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Data Sufficiency Part 2

# Data Sufficiency Part 2

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Data Sufficiency Part - 2

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Data Sufficiency
In this section the UPSC tests the ability of the candidate to identify whether the data given are sufficient to answer the question or not. Although data sufficiency was given as a topic under Data Interpretation its scope also extends from mathematical based quantitative ability questions to non-mathematical based simple reasoning under Analytical Section.

Since these questions require candidates to identify the sufficiency of data, you must stop at the stage of determining the sufficiency of data and you are not expected to solve the problem completely.
Like Assertion and Reason which all Civil service aspirants have prior knowledge from the old question pattern, this data sufficiency questions also have set of directions?

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Question: For example: Raju is the tallest boy in the school. Is he the tallest student in the class?
1. Priyanka is the tallest girl in the class 2. Priyanka is shorter than Raju Choose A: Choose B: Choose C: Choose D: If statement 1 alone is sufficient and statement 2 alone is sufficient to answer If statement 1 alone is sufficient and statement 2 alone is not sufficient to answer If statement 1 alone is not sufficient and statement 2 alone is sufficient to answer If both the statements are sufficient to answer

Answer: D However there are 3 different sets of Directions as they are appearing in different examinations. Note: If the UPSC did not mention the set of direction earlier in the oncoming notification, then we must prepare for all sets of directions.

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Some Typical Cases: Data Sufficiency The questions can be broadly divided into the following categories:
1. Relationships 2. Dates 3. Comparison 4. Critical Analysis 5. Age 6. Miscellaneous 1. Relationships The wording goes like this: “How is P related to Q?”. In these questions one very prominent source of confusion is the fact that students tend to conclude about relationship without knowing about the sex of the person involved. 2. Dates The wording of the question goes like this: “On which day of the week did P reach (say) Delhi?” or “What is the date of birth of P?”. In such questions, you have to determine „a day‟ or „a date‟. Usually, the data will provide you with some knowledge of some previous „day‟ or „date‟ and from this you can work out the required day or date.
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3. Comparison The wording of the question is: “Who is the tallest among P, Q and R?” or “Who is the heaviest among X, Y and Z?” or “Who is sitting to the left of P when P, Q and R are sitting together?” etc. Here you have to make „comparisons‟ of the respective places of some persons in a fixed pattern or order.
4. Critical Analysis Sometimes questions asked in the examination are qualitative in nature, wherein you have to apply your value-judgement in order to reach a conclusion. 5. Age In some questions of data sufficiency, problems are concerned with age. Again, we must emphasis that the question does not ask you to actually calculate the age of the person. It only wants you to tell whether the given statements are sufficient (or not) to calculate the age of that person.

6. Miscellaneous Although the five categories mentioned above are standard categories and most of the questions asked will be from these five categories, these are certain type which do not belong to any of them. We may sell them miscellaneous questions.

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