LM 0RIENTATI ON

COURSE

NO.

30005-012

For Training

Purposes

Only

DATE: April 12, 1966 REVISED: November 1966

Prepared Product Support

by: Department

LESSON I. Introduction A. Objective i__ _ -

PLAN

To provide the student with an orientation of the LM spacecraft. Included will be a brief functional description of each LM operational subsystems to a block diagram level with emphasis on the major signal flow paths. B. Motivation !n order to provide adequate operational support to the Apollo Mission one must have a basic functional knowledge of LM operational subsystems and the associated subsystem interfaces. II. Presentation A. B. Film - Apollo Lunar Mission Profile

IM Basic Design Concept i. Ascent Stage a. b. 2. 3. Cabin area Aft equipment Stage

bay

Descent Summary

C.

Crew Station i. Controls and Display Panels

D.

Propulsion i.

Subsystem Configuration

General a. b. c.

Descent Ascent Reaction

Control

2.

Descent a. b. c.

Propulsion

Propellant Pressurization Propellant Feed Engine Control Propulsion

3.

Ascent a. b. c. d.

Propellant Pressurization Propellant Feed Thrust Control RCS Crossfeed Control

4.

Reaction a. b. c. d.

Cluster Configuration Attitude and Translational Propellant Propellant Pressurization Feed

Control

5. 6. E.

Controls S_Immary

and Displays

Environmental 1. Atmosphere a. b. c. 2.

Control

Subsystem Section

Revitalization Schedules

Pressure

Closed Suit Loop Operation Open Suit Loop Operation Supply and Cabin Pressure Control Section

Oxygen a. b. c.

Tankage Descent Feed Ascent Feed Section

3.

Water Management a. b. c. Tankage Descent Feed Ascent Feed

4.

Heat Transport a. b.

Section

Primary Loop Operation Secondary Loop Operation and Displays

5. 6. F.

Controls S1]_ary

Electrical i.

Power

Subsystem

General a. b.

Configuration

Ascent Stage Descent Stage Functional Description

2.

System a. b. c. d. e. f.

Batteries Electrical Control Assembly Relay Junction Box (RJB) Deadface Relay Box (DFRB) Inverters Electroexplosive and Displays Devices (ECA)

34,

Controls
S1 ]T_ml a_y

G.

Guidance, 1. 2.

Navigation,

and Control

Subsystem

_/ --

/}'i __

System Concept Functional a. b. c. d. Description

Hand Controllers Primary Guidance and Navigation Section Abort Guidance Section (AGS) Control Electronics Section (CES) and Displays _PGNS )

3.
4.

Controls
S11_ary

H •

Instrumentation 1. 2. System Concept Functi9nal a. b. c. d. 3. Description (SCEA) (CWEA)

Signal Conditioning Electronics Assembly Caution and Warning Electronics Assembly Pulse Code Modulation Timing Electronics Assembly (PCMTEA) Data Storage Electronics and Displays Assembly (DSEA)

Controls

I•

Communications i. Operational a. b. 2. 3. Capabilities

IN FLIGHT LUNAR STAY

System Concept Functional a. b. c. Description ASSEMBLY

SIGNAL PROCESSOR S-Band VHF and Displays

4. J.

Controls

Final S1_ary

LM ORIENTATION Abbreviation AEA AGS AOT ARS ASA ATCA CES CM CSM C/W CWEA DECA DEDA DFRB DSEA DSKY ECA ECS EPS EVA GN&C Document

Abort Electronics Assembly Abort Guidance Section Alignment Optical Telescope Atmospheric Revitalization Abort Sensor Assembly Attitude and Translation Control Assembly Section

Control Electronic Section Command Module Command and Service Module C aut ion/Warning Caution and Warning Electronics Descent Engine Control Assembly Data Entry and Display Assembly Deadface Relay Box Data Storage Electronics Assembly Display and Keyboard Electric Control Assembly Environmental Control Subsystem Electrical Power Subsystem Extravehicular Astronaut Guidance, Navigation and Control Subsystem Assembly

G0X He H20 }ITS IMU LM LGC LR LUT MSC MSFN 0SCPS Ox PCM PCM_EA PGNS PISS RCS RJB RR S & C SCA SCEA

Gaseous Oxygen Helium Water Heat Transport Section

Inertial Measuring Unit Lunar Module LM Guidance Computer LandingRadar Launch Umbilical Tower Marmed Spacecraft Center (Houston)

Manned Space Flight Network Oxygen Supply and Cabin Pressure Section

Oxidizer Pulse Code Modulation and Timing Electronics Section Assembly

Pulse Code Modulation Primary Guidance

and Navigation

Portable Life Support System Reaction Control Subsystem Relay Junction Box Rendezvous Radar Stabilization and Control Signal Conditioner Assembly Signal Conditioning Electronics Assembly

SM TEA TV VHY W_v_

Service Module Timing Electronics Assembly Television Very High Frequency (30-300 mc) Water Management Section This does not constitute a complete list of LM abbreviations. document LLI-790-1 may be consulted for abbreviations not listed

Grumman here.

VHFANTENNA(2) S-BANDSTEERABLE ANTENNA ASCENTSTAGE DOCKING HATCH RENDEZVOUS RADAR ANTENNA OVERHEAD DOCKING WlNDOW S-BAND INFLIGHT ANTENNA(2) EVA ANTENNA DOCKING TARGET

AFTEQUIPMENTBAY

< RCS THRUSTER ASSEMBLY

iNGRESS/ EGRESS HATCH

RCS NOZZLE

LANDINGGEAR

(+Z)

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1
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ASCENT STAGEIDESCENT
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STAGE

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FLOW GAS SUIT SUIT REGENERATIVE HEAT EXCHANGER

SUIT

SUIT HEAT EXCHANGER (COOLING)

SUIT

VALVE

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T30005-159 NOV 66

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ELECTRICAL

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T3OOOS-its DEC 66

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CONTROLLER I ATTITUDE ATTITUDE RATE COMMAND_

TRANSLATION CONTROLLER

I TRANSLATION

I

COMMANDS

RANGE RANGE RATE

RENDEZVOUS RADAR

RANGE RANGE RATE TRACKING ANGLES

TRIM COMMANDS THROTTLE COMMANDS ? LM GUIDANCE ENGINE ON-OFF CONTROL ELECTRONICS SECT ION

CREW DISPLAYS

ATTITUDE

INERTIAL MEASURING UN IT

t
l

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COMMANDS COMPUTER RCS JET COMMANDS _ '_\" _

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81 KEYBOARD DISPLAY

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GUIDANCE SECTION

COMPUTER

INPUT

UPDATE DATA

m,

ABORT DEC 66

I PRIMARY GUIDANCE

AND NAVIGATION SECTION I

T3ooo_-,_

ATTITUDE AND VELOCITY INFORMATION

CREW

ATTITUDE AND TRANSLATION COMMANDS

-_ I
PRIMARY GUIDANCE AND NAVIGATION PRIMARY FLIGHT i CONTROL SIGNALS I |

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MAIN COMMANDS ENGINE CONTROL I_SION AND RCS PROPUL-

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BACK-UP FLIGHT CONTROL SIGNALS

MANUAL ENGINE ON-OFF COMMANDS

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AND CONTROL SUBSYSTEM LM GUIDANCE, NAVIGATION I
T30005-44 DEC 66

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ALTITUDE _ ; ALTITUDE RATE,_,2 (VERTICALVELOCITY) FORWARD (_.-AXIS) AND LATERAL (Y'AXIS) VELOCITY j,,_,[-)"

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MODULATION SIGNALS

TRACKER CARRIER FREQ. SYNTHESIZER REFERENCE I PHASE RANGE

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TEST

SIGNALS

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PANEL l-n" RADAR CONTROL

T3OOOS-_4
DEC 66

PRIMARY -1 GUIDANCE _1 NAVIGATION I SECTION _J

UPDATE DATA

ABORT GYRO DATA SENSOR ACCELERATION ASSEMBLY

] ATTITUDE ERROR SIGNALS ABORT ELECTRON ICS ASSEMBLY ENGINE ON-OFF COMMANDS CONTROL ELECTRONICS SECT ION

DATA ENTRY 8 DISPLAY ASSEMBLY

_ COMPUTER INPUT 8 READOUT

r

[ABORT U=DANCE G SECT=ON I
• ]

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FEB 66

i t t I ¢

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.

RCS JET COMMANDS

GUIDANCE _ NAVIGATION PRIMARY I SECTION j_

THROTTLE

AND TRIM

COMMANDS

ENGINE ON-OFF

COMMANDS

TRANSLATION CONTROLLER . TRANSLATION COMMANDS THRUST COMMANDS _

DESCENT ENGINE CONTROL ASSEMBLY

TROTTLE, TRIM,AND ON-OFF COMMANDS DESCENT _ ENGINE

ENGINE ON-OFF COMMANDS

TRIM COMMANDS

CREW= DI SPLAYS

RATE SIGNALS

RATE GYRO

RATE SIGNALS

_

ATTITUDE AND TRANSLATION CONTROL ASSEMBLY

ON-OFF COMMANDS RCS _ THRUSTERS

ATTITUDE CONTROLLER ATTITUDE _ HARDOVER ATTITUDE GUIDANCE SECTION / . ABORT

RATE AND PULSE COMMANDS

ERROR SIGNALS

ENGINE ON-OFF COMMANDS

I
MANUAL ENGINE ON-OFF COMMANDS


ON-OFF m ENGINE SEQUENCER COMMANDS _ ASCENT ENGINE

I CONTROL ELECTRONICS SECTION J

_..T_°°°5-'T

+ X VEHICLE

DIRECTION 13° _.1°

13" PUSH TO TALK

PITCH

PIVOT

NEUTRAL POSITION OF GRIP ABOUT PITCH AXIS

-PITCH

PITCH

r_?

j

YAW ,x,s

TRIM IL DECA

MODE CONT.

_ DIR

PULSE

ATTITUDE

I

-

DEADBAND
o

"

LOGIC

RATE COMMANDS FROM ACA

o GUID CONT
PGNS

RATE SIGNAL FROM RGA DEAD BAND
MAX

-I

NARROW DEADBAND

_'_" AGS

,,,/

""

MIN

JET DRIVERS

COMMANDS ON -OFF =' RCS

ACA LGC

PULSE COMMANDS RCS JET COMMANDS

ATTITUDE AND TRANSLATION CONTROL ASSEMBLY J

T30005-107
APR 66

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i" ABOR

ASC ENG ARM

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....................up.......... r!_

DES

CONTROt. "OGJC
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t.MA'.
j _PROPULSION

I
I GUID CONT PGNS

AGS

I ENGINE SEQUENCER I

APR66

T30005-1o5

MAN THROT COR

THR CONT AUTO

SE

MAN

I -MANUAL THROTTLE

CONTROLLERS TRANSLATION f MANUAL THROTTLE T _.o THROTTLE CMD

LGC

AUTO THROTTLE PGNS GUID CONT _o

o
TRIM CMD DESCENT ENGINE

.,_;'_,

LGC AUTO

RIM. ...........

I

ATCA TRIM

T

" SEQUENCER
ENGINE

(T
ENGINE ON-OFF

_A"
_ CONTROL LOGIC DESCENT ENGINE ENGINE ON CMD

i1

I DESCENT ENGINE CONTROL ASSEMBLY

T_O00_-,06
APR 66

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_"_'_'_16.,. c. ssoc,ATEo I A,o A D,SP,AYS _.oooo-.

VEHICLE POSITION 8=VELOCITY INFORMATION

COMMANDS FROM CREW

_I LM GUIDANCE, NAVIGATION -I

AND CONTROL

L SUBSYSTEM F

POSITION AND VELOCITY CHANGES

PRIMARY VEHICLE GUIDANCE

SECONDARY VEHICLE GUIDANCE

T30005-43 DEC 66

PCM COMM.

DATA FOR TRANSMISSION

I
CREW DISPLAY DRIVE I ELECTRONICS ASSEMBLY INDICATION TO MSFN

DISPLAYS L

INDICATION SIGNALS

TO CREW _ CAUTION

AND WARNING SIGNALS

CODE VAR IOUS ANALOG SIGNALS w I STATUS SENSORS DISCRETE DIGITAL DATA SIGNAL CONDITIONING TOLERANCE OUT- OFASSEMBLY| _ MODULATION PULSE _ O-SVDC DIGITAL ANALOG DATA DATA AND TIMING ELECTRONICS ASSEMBLY

ELECTRONICS

JI

-I
TIME REFERENCE SIGNALS

COMM,

VOX SIGNALS AUDIO AND J -I

DATA

STORAGE ASSEMBLY J

INDICATION TAPE RUNNING SUBSYSTEMS

_

CREW TIMING

DISPLAYS AND SYNC SIGNALS

ELECTRONICS

I LM INSTRUMENTATION

SUBSYSTEM

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T30005-57DEC 66

If-

"R

BUFFER DISCRETE

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BUFFER ANALOG

DC ATTENUATOR

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DC AMPLIFIER SENSOR OUTPUT ._.=,.I > R/DC CONVERTER

I "_="< i * __ C/WEA, PCMTEA 8 DISPLAYS

VARIOUS ANALOG AND DISCRETE SIGNALS

AC/DC CONVERTER I

SCALED (0-5 VDC) ANALOG AND DISCRETE DIGITAL SIGNALS

DC CONVERTER FREQ/

I

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DEMODULATOR PHASE

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I SIGNAL CONDITIONINGELECTRONICSASSEMBLY I MAR 66 "r3ooo5-_,

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v DETECTOR CHANNEL SIGNAL I
OUT- OF-TOLE RANCE

RESET I

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WARNING LOGIC

LW--O,NO,C
v (ONE OF TWENTY)

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DETECTOR RESET I CAUTION v J lONEOF TWENTY)

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CH_NEL

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LOGOC

PUSH-TO-RESET

RESET

I

MASTER

I_SET

v

MASTER INDICATION (ONE OF TWO)

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I | L_IIPSYSTEM ENGINEERS HEADSET T 50005DEC 66 48

ALARM

1_

ICAUTION AND WARNING ELECTRONICS ASSEMBLY

MASTER C/WEA

ALARM

SIGNAL (DIGITAL)

SENSORS AND SCEA

.'-:-D"

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DIGITAL

DATA

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ANALOG

TO

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DIGITAL

DATA

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DIGITAL MULTIPLEXER

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RATE HI

CONTROL COMMANDS

CONTROL COMMANDS

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_ CONTROL DATA ] TIME SYNC

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SELECT
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"I__"
DSEA_-_
SERIAL DIGITALTIMING

ACCUMULATOR
_ TIME REFERENCE

GENERATOR
TIMING

TIMING SUBSYSTEMS

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PULSE CODE MODULATION AND TIMING ELECTRONICS ASSEMBLY

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APR 66

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COMM J VOX TRIGGER S!ONAL

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TAPE DRIVE MOTOR

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RECORDER TAPE ON

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SYNCHRONIZATION SIGNAL

IDATASTORAGE ELECTRONICS ASSEMBLYJ

MAR.T30005"4

I INSTRUMENTATION ASSOCIATED DISPLAYSJ

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APR 66

OUT- OF-TOLERANCE INDICATION TO CREW

SUBSYSTEM STATUS INDICATION TO EARTH

STATUS SUBSYSTEM SENSORS

_ /

FROM AUDIO COMMU N ICATIONS

SYNC. AND TIMING

RECOR DING OF AUDIO

T50005-42 MAR 66

DATA

VOICE

R_GING

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- ...................

EARTH SIDE "r3ooos-38 INFLIGHT COMMUNICATIONS CAPABILITY-_ FEB 66

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I INFLtGHT COMMUNICATIONS CAPABILITY_ FAR SIDE __i
T30005 -39 JULY 66

EARTH

COMMAND MODULE

MOON

OF SILENCE NOT DRAWN TO SCALE

I COMMUNICATIONS DURING LUNAR STAY] T3OOOS-,OIMA 6e

I
VHF INFLIGHT ANTENNA EVA ANTENNA S-BAND OMNI ANTENNA ANTENNA I

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VHFANENNA(2) S-BAND STEERABLE ANIT..NNA ASCENT STAGE DOCKING HATCH EVA

RENDEZVOUS RADAR AN11_INA OVERHEAD DOCKING

DOCKING TARGET AFTEQUIPMENT BAY

PITCH

S-BAND INFLIGHT ANTENNA (2)

RCS THRUSER ASSEMBLY

INGRESS/ EGRESS HATCH

RCSNOZZLE

LANDING GEAR

+Z

ROLL

DESCENT EGRESS PLAITORM DESCENTENGINE SKIRT STAGE

ILUNARAXES MODULE

NOV66 T30005161

COMMANDER'S

AUDIO PANEL
FROM MIC l

1
AUDIO VHF

_= COMMANDER

TO HEADSET EKG

I%

ER

VOICE 7"I

i
EMERG KEY

PROCESSOR
ASSEMBLY

C SIGNAL

vOiCE, EMU, BiOMED, PCM, EMERG KEY .

SECTION S BAND
SECTION

ERA-4 SYSTEM
ENGINEER

/
L

EKG
TO HEADSET PCM, TIMING

I

FROM MIC

.

PREMODULATION

I

INSTS

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PROCESSOR

voice

SYS. ENG. AUDIO AND COMM.PANEL

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INTERFACE SIGNAL PROCESSOR ASSEMBLY I

T30005-53 DEC 66

|

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CHANNEL "A"

VHF RCVR

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S-BAND

VOICE

RCVD VHF VOICE,EMU _

1
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SIGNAL

PROCESSOR

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CHANNEL
VOICE I J II B-

DIPLEXER

L -

l," /
I
-

(TO s BAND XMTR) _

ASSEMBLY

VOICE ROM F

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VOICE TO CREW

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VOICE, EMU

I
I L

l I

W XM,,i
:
VHF RCVR

I

ERA-5

(IN INST. SUB- SYSTEM)
PCM(LO BIT RATE)

I

(VOICE TAPE RECORDER)

I

I VHF-SECTION

I

rsooos-5_ DEC 66

r VOICE
SUBCA'RRIER4

_'l RECEIVER
PRN (PRIMARY O_

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I

LI
r|

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/

Fi _ BA(C_-EUP _ PM ENABLE i-_ MODULATOR (PRIMARY OR SECONDARY) SECONDARY) MLILTPLIER (PRIMARY OR SECONDARY) AMPLIFIER (PRIMARY OR SECONDARY) DIPLEXER

voicE, PCM I 1

k
--"J
ECTABLE_ [_ ANTENNA !

(PRIMARY OR SECONDARY)
FM ENABIF" _ _

FREQUENCY MODULATOR r

ERA-I

ERA-2

v,o,o..,i.v I ' ,L STAY, 0N,.
CAMERA

J ,N-.uo.,__, L_]. ERA-5I 'q:z,.-_,o..','_ __ o
' _/STEERABLE'_ I\ ANTENNA / I ANT. NO. 11' I ANT NO 2 STAY

S-BAND SECTION

T3ooo556
DEC 66

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MSFN

EXTRAVEHICULAR ASTRONAUT

CSM

ON-BOARD CREW

COMMUNICATIONS SUBSYSTEM

AUDIO . TO BE RECORDED

TELEMETRY DATA

T.V. SIGNAL

T50005-41 DEC 66

SUBSYSTEMS

MSFN, SM, VA C E

ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
MANAGEMENT

STATUS

, DATA,TV

I THERMAL

INSTRUMENTATION

TELEMETRY

:1[ COMMUNICATIONS

Vlo-VJ_--DEO_> CAMERA

ENVIRONMENTALcoNTROL

I VOICE STATUS INFORMATION _1 ILIFE SUPPORT

FIRE COMMANDS

½
EXPLOSIVE DEVICES

-I
POWER CONTROL

CREW CONTROLS, AND DISPLAYS

F_
F

DATA ENTRY AND DISPLAY

1
GUIDANCE NAVIGATION AND CONTROL

ENGINE CONTROL

<_
SUBSYSTEMS _

AC DC

I I

ELECTRICAL POWER

PROPULSION AND RCS

IF

ENGINE coNTR°L

I LM SUBSYSTEMS

DEC 66

T3OOO5-6o

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