68-70

International Indexed & Referred Research Journal, October,2012.

ISSN 0974-2832, RNI- RAJBIL 2009/29954; VoL. IV * ISSUE- 45

October,2012

d`f"k mRikndrk dks izHkkfor djus okys ?kVdksa esa flapkbZ vR;ar
egRoiw.kZ ?kVd gSA flapkbZ ds laca/k esa o"kkZ vkSj ty dh
miyC/krk us Qly mRikndrk dks izHkkfor fd;k gSA ikS/kksa dks
lgh le; ij vkSj Ik;kZIr ek=k esa flapkbZ lqfo/kk;sa feyus ij
vPNh iSnkokj gksrh gSA vPNh flapkbZ lqfo/kk;sa gksus ij moZjdksa
dh mUur fdLe ds chtksa vkSj ubZ d`f"k rduhdh viukdj
d`f"k esa mRiknu dks lgt gh c<+k;k tk ldrk gSA flafpr
Hkwfe ij mRikndrk vflafpr Hkwfe dh rqyuk esa nqxquh izkIr
dh tk ldrh gSA
e-iz- dh vFkZO;olFkk d`f"k iz/kku gS ftlesa flapkbZ
dk egRoiw.kZ LFkku gSA xzkeh.k vkcknh iz/kku ;g izns'k d`f"k
ij fuHkZj gS vr% d`f"k ds fodkl ,oa d`f"k fodkl gsrq flapkbZ
lqfo/kkvksa ij foLrkj egRoiw.kZ vko';drk gSA
dqy flapkbZ {kerk &
jkT; dh izeq[k 10 ufn;ksa esa okf"kZd vkSlru 81523
fefy;u ?ku ehVj lrgh ty miyC/k gS ftlesa ls yxHkx
56857 fefy;u ?ku ehVj ty dk mi;ksx fd;k tk ldrk
gS tks dqy miyC/k ty {ks= dk 69-7 izfr'kr gSA
jkT; dh izeq[k 10 ufn;ka &
ueZnk] pacy] dkyhfla/k] csrok] lksu] csuxaxk] ekgh] rkIrh] dsu
,oa isapA
flafpr {ks= &
dqy d`f"k jdcs dk flafpr izfr'kr & 31-28
dqy cks;s x;s {ks= dk flafpr izfr'kr & 44-00
'kq) cks;s x;s {ks= dk flafpr izfr'kr & 43-39
dqqy flafpr jdck & 66-31 gtkj gsDVs;j
'kq) flafpr jdck & 6418 gtkj gsDVs;j
lokZf/kd flafpr ftyk & Xokfy;j 61 izfr'kr
lokZf/kd flafpr izfr'kr & Xokfy;j 61 izfr'kr
U;wure flafpr izfr'kr & fMaMksjh 0-8 izfr'kr
lokZf/kd flafpr 4 ftys & Xokfy;j] Vhdex<+] gks'kaxkckn]
eqjSuk
lokZf/kd flafpr {ks= & pEcy ?kkVh {ks= esa & eqjSuk] Xokfy;j]
nfr;k
cqansy[k.M {ks= ls & Vhdex<+
ueZnk ?kkVh {ks= ls & gks'kaxkckn
ugj flafpr {ks= & mÙkjh e-izdqavk flafpr {ks= & e/; o nf{k.k e-iz-

68

’kks/k

rkykc flafpr {ks= & iwohZ e-izflapkbZ ds L=ksr &
flapkbZ dk izeq[k L=ksr gS /kjkry dk ty rFkk
Hkwfexr tyA /kjkry dk ty ufn;ksa ls fudyh ugjksa rFkk
rkykcksa ls izkIr gksrk gSA jkT; esa flapkbZ ds izeq[k lk/ku gS
1 dqa;s ,oa uydwi& jkT; esa dqavk ,oa uydwiksa ls lokZf/kd
66-48 izfr'kr Hkwfe flafpr gksrh gSA
2 ugj&ugj ls flafpr {ks= e-iz- esa 18-66 izfr'kr gSA
3 rkykc&rkykc ls flafpr {ks= e-iz- esa 3-1 izfr'kr gSA
e-iz- esa flap kbZ dh vko';drk &
1- o"kkZ dh vfuf'prrk ,oa vfu;ferrk
2- d`f"k laca/kh dk;ksZ dks ;ksX; cukuk
3- fof'k"V Qlyksa dk mRiknu
4- xzkeh.k fodkl dk;ZØeksa dh lEiUurk dk vk/kkj
5- o"kkZ dh ekSleh izd`fr
6- gfjr Økafr dh lQyrk dk vk/kkj etcwr djuk
7- d`f"k mRiknu esa o`f) djuk
8- ikS/k laj{k.k
9- vfrfjDr jkstxkj voljksa esa o`f)
10- [kk|kUuksa esa vkRefuHkZjrk
11- ubZ Hkwfe ij d`f"k laHkkouk
12- o`{kkjksi.k djuk
13- izkd`frd foifÙk;ksa ds Hk; ls NqVdkjk
e- iz- dh izeq[k ugjsa o muls ykHkfUor {ks= &
pacy ugj & jktLFkku e-iz- dh la;qDr ifj;kstuk;ksa esa pacy
ugj fudkyh xbZ gS tks e-iz- ds ';ksiqj esa izos'k djrh gSA
Xokfy;j] fHk.M] eqjSuk] ';ksiqj dh yxHkx 2-25 yk[k gsDVs;j
Hkwfe dks pacy ugj ls ikuh feyrk gSA
ckjuk ugj &ueZnk dh lgk;d ^^ckjuk unh** ij ikyd
HkkVh rky xkao esa cka/k cuk;k x;k gSA blls fudkyh xbZ ugjsa
fofn'kk o jk;lsu ftys dks lhaprh gSA
rok ugj&ueZnk dh lgk;d rok vkSj ,d vU; unh ?kusok
ds laxe ij cka/k cukdj rok ugj fudkyh xbZ gSA bls 3
yk[k gsDVs;j {ks= esa flapkbZ gksrh gSA ¼gks'kaxkckn½
csuxaxk ugj & egkjk"Vªz e-iz- dh lq;aDr ifj;kstukUrxZr
csuxaxk ¼ckyk?kkV½ ij fufeZr cka/k ls csuxaxk ugj fudkyh
xbZ gSA
gykyh ugj & fofn'kk esa csrok ij fufeZr lezkV v'kksd

leh{kk vkSj ewY;kadu

International Indexed & Referred Research Journal, October,2012. ISSN 0974-2832, RNI- RAJBIL 2009/29954; VoL. IV * ISSUE- 45

lkxj ls gykyh ugj fudkyh xbZ gSA
cfj;kiqj ugj & e-iz-] m-iz- dh dsu unh ij fufeZr la;qDr
ifj;kstuk ls ;g fudkyh xbZ gSA
cjxh ugj & cjxh¼tcyiqj½ esa cus jkuh vaoUrhckbZ lkxj
ls ;g ugj fudkyh xbZ gSA
vU; ugjsa & e-iz- esa isap ifj;kstuk ¼fNanokM+k½
ekgh ifj;kstuk ¼/kkj½ Fkkoj izkstsDV ¼e.Myk½ nstyk nsoyk
¼[kjxkSu½ vkfn ls Hkh ugjsa fudkyh tk jgh gSA
vU; ugjsa &
isap ifj;kstuk & fNaMokM+k
ekgh ifj;kstuk & /kkj
Fkkoj izkstsDV & e.Myk
nsoyk ifj;kstuk & [kjxkSu
nfr;k okgd ugj & nfr;k o Xokfy;j
jkt?kkV ck;ha rV dh ugj & Vhdex<+
Ø12-

ugjsa
csuxaxk ugj
pacy ugj

unh
csuxaxk
pa c y

34567-

gykyh ugj
ckjuk ugj ckjuk
rok ugj rok
cfn;kiqj dsu
cjxh ugj ueZnk

csrok
gks'kaxkckn]
?kusok
cfn;kiqj
cjxh

ykHkkfUor {ks=
ckyk?kkV] egkjk"Vª dk HkaMkj ftyk
fHk.M eqjSuk] ';ksiqj&Xokfy;j] eanlkSj
uhep
fofn'kk jk;lsu
fofn'kk] jk;lsu
gks'kaxkckn
tyk'k;

flapkbZ ifj;kstuk;sa vkSj cgqmn~ns’;h; ifj;kstuk;sa &
1 ueZnk ?kkVh ifj;kstuk ¼27-55 yk[k gsDVs;j {ks=Qy esa
flapkbZ½ &
1½ ljnkj ljksoj & HkM+ksp ¼xqtjkr½ ¼19 yk[k gsDVs;j½
2½ bafnjk lkxj ifj;kstuk & iquklk ¼e-iz- [k.Mok½ ¼41 gtkj
gsDVs;j½
3½ vksadkjs'oj ifj;kstuk & [k.Mok ¼1-43 yk[k gsDVs;j½
4½ egs'oj ifj;kstuk & /kkj ¼egs'oj½ ¼400 esxkokV½
2 pacy?kkVh ifj;kstuk ¼3-50 yk[k ,dM+ Hkwfe dh flapkbZ½
3 rok ifj;kstuk & xzke jkuhiqj gks'kaxkckn ¼2-47 yk[k
gsDVs;j½
4 voUrh ckbZ lkxj ifj;kstuk &cjxh] tcyiqj
5 ekgh ifj;kstuk &/kkj] e-iz6 isap ifj;kstuk &xzke iapeksjk] fNanokM+k] ckyk?kkV
7 jktho xka/kh ifj;kstyk &xzke nqM+ok] dVaxh rglhy]
ckyk?kkV ¼89-929 gsDVs;j½
8 jkt?kkV ifj;kstuk&e-iz- m-iz- dh la;qDr ifj;kstuk
9 jkuh y{eh ckbZ ifj;kstuk&ekrk Vhyk cka/k] nfr;k] Xokfy;j]
fHk.M ¼1-16 yk[k Hkwfe ij flapkbZ½
10 mfeZy ifj;jstuk & ¼e/;izns'k&mÙkjizns'k dh la;qDr½ eiz- ds Nrjiqj ftys ds xzke fHkjkSao
11 cfj;kiqj ugj ifj;kstuk & e/;izns'k Nrjiqj ftyk
12 dksykj ifj;kstuk &lhgksj ftyk ¼45-087 gsDVs;j {ks=

esa flapkbZ½
13 Fkkoj ifj;kstuk & e.Myk ftyk ds >qyiqjxzke ¼18-212
gsDVs;j Hkwfe dks flapkbZ½
14 vij csu xaxk ifj;kstuk & Hkhex<+ xzke & 18-612
gsDVs;j {ks= dks flafpr
15 gykyh ifj;kstuk & fofn’kk jk;lsu & 37-637 gsDVs;j
{ks= dh flapkbZ
16 ckjuk ijf;kstuk & jk;lsu & 60-290 gsDVs;j
17 pksjyuM+h flapkbZ ifj;kstuk & egw rglhsy ¼bankSj½
18 nstyk&nsoy ifj;kstuk & [kjxkSu ¼9 gtkj gsDVs;j½
19 fla/k izkstsDV & Xokfy;j & 83 gtkj 86 gsDVs;j
ck.klkxj la;qDr ifj;kstuk;sa &
1 e/;izn s' k&mÙkjizn s' k &
1½ mfeZy ifj;kstuk ¼mfeZy unh½
2½ jkuh y{ehckbZ ifj;kstuk ¼csrok unh½
3½ dsu ifj;kstuk ¼dsu unh½
4½ flagiqj cSjkt xzsVj xaxk cka/k ¼csu unh½
5½ Hkk.Msj ifj;kstuk ¼ekrkVhyk cka/k½
2 egkjk"Vª & e/;izn s' k &
1½ vij csu xaxk ifj;kstuk ¼csuxaxk unh½
2½ Iksap ifj;kstuk ¼isap unh½
3½ ckouh ?kM+h ¼ckouh ?kM+h unh½
4½ ck?k ifj;kstuk ¼ck?k unh½
5½ dyhe>kj ¼ck?k dh iwjd ;sktuk½
3 e/;izn s' k&jktLFkku &
1½ pacy unh ?kkVh ifj;kstuk ¼lksu unh½
2½ ekgh ifj;kstuk ¼ekgh unh½
4 e/;izn s’ k&mÙkjizn s’ k&fcgkj &
1½ ck.klkxj ifj;kstuk ¼lksuunh½
5 vU; ifj;kst uk;sa &
pEiw vkSj ekuwijq ¼eanlkSj½] Hkk.Msj ¼nfr;k] Xokfy;j]
fHk.M½] fr?kjkcks/k] gjlhcka/k] dkdsVks] esglkjh cka/k ¼Xokfy;j½]
ck?k vkSj vij csu xaxk ¼ckyk?kkV½] Fkkoj] lqDrk vkSj vij
rkIrh ¼[k.Mok½A
e/;izsn'k esa flap kbZ laca/kh leL;k;sa &
1 cgqmn~ns'kh; unh ?kkVh ifj;kstukvksa dk fØ;kUo;u fu;e
ij u gksus ls foÙkh; lk/kuksa dk vuko';d ákl gqvk gSA
2NksVh flapkbZ ifj;kstuk fo'ks"kdj rkykc rFkk NksVh ifj;kstukvksa
dh mis{kk dh xbZ gSA
3Ikz'kklfud vdq'kyrk] ykijokgh mi;qDr LFkkuksa dk pquko
u gksus ls flapkbZ ifj;kstukvksa ds O;; esa yxkrkj o`f) gks
jgh gSA
4- d`f"k fodkl ,oa flapkbZ ifj;kstukvksa esa leUo; dh leL;k
gSA
5- xkaoks esa fo|qr vkiwfrZ esa deh ls flapkbZ izHkkfor gksrh gSA
6- flapkbZ dh Åaph njksa dk y?kq ,oa e/;e oxhZ; fdlku Hkkj

SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN

69

International Indexed & Referred Research Journal, October,2012. ISSN 0974-2832, RNI- RAJBIL 2009/29954; VoL. IV * ISSUE- 45

mBkus esa vleFkZ gSA
7- nks"kiw.kZ flapkbZ O;oLFkk ds dkj.k vf/kd ikuh ls cht lM+
tkrk gSA
8 ukfy;ksa dh mfpr O;oLFkk u gksus ls ikuh dh O;FkZ cckZnh
gksrh gSA
9 flapkbZ ugjksa }kjk ty fodkl ugjksa dks dkVus ls o"kkZ vkSj
ck<+ dk ty :dus ls Hkwfe {kfrxzLr gks tkrh gSA
10-jkT; esa miyC/k flapkbZ {kerk fo’ks”kdj o‘gr vkSj e/;e
flapkbZ ;kstukvksa ls mRiUUk gqbZ flapkbZ {kerk rFkk blds
mi;ksx esa cgqr varj jgk gSA
flap kbZ laca/kh leL;kvksa gsrq lq>ko &
1-ljdkj }kjk flapkbZ ;kstukvksa ij O;; dh tkus okyh jkf'k
dk iw.kZ mi;ksx fd;k tkuk pkfg;sA
2- jkT; ds fofHkUu Hkkxksa esa flapkbZ ds lk/kuksa dk iw.kZ mi;ksx
,oa fodkl dk iz;kl djuk pkfg;sA
3- d`f"k {ks= esa lgdkjh laLFkkvksa dh LFkkiuk djukh pkfg;s
tks d`f"k fodkl ,oa V~;wcosy rFkk iafEiax lsV ds fy;s izca/k
djsaA
4- ljdkj dks NksVh ;kstukvksa dks izksRlkgu nsus ds fy;s
vkfFkZd lgk;rk Hkh iznku djuh pkfg;sA
5- NksVh e/;e ,oa o`gr flapkbZ ;kstukvksa esa leUo; }kjk
gh flapkbZ dk fodkl fd;k tk ldrk gSA
6- Hkwty ,oa lrgh ty nksuksa dk gh mi;ksx fd;k tkuk
pkfg;sA

7 jkT; esa flapkbZ ls lacaf/kr vuqla/kku dk;Z vuojr gksuk
pkfg;sA
8 uohu flapkbZ ;kstkukvksa dk ,dek= mn~ns'; jkT; esa
[kk|kUu mRiknu esa vf/kdkf/kd o`f) djuk gksuk pkfg;sA
9 tyekxksZ rFkk [ksr dh ukfy;ksa ds ykbfuax ds dk;ksZ dks
izkFkfedrk ls fd;k tkuk pkfg;sA
10 flapkbZ dks futh {ks= dh Hkkxhnkjh ls foLrkj dk iz;kl
fd;k tuk pkfg;sA
11-xzkeh.k {ks= esa flapkbZ gsrq fo|qr vkiwfrZ dh miyC/krk cuk;s
j[kuk pkfg;sA
fu"d"kZ &
fu"d"kZ :Ik esa dgk tk ldrk gS fd flapkbZ lalk/kuksa dh
n`f"V ls e/;izns'k ,d egRoiw.kZ jkT; gSA ;g jkT; vf/kdka'k
ufn;ksa dk mn~xe LFky gSA blds ckotwn vf/kdka'k d`f"k o"kkZ
ij vk/kkfjr gSA flapkbZ gsrq ty izca/k yEcs le; ls fofHkUu
vo/kkj.kkvksa ds rgr gksrk vk;k gS ijarq mlds lgh mi;ksx
ls vkt Hkh yksx tkx`r ugha gq;s gSAA ty euq";] Ik'kq i{kh]
ouLifr lHkh ds vfLrRo o lao)Zu ds fy;s vk/kkjHkwr
vko';drk gSA blds egRo dks ns[krs gq;s {kerk] fonksgu dh
rduhdh ,oa laHkkouk;sa fodflr fd;s tkus dh vko';drk
gSA

1
2
3
4.

e-iz- ds lelkef;d rF; & eqds'k ekgs'ojh] HkkSxksfyd e/;izns'k & 2010&11] i`"B 110&111
tujZYl vkWQ e/;izns'k & okWVj fjlkslZ eSustesaV bu ,e-ih-] nhfIr fo'okl 2010 ] i`- 223&224
e-iz- dk vkfFkZd fodkl & MkW- 'kf'kfdj.k uk;d( e-iz- fganh xzaFk vdkneh ] Hkksiky

6
7
8
9
10

Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk & feJ ,oa iqjh( fgeky; ifCyflax gkÅl] ubZ fnYyh 2000
Ek-iz- dk HkkSxksfyd v/;;u & MkW- izehyk dqekj e-iz- xaFk vdkneh] Hkksiky 1999
;kstuk] tuojh 2002
Ikzfr;ksfxrk niZ.k] 2002 viSzy
Hkkjr ljdkj vkfFkZd leh{kk & 2008&09] ubZ fnYyh] i`- 260&261

Chetana Koll: (2009) “Ground Water Scarcity”; Bangalore
5. Water Resources of M.P. (2006); Govt. of M.P., Bhopal

70

’kks/k

leh{kk vkSj ewY;kadu

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