Dengue Virus 992 AD: Chinese Medical Encyclopedia Describes an illness called: “The Water Poison” The Chinese associate the disease with flying insects near the water Dengue Virus History 1779-1780 Simultaneous Outbreaks in Asia, North America, and Africa 1789: Dr. Benjamin Rush Philidelphia describes the signs and symptoms of Dengue and calls the disease: “Breakbone Fever” Name is related to extraordinary amount of joint pain that accompanies the disease *Slave and Rum Trade Permit transmission of disease through shipping industry Dengue Virus History 1820's Swahili Tribes in Africa Epidemic outbreak Call the disease “ki denga pepo” Translates to “a sudden overtaking of the spirit” AKA: Dandy Fever Denga gets translated to the Spanish Dengue Named for the antalgic or pain relieving gate many Dengue Patient's adopt to reduce severe pain of the disease Dengue Etiology Transmission via Biological Vector Mosquitos: Aedes aegypti or Yellow Fever Mosquitos as well as Aedes albopictus or the Asian Tiger Mosquito and other subspecies. (FMEL, 1999). Retrieved from http://fmel.ifas.ufl.edu/research/exotic.shtml Dengue Virus Etiology Something to think about According to the Florida Medical Entmology Laboratory: “ The Asian Tiger Mosquito,(Aedes Albopictus) first discovered in Florida at a scrap tire dump in Jacksonville in 1986, subsequently spread rapidly to become the most common daytime pest mosquito biting man in the State.” (FMEL, 1999) Dengue Virus Vector Transmission Mosquitos are a Biological Vector How a mosquito becomes infected and subsequent transmission *Mosquito feeds on infected human *Virus replication occurs in the stomach and intestinal tract of the mosquito *After 10 day incubation, virus moves to mosquito's salivary glands *Mosquito bites another human and transmits virus to another victim via mouth probe into tissues *Mosquitos live for about a month, and once infected, remain so for their lives
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