Define policy analysis According to Thomas R. Dye, policy analysis is prescription and explanation of the causes and consequences of government activity. Prescription should be the main concern of the government. Since the main objective of the government is to take care of the welfare of the people. Therefore, every decision taken by them needed to calculate the consequences to the people. In short, it should give benefits to them and at the meantime for those too. Grover Starling defined policy analysis as an interdisciplinary approach to reach sound policy decisions. Sound policy decision define as something that might benefited both parties since both parties are affected by the policy. Since the words “analysis” come out, therefore it should needed a critically thought about the action that would be taken.

Identify 4 characteristics of policy analysis 1. Systematic approaches in helping decision maker choose a course of action 2. It describes investigations that produce accurate and useful information for decision makers. 3. It seeks to create, critically access and communicate policy relevant knowledge within one or more phases of the policy making process. 4. It is client oriented advice relevant to public decisions and informed by social values. Describe the policy cycle Policy cycle is a tool used for analyzing the development of the policy. It show clearly the flow of the policy from the idea came out to be implement until the evaluation to the policy either the policy best for the public or not. According to Lester and steward,

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