International Indexed & Referred Research Journal, October,2012.

ISSN 0974-2832, RNI- RAJBIL 2009/29954; VoL. IV * ISSUE- 45

October,2012

egkRek T;ksfrjko QqY;kauh R;kaP;k dkGkrhy lekt izcks/kuklkBh
^”ksrdÚ;kapk vklwM* euqok|kaoj mxkjyk gksrk- lqekjs fnM”ks
o’kkZiwohZP;k QqY;kaP;k R;k vklwMkph vkBo.k ijr ,dnk rkth
dj.;klkBh izk-rqdkjke xk;dokM ;kauh ^^vklwM** ukokpk
dfork laxzg fMlsacj 2000 yk izfl) dsyk- vkacsMdjh
ladr` hus Hkj.kiks’k.k >kysY;k lektkP;k mPp f”kf{kr oxkZdMwu
vkacsMdjh tkf.kosP;k dkO;kph vfHkO;Drh lkrR;kus gksr vkgsizk-xk;dokM rls f”k{k.k “kkL=kps izk/;kid ijarq R;kaph
^vklwM* e/khy dfork lekt”kkL=kph vuqHkwrh ns.kkjh vkgsorZeku ifjfLFkrhrhy lkekftd fo’kerk o psgjk&eksgjk cnywu
lq: vlysys lkekftd] /kkfeZd “kks’k.k vktgh igk;yk]
txk;yk feGrs- vkf.k ex ;kpk larki Eg.kwu vtwugh QqY;kaP;k
vklwMkP;k QVdkÚ;kauh iqjl
s k tkx`r u >kysyk lekt vkacM
s djh
pkcqdkP;k QVdkÚ;kus >ksisrwu tkxk Ogkok vls vfHkizsr
vlysY;k doh rqdkjke xk;dokMkauh ,d vfHkO;Drh ^vklwM*
:ikus lkdkj dsyh vkgs;k ns”kkrhy oSfnd o ckS) ;k nksu laLd`rhapk >xMk
lkrR;kus pkyw vkgs- vkacM
s djh /kEedzkra hP;k folkO;k “krdkrhy
VII;koj doh vki.k ckcklkgsckaps vuq;k;h vlY;kus ek.kwldhP;k
laLd`rhps ikbZd vlY;kps Li’Vi.ks ctkorks- Eg.kwup vkEgh
mn~/oLr gks.kkj ukgh vls tkghj djrks- dkj.k xrdkGkr ;kp
vk;kZaP;k euqlaLd`rhus xko vkf.k xkodwl v”kh lkekftd
foHkkx.kh dsyh vkf.k l[[;k HkkÅcankr gkMoSj fuekZ.k dsys;k euqiklwu nwj gksÅu eafnjk,soth ek.klkr ;s.;kph
gkd doh bFkY;k ewGfuoklh cgqtu lektkyk nsr vkgs- ;k
vk;kZaP;k rsgrhl dksVh nsokauk mÌs”kwu doh Eg.krks dh] gtkjks
o’ksZ vkEgh iwtk] miokl] uol dsys rjh injh xqykefxjhp
iMyhgtkjks fi<îk xkjn >kY;k
vkrk vkEgh izf rKk dsy h;
rqEgkyk ukdk:u
thou tx.;kph
vkf.k ;k laLd`rh fo:) o nsok/kekZ fo:)pk la?k’kZ nfyr
pGoGhlkBh uok ukghp jkstpkp la?k’kZ vkgs- ;k pGoGdR;kZ
lektkus ek.kqldhP;k gDdkph isVrh e”kky gkrkr ?ksrysyh
vkgs- gh fuGh QkSt l/;k va/kkjkyk tkGwu mtsMkph isj.kh
dj.;klkBh lTt vlY;kps doh Eg.krks-

vkacsMdjoknkP;k vkReHkkukph tk.kho o LoRokps lkeF;Z
dsoG pGoGhrY;k iq:’kkae/;sp ukgh- rj ;k pGoGhrhy
L=h;k lq)k vkacsMdjh pGoGhP;k okgd curkr- nso] /keZ]
laLd`rhus L=hps Lokra«; o lkeF;Z fgjkowu ?ksrys- doh ;k
L=heukyk tkxh Ogk;yk o Qqy]s vkacsMdjkapk okjlk o e”kky
Ogk;yk lkaxrks- dsoG pGoGhr dke dj.kkÚ;k L=he/;sp gh
la?k’kZ”kDrh tkx`r gksrs vls ukgh- rj vkacsMdjh lektkrhy
dqBY;kgh L=he/;s gh “kDrh osGizlaxh tkx`r gksrs- mPpoxhZ;
euksfod`rhP;k ika<jis”kh ek.klka”kh xorkpk Hkkjk jsyxkMhr
Vkd.kkjh ^lkfo=h* lkgsc yksdkaP;k fVaxyVokGhoj porkGrs
v”kh lkekU; L=h dohus nk[kfoyh vkgsdoh Eg.krks ^lkfo=h [koGyh] Eg.kkyh] lkgsc vkrk
vf/kd cksyykr rj gkrkr foGh gk;-* gh lkfo=h fo’ke
O;oLFksfo:) [koGysY;k L=h”kDrhps izkfrfuf/kd :i vkgsgh L=h d’Vh] esgurh] “khyoku ijarq d.k[kj o djkjh vkgsdkj.k dohus rhyk Qqys vkacsMdjkaph e”kky EgVysys vkgsdoh Lor%P;kp vkbZps mnkgj.k nsrkuk Eg.krks dh] ^ek>h ek;
ikVykP;k okMîkoj rkacMa QqVrk “ks.k dk<k;yk tk;ph]
ikVyhuhus fnysY;k f”kGîk dqVD;koj eqD;k vksBkauh ik.kkoysY;k
MksGîkauh d/kh mik”kh iksVh jkgwu fnol dk<k;ph* v”kk ;k
xfyrxk= voLFksrgh frP;k LoIukaps f{krht rh Lor%P;k
MksGîkr lkBowu Bsorkauk fnlrs^^esya vkepa >kya xsya
tYe lkjk ok;k xsy k
ifjd iksj a vkeph
f”kdwu ^lkgsc * d/kh gksrhy\**
vksjMwu lkax] lkfo=h] LoIu o vJw ;k dforkae/kwu L=h
fo’k;d lkekftd voLFkk o frph la?k’kZ”khy laonsuk O;Dr
gksrkuk fnlrsizLrqr dohpk xrdkGgh fofp= o Hk;kog vkgsdohph ek; ikVykP;k ?kjh “ks.k dk<wu f”kGîk dqVD;koj
xqtjk.k dj.kkjh rj dohpk cki mik”kh iksVh Mksaxj?kkVkr
ÅlrksMhP;k Jekus o dqVcwa kP;k Hkkjkus okdwu xsysyk- o gkrkr
nqjMh o [kqG[kqGîkph dkBh ?ksmu tksgkj ek;cki Eg.kwu Hkhd
ekx.kkjk vkgs- ve;kZn d’Vkus pwj >kysY;k vkbZph lkoyhgh
ckyi.khp dohyk ikj[kh >kysyh- v”kk vkbZP;k vkBo.khus
doh jMosyk gksrks- vkf.k nkjkoj fHkdkjh ikfgyk dh] vLoLFk
gksrks- dkj.k gk fHkdkjh dohP;k ckikP;k iwokZoLFksps izfr:i

SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN

85

International Indexed & Referred Research Journal, October,2012. ISSN 0974-2832, RNI- RAJBIL 2009/29954; VoL. IV * ISSUE- 45

Hkklrs- v”kk LoIukaps f{krht gjoysY;k ;k vMk.kh vkbZ ckikyk
Lor% mn~/oLr gks.;kps nq%[k vlys rjh vkiY;k eqykauh f”kdwu
lo:i ckcklkgsckalkj[ks lkgsc gks.;kph vfHkyk’kk ek= tkxor
gksrh] psror gksrh- Eg.kwu doh vkiY;klkBh ckikus tkGysY;k
vk;q’;kps o.kZu djrkuk Eg.krks dh] ^cki ek>k nksu ik[kja
ia[kkr ?ksÅu vkbZ gksÅu txyk- vkbZph v/kqjh LoIus lkdkj
dj.;klkBh f>tyk] >qatyk] txyk i.krhlkj[kk-* LoIu]
iksVklkBh ikVh xsyh] vLoLFk eh] vJw] vkbZph vkBo.k vkf.k
cki ;k dforkae/kwu dkSVqafcd nkfjnzîkps fp= o R;krhy
vk”kkoknh fu/kkZj dohus os/kdi.ks “kCnc) dsyk vkgslkekftd Øzkra hph oSpkfjd ik”oZHkweh egkRek QqY;kauh
fuekZ.k dsyh- vkf.k izR;{kkr lkekftd Øzkarh ?kMfo.;kph
dkefxjh MkW-ckcklkgsckauh dsyh- MkW-vkacsMdjkaP;k /kEeØkarhpk
oSpkfjd okjlk o ,sfrgkfld /kkxk T;ksrhjko QqY;ki;Zar
tksMuw dohus ^ek.kwldhpa jksiVa* ;k dforsr myxMwu nk[kfoyk
vkgscq) a “kj.ka xPNkehpa
ekGîkP;k eqy kpa LoIu
vLi`’ ;kP;k eqy kua
lkdkj ds y vls doh Eg.krks- nfyr lkfgR;kps izsj.kkLFkku vlysY;k MkWvkacsMdjkaP;k O;fDreRokpk os/k ?ksr ?ksr dohus dkO;e;
vfHkO;Drhe/kwu R;kaP;k thou dk;kZpk izdk”k mfÌihr dsyk
vkgs- ^vklwM* ;k dforsruw ckcklkgsckaP;k izHkkokus lksoGs xGwu
xsys] nso iGwu xsys] eqD;kauk daB QqVys] ys[k.khrwu “kCn >:
ykxys vkf.k HkksxysY;k ;krukaps “kCnf”kYi >kys vls o.kZu dsys
vkgs- MkW-ckcklkgsckauk dohus ^ewduk;d*] ^Økarhlw;Z* v”kk
miek fnY;k vkgsr- ckcklkgsckaeqGs eqds tkx`r >kys] xqjk[kh
“kkGsr xsys- gh ,o<h ,sfrgkfld Øzkarh vkacsMdj ukokP;k

Økafarlw;kZus ?kMowu vk.kyh- ckcklkgsckaP;k vfLrRokf”kok;
nfyrkaP;k izxrhps dqBysp pØ fQjys ulrs gs m?kM lR; vkgsEg.kwup nfyrkaP;k thoukrhy ckcklkgsckaps LFkku vuU;lk/kkj.k
vkgs- vkf.k ckcklkgsc dnkfpr tUekyk vkys ulrs rj! doh
/khjxaHkhj gksÅu Eg.krks dh]
Øzk arhlw;Z tUeyk ulrk rj
vkepk va/kkj lai yk ulrk vu~
izdk”kkpk vFkZg h dGyk ulrk
Eg.kwu Øzkarhlw;Z gk vkeP;k uO;k ;qxkpk izk.k vkgsnfyrkauh /kekZarj d:u iUukl o’kZ gksr vkgsr- ckS)
laLd`rhpk izpkj&izlkj] /kekZra fjrkaP;k vkpkj] fopkj vafxdkjkrwu
Li’V gksr vkgs- lkekftd lersP;k izLFkkiuslkBh o vLi`”;rspk
lkekftd nw/kZj jksx u’V gks.;klkBh /kEekps vkS’k/k mi;ksxkr
vk.kys tkr vkgs- rjhgh fganw lektO;oLFkssrhy ekufld
foÑrh dohus ^okV* ;k dforsrwu nk[kfoyh vkgs- ?kkxj
ckVoysY;k okVl:us ^eh ckS) vkgs* vls Li’V lkaxwugh
foghjhojhy ck;dk R;kyk egkj Eg.kwu rqPN letrkr- vkf.k
egkj f”kdyk dk;] uksdjhoj ykxyk dk; fu ckS) >kyk dk;
fganwaph ckSf)d fnokG[kksjh o ekufld foÑrh R;kyk tkrhus
rqPNp ys[krs- gs vKkukrwu o tk.kwu cwtwu v”kk nksUgh
ikrGho:u /kekZarjkpk folj iMY;kps n`”; vkt fganw lekt
O;oLFksr igk;yk feGrs- ;k O;frfjDr fganwaP;k ofj’B o.khZ;
jktdkj.;kadMwu ;k ns”kkr /khjxaHkhj o /;kuLFk cq)kyk
foukdkj.k glfo.;kps iz;ksx gksr vkgsr- v.kwpkp.kh iz;ksxkP;k
;”kfLorsyk cq) gl.;kps izrhd let.;kpk ew[kZi.kk bFkyh
o.kZoknh jktdh; laLd`rh gsrqiwoZd djhr vkgs- ;k ?kVusoj
dohus ^[kjp rq glykl\* ;k dforsrwu mRÑ’V izdk”k ikMyk
vkgs- vlY;k lkaLÑfrd] /kkfeZd dksykgykr doh Eg.krks
ek.kwl Eg.kwu thou txk;yk jke fdaok jfgeph ukgh fiaiGikukph
xjt vkgs-

1- vklwM dforklaxzg& doh & izk-rqdkjke xk;dokM] izdk”kd & Hkw’k.k izdk”ku] ukansM vko`Rrh ifgyh & 6 fMlsa- 2000] i`’Bs 62] fdaer & 40 :i;s

86

’kks/k

leh{kk vkSj ewY;kadu

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