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PAYYANUR COLLEGE, PAYYANUR D E P A RT M E N T O F BOTANY

DICTIONARY OF AYURVEDIC MEDICINAL PLANTS.

AUTHOR

P r o f: P.T.R A J A S E K H AR A N NAIR

Transliteration Key. A=A, A-, Ai, Am, Ah. B= Ba Bha. C= Ca, Cha. D= D-a, D-ha, Da, Dha. E= E, E-. F= --, G= Ga, Gha. H= Ha. I=I, I-. J= Ja, Jha. K= Ka, Kha, Ksa. L= La, L.a. M= Ma. N= Na, , N-a. N.a, N-a. O= O, O-, OU. P= Pa, Pha. Q =--. R= R, Ra. S= Sa. T= T-a, T-ha, Ta, Tha. U= U, U-. V= Va. W=--. X=--.Y= Ya. Z= --.
Sl. No. Malayalam Name A- lila kkallu-r vanchi A- llam { Z Botanical Name Family

Parts used in Ayurv

1. 2.

AVF

Rotula acquatica Lour. Careya arborea Roxb.

Boraginaceae Barrigtoniaceae

Whole plant Leaves, bark

2 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. A lmond A- mbal A- na choriyannam A- na chunda A- na chuvadi A- na kuruntho- tti A- na ppana A- na thippalli A- na yadiyan A- nan-erin-il A -njili A- ral A- rogyapacha A- ru ve-ppu A- rukam
-

WI OW I ALG M JM X W E W cM M

Prunus amygdalus L. Nymphaea nouchali Burm. f. Girardina zeylanica L. Solanum torvum L. Elephantopus scaber L. Sida spinosa L. Caryota urens L. Scindapsus officinalis Schott. Elephantopus scaber L. Pedalium murex L. Artocarpus hirsuta Lam. Clitoria ternatea L. Trichopus zeylanicus Gaertn. Azadirachta indica Juss. Prunus domestica L.

Rosaceae Nymphaceae Urticaceae Solanaceae Asteraceae Malvaceae Palmae Araceae Asteraceae Pedaliaceae Moraceae Papilionaceae Dioscoriaceae Meliaceae Rosaceae

Fruits

Rhizome, Flowers & Leaves Fruits, Roots

Roots, bark, leaves& Whole plant Buds, leaves, nuts Inflorenscence

Roots, bark, leaves& Whole plant Whole plant

Roots, leaves, seeds. Whole plant Whole plant Fruts

18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32.

A rya ve la A- rya ve-ppu A- sa- li A- tan mula A- tha chakka A- tt.u kott.appa- la A- tthi A- ttu maruthu A- ttu pe-zhu A- ttu vanchi A -tu na-rive-la (var) A- val A- van.ak A- var thaki A- vara

c{ cM { z{ JA GGM J x x xF W A VJ

Cleome viscosa L. Azadirachta indica Juss. Lepidium sativum L. Capparis deciduas Forsk. Annona squamosa L. Aristolochia bracteata Retz. Sesbania grandiflora Pers. Terminalia arjuna Roxb. Barringtonia acutangula Gaertn. Salix tetrasperma Roxb. Cleome viscosa L. Holoptelea integrifolia Pl. Ricinus communis L. Cassia auriculata L. Cassia auriculata L.

Capparidaceae Meliaceae Cruciferae Capparidaceae Anonaceae Aristolochiaceae Papilionaceae Combretaceae Barringtoniaceae Salicaceae Capparidaceae Ulmaceae Euphorbiaceae Caesalpiniaceae Caesalpiniaceae

3 Whole plant Whole plant Seeds Roots & Fruits Whole plant Roots & W.Plant

Roots, bark, leaves& Bark, fruits Whole plant

Bark of roots, leaves Whole plant Bark, leaves

Leaves, roots, flrs, se Roots, bark, leaves Roots, bark, leaves

33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47 47.

A vil Acha-ramkolli Acla-ri the-nga Agasi Agasthi Agathi Agnima-nda Aivirali kko-va Ajapriya Aka-ra karabha A-kasa garud.akkodi A-kasa valli A-kasavalli Akassi Akathi Akathi (var)

W A B x J

Holoptelea integrifolia Pl. Polycarpae corymbosa L. Lodoicea maldivica Poir. Linum usitatissimum L. Capparis decidua Forsk. Sesbania grandiflora Pers. Clerodendrum phlomoids L. Diplocyclos palmata L. Zizyphus numularia W&A Anacyclus pyrethrum DC. Cuscuta reflexa Roxb Cuscuta reflexa Roxb. Cassytha filiformis L. Linum usitatissimum L. Sesbania grandiflora Pers. Sesbania aegyptica L.

Ulmaceae Caryophyllaceae Arecaceae Linaceae Capparidaceae Papilionaceae Verbenaceae Cucurbitaceae Rhamnaceae Asteraceae Convolvulaceae Convolvulaceae Lauraceae Linaceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae

4 Bark, leaves Whole Plant Husk, endosperm. Flrs, seeds, oil. Roots, fruits.

Roots, leaves, bark, f Whole Plant Whole plant Fruits Whole plant Whole plant Whole plant Whole Plant Flowers, seeds, oil. Wood Roots, Whole Plant

ow A dM
A U U T J J

5 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. Akho-ri Akil Akkaramkolli Akka-ramkolli Akki kkaruka Akkra-ve Akkrott. Akshoda vrusham Akso-dam Alakku che-ru Alambbu Alari Alassipo-maram Ama Ama

W A AA AA d dG

Flacourtia indica. L. Aquilaria agallocha Roxb. Polycarpae corymbosa L. Polycarpae corymbosa L. Anacyclus pyrethrum DC. Anacyclus pyrethrum DC. Juglans regia DC. Juglans regia L. Juglans regia L. Semecarpus anacardium L. Lagenaria vulgaris L. Plumeria rubra L. Delonix regia Rot. Arundo dona L. Saccharum arundinaceum Retz.

Flacourtiaceae Thymediaceae Caryophyllaceae Caryophyllaceae Asteraceae Asteraceae Juglandaceae Juglandaceae Juglandaceae Anacardiaceae Cucurbitaceae Apocynaceae Caesalpiniaceae Poaceae Poaceae

Whole plant Whole plant Whole Plant Whole Plant Whole plant Whole plant Fruit Whole Plant Whole Plant Fruits Roots

AdA A
A O

Roots, Bark, Flowers Bark,Leaves Roots Roots &stem

TM

6 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. Ama e-tta Amal ppori Amalave-dasa Amarcha kkodi Amari Amba- zham Ambazham Amburi ppachila Ampott.al Amruth Amruth valli Amukkuram A-nakkaitha Anali ve-gam Anana- s

x
WM

Arundo dona L. Rauvolfia serpentina L. Garcinia pedunculata Roxb. Cayratia carnosa Wall. Indigofera tinctoria L. Spondias pinnata L. Spondias pinnata L. Securinega leucopyrus Willd. Saccharum arundinaceum Retz. Tinospora cordifolia Willd. Tinospora cordifolia Willd. Withania somnifera Dun. Agave americana L. Alstonia venenata R. Br. Ananas comosus (Linn.) Merr.

Poaceae Apocynaceae Clusiaceae Vitaceae Papilionaceae Anacardiaceae Anacardiaceae Euphorbiaceae Poaceae Menispermaceae Menispermaceae Solanaceae Liliaceae Apocynaceae Bromeliaceae

Roots Roots &leaves Whole Plant Whole plant Whole plant Bark &fruits Bark &fruits Whole plant Roots &stem Stem Stem Roots & leaves Whole Plant Roots & Fruits Fruits

T
VA O

O
OM OGW U A , A

78. 79. 80. 81. 82. 83. 84. 85. 86. 87. 88. 89. 90. 91. 92.

Ango lam A-njali Anjila tha-li Anna kka-ra Anthimalari Appa Appa kkadukka Apricot. Arabi kundaricum Arali Arali Aram puli Aran.a maram Arani. Aratha

C E FJ{ KA

Alangium salvifolium Wang. Artocarpus hirsuta Lam. Ipomoea mauritiana Jacq. Garuga pinnata Roxb. Mirabilis jalapa L. Ageratum conyzoides L. Cochlospermum religiosum L. Prunus armeniaca L. Liquidamber orientalis Mill. Nerium odorum Ait. Nerium oleander-roseum L. Bauhinia racemosa Lam. Polyalthia longifolia Hk .f. & T. Ailanthus excelsa Roxb. Alpinia galanga L.

Alangiaceae Moraceae Convovulaceae Burseraceae Nyctaginaceae Asteraceae Cochlospermaceae Rosaceae Hamamelidaceae Apocynaceae Apocynaceae Caesalpiniaceae Anonaceae Simarubaceae Zingiberaceae

7 Roots, fruits. Whole plant Tuberous roots Whole plant Roots,Leaves Roots &leaves Leaves, flowers. Fruits Resin [Balsm] Whole plant Whole Plant Bark, Leaves Bark Bark, Flowers. Rhizome

L
M MAA dAG ALA { { { J

93. 94. 95. 96. 97. 98. 99. 100. 101. 102. 103. 104. 105. 106. 107. 108.

Araya val Araya-l Arga-thi Ari Arime-dam Arinelli Arippu Aristaka Arive-lam Aruni Arutha Asho-kam Ashtagandha Ashtagandhamaram Astama-nthaka At.a pathiyan

W W J

Cleome viscosa L. Ficus religiosa L. Sesbania grandiflora Pers. Oryza sativa L Acacia furnesiana Willd. Phyllanthus acidus (Linn.) Skeels Lantana camara var. aculeate L. Sapindus trifolia L. Acacia furnesiana Willd. Nerium oleander-album L. Ruta graveolens L. Saraca asoca (Roxb.) de Wilde Withania aswaganda L. Aquilaia malacienisis Lam. Ficus rumpjii L. Holostemma ada-kodien Schul.

Cruciferae Moraceae Papilionaceae Poaceae Mimosoideae Euphorbiaceae Verbenaceae Sapindaceae Mimosoideae Apocynaceae Rutaceae Caesalpiniaceae Solanaceae Thymediaceae Moraceae Asclepiadaceae

8 Leaves, Seeds Whole plant Roots, Bark, Leaves Grains Bark,Leaves Fruits Whole plant Bark, Roots. Bark,Leaves Whole Plant Whole plant

Bark, Leaves, Flowe Roots Leaves Roots Bark Roots

t t
X

9 109. 110. 111. 112. 113. 114. 115. 116. 117. 118. 119. 120. 121. 122. 123. At.a pothiyan At.akka- maniyan At.akka- maram At.akka-pazham At.akka-ppa-nal At.akodiyan At.ambu At.ambuvalli At.avi kacho-lam A-t.una- rive-la A-talot.akam Athassipo-maram Athi vit.ayam Athibala Att.a-ni parippu

X AX A AM AMW X O OU A

Holostemma ada-kodien Schul. Sphaeranthus indicus L. Areca catechu L. Psidium guajava L. Desmodium triquetrum L. Holostemma ada-kodien Schul. Ipomoea pes- caprae L. Butea parviflora Roxb. Angelica glauca L. Cleome gynandra L. Adhatoda vasica Nees. Delonix regia Rot. Aconitum heterophyllum Wall. Abutilon racemosum L. Lens culinaris Medicas.

Asclepiadaceae Asteraceae Arecaceae Myrtaceae Papilionaceae Asclepiadaceae Convovulaceae Papilionaceae Apiaceae Capparidaceae Acanthaceae Caesalpiniaceae Ranunculaceae Malvaceae Papilionaceae

Roots Whole plant Fruits Roots, leaves, fruits Whole plant Roots Whole plant Bark,Gum,Leaves Whole plant Whole Plant Whole plant Bark,Leaves Roots Roots Seeds

TM

GMM

10 124. 125. 126. 127. 128. Atthi Atthi chakka Atthi thippalli Atthine-r A-ttu derbha A-ttu punna A-ttu the-kku A-ttuvanchi (Var) A-tu thinna-ppa-la

J JA JJM

Ficus recemosa L. Ananas comosus (Linn.) Merr. Scindapsus officinalis Schott. Ficus racemosa L. Imperata cylindrica Beauv. Calophyllum apetalum Linn. Neolamarckia cadamba Roxb. Salix caprea L. Aristolochia bracteata Retz. Aristolochia indica L. Lablab purpureus L. Cassia auriculata L. Papaver somniferum L. Cassia auriculata L.

Moraceae Bromeliaceae Araceae Moraceae Poaceae

Whole plant Fruits Inflorescence Latex Roots.

JV
xV xK xA xF KM

129. 130. 131. 132.

Clusiaceae Rubiaceae Salicaceae Aristolochiaceae

Bark, seeds Bark, leaves, fruits Wood Roots & W.Plant

133. 134. 135. 136. 137.

A-tuthoda-ppa-la Avara Avaram Ave- n A-ve-rum

M
X

Aristolochiaceae Papilionaceae Caesalpiniaceae Papavaraceae Caesalpiniaceae

Roots, Leaves Leaves, Seeds

Fruits,Leaves,Roots.

Petals, Fruits, Seeds. Roots, bark, leaves

138. 139. 140. 141. 142. 143. 144. 145. 146. 147. 148. 149. 150. 151. 152.

Avil Avilppori Ayamo-dakam Ayamo-dakam ((var) Ayani Ayani ppla-vu Ayyabba-na Ayyappa-la Ayyappa-na Azhinjil Azhukanni Bada-m Bada-m kotta Bala vacha Balbaja ppullu

W WM M M M EW AH G WM

Elaeocarpus serratus L. Ophiorrhiza mungo L. Trachysermum ammi L. Trachyspermum roxburghianum DC. Artocarpus hirsuta Lam. Artocarpus hirsuta Lam. Eupatorium triplinerve Vahl. Wrightia tinctoria Roxb. Eupatorium triplinerve Vahl. Alangium salvifolium Wang. Cressa cretica L. Prunus dulcis DA. Prunus dulcis DA. Iris versicolour L. Pollinidium angustifolium L.

Elaeocarpaceae Rubiaceae Apiacae Apiaceae Moraceae Moraceae Asteraceae Apocynaceae Asteraceae Alangiaceae Convolvulaceae Rosaceae Rosaceae Iridaceae Poaceae

11 Leaves, Fruits Roots Fruits Fruits Whole plant Whole plant Whole plant Bark & leaves Whole plant Roots, Flowers. Whole plant Kernel oil Kernel oil Rhizome W.plant

12 153. 154. 155. 156. 157. 158. 159. 160. 161. 162. 163. 164. 165. 166. 167. 168. Ballado na Ba-na ppu-v Ba-rli Basala chi-ra Bensoin Bhuja pathram Bhumicha kkarai Bhurja maram Bhuthangu-sam Bi-di yila Bi-tt root Brahmi Branga ra-ja Celary Chadachi Chadayan
-

M V{ { XX d A V X xG d dY X

Atropa bella-dona L. Catheranthus roseus L. Hordeum vulgare L. Basella alba var. rubra L. Styrax benzoin L. Betula utilis D. Don. Maerua arenaria Hook. Betula utilis D. Don. Croton oblongifolius Roxb. Diopyros verginiana L. Beeta vulgaris L. Bacopa monieri L. Weddeia calendulaca L. Apium graveolens L. Grewia tilifolia Vahl. Passiflora foetida L.

Solanaceae Apocynaceae Poaceae Basellaceae Stryraceae Betulaceae Capparidaceae Betulaceae Euphorbiaceae Ebnaceae Chenopodiaceae Scrophulariaceae Asteraceae Apiaceae Teliaceae Passifloraceae

W.plant W.plant Grain W.plant Latex Bark. Roots Bark. Bark. Leaves Tap root, leaves W.plant Whole Plant Seeds Bark, leaves Whole Plant

13 169. 170. 171. 172. 173. 174. 175. 176. 177. 178. 179. 180. 181. 182. 183. Chakari pazham Chakkara kolli Chakkara thakara Chakkaramullu Chakrathakara Cha-ma Chamatha Chanam Chanam (var) Chandana ve-ppu Chandi ppayar Changalam peranda Chanjusakam Channa ku-va Chappagam

M AA AJ AU dJ wM IMV BI F HA MB

Grewia hirsuta Vahl. Gymnema sylvestre R.B. Cassia tora L. Acanthus ilicifolius L. Cassia tora L. Panicum millare L. Butea monosperma L. Corchorus capsularis L. Crotalaria juncea L. Toona ciliata Roem. Canavelia gladiata Jacq. Cissus quadrangularis L. Corchorus fasicularis L. Costus speciosus L. Caesalpinia sapan L.

Teliaceae Asclepiadaceae Caesalpiniaceae Acanthaceae Caesalpiniaceae Poaceae Papilionaceae Teliaceae Papilionaceae Meliaceae Papilionaceae Vitaceae Teliaceae Zingiberaceae Caesalpiniaceae

Fruits W.plant W.plant Whole Plant Leaves Grains Bark, Leaves W.plant Seeds, Bark W.plant Seeds W.plant W.plant Leaves Heartwood

14 184. 185. 186. 187. 188. 189. 190. 191. 192. 193. 194. 195. 196. 197. 198. Charalam Charalam (var) Charmalanda Chathura kkalli Chathura mulla Chathura ppuli Chathura valli Chavyam Che- la maram Che- mbu Che- rkkuru Che- ru Che-laeam Chem paruthi Chembarathi

{ { VNL AU M{ U c O VA J OJ

Pinus longifolia Roxb. Pinus roxburghii L. Acacia sinuata L. Euphorbia antiquorum L Myxopyrum serratum L. Averhoa carambola L. Myxopyrum serratum L. Piper chaba L. Ficus arnottiana L. Colocasia esculenta L. Semicarpus anacardium L. Semicarpus anacardium L. Parmelia perlata Huds. Gossipium arboreum L. Hibiscus rosa- sinensis L.

Pinaceae Pinaceae Mimosoideae Euphorbiaceae Oleaceae Oxallidaceae Oleaceae Piperaceae Moraceae Araceae Anacardiaceae Anacardiaceae Parmeliaceae Malvaceae Malvaceae

Resin Oil Pods Latex W.plant Fruits W.plant Roots Bark Corm. Fruits Fruits W.plant Cellulose fibre Leaves, flowers

199. 200. 201. 202. 203. 204. 205. 206. 207. 208. 209. 210. 211. 212. 213.

Chembathi Chemmaram Chempakam Chen chandanam Chen chi-ra Chen kat.uk Chen tha-mara Che-na Che-nappa-ve Che-nappa-ve (var) Che-nappa-ve (var) Che-nappa-ve (var) Chendu-rakam Chengazhineer Chengazhineer Kizhag

OJ N O Fw F C L I BV BV B

Hibiscus rosa- sinensis L. Aphanamixis polystachya Wall. Michelia champaca L. Pterocarpus santalinus Lin.f. Beeta vulgaris L. Brassica compestries L. Nelumbo nucifera Gartn. Amorphophallus companulatus L. Smilax glabera Roxb. Smilax macrophylla L. Smilax prolifera L. Smilax zeyanica L. Carthamus tinctorius L Kaemferia rotunda L. Kaempferia rotunda L.

Malvaceae Meliaceae Magnoliaceae Papilionaceae Chenopodiaceae Brassicaceae Nymphaceae Araceae Liliaceae Liliaceae Liliaceae Liliaceae Asteraceae Zingiberaceae Zingiberaceae

15 Leaves, flowers Bark, seeds Leaves, flowers Heartwood Taproot, leaves Seeds W.plant Corm. Roots Roots Roots Roots Seeds Tubers Tubers

16 214. 215. 216. 217. 218. Chengazhineer ku va Chengillyam Chenkan.a pullu Chenni na-yakam Cheriya At.a kothimbala Cheriya E-tha Cheriya Ka- ttu vellari Cheriya Karpurathulasi Cheriya landa Cheriya Mu-nja Cheriya Ramathulassi Cheriya Ukamaram Cheriya ulli Cherry
-

BV F BM K O J GU VM{ L E { U

Kaempferia rotunda L. Shorea robusta Gartn. Cymbopogon citratus DC. Aloe barbadensis Mill. Holostemma ada-kodien Schul. Phoenix dactylifera L. Cucumis callosus L. Ocimum kilimandscharicum Gartn. Ziziphus oenoplia L. Premna corymbosa R ottl. Ocimum basilicum L.

Zingiberaceae Dipterocarpaceae Poaceae Liliaceae Asclepiadaceae

Tubers Resin W.plant Solidified cell sap Roots

219. 220. 221.

Palmae Cucurbitaceae Lamiaceae

Fruits Roots, fruits Leaves

222. 223. 224.

Rhamnaceae Verbenaceae Lamiaceae

Roots W.plant Leaves

225. 226. 227.

Salvadora oleoides D. Don. Allium cepa L. Prunus erasus L.

Salvadoraceae Liliaceae Rosaceae

Fruits, leaves Bulb Fruits

228. 229. 230. 231. 232. 233. 234. 235. 236. 237. 238. 239. 240. 241. 242.

Cheru chana Cheru Chi- ra Cheru chunda Cheru chu-ral Cheru kacho-lam Cheru Kadali Cheru Ka-ra Cheru Kat.ala-di Cheru kat.uk Cheru Kla-v Cheru Kumbalanga Cheru Kumble Cheru- la Cheru Na-gadendi Cheru N-ara

I W { O{B OZ { L

Linum usitatissimum L. Amaranthus spinosus L. Solanum anguivi Lam. Calamus travencoricus L. Hedychium spicatum Buch. Osbeckia glauca L. Canthium parviflorum Lam. Cyathula prostrata L. Brassica junceae L Carissa carandas L. Benincasa hispida L. Salvadora oleoides D. Don. Aerva lanata L. Baliospermum montanum Willd. Syzygium caryophyllatum L.

Linaceae Amaranthaceae Solanaceae Palmae Zingiberaceae Melastomaceae Rubiaceae Amaranthaceae Cruciferae Apocynaceae Cucurbitaceae Salvadoraceae Amaranthaceae Euphorbiaceae Myrtaceae

17 Flrs, seeds W.plant Roots W.plant Rhizome W.plant Roots, leaves Roots Seeds Roots, fruits Fruits Fruits, leaves W.plant Roots, leaves, seeds Flr.buds

18 243. 244. 245. 246. 247. 248. 249. 250. 251. 252. 253. 254. 255. 256. 257. Cheru Na rekam Cheru Naruvari Cheru payar Cheru pu-la Cheru pullat.i Cheru punna Cheru te-k Cheru thulasi Cheru vazhuthanaga Cheru vidukol Cheruche-ra Cherukaruva Cheruna- ragam Cherupanicha Cherupullat.i (var)
-

V { U K A { B

Citrus limon L. Cordia dichotoma Forst. Vigna radiata L. Aerva lanata L. Adiantum lanulatum L. Celastrus paniculatus L. Clerodendrum seratum L. Ocimum cannum L. Solanum anguivi Lam. Vigna tilobata L. Alternanthera versicolor L. Cinnamomum wightii L. Citrus aurantifolia L. Diospyros tomentosa Roxb. Desmodium trifolium L.

Rutaceae Boraginaceae Papilionaceae Amaranthaceae Fern Celastraceae Verbenaceae Lamiaceae Solanaceae Papilionaceae Amaranthaceae Lauraceae Rutaceae Ebnaceae Papilionaceae

Fruits W.plant Seeds W.plant W.plant Bark, leaves Roots, leaves W.plant Roots Whole Plant Leaves Bark Fruits Whole Plant Roots, Leaves

19 258. 259. 260. 261. 262. 263. 264. 265. 266. 267. 268. 269. 270. 271. 272. 273. Cherupullat.i (var) Cheruvallal Cheruvayana Cheruvula Chethi Chethi kot.ive-li Chi -na ppa-v Chi- vikka Chica- ca Chinna- mukki Chithira ppa-la Chithirppa-la (var) Chittae-lam Chittaratha Chitta-t.a lot.akam Chitta-thirani

U UW { J JA A AA KA JM JM x xJ x x

Justicia diffusa Willd. Hydrocotyle javanica L. Cinnamomum tamala L. Aerva lanata L. Ixora coccinea L. Plumbago indica L. Smilax china L. Acacia sinuata Lour. Acacia sinuata L. Cassia angustifoli L. Euphorbia hirta L. Euphorbia thymifolia L. Elettaria cardamomum Matrn. Alpinia calcarata L. Adhatoda beddomei L. Eupatorium triplinerve

Acanthaceae Apiaceae Lauraceae Amaranthaceae Rubiaceae Plumbaginaceae Liliaceae Mimosoideae Mimosoideae Caesalpiniaceae Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiaceae Zingiberaceae Zingiberaceae Acanthaceae Asteraceae

Leaves Leaves Bark W.plant W.plant Roots Roots Pods Pods Leaves W.plant Whole Plant Fruits Rhizome W.plant Whole Plant

20 274. 275. 276. 277. 278. 279. 280. 281. 282. 283. 284. 285. 286. 287. 288. Cho lam Chokkan chi- ra Chokkan ka-ya Chokkan ki-ra Chonna- mukki Chori valli Chori yannam Chorikkotta Chowwalli kot.i Chu- ral Chukku Chukru mani Chu-lamaruth Chulli Chunda
-

{ AX AC AX KA U AG UA W A d { U I

Vahl. Zea mays L. Rumex vesicarius L. Bixa orellana L. Rumex vesicarius L. Cassia senna L. Cayratia carnosa Wall. Tragia involucrata L. Grewia microcos L. Rubia cordifolia L. Calamus rotang L. Zingiber officinale Roxb. Souropus androguinus L. Terminalia travancorensis W&Arn Hygrophylla auriculata Schum. Solanum anguivi Lam.

Poaceae Polygonaceae Bixaceae Polygonaceae Caesalpiniaceae Vitaceae Euphorbiaceae Teliaceae Rubiaceae Palmae Zingiberaceae Euphorbiaceae Combretaceae Acanthaceae Solanaceae

Grains Leaves Leaves Leaves Leaves W.plant Roots, Leaves Roots Bark. Roots W.plant Rhizome Leaves Bark W.plant Roots

289. 290. 291. 292. 293. 294. 295. 296. 297. 298. 299. 300. 301. 302. 303.

Chunda (var) Chu-nda ppana Chura Churali Chut.u kalpuram Chutti thirutha-li Chuvanna Chegazhineer Chuvanna a-l Chuvanna amalpori Chuvanna atambu Chuvanna kat.aladi Chuvanna kot.uve-li Chuvanna kunni Chuvanna mulak Chuvanna velutha arali

I IM { W GJ{ K BV KW K W K O K K K K K { K {J{

Solanum erianthum D.Don Caryota urens L. Lagenaria vulgaris L. Mesua nagassarium Burn f. Cinnamomum camphora L. Ipomoea sepiaria Koen. Kaempferia rotunda L. Ficus lacor Buch &Ham Rauvolfia serpentina L. Argyreia nervosa Burm f. Cyathula prostrata L Plumbago indica / rosea L. Abrus precatorius L. Capsicum annum L. Nerium indicum Mill.

Solanaceae Arecaceae Cucurbitaceae Clusiaceae Lauraceae Convolvulaceae Zingiberaceae Moraceae Apocynaceae Convolvulaceae Amaranthaceae Plumbaginaceae Papilionaceae Solanaceae Apocynaceae

21 Roots, Flowers Seeds, leaves Fruits, stem Flowers, oil Bark. W.plant Roots Bark Roots Roots Roots Roots Roots Fruits

Bark of roots, leaves

304.

Chuvannamantha ram Chuvannathrikolpakkonna Chuvannulli

K L K dWAK KU M M C M LM L L VM V b

Bauhinia variegata L.

Caesalpiniaceae

22 Roots, bark

305.

Operculina turpethum L.

Convolvulaceae

Roots

306. 307. 308. 309. 310. 311. 312. 313. 314. 315. 316. 317.

Allium cepa L. Xanthium strumarium L. Xanhium strumarium L. Cinchona officianalis L. Alstonia scholaris L. Wrightia tinctoria Roxb. Baliospermum montanum Willd. Baliospermum montanum Willd. Desmostachya bipinnata L. Desmostachya bipinnata L. Cedrus deodara Roxb. Fagonia cretica L.

Liliaceae Astraceae Asteraceae Rubiaceae Apocynaceae Apocynaceae Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiaceae Poaceae Poaceae Pinaceae Zygophyllaceae

Bulb W.plant Whole Plant Bark Bark, leaves Roots, leaves W.plant W.plant Roots Roots Heart wood W.plant

Chuzhali pa- rakam Chuzhalipa-rakam Cincho-na Daiva ppa-la Danda ppa-la Dandi Dandika Darba ppullu Darbha De-vada-ram Dhanua ya-ssam

23 318. 319. 320. 321. 322. 323. 324. 325. 326. 327. 328. 329. 330. 331. 332. Dhanuana vruksham Dukthafe-ni Dura labha E- zhilam pa-la E-ka nayakam E-la va-lukam Elakkalli E-lam Elangi Elavangam Elavangam (var) Elave Elavu Eli chevi Eli ppongu

bdf AU E B B

Grewia tilifolia Vahl. Taxacum officinale L. Fagonia cretica L. Alstonia scholaris L. Salacia reticulata Wight. Prunus cerasoides D.Don. Euphorbia nerifolia L. Elettaria cardamomum Matrn. Mimosops elengi L. Cinnamomum verum Presl. Cinamomum zylanicum L. Salmalia malabarica Schott. Bombax cieba L. Merremia emarginata Burm f. Mesua nagasarium Burm f.

Teliaceae Asteraceae Zygophyllaceae Apocynaceae Hippocrataceae Rosacae Euphorbiaceae Zingiberaceae Sapotaceae Lauraceae Lauraceae Bombacaceae Bombacaceae Convolvulaceae Clusiaceae

Bark. W.plant W.plant Bark, leaves Roots Fruits

Roots , Leaves, Latex Seeds, Oil Bark, flrs, seeds Bark, oil Bark Latex, Bark Whole plant Whole plant Flowers, leaves

MB

24 333. 334. 335. 336. 337. 338. 339. 340. 341. 342. 343. 344. 345. 346. 347. 348. Eli tadiyan Elichuzhiyan Ellenna Ellu Enna ppana Ephedra Eratt.aya- ni Eratt.i madhuram Eringium Eroppakaitha Eru kkizhag Eruka ppullu Erukku Eruma kkalli Eruma na-kku Eruppacha

JX X UH U HM d G G F M AB M A AU A

Rhaphidophora laciniata Burm f. Didymocarpus tomentosa L. Sesamum indicum L Sesamum indicum L Eleas guanensis L. Ephedra geradiana Wall. Leea indica Burm f. Glycyrrhiza glabra L. Eringium foetida L. Agave americana L. Zingiber officianale Roxb. Typha angustata B &Ch. Calotropis gigantea L. Argemon mexicana L. Ficus hispida L. Spilanthus calva L.

Araceae Gesneriaceae Pedaliaceae Pedaliaceae Arecaceae Ephedraceae Leeaceae Papilionaceae Apiaceae Lilliaceae Zingiberaceae Typhaceae Asclepiadaceae Papavaraceae Moraceae Asteraceae

Stem Whole plant Seeds, oil Roots, leaves, seeds Pericarp, seeds Whole Plant Roots, Leaves Roots Whole Plant Whole Plant Rhizome Whole plant Whole plant Whole plant Root, bark, leaves Flower buds

25 349. 350. 351. 352. 353. 354. 355. 356. 357. 358. 359. 360. 361. 362. 363. 364. E-zhachembakam E-zhal Ganapathina- rekam Gandhaje-rakam Gandhako- kila Gandhanachet.i Gangathulasi Gantha prasa- rani Gantha ra-jan Garuda kkot.i Garudappacha Gaveduka Ghudasarkara Go- gibra Go- puramthangi Go- raksha

O W
t t t { td tX A

Plumeria acutifolia L Embelia tjerm-cottam L Citrus medica L. Plantago ovata Forsk. Aganosma dichotoma Roth. Achillea millefolium L. Hyptis suaveolens L. Paederia foetida L. Gardenia gummifera L. Aristolochia indica L. Selaginella rupestris L. Coix lacryma jobi L. Grewia hirsuta Vahl. Onosma bracteatum Wall. Andrographis echioides Nees. Dalbergia lanceolaria L.

Apocynaceae Myrsinaceae Rutaceae Plantaginaceae Apocynaceae Asteraceae Lamiaceae Rubiaceae Rubiaceae Aristolochiaceae Selagnellaceae Poaceae Teliaceae Boraginaceae Acanthaceae Papilionaceae

Bark Roots Fruits Seeds Latex, Flowers Whole Plant Leaves W.plant Resin W.plant Whole Plant W.plant Whole Plant Whole Plant Whole Plant Bark

VA d B f

26 365. 366. 367. 368. 369. 370. 371. 372. 373. 374. 375. 376. 377. 378. 379. Go-tamb Gra-mbu Granthi ka-keram Guggulumaram Gulgulu Gulkherachedi Ha pusha Harmal He-mandha haritham Himgu pathri Hiranya thutham I la kalli I la mulachi I lakkanni I landa

Triticum aestivum L. Syzygium aromaticum L. Limnanthemum cristatum Gris. Commiphora wightii L. Commiphora mukul Hook. Althea officianalis L. Juniperus communis L. Peganum harmala L. Gaultheria fragrantissima Wall. Gardenia gummifera L. Colchicum luteum L. Euphorbia lingularia Roxb. Kalanchoe pinnata (Lamk.) Pers. Smithia conferta SM. Ziziphus mauritiana

Poaceae Myrtaceae Gentianaceae Burseraceae Burseraceae Malvaceae Pinaceae Zygophyllaceae Ericaceae Rubiaceae Liliaceae Euphorbiaceae Crasulaceae Papilionaceae Rhamnaceae

Grains Dried flower buds W.plant Whole Plant Latex Whole Plant Cones Leaves, seeds Leaves Fruits W.plant Whole plant Leaves Whole plant Leaves, bark, fruits.

d
dt

P
W

W
VNW L Pd HcJ AU { AH L

27 380. 381. 382. 383. 384. 385. 386. 387. 388. 389. 390. 391. 392. 393. 394. I landa pazham I langam I langi I lave I lavin pasa I layimmel thai I lippa I lippa poovu I lli I- nth I- ra I- ra kkathira I- ran pana I sda goal I spa khal

LM C E X NW M MM L A X Z W

Lamk. Ziziphus mauritiana Lamk. Cinnamomum verum Presl. Mimosops elengi L. Bombax ceiba L. Bombax ceiba L. Kalanchoe pinnata (Lamk.) Pers. Madhuca longifolia Koenia. Madhuca longifolia Koenia. Bambusa arundinacea Retz. Cycas circinalis L. Ochlandra Rheedei Gamb. Vernonia arborea Ham. Caryota urens L. Plantago ovata Forst. Plantago ovata Forst.

Rhamnaceae Lauraceae Sapotaceae Bombacaceae Bombacaceae Crasulaceae Sapotaceae Sapotaceae Poaceae Cycadaceae Poaceae Asteraceae Arecaceae Plantaginaceae Plantaginaceae

Fruits Bark, oil

Bark, flrs.fruits&seed Whole plant Cell sap Leaves Bark, heart wood Bark, heart wood Whole plant Whole plant Stem, roots Whole plant Bud, leaves, nuts Seeds Seeds

28 395. 396. 397. 398. 399. 400. 401. 402. 403. 404. 405. 406. 407. 408. 409. I- swara mu- li I- swara mulla I- tha I- tha ppana I- thil pana I- tt.i I- tta I-cha pidiyan Iiviral Ikan.a Indrani Inja I-nja Inji Injipullu

b b J JM JZM G x X W A dw F F F FM

Aristolochia indica L. Aristolochia indica L. Phoenix dactylifera L. Phoenix dactylifera L. Cycas circinalis L. Dalbergia latifolia Roxb. Ochlandra Rheedei Gamb. Drosera peltata Linn. Schefflera stellata L. Toona ciliata Roem. Vitex negundo L. Acacia caesia W. & A. Acacia caesia W. & A. Zingiber officinale Roxb. Cymbopogon citrates D C.

Aristolochiaceae Aristolochiaceae Arecaceae Arecaceae Cycadaceae Papilionaceae Poaceae Droceraceae Araliaceae Meliaceae Verbenaceae Mimosoideae Mimosoideae Zingiberaceae Poaceae

Whole plant Whole plant Fruits Fruits Whole plant Wood Stem, roots Whole plant Roots, Bark Bark, flrs.

Leaves,Roots,Fruits. Bark Bark Rhizome Whole plant

410. 411.

I rapullu Iratt.a nambia- rvattum Iravi Irin-il Irippa

M GOcVG EW M U Z OX{ W A JZ

Typha elephantine L. Tabernamontana divaricata (Linn.) R. Br. Garcinia morella Desr. Alangium salvifolium Wang. Madhuca longifolia Koenia. Xylia xylocarpa Taub. Xylia xylocarpa Taub. Averrhoa carambola L. Plectranthus vettiveroides Lour. Xylia xylocarpa Taub. Cinamomum inermis L. Helicteres isora L. Malaxis muscifera Lindl. Artocarpus lakoocha Roxb. Commiphora wightii L.

Typaceae Apocynaceae

29 Whole Plant Roots, latex, flrs.

412. 413. 414.

Clusiaceae Alangiaceae Sapotaceae

Fruits Roots, Fruits Bark, heartwood

415. 416. 417. 418. 419. 420. 421. 422. 423. 424.

Iru mullu Irul Irumban puli Iruv-eli Iruvil It. ana It.ampiri valampiri It.avakam It.ichakka It.ithil

Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Oxallidaceae Lamiaceae Papilionaceae Lauraceae Sterculiaceae Orchidaceae Moraceae Burseraceae

Roots, leaves, bark Roots, leaves, bark Leaves, fruits Whole plant Roots, leaves, bark Bark Whole plant Swollen stem Fruits Roots, leaves

30 425. 426. 427. 428. 429. 430. 431. 432. 433. 434. 435. 436. 437. 438. 439. Ithil Itthi Itthi kanni Itthikanni Itthiyal Iyya-mpullu Ja- thi pathri Ja- thikka Ja- thikka maram Jada-ma-msi Jada-ma-nji Jala thippalli Jamandhi Ja-thi Je- rakam

JZ J JAH JAH JW O d A A F M L

Loranthus longiflorus L. Ficus microcarpa L. Loranthus falcatus Linn. f. Dendropththae falcata L. Ficus microcarpa L. Typha angustata B. & Ch. Myristica fragrans Houtt. Myristica fragrans Houtt. Myristica fragrans Houtt. Nardostachys grandiflora DC. Nardostachys grandiflora DC. Phyla nodiflora L. Chrysanthemum indicum L. Myristica fragrans Houtt. Cuminum cyminum L.

Loranthaceae Moraceae Loranthaceae Lorantaceae Moraceae Typhaceae Myristicaceae Myristicaceae Myristicaceae Valerianaceae Valerianaceae Verbenaceae Asteraceae Myristicaceae Apiaceae

Leaves . Bark, leaves, roots Whole plant Whole Plant Bark, leaves, roots Whole plant Seeds, aril Seeds, aril Seeds, aril Rhizome Rhizome Fruits Flowers Seeds, aril Fruits

31 440. Je- vakam Je- vanthi Jupha Ka-njeram Ka -chil Ka- kka palunk Ka- kka thondi Ka- kka thudali Ka- li ppana Ka- na kavug Ka- nthal Ka- ppi Ka- r thotti Ka- ra chulli Ka- ra mullu

L F W AM{C AJI AJ {M B LW M VJG U U

Malaxis acuminata D.Don. Leptadenia reticulata L. Hissopus officianalis L. Strchynose nux-vomica L. Dioscorea alata L. Coix lacryma-jobi L. Trichosanthus tricuspidata L. Toddalia asiatica L. Caryota urens L. Areca dioksoni L. Gloriosa superba L. Coffea arabica L. Hugonia mystax L. Catunaregum spinosa L Canthium parviflorum Lam.

Orchidaceae

Swollen stem

441. 442. 443. 444. 445. 446. 447. 448. 449. 450. 451. 452. 453. 454.

Asclepiadaceae Lamiaceae Loganiaceae Dioscoriaceae Poaceae Cucurbitaceae Rutaceae Arecaceae Arecaceae Liliaceae Rubiaceae Linaceae Rubiaceae Rubiaceae

Roots Whole Plant Seeds Tubers Roots, seeds Whole plant Whole plant Cell sap, seeds Fruits Rhizome. Seeds Roots Bark, fruits Roots, leaves

32 455. 456. 457. 458. 459. 460. 461. 462. 463. 464. 465. 466. 467. 468. 469. 470. Ka rakil Ka- ratt (Carrot) Ka- ri lavu Ka- rko-kil Ka- rko-kilari Ka- ru ve-ppu Ka t.amaram Ka- th Ka- tt.amaruth Ka- tt.arakk Ka- tt.u che- ru Ka- tt.u cheera Ka- tt.u cherupayar Ka- tt.u chura Ka- tt.u go-thamp Ka- tt.u ja- thi
-

W cG VW V M G J G GA G G GV G GO G

Aquilaria agallocha Roxb. Daucus carota L. Crotalaria retusa L. Psoralea corylifolia L. Psoralea corylifolia L. Garuga pinnata Roxb. Xylia xylocarpa Taub. Acacia catechu L. Tinospora malabarica Lam. Crotalaria juncea L. Holigarna arnotiana L Amaranthus viridis L. Vigna pilosa Baker. Lagenaria siceraria L. Coix lacryma jobi L. Myristica malabarica Lam.

Thymeleaceae Apiaceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Burseraceae Mimosoideae Mimosoideae Menispermaceae Papilionaceae Anacardiaceae Amaranthaceae Papilionaceae Cucurbitaceae Poaceae Myristicaceae

Wood Roots, seeds Whole plant Seeds Seeds Whole plant Bark, Seed oil Bark Stem Whole plant Fruits Whole plant Roots Whole plant Roots, seeds Seeds, aril

33 471. 472. 473. 474. Ka tt.u jeerakam Ka- tt.u kadukka Ka- tt.u kalinjan Ka- tt.u kanakambaram Ka- tt.u kasthu-ri Ka- tt.u kurumulak Ka- tt.u majal Ka- tt.u mallika Ka- tt.u mulak Ka- tt.u mulla Ka- tt.u mundiri Ka- tt.u munja Ka- tt.u muthira Ka- tt.u n-arinnil Ka- tt.u pado-lam
-

G GA G{EX G GJ G{ GEZ G G{ G GL GE G GEW G

Vernonia anthelmintica Willd. Terminalia travancorensis W &Arn. Garunga pinnata Roxb. Crosandra unduliformis L. Abelmoschus moschatus L. Piper brachystachyum Wall. Curcuma aromatica Salis. Jasminum angustifolium L. Piper brachystachyum Wall. Jasminum angustifolium L. Annona reticulata L. Premna corymbosa Rottl. Cassia absus L. Pedalium murex L. Trichosanthus lobata Roxb.

Asteraceae Combretaceae Burserace Acanthaceae

Fruits Fruits Whole plant Whole plant

475. 476. 477. 478. 479. 480. 481. 482. 483. 484. 485.

Malvaceae Piperaceae Zingiberaceae Oleaceae Piperaceae Oleaceae Anonaceae Verbenaceae Caesalpinaceae Pedaliaceae Cucurbitaceae

Fruits Roots, Fruits Rhizome Roots, leaves Roots, Fruits Roots, leaves Fruits Roots, leaves Seeds Whole plant Whole plant

34 486. 487. 488. 489. 490. 491. 492. 493. 494. 495. 496. 497. 498. 499. 500. Ka tt.u paruthi Ka- tt.u payar Ka- tt.u peeram Ka- tt.u peranda Ka- tt.u pi- chil (var) Ka- tt.u pu- varas Ka- tt.u punna Ka- tt.u tha- li Ka- tt.u thritha-v Ka- tt.u thulasi Ka- tt.u thumba Ka- tt.u va- zha Ka- tt.u vazha Ka- tt.u vellari Ka- tt.u vellari (small)
-

GJ GV G GI GW G GK G{ GdJ G{ GO G G GU GU()

Gossipium arborium L. Vigna pilosa Baker. Luffa cylindrica Roxb. Cayratia carnosa Wall. Luffa cylindrica Roxb. Hibiscus cannabinus L. Calophyllum elatum L. Ipomoea muricata Jacq. Ocimum americanum L. Ocimum americanum L. Trichodesma indica L. Musa superba L. Aloe barbadensis Mill. Citrullus colocynthus L. Cucumis trigonus L

Malvaceae Papilionaceae Cucurbitaceae Vitaceae Cucurbitaceae Malvaceae Clusiaceae Convolvulaceae Lamiaceae Lamiaceae Boraginaceae Musaceae Liliaceae Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitaceae

Leaves Roots Whole plant Whole plant Whole plant Whole plant Bark Whole plant Leaves, seeds Leaves, seeds Whole plant Fruits Leaves Roots, fruits Roots, fruits

501. 502. 503. 504. 505. 506. 507. 508. 509. 510. 511. 512. 513. 514. 515.

Ka tt.u zhunnu Ka- tt.ulli Ka- tt.uthippalli Ka- tt.uvellari (Big) Ka- tta-di maram Ka- ttu. Ramathulasi Ka- vu-th Ka- yal ppoov Ka- yam Ka- yam (var) Ka- ya-mbu Kacho-lam Kacho-ram Kachu-ri Kadali pu-ve

GK GU GM GU() x G{ J WM O {M

Teramnus labialis Spreng. / Vigna radiatus L. Urginea indica Kanth. Piper longum L. Citrullus colocynthus L. Casurina equisetifolia L. Ocimum americanum L. Dioscoria alata L. Euryale ferox L. Ferula asafoetida L. Ferula northax L. Mimyxylon edule L. Kaempferia galanga L Kaempferia galanga L Kaempferia galanga L Osbeckia triquatrum L.

Papilionaceae Liliaceae Piperaceae Cucurbitaceae Casurinaceae Lamiaceae Dioscoriaceae Euryataceae Apiaceae Apiaceae Melastomaceae Zingiberaceae Zingiberaceae Zingiberaceae Melastomaceae

35 Roots, seeds Bulb Dried spikes Roots, fruits Seeds Leaves, seeds Tubers Fruits Resin Resin Flowers Leaves, roots Leaves, roots Leaves, roots Whole plant

516. 517. 518. 519. 520. 521. 522. 523. 524. 525. 526. 527. 528. 529. 530. 531.

Kadali va zha Ka-dallari Kai na-ri Kaippa Kaippan ko-va Kaippan pado-lam Kaippan ve-ppu Kaitha Kaitha chakka Kaiyya-lapuliyan Ka-kana-ssini Kakkari Ka-kka panicha Ka-kka pu- ve Ka-kkamullu Ka-kkapalunk

{ M MX MX MXM A

Musa paradisiaca L. Homonnia riparia Lour. Pandanus odoatissimus Lin f. Mormodica charantia L. Coccinia grandis L. Trichosanthes lobata Roxb. Azadirachta indica Juss. Pandanus odoatissimus Lin f. Pandanus odoatissimus Lin f. Begonia malabarica Lam. Capparis sepiaria L. Cucumis sativus L. Diospyros tomentosa Roxb. Torenea fourneri L Pedalium murex L. Coix lacryma- jobi L.

Musaceae Euphorbiaceae Pandanaceae Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitaceae Meliaceae Pandanaceae Pandanaceae Begoniaceae Capparidaceae Cucurbitaceae Ebnaceae Scrophulariaceae Pedaliaceae Poaceae

36 Stem, fruits Roots, leaves, fruits Root, leaves, flrs. Whole plant Roots, leaves, fruits. Whole plant W. Plant Root, leaves, flrs. Root, leaves, flrs. WholePlant Whole Plant Whole Plant Leaves Whole plant Whole Plant Roots,Seeds

{X A A
AM

AU A{C

37 532. 533. 534. 535. 536. 537. 538. 539. 540. 541. 542. 543. 544. 545. 546. Ka-kkappo-la Kakkarica (var) Ka-kkathondi Kakkumka-ya Ka-koli Kal kandam Kal pa-sam Kal payil Kal pine Kal pu- ve Kal tha-mara Kalas Kalla-l Kallaraya-l Kalli

AM{
AA AJI A { WAI WM WW WMX WM WJ W W U

Monochoria vaginalis Burnf. Cucumis melo L. Capparis sepiaria L. Enteda scandens L. Fritillaria roylei Hook. Saccharum officianarum L. Parmelia perlata Huds. Dipterocarpus alatus Gartn. Dipterocarpus alatus Gartn. Parmelia perlata Huds. Nervilia aragoana Gartn. Lannea coromandelica Vahl. Ficus arnotiana L. Ficus arnotiana L. Euphorbia lingularia Roxb.

Pontederiaceae Cucurbitaceae Capparidaceae Mimosoideae Liliaceae Poaceae Parmeliaceae Dipterocarpaceae Dipterocarpaceae Parmeliaceae Orchidaceae Anacardiaceae Moraceae Moraceae Euphorbiaceae

Whole Plant Fruits, seeds Whole Plant Seeds Bulb Stem W.plant Gum Resin Whole plant Leaves Bark, leaves Bark Bark Wholeplant

38 547. 548. 549. 550. 551. 552. 553. 554. 555. 556. Kalli chet.i Kallithi (var) Kallithi (var) Kallithi (var) Kallu rukki Kallu ruvi Kallu va- zha Kallu-r vanchi Kalluruki (var) Kallya-n.a sougathigam Kalpine (var) Kambili mo-ss Kammalpo-ve Kammathi Kammatt.i

U J J J A VF A ct

Euphorbia nerifolia L. Ficus amplissima J.E.Sm Ficus banjamina L. Ficus lacor Buch & Ham Scoparia dulsis L. Ammania baccifera L. Musa superba L. Rotula aquatica Lour. Pouzolzia zeylanica L. Hedychium coronarium L.

Euphorbiaceae Moraceae Moraceae Moraceae Scrophulariaceae Lythraceae Musaceae Boraginaceae Urticaceae Zingiberaceae

Latex Bark, Leaes Bark, Leaes Bark, Leaes Whole plant Whole plant Fruits Whole plant Whole Plant Rhizome

557. 558. 559. 560. 561.

WX
O{T

Dipterocarpus tubinatus Gartn. Citrus decumana L. Tithonia diversifolia L. Amischophacelus axillaris L. Jatropha curcus L.

Dipterocarpaceae Rutaceae Asteraceae Commelinaceae Euphorbiaceae

Bark, Oleoresin Fruits Whole Plant Whole Plant Leaves, seeds, oil

NWM NJ
NG

562. 563. 564. 565. 566. 567. 568. 569.

Kampi ppa la Kamuk Kamung Kana ka-mbaram Kana ve-rum Kanda ka-ra Kanda ka-ri chunda Kandaka- ri varzuthanga Kandalachet.i Kandan kathiri Kande-ra Kani konna Kanja- v Kanjan kora Kannam pott.i

OM B I II IB

Euphorbia thiukalli L. Areca catechu L. Areca catechu L. Barleria prionites L. Nerium oleander L. Canthium parviflorum Lam. Solanum surattense Burn f. Solanum surattense Burn f.

Euphorbiaceae Arecaceae Arecaceae Acanthaceae Apocynaceae Rubiaceae Solanaceae Solanaceae

39 Whole plant Fruits Fruits Roots Whole plant Roots, leaves Whole plant Whole plant

570. 571. 572. 573. 574. 575. 576.

I
IX J

Agave Americana L. Argemon mexicana L. Ranunculus scleratus L. Cassia fistula L. Cannabis sativa L. Canscora decussata Roxb. Jatropha gossipifolia L.

Liliaceae Papavaraceae Ranunculaceae Caesalpinaceae Cannabinaceae Gentianaceae Euphorbiaceae

Whole Plant Whole plant Whole Plant Whole plant Whole plant Whole plant Whole plant

I
AK F FX HG

577. 578. 579. 580. 581. 582. 583. 584. 585. 586. 587. 588. 589. 590. 591. 592.

Kanna mthali Kann-i ku-rka Kanni ku-rka (var) Kann-unni Kanpott.i Ka-ntha-ri mulak Kapila Kappa Kappa chakka Kappal mulaku Kappamulak Kappaparangi Kappathumba Ka-ppuvila Ka-ra Kara veerum

HJ{ EAVA EAVA EH YG L{ M MA MW{ M{ MMC MO M{

Exacum bicolour L Plectranthus ambonicus Lour. Plectranthus vettiveroides Lour. Eclipta prostrata L. Symplocos cochinchinensis Lour. Capsicum frutescens L. Mallotus philippensis Lam. Manihot esculenta Gartn. Annanas comosus L. Capsicum annum L. Capsicum frutescens L. Capsicum frutescens L. Alhagi camelorum Fisch. Catheranthes pusillus D.Don Canthium parviflorum Lam. Nerium oleander L.

Gentianaceae Lamiaceae Lamiaceae Astraceae Symplocaceae Solanaceae Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiaceae Bromeliaceae Solanaceae Solanaceae Solanaceae Fabaceae Apocynaceae Rubiaceae Apocynaceae

40 Whole Plant Leaves Leaves Whole plant Bark Fruits Hairs of the husk. Tubers Leaves, fruits Fruits Fruits Fruits Whole Plant Whole Plant Roots,Leaves Whole plant

41 593. 594. 595. 596. 597. 598. 599. 600. 601. 602. 603. 604. 605. 606. 607. Karalakam Karalayam Kara-mbu Karanda Karandavalli Karappu Karas Karayam Karaya-mbu Karaya-mbu Kare- ra Kareeram Kari bba-yal Kari bolam Kari che-ra

{ O I IU M O O OW O{

Aristolochia indica L. Aristolochia indica L. Sysygium aromaticum L. Carrisa carandas L. Aristolochia indica L. Papaver somniferum L. Odina woodier L. Lannea coromandelica Vahl. Ludwigia octovalvis Jacq. Sysygium aromaticum L. Capparis decidua Forsk. Capparis decidua Forsk. Ceratophyllum demersum L. Trapa natans L. Portulaca oleracea L.

Aristolochiaceae Aristolochiaceae Myrtaceae Apocynaceae Aristolochiaceae Papavaraceae Anacardiaceae Anacardiaceae Onangraceae Myrtaceae Capparidaceae Capparidaceae Ceratophyllaceae Trapaceae Portulacaceae

Whole plant Whole plant Dried flower bud Roots, fruits Roots,Leaves Petal, fruits, seeds Leaves, fruits Bark, leaves Whole Plant Dried flower bud Whole Plant Roots, fruits0 Whole plant Whole plant Whole plant

42 608. 609. 610. 611. 612. 613. 614. 615. 616. 617. 618. 619. 620. 621. 622. Kari kka yam Kari maruth Kari mulli Kari mullu Kari va-ka Kari ve-lam Kari ve-ppu Karikkolla Karim bbana Karim je- rakam Karim kat.uk Karim kurinji Karim ku-valam Karim n-otta Karim thakka-li
-

A U U M AU O CE { G A{

Ferula asafoetida L. Termanalia crenulata Roth. Capparis decidua Forsk. Capparis decidua Forsk. Albizia odoratissima L. Acacia nilotica L. Murrya koenigii L. Cassia absus L. Borassus flabellifer L. Nigella sativa L. Brassica oleratia L. Nilgirianthus ciliatus Nees. Monochoria vaginalis Burnf. Samadera indica Gartn. Solanum nigram L.

Apiaceae Combretaceae Capparidaceae Capparidaceae Mimosoideae Mimosoideae Rutaceae Caesalpiniaceae Arecaceae Ranunculaceae Cruciferae Acanthaceae Pontederiaceae Simarubaceae Solanaceae

Resin Bark Roots, fruits Roots, fruits Bark Bark Root, bark, leaves Leaves, seeds Whole plant Seeds Leaves, seeds Whole plant Whole plant Bark, wood, seeds Bark, wood, seeds

623. 624. 625. 626. 627. 628. 629. 630. 631. 632. 633. 634. 635. 636. 637. 638. 639.

Karim thumba Karim thumba (var) Karimaruth Karimb Karimbo-lam (var) Karimje-rakam Karimn-otta Karimuringa Karimuthanga Karinga-li Karive-ppilakkurigi Kariyalanji Karkat.aka srunki Karkata sranki Karmathi Karmu-s Karni ka- ram

O O

Anisomeles malabarica L. Adenosma capitata L. Terminalia crenulata Roth. Saccharum officianarum L. Trapa bispinosa Roxb. Carum curvi L. Samadera indica Gartn. Moringa pteryge L Cyperus rotundus L Acacia catechu L. Cosmostigma racemosa L. Smilax zeylanica L. Pistacia chinensis Richt. Acacia nilotica L. Carica papaya L Carica papaya L Pterospermum acerifolium

Lamiaceae Lamiaceae Combretacea Poaceae Trapaceae Apiaceae Simarubaceae Moringaceae Cyperiaceae Mimosoideae Asclepiadaceae Liliaceae Anacardiaceae Mimosoideae Caricaceae Caricaceae Sterculiaceae

43 Whole plant Whole plant Bark Stem Whole Plant Fruits Bark, wood, seeds Bark Tuberous Roots Heart wood, bark Leaves Roots Leaf galls Bark Fruits, latex Fruits, latex Flrs.

O{
EG

B JB
B

MAE F
Vd Vd VNJ V V

44 640. 641. 642. 643. 644. 645. 646. 647. 648. 649. 650. 651. 652. 653. 654. 655. Karpo rachet. i Karpu-ra Karpu-ra thulasi Karpu-racyprus Karpu-ram Karpu-ramaram Ka-rthotti Karu nochi Karu va-ka Karu ve-lam Karu ve-ppu Karuka Karuka ppullu Karuppa kkodi Karutha amalpori Karutha A-mbal
-

V
VM VM{

L. Artemisia nilagirica L. Dryobalanops camphora L. Ocimum kilimandscharicum Gartn. Juniperus communis L. Cinnamomum camphora L. Cinnamomum camphora L. Hugonia mystax L. Vitex negundo L. Albizia odoratissima L. Acacia nilotica L. Murrya koenigii L. Cynodon dactylon L. Cynodon dactylon L. Naravelia zeylanica L. Rauwolfia tetraphylla L. Monochoria vaginalis Burnf.

Compositae Dipterocarpaceae Lamiaceae Coniferae Lauraceae Lauraceae Linaceae Verbenaceae Mimosoideae Mimosoideae Rutaceae Poaceae Poaceae Ranunculaceae Apocynaceae Pontederiaceae

Flowers Wood Leaves Cones,Resin Bark Wood Roots Whole plant Bark Bark Root, stem, leaves Whole plant Whole plant Whole plant Whole Plant Root stock

Vd
VM

V
VJG M M MA

J WM
J OW

656. 657.

Karutha ka ttutulassi Karutha kudakappala Karutha manikanjakam Karutha thrikolpa konna Karutha thritha-v Karuthacheruthulassi Karuthummam Karuva Kasa kasa Kase- ruka Kashmir pe-zh Ka-si thumba Kassabu-l Kasthu-ri mann-al Kasthu-ri venda Kasu ma-v

JG{T
J M JX J dWMK J dJ

Ocimum gratissimum L. Wrightia tomentosa Roem.

Lamiaceae Apocynaceae

45 Whole Plant Bark

658.

Ocimum kilimandscharicum Gartn. Marsdenia tenacissima W & A. Ocimum tenuifolium L. Ocimum americanum L. Datura metel L Cinnamomum verum Presl. Papaver somniferum L. Cyprus grossus L. Onosma bracteatum Wall. Impatiens balsamina L. Onosma bracteatum Wall. Curcuma aromatica Salis. Abelmoschus moschatus L. Anacardium occidentale L.

Lamiaceae

Whole plant

659. 660. 661. 662. 663. 664. 665. 666. 667. 668. 669. 670. 671.

Asclepiadaceae Lamiaceae Lamiaeae Solanaceae Lauraceae Papavaraceae Cyperaceae Boraginaceae Balsaminae Boraginaceae Zingiberaceae Malvaceae Anacardiaceae

Stem Whole plant Whole Plant Leaves Bark, oil Petal, fruits, seeds Rhizome Whole Plant Whole Plant Whole Plant Rhizome Fruit Seeds

J {T JN
V O Z J EZ J I

46 672. 673. 674. 675. 676. 677. 678. 679. 680. 681. 682. 683. 684. 685. Kat.a chakka Kat.a ppila-v Kat.al thenga Kat.ala Kat.ala- vanak Kat.alasupo-ve Kat.ala-t.i Kat.ampu Kat.asam Ka-t.t.a thi Kat.u rohini Kat.uk Kat.ukka Kat.uku rhohin.i

A M WJB

Artocarpus communis Forst. Artocarpus communis Forst. Lodoicea maldivica Poir. Cicer arietinum L. Jatropha curcus L. Bougainvillea spectabilis L. Achyranthus aspera L . Anthocephalus cadamba L. Millingtonia hortensis L. Ficus arnotiana L. Picrorhiza scrophulariiflora L. Brassica juncea L. Terminalia chebula Retz. Picrorhiza scrophulariiflora L.

Moraceae Moraceae Araceae Papilionaceae Euphorbiaceae Nyctaginaceae Amaranthaceae Rubiaceae Bignoniaceae Moraceae Scrophulariaceae Cruciferae Combretaceae Scrophulariaceae

Latex, Leaves Latex Husk, endosperm Seeds Leaves, seeds, oil Roots Whole plant Bark, leaves, fruit Bark Bark Dried rhizomes Seeds Seeds Dried rhizomes

T
O

GJ G A

686. 687. 688. 689. 690. 691. 692. 693. 694. 695. 696. 697. 698. 699. 700.

Kat.urohini Katbhalam Kathiri Ka-tt. -van.ak Ka-tt.inji Ka-tt.u karaya-mbu Ka-tta mari Ka-tta ppa Katta-r va-zha Ka-ttaya mo- dakam Ka-ttu ka-chil (var) Ka-ttu kavung Ka-ttu kodi Ka-ttu nellu Ka-ttu rhohini

Pichrorhiza kurrou Royle. Myristica nagi Thumb. Cucumis sativus L. Jatropha curcus L. Zingiber zeramber L. Ludwigia octovalvis Jacq. Tephrosia purpurea L. Ageratum conyzoides L. Aloe barbadensis Mill. Chenopodium ambrosiodes L. Dioscoria sativa L. Pinanga dicksonii L. Cocculus hirsutus L. Oryza malapuzhensis L. Helleborus niger L.

Scrophulariaceae Myristicaceae Cucurbitaceae Euphorbiaceae Zingiberaceae Onangraceae Papilionaceae Asteraceae Liliaceae Chenopodiaceae Dioscoriaceae Arecaceae Menispermaceae Poaceae Ranunculaceae

47 Whole Plant Fruits Whole Plant Leaves, seeds, oil Rhizome Fruits Whole plant Leaves Leaves Seeds Bulb Fruits Whole plant Grains Roots

J GA GF G
G GM xV G GW

GB
G

G G

701. 702. 703. 704. 705. 706. 707. 708. 709. 710. 711. 712. 713. 714. 715. 716.

Ka ttucheera Ka-ttuche-mb Ka-ttuche-na Ka-ttuche-na Ka-ttuka-chil Ka-ttukadali Ka-ttukadukka Ka-ttuka-ppi Ka-ttuku-va Ka-ttulanda Ka-ttumulak (var) Ka-ttumuringa Ka-ttumuthira Ka-ttuniru-ri Ka-ttupayar (var) Ka-ttupe- chil (var)

G G
G G GW

Amaranthus viridis L. Colocasia esculenta L. Amorphophallus sylvastricus L. Arisaema tortuosum L. Dioscorea bulbifera L. Osbeckia aspera Blume Terminalia travancorensis W&A Diplospora sphaerocarpa Hook. Curcuma angustifolia Roxb. Zizyphus rugosa L. Piper retrofactum Vahl. Moringa pteryge L Atylosia scarabaleoides L. Brynia rhamnoides Muell. Phaseolus trilobus L. Luffa aegyptica Mill.

Amaranthaceae Araceae Araceae Araceae Dioscoriaceae Melastomaceae Combretaceae Rubiaceae Zingiberaceae Rhamnaceae Piperaceae Moringaceae Papilionaceae Euphorbiaceae Papilionaceae Cucurbitaceae

48 Whole Plant Corm Corms Corm Fruits, Roots Whole Plant Fruits Seeds Rhizome Fruits Fruits Bark Whole Plant Bark,Leaves WholePlant WholePlant

G{ GA GM G GL G{ GB
G

G
GV GW

49 717. 718. 719. 720. 721. 722. 723. 724. 725. 726. 727. 728. 729. 730. 731. Ka-ttupi- chil (var) Ka-ttupokala Ka-ttupu-chet.i Ka-ttuthritha- v Ka-ttuthritha-ve (var) Ka-ttuthumbi Ka-ttuzhunnu Kavungu Ka-ya-v Kayyo-nni Kayyula Kayyunni Kazhanji Kazhi muthanga Ke-saram

GW

Luffa leucantha Buch. Lobelia nicotianifolia Roth. Lantana camara var. aculeate L. Ocimum gratissimum L. Orthosiphon thymiflorus L. Lagenaria leucantha Duch. Atylosia goensis L. Areca catechu L. Linum usitassimum L. Eclipta prostrata L. Helicteres isora L. Eclipta prostrata L. Caesalpinia bonduc L. Cyperus esculentus L. Crocus sativus L.

Cucurbitaceae Lobeliaceae Verbenaceae Lamiaceae Lamiaceae Cucurbitaceae Papilionaceae Arecaceae Linaceae Astraceae Sterculiaceae Astraceae Caesalpinaceae Cyperaceae Iridaceae

WholePlant Seeds, Leaves Whole Plant WholePlant Leaves WholePlant Whole Plant Seeds Flrs, seeds Whole plant Fruits,Roots Whole plant Wholeplant Tubers Dried stigma

G G
GdJ GdJ

GO
GK B K

{
H F JB

50 732. 733. 734. 735. 736. 737. 738. 739. 740. 741. 742. 743. 744. 745. 746. Khaju-ra Kharapushpa Ki- zha- nelli Ki- zha-r nelli Kilithi-ni ppanji Kilu kiluppa (var) Kilukiluppa Kiriya-th Kirutha- nelli Kizhuka- nelli Kizhuka-m thumba Kla-v Ko- lashimbi Chandipayar Ko- va Ko- val


V {JME M M J A AO XV W

Phoenix sylvestris L. Ocimum pilosum Benth. Phyllantus amarus Schum. Phyllantus amarus Schum. Celastrus paniculatus Willd. Crotalaria retusa L. Crotalaria pallida L. Andrographis paniculata Vahl. Phyllantus amarus Schum. Phyllantus amarus Schum. Trichodesma indica L. Carissa carandas L. Canavelia gladiata Jacq. Coccinia grandis L. Coccinia grandis L.

Arecaceae Lamiaceae Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiaceae Celastraceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Acanthaceae Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiaceae Boraginaceae Apocynaceae Papilionaceae Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitaceae

Fruits Whole Plant W.Plant W.Plant Seeds, oil W.Plant Whole Plant W.Plant W.Plant W.Plant W.Plant Roots, fruits Seeds Roots, leaves, fruit Roots, leaves, fruit

51 747. 748. 749. 750. 751. 752. 753. 754. 755. 756. 757. 758. 759. 760. 761. Ko- zhi cheera Kochi ku- va Kodasa- ri Kokkam Kokku mantha-ram Koko (Cocao) Ko-l puli Ko-la Ko-la shimbi Ko-lava- ravalli Kolla ka-ya Kolli kizhag Kong Kongini Kongu mantha-ram

Celosia cristata L. Maranda arundinaceae L. Cassia hirsuta L. Garcinia indica L. Bauhinia racemosa Lam. Teobroma cacao L. Tamarindus indicus L. Cola acuminata B.Schott. Canavelia gladiata Jacq. Merremia umbellate L. Anamirta coculus L. Manihot esculenta Gartn. Bauhinia variegata L. Lanthana camara var. aculeate L. Bauhinia variegata L.

Amaranthaceae Marandaceae Caesalpiniaceae Clusiaceae Caesalpiniaceae Sterculiaceae Caesalpiniaceae Sterculiaceae Papilionaceae Convolvulaceae Menispermaceae Euphorbiaceae Caesalpiniaceae Verbenaceae Caesalpiniaceae

W.plant Rhizome Seeds Fruits Bark, leaves, fruits Fruits Roots, leaves Cell sap, Bark Seeds Leaves, Seeds Stem, fruits Tubers Fruit, bark WholePlant Fruit, bark

T A
A w A WM{

U
UA UAB B

B
Bw

52 762. 763. 764. 765. 766. 767. 768. 769. 770. 771. 772. 773. 774. 775. 776. Konna Koppa- la Ko-ra Korandi Koratta Korukkappuli Kot.a ppuli Kot.akka ppuli Kot.i kozhijil Kot.i nn-ali Kot.i thuvva Kot.u thuvva Kot.u ve-li Kotha malli Kotha mara

Cassia fistula L. Palaquinum ellipticum Engler. Eleusine coracana L. Salacia reticulata Wight. Rhodomyrtus tomentosa Hassk. Pithecellobium dulce Roxb. Garcinia gummi-gutta L. Garcinia gummi-gutta L. Tephrosia purpurea L. Piper betele L. Tragia involucrata L. Tragia involucrata L. Plumbago indica L. Coriandrum sativum L. Cyanopsis tetragonoloba L.

Caesalpiniaceae Sapotaceae Poaceae Salvadoraceae Myrtaceae Mimosoideae Clusiacaeae Clusiacaeae Papilionaceae Piperaceae Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiaceae Plumbaginaceae Apiaceae Papilionaceae

W.plant Guttapercha Grain Bark, leaves Fruits WholePlant Fruits Fruits W.plant W.plant Roots, leaves Roots, leaves Roots Fruits, leaves Pods

M
I

G AM{
M{ AM{ AEW E J J J J

777. 778. 779. 780. 781. 782. 783. 784. 785. 786. 787. 788. 789. 790. 791. 792.

Kotha vara Kotha vara (var) Kothambba-la Kothambba-lari Ko-thamp Kott.a ppayar Kott.am Kotta- ssa- ri Kottamullu Ko-vibha- ram Ko-vibha- ram (var) Ko-vibha- ram (var) Koyya Kozhijil Ko-zhimu-nja (var) Kozhuppa

J J O O O GMV G

Cyamopsis psoralioides DC. Cyanopsis tetragonoloba L. Coriandrum sativum L. Coriandrum sativum L. Triticum aestivum L. Vigna unguiculata L. Saussurea lappa C.B.Clark. Apama siliqusa Lamk. Zizyphus xylophyrus Retz. Bauhinia purpurea L Bauhinia racemosa Lam. Bauhinia variegata L Psidium gaujava L. Tephrosia purpurea L. Clerodendron multiflorum L. Portulaca oleracea L.

Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Apiaceae Apiaceae Poaceae Papilionaceae Astraceae Aristolochiaceae Rhamnaceae Caesalpiniaceae Caesalpiniaceae Caesalpiniaceae Myrtaceae Papilionaceae Verbenaceae Portulacaceae

53 Fruits, Seeds. Pods Fruits, leaves Fruits, leaves Grain Seeds Roots Roots,Leaves Fruits, Bark. Bark,Seeds Bark,Seeds Bark,Seeds Roots, leaves W.plant Leaves Stem, leaves

GT GU
EW

E
M

54 793. 794. 795. 796. 797. 798. 799. 800. 801. 802. 803. 804. 805. 806. 807. Kozhuppa (var) Kozhuppa che-ra Kozhuppa kke- ra Kozhuva Kra-li Krimi sathru Krishna be-jam Krishna kra-nthi Krishna sariba Krishna thulassi Krishnabhe-ja Krishnakire-dam Kshe-ra ka-koli Kshe-ravidwa- ri Kshe-thrakadali

M M MA d dd d ddL d d{ d

Onosma bracteatum Wall. Portulaca oleracea L. Portulaca oleracea L. Tephrosia purpurea L. Dodonaea viscosa L. Vernonia anthelmintica Willd. Ipoemea nil L. Evolvulus alsinoides L. Cryptolepis buchanani L. Ocimum kilimandscharicum Gartn. Ipomoea hedracea Jacq. Clerodendron inerme Gaertn Fritillaria roylei Hook. Ipomoea palmata L. Musa paradisiaca L.

Boraginaceae Portulacaceae Portulacaceae Papilionaceae Anacardiaceae Astraceae Convolvulaceae Convolvulaceae Asclepiadaceae Lamiaceae Convolvulaceae Verbenaeae Liliaceae Convolvulaceae Musaceae

Leaves Stem, leaves Stem, leaves W.plant Bark, leaves Fruits W. Plant W. Plant W. Plant Leaves WholePlant Roots W.plant Tubers Fruits

d
fd{

fb
fd{

55 808. 809. 810. 811. 812. 813. 814. 815. 816. 817. 818. 819. 820. 821. 822. Kshe-thraparpat.i Kshi-ra ka- ko-li Kshudra pathra Kshudra pathram Ku- la kam Ku- mulle Ku- mullu Ku- n Ku- ra madak Ku- rka Ku- valam Ku- vva Kudagappa-la Kuina Kuina

fdV
f{ fdd fdd { U U Y VA {

Fumaria parviflora Lam. Lillium polyphyllum D.Don Orthosiphon pallidus L. Orthosiphon pallidus L. Aegle marmelos L. Caealpinia mimosoides Lamk. Wagatia spicata L. Agaricus compestris L. Mallotus philippensis Lam. Coleus parviflora L. Aegle marmelos L. Maranta aruntinacea L. Holarrhena pubescens L. Cinchona officianalis L. Cinchona officianalis L.

Fumariaceae Liliaceae Lamiaceae Lamiaceae Rutaceae Caesalpiniacee Caesalpiniaceae Agaricaceae Euphorbiaceae Lamiaceae Rutaceae Marantaceae Apocynaceae Rubiaceae Rubiaceae

Whole Plant Bulb Leaves Leaves Root, leaves WholePlant W.plant W.plant Husk of fruits Tubers Root, leaves Rhizome Bark,Seeds Bark Bark

56 823. 824. 825. 826. 827. 828. 829. 830. 831. 832. 833. 834. 835. 836. Kukkuram Kukura vrusham Kulakko-zhi thandu Kulava-zha Kulir che-mbu Kumayu-n O-kke Kumbalam (var) Kumbalam (var) Kumbekala Kumble Kumil Kumkuma kalli Kumkuma poov Kumkumam

A Adf {AJI

Blumea lacera DC. Blumea lacera DC. Costus speciosus L. Eichhornia crassipes Mart. Toona ciliata Roem. Quercus incana Roxb. Benincasa cerifera L. Benincasa hispida L. Sisygium irio L. Gmelina arborea Roxb. Gmelina arborea Roxb. Plumeria rubra Burm f. Crocus sativus L. Crocus sativus L.

Astraceae Astraceae Zingiberaceae Pontederiaceae Meliaceae Cupuligerae Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitaceae Myrtaceae Verbenaceae Verbenaceae Apocynaceae Iridaceae Iridaceae

W.Plant W.Plant Leaves Flowers Bark, flrs. Periderm Fruits Fruits Bark, Seeds W.plant W.plant Bark, leaves, latex Dried stigma Dried stigma

{
{VO

Y A
O{ O{

OZ Z CU CM C

57 837. 838. 839. 840. 841. 842. 843. 844. 845. 846. 847. 848. 849. 850. 851. Ku-nanppa-la Kundu rukam Kunni Kunni va-ka Kuppa mani Kuppa manjal Kuppa me-ni Kura ssa-ni Kuramaruth Kuramulle Kurangu manjal Kure-chulli Kure-l Kuriji Kuri-l

X
LA K K M MEZ M

Tabernaemontana dichotoma Roxb. Boswellia serata Roch. Abrus precatorius L. Albizia odoratissima L. Acalypha indica L. Bixa orellana L. Acalypha indica L. Hyoscyamus niger L. Terminalia crenulata Roth. Caealpinia mimosoides Lamk. Bixa orellana L. Cosmostigma racemosa L. Connarus monocarpus L. Nilgirianthus ciliatus Nees. Uvaria narum Wall.

Apocynaceae Burseraceae Papilionaceae Mimosoideae Euphorbiaceae Bixaceae Euphorbiaceae Solanaceae Combretaceae Caesalpiniacee Bixaceae Asclepiadaceae Connaraceae Acanthaceae Annonaceae

Roots, Bark Bark, gum W.plant Bark W.plant Root, bark, seeds W.plant Leaves, seeds Bark WholePlant Roots, bark Leaves Fruits Roots, leaves, bark Roots, leaves

U
BEZ

U
W E W

58 852. 853. 854. 855. 856. 857. 858. 859. 860. 861. 862. 863. 864. 865. 866. Kuru mulak Kuru pparuthi Kurukuthi mulla Kurum tho-tt.i Kurutt.u pa-val Kuruvi kkizhag Kuruvikkizhag Kuruvilla kkat.uka Kusa Kusa ve-ru Kut.a mulla Kut.a ppuli Kut.agal Kut.aja zhuk Kut.aka ppa-la

{ MJ AJ G GW AB AB AA M{ BW E M

Piper nigram L. Gossipium herbaceum L. Jasminum multiflorum Burm f. Sida rhombifolia L. Mormodica dioica L. Melothria heterophylla L. Saccharum spontaneum L. Terminania chebula Retz. Saccharum spontaneum L. Saccharum spontaneum L. Jasminum sambac L. Garcinia gummi-gutta L. Centella asiatica L. Leea indica Burmf. Holarrhena pubescens L.

Piperaceae Malvaceae Oleaceae Malvaceae Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitaceae Poaceae Combretaceae Poaceae Poaceae Oleaceae Clusiaceae Apiaceae Leeaceae Apocynaceae

Fruits W.plant Leaves, flrs. W.plant W.plant Leaves Stem Fruits Roots Roots Roots, flrs. Fruits W.plant Roots, leaves Bark, seeds, leaves

59 867. 868. 869. 870. 871. Kut.aka ppa-layari Kut.akan Kut.al churukki Kut.appana Kutt.a Nambiarvattam Kutt.i ppa-nal Kuttippa-nal Kuttiyavanak Kuyamb Kuyimb Kuzhinakha ppa-la Lantha (var) Lichi Lichi (var)

M X WA M GOcVG xMW xMW

Holarrhena pubescens L. Centella asiatica L. Spermacoce hispida L. Corypha umbraculifera L. Tabernamontana divaricata (Linn.) R. Br. Glycosmis arborea DC. Glycosmis pentaphylla L. Croton sparciflorus L. Carthamus tinctoria L. Carthamus tinctoria L. Ervatamia coronaria L. Ziziphus sativa Gartn. Lichi chinensis L. Litsea chinensis Lamk.

Apocynaceae Apiaceae Rubiaceae Arecaceae Apocynaceae

Seeds W.plant W.plant Buds Root, leaves, flrs.

872. 873. 874. 875. 876. 877. 878. 879. 880.

Rutaceae Rutaceae Euphorbiaceae Astraceae Astraceae Apocynaceae Rhamnaceae Sapindaceae Lauraceae

W.plant Leaves, Bark Cell sap W.plant W.plant Latex Fruits W.plant Whole plant

xYA
O O M

881. 882. 883. 884. 885. 886. 887. 888. 889. 890. 891. 892. 893. 894. 895.

Ma msa rho hini Ma- n jiyam Mada girive-mb Madanapo-ve Madhavi Madhu- kka Madhu na-sini Madhura cho-lam Madhura kkizhag Madhura na-ranga Madhurache-ra Magga maram Maha- me-da Mahishaksha gulgulu Mai la-nchi

F O

Somimida febrifuga A.Juss. Acacia mangium L. Toona ciliata Roxb. Catunaregum spinosa L. Hiptage bengalensis L. Madhuca longifolia Koenia. Gymnema sylvestre R.B. Acer sachara L. Ipomoea batatas L. Citrus reticulata L. Sauropus androguinus L. Schrebera swietenioides Roxb. Polygonatum verticillatum L. Commiohora mukul Hook. Lawsonia inermis L.

Meliaceae Mimosoideae Meliaceae Rubiaceae Malpigiaceae Sapotaceae Asclepiadaceae Chenopodiaceae Convolvulaceae Rutaceae Euphorbiaceae Oleaceae Liliaceae Burseraceae Lythraceae

60 Whole plant Wood Bark, flrs.

Thorns,Roots,Flowe W.plant Bark, Fruits W.plant. Seeds Tubers Fruits Leaves Root, bark, leaves Root stock Resin Roots, leaves

A
{ AB B

P fW

896. 897. 898. 899. 900. 901. 902. 903. 904. 905. 906. 907. 908. 909. 910.

Majjana Makka cho-lam Makki ppu-v Makkippo-ve (var) Makkippo-ve (var) Makkippo-ve (var) Makkippo-ve (var) Mala incha Mala maravatt.i Mala thangi Mala ve-ppu Mala yuka maram Malam bla-s Malam ka-ra Malam kat.ala

A{ AM AM AM AM AM

Mallotus philippensis Lam. Zea mays L. Artemisia nilagirica L. Artemisia fragrance L. Artemisia martima L. Artemisia strenyvaleia L. Artemisia vulgaris L. Acacia pennata Willd. Hydnocarpus alpina L. Cissampelos pariera L. Melia azadirachta L. Juglans regia L. Schrebera swietenioides Roxb. Catunaregum spinosa L. Pisum sativum L.

Euphorbiaceae Poaceae Asteraceae Asteraceae Asteraceae Asteraceae Asteraceae Mimosoideae Flacourtiaceae Menispermaceae Meliaceae Juglandaceae Oleaceae Rutaceae Papilionaceae

61 Husk of fruits Grains Leaves Whole Plant Whole Plant Whole Plant Whole Plant Fibrous bark Seed Oil W.plant W.plant Fruits Roots bark. Bark, fruit Seeds

F G
B M C C

911. 912. 913. 914. 915. 916. 917. 918. 919. 920. 921. 922. 923. 924. 925. 926.

Malam kat.amp Malam ppunna Malambba vatta Malampayatta Malamva-laparathi Malankka-ra Malar Malaukamaram Malave-nga Malayakathi Malayakrott. Malayamothi Malayamukki Malayikam chamba Malayinji Malli

CO OK OG Ox

Haldinia cordifolia Roxb. Calophyllum inophyllum L. Caseoria tomentosa L. Casearia esculenta Roxb. Aclisia secundiflora Bl. Randia dumeforum Lam. Oryza sativa L. Juglans regia L. Melia azadirachta L. Bauhinia variegata L. Aleurites molucana L. Pavetta indica L. Clitoria ternatea L. Syzygium jambos L. Zingiber cassumunar Roxb. Coriandrum sativum L.

Rubiaceae Clusiaceae Flacourtiaceae Flacourtiaceae Commelinaceae Rubiaceae Poaceae Juglandaceae Meliaceae Caesalpiniaceae Juglandaceae Rubiaceae Papilionaceae Myrtaceae Zingiberaceae Apiaceae

62 Roots, bark Bark Roots Roots, Leaves Whole Plant Bark Fried grains Fruits, seeds W.plant Roots & Bark. Fruits Seeds W.plant Bark, fruits Rhizome Leaves, seeds

{J C V
B J dG J A O F

63 927. 928. 929. 930. 931. 932. 933. 934. 935. 936. 937. 938. 939. 940. 941. Ma-m buli Mame-ra Man ja-ti Man jatt.i Man tha-ram Manali Ma-nga na-ri Ma-nga yinji Mangutt.a ppayar Mani kanjakam Mani maruth Mani perandi Maniche-ra Manikko-va Manila ka-ra

O{

Spondias pinnata L. Talictrum foliolosum DC. Adenanthera pavonia L. Rubia cordifolia L. Bauhinia variegata L. Indigofera aspalathoides L. Limnophylla aromatica L. Curcuma amada Roxb. Phaseolus aconitifolius L. Ocimum kilimandscharicum Gartn. Lagerstomia flos-reginae L. Leea indica Burm f. Amaranthus viridis L. Curcuma oligantha L. Mimosops kauki L.

Anacardiaceae Ranunculaceae Mimosoideae Rubiaceae Caesalpiniaceae Papilionaceae Scrophulariaceae Zingiberaceae Papilionaceae Lamiaceae Lythraceae Leeaceae Amaanthaceae Zingiberaceae Sapotaceae

Bark, seeds Whole Plant W.plant Roots Leaves W.plant W.plant Rhizome Seeds Leaves Bark. Roots, leaves Whole Plant Rhizome Seeds

FG
w B BF CGMV F I

64 942. Manja kanaka- baram Manja kanjunni Manja kkadamp Manja kkayyo-nni Manja kkurimozhi Manja kku-va Manja mantha-ram Manja mullangi Manja ppa-vitta Manja thakka-li Manjakadambu Manjakka-nda Manjako-lambi Manjal Manjamula

EA EEH EAO EAK E EA Ew EUC EMG EJA{

Barleria pri-onites L.

Acanthaceae

Roots

943. 944. 945. 946. 947. 948. 949. 950. 951. 952. 953. 954. 955. 956.

Wedelia chinensis Merril. Haldina cordifolia Roxb. Wedelia chinensis Merril. Jasminum humile L. Curcuma angustifolia Roxb. Bauhinia variegata L. Daucus carota L. Morinda pubescens J.E.Smith Solanum nigram L. Adina cordifolia Hook. Dracaena ternifolia L. Allaanda cathartica L. Curcuma longa L. Bamboosa vulgaris L.

Asteraceae Rubiaceae Asteraceae Oleaceae Zingiberaceae Caesalpiniaceae Apiaceae Rubiaceae Solanaceae Rubiaceae Liliaceae Apocynaceae Zingiberaceae Poaceae

W.plant Bark, flrs. W.plant Leaves, flrs. Rhizome Roots bark. Roots, seeds Roots, leaves W.plant Rubiaceae Roots Roots Rhizome Seeds, Roots

EO EI E{O
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65 957. 958. 959. 960. 961. 962. 963. 964. 965. 966. 967. 968. 969. 970. 971. Manji Mano- ranjini Mantha- ram (var) Mantha-ram (var) Mara che-ni Mara kkozhunnu Mara manjal Mara ppuli Mara vatti Mara va-zha Maral Maramanjal Ma-ra-n che-mbu Maro-tt.i Maru kkunni

Nardostachys grandiflora DC. Artabotrys hexapetalus R.Br Bauhinia variegata L. Bauhinia purpurea L. Manihot esculenta Gartn. Majorana hortensis Moch. Coscinium fenestratum Gartn. Garcinia gummi-gutta L. Hydnocarpus laurifolia L. Vanda roxburghii L. Sansevieria roxburghiana. Schult. Berberis aristata L. Alocasia indica L. Hydnocarpus laurifolia L. Argyreia nervosa Burn f.

Valerianaceae Anonaceae Caesalpiniaceae Caesalpiniaceae Euphorbiaceae Lamiaceae Menispermaceae Clusiaceae Flacourtiaceae Orchidaceae Liliaceae Berbedaraceae Araceae Flacourtiaceae Convolvulaceae

Rhizome Leaves Whole Plant Whole Plant Tubers W.plant Stem Fruits Seeds, oil W.plant Leaves Bark Rhizome Seeds, oil Roots

L L
AK EZ M{ G Z EZ XO G K

66 972. 973. 974. 975. 976. 977. 978. 979. 980. 981. 982. 983. 984. 985. 986. Maru kut.ari Maru thut.ari Maruth Maruva Ma-si pathri Ma-sikka Mat.a thakka-li Ma-thala na-rakam Ma-thala na-ranga Ma-thalam Mathan Mathil ppanna Mathru kha-thini Matt.i Ma-v

Argyreia nervosa Burn f. Argyreia nervosa Burn f. Lagerstomia speciosa L. Marsdenia tenacissima W & A. Artimisia nilagirica L. Quercus infectoria L. Solanum nigram L. Punica granatum L. Punica granatum L. Punica granatum L. Cucurbita maxima Lam. Drynaria quercifolia L. Crotalaria retusa L. Ailanthus excelsa Roxb. Mangifera indica L.

Convolvulaceae Convolvulaceae Lythraceae Asclepiadaceae Asteraceae Fagaceae Solanaceae Punicaceae Punicaceae Punicaceae Cucurbitaceae Polypodiaceae Papilionaceae Simarubaceae Anacardiaceae

Roots Roots Bark. Roots Leaves Galls Roots, Fruits Fruits, bark Fruits, bark Fruits, bark Fruits, seeds Rhizome W.plant Bark. Bark, seeds

d
A

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67 987. 988. 989. 990. 991. 992. 993. 994. 995. 996. 997. 998. 999. 1000. 1001. Ma-veithil Ma-ya kkam Ma-yak Mayi llellu Mayila-dum shikha Mayilo- shika Mayu-ra shika Mazha maram Mazhu ka-ngiram Mazu-ri pparippu Me-da Me-khala ppullu Me-n dho-nni Me-ra Me-ra (var)

JZ
A U AE MM M LK

Helicanthes elastica L. Hibiscus cannabinus L. Quercus infectoria L. Vitex ultissima L Actiniopteris dichotoma Bedd. Celosia argentea L. Actiniopteris dichotoma Bedd. Entrolobium saman L. Anogeissus latifolia Wall. Ervum lens L. Polygonatum verticillatum L. Saccharum arundinaceum Retz. Gloriosa superba L. Commiphora myrrha L. Balsamodendron myrrha L

Loranthaceae Malvaceae Fagaceae Verbenaceae Polypodiaceae Amaranthaceae Polypodiaceae Mimosoideae Combretaceae Papilionaceae Liliaceae Poaceae Liliaceae Burseraceae Burseraceae

Leaves Flowers Galls Bark W.plant W.plant W.plant Bark Bark, wood Seeds Root stocks Roots, stems Rhizome Resin Resin

68 1002. 1003. 1004. 1005. 1006. 1007. 1008. 1009. 1010. 1011. 1012. 1013. 1014. 1015. 1016. Mi- nanga-ni Mi-nanga-ni vishesham Mo-dakam Momgo steen Mo-thirakanni Mott.a kruse Muchu kundam Mu-dilla tha-li Mu-dillatha-li Mukka- pi-ram Mukka-l pi-ram Mukkannan pere-a Mukkannan peruk Mukkannan pe-zhu Mukka-ppiri

B B

Alternanthera sessilis L. Alternanthera sessilis L. Fagrea ceilanica Thumb. Garcinia mangostiana L. Huginia mystax L. Brassica oleraceae L. Pterospermum canescens Roxb. Cuscuta reflexa Roxb. Cuscuta reflexa Roxb. Mukia madraspatana L. Mukia madraspatana L. Allophyllus seratus Roxb. Allophyllus seratus Roxb. Allophyllus seratus Roxb. Mukia madraspatana L.

Amaranthaceae Amaranthaceae Loganiaceae Clusiaceae Linaceae Cruciferae Sterculiaceae Convolvulaceae Convolvulaceae Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitaceae Sapindaceae Sapindaceae Sapindaceae Cucurbitaceae

W.plant W.plant Leaves, Roots. Fruits Roots Leaves Heart wood W.plant Whole plant W.plant W.plant W.plant W.plant W.plant W.plant

CxX AH Gd L J{ J{ A AW AHX AHX AHX AM

69 1017. 1018. 1019. 1020. 1021. 1022. 1023. 1024. 1025. 1026. 1027. 1028. 1029. 1030. 1031. Mukku-tti Mul kiri-tam Mul muruk Mul ppulanji Mula Mula Eera Mula karpu- ram Mula kkallu Mulak Mulaku thakka-li Mulaku tha-li Mulaku tha-nni Mulam kku-mbu Mulamplas Mulappu mararuth

Ax ZA ZA ZME { { {AVM {A { {A{ {{ {K {CO

Biophytum sensitivum L. Euphorbia splendens L. Erythrina variegata J.E.Smith. Fluggia leucopyrus L. Bambusa arundinacea Retz. Ochlandra Rheedii Gamb. Bambusa arundinacea Retz. Bambusa arundinacea Retz. Capsicum annum L. Solanum nigram L. Toddalia asiatica L. Toddalia asiatica L. Bambusa arundinacea Retz. Ficus cordifoli L. Shorea robusta Gartn.

Oxallidaceae Euphorbiaceae Papilionaceae Euphorbiaceae Poaceae Poaceae Poaceae Poaceae Solanaceae Solanaceae Rutaceae Rutaceae Poaceae Moraceae Dipterocarpaceae

W.plant W. Plant Roots, leaves W. Plant W.plant Roots W.plant W.plant Fruits W.plant W.plant W.plant Buds Bark Bark

{
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70 1032. 1033. 1034. 1035. 1036. 1037. 1038. 1039. 1040. 1041. 1042. 1043. 1044. 1045. Mulayari Mulberry Mu-le-ri Mulkkizhang Mulla Mulla kathi Mulla kathi Mullan vellari Mullangi Mullanppazham Mullen chi-ra Mullilam Mullilav Mullulla katta

{ Z

Bambusa arundinacea Retz. Morus alba L. Smilax china L. Dioscoria sativa L. Jasminum sambac L. Sebania bispinosa Jacq. Sesbania bispinosa Jacq. Cucumis sativus L. Rhaphanus sativus L. Ziziphus oenoplea L Amaranthus spinosus L. Xanthoxyllum retza DC. Bombax ceiba L. Flacourtia indica L.

Poaceae Moraceae Liliaceae Dioscoriaceae Oleaceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Cucurbitaceae Brassicaceae Rhamnaceae Amaranthaceae Rutaceae Bombacaceae Flacourtiaceae

Grains Roots, leaves, fruits Rhizome Bulb Roots Seeds, bark Bark, seeds Whole plant Roots, leaves Roots, Fruits W. Plant Fruits W. Plant W. Plant

ZAB
UJ UJ

UX U
UC

UXM
UX U U UUG

71 1046. 1047. 1048. 1049. 1050. 1051. 1052. 1053. 1054. 1055. 1056. 1057. 1058. 1059. 1060. Mundakam Mundiri Mu-nga- pezhu Munja Munja ppullu Mupparan ppullu Mural Mu-ral maram Muri ku-tti Muri pparuthi Murikko-tti Muriko-tti (var) Muringa Muriyan pacha Muruk

I
L B E EM MX W W G MJ G G B X A

Jambosa mundagam Gamble. Vitis venifera L. Buchanania lanzan Spreng. Premna corymbosa Rottl. Saccharum arundinaceum Retz. Typha angustata L. Buchanania lanzan Spreng. Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl. Bryophyllum calycinum Salisb. Gossipium arboreum L. Zornia gibbosa L. Zornia diphylla L. Moringa oleifera Lam. Ageratum conyzoides L. Erythrina variegata J.E.Smith.

Myrtaceae Vitaceae Anacardiaceae Verbenaceae Poaceae Typhaceae Anacardiaceae Verbenaceae Crassulaceae Malvaceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Moringaceae Asteraceae Papilionaceae

Bark W.plant, fruits Roots, leaves Roots, leaves Roots, stem W.plant Roots, leaves Bark W. Plant Leaves Root Root Root, bark, leaves Roots, leaves Roots, leaves

72 1061. 1062. 1063. 1064. 1065. 1066. 1067. 1068. 1069. 1070. 1071. 1072. 1073. 1074. 1075. Murva Musa-nda Mushkaka vrusham Musli Musli Mut iyendra ppacha Muthakk Muthala kkizhagu Muthalaka-nda Muthanga Muthil Muthira Muthuk Mutta ppazham Muttatu-ri

V Xx df

Clematis gouriana Roch. Musaenda frondosa L. Schrebera swieteniodes Roxb. Asparagus adscedens Roxb. Chlorophytum tuberosum L. Synedrella nodiflora L. Modecca palmata Lam. Ipomoea mauritiana Jacq. Adenia palmata L. Cyperus rotundus L. Centella asiatica L. Macrotyloma uniflorum L. Pueraria tuberosa DC. Laccuma nervosa L. Baccaurea courtallensis M.Arg.

Ranunculaceae Rubiaceae Oleaceae Liliaceae Liliaceae Asteraceae Passifloraceae Convolvulaceae Passifloraceae Cyperaceae Apiaceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Sapotaceae Euphorbiaceae

W. Plant Leaves Roots, bark, leaves Root tubers Roots Leaves Roots Tuberous roots Roots Tubers W.plant Seeds Roots Fruits Fruits

dwM
A AB

I
JB JZ A GM

GJ

73 1076. 1077. 1078. 1079. 1080. 1081. 1082. 1083. 1084. 1085. 1086. 1087. 1088. 1089. 1090. Muttha ri Mu-vila Muyal chevi N -aeng N -ama N- ankku N- azhak Nongana ppullu Na- kha mallika Na- nge (var) Na-ga chambakam Na-ga dandi Na-ga ke-saram Na-ga mallika Na-ga mulla
-

J W B A BM

Eleusine coracana L. Pseudarthria viscida L. Emilia sonchifolia L. Leea indica Burm.f. Anogeissus latifolia Wall. Leea indica Burm.f. Leea indica Burm.f. Hedyotis herbacea L. Acacia sinuata Lour. Mesua nagassarium Burn f. Mesua nagassarium Burn f. Baliospermum montanum Willd. Mesua ferrea L. Jasminum arborescens L. Rhinacanthus nasuta L.

Poaceae Papilionaceae Asteraceae Leeaceae Combretaceae Leeaceae Leeaceae Rubiaceae Mimosoideae Clusiaceae Clusiaceae Euphorbiaceae Clusiaceae Oleaceae Acanthaceae

Grains W.plant W.plant Roots, leaves Bark, wood Roots, leaves Roots, leaves W.plant Pods Flowers, oil Flowers, oil W.plant Flowers, oil Leaves W.plant

C
O L

1091. 1092. 1093. 1094. 1095. 1096. 1097. 1098. 1099. 1100. 1101. 1102. 1103. 1104. 1105.

Na ga poov Na-ga tha-li Na-ga thumbi Na-gabala Na-gadandi (var) Na-gaka-ra Na-gake-sara (var) Na-i karimb Nai karimbu Na-i kurana Na-ikorana Na-ikumbil Na-ivela Nakshathramulla Nakshatra mulla

M J JO

Mesua nagassarium Burn f. Ruta chalepensis L. Ceropegia bulbosa Roxb. Sida veronicaefolia Lam. Croton oblongifolius Roxb. Elaeocarpus tuberculatus L. Ochrocarpus longifolius Benth. Saccharum spontaneum L. Saccharum spontanium L. Mucuna pruriens L. Mucuna pruriens L. Callicarpa tomentosa L. Cleome viscosa L. Ipomoea quamoclit L. Quamoclit pinnata L.

Clusiaceae Rutaceae Asclepiadaceae Malvaceae Euphorbiaceae Elaeocarpaceae Clusiaceae Poaceae Poaceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Verbenaceae Capparidaceae Convolvulaceae Convolvulaceae

74 Flowers, oil W.plant W.plant Whole Plant Whole Plant Leaes, Fruits Whole Plant Roots Roots Roots, seeds Roots, seeds Roots,Leaves W.plant Leaves W.plant

A
AO AO A A

Z
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1106. 1107. 1108. 1109. 1110. 1111. 1112. 1113. 1114. 1115. 1116. 1117. 1118. 1119. 1120.

Na like ram Na-lkolpa konna Nallaka-ra Nallamulak N-allu Na-lumani chedi Na-muka ppullu Nanche Nandya-r vartham Nandya-r vattam Na-nge Nanjaruppan N-ankan.a Nanna-ri N-arala vally

{ WWMAK

Cocos nucifera L. Operculina turpethum L. Elaeocarpus seratus L. Piper nigram L. Leea indica Burm.f. Mirabilis jalapa L. Actiniopteris dichotoma Bedd. Croton tiglium L. Tabernaemontana divaricata (Linn.) R. Br. Tabernaemontana divaricata (Linn.) R. Br. Mesua ferrea L. Tylophora tenuis L. Saccharum spontaneum L. Hemidesmus indicus L. Vitis pallida L.

Palmae Convolvulaceae Elaeocarpaceae Piperaceae Leeaceae Nyctaginaceae Polypodiaceae Euphorbiaceae Apocynaceae Apocynaceae Cluiaceae Asclepiadaceae Poaceae Asclepiadaceae Vitaceae

75 Inflorescence W.plant Leaes, Fruits Roots, Seeds. Roots, leaves W.plant W.plant Seeds,Bark. W. Plant W. Plant

{
U M

F
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Roots,Bark,Fruits,Flo Roots Roots, stems Roots W.plant

FMX
C K {U

1121. 1122. 1123. 1124. 1125. 1126. 1127. 1128. 1129. 1130. 1131. 1132. 1133. 1134. 1135.

Naranam puli Nari kumbalanga Nari venka-yam N-arra Naru nendi Naru ni-ndi Naru vari Naru viri Narum ba-nal Narum bbassa Narum channa Narumbbassa maram Na-ttathi vitayam Na-ttubatha-m N-aval

{ O{B Y I I OW O O G

Hibiscus aculeatus Roxb. Benincasa hispida L. Urginea indica Kanth. Syzygium cumini L. Hemidesmus indicus L. Hemidesmus indicus L. Cordia dichotoma Forst. Cordia dichotoma Forst. Uvaria narum Wall. Commiphora myrrha L. Costus speciosus L. Commiphora myrrha L. Aconitum heterophyllum Wall. Terminalia catappa L. Syzygium cumini L.

Malvaceae Cucurbitaceae Liliaceae Myrtaceae Asclepiadaceae Asclepiadaceae Boraginaceae Boraginaceae Anonaceae Burseraceae Zingiberaceae Burseraceae Ranunculaceae Combretaceae Myrtaceae

76 Roots, leaves Fruits W. Plant Bark, seeds Roots Roots Bark, leaves, fruits Bark, leaves, fruits Roots, leaves Gum Rhozome, leaves Gum Roots Seeds Bark, seeds

G
W

77 1136. 1137. 1138. Navara nellu N-azhal N-azhal ( var) Ne- rmuthanga Neikumbalam Nel ppana Ne-lakoduve-li Ne-lave-la Ne-layamari Nelli maram Nelli va-ka Nellikka Nellu Ne-lo-lpalam Nenmeni va-ka

W W

Oryza sativa L. Aglaia roxburgiana L. Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl. Scirpus grossus L. Benincasa hispida L. Curculigo orchioides Gartn. Plumbago carpensis L. Cleome retrosperma L. Indigofera tinctoria L. Phyllanthus emblica L. Albizia odoratissima L. Phyllanthus emblica L. Oryza sativa L. Monochoria hastaefolia L. Albizia lebbeck L.

Poaceae Meliaceae Verbenaceae

Grains Flowers Flowers, seeds

1139. 1140. 1141. 1142. 1143. 1144. 1145. 1146. 1147. 1148. 1149. 1150.

VJB O{
WM

Cyperaceae Cucurbitaeae Amaryllidaceae Plumbaginaceae Capparidaceae Papilionaeae Euphorbiaceae Mimosoideae Euphorbiaceae Poaceae Pontederiaceae Mimosoideae

Rhizome Fruits Root stock. Roots Whole Plant Leaves Fruits Bark Fruits Grains Whole Plant Bark

{
A

WM
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78 1151. 1152. 1153. 1154. 1155. 1156. 1157. 1158. 1159. 1160. 1161. 1162. 1163. 1164. 1165. N erin il (substitute) N-erinja-m puli N-erinjil Ne-rvatti N-etta-val N-etta-vil Neyi che- ra Neythal Neythal kkizhag Neyyunni Neyyuruni Ni- la kola-mbi Nila kat.ala Ni-la mari Ni-la- mbal
-

EW E{ EW

Osmanthus fragrans L Solena amplexicaulis Lam. Tribulus terrestris L. Dipterocarps turbinatus Gartn. Holoptelea integrifolia Roch. Holoptelea integrifolia Roch. Beeta vulgaris L. Monochoria vaginalis Burnf. Limnanthemum cristatum Gris. Diplocyclos pamatus L. Diplocyclos palmatus L. Thumbergia grandiflora L. Arachis hypogaea L. Indigofera tinctoria L. Monochoria vaginalis Burnf.

Oleaceae Cucurbitaceae Zygophyllaceae Dipterocaraceae Ulmaceae Ulmaceae Chenopodiaceae Pontederiaceae Gentianaceae Cucurbitaeae Cucurbitaceae Acanthaceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Pontederiaceae

Oil Roots W.plant Oleoresin Bark, leaves Bark, leaves Tap root, leaves W.plant Roots Leaves W.plant W.plant Seeds W.plant W.plant

VG
GW GW W WB cH cVH A{O A OW

79 1166. 1167. 1168. 1169. 1170. 1171. 1172. 1173. 1174. 1175. 1176. 1177. 1178. 1179. 1180. Nila na rakam Nila ppa-la Nila ppana Nila tha-mara Ni-la tha-mara Nilam paranda Nilappa-la (var) Nilave- ppu Ni-r bhrami Ni-r kadamb Ni-r maruth Ni-r ma-thalam Ni-r mulli Ni-r nelli Ni-r pe-zhu
-

M M J J I

Naregamia alata Wright &Arn. Euphorbia thymifolia L. Curculigo orchioides Gartn. Nervelia aragona Gartn. Monochoria vaginalis Burnf. Desmodium triflorum L. Grangrea madraspatana L. Andrographis paniculata Vahl. Bacopa monnieri L. Mitragyna parvifolia Roxb. Terminalia arjuna Roxb. Crataeva magna Lour. Hygrophila auriculata. Schum. Pithecellobium dulce Roxb. Barringtonia acutangula Gaertn.

Meliaceae Euphorbiaceae Amaryllidaceae Orchidaceae Pontederiaceae Papilonaceae Aseraceae Acanthaceae Scrophulariaceae Rubiaceae Combretaceae Capparidaceae Acanthaceae Mimosoideae Barringtoniaceae

W.plant W.plant Roots W.plant W.plant W.plant Whole Plant W.plant W.plant Root, bark, leaves Bark W.plant W.plant W.plant Bark

M
M Vd VAO V V{ VU V V

80 1181. 1182. 1183. 1184. 1185. 1186. 1187. 1188. 1189. 1190. 1191. 1192. 1193. 1194. 1195. Ni r ppola Ni-r thippalli Ni-r thotta- vadi Ni-r va- lam Ni-r vallippullu Ni-r vanchi Ni-r vatta Ni-r ve-si Ni-ra lam Ni-ra-ral Ni-rat.i muthu Ni-ratti Ni-rmel nerippu Ni-roli Ni-ru-ri
-

VM{ VM VG V{ VM VF VG V { W J G VWM {

Pistia stratiotes L. Phyla nodiflora L. Neptunia oleracea L. Croton tiglium L. Hygroryza aristata Retz. Homonoia riparia Lour. Hydnocarpus laurifolia L. Delphinium denudatum Wall. Hydnocarpus laurifolia L. Marsilea quadrifolia L. Baliospermum montanum Willd. Hydnocarpus laurifolia L. Ammania bacifera L. Phyllanthus reticulatus Poir. Phyllanthus reticulatus Poir.

Araceae Verbenaceae Mimosoideae Euphorbiaceae Poaceae Euphorbiaceae Flacourtiaceae Ranunculaceae Flacourtiaceae Marsiliaceae Euphorbiaceae Flacourtiaceae Lythraceae Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiaceae

W.plant W.plant W.plant Seeds Roots, seeds Roots, leaves, fruits Seeds, oil Roots Seeds, oil W.plant W.plant Seeds, oil W.plant W.plant W.plant

81 1196. 1197. 1198. 1199. 1200. 1201. 1202. 1203. 1204. 1205. 1206. 1207. 1208. 1209. 1210. Ni rval Nirvallipu-ve Nirvasi Nirvisa Nisa gandhi Nithya kallya-ni Nithya vazhuthana Ni-tti thotta-vadi Nochi N-odijotta N-oganamppullu N-otta-n n-odiyan N-rin-ampuli (var) Nu-l paruthi O-da
-

VW

Crataeva magna Lour. Hygrorhiza aristata Retz. Delphinium denudatum Wall. Delphinium denudatum Wall. Epiphyllum oxypetalum L. Catheranthus roseus L. Calonyction muricatum G.Don. Neptunia oleracea L. Vitex trifolia L. Physalis minima L. Phragmites kirka Trin. Physalis minima L. Rheum emodi Wall. Gossipium herbaceum L. Sarcostigma kloinii Wright.

Capparidaceae Poacae Ranunculaceae Ranunculaceae Cactaceae Apocynaceae Convolvulaceae Mimosoideae Verbenaceae Solanaceae Poaceae Solanaceae Polygonaceae Malvaceae Icancinaceae

W.plant Whole Plant Roots Whole Plant Whole Plant W.plant Seeds W.plant Roots, leaves W.plant Roots W.plant Seeds W.plant Bark, leaves, oil

VM
V

V t
cc c GG G B GX

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1211. 1212. 1213. 1214. 1215. 1216. 1217. 1218. 1219. 1220. 1221. 1222. 1223. 1224. 1225.

O da maram O-da yenna O-dal Odiya maram O-kke Oli ba-nam Olive maram O-mam O-rila O-rila (small) O-rila tha-mara O-rilathamara (var) Orukal n-ondi O-t.amaram (var) O-t.amaram (var)

H W

Sarcostigma kloinii Wright. Sarcostigma kloinii Wright. Sarcostigma kloinii Wright. Lannea coromandelica Vahl. Quercus incana Roxb. Boswellia serrata Roxb. Olea europia L. Carum copticum Benth. Desmodium gangeticum DC. Uraria picta DeSr. Nervelia aragoana Gartn. Viola odorata L. Perstrophe bicalyculata L. Balanites aegeptica L. Balanites roxburghii L.

Icancinaceae Icancinaceae Icancinaceae Anacardiaceae Fagaceae Burseraceae Oleaceae Apiaceae Papilionaceae Papilioaceae Orchidaceae Violaceae Acanthaceae Simarubaceae Simarubaceae

82 Bark, leaves, oil Oil Bark, leaves, oil Bark, leaves Periderm Resin Bark, oil, seeds Seeds Roots Whole Plant Whole plant Whole Plant Whole plant Fruits Fruits

A
{ J J WI

83 1226. 1227. 1228. 1229. 1230. 1231. 1232. 1233. 1234. 1235. 1236. 1237. 1238. 1239. Otha valam Othalam Ottaka mullu Ottakachet.i Pa- cho-tti Pacha chi-ra Pacha manjal Pacha mulak Pa-chendi Pachila Padar cchunda Pa-ksha-n.a bhe-di Pakshipa- thalam Pa-l kka-yam

{ {

Cerbera odallam Gaertn. Cerbera odallam Gaertn. Alhagi camelorum Fisch. Alhagi camelorum Fisch. Symplocos cochinchinensis Lour. Amarantus gangeticus L. Curcuma longa L. Capsicum annum L. Palaquinm ellipticum Engler Cinnamomum tamala L. Cassia mimosoides L. Bergenia ligulata L. Dracaena ternifolia L. Ferula asafoetida L.

Apocynaceae Apocynaceae Papilioaceae Papilioaceae Symplocaceae Amaranthaceae Zingiberaceae Solanaceae Sapotaceae Lauraceae Caesalpinaceae Saxifragaceae Liliaceae Apiaceae

Leaves, fruits, latex Leaves, fruits, latex Whole Plant Whole Plant Roots, leaves W.plant Rhizome Fruits Guttapercha Leaves Whole Plant Bark Roots Resin

GU GA
x EZ {

VI

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WA

1240. 1241. 1242. 1243. 1244. 1245. 1246. 1247. 1248. 1249. 1250. 1251. 1252. 1253. 1254.

Pa l muthuk Pa-l nirvassi Pa-l valli Pa-la Pa-la kki-ra Palaka ppayya-na Palaka ppayya-ni Pa-luzhavam Pa-n.al (var) Pana Pana cha Pana chakam Pana viral Panachi (var) Pa-nal

WA WV WU A M M W W W

Ipomoea mauritiana Jacq. Kyllinga nemoralis Fort. Ichnocarpus frutescens L. Alstonia scholaris L. Tamarix articulata Vahl. Oroxylum indicum L. Oroxylum indicum L. Celastrus paniculatus Willd. Glycosmis pentaphylla L. Borassus flabellifer L. Diospyros malabarica L. Hibiscus aculeatus Roxb. Borassus flabellifer L. Diospyros peregrina L. Glycosmis arborea DC.

Convolvulaceae Cyperaceae Apocynaceae Apocynaceae Tamaricaceae Bignoniaceae Bignoniaceae Celastraceae Rutaceae Arecaceae Ebnaceae Malvaceae Arecaceae Ebnaceae Rutaceae

84 Tuberous roots Tubers Roots Bark, leaves W.plant Roots, leaves Roots, leaves Bark, leaves, seeds. W.plant Inflorescence Bark, leaves, flrs. Roots, leaves Inflorescence Fruits, Bark. W.plant

85 1255. 1256. 1257. 1258. 1259. 1260. 1261. 1262. 1263. 1264. 1265. 1266. 1267. 1268. 1269. Panchasa ra Pani chi Pani ku-rka Pani ni-r Pani ni-rpoov Panikkizhag Panikko-rka (var) Panin ji Panji maram Panji pparuthi Panna kkizhag Pannimuringa Papara ppuli Pappa-li Pappa-ya
-

F AVA V VM

Saccharum officinarum L. Diospyros malabarica L. Coleus aromaticus Lour. Rosa centifolia L. Rosa centifolia L. Dioscoria sativa L. Coleus amboinicus Lour. Diospyros malabarica L. Ceiba pentandra L. Gossipium herbaceum L. Drynaria quercifolia L. Casearia esculenta Roxb. Adensonia digitata L. Carica papaya L. Carica papaya L.

Poaceae Ebnaceae Lamiaceae Rosaceae Rosaceae Dioscoriaceae Lamiaceae Ebnaceae Bombacaceae Malvaceae Polypodiaceae Flacourtiaceae Bombacaceae Caricaceae Caricaceae

Juice Bark, leaves, flrs. Leaves Roots, leaves Flowers Bulb Leaves Bark, leaves, flrs. Root, bark W.plant Rhizome Roots,Leaves W. Plant Fruits, latex Fruits, latex

KAB VA
E E EMJ KAB

KB
MM{ M{ M

86 1270. 1271. 1272. 1273. 1274. 1275. 1276. 1277. 1278. 1279. 1280. 1281. 1282. 1283. 1284. Pa r valli Pa-ra ppan- ji Pa-rakam Paranda valli Parangi ma-v Parangimulak Pa-rasikaya va-ni Pari ja-tham Paricha kam Parppataka ppullu Parppatakam Paruka Paruka bhalam Parushakam Parushakam (var)
-

VU
ME IU C

Ichnocarpus frutescens L. Cochlospermum religiosum L. Ficus hispida L. Entada scandens L. Anacardium occidentale L. Capscicum frutescens L. Hyoscyamus niger L. Citharexylum subseratum L. Hibiscus aculeatus Roxb. Hedyotis corymbosa L. Hedyotis corymbosa L. Streblus asper Lour. Phoenix pusilla Gartn. Grewia asiatica L Grewia populifolia L

Apocynaceae Cochlospermaceae Moraceae Mimosoideae Anacardiaceae Solanaceae Solanaceae Verbenaceae Malvaceae Rubiaceae Rubiaceae Moraceae Arecaceae Teliaceae Teliaceae

Roots Bark. Roots, leaves, bark. Seeds Seeds, bark Fruits Roots, leaves Flowers Roots, leaves W.plant W.plant Bark,Leaves ,Roots Fruits Bark Bark

C{
VMM VM

87 1285. 1286. 1287. 1288. 1289. 1290. 1291. 1292. 1293. 1294. 1295. 1296. 1297. 1298. 1299. Paruthi Paruva maram Paruvakkot.i Pasa kkotta Pasaliche-ra Passion fruit Pa-ssipa-dam Pasu pa- si Pat.a valanga Pat.athipullu Pat.avalam Pat.o-lam Pat.u karana Pa-ta kkizhag Pa-ta valli

Gossipium herbaceum L. Streblus asper Lour. Pothos scandens L. Sapindus laurifolius Vahl. Trianthema portulacastrum L. Passiflora edulis L. Dracaena ternifolia L. Myristica malabarica Lam. Trichosanthes cucumerina L. Floscopa scandens Lour. Trichosanthes cucumerina L. Trichosanthes cucumerina L. Toona ciliata Roem. Cyclea peltata Hook. Cyclea peltata Hook.

Malvaceae Moraceae Araceae Sapindaceae Aizoaceae Passifloraceae Liliaceae Myristicaceae Cucurbitaceae Commelinaceae Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitaceae Meliaceae Menispermaceae Menispermaceae

W. Plant Roots& bark. Roots Fruits Whole Plant Fruit juice Roots Seed, aril W.plant Whole Plant W.plant W.plant Bark, flrs. Roots, leaves Roots, leaves

A
AG

{ XdG
B

J
AB U

1300. 1301. 1302. 1303. 1304. 1305. 1306. 1307. 1308. 1309. 1310. 1311. 1312. 1313. 1314.

Pa tha la garudakkodi Pathi mukham Pathimuham (var) Pa-thiri Pa-thiri (var) Pathu mukam Patt.a-ni kkat.ala Patt.a-ni ppayar Patt.i punna Patt.unu-l puzhuchedi Pa-v Pa-val Pa-vatta Pavizha malli Payar

{A GA GMV GMK GWM W G V

Cocculus hirsutus L. Prunus cerasoides D.Don Prunus prudum Roxb. Stereosermum suaveolens L. Stereospermum colais Buch. Prunus cerasoides D.Don Pisum sativum L. Pisum sativum L. Dillinia pentagyna L. Morus alba L. Pavetta indica L. Mormodica charantia L. Morinda pubescens J.E.Smith Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L. Vigna unguiculata L.

Menispermaceae Rosaceae Rosaceae Bignoniaceae Bignoniaceae Rosaceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Dilliniaceae Moraceae Rubiaceae Cucurbitaceae Rubiaceae Oleaceae Papilionaceae

88 Roots, leaves Heart wood Heart wood Bark W.plant Heart wood Seeds Seeds Bark Roots,leaves, fruits Roots, leaves W.plant Roots, leaves Roots, leaves, flrs. Seeds

89 1315. 1316. 1317. 1318. 1319. 1320. 1321. 1322. 1323. 1324. 1325. 1326. 1327. 1328. 1329. Payigachulli Payya zhanda Pazhamoon pa-la Pazhamunni ppa- la Pe-chu-ra Pe-kku mmatt.i Pe-le Pe-nari Pe-pado-lam Pe-ra Pe-ralam Pe-ra-lin vitave-ru Peranda Pe-raratha Peri

U L Y HM AG

Acanthus illicifolius L. Oroxylum indicum L. Manilkara hexandra Roxb. Manilkara hexandra Roxb. Lagenaria siceraria L. Cucumis trigonus Roxb. Careya arborea Roxb. Acacia furnesiana Willd. Trichosanthes lobata Roxb. Psidium guajava L. Amomum subulatum Roxb. Ficus bengalensis L. Cissus quadrangularis L. Ophiorrhiza mungo L. Mesu ferrea L.

Acanthaceae Bignoniaceae Sapotaceae Sapotaceae Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitaceae Barringtoniaceae Mimosoideae Cucurbitaceae Myrtaceae Zingiberaceae Moraceae Vitaceae Rubiaceae Clusiacae

Roots Roots, leaves Bark, flrs. Bark, flrs. W.plant W.plant Bark, leaves Bark,Leaves W.plant

{ X I J

Roots, leaves, flrs, fr Seeds Aerial roots W.plant W.plant Roots ,Bark, Flrs.

90 1330. 1331. 1332. 1333. 1334. 1335. 1336. 1337. 1338. 1339. 1340. 1341. 1342. 1343. 1344. Pe-ri tha Peri ye-lam Perin je-rakam Perive-lam Peru naruvari Peruk Perum chatt.ipayar Perum je-rakam Perum ka-yam Perum kla-v Perum kurumba Perum na-val Perum niru-ri Perum pe-ram Perum thut.ali

J F

Phoenix dactylifera L. Amomum subulatum Roxb. Foeniculam vulgare Mill. Clerodendron viscosum Vent. Cordia wallichi L. Clerodendrum viscosum Vent. Mucuna monosperma DC. Foeniculm vulgare Mill. Ferula asafoetida L. Carissa carandas L. Chonemorpha fragrans L. Toona ciliata Roem. Breynia retusa Alston. Luffa cylindrica Roxb. Ziziphus mauritiana Lamk.

Arecaceae Zingiberaceae Apiaceae Verbenaceae Boraginaceae Verbenaceae Papilionaceae Apiaceae Apiaceae Apocynaceae Apocynaceae Meliaceae Euphorbiaceae Cucurbitaceae Rhamnaceae

Roots, leaves, flrs, fr Seeds Fruits Roots,Leaves, Bark Bark, leaves, fruits Leaves Seeds Fruits Resin Roots, fruits Roots Bark, flowers Cell sap Fruits, seeds Fruits

GMV O W

91 1345. 1346. 1347. 1348. 1349. 1350. 1351. 1352. 1353. 1354. 1355. 1356. 1357. 1358. 1359. Perumka-yam Pe-tharmani Pe-tt.u marunnu Pe-zh Pe-zu Pi- muthanga Pi- ve-lam Picchi Pi-ch Pichaka mulla Pichakam Pi-chil Pi-chil (var) Pi-chinga Pila-v

V
xK JB W W B

Ferula asafetida L. Helleborus niger L. Anamirta cocculus L. Careya arborea Roxb. Careya arborea Roxb. Kyllinga nemoralis Fort. Acacia leucocephala Roxb. Jasminum grandiflorum L. Prunus persica L. Jasminum grandiflorum L. Jasminum grandiflorum L. Luffa acutangula L. Luffa echinata Roxb. Luffa acutangula L. Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.

Apiaceae Ranunculaceae Menispermaceae Barringtoniaceae Barringtoniaceae Cyperaceae Mimosoideae Oleaceae Rosaceae Oleaceae Oleaceae Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitceae Cucurbitaceae Moraceae

Resin Roots Leaves, fruits Bark, leaves Bark, leaves Tubers Bark. W.plant Fruits W.plant W.plant Leaves, fruits Fruits Leaves, fruits W.plant

92 1360. 1361. 1362. 1363. 1364. 1365. 1366. 1367. 1368. 1369. 1370. 1371. 1372. 1373. 1374. Pillamaruth Pina-pple Pi-na-r valli Pi-na-ri Pinna-k Pinnam puli Pistha Pi-tha rohini Pithrumani kkizhag Pi-ve-lam Piyar Plaksa Pla-s Pla-v Plums

U MZ
VU HA O{ J dAB V

Terminalia paniculata Roth. Ananas comosus (Linn.) Merr. Zanonia indica L. Sterculia foetida L. Sesamum indicum L. Garcinia gummi-gutta L. Pistacia vera L. Coptis teeta Wall. Coptis teeta Wall. Acacia furnesiana Willd. Prunus communis L. Ficus lacor Buch &Ham Butea monosperma L. Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. Prunus domestica L.

Combretaceae Bromeliaceae Cucurbitaceae Sterculiaceae Pedaliaceae Clusiaceae Anacardiaceae Ranumculaceae Ranumculaceae Mimosoideae Rosaceae Moraceae Papilionaceae Moraceae Rosaceae

Bark Fruits Leaves, fruits Heart wood Oil cake Fruit Fruits W.plant W.plant Bark,Leaves Fruits Bark W.plant W.plant Fruits

93 1375. 1376. 1377. 1378. 1379. 1380. 1381. 1382. 1383. 1384. 1385. 1386. 1387. 1388. 1389. Podina (var) Poi thalachi Pokala Polla Pon galam Pon karandi Pon kurandi Ponga llyam Pongu Ponna- vi-ram Ponnam kanni ke-ra Ponna-m valli Ponnan ga-ni Ponnarali Po-nnarali

J U C XI XI Bc B K KCHA

Mentha spicata L. Naravelia zeylanica L. Nicotiana tabacum L. Anamirta cocculus L. Dryptes roxburghii Wall. Salacia reticulata Wight. Salacia reticulata Wight. Pongamia pinnata L. Pongamia pinnata L. Cassia occidentalis L. Alternanthera sessilis L. Derris brevipes Baker. Alternanthera sessilis L. Thevetia peruviana L. Asclepias curassavica L.

Lamiaceae Ranunculaceae Solanaceae Menispermaceae Euphorbiaceae Hippocrataceae Hippocrataceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Caesalpiniaceae Amaranthaceae Papilionaceae Amaranthaceae Apocnaceae Asclepiadacee

Leaves W.plant Leaves Leaves, fruits Leaves, seeds Roots Roots W.plant W.plant W.plant W.plant Whole Plant W.plant Bark,Fruits Whole Plant

KU
KB

K{ K{

94 1390. 1391. 1392. 1393. 1394. 1395. 1396. 1397. 1398. 1399. 1400. 1401. 1402. 1403. 1404. Ponna ri vi ram Ponnummath Pothina Pott.a kka-valam Pozhu thalachi Pra sa-rini Prayi thalachi Pri ya-lam Pu- kaitha Pu-cha ppazham Pu-cha va-lan Pu-chet.i Pudina (var) Pudina (var) Pudina (var)
-

K KNJ GA{ d dJ d A M X

Cassia occidentalis L. Argemone mexicana L. Mentha spicata L. Sterculia foetida L. Naravelia zeylanica L. Merremia tridentata Burm f. Naravelia zeylanica L. Buchanania lanzan Spreng. Pandanus odoratissimus Lin f. Passiflora foetida L. Acalypha hispida L. Lantana camara var. aculeate L. Mentha piperata L. Mentha sylvestris L. Mentha viridis L.

Caesalpiniaceae Papavaraceae Lamiaceae Sterculiaceae Ranunculaceae Convolvulaceae Ranunculaceae Anacardiaceae Pandanaceae Passifloraceae Euphorbiaceae Verbenaceae Lamiaceae Lamiaceae Lamiaceae

W.plant W.plant Leaves Heart wood W.plant W.plant W.plant Roots, leaves Roots, leaves Fruit W.plant. Roots, Leaves Whole Plant Whole Plant Whole Plant

95 1405. 1406. 1407. 1408. 1409. 1410. 1411. 1412. 1413. 1414. 1415. 1416. 1417. 1418. 1419. Pukayila Pu-la kkizhag Pu-la maram Puli Puli chuvat.i Puli va-ka Pulimaram Pulinakham Puliya na-thi Puliya-ral Pulla maruth Pulla-ndi Pulla-ni Pullat.i (var) Pu-maruth

{AB { { { { {

Nicotiana tabacum L. Manihot esculenta Gartn. Bombax ceiba L. Tamarindus indicus L. Ipomoea pes-tigridis L. Albizia odoratissima L. Tamarindus indicus L Martynia annua L. Annona muricata L. Oxalis corniculata L. Terminalia paniculata Roth. Calycopteris floribunda L. Calycopteris floribunda L. Desmodium gangeticum DC. Terminalia paniculata Roth.

Solanaceae Euphorbiaceae Bombacaceae Caesalpiniaceae Convolvulaceae Mimosoideae Caesalpiniaceae Pedaliaceae Anonaceae Oxalidaceae Combretaceae Combretaceae Combretaceae Papilionaceae Combretaceae

Leaves Tuberous root W.plant Fruits W.plant. Bark Fruits, leaves Leaves, Fruits Fruits W.plant. Bark Leaves, fruits Leaves, fruits Roots Bark

{J {W U L L

1420. 1421. 1422. 1423. 1424. 1425. 1426. 1427. 1428. 1429. 1430. 1431. 1432. 1433. 1434.

Punarnava Punja ppullu Punna Punnya-va Pu-pa-thiri Pu-pparuthi Pushkara mu-lam Put.aya-v Pu-thi manathi Pu-thi yun.arthi Puthina Puthra ji-vi Putthilanji Putthiri chunda Puttil pi-ram

V EM
K Hc M MJ A J VJ d JE JI GW

Boerhaavia erecta L. Eleusine coracana L. Calophyllum inophyllum L. Aglaia roxburghiana L. Sterospermum colais Buch Thespesia populnea L. Inula racemosa Hook. Rhaphidophora laciniata Burn f. Sterculia foetida L. Sterculia foetida L. Mentha arvensis L. Drypetes roxburghii Wall. Drypetes roxburghii Wall. Solanum anguivi Lam. Luffa acutangula L.

Nyctaginaceae Poaceae Clusiaceae Meliaceae Bignoniaceae Malvaceae Asteraceae Araceae Sterculiaceae Sterculiaceae Lamiaceae Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiaceae Solanaceae Cucurbitaceae

96 Whole Plant Grains Bark, leaves W.plant. W.plant W.plant W.plant. Stem Heart wood Heart wood Leaves Leaves, seeds Leaves, seeds Roots Leaves, fruits

97 1435. 1436. 1437. 1438. 1439. 1440. 1441. 1442. 1443. 1444. 1445. 1446. 1447. 1448. 1449. Pu va m kurundal Pu-va-m kurun-ila Pu-va-m kurunnila Pu-varas Pu-vvam Puzha marani Puzha tha-li Puzha va-ni Puzhamulla Puzhu kkolli Puzhukolli Ra- ja malli Ra-kkila Raktha chandanam Ra-ma cham
-

LW K J{

Vernonia cinerea L. Vernonia cinerea L. Vernonia cinerea L. Thespesia populnea L. Schleichera oleosa L. Terminalia arjuna Roxb. Crinum asiaticum L. Homomoia riparia Lour. Clerodendron inerme Gaertn Rhinacanthus nasuta L. Rhinacanthus nastuta L. Caesalpinia pulcherima L. Blumea lacera DC. Pterocarpus santalinus Lin f. Vetiveria zizanoides L.

Asteraceae Asteraceae Asteraceae Malvaceae Sapindaceae Combretaceae Amaryllidaceae Euphorbiaceae Verbenaceae Acanthaceae Acanthaceae Caesalpiniaceae Asteraceae Papilionaceae Poaceae

W.plant W.plant W.plant W.plant Bark, seed Bark Bulb Bark Roots, Leaves W.plant. Roots,Leaves Flowers Roots, bark, seeds Heart wood Roots

A A A w

1450. 1451. 1452. 1453. 1454. 1455. 1456. 1457. 1458. 1459. 1460. 1461. 1462. 1463. 1464.

Ra mana mapacha Ra-mathulassi Rangu-n valli Ra-sberry Ra-sna Ra-sna Raso-na Ra-thri rani Rohi thuka Ro-sa Ro-sa ppu-v Rudhi Rudhi vrudhi Rudra- ksham Rudra-ksham (var)

{ CYU d M di df df

Desmodium gyrans L. Ocimum basilicum L. Quisqualis indica L. Rubus idaeus L Alpinia calcarata L. Alpinia officianarum L. Allium ascalonicum L. Nyctanthus arbor-stris L. Tecoma undulata D.Don Rosa centifolia L. Rosa centifolia L. Habinaria edgeworthii Hook. Habinaria edgeworthii Hook. Elaeocarpus serratus L. Elaeocarpus sphaericus L.

Papilionaceae Lamiaceae Combretaceae Rosaceae Zingiberaceae Zingiberaceae Liliaceae Oleaceae Bignoniaceae Rosaceae Rosaceae Orchidaceae Orchidaceae Elaeocarpaceae Elaeocarpaceae

98 Whole plant Whole plant Flowers Fruits Rhizome Rhizome Bulb W.plant Bark Roots, leaves, flrs. Roots, leaves, flrs. Tubers Tubers Seeds Seeds

1465. 1466. 1467. 1468. 1469. 1470. 1471. 1472. 1473. 1474. 1475. 1476. 1477. 1478. 1479.

Rumi masthaki Sabarjelli Sahacharam Sa-khota vruksham Sa-la misri Sa-la vruksham Salabhapathri Sa-lamaram Sam khini Sa-mba-r chi-ra Sambara ppullu Sa-mbra-ni Samudra phalam Samudra ppacha Sanku pushpam

Pistacia lentiscus L. Prunus communis L. Strobilanthes ciliatus L. Strebulus asper Lour. Orchis latifolia L. Shorea robusta Gartn. Evolvlus pluricaulis L. Shorea robusta Gartn. Clenolepis cerasiformis L. Talinum cuneifolium L. Cymbopogon martinii Roxb. Boswellia serrata Roxb. Barringtonia acutangula Gaertn. Argyreia nervosa Burm f. Clitoria ternatea L.

Anacardiaceae Rosaceae Acanthaceae Moraceae Orchidaceae Dipterocarpaceae Convolvulaceae Dipterocarpaceae Cucurbitaceae Portulacaceae Poaceae Burseraceae Lecythradaceae Convolvulaceae Papilionaceae

99 Fruits Bark. Fruits Whole Plant Bark, leaves Tubers Bark, resin Whole Plant Bark. Fruits W.plant W.plant Bark, gum. W.plant Roots Roots, Flrs.

df VT df

d
OV M dO d dM

100 1480. 1481. 1482. 1483. 1484. 1485. 1486. 1487. 1488. 1489. 1490. 1491. 1492. 1493. 1494. Sanku pushpi Sankum kuppi Sanni na-yakam Sappan gam Sar karakkizhag Sar karam Sara Saralam Sarppa ppo-la Sat.i Satha kuppa Satha- vali Satha- vari Sa-thala bhrammi Satha-p

M K MB VAAB VA { VMM{ M d M

Canscora deccusata Roxb. Clerodendron inerme Gaertn. Aloe barbadense Mill. Caesalpinia sapan L. Ipomoea batatas L. Saccharum officinarum L. Saccharum munja Roxb. Pinus roxburghii L. Sanseviera Roxburghiana Schult. Hedychium spicatum Buch. Anethum graveolens L. Asparagus racemosus Willd. Asparagus racemosus Willd. Acacia sinulata Lour. Ruta graveolens L.

Gentianaceae Verbenaceae Liliaceae Caesalpiniaceae Convolvulaceae Poaceae Poaceae Pinaceae Liliaceae Zingiberaceae Apiaceae Liliaceae Liliaceae Mimosoideae Rutaceae

W.plant Roots, leaves Cell sap Heart wood Tubers Roots Roots Wood, oleoresin Leaves Rhizome Fruits Roots Roots Pods Leaves

1495. 1496. 1497. 1498. 1499. 1500. 1501. 1502. 1503. 1504. 1505. 1506. 1507. 1508. 1509.

Sava kkotta ppacha Sava na-ri Sava-laulli Shangupushpi Shi-ma athi Shi-ma kkonna Shi-ma pla-v Shimsapa Shiva lingakka-ya Shiva mu-li Shiva na Shiva valli Shivakranthi Shivalingi Shivo-li kkoti

AGM

Vinca rosea L. Vinca rosea L. Allium cepa L. Evolvulus alsinoides L. Ficus carica L. Glyricidium maculata L. Artocarpus communis Forst. Amhertsia nobilis L. Diplocyclos palmatus L. Cannabis sativa L. Operculina turpethum L. Diplocyclos palmatus L. Evolvulus numularis L. Bryonia laciniosa L. Rubia cordifolia L.

Apocynaceae Apocynaceae Liliaceae Convolvulaceae Moraceae Papilionaceae Moraceae Caesalpiniaceae Cucurbitaceae Cannabinaceae Convolvulaceae Cucurbitaceae Convolvulaceae Cucurbitaceae Rubiaceae

101 Roots, leaves Roots, leaves Bulb Whole Plant Roots, fruits, latex Roots W.plant Flowers W.plant W.plant Roots W.plant Whole Plant Whole Plant Roots

{ U
J AK

dL
A

1510. 1511. 1512. 1513. 1514. 1515. 1516. 1517. 1518. 1519. 1520. 1521. 1522. 1523. 1524.

Shya litha Si- sam Sikka-ka Sitha- bhalam Sitha- ppazham Sitha-m bal Si-tha-mb Si-tha-mbu Sithu-ri Sniktha ji-rakam So-ma latha So-mana- thika-yam So-mara-ya tholi So-ppinka-ya maram So-ya- bean

c A M OW O O J MX X

Dellenia indica L. Dalbergia sisoo Roxb. Altingia excelsa Noronha. Annona squamosa L. Annona squamosa L. Nymphaea stellata L. Hiptage benghalensis L. Hiptage benghalensis L. Mallotus philippensis Lam. Plantago ovata Forst. Sarcostema acidum L. Gardenia gummifera L. Acacia polyantha L. Sapindus emarginatus Vahl. Glycine max L.

Dellinaceae Papilionaceae Hamamelidaceae Annonaceae Annonaceae Nymphaceae Malpigiaceae Malpigiaceae Euphorbiaceae Plantaginaceae Asclepiadaceae Rubiaceae Mimosoideae Sapindaceae Papilionaceae

102 Bark, leaves Roots, bark, leaves Whole Plant Fruits Fruits Rhizome Bark, leaves, fruits Bark, leaves, fruits Husk of fruits Seeds W.plant Resin Bark Fruits Seeds

1525. 1526. 1527. 1528. 1529. 1530. 1531. 1532. 1533. 1534. 1535. 1536. 1537. 1538. 1539. 1540.

Sta r a pple Su- chi mallika Su- chi mulla Subramanyakire-t.a m Sunna mukki Surapunna-ga Surya ka-nthi Suryappu Swarnakisiri Swe-thadurva T.arpentain maram Ta- kko-la ppo-ttil Tadiyan ka-ya Taila ppullu Takara Takaram
-

xV MZ dHc KA K cL cM bVHT bV VaX AGW X M

Chrysophyllum cainito L. Jasminum auriculatum L. Jasminum auriculatum L. Tecoma stans L. Cassia sena L. Ochrocarpus longifolius Benth. Helianthus annus L. Helianthus annus L. Euphorbia thomsoniana Boix. Imperata cylindrica Beauv. Pinus roxburghii L. Illicium verum Hook .f. Lagenaria vulgaris L. Cymbopogon citratus DC. Cassia tora L. Valeriana jadamansi Jones.

Sapotaceae Oleaceae Oleaceae Bignoniaceae Caesalpiniaceae Clusiaceae Asteraceae Asteraceae Euphorbiaceae Poaceae Pinaceae Magnoliaceae Cucurbitaceae Poaceae Caesalpiniaceae Valerianaceae

103 Bark, leaves, fruits W.plant W.plant Bark. Leaves Bark W.plant W.plant Latex Seeds Resin Fruits Fruits Oil Leaves, seeds Roots

104 1541. 1542. 1543. 1544. 1545. 1546. 1547. 1548. 1549. 1550. 1551. 1552. 1553. 1554. 1555. Takka li Ta-kko- lappu- ttin Ta-kkolam Tala neeli Talave-dhana valli Ta-leesa pathram Ta-li ma-thalam Ta-liyari Ta-mala pathram Ta-mara Ta-nni Ta-nni mathan Ta-nnikka Tanthala kkotti Tatha chu-ri
-

A{ AMGX A G U d {{ { d K HJX KA LA J

Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. Illicium verum Hook .f. Illicium verum Hook .f. Merremia tridentata Burm f. Naravelia zeylanica L. Abies spectabilis D.Don. Punica granatum L. Iopmoea nil L. Cinnamomum tamala L. Nelumbo nucifera Gartn. Terminalia bellarica Roxb. Citrulus vulgaris L. Terminalia bellarica Roxb. Crotalaria retusa L. Spermacoce hispida L.

Solanaceae Magnoliaceae Magnoliaceae Convolvulaceae Ranunculaceae Pinaceae Punicaceae Convolvulaceae Lauraceae Nymphaceae Combretaceae Cucurbitaceae Combretaceae Papilionaceae Rubiaceae

Fruits Fruits Fruits W.plant W.plant Cones Roots, Fruits Seeds Leaves bark. W.plant Bark, fruits Fruit Bark, fruits W.plant W. Plant

105 1556. 1557. 1558. 1559. 1560. 1561. 1562. 1563. 1564. 1565. 1566. 1567. 1568. 1569. 1570. Ta thiri Ta-thiri poo Ta-vizha- ma Ta-zhambu Tazhu tha-ma Te- r maram Te-ak Techi Te-kkada Te-kkida Te-kkida ve-ru Telli Te-mba-v Tena Tenayari
-

M O V A A A AV U O

Woodfordia fruticosa L. Woodfordia fruticosa L. Boerhavia diffusa L. Pandanus odoratissimus Lin f. Boerhavia diffusa L. Desmodium oajenise Roxb. Tectona grandis L. Ixora coccinea L. Heliotropium indicum L. Heliotropium indicum L. Heliotropium indicum L. Vateria indica L. Terminalia crenulata Roth. Setaria italica L. Setaria italica L.

Lythraceae Lythraceae Nyctaginaceae Pandanaceae Nyctaginaceae Papilionaceae Verbenaceae Rubiaceae Boraginaceae Boraginaceae Boraginaceae Dipterocarpaceae Combretaceae Poaceae Poaceae

Flowers Flowers W.plant Bark, leaves W.plant Leaves bark. W. Plant

Roots, leaves, flower W. Plant W. Plant Roots Resin Wood Grains Grains

1571. 1572. 1573. 1574. 1575. 1576. 1577. 1578. 1579. 1580. 1581. 1582. 1583. 1584. 1585. 1586.

Teng Te-r kada Te-rl kada Te-tta maram Te-tta-m baral Tetti Te-yila Tha- liya marava-za Tha- rtha-val Thakaram (var) Tha-le-spathram (var) Tha-li s pathram (var) Thallithe-nga Tha-rtha-val (var) Thavassimuringa The- mba- ve

B VA ZA x xOW x { VJW d d B VJW B O

Cocos nucifera L. Heliotropium indicum L. Heliotropium indicum L. Strychnos potatorum L. Strychnos potatorum L. Ixora coccinea L. Camelia sinensis L. Acampe praemorsa L. Spermacoce articularis L.f. Valeriana wallichi L. Abies webbiana Lindle. Taxus buccata L. Terminalia cattapa L Spermacoce hispida L. Apama sliquosa Lamk. Terminalia crenulata Roth.

Palmae Boraginaceae Boraginaceae Loganiaceae Loganiaceae Rubiaceae Theaceae Orchidaceae Rubiaceae Valerianaceae Pinaceae Pinaceae Combretaceae Rubiaceae Aristolochiaceae Combretaceae

106 Inflorescence W. Plant W. Plant Seeds Seeds Roots, leaves, flrs. Leaves Whole Plant Whole Plant Rhizome Cones Cones Seeds W.plant Roots, Leaves Bark

107 1587. 1588. 1589. 1590. 1591. 1592. 1593. 1594. 1595. 1596. 1597. 1598. 1599. 1600. 1601. 1602. 1603. The nkottai The-rakam Thi- darmani Thindikavrusham Thippali Thirunithrippacha Thot.uka-ra (var) Thot.uka-ra (var) Thot.uka-ra(var) Tho-ttupuli Thozhukanni Thra-ya ma-nam Thrikolppa konna Thripuda Thudari Thu-vakka-ya Tila pushpi
-

XG IV Idf M dM G{ H d dWMK d

Semicarpus anacardium L. Ficus asperima L. Mimosa pudica L. Rhus parviflora Roxb. Piper longum L. Artemisia nilagirica L. Melastoma labathricum L. Ougenia dalbergioides Benth. Osbeckia wightiana L. Garcinia pedunculata Roxb. Desmodium gyrans L. Gentiana kuroo Royle. Operculina turpethum L. Operculina turpethum L. Lepidium iberis L. Gnetum ula L. Digitalis purpurea L.

Anacardiaceae Moraceae Mimosoideae Anacardiaceae Piperaceae Asteraceae Melastomaceae Fabaceae Melastomaceae Clusiaceae Papilionaceae Gentianaceae Convolvulaceae Convolvulaceae Cruciferae Gnetaceae Scrophulariaceae

Seeds Leaves Leaves Whole Plant Fruits Whole Plant Whole Plant Whole Plant Whole Plant Fruits Whole Plant Roots Roots Roots Whole Plant Seeds W.plant

108 1604. 1605. 1606. 1607. 1608. 1609. 1610. 1611. 1612. 1613. 1614. 1615. 1616. 1617. 1618. Tina Ti-ndar mani Tindisa vruksham Tinna-mba-la Tirutha-li Tiruvatta ppassa Ti-tta pla-ve Tondi Tot.u ka- ra Totta- va-ti To-tta va-zha Totta-l va-ti To-ttu vila Trutha-ve Tudali

IV Idf KO { GM x I G G GW G{ dJ

Setaria italica L. Mimosa pudica L. Trichosanthes laciniosa L. Wrightia tinctoria Roxb. Ipomoea sepiaria Koen. Pinus roxburghii L. Artocarpus lackoocha Roxb. Ficus hispida L. Ougeinia oojeinensis L. Mimosa pudica L. Canna indica L. Mimosa pudica L. Capparis moonii Wight. Ocimum tenuiflorum L. Ziziphus oenoplia L.

Poaceae Mimosoideae Cucurbitaceae Apocynaceae Convolvulaceae Pinaceae Moraceae Moraceae Papilionaceae Mimosoideae Cannaceae Mimosoideae Capparidaceae Lamiaceae Rhamnaceae

Grains Roots, leaves Fruits Bark, leaves W.plant Oleoresin Fruits Fruits Leaves Roots, leaves Rhizome Roots, leaves Seeds W.plant Roots

109 1619. 1620. 1621. 1622. 1623. 1624. 1625. 1626. 1627. 1628. 1629. 1630. 1631. 1632. 1633. Tudari Tulakka ppi-ram Tulasi Tumba Tumbunal Tumbuni Tumburu Tummi Tu-n maram Turuk shakam Tu-si mulla Tu-thu vila Tuvara Tuvara pparippu U- das leepa

{A { O OW O O N Y J{ MM

Ziziphus oenoplia L. Luffa cylindrica Roxb. Ocimum sanctum Gartn. Leucas aspera Willd. Zanthoxylum armatum DC. Zanthoxylum armatum DC. Zanthoxylum armatum DC. Gentiana kuroo Royle. Cedrela toona Roxb. Liquidamber orientalis Mill. Jasminum auriculatum L. Solanum trilobatum L. Cajanus cajan L. Cajanus cajan L. Paeonia emodi Wall.

Rhamnaceae Cucurbitaceae Lamiaceae Lamiaceae Rutaceae Rutaceae Rutaceae Gentianaceae Meliaceae Hamamelidaceae Oleaceae Solanaceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Paeoniaceae

Roots Fruits W.plant Leaves, flowers Bark, Fruit. Bark, Fruit. Bark, Fruit. W.plant Bark. Balsm W.plant W.plant Seeds Seeds Roots

110 1634. 1635. 1636. 1637. 1638. 1639. 1640. 1641. 1642. 1643. 1644. 1645. 1646. 1647. 1648. U- lan thakara U- rakam U- rakam (var) U- rakam (var) U- rakam (var) U- ram Uccha malari Udi Udiram Uka Uka maram Uluva Ummam Ummam(var) Ummath

{X N N NJ

Cassia occidentalis L. Abutilon indicum D.Don. Abutilon avicennae L. Abutilon indicum L. Abutilon racemosum L. Abutilon indicum D.Don. Pentapetes phoenicea L. Lannea coromandelica Vahl. Urena lobata L. Salvadora persica L. Salvadora persica L. Trigonella foenum-graecum L. Datura innoxia Mill Datura stramonium L. Datura stramonium L.

Caesalpiniaceae Malvaceae Malvaceae Malvaceae Malvaceae Malvaceae Sterculiaceae Anacardiaceae Malvaceae Salvadoraceae Salvadoraceae Papilionaceae Solanaceae Solanaceae Solanaceae

Whole plant Whole plant Roots Roots Roots Whole plant Whole plant Bark, leaves Roots Bark, leaves, fruits Bark, leaves, fruits Fruits, leaves

Roots, Leaves,Fruits Whole plant Whole plant

111 1649. 1650. 1651. 1652. 1653. 1654. 1655. 1656. 1657. 1658. 1659. 1660. 1661. 1662. 1663. 1664. Unakka yerukkizhag Ung Uppiliyan Upputhalai Urinji maram Urithu-kki Uru linji Uru vanchi Urula kkizhang Uruma-m bazham Urunji Usha- malari Usthu khudas Uthanga Uthara kiriyath Uzhija

AAB B M{X M F A {E F {AB NO F B AJ E

Zingiber officianale Roxb. Pongamia pinnata L. Asystacia gangetica L. Asystasia gangetica L. Sapindus laurifolia Vahl. Aristolochia indica L. Sapindus laurifolia Vahl. Sapindus laurifolia Vahl. Solanum tuberosum L. Punica granatum L Sapindus laurifolia Vahl. Catharanthus roseus L. Lavandula stoechas L. Blepharis edulis Pers. Swertia chirayita Roxb. Cardiospermum

Zingiberaceae Papilionaceae Acathaceae Acanthaceae Sapindaceae Aristolochiaceae Sapindaceae Sapindaceae Solanaceae Punicaceae Sapindaceae Apocynaceae Lamiaceae Acanthaceae Gentianaceae Sapindaceae

Rhizome

Roots, bark, leaves, o Whole Plant Cell sap Roots, bark, leaves Roots Roots, bark, leaves Roots, bark, leaves Whole plant Fruits& bark. Roots, bark, leaves Whole plant Leaves, flrs. Whole Plant Whole plant Roots, leaves

112 1665. 1666. 1667. 1668. 1669. 1670. 1671. 1672. 1673. 1674. 1675. 1676. 1677. 1678. 1679. Uzhunnu Va- sna- bhi (var) Va- sna- bhi (var) Va- sna- bhi (var) Vahni maram Vaira ppuli Vaiyyan gatha Va-ka Va-l mulak Va-lamara Va-lavara Va-len ppuli Valiya malayakathi Valiya narune-ndi Valiya ne-rijil

K M{ X W{ { { {X{ J I EW

halicacabum L. Phaseolus mungo L. Aconitum chasmanthum L.Stapf. Aconitum falconerii L. Aconitum Ferox Wall. Prosopsis cineraria L. Averrhoa carabola L. Flacourtia jangomas Burn f. Albizia lebbeck L. Piper cubeba L. Canavalia gladiata Jacq. Canavalia gladiata Jacq. Tamarindus indicus L. Bouhinia racemosa L. Decalepis hameltonii W & A. Pedalium murex L.

Papilionaceae Ranunculaceae Ranunculaceae Ranunculaceae Fabaceae Oxallidaceae Flacourtiaceae Mimosoideae Piperaceae Papilionaceae Papilionaceae Caesalpiniaceae Caesalpiniaceae Asclepiadaceae Pedaliaceae

Roots, seeds Whole plant Whole plant Whole plant Flowers Fruits W.plant Bark, leaves Berries Fruits Fruits Roots, leaves Bark, flrs. Roots Fruits

1680. 1681. 1682. 1683. 1684. 1685. 1686. 1687. 1688. 1689. 1690. 1691. 1692. 1693. 1694. 1695.

Valiya O rila Valiya vasalachi-ra Valiyaka-ra Valla ruk Valli ppa-la Vallithetti Va-lppayar Van kadala-ti Vana vrunthakam Vanchi Vankkotta Vara valli Varak Varambe-kodive-li Varattu manjal Varinellu

{ U UM UJx ZMV X dL F XAG U OA GEZ

Desmodium veluthinum L. Basella alba var. rubra L. Elaeocarpus serratus L. Enicostemma axillare L. Tylophora indica Burn f. Quisqualis indica L. Canavalia gladiata Jacq. Achyranthus aspera L. Podophyllum hexandrum Royle. Salix caprea L. Trapa bispinosa Roxb. Calycopteris floribunda L. Paspalum scrobiculatum L. Hedyotis auricularia L. Curcuma longa L. Oryza perinis L.

Papilionaceae Basellaceae Elaeocarpaceae Gentianaceae Asclepiadaceae Combretaceae Papilionaceae Amaranthaceae Berbideraceae Salicaceae Trapaceae Combretaceae Poaceae Rubiaceae Zingiberaceae Poaceae

113 Leaves, Roots. W.plant Leaves, Fruits W.plant W.plant Roots Fruits W.plant Roots Roots Rhizome W.plant Grains W.plant Rhizome Grains

114 1696. 1697. 1698. 1699. 1700. 1701. 1702. 1703. 1704. 1705. 1706. 1707. 1708. 1709. 1710. Varna pathri Va-sana ppullu Va-sthu chi-ra Vat.akkan rasna Vat.uka ppulinarakam Va-tamalli Va-tha kkodi Va-tha kkolli Vatta ka-kkakoti Vatta kkottayila Vattaperive-lam Vattappalam Vattumka-ya Vayamb Vayyan gatha

VMd M AX M{ A A GAA GAG GM GM G O

Codiaeum variegatum Bl. Cymbopogon citrates D C. Chenopodium album L. Pluchea lanceolata O & H. Citrus aurantifolia L. Gomphrena globosa L. Cayratia carnosa Walll. Justicia gendurussa Burn f. Wattakaka volublis L. Dregea volubilis Benth. Clerodendrum viscosum Vent. Clerodendrum viscosum Vent. Enteda scandens L. Acorus calamus L. Asclepias curassavica L.

Euphorbiaceae Poaceae Chenopodiaceae Asteraceae Rutaceae Amaranthaceae Vitaceae Acanthaceae Asclepiadaceae Asclepiadaceae Verbenaceae Verbenaceae Papilionceae Araceae Asclepiadaceae

Leaves Oil W.plant Roots Fruits W.plant W.plant Roots, leaves Leaves, roots Leaves Roots, Leaves Roots, Leaves Seeds Rhizome W.plant.

1711. 1712. 1713. 1714. 1715. 1716. 1717. 1718. 1719. 1720. 1721. 1722. 1723. 1724. 1725. 1726.

Va zhapat.athi Va-zhappunna Vazhu thina Ve-l vayamb Vel vazhuthana Vel ve-lakam Vel ve-lam Ve-la Ve-li pparuthi Ve-li thondi Vella ayani Vella chethi Vella kkoduve-li Vella kkurinji Vella kundarikam Vella maruth

J MK WO W W{ W{ { MJ JI U UJ UA UAE UAwA U

Commelina benghalensis L. Dillenia pentagyna L. Solanum melongena L. Acorus calamus L. Solanum melongena L. Acacia leucophloea Roxb. Acacia leucophloea Roxb. Cleome viscosa L. Pergularia daemia Forsk. Alangium salvifolium Wang. Dipterocarpus turbinatus Gartn. Ixora acuminata L. Plumbago zeylanica L. Nilgirianthus ciliatus Nees. Vateria indica L. Terminalia paniculata Roth.

Commelinaceae Dillinaceae Solanaceae Araceae Solanaceae Mimosoideae Mimosoideae Capparidaceae Asclepiadaceae Alangiaceae Dipterocarpaceae Rubiaceae Plumbaginaceae Acanthaceae Dipterocarpaceae Combretaceae

115 Leaves, Rhizome. Seeds Roots, leaves Rhizome Roots, leaves Bark, wood Bark, wood W.plant Leaf Roots, fruits Oleo-resin Roots Roots Roots, leaves Resin Bark

116 1727. 1728. 1729. 1730. 1731. 1732. 1733. 1734. 1735. 1736. 1737. 1738. 1739. 1740. 1741. 1742. Vella nava Vella o-kke Vella ppayar Vella ppine Vella ra-macham Vella thazhutha-ma Vella ummam Vella yo-dal Vellachembakam Vellakka- ttumulla Vellakkunni Vellakunnan Vellapi-chil Vellappa-vatta Vellari Vellave-tti

U UA UMV UMX U UJ

Anogeissus latifolia Wall. Quercus incana Roxb. Vigna unguiculata L. Terminalia paniculata Roth. Andropogon jwarancasa Jones. Boerhaavia verticillata L. Datura metel L. Sarcostigma kleinii Wright. Plumeria alba L. Jasminum rottlerianum Wall. Abrus precatorius L. Casearia esculenta Roxb. Luffa echinata Roxb. Pavetta hispidula L. Cucumis sativus. L. Dalbergia lanceolata L.

Combretaceae Fagaceae Papilionaceae Combretaceae Poaceae Nyctaginaceae Solanaceae Icanthaceae Apocynaceae Oleaceae Papilionceae Flacourtiaceae Cucurbitaceae Rubiaceae Cucurbitaceae Papilionaceae

W.plant Periderm Seeds Bark Roots W.plant Leaves Bark, leaves, oil Root , Latex Leaves , Flowers Seeds, Roots Roots, Leaves Fruits ,Roots. Roots Fruits Whole plant.

UN
UW

UO UAG UAK UAKX UMW UMG


U UG

117 1743. 1744. 1745. 1746. 1747. 1748. 1749. 1750. 1751. 1752. 1753. 1754. 1755. 1756. 1757. Velli la Velli lam Vellila tha-li Vellulli Vellu-ram Vellurppam Velutha chenganirkizhang Velutha kandaka-ri Velutha kundarikam Velutha musli Velutha nagadandi Velutha nilappana Velutha nirvasi Velutha vazhuthana Veluthaamalpori

U U UJ{ UU U UVM {J BVAB {J I {JwA {J {J L {J M {JV {J {J

Mussaenda frondosa L. Mussaenda frondosa L. Mussaenda frondosa L. Allium sativum L. Abutilon indicum L. Abutilon indicum L. Kaempferia rotunda L Solanum surrattense Burn f. Vateria indica L. Chlorophytum tuberosum L. Baliospermum montanum Willd. Curculigo orchioides Gartn. Kyllinga nemoralis Fort. Solanum ferox L. Chasalia curviflora L.

Rubiaceae Rubiaceae Rubiaceae Liliaceae Malvaceae Malvaceae Zingiberaceae Solanaceae Dipterocarpaceae Liliaceae Euphorbiaceae Amaryllidaceae Cyperaceae Solanaceae Rubiaceae

Leaves Leaves Leaves Bulb Whole plant W.plant Tubers Roots Resin Rhizome W.plant Root stock. Tubers Roots Roots

118 1758. 1759. 1760. 1761. 1762. 1763. 1764. 1765. 1766. 1767. 1768. 1769. 1770. 1771. 1772. Veluthapa-la Ve-lvettikkizhag Ve-m ba-da Ve-m bba-da Ve-mbata Ve-mbu Ven karingali Ven karinga-li Ven katuk Ven kurumtho- tti Ven maruth Ven nochi Ven pa-la Ven tha-mara Ven the-k

WM {J WGAB O O O O YB YB Y YLG Y Y Y Y YA

Mesua ferrea L. Trapa bispinosa Roxb. Ventilago madraspatna Roxb. Ventilago madraspatna Gartn. Ventilago madraspatana Gartn. Toona ciliata Roem. Acacia polyantha L. Acacia suma Lour. Brassica juncea L. Sida alba L. Terminalia arjuna Roxb. Vitex trifolia L. Wrightia tinctoria Roxb. Nelumbo nucifera Gartn. Lagerstomia lanceolata L.

Clusiaceae Trapaceae Rhamnaceae Rhamnaceae Rhamnaceae Meliaceae Mimosoideae Mimosoideae Cruciferae Malvaceae Combretaceae Verbenaceae Apocynaceae Nymphaceae Lythraceae

Bark,Roots , Flrs. Rhizome Bark, leaves, roots Root, bark, stem Woody stem Fruits Heart wood Heart wood Seeds Roots Bark. Leaves. Bark, leaves W.plant Bark.

119 1773. 1774. 1775. 1776. 1777. 1778. 1779. 1780. 1781. 1782. 1783. 1784. 1785. 1786. 1787. 1788. Ven va ka Ven ve-lam Ve-napacha Venda Ve-nga Venmaruth Venpa- val Ve-ppu Vett.u ppa la Vettila kkoti Vettila ppuli Vettilakkodi Vettimaram Vidhanga Vila-r maram Vila-v
-

Y Y M I B p YW M G xA xM{ xA G C {V {

Albizzia procera L. Acacia leucocephala Roxb. Heliotropium indicum L. Abelmoschus esculentus L. Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb. Terminalia crenulata Roth. Mormordica dioica L. Azadirachta indica Juss. Wrightia tinctoria Roxb. Piper betele L. Vitis carnosa L. Piper betele L. Aprosa lindleyana L. Emelia tsjeriam A.DC Limonia acidissima L. Limonia acidissima L.

Mimosoideae Mimosoideae Boraginaceae Malvaceae Papilionaceae Dipterocarpaceae Cucurbitaceae Meliaceae Apocynaceae Piperaceae Vitaceae Piperaceae Euphorbiacee Myrsinaceae Rutaceae Rutaceae

Bark. Leaves, flowers Whole plant Fruits Heart wood Bark. Roots,Leaves W.plant Bark, leaves W.plant W.plant Leaves Leaves Whole plant Bark, leaves Bark, leaves

120 1789. 1790. 1791. 1792. 1793. 1794. 1795. 1796. 1797. 1798. 1799. 1800. 1801. 1802. 1803. Vi-mb Vi-ra vrusham Vishamalari Vishappacha Vishnu kra-nthi Vishnukra- nthi Vit.ana Vit.atal Vit.athal vruksham Vizha- l Vla- nga Vrudhi Vyagra nakhi Yakshi ppa-la Yasank

O f

Mitragyna parviflora Roxb. Dichrostachys cinerea L. Clerodendrum inerme Gaertn Eupatorium triplinerve Vahl. Evolvulus numelaris L. Evolvulus alsinoides L. Olea dioica Roxb. Dichrostachys cinerea L. Dichrostachys cinerea L. Embelia ribes Burn f. Feronia elephantum L. Habenaria intermedia D. Don. Capparis zeylanica L. Alstonia scholaris L. Azima tetracantha Lam.

Rutaceae Mimosoideae Verbenaceae Asteraceae Convolvulaceae Convolvulaceae Oleaceae Mimosoideae Mimosoideae Myrsinaceae Zygophyllaceae Orchidaceae Cappaidaceae Apocynaceae Salvadoraceae

Bark Roots& stem. Roots, Leaves W.plant W.plant Whole plant Bark,Leaves Tubers Roots & stem. Roots, leaves Whole plant Tubers Bark. Roots& bark. Seeds

M dL dL W W df W B d

cd
fM C

121 1804. 1805. 1806. Yava saka Yavam Yukka-li maram

Alhagi pseudalhagi L. Hordeum vulgare L. Eucalyptus globulus L.

Fabaceae Poaceae Myrtaceae

W.plant Grain Oil

Reference: B.P.Pandey - Economic Botany Chand & Co. Meerut. Dr. S. Nesamony Oushadha Sasyangal Vol: 1 & 11 State Institute of Languages, Kerala, Trivandrum George H.M. Lawrence Taxonomy of Vascular Plants Oxford & I B H Publishing Co. New Delhi. Jain S.K. A Manual of Ethnobotany Scientific Pub: Jodhpur. Jain S.K. Glimpses of thnobotany Oxford & IBH, New Delhi. J.S.Gamble - Flora of the Presidency of Madras Vol:1,11 &111-Botanical Survey of India. K.S.Manilal &V.V. Sivarajan Flora of Calicut Bishen Singh & Mahendra Pal Singh. Prof. R. Vasudevan Nair Taxonomy of Angiosperms APH Publishing House. Subramanian, Venkatasubramanian & Nallaswamy Flora of Palghat - Bishen Singh & Mahendra Pal Singh S.N. Pandey Economic Botany-Vikas Pub: Vaidyaratnam P.S. Varier Indian Medicinal Plants Vol : 1 to V Arya Vaida Sala, Kottackal P.T.RAJASEKHARAN NAIR, DEPT: OF BOTANY, PAYYANUR COLLEGE,PAYYANUR. E mail- ptrnair@yahoo.com.

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