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Globall y, all countries are busy developing and implementing non-conventional power to bridge the electricity demand and power supply gap. Solar photovoltaic (PV) power is leading ahead of the other sources. In a solar power generation system, the PV cell plays a major role. The sun is the ultimate source of limitless solar energy in the form of light an d heat. Light of the sun is directly converted into electrical energy without an y inter mediate step. When the rays of the sun strike certain light-sensitive material like solar cell connected to an appropriate circuit, it exhibits a phenomenon called â photovoltaic effectâ . The photovoltaic effect is the generation of an electrical current in a cir cuit containing a photosensitive device when the device is illuminated by visibl e or invisible light. In other words, light is directly converted into electrici ty. The photovoltaic effect can be achieved by using a variety of materials like silicon, selenium, cadmium sulphide, germanium, gallium arsenide