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Green Schools: Resource Guide

Green Schools: Resource Guide

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Published by paceminterris
A Practical Resource for Planning and Building Green Schools in Ontario
A Practical Resource for Planning and Building Green Schools in Ontario

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Published by: paceminterris on Nov 07, 2012
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01/26/2013

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51

1 | BENEFITS

2 | PLANNING

SECTION 3 | DESIGN

4 | OCCUPANCY

5 | REFERENCES

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

GREEN SCHOOLS RESOURCE GUIDE

Hastings and Prince Edward
District School Board

The Hastings and Prince Edward DSB has

undergone a dramatic energy- and water-saving

retroft program. In particular, water effciency

strategies included switching to infrared sensors

for sink and toilet control, as well as to waterless

urinals. 12 schools and one administration

building have been retroftted so far, with over

50 units being installed. Each school moved

from fxtures that were typically connected to

high volume fush valves, which have now been

eliminated through waterless technology, so the

overall water-savings is signifcant.

Based on the success of the program, the board

has made these measures the standard for all future

retrofts. They plan to continue with an additional 20

buildings being upgraded over the next year alone,

but only where the fxtures are ready to be replaced

as part of the scope of the project.

The urinals came with excellent instructions on

how to install and maintain them. However, the

board did admit to a learning curve with the new

technology, particularly on the maintenance side.

One lesson learned is to ensure all drainage pipes

are in reasonable condition prior to installation to

allow proper fow. Daily maintenance is essential;

blue sealing liquid needs to be topped up

occasionally, and cartridges need to be replaced

annually. The staff has found that if maintenance

is not performed on a regular basis, odours

accumulate, but that this is no different than any

washroom that isn’t maintained properly.

The cost of each waterless fxture is

competitive to a conventional fxture and

requires less plumbing to install. The cost of

cartridges is decreasing as they become more

common and stocked in local supply chains

and the board has also sourced a low cost

solution to the blue sealing liquid. There is no

hesitation to install waterless fxtures as part

of each retroft regardless of the length of the

payback period - the operational savings have

proven to be worthwhile.

CASE STUDY:

52

1 | BENEFITS

2 | PLANNING

SECTION 3 | DESIGN

4 | OCCUPANCY

5 | REFERENCES

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

GREEN SCHOOLS RESOURCE GUIDE

B. Rainwater or Grey Water

Collection for Irrigation and/
or Toilet Flushing

Incremental Cost: Moderate to High

Ease of Implementation: Moderate to Diffcult

Payback: 10 to 30 years

Realizable Targets:

• Storm water retention for irrigation, if irrigation

is required

• Some school boards are experimenting with grey

water re-use (water from sinks and showers) or

storm water use for toilet fushing which may

be an expensive option, with fltration systems

requiring maintenance

Implementation Considerations:

• Use of collected rain water for irrigation is

the most straightforward use of any collected

water, however, may be a cause of concern for

the municipality. It is important to understand

the approval procedure before completing

detailed design of any system. The location of

the large storage tanks required for collection

need to be carefully considered for natural fall,

maintenance and any future repairs or removal.

Filters required for grey water reuse require

regular maintenance and fushing.

Cost Considerations:

• Signifcant cost implications; a grey water/rain

water collection system for toilet fushing can cost

in the range of $100,000 to $300,000 in a typical

elementary school

53

1 | BENEFITS

2 | PLANNING

SECTION 3 | DESIGN

4 | OCCUPANCY

5 | REFERENCES

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

GREEN SCHOOLS RESOURCE GUIDE

Benefits:

Demonstrates Environmental
Sustainability

• As reported in Natural Resources Canada

(NRCan) published data, educational

services account for 14% of the total energy

consumption, by sector, in Ontario, which

makes it the third most energy-intensive sector

of all 10 sectors

• Lower energy use will slow climate change and

reduce smog

Supports Student Achievement

• Reducing energy costs frees up resources

which can be reallocated to the classroom

Controls Ownership Costs

• Energy effcient schools cost less to operate

Promotes Environmental
Stewardship

• Innovative design and technologies provides

unique learning and behavioral change

opportunities for students and staff

Green Strategies

The energy used to heat, cool, light and power the

building and its equipment can be reduced by an

effcient system design, and even further reduced

by smart operation and positive user behavior.

It is an important point that design only takes

energy saving so far. Building operation will have a

signifcant impact on the realized energy savings.

Commissioning, training and staff involvement

and support are important elements in any energy

saving strategy.

Some realizable targets that could be incorporated

into a green school plan are:

• Better building envelopes (increase insulation

by 25% over the Ontario Building Code

(OBC), target 40/60 window to wall ratio, high

performance windows, orientate the building to

maximize southern exposure

• Effcient mechanical and electrical systems

(centralized effcient boiler plant, heat-recovery

ventilators, demand or timer control ventilation,

heating and lighting, and Energy Star-compliant

appliances and equipment)

• Smarter buildings (building automation

system, commissioning, extensive training and

monitoring)

• Reduced cooling (limit or eliminating cooling

within the building)

• Consider following recommendations of

American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and

Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) Advance

Energy Design Guide for K-12 Schools (refer to

www.ashrae.org)

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