd GofofwLz /xg]
;jf]R{ r cbfntdf xfn 5 :yfoL /
;ft c:yfoL GofofwLz dfq sfo{/t
5g\ .

pTkflbt t/sf/L
ahf/;Dd k'ofpg] sfo{;d]t
;xsf/Ls} kxndf ;'? ul/Psf]
s[ i fs /fds[ i 0f rf} w /Ln]
atfpg'eof] .
oxfFsf s[ifsn] t/sf/L
pTkfbg u/]/ jif{el/df k|lt kl/jf/
? Ps nfv ^) xhf/b]lv ? tLg
nfv;Dd cfDbfgL ub}{ cfPsf
5g\ .
ut jif{ s f] lxpF b ]
df};ddf dfq} uf]ne]8F f laqmL u/]/
s[ifsn] k|ltkl/jf/ ? @% xhf/b]lv
^) xhf/ cfDbfgL u/]sf] s[ifs
sfn'/fd rf}w/Ln] atfP .
t/sf/Lv]tL ug]{ s[ifssf] ;\Vofdf
a;]l{ g j[l4 x'bF } uPsfn] tLg jif{bl] v
t/sf/L pTkfbgdf s~rgk' /
lhNnf cfTdlge{/tftkm{ pGd'v
ePsf] 5 .
ef/taf6 cfoft x'g] t/sf/Lsf]
kl/df0fdf ;d]t lgs} sdL cfPsfn]
csf] d'v tfSg'kg]{ lbgsf] cGTo
ePsf] s[lif k|fljlws /0faxfb'/
dNnn] atfpg'eof] .
l;F r fOsf] ;' l jwfdf

s[ifssf] kx'r
F a9]sfn] t/sf/Lv]tL
ug]{ s[ifs a9]sf] lhNnf s[lif
ljsf; sfof{ n o s~rgk' / sf
afujfgL clws[t lj>fd rGbn]
atfpg'eof] . oxfFsf lkknf8L,
s[i0fk'/, >Lk'/, eLdbQgu/kflnsf,
;'8f, b}hL, emnf/L, sflnsf /
lqe' j ga:tLnufotsf If] q df
Jofj;floskdf t/sf/Lv]tL x'g]
u/]sf] 5 .
s[lif ljsf; sfof{nosf
cg';f/ cfj )^&)^* df @&!%
x]S6/ If]qkmndf #@%*) d]l6"s
6g t/sf/L pTkfbg ePsfdf cfj
)^*)^( df #(!( x] S 6/
If]qkmndf $^!&% d]l6s 6g
t/sf/L pTkfbg ePsf] 5 .
oxfFsf] ahf/sf] dfusf]
^) k|ltzt :yfgLo pTkfbgsf]
t/sf/Ln] wfg]sf] 5 eg] afFsL $)
k|ltzt t/sf/L ef/taf6 cfoft
x'g] u/]sf] 5 .
oxfF ef/taf6 cfoft x'g]
t/sf/L cf7 xhf/ d]l6s 6gsf]
xf/fxf/Ldf vkt x'g] u/]sf] afujfgL
clws[t rGbn] atfpg'eof] .

;xdltsf] ;/sf/ ckl/xfo{


sf7df8f},F !( sflQs . g]skf
-Pdfn] _ sf dxf;lrj O{ Z j/
kf] v /] n n] b] z sf] /fhgLlts
;\s6 ;dfwfgsf nflu /fli6o
;xdltsf] ;/sf/ ckl/xfo{ /x]sf]
atfpg'ePsf] 5 .
ljhof bzdL,
bLkfjnL, 57, O{b / g]kfn ;Djt\
!!## sf cj;/df z'esfdgf
cfbfgk|bfg ug{ g]kfn lghfdtL
sd{rf/L ;\u7gf/f cfO{taf/
cfof]lht lrofkfg sfo{qmddf
kqsf/x?nfO{ ;+lIfKt k|ltlqmof
lbFb} pxfFn] ;f] s'/f atfpg'ePsf]
xf] . bz jif{ nfdf] ;z:q G

:ylut u/L zflGtk|lqmofdf cfPsf]


Pdfcf]jfbL;Fu Pdfn]sf] s'g} k"jf{ux|
gePsf] g] t f kf] v /] n n] :ki6
kfg'{eof] . dxf;lrj kf]v/]nn]
jt{dfg ;/sf/sf] lj:yfkgkl5 dfq
;xdtLo ;/sf/sf] u7g, cGtl/d
;+ljwfgdf /x]sf] cj/f]w x6fpg
afwf c8\sfp km'sfp h:tf k|lqmof
;'? x'g] bfaL ug'{eof] .pxfFn]
yKg'eof], oL sfd ;DkGg ug{
/fi6 k ltn] ;do;Ldf tf] s ] /
cljnDa sbd rfNg'k5{ .
lrofkfg sfo{qmddf ;\u7gsf
sd{ r f/L, kqsf/, /fhgLlts
sfo{stf{sf] pkl:ylt lyof] .

/fi6kltn] w]/} ===


ulxl/Psf] atfpFb} Pdfcf]jfbL k|jQmf ;fksf]6fn] jt{dfg cj:yfdf s'g}
klg xfntdf ;/sf/ g5f8\g] :ki6 ug'e
{ of] .
lj3l6t ;+ljwfg;efn] u/]sf] () k|ltzt eGbf a9L sfdnfO{
;+:yfut u/]/ cufl8 hfg rfx] / b]znfO{ lgsf; lbg rfx] g]kfnL
sfFu;
]| sf] g]tT[ j :jLsf/ ug{ ;lsGf] cGoyf s'g} klg cj:yfdf ;/sf/sf]
g]tT[ j kl/jt{g gx'g] pxfFsf] c8fg lyof] . sfFu;
]| / Pdfn];uF s'g} klg
ljifo -Ph]G8f_ gePsf] atfpFb} k|jQmf ;fksf]6fn] Ph]G8fljlxg zlQmsf
sf/0f ;d:of k}bf ePsf] wf/0ff /fVg'eof] . bnx?sfaLr k6s k6s
ePsf] jftf{df s'g} klg pNNf]Vo k|ult x'g g;s]sf] hfgsf/L lbFb} pxfFn]
Pdfcf]jfbL cem} klg ;xdlts} kIfdf /x]sf] atfpg'eof] .
;xdltd} ah]6 Nofpg] kIfdf Pdfcf]jfbL / ;/sf/ /x]klg
ljkIfL bnn] To;nfO{ /fhgLlt ug]{ dfWod agfP ;/sf/n] /fli6o
cfjZostfnfO{ Wofg lbP/ h'g;'s} xfntdf klg ah]6 Nofpg] b[9tf
;fksf]6fn] JoQm ug'e
{ of] . ;\3Lo nf]stflGqs u0ftflGqs u7aGwgn]
s]xL lbgd} hgkl/rfngsf] sfo{qmd 3f]if0ff ug]{ hfgsf/L klg kf6L{
k|jQmfn] lbg'eof] .

dxTjk"0f{ 6]lnkmf]g gDa/x?


wg'iff

;nf{xL
;nf{xL c:ktfn
laB't k|flws/0f
bdsn
PDj'n]G;-/]8qm;_
b'/ ;+rf/ dd{t
lh= k|zf;g sf
lh= vfg]kfgL
lh=k=| sf dn+ujf
O k|x/L sf= xl/jg
O k|x/L sf= xl/k'/
O k|x/L sf= a/xyjf
O k|x/L sf= O{Zj/k'/
lh 6f sf gjnk'/

;z:q k| an
;nf{xL SofDk;
b ;xf/f PDa'nG] ;

hfgsL nh

%@)!##
%@!%^)
%@))))
%@)!(%
!(*
%@)!&&
%@)!$*
%@))((
%#)%!!
^@)#))

%$)#$!
^()@!&
%&)#!%
%@!!#%
%@)#&#
%@))!@
%@!@()

cr+n c:ktfn
wg'iff c:ktfn
lh=k=| sf=
hgkf bdsn
;z:q k| an
PDa'n]G;/]8qm;
;'/Iff u'Nd a}/s
]
Po/kf]6{
hgsk'/ /]Nj]
cf+vf c:ktfn
ljB't km\oh
F zfvf
a'4 Po/
otL Po/nfOG;
uf]/vf Po/
/]l8of] dw]z

dxf]Q/L
%@))##
%@%*))
%@))((
%@))!!
%@&@!#
!)@
%@^%*^
%@))$$
%@)@!!
%@)#(&
%@)!%!
%@^@($
%@))$*
%@^@($
%@*@)&

/f}tx6

lh k|x/L sf=
k|x/L sfG6f]n
lhNnf c:ktfn
af?0f ofGq
PDa'n]G;

%@)!((
%@)))(
%@))&)
%@))(&
%@)!))
ljB't kmo'h zfvf %@))^^
%@)!^^
e+;f/ sfo{no %@!!$@
u0f]z o'jf sld6 %@^#^)
le7fdf]8 k| rf}sL %@)@)(
Ok|sf alb{af; %%%))^
Ok|sf uf}znf
%@($)#

lh k|x/L sf=

%@)!&&
%@)!((
lh=6flkms rk'/ %$)!((
c:ktfn
%@)#@*
bdsn
%@)#@$
laB't
%@)@&^
/]8qm;
%@)!$!
e+;f/ sfo{no %@)@!)
O k| sf rk'/ %@()!#
Ok|sf= u8'/f
%^%!((
Ok|sf= u+uflkk/f ^()!))
g]kfn 6]lnsd %@)@@@

l5Gd:tfu0f alb{af;%@(^!(
b ;xf/f PDa'nG] ; %@)^&&

b ;xf/f PDa'nG] ; %@!$!%

uf}/ gu/kflnsf %@)@($

afFsL # k]hdf

dw]z kf]i6
@)^( sflt{s @) ut], ;f]daf/

afn ljafx tyf 5'jf5't pGd'nsf ;fdflhs ;'/Iff sf]iff/f 5gf}6 sfo{
nflu ;8s gf6s k|bz
{ g
dw] z ;dfrf/bftf
;nf{xL, !( sflQs . afn ljafx
tyf 5'jf5't pGd'ng u/L :jf:Yo
;dfhsf] lgdf{0f u/f} eGg] gf/fsf
;fy ;nf{xLsf] 5 j6f uflj;df
;8s gf6s k|bz
{ g ul/Psf] 5 .
blnt ju{ pTyfg lhNnf ;dGjog

;ldlt ;nf{ x Lsf] cfly{ s


;xof]udf g]kfn blnt ;]jf
;dfh ;nf{xLsf] cfof]hgfdf
x] d k' / , ax| D k' / L, sd} { o f,
k/jfgLk'/, l;d/f eujtLk'/ /
hd' l gof uflj;sf] dbgk' /
ahf/df gf6s k|bz
{ g ul/Psf]

g]kfn blnt ;]jf ;dfhsf cWoIf


/fdk[ t kf;jfgn] hfgsf/L
lbg'e
' of] .
lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltaf6
k|fKt ePsf] Ps nfv /sd af6
of] sfo{qmd ;DkGg ePsf] ;d]t
kf;jfgn] atfpg'eof] .

b; xhf/ lzIfs lj1fkg v'N5


;Nofg, !( sflQs . lzIffdGqL
bLgfgfy zdf{n] casf] Ps jif{leq}
;/sf/n] lzIfs ;]jf cfof]un]
!) xhf/ lzIfs b/aGbLsf nflu
lj1fkg vf]Ng] tof/L u/]sf]
hfgsf/L lbg'ePsf] 5 .
zlgaf/ klZrdL If]q
jGuf8fdf :yfkgf ul/Psf] jGuf8
SofDk; pb\3f6gsf qmddf pxfFn]
c:yfoL, lkl;Pkm-k|ltljBfyL{

nufgL_nufotdf sfo{/t ;a}


lzIfs cfof]usf] k/LIffdf pQL0f{
x' g g;s] klg cg' Q L0f{ n fO{
uf]N8]g x]G8;]s u/]/ labfO
ul/g] atfpg'eof] .
pb\3f6g sfo{qmddf
g]skf -Pdfn]_ kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o
k|sfz Hjfnfn] b]zsf] /fhgLlt
;xL 9\un] cufl8 a9] dfq lzIff
If]q /fd|f] x'G5 e'eof] .

;Nofgsf] k"jL{ If]qeGbf


kl5 k/]sf] klZrdLIf]qsf kfFr
uflj;, l5d]sL lhNnf ?s'd /
hfh/sf] 6 nufot lhNnfnfO{
b[li6ut ub}{ ;f] SofDk; :yfkgf
ul/Psf] xf] . o;;Fu} ;Nofg
lhNnfaf6
lqe' j g
ljZjljBfnoaf6 ;ft SofDk;n]
;DaGwg k|fKt u/]sf 5g\ .

/fi6klt 8f ofbj / Pdfcf]jfbL cWoIfaLr e]6jftf{


sf7df8f},F !( sflQs . /fi6klt
8f /fdj/0f ofbjn] /fhgLlts
bnx?aLrsf] ;xdlt cg'?k dfq}
cfkm" cl3 a9\g] atfpg'ePsf]
5.
/fi6kltsf] sfof{no
zLtn lgjf;df cfO{ t af/
PsLs[ t g] s kf-dfcf] j fbL_sf
cWoIf
k' i ksdn
bfxfnk|r08;Fusf] 5nkmndf
pxfF n ] /fi6 n fO{ /fhgLlts
;\s6af6 lgsf; lbg pok'Qm
sbd rfNg klg bnx?;Fu cfu|x
ug'e
{ of] .
e] 6 jftf{ k l5
;~rf/sdL{ x ?;F u s' / f ub} {
Pdfcf] j fbL cWoIf k| r 08n]

cfO{ t af/ /fi6 k lt;F u v' n ] /


s'/fsfgL ePsf] / /fi6kltn] s'g}
sbd grfNg] atfpg' e Psf]
hfgsf/L lbg'eof] .
;+ljwfg;efsf] 7"nf]
bn x'g'sf gftfn] /fhgLlts
;\ s 6sf] lgsf;sf nflu
Pdfcf]jfbLsf] e"ldsf dxTjk"0f{
ePsf] / Tof] lbzfdf cfkm" /

cfkm\gf] kf6L{ lqmofzLn eP/ nfu]sf]


;d] t cWoIf k| r 08n]
atfpg'eof] .
;\ 3 Lotf, u0ftGq,
wd{ l g/k] I ftf
nufotsf
kl/jt{gnfO{ ;+:yfut ug{ k|ltj4
/x]sf] s'/f /fi6kltn] e]6sf qmddf
:ki6 kfg'e
{ Psf] pxfFn] hfgsf/L
lbg'eof] .

ljsf; ah]6sf] ===

ah]6sf] klg b'?kof]u e}/x]sf eGb} pgLx?n] lrGtf;d]t JoQm u/]sf


5g\ .
PsfpG6\ofljln6L Nofasf] cfof]hgf ePsf] sfo{qmddf ;nf{xL,
dxf]Q/L / /f}tx6sf ljleGg If]qsf #) hgf eGbf a9L o'jf o'jtLx?
;xefuL ePsf] ;+:yfsf /fs]z s0f{n] hfgsf/L lbg'ePsf] 5 .

s] tkfO{ sfdsf nflu ljb]z g} hfg] x'ge


' of] <
hfg] g} xf] eg]============
sf] dfkm{t hfb} x'gx' G' 5 < s]xL yfxf 5 < Ph]06 jf Dofgkfj/ sDkgL Ohfht
kq
k|fKt xf] sL xf]Og{ s]lx yfxf 5 <
s'g b]z hfb} x'gx' G' 5 yfxf 5 < To; b]zsf] efiff, wd{, /xg;xg cflb af/]df
tkfO{nfO{ s]xL hfgsf/L 5 <
tkfO{;uF ljb]zdf sfd ug]{ s]xL ;Lk 5 < lgMz'Ns ;Lk tflndsf] af/]df s]xL yfxf 5 <
:jf:Yo k/LIf0f , aLdf / >d :jLs[ltsf] af/]df s]xL hfgsf/L 5 <
ljb]zdf ;d:ofdf k/]df s] ug]{ s]xL yfxf 5 <
o; qmddf 7uL jf hfn;fhLdf k/]df s] ug]{ s]xL ;f]Rg' ePsf] 5 < nufotsf
ljifox?df lgMz'Ns k/fdz{sf] nflu ;'/lIft cfk|jf;g ;"rgf s]Gb|df cjZo
hfg'xf];\ / cfkm\gf] j}bl] zs ofqfnfO{ ;s];Dd ;'/lIft / pknlAwd'ns agfpg'xf];\ .
;"rgf s]Gb|n] pknAw u/fpg] ;]jfx? M
!=
;'/lIft j}bl] zs /f]huf/ ;DalGw cfjZos ;"rgfx? pknAw u/fpg] .
@=
j}bl] zs /f]huf/df ;Lkd'ns tflnd lnP/ dfq hfg clek|l] /t ug],{ ;fy} lgMz'Ns ;Lk
tflndsf nflu l;kmfl/z ug]{
#=
j}bl] zs /f]huf/df hfFbf clen]vj4 - sfg'gL k|lqmof dfkm{t _ eP/ hfg clek|l] /t
ug]{ / o;sf k|lqmofx?sf] af/]df hfgsf/L u/fpg] .
$=
ladf u/fpbf, :jf:Yo k/LIf0f u/fpFbf, s/f/gfdfdf x:tfIf/ ubf{ / Dofgkfj/
sDkgL 5g}f6 ubf{ Wofg lbg'kg]{ s'/fx?sf] hfgsf/L u/fpg] .
%=
g]kfnL /fhb'tfjf;, jfl0fHo b'tfjf;, cfk|jf;L g]kfnL ;+3 ;+:yfx? / >d ;xrf/Lx?sf]
hfgsf/L tyf ;Dks{ gDa/x? pknAw u/fpg]
^=
j]kQf ePsf jf h]ndf k/]sf g]kfnL sfdbf/x?sf] l:ylt kQf nufpg ;DalGwt
b"tfjf; tyf ;+3;+:yfdfkm{t cfjZos ;xof]u ug]{ .
&=
7uL ePsf] d'Bfx?sf] sfg'gL pkrf/sf] nflu sf7df8f}+ l:yt ;DalGwt ;]jf k|bfos
;F:yfx?df l;kmfl/z ug]{
*=
d[To' ePsf / c+ue+u ePsf sfdbf/sf] xsdf j}bl] zs /f]huf/ k|j4{g jf]8a{ f6 k|fKt
x'g] IftLk"lt{ pknAw u/fO{lbg ;xof]u ug]{ .
(=
x/]s ljxLjf/ s]Gb|df j}bl] zs /f]huf/ ;DalGw cled'vLs/0f sfo{qmd ug]{
!)=
j}bl] zs /f]huf/;Fu ;DalGwt ;"rgfx? cWofjlw ul/ ;]jf u|fxLx?nfO{ r':t / b'?:t
;"rgf k|j+ fxdf oyfSo ;xof]usf] nflu tTk/ /xg] .
sfof{no ;do M

cfOtjf/b]lv laxLaf/ ljxfg !) ah]bl] v a]ns


' f % ah];Dd .

z'qmaf/ ljxfg !) ah]bl] v cfkx|fGg # ah];Dd .

x/]s zlgjf/ / ;fj{hlgs ljbfsf] lbg s]Gb| aGb /xg]5 .


gf]6 M ;"rgf s]Gb|n] j}bl] zs /f]huf/sf nflu k|fT] ;fxg jf lg?T;fxg ug]{ geO{ cfjZos
;"rgfx? k|bfg u/L ;+jlGwt JolQm :jo+nfO{ hfgsf/o'Qm lg0f{o ug{ ;xof]u ug]{ xf] .
;'/lIft cfk|jf;g kl/of]hgf
x]Ne]6f; :jL; OG6/sf]ck/]zg g]kfn

/fli6o /f]huf/ k|j4{g s]Gb (RRPK)


dn+ujf, ;nf{xL
;Dks{ M kmf]g g+= )$^%@!%)@

sf7df8f},F !( sflQs . ;fdflhs


;'/Iff sf]ifn] sfof{Gjogof]Uo ladf
of]hgfxsf] l;kmfl/;sf nflu
k/fdz{ b ftfsf] 5gf} 6 sfo{ n fO{
clGtd r/0fdf k'ofPsf] 5 .
lgodfjnLdf pNn] v
ePcg' ; f/sf sfof{ G jogof] U o
of]hgfnfO{ cl3 a9fpgsf nflu
sf]ifn] lgj]bgk|fKt k/fdz{bftfaf6
5gf}6 ug{ nfluPsf] sf]ifsf lgb]z
{ s
tLy{ / fh sF 8 ] n n] hfgsf/L
lbg'eof] .
of]ubfgstf{xsf nflu
a]/f]huf/L, /f]huf/Ldf 3fOt] jf
b'3{6gf, la/fdL, k|;"lt, cfl>t,
czQm, j[4fj:yf, cf}ifwf]krf/ /

kfl/jfl/s ;fdflhs ;' / Iff


sfo{qmd -l:sd_ ;DaGwL Joj:yf
sf] i fsf] lgodfjnLdf pNn] v
ul/Psf] 5 .
pxfFn] sfo{qmdnfO{ cl3
a9fpgsf nflu of]ubfgstf{xsf]
ljj/0f ;\ s ng sfo{ /
pgLxnfO{ kl/rokq ljt/0fsf
nflu k|f/lDes sfo{ ;'? ul/Psf]
pNn]v ug'e
{ of] . sf]ifn] klxnf]
r/0fdf a] / f] h uf/L, k| ; " l t /
cf}ifwf]krf/ ladf of]hgfnfO{ cl3
a9fpg nfu]sf] 5 . cf}krfl/s
tyf cgf} k rfl/s If] q sf
>ldsnfO{ cfly{s of]ubfgsf]
cfwf/df ;fdflhs ;'/Iff k|bfg

ug{ ;/sf/n] @)^^)^& sf]


cfly{s P]g o; sf]ifsf] :yfkgf
ug]{ pNn]v u/]sf] lyof] .
sf] i fdf ;+ j } w flgs,
;/sf/L lgsfo, ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfg,
ljsf; ;ldlt, cw{;/sf/L tyf
u}/;/sf/L ;+:yf / bft[lgsfof/f
;~rflnt kl/of]hgfx, a}s
+ tyf
ljQLo ;+:yfx, lzIf0f ;+:yfxn]
:j]lR5s of]ubfg ug{ ;Sg]5g\ .
sf]if Joj:yfkg lgodfjnLcg';
' f/
k|To]s ;"rLs[t /f]huf/bftfn]
>ldssf] ;fdflhs ;'/Iffsf nflu
of]ubfgof]Uo cfosf] cfwf/df
lgoldt kdf Ps k|ltzt /sd
hDdf ug'k{ g]{ 5 .

;xdltlagfsf] ah]6 c;Dej


sf7df8f}F, !( sflQs . ;/sf/
sflQs d;fGtleq} Kf"0f{ ah]6 Nofpg
sDd/ s;] / nfu] s } a] n f Kf" j {
cy{dGqLxn] eg] ;xdltlagf ah]6
k]; eP ;/sf/sf] cf}lRfTo ;dfKt
x'g] r]tfjgL lbPsf 5g\ .
l/kf]6;{ Snadf cfO{taf/
cfof]lht ;fIffTsf/ sfo{qmddf k"j{
cy{dGqLxn] @)^# ;fn sflQs
@@ ut] d'ns
' sf k|dv
' d'2fdf /fli6o
;xdlt x'gk' g]{ ljifo ls6fg ePsfn]
jt{ d fg ;/sf/n] /fhgLlts
;xdltlagf ah]6 k]; u/] /fi6kltn]
c:jLsf/ ug]{ x'bF f ;/sf/sf] cf}lrTo
;dfKt x'g] wf/0ff /fv]sf x'g\ .

k"j{ cy{dGqLxsf] Pp6} wf/0ff


g]kfnsf] cGtl/d ;+ljwfg @)^#
n] ;+ ; b\ gePsf] cj:yfdf
hgtfsf k|ltlglwx;Fu ;xdlt
u/L ah]6 Nofpg'kg]{ k|fjwfg
ls6fg u/]sf] x'bF f jt{dfg ;/sf/
anhtL k" 0 f{ ah] 6 Nofpg]
tof/Ldf h'6s
] f] cf/f]k nufP .
;/sf/ ;xdlt geP hjh{:tL
ah] 6 Nofpg] / bnx
;xdltlagf ah]6 cfP ;/sf/
c;kmn u/fpg] /:;fs:;Ldf
h'l6/x]sf] k"j{ cy{dGqLxsf]
wf/0ff lyof] .
sfo{qmddf k"j{ cy{dGqL dx]z

cfrfo{n] d'ns
' xfg]{ l:yltdf k'us
] f]
x'bF f k|wfgdGqLn] Ps sbd x6]/
eP klg d'n'snfO{ /fhgLlts
b'3{6gfaf6 arfpg'sf] ljsNk
g/x]sf] atfpg'eof] . k"j{ cy{dGqL
;'/]Gb| kf08]n] ;xdltsf] ;/sf/
gag];Dd ;xdltsf] ah]6 gcfpg]
7f]sj' f ug'e
{ of] . k"j{ cy{dGqL 8f
k| s fzrGb| nf] x gLn] ah] 6
tNnf]txb]lv dflyNnf] tx;Dd
of]hgf 5gf]6 ug]{, /fhgLlts
;xdlt ug]{ / d''n'ssf] x/]s
ljifosf] oyfy{ lrq0f lbg] b:tfa]h
ePsf] atfpFb} ah]6 ;xdltaf6}
Nofpg'kg]{ wf/0ff JoQm ug'e
{ of] .

;'gsf] d"No ===


;\3n] c;nL rfFbLsf] d"No k|lttf]nf Ps xhf/ !!) sfod u/]sf] 5 . ;f]sf] d"No z'qmaf/ Psxhf/ !$) df
sf/f]af/ ePsf] lyof] .
;\3sf cWoIf t]h/Tg zfSon] cGt/f{li6o ahf/df cd]l/sL 8n/sf] cj:yf alnof] ePsfn] ;'gsf]
d"No XjfQ} 36]sf] / To;sf] cfwf/df g]kfnL ahf/df d"No ;dfof]hg ul/Psf] atfpg'eof] . pxfFn] clxn]
rf8af8sf] ;don] ubf{ g]kfnL ahf/df ;'gsf] dfu a9]sf] eP klg ;f]cg';f/ ;'gsf] cfk"lt{ x'g g;Sbf
pkef]Qmf tyf Joj;foLnfO{ c;lhnf] ePsf] pNn]v ug{e
' of] . clxn] b]ze/ b}lgs $) s]hL ;'gsf] dfu eP
klg !% s]hLdfq cfk"lt{ x'g] u/]sf] atfOPsf] 5 .

v'zLsf] va/ v'zLsf] va/ v'zLsf] va/


j8f bz}+ bLkfjnL tyf 57 kj{ @)^( sf] z'vb pknIodf ;Lk d"ns tflnd
lng rfxg] OR5's JolQmx?sf] nflu ;'j0f{ cj;/
!_ Ao"l6l;og sf]if{ -# dlxg]_ ?= *(((. dfq

@_ l;nfO{-s6fO{ # dlxg] ? ((((. dfq

#_ xfp; jfOl/+u -# dlxg]_ ?= *(((. dfq

$_ df]afO{n kmf]g l/k]ol/+u -# dlxg]_ ?= *(((.

%_ xn'sf ;jf/L rfns -8fOle+u_ ?= *(((.

l;6 l;ldt 5 ;do d} cfk\mgf] l;6 ;'/lIft ug'x


{ f]nf .
xfd|f cGo ;]jfx?
/]ld6fG; ;]jf -ljZjsf] s'gk} lg 7fpaf6 /sd k|fKt jf k7fpg ;lsg]_
a'4 Po/sf] cflwsfl/s l6s6 ljqm]tf
s'gk} lg 7fFpsf] xjfO l6s6 k|fKt ug{ ;lsg]
rf8} ;Dks{ ug'x{ f];\ wGojfb

rGbg dlN6kk{; 6l] gu OlGi6Ro'6


dn+ujf !) ;nf{xL,kmf]gkm\ofS; g+= )$^-%@))#(
-xfn ;+rfngdf /x]sf 3/]n' tyf ;fgf pBf]u sfof{nosf] blIf0f klsf] ejgdf _
zfvf sfof{no nfnaGbL kmf]g g+= M )$^M %)!^$*

dw]z kf]i6

lh=k|= sf= ;nf{xL btf{ gDa/ $@)^^)^&

@)^( sflt{s @) ut], ;f]daf/

k|x/Lsf] ;lqmotf

clxn] xndf rln/x]sf] lxGbL lkmNd :6'8G] 6 ckm lb Oo/sf] Pp6f uLtdf /fwfnfO{ ;]S;L eg]sf]
lj/f]wdf lkmNdsf lgb{z
] s s/0f hf}x/ / lgd{ftf uf}/L vfg nufotsf JolQmnfO{ OGbf}/sf]
knfl;of k'ln;df cfk/flws d'2f bt{f ul/Psf] 5 . uf}/L vfg alnp8 :6f/ zfx?v vfgsL
kTgL x'g .
lkmNdsf] Pp6f uLtdf /fwfnfO{ ;]S;L elgPsf] 5 . cf]N8 knfl;of lgjf;L dgLiff
ljZgf]On
{ ] tNnf] cbfntdf o;lj?4 oflrsf bfo/ u/]sf] lyof] . pgn] cfkm\gf] Joj;flos
nfesf nflu lkmNdsf lgd{ftf lgb{z
] s;lxt k"/} l6dn] /fwf h:tL wfld{s k|tLsnfO{ ;]S;L eGb}
wfld{s k/Dk/f tf]8g\ ] k|of; u/]sf] cf/f]k nufPsf 5g pgsf] oflrsfkl5 :yfgLo cbfntn]
k'ln;nfO{ o; ljifodf l/kf]6{ bt{f ug{ cfb]z lbPsf] lyof] . To;kl5 lgb{z
] s/0f hf}x/, lgd{fqL
uf}/L vfg, uLtsf/ cGj]tf bQ, wd{f k|f8] S;g, ;f]gL Do'lhs, ;+uLtsf/ ljzfn z]v/;lxt
cGosf] lj/f]wdf ef/tLo b08 ;+lxtfsf] wf/f @(% -c_ cg';f/ wfld{s efjgfdf rf]6 k'o{ fPsf]
eGb} PkmcfO{cf/ bt{f ul/Psf] 5

lqms]6df ;d:tLk'/ / PkLPkm lahoL


dw] z ;dfrf/bftf
wg'iff, !( sflt{s . hgsk'/df
hf/L k|yd lbks u'Ktf d]df]l/on
6L 6\jG] 6L lqms]6 6kmL 6'gf{dG] 6
cGtu{t cfOtaf/ ePsf] v]ndf
laxf/sf] ;d:tLk'/ lqms]6 Sna
/ g]kfnsf] PkLPkm lahoL ePsf
5g\ .
klxnf] v]ndf ef/t
laxf/sf] ;d:tLk' / lqms] 6
Snan] sn} o fnfO{ ^& /gn]
k/flht u/]sf] 5 . 6; lht]/
klxn] Aofl6
u/] s f]
;d:tLk'/n] lgwf{l/t !* cf]e/df

^ ljs] 6 sf] Ifltdf !#& /g


agfPsf] lyof] . hjfkmdf d}bfgdf
pq]sf] sn}of &) /gdf cncfp6
eof] . lgwf{l/t ;doeGbf l9nf] v]n
;'? ePsf]n] !* cf]e/dfq} v]lnPsf]
lyof] . klxnf] v]nsf Dofg ckm lb
Dofr ;d:tLk"/sf cfkm;fg vfg
eP .
To:t} cfOtaf/ g}
ePsf] bf] ; | f ] v] n df PkLPkm
emfkfnfO{ !@^ /gsf] ef/L cGt/n]
k/flht ub}{ ljhoL ePsf] 5 .
6; hLt]/ klxnf] Jofl6
/f]hs
] f] PkLkmn] lgwf{l/t @) cf]e/

v]Nb} * ljs]6sf] Ifltdf !*#


/g agfof] . !*$ /gsf] ljhoL
nIo lnP/ d}bfgdf pq]sf] emfkf
%& /gdf ;a} ljs]6 u'dfP/
cn cfp6 eof] . bf];f| ] v]nsf]
Dofg ckm b Dofr PkLPkmsf
1fg]Gb| dNnnfO{ k|bfg ul/of] .
;f]daf/ klxnf] v]n
k"jf{~rn lqms]6 Ps]8dL /
s];L6L;L sf7df08f}+ aLr tyf
bf];|f] ;]ldkmfOgnsf] v]ndf
cfof]hs wg'iff lqms]6 Sna
hgsk'/ / ;d:tLk'/ aLr s8f
k|lt:kwf{ x'g5
] .

ckx/0fsf/Lsf] sAhfaf6 efUg ;kmn


l;/xf, !( sflQs . l;/xfsf]
;LdfjtL{ uflj; Ogjf{af6 !&
lbg cufl8 ckx/0fdf k/]sf
b' O { h gf ckx/0fsf/Lsf]
sAhfaf6 efUg ;kmn ePsf
5g\ .
Ogjf{ uflj;@ sf
@) jifL{o lbg]z dxtf] / pxfFsf]
alxgL HjfOF ;Kt/Lsf] /fhlj/fh
3/ ePsf ;'zLn dxtf] sflQs
@ ut] /flt c1ft ;d"xsf]
ckx/0fdf k/]sf lyP . pgLx

ckx/0fsf/Lsf] sAhfaf6 efu]/


ef/tsf] laxf/df kg]{ v'6f}gfl:yt
k|x/L rf}sLdf k'us
] f lyP .
ef/tLo k|x/Ln] cfO{taf/
laxfg g]kfn k|x/LnfO{ hfgsf/L
u/fPkl5 ToxfFaf6 j8f k|x/L
sfof{no nxfgdf NofP/ cg';Gwfg
ul//x]sf] lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no
l;/xfsf k|x/L lg/LIfs /fhs'df/
zfxLn] atfpg'eof] .
ckx/0fsf/Lxn] 5f]/f
lbg]z / HjfOF ;'zLnnfO{ ;'O{

nufP/ ef/tsf] c1ft :yndf


/fVb} cfPsf] ckxl/t lbg]z
dxtf] s f a' a f /fdb] j n]
atfpg'eof] . pxfFn] 5f]/fnfO{
ckx/0fsf/Ln] lg3f{t s'6lk6
u/]sf] atfpg'eof] .
ckt lbg]z nxfgl:yt h]P;
ax'dv
' L SofDk;sf] laP8 bf];f| ]
jif{df cWoog/t\ 5g\ . pgL b;}F
dgfpg 3/ uPs} lbg cfg}
alxgL HjfOF ;'zLn;Fu} c1ft
;d"xsf] ckx/0fdf k/]sf lyP .

/f}tx6 !( sflQs . cj}w kdf


;~rfngdf /x]sf] Ps /S;LeL
k|x/Ln] tf]8kmf]8 u/]sf] 5 ./uk'/
uflj;^ k|tfkk'/ kN6'jfsf zDe'
snjf/sf] 3/df ;~rfngdf /x]sf]
/S;LeL tf]8kmf]8 u/L k|x/Ln] sl/a
*)) ln6/ dlb/f agfpg k|of]u
x'g] sRrf kbfy{ tyf $) ln6/
tof/L 3/]n' dlb/f a/fdb u/L gi6
u/]sf] k|x/L rf}sL /uk'/ dgxjf{sf
k|x/L ;xfos lg/LIfs /fdaxfb'/
ofbjn] atfpg'eof] . o:t} /f}tx6sf]
a+sn
' af6 nfu'cf}ifw;lxt k|x/Ln] Ps
hgfnfO{ kqmfp u/]sf] 5 . gf!#k
#)^( gDa/sf] df]6/;fOsndf
nfu'cf}ifw NofpFb} u/]sf] cj:yfdf
lhNnfs} ktf}/f# 3/ ePsf /fdfgGb
;fxnfO{ kqmfp u/]sf] xf] .
o;}aLr ;z:q k|x/L
ljhok'/ a]; SofDksf] u:tL 6f]nLn]
cj}w tl/sfaf6 g]kfn NofOPsf]
dnvfb a/fdb u/]sf] 5 . zLtnk'/
/ ;f]g/lgofsf] aLrdf ef/taf6
;fOsndf NofO/x]sf] cj:yfdf #$
af]/f dnvfb ;z:q k|x/Ln] a/fdb
u/]sf] lg/LIfs Zofddl0f 9sfnn]
atfpg'eof] . a/fdb ul/Psf] dnvfb
eG;f/ sfof{no uf}/ k7fOPsf] 5 .

j8f sfof{nodf
tfnfaGbL
dw]z ;dfrf/bftf
wg'iff, !( sflt{s . hgsk'/
gu/kflnsf j8f g+ + = !! sf]
sfof{nodf cfOtaf/ :yfgLoaf;Ln]
tfnfaGbL u/]sf 5g\ .
sflt{s !^ ut] laleGg
* ;"qLo dfu /fVb} lgj]bg ubf{
u/fP klg dfu k'/f gePsf sf/0f
afWo eP/ tfnfaGbL ul/Psf]
pgLx?n] jtfPsf 5g\ .
hgsk' / sf] ldN;
Pl/ofb]lv b]jLrf]s;Dd ;8s dd{t
ug'{ kg],{] ;8sdf lah'nL aQLsf]
;'lawf x'g' kg],{] 9n lgsf;sf] Joj:yf
x' g ] kg] ] { , nId0f ;fu/df
gu/kflnsfn] u/]sf] 9n lgsf;nfO{
/f]sL ;/;kmfO{ ug]{ tyf nId0f
;fu/df 3f6sf] lgdf{0f ug'{ kg]{ dfu
;lxt lgj]bg btf{ ul/Psf] lyof] .
cfOtaf/ ;Ddsf] clN6d]6d lbP
klg dfu pk/ s'g} sfjf{xL gePkl5
:yfgLo lagf]b d+8nsf] g]t[Tjdf
tfnfaGbL ul/Psf] xf] .

o'jf ;+3sf] wg'iff


cWoIfdf /fhs'df/
dw]z ;dfrf/bftf
wg'iff, !( sflt{s . g]skf Pdfn]
lgs6 o' j f ;+ 3 g] k fn lhNnf
sfo{;ldlt wg'iffsf] kfFrf} lhNnf
;Dd]ng /fhs'df/ ofbjsf] g]tT[ jdf
$% ;b:oLo gofF sfo{;ldlt rog
ub}{ ;DkGg ePsf] 5 .
gs6flememdf ePsf]
;Dd]ngaf6 pkfWoIfdf af}j]nfn
dxtf], ;lrjdf z}nG] b| s'df/ ofbj,
;x;lrjdf /fds[ i 0f ofbj /
sf]iffWoIfdf ;+tf]if s'df/ d+8n
r'lgPsf 5g\ . ;Dd]ngdf Pdfn]
kf]ln6Jo'/f] ;b:o /fdrGb| emf, o'jf
;+3sf s]Gb|Lo pkfWoIf ;Togf/fo0f
ofbjnufotsf] pkl:ylt lyof] .

;fOj/ ck/fwaf/]
5nkmn
lj/f6gu/, !( sflQs . ;fOj/
ck/fw lgoGq0faf/] ;/sf/L
sfof{nosf k|dv
' x?aLr cfO{taf/
oxfF 5nkmn eof] .
lj1fg tyf k| l jlw
dGqfno, k|df0fLs/0f lgoGq0fsf]
sfof{nof/f cfof]lht 5nkmn
sfo{qmd ;fOj/ ;]So'l/6L P08
l8lh6n l;Ug]h/ ljifodf s]lGb|t
lyof] .

5f]6s/L ;dfrf/

Joj;foL d[tfj:yfdf
s~rgk' / , !( sflQs .
eLdbQgu/kflnsf@ dx'lnofsf
$$ jifL{o ls/fgf Joj;foL e"kG] b|
kf08] o cfO{ t af/ laxfg
d[tfj:yfdf km]nf k/]sf 5g\ .
pgL eLdbQgu/
ahf/sf] vfB uf]bfdsf] pQ/tkm{
/x]sf] sNe6{ glhs d[tfj:yfdf
km]nf k/]sf] j8f k|x/L sfof{no

eLdbQgu/sf k|x/L lg/LIfs


an/fd lji6n] atfpg'eof] . d[ts
kf08]osf] 6fpsfdf ulx/f] 3fp
nfu]sf] hgfOPsf] 5 .
xTof jf s] eP/ d[To' ePsf] e]af/]
cg';Gwfg cufl8 a9fOPsf] pxfFn]
atfpg'eof] . kf08]o eLdbQgu/
ahf/sf] ;AhLdG8Lsf Joj;foL
ePsf] atfOPsf] 5 .

c9fO 3G6f rSsfhfd


dxf]Q/L, !( sflQs . hn]Zj/alb{jf; ;8sv08sf] cf}/xLdf
:yfgLon] cfO{taf/ laxfg b'O{
3G6f rSsfhfd u/] s f
5g\.
hn] Z j/alb{ j f;
;8sv08sf] $@ lsnf]ld6/sf]
b"/Ldf ;8s hL0f{ cj:yfdf k'us
] f]
/ ;f] s f] dd{ t ;Def/ s] x L
dlxgfcl3 ;'? u/]klg xfn cnkq

cj:yfdf 5f8L 7]sb] f/ efu]sf]


eGb} cf} / xLjf;Ln] laxfg &
ah]bl] v (M#) ah];Dd rSsfhfd
u/]sf lyP .rSsfhfdsf sf/0f
;f] ;8sv08df s' g } klg
;jf/L;fwg rn]sf lyPgg\ .
;d:of ;dfwfgsf nflu clxn]
lhNnf k| z f;g sfof{ n o /
:yfgLojf;LaLr 5nkmn eO/x]sf]
5.

aGb's;lxt Ps kqmfp
uf]/vf, !( sflQs . lhNnfsf]
b]p/fnL ufpF ljsf; ;ldlt(
l:yt 3fa];
F Laf6 b'Ogfn] e?jf
aGb's;lxt Pshgf kqmfp k/]sf
5g\ .kqmfp kg]d
{ f b]p/fnL j8f
g+ ( 3/ ePsf %% jifL{ o
jL/axfb'/ afbL /x]sf] dem'jf
k|x/L rf}sLn] hfgsf/L lbPsf]
5.
afbLsf] emf] n faf6
@)) u|fd af?b / @%) u|fd
l;;fsf] 5/f{, ;ft yfg s]k;d]t
a/fdb u/]sf] 5 . l;sf/ ug{
lxF 8 ] s f jL/axfb' / sf] aGb' s
rnfpg] nfO;]G; gePsfn] a/fdb
ul/Psf] k|x/Ln] atfPsf] 5 .
cg';Gwfgsf nflu lhNnf k|x/L
sfof{ n odf /flvPsf] k| x /L

lg/LIfs uf}td ld>n] hfgsf/L


lbg'eof] .
o;} a Lr, uf] / vfsf]
a' F s f] 6 af6 cgflws[ t kdf
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