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THE SCROLL is a book about the Passion of Christ – the pain, the blood, the horror, the death, the people and all the mysteries surrounding it. The book is written, compiled and illustrated by Caeli Francisco in 2011 ©Caeli Francisco Photos and Images : Internet References : Internet
TABLE OF CONTENTS TITLE PAGE DEDICATION INTRODUCTION CHAPTER 1 Jesus enters Jerusalem THE LAST SUPPER Jesus washes His Disciples’ Feet One of you will betray Me Page Page Page Page Page Page 2 3 10 13 14 16 In Remembrance of Me CHAPTER 2 GETHSEMANE This Cup Mystery of Gethsemane Agony of Jesus in the Garden Page Page Page Page Page 18 20 21 24 26 CHAPTER 3 WHEN THE COCK CROWS The Judas Kiss Betrayal Watch with Me When the Cock crows Page Page Page Page Page 28 29 31 32 35 .
CHAPTER 4 ONE MUST DIE I am who I am Thou sayest it He Answered him Nothing Page Page Page Page 36 37 38 40 Barabbas CHAPTER 5 HIS BLOOD BE UPON US Blood Money Field of Blood Innocent Blood His Blood be on us King of Sinners INRI CHAPTER 6 THE LONG WALK Part of the Gift Lifted up from the Earth Last Words of Christ Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page 41 43 44 45 46 49 50 52 53 54 56 58 .
CHAPTER 7 WOUNDS OF CHRIST Like Drops of Blood Mangling of the Flesh Gouged by Thorns Nailed fast by Hands and Feet Page Page Page Page Page 64 65 66 67 68 Point of a Lance Imprinted for Eternity CHAPTER 8 MYSTERY OF THE WOUNDS Damage of Original Sin Sacred Wounds in Glory Mystery of the Blood CHAPTER 9 PHENOMENA DURING THE CRUCIFIXION Three Hours Darkness The Earth Quaked Torn from Top to Bottom Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page 69 70 72 73 75 78 80 81 83 86 .
CHAPTER 10 REACTIONS DURING THE CRUCIFIXION If Thou be the Son of God Truly this was the Son of God Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page 89 90 91 92 96 97 98 100 101 CHAPTER 11 CHAPTER 12 PIETÀ PASSING OVER Who is guilty of Jesus’ Death? From the Cross to the Grave The Spirits in Prison Satan’s Reaction One Greater than Jonas O Death. where is thy Sting? CHAPTER 13 THE HEART OF A FATHER Essence of the Father Relationship of the Trinity God’s Love THE END Page Page Page Page Page Page Page 102 104 105 106 107 108 109 .
it provided gate by means of military force. Rather. which of the two beasts of burden he would choose.” wept over the city (Luke 19:41). tied together with her colt. He instructed The prophet Zechariah’s emphasis upon the King’s selectthem to un-tie the animals and bring them to him. thy King cometh unto thee: him (Matthew 21:9). (Luke 19:32). the foal of an ass. which indicated Jesus’ divine sovereignty over the animal kingdom. all they had to say was that the Lord needed them means incidental (Zechariah 9:9). There is a point to be and they could be assured that permission would be grantmade about the nature of the King’s conquests and admin ed to take them. is by no tioned. shout. as moment of sadness. The Man of Sorrows grieWhen the Savior’s men returned with the donkeys. he told them of a female donkey they would find. O ve crowd coming out of the city. upon whose back no man had ever sat (Mark 11:2. selected the colt. istration. he looked across the Kedron valley and “Lord. When Jesus and his disciples entered the village of Bethany Palm branches were also employed as a token of victory. Some “paved” the road with their he is just and having salvation. Spreading garments before a dignitary was a symbol of submission (see 2 Kings 9:13). just outside of Jerusalem. he experienced a these donkeys were obviously disciples of the Master. If quesion of a donkey for his journey into Jerusalem. J. It is not without significance that the young animal made no resistance. the two ved over the fact that so many of his people had closed animals were adorned with the outer garments of the discitheir eyes to the truth of his identity and mission (John ples.As the Savior rode down the road toward the center of the city. O daughter of Zion. It is worthy of note as well that the owners of Shortly before Jesus entered Jerusalem. THE DONKEY “WAS AN APPROPRIATE MOUNT FOR ONE WHO CAME ON A MISSION OF PEACE”. Luke 19: 30). This perhaps reflected the fact that they did not know 1:11). lowly and riding upon an garments. Jesus [Wayne Jackson]. others with layers of leaves – some of which we ass and upon a colt.G. The Messiah (or King) would not seek to subjuThis was not a pre-arranged agreement. BALDWIN HAS OBSERVED. St Luke records that as Jesus came indicated by their unhesitating response to the designation near to Jerusalem. he is the Prince of a dramatic example of the Lord’s exercise of supernatural Peace (Isaiah 9:6) and his achievements are not by means knowledge whenever the circumstances demanded such of bloody conquests (John 18:36). Another example of such we find in Numbers 22: 28. another group following daughter of Jerusalem: behold. re at least from palm trees .Rejoice greatly. . Rather. two throngs of people converged upon him – a massiZechariah 9:9 .
Son of David: Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord (Psalm 118:25. blessed be his kingdom. The devastation would be terrible indeed. The important truths that may be gleaned from these narratives are that Jesus was identified as the promised heir to David’s throne. yet the combined chorus is one of exaltation. salvation would accompany his work. in its place. peace would result. “Hosanna (meaning save now). Thus.The very peace that the people of Jerusalem sought. his mission was in the name of. would not see the Messiah’s visit as an offering of salvation. doom for those who rejected him.26). crucify him. he would be enthroned as king and usher in his kingdom (Lu ke 1:32-33). Most of the Jews of this city of fifty to a hundred thousand souls and swelling to a million or so at Passover. Luke 19:-38).e. Peace in heaven and glory in the high-est” (John 12:13. Instead. would be taken from them and. would come the Roman armies – actually God’s armies (Mattew 22:7).” As a result.” and “let his blood be upon us and our offspring. but entirely deserved because they knew not the time of their visitation (Luke 19:44). i. divine judgment would engulf them with a fury unparalleled in all history (Matthew 24:21). they would cry. Mark 11:9-10. God himself. . by the authority of. even the King of Israel. and God would be glorified. “Crucify him. [Wayne Jackson]. The varying phrases cited by the Gospel writers obvious-ly reflect different expressions from the multitudes. the Savior’s triumphal entry into the city of Jerusalem one week before the day of his resurrection. Mattew 21:9. signaled both deliverance and doom: deliverance for those who acknowledged Jesus as the Messiah and surrendered to his will. The people chanted.
that He might sanctify and cleanse her with the washing of water by the word).] Jesus knew one of His disciples would betray Him. who already knew that he would be betrayed.. . Judas began to realize that Jesus’ kingdom was not to be physical or political but spiritual – something that did not satisfy his greed for money or desirefor status. how beau tiful are the feet of those who preach the gospel of peace. If I then. and ye are clean. your Lord and Teacher have washed your feet you also ought to wash one another's feet. . Feet are connected with what one uses to walk the spiritual path or way. a servant is not greater than his master. nor is he who is sent greater than he who sent him. the devil had already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot. for so I am. but not all. which are very necessary because they can prevent us from perceiving the true nature and teaching of God. so why would Judas want to betray Jesus? Many scholars believe that Judas expected Jesus to become King and that he. yet never did He waver in His love for them. that you should do as I have done to you. Ye are not all clean. the removal of false perspectives.. (John 13:2. Love is laying down of one's life and to love completely means to love to the end of one's life. we find in Luke 1:79. The washing-concept focuses upon the idea of spiritual cleansing. to guide our feet into the way of peace. His betrayal of Jesus brought him a little money but it would hopefully place him in favor with the religious leaders.” Jesus chose Judas to be His disciple.. .. The word love is used 31 times in John chapters 13-17. I say to you. therefore said he.. You call Me Teacher and Lord. Water is normally used in Scripture to represent the Word of God.. For I have given you an example. Prepare the way of the LORD. Most assuredly... The symbolism connected with feet. prophesied it by saying in John 13:10.Esus washes his Disciples’ Feet John 13: 13-15. to betray him.e.. [For he knew who should betray him. make His paths straight. Judas. To give light to those who sit in darkness and the shadow of death. that He would be disowned by another and abandoned by all. Romans 10:15. and you say well. One needs to realize the symbolism here. would automatically become the treasurer. ( While washing the feet of his disciples Jesus. i.11 . (Ephesians 5 :26. However. During supper. as Jesus demonstrates to His disciples the full extent of His love. .. when Jesus praised Mary for anointing Him with the expensive perfume.. and Matthew 3:3.
Through the Scripture Jesus quoted from Psalm 41:9. Jesus said to him. John 13:18. Although Jesus had timate bond excisted among them. Judas' betrayal after included Judas in the ceremonial washing of the feet. used to fellowship at table. . But the Scripture will be fulfilled: He who ate my bread has lifted his heel against me. to be cleansed spiritually. knew that Judas’ betrayal of Jesus would leave him unclean. but not every one of you. I know whom I have chosen. And you are clean. He this was considered to be particularly perverse. i. I am not speaking of all of you.Judas. Jesus and the disciples.John 13:10. but here Jesus applies it in a spiritu. St John shows us that Bathing here is thought to be referring to the ceremonial the betrayal did not catch Jesus by surprise for it had been washing that Jesus and the disciples had undergone before spoken of in Scripture. but is completely clean. including the feast (John 11:55). the one who has bathed does not need to wash. except for his feet. which meant that an inal sense.e.
I say to you.. Jesus was troubled in his spirit. Then after he had taken the morsel. which many regarded as a final appeal to Judas not to dowhat he was planning to but without avail. men will arise and distort the truth. So. Now no one at the table knew why he said this to him. from your own number. one of you will betray me.the Passover and crucifixion. The dipping of the piece of bread and the offering of it to Judas was a gesture of honor. This beloved disciple at the right hand of Jesus had one of the most honored positions at the feast and some commentators think Judas may have been on Jesus' left in the second most honored position.’ (John 13:27) Any one who could act like Judas must surely have been under the influence of Satan. And it was night.24. he gave it to Judas. of which the Apostle Paul spoke.. He answered ‘It is he to whom I will give this morsel of bread when I have dipped it. Once again the disciples’ understanding failed them. Some thought that. after receiving the morsel of bread.. Although Jesus was troubled in His spirit. men reclined on couches and each person would recline slightly behind the person to his right. the Gospel of John stresses not only Jesus' deity. The disciples looked at one another uncertain of whom he spoke. John 13:28-30.savage wolves will come in among you. he immediately went out.a type of person commonly found in Christian communities. .ne of You will Betray me John 13:21. but also his humanity (John 1:140).. The effect on the disciples is also more dramatic.. was reclining at a table close to Jesus. truly. One of his disciples. (When dining. ‘What you are going to do. They did not recognize the spiritual significance and could only think in human terms. Judas represents the wolf in sheep's clothing . Satan entered into him. "Buy what we need for the feast. the son of Simon Iscariot (John 13:25-26)." or that he should give something to the poor. When Peter had motioned John to ask Jesus. thus John could lean his head back and be even with Jesus' chest. for according to John 13: 22. whom Jsus loved. do quickly.’ So when he had dipped the morsel. so Simon Peter motioned to him to ask Jesus of whom he was speaking. "Truly.“ Here again we see the strain of the betrayal coming to the forefront. Jesus was telling him. . because Judas had the mo neybag. After saying these things. and testified. These strong expressions by Jesus reflect the mounting tension of the approach of . Jesus said to him. The reference to the betrayal in verse 21 is more specific than the earlier hints of one of you is going to betray me.
his anguish having been caused by the great love he had for his disciples. in which the depth of Jesus' divine love is revealed. Until he produced his fruit. It is in the face of such honor and intimacy that we all the more see the heinousness of Judas’ deed. Jesus giving food to Judas with his hand. Coming after the footwashing. was a custom bywhich an host gave food to someone he wishes to honor. the betrayal is all the more horrendous.Although Jesus knew Judas to be one of these. he is trying to win Judas over. including his betrayer. All of this is leading up to the grand climax of glory in the cross. . And thus Christians should not judge one another to be such a person until sufficient evidence arises.first in the footwashing and now in Jesus' treatment of his betray er. Judas was not recog nized as a wicked man. Once again we see Jesus deeply agitated. but to no avail. The conflict itself is now coming to its climax and we are seeing brighter and brighter manifestations of the divine grace. yet he allowed him to stay in order to fulfill the prophecy of his betrayal. By Jesus pouring out his love and grace upon Judas.
People often say that even at the Last Suplove one another. Meanwhile in the upper room.appearances belying true meaning. ered into him. So.fore. It’s hard to understand why Jesus said to this is my blood. He is telling his chosen disciples that while they are going through their own failure and the painful loss of their Shepherd. hands and blood in their cup. The true significance of the Real Presence is sealed in That ye love one another as I have loved you.A new commandment I give unto you. Now is the Son of Man glorified! without Jesus’ love. . When he was gone Jesus said Now is the Son of Man glorified and God is glorified in him. right now. in that it rests upon the literal meaning of the words. to realize the love of God. must be believed. What is Jesus saying here? Let us be frank. do quickly but it reveals that Jesus willingly gave tually become what it porports to be. the creative literalness of the words. God cannot lie and himself over to betrayal and to death in order to save us God can turn bread into flesh and wine into blood withfrom our sins. . However. God will glorify the Son in himself. To bring God’s love to a lost and violent world. If God is glorified in him. This is the love of Jesus – a deep love out the appearances of bread and wine changing. Jesus knew.35 . so much so that it acJudas. faith in signs conferring what they signify. This is my body. that ye also John's gospel. would be very hard work.the basis of new life as called for by Christ throughout Scripture. the glory of God is being revealed to them. the apostles did not sense that they had flesh in their my disciples. Judas’ betrayal was ugly and the injustice of Jesus’ arrest. trial and crucifixion would be appalling. the love of Jesus shone ever brighter and the command to love one another brought the disciples to the love for all people of all nations. Jesus says in verse 33 that he is leaving them and where he is going. But Jesus is God and thereJudas did not accept Jesus’ life-giving love and Satan ent. they cannot come. there is nothing but darkest night. if ye have love one to another. Catholics belief in the real presence of Christ in the Eucharist. Belief in the Real Presence demands faith .n Remembrance of Me John 13:31-35. [Paul shown in stark contrast to Judas who could not accept it. is the basis also for the Incarnation . was night. and will glorify him at once. To us. All that was left for Judas. John 13:34. Flanagan and Robert Schihl]. Jesus want ed his disciples to look beyond the surface of what is happening. By this shall all men know that ye are per.
and my blood is true drink. Yes. 140 . Do this in remembrance of me Catholic Christians take the word of God seriously and seek to remember Christ in the Last Supper as often as possible. In doing this. 200 . The Council of Trent (1545 1563) defined the Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist and the Eucharist itself as both the continuing sacrifice of Christ and a real sacrament.Five times in different expressions. the sacrifice of Christ is made physically present to every Christian in all places in every age. is it not a participation in the blood of Christ? The bread that we break. In the same way also the cup. 6:53 . are just a few of the earliest who attest to the objective reality of the words of Christ. unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood. "This cup is the new covenant in my blood. whoever eats this bread will live forever. and the bread that I will give is my flesh for the life of the world. 6:54 – Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life. aphysical actions of Christ's redeeming action truly present to us always and everywhere. 160 – 220) and Cyprian (Carthage. This expression of Divine Truth and Creative Power is called TRANSUBSTANTIATION. that of Jesus but by following the command "as often as" to proclaim the death of the Lord. I say to you." For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup. saying. Jesus confirmed the reality of what he means.202). as often as you drink it. amen. This is my body that is for you. And this demands faith.I am the living bread that came down from heaven. as is witnessed of in 1 Corinthians 11: 24-26. Catholic Christians also believe that there is only one sacrifice. you proclaim the death of the Lord until he comes. you do not have life within you. and 6:56 . in remembrance of me. The Apostle Paul con firms the reality of the Real Presence in 1 Corinthians 10: 16. attests to the fact that the Mass was the one Sacrifice of Calvary made present to the faithful.Amen. they do proclaim the death of the Lord until he comes. 6:55 For my flesh is true food. which is incarnational. God can change the substance of any created matter while the appearances remain unchanged.258). The constant faith of the Church from the Apostolic Fathers. is it not a participation in the body of Christ? The persuasion of the Church from Apostolic times about the objective reality of these words of Christ is clear from many documents: Irenaeus (Asia Minor.Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me and I in him. The institution of the Eucharist as a Sacrament was contained in the words. after supper. The cup of blessing that we bless. The Eucharist makes the atemporal. John 6:51. Tertullian (Rome. Do this in remembrance of me. [Paul Flanagan and Robert Schihl]. . Do this.
take this cup from me. he wasn't all. Wilson]. On earth. only then. FATHER. His followers. The word Cup is used in the Old Testament as an expression for destiny in both the good and bad sense and it refers especially to the infliction of punishment associated with the wrath of God (Habakkuk 2:16).knowing but as he prepared for his ministry before and after his baptism. Condition . if you are willing. He withdrew about a stone's throw beyond them. Jesus states a condition. [Dr. Only if Jesus' prayer can be answered within the scope of his Father's intention. Petition . no doubt heard and remembered by the disciples who later fell asleep. the Father revealed to him the full scope of the cup that he would drink. Ralph F. Father. The content of Jesus' prayer. Jesus went out as usual to the Mount of Oli-ves and his disciples followed him. The disciples. take this cup from me. Under intense pressure. make a way for Jesus to avoid the cross. yet not my will. Jesus prays this prayer three times during that long. These words of Jesus are anguish-filled. What the Father wills. Address – Father. knelt down and prayed. He is our Father when our whole world is awry. is possible and Jesus is asking if the Father can in the realm of his will and purpose. but yours be done Jesus used to be active with his mission during the day and at night went to lonely places to pray.if you are willIing. In this desperate prayer. He gives his disciples the same advice that he himself will shortly follow: to pray in the crisis that the temptation will not get the better of them. is remarkable. when life was filled with miracles but also when his humanity was showing and when he faced temptation in deep turmoil and anguish. Seeing that temptation is a fact of human life. . He is forever Father. he asks if the Father desires it. does he want it answered. which none can escape.his cup Luke 22:39-42. long night in Gethsemane. On reaching the place. when we are at the point of death and beyond. were with him when the crowds acclaimed him. His posture here is different from any other time we see Jesus. as Jesus grew and devloped into manhood. There is something wonderfully comforting about the immense privilege of calling God. he exorted them not to give in to tempta tion. If you are willing. He doesn't ask if the Father will permit it. The typical Jewish prayer posture was to stand with eyes open and lifted up to heaven. How do disciples resist temptation? Through prayer! Jesus kneels down alone but within hearing distance of his disciples. Jesus opens his prayer with a simple “Father”. Pray that you will not fall into temptation. The prayer has four parts:. he said to them. Jesus kneeling here could thus be a reflection of his urgency and humility.
but yours be done. greed and deceit. 21: 8. We can imagine the pain to the Son. iniquities that inevitably drive have everlasting life. Per haps it is a prayer to spare the Father what it will cost Luke 22:43-44. if the Father's will differs from his own desire.[Dr Ralph Ralph F. He is the sin-bearer for the people. Jesus must have read Isaiah 53. theft and blithe promiscu. he already could have felt what it would be like when the sheer weight of the sins of his people would literally crush him and snuff out his life. selfishness and betrayal. He came to serve and to give his life as a ransom for many (Mark 10:45). the Righteous One who had to die for the sins of the unrighteous to bring them to God (1 Peter 3:18) He could have asked how the blessed communion with his Father could continue while he became fatally infected with the innumerable sins of billions and billions of his kind who had. There where Jesus knelt in Gethsemane. (John 3:16)." Jesus prefers that the cup be removed but he voluntarily surrenders that pre ference. wich gave him understanding of his mission and desti ny – that he was not meant to be just a teacher and expounder of truth but that he is the Redeemer. their perpetrators into the lake of fire prepared for the de. too.. great drops of imagine the pain to the Father? Can we imagine how the blood falling down to the ground. These we. vil and his angels. He is the Sacrifice itself. but yours be done. do and will inhabit this globe. but can we earnestly: and his sweat was as it were. the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world (John 1:29).Son. too weak to lift our bodies for another breath. Sins such as lust We can know none of these things but we do know that and hatred. that whosoever believes in him shall not perish. Wilson]. . very unity of the Trinity is threatened by the cross? Can The destiny of the Sin-bearer is utter desecration as the we imagine the tension of love stretched to its very limits gross and despicable sins of mankind begin to weigh upon in putting to death the Son for sin? him with an unbearable weight of filth. While in synagogue school.. as is written in Revelation 20:14-15. anger and murder. who became the Sin-bearer? We can only try to imagine what its like to be tortured until we suffocate upright.Submission . but re sins that deserve death. surrenders) to the Father's decision by saying.not my will. “yet not my will. And being in an agony he prayed more him. Jesus yields (submits.. What of sweet fellowship and trust? What of prayer and joy in his Father? Could there ever again can be fellowship between the Father and the Son. But can we understand the crushing load of sin? Can we understand the troubled brow sweating drops of blood here in thedeep of the darkest night in Gethsemane? Is Jesus' plea to the Father one of weakness? Perhaps.God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten ity.
the disciples weren’t sleeping because they did not care. They have heard their Lord agonizing a few steps away and being so attuned to him. were suffering grief of mind and spirit. Jesus was weak and in agony from the tremendous stress he was under and the depth of that stress is matched by his earnest prayer. No. He DID resist the temptation of avoiding the cup that was so repugnant to him. Jesus has been pouring out his heart in prayer. it is more likely that the analogy is more to the dripping of the sweat than to its color or content.Luke 22:43-46. However.more did the disciples? And us? [Dr. An angel from heaven appeared to him and strengthened him. Wilson]. he found them asleep. And being in anguish. the humanness of Jesus sought human comfort. . sweat was falling like drops of blood would fall. Luke describes Jesus as sweating profusely in this earnest contest of prayer. Have you ever wept and grieved so much that you become exhausted by it? Have you ever been under such stress that you live in a state of exhaustion? 'Why are you sleeping?' he asked them. Jesus prayed hard. deeper and more intense. but his disciples were sleeping. When he rose from prayer and went back to the disciples. they could sense his struggle What they heard made themall the moresorrowful. 'Get up and pray so that you will not fall into temptation' Jesus WAS strengthened by prayer. and his sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground. Ralph F. confused and bewildered. He DID the Father's will no matter what the cost. Why did Jesus go back to them? He desired their companionship for and encouragement in his struggle. In other words. 'Why are you sleeping?' he asked them. how much After being strengthened by the angel. er. If Jesus needed to pray to resist temptation. God's answer to Jesus' prayer was not to remove the cup but to provide strength for the ordeal. 'Get up and pray so that you will not fall into temptation The angel appeared to help Jesus to recover his strength. exhau sted from sorrow. Alas. they too. he did not find it with those closest to him for they have fallen asleep. he prayed more earnestly. While instances have been cited of blood appearing in one's sweat at times of stress or ter ror.
the impending sufferings of his soul. A spear may have transfixed His side.this truth our Lord revealed through His miracles. [Jacob Marcellus Kik]. To understand in part the depth of that cup of sufferings. but desertion and treachery by friends entered into His soul. but the venomous hatred of enemies pierced His heart. under this weight of sin. pierced with nails and transfixed with a spear. but the greatest part was an anguish far more intense than physical pain . He had a real body and a reasoning soul. let this cup pass away from me. Wounds like these are sufficient to make any human soul cry out. yes. His body did not differ from ours. torn with scourges. pricked with thorns. Except for sin. but reproach and mock ery penetrated His soul. if it be possible. nails may have pierced His hands and feet. Part of the cup that Jesus had to drink was the most excruciating physical anguish (Refer Psalm 22 :14-16). . At the same time He was truly Man. Jesus was truly God ." Yet there were sufferings of our Lord in Gethsemane far more intense. Although Jesus possessed a soul free from sin. But the really great weight upon Jesus was the knowledge that he would soon bear the terrible trauma of taking the guilt for the sins of all mankind of past. He hungered. "O my Father.ystery of Gethsemane Jesus was clearly in an intense spiritual agony. felt thirst and became tired. Has your soul ever been stirred with pity? His more! Has your soul ever been stung with unjust reproaches? His more! Has your soul ever been taunted with bitter mockery? His more! Has your soul ever been sick through the venomous hatred of evil enemies? His more! Has your soul ever been deadened by the ingratitude of those whom you have benefited? His more! Has your soul ever become faint through the treachery of a trusted friend? His more! Thorns may have pricked His brow. He was capable of being bruised with stripes. present and future upon himself. it was human in that it was moved as any human soul is moved. infinitely more intense than these sufferings of his soul. Being the Son of God. the Father would forsake him to endure a form of hell itself. in His teachings and by His character. we must know something about the Person of our Lord. he knew that he was facing one of the most horrible forms of capital punishment there has ever been devised by man.
Together with Jesus praying in the garden.e. being made a curse for us. As the soul of our Lord sank lower and lower under the overbearing weight of this millstone. disobedience. i. the prince of darkness. In that cup He could see the totality of sin in all its length. or on the Cross. width and depth. but He sent an angel to strengthen His Son. All of this our Lord could see in His vision of the cup in Gethsemane. Christ has redeemed us from the curse of disobedience to the law. one who did not desert him here. [Jacob Marcellus Kik] .in that cup was the brutality of a thousand Stalins. With this portion He would soon receive the wrath of God on His own body. Once Jesus is nailedto the tree. stealing. but think about the weight of the whole world's sin and guilt . It is because of his righteousness that the Father forsook His Son by permitting that He endure the just punishment for our sins. idolatry. bearing false witness and of covetousness. Sabbath breaking. but for one more drop. This reason the words of the prophet reveal most clearly in Isaiah 53:6. for He became that curse for us.all of that pressed upon the heart of Christ in the Garden. The bitter mockery of Satan and of those under his control must hav e caused the cup to overflow. one may shrink from the filthiness of sexual deviates . God's love for the world He had made. Here we enter still more deeply into the mystery of the cup in the Garden. filled to overflowing the cup that confronted Christ in Gethsemane. we enter more deeply into the mystery of Gethsemane. Our sins were all in the cup that confronted Jesus in Gethsemane. Becoming sin for sinful men was still a portion of the cup in Gethsemane. But St Paul wrote in Galatians 3:13. This wrath of a just God. adultery. The Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. No wonder then that on the Cross our Lord was to cry out. kept Him from rem oving the cup. through his trial. There was one who was wide awake with Jesus Christ throughout the night. A person may well feel pres sed flat by the weight of his own sin and guilt. whose heart was breaking under the tremendous deluge of anguish. murder. which is called accursed by His Father. The cup from which the soul of Jesus shrank with horrified aversion. Eloi. God deserted the One who had taken upon Himself the sin of the world. We will find the reason for the horror and deadly sorrow that possessed the soul of Jesus as He beheld the cup in the garden. One may talk about the brutality of a Joseph Stalin . was a cup filled with the sins of the world. We can well imagine the temptations wherewith he tortured Jesus by insinuating. In that cup were the guilt and the pollution of all sin. In His wrath for all and any sin.in that cup was the filthiness of a thousand sexual deviates. that His death was all in vain. He couldn’t but cry out imploringly to the heavenly Father to remove the cup. This one was Satan. lama sabachthani! (Mark 15:3). it will be as is if God do not look at His Son but rather sees all these sins. profanity. The sins of atheism. Eloi. undoubtedly he would point out that the world do not share God’s concern about sin and do neither desire Jesus nor any other redeemer.
negative emotions. clearly troubled Him the most. There was one particular place on the Mount of Olives. * Kidron means dark waters in He-brew. [Brian Schwertley]. we see Jesus beginning the steep descent toward the horrifying curse of God for the sins of the elect (Galatians 3:13. form the central core of the Gospel message. 2 Corinthians 5:21). at Gethsemane his suffering was intensified beyond human comprehension. to which our Lord went habitually – a secluded place wellknown to all the disciples. He entered this fierce battle when He prostrated Himself in prayer before His Father. into an emotional cauldron of unimaginable suffering. To reach this quiet spot in Gethsemane. is one of the ‘deep things of God. It is as though the sword of Jehovah’s wrath against the sin of the world. Hence it is part of His calling to quail in anguish before our God.a mystery akin to that which Moses saw at the burning bush. One would need to have been in hell for some time in order to understand what it is that was tearing Jesus apart in the Garden. excruciating. The greatest conflict that Jesus had to endure and the most intense sufferings inflicted upon Him all took place in His soul. Jesus now entered a conflict in His soul consisting of supre me agony . which we should always approach with peculiar reverence. While we do not in the least want to downplay the pain endured by His physical body. is past. the disciples would have walked with Jesus on the eastern side of Jerusalem across the brook Kidron.’ Here in Gethsemane we come to the Holy of Holies of our Lord’s life on earth . there remains only the work he came to do. the mental anguish of God’s unmitigated wrath that he experiencied. is a passage of Scripture. The last hours of the Savior’s life from late Thursday night to Friday afternoon. . In this quiet place of meditation. The history recorded. It is as though the Savior came to find sweet communion with God and instestead found Himself dropping into the abyss.our Lord’s soul sustained a whole range of intense. Although our Lord’s whole earthly life was one of suffering and humiliation. including Judas Iscariot. was awakened at that time. the horror that His soul endured is nothing less than a death struggle. We can only begin to understand this suffering by no ting that He had to suffer the penalty that sin deserved for millions and millions of people. As we enter upon the bloody scene at this pivotal point in history. The time for teach ing and for response to Jesus’ appeal. The agony that Jesus endured was multifaceted and complex. which is emblematic of that black stream through which He was about to pass.gony of Jesus in the Garden The agony of Christ in Gethsemane as described in Matthew 26:36-45.
Although. but found something akin to that horror of great darkness described in Genesis 15:12. despised man as He conquer sin and death. God sent an angel to strengthen Him. He wipes away every tear from our eyes because He filled that quiet moonlit night with his crying. Of all the conflicts. the love of Jesus! Oh. battles and tumults in the whole history of the world. Survey this dark and dreadful scene where the spotless Lamb suffered not for Himself but for the iniquities of us all. dividing Jerusa lem from the Mount of Olives. his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground” and at the very moment that Christ’s inner struggle was reaching its pinnacle. death. nothing compared to what Jesus was suf fering here. sweat and blood of our precious Savior. hell and separation from His precious Father in the face and experienced a fierce conflict within himself. it was on the west side of the city that He was crucified . Oh. The terrors of God set themselves in array before him as he contemplated the cup his Father was giving him to drink. never wavered. Our Lord could not refrain from strong crying and tears and could not but bow down because He was in agony. Jesus went to Gethsemane to be with His Father for an interlude before his betrayal and trial. the cur se. his resolve to obey His Father’s will. as a perfect sinless man He was dealt a blow. We must not ever forget that the path of total victory is stained with the tears. Look at this poor.thus did the Son of Righteousness complete His atoning circuit! . the weight of sin! Oh. Our Lord stared sin. This was the decisive battle on which the fate of the whole world depended.Overwhelmed with sorrow. He water ed the cold earth with His tears and stained it with His sinless blood. According to Luke 22:44. *This brook was on the east side of the city. the debt of gratitude which you and I owe to him! [Brian Schwertley].
Next comes the sentence to the hands of sinners. the hour is at hand. that is to say. Judas was a disciple of Jesus.as a bribe for giving the priests the location of Jesus. Satan of a man. He went to the priests who were glad ticizing Peter for his rash action and insisting that they do that someone was willing to betray Jesus.Having been identified Jesus was arrested. [St AugusWhen the band of men entered the garden in search of Je.that hour as follows: Are ye come out as against a thief as. ce to which Jeus alerted the disciples in Matthew 26:-45. he is at given by Matthew 26:54. be. Scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled. in order for them to kill It is more correct to suppose that when they asked him if him. But all this was done that the hand that doth betray me. and the Son of man is betrayed in. A kiss was the traditional Jewish greeting given to a teacher and the fact that Judas had to use a sign. so far as to appreto have been an act of betrayal. ned him to death. These men are to be mediately after the kiss of Judas.According to Luke 22:52 he added. Matthew and John. Whom seek ye? They answered that they were indeed seeking Jesus of Nazareth. By this answer he meant. Let not what Garden of Gethsemane. he was to identify Jesus with a kiss. and you laid no hold on me. But this is your hour hold. during which they condem which are written of me. Matthew mentions that He addressed the multitude in After Jesus’ prayer while he still spoke to the disciples Jud.tine]. shortly after the Last Supper and im is about to take place agitate you. Rise. who was among them. Jesus replied. took a step torward Jesus and kissed Him. The Gospels tell not resist his arrest. a servant of Caiaphas the high priest. us that Judas took money from them . the amount was 30 pieces of silver . one of the twelve chosen ap. approached them – an occurren. I am He. Close to the time of Jesus' disciples tried to stop them by cutting off the ear the Passover. according to Luke. He stepped forward and asked them. which is traditionally said suffered to go thus far. let us be going: behold. indicates that Jesus was not well known by face in Jerusalem. After cri entered into Judas. The arrest led forthwith to hend me and thus to effect the fulfilment of those things Jesus’ trial before the Sanhedrin.according to Matthew ( 26:15. accompanied by some soldiers and officials from the with swords and staves for to take me? I sat daily with chief priests and Pharisees. though one of ostles and the treasurer of the group. sus. they should defend him with a sword that He replied. Jesus was arrested by the police force of the Sandrin in the Suffer ye thus far.you teaching in the temple. Jesus healed the wound.and the power of darkness.At the same time Judas. he Judas Kiss .
which was the address that would be used by one who commiserated with a person. the tender and meek one. went before them.. His words were made softer than oil and yet be they very darts.. too. This happened in the case of Judas. Upon which the Lord said to him. O thou abominable traitor. betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss? How wonderful this endurance of evil by the Lord. but the Son of man. to show us that we ought not to give up offering our good counsel to our brethren. He did not say. It was as if He meant to say. Judas. the pattern of lowliness! Howbeit. so the soul. Also. which meant that Judas came to Jesus and said unto Him ‘hail Master’ and kissed Him. the Lord has given us this example. who even kissed the traitor and spoke words softer than that kiss! For He did not say. But Jesus said unto him. using the traitor’s proper name. [St Dionysius].he that was called Judas. ‘Even supposing that I was not your Master. Thus through the soft blandishment of a kiss he implanted the execrable dart of betrayal. one of the twelve. cannot take any good to itself and refuses to consider any counsel that is really profitable for it.Luke 22:47. The following is foretold in the Psalms. but simply said Judas. It receives no benefit from exhortations addressed to it not because it cannot but only because it will not.. ev-n should nothing remarkable be effected by our words. when it is once carried captive and gave itself up to any form of wickedness.? As incurable wounds are wounds. and drew near unto Jesus to kiss him. Judas do you betray the Son of Man with a kiss? [St Rufinus].48 . . your Master the Lord. do you still betray one so guilelessly and tenderly affected towards you that he kisses you in the hour of your treachery. O Lord for how great is this example of your endurance of evil that You have shown us in Your own person! How great. which cannot be remedied by even the most severe applications. Blessed are You.
It is here by the brook Kidron that the essential gentleness of love was to be not only kept in the heart but also manifes ted openly. A further lesson from God’s love we learn from the fact that He spared not His own Son. at last.and threw them down at the feet of the chief priests. on the third between them was Christ. that He may make His strength perfect in weakness (2 Corinthians 12:7-9). and said to the priests. Better are the wounds of a friend than the proffered kisses of an enemy. In Proverbs 27:6 we find this wisdom. Christ delivered up His own body and Judas delivered up his Master. And he went and hanged himself (Matthew 27:3-5) This was the end of the wretched man. though thrice besought. We are taught that it ought not to be taken from its sheath even in Christ's defence (Matthew 26:52). The betrayer went his way. The Son of man goeth as it is written of him: but woe unto that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed ! it had been good for that man if he had not been born (Matthew 26:24). that Jesus was condemned and was really to be put to death. Some suppose that he expected our Lord would de liver himself out of the hands of his enemies but we have no authority for thinking so. How then can we fathom the love of God when it said of Judas in this same vein in John 13:2. And they said. unless that in the one action the reason for which they did it was not the same? Three crosses stood in one place: on one was a thief who was to be saved.etrayAL After Jesus had announced that one of the disciples will betray him he added. in that Peter’s sword is called back into its sheath by Christ. on the second a thief who was to be condemned. Satan en tered into him that he might betray Christ? Seeing therefore that the Father delivered up His Son. in that I have betrayed the innocent blood. saying. What will you give me. Yes. this he can do if he could refuse to take away the thorn in the flesh of the apostle. his conscience smote him for what he had done. Nothing is said about Judas during the time of the trial of Jesus. He brought back the thirty pieces of silver . When he found. wherefore is God holy and man guilty in this delivering up of Christ. and I will deliver Him unto you? And they bargained with him for thirty pieces of silver.the beggarly price he had received for betraying his Master . but delivered Him up for us all (Romans 8:32). so far as this world is concerned. What is that to us? See thou to that. I have sinned. who was about to save the one and condemn the other. Who can love us more than God? And yet He not only give us sweet in-struction but also quickens us by salutary fear and this unceasingly. What could be more similar than these crosses? What could be more unlike than the persons who were suspended on them? And what two persons could be more unlike than Jesus and Judas? [St Augustine] .
all the disciples forsook him and fled. every man to his own. anxiety. He suffered in anticipation of what lay before Him. And it is not unreasonable to assume that during these periods of anguish. He at the least became vividly aware of the sufferings immediately before Him. although the Gospel accounts make it very clear that Jesus knew that Judas would betray him. yea. dread.. He was betrayed by one of his own disciples and forsaken by all the rest.they slept and their sleep was deep. [Archbish. Fulton J. that His own people would reject Him. scoured and spat upon. all four canonical gospels recount that Jesus knew the disciples would fall away and desert him. and he cometh unto the disciples and findeth them asleep and saith unto Peter. As well as the prediction of betrayal during the Passover meal. the hour cometh.. that His own disciples would forsake and deny him. the reality of the full horror of the curse and the wrath of God was encompassing Christ in a most powerful manner. Upon Simon Peter’s vehemenent statement that he will not abandon Jesus ev en if the others do. is now come.40-45. and finally be condemned to death and killed. But the desertion already happened while Jesus was praying in Gethsemane. Sheen].. that he would be delivered into the hands of men and to the Gentiles. [Brian Schwertley]. that He must suffer and be rejected be mocked. My God. While praying. My God. even unto death: tarry ye here and watch with me. had taken Jesus and bound him. (Matthew 26:38. stating that he would remain true even if it meant death and the other apostles are described as stating the same about themselves. At the moment when the band of men brought by Judas. His fear. Jesus tells him that he would deny Jesus thrice before the cock had crowed twice (Matthew 26:33-34). In John 16:32 we read. according to Matthew 26:56. Peter is described as continuing to deny it. and shall leave me alone: and yet I am not alone. because the Father is with me. But it was in Gethsemane that Jesus had a foretaste of what it meant to be forsaken by his heavenly Father. My soul is exceeding sorrowful.Atch with me Long before Gethsemane. surprise and anguish had a future-oriented aspect to it. that ye shall be scattered. in that He feared the coming consuming wrath of God that would climax in the ultimate suffering exhibited by our Lord’s death cry. Satan and His demons assaulted him in order to cause Him to turn aside from the path of obedience to God. What. The three He asked to be awake and pray lest they fall into temptation did just the opposite .. Then saith he unto them. could ye not watch with me one hour? . . Behold. why have you forsaken Me? (Matthew 27:46).
Satan. even in His time of trial. Why? Matthew says they did it because their eyes were heavy. Watch one hour…? The question denotes a sense of disappointment and higher expectations of the disciples. He was including them in the actions. Our hour is related to the evil and crucifying forces of our modern world. i. Jesus also understood that they were about to experience things that they never could have thought possible. However. James and John were after all his chosen disciples. but the body is weak. Fulton J. that if the goodman of the house had known in what watch the thief would come.e. [Joel Pankow]. It would appear that Jesus’ main concern. the Lord’s hour is that hour when he comes to his death to face the forces of evil.seeing His own sheep scatter. He also could foresee how that his arch-enemy. Luke says that they were exhausted from sorrow. . Jesus knew what He Himself was going to have to go through . dying on a tree! And YOU are the cause of it because you couldn’t stay awake!” How did the disciples respond to their one hour commission? Every time Jesus came back. which He Himself was performing. Watch and pray so that you will not fall into temptation. he would have watched and would not have suffered his house to be broken up. who formed the inner circle. Perhaps the thought of one of their own betraying Jesus depressed them so that they just had no energy to pray. Sheen]. In other words. for the devil is loose. Could you not keep watch with me for one hour? The spirit is willing. standing up through all of that only to have to face God’s wrath of hell on the cross. But know this. Jesus expected MORE from them . Notice however what He did say. they were sleeping. This is also exactly what Jesus told them to do. I. [Archbish. He warned them about how WEAK their flesh was.Every time the word 'hour' is used in Scripture in the New Testament in connection with Our Lord. Peter. It wasn’t that they didn’t care. Scripture says His hour was not yet come. it is always in relation to His passion and death and to the evil forces in the world. Jesus was disappointed in them. What did the ‘come and watch with me’ involve? There is no exact answer but when Jesus said this. it wasn’t that they did not want to be there for Jesus or not be at his side. would whisper in their ears. praying. Matthew 24:43. “where is your CHRIST now? Some HERO you have. These three. listening to the taunts of the Pharisees and the Sanhedrin. they were with Jesus on the Mt of Transfiguration. This would not be easy for Him either and he surely could have used some comfort as well as their prayers. when the people attempted to stone Him.e. We are living in that hour today.that they could at least keep watch with him for one measly hour. was for the disciples.
and findeth them sleeping and saith unto Peter. where Jesus addressed Peter. the rebuke is not one of anger but of disappointment. The rhetorical question addressed to the three disciples is a gentle yet painful rebuke to them who had all boasted of being so dedicated to the Master that they were willing to die for Him (Matthew 26:28-31). [Brian Schwertley]. praying for them as they would not pray for themselves and letting them take another nap while he made himself ready to meet Judas and the rabble throng that would so soon surround him. patiently waiting for the traitor’s arrival and not expecting any help or sympathy from his disciples. sleep on now. was for their own edification and amazingly. to warn them of the danger of temptation in this time of weakness. He watched over them as they would not watch with him. in the midst of an unparalleled agony. when he found them still heavy with sleep. There he sat. for Peter was not at this time acting like a rock. Jesus came to his disciples three times and on the third occasion. The remarkable thing is. The primary reason our Lord brought these 3 disciples along. The brave Peter had promised to die with Jesus and now he cannot even stay awake at his Master’s bidding! Clearly.It is worth it to remark that in Mark 14:37. ‘Simon. and take your rest (Matthew 26: 45). sleepest thou? Couldest not thou watch one hour?’ Jesus does not call Peter “Cephas” here but rather Simon. . Jesus twice more came to look after his three vulnerable disciples. that its so gentle and that even in his agony and distress Jesus can think of the needs of these sleepers. he sat down beside them and said.
Peter also betrayed Jesus by denying that he knew him but when hé realized what he had done. Satan: thou art an offence unto me: for thou savourest not the things that be of God. We used to hold sweet converse together. It is not an enemy who taunts me . he went out and wept bitterly. Instead of killing himself he sought and received forgiveness from Jesus after the Resurrection. which God's anointed King and Messiah would endure for our sake. [Chris Talton].. denial from a close friend and death on the cross. Yes. went immediately out: and it was night. In the course of that dark night. Get thee behind me. Satan backed off but now during Jesus’ passion his enemy made sure that He faced betrayal. [Don Schwaeger].for Judas. the cause for betrayal was survival and fear.hen the Cock Crows Do you know the pain of rejection from someone close to you? The greatest pain and injury comes not from our enemies but from those closest to us. Peter denies Jesus.then I could hide from him But it is you. for the same blood that cleanse me from the guilt of my acts of treason against the Son of God. it is not an adversary who deals insolently with me . total mockery of justice. The act of betrayal is a dark time in the life of a betrayer: John 13:30. my equal. but because he never sought forgiveness for his sin. It is not the first time that Satan used Peter to get to Jesus for Matthew 16: 23 tells us.. could have brought forgiveness for Judas as well. [Michael Morrison]. Judas is in hell today. Money was more important to him than any friendship. who denied Jesus. then you are betrayed. but those that be of men. Betrayal doesn’t just happen . the cause was money because he was a thief.then I could bear it. When your expectations for these things are not met. An enemy can’t deny or reject you. within God's house we walked in fellowship. not because he killed himself according to Matthew 27:50. Psalm 55 :12-14 foretells the suffering of rejecion. You expect an enemy to work against you and you expect a friend to defend. Upon these words of Jesus. Satan attacked Jesus disguised as some of his own. arrest. my familiar friend. . my companion. For Peter. Judas meets Jesus with a kiss and in the court of the high priest. love and support you. Peter was restored and God used Him as a mighty catalyst for the beginnings of the Church. In the garden. Judas could have been forgiven. No mere human being can endure such psychological and physical pain. He then .
‘I AM’.you shall see the Son of man sitting at the right hand of Power. Jim Lincoln]. He took charge of the situation by asking the soldiers.. 62 . Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus responded. He’s not only saying ‘yes. .am who I am John 18:6. The clouds of heaven make up the Glory Cloud or the Shekinah. God said to him. Jesus’ response is astounding. . ego eimi . There’s a Jewish tradition that says when Moses pronounced the divine name. I am he. ego eimi. and coming in the clouds of heaven. the very sound of it made Pharaoh fall to the ground. That is the Messiah I am. wickedness and injustice down. John makes sure that we get this point by including the detail that when Christ said ‘I Am’. who are you looking for? They answered. all the soldiers fell back in fear. they went backward. Sinai. who were supposed to be committed to due process and procedure. As soon as He made this claim to be the Divine Judge. the High Priest ripped his robes. putting all evil. Caiaphas pronounced Jesus guilty of blasphemy and called for a judgment from the others. not only am I Lord over all things. Everyone on the ruling council knew that the phrase “The Son of Man” was the divine person of Daniel 7:13. at the giving of the Ten Commandments and the cloud at the transfiguration of Jesus – this cloud is a theophany and the very presence of God! Here this Jesus is telling them“I will come to earth in the very Shekinah Glory Cloud of God. So in the narrative of Jesus’ arrest in Gethsemane. they blindfolded Him. He answered that not only was He the Messiah but. Art thou the Christ. I am: and ye shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power. the room just exploded . Mark 14:61.Again the high priest asked him. I’ll make myself known by the things that I do in your life. that’s my name’. but I will make myself known by what I do. and coming with the clouds of heaven. the Son of the Blessed? And Jesus said.” When Jesus said that. meaning. and fell to the ground When Moses had an encounter with God at the burning bush. He is also saying I AM Yahweh.His answer was beyond anything they had imagined He would say and it was an unambiguous claim of Divinity. So of course when Jesus says ‘I am He’. All of this they did to him in the middle of the trial and bypassed every legal requirement to get Jesus killed as quickly as possible. the very glory and being of God: it is the cloud that hovered over Mt. who all condemned Jesus to death. began to spit on Jesus and beat Him. who would come from the throne of God in the clouds of heaven to judge the world at the end of the age. I am who I am. Then these men. [Past. Jesus’ proclamation was much more than what they had expected and his words ignited something on the scale of a volcanic eruption. at the end of time and judge the world. which was a way to express the greatest possible outrage and horror. beat His head with their fists and mocked Him. As soon then as he had said unto them. I am Lord of the Universe..
Yet it is intimated in the following words. Further on in this Gospel Jesus said. or are you saying this is what you heard I am?” Jesus already knew what Pilate was thinking and so when He answered. [Gerald Genarelli]. It is equivalent to ‘yes’ but does not mean simply that Pilate affirmed that he was a king but it means. He was really saying. "Thou affirmest the truth. in me the absolute has become personal. you already formed in your mind an opinion of what you deem me to be. his Divine origin was above Pilate's comprehension.a king in a certain sense and do not deny it. that I might witness to the truth – The truth was both declared to the Jews and in the process of Jesus’ passion and to the princes of the Gentiles. Art thou a king then? Jesus answered. hou sayest it Mark 15:1-2. Every sincere lover of truth will hear him. To this end was I born. Art thou the king of the Jews? And Jesus answered Thou sayest. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice. the infinite and unapproachable has become Someone you can literally hug and embrace. Sayest thou this thing of thyself. that in Him divinity and humanity have merged in Him. Jesus speaks here of his human origin. thou declarest what is correct. for I am a king . “Is this who you think I am. that I should bear witness unto the truth. Through faith in Jesus. and for this cause came I into the world. And Pilate asked him. This is a form of expression de noting affirmation. and delivered him to Pilate. “I am”? He claimed that in Him the ideal has become reality. re gardless of how I answer you Pilate. Thou sayest that I am a king. sinners like us can live in peace with God. Thou sayest. [Past Jim Lincoln]. I am the ultimate Judge of the Universe. That I should bear witness of the truth. so as to understand and practise what he saith. heareth my voice. “If you want to know what God is really like”. the ultimate Judge. . Jesus was saying here. The metaphysical has become physical in Jesus Christ and therefore the impossible has become possible”.. John 18:37 Pilate therefore said unto him.that is. Thou sayest it.What was it really that Jesus claimed when he said. Jesus answered Pilate by asking. To this end was I born. Art thou the King of the Jews? And he answering said unto him. or did others tell it thee of me? (John 18:33-35).and carried him away. “Look at Me and you will know. . a lover of it. Thou sayest that I am a king. Jesus was standing in front of Pilate and He was asked. I came into the world.. Every one that is of the truth .
Am I a Jew? Thine own nation and the chief priests have delivered Thee unto me: what hast Thou done? (John 18:33-35). Take ye Him. I bring Him forth to you. There stood the Son of God.4). for he was certain of His innocence. that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is My kingdom not from hence (John 18 :36). He asked Jesus. . Answerest Thou nothing? Behold how many things they witness against Thee. When they heard this answer. that I should bear witness unto the truth. So He said. Pilate. Pilate was deeply moved by the uncomplaining patience of the Saviour. cruel stripes from which the blood flowed freely. Caiaphas and those with him called Pilate to witness that Jesus had admitted the crime of which they accused Him and they demanded that He be sentenced to death. Hoping to gain the truth from Him. Art Thou the King of the Jews? Jesus did not give a direct answer but himself asked Pilate a question. Pointing to the Saviour. and for this cause came I into the world. As Christ made no answer to His accusers. However. Pilate's golden opportunity had passed but Jesus wanted him to understand that He had not come to be an earthly king. (Mark 15:4. pride stood up and silenced the Holy Spirit so that Pilate said. he had no confidence in those who were accusing Jesus and saw no evidence of crime in Him. he said in a voice of solemn entreaty.As Pilate beheld Jesus.the Spirit of God was stirring Pilate’s heart. losing all patience with their unreasonable. To this end was I born. He sent for Barabbas to be brought into the court and presented the two prisoners side by side. What is truth but before Jesus could answer the tumult of the crowd outside broke the conversation up. Pilate said to Him. and crucify Him: for I find no fault in Him (John 19:6). who cried. Thou sayest (Matthew 27:11). He asked Jesus.5). Behold the man. Stripped to the waist. he took Jesus to a place apart and questioned Him further. had no thought of condemning Jesus. wearing the robe of mockery and the crown of thorns. His back showed the long. If My kingdom were of this world. Pilate said to the Jews. His face was stained with blood and bore the marks of exhaustion and pain. then would My servants fight. Sayest thou this thing of thyself or did others tell it thee of Me? Pilate understood the question. Although Pilate was perplexed. Every one that is of the truth heareth My voice (John 18: 37). Pilate had a desire to know the truth and he eagerly grasped the words of the Saviour for his heart was stirred with a great longing. Pilate had never seen a face more beautiful. "Crucify Him! Crucify Him!“ At last. that ye may know that I find no fault in Him (John 19:5. Every feature expressed gentleness and resignation and the tenderest pity for His cruel foes. which was intended to lead him to examine his own heart more closely . at this time. Art Thou the King of the Jews? and Jesus answered. he saw a man of noble countenance and dignified bearing. vengeful cruelty.
they were Idumeans. The history of Herod and his evil character must be kept in mind when we examine the Savior at the bar before Herod. . although he knew it was not the right thing to do. he was exceeding glad: for he was desirous to see him of a long season. Pleased to see Jesus. Jesus had nothing to say to Herod and answered him nothing. And he desired to see him. The Herods were not Jewish in the true sense of the word but descendants of Esau. And Herod with his men of war set him at nought. Jesus knew Herod had had many opportunities to turn to the God of the fathers by listening to John the Baptist. . Jesus knew that Herod’s interest in the Savior was perverse and his desire to see the Messiah was carnal in nature.he was unwilling to do what he needed to do. but He did not come into this world to entertain men but to save them. that he viewed him as a fox to be let alone rather than a lost sheep to be sought after. the brother of Jacob. Then he questioned him in many words but He answered him nothing. and mocked him. [Brian Schwertley]. he answerhim nothing. Herod had ordered for John the Baptist to be beheaded. but Jesus did not reply. And when Herod saw Jesus. and sent him ag ain to Pilate. and he hoped to have seen some miracle done by him.e answered him Nothing Luke 23:8-11. For this reason our Lord gave him what he deserved . that John was risen from the dead. Herod thought He was John raised from the dead! In Luke 9:7. because that it was said of some. Herod put many questions to him. Jesus knew Herod wanted a performance. He saw in Herod a man so mean. a miracle performed by Jesus. Herod wanted to see for himself. All the Master did was to maintain an absolute silence in his presence and. but Herod had turned his back on all that . When Jesus became more prominent. Having heard of the things Jesus had done and performing miracles. due to his very guilty conscience. because he had heard many things of him. Antipas did not want to hear the truth because deep down he was afraid and on the surface. Now Herod the tetrarch heard of all that was done by him and he was perplexed. He got his chance when Pilate sent Jesus to him for trial and a verdict (Luke 23:1-16).9 we read. and arrayed him in a gorgeous robe. cowardly and heartless. [Philip Gordon].pure silence. let him question as he might. he simply didn’t care. cunning.
There are angry voices. and arrayed him in a gorgeous robe. was brought out and placed upon Christ. Which of the two do you want me to release to you? (Mat thew 27: 21). by the story of Barabbas: We know that Barabbas was a robber and murderer who had been arrested by the Romans and was in prison awaiting execution. were meant for him. By this proceeding. and He is unable to answer a word. Herod did not deem their clamors worthy of notice. which uses Romans as a point of departure. such as myself and the chief priests. His wisdom is blown to the winds. But before educated people. which were soon to be pierced by nails and shuddering with any sound that might remind him of his impending crucifixion. Seated amidst his licentious courtiers. who stood before him a prisoner. When his door is unlocked. Pilate. His power is nowhere. or Jesus which is called Christ? In his great commentary on Bible doctrine. A long white garment. Barabbas joins the processional that is making its way to Calvary and watches as Jesus is crucified. He hears the sound of the hammer and knows that the blows nailing Jesus to the rough wooden cross. staring at his hands. As the cross is lifted up . Therefore when they were gathered together. he knows that he is the one who should be hanging there. Suddenly he hears a crowd roaring outside the prison. Here He stands. wanted to save Jesus. Whom will ye that I release un to you? Barabbas. and mocked him. Barabbas thinks that it is the hour of his execution. [James M Boice]. Herod’s questions drew no response from the despised Saviour. who had no concern for Barabbas. But the jailer tells him instead that he is to be set free." Picture for yourself Barabbas sitting in the prison. . Pilate said unto them. As it was customary to free a prisoner at the time of the Feast of Passover. and though the Jews stood by earnestly accusing Him. Herod wished to intimate to Pilate: "You see this fool. because His ignorant and thoughtless followers and the common people ran after Him. arabbas Matthew 27:17. silent like a stupid idiot. who plotted to make Himself king and who.Luke 23:11. An angry flush mounted to the face of Herod as he felt he was slighted by Jesus. So he hit on the idea of offering the people a choice between the two. And Herod with his men of war set him at naught. Donald Grey Barnhouse illus trates the substitutionary nature of Christ's death. at the time of the trial of Jesus Christ. Herod vented his spite against Him by inciting his soldiers to mock Him. that another is to die in his place! Jesus of Nazareth. Having received no answer from Jesus. and sent him again to Pilate. imagined Himself to be of vast importance. such as was usually worn in Eastern lands by poor idiots. Stunned. "Crucify him! Crucify him!" He thinks he hears his own name and he shrinks back against the wall of his cell.
He was crucified for our sins. there is nothing left for me but His Heaven. Boice].He is dying for me!” Barabbas was the only man in the world who could say that Jesus Christ took his physical place. all who are Christians can and should say that Jesus Christ took their spiritual place.nothing that overlooks the death of Christ. That is why Jesus' death is so central to the Gospel . Surely this man was the Son of God! (Mark 15:39). The fact that we are sinners means that we deserve to die. the centurion who commanded the execution party exclaims. That man did nothing wrong . for they know not what they are doing (Luke 23:34). can be the Gospel of Salvation.As Jesus cries. forgive them. Father. I am the one who should have died. "That man took my place. [James M. I am the condemned murderer. we deserve the eternal punishment of the lake of fire. . Christianity can be expressed in three phrases: I deserved Hell. But Jesus was delivered up for our offenses. Jesus took my Hell. And Barabbas could have said. But.
1970:578). Maybe the most vivid example of tragic misinterpretation of prophecy occurred in the life of Judas Iscariot. So what did the chief priests do with the 30 shekels of silver?. Wherefore that field was called. the willing agent of his Father. After Jesus was condemned. And they said. "His acceptance of the morsel without changing his wicked plan to betray Jesus. and went and hanged himself. which did eat of my bread. his idea of the coming of the Messiah resulted in the betrayal and death of Jesus and his own death by suicide. (Matthew 27:6-8) [Pastor Michael Blankenship]. an irony matched only by the use of a kiss to accomplish the betrayal itself. Satan entered into him (John 13:27). Matthew 27:3 -5. . painful death by crucifixion. saying. As soon as Judas took the bread.lood Money Psalms 41:9. Haceldama. and departed. shameful. The field of blood. Jesus is not commanding Judas to sin but rather commanding him to get on with what he is going to do. All the remorse in the world could not undo the damage he had caused by condemning the Savior of the world to a cruel. Satan has found in Judas a willing agent. hath lifted up his heel against me.. What is that to us? see thou to that. one way or the other.. And he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple. who serves as a counter-example to Jesus.is the point of decision to betray. And they took counsel. means that he has chosen for Satan rather than for Jesus" (Brown. when he saw that He was condemned. that is to say. It is very ironic that this gesture of friendship . he wanted. The contest now begins in earnest but there is no doubt as to the outcome. The field of blood. and falling headlong. It is not lawful for to put them into the treasury. because it is the price of blood. When Judas received the bread dipped in sauce from Jesus’ hand. and brought again the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders. Earlier Satan had put the idea of betraying Jesus into Judas' heart and now we have the point of decision. he sealed his fate. It was known unto all the dwellers at Jerusalem. to bury strangers in. re pented himself. do quickly (John 13: 27). . Judas took the money from the chief priests to buy a field. Now this man purchased a field with the reward of iniquity. for Satan and his agent are under Jesus' command: What you are about to do. And the chief priests took the silver pieces. I have sinned in that I have betrayed the innocent blood. "No man in all history was more truly `put on the spot' than Judas in that moment" (Beasley-Murray 1987:238). in whom I trusted. mine own familiar friend.the sharing of bread . insomuch as that field is called in their proper tongue. and bought with them the potter's field. and said. he burst asunder in the midst and all his bowels gushed out. According to Acts 1:18. Judas went to this field and hanged himself on a tree. unto this day.
ield of Blood
What is blood money? It is the price of blood: it is money paid by an offender, his family or partners (in this case the chief priests) as compensation for some serious crime, to the family or kin of the victim (in this case Judas one of the disciples of Jesus). Judas returns the money to the chief priests, who decla red it to be the price of blood. We have now progressed from Jesus offering up his BLOOD in the institution of the Sacrament of the Eucharist during the Last Supper (Luke 22:19,20), to Judas BETRAYING Jesus to the Chief priests, to the same Judas committing suicide out of remorse for betraying INNOCENT BLOOD, to the chief priests using the BLOOD MONEY to buy the FIELD OF BLOOD. What a bloody sequence of events! Let us ponder God’s providence in all of this as we read in Jeremiah 19:1-2, Thus saith the LORD, Go and get a potter's earthen bottle, and take of the ancients of the people, and of the ancients of the priests; and go forth unto the valley of the son of Hinnom, which is by the entry of the east gate, and proclaim there the words that I shall tell thee... The Valley of Hinnom was where the Potter's Field was! Jeremiah was told to go to the Valley of Hinnom and proclaim judg ment! But why there? The Potter's field was a tract of land in the Hinnom Valley outside Jerusalem used as a cemetery for pilgrims (paid for by Calvary's blood money). God had Jeremiah prophesy destruction at the very place that would later be bought by Judas' blood money.
Listen to Jeremiah 19:6-7,10 - Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that this place shall no more be called Tophet, nor The Valley of the son of Hinnom, but The Valley of Slaughter. And I will make void the counsel of Judah and Jerusalem in this place; and I will cause them to fall by the sword before their enemies. Even so will I break this people and this city, as one breaketh a potter's vessel, that cannot be made whole again: and they shall bury them in Tophet, (Hinnom) till there be no place to bury. On the 10th of August in 70 AD, on the very day when the King of Babylon burned the Temple in 586 BC, the Temple was burned again. Titus took the city and put it to the torch, burning the Temple and leaving not one stone upon another. Thus, Jerusalem was totally destroyed and as Jesus had predicted 40 years earlier in Luke 19:44. When the Temple was set on fire the Ro man soldiers tore apart the stones to get to the melted gold. The population and the great number of Pass over visitors who had been trapped there were brutally slaughtered, with an estimated 600,000 to 1,000, 000 people killed. And where were they buried? In the Valley of Hinnom! Perhaps the most astonishing prophecy about the destruction of Jerusalem by Rome is that it happened as Daniel had predicted - the Temple was destroyed only after the Messiah had come and not before he had presented himself to Israel! (Daniel 9:26; Luke 19:4145). . [Darrell G. Young],
The Jews were used to this Eastern custom of washing one’s hands to declare one’s innocense of a crime committed by others. We read in Deuteronomy 21:6-7, And all the elders of that city ...shall wash their hands over the heifer that is beheaded in the valley: And they shall answer and say, Our hands have not shed this blood, neither have our eyes seen it.
Pilate was convinced that Jesus was entirely innocent of the charges brought against Him. But he was uncertain By washing his hands, Pilate meant to denote that the Jews how to act in the face of the adament accusations of the were guilty of Christ’s death, while he was innocent. But the Jewish religious leaders. When his wife sent word that mere washing of his hands did not free him from guilt. As Gov she had suffered many things in a dream on account of ernor he was bound by Roman law to free an innocent man. Jesus and warned him to have nothing to do with that Whatever might be the clamour of the Jewish populace, he holy man, he was determined to follow her advice and was guilty at the bar of God for suffering the holy Saviour to exenorate himself from putting Christ to death. If the be led to execution, in order to gratify the malice of enraged Jews would have the blood of Jesus, he would not give priests and religious leaders. [Barnes], his influence to it although, being the Roman Governor, he had to say something in order to rid himself of the whole thing. The turning point for this coward came as he realized a riot was starting - he did not need any more unfavorable reports sent to Caesar in Rome. But the Jewish leaders knew how to manipulate Pilate. If you let this man go, you are no friend of Caesar, they said in John 19: 1216, which was of course pure political blackmail. Pilate wanted to unload the responsibility onto others and Matthew 27:24 tells us, When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: See ye to it.
The Roman Empire used flogging or scourging as a form of punishment, which were particularly brutal. The flogging istruments were tipped with metal or bone, to tear the flesh and cause more bleeding. Some died under the lash; most died soon after.
The suffering of Jesus’ Mother, watching from some way off, was intense and every whiplash sent slivers of pain into her heart. She remembered the words of the old prophet in the temple, years ago when Jesus was a baby, “…a sword will pierce your own heart also, that the thoughts of many will be revealed.” In John 18:37-38, Pilate asked Jesus, What is truth? Before Why had Jesus to be flogged like this? For what did He pay Jesus could answer him, however, he went to the clamor- this price? Punishment to the flesh is the price for the sins ing Jews outside and said to them, I find no fault in him. of impurity, sins of the flesh. These sins are very offensive Then in Luke 23:16 it is as if he had decided what to do to to God and the price had to be great. More people go to satisfy the Jews panting for Jesus’ blood, I will chastise hell for sins against the flesh than for any other reason. If him therefore, and release him. we do not embrace purity of thought and action, are we not the cause of Christ’s sufferings? [Richard Salbato], After Pilate issued his verdict Jesus and his guards were accompanied by his Jewish accusers to a spot situated to the north of Pilat’s palace, where there was a scourging St. Ephraem remarked, "The very column must have quivpillar about 8 feet tall with an iron ring at the top. The Ro- ered as if it were alive; the cold stone must have felt that mans did not usually punish or execute people themselves the Master, who had given it its being, was bound to it; but made use of the service of mercenaries. In this case the column must have shuddered, contracting with fear they used Egyptians, who were especially violent and had beneath the Body of Christ, knowing that the Lord of all been criminals themselves in Egypt. There were six of creatures was being scourged. [The Catholic Encyclopedia], them at the scourging pillar. The Pharisees were worried that Christ would survive until the Sabbath and therefore, by Jewish law could not be killed on that day. The Pharisees and elders were not even sure Pilate would allow death and therefore they paid the Egyptian scourgers to make sure He did not survive the flogging. During the 45 minutes that the flogging lasted, Jesus received over 1000 whiplahes but, miraculously, He was still alive although there was almost no blood left in his veins. When he was able to walk again, his robe stuck to his bloodied skin, causing additional suffering.
every one. and upon the inhabitants thereof. The use and meaning of this expression goes back of us all (Isaiah 53:6).derful blessing. . because The blood of Jesus Christ cleanses remiah 26:15. Isaiah lays the responsibility squarely on our doorstep. . death. This mob consisted of unbelieving Jews of Jerusalem and Israel (not all Jews in general). However. and upon this city. and so blood be upon thee. That innocent re the responsibility of those words.re the curse! The Lord can turn those words into a wonveth thee for an inheritance. The elders of the people and religious leaders in their turn. which the LORD thy God gi. [Past Paul Naumann]. ye shall surely bring innocent blood upon yourselves. it was a terrible curse since they insisted on bearing the responsibility for Jesus' death. moments before they took Jesus to be crucified and those words were no doubt quickly forgotten. it could have been our voices that screamed for Jesus' blood. whom they had incited to a mass hysteria and lust for blood. Thousand were killed and "blood ran like rivers in the streets. Je. We may as well have been present in Pilate's courtyard that day. crying out in Matthew 27:25. [From: the Jewish rabble that day pronounced the words of a terrible self-curse. the Romans levelled Jerusalem to the ground. that if ye put me to us from all sin (I John 1:7). But God didn't forget and forty years later in 70 AD. he smoothly placed the blood of Jesus upon His accusers and the multi tude received it. to his own way. Zola Levitt Ministries]. neatly passed the expia-tion of the death penalty upon the people. but we need not shablood be not shed in thy land." For the Jews of Jerusalem. whom Matthew and the New Testament indict for their failure to believe in the Lord Jesus Christ as well as their complicity in His death. you and I too bear some of that responsibility. Jewish guilt or blood guilt for the death of Jesus applies to Judas. “His blood be on us and on our children”. our guilt that rested on the Savior that day.is Blood be on us After Pilate had washed his hands of Jesus. and the Lord has laid on Him the iniquity . we have turned. All we like sheep have gone astray. for it was also our sins that drove Christ to the cross. But know ye for certain. His blood be upon us: You and I shato the Old Testament: Deuter-onomy 19:10. the religious leaders and the mob of Jerusalem clamoring before the judgment seat of Pilate.
. and they clothed him with purple. “The curse of sin was the ne Savior. said of this truth. re the figures of our sins. him on the head with a reed and did spit upon him and 2. worshipped him. being made a The great Origen expresses it admirably when he said. platted a changed it into a blessing for mankind. that Christ of sin. Grotius. brand of God's malediction impHere we may begin to understand the profound meaning ressed on the forehead of sinners . 1. O sinner. (St. Stripped of the seamless outer garment. Paul. by wearing the Crown of Thorns. He signified. Hail King of the Jews! And they smote eternal rew-ard. (In corona spinea maledictum solvit antiquum) By consenting to take these sharp thorns upon His Mark 15:16-19. sanguinem mundi.Hence. terial dress so long as they were clad and adorned with We are learning here 4 practical lessons here that appertain the beautiful robe of original grace and innocence. according to St. the diadem of heavenly glory. which led and stings which will prick thy guilty soul”. The thorns of this accursed earth are therefothat necessitated external dress. had they persevered in their state of holiness. deeply dyed in the blood and crimes of mankind. The to our own fallen. Their and thistles shall it bring forth to thee. When same should have been the happy condition of their posGod said to Adam. Thus it is. Cursed is the earth in thy work. ing of sinners . hath redeemed us from the curse of the law. was origin of thorns”.. symbolic deprivation of essential attribute of His holiness. It was at this hour of his passion that the great and eternal In its place an old and soiled red cloak of a pagan soldier Son of God. [A Passionist Father]. “Thy prevarication caused the rebellion of the flesh against the conscience. shall never cease producing thorns spirit and produced a general feeling of shame. Crown of Thorns. idest peccata suscepit. (Maledictio in spinis Coepit). (Corona ex spinis our merciful Savior consented to assume the filthy dress peccata sunt). was ‘installed’ as the King was cast over His shoulders – an humiliating insult perof Sinners and consequently despised as the most abject of mitted by Divine Wisdom to enable us to understand that men . John to their expulsion from paradise into regions of the earth Chrysostom). Our first parents had no need of any mabowing their knees. Suscipiens Dom-inus clamydem coccineam in se.even the learned Protof the scarlet cloak thrown over the shoulders of our diviestant. sinful state. Christ removed this malediction of God and Praetorium. And the soldiers led him away into the head. In this way our crown of thorns and put it about his head and began to Lord Jesus rendered all our labor and toil meritorious of salute him saying. the Incarnate Word. thorns terity.our sins are Jesus' Crown of Thorns. curse for us (Galatians 3:13). Scarlet Cloak. our most holy Redeemer received upon His adorable head the curse pronounced by the irritated justice of God against our sinful race and through this act of mercy He shielded us from its terrible blow.
By bearing the humiliation and shame of the old scarlet cloak. is moved about in every direction by the least breath of wind. represents the malice of heretical Christians. Feed My lambs. urged on by temptation and impelled by his own evil passions. hollow and inconstant plant. emptiness and inconstancy. and upon this rock I will build My Church. empty.such is the reed of fallen human nature left to itself. its hollowness has been filled with the solidity of His grace and love. By assuming our frail nature. Like a frail reed he bends to every whim of fancy and to the slightest whisper of seduction . Christ concentrated the authority of the Church in the person of Peter when He said to him in Matthew 16:18. As long as we remain in the hand of Jesus we are invincible. Hence they strike Jesus on the head. Jesus’ thorn-crowned head. In the hand of our Savior we become firmer and stronger than the cedars of Lebanon. said Origen. dedit nobis sceptrum Regni caelestis).In assuming and wearing before Heaven and earth the degrading livery of sin. 3. the Head of Christ is God. it has no solidity. our dear Lord had also to bear the burning shame and confusion due to all sinners. feed My sheep. Through faith and confidence in Him we can resist the most violent temptations of hell and the fiercest storms of human persecutions. humility and modesty in dress. This frail plant was never more honored than when it was in derision put into the Divine hand of our Lord. The reed in Jesus’s hand. which He underwent in Pilate's hall. he totters and falls at every step.all heretics rebel against the Pope and make war ag ainst his authority. has sanctified modesty and has acquired for the Christian the necessary grace and strength to re sist the seductions of worldly vanity. by the shame and ignominy. simplicity. Striking with the reed. But since our Blessed Lord took this reed in His hand it has been completely changed. He will make us kings of his heavenly kingdom if we remain faithful (Pro calamo illo priori. A reed is a light. [A Passionist Father].. With these scepters. like St. Thou art Peter. Heresy changes lambs into rams that butt against the Shep herd . can do everything in the power of Him who strengtheneth us (Phillipians 4: 13).. Paul. Paul. what is more weak and frail than a sinner. and in John 21. He has hallowed evangelical poverty. sin peels from him every supernatural grace. He changes us from frail and empty reeds into golden scepters of His power. the Son of God has endowed us with the power and strength of His Divine Omnipotence and we. 4. Heresy is essentially an individual choice of belief and rebels necessarily against the authority of the Church. What an admirable symbol is this of our fallen human na ture! What can be more hollow and empty than the reed of a poor sinful man. . and as we have learned from St. So our suffering Lord had also to atone for this insult and merit for many deluded heretics the grace of their return to the Catholic faith and unity with the true Church. Our Lord Jesus Christ. virtue and merit and leaves him to his own innate weakness. The reed is a striking emblem of human frailty.
and Greek. JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS. cruel ridicule. . The King of the Jews. even though he wished to be avenged on the priests and scribes. the soldiers with the mantle of regal shade. Pilate had written truly. Herod and the Roman soldiers unwittingly directed attention to the kingship of Jesus and provided Him with the royal insignia: Herod with the white robe. to read. Pilate answer-ed. that the inscription was not to be changed. Thus. since early church history states that after converting to Christi anity. At the trial. the crown of thorns and the scepter of reed. Behold your king (John 19:14) and he determined the text of the inscr iption to be attached to the Cross. but they were merely instruments of Providence. This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew. But Pilate curtly replied “What I have written I have written and not a letter shall be changed!” St. This is further corroborated by the Eas tern Orthodox Feast of Saint Pontius Pilate on 25 June. the King of the Jews. and put it on the cross. also to be avenged on the entire Jewish nation who wanted him to nail Israel's Mes siah to the Cross. Write not. compelled to testitify to Christ's kingship. but that he said. And Pilate wrote a title. Augustine declared that Pilate was influenced at that moment by Providence . who had coerced him into pronouncing the death sentence.N R I John 19:19. I am King of the Jews. From the moment the Passion began. Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate. and Latin. The Jewish Sanhedrin sensed the way Pilate felt and when they learned how the inscription read.people may believe He was really such a king. Pilate rejected the charge that Jesus was crucified because he falsely claimed to be king and instead stated that the rea son Jesus was crucified was because he was the King of the Jews.that a secret voice commanded him not to yield. Jesus of Nazareth. And the writing was. Pilate personally was convinced that Jesus was the Jewish Messiah. What I have written I have written. John 19:20-22. Pilate presents Him as such a king to the Jewish people and all of mankind. they requested him to change it . the members of the Sanhedrin were the first to broach the issue of Jesus’ kingship and their charge addressed to Pilate declared. They intended it all as crude. The inscription announced the most momentous truth in the history of the world and the Roman Governor was to see to it that this truth could be read from the Cross through all centuries. the question of Christ's kingship is raised and runs like a golden thread through all of it. the King (Luke 23:2) . He says He is Christ. Pilate himself was martyred by crucifixion.
For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world. but that the world through him might be saved (John 3:17). Long walk part of the gift. The man asked the boy where he found the shell and the boy replied. The man was tired and hungry and his body smarted from the many wounds he had obtained during these many hours. but exactly as far as He needed to. in their search and finding of the Baby born in Bethlehem. He who was equal with God came to walk among men. life had been burdensome from time to time.The long walk that JESUS took for me was to the limit of his love for me. because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world. still carrying the sins of the world. When he finally returned. but that he loved us. when He went to Calvary’s hill. God took the long walk from heaven to earth. Vaguely aware of activity all around him he plodded on. slowly but surely moving onward with the crossbeam of the heavy wooden cross on his shoulders. one foot in front of the other. not that we loved God. for that is what happened when God gave himself to the world in his Son and what happened when His Son gave himself to the world at Golgotha! . that we might live through him. Jesus walked further than He should have had to. if God so loved us.” Similarly. The long walk is where you give of yourself to another person in love. A small boy once vanished from his village for two weeks. A hand fell on his shoulder and Jesus of Nazareth lifted His weary eyes and looked into the face of Simon of Cyrene. Herein is love. Beloved. he began to put one foot in front of the other. “I have walked to the Great Sea .it is only in the Great Sea that this shell is found. Yes. art of the Gift 1 John 4:9-11. chafing against his lacerated back. and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins. The Lord had left His heavenly home over thirty years before. we ought also to love one another. even these who were now ridiculing Him as He walked homewards. Mary and Joseph took the long walk from Nazareth to Bethle hem. [Timothy Paul]. Simon took the heavy cross off the shredded back of God’s Son. in order to redeem fallen man! “It had been a long night and an even longer day. Jesus continued the long walk home. the man did not at first realize that someone approached him. He came only to save. Weary to the bone. And now he still had to walk the long walk home. In this was manifested the love of God toward us. who had told his people about the long walk of the wise men from the East. and Jesus took the long walk from Gabbatha to Golgotha… The long walk is part of the gift. He came to save the souls of men. he had with him a gift for the foreigner. Deep in thought. This boy’s special gift for the visitor was a beautiful shell.
He will abide in heaven forever. So when the road is long. His mind recalled the necessity of this moment. When the Christian walk seems too long or too hard for you.. many hands held the King down upon the cross. put your head down. It is all over now. one faces the long walk home. if you walk as He had walked.As He approached the place called Golgotha. He was wounded. his arms stretched wide to the sides. The dull spikes being driven through His hands and feet. And He cried out. spit upon and ridiculed. the body of Jesus died on the cross – died for you and for me out of love and because He knows. Every child of God seeks heaven as his eternal home. grit your teeth and endure! [Timothy Paul]. for they know not what they do (Luke 23:34). Having shed His blood. From the time one emerges from the waters of baptism. As the cross was raised. forgive them. when the road is hard. having been the sacrifice for the sins of the world. He is almost home. Then He will ascend to the Father and He will be home again. look to the horizon and keep walking. . except for dying and resurrec ting from the grave as He had promised. He came here to save them.. Remember that long ago day when He trudged through the streets of Jerusalem. He chose not to stop them. He was commited to die for the sins of man and His Word has the power to bring you safely home. mocked. but the rough hands that yanked Him to the ground showed no mercy as they strip him of his garments. He chose to walk to His execution for you and for me. He wiped the blood from His forehead where the coronet of plaited thorns had cut so deeply. where He will intercede for those who will surely follow Him. that all of us who embrace this undeniable truth. But. After the long walk of that day. . even to-day. remember our Saviour’s long walk home. He looked at these people He loves as they shout obscenities in their hatred for Him. fully in control of himself and the mob. will follow him home one day. the weight of His body pulled on the new wounds and while His body screamed in agony. Father.
And I. Also important here is how Jesus describes being lifted up. Christ was really saying. The world had come to a solemn crisis: now was the great turn ing point of all its history. will draw all men unto me. Now is the judgement of this world. a scoff and reproach amongst all that beheld him. the world is damned. John 3:14.now shall the prince of this world be cast out: Fear not that hell shall conquer. Now is the crisis of this world.. and if he carry on with his mission. if I be lifted up from the earth. Christ thought that his glory did lie in beco ming a worm and no man. will draw all men unto me.15 . He did not express his death by saying if I be crucified or if I be hanged on the tree.ifted up from the Earth John 12:31 – 33. Shall he conquer? Shall he lead captivity captive and receive gifts for men? Then this world shall yet see times when there shall be a new heaven and a new earth. he sought a crown of thorns. he said if I be lifted up and in the Greek these words mean to be exalted. Now is the crisis of this world! The crisis is two-fold.[Mark Kennicott]. it is a dealing with Satan and with men. [Charles Spurgeon]. even so must the Son of man be lifted up: That whosoever believeth in him should not perish. being lifted up is associated with the promise of eter nal life for those who believe. No. He uses the word lifted up to express the manner of his death. signifying what death he should die.And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness. do battle with the powers of death and hell and come off a victor. or should he not? If he refuse the bitter cup of agony.. He stooped when he conquered and for him the glory lay as much in the stooping as in the conquering. So. Christ by the slaughter of himself. . Shall he succumb? Then is the world crushed and ruined beneath the trail of the old serpent. wherein dwelleth righteous ness. Should Christ die. This he said. I shall cast him out. Here. The Greek word for judgement in vs 31. men seek to get crowns of gold. for if I be lifted up. men think that glory lieth in being exalted over others. He said that it would be in the same manner that Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness. if I be exalted (lifted up on high). then the world is blessed and her future shall be glorious. I will tell you the result of it . is crisis and so this verse can also read. The cross of Christ is Christ's glory: Man seeks to win his glory by the slaughter of others. Christ's Crucifixion is Christ's Glory. but have et ernal life. doubt not that I shall be victorious over the hearts of men..
just as Moses lifted up the serpent upon the pole. Even as the people gazing upon the serpent on the pole were saved from death. our services become vain. punishment and shame. Our Lord and Savior was lifted up on the cross. a stumbling block to the Jews and to the Greeks. without lifting high the bloodstained banner and proclaiming salvation to the lost. the cross became through the ages a symbol of hope for those held captive under sin’s dominion. our worship becomes empty. it is now possible for Him to draw mankind to himself in a way that had never happened before. God responded to Moses’ prayer in that the very symbol of the judgment on the people became a beacon of healing! In much the same way. it was foolishness. That is why preaching of the cross must never cease in our churches! Without the preaching of the cross.The Old Testament account of Moses and the serpent would act as an object lesson for what would ultimately happen to Jesus Himself. [Mark Kennicott]. healing and wholeness! Because of the great sacrifice Jesus made on Calvary’s cross. likewise when looking to the cross today we can find restoration. . On Golgotha the cross by itself was a symbol of judgement.
it is hard nocent. Ryan cp]. on Him. we may ask of but we have an equal opportunity to be forgiven. His merciless enemies who. Racked and tortured both in body and Schaeffer. will ness for the people who were responsible for this great ev not recognize or acknowledge His divinity. They were cursing and reviling Him and He blessed them. offered forgiveness to all of us.ast words of Christ FATHER FORGIVE THEM His soul is more pained at the thought of the eternal con demnation awaiting these blinded creatures than by all Luke 23:34. in When Jesus was hanging on the cross he asked for forgive their persistent. But he did and in so doing that the offenders be forgiven. for they the insulting reproaches which they continue to heap upknow not what they do. He prays for them and thus literally fulfils His own grand precept of charity. but as He hung there on the cross he asked those who were crucifying him. He has more compassion and more solicitude for His unrelenting persecutors than for Himself. we may serve Him and others in joy and peace. What a prayer at such a moment! Utterly forgetful of Himself. Our Lord's Passion was so horrific because He was so inAs we enter into this moment of Jesus’ passion. Jesus was thinking only of His tormentors. so that forgiven for the times we have “experienced” too much. [Fr Robin [James Rutherford]. who at various times have Through our sins we too are equal parties in the Passion. Sinning against someone of infinite virtue brings to imagine the Lord Jesus finding the strength to forgive infinite guilt. il and he gave a reason that they should be forgiven . to free us from resentment and bitterness. mind. Only the him to give us the grace to forgive those who have offenSacrament of Reconciliation makes it possible for us to be ded us. culpable and passionate blindness. SFO].because they were ignorant of their deeds. forgive them. rejected him by the way we have lived. [Fred . Then said Jesus. So. ‘Father. He prays for these.
Lord. how tenderly she had ly the Messiah. Right up to the moment of his death. [Jayne Pickett]. SFO]. Turning his head. Ah. [Fred Schaeffer. remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom. Jesus continues his ministerial life by showing God’s unbounded love and forgiveness.for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man hath done nothing amiss. Today shalt thou be with me in paradise. The other did not do so.. he saith unto his mother. Jesus does not deny him this. BEHOLD THY MOTHER John 19:26-27. who understood the loving presence of Jesus. This Man hath done no evil. . And so he died impenitent. the Lord. in the dying culprit at his side. he thrusted back the thoughts.TODAY YOU WILL BE WITH ME IN PARADISE Luke 23:41-43. BEHOLD. home. within reach of the source of grace and yet not touched by it. been taunted previously about saving himself if he was tru flooding His soul with anguish. and the disciple standing by. with that strange. which shone through the torn and bleeding figure hanging so near him. When that gentle voice bade him look at the evident signs of a divine nature. What a living faith! He discovered. a crucified criminal fearlessly acknowledged the innocence of the Redeemer. With generous charity. remember me when Thou shalt come into Thy kingdom. woman. Lord.. takes possession of the wicked at the sight of the just. Verily I say unto thee. He would not believe and. how many trials and privations suffered in silence! with me in Paradise! Compassion for her added another ingredient of bitteress to the gall of His cup. Je-sus’ dying eyes are was moved to repentance and had the courage to ask for fixed upon his mother and no doubt memories of His forgiveness. Whence came this courage and the strength to make such an open profession of faith? From supernatural love that is mightier than death itself. who had childhood and of her loving embraces. At a moment when all were hurling jeers. the penitent thief defended the friendless Jesus and testifying to His innocence said. whom he loved. When Jesus therefore saw his mother. THY SON. behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own This man. And Jesus said unto him. he looked imploringly at his dying Saviour and said. the King to whom the kingdom of heaven belongs. insults and blasphemies at the dying Jesus. he opened his mouth to curse and to revi le. And he said unto Jesus. In the midst of His agony. came back to Him. behold thy son! Then saith he to the disciple. does a last saving act with this criminal by loved Him all through life : how many ca-res she had extending forgiveness and salvation: Today you will be borne. . not unfrequently. irrational and unaccountable rage that. He.
. And like now entered into her soul. had been unto Himself. He gave him His own Mother to be to him what she Christ can raise a Christian. Jesus gives all of us a legacy: we are His heirs and Mary is our Mother. By that same act He made us the children of his holy Mother. Just as Christ was formed in thy mother! He gave to him." exclaimed St. By these words He intimated that He willed her henceforth to be a mother to His beloved disciple and to transfer to him all the wealth of affection. Our Lord willed His body to us “How great. "was the exchange at the Last Supper. that by saying to him. she became the mother of Then Jesus. [Fred Schaeffer. In this instance. all Christians. Queen of All. ter. Only she who raised heart.. behold thy son. So we are no longer orphans.. a mother giving birth to a child. Mary our Mother. so must we be formed in her. Woman. of which we all are a part. the son of Zebedee For thirty-three years she saw God in Christ and from this instead of the Son of God." In very truth. Behold thy mother. the servant instead of the Lord. That is why we can ask Mary. on Mount Calvary. which she had hitherto lavished upon Him as her Son. The disciple is generally looked upon as representing. the sword had moment on she would see Christ in all Christians. The value of relationships is exemplified in Jesus' third last words.mother. The night before. Behold Christ to honor His mother. fixed them one humanity in equal pain and anguish. her who was dearest to His her. By referring to His mother as ‘woman’ He distinguished her from just being His own mother and gave her to all of us. Jesus addressed Himself also to each of us. to intercede with Him on our behalf.At length He opened His parched lips and addressed her. As Our Lord was hanging on the cross he united His mother with all Christians. [James Rutherford]. Bernard. SFO]. It is no disservice to last parting look of love upon His disciple saying. who is closest to her Son in Heaven. slowly turning His dying eyes. we have a Heavenly family. At the foot of the cross he willed us His here made! She received the disciple instead of the Mas. The Church fathers argue. The tragedy of the Passion united Christ's family just as tragedies continue to unite people today.
until John 19:28. there could be no empty tomb withsuch a complaint from Him and these words give us a out there first being a cross. was not the ef saith. as the last moments of the Saviour are I THIRST approaching. that things would end well. to drink (Psalm 69:21). there is no obstacle that ony proves to us that his bodily wounds could not compar. but He would not drink it. [James Rutherford]. say. by saying. After this Jesus. knowing that all things were the ninth hour (Matthew 27:45). He became like ery prayer will be answered and even when the answer is one abandoned by God to spiritual darkness and despair. No. glimpse of the utter desolation of His soul.now accomplished. therefore. there can e to the anguish wherewith He was tortured through the be only darkness. He dipped a sponge into it. nature mourns her Creator: Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over the whole earth. And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with ances. after His fect of a natural eclipse caused by the moon passing between the sun and the earth (being the time of the Easter many and grievous wounds! No drink had passed His lips since the preceding night. I thirst.el suffering and loss of blood must have been intense. who com. eli. in spite of all the contrary appearMatthew 27:46. no. eli.order.WHY HAST THOU FORSAKEN ME? There was no darker hour for Jesus than His crucifixion yet He trusted His Father. I thirst. fastened it upon a stalk of hyssop and raiselves and their future generations till the end of time. my God.For the person who has hope. lama sabachthani? That is to or forgotten but He had to suffer before claiming His prize. my God. . But behold. one of iquity. He was not abandoned a loud voice. For the person who despairs.the soldiers ran to a vessel filled with vinegar. such an eclipse was simply impossible). In manded the great luminary of day to withhold its light du. Jesus’ enemies had at length gained their wish and were now rejoicing over Him in the agonies of His ignominious death. Hearing this. to fulfil another prediction of this same prophet where he says. could have wrung cess without failure. This cry of ag. In My thirst they gave Me vinegar ring the hours that Our Saviour hung upon the cross. ing of a Father's love. The unnatural and unti. that the scripture might be fulfilled. it was a miracle wrought by divine Omnipotence.can't be overcome. ed it to His mouth. We must pray in confidence that our evwithdrawal of all heavenly consolations. Jesus tasted the vinegar. with which the Jewish people had shrouded thems. we have to be mindful that it comes from the outpour a soul without consolation. The thirst engendered by His cru full moon. What must the sufferings of Our Lord have been. why hast thou forsaken me? Just as there is no feast without preparations and no sucOnly the extreme anguish he was in. our Lord made known the anguish This eclipse was strikingly significant of that black pall of in He was suffering. saying. mely darkness at the time of Christ's death.
on a race bravely run. had in His person received their fulfillment. Live so. standing upon the confines of eternity. Looking into every circumever expect to find happiness. even to the death of the cross. From them we learn that before ves because they have rejected the Cross. for Christ it marks the end of His hour John 19:30. our Saviour experienced another kind of thirst as well. coming from the lips of our dying Redeemer. Finally. which lasted three years. Apart from the mere natural thirst of tongue and palate. that we become receptive to His her had ordained for Me I have accomplished . both by word and example . than His bodily thirst. our thoughts. on work faithfully accomplished. We must activebreathing His last. [James Rutherford]. will appear before us.it is finish. She knew what torture her dying Son endured and she was utterly unable to give Him any relief. if possible. Many people are frustrated in their liare full of deep meaning. .therefore. and His hour. This spiritual thirst of Our Lord was even more keen and intense. He cast one rapid glance back upon the ly use our “hour” to improve our lives as Christians if we life He had spent upon earth. He saw that all figures whereby He had been typified. it is finished: and he bowed his head. At every moment He beheld in spirit the countless myriads of men who. We shall look upon them all and say.He accomplished it. It is finished. It is only in surrendering stance of His earthly career He could say. He thirsted for the salvation of immortal souls. But she knew that Jesus did not wish for it. “It is finished. that He spoke merely to let us know what He suffered. suffering and death. although marked with the blood of redemption.ding feast at Cana Jesus first mentioned gar. His hour. When Jesus therefore had received the vineDuring the wed. he said.His Mother stood by and saw this. For such unhappy souls He thirsted with the extreme ardor of love. For each one of us a moment will come when. ed: He came to expiate the disobedience of Adam . me of mor tification. Our works. be the same thing.“ What will it profit us then to have lived in sinful pleasures? They have vanished like smoke and have left behind only the burden of guilt and the sting of remorse. He announced all these things to the world.grace. IT IS FINISHED He came to open the gates of heaven and to teach us the road thither. "All that My Fat.ourselves as Christ did. would nevertheless be lost by their forgetfulness of the Redeemer Himself. Gladly would she have forced her way through the dense crowd to get some water to quench His thirst. For us it has to These words. and desires good and evil. plans. The expression used by Our Lord means that what was do ne is now perfected.He had done so for He was obedient unto death. that you may be able to look back on a life well spent. by saying. would be a tigave up the ghost. we shall cast a glance be hind us over the race we have run.
[Fred Schaeffer. Jesus places all that he has into the Hands of God. the stifled sobs of the sorrowing Mother. having faithfully accomplished the work appointed for Him by His heavenly Father. when it is our time to leave this earth. he gave up the ghost. I am now yours. In the heights of heaven the scene is different. And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice. SFO] . it will never see such again. His soul ascends directly into Heaven. Solemn and terrible moment! Since the dawn of creation the world has never witnessed such a moment of horror.a lesson to accept death with conformity and resignation to the divine will. On the heights of Calvary a sullen silence has now settled.INTO THY HANDS I COMMEND MY SPIRIT Luke 23:46. save the suppressed groans of the beloved disciple. Lord it is finished. Jesus. preached from the cross was a commendation of our departing souls into the hands of our Father . into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus. Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power and riches and wisdom and glory and strength. Father. while dying. The last lesson which Jesus. as in our last breath we say. now gathered up all His remaining strength to utter a last farewell. Not a sound is heard. and blessing (Revelation 5:12). into the Hands of the Father. our souls will go to Heaven. he said. We pray. The choirs of angels burst forth into a loud chant of worship and prai se and thanksgiving singing. His body is on the cross to be later buried and to arise from the dead three days later. and honour.
which afterward rendered his skin particularly tender. The specific cause is unknown but its probably related to increased vascular permeability based on alterations in vascular dynamics. The assumption that Jesus was in good physical condition.the great emotional stress he was under. called hemochromatosis . However. God alone could decide to exonerate the human race from the blemish of original sin. he had suffered great emotional stress as was evidenced by the sweating of blood (hemati drosis) in Gethsemane. . is derived from the fact that the rigours of his ministry precluded any major physical illness or a weak general constitution. The latter is a condition in which too much iron builds up in the body.ike drops of blood Luke 22:44. As Jesus’ spiritual wrestling intensified. Though hematidrosis itself is uncommon. his sweat was like blood on his face and body . caused tiny capillaries in the sweat glands to burst and thus caused blood to mingle with his sweat. making individuals more susceptible to hematidrosis. [Scripture Union]. is exceedingly rare and is explained by hem orrhage into the sweat glands. The phenomenon of bloody sweat. which is also known as hemohydrosis. in which Christ must have been at the time. [Elaina Lee]. could have influenced the autonomic nervous system to such an extent that capillaries became dilated and more permeable. Jesus. And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground. The amount of blood loss is unknown. JD]. the condition usually is involved with another common systemic disease. already under great stress due to the betrayal of Ju das and even more so because he knew what was going to happen to him. wrestled with God in prayer. There is a probability that the highly emotional state. MD. but it can be assumed on the basis of the events that followed that it was small no comment is made in Scripture about there having been a saturation of garments. during the 12 hours between 9 PM Thurs day and 9 AM Friday. [Dr Robert Bucklin.
water and sleep contributed to his generally weak. AMI]. [William D. Wesley J. [Scripture The scourging had adverse blood circulation effects. with its intense pain and apprecialeJesus was grabbed by the beard. MD. MDiv. [(William D. Since his face was already extremely sensitive rendered the skin of his torso particularly tender as well. would cut into the skin and underlying tispanied by a pulling out of chunks of his beard during the sue. Floyd E Hosmer.how long the victim would survive on the cross. Pain and blood loss generally set the stage for cir-culatory and a few hours later. would cause deep contusions and the sheep bones when He suffered a physical beating in the face. buted to his generally weakened state and therefore. accom. Edwards. Moreover.. and sheep bones tied into the tip of each thong. even MDiv. The severe scourging. I gave . before the actual crucifixion.. the physical and mental abuse meted out by the Jews.tied to the ends. the lacerations would extend first trial before the Jewish High Priest. by the Roman soldiers. MD. which was enhanced by bons of bleeding flesh. the beat. producing quivering rib body into a state of pre-shock. Jesus' physical condition was already seriously critical. called Union]. from the earlier hematidrosis in Gethsemane. Gabel. the iron balls knotted into the leather The emotional stress Jesus was under further increased thongs. as with the facial bleeding. This brought the into the underlying skeletal muscles. Edwards. This contriened state. MS. Gabel. As the scourgers repeatedly struck the victim's back with full force. Floyd E Hosmer.angling of the flesh Jesus’ back and buttocks were repeatedly struck with full forIsaiah 50:6. chunks of facial hair ble blood loss. As the flogging continued. l .[Scripture Union]. MS. most probably left Jesus further in a pre-shock would be ripped out leaving fairly large gashing holes in state. the hematidrosis His face. hemodynamic.sue. AMI]. These cut into the skin. causing deep contusions into the underlying tisIsaiah had prophesied hundreds of years earlier that whi. my cheeks to them that plucked off ce by scourgers holding leather whips. ing on his face and pulling out of his beard would have produced significant bleeding from his face. Wesley J. which had iron balls the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting. The lack of shock and the extent of blood loss may well have determined food.
MDiv. as is well known of scalp injuries. Wesley J. Mark 15:19.. of which the blood had dried. they spat on Jesus. MD. Next. began to mock him by placing a robe on his shoulders. And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns. a crown of thorns on his head and a reed as a scepter in his right hand.. Edwards. Passing through the skin and subcutaneous tissues of the scalp. The thorns of which the crown was plaited. struck him on the head with the reed and when they tore the robe from Jesus' back. [William D. and put it on his head. AMI]. they lacerated blood vessels and. . The Roman soldiers. MS. And they smote him on the head with a reed. Gabel.ouged by thorns John 19:2. [Scripture Union]. there was a considerable amount of bleed ing. were of the Zizyphus spina species and were approximately one inch long. Floyd E Hosmer. amused that this weakened man had claimed to be a king. they probably reopened the scourging wounds.
AMI]. and impalement of various ligaments by the iron spike might produce a claw-like grasp.ailed fast by hands and feet Mark 15:25. MDiv. When the victim was thrown to the ground in preparation for the transfixion of his hands. approximately 5 to 7 inches long and 3/8 of an inch across. either near to or through the strong band of flexible muscle and the various intercarpal ligaments. [William D. MDiv. . by means of an iron spike driven through the first joint of the foot (metatarsal bones) on top through the other foot and into the wood. With arms outstretched but not taut. the wrists were nailed to the patibulum (it has been found that the ligaments and bones of the wrist can support the weight of a body hanging from them. AMI]. Each of His hands were then hammered to the crossbar with tapered iron spikes. Gabel. Floyd E Hosmer. Wesley J. Edwards. [William D. [Scripture Union]. Wesley J. MDiv. It is likely that the deep peroneal nerve. one on top of the other. or between the two rows of carpal bones. MS. AMI]. Accordingly. the likelihood of painful injury to the hand bones would seem great. After the cross was put in an upright position. would have been injured by the nails. Gabel. Floyd E Hosmer. [William D. And it was the third hour. Floyd E Hosmer. responsible for sensation and branches of the medial and lateral plantar nerves. because stimulated. Wesley J. [Scripture Union]. MD. MD. Jesus was thrown to the ground onto his back with both his arms outstretched along the cross bar or patibulum. Both feet were fixed together. Although a nail in either location in the wrist might pass between bony elements and thereby produce no fractures. Gabel. the iron spikes were presumably driven between the radius (bone of theforearm) and the carpals (wrist bones). a severed median nerve would result in paralysis of a portion of the hand. the feet were fixed to the cross directly to the front of the stipes or upright bar. The driven nail would crush or sever the rather large median nerve responsible for movement of the hand which. To accomplish this. Edwards. his scourging wounds most likely were torn open again and contaminated with dirt. flexion of the knees may have been qui te prominent and the bent legs may have been rotated laterally. MS. but the palms cannot). would produce excruciating bolts of fiery pain in both arms. MS. which supply the muscles as well as the skin on the sole of the foot with sensation. and they crucified him. Edwards. MD.
and forthwith came there out blood and water. . Jesus’ side was pierced with the sharp point of a lance. After he had died.oint of a lance John 19:34. et al]. Therefore it seems probable that the wound was in the chest (thorax) and the water probably represented watery blood from the lung or heart tissue. Some authors have interpreted the flow of water to be urine from an abdominal midline perforation of the bladder. MD. [Scripture Union]. The blood. (a collection of fluid in the pleural space between the lung and the chest wall) and pericardial effusions. the Greek word pleura. But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side. (a fluid collection that develops between the pericar dium or lining of the heart and the heart itself) may have developed and would have added to the volume of water. [William D. Perhaps in the combination of the bodily system being in a state of total shock and an impending acute heart failure. However. clear ly denoted laterality and implied the ribs. water and blood gushed out. The lance point entered the chest cavity between the ribs and pierced the muscle wall of the heart From this wound. may have originated from the right atrium or the right ventricle of the heart. Edwards. The water would have preceded the flow of blood and have been smaller in volume than the blood. pleural effusions. in contrast. used by John.
particularly exhalation. The major pathophysiologic effect of crucifixion. the painful wounds of the scourging would be scraped against the rough wood of the stipes. flexing the elbows and adducting the shoulders. exhalation was primarily aphragmatic and breathing was shallow. and exhaustion asphyxia. It is likely that this form of respiration would not suffice and that hypercarbia would soon result. beyond the excruciating pain. stress-induced irregular heart – beats that couldn't pump enough blood to the organs and a rapid accumulation of pericardial and perhaps pleural effusions. As a result. in which severe blood and fluid loss made the heart unable to pump enough blood to the body. The weight of the body. pulling down on the outstretched arms and shoulders. Accordingly. blood loss from the back probably would continue throughout the crucifixion ordeal. MD. the Roman soldiers could hasten death by breaking the legs below the knees. [William D. would hinder respiration even further. et al]. Furthermore. was a marked interference with nor mal respiration. However. The onset of mus cle cramps due to fatigue and an abnormally high level of carbon dioxide in the circulating blood (hypercarbia). Other possible contributing factors included dehydration. With each respiration. even if the scourging had been relatively mild. would tend to fix the intercostal muscles in an inhalation state and thereby hinder passive exhalation. A CLAW-HAND DEFORMITY DUE TO DAMAGE OF NERVES IN THE HAND ( . Edwards. This maneuver would place the entire weight of the body on the tarsal bones of the feet and would produce searing pain. flexion of the elbows would cause rotation of the wrists round about the iron nails and cause fiery pain along the damaged median nerves.imprinted for eternity The actual causes of death by crucifixion were probably hypovolemic shock. The length of survival generally ranged from three or four hours to three or four days and appears to have been inversely related to the severity of the scourging. Adequate exhalation during a crucifixion required a lifting of the body by pushing up on the feet.
when it is recorded that Christ was struck in the face by one of the soldiers. High on the scalp are similar blood stains. which resulted in a partial closure of the right eye. was shaped more like a cap and that there were branches and thorns laced over the top of the cap.]. One of these has the shape of a figure 3. which can be explained if one assumes that the thorny crown.: The marks on the head constitute a third group of injuries: On the front of the face in the forehead.D. [Robert Bucklin.. M. instead of a circlet. is another row of blood prints . At the tip of the nose is a bruise that may have occurred during one of the falls while carrying the cross. corresponding to the right cheek.D. On the face. . possibly reflec ting a fracture of the nasal cartilage. J. There is a very slight deviation of the nose. there are several blood prints.these were left by the crown of thorns. circling the scalp. there is a swelling of tissue on the jaw bone. On the back of the head. The straightness of the sides of the face and the separation of the locks of hair from the face are accounted for by a chin band which was placed around the jaw and over the top of the head. Presumably this injury occurred during the time of the trial in the courtyard of Caia phas.
causing or tending to cause disagreement or disSin are – sension. since man's immortality in God's covenant with Adam. I fain would hide. the life prin-ciple of the body. original sin struck a deadly blow to this sanctifying grace. Death and suffering entered the world through original sin. God grants that man's body cling parted from Thy side. This. which is the soul of man. was a grace dependent upon Adam's fidelity to the covenant. by His most Sacred Wounds and by the shedding of His Precious Blood. Out of this then follows that the five wounds of Original Thus sin. Irritability and aggression of the irascible appetite. Accordingly. 3. and so death passed upon all men. and consequently to the body. It came down to this: in the meaus. is separated from the body. which is an inclination to evil. Darkness of the intellect. . O good Jes4. by which man is driven by or filled with strong sexual desires. In Thy wounds. thus driving God out of His paradise. Sensuality as in disordered desires. Thus. which manifests in the concupiscible appetite. ORC]. lead to the death of man's body. listen to me. 2. ORIGINAL SIN BROUGHT DEATH.amage of original sin Although all the wounds may seem co-incidental. as by one man sin entered into the world. FOR WHICH JESUS’ SIDE WAS PIERCED . in turn. To destoy this death and rest1. We believe that God is the life principle of the soul through sanctify-ing grace. as are the principal wounds of Christ. Wherefore. Christ accepted death. they do have something in common in that the 5 wounds of Christ heal the 5 wounds of original sin.The death of the soul is reflected in the death of the body and occurs when the soul. 5. never to be sure that man lovingly and faithfully clings to God as the life-principle of his soul. also caused death. inseparably and immortally to his soul. and death by sin. Malice of the will. This same sin and death were remedied by the suffering and death of Christ on the Cross. [Fr William Wagner. my comfort be. The damage caused by Original Sin was fivefold. Death to the soul through the loss of sanctifying grace ore our life. according to Romans 5:12. we can pray to Jesus Christ: Passion of Christ. There is a correspondence here that invites us to offer up to the Father the blood and wounds of Christ for as to purify our blood and heal the several wounds of our soul. for that all have sinned.
the left eye symbolizes all the askance glances. Man's two spiritual faculties. Intellectual pride is the principal and most grievious sin against God. since the intellect is the principal spiritual faculty. petite. his intellect and will. it follows that the sins of anger and aggression may be associated with the wound in Christ's right foot.The wound to our will is malice. but rather the foot that sets off down the wrong path of pleasure and sin.Christ allowed His Heart to be pierced on the Cross. ORIGINAL SIN CAUSED SENSUALITY. FOR WHICH JESUS’ LEFT FOOT WAS PIERCED .The lower or base ap- our intellect. ORC]. The wound of spiritual or intellectual darkness may be associated with the wound in Christ's right hand. the psalmist writes. In other words. The will grasps at things by reaching out for them in desire. which is prone to out bursts of temper. “Let me see it" and we take it into our hand in order to grasp it the better. Now. so that from His wounded side. FOR WHICH JESUS’ RIGHT FOOT WAS PIERCED . is easily angered. whether we kick out or leap forward. FOR WHICH JESUS’ LEFT HAND WAS PIERCED . ORIGINAL SIN BROUGHT MALICE.This wound in the concupiscible ap- which is a proclivity to real evil that manifests in rebellion. since the right foot is the foot of strength and violence. the left hand stands for disorder. This wound is our irascible appetite. we say. is sensuality. which are all earth bound. and is aggressive in that we have a natural inclination to anger. all men are invited to draw water (life-giving grace) from the springs of Salvation. [Fr William Wagner. when we want to understand something. I have refrained my feet from every evil way. The intellect grasps something when it comprehends. all deviations from the single good of the soul and thus especially represents envy. Without specifying a side. according to the wisdom of the desert fathers is called the ape of reason since it is always marshalling arguments to justify its aggression and because. Many evils issue from this festering wound in man's soul. Christ is the WORD. FOR WHICH JESUS’ RIGHT HAND WAS PIERCED . the Roman legionnaires surely knew the dangers of a sinister left-handed opponent who would attack unexpectedly from the left side. Culturally. This may be associated with the wound in Christ's left hand. with which He atones for all that is sinister or unright in our life.Spiritual darkness is a wounding of Just so. major among them is war! Anger. in its disordered passion. . that I might keep thy word (Psalms 119:101). it pre-empts reason. out of which blood and water flowed. The left foot is not a symbol of strength. ORIGINAL SIN CAUSED DARKNESS. biblically the blessed sheep are called to Christ's right hand while the goats are set at His left side and condemned. petites are the earthly side of man's willing and desiring. ORIGINAL SIN CAUSED IRASCIBILITY (AGGRESSION). while envy is the grea test sin against the good of one's neighbor. (and whence the sacraments of the Church issue forth). the eternal Wisdom of God and sits at the right hand of the Father. are reflected in his hands because they can reach out to grasp things.
even the death of the cross. (John 3:14. of things in heaven and things in earth and things under the earth. exalting himself through pride and disobedience. ORIGINAL SIN. On her left are riches and glory” (Summa I-II. Speaking to the doubting Thomas.St Thomas di Aquinas wrote. While Crowned with Thorns and being umiliated. Thomas offers 5 basic reasons why Christ chose to retain his sacred wounds in glory: The Sacred Wounds of Christ also proclaim his glory as we read in Philippians 2:7-11.4. He made himself of no reputation and took upon him the form of a servant and was made in the likeness of men: And being found in fashion as a man. ORC]. FOR WHICH JESUS RECEIVED THE OTHER WOUNDS – During his Agony in the Garden Christ makes reparation for our interior sins of thought. [Fr William Wagner. Shamed and Nailed to the Cross. William Wagner. to heal the people of the snakebite and of their sin. and behold my hands. “Wisdom. and reach hither thy hand. ORC]. He said. he humbled himself and became obedient unto death. And that every tongue should confess THEY PROCLAIM THE GLORY AND THE VICTORY OF CHRIST: Just that Jesus Christ is Lord. He offers expiation for our sins of the flesh.6m). to the glory of God the Father. was defeated by the serpent on a tree. While Scourged at the Pillar. 102. St. even so must the Son of man be lifted up). which are at the root of all sin. (John 20:27). the good of the in-tellect and the will. And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness. Stripped of his Garments. and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless. but believing. My Lord and my God. lack of perseverance and flight from the will of God. while the left side symbolizes temporal goods (literally nourishment) according to Proverbs 3:16.54. . so now Christ identified Himself with the bronze serpent raised upon a pole in the desert by Moses. He offers reparation for our pride. And Thomas answered and said unto him. by His obedience He atones for all our disobedience and avarice. Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him and given him a name which is above every name: That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow. [Fr as Adam. pertains to the right side along with the other spiritual goods. On the Way to the Cross He expia-tes for all our infidelities. acred Wounds in Glory It is a mystery of the faith that when Christ rose from the dead He retained these five wounds in His glorious body.4. In his Summa lll. …Reach hither thy finger.
who can be against us? He that spared not his own Son. ye are yet in your sins. when his glory shall be revealed. now to appear in the presence of God for us. This He did not only to demonstrate the magnitude of His love (1 John 4:10. who hath bewitched you. The Apostle Paul describes this in 1 Corinthians 15:17.13 . as the High Priest entered once and for all through the greater : and more perfect tabernacle by virtue of His own Blood [wounds] into the holy of Holies. or by the hearing of faith? Are ye so foolish? having begun in the Spirit. Being assured of our hope. are ye now made perfect by the flesh? Have ye suffered so many things in vain if it be yet in vain (Galatians 3:1. Herein is love. If in this life only we have hope in Christ. seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them. think it not strange concerning the fiery trial which is to try you. before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently set forth. we will not fear suffering and death.12) . not that we loved God. Peter exhorts us in 1Peter 4: 12. received ye the Spirit by the works of the law. [Fr William Wagner. inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ's sufferings. and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins). Such was his knowledge of God that St Paul could say to the Galatians. so that He might constantly present them to the Father in heaven supplicating in our behalf.21.THEY CONFIRM THE RESURRECTION OF CHRIST: He retained THEY SERVE AS A REMINDER TO THE REDEEMED: Christ shows His wounds in glory. Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him. HE PRESENT THEM TO GOD ON OUR BEHALF: Christ retains His wounds in glory. And if Christ be not raised.25… into heaven itself. by man came also the resurrection of the dead. but that he loved us.4). that. your faith is vain. O foolish Galatians. crucified among you? This only would I learn of you.32 . His wounds to the redeemed to impress upon them how mercifully He came to their aid by His death. how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?). ye may be glad also with exceeding joy. He entered. but delivered him up for us all. in order to confirm his resurrection and the disciples’ faith and hope in and of him and so give them courage to suffer for His name. but also to strengthen our hope (Romans 8:31. . we are of all men most mis erable.Beloved. But now is Christ risen from the dead and become the first-fruits of them that slept. in order to bring them back to Christ and their senses. having obtained eternal redemption for us (Hebrews 9:11. as though some strange thing happened unto you: But rejoice. Then they also which are fallen asleep in Christ are perished. as St. according to Hebrews 7:24. Jesus. because He knows that deep gratitude will strengthen us in the fear of the Lord and preserve us from sin. ORC]. For since by man came death.What shall we then say to these things? If God be for us. that ye should not obey the truth.
THAT THEY WILL BE APPARENT AT THE LAST JUDGEMENT: At the Last Judgment it should be apparent to all. Accordingly. additionally reveals His personal IDENTITY in terms of the Blessed Trinity. . which is His Glory. Behold. The Wounds of Christ Reveal the LOGOS. save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ. Inasmuch as we are called to share in His Sonship. The Cross of Christ. ORC]. he cometh with clouds. we read in the Apocalypse 1:7. But God forbid that I should glory. Of this St Paul says in Galatians 6:14. see the wounds which you inflicted. and they al so which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. An ancient author exclaimed to such in the role of Christ the Judge: "Behold the man whom you crucified. yet you refused to enter into it and thus share in its life”. but especially so to the damned. we are also called to sha re in the mystery and glory of the Cross. and I unto the world. recognize the side which you pierced. by whom the world is crucified unto me. [Fr William Wagner. for them to know how just their condemnation really is because they spurned so great a redemption. Since it was by you and for you that it was opened. and every eye shall see him. Even so. Amen.
Think not that I am come to destroy the venant was not adequate to do – defeat sin. God made a new covenant. and sprinkle of the blood seven times beTen Commandments. just as they had been enslaved to Egypt ignorance against any of the commandments of the LORD hundreds of years earlier. Through His fulfillment we find salvation from our sins soon as the law in the old covenant said.. by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant.Matthew 5:12. or the prophets: I am not come to destroy.in Him alone. before the vail of the sanctuary who wholeheartedly agreed to obey. which was established upon better promises. But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry. Thou shalt not. of which Christ is the mediator. This cup is the new covenant in my blood. To confirm (seal) the covenant. He read it to the people of Israel. as he said in Jesus accomplished in the New Covenant what the Old Co. fore the LORD. the Lamb that was slain. Just as Moses (who was given concerning things which ought not to be done . This new covenant was also sealed with the blood of a Sacrifice. death and resurrection. a young bullock without blemish unto captivity in Egypt.. Hebrews 8:6 explains it by saying.let him the written old covenant) was the saviour for Israel from bring for his sin . He took the cup of wine and said. the law of Moses and the old Covenant that God made with his people Israel. By the passion and death of Jesus. and bring it to the tabernacle of the congregation: And the priest shall dip his fingAfter Moses had received the two tablets containing the er in the blood.law. not with Israel but with the Church. but to fulnant proved that sin was more powerful than the law. which is poured out for you (Luke 24:20). is Jesus now the Saviour for Israel (and the LORD for a sin offering. . but Jesus overpowered sin. it was fulfilled. Through His life. As fill. a sacrifice was made with the blood of bulls sprinkled on the altar and on the people (Exodus 24:8). Jesus fulfilled the law. shall take of the bullock's blood. And the priest that is anointed all people) from captivity to sin. came to an end.. he was in an upper room with His twelve disciples sharing the passover meal just before His crucifixion. The Old Cove. He did not destroy it. When Jesus instituted the New Covenant. which was Jesus. Sin overpowered mankind. .5-6 If a soul shall sin through enslaved to sin. mankind could not resist temptation and the power of sin and thus Israel broke the old covenant with God.ystery of the Blood With the advent of the Church. Israel was Leviticus 4:2-3..
This occurred during the time of the Passover that is always observed at the time of the full moon.hree hours darkness Luke 23:44. God was testifying to the fact that redemption was in the death of Christ. as at night. at noon. and there was a darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour. it was a darkness at noontime.45 . The darkness did not come on gradually. It was not just darkness. it was a darkness not caused by an absence of the sun. the darkness proved to the whole world that God’s Son was dying. So now a sign from heaven was clea-ly given. which makes an eclipse of the sun impossible. At noon on the day of Jesus’ crucifixion. because only He can change the laws of nature! It was necessary – not an accident: The darkness revealed God’s design and purpose of the Cross – judgment.And it was about the sixth hour. but was sudden. the people had asked Jesus for a sign from heaven. a visible suspension of the law of nature in that the sun stopped shining. The darkness of the sun at the sixth hour during the Crucifixion of Jesus cannot be explained by celestial phenomena like solar or lunar eclipses. The darkness was a visible display of the power of God. It was a miracle in that the Author of Creation touched the Sun and brought darkness. it was not an eclipse. whereas the longest eclipse can last for only a few minutes. According to Scripture. “Truly this was the Son of God!” The darkness covered the inconceivable sufferings of Christ at His death.there was a failure of its light. During the course of His ministry. There is nothing out there in space that can cause the Sun itself to go dark. . when this darkness appeared. all the laws of creation were in operation. And the sun was darkened. The darkness continued for three hours. a darkness in place of the sun. Many scholars have come to believe that the synoptic accounts of the darkness are simply inventions by the Evangelists with a symbolic meaning. a darkness came over all the earth. not in the death itself but in the total darkness. We do not have independent historical accounts of any im mense natural disaster (or legend thereof) that struck anci ent Palestine in the alleged years of Jesus’ death. it was a darkness that began at the sixth hour of the day. that He was the Son of God. Recorded in history. Even a Roman soldier understood the meaning of the darkness and exclai med. but “the sun itself was darkened” .
He hangs on the borders of dissolution. The darkness proves God’s wrath against sin and sinner: this darkness that lasted for three hours. He was taking the place of the sinner because otherwise. to be in perpetual darkness. He had no way around it. Wen his suffering became unbearable. a purple torrent runs down from His hands and head. is what every sinner will experience! ( The darkness proves the righteousness of Jesus .nothing more was needed for all was fulfilled. whatever suffering He endured was exposed to view – the lashings. present and future. shutting Him off from all witnesses. raised the dead and healed the sick in the days of His strength. why hast though forsaken me?. . but now He has come to His lowest. My God. until the end of time.The testimony took the form of darkness. God was there in the darkness. pitted all of hell against Jesus for all the sins of all the world past. which. pierce –wounds. Because God’s character requires sin to be punished. so that there was time enough for our Lord’s adversaries to behold and insult His sufferings: He was really nailed to the Cross. for both friends and foes were eyewitnesses of His agonies. all were fully assured that it was really Jesus of Nazareth who hung there. hid the silent sufferings of Christ from human eyes. “Smitten of God” is what the darkness testified of (Isaiah 53:4). For he hath made him to be sin for us. in a way. bruising. the thorns and nails. it was God who laid the iniquities of us all on Jesus (Isaiah 53:6). making jests of His miseries. but for a time He forsook His Son. Before the darkness came on. it was reality and was so awful that nobody could have stood to see it. Jesus had looked up into the darkness and cried.here was the full wrath of God vented against His own sinless Son. Never forget that this miracle of the closing of the eye of day at high noon was performed by our Lord in His weakness. when Jesus was dying. Only someone who has no sins of his own could be made responsible for the sins of others. So. The work of redemption was done . that we might be made the righteousness of God in him) Christ bearing our sins in His own body was not make-believe. the crimson tide puts out the sun. it was not just the suffering of the Cross. Since He passed through the darkness. But then came the darkness. because of suffering the kind of death that was inflicted upon Christ. “It is finished”. my God. He had walked the sea. but also the grief of the Father being shown. for all to see. who knew no sin. So. He was able to say. From nine till noon the usual degree of light was present. forsaken by God. For three long hours the Jews stood and watched Him on the Cross. His groans awake the dead!” [Charles H Spurgeon]. Yet He has power to darken the sun at noon! He is still very God of very God— “Behold. To having been forsaken was His punishment as the Sin-bearer (2 Corinthians 5:21. The price of Redemption has been paid.
an Archeologist.5.Jesus. located the Old Tes tament Ark of the Covenant. Senior Research Geologist of Logos Research Associates. Wyatt said he found an earthquake crack directly below where the cross would have been. the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom. a distinctive mixed layer. less than 1 inch thick of laminated Dead Sea sediment proves that there was a Jesus. who travelled to Israel's Wadi Ze'elim to stu dy sediment deposits of the Dead Sea. Thus. he Earth Quaked The New Testament testifies to an earthquake at the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. saith the Lord GOD. after the 31 BC earthquake. who was crucified. 13 inches above the 31 BC event-bed is another distinctive mixed layer less than one inch thick. beh old. ( . The sedimentation rate puts this second earthquake to have occured during Jesus’ crucifixion. It seems that the crucifixion earthquake of 33 AD was magnitude 5. what Glory may we not expect now that He lives to be the Light of the City of God forever? The Lamb is the Light and what a Light! The heavens bear the impress of His dying power and lose their brightness! Shall not the new heavens and the new earth attest to the power of the risen Lord? The thick dark ness around the dying Christ is the robe of the Omnipotent—He lives again! All power is in His hands and all that power He will put forth to bless His chosen! [C H Spurgeon]. … it shall come to pass in that day. The crack extends down through the rock to the resting place of the Mercy Seat atop the Ark of the Covenant. It is recounted in Matthew 27:50. [uMarko]. when he had cried ag-ain with a loud voice. Ron Wyatt. and the rocks rent. And. that I will cause the sun to go down at noon and I will darken the earth in the clear day). In this sediment outcrop is a distinctive one-foot thick “mixed layer” of sediment that is tied strongly to the Qumran earthquake’s onshore ground ruptures of 31 BC. leaving direct physical evidence in a thin layer of disturbed sediment from the Dead Sea.If our Lord can make darkness at will as He dies (Amos 8:9. an outcrop of laminated Dead Sea sediment can be seen.51 . yielded up the ghost. and the earth did quake. It was found by Dr Steven A. that at this Wadi above the southwestern shore of the modern Dead Sea near the fortress of Masada. by the mark of the earthquake that God sent and as recorded in Scripture! Jesus was crucified and God sealed his death with an earthquake that leaves its mark even to the present day. Christ rose from the dead and He leaves his mark in our lives and over all eternity. Austin. about 20 feet directly below the actual crucifixion site of Jesus Christ.
as the great High Priest. and before the mercy seat shall he sprinkle of the blood with his finger seven times. that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God to make reconciliation for the sins of the people. This fell down through that crack and dripped into the chamber be low. Christ.the Ark with its Mercy Seat. that remaineth among them in the midst of their uncleanness. Permitting himself to be sacrificed and placing his own blood upon the Mercy Seat. and do with that blood as he did with the blood of the bullock. were all secreted away by the prophet Jeremiah and some helpers. the Ark of the Covenant together with other sacred objects from the first Temple in Jerusalem. . In the former Temple service. of which the en trance to it was sealed off. The rock was split exactly underneath the upright wooden cross. The Bible teaches the concept of the sacrifice of animals. resulting in a a crevice that extended right downwards through the rock and into a cave deep within the rock. There are many tunnels and caves beneath Jerusalem even to this day and these most sacred ob jects were protected in one such chamber. and bring his blood within the vail. and sprinkle it with his finger upon the mercy seat eastward. and sprinkle it upon the mercy seat. and before the mercy seat: And he shall make an atonement for the holy place. because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel. And he shall take of the blood of the bullock.When Christ died. So what was the ark of the covenant and the mercy seat doing where Wyatt had found it. (The actual blood was found on the Mercy Seat in Wyatt’s excavated chamber and forensic tests were done to determine its authenticity. (books of Exodus. After Jesus had died. The hidden chamber contained the undefiled earthly Throne of God . Then shall he kill the goat of the sin offering. the high priest sprinkled the blood of the sacrifice on the Mercy Seat: Leviticus 16:14-16. which enabled Christ to spill his own blood onto the Mercy Seat in fulfillment of this ancient rite. the death of Christ was the great and final act in the process of blood sacrifice. when people are looking for it all over the world? Just prior to the entrance of the Babylonians into Jerusalem. Christ is regarded as the great High Priest according to Hebrews 2:17. Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren. that is for the people. and because of their transgressions in all their sins: and so shall he do for the tabernacle of the congregation. a centurion stuck his spear into Christ's side and pierced His spleen causing blood and water to come out. It was an act of God that everything was in the right place and that there was an earthquake. the earth quaked. Leviticus and Numbers) that is symbolic of the actual blood sacrifice Christ would make. the results of which are available on a DVD released by the Wyatt Archaeological Research in 2002). This would have happened about 600 years before the crucifix ion of Jesus Christ. was the only one who could physically sprinkle the blood on the Mercy Seat.
It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these. . For this is my blood of the new testament.Hebrews 9:22.And almost all things are by the law purged with blood. Matthew 26:28. which is shed for many for the remission of sins.23 . but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. and without shedding of blood is no remission.
The temple was the place where animal sacrifices were carried out and worship rituals according to the Law of Moses was followed faithfully.. dramatically symbolized that His sacrifice. Inside the temple was a veil that separated the Holy of Holies . In fact. God’s chosen mediator. And. The size and thickness of the veil make the events occurring during Jesus’ crucifixion so much more momentous. could only pass through the veil and enter this sacred dwelling once a year. which separated them from God. yielded up the ghost. According to Exodus this thick veil was made from blue. and the earth did quake. on a prescribed day called the Day of Atonement. Only God could have carried out such an incredible feat because the veil was too high for human hands to have reached it and too thick to have torn it. the curtain in the Jerusalem temple was torn in half. anyone entering in unlawfully. from the top to the bottom. Only the high priest was permitted to pass beyond this veil once each year. the holy temple in Jerusalem was the center of Jewish religious life. The word “veil” in Hebrew means a screen or separator that hides.from the rest of the temple where men came to woreship. During the lifetime of Jesus. for us.. Hebrews 10:19-20 says that the faithful enter into the Sanc tuary by the blood of Jesus.Jesus. the shedding of His own blood. 4 inches thick and so heavy that horses tied to each side could not pull it apart.the earthly dwelling place of God’s Presence . it was shielding a holy God from sinful man. When He died. meaning this act must have come from above. Jews and Gentiles. The his torian Josephus tells us that this veil was about 60 feet high.51 . Jesus’ sacrificial death on the cross changed that. The tearing of the veil at the moment of Jesus' death. Hebrews 9:7). it was torn from the top downwards. Whoever enter ed into the Holy of Holies was entering into the very presence of God. Furthermore. and the rocks rent. which are symbolized by the Holy of Holies. . purple and scarlet material and fine twisted linen. behold. through Him. through his flesh that was torn as the veil was torn. when he had cried again with a loud voice. would die and the high priest.orn from top to bottom Matthew 27:50. to enter into God's presence on behalf of all the people to make atonement for their sins. the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom. The veil was symbolic of Christ Himself as the only way to the Father (John 14: 6) We can now enter the Heavens. which he opened for us through the veil that is. the new and living way. (Leviticus 16. was an atonement that was sufficient for the sins of all people. What was this curtain hiding? Essentially.
. dwelleth in me..The torn veil is an illustration of Jesus’ body broken for us. boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus. It is finished!. hath eternal life. Hebrews 10:19-22. ce in Heaven. which he hath consecrated for us. and drinketh my blood. which is God’s dwelling pla.say unto Pha raoh. and drink his blood. Whoso eateth my flesh. . by a new and living way.. and I live by the Father: so he that eateth me. He was indeed proclaiming that God’s redemptive plan was now complete. through the veil. brethren.. opening the way for us to come to God. and having an high priest over the house of God. and I in him. his flesh. and our bodies washed with pure water. even my firstborn. even he shall live by me. As Jesus cried out on the cross. Exodus 4:22. Israel is my son.these alone. Having therefore. Son of man. and I will raise him up at the last day verses 56. As the living Father hath sent me. and drinketh my blood. having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience. that is to say. The age of animal offerings was over because the ultimate John 17:20. His death has atoned for our sins and made us right before God. Neither pray I for offering had been made.57 He that eateth my flesh.. but for them also which shall believe on me through their word. We have now access through Christ into the Holy of Holies. . let us draw near with a true heart in full John 6:53. ye have no life in you.54 Except ye eat the flesh of the as-surance of faith. Thus saith the LORD. John 17. .
Luke 2:30-32. For mine eyes have seen thy salvation. . a light to lighten the Gentiles. which thou hast prepared before the face of all people. and the glory of thy people Israel.
his brothers. is to claim a unique relationship that no one el. and we will believe him.. let Him now come down from the cross and we will believe Him. If thou be the Son of God. but have everlasting life (John 3:16). It was an assault on His true Person. (Matthew 27:42). .for God so loved the world. that he gave his only bese has. since the chief priests. was that the rulers and preisthood of the people of Israel. [Copyright © fasted forty days. the chosen of God (Luke 23: 35). IF He came down from the cross. himself he cannot save. who He was before As a result of sacrificing Himself and not yielding to Satan. let him now come down from the cross. would believe in Him. Let Him save Himself IF He be the Christ. command that 2000]. Yet no temptation could move Jesus to disobey God. on was followed by a request to do something – command that these stones be made bread.. Satan skillfully uses this in his temptation. What a temptation! One purpose why Jesus was incarnated. Jesus conquered Satan’s temptations by denying Himself and He Why would Satan challenge Christ on being the Son of God overcame Satan by doing the will of His Father in heaven. that whosoever believeth in him should not Jesus endured the first temptation by Satan. As it is writGod's Son. Satan went further and allowed theChief priests and the Rulers to tempt Jesus with their words in Matthew 27:4043. . If he be the King of Israel.f Thou be the Son of God Christ's Deity was questioned many times in different ways: Those passing by the cross said. IF Thou be the Son of God. the Chief priests said. For someone to claim specifically to be the road was paved for the world to be saved. . using the same type of temptation Jesus had already addressed this in Matthew 4:7. He saved others. On Golgotha. after having perish. gotten Son. scribes and elders had said they would believe in Him. the temptati with written permission). [Gospel Truth Publishing] (copied these stones be made bread (Matthew 4:3).ten. Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God. he came to earth. IF He is the King of Israel. the Rulers of Israel said. Satan moved through his people. come down from the cross (Matthew 27: 40).
We can be assured that. Yet. He is the only one who truly pronounces the final sentence of Jesus’ life: “TRULY THIS MAN WAS THE SON OF GOD [Jerry Goebel] (Copyright © 2003) . Truly this was the Son of God.chris The Romans spoke about the gods in a unique way. On this day of darkness and this place of death. saying. and they that were with him. His confession should shake us and the entire universe now that we understand the Roman mind. [Brent Kercheville]. was the Roman centurion who had seen enough to know that Jesus was the real Son of God. “Truly this was the Son of God! (theos huios)” (Matthew 27:54).ruly this was the Son of God Matthew 27:54. he would never have called a criminal on a cross. what he saw at this crucifixion stood apart from any death he had ever seenbefore. saw the earthquake and those things that were done. alien to the ways of the Israelites or the teachings of Jesus? From his lips came life. although he might have called many men exemplary or weak. the only testimony to our Lord’s identity was made by a Roman Centurion. ‘the Son of God. which with feeling could say.’ Who could have had a better knowledge of man’s character than this soldier who had watched so many in the throes of death? This Roman Centurion. Now when the centurion. watching Jesus. The most impressive person present there on Golgotha. This Centurion had watched many men die – he probably had the despicable job of carrying out the sentences of Rome on the hill of Golgotha a myriad of times. www. The Latin word deus was the word used to refer to the traditional Roman gods. they feared greatly. .
online. Pietà. search.fr .it.Daniel Egan.
King of the Jews! With the scarlet cloak thrown over his shoulders. busily employed in finishing the crown of thorns. I saw the crown of thorns plaited together of three branches. Putting a long reed into his hand. I walked along in the procession towards Golgotha. Surrounded by many a throng of milling people. crucify him!” Having retreated some distance I came forward again to hear the sentence of death pronounced upon my Son. his arms stretched out to the sides along the cross-bar he had been carrying. my Son was stripped naked in front of the crowd. Pilate exclaimed. that the people might deep anguish of soul I watched as they drove spikes throagain feast their cruel eyes on him in this state of degrad. Jesus stood in the midst of the soldiers at the foot of the stair case leading up to the tribunal. strength to withstand the sight of my Son being nailed to indeed. Terrible and heartrending. His eyes. he was thrown down onto his back. staying as near to my Son as I could. the crown of thorns on his head and the reed in his fettered hands. Simon of Cyrene. mouth and beard were covered with blood. When we had finally reached Mount Calvary. crowned as it was with thorns and cast his exhausted glance on the excited throng. So the Centurion in charge commanded a passer-by to carry the heavy cross-bar for Jesus to Golgotha. It was soon very apparent that he just could not go on with that tremendous weight on his shoulders. With a The soldiers led Jesus up to Pilate. The hatred of the High Priests and their followers was. more and palbably increased at the sight of Jesus They cried loudest of all. while every limb trembled as he walked. increased my grief. wiped up the blood with which the pillar and the ground round about were saturated. which they had prepared for Him.After the scourging of my adorable Son I. if possible. his entire body but one wound and his back bowed down as that of an old man. With difficulty he raised his wounded head the rocky floor of Golgotha. one of his torturers seized the reed again and struck his head so violently that his eyes were filled with blood. tion of horror burst from the multitude. the greatest part of the thorns being purposely turned inwards so as to pierce his head. So very tired. He was almost unrecognisable. as he pointed him out to the people. “Put him to death. The door of the guard-house was open and I heard the brutal laughter of the heartless men. I moved around quietly although my heart was prey to the most bitter grief for the suffering that my son was enduring. followed by a the cross was made to stand in the hole provided for it on deadly silence. ‘Ecce homo! Behold the man !’ . saying. The trumpet was sounded to demand silence and then Pilate pronounced the sentence of death on the Just Man. Having attached the cross-bar to the upright bar. accompanied by the other women. Roughly. derided him.ugh His hands and feet and yet the Lord God gave me the ation to which he was reduced. “Hail. was the spectacle he presented and an exclamathe cross. Simon was his name. They knelt before him. The sight of the despicable and triumphant countenances of the chief Priests. spat in his face and buffeted him.
one on His right and the other on His left hand. Caiaphas was there with some of his minions. the sky became dark and Jesus cried out. "Behold your mother. Finally He looked at me and John stand ing with me at the foot of the cross. he said. So he extended the long spear in his hand and stuck the point into the side of the body. “Truly. “Father. forgive them. We must not hesitate to remind them that he claimed to be the Messiah and yet could not even save himself from this cross”. Gaius Cassius Longinus." My Son bowed His head. When it was the third hour. Gaius’ exclamation of surprise was what drew my attention to him. I heard him say. my Son. into Your hands I commend My Spirit. Turning to the messenger who had come from the temple. who was by this time kneeling in front of the cross saying reverently. When he withdrew his lance from Jesus’ side. . some of the liquid spurting from the wound fell on his eye." There were two thieves crucified with Jesus. There was a great storm in Heaven . “Make sure that the curtain of the temple is repaired as soon as the Sabbath is over tomorrow”. which was immediately healed. Then it was time for the bones to be broken. “This unusually long eclipse and earthquake will likely stir some people to think that there is some cosmic significance to the death of that blasphemer. His statement “Surely this man was the Son of God” were the words of a man deeply moved and drawn to the person of the Righteous Sufferer on the cross. In the course of those three hours I heard him pray for his enemies.the whole of Creation was reacting against the crime of man killing his God. I could see that he was very impressed. hung there between heaven and earth while his blood dripped onto the earth that is cursed for Adam’s sake. between the ribs. Forth with water and blood gushed out of the wound. "Father. he realized that he was dead already. behold your Son" and to John. The bones of the two criminals crucified with my Son. were broken but when the centurion came to Jesus. this man is the Son of God!” As he stood watching my Son. One reviled him together with the crowd but the other repented and to him He promised paradise. "Woman. had a defect in one eye and he was virtually blind. The Centurion. the symbol of obedience to the Father and then the earth began to quake.For three long hours Jesus. for they do not know what they're doing. killing his Saviour! While the darkness lasted I looked around to see the reaction of those who condemned him." From that moment John accepted me as his mother and when all was over. Most of the Jews had left and at the cross were only us and a few of the Roman soldiers with their centurion. To me He said. pleading that they be forgiven. I went to his house. not in the least perturbed by the eerie darkness and the quaking of the earth.
“ Although this sword had struck many times. O God. I now realized that at those times it was only its tip that nicked my flesh.When all was calm again. But now. now that prophecy really came true. I suddenly remembered him saying that He would rise again. mourning his untimely passing. . While I was holding Him I remembered the pro phecy of Simeon. Joseph of Arimethea and John took my Son down from the cross and placed Him in my arms. As I sat there holding my dead Son in my lap. Nicodemus. now that sword was really piercing my own heart also. Jesus will rise again and all I need to do. Firmly I put him away from me – there was no need to mourn. was wait until his promise was fulfilled. "The sword of sorrow will pierce your soul.
ho is Guilty of jesus’ death
John 12:24, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit. We need to personally take hold not just of the facts and events surrounding the crucifixion, but what they truly mean. There is the personal work of the Cross and the corporate work of the Cross. Christ’s sacrifice is provided to both transform the individual and all mankind. And there’s a powerful lesson for us in that, although man sees death as an end, God uses it as a beginning. At Jesus’ birth many people, leaders and religious experts were present but only a few understood what it all really meant. During Jesus’ ministry, many people, leaders and religious experts were actively engaged but only a few understood what it all really meant. And so again at Jesus’ death. The actions of the Jewish leaders on behalf of the nation Israel, in having Jesus crucified at the time of the Passover, provided a powerful fulfillment of God’s requirement of an unblemished sacrifice on behalf of all the people for the remission of sins. The Passover lamb was supposed to be a perfect, unblemished lamb sacrificed in place of those within the house for whom the blood of the lamb is shed. The other significant symbol associated with Passover is the unleavened bread, representing something that is pure and without sin. Jesus was already judged by the leaders of Israel. The significance of Him having now been judged by the Gentiles as well, lies therein that, as He is the sacrifice for the sins of ALL mankind, so all mankind is involved in His judgement. Pilate as representative of Rome, to whom nearly all other governments on earth were subordinate, represented everyone else. The common result of the trial by the Jewish leadership and of the rest of the world lies therein that, while Jesus did not deny either accusation, they essentially condemned Him for exactly what He is: Messiah and King. There are those who place the crucifixion solely on Israel, who is blamed for His death. However, through the participation of others, the entire world had a part in His condemnation and death.
Jesus pointed out that the ones that handed Him over had a higher degree of responsibility and their sin was the grea ter. But He did not absolve the rest of the world for what the Jews initiated. Therefore, ALL were guilty. In John 19: 11 Jesus answered Pilate, Thou couldest have no power at all against me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin.
In comparing the events of Jesus’ death with parallel events in the Old Testament, we see in His crucifixion outside the city, the Old testament practice of destoy the flesh of sacrifices outside the camp or city. This was done to impure things - things that have taken on the qualities and character of sin. Therefore, Jesus, who took upon himself the sins of the world, was taken outside the city so that His flesh could be destroyed. Let us conclude with the following words from Hebrews 2:14-18, Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil.
And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage. For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the seed of Abraham. Where-fore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people. For in that he himself hath suf-fered being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted.
rom the cross
to the grave
Matthew 27:57-60, When the even was come, there came a rich man of Arimathaea, named Joseph, who also himself was Jesus' disciple: He went to Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded the body to be delivered. And when Joseph had taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock: and he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulchre, and departed. This passage tells us about Joseph, a secret disciple of Jesus, who was responsible for His burial. Joseph was from Arimathea, known in the Old Testament as Ramathaim-zophim, a town 22 miles northwest of Jerusalem.
This Arimathean had secretly followed Christ (John 19:38), probably because Joseph’s seat on the Sanhedrin (Mark 15: 43) would be in jeopardy if the other council members found him out. Since Joseph sat on the Sanhedrin, we know that not all the religious leaders rejected Jesus completely. The reverent acts of Joseph and the Pharisee Nicodemus, who helped Joseph provide Jesus with a proper burial, (John 19:38–42) show that the Jewish clergy at the time did not universally oppose our Lord. Joseph needed all the help he could get because he had to take Jesus down from the cross, wash His body, anoint it for burial and finally place the body in the grave. He and Nicodemus had only a 3-hour window in which to accomplish this work - Jesus died at the ninth hour and all work must stop when the Sabbath begins at the twelfth hour. That Jesus was buried in a rich man’s tomb is yet another fulfillment of prophecy (Isaiah 53:9). [R.C. Sproul, Ligonier Ministries], (Refer to link
The Jews consider it especially charitable to provide a pro per burial for someone who might not otherwise get one and no doubt this is what motivated Joseph of Arimathea. However, Joseph was not merely doing a good deed. In coming forward to bury Jesus, Joseph identified himself as a disciple of Christ and risked the Sanhedrin’s fury. After years of following Jesus in secret, Joseph now made his true allegiance known. [R.C. Sproul, Ligonier Ministries], (Refer to link WHY was probably the question Joseph of Arimathea asked himself as he approached Pilate and requested the Lord’s body (Matthew 27:58). It must have nagged at him as he wrapped the body in a linen cloth, carried it to his own freshly hewn tomb and rolled the massive stone into its groove over the tomb’s mouth. In the face of his grief, Joseph carried on. He did what he knew had to be done.
The full answer to the WHY of Jesus’ death was a “...third day...” away for Joseph and the others. All Joseph knew was, being a fully revealed disciple of Jesus, is enough to motivate for his gift of love. Joseph of Arimathea was a disciple of Christ in secret. Some disciples who, fearful in lesser trials, have been courageous in greater ones. When God has work to do, he can find out such as are proper to do it. The embalming was done by Nicodemus, a secret friend to Christ, though not his constant follower: that grace, which at first is like a bruised reed, may afterward resemble a strong cedar. Here by these two rich men showed the value they had for our Lord’s person and doctrine and that it was not lessened by the reproach of the Cross. [Matthew Henry],
None of Jesus’ relatives were in a position to claim His body for burial, for they were all Galileans and none of them possessed a tomb in Jerusalem; and, except for John and Nikodemus, none of the disciples were there to help either. However, there was another reason for Joseph’s act of love. In Isaiah 53:9, God directed the prophet to record an important detail about the death of His Messiah - the One who would have no place to lay His head, would be buried in a rich man’s tomb. Joseph probably didn’t realize that his act was a fulfillment of prophecy.
Despoil ing the principalities and powers. Because of the Fall. Consequently . In other words. They would enjoy the vision of God only after the Redemption was completed by Christ’s visible ascension into heaven. but quickened by the Spirit: by which also he went and preached unto the spirits in prison. Jewish believers held that there was an abode of the departed just.since it was fitting for Christ to die in order to deliver us from death. which sometime were disobedient. the Apostles’ Creed affirms the existence of a limbo – distinct from hell and purgatory – for the just who had died before the ascension of Christ into heaven.. It is said in the Creed. but because He also descended first into the lower parts of the earth? It was fitting for Christ to descend into hell. He descended into hell and St. Now that He ascended. by visiting and enlightening it. THIRDLY. as Zechariah 9:11 says. separated from the body.being put to death in the flesh.For Christ . visited the souls of the faithful departed in what is called the Limbo of the Fathers. heaven was closed to human beings. Paul says in Ephesians 4:9. . but also descent into hell. After Christ had died His soul. He hath exposed them confidently. it was assumed to be a place or state of temporary happiness and was to be replaced by a condition of final or permanent bliss when the Messiah came to establish His king dom... so it was fitting for Him to descend into hell in order to deliver us also from going down into hell. when the devil was overthrown by the Passion. because it was fitting. On the strength of this tradition.19 . SECONDLY. actual possession of the beatific vision was postponed even for those who were purified of all sin. FIRSTLY because He came to bear our penalty in order to free us from penalty. that Christ should deliver the captiv es detained in hell. Thou also by the blood of Thy Testament hast sent forth Thy prisoners out of the pit. as He showed forth His power on earth by living and dying. what is it. so also He manifested it in hell. [Thomas di Aquinas].he Spirits in Prison 1 Peter 3:18. But by sin man had incurred not only the death of the body.. according to Isaiah 53:4. It is also written in Colossians 2:15. By the time of Christ.
that is. neither suffer thy holy One to see corruption... But Jesus realized who was behind these words of Peter and said.... . so he tried to stop Jesus long before the hours of the cross. And so. but the Father circumvented those efforts. 23) Since Satan has some of his greatest triumphs at moments when man is at his weakest. O ye princes. He put them to shame for their unbelief and wickedness. Christ's soul descended into hell not by the same kind of motion as that whereby bodies are moved but by the kind whereby angels are moved. so He would not end up on the cross to draw people to Himself. He got king Herod to assassinate Jesus in ob scurity. being there solely on account of original sin. before approaching Him with his final temptation. [Thomas di Aquinas]. As the power of the Passion is applied to the living through the sacraments. both of the living and of the dead.. He sent forth prisoners out of the pit. there were three hells one for the lost. Christ's Passion was the universal cause of man’s salvation. one for the holy fathers called Limbo and Purgatory. whereby hitherto you held men fast in hell. Lift up your gates. by using Peter’s compassion to talk Jesus out of it. Satan knew the Cross would not help his efforts to gain total control of all mankind. which is interpreted. He waited until the beating and hours of hanging on the cross had almost made Jesus succumb to death. take away your power. which was laid bare before them by His descending in power into hell). and upon the holy Fathers in Limbo.Ye princes of hell. Of this the prophet wrote in Zechariah 9:11. atan’s Reaction In the 14th Station of the Cross we pray. so likewise it is applied to the dead through His descent into hell. Get behind me Satan! (Matthew 16:22. Satan then tried persuasion by tempting Jesus during his 40 day fast in the wilderness but Jesus told Satan to be gone (Matthew 4:1-10). He shed the light of Glory everlasting. Christ preached to them in the same way he did when still alive on earth not in order to convert them unto belief. and things under the earth. According to the Church Fathers. (Luke 4:2830 ) .. Thou shalt not leave my soul in hell. but to put them to shame for their unbelief (preaching can only be understood as the open manifestation of His Godhead. according to Philippians 2:10.. Christ descended into all three but in a different manner for each of them. To them detained in Purgatory He gave hope of attaining to glory.Accordingly it is written in Psalm 23:7. in the blood of His testament. every knee should bow. by the power of His Passion. making us like unto Christ's sacrifice. he mounted his fi nal effort at Golgotha. of things in heaven and things in earth. He tried again when Jesus began to explain to his close disciples that He have to go to Jerusalem and be crucified. Going down into the hell of the lost.
He could have floated down. there shall ye see him: lo. He is the King of Israel. As woman was first in the transgression and cause of death. but not see him rise. Yea. the rabble. The Lord woke up as out of sleep and.this new making of the body of Christ for his exwas that Christ first appeared after his resurrection. the criminals and the Roman soldiers to cry out. but let us not prescribe to Infinite Wisdom. and to a woman it nation . We may think is risen from the dead. [Gill]. of life and immor en. so was this second incartality by Him. He could have simply cried out and twelve thousand angels would have instantly appeared around Him. let God deliver him now (Matthew 27:41-44). But He didn’t do any of these things. coming out of the grave. His incarnation was a mystery. we saw the Captain of our Salva tion engaged with the powers of darkness. Our Champion fell before them God has delivered his strength into captivity and his glory into the hand of his enemies. For the proof of Christ's resurrection. or by his own testimony in Matthew 26:53. If you are the King of the Jews. With Christ in the grave the powers of darkness seemed to ride master but then like a mighty man the Prince of our Peace is rallying again. He could have exercised His own inherent power and remade His body. Victory seemed to hover between the combatants and at length it inclined to the enemies' side. Now. he goeth before you in. and tell his disciples that he timony of the angel and of Christ himself. who ordered This news was first brought to the apostles by women. we have here the tes Matthew 28:7. behold. present and have seen the stone rolled away by the angel. He trusts in God. mo re than a conqueror. And go quickly. let him come down from the cross and we will believe in him. ne Greater than Jonas . were brought by women. alted state. He chose to stay on the cross! In the foregoing chapters. he is the Conqueror.He used the mocking challenges of the chief priests. so that the witnesses of his resurrection should see him risthe first news of the resurrection of Christ. leading captivity captive.that it would have been better if the matter had been so ordered that a competent number of witnesses had been to Ga lilee. save yourself! (Luke 23:36–37). [Matthew Henry]. and. was therefore made in secret. it’s important to realize that Jesus could have come down off the cross! With one willful thought He could have banished the nails into nothingness. I have told you.
the True Light. For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly. Christ gave such proofs of his resurrection as were corroborated by the Scriptures and by the word which he had spoken (Luke 24:6. He lay in the grave about 36 or 38 hours. did he who was to be the Light of the world. He arose after the Jew ish Sabbath of the Passover: all that day of the Passover Feast. so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth) and to accomplish the prediction of Hosea 6:2.Blessed are they that have not seen and yet have believed. shine out of the darkness of the grave. 7-44. Mark 16:7). He was buried in the evening of the 6th day of the week after his work was finished and arose in the morning of the 1 st day of the following week.the time prefixed for his resurrection . so that he might not see corruption. Af ter two days will he revive us: in the third day he will raise us up. The 7th-day Sabbath. Here we must walk by faith. and we shall live in his sight. which was buried with Christ. He arose upon the 1st day of the week: on the first day of the first week God commanded the light to shine out of darkness . and he arose from the grave when the sun was near rising. . he lay in the grave. His passion began in the night and when he hung on the cross the sun was darkened. not by sight. for he is the bright Morning Star (Revelations 22: 16). to signify the abolishing of the Jewish feasts and other parts of the ceremonial law.on this day therefore. He arose the third day after his death: that was the time he had often prefixed and he kept within it. arose again with him in the 1st-day Sabbath. to show that he was really and truly dead but not longer.Christ arose when the day began to dawn. beginning a new world and entered upon a new work. He arose as it began to dawn toward the day: as soon as it could be said that the 3rd day was come . He arose the third day to answer to the type of the prophet Jonas (Matthew 12:40. [Matthew Henry]. Then the Dayspring from on high did again visit us (Luke 1:78). which we now call the Lord's day. he was laid in the grave in the dusk of the evening.
The strength of sin is the law. to destroy life. as the rhythmic cadence beats out the name of every soul. the sufman. for He made atonement for sin and obtained remission for it. therefore.Death. eemed. denotes the sting of a venomous thing or goading weapon that is applied to death personified.15:55. perpetually calling each one unto itself. Sin gives death all its hurtful power and the sting of death is sin. to the finale of their appointed death. endure its curse. the Lord Jesus ond Adam has repaired the ruins of the first. may seem to have had merit for a while but being slaves to sin themselves they also gave way to that. They yielded helplessly to a foe that could not be conquered. The word sting. more than a few have laid claim to having solved the mysteries of both death and life. this results in terror and anguish for Death. but it cannot hold him in its power O DEATH: The glorious truth that a complete triumph has How many springs of joy to the saints and of thanksgiving been obtained over this great enemy of the happiness of to God are opened by the death and resurrection. of which none can answer its demands. his body will be raised and death shall be ended. . is that man would die no more. [Elwin R. where is thy Sting? 1 Cor. by dying has Christ taken out this sting. Today they still heed the beckoning call of death's distant drums. Now. or do away with his own transgressions. Man is redChrist! [Matthew Henry]. WHERE IS THY STING: The word sting denotes a prick or sti mulus such as a rod with an iron point and a sting such as that of scorpions. The work of the sec. where is thy sting? O grave. Isolated cases of men's programs that have promoted the thought of never having to die. such as would have been unknown had death never been there. It is as if death employed its power through the sting or goad. Death shall cease. whereas Death may seize a believer. In grim defeat. Roach]. where is thy victory? From the dawn of time man has relentlessly searched to conquer death’s unyielding power. its evils be repaired and glory shall encompass the body of man. Over the marching centuries. their feeble efforts were carried with them to the grave.ferings and conquests of our Redeemer. O death. but the power of death and the grave is vanquished because Christ is triumphant over all. which had dominion over them. For the unbeliever and impenitent. [Barnes].
It raises the question. Christ died for us. we see the utter brutality and violence of man. Looking at the final hours of Jesus’ life before His crucifix ion and death. From Genesis to Revelation. we fight shy of it. SJ]. Father. yet One God. God the Holy Spirit was active in providing and protecting the life-giving Word and creation. in that. The Father summoned the Son to work with Him in the activity of Creation and the Father directed the powerful work of the Son in the creation of the Universe. [Rev James V Schall.ssence of the father Romans 5:8. Our Father who are in heaven. while we were yet sinners. he was the Revelation of God. Trinity means three-in-oneness. . Since Jesus was the Word of God Incarnate. God the Son was the Divine agent who carried the life-giving Word into being. How do we react to this sterner side of God's Fatherhood? In our age and time we are frightened of it. why not make it quick with a beheading or some such quick death? We cannot forget that in His Passion. if it be possible. is three equal persons. That is. therefore. But God commendeth his love toward us. but thine. God. a trinity. the Son and the Holy Spirit are not separate from each other. The Godhead created and sustains the heavens and the earth: God the Father spoke to bring creation into being through the Son. nevertheless. why did Jesus have to suffer? Why would God allow His Son to be beaten and tortured so viciously before His death? Why not just let Him die peacefully. Christ cried out. Scripture shows that God is always revealed as one in three and three in one. let this chalice pass. with the provision of the Holy Spirit.in that the Father. not my will.
the Son and the Holy Spi [27:26]. Bible reveals that He is fully united with the Father. This equality.for he that is hanged is accursed of God. Deuteronomy 21:23 . The Son and the Holy Spirit do God's work on earth: The Father sent the Son to reveal the Father: the Son speaks the Father's words... All three persons of the Trinity operate together in all of their work. The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of God and the Spirit of Christ. the Father speaks to the Son from heaven and the Father testifies to and of the Son.). glorify one another. to the Son although the Father and the Son indwell each other..He has always existed because the (Deuteronomy 27:13-25. Cursed be he that confirmeth not all the words of rit is unique in that the Father has delegated His authority this law to do them.elationship of the trinity The Son did not come into being for the first time at His birth in human form .. The relationship between the Father. the Son. The Son is equal with the Father and the Holy Spirit is equal with the Father and the Son. . unity and mutuality of the three Persons.
whipping and scourging. By bearing our sins. St Paul confirms this in Romans 5:8. know the healing and righteousness. He freed us from the effects of sin that would ultimately result in death (Romans 6:23). Jesus laid down His life and endured the cross for the joy set before Him of having each one of us live a better life. in that. thorns in the head. He died so that we could grow and prosper and become the person that God made us to be free from fear and ungodliness and immersed in righteousness and goodness. eternal life. God’s truly unsearchable love for us is revealed there in that God the Son and God the Father were willing for our sins to be laid upon Jesus. Christ died for us. spit ting. and with every stroke of violence there remains a constant reminder of His unfailing love for us. mocking. The punches. shame and fear. . His sacrifice for us is proof of how truly valuable we are to Him. God sent His Son to die for us so that we could know real life. He suffered all just for you and for me! [David Liesenfelt]. violent nature of our sins in the torturing of Jesus. We cannot but see in all of this. He had to be broken down so we could be built up. Not only do we see the true. the violence of our own sins upon the life and person of the One who was pure and innocent. rejection. were necessary so that our sins could be laid upon Him. the joy and peace found only in Him. but we also see the amazing love of God in His willingness to bear our sins. while we were yet sinners. really and deeply loves us. According to Isaiah 53:4-6. the incarnated Word of God. Why did Jesus have to suffer? He had to suffer to make us whole. With every stroke of violence that was laid upon Him there is a reminder to us of the violent nature of our sins. He made it possible for us to be free from sin. He took up on Himself all the devastating effects of sin with all its violence so that we could know the peace of forgiveness and the joy of salvation. Embrace the gift of eternal life. By taking upon Himself the violence of our sins. guilt.od’s love It is through the sacrifice of Jesus Christ that we really be gin to comprehend the magnitude of both sin in our lives and God’s love for us. God commendeth his love toward us. it is a testimony to how much our Creator and our Father-God really cares about us. demands for His death and all the horror of His final hours. beatings. abundant life. He had to be slain so we could have eternal life. God the Father laid our sins upon Jesus through all that he suffered.
we too must say with growing faith. . Even though he did not realize the full significance of his words at that stage said.The Roman centurion became the first to look at Jesus upon the Cross and realize that here was a Man different from all others. When we are drawn to look at Jesus on the cross and consider that the passion of the Christ was for the forgiveness of our sins.
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