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\nkvImcw (kImv)
517 Amlp BImi`qanIsf kXy ktaXw krjvSnncnpp. Xobmbpw AXn hnizmknIv henb Zrjv S map- v . (hn. Jp. 29/44.) 518 (\_o) Xmv t_m[\w \Is {Kw (JpB) hmbnvsImSppI. \nkvImcw \nlnpIbpw sNpI. \nkv Imcw \oNhrnIfn\npw \njn Ifn\npw XSbpp. Amlp hns\ HmpXv almb Hcp Imcy amWv. \n {]hnpXv Amlp A d n b p p - v . (hn. Jp. 29/45.) (JpB ]mcmbWw sNm\pw \nkv Imcw A\pjvSnm\pw \_n Xncpta\n (k) tbmSv Bm]nncnpIbmWv. sX mb Imcyfn \npw \oN{]hrnI fn\npw a\pjys\ XSbp ]pWyI amWv \nkvImcw. Amlphns\ kZmka bhpw Hmm \nkvImchpw JpB ]m cmbWhpw klmbnpp. Amlphns\ HmpIsbXv AXnalmb Hcp Im cyamWv. \psS Fm {]h\fpw Amlp AdnbpIbpw ImWpIbpw sNp p- v F t_m[w \app- m IWw.) 519 \nkvImcw apd-{]-Imcw \n-ln-p-Ibpw kIm- v sIm- S p- p- I bpw sNp- h o. kzw Bm-p-th-n \n Fv \- apIqn sN-p-pthm AXns\ Amlp-hns ] \n Is--pw. Xobmbpw \n {]hn-p-Xv ImWp-h-\m-Wm-lp. (hn. Jp. 2/110.) (i{XpfpsS IpX{fnsv hgn sXntmImXncnm th-n apkvenwI A\pjv T nt- {][m\ Imcyfntem Wv Cu kqw hnc Np- p Xv . Ap t\cw IrXyambn \nkvImcw A\pjvTnp I. AXpaqew hnizmknbpsS lrZbw kwip amhpIbpw sXpIfntev hgpXnhogmsX Ahs PohnXw \neambnocpIbpw sNpw. kXyamn Ddp\nm\pw, abpw kl\hpw ssIsmm\pw AXh\v t{]cW \Ipw. AXpt]mse {][m\amWv \n_Zm\hpw. AXv a\pjy s\ Bobambn kwkvIcnpp. kaql n AXpaqew ]e ]cnh\fpw kwPmXambnocpp. Ccw alI fneqsS ]ctemIPo hnXn\mhiy amb kmZyw kzcq]nv shpI. Xobm bpw AXnv Amlp hns ]alm b {]Xn^ew e`npw. Amlphns {i bnsSmsX \tXm Notbm Bb Hcp {]hnbpw Bpw sNm\mhn.) 520 kXyhnizmknIsf shnbmgvN \nkv Imcn\v th- n hnfnsm Amlp hns kvacWbntev \n t]mhpI. Ih Sw hntpI. AXmWv \nv Daw. \n hnhcaphcmsWn. (hn.Jp.62/9.) (shnbmgvN PpapA \nkvImcn\p th- n bp _mv hnfnm IhShpw apw \ndpnshv PpapAv t]mIWw FmWnhsS inbpw BhiysSp Xv. IhShpw apw \ndpnshp Xv sIm- v Nnd \jv S ]ntbmw. Fm PpapA Dt]nv t\Sp em`t m PpapA \nkvIcnnv Inp \jvS amWv Dasav hnhcaphcmsWn \nv a\nemIpw) 521 Fnv \nkv I mcw \nlnpIgn m `qanbn \n hym]cnpIbpw Amlphns A\p{Kln\nv

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At\zjnpIbpw Amlphns\ [mcmfw kvacnpIbpw sNphn. \n hnPbn Ifmbnocmth- n . (hn. Jp. 62/10) (PpapA \nkvImcw Ignm `qanbn hym]np Blmcamw tXSnnSnW sapw, Atmgpw Amlphns\ Hm Wsapw Cu hmIyw DWpp. Am lphns hn[nhnepI adpsIm-p Hcp {]h\n\pw \mw Xp\nbcpXv. AXv ]cmPbntet \s \bnpIbpq.) 522 (\_o) hniz-kn Fs Zmk-mtcmSv Xm ]d-bp-I. Ah \nkvImcw \n ln-p-Ibpw \ma-hv \InbXn\n pw (Amlphns amn) clkyambpw ]c-ky-ambpw sNe-hgn-pI bpw sNs. {Ibhn{Ibtfm kulrZ _tam Hpw {]tbm-P\w sNm Hcp-Zn-hkw Fp-Xnvapv. (hn. Jp. 14/31.) 523 a - s I m - p w \nkv I mcwsIm - p w \n Am-lp-hns klmbw tXSphn. `-m-c-m--hv AXv hm`mcw XsbmWv. (hn. Jp. 2/45.) (kXyamn \nesImpIbpw AXn\pth- n {]hnpIbpw sNp tm t\cnSp sNdpXpw hepXpamb {] bmkfpw IjvSmSpIfpw klnm\p Icpv; AXmWv a. a\pjys\ {]h \aXbpsSbpw HuXynsbpw taJebntev \bnp kz`mhamWXv. \nkvImcamIs a\pjys\ Xs krjvSm hnteSpnpIbpw {kjvSmhns\pdnv kvacW Ah\n \nccw \ne\ndpp Ibpw sNp Hcp ]pWyIhpamIp p. Ch c-pw Hcp hynbn ktfnp Ignm Ah Hcp Imcynepw ]cm PbsSpIbn. \n a ssIsm pI, bYmhn[n \nkvIcnpI, Ahbp sS klmbtmsS hnPbns taJe Ifn hnlcnpI, AXmWv JpB \ns D]tZiw. Fm acWm\c PohnXn hnizknphpam{X ta \nkvImcw A\mbmkw \nlnm IgnbpIbpq. acWtijw Amlphn tev aSpsa hnizmkw Cmhsc kw_ntStmfw \nkvImcw Hcp ]mgv thebmbpw AXpsIm- p Xs `mc tadnbXmbpamW\p`hsSpI.) 524 Fm \n (i{Xpsf) `bs Sppshn \SpsImt- m khmcn sNbv X psImt- m \nkv I cnpI. \n \n`bcmbm \ndnhnmXncp Xv F{]ImcamtWm Amlp \nsf ]TnnXv A{]Imcw \n Amlphns\ kvacnpho. (hn. Jp. 2/239.) (\nkvImcns {]m[m\yw F{Xam {Xaps- v hyampXmWv Cu kq w. Hcp ]cnX:nXnbnepw \nkvImcw Hgnhmm ]mSpX. bpcwKm bmepw `oXnbpsS \ngenemsWnepw \n kvImcw \nlnt aXnbmIq! km[mc Wt]mse \np \nkvIcnm Ignbns n IgnbpXpt]mse \nkvIcnWw. kmlNcyw A\phZnpXpt]mse \S tm hml\nIbdntbm \nkvIcn mhpXmWv. tcmKwaqetam atm ]q amb tXmXn \nkvIcnm Ignbm sXhm IgnbpXpt]mse \nkvImcw \nlnWw. ]camh[n lrZbn \nkvImcns I hnNmcnm t\ Ignbq. Fn As\ sNWw. `bhpw apw \on km[mcW nXn kw PmXambm Amlp ]TnnpXXp t]mses \nkvIcnpI. Hcp kml Ncynepw \nkvImcw hnpIfbcpXv FmWhnsS DundbpXv.) 525 \n \nkvI-cnv Ignm\npw Ccppw InS-p-ambn (F-m kab-fnepw) \n Am-lp-hns\ Hmpho.

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Fnv kam-[m-\-nXn {]m]nm \nk vImcw apd-{]-Imcw A\p-jvTnpho. Xobmbpw \nkvImcw kXy hn-izm-knIsf kw_-n-t-S-tmfw kabw \n-bn s Hcp \n_ I- a m- I p- p. (hn.Jp.4/103.) (apIfn ]dXp{]Imcw i{Xpsf `bpsIm-v \nkvIcnp Ignmepw k Zmkabw Amlphns\ kv a cnpsIm- n cnWw. i{Xp`bw \on kam[m\n Xn ]p\:m]nsm \nkvImcw ]Xn hpt]mse \nnX kabfnXs \nlnpIbpw thWw.) 526 (Amlphns CjvSZmk ]dbpw) Rm Fhn-sS-bm-bn-cp-mepw Fs bh A\p-{K-lo-X\m-p-Ibpw Pohn-n-cn-p-tmsgmw \nkvI-cn-m\pw kImv sImSpm\pw FtmSv In-p-Ibpw sNbvXncn-p-p. (hn. Jp. 19/31.) 527 Fm \n- k v I m- c - - s fbpw Ghpw DIr--amb \nkvIm-c-tbpw \n IrXy-ambn \ne-\nntm-cp-Ibpw Am lp-hn-t\mSv A\p-kcWhpw hn \-bhpw D - h-cmbn \np-Ibpw sNpho. 2/238. (\nkvImcw IrXyambpw hn\btmsS bpw `b`ntbmsSbpw a\:kmn[y tmsSbpw \nlnWw. Fn Am lpshpdnp kvacW \psS A cwKv kPohambn \ne\npw. GXv Im cypw Amlphns hn[nhnepI smv Pohnm AXv \s klmbn pw. sXmb Fm {]h\fn\n pw AXv \s XSp\npw. ChnsS Ghpw t{ijvSamb \nkvImcw Fp]d Xv Ak \nkvImcamsWpw, A ap ^fv \nkvImcfn HmtcmmsW pw ^fm Nne \nkvImcfmsW pw ap^nco A`n{]mbsnp- v . ) 528 thZ-{Kw apdpsI ]nSn-p-Ibpw \nkvImcw \ne-\npIbpw sNp-h (k-Zhr-cmv Ip-p) kZvhr-cpsS {]Xn-^ew Amlp ]mgm-nIf-bpIbnXs.(hn.Jp.7/170.) 529 kqcy BIm-i-a-[yv\nv sXnbXvapX cm{Xn CcppXvhsc Xm \nkvI-cn-p-I. kp_vln \a-kvIm-chpw \nln-p-I. kp_vln \nkvImcw (a-ep-I-fm) kmyw hln--s-Sp--Xmbn-cn-p-p. (hn. Jp. 17/78.) 530 kXy-hn-izmkw kzoI-cn-p-Ibpw k I- sNp-Ibpw \n-kvImcw A\pn-p-Ibpw kImv sImSp-p-Ibpw sNp- - h - c p- - t m, Ahv XfpsS \mY-\n X-fpsS {]Xn-^e-ap--v. Ah `-b-s-tS--n-h-cn-. Ah Zp-:Jn-p-I-bpan. (hn. Jp. 2/277.) 531 AZriy- bm-Ymy--fn hniz-knp-Ibpw, \nkvImcw (ap-d-{]-Im-cw) A\pn- p- I bpw, \mw Ahv \In- b Xn\npw (\-bpsS am-n) sNeh-gn-p-Ibpw sNp--h-cm-W-h (ap-Jo) (hn. Jp. 2/3.) (hnip JpB amZi\w k^ eambnocp apJofmb (kqv amepfmb) BfpI BcmsWmWv Cu hN\fn hyampXv. Ah v Xmsg ]dbp KpWfp- m bncn pw. (Hv ) AZriyImcyfnep hnizmkw, Amlphnepw Ahs aep Ifnepap hnizmkw AZriyImcyfn ep hnizmkns]Spp. Cu {]] nv k\pw ki\pam b Hcp krjvSmhps-pw Ahs \nt ismv am{Xta Pohnm ]mSp pshpw ASnbpdp hnizknph Hcnepw XmtmnIfmhpIbn.

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Amlphnep ANeamb hnizmkw AhcpsS PohnnepS\ofw {]Xn^enpw (c-v) \nkvImcw \ne\ndppI. \nkv Imcw apd{]Imcw bYmkabw `b`n tbmSpw BmXtbmSpw \nlnp XnmWv \nkvImcw \ne\ndppI F v ]dbpXv. krjvSmhns\ kZmkab hpw HmpXn\p Hcp D]m[nbmWv \nkvImcw. a\pjyPohnXs kwipam pXn AXn\v henb ]p-v. icnbmw hn[nep \nkvImcw Fm sXpIfn \npw XSbppshv Amlp {]Jym ]nncnpp. (aqv) [\w NnehgnpI: [\w \mw Azm\np- m nbXmbncnmw, Ah Imiw e`nXmbncnmw, atsXnepw Xcn InnbXmImw, GXmbmepw [\w XcpXv AmlphmWv. AXv sInqn shphmt\m [qSnphmt\m DX . \bpsS amn Nnehgnm\p XmWv. apJo [\w sInqn shp Ibn, [qv ImWnpIbpan, \bp sS amn Ah XfsS [\w Nne hgnpw. AZriyImcyfnep hnizmkw AXn\mWhsc t{]cnnpXv. (\mev) thZ{Kfnep hnizmkw: aplZv \_nhXoamb thZ{Kw JpB\mIpp. AXn\papv thZ{K Cdsnp- v . Ahsbmw Cd sXv a\pjysc kXyns amn tev \bnm th- n bmbncpp. (Av) ]ctemInep ZrVhnizm kw acWtmsS \psS PohnXw Ah km\npn. acWm\cw asmcp Pohn Xw hcm\ncnpp. CXv ZrVambn hnizkn phcmWv apJo. Cu KpWhntij HpIqSnbhcm tcm AhcmWv apJo. AhmWv hnip JpBs amKZi\w D]Icn pI. XJvh Cmh XfpsS Pohn Xeyw ]qoIcnptam? CltemI pw ]ctemIpw AhcpsS nXn

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FmWv? AXmWv hnip JpB XpSv hnhcnpXv.) 532 AXv s Im- v X- f psS \nkv I m- c - s p-dnv A{i--cmb \nkvIm-c-mv hn \miw. (hn. Jp. 107/45.) 533 \n (\mY\v) IpnSpho Fv Ah tcmSv (kXy\ntj[nItfmSv) ]d-bs-m Ah IpnSp-Ibn- (hnizknpIbn). (hn.Jp. 77/48.) 534 C\n Ah (a\pjy) tJZnpaSp Ibpw \nkvImcw \ne \npIbpw kIm v sImSppIbpw sNbvXm Ah aX n \nfpsS ktlmZcmcmWv. {Kln p P\Xbv v t h- n \mw hN\ hniZoIcnpsImSppp. (hn. Jp. 9/11.) 535 C\n CXn\v (JpB) tijw GXv hmbmWv Ah hnizknpXv.77/50. (`b`ntbmsS Pohn kXyhnizm knIv e`np kpJkuIcysf pdnp hnhcnpp 4143 hmIyfn. CltemIv kXyhnizmkw kzoIcnp Ibpw kIf\pjvTnpIbpw `b `ntbmsS PohnpIbpw sNbvXXp \nan w Ah\obamb kpJkuIcy fmWhv e`npI. ho- p w IphmfnI sfpdnv ]dbpp. Npcpnb Bbpjv mew kpJnpIbpw sXpIfneqsS hn lcnpbpw sNmw. Fm A\amb ]ctemI PohnXn AXn\v I\ hn e \tI-nhcpw. Amlphns apn \anm ]dnv AXv A\pkvacnm XpsIm- m Wv Ah ]m]fn apgp InbXv Fv 48mw kqw hyampp. C{Xbpw hyhpw kv]jvShpamb JpB \msX asmWh hnizknm t]mIpXv Fv tNmZnpsIm- m Wv Cu Aymbw Ahkm\nnncnpXv.)

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Fm \nkvImcpw Jn_ve \n_w


536 a\pjyv (Amlphns\ Bcm [nm) th- n \nns BZys `h\w abnepXv XsbmWv. A\p {KloXhpw temIP\Xbvv amKZi\ hpamWXv. (hn. Jp. 3/96.) 537 Cu ancs (IAv_sb) \mw P\ v Hcp ktf\ ehpw cmtI{ hpw Bnb k`w (HmpI) C{_m lnans m\v Hcp \nkvImcew D-mpho. (Fv \mw InpI bpw sNbv X p) C{_mloant\mSpw Ckv a m Cuent\mSpw \mw Inp) {]ZnWw sNphpw `P\ancnphpw \ anphpw IpnSphpwth- n Fs `h\s \n ]cnipamn shpho. (hn. Jp. 2/125.) (C{_mlow \_n (A) bpsS {]m\ v Dcw \Insm- v ]cnipIAv _v Amlp Nne amlmy \In. P\ IqsS IqsS hpwt]mbpw Ccnp m\amn AXns\ amn. ]cnip IAv_sb Hcp \n`bktXhpamn. l danshv BcpsSbpw cw Nnmt\m Bscsbnepw t{Zmlnmt\m arKsf thbmSmt\m ]mSpX. Iel{]nbcmb Ad_nI Ckveman\pappt]mepw IAv _sb \n`bktXambn AwKoIcnncp p. IAv_ ]Wnbptm Npacns apI fntev Iv shphm\mbn C{_mlow \ _n (A) \n ew \nkvImceamp I Fv Amlp Bm]np. C{_m low \_n (A) \n m\v \nkvImc eampIsbv ]dXns Aw AXns ]nn \npw \nkvIcnem sWpw \_nXncpta\n (k) {]hnp ImWnvXnp-v. (_pJmcn, apkvenw) Cu ew AhnsS {]tXyIw ASbmfsSp nbnp-v. Amlphns\ Bcm[nmth- n temIv BZyambn \nns `h\ amWv IAv_. IAv_sb A`napJoIcnm Wv \mw \nkv I mcw \nlnt- X v . l pw, Dwdbpw \SpXv IAv_sb tI{oIcnv s Im- m Wv . Cu ImcWfm emWv IAv_sb Fs `h\w Fv Amlp ]dnpXv. \nkvImcw, Xzhm ^v, CAvXnIm^v XpSnb Bcm[\mI v th- n hn{Klmcm [\bn\n pw ap amen\yfn\npw IAv_sb ipnbmn shm\mWv C{_mlow \_n (A) tbmSpw, CkvamCu \_n (A) tbm Spw Amlp InXv) 538 P\fns] (kXy\ntj[nIfm b) aqVm tNmZnpp. A h p - m bncp XfpsS Jn_vebn\n pw A hsc sXnpIfsXmWv?. ]dbp I, DZbm\hpw AkvXabm\hpw Amlphn\pXmWv . Xm\ptinp hsc Ah t\amnempp. (hn. Jp. 2/142.) (apkvenwI XfpsS Bcm[\bn A`napJoIcnp tI{nmWv Jn _v e Fv ]dbpXv BZyImev ss_p apJknse akvPnZp AJv ksb A`napJoIcnmWv apnwI \n kvIcn ncpXv. ]noSv abnse IAv _ ancntev Xncnv \nkvIcn Amlp \ntinp. Cu Jn_veamw As kmaqlnI Acos Cfnadnp. Ingpw ]Snmdpw DssS {]]w apgph\pw Amlp hntXmWv.

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AXn\m Ah \ntin `mKtv Xncnv \nkvIcn Amlphn kzoIcnsSpw. Amlp k hym]n bpw k\pamWv GXv `mKtv Xn cnv \nkvIcnWsav \ntinm \p ]cam[nImcw AmlphnmWv.) \_nhN\w C_v\pinlm_n(d)\nv \nthZ\w: Hcn Dadp_v\p A_vZp Akokv(d) Ak \nkvImcw Aw ]nnp. Atm Dv(d) AtltmSv ]dp: A dnbq! Hcn Pn_vco(A) Cdnhp \_n(k)bpsS apn\nv \nkvIcnp Ibp-mbn. Da(d) (CSv) ]dp: Dhm Xm Fv ]dbppshv \t]mse NnnWw. Atm DhXv ]dp: \_n(k) ]dXv Rm tIp Fv A _qakvDuZv (d)]dbpXv Rm tIp. Fv _iodp_v\p A_oakvDuZv(d) ]dbpXv Rm tIp. \_n(k)]dp: Pn_vco (A) Cdn F\nv Camambn (fplvdv) \nkvIcnp; IqsS Rm\pw. ]noSv Rm Atlns IqsS (Akvdv) \nkvIcnp. ]ns Rm Atlns IqsS (aKvcn _v) \nkvIcnp. ]ns Rm Atln s IqsS (CimAv)\nkvIcnp. ]ns Rm Atlns IqsS (kp_vlv) \nkvI cnp. CXv ]dbptm \_n(k) ssIhnc en Av \nkvImcw Fpp-m bncpp. (_pJmcn, apkvenw)* *CkvdmCs (\nim{]bmWw) cmhnem Wtm \nkvImcw \n_amsXv. AXns ]nt Znhknembncpp Cu kw`hw. Pn_vco(A) BKX\mbn BZyw \nkvIcnXv fplv Bbncpp. ]ns A k, ]ns aKvcn_v, ]ns CimAv, ]ns kp_vlv. kmdp_v\p kema(d)\nv \nthZ \w: Atlw ]dp: Rm\pw Fs ]nXm hpw A_q_dkp Akvean(d)bpsS ASp {]thinp. \_n(k) Fns\ (Ftmsgms)bmbncpp ^fv \nkvIm cw \nlnncpsXv Fs ]nXmhv AtltmSv tNmZnpIbp- m bn. A tcw Atlw ]dp: kqcy BImi ayn\nv sXptm \_n(k) \n {]Ya \nkvImcw Fv t]cv ]dbp lPod: (fplv) \nkvImcw \nkvIcnpam bncpp. kqcy\v \ndI _m[npw ap v aZo\bpsS Ap Xmakev Rv Xncnsm kuIcysSp kabw I- v \_n(k) Ak \nkv I cn pw. aKvcn_ns Imcyn A_q_d kv ]dXv Rm adpt]mbn. \n AYa Fv]dbp CimAv ]nn embncpp \_nnjvSw. CimAv \nkvI cnpXn\v apv Ddepw \nkvIcnXn vtijw ham\w ]dbepw \_n(k) shdpncpp. Hcm Xs IqsSbncnp hs\ Xncndnbp kabamIpw \_n (k)kp_vln \nkvImcn\nv hncan ptm. kp_vlnbn AhnSpv 60 apX 100 hsc BbpI HmXmdp- m bncp p. asmcp dntmn CimCs\ cmhn s aqn Hcp`mKw Ignbpwhsc ]nn \_n(k) A{X kmcammdp- m bncp n. CimCs apv Ddepw AXn\vti jw kwkmcnepw \_n(k) CjvSsn cpn Fpap- v . (_pJmcn, apkv v e nw) ^fv \nkvImc \nbw! \nkvImcw apAvan\pIfpsS ta kabw \nbns ^fmnbncn pp. (Jp.i.) tl, kXyhnizmknIsf! \nfpsS k m\fpw kpfpw \nsf Am lphns ZnIvdns\sXmv A{icmmXn cns! Amlphns ZnIvdns\ (Av t\cs \nkvImcsfIpdnv A{i cmbm) Ans\ sNph \jvSs hcmWv. (Jp.i.) dkq (k) Acp sNbvXp. Fs P\ Xv BZyambn Amlp \n_amn

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bXv Av hJvXv \nkvImcamWv. AhcpsS AaepIfn\nv BZyambn DbsSp Xpw AhcpsS AaepIfn \nmZyambn AhtcmSv tNmZyw sNsSpXpw Av hJvXv \nkvImcamWv. \nkvImcn\nv hXpw ]mgmnbXns\pdnmlp (ae pItfmSv) ]dbpw. Fs ASna hogvNhcp nb ^fv ]cnlcnm am{Xw kpv \nkvImcw Ah \nlnnpt-m? Fv t\mpI. CXpt]mse dwkm\nse t\mv ]mgmnbhs\ pdnpw Ahs \jvSs Spnb ^fv ]cnlcnm am{Xw kp v t\m\pjvSnnpt-m Fv t\mpI. \n_Zm\amb kImv sImSpp Xn Fs ASna h ]nghpw hcpnbnp s- n AXv ]cnlcnm am{Xw ap Zm\[ Ah sNbvXnpt-m Fv ]cntim[npI Ans\ Amlphns almb A\p{Klm Ahs ^ fpIfnse t]mcmbvaI kppIfn \nsSpp ]cnlcnsSpw. kppI fn _mnbpXv Ahs aokm\n sh sSpIbpw \o kzn {]thinq! Fv ]dbsSpIbpw sNpw. Ans\ bmsXmpw Cm]w k_m\nb F aepI Bm\pkcWw Ahs ssIImepI IqnnSnv \cImnbn tev hensdnbpXmWv . (lmInw C_v\p Dadn\nv) l: DJv_p_v\p Awdn (d)\nv \n thZ\w: \_n(k) ]dp: BfpIv C amambn \nt- X v Ahcnshv Jp B IqSpX a\:]mTamnbhcmWv. Jp B ]cnm\n Ahscmw ka mcmsWn BZyw lnPvd sNbvXh Camambn \nWw. AXn\pw Ah XpeycmsWn {]mbqSpXeph CamamhWw. asmcmfpsS A[nImce v A\phmZanmsX Camav \npI tbm AbmfpsS {]tXyI CcnnSn C cnpItbm sNcpXv. (apkvenw) l: A_qlpdbvd(d)\nv \nthZ\w. \_n (k) ]dbpXmbn Rm tIp. C Jmav sImSpm \nkvImcntev \n HmSnscpXv. kmh[m\w \Sp sIm- m bncnWw sNt- X v . Atm imX ssIsmWw. Fnv AXn \nv (PamAn \nv) InnbXv \nkv IcnpIbpw ]mgmbXv ]qnbmpI bpw sNpI. (ap^Jp Asseln) l: PpZp_v_v\p A_vZn(d)\nv \nthZ\w: \_n(k) ]dp: Bscnepw kp_vln \nkvIcnm Av Ah A mlphns kwcWnemWv. \nsf Gnhsbpdnsmpw Ah \n tfmSv tNmZnphm CS hcmXncns. tNmZnm CShcp]w Ah \n sf ]nSnIqSn aqpIpn hogpamdv \cI ntev hensdnbpw (apkvenw) Pm_ndn (d)\nv: Av hJvXv \nkv ImcfpsS D]a \nfpsS hophmXnen v kao]pIqSnsbmgpIp ipPe hmln\nbmb Hcp \Znt]msebmWv. B \Znbn\nv {]XnZn\w Av {]mhiyw Ah Ipfnppshn ]ns Ahs icocn h Agppw \nptam? C . (apkvenw) (Av {]mhiyw \nkvIcnp hs ]m]sfmw ammsSpsav kmcw.) A_qZdn (d)\nv \_n: (k) Hcp ssiXyImev hon\nv ]pdsp. XZ hkcw hrfpsS CeIsfmw sImgn bp Imeambncpp. dkq (k) c- v hr NnIsfSpp XneSnntm AXnep- m bncp CeI apgph\pw sImgnp XZhkcw dkq Fs hnfn p. A_qZtd. essI bm dkqem Rm {]Xypcw \In. Xncpta\n {]kv Xmhnp. Amlpsh eywshp sIm - v GsXmcSna \nkv I cnppthm Fm Cu acnbnse CeI sImgn Xp t]mse Ahs ]m] Ah\n\nv

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sImgnpt]mhpXmWv. (AlvaZv) (k amZcWob hynIfpsS hnfnv Dcw sNp Hcp Ad_nhmmWv ess FXv.) C_v\p Dadn (d)\nv: a\pjy \nkv Icnphm \npIgnm Ahs ]m ]sfmw IqSn Ahs incnepw Npaen epw shsSpw. Ah dpIqDw, kpPqZpw sNptmsgmw Ah Aev]m]ambn Xmsg hoWpsIm-ncnpXmWv. (ss_lJn, Xz_vdm\n) Dkvam\n (d)\nv: \nkvImcnv k abambm \\nebn hpfq sNbvXp dp IqDw, (kpPqZpw) ]qoIcnpsIm-v a\ mnytmsS \nkvImcw \nlnp GsXmcp apkvenanpw B \nkvImcw AXn\papv Ah sNbvX Fm tZmj pw {]mbnamhmXncn pIbn. Ah htZmj bmsXmpw sNbvXn nn am{Xw (apkvenw) Cu Aymbn epw ap Aymbfnepw ]m] s]mdp sSpsav ]dbpXv sNdptZmjsf pdnv am{XamWv. h tZmj s]mdp sSWsan Xu_ sN A\nhmcyamWv. \psS hyKpcp C_v\p lPdp ssl Xan (d) Xs khmPn F InXm_n Cs\ tcJsSpnbncnpp. Av t\cs \nkvImcfn IrXy\njvS ]menh\v Av Imcyfm Amlp _lpam\npXmWv. PohnXhnjafn Amlp ap\mpw. J_dnse in Ah\n\nv Dbnfbpw. Ahs \XnIsfgpXnshs InXm_ns\ Ay\mfn heXpIcn sImSppw. kndmv]menIqSn CSnant]mse ISpt]mhmw. hnNmcWbnmsX kz n {]thinmw. AYhm \nkvImcn s Imcyn DZmko\X ImWnp ] w ]Xn\phn[n Amlp Ahs\ innp XmWv. Ah Xmsg ]dbp Bdv inI `uXnIPohnXn Xs e`npw. 1. Ahs PohnXnse A`nhr nsb Amlp \onfbpw. 2. Ahs apJv\nv k\fpsS ASbmfw am bvsSpw. 3. Ahs bmsXmcphn[ Aaep Ipw Amlp {]Xn^ew \IpX. 4. Ahs {]m\I BImitv DbsSpIbn. 5. k\fpsS {]m \bn Ah\v bmsXmcp AhImihpw D-mbncnpIbn. 6.Ahs `Wn A`nhrnbp- m IpX. hfsc \nyamb coXnbn arXnbSbp I. ITn\ hnitmsS acWaSbpI. kap{ZP ew apgph IpSnmepw anmhn[ap ZmltmsS acnpI. Ch aqpw ac Wmhkcn e`np inIfmWv. tijap Bdn aqv inI J_dn shv \IsSpXmWv. 1. hmcnsbp I ]ckv]cw tImpt]mhpw hn[w J _ Ahs\ IpSppXmWv. 2. J_dn An PzensSpIbpw cmIt`Za t\y Ah\Xn InSv Fcns]mcn sImp XpamWv . Pzenp \b\fpw Ccpns\ shp ]pIfpw CSn\mZw t]mep komchpw D ipPmA A JvdAv Fv hnfnsSp `oamImc\mb Hcp ]mv Ahs J_dn hv hnhn[ \nebn Ahs\ ]oVnnpXmWv. C XmWv {]kvXpX inI. ITn\amb hn kvXmcw, Amlphns t{Im[w, \cI {]th i\w Fo aqv inI alvidnbn sh pw e`npXmWv. Cs\bmWv B ]Xn \v hn[nep inI (khmPn) \cIn ewew F t]cnednbsSp Hcp {]tXyI eap-v. AhnsS HIIgp nt\m henap ]mpI fmWpXv. \nkvImcapt]nhs\ Hcn B ]mp Ifnsemv sImnbm GXm-v Fgp]Xv hjtv hnjw Ahs icocn hym]npIbpw]noSv amwkwASphogpI bpw sNpw Fn s\ \nthZ\w sNsn cnpp. (\DuZp _nmlv) Amlp Ims.

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BcmWv \nIrjvS? Hcn _\q C{kmCu hmcn bmb Hcp kv{Xo aqkm\_n (A)sb kao]n psIm-v A`ynp. Hm, Amlphns {]hmNIsc! Rm `bcamb Hcp ]m]w sNbvXpt]mbn. AtXpdnv Rm bYm ambpw ]m]npIbpw sNbvXncn pp. BIbm Fs ]mm]w kzo Icnv tZmjw s]mdppXcm Apv AmlpthmSv {]mnWw. Fmbncp p \o sNbvX sXv? aqkm \_n(A) tNmZn p. Ah ]dp: Rm hy`nNmcwaqew K`nWnbmhpIbpw Ans\ {]khn Ip nsb h[npIbpw sNbvXncnpp. Cu adp]Sn tI aqkm\_n (A) Bm]np. \nIrjvtS, DSs\ ChnSw hnpt]mhq. \ns `kvaoIcnm Ctm Xo Cdp] w RfpwIqSn AXns]v Nmembn tmIpw. ISq ]pdv! Cu Bt{Imiw tI kv{Xo X]vXlrZbbmbn bnXncnpt]m bn. DSs\ Pn_vco (A) knlnX\mbn sIm- v aqkm \_n (A)tbmSv Cns\ A dnbnp. _lpam\s aqkm\_n Ah Isf ]mXm]hnhibmbn \nsf kao ]n B ]mhshsf Fn\v Xncnbp. Ahtfm \nIrjvS \nfpsS kapZm bnent? Fv Amlp tNmZnpp. Ahtfm ]mXInI BcmWv Pn_v cose, aqkm \_n At\zjnp. a\x]qw \nkvImcw Dt]nph Pn_vco(A) adp]SntbIn. \nkvImcfn IrXy\njvT ]menhv AyZn\n AsXmcp {]Imihpw eyhpw cbpambnocp XmWv. adnv IrXy\njvT ]menmhv AyZn\n {]Imitam eytam A`btam D- m hpX. Xtbpa, AyZn\n Ah Jm dq, ^nHu, lmam, D_v_v\p Je^v apXemb kXy\ntj[nItfmsSmambncn pIbpw sNpXmWv. Zqcbm{Xbnse kpv \nkvImcn Jn_ve \n_an C_v\pDadn(d)\nv \nthZ\w: \_n (k) bm{Xbn hml\pdncnv AXv t]mIp bm{XbpsS ey`mKtv Xncnv cm{Xn\nkvImcw ^fv \nkvIm c HgnsI \nlnpIbpw dpIqAv kpPqZns Lfn XesIm- v Bw Kyw ImWnpIbpw sNpambncpp. hm l\pdncppXs AhnSpv hnXvdpw \nkvIcnpw. (_pJmcn, apkvenw)* *bm{Xmcv hml\pdncpv A Xv t]mIp `mKtv Xncnv kp v \nkvIcnmw CXn Bpw A`n {]mb hnXymkan. bm{X IpIc amhcpXv F \n_\bp-v Fv am{Xw. IpIc amb bm{Xbn CfhpIfpw B\pIqey fpw A\phZnsSnsv {]kvXmhyam Wv sIme, sIm apXemb `oIc{]h \w eywshv s Im- p bm{Xbpw amXm]nXmsf A\pkcn msXbpw ` mhnt\mSv ]nWnbpw sIm- p bm {Xbpw IpIcamb bm{Xbns]XmIp p. hml\pdncpv C{]Imcw \nkvI cn am{Xta A\phZnsSpIbpq. ^fv \nkvImcw Jn_vev A`napJoIcn pXs \nlnWw. ITn\amb i{Xp`bw ]nSnIqSptm CXn A]w Cfhp-v. kzm`mhnIhpw hyhm]nXhp amb Cfhv . AsXmw ]menv s Im- v {]kvXpX LnXs AXv sNmhq. Jkvdpw, PwDw A\phZ\obw Bbni(d) ]dbpp. c- v dIv A m bnmWv (CkvdCs cmhn)\nkvImcw (BZyambn) ^fmsXv. ]ns \_n (k)bpsS lnPvdvtijw, bm{Xbnem tm \mev dIvAv \n_am sSpIbpw bm{Xbnse \nkvImcw BZyw \n_amnb AtX]Sn \ne\ndpp Ibpw sNbvXp. Camw kplvcn (d)]dp: bm{Xbn JkvdmmsX \nkvIcnp
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Xns\n Bbni(d)bpsS \ne]msSv? F hkvXpX icnpw ]cnKWn aXamWv v Rm Dh(d)tbmSv tNmZnp. Dkvam Ckvemw. A\phZ\obamb bm{Xmv (d) hymJym\nXv t]msesbmWv ]e CfhpIfpw B\pIqeyfpw AXv Bbni(d)hymJm\nXv. DXv(d)adp]Sn {]Jym]nncnpp. AXnsemmWv \In (bm{Xbn Jkvdv \n_an, Jkv. \mev dIvA p \nkvImcw c-v A\phZ\obamWv. CXmbncpp Ahcncp dIvAmbn Npcp F, ZoLbm hcptSbpw A`n{]mbw) (_pJmcn, apkvenw) {Xbn PwDw Jkv d pw c- p w im^nCu bm{Xbn Jkvdv A\phZ\obw am{X aZvl_v {]Imcw A\phZ\obamsWp amWv, \n_an. {]apJ klm_nIfm IqSn HmpI. b Dkvam(d) Bbni(d) apXembhcpsS \n_ \nkvImcw Dt]nh\v hoWw CXmbncpp. \nkvImcw Jkv Ckveman m\an dmpXn Ipans JpB hy Pm_n (d)\nv \nthZ\w: a\pjy, Jym\n\nv hyamIpXpw A\p _lpssZh hnizmkw, kXy\ntj[w, Ch hZ\obwXs. c- v dIv A mbnmWv aqnpanSbnepXv (Ckveman) \nkv \nkvImcw \n_amsXv FXn Imcw Dt]nemWv. (apkvenw, A_qZm s hnh BZyLn Npcpm D hqZv, XpapZn, C_v\pamP) tinphv \mnembmepw Ans\ (kXyhnizmknsbpw Ahnizmk sNmambncppshmWv. ]noSv \mn nsbpw CSbnepXv \nkvImcw Dt] shv Npcpm ]mSnsv \njvIjnp nemWv (XpapZn) Ibpw bm{Xbn Npcpmsa A\phZ\o (kXyn ASnbpd) ASnabpsS bX t\cs D-mbncpXv AXpt]mse bpw Ahnizmknsbpw CSpXv \n \ne\ndppIbpw sNbvXp. (idD apkvenw) kvImcw Dt]nemWv. (A_qZmhqZv) A\kv(d)\nv \nthZ\w. \_n(k) AhcpsSbpw (AhnizmknIfptSbpw) aZo\bnshv fplvdv \mev dIvApw \psSbpw (apkvenansbpw) CSv th Zplpsse^bnshv Akv d v c- v dIv Xncnp (Icm) \nkvImcw am{XamWv. Apw \nkvIcnp. (_pJmcn, apkvenw) AXpt]nh Ahnizmknbmbn AXymhiy kuIcyaps- nt]m (AlvaZv, XpapZn, \kmCu, C_v\pamP, epw bmXm\]qamWv bm{X. _lpapJ C_v\p lnm) {]iv \ bm{Xmsc Aensm- n cn a\:]qw Hcm \nkvImcw Dt]n pw. kzmscbpw _ptfbpw hnv m Ah ]ckyambns aX`rjv ]ncnv hnclthZ\bmbncnpw ]ecptS S\mbn. (Xz_vdm\n) bpw a\n. IrXykabv ey m (aX`rjvS\mbn Fm Ah ssZhm \v Fnbnsn kw`hnp hen \p{Klv IrXLv\X ImWnp Fv b \jvSspdnv Bbncnpw NnecpsS kmcw) thhemXn. Fmn\pw ]pdta imcocnI C_v\p Dacn(d)\nv \nthZ\w: \_n ti thsdbpw. Cns\ a\pw ico (k) ]dp: Ckvemans {][m\ ]mihpw chpw Hcpt]mse thZ\np bm{Xm Zo\ns {][m\ kvXw_fpw Av Imcy v \nba]camb CfhpI BizmkZmbI fn A[njvSnXamWv. Ah bntemWv ambncnpw FXn ktlan. F Ckv e mans\ m]nsnpXv . , CfhpIfpw B\pIqeyfpw Ghpw Ahbnsemv Hcm \ntj[nm AXp Bhiyap k`w IqSnbmWXv. Cu sIm- h aX`rjv S \mbn. 1.Amlp

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AmsX Bcm[\l\mbn amcpan. aplZv\_n(k) Ahs Zmk\pw ZqX\p amsWv kmysSp, 2. ^fv \nkvImc apd{]Imcw A\pjvSnpI, 3.kImv (\n_Zm\w sImSppI), 4.dwkm {hXa\pjvSnpI, 5. lv sNpI CXmWv Av Imcy Fn s\ hnp-v. Ch AntesXnepw Hv \ntj[n m Ah Ahnizmknbmbn. Ahs ^fpw kppamb bmsXmcp C_m Zpw kzoIcnsSpIbn. GsXnepw Hcp Aa Dt]n aX`rjvSmsWn AXv \nkvImcw Dt] nemWv Fmbncpp klm_n IfpsS A`n{]mbw. (XpapZn) \ntj[cq]n \nkvkcnmh \mtcm Ah aX`yjvS\mWv. (C_v\p A _ossi_) Cu lZokv _pJmcn Xs Xm coJo \nthZ\w sNbvXncnpp. CtX Anep Hcp lZokv C_v\p A mkn \nv \nthZ\w sNsXmbn aplZp_v\p\kv, C_v\p A_vZp _ Zv Fnhcpw Hnpw, Pm_ncn (d)sta \ncsXmbn C_v\p A_vZp _Zp X\nsb Hcp lZokpw \nthZ\w sNbvXncn pp. IqSmsX CtX Anep Hcp lZokv \_n (k)bn \nv klo lmbn hnps- v CkvlmJp_v\p dmlm sshln (d)sb DcnpsIm- v apl Zv_v\p \kvdpw {]kvXmhnncnpp. Hcp \nkvImcw AXns kabw Ignbp Xvhsc AXns\ Dt]nm Ah Im^ndpw appamsWv Da (d) {]kvXmhnXmbn C_v\p lwk ]dn cnpp. Fm Camw im^nCu (d) ASw Hcp hn`mKw ]nXmcpsS A`n{]mbw \nkvImcw Hgn A\phZ\obamsWv IcpXpItbm, \nkvImcw \n_amsW hkvXpX \ntj[npItbm sNp] w Im^ndmIpw. (aXn\nv `rjvS\m hpw) Fm GsXnepw Hcp \nkvImcw AXns\ PwBn (bm{XmcpsS kuI cymw fplv, Akv Fo \nkvImc Hnpw aKvcn_v, Cim Fnh Hnpw Chbn GsXnepw Hns kabv \nkvIcnp XnmWv PwAv Fv ]db sSpXv CimAv, kp_vln Xnepw, kp _vln, fplv Xnepw PwBsSp X.) \nkvIcnphm\p kabw Ignbpw htcv \nkv I cnnsn Ahs\ hmsIm- v shn smesSpWw Fvhsc ^nJvlv {Kfn ImWpp. Ah AXn\papmbn ]m]nns n am{Xsa h[nsSmhq FmWv. h [a, hSnsIm- S npIbmWv th- s X pw \nkvIcnpwhsc Ccpv ]gpnv NqSv shWsapw A`n{]mbap- v . \nkvImcw Dt]nm A\phmZap Hcp ]Zhn Amlphnse\npsv Hcph {]Jym]nm Ahs\ h[n \n_amsWXn ktlan. Ccmcs\ h[npXv \qdv kXy \ntj[nIsf h[npXnt\m t{ijvSamWv. Camw Kmen(d) \nkvImcw Dt]nphfpsS hnhm lw km[phmIpIbn Fv Camw AlvaZp _v\p l {]kvXmhnncnpp. \p sS aZvl_n \nkvImcw Dt]n p hsfm Daw Znnbmb (apkvenw `c WnIogn Pohnp Aapkvenamb kv{Xosb hnhmlw sNemWv.) (Znnv FXvsIm-v IrkvXym \ntbm PqXaXmcntbm Bb kv{Xosb am{XamWv hnhnpXv. Ans\bm sWnXs Acw kv { XoIsf hnhmlw sNpXnv ^nJvlv {K fn \njvIjns \n_\I tfmSpIqSn Bbncnt- X pamWv .

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\nkvImcw kabs hnv]nn hbvev F `mKw (Asn Fm \mihpw) Nne \nkvImcmmWv. (F \s \nkvImcm) Ah AhcpsS \nkvImcspdnv A{icmWv. (Jp.i.) \nkv I mc AXmXns kabs hnv]nnphscpdnmWv Cu Bb v Fv \_n (k) Acp sNbvXncnp p. hbvev Fm \cInshv AXyp {K NqSp eamWv. `qanbn ]X AXnenm DcpIn tmIpw A{Xv ITn\amb Xobpw NqSpamWv. C_v\p Amkv (d) ]dp: dkq Xncpta\n(k) Acp sNbvXp. (A\phZ \obamXv) \nkvImcnSbnsem cph Hcpanp Iqnbm Ah htZmj fpsS IhmSfnsemns\ kao]np (lmInw, XpapZn) C_v\p Dadn (d)\nv: aqv t]cpsS \nkvImcw Amlp kzoIcnbnXs. shdpp P\v Camav \np h, \nkvImcnv hfsc Xmaknp hcph, kzX{s\ ASnabmn shp sIm-ncnph. (A_qZmhqZv, C_v\pamP) dkq Xncpta\n (k) {]kvXmhnp: Hcm kabamb DSs\ \nkvImcw \nln m B \nkv I mcw tim`tbmSpIqSn hm\temI tbsSpw. Ainse nbm Ay\mhsc Ahvth-n ]m ]tamN\amnpIbpw \o Fs kqn Xpt]mse Amlp \nsbpw kqn

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s Fv B \nkvImcw \nkvIcn ht\mSv ]dbpIbpw sNpw. {]kvXpX kabw sXnmWv \nkvIcnsXn XatmSpIqSnbmWv B \nkvImcw hm\ temItpbcpI. Ans\ Ainv kao]sngnm IodpWn NpcpnsbdnbpXv t]mse B \nkvImcw \nlnhs apJtv AXv s ImsdnbsSpXmWv. (Zl_n) C_v\p Dadn (d)\nv: \nkvImckab ns BZyLnv Ahkm\ L tmfp alXzw ]ctemInv CltemItmfp alXzw t]mse bmWv (A_qssiJv) \nkv I mckabns BZyLw Amlphns kwXr]vXnbpw AyLw Ahs ampamWv. (XpapZn) Dp ^h (d)\nv Amlphn t\hpw CjvSs Aa \nkvImcw AXn s BZykabn \nkvIcnemWv. kplvcn (d) ]dp: Rm UakvIkn shv A\kp_v\pamenIv (d)s\ k intm Atlw IcbpXmbn I- p . ImcWat\zjntm Cu \nkvImcam sX ap bmsXmpw F\nv km[nXmbn Rm\dnbpn. Cu \nkvImcamhs ]mgm sSpIbpw sNbvXncnpp Ftlw ]dp (_pJmcn) \nkvImcw ]mgmpI FXns Dtiw kabns Bcw`Ln\nv ]nn pIbmWv. AmsX ]qambn kab n\vtijw sNpIsb. (Iam\n)

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kpPqZv
539 BIm-i--fnepw `qan-bn-epap- hcpw kqcy\pw N{\pw \-{X-fpw ]-Xfpw arK-fpw a\p-jy-cn Hcp henb hn`mKhpw Am-lp-hnv kmmwKw sNpXv \o ImWp-nt? hf-sc-tbsd BfpIv \psS in ncs-n-cn-p-p. Amlp Bsc- s b- nepw \nn- m Ahs\ am\n- p Bcpw D- m - h p- I - b n- . Amlp Xm\p-t-in-p-Xv sNpIXs sNpw. (hn. Jp. 22/18.) ({]]nep Fm hkvXpfpw Amlphns\ A\pkcnpw Ahs N pw \nbapw hgnbpamWv IgnbpXv. Hcp henb hn`mKw a\pjycpw Ahs BI A\pkcnpIgnbp p. hfsctbsd BfpI Amlphns\ [ncnpp- v . Ahv Ahs in e`npIbpw sNpw. Amlp Bscsbn epw \nnp Ignm Ah\v ]ns HcnS p\npw am\yX e`npIbn. Xms\ mtWm DtinpXv AXv {]hnp h\mWmlp. Ahs\ kw_nnS tmfw hyXykvX BibmnSbn ]ctemIv s hv Xov InpI FXv {]bmkap Imcya.) 540 Xm- f psS \mYs ]- e p- - h Ahs\ Bcm-[n-p--Xn\npw Al-cnv ]nm-dp-I-bn-. Ah Ahs ]cnipnsb hmgvpIbpw Ah\v kmmwKw \an-p-Ibpw sNp-p. (hn.Jp. 7/206) 541 BIm- i - ` q- a n- I - f n- e p cl- k y- sf ]pd- v s Im- v h cn- I bpw, \n cl-kyam-p-Ibpw ]c-ky-am-p-Ibpw sNbvX FmIm-cy-fpw Adn-bp-Ibpw sNp Am-lphn\v Ah (a\pjy) kmmwKw sNm-Xncn-m\mWv (]nimNv {ian-p-X) 27/25. - v 542 AXvsIm- v \n Am- l phn\v kmmw-Kw- sN-p-Ibpw Ahs\ Bcm[np-Ibpw sNp-hn. (hn. Jp. 53/62.) 543 BIm-i-`q-an-I-fn-ep--hcpw AhcpsS \ng-ep-Ifpw {]`m-X-nepw {]tZmj-n epw kza-\-msetbm \n_-n-Xcmtbm Am- l p- h n\v kmmwKw sNp- p- v . (hn. Jp. 13/15.) ({]]nse Fm hkvXpfpw Amlphn\v IosgmXppp. Amlp hns COpw A`ojvSn\pw FXn cmbn Hcp Imcyhpw ChnsSbpw FhnsSbpw \SpIbn. \nnXcmbpw kza\ msebpw Fm hkvXpfpw Amlp hns apn {]Wanpp. AhbpsS \ngepI t]mepw.) 544 Amlp krjvSn hkvXphntev Ah t\mpnt? AXns \ngepI Amlphn\v CSpw hepw IogS nsm-v Ah\v kmjvSmwKw sNpp. Ah A\pkmcnIfmWv. (hn. Jp. 16/48.) (`qanbn Amlp krjvSnp-mnb hkvXpfpsS \ngepIt]mepw Ah \papn kmjvSmwK{]amWw sNpp. Ahs I\I A\pkcnpp.) 545 BIm-i--fnepw `qan-bn-ep-ap PohnIfpw ae-p-Ifpw Am-lp-hn\v Iog-S-nsm-v Ah kmmwKw sNp-p. Ah Al--cn-p-n-. (hn. Jp. 16/49.) 546 Amlp-hns ZqX-cmb apl-Zpw (k) At-l-tm-sSm--ap--hcpw kXy\n-tj-[n-I-fpsS t\sc Ii\ \ne]m-sSSp-p--hcpw At\ym\yw Icp-WIm-Wn-

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p- - h - c p- a m- W v . (kXyhnizmknI) dpIqDw kpPqZpw (\nkvImcw) \nln-p-h-cmbn Xm-hsc ImWmw. Ah Am-lp-hn-\nv {]oXnbpw {]Xn-^ehpw Imwn-pp. kpPq-Zns AS-bmfw AhcpsS apJ-fn-ep-v. Xudm-n hnh-cn Ah-cpsS D]a AXm-Ip-p. Co-en AhcpsS D]a Hcp Irjn- t]m-se-bm-Wv. AXns Iqv AXv ]pdtv sIm-php. Fn-Xns\ (Nn-\p) ins-Spn. As\ AXv XSnv I\w- I q- S n. Fnv Irjn-msc Bcys-Sp-pamdv AXns X-p-I-fn AXv icn-bmbn \np. kXy\ntj-[n-Iv Ahaqew tIm]w P\n-m-\mbnm Wv (A-hsc Cs\ D]-an- X v ) Ahcn\nv hniz- k n- p- I bpw kI-f\p-n-p-Ibpw sNbvXhv Amlp ]m]-tam-N\hpw almb {]Xn ^-ehpw hmKvZm\w sNbvXn-cn-pp. 547 Fm Xm- d p- s a- S pv hnNm- c - W v Hcpp Znhkw \n (kXy\ntj[n I) Hmp-I -A--h kpPq-Zn\v hnfnsSp-tm Ahv AXnv km[y-am-hpI-bn-. (hn. Jp. 68/42.) 548 Ah-cpsS Ip-I XmgvXm-bncn pw. A]-am\w Ahsc Bh-cWw sN pw. Ah (kXy\ntj[nI) kpcnX Bbn-cptm kpPq-Zn\v Wns-n-cpp. (Ah-cXv sNbvXn.) (hn. Jp. 68/43) (AyZn\w BkamIptm Imcy sfmw KpcpXcambnocpw. inm kwhn[m\ apn ImWp kabw kXy\ntj[nItfmSv Amlp kPqZv sNm Inpw. Atcw AhcXnv kcmhpIbpw sNpw. Fm Ah Xn\v IgnbpIbn. CltemIv kpPqZv sNm Ignbpambncp kabv AhcXv sNbvXncpntm.) \_nhN\w l: kAvZ_\p A_ohJmkn(d) \n v v v \nthZ\w: Atlw ]dbpp. R \_n(k)bpsSIqsS abn\npw aZo\ bntev ]pdsp. R AkvhdmAv F ev Fnbtm \_n(k) AhnsSbndn c- v ssIIfpbn Ipd pt\cw AmlpthmSv {]mnp. ]noSv \_n kmjvSmwKw sNbvXp. ZoL t\cw kpPqZn InSp ]noSv Fgptp ho-pw ssIIfpbn {]mnp. ho- p w kmjv S mwKw sNbv X p \_n(k) aqp{]mhiyw As\ sNbvXp. \_n(k) ]dp: Rm Fs \mY t\mSv {]mnpIbpw, Fs P\Xbvv th- n ip]mi sNpIbpw sNbv X p. A tm Fs P\XbpsS aqnsemv A mlp F\nv Xp. As\ Fs \m Y\v \nbmbn Rm kmjvSmwKw sNbv Xp. ho- p w Rm incpbn Fs kapZmbn\v t h- n AmlpthmSv tNm Znp. Fs kapZmbns aqnsemv IqSn Ah F\nv Xp. Rm Ah\v \nbmbn ho- p w kmjv S mwKw sNbv X p. ]nsbpw Rm Xebpbn Fs k apZmbn\v t h- n AmlpthmSv tNmZn p. Fs kapZmbns Ahkm\s aqnsempw Ah F\nv Xp. Rm\ h\v kmjvSmwKw sNbvXp. (A_qZmhqZv) \_n(k)bpw ]cnNmcIcn Hcmfpw kp^v^ns AlvepImcn Hcmfpam b l: d_oAv_v\p JAv_n(d)\nv \nthZ\w: Atlw ]dp: Rm cm{Xn \_n(k)bpsS IqsS Xmaknmdp- v . \ _n(k)v hpfqAv FSpm\p sh hpw ap AXymhiy hkvXpfpw Rm FSppsImSpmdp- m bncpp. \n\v BhiyapXv tNmZnvsImpI Fv ] dtm Rm ]dp: kzn AtbmsSmap klhmkamWv Rm\m {KlnpXv. \_n(k)tNmZnp. asmpw

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tNmZnm\nt? Rm ]dp: AXvX pIfbp alm]mXIfns]XmWv. sbpq. AhnSpv ]dp: [mcmfw kq As\ hhcpw Jfm Bnbnps- n PqZv sNbvXvsIm-v Fs \o klmbnpI. IgnbpwthKw AsXmw Jfm hoepw l: ku_m\(d)\nv \nthZ\w: A AXymhiy PohnX\nhrnv th- hI tlw ]dp: \_n(k) ]dbpXmbn kmZnpXv Hgnv ap kabsfmw Rm tIp. \o [mcmfw kpPqZv sNWw. AXn\mbn \onshepw hmPn_mWv FpsIms- m Amlphn\v \o sN (\n_amWv) kabsm ]nn pXvt]mse kabamhpXnvapv p Hmtcm kpPqZn\pw A\pkrXambn \nkvIcnepw \njnamWv. Amlp \ns Hcp]Sn DbpIbpw 2) kabamhptXmSpIqSn \nkvImcw AXv s Im- p Xs \ns Hcp ]m]ws]mdp \nln \n_ambn Fm \n p XcnIbpw sNpw. (apkvenw) kvImcnv aXnbmIp{X kabtv J_dn I- AKv\n Hcm Xs ktlmZcnbpsS arXtZlw \nkvImcw ]nn PmCkmWv. (A\ph J_dn shptm Xs ]Wkn Z\obamWv) ]s, Cns\ ]nn-ppsh-n kabw Ign-bp--Xnv apv \nJ_dn hoWpt]mbncpp. ]s, Abmf ln-p-sav BZyta Icp-Xn-bn-cn-Ww. A mcyw Adnn. honsenb tmgmWv m--]w Ip-m-c-\m-hpw. ka-b-am-bn AtXpdntmXv. P\sfmw ]ncn -gn-m Jfm Bhp--Xnvapv Xm pt]mbtijw Atlw Xncnv J_dn\ DW-cp-Itbm am-sc-nepw DWp-Itbm Spphv ]Wkn AXnept- m Fdn sNp-sa-p-dn-s-n \a-kIcn-p-Xnv v bmth- n J_dv Xpdpt\mnbtm apv Dd-n-bm-eh Ip-m-c\m-hp-Xm-W.v AXn\Iv apgph AKv\n Pzenp Zb 3) ka-b-amb DSs\ hpfp apX-emb \a\ob Imgv N bmWv I- X v . DSs\ J_ aqSn kvIm-chp-ambn _-s kwK-Xn-Ifn-te b Abm hon sNv amXmhnt\mSv k s- S p- - X n\m Bcw- ` - L - - ns tlmZcnbpsS PohnXspdnv At\zjn t{ijvTX -e-`n-p-Xm-Wv. p. Fmbncpp \ns ktlmZcnbpsS 4) Aev]-k-abw Ign-m Pam-Av nXn? \o Cs\ tNmZnms\v Imc e`n-p-sa-p-d-p-s- n \n-kvIm-c-nv Ww? amXmht\zjnp. Atm Xm I- th- { X kabw am{Xw _mn- b m- h p- - X pImcysfmw amXmhnt\mSv ]dp. hsc ]nn- kp-p--v. AXn IqSpIcpsIm- v B amXmhv ]dp: X ]nn--cp-Xv. aIs\, \ns ktlmZcn \nkvImcns Pam-Av e`n-p-sav `mh\ am{X-amImcyn alm AekXbphfpw ka sW-n ka-b-ns A-`mKw Ignbw sXnp \nkvIcnphfpambncpp. bpw-hsc ]nn-epw kp-m-Wv. Fm kabw sXnmsWnepw \nkvIcnp kwi-b-am-sW-n ]nn- bmsXmhcpsS nXn C{Xv `bcamsWn cp-\n-epw kp-n-. Xosc \nkv I cnmhs Ah \nkvIm-c-ns hn[n-I F{X`bm\Iambncnpw? IrXy\njvTtbmsS ip-I. \nkvImcw \nlnphcn \ssbmw 1. Hudv ad- ]pcp-j\pw ASna kv{Xobpw Ah-cpsS s]mn apX Amlp DsSps. \nbambpw Ah Imap-p-Ih-scbpw kzX-{kv{Xo kvt\l kq\pw HuZmcyhm\pamWv. a p J h p w c v- apssI-Ifp-sam-gnv icoIpdnpI: 1) ImcWat\y \nkvImcw c-am-kIehpw ad- \n_-am-W.v - \nnX kabtm ]nn l\n

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Cu ]d-b-s e- Nns \ndw a\-n-em-m kmy-am coXn-bn Npp-`m-Khpw ta`mKhpw ad-Ww. Xmgv`mKw ad- \n 2. --an. Cns\ ad-m Akmy-ambn hm Ignbpw{]Imcw adv \nkvIcn-Ww. (\X ad-m-\p-XIp bmsXm-p-an-msX hm \Kv\cmbn \a-kvI-cn-mw. B \a-kvImcw 3. aSn \a- k v I - c n- t - - X n- ) Jn_vev t\cn-S, t]Sn in-bmb \nkvIm-c-nepw A\p-h-Z-\o-b-amb bm{X-bnse kpv \nkvIm-cnepw CXv \n--an-. AXmXv \ankvIm-cns ka-bam-sb-dn-b. 4. \a-kvImcw \n-ln-t-- sX-n-s\sb-dn-n-cn-. kp-p-I kp -m-sWpw ^fp-I C-sX-m am-sWpw Adn-n-cn-Ww. GsXn epw Hcp ^fv kp-m-sWv IcpXp p-sh-n \a-kImcw klo-lm-Ip-X. v Aip-n-bn\nv ipn-bm-hpI (sNdn- b - A - i pn hpfp- s Im- p w henb A ipn Ipfn- s Im- p w ipn- b m- h pw) \a-kvI-cn-p--hs ico-cw, ew Ah [cn-n-p hkv{Xw Fnh \P-kn\nv ipn-bm-bn-cn-. sNv, sImXpIv t]mse-bp-Xn-s bpw tNmc-p-cp-hn-tbpw tNmc-sb-sXmv hnSp-Xn-bp--v. Fm {inm I gnbm{X IpdXn\npw amp-v. ^fp-I \nv C \nkvIm-c-am-Wv. ^fm Wv \n-kvI-cn-p-p. Cu aqv kwKXnI-fSn-bn-p \nv ^fv\n-kvIm- c-v HgnpIqSmXmWv. (k-a bw \n-bn--s-tXm {]tXyI ImcW-fp-tXm Bb- kp-v \nkv Im-c-am-sW-n C \n-kvIm-c-sav Xn-s-Sp-epw \nkvIcn-pp Fv Icp-Xepw \n--am-Wv) \nv XIv_o-d-p Clvdm-an-t\mSv ka-\zb-nn-epw \n-amWv. XIv_o-d-p Clvdmw sNm. C Xn Am-lp- A-Iv_ F hmv Xs ]d-bepw icn-bmb tIhn-bp-hm-\m-sW-n kzi-co-cs tI n-epw \n--am-Wv. \nm Ign-hp--h ^fv \n-kv Im-c--fn \n. GsX-nepw Imc-W--fm \nm hnjaw D-m-hp-I-bm-sW-n Ccppw kmyam- - ] w Ncn- p- I n- S ntm AXpw Akm- y- a m- b m aevInStm \a-kvI-cn--Ww. _nkvan klnXw ^mXnl HmX. akv_q-Jns dIv-A-n ^mXnl HmX \n--an. A-c- Ah-bpsS m\w L\n-n-, i_v Z- Fnh kqnv HmX, XpS -bmbpw hgnphgnbmbpw HmX \n--amWv. (C-m-cy--fn-semw ^mXnl t]mse-X-s-bmWv Aln-m-pw) \n-kvIm-chp-ambn _s Cam-ans ^mXn-lv Bao ]dbpI apX-em-b-h-b-m Imcy- ^mXn-lbpsS CS-p-shv ]d-mepw A\m-hiy-ambn ^mXnl HmXp-Xn-\nS-bn Ipd-p-kabw \n-_Z\mbn \n v mepw XpS apdn-p-t]m-hp-Xn-\m ^mXnl Bhn-tm-tX--XmWv. ^mXnl HmXn-o-cp-Xnv apmbn AXnse GsX-nepw Hcp Bbtm A -ctam HmXn-bn-n Fv kwibw Dhn-m AXv Bhn-tm-tX-XmWv. ^mXnl Xosc Adn-bm-h JpB-\nse ap `m-Kfn\nv Ggv Bb- - p-I HmX-Ww. AXp-adn-bn-s-n ]ns h ZnIvdp-Itfm ZpBtbm sNmWw. Hp-adn-bn-s-n ^mXnl bpsS kabw I- v Ah \nWw.

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dpIq- A v . c- v apssI- I Imap-pIfn shm X-hn-[n aptmv Ip\n-bp-I. 6. CAvnZm. dpIq-Cv aps-n-s\bmbn-cpp B n-Xn-bn-tev XncnpI. 7. c- v kpPq- Z v , Ahs A\- - \p- k - c nv Cf- I n- s m- - n - c n- p hkv {XXev t]msebp icocnse km[\fpsS adhmsX s\n-Sw apk (\nkvI-cn-p ew)bn sh-Ww. (s\n Xmsg -sh-m km y-a-s-n BIm-hp-n-S-tmfw X e Xmgvn-bm aXn. A{]-ImcwXs s\n-bn-te apdn-hp-Im-cWw acpv shpsIn- b n- p- s - n AXv \ow sNm _pn-ap-p--tm AtXmSp-IqSn kpPqZv sNm-hp-Xm-Wv. s\n- S - n\p]pdta c- v Imhn- c - e p- I fp- t Sbpw ASn- ` m- K - fpw, c- v Imapp-Ifpw apssI-sh-Ifpw \ne-a n-sh-, Ac-sv inc-n-t\-m Dbn-cn-, Xe-bpsS `mcw kpPqZns m\v [cn- Fn-hbpw kpPq-Zns \n_-\Ifns]XmWv. - - 8. c- v kpPq- Z p- I n- S - b n Ccn- , Cu Ccpw ZoLn-n-m-hp-X, C - AvnZm-enepw ZoLn-n-m ]mSn. 9. A\--a-S-. CXv \n-kvIm-c-n BZyw Bh-iy-am-Wv. Hmtcm ^fn-te-p \ohpw AXmXv ^fns\ am{Xw Icp-Xn-sm- m - b n- c n- \n- - a m- W v . (D- Z m- l cWw: kpPq-Zn\nv Ddptm atm Zwin-XvImcWw Hcm inc-ns\ Dbn-bm B kpPqZv Abm Bhnp sN-Ww. 10. Ah-km-\s Aln-mv HmX AXn Ghpw Npcp-n-bXv Xmsg sImSpncnpp. 5. 11. CXn-p-tijw \_n-bpsS ta kzemv sNm. Ghpw Ipd kzemv A m-lp-kn Aemapl-Zn FmWv 12. Hm-as kemw ho (A--emap -A-ssepw Fv ]db) 13. A-ln-m-v, kzemv, kemw ho Ch aqnpwth-n Ccn-. 14. hgn-p-hgn sNbvXphc.

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sslBv kp-p-I 1) \nn Am- l p- h n- t ev tN nd-b, 2) AZm-Av As-n Jfm Av, dI-Ap-IfpsS Fw Fnh shfn hm-. 3) \n-ns\ hmbv sIm-v ]db . 4) incv Aev]w aptmv Ip\nv kp Pq-Zns m\-tv am{Xw t\m-am . 5 XIv_o-d-p Clvdmw sNmp-tm gpw dpIq-C-tev t]mIp-tm-gpw, dpIq-Av, BZys A-ln-mv Fn-hbn\n p- b - c p- t mgpw c- v - s sI- I Xpd- - s -\n-e-bn CcpNpaepIv t\sc Db . 6) he-Xp-IcwsIm-v CSXv Ins aWn- I Wv T w ]nSn \ne- b n c- v ssII fpw s\n\v Xmsg sh. 7) \ndp-n Ccp-]m-Zfpw Hcp-Nm hnv sh 8)XIv_o-d-p Clvdmw sNmnb DS s\ hlvp HmX,

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XIv_o sNmnb DSs\ "ADuZp' Hm Xn-b-h\pw AXp-t]mse Cam-tam-sSm-nv Ccn- t - - h \pw (A- - l n- m- n XpScp-h/h-lvXp kp-n-. 9) hlvXp-hns tijw "ADuZp' sNm 10) ^mXn-l-bn _nkvan-b-S--ap Hmtcm Bb-p-I-fp-sSbpw Ah-km\w "hJv^v' sN. Fm "A-Aw-X-A-sselnw' Fn-Sv sh Idm-lm-Wv. 11) ^m Xn-lvtijw Bao ]d-b, D-n
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^mXnl HmXp- \nkvIm-cn-semw Dn ]d-bepw kp-m-Wv. "Cam-an's Hmv tIp aAvaqw At-l-ns ^mXn-lv At-l-tm-sSm-nv Bao ]d-bepw kp-mWv. Camw Bao ]d-bp-tm \nfpw B ao ]d-bp-I. \nbw! GsXm-cp-hs Bao ae-p-Ifp-tS-Xn-t\mSv Hpthm Ahs ]n]m-] s]mdp-s-Sp-Xm-W.v (_p.ap.) (Hmtcm Pam-A-n\pw lmP-cm-hmth - n I]n- - s ae- p- I Cam- t am- s Smnv Bao ]d-bpw.) 12) ^mXn-lv tijw kqdv HmX. Jp-B-\nse Hcm-bv HmXn-bmepw kpns Iqen e`n-pXmWv. BZys c- v dIv A pIfn am{Xta kqdv Hm X kp-m-bn-p-q. Pam-A-mbn \n kvI-cn-p-tm Cam-ans Hmv hyambn tIp-sIm--n-cn-p aA-vaq-anv kq dv kp-n-. ap kqd-p-Ifdn-bm-h ^mn- l - X s ho- p w HmXn- b mepw c- v dI- A - nepw Hcp kqdv Xs Hm Xn-bmepw Iqen In-pw. Xdm-holv Hgnv at Xp \nkvIm-c--fnepw kqdv ]qW-ambn (F{X ZoLn kqd-m-sW-nepw) HmX emWv kpv. c-mw kqdv BZy kqd-n-t\-m ZoLn-Xm]w Jp-B\nse {Ia-a- \p-kcnv HmXepw XpS-sc-bp-Xm-bn-cn-epw kp-m-W.v (Hmw dIvAntemXnb kqd- n-t\-m ZoLn-XmWv ASp kqd-sn AXn\v Xmsg-bp-Xv HmXm-hp-Xm-W.v ) -

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{]tXyIw kp-p Nne kqdpI shn-bmgvNcmhv kp_-vln-bn "kPZ' Zlv Fo kqd-p-I AtX cmhn Cim-bnepw PpapA \nkvIm-cnepw "Ppap A' ap\m-^n-Jq\' Fo kqd-p-Itfm "k n-lnkva', "l-A-XmI' Fo kqd-pItfm {]kvXpX cmhn aKvcn_v \a-kvImc-n Im^n-dq\, CJvemkv Fo kqdp-Ifpw bm{X -]p-d-sv t]mhp--hs

kp_vln-bnepw ta kqd-p-I-fmWv kp -v. i\n-bmgvN aKvcn_v \nkvIm-cn apA--Z-ssX-\n-bp-amWv {]tXyIw kpp-Xv. IqSmsX bYm-m-\fn D- nepw sasbpw HmXepw HmXp--Xns Aw Nnn-epw kp-mWv. 13. dpIq-C\np-b-cp-tm- HgnsI, ap Ip\n-b-enepw Db-bn-ep-samw XIv _o sNm, Cu XIv_o Ahv F t- ^fv hsc ZoLn-n-epw kpm- W v . 14. dpIqC c- v apssI- I Imap-p-I-fn shepw ]nc-Snbpw apXp Ipw ka-s-Sp-epw dpIq-C "kp_vlm\-dn-b Afow h_n-lw-Znln' Cns\ aqv {]mhiyw ]d-b-epw. 15. dpIq-C \n Fp p-b-cp-tm ]d-bepw, 16. CA-vXn-Zm-en Fv ]d-b-epw. 17. Jp\q-n c-v ssIIfpw Npa-epI v t\sc Dbn-n-Sn-epw Cam-ans Jp\qv hy-ambn tIp aAvaqw AXnse {]m-\-Iv Bao ]d-b epw Camw _lp-h-N\w {]tbm-Kn-epw. Camw AXns {]m-\-I-fn GIhN\w {]tbm-Kn- Idm-l-m-Wv. 18. kpPq-Zn-tev t]mhp-tm BZyw Imap-p-I ]ns ssIsh--I Xpd -\n-ebn hnc-ep-IfSp-nv Npa-ep-Iv - t\scbpw ]ns s\nbpw aqpw Hnpw \ne-p-sh-, ]mZ-fpw Imap-pIfpw Hcp Nm AI-n-sh-epw kpm-Wv. A{]-Imcw ]pcp-j Xs apgwssI- I sf ico- c - ns Ccp- ` m- K - fn\npw hb-dns\ XpSIfn\npw AI-n-sh-epw, dpIqCepw CXv kpmWv. kpPq-Zn .Cn s\ aqp-{]m-hiyw ]d-bepw kp-mWv. kv{XoI Ah-cpsS apgw-ssI-I ico-ctmSpw hb XpS-I-tfmSpw tNnbmWv sht- - - X v . 1 9 . k p P q - Z n s
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CSbnse Ccp--n "C^vn-dm-ins' Ccpw Ccn-epw (C-SXIm \nev ]c- v n-shv AXn-t-en-cn-p-I. he-Xp-Imens hnc]-I am{Xw \ne-an _mn-`mKw Dbn-sh-p-I) apssII c- p w Imap- p- I - f psS ASp- mbn hnc-ep-I ]cn-sh-epw CXn

Cns\ ]d-b-epw. 20. Ckv X n- d m- l - n\v t h- n Ccn- epw (sXm-p-]n-dsI A-ln-m-n-m c -mw kpPq-Zn \np-bm Fgp-t p--Xnv apmbn hfsc eLp-hmb Hcp Ccpw kp- p- - v . AXmWv Ckv X n- d m l-ns Ccp-w) CXnepw BZys A -ln-m-nepw klvhns kpPqZv sN m\p- s - n Ah- k m- \ s A- l n m-n-epw C^vn-dm-ins Ccpw X s-bmWv kp-v. kpPq-Zn\np-b-cp tmgpw \ndp-n-tev t]mIp-tmgp-sa mw c-p ssIIfpw aptmp Ipn-bmWv Fgp- t t- - X v. 21. A-ln-m-p-Ifn CSs ssI hn-c-ep-I ]c-nbpw hes ssIhn-cep-I s]cp-hn-cepw Nq-m-Wn-hn-cepw Hgn v ap-h Iqn-n-Snpw AXmXp XpS-Ifn Imap-n\v kao-]-mbn shepw Aln-m-n "C-mlv' F hmp--cnp- t m he- X p- I - ns Nq- m Wn hncep-bepw kp-m-Wv. A-ln-m v Ign-bpw-hsc hnc-e-n-s\-Xs shWw. hnc-ep-bngn-m ]noSv t\mw B hnc-en-te-m-bn-cn-t-- Xm-Wv. 22. c- v A- l n- m- nepw A- l nmv ]qW-ambn HmX-epw, AXns hm N-I- ChnsS tNn-cn-p-p. AXpt]mse ]q-amb kzempw A\-cw sNmt- ZpBbpw tNn- p- - v .

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23. c- m - a s kemw hoepw c- n epw "hd-lvap-mlv' Fp-IqSn]dbepw - BZys kem- a n he- t mpw c- m - a t-Xn CS-tmpw Xncn-p-t\m- epw kp-m-Wv. BZys kemw-sIm - v Xs he- ` m- K pw c- m - a - t Xv s Im -v CS-`m-K-p-ap ae-p-I, apA-van-\o-fmb Pnp-I, a\p-jy Fn-hv kemw sNmp-Ibm-sWv Icp-Xepw Hmas kem-tam-Sp-IqSn \nkvIm-c-n \nsm-gn-hm-Ip-sv Icp-Xepw kpm-W.v aAvaqw Cam-ans kemw aS-pp Fv Icp- X epw kp- p- - v .

A_vBfv kp-p-I 1. BZys A-ln-mv HmXepw AXn-\p-th-n Ccn--epw. 2.AXn-\p-tijw \_n-bp-sS-ta kzemv sNmepw Ahkm-\s A-ln-m-n \_n-bpsS IpSpw-_ns ta kzemv sNmepw 3. kp_v l n \nkv I m- c - ns c- m - a s CAvXn-Zm-enepw dwkm Ah-km-\s ] Ip-Xn-bnse hnXvdv \nkvIm-cn Ah-km\s CA-vXn-Zm-enepw Jp\qv HmX. 4) Jp\q-n\vtijw \_n-bp-sSbpw IpSpw_-n-sbpw ta kzemv sNm. 5) Jp\qpw kzempw

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6. Jp\q- n\v t h- n \n Ch-bm Wv A_v - B fv kp- p- I . Fm Jp\qv HmXp-Xv \nnX hmp-I X s Bh-W-sa-n-. Jp\q-ns\ Icp-Xnsm- v {]m\ Dsm- p Hcp Bbtm at-sX-nepw {]m-\-Itfm Dcp-hn-mepw aXn-bm-hp--XmWv. Ch-bn-te-sX-n-ep-samv Dt]-n-pItbm Dt]-n-sv kwi-bn-p-Itbm sNbvXm AXv klvhns kpPqZv sIm-v ]cn-l-cn-m-hp--Xm-Wv. (ssl-Bv kp -p-I ]cn-l-cn--s-Sp--X-) ssl B-v, A_v-Bfv Fo kp-p-I Xn-ep hyXym-khpw CXvXs. klvhns kpPqZv Ah-km-\s A-ln-m-n k emw ho-p-Xnv sXmp-ap-mWv Cu kpPqZns ka-bw. km[m-cW \nkvIm-cns kpPqZvt]mse-bmWv CXn-sbpw \n_-\I. CXns Imc-W Hm-sW-nepw Iq Sp- X - e p- s - nepw c- v kpPq-ZmWv sNt--Xv. A_vBfv kp-p-Ifn-te-sX-nepw Hv t_m[-]qtam adtm Dt]-n-mepw sN bvtXm Fv kwi-bn-mepw klvhns kp PqZv kp-p--v. AXp-{]-Imcw hf-sc-p-dv kwkm-cn-p-I. {]hn-]camb ^fv Bh - n-p-I apX-em-bh a\x-]qw sNbvXm \nkvImcw _mXzn-em-Ip Imcy- adv sNbvXp-t]m-bmepw hmv aqe-ap ^fns\ m\wsXn sNbvXmepw dI-Ap-Isf F -n kwibw tXmn IqSp-Xem-hm km [y-XbptXmsS \nkvIcn-mepw klvhns kpPqZv sN kp-p--v. ap kppI taXw [cn-p-I, Xe-mhv shpI, Z-ip-n- h-cp-pI Ch \nkvIm-cnsbpw {]mcw-`n sNt- kp-p-IfmWv. Xs ]nc-Sn-bn bmsXmpan-msX (adm- s X) H hkv { X- n \n \nkvIcn--cpXv. (_p.-ap) Xe-bn sItm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bp Hcp kp tm ^tfm Bb \nkvImcw Xte-sI-n242 RoulathulAdkar

msX Ccp-]v \nkvIm-cpw Xem-thm-Sp-Iq-Snb Hcp PpapA, AXn-m Fgp]Xv Ppap-Apw Xpey-am-W.v (C.A-km-In) Fs kap-Zm-bnv _pn-ap-m-hp-sav Rm a\-n-em-n-bn-n-m-bn-cp-s-n Hm tcm \nkvIm-cnpw Z-ipn hcp-m Rm \njvIjn-p-am-bn-cpp. (_p.-ap.) \nkvIcn-p-h Xs ]nc-Snbn F s-n-ep-samcp hkv{Xw (Stem, thjvSn tbm t]mse) CS kp-m-Wv. AXn m]w Hcp IjvWw Ib-sd-n-ep-an-S Ww ]nc-Sn-bn bmsXmcp ad-bp-an-msX Xpd-n-Sepw Xe Xpd-n-Sepw \nkvIm-cn Idm-l-m-Wv Fn-ns\ Camw \h-hn(-d) Xs aPvap-Av F {K-n {]kvXm-hn-n-cn-p-p. Xe-bn sI-epw, ankvhmv sNepw kp-m-Wv. CXv sNmsX \nkvIm-cn {]th-in-p-t]m-sb-n Ipd A \- - - t fm- S p- I qSn Ch c- p w sNbv X m kmy-am-sW-n Ans\ sNm-hp-Xm-Wv. (C-_v\p-l-P) \nkvIcn-p-hs apn aqp-apgw AI-e-n Npcp-n-bXv Hcp apg-ns aqn c- v `mKw Db- c - a p Hcp ad- b p- m bn-cn-epw {]mcw-`- kp--p-I-fns]Xm-Wv. ad-b n-m--]-w ta]-d AI-e-n Hcp apk hncn-p-Itbm AXp-ans-n Hcp hc hc-pItbm sNWw. Ans\ ad \n-bnpIgn-m ]ns AXn-n-S-bn-eqsS \S- \njnhpw AYhm \S-p-p-sh-n Ahs\ XS-b \nkvIcn-p-h\v kp-p-am-W.v \S-p-h apI-^v ({]m-b-]q nbpw _pn bpw D-h) BsW-n am{Xta Xn-amm ]mSpq. Pam-Ambn \nkvIcn-p-tm aAvaqaopwIqSn Cam-ans ad aXn-bm-hp-Xm-W.v \n-fn-sem-cp-h \nkvI-cn-p-I-bmsW-n Ahs ap`m-Kv Hcp ad m]n-s. AXn-s-n Xs hSn Ipn-

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\n-dp-s. hSn-bp-an-s-n Hcp hc hc-s ]noSv AXn-n-SbnqSn \S-v bmsXmcm fpw Ahs\ _pn-ap-n-cp-X.v (A-_q-Zm-hqZv) P\--fn\nv ad-p Hcp ad-sIm s Xncnv \n-fn-sem-cm \nkvI-cnp-tm AXn-n-S-bnqSn Hcm \Sp-I-bm-sW-n \nkvI-cn-p--h Ah s\ Xn-am-s. AX-\p-kcn-m `mh-an-sn Ah-\p-ambn bpw sN-s. ImcWw Ah ]nim-Nm-Wv. (_p-Jm-cn, apkvenw) \nkvI-cn-p--hs apnqSn \S p-Xv F{X-ta Ip-Icam-sWv \S-p- -h-\-dn-n-cp-s-n \nkvI-cn-p--h\n\nv \m]-tXmfw Jco^v sXn-\S -em-bn-cn-pa-h-\p--aw. (_p.-ap.) Cam-ans ad aA-vaq-ap-I-fp-sSbpw adbmWv (Xz_vdm\n) \nkvI-cn-m \np-I-gn-m Cns\ ]v {]mhiyw ]d-bepw kpm-W.v Dp-dm-^n-Av-(d) dkq(-k)-tbmSv DW n-p. Am-lp-hn- \nv F\nv {]Xn^ew e`n-p Hcp Aa Ahn-Spv F\n-dn-bn-p-XcWw. dkq(-k) Acp sNbv - Xp. \o \nkvI-cn-m \np-I-gn-m X kv_o-lv, Xlveo, XIv_o, XlvaoZv, C kvXnKv-^mdv Ch-tbm-tcmpw ]p-{]m-h iyw Dcp-hn-Sp-I. \nbw! Cu Xkv_olv \o sNmp-tm Amlp ]dbpw. CsX\n-p-Xm-W.v Xlveo, XlvaoZv, XIv _o Ch-tbm-tcmpw sNmp-tmgpw Amlp ]dbpw; CsX-\n-p-Xm-W.v \o AkvXK^n- v dpm Fp ]d-m Amlp ]d-bpw. icn, Rm Ans\ sNbvXncn-p-p. (tZmjw s]mdp-n-cn-p-p) (C_v \p-po) D-n ]d-b, dpIq-C Xe Xqn-bn-S , kpPq-Zn Ah-b-h- shp-tm \ apv ]d-- {Iaw sXn-epw apgwssI-I `qan-bn-e-an-sh-epw kpPqZn aqv \nev shm-Xn-cn-epw ta {]kvXm-hn-s-{]-Imcw dpIq-Cuepw kp Pq-Znepw ssII AI-n-sh-m-Xn-cn-epw, kqdv ADuZp Fnh Dt]-n-epw dpIq-Cepw kpPq-Znepw Ghpw Ipd ZnIvsd-nepw sNmm-Xn-cn-epw CA-vXnZm kpPq-Zn-n-S-bnse Ccpw Fn-hbnse ZnIvdp-I-fp-t]-n-epw Ah-km\s A- l n- m- nv tij- a p ZpB Hgn--epw, Camw Ccn-m CkvXndm-l-ns Ccpw aAvaqw Ccn--epw, hkv{Xw, apSn Fnh Npcpnshepw, ap`m-K-tpw he-`m-K-tpw Xp epw, tImp-hm-CSepw, Ac-s-n\v ssIsh - v \nepw ^e-{]-Z-amb BwKy--fpw, A-ln-m-n CS-XpssI \ne-p-dnp AXn Nmn-cn-epw kemw ho p-tm c-v ssII aeepw (kpPq Zv sNp-tm-tgm) apJv h s]mSnIfpw ]n- b n- p- s - n \nkv I m- c - n AXv XpS-epw Xs ico-c-n-tev NqSns\ XWp-n-m th-n hoiepw Idm-l-mWv. (km-[m-cW apSn Npcp-n-sm-dp kv{XoIv apSn Npcp- Idm-l-n- Nne {]tXyI Imcy- apX-hn, len-ann Fo alm-m-cpsS A`n-{]m-bn \nkvIcn-ptm Xncnp-t\m-epw AZvdCu F-hcpsS A`n{]m-bn \b-\ kpPq-Zns m \w hnv tatm-p-bepw \njn-amWv. dkq(-k) {]kvXm-hn-p. \nkvIm-cn h-h\pw Xncn-p-t\m-p-]w B \nkvImcw Ah\n-tevXs aS--s-Sp-Xm-Wv. (Xz_vdm\n) dkq(- k )- ] - d - p. \nkv I - c n- ptm BIm-itv (tat]m-v) IpI-fp-bp--h-cpsS nXn Fm-Wv.

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XIv_o-dp Clvdmw sNmp-tm gpw kpPq-Zn-epw apssI-I Xpd-m-Xn-cn , c- p ]mZ- ]c- k v ] cw tNpsh-. ]mZ--fn-semv at-Xn-t\-m aptmp-sh-, sas ]d - t b - - n - S v

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mIvZA pfud RoulathulAdkar 244

(F{X Kuc-ham-W) Xncp-ta-\n-bpsS Cu hmv v hfsc Kuc-h-am-bn. A\-cw Ahn-Spv Cns\ ]d-p. Hp-In (\-b\ - tat]m-bp-Xn\nv) ]nam-dp-I. As- n AhcpsS Ip-I Nqgvs-Sp-s-SWw. (_p-Jm-cn) _lp. bA-Jq_v \_n(-A)v Xs ]p v {X bqkp-^\_n(-A) Imc-Wambn ISp v ]co-Ww t\cn-tS--n-h-Xv Atlw \nkv Im-cn (hmk-eyw ImcWw) Xs ]p{X s\ Xncn-p-t\m-nb Imc-Wam-W.v (l-Zokv) \nkvIcn-m ]mSn-m ka-b shn-bmgvNbm ap Znh-kfn - aym-lv\kabpw kp_vln \nkvImc\ - - cw kqtcymZbw htcbpw Ak \nkvIm cw IrXy-kabv \nh-ln tijw kqcym- kvX-a\whscbpw apIm-c-W--fn-m Fm kpv \nkvIm-cfpw ldmam-W.v Fm Jfm Bbn-p ^fv \nkv Im-c-tfm Xln-v \nkvImcw t]mse apIqn Imc-W-ap-ff \nkvIm-c-tfm \n-ln-p--Xnv sXn-. (a-bnse ldan Cu \njnw _m[-I-a-) hnk\w AXym- h - i y- a m- b n- c n- ptmgpw `Ww Ign-m-\-Xym-{K-l-ap k`-n AXnv kao-]vshpw J _m-\nshpw hoSp-I-fnse CS-\mgnI-bnshpw \nkvIcn- Idmlm-W.v \nkvImcw _mXzn-em-Ip Imcy- 1. c---ctam Aap Hc--ctam kwkm-cn-, Fm BI-kvan-I-ambn hfsc Ipdv am{Xw kwkm-cn-p--Xn\mepw hnkvar-Xn-bmepw As-n ]pXphn- i zm- k ntbm kap- Z m- b - h p- a mbn hfsc AIp Pohn-p--ht\m Bbm \nkv Im-c-n A\y-kw-kmcw \njn--am-sW v Adn-bm-bvI-bmtem GXm\pw A-c kwkm-cn-p-t]m-bmepw \nkvImcw _mXzn-em-hp-I-bn-. ^mXnl HmXm (hm-m-ep ^fv \nh-ln-m) _pn-ap-m-Ip]w apc-

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S\p (sXm---b-\-)XvsIm-pw BI-kvan-I-am-bp--m-Ip Npa, Nncn, Icn, Xp Ch hfsc Ipd-p-am-{X-ambncp-mepw \nkvImcw _mXzn-em-Ip--X-. 2. A\y-{]hrnI sN. NmSpI, XpS-bmbn aqSn \S-pI incv, ssI Fnh Nen-n-pI Chsbmw \nkvIm cw _mXznemIp Imcy-fm-Wv. Fm It]m-fI, ssIhn-cep-I Fnh N en-n-p--Xn-\mepw XpS-sc-b-m--hn[w a-h-b-h- eLp-hmbn Nen-n-p--Xn\mepw \nkvImcw _mXzn-em-hp--X-. (sNm-dn-bmt\m atm Ds-n apssI kmh[m\w B `mK-tv shv hnc-epI sIm- v am{Xw sNmw.) 3. {]hr-n-]camb ^fp-I a\x-]q - hpw A\m-hiy-ambpw aS-n-sN-p-I. eLphmb ^fv ZoLn-n-mhpX. (kp-Pq-Zn s CS-bnse Ccp-w, CA-Xn-Zm Chc v - p w eLp- h mbn sNt- ^fm- W v . 4.\nkv Im-cns ip-Ifn-sem-nv `wKw hcpI. 5. ^fp-Ifn-sem-pt]-n-p-I. ssiJv Kkv\-hn-bpsS D]-tZiw ssiJv apCu-\p-o (-d) ]d-bp-p. kndnbv kao]w Hcp Kpl-bn Xma-kn-p-Ibmbn-cp ssiJv AlvaZp K-k\hn(d)sb v Rms\m-cn- kin-p-I-bp--m-bn. XZh-kcw Atlw \nkvImcm-bbn Ccn-pI-bm-Wv. At-l-n\v kao]w c-v knwlfpw D-m-bn-cp-p. Xm FhnsS-\n-p hcpp? Atlw FtmSv tNmZn-p. _KvZmZn\n-,v Rm adp-]Sn ]dp. A\-cw Atlw D]-tZ-in-p. kzmKXw! Xm-fpsS \ne-]mSv al-m-bn-cn-m th-n km[p-P\-tkh hn-n-pI. GXm-v \m]Xv hjtmf-ambn Rm Cu Kpl-bn Xmakn-p-p. P\-fp-ambn Xosc _-s-Smdn-. ]s, apXv hjtm-fambn Rm Hcp Imcy-n-ep- Nnbm Ic-p-sIm- n - c n - p-Ibm-W.v FmWv Ahn-Sps Icbn-p Imcyw? Rm tNmZnp.

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Kkv\hn XpSp. Rm Hmtcm \nkvImchpw \nh-ln-p-Ign-bp-tm AXns\-p-dn v Hcm-]cn-tim-[\ \S-pw. Hcp in - t\m atm h hogvNbpw kw`-hnp-sh-n Fs C_m-Zp-Isfmw ]mgm-bn-tm-hp-I bpw B Aaep-IsIm-v Fs apJ--Snp-Ibpw sNp-atm? CtXmm ]ns Ic-n-eSm F\nv Xosc km[y-a. - \nkvImcn `n kpv am{Xta bpq Fv ^pJlm hn[n FgpXnbn p- v . Fphv `n thWsa Imcy s Kuchw Ipdp ImtW-Xn. a\: ]qw `n \jvSsSpphs\bmWv XmoXv sNpXv. `ntbmsS \nkv I cnm Ignbm \ncmibn \nkvImcw Xs Dt]np t]mIphcp ap- v . DtinsSpXv kmyamb{X ` ntbmsSbp \nkvImcamWv. Akm[y amb `nsbnbp Hcp \n_hpw BhiysSpn. BIbm \nkvImc ns DSSnbn \apv Hmtcmcp pw ]qambn csSm km[ns n AXv almb t\ambncnpw. `n-]qw \nkvI-cn-Ww tImgn [m\yw sImn `n-pw- {]Im cw dpIqDw kpPqZpw \nh-ln-p-sIm-v Hcph \nkvI-cn-p-Xv dkq(-k) Zintm Ahn-Spv Cns\ Acp sN-bXp. v Cu a\p-jy CtX-\n-ebn ac-Ws-m apl--Zv\-_n(-k)-bpsS amK-n-e-m \ne-bn-emWv ac-W-s-Sp-I. (Xz-_vdm\n, C_v\p-Jp-ssk-a, C_v\p-ln-m) A\-cw dkq(k) {]kvXm-hn-p. \nkvIm-cn dpIqDw kpPqZpw ]qWam-m-h ITn\ -hn-i-p--tm Htm ct-m Cugw `n-p-hs\-tm-se-bm-Wv. (A-X- hs hni-n\v Hcn-epw ]cn-lm-cam-hp-Ibn.) As\ \nkvIcnph Xo bmbpw innsSpXmWv. kabw sXn-pw hpfq- FSpm-sXbpw Hcm \nkvI-cn-m B \nkvImcw \o Fs AK-Wy-am-n-bXp-t]mse Amlp \nsbpw AK-Wy-am-s Fv ]d-psIm-v Idp-n-cp- \ne-bn-emWv Dbpt]m-hp-I. Ans\ Amlp Dt-in ev AsX-n-gn-m ]g-b- hkv{Xw t]mse Npcpn AXp-sIm-v Ahs apJt-s-dn-b-s-Sp--Xm-Wv. (Xz_vdm-\n) tl, a\p-jym, \ns \nkvImcw \o `wKnbmbn \n-ln-p-nt! \nkvI-cn-p Hmtcm-cp-cpw Xm Fn-s\-bmWv \nkv I-cn-p-Xv Fv Nnn-p-nt! \n bw Hmtcm-cp--cp-sSbpw \nkvImcw Ahchv th- n am{X- a m- W v . (ap- k v e nw) a\p-jym, \nkvIm-c-n \o ac-W sp-dnv Nnn-p-I, \nbw An s\ sNp--h Xs \nkvImcw hfsc kqvaambn sNbvtXpw. Cu \nkvImcw Ahkm\tXmsWv Nnm-K-Xn-tbm sS-bm-bn-cn-s \ns \nkvIm-cw. (Cu l Zokv ssZeao \nth-Z\w sNbvXXpw lm^nkp-_v\p -l-P(-d) icn-sh--Xp-am-Wv. A_vZp-m-ln-_v\p-co (-d) ]d-p. - dkq(-k) \nkvI-cn-p-tm Ic-bp-Xn-\m Ahn-Sps s\n (F--sbmgnv ASp-nsh- -s-) ]m{X-n F- Xn- f - p- - X p- t ]m- s e- b p Hcp Ne\w Rm I- n - c p- p. (A- _ q- Z m- h q- Z v )

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Nne alm-m-cpsS {]kvXm-h-\-I `n \nkvIm-cns ^fp-Ifns] -Xm-sW A`n-{]m-b-amWv IqSp-X icnbm-bn-p-Xv Fv knZv apCu-\p-o-\n-^vho (-d) Phm-an-D-n_v-bm F X^v ko-dn {]kvXm-hn-n-cn-p-p. a\x-km-n-[y-an-msX \nkvIcn-hs - \nkv I mcw ^km- Z mbn (\- j v S - s - p) t]mhp--Xm-Wv. (kp-^vbm-u-cn(-d)) dqIqDw kpPqZpw ZoLn-n-m a\x-kmn [yw ssIh-cn-m-hp-Xm-W.v apl-Zv_Ivco(d) \nkvI-cn-p--h Xs ZrjvSn kpPqZns m\-tv am{X-a-b-m AXv `n D`- h n- m Imc- W - a m- t bpw (ssiJv kI-cn- -Akm-cn (-d)

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_lp. Aen-n-_v\p -A-_o-Xm-en_v(d) Xv Fsmw \n-dn-bmtam FmAhI-fpsS ico-c-n Hcp bp-n bn-cpp At-l-ns adp-]-Sn. shv G icw hen-s-Sp--tm AXn s ap\v ]pd-s-Sp-m Ign-n-. `n-lo-\-\mb a\pjym! alm AhIfpsS ico-cn apdn-th \nkvI-cn-p-tm \o BcpsS apnn-m ssk\n-Iv Xosc Cj-vShp-an-m- emWv \np-Xv. Btcm-SmWv kw`m-jWw bn-cp-p. ap hn[-n-ep ]cn-{i-asfm \S-p-X,v Fsmv Nnn-p-t\mq! - pw hnP-bn-n. ikv{X-{Inb \S-msX `uXn-I-amb Nnm-K-Xn-I-fmepw imcoKXy--c-an F L-am-b-tm Ah cn-tIOI-fmepw \nd-s lrZ-bhp-ambn ]c-kv]cw angn-p-t\mn. Am-lp-hns kn-[n-bn \nm \n Ah-cpsS \n-lm-bX a\-n-em-nb \v ebnt? Amlp \ns lrZ-bhnAen (-d) Xm \nkvIm-c-n-tes-p-Ign- Nm-c apgph\pw hy-ambn Adn-bm-hpm \n ikv{X-{Inb \Sn Akv -h\m-sWpw \ns `n-bp-sSbpw a\x{X-ap\ ]pd-s-Sp-pI Fv \ntinp. km-n-[y-n-sbpw nXn-b-\p-k-cnv Ans\ _lp-am-\-s--h \nkvI-cn- am{Xta \ns \nkvImcw Ah kzoI-cnpp-tm Nne tNp ikv{X-{In-b -ap I-bpq Fsms \n\--dn-tb-Xt. tJ\ B Bbp[w ]pd-s-Sp-p. Aen(d)BI-bm Am-lpsh A`n-ap-J-ambn bm-hs Cu hnhcw Xosc Adn-n-p-ap-m- Zinpw {]Imcw \o Ahs\ Bcm-[nbn-cp-n-. \nkvIm-cm-\-cw At-l-a-t\z- pI. \o Am- l psh I- n - s - n- e pw jn- p. \n- s f- p- s Im- v Rm ]d- - Amlp \ns I- p - s Im- - n - c n- p- p{]-Imcw sNbvXn-. s- ]c- a mw \o hnkv a - c n- - c p- X v . ap--h hy-am-n-b-tmsg Aen(hy-amb a\-m-n-y-tm-sS-b-m d)v Amcyw t_my-s-p-q. (l-Zo sX \o \n-ln-p \nkvIm-c {]Xykv) t\mq! Aen(-d) \nkvI-cn-p-tm -n AXv klolv Fv ]d-b-s-SpXs ico-c-n apdn-th]n-Xvt]mepw sa-nepw \n\-Xv ^e-{]-Z-am-Ip-I-bn-. Adn-n-. Fsmcp `n! F{X ITn-\- CXmWv ]n-XmcpsS A`n{]mbw. amb `b`n! \mam-sW-n Hcp sImXp Amlp \ssbmw `b`ntbmsS tIm Ddptm ap {]mWnItfm ISnptm \nkvIcnphcpsS Iqn DsSp tgv \psSsbmw `b`n Ftm pamdmIs! t]mbn adbpp. ^fv \nkvIm-cm-\cap ZnIvdp-I - - lpssk (d)-bpsS ]p{X ssk\pA_q-Dam-abn \nv: dkq(-k)-tbmSv - B-_n-Zo(-d) F-h hpfq sNbvXp-I-gn- bp-tm-tgpw At-l-ns `mhw ]I- tNmZn-s-p. GXv {]m-\IfmWv IqSpcp-Ibpw \nkvIm-c-n\v \np Ign-m X kzoImcyw? cm{XnbpsS ay-nepw Am-lp-sh-p-dn-p koam-Xo-Xamb `bw- ^fv \nkvIm-cv ]ndsIbpw. dkq Im-cWw icocw hnd-sIm-p-Ibpw sNp- (-k) {]Xn-hNn-p. (Xpap-Zn) \nkvIm-cm-\-cw ZnIvdv sNmepw {]m am-bn-cp-p. CtX-p-dn--t\z-jn--tm Rm B \ \S-epw kp-m-sW Imcycp-sS ap-n-emWv \np-X.v Bcp-am-bp n Fm ]n-Xamcpw GIm-`n-{]mbkw`m-j-W-n-emWv Rm Gs-n-cn-p- m-cm-sWv _lp. Camw \hhn {]kvXmhn-n-cn-p-p.

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Cns\ Fm \nkvIm-cm-\--chpw aKvcn_v, kp_vln, Ak Fn-h-bpsS tijw bplvbo h bpaop _nbZvlnJ bvdp FpIqSn tNp ]-d-m HcSnasb kzX-{-\m-nb {]Xn-^-e-ap-s- v dkq(k) Acp sNbvXXmbn dm^n Cu \nth- Z \w sNbv X n- p- - v . lmcn-kv_v\p-Da(-d) dkq(-k)\n v \nth-Z\w sNbvXn-cn-p-p.

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Ch -\mepw Ains Xmgv`m-Kv _ n--s--Xm-Wv. Am-lp-hn-sbpw Cu kq--fp-sSbpw CSv bmsXmcp XS-hp-an (a-d-bp-an-) R-fpsS \mYm! `qan-bn-tev \ntmSv [nmcw sNp a\p-jy-cn-tev Rsf \o Cd-p-IbmtWm? Cu kq- Am-lp-thmSv Bh-em-Xn-s-p. Bb-Xn\v Am-lp-hn\nv e`n adp-]Sn "Fs-bmWv kXyw Fm \nkvIm-cm-\--chpw GsXm-cm \nsf ]mcm- b Ww sNp- pthm Ahs {]Xn-^ew k -kp-J-t`m-K--fSw kzK-amsX asmpam-bn-cn-bn Rm \Ip-Xv. X-s-bp-a Ahs\ Rm Fs ]hn-{X-k-n-[n-bn ]mnpXpw Fs hnti-j-ZrjvSym Zn\w{]Xn Fgp- ] Xv {]mhiyw Rm\- h sc t\mp-Xpw Znh-kw-tXmdpw Ahs Fgp-]Xv B{K-l Rm k^-eam-pmbmIt pIwA v Ambamkunnukoyaka

CXv sNmp-hcpsS ]m]w k{X s]mdp - -s-Sp-sav "dC-_v\p-pn'bn \np - v . dkq (- k ) Cns\ ]d- b m- d p- - m - b ncp-sv apkvenw \nth-Z\w sNbvX-Xn-epap--v. Cns\ sNmp--h-cpsS ]m]w kap{Z-P-e-nse Ipan-f-I-tf-m hn--XmsW-nt]mepw s]mdp--s-Sp-sav dkq (-k) ]d-n-p--Xm-Wv.

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-Xp-am-Wv. AXn-te-hpw \nmcw ]m]-tamN\w \I-em-bn-cn-pw. (a-ph AXn-t\m al--c-am-bn-cn-p-sav hmb-\m a\-n-em-p-I) Ahs i{Xp--fn\npw Akq-bm ep-fn\npw Ahs\ Rm kpc-nX \mp--Xp-am-Wv. dkq(-k) Acp sNbvXp. Fm \nkv Im-cm-\--chpw "Bb-pIpkn' HmXp hv kzK- { ]- t h- i - \ - n\v acWamsX bmsXmcp XS-hp-an-. dkq(-k) X Acp sNbvXp. aqv Imcy- kXy-hn-izm-kn-bm-b-tXmSv IqSn, Ah Bcv sNp-pthm Ah CjvSs Ihm-S-nIqSn kzK-n {]thin-m-hp-Xpw CjvSm-\p-k-c-Ww "lqdpCu' F kz-I-\y-IIsf hnhmlw sNbvXpsImSp--s-Sp--Xp-amWv. LmX-I \v amv \In-bh, cl-ky-ambn EXp-_myX \nd-th-n-b-h, Fm ^fv \nkvImcm- \ - - c hpw ]v {]mhiyw Jplp hmlp HmXn-b-h. (A-_q-b-A-ve) DJvp-_v\p- B-an(-d) ]d-p. dkq (-k) Fm \nkvIm-cm-\--chpw "apA--ZssX\n' HmXp-hm FtmSv \nt-in-n-cn-qp. (Xpap-Zn, A_q-Zm-hq-Z) \nkvIm-cm-\cw v ]v Xlveo sNmepw kp-mWv. l^m-dp-_v\p- b-koZv F alm (Ctlw kp{]kn-\mb Hcp hyn-bm-bncpp) ]d-bp-p. Rm Hcp ]gb J_ ho - p w Inf- tm AXn Hcm Ccnp- X mbn I- p . At- l - n- \ p- k - a o]w Hcp Xfn- I - b n ]mXn- ] - g p Imc- - b p- - m - b ncp-p. DSs\ Atlw At\z-jn-p. A, Ay-Zn-\-amtbm? (A-y-Zn-\-n-em-W tm J_-dp-I Xpd-s-Sp-I) C, Rm ]dp. \nn{X al-mb {]Xn-^ ew In- Aa Fm-bn-cp-p sNbv Xn-cp-Xv? Rm At\zjnp. Rm Fm \nkvIm-cm-\--c-hpw.

C{]- I mcw ]d- b m- d p- - m - b n- c pp Ftlw adp-]-Sn-tb-In.

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CXv ]d-bm Xm Dt] ImWncp-Xv. (A-_q-Zm-hqZv, \km-Cu) A_q-D-am-a(-d)-bn\nv: dkq(-k) kptm ^tfm Bb GXv \nkvIm-c hpw \nln-bp-Ss\ Rm\-hn-StmSv k ao]n-n-pt-m Atm-sgmw Xncpta\n C ns\ {]mn-p-Xmbn Rm tIncnp-p. (C-_v\p-p-n)

\nkvIm-cm-\-cw \_n (-k) F ZpB sNmm- d p- - m - b n- c p- s v A _q-_--n(-d) \npw, dkq (k) \nkvIm-c-n\nv hnc-an-m

Fn-s\ {]mn-m-dp--m-bn-cpp shv A\kn\nv, C_v\p-p-nbpw, kp_vln \nkvIm-cm-\cw "AmlpC o AkvAep-I Ca \m^n-A hAa - e- apX-J-e hdn-kvJ Xzn-_' Fv dkq(k) sNmm- d p- - m - b n- c ppshv Dp-ka(-d)bn\nv AlvaZpw \nthZ\w sNbv X n- p- - v .

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ZpB-I apB-Zn(-d)\nv: Atlns Icw {Kln-p-sIm-v dkq(-k) ]d-p. Hmap B-Zv, Xmsf Rm CjvSs-Sp-p. Hmtcm \nkvIm-cm-\--c-hpw

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kpssl-_v(-d)\nv: \nbw, dkq (-k) kp_ln \nkvIm-cm-\cw Ftm sNmp--Xvt]mse A[-c- Nen-n-mdp--m-bn-cp-p. Av FmWv sNmpXv Fv XZ-hkcw Rm tNmZn-tm dkq (-k) AcpsN-bvXp. CXmWv Rm sNmp--Xv. (Alva-Zv) apkv e nap_v \ p- l m- c n- k p- - a o- a n(d)hn \nv : dkq(- k ) At- l - n- t \mSv kzImcyw ]d-p. \o aKvcn_v \nkvIm-cn\nv hnc-an-m Fv ]v {]mhiyw ]d-bp-I. \nbw, \o ]d-bp-Ibpw AtX cm{Xn ac-W-s-SpIbpw sNbvXm \n\v \c-I-n\nv tamN\w \I-s-Sp-Xm-Wv. kp_vln \n kvIcnmepw C{]-Imcw ]d-bp-I. {]kvXpX ]I \o ac-Ws-Sp-]w \n\v \cIn \nvtamN\w \n-bn--s-Sp-XmWv. (A-_q-Zm-hq-Zv) ZnIv, ZpB Fn-hbpsS kp-p-I Xs aA-vaq-ap-Iv ZnIvdp-I-fpw, ZpBIfpw ]Tnn--W-sa-v (Xm ]-d-bp-Xv tIv Ah ]Tn-Wsa-) Dt-in-p C - v am-anpw Xs ZpBv aA-aq-ap-I Bao v ]d-bp-sav Dt-iap Cam-an-\p-sam-gnv ap-hsmw ZnIvdpw ZpBbpw sas (i_vZw-Ip-d) sNmepw ta]-dbs Cam- v ap-Iv D-n-em-bn-cn-ep-amWv kp-.v \nkvI-cn-p--bmfpw JXo_pw (Jp-Xp _ \nh-ln-p--bm) Hgnv ap--h AhcpsS {]m-\-I-fn ip-amb AhcpsS Ccp-I-c-fpw Npa-ep-Iv t\sc ({]m-\m-cq-]n) Dbn-n-Sn-epw \b- \ - BIm- i - t pbepw ZpB Ah- k m- \ n- n DSs\ c- v ssII sIm-v apJw-X-S-hepw ZpBbpsS XpS hpw Ay-hpw, lwZv, kzemv Ch-I-tfmSp-Iq-Sn-bm-hepw Cam-a-m--h Jn_vev
AwIpv tImbm

apn-Sepw kpmWv. JXo_v Xs apJw aAvaq-ap-Ifn-tev Xncn-Ww, (\nkv Im-cnv Jp\qv Hgnv ap ZpB-Ifn JpXp_ \n-ln-p-tm-gp ZpB-I fnepw Jo_v ssII-fp-b-cp-Xv.)

ZnIvdp-I kp-p Nne ka-b kp_vln \nkvIm-cm-\-cw kqtcym-Zbw- h sc Am- l p- h ns\ kv a cn- p- s Im- v (ZnIv sNmn- s m- v Ccn- Fmhpw kp-mWv. dkq (-k) {]kvXm-hn-p. Hcm kp_v ln-\akvImcw Pam-Ambn \nkvIcn-p- Ibpw A\-cw kqtcym-Z-bw-hsc Amlp- h nv ZnIv sNmn- s m- v Ccn- p- I bpw kqcy DZn- p- b - t ijw c- v dIv Av \nkvI-cn-p-Ibpw sNbvXm ]q -amb Hcp ln-sbpw Dwd-bp-sSbpw {]Xn- ^ ew Ah- \ p- - m - b n- c n- p- - X mWv . (Xpap-Zn) dkq(-k) Acp sNbvXp. kp_vln \nkvIm-c-n\nv hnc-an-p--h fp lm \nkvIcn-pw-hsc Ah kp_vln \n kvI-cn evXs Ccpv (Zn-IvdpI sNmp-Ibpw) XZ-hkcw \-Xm asmpw kwkm-cn-m-Xn-cn-p-Ibpw sNbv Xm Ahs k ]m-]fpw s]mdps-Spw. Ah kap-{Z-Pense \pc-Isfm - -f-[n-I-am-sW-ntmepw. (A-_q-Zm-hq-Zv) dkq(-k) ]d-p. \nbw! Ak \nkvImcw apX kqcym-kvX-a\w htcv Am-lp-hnv ZnIv sNmn-sm--n-cn-p kZ-n kt-fn- Ckvam-Cu (A)s km-\-]-c--c-I-fns] Fv ASn-a-Isf kzX-{-cm-p--Xn-t\-m F\n-t-hpw CjvS-s--Xm-Wv. Amlp \s-sbmw \c-Im-hIm-in-Ifn \nsm-gn-hm-p-Ibpw \psS ]m] s]mdp-p-Xcn-Ibpw A-Xbmepw apw {Iac-ln-Xam-bn-o \psS Aaep-Isf Ah {]Xn-^eml-am-p-Ibpw \n \n-hsbmw kzoI-cn-p-Ibpw sN-s Bao.

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kpv \nkvIm-c - A_q-D-am-a(d)-]-d-p. dkq(-k) {] kvXm-hn-n-cn-p-p. ct-m AXn IqSpX tem dIvAv (kp-v) \nkvImcw \n ln-p-Xn-t\-m sa-s ap bmsXm cp Imcyhpw sNm Am-lp-hns ASnav A\p-hmZw \In-bn-n-. ASna \nkv Im-c-n-em-bn-cn-p-tm Ahs inc-n \-I hnX-ds-Sp-Xm-Wv. X-abw Ah-\n \np-hn-p-Xn-t\-m-fp-aamb asm-p-sIm-pw ASna Am-lp-thmSv ASp-n-n-. (A-laZv, Xpap-Zn) (A-Sn-abpsS v hnh a\p-jy Fm-Ipp. a\p-jy-icocw sIm-v \n-ln--s-Sp Bcm-[-\I-fn-te-hpw D-aam-bXv \nkvIm-cam-Wv.) kp_v l nv app c- v dIv - A v Bbn- i (- d )- b n\nv : ^Pv d ns c- v d Iv-Av (kp-_v-lnv app dhm-o-_v kp-v) Cu Zpbm-hpw CXn-ep k hpw Ch- t b- m- s fmw D- a - a m- W v . (apkvenw, XpapZn) A_q-lp-ssd-d(-d)bn\nv: ^Pvdns c- v dIv - A v kpv \nkv I - c n- p- Xn Am-lp-hn--tev ka-W-t_m-[-ap-h-c-msX _-{i--cm-hp-I-bn-. (ss_l-Jn) Am-lp-hn--te-p khpw ka nv aS-n-b-h am{Xta Cu c-v dIv-Ans Imcy-n {in--pIbpq. \n-fn-sem-cp-h ^Pvdns c-v dIv-A v kpv \nkvIcn-m (A]k-abw) Ah he-`mKw Ncn-p-In-Ss. (XpapZn) - Bbn- i (- d )- h n\nv : ^Pv - d ns c- v dIv - A - v kpn HmX- s - S p c- v kqd- p- I hfsc \ kqd- pI- f mIpp. Im^n-dq-\, CJvemkv Ch-bmWv {]kvXpX kqd-p-I. ap \nkvIm-c--fpsS dhm-n-_p-I Dp-l-_o-_(-d)-hn\nv: fpl \nkv Im-cns BZyhpw tijhpw \mev dIv Av \nkvIcn-p--Xn kqvaX ]m en--h\v \c-I-ns\ Am-lp \njn amp--Xm-W-v. (A-_q-Zm-hq-Zv, Xpap-Zn)

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C_v\p- D-a(-d)-hn\nv: Ak-dnv apv \mev dIvAv \nkvIcn-h\v Amlp \cI- ns\ \njn-am-p-Xm-W.v (Xz_vdm-\n) A_vZpm-ln apkv\n (-d)-hn\nv: aKvcn-_nvapv \n c-v dIv-Av \n kvI-cn-p-I. Ans\ sNm-\p-t-in-pp-sh-n (A-lva-Zv, A_q-Zm-hq-Zv) aIvlq-en (-d)-hn\nv: aKvcn_v \nkv Im-cm-\-cw hXpw kwkm-cn-p--Xnv apmbn c-v dIv-Av \nkvI-cn-m A Xv Cn-o-\n (kzK-ns ta`m-Kw) Fgp- X - s - S p- - X m- W v . (A- _ v Z p- d - k mJv lZokv apk) lpssZ-^ (-d)\nv: aKvcn-_n\vtijap c-v dIv-Av As ap AaepI-tfm-sSmw Db-s-Sp-Xnvth-n (aKv cn-_ns DS-s\) \nkvIcn-p-I. (ss_l-Jn) Dp-ka(-d)\nv: dkq(-k) aKvcn_v \nkvIm-cn\nv hnc-an-m hon-tev hv c-v dIvAv \nkvIcn-p-Ibpw tijw -

Cns\ {]mn-m-dpap--m-bn-cp-p. (C-_v\p-p-o) A_q-lp-ssd-d (-d)-bn\nv: aKvcn_v \nkvIm-cm-\-cw h A\m-h-iy-fpw kwkm-cn-pw-apv dhmn_v\p]pdsa B dv dI-Av \nkvImcw Hcp-h \nkvIcnm v AX-hv ]{-v hjs C_m-Znv Xpey-am-bn-o-cp-Xm-Wv. (_p.-ap.Xp ap-Zn, C_v\p-am-P) Cu \nkvIm-cnv "kzem-p- A-m-_o' FmWv t]cv. Cu \nkvImcw \nln-p-hs A Xv h js ]m]- s]mdp-s-Sp-sav Hcp lZokv A_vZp-m-ln-_v\p -D-adn(d)\nv C_v\p-kvdv \nthZ\w sNbvX Hcp lZo-knepw {]kvXm-hn-s-n-cn-p-p. Cim, aKvcn_v Cu c- v \nkv I m- c - fp sS CS-bn h-hcpw kpv \nkvIcn-m AXv Am-_o--fpsS \nkvIm-cam-Wv. (C-_v\p -\-kv)

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apl--Zp-_v\p-apI-Zn-dn\n-v: dkq (k)tbmsSm- nv Cim- v t ijw c- v dIv Av Rm \nkvIcn-n-cn-p-p. (_p.-ap.) (km-[m-cW dhm-o_v kp-p-I: kp_vlnv apv c-v, fplvdnv appw ti jhpw \mep-hoXw, Ak-dnv apv \mev, aKvcn-_n-\pwCimp appw tijhpw c-pho-Xw, Cns\ samw Ccp-]-n-c-v dIA-m-Wv. CXn {]_-e-amb kp-pI kp_v l nv apv c- p w, fpl- v d nv appw tijhpw c- v hoXhpw, aKv c n_v , Cim Ch-bpsS tijw c-p-hoXw Cns\ ]v dIv-A-m-Ip-p.) c- p _mp- I n- S - b n(- _ mpw CJmapw)semw kpv \nkv I m- c - - f p- v F lZo-kns ASn-m-\-n Cim v appw c-v dI-Av \nkvI-cn- kp -m-sWv Camw \h-hn (-d) Xs "aPvaq Dv' F InXm-_n {]kvXm-hn-n-cn-p-p. dhm-n_v kp-p-I \nkvI-cn-ptm C \nkvIm-c-ns app A s-n tij-ap Fn-s\ Xn-s-Sp \n_--amWv Fpw AtX {Kn \h-hn (-d) {]kvXm-hn-ncn-p-p. Pm_n(-d)\nv: cm{Xn-bpsS Aybm-a-n Xm DW-cp-I-bn-s-ms nepw `b-ap-s- n Abm BZy-bm-an hnXv \nkvIcn-s. AYhm DW cp-sav {]Xo-n-p-p-sh-n Abm Ay-bm-an (^-Pvdns apv) Xs \nkvIcn-s. Imc-Ww, cm{Xn-bpsS Ay bm-anse \nkvImcw kmo-Icn-s-Sp-XmWv. (Xpap-Zn) AXmWv Ghpw \-Xpw. Bbn-im-(d)-tbmSv tNmZn-s-p. FpsIm- - m - b n- c p- p. (GXv kqdv HmXn- b mbn-cp-p) dkq(-k) hnXv \nkvI-cn-mdp- m bn- c p- Xv . Hm- a s dI- v A - n "kn- l nkv a 'bpw c- m - a s dIv A n "Im^n-dq\'bpw aqmw dI-vA-n "C Jvemkv' apAZssX\n Fn-hbpw HmXnbm-bn-cpp dkq(-k) \nkvIcn-n-cp-Xv. Bbnim(d) ]d-p. (C-_\p-amP, \km-C) v hnXv \nkv I m- c - n BZys c- v dIv-A-ntemtcmpw Jplp-h-mlp HmX kp-m-Wv. D_-p-_v\p-IAv-_n(-d)\nv: dkq (-k) hnXv \nkvImc-n\nv kemw hon-bm Cns\ aqp {]mhiyw ]dbpw: aqma-tXv A]w D-n-embn ]d-bmdp-m bn-cp-p. (Xpap-Zn, A_q-Zm-hq-Zv) Aen-(d)-bn\nv, dkq(-k) hnXvdns v Ah-km\-n

hnXv \nkvImcw (CXv Cim \nkvImcw \n-ln tijamWv \nkvI-cn-t---Xv.) Xl-pZv \nkv I - c n- p- - h - \ m- s W- n AXn- \ ptijw hnXv \nkvIcn-em-Wp-aw. IpdXv Hcp dIv-Apw A[n-I-cn-Xv ]Xns\mv dIvAp-am-Wv. A_q-A-q-_n(-d)\nv: hnXv \nkv Imcw Hmtcm apkam\pw IS-a-bm-Wv. Hcm Av dIv-Av \nkvIm-camWn-jvS-sSp-p-sh-n Ans\ sNbvXp-sIm-s. aqv dIv-Av \nkvI-cn-m CjvS sSp-p-sh-n Ans\bpw, H dIv-Av am{X- a mWv Cjv S - s a- n A- s \bpw sNbvXp-sIm-s. (Xpap-Zn, A_q-Zm-hqZv) \n Av dI-Atm As-n Gtgm HtXm, ]Xn-s\mv dIv-Atm hnXv \nkvIcn-p-I. (lm-Inw, ss_l-Jn) -

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Cns\ ]d-bm-dp--m-bn-cp-p. (XpapZn, A_q-Zm-hp-Zv) l: Aenp_v\p A_oYmen_n(d) \nv \nthZ\w: Atlw ]dp: Ap t\cs \nkvImcwt]mse \n_ap X hnXvdv. adnv \_n(k) kpm n \nbnXmWv. \_n(k) ]dp:

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Amlp HbmWv. Ah Hsb CjvS p-Xm-Wv. Am-lp-hns A\p-{K-lsSpp. AXv s Im- v JpBs A\p m Cu Ihm-SnIq-Sn \n kz bmbnIsf, \n hnXvdv \nkvIcnpI. K-n {]th-in-pI Fn-s\ Hc-dnbnp- m hp- - X m- W v . (Xz- _ v d m- \ n) (A_qZmhqZv, XpapZn) A_vZp-m-ln-_v\p-Pdm-Zn(-d)\nv: I l: Bbni(d)\nv \nthZ\w. Ah ]dbpp: cm{XnbpsS Lfnepw BZy ]-Shn-izm-kn-I fplm \nkvIcn-p-Ibn "Jpbm Ap-l Im-^n-dq' F kqd hpw ayhpw Ahkm\hpw \_n (k) hnXvdv \nkv I cnnp- v . \_n(k)bpsS hnXv d v A v HmXp-I-bp-an. (ssZ-e-ao) mgkabwhsc \ofpIbpw sNbvXnp-v. Dplm-\n-C(-d)\nv: am-hn-P-b-Zn(ap^Jp Asseln) hkw \_n(-k) Fs honhv Ipfnl: A_qkCuZn JpZvcn(d)\nv \n -Xn\ptijw Xncp-ta\n Fv dIvAv \n thZ\w. \_n(k) ]dp: t\cw ]pecpXn kvIcn-p. dpIqDw kpPqZpw ]qn-bm-pvapv \n hnXvdv \nkvIcnpI. (apkvenw) p-s--sXm-gn-m C{X eLp-hmb Hcp l: A_vZpmln_v\p Dadn(d)\nv \nkv I mcw Rm thsd I- n - n- . AXv \nthZ\w. \_n(k) ]dp: cm{Xnbnse "fplm' Bbn-cp-p. (_p. ap) \nfpsS Ahkm\w hnXvdmpI. (ap CJv a - p_v \ p Ban- d n(- d )\nv : ^Jp Asseln) fplm- b psS c- v dIv - A v AXns c- v fplm \nkvImcw kqd-p-I-tfm-Xn-sm-v Xs \nkvI-cn(CXv hfsc {]m[m-\y-ap \nkvIm-c- p-I. "hw-kn-h-fp-lm..bpw hp-lm amWv . kqcy DZnv GXm- v Ggpapgw D hssen'bpw BWv {]kvXpX kqd-pbXvapX aymw hsc-bm-Wv CXn I. (C.lnm) s ka- b w. Npcp- n- b Xv c- v dIv - A pw DssJen \nth-Z\w sNbvX Hcp lZo A[n-I-cn-m Fv dIv-A-p-am-Wv. ]{ kn fplm \nkvIm-c-n "Im^n-dq\, - m - s Wpw A`n- { ]m- b - a p- - v .) CJvemkv' Fo kqd-p-I HmXm-dpA_q-lp-ssd-d(-d)-bn\nv: fplm-bp -m-bn-cpp Fv {]kvXm-hn-n-p-v. sS c-v dIv-Av \nkvI-cn-p--Xn kq asmcp lZo-kn fplm kqdpw. vaX ]men-hs ]m]- kap-{Z-Pen - l: A_qZvdn(d)\nv \nthZ\w. \_n se \pc-Itf-m hn-Xm-sW-nt]mepw (k)]dp: \nfn Hmtcmcp pw Xs AhbhknbpsS Fa\p kcnv s]mdp-s-Sp-Xm-W.v (Xpap Zn, AlvaZ) - v A\-k(d)\nv: fplm \nkvIm-cn Zm\w sN \n_amWv. Hmtcm Xkv v\np c- v dIv - A v Am- l p- h n- _olpw Hmtcm Zm\amWv. Hmtcm lwZpw kzoIm-cy-amb Hcp ln\pw Dwdpw (kpXpXnbpw) Hmtcm Zm\amWv. Hmtcm Xlv eoepw Hmtcm Zm\amWv. Hmtcm XIv_odpw Xpey-am-hp--Xm-Wv. (A-_q-ssi-Jv) kA-vZn(-d)\nv: Hcp hjw ]q Hmtcm Zm\amWv. \XpsIm-v Inp ambn Hcm fplm \nkvI-cn-m Ahv Xpw Zm\amWv. Nosb hntcm[np \c-I-n tamN\w Fgp-X-s-Sp--Xm-Wv. Xpw Zm\amWv. c-v dIvAv fplm \nkvIm A_q-lp-ssd-d(-d)-bn\nv: kzK-n cw CXns\mw aXnbmIpXmWv. (apkvenw) v fplm Fv t]cp Hcp Ihm- S - a p- - v . Ay-Zn-\-n fplm \nkvImcw ]Xn-hm- CXv \qdv {]mhiyw sNm kp-mn-b-h FhnsS? CXm, Cu IhmSw \n sWpw hn-cn-p-p.

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(X-l-p-Zv) \nim \nkvImcw A_qlp-ssd-d(-d)\nv: ^fv \nkv Im-csf Ign-m ]ns Ghpw alXz-ap \nkvImcw \nim \nkvIm-cam-W.v (apkvenw) Pm_n-dn(-d)\nv: \ni-bpsS ay-n se c-p dIv-Av htZm-j-sftmepw s]mdp-n-p--Xm-Wv. (ssZ-e-ao) _nem-en(-d)\nv: \ni-bnse \nkvIm cw \n apdpsI ]nSn-p-I, \nbw! AXv \n-fpsS ]qo-I-cmb k-\--fpsS BNm-c--fns]-Xpw Am-lp-hn--te-p kmao-]yhpw ZpjvI-sf s]mdp-np-Xpw imco-cn-I-tcm-K-sf AI-p-Xp-am-Wv. (A-lva-Zv, XpapZn) lm-\p-_\p-AXn-(-d)\nv: a\p-jy v cm{Xn-bpsS Ay-bm-a-n \nkvI-cnp c- v dIv - A - v , Ah\v Cu temIt-mfpw CXn-ep- k-Xn-t\-mfpw sa-s-Xm-Wv. Fs P\-XbpsS hnj-a ]cn-KWn-n-m-bn-cp-p-sh-n {]kv XpX c-v dIv-Av Rm\-hv ^fm-pam-bn-cp-p. (C-_v\p-\k) lZokv apk. Pm_n(-d)\nv: \nbw! cm{Xn-bn Hcp {]tXyI ka-b-ap--v. GsXmcp apkvenamb ASna-bpsS {]m\ B ka-bv Bbn hcp- pthm Ahs Bhiyw Amlp ]qo-I-cn-p-sIm-Sp-m-Xn-cn-bn. (ap-kvenw) CXv Fm cm{Xn-bnepw D- m - h p- - X m- W v. Am-lp-XBe (A-hs B) Fm cm{Xn-Ifnepw aqn-semv am{Xw _mn-bp-tm Hmw BIm-in-te-n-dn-hcpw. Xk-abw Amlp ]d-bpw. FtmSv Bcv {]mn-p-pthm Ah\v Rm (Ah tNmZn-X) \Ipw. FtmSv ]m]-tam- v N-\an-p-Xmtcm Ah\v Rm amv \Ipw. (s]m-dp-p-sIm-Sp-pw) (_p.-ap.) cm{Xn-bn-se-gp-tv \nkvI-cn-p-Ibpw Xs `mcysb hnfn-p-Wn Ahfpw \n kvI-cnv Ah- Fgp-tm]w Ah-fpsS apJv Pew sXfn-bpw sNbvX
]pcp- j s\ Amlp A\p- { K- l n- s. cm{Xn- b n- s e- g p- t v \nkv I - c n- p- I bpw Xs `m-hns\ hnfn-p-Wn Ah\pw \nkv I - c nv Ah DWn- s - n Ahs apJv shw IpS-bp-Ibpw sNbvX kv{Xosb Amlp A\p-{K-ln-s! (A-_q-lp-ssd-d(-d)-bn\nv Alva-Zv, A _q-Zm-hqZv Fn-h \nth-Z\w sNbvXXv) A_q-lp-ssd-d(-d)-bn\nv: ]pcp-j cm{Xn Fgp-tp-Ibpw Xs If-{Xs hnfn-p-Wp-Ibpw Fnv c-p-t]cpw Iq Sn c-v dIv-Av \nkvI-cn-p-Ibpw sNbv Xm AXy-[n-Iambn Am-lpsh kvacnp kv{Xo]pcp-jm-cn Ah-scbpw FgpX-s-Sp-Xm-W.v (A-_q-Zm-hqZv \km-Cu) Bbn-i(-d)\nv: ]Xn-hmbn cm{Xn \n kvI-cn-p-h-cp Hcmsf \n{Z ASn-a-s-Spn-bm (AXvImcWw Av \nkvI-cnm km[n-n-) km[m-cW \nkvIm-cn-\p--Xn-t\mSv Xpey-amb {]Xn-^ew Ah- \ p- - m - b n- c n- p- Xpw, B \n{Z Ahsmcp [- a m- b n- o- c p- - X p- a m- W v . (A_q-Zm-hq-Zv) Awdp_v\pBkn(-d)-bpsS ]p{X A_v Zp-m(-d)-bn\nv: Hm A_vZp, \o C hyn-sb-tmse Bh-cp-X.v Ah \nibn se \nkvImcw ]Xn-hm-n-bn-cp-p. Fm ]no-Sh\Xp-t]-npIf-p. (_p.-ap.) - - (X-lpZv \nkvIm-cs-p-dn-mWv CXp hsc ]dn-p-X.v cm{Xn Hcp Ddv Ign -Xnv tij-amWv CXv \n-ln-t-Xv. CXv ]Xn-hm-n-bm Dt]-n- \-.) Xkv_olv \nkvImcw dkq(-k) Am-kv(-d)-hn-t\mSv ]dp. Hm! ]nXr-hym, Amkv F-h-sc, \nv Rm ]p Imcy- ]dp-X-c-stbm! AXn-tev \nsf Rm t{]cn-n--stbm! Ah Rm \n v \I-stbm! AXv{]Imcw \n sNp-]w \n-fpsS ]m]- sNdp Xpw hepXpw a\x-]qw sNbvXXpw ad-p-

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sN-bvXXpw BZyw sNbvXXpw Ah-km\w sNbvX Xpw Fmw s]mdp--s-Spw. AsXm-sW t! \mev dIv-Av \nkvI-cnp-I. Hmtcm dIv-A-nepw ^mXn-lbpw kqdpw HmXn-gn-m AtX \ndp-nXs ]Xn-\v {]mhiyw Cu ZnIv sNmpI. A\-cw dpIq-Av sNp-I. dpIq-C ]v {]mhiyw CtX ZnIv sNmp-I. tijw dpIq-C\np-b v CA-vXn-Zm-enepw AXp-t]mse BZys kpPq-Zn-epw, CS-bnse Ccp--nepw ho - p w c- m w kpPq- Z nepw, ]noSv c- m w kp Pq-Zn\n-p-btijw CkvXn-dm-l-n s Ccp-nepw CtX ZnIv ]v {]mh iyw hoXw ]d-bpI. BsI Fgp-]-v ZnIvdp-I, Cns\ Hmtcm dI-vA-nepw sNmn-sm-v \mev dIv-Av ]qn-bmp-I. Zn\w-{]Xn Hcp {]mhiyw km[y-san \n CXv \nkvI-cn--Ww. As n BgvNbnsemcnhoXtam AXpw km[y-a-s-n amk-nsemtm Asn hjw-{]Xn Hcp {]mh-iytam \nkvIcn-p-I. CsXmpw km[n-n-s-nepw B bp-jvIm-en-sem-cn-se-nepw \n-fnXv \nkvI-cn--Ww. (A-_q-Zm-hq-Zv, low F n-h \nth-Z\w sNbvX-Xm-Wv. C_v\p-Jpsska Cu lZokv icn-sh-p-Ibpw lm ^n-kp-_v\p-l-P, lZokv lk F-`n{]m-b-s--Xp-am-Wv.) Xkv_olv \nkvImcw XnIpw t{]mm- l n- n- - s - t S- Hcp Aa- e m- W v . AXv ]Xn-hmbpw sNbvXp-t]m-tc-- Xpam-Wv. Cm-cy-n Aew-`mhw ImWn--cp-Xv Fn- s\ A_v Z p- m- l n- _ v \ p- a p- _ mdIv ( d)hpw HcpIqw ]n- X - mcpw {]kvXmhnn-cn-p-p. Xkv_olv \nkvImcw Zo\n {]m[m-\yap Imcy--fn s]-Xm-I-bm AXv \nh-ln-p Imcy-n AXoh Pm{KX- b p- - m - b n- c n- - e - \ n- h m- c y- am-Wv. Cu \nkv Im-cs-p-dnv ]d-bs al-Xz- a\n-em-p-Ibpw ]ns CXp-t]-n-p-sIm -v Ae-kX ImWn-p-Ibpw sNp--h Zo\ns\ Ah-K-Wn-p--h\pw k-\-fpsS Bcm-[\I kzoI-cn-p-Xn B - `n-ap-Jy-anm-h\p-am-Wv. Ahs\ bmsXm - cp \nepw \-bpsS Alvep-Im-cn D s-Sp-t-- Xn. (Xm-Pp-o-\p-p-_vIo(-d) Xkv_olv \nkvImcw shn-bmgvN a ym-n \nh-ln- kp-mWv. C_v\p-A_o-ssk-^nb-a\n(-d) CXn H mw dIv-A-n ""kqd-p--Im-kpdpw'' c-mw dIv-A-n "h-A-kvcn'bpw BWv HmtX- - X v . aqm- a - t - X n "Im^n- d q\'bpw \mem-at-Xn "CJvemkpw' BWv HmtX-- Xv. IqSmsX \memw dIv-A-nse A-ln-m-n-\p-tijw kemw hop Xnp apm-bn.

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CXpwIqSn sNm kp-m-Wv. A\ cw kemw ho-Ww. tijw Ahs B h-iy--f-\p-k-cnv Ahv {]mn-mw.

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Ahs ap]m]-sfmw s]mdp-sSp--Xm-Wv. (A-_q-Zm-hq-Zv) DJv_p_v\pB-an-dn(-d)\nv: G sXmcp apkvenapw hpfp sNp-tm- AXv hfsc \-\n-e-bn-em-bn-cn-bpw ]noSv Xn I a\x- k m- n- [ y- t msS c- v dI- v A v \nkvI-cn-p-Ibpw sNbvXm Ah\v kzKw \n_-am-hm-Xn-cn-bn-. (ap-kenw) v hpfp-thmSv tNn--d-bm ]m--hn [w Cu \nkvIm-cs ]nn-m CXns kabw \jvS-spt]m-hp--Xm-Wv Fv \ psS hy-Kpcp C_v\p-l-P(d) {]kvXmhn-n-cn-p-p. Fm Hmtcm hpfphpw apdn-bp--Xph-tcpw AXns \nkvIm-c-n-\p ka bhpw \o- p - \ np- s a- mWv ]nm- e m-cmb Nne ]n-Xam-cpsS A`n-{]m-bw. hpfp-hns shw Ah-bhfn\nv - - hn- t m- h p- - X p- s Im- v Cu \nkvIm-cns kabw Ign-p-t]mhpw Fv ]db-s-n-cn-p-p. CXns Hmw dIv-A-n

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Ch- b mWv ^mn- l v t ijw HmtXBb-p-I Xln-v \nkvImcw A_q-Zdv(d)\n-:v Atlw ]d p. Hc-h-kcw Rm ]nbn {]th-in-p. Atcw dkq(-k) AhnsS Ccn-p-p-m-bn-cp-p. am-cp-a-hnsS C. XZ-h-kcw dkq(- k ) FtmSv AcpsN- b v X p. \nbw ]nv Hcp ]mcn-tXm-jnIw (ImWn- )- D - v . AXv c- v dIv - A v \nkv I mcam-Ip-p. BI-bm Fgp-tv c-v dIvA v \nkvI-cnq! Ans\ Rm c-v dI Av \nkvI-cnv dkq-en(-k)s khn-[n-tev aS-n. (C.-ln-m)

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]n-bn {]th-inv Ccp-p-Ign-m Xln-ns k`w \jvSs-p-t]mhp-Xm-W.v adtm hnh-can-m-sXtbm C cn-p-Ibpw Ccp-- k-abw Npcp-p-Ibpw sN bvX k`-fn AXv \jvSs-Sp-Ibn-. Fn-s\ Camw \h-hn(-d) Xs "XlvJo Jv' F {K-n {]kvXm-hn-n-cnp-p. ]n-bn IS--bp-Ss\ A]w sh w IpSn- mth- n Ccn- p- Xv ad- v C-cp-p-t]m-hp-Xn-t\mSv tN-s-SWw. (A-Xp-sIm-v Xln--ns kabw ]mgmbn-tm-hp-Ibn-sv hnh-) Fv \psS Kpcp C_v\p-lP(d) {]kvXm-hn-n-cn-p-p. hpfp-hns c-v dI-vAv hpfp FSp-bp-Ss\bpw, Xln-v ]n-bn Ibdn AhnsS Ccn-pXn\v apmbpw sNWw. at-sX-nepw ^tfm, kptm \nkvIcn-p--Xn-\mepw Ch c-pw hoSpw. {]kvXp X \nkvIm-ctfm-sSmw Chsb Icp-Xn- bmepw Cs-nepw. ]s, {]tXyIw IcpXn-bn-n-s-n Ah-bpsS amlmyw e`n-bn F-XmWv {][m-\ ]-w. Xln-v, aKvcn-_ns kp-v, Ckv XnJm-d-ns c-v dIv-A-v, Clvdm-ans c- v dIv - A - v , Xzhm- ^ ns c- v dIv - A v Fo \nkvIm-cfn-semw BZy- d-IvA- n "Im^n- d q- \ bpw' c- m - a - t - X n "CJv e mkv ' Fo kqd- p- I - f p- a mWv ^mn-lvtijw kp-p-Xv. Hcm ]n-bn {]th-in-p-Ibpw XZh kcw Aipn Imc-Wtam atm Xln- v \nkvIcn-m kuI-cy-s-Sm-Xn-cn-p-Ibpw sNbvXm Ah Xln-n\v ]I-cambn -

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CXv \mep-{]m-hiyw ]d-b kp-msWv im^nCu aZvl_nse Nne ]nXamsc D-cn-p-sIm-v Camw \hhns "ZnIvdp-Ifpw ZpB-Ifpw' F {Kn {]kvXm-hn-n-cn-p-p.

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Xdm-holv \nkvImcw A_q-lp-ssd-d(-d)\nv: Am-lp-hn hniz-knpw Ah-\n\n-p {]Xn-^ew Imwnpw dwkm amk-n Hcm \n kvI-cn-m Ahs ap]m-]--sfmw s]mdp--s-Sp--Xm-Wv. (A-lva-Zv) (X-dm-ho lv \nkvImcw dwkms cm{Xn-I-fn Cim \nkv I m- c m- \ - cw \n- l n- t - - X m- W v . ]v kem-tam-Sp-IqSn Ccp-]Xv dIv-A-mbn- mWv CXv \nkv I - c n- t - - X v . ) s]cp-m \nkvImcw C_v\p-A-m-kn(-d)\nv: c-v s]cp m \nkvImcw kv{Xo]p-cpj t`Z-as\y hn h-cap Fm-hpw kpm-W.v (ssZe-ao) dkq(-k) s]cp-m \nkvImcw \njvI jw ]Xn-hm-n-bn-cp-p Fv klo-lmb Hcp lZo- k n hn- p- - v . Cub-Sn-m\n \psS aZvl_n (im-^n-Cu) CXv {]_-eamb kppw Camw A_q-l\o^ (d)-bpsS A`n-{]m-bn ^fvsF\pw (^ fv\n-kIm-cw-t]mse Hmtcm hynpw \n v _-am-bX) BWv. CXns kp-ns\ - v \ntj-[n-h Im^n-dmbnocp-Xp-amWv. `h-\-n-\p Ah-Imiw sskZp-_v\p-km-_n-Xn(-d)\nv: ^fv \nkvIm-c--sfm-gnv ap-h honshv \nh-ln- Fs ]n-bnshv (a-kv Pn-Zp_-hn-bnshv) \nkvI-cn-p--Xnt\-m al-Xz-ta-dn-bXm-Wv. (A-_q-Zm-hqZv) ]pcp-j Ahs honshv kp v \nkvImcw \nh-ln- P\--fpsS apmsI \nkvI-cn-p--Xn-t\-m-fp-]cn D aamWv. GI-\mbn \nkvIcn-p-Xn-t\m Pam-An-\p t{ijvTXv Xpeyw al-chpam-Wv. (C-_v\p- A-_o-ssi_) t]cv Adn-bs-Sm Hcm-fn\n-mWv Cu lZokv \nth-Z\w sNs--Xv. km[m-cW ew \nWbn--s-nnm kpv \nkvIm-c- (D-Zm. dhm-n-_v) Ah-\-hs `h-\-nshv sN hfsc al-Xz-ap Imcy-am-Wv.
Pm_n(-d)\n-:v Am-lphpw Ah s ae-p-Ifpas\y amcpw Zin-m-hn[w hnP-\--evshv Hcm c-v dI-Av \nkvIcn-m Ah\v \c-In \npw tamN\w Fgp-Xs-Sp-Xm-W.v (C.-Akm-In) Amlp \ap-smw J_-dnse inbn\npw \c-I-n\npw tamN\w \I-s Bao. \nkvIm-cm-\--c-ap "ZpB-I' F A[ym-bn {]kvXm-hn A_q-Dam-abp - sS lZo-kns ASn-m-\-n AtX ZpB kpv \nkvIm-cfpsS tijhpw - kp-m-Wv. A_q-_kn-noJv(d)\nv: Hc-Sna h sNdp-tZm-jhpw sNp-Ibpw A\-cw hpfp sNbvXv c-v dIv-Av \nkvI-cn-p-Ibpw tijw Am-lp-thmSv am-t]-n-p-Ibpw sNbvXm Amlp Ah\v s]mdp-p-sImSp-m-Xn-cn-bn-. (Xpap-Zo, A_q-Zm-hq-Z) v Amlp \psS ]m-m]w kzoIcn-p-Ibpw ]m]- s]mdp-p-Xcn-Ibpw sN-s Bao! (ta {]kvXm-hn-s kpv \nkv Im-cfn s]cp-m \nkvIm-cw, Xdm- holv \nkvImcw, dwkm\nse hnXv \nkv Imcw ag\nkvImcw, {KlW \nkvImc Fnh Pam-A-mbn \n-ln- kp-m-Wv. ap-hbn Pam-Av kp - -m-s-n-n-) (A-Sna Fm Amlp-hns ASna FmWv hnh-.) al-camb Aa-ep-I sNbvXv t{ijv - T-XI kw`-cn-p-hm\pw ZpjvsN-bvXn-I ]msS Hgn-hm-p-hm\pw Am-lp (-X) \s klm-bn-pamdmI-s Bao! Pam-Av (kw-L-SnX \nkvIm-cw) A_q-lp-ssdd(d)\n-v: ]pcp-j P am-A-mbn \nkvI-cn- Ahs `h-\ntem ]-Wntem shv (X-\n-sb) \n kvI-cn-p--Xn-t\-m Ccp-]-v aS v t{ijvT-ta-dn-b-Xm-Wv. Imc-Ww, \nfn-sem-cp-h \ \ne-bn hpfq sNbvXv

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]n- b n- t ev hm (Xk- a bw \nkvIm-c-a-m ap bmsXmcp Dt-ihpw Ah\n-) Ah \S Hmtcm Nhn--Snbp sS F-a-\p-k-cnv Hmtcm ]Zhn Amlp Ahv Dbp-Ibpw Hmtcm ]m]- Ah-\n \nsm-gn-hm-p-Ibpw sNpw. Ans\ Ah ]n- b n- s e- n- - g nm \nkvImcw Ahs\ _-\n-emp ka- b - a - { Xbpw Ah \nkv I mc nXs-bm-W.v Ah \nkvIcn ep-\n-pw sXp--Xp-h-tcv ae-p-I Ahs-ta kzemv sNmpw (A-Yhm) ]S-hs\, Chv \o amv \tI-Wta! ]S-ht\, Chv \o A\p-{Klw \tI-Wta. ]S-ht\, Ch-sta \o ]m-m]w - kzoI-cn-t-W ta! Fn-s\ {]mn-psIm--n-cn-pw. Ah h A\m-h-iyhpw {]hn p-Itbm hpfq apdn-bp-Itbm sNp-Xp-hsc am{Xw (_p-ap.) (C-ns\ hnhn[ coXn-IfnIqSn Ah\v {]Xn-^ew e`n-p Imc-W-m-emWv PamA-m-bp \nkvIm-cns t{ijvTX I]n--s-Xv.) _pJmcn apkven-ans asmcp \nth-Z-\n Ccp-]n\v ]Icw Ccp-]n-Ggv Fp-v. A_p-Zdn(-d)\nv: Hcp ]pcp-j X s Cam-ans \nkvImcw Ah-km-\n-pthmfw Cam-tamSv Hnv \nkvIcn-m Hcp cm{Xn apgp-h \nkvIcn- {]Xn-^ew Ahs-gp-Xs-Sp-Xm-W.v (A-laZ,v C.- ln-m) v Hukn(-d)\nv: ^fv \nkvImcw P am- A - mbn \nkv I - c n- m th- n (P- a mA-p e-t-v) Hcm \S-p-t]mbm B \Sw Hcp lv sNbvX-t]msebpw, kpv \nkvIm-c-ns Pam An-p-th-n \S-p-t]m-bm AsXmcp Dwd-t]m-se-bpam-W.v (Xz_vdm\n, knbmA-) v A\-kv(-d)\n-v, XIv_o-d-p- Clv dmw \jvS-s-Sm- \n-e-bn XpS-bmbn \m]Xv Znhkw Pam-A-n ]s-Sph\v c-v tamN-\--sf-gp-X-s-Spw. Hv \cI- n\n- v , asmv I]- S - h n- i zm- k n \nv. (Xpap-Zn) Dkvam-\n(-d)\n-v: XIv_o-dp- C lvdmw \jvS-s-Sm coXn-bn Cim- \n kvImcw Pam-A-mbn \nkvI-cn-m \n i-bpsS ]Ip-Xnbpw kp_vln Pam-A-m bn \nkvIcn-m cm{Xn apgp-h\pw \nkvIcn-Xp-t]mse {]-Xn-^eml-ambn (apkvenw) Da-dn(-d)\n-:v Hmw dI-Av \jvSv s-Sm coXn-bn \m]Xv Znhkw Cim\n-kvImcw Pam-A-n \nkvI-cn-m AXv Imc-W-ambn Am-lp Ah\v \c-In \n-p tamN\w \n_--am-p-Xm-Wv. (C-_v\p-am-P) A_q- lp-ss_-Z(-d)\n-v: shn-bm gvN kp_vln \nkvImcw Pam-Ambn \n -ln-p-Xn-t\-m t{ijvTamb asmcp \nkvIm-chp-an. {]kvXpX \nkvIm-cn kn-ln-X\m-hp GsXm-cp-hs\bpw ]m]tam-N\w \I-s-h\m-bmsX Rm I - cp-Xp-n-. (Xz-_vdm-\n) A_q-l-kva-bpsS aI kpsse-ams ]p{X A_q_dn(d)\nv: A_q-lkva- aI kpsse-am Hcp Znhkw kp_v ln \nkvIm-c-n kw_-n-m-Xv Da(-d)- Adn-p. Av Da(-d) ]-Wntev t]mhp- t m (kpsse- a m(- d ) F-hcpsS `h\w ]-Wn-sbpw ]nbp-sSbpw CS-bn-em-bn-cp-p.) kpsseam (d) F-h-cpsS amXmhv "i^m-Cs\ I-tm At\z-jn-p. Cv kp_vln \nkv Im-c-nv kpsse-ams\ I-n-tm' XZh-kcw B kv{Xo t_m[n-np. Ah cm {Xn apgph \nv \nkvI-cn-XpImcWw Dd- n- t mbn. AXv - s Im- - m Wv kp_v l n \nkvIm-cn-s\-m-Xn-cp--Xv. Cu adp]Sn tI Da(-d) {]kvXm--hn-p. \n-bw, kp_vln \nkvIm-c-n kw_-n-emWv cm{Xn apgph \nkvIcn-p-Xn-t\m F\n-n-jSw. (XXz_vdm-\n, amen-I) v v

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D_-n(-d)\n-v: \nbw! Cu c - p \nkvImc (kp-_lv, Cim) ap\m-^nJpIv hfsc `mc-aphbm-Wv. bYmn Ch- b n- e psm- alXzw Fs-h-c-dn-n-cp-s-n (\-S-m km[nm--]-w) app-Ip-n-bn-mbmt]m epw Ah {]kvXpX \nkvIm-c-v F n-t-cp-am-bn-cp-p. (P-am-A-mbn \nkv I-cn-p-tm) Ghpw apnse AWnbn \nm {in-p-I. \nbw! AXv aep-I-fpsS kz^p-I-fp-tS-Xnv Xpey-amWv. AXns t{ijvTX \n-dn-bm-ambn-cp-s-n Am-cy-n \n [rXn -]n-Sn-p-am-bn-cp-p. Hcp ]pcp-j asmcp ]pcp- j - t \m- s Sm- nv \nkv I - c n- p- Xv X\nsb \nkvI-cn-p--Xn-t\-m-fp--a-amWv . c- m - f p- I - t fm- s Sm- n- p \nkv I mcw Hcm-tfm-Sp-IqSn \nkvI-cn-p--Xn-t\-mfpw t{ijvS-am-Wv. IqSp-X-em-fp-I-fp-Xv GtXm AXv Am-lp-hn\v Ghpw CjvS-s-XmWv. (A-lva-Zv, A_q-Zmhq-Zv) bko-Zp-_\p- A-khZn\nv: \n-fn-semv v cp-h Xs hmk-ep-shv \nkvIcn- p-Ibpw ]noSv AtX \n-kImcw Camw \nkv v I-cn-p-Xmbn ImWp-Ibpw sNbvXm Cam tam-sSm-nv ho-pw \nkvI-cn-p-I. An s\ sNp-Xm-bm AX-hv kpv \nkvIm-cam-W.v (lm-Inw, A_q-Zm-hq-Z) v A_q-lp-ssd-d(-d) \n-v: \nbw! Rm\m-{K-ln-p. \nkvI-cn-p-hm Rm\mm-]n-p-I. CJm-a-n-\p-tijw HcmtfmSv Cam-ambn \nkvI-cn-p-hm \ntin-p-I. \nkvImcm\cw hnd-Ip-sI-p-I hln GXm\pw ]pcp-jam-scbpw Iqn Pam- A - nv kn- l n- X - c m- h m- - h sc kao-]np. Ah-cpsS hoSp-Isf Ah-tcmsSmw Icn-p-I-f-mtem Fv. (_p.-ap.) _mv tIp- - h Pam- A - n kw_-n-Ww A_vZp-m-ln-_v\p- D-n-aIvXq-an(-d)\nv: Atlw \_n(-k)sb kao-]n-p-sIm- t \z- j n- p. Am- l p- h ns dkqte! aZo\, Cg-P-p-fpw lnw{k-ar-K-fpw kpe`-amb e-am-Wv. Rm\m-sW-n A \pw, ]n-bn\n-Ise Xma-kn-p-bmfp-am-Wv. ncw hgn-Imn F\n-n-Xm-\pw. (B-I-bm) F\nv \nkvImcw hon shv \ n- l n- m A\p- h m- Z - a pt- m ? ]n-bn\n-p _mvhnfn Xm-fpsS hon tIptam? Xncp-ta\n At\z-jnp. tIpw, Atlw ]d-p. Fm \n hnfn-p-cw sNp-I. (\n-kvI-cnm hcn-I) \nv bmsXmcp Cfhpw Rm ImWp-n-. CXm-bn-cpp dkqens {]Xn-h-N-\w. (A-_q-Zm-hq-Zv) _mv tIp-Ibpw AwKo-Icn-s bmsXmcp hnSp-Xn-I-fp-an-msX (hn-Sp-Xn-Isf- m- s Wv tNmZn- - s - - t m tcmKhpw `bhpw FmWv ]d-b-s--Xv) \nkvIm-c-nv lmP-dm-hm-Xn-cn-bpw sNbvXm (A-hs \nkvImcw nco-Icn-s-Sp-I bn-. (A-_q-Zm-hq-Zv) X-Xmb Imc-W-fn-msX Pam-A-n kw_n- msX honshv \nkv I - c n \nkvImcw kqa Fv hnh-. ]I apgph {hX-a\p-jvTn-pw. cm{Xn apgp-h \nkvIcn-pw. ]t, PpapApw Pam-Anpw ]s-Sp-n-. Cn-s\-bp Hcm-sf-n At\z-jn-tm Ah acW-s-m \c-In-emWv FmWv A_ vZp-m-ln-_v\p Amkv adp-]Sn \In-bXv. - A_vZp-m-ln-_v\p -D-a(d) ]d-bp-p. _lp-am-\s Da(-d) Hcn- Xs Hcp tXm-n-tev t]mbn-cp-p. Xncn-p-h-cptm-tgpw P\- Ak \nkvImcw \n-ln-p-I-gn-n-cp-p. hnh-c-a-dn Da(-d) DSs\ ]d-p. Cm-en-.. lm, IjvSw F\nv Ak-dns Pam-Av \jvS-s-p-t]m-bn. apkvenw-I-tf, \n kmn. Fs tXmw Rm km[p-v kw`m-h\ sNbvXn-cn-p-p. (kw-`-hn-pt]mb hogvNv {]mb-n--am-hmth--n)

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lmXn-ap-A-k-v(-d)-]-d-p. F\nsm-cn- Pam-Av ]mgm-bn-tm-bn. Cm- c y- n F\n- p- - m b ZpxJ- n Fs Biz-kn-n-Xv, A_q-Ckvlm-Jp _p-Jmcn am{X-am-bn-cp-p. Fm F\nsmcp ]p{X ac-W-s-m Bbn-c--Wn-\m-fp-I Fs kam-iz-kn-n-m-\p-- m Ip-am-bn-cp-p. Imc-Ww, aX-]camb Imcy-- fn kw`-hn-p _pn-ap-p-I `uXn-I- _pn-ap-n-I-tf-m F{Xtbm \nm-c-am-bnmWv Bfp- I Icp- X p- - X v . Fm \nbw, Fs k-Xn-I apgph ac-W s-mt]mepw Cu Pam-Av \jvSsXnt\-m F{Xtbm \nm-camWv F\nv. (]qo-I-c-amb almamv PamA n-s\-p-dn-p hoWw Cu \ne-bnem-bn-cp-p. B[p-\nI apkamt\m? Ah s Pohn-Xn Pam-Anv h m\hp-apt-m? Hmtcm-cp-cpw Hcm ]cn-tim[\ \S-n-t\m-q.) \nkvImcw Ahs IW- hnv -ta t]m-p-b-cp-I-bn-. (Xz_vdm-\n) ak-ZpK-\-ho(-d)\n-v: \n-fpsS \nkvImcw kzoIm-cy-am-hm \nv k tm-jIcam-sW-n \nfnse ]nX - - am \nv Cam-am-hs. \nbw (] n-Xam) \n-fp-sSbpw \n-fpsS \mY sbpw CS-p \nth-ZIcm-W.v (Xz-_dm\n) - v C_v\p-a-kv-Du-Zn\n-v: \n-fnsh v Amlphns InXm_v (Jp-B) Hm Xp--Xn ]mn-Xy-aph \nv C am-ambn \n-s. Am-cy-n Fm-hcpw Xpey-cm-sW-n \_n-N-cy-Isf- p- d nv IqSp- X Adn- h p- - h \pw, AXnepw Xpey-cm-sW-n ]mcm-b-Wn BZy- a mbn ]s- S p- - h \pw, AXnepw kaam-cm-sW-n IqSp-X {]mb-ap Bfpw Cam-ambn \n-s. Hcm-fpsS A[n-Im-c-n asm-cm Camav \n-cp-Xv. thsdm-cm-fpsS `h-\n sNm Abm-fpsS A\p-hm-ZanmsX Abm-fpsS {]tXyI Ccn-n-Sn-encn-bp-acp-X.v (ap-kenw) (\nnX Camap - v ev asm-cm A\p-hm-Z-an-msX Cam-av \n-cp-Xv.) C_v\p-Dadn(-d)\n-.v Xt-m Jp- B-\nepw Zo\n-bmb Adn-hnepw ]mn-Xyap-hv Hcp-h Cam-av \nm B (C-am-ans) \nkvImcw Ay-Zn-\w-htcpw XmgvNbn-em-bn-cn-p-Xm-Wv. (D-ssJen) A_q-lp-ssd-d(-d)\n-v: \nkvIm-cnvth-n _mv hnfn--s-m \n [rXn- ] n- S npw HmSn- s m- p w t]mI-cp-Xv. {]XypX A-S--tm-Sp-IqSn am{Xw t]mhpI Cam-tam-Sp-IqSn \nkvI-cnm kuI-cy-s-Xv \nkvIcn-p-I. \jvSam-bXv (C-am-ans kem-an-v) tijw ]qn-bm-p-I. \n-fn-te-sXm-cp-h \nkvI-cn-p-hm Ftm Icp-Xntbm Atmap-X Ah \nkvIm-cn-em-bn. (ap-kenw) v

Camw Bcm-bn-cn-Ww h-h\pw Hcp P\-Xv Cam-ambn \nkv I-cn-p-p-sh-n Ah XnI kq vaX ]men-p-sIm--s. Ah D-c hm-Znbpw D-chm-Zn-Xz-s-p-dnv tNmZyw sN-s-Sp--h-\p-am-sW Imcyw Ah icnpw a\n-em-p-Ibpw sNs. Ah \-\n-e-bn \nkvImcw \nln-m Ahs ]nn\nv \nkvIcn-hcpsS {]Xn- - ^-en bmsXmcp Ipdhpw hcmsXXs Xp-ey-amb {]Xn-^ew A-hpw (Cam-anp)ap-mbn-cn-pw. adn-v \yq\-XI hXpw -kw`-hn-m AXn-\p-chmZn Ah(C-amw) - am{X-am-bn-cn-pw. (X_zdm\n) A_q-lp-ssd-d(-d)-bn\n-v: Am-lphns A\p-{Klw BZy-ambn Cam-ans ta ]noSv At-l-ns he-`m-K-p-h-cn Cns\ {Iam-\p-kmcw h-jn-p sIm- - n - c n- p- - X mWv . Xl(-d)\n-v: Xs shdp-p-hv Cam- a mbn \nkv I - c n- p- - h s

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kz^v ( A- W n)- s bm- npw apnse kz^p-I-fnepw \npI _dm-C(-d)\n-v: \nbw, Am-lp hpw Ahs ae-p-Ifpw Hmw kz^ns ta kzemv sNmp--Xm-Wv. (A-lva-Zv, A_q-Zm-hq-Z,v C_v\p-am-P, lmInw) Amlp kzemv sNmp-I-sb-m ]m]-tam-N\w \I- e m- W v . AXn- \ p- t h- n {]mn- emWv ae-p-I-fpsS kzemv. A_q-D-am-a(-d)\n-v \nbw, Hmw kz^ns ta Am-lphpw Ahs aep-Ifpw kzemv sNmp--Xm-Wv. BIbm \n kz^p-I (A-Wn-I) icns-Sp-p-Ibpw Npa-ep-I ]c-kv]cw t\cnSn-p-Ibpw ktlm-ZcfpsS ssIIsf ab- - am-p-Ibpw (Xs ssI ASp-p-\np-hs ssIbn apm--hn[w shpI.) AWn-InS-bnse hnS-hp-I-f-S-p-Ibpw sNp-I. Imc-Ww, An-s\-bp hnS-hpI- f n ]nimNv BnIp- n- s b- t mse \pgp-I-b-dp--XmWv. (A-lvaZv) Bbn-i(-d)-bn\n-v: \n-bw, Amlphpw Ahs ae-p-Ifpw AWn-I-fn \nv \nkvIcn-p-hcpsS ta kzemv - sNmpw. AWn- I - f n I- Hcp hnS- h ns\ Hcm AS-m Hcp ]Z-hnsb Amlp Ahv Dbpw. asmcp \nth-Z-\-n hnShv \nI-n-bm Ah\v s]mdp-s-Spw Fpap- v . (A- l v a Zv ) C_v\p-D-a-dn(-d)\nv: Hcp kz^ns\ Hcp-h tNm Amlp Ah-s\bpw tNpw. kz^ns\ apdn-m Amlp Ah-s\bpw apdn-pw. (\-km-Cu, lmInw) kz^p-I tNp--hs\ Amlp Ahs A\p-{K-l-tmSv tNp-Ibpw kz^p-I tOZn-p-hs\ A\p-{K-ln \nv ZqcoIcn-p-Ibpw sNpw Fv kmcw.
mIvZA pfud RoulathulAdkar

hm_n-C-p-_v\p-a-A-v_-Zn(-d)\n-v: tl, (kz^n\n--I-v) Hv \nkvI-cnp a\p- j ym, \o Fp- s Im- v AWnI-fn tNp-\n-n? kz^n \n\v \nm e-an-m-bn-cp-s-n \n\ v kz^n\nsm-cmsf ]ntmv (km-h[m\w) henpIqSm-bn-cp-tm. (F-p-sIm - v \o C- s \- s bmpw sNbv X n- ) BIbm \n\v \nkvIm-c-an-. \obXv ho-pw \nkvI-cn-q. (XXz_vdm-\n) kz^ns ]nn (H-) \nv \nkvI- v cn-p--hv \nkvIm-c-an-. (C-_v\pamP) A_q-lp-ssd-d(-d)\n-v: \n-fn-semcp-h (dp-Iq-C\npw apw) Cam-anv ap mbn inc-p-bp]w (A-y-\mfn) Amlp Ahs incpw ico-chpw Igp-XbpsS cq]-n-em-p-Xn-s\-p-dnv Ah-s\mpw `b-ant? (_p.-ap.) ssi_m-\n(-d)\n-v: Cam-an-p-ap-m bn Hcp-h incv shp-Itbm DbpItbm sNbvXm Ahv \nkvIm-c-an-. (C-_v\p- Jm-\n-A-v) Bbn-i(-d)\n-v: kz^p-Ifn he-Xp`m-K-p--h-cpsS ta Am-lphpw Ah s ae-p-I-fpw kzemv sNmp--XmWv. (C-_v\p-am-P, C_v\p-ln-m, A_qZm-hq-Zv) (C-{Xbpw ]d--Xn\npw kz^p-Ifn\nv \nkv - I - c n- t - - X ns A\n- h mcy-Xbpw AXn-\m-ep al-Xz-fpw hmb\-m a\-n-em-p-atm? kz^p-I-fn \nv sXn-\n-m \nkvIm-c-an Fv ]d--Xns kmcw Pam-A-ns am lmyw Ahv e`n--bn Fm-Ip-p, {]Xy--n Ahs \nkvImcw klolm-Wv.) Am-lpth Ahn-Sps al-m b Aa-ep-I apd-{]-Imcw sNbvXv t{ijvTX-I kw`-cn-m\pw ZpjvsN-bvXn-I ]msS Hgn-hm-m\pw Ahn-Spv Rsf klm-bn-t-Wta Amlv-. Bao.

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549 kXyhnizmknIsf, \n-fpsS app-h-cpsS ta \n-bn--sncpXv t]mse \n-fpsS taenepw {hXw \n-bn-s-n-cn-p-p. \n kqvaXbph- c m- I m th- n . (hn. Jp. 2/183.) (Amlphns imk\b\pkcnv Da {]`mXwapX kqcymkvXabw hsc `W]m\obfpw, kwt`mKw XpSnb hbpw Dt]npXnmWv t\mv Fv ]dbpXv. CXv Hmtcm apkvenw kv{Xo]pcp j\pw \namWv. Ckvemans ] kvXw`fn \mematXmWnXv. HcpX cnesn asmcpXcn ]qoI kapZmbmpw hrXm\pjvTm\w \n ambncpp. imcocnIhpw am\knIhpw BtcmKy]chpw Aobhpw kmaqlnIhp amb Htsd t\ {]Zm\w sNp ] hn{Xamb Hcmcm[\m IamIpp t\m v. \n `b`nbphcmbnocm t h - n F hmIyw t\mns ]e t\fn HntemWv hnc Nq- p Xv. a\pjys\ `b`nbph\mm ]cym]vXamb Fm KpWfpw hrXm\pjvTm \neqsS e`npw.) 550 a\p-jyv am-Zi-\hpw kms- p- d nv hy- a mb sXfn- h p- I fpw (\Xn-I-sf) thXn-cn-p-Xpw Bbn Jp- B Ah- X - c n- n- - s dwkm amkw. AXp-sIm-v \n-fn\nv B amk-n kn-ln-X-cm-Ip--h AXn {hXw A\p-n-vsIm--s. Bsc-nepw tcmKntbm bm{X-bntem Bbm Ah ap Znh-kfn Fw ]qn-bm- Ww. - Amlp \n-v kuI-cy-s-bmWv Dt- i n- p- - X v . \nv {]bm- k - a p- - m m Ah Dt-inp-n. \n ({hX-ns Fw) ]qn-bm-p--Xn\pw \nsf amK- Z \w sNbv X - X ns t]cn Amlp-hns al-Xzs \n hmgvp--Xn\pw \n \n -ImWn-p-Xn\pwth-n. (hn. Jp. 2/185.) (hnip JpBs AhXcWwsIm - v ]hn{XamIp amkamIpp dafm amkw. P\v kmw ImWnp sImSpm\pw kXyhpw AkXyhpw Xn thXncnm\pw th- n bmWv hnip JpB AhXcWobambXv. a\pjys\ kw_ntStmfw JpBs AhX cWw Hcp almkw`hamIpp. JpB AhXcnnmbncppshn a\pjy Cpw AXbptSbpw Ahnizmk fpsSbpw AImcneIsp \w Xncnbpambncpp. hnip JpB B Wv Ahsc shfnntev \bnXv. B JpB AhXcn amkwXs hrXm\p jvTm\w \namm Amlp Xnc sSpXv AK`ambncpp. a\p jy\v `uXnIhpw Bobhpamb in Ww \Ip amkamWv t\mv. AXv Jp B AhXcns amkw Xsbmbn cns Fv Amlp Xocpam\npIbm Wp-mbXv. dafm amkn \mneph hrX a\pjvTnWw. tcmKnIfpw bm{Xmcpw hrXa\pjv T nt- X n. Ah ]noSv t\mphonbm aXn. Amlp Xs Zmk msc _pnapnm Dtinpn. A hv kuIcyw sNbvXpsImSpm\mWp tinpXv . AXv s Im- m Wv Ah Cu Xcn hnphogvNI A\phZnnp Xv. dafm amkn t\mv \namb

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Xns {][m\ Dtiw IqSn Cu Bbv hyampp-v. hnip JpB Ah Xcnnv \s Amlp t\amnem nbXnv Aht\mSv \n ImWnm\pw Ahs alXzw {]Ionm\pw th-n bmWv {][m\ambpw {hXw \namn bnpXv. (30 PpkpAv JpB eulp alv^qfn \nv Hmw BIminten dnbXv sseeXpJZv cm{XnbnemWv.) 551 t\mns cm{Xn \n \n-fpsS k{Xo- I - f p- a mbn thgv N - \ - S - p- Xv \nv A\p-hZn-s-n-cn-p-p. Ah \np hkv{X-hpw \n Ah p hkv{Xhp-am-Wv. \n \n-sfs hn-n-cn-p-p-shv Amlp Adn- n- p- - v . Ah \n- f psS ]mXm]w kzoI-cn-p-Ibpw \nv amcp-fp-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn-p-p, AXn\m \n Ah-cp-ambn kl-h-kn-pIbpw Amlp \nv hn[n--Xns\ tXSpIbpw sNp- h o. Dj- ns Idp \qen\npw shfp- -\q \nv hy-am-Ip-Xvhscbpw \n Xnp Ibpw IpSn-p-Ibpw sNp-ho. ]noSv cm{Xn- h sc {hXw ]qn- b m- p- h o. ]n-bn `P-\an-cn-p-tm \n Ahcp-ambn kwkKw sN-cp-Xv. Ch Amlp-hns \nba]cn-[n-Ifm-Ipp. ChtbmSv (\nfpsS kv{XoItfmSv) \n ASp-cpXv. C{]-Imcw Amlp Xs kti a\p-jyv hnh-cn-v sImSppp. Ah kqn- p- Xn- p- t h- n . (hn. Jp. 2/187.) 552 Ah (kXyhnizmknI) tJZnv aSp-hcpw Am-lp-hns\ Bcm-[n-p-hcpw kvXpXn-p-hcpw t\m-\p-jvTn-p-hcpw dpIqDw kpPqZpw sNp--hcpw \Xv I]n-p-hcpw Xn hntcm-[n-p-hcpw Am-lp-hns \nba] cn-[n-Isf Imp-kq-n-p--h-cp-am-Wv. B kXy hnizm-kn-Isf \n ktmjhm Adn-bn-p-I. (hn. Jp. 9/112.) ({]m\bpsS alXzhpw BhiyI Xbpw hnhcnp Hcp kqamWnXv. t\mns \nbahn[nI hnhcnpXn \nSbnemWv Cu hmIyw AhXcn nncn pXv. t\mpw {]m\bpw Xnep _sbmWv kqNnnpXv . asm Bcm[\mIsftmse t\m pw {]m\m \n`camWv. {]m\ tbmsS sNpXm Hcp C_mZpw Amlphns ASp kzoImcyamhpI bn. {]m\ Bcm[\bpsS abm sWpw {]m\ XsbmWv Bcm[\ Fpap \_nhN\ HmpI.) \_nhN\w \_n (k) ]dncnpp: AXv (da fm) kl\ns amkamIpp. kl \ns {]Xn^ew kzw am{XamIpp. AXv ]ckv ] cw klmbnsbpw amkamWv. \_n (k) ]dp: Bscnepw dafm amkn hnizmktmSpw {]Xn^ tetbmSpwIqSn {hXa\pjvTnm Ah s apIgn Fm ]m]fpw s]mdp sSpw. (_pJmcn) \_n (k) ]dp: \n dafm Ahkm\s ]nse Hbmb cmhp Ifn sseep JZv d ns\ {]Xo npI. (_Jmcn, apkvenw) \_n(k) ]dp: Bscnepw ssee p JZvdn hnizmktmsSbpw {]Xn ^em{KltmsSbpw Bcm[\bn apgpInbm Ah appsNbvX ]m] s]mdpsSpw. (_pJmcn, apkvenw) \_n (k) ]dp: Hcp t\mpIm cs\ Bscnepw t\mv Xpdnm B

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t\mpImcs {]Xn^en bmsXmcp tImhpw XmsX AtX ^ew t\mv Xpd nh\pap- m bncnpw. (XpapZn) \_n(k) ]dp: \nfpsS hrX\m fpI kamKXambm Ak`y kwkmc tfm Ieltfm ]mSn. t\mpImct\mSv iWvTv hcnItbm Ahs\ No ]dbpI tbm sNbvXm Rm t\mpImc\msW v adp]Sn ]dbs. (_pJmcn, apkvenw) \_n (k) ]dp: Wnm \n Ww kzoIcnpI. t\mp kab mWv WnsXn AhnsShv \nkvIcnpt]mcpI. Asn t\mv Xpdv `Ww Ignpt]mcpI. (apkvenw) \_n (k) ]dp: hh\pw Onbp -mbm Ah t\mv t\mphotXn. Fm Adnv s Im- v Onbp - m pIbmsWn Ah AXv t\mp hoWw. (XpapZn) \_n (k) ]dp: t\mv ISap \nebn hh\pw acnm Ahs ASp _p Ah\pth- n AXv t\mp hoWw. (_pJmcn, apkvenw) A\mhiyamb hmpw {]hnbpw aq ew t\mpImc\v hpt]mb ]nghpIfn \nv Ahs\ Dcnm\pw ]mhv Blmcn\pambn ^nXv kImvv \n _amnbncnpp. (A_qZmhqZv) \nbw, \_n(k) ]dp: P\ s]cpm \nkvImcnv ]pdsSpXn v apmbn kImXp ^nXv \IWsav. (_pJmcn) \_n(k) ]dp: AXn (dafm\n) Hcp \n_ Iw \nlnm ap amkfn Fgp]Xv \n_ I \nlnXn\v XpeyamWv. (ss_lJn) \_n (k) ]dp: Av \nkvImc fpw, Hcp PpapA ASp, PpapA hscbpw, Hcp dafm ASp dafm hscbpw Ah bvnSbn kw`hnp ]m] s]mdp m ImcWamIpw. alm]m] Dt] npIbmsWn. (apkvenw) \_n (k)tbmSv Ad^m t\mns\ pdnv tNmZnsp. Atm \_n(k) ]dp: IgnXpw hcpXpamb h js ]m]v AXv ]cnlmcambn cnpw. (apkvenw) dwkm t\mvIgnm Ghpw t{ijv Sambt\mv aplamknse t\mmWv. \_n (k) ]dp: Bscnepw dafm \n t\m\pjvTnpIbpw imen Bdp Znhk AXnt\mSv IqpIbpw sNbvXm Ah Hcp sImw hrXa\p jvTnXn\v XpeyamWv. l: Awdp_v\p BkznbpsS aI A _vZpmln(d)\nv \nthZ\w: Atlw ]dp: Hcn \_n (k) Fs Bsf Abv hnfnnp. Fnv ]dp: \o F m Znhkhpw ]I hrXa\pjvSnpIbpw cm{Xn (DdmsX) \nv \nkvIcnpIbpw sNmdps- v F\nv hnhcw Innb tm? (icnbmtWm) Rm ]dp. AsX! Amlphns ZqXsc! \_n(k) Acpfn: Fm Ans\ sNcpXv. CSnsS t\m\pjvSnpI bpw A\pjvSnmXncnpIbpw cm{Xn \nkv IcnpIbpw DdpIbpw sNpI. \nb ambpw \ns tZltmSv \n\v Nne ISa Ifp-v. \ns IpItfmSv \n\v ISaI fp- v . Imew apgph t\m\pjv T np h\v t\mn. \ns `mcytbmSv \n\v ISaIfp- v . \ns kinphtcmSv \n\v ISaIfp-v. Imew apgph t\m \pjvTnpXnv XpeyamWv. AXn\m Fm amknepw aqv Znhkw \n t\m \pjvTnpI. amknsemcp XhW Jp B (apgph\pw) \o HmXpI. Rm ]dp: CdXnepw IqSpX F\nv Ignbpw. \_n (k) Acpfn. (Fn) Ghpw t{ijvS {hXw \o A\pjvSnpI.

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AsX, ZmhqZv\_n (A)bpsS {hXw. Hcp Znhkw t\m\pjvSnpI. ASp Znh kw A\pjvTnmXncnpI. (Cs\bmbn cpp ZmhqZv \_nbpsS {hXw) Ggpcm{Xn Ifnembn JpB HmXnopsImq. CdXn \o Hpw A[nIcnncpXv. \_n (k) ]dp: t\msSpm cm {Xnbn Xocpam\saSpmh\v (IcpXm h\v) t\mn. (A_qZmhqZv) \_n(k) ]dp: Bscnepw t\mp Imc\msW Imcyw adv hXpw Xnp Itbm IpSnpItbm sNbvXm Abm Xs t\mv ]qnbmn sIms. (XpapZn) Bbni (d)\nv \nthZ\w: lwkXp _v\p Awdn Akvean (d) Hcn \_n (k)tbmSv ]dp. Rm bm{Xbn {hX a\pjvSnpw. (AXn\v hntcm[apt-m?) [m cmfw {hXa\pjvSnp hynbmbncpp Atlw. Atcw \_n(k) Acpfn. \o A\pjvTnm Dtinppshn A\p jvTnmw. Hgnhmphm Dtinpp sh n HgnhmpIbpw sNmw. *A\phZ\obamb ZoLbm{Xbn t\mpt]npXnv hntcm[an. F nepw _pnapsmpw IqSmsX t\m\p jvSnm Ignbp]w AXpXsbm Wpaw. Camw A_ql\o^ (d), Camw amenIv(d), Camw im^nCu(d) XpSn H\ h[n ]nXm Cmcyw hyamnbn p- v . \nch[n lZokpI AXnv sXfn hmbp-vXm\pw. Bbni(d)\nv \nthZ\w. Nnetm \_n (k) ([mcmfw Znhkw XpSbmbn

kpv) t\m\pjvSnpw. C\n AhnSp v t\mv HgnhmpIbn Fv R ]dbhw Nnetm AhnSpv(\n ch[n Znhkw XpSbmbn) t\mv A\p jv S nmsXbncnpw. C\n AhnSpv kpvt\m\pjvSnbnsv R ]dbhw dafm\msX Hcpamkw apgph \_n(k) {hXa\pjvSnXv Rm I- n n. asmcp dntmn iAv _ m apgph\pw AhnSpv {hXa\pjvTnmdp - m bncpp. (AXmbXv ) iAv _ m\n Ipd ZnhkfnsemgnsI ap Znhk fnsemw AhnSpv hrXa\pjvTnmdp - m bncpp Fpw hnp- v . (_pJmcn, apkvenw) \_n (k) ]dp: F{Xsb{X t\mp Im t\mpaqew ZmlamsX Ahv Inpn. (Zmcnan) \_n(k) ]dp: kzKn\v dm Fv hnfnsSp Hcp hmXnep-v. ]p\ cpm\ \mfn t\mpImcmsX AXn eqsS {]thinpIbn. (_pJmcn) A_qkCuZn JpZv c n(d)\nv \nthZ\w. \_n(k) ]dp. c- p Znh kw t\mn. (AXv ]mSn) sNdnb s]cp m Zn\nepw henb s]cpm Zn\nepw. (_pJmcn, apkvenw)* *s]cpm Znhkfnset]mse AmapivcoJnepw (Zpln 11, 12, 13 Znhkfn) t\mv A\pjvSn ldmamWv. Ah Xnphm\pw IpSnp hm\pap ZnhkfmsWv lZokn hncnpp.

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553 (C{_mlow \_n (A) Amlphnt\mSv {]mnp) Fs \mYm, kZvhrcn s] km\sf F\nv \o {]Zm\w sNtWta! (hn. Jp. 37/100.) 554 C{_mloans am\ycmb hncppImcpsS ham\w Xmv Fnbnpt- m? (hn.Jp. 51/24.) 555 Ah (aepI) Atlns A Spv ISpsN k`w. Ah kemw ]dp: C{_mlow (A) ]dp kemw. A]cnNnXcmb BfpIfmWtm? (hn. Jp. 51/25.) 556 (`Ww ]mIw sNbvXXn\v tijw) AXv Ahcntev ASpnntlw tNmZnp. XnpIbs. (hn. Jp. 51/27.) Atlw tNmZnp. ZqXmsc \nfpsS Imcyw FmWv? (hn. Jp. 51/31.) 557 (AhcXv Xnn) Atm Atl n\v Ahscpdnv `bw tXmn. Ah ]dp: Xm t]Sn- . m\nbmb HcmIpnsbpdnv Ahctls k tmjhm Adnbnp. (hn. Jp. 51/28.) 558 Atlw ]dp: hmIyw ]nSn F sbmtWm \nfo ktmjhm AdnbnpXv? \nfo ktmjhm AdnbnpXv FSnm\nemWv. (hn. Jp. 15/54.) 559 Ah ]dp: kXyamb ktm jhmbmWv R Xmv \In bncnpXv. AXpsIm-v Xm \ncmi cn s]pt]mIcpXv. (hn. Jp. 15/55.) 560 Ah ]dp: AXp{]ImcamWv \ns \mY Xocpam\nncnpXv . Ah X{\pw k\pw Xs bmWv. (hn. Jp. 51/30.) 561 Atlw ]dp: BcmWv Xs \mYs A\p{Kls ]n \ncmi\mhp I? hgnsXnbhcmsX. (hn. Jp. 15/56.) 562 Atm kl\ioe\mb Hcp B Ipns\pdnv Atln\v \mw ktmjhm Adnbnp. (hn. Jp. 37/ 101.) 563 As\ B Ipn\v Atltm sSmw \Sm {]mbambtm Atlw ]dp: Fs IppaIs\ \ns AdppXmb kz]v \ w ImWpp. AXv s Im- v B Imcyn \ns A`n {]mbw FmWv. (Fv Nnnv t\mpI) Ipn ]dp. Fs {]nb ]nXmth, A tbmSv InsXv sNbvXpsImpI. Amlp Dtinsn anp hcn Av Fs ImWpXmWv . (hn. Jp. 37/102) 564 As\ c- v t ]cpw I]\v (hg pIbpw) Atlw Ipns\ Hcp sNn pdtv InSpIbpw sNbvXtm (B k`w) hnhcWmXoXambncpp. (hn. Jp. 37/103.)

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565 \mw Atls hnfnv ]d p: Hm, C{_mlow. Xm kz]v\w kmm cnpIXs sNbvXncnpp. kZvhr v CXv{]Imcw XsbmWv \mw {]Xn ^ew \IpI. (hn. Jp. 37/104105.) 566 almb Hcp _enaqew Aslt \mw tamNnnpIbpw sNbvXp. (hn. Jp. 37/107.) (Amlphns B{]Imcw C_v dmlow \_n _enbn ]p{X Ckvam CuemsWpw CkvlmJmsWpw A`n {]mbap- v . kzlm_nInSbnepw Jp B hymJymXmnSbnepw Cu c - v A`n{]mbmcp- v . c- n \pw Dt]m_e Ifmb sXfnhpIfpap- v . Ckv a mCu BWsXmWv s]mXpsh apkvenwIn Sbn {]NmcnepXv.) 567 CXv hyamb Hcp ]coWw Xs bmWv. (hn. Jp. 37/106.) C{_mloans ta cbp- v . 37/109. ]nXeapdIfn AhcpsS {]ikvXn \ne\ndppIbpw sNbvXp. (hn. Jp.37/119.) 568 ]cn-ip-- `-h\ns ew C{_m-lo- an\v \mw {]Xy-s-Sp-nsm-Sp k `w FtmSv bmsXm-n-s\bpw ]v tNcpXv, {]Z-nWw sNp-hpw \nv \nkvI-cn-p--hpw dpIqDw kpPqZpw sNp--hpw th-n Fs `h-\s ipo-I-cn-pI (Fv \mw \nt-in-pIbpw sNbvXp. (hn. Jp. 22/26.) (lkv d v C_v d mlow \_nbmWv Amlphns Bb\pkcnv ]cnip IAv_m ancw ]p\\nnXv. XuloZn s ASnm\nemWv AXns ]p\ \nmWw. hn{Klfn\npw ap amen \yfn\npw AXns\ ipoIcnm \pw Bcm[\mImbn AXns\ kuIcysSpn sImSpm\pw Amlp \ntinpIbpw C_vdmlow \_n AXp {]Imcw sNpIbpw sNbvXp. C_vdmlow \_n ]WnX ]n ]noSv ]eImcW fmepw ]p\\nmWw \Snbnp- v . ) 569 AXn (IAv_bn) hyamb Zrjv Smfp- v . C{_mlow (A)\n m \w AXn Bcv ISpthm Ah \n`b \mbn. B `h\nsNv lv sN Atmv t]mIm Ignbp a\pjy smw AmlpthmSp _m[yXbmWv. Bscnepw \ntj[npIbmsWn (HmpI) AmlptemIsc Xosc B{i bnmh\mWv Xo. (hn. Jp. 3/97.) (\nch[n Ncn{X ZrjvSm IAv _mebnepw ]cnkc {]tZipap- v . AhbnsemmWv C{_mlow aJmw. IAv _ \nnptm C{_mlow \_n (A) Ibdn\n eamWXv. C{_mlow \_n (A)s Im]mSv AXn ]Xnnp- v . Amlphns \ntim\pkcWamWv C {_mlow \_n(A)bpw ]p{X CkvamCu \_n(A)bpw IAv_ ]p\\nnXv. 570 {]`mXhpw ]v cm{XnIfpw Cc bpw Hbpw cm{Xnbpw AXv Ncnptm XsbmWv kXyw. (hn. Jp. 89/14.) (krjvSmhns A]mcamb Ignhpw hy nNmXpcyhpw {]ISamIp Av {]Xn `mksf sIm- m WnhnsS kXyw sNbv XncnpXv. ]v cm{XnI FXv sIm- v Zplv amknse BZys ]v ZnhkfmWptiw. thsdbpw A`n{]mbfp- v .) 571 IAv_sb B ]cnip `h\s Amlp a\pjyv Hcp \ne\nmbn shncnpp. hnip amksfbpw

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_enarKsfbpw AhbpsS ASbmf sfbpw (hn. Jp. 5/97.) (Amlp P\v Xmmbn shn cnpp.) BImifnepw `qanbnepw D sXmw Amlp Adnbpps-pw Fm Imcysf pdnpw Amlp \mbn Adnbph\msWpw \n a\nem m th- n bmWnXv . 572 lv Imew Adnbs GXm\pw amk fmWv. Bcv B amkfn lv \n _nXamn A\pjvTnppthm Ah\v Aoetfm A[nt]tfm X tam ln ]mSpX. \n Fv \ sNbvXmepw Amlp Adnbpw. \n `Ww IcpXnsmpho. Ghpw \ `Ww XJvhbmIpp. _pnbphsc \n Fpw kqnv Pohnpho. (hn. Jp. 2/197.) (im, ZpJAZv Fo amkfpw Zplv amknse HXp Znhk fpamWv ln {]thinm\p Imew im HpapX ln\v Clvdmw sN mw. Fnepw {][m\s Ia Zp lv HXpapX ]Xnapns Dnem Wv \nlnsSpXv. Hcm ln {thinp Ignm AXn\nsmgnhm IpXn\papv `mcybpambp kwk tam AXpambn _s kwkmcwt]m epw \njnamWv. bmsXmcphn[nep IpIrXyfpw sNcpXv. kpKw D] tbmKnpI, Xemhv, Ipmbw, _pqkv, Fo Xps hkv{Xw [cnpI, ]pcpj Xe adpI, \Jtam, apSntbm \opI Xebntem XmSnbntem F tXpI. arK sf thbmSpItbm, sImesSppI tbm sNpI, kv{XoI apJw adpI. XpS nbhsbmw IpIrXyfnsXmIp p. lvthfbn Hcp Xcnep X hpw ]mSnmXmWv. lv \nlnm anXamb bmt{Xm ]IcW IcptX- X mWv . `Wtam Bhiyamb hn`htfmlns ]hn {XXbpw lv sNphs GIm{K Xbpw IfsSppwhn[w bmN\p apXncpXv sXmWv. bmt{Xm]IcW fn XJvhm, Amlphnt\mSp `n bpw DsSpp. Ghpw DIrjvSamb bmt{Xm]IcWamWXv. AXnmsX as v D]IcW IcpXnbnpw Imcyan.) 573 C{_mlow \_ntb, Xm P\ nSbn ln\v hnfw_cw sNpI. Fn \Sphcmbpw hnZqcamb am fn \nsms hpsIm- n cnp saen Fm hml\pdv Ibdnbpw Ah XmfpsS ASpv (Cu ancn) hspXmWv. (hn. Jp. 22/27.) 574 hnizknhtc, Amlphns aX Nntfbpw BZcWob amksfbpw, (IA_bntev sIm-pt]mIp) _en arKsbpw AXns Igpn sInb ASbmfsfbpw XfpsS \mY\n\n p A\p{Klhpw {]oXnbpw tXSnsm v- BZcWob `h\s Dtinpt]mIp hscbpw \n A\mZcncpXv. (\n Clvdman\npw) Hgnhmbm thbmSn smpI. Hcp P\XtbmSp hntcm[w Ah BZcWob ]nbn\nv \n sf XSXpsIm-v AhtcmSv A\oXn {]h nm \nsf t{]cnncpXv. k{]h \fnepw XJvhbnepw \n At\ym\yw klmbnpho. ]m]nepw A{Ianepw \nft\ym\yw klmbncpXv. \n A mlpth kqnpI. Xobmbpw Amlp ITn\ambn innph\mWv. (hn.Jp. 5/2) 575 Amlp Dtinsn \n`bcmbn sm- v akv P nZp ldman \n

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{]thinpsa kz]v\s Xs ZqX\v Amlp kmmXv cnpsImSpncn pp. \n (Bscbpw) `bsSm \nebn XeapSn Ifbphcpw shnp hcpamb nXnbn. Fm \n dnbnmbncp Nne Imcy Am lphnv Adnbmambncpp. As\ A XpIqSmsX Hcp Bk hnPbw (\n v) Ah t\Snp. (hn. Jp. 48/27.) 576 \npw ap bm{Xmpw PohnX hn`hamt- X nmbn ISense th hkvXpfpw AXnse `Whpw \n v A\phZnsncnpp. \n ClvdmanembncnptStmfw Icbnse thhkvXp \nv \ntcm[ns ncnpIbpw sNbvXncnpp. GsXmcp \ntemtWm \n Hcpanv Iqs SpXv B Amlphns\ \n kqn pho. (hn. Jp. 5/96.) (Clvdmw sNbvXhv ISense thPo hnIfpw ap `yhkvXpfpw A\phZ\o bamWv. ISenseth PohnI FXp sIm- v PePohnI FmWptiyw. Ic bnse tharK am{XamWv Ahv \njnambnpXv.) 577 ]noSv Ah XfpsS AgppI \opIbpw, t\I hopIbpw B ]pcmX\ ancs (IAv_sb) {]Zn Ww sNpIbpw sNs. (hn. Jp. 22/29.) (\Jw apdnpI, apSn \owsNpI, kp K{Zhyw D]tbmKnpI Ch lvka bv \njnamWv. Fm AXpaqeap -mIp AgppIsfmw lns Ah km\w \owsNWw. lvImev A hnsSshv sNm Fsnepw t\I t\nps-n Ah \ndthWw. IAv_ {]ZnWw lns AXn{][m \amb IamIpp.) 578 (lvthfbn) \nfpsS \mYs A\p{Kls At\zmjnpXn \nv Ipsampan. \n Ad^m n\npw IqtmsS {]hlnp tm ]pWykv a mcIn (AYhm apkvZen^bnse aivAdp ldmw ]nbn epw ]cnkcpambn) shv Amlp hns\ kvacnpho. Ah \nv amZi\w sNbvXXv{]Imcw Ahs\ \n kvacnpho. CXn\papv \n hgn ]nghcnshcmbncpp. (hn. Jp. 2/198.) (Ad^mpw ao\mpw at[y apkvZen ^ F eap-v. CXns\pdnmWv hnip kvamcIw Fv ]dnpXv. Chn sSshv \_n (k) ZoLambn {]mnp Ibpw lp hnZmC aKvcn_pw C imbpw tNv \nkvIcnpIbpw sNbvXp.) 579 Xnbmbpw k^mbpw ahmbpw Amlphns ASbmffn s]hbm Wv . AXpsIm- v (IAv _ m) ancnh v ltm Dwdtbm \Sphv Ah sb {]ZnWw sNpXn sXn. kz ta[bm Bscnepw \ sNbvXm (AXv shdpsXbmhn) ImcWw Xobmbpw Amlp {]Xn^ew \Iph\pw k \pamWv. (hn. Jp. 2/158.) (abn IAv_bpsS ASpp c-v IppIfmWv k^bpw abpw. Ncn{X n Chbvv h {]m[m\yap-v. C{_m low \_n (A) Xs ]Xv\n lmPdm_ohn (d:)t\bpw ]p{X CkvamCuent\bpw(A) hnP\amb abn sNmn Xncnp t]mbn. Zmlnps]mcnbp Xs Ipn \v sImSpm Hcp Xpn shw FhnsS sbnepapt-m Ft\zjnv lmPdm_o hn (d:) amdnamdn ]eXhW Cu IppIfn Ibdnt\mpIbp- m bn. Cu kw`hs

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]p\chXcnnpIbmWv. k^bpsSbpw abpsSbpw CSbn kAvbv \SpI hgn lpw Dwdbpw \nlnph sNpXv.) 580 Amlphnv t h- n \n lpw Dwdbpw ]qnbmpho Fm \n XSbsm _enarKn Ffp ambXv (FnpI) _enarKw AXns _enev FntcpXvhsc \n \nfpsS incpI aq\w sN cpXv. \nfn Bscnepw tcmKntbm Xebn hym[nbphtcm BsWn {hXtam Zm\[tam _entbm sIm- v {]mbnw sNWw. Fm \n \n`bcmIptm Bscnepw Dwd sNbv Xv s Im- v lv h sc kpJsaSppIbm sWn Atmgpw _enbn Ffpamb Xv \SWw. AXn\v hI Is- m h lvthfbn aqv Znhkhpw \n aSnbm Ggv Znhkhpw {hXa\pjvSn Ww. As\ ]qamb ]v Znhk s {hXw. CXv Xs IpSpw_w hnip ]nbpsS ]cnkcv lmPcnmhv am{XamWv. \n Amlphns\ kqnv PohnpIbpw Amlp ITn\ambn innph XsbmsWv a\nem pIbpw sNpho. (hn. Jp. 2/196.) (lnt\m Dwdtm Clvdmw sNbvXp Ignm bmsXmcp hogvNbpw IqSmsX ]qnbmWw. Amlphns B b\pkcnpw Ahs\ alXzsSpm th-nbpw BWv Ah \nlnpXv F v IcpXpIbpw thWw. lntem Dwdbn tem {]thinXnptijw Ah ]qn bmpXnv Hcm i{Xpfm XSb sm Xs Ignhns] BSv, ]ip, HIw Fnhbn\nv kuIcyap GsXnepw Hns\ _enbdpv Zm\w sNWw. FhnsS shmtWm XSbsXv AhnsSshmWv _enbdpt-Xv. AXmWv AXns m\w. Xm XpSn sh In\nv HgnhmIpp F \ntmSpIqSnbmWp _enbdpt-Xv. ]noSv apSn \owsNWw. lntem, Dwdbntem {]thinpIgn hyn AXv kw_amb I sNbvXpIgnbpXvhsc apSntbm, \Jtam \ow sNm ]mSn. Fm Ifpw sNbvXpIgnm ln \ntm, Dwd bn\ntm hncanp F Xns ASbmf ambn apSn \owsNWw. Fm Xebnep Fsnepw AkpJw sImt-m, t] apXembhbpsS ieyw sImt- m lv Ia ]qn bmIp Xnv apv apSn \owsNm \nnX\mbm As\ sNmw. ]t Ah aqmsemcp {]mbnw sNWw. aqv Znhkw t\mv A\pjvSn pI, Zcn{Zcmb Bdpt]p aqp kzmAvhoXw `y[m\y sImSppI, HcmSns\ Adpv Zm\w sNpI. Chbn GsXnepw HmWv sNt- X v . ln {]thinm \nbns Imev Dwdbn {]thinpIbpw Fnv AXns Fm Ifpw sNbv X p Xov AXn\nv HgnhmIpIbpw sNbv XXn\ptijw ln\v Ahkcw hcp Xphsc AXn\mNcnt- bmsXmcp {]h \fnepw GsSmsX kpJambn I gnbpIbpw ]noSv lns kabv abnshv lnv Clvdmw sNp Ibpw BImw. CXn\v XapAvFv ]d bpp. Cu coXnbn lv sNph t\cs ]dXpt]mse kuIcyap Hcp arKs Adpv {]mbnw sNWw. ldan \npw c-v ale (132 In. ao.) AIse Xmaknph {]mb nw sNbvXm aXn.

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ln\v AXns aoJmn t]mbn Clvdmw sNbvXhcpw {]mbnw sNt -Xn. _enarKsf InmXncnpItbm hmm km[nmsX hcnItbm sNbvXm ]ns Hcp ]cnlmc amamWpXv . Zplv ]n\papmbn aqpw, lv Ignv esnb Ggv Znhkhpw As\ ]v Znhkw t\mv t\mpI FXmWXv.) 581 \nv Ahbn (_enarKfn) Hcp \nnX Ah[nhsc {]tbmP\ f p - v . ]noSv AhbpsS _enIn\\phZn s ew ]pcmX\ ancnSpmWv. (IAv_bpsS ASpmWv) (hn. Jp. 22/33.) 582 AhbpsS amwkfpw cfpw Amlphn FpIbn. ]s, \n fn\np `b`n Ah\n Fpp. A{]Imcw Ah Ahsb \n[o\ amnp. \nsf t\amnemn bXnst]cn Amlphns alXzw \nfn {]Ionmth- n (\_n) \ sNphsc Xm ktmj hm AdnbnpI. (hn. Jp. 22/37.) (_enIw hfsc {][m\s ]pWy IamWv . XnI `b`ntbmsS bmWXv sNt- X v. _enarKfpsS amwktam ctam adnv _enbdpph cpsS Dti ipnbpw `b`nbpamWv Amlphns ] FntcpI.) 583 hnizknhtc, \n IcmdpI ]menpho. \nv HmXntn sSpXpw Clvdmw sNbvXpsIm-v \n thbmS A\phZ\obamsWv Icp Xn thbmSnnSnXpw Am IpIm enIfmb arK \nv A\phZn sncnpp. Xobmbpw Amlp Xm \ptinpXv hn[npp. (hn. Jp. 5/1.) (IcmdpI ]menWsap]tZinv sIm-mWv kqw Bcw`npXv. IcmdpI, DSSnI, HpXopI, kJy, CkvemanI icoAv \n enncnp DchmZnXz Fmw CXns ]cn[nbns]Spp. \mw ]ckv]cw sNp hmKvZm\fpw {]XnIfpw \ndthm \mw _m[ycWv.) 584 AXmWv (lns Imcyw) Amlp ]mh\amnb hkvXpsf Bscnepw BZcnppshn AXh\v Xs \mY\n Ghpw DaambXmWv . \nv HmXntnsSph Hgn p ap \mmen arKsf mw \n v A\p hZns ncnpp. AXn\m hn{KlfmIp amen\ysf \n hnpho. AkXyw ]dbpXv Hgn hmpIbpw sNpho. (hn. Jp. 22/30.) (Amlp BZcn hkvXpsf BZcn pIsbXv kXyhnizm knIfpsS _m [yXbmWv. lv Inse ]e A\p jvTm\fpw B KWn s]XpamWv. Amlphns ] AXn\v almb {]Xn^ew e`npw. lvInS bn ]e ImcWfmepw _enbdpt - n hcpw. BSv , amSv , HI ChbmWv _enarK. amCZ kqdxbn FSpp] dv \ntcm[nhbm Fm arK fpw Adpv `n A\phZ\obamWv. ihw, Amlphns \maw Amhcp sS \mawsNmn AdpXv XpSnbhbm Wv amCZ kqdbn FSpp]dv \ntcm [nnpXv. Ad_nI XfpsS t\ arKv _lod, kmC_ Fns\ t]cv \IpIbpw AhbpsS amwkw \njn amsWv hnizknpIbpw sNbvXncpp. CXn\v bmsXmcSnm\hpan. hn{Klmcm [\ hfsc tamb Hcp ImcyamIpp.

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hn{Klmcm[\bpw AkXy {]kv X m A[nIw XmaknbmsX \nfpsS cn h\bpw Xnpw Dt]nt- X mWvXmhns\ \n I- v a ppw. \nfpsS .) {]h\sfpdnv Ah \nsf \_nhN\w l: \pss^C_v\p lmcnkn(d)\nv tNmZyw sNpw. AXn\m At\ym\yw Igp \nthZ\w. \_n(k) ]dp: Amlp B dpp \ntj[nIfmbn \n Imi`qanIsf krjvSn Astmse amdcpXv. ChnsS lmPcph lmPcnm Imew Cpw IdpIbmWv . ]{- v am hv Cu ktiw FnpsImSpt kamWv Hcp sImw. AXn \mep amk - X mWv. Nnetm CXv tIdn BZcWob amkfmIpp. hcmbncnpw t\cnv tIhscm IqSp ZpJAZv, Zpln, apldw Fo X Bibw DsmpXv. ]noSv XpSbmb aqv amk ]ns apfdp \_n(k) tNmZnp. Rm ktiw Fn Im BZcnncpXpw, PamZp BJndn pXpthm? R ]dp: Dv. \_n \pw iAv_m\p anSbnepXpamb dP_vam (k) ]dp: Amlpth, \o kmn! khpw. \_n(k) tNmZnp: CXv GXv amk (ap^Jp Asseln) amWv? R ]dp: Amlphn\pw l: Bbni (d)\nv \nthZ\w: Ah dkqen\pw Ghpw IqSpX Adnbmw. ]dbpp. Rm tNmZnp. Amlphns \_n (k) \n_vZX ]menp. \_n(k) dkqte, Ghpw \ Iambn [ assnepw t]cv]dbpsav R I kacsbmWv R ImWpXv. R cpXn. \_n(k) tNmZnp: Zpln At? fpw kacw sNstbm? \_n (k) R ]dp: AsX, \_n(k) tNmZn ]dp. Fm Ghpw \ [kacw p: CXv GXv cmPyamWv. R ]dp: kzoImcyamb lvIamIpp. Amlphn\pw Ahs ZqX\pw IqSpX l: B_nkp_v\p d_oAn(d)\n Adnbmw. v \nthZ\w: Atlw ]dp: lPdp \_n (k) \n_v Z X ssIsm- p . \ Akv h Zv Npw_npsIm- v l{kv Dadp _n(k) assnepw t]cv ]dbpsav R _v\pJm_v(d) ]dbpXmbn Rm IcpXn. \_n (k) tNmZnp: CXv bp tIp. D]Imctam D]{Zhtam sNm Ign w \njnamb cmPyat? R ]d p: AsX, \_n(k) tNmZnp CXv GXv bm Hcp Iv am{XamWv \o Fs\n ZnhkamWv? R ]dp: Amlphn\pw dnbmw. \_n(k) \ns Npw_npXv Ahs ZqX\pw IpSpX \mbn Rm I- n mbncpsn Hcnepw \ns Rm Npw_npambncpn. Adnbmw. \_n (k) \n_vZX ]menp. R (ap^Jp Asseln) l: eJoYp_v\p Bandn(d)\nv \n hnNmcnp, \_n(k) AXn\v assnepw t]cv \Ipsav. \_n(k) tNmZnp: CXv thZ\w. Atlw \_n(k)bpsS ASpv sNv tNmZnp. Amlphns dkqte, _enZn\at? R ]dp, AsX. \_n(k) ]dp: \nfpsS Cu Fs ]nXmhn\v {]mbambn. ltm, Dwd cmPyv Cu amkn Cu Znhkw F{X tbm, bm{Xtbm sNm Ignbn. Rms\ BZcWobamtWm A{XXs \nfpsS v sNWw. \_n(k) ]dp. \ns chpw kpw A`nam\hpw BZcWo ]nXmhn\v th- n \o lpw Dwdbpw sNWw. (A_qZmhqZv, XpapZn) bfmWv.

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l: A_qlpdbvd(d)\nv \nthZ\w. Atlw ]dbpp. \_n(k) ]dbpXmbn Rm tIp. Hcm lv sNbvXp. sXp Ip sNpItbm sXmb ssewKnI _n GsSpItbm sNbvXn. Fn Xs amXmhv {]khn As tmse Ah ]m]clnX\mbnocpw (ap^Jp Asseln) l: A_vZpmln_v\p Amkv(d) \nv \nthZ\w. \_n(k) ]dp: dwkm \n Dwd \nlnpXv Fs IqsS tbm AmsXtbm lv \nlnp Xnv XpeyamWv. l: A_qlpdbvd(d)\nv \nthZ\w. \_n (k) ]dp: Hcp Dwd ASp Dwd h tcpap ]m]v ]cnlmcamWv. kzo Imcyamblv In\v kzamsX {]Xn^ean. (apX^Jp Asseln) Aen (d)\nv \nthZ\w. JpB\pw Cu Ipdnn (Xs hmfpdbn _np shncp Hcp Ipdnv) DXpw HgnsI a smpw \_n(k)\npw R FgpXnbnn. Atlw XpSp ]dp: \_n(k) Acpfn. aZo\bn sF(] Xw)apX ku ]Xw hscbp {]tZ iw ldamWv. BZcWo bamWv. hh\pw ChnsS shv h A\mNmchpw sNbvXm AYhm A\mNmcw sNphv A`bw \Inbm Ah Amlphnsbpw aepIfpsSbpw a\pjycpsSbpsamw im ]nv hnt[bamIpw. ^fpw kpp amb Hcp Aaepw Ah\n\npw kzoIcn sSpIbn. (AYhm Ahs ]m Xm]hpw {]mbnhpw kzoIcnsSp Ibn.) apkvenwIfpsS kwcW hmKvZm \w (IqpchmZnXzap) HmIpp. AXv \ndthphm Ahcn Ghpw Xm sgnSbnepht]mepw ]cn{iantXmWv. Hcp apkvenans\ Hcm \nnm Amlphnsbpw aepIfptSbpw a\p jycptSbpsamw im]nh ]m{Xam Ipw. ^fpw kppamb Hcp Aaepw Ah\n \npw kzoIcnsSpIbpan. (_pJmcn, apkvenw) \_n (k) Acpfn: \n lpw Dwd bpw XpSbmbn sNpho. \nbw, A Xv \nfpsS Zmcn{Zysbpw ]m]sbpw \onfbpw. Nqf Ccpnsbpw shn bpsSbpw kznsbpw Aipnsb \opXpt]mse. (XpapZn, \kmCu) \_n(k) Acpfn: \n lv sNpho . \n sFizcyhmmcmIpw. (apkz^v) Bbni (d) \nthZ\w: \_n (k) ]dp: Ghpw IqSpX t]sc Amlp \cI n\nv tamNnnpXv Ad^ Zn\nemIpp.

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Huen-bm-
585 Adn-bpI, Am-lp-hns an{X-v Hpw `b-s-tS-n hcn-I-bn. Ah ZpxJnp-I-bp-an-. (hn. Jp. 10/62.) 586 Ah kXy-hn-izmkw kzoI-cnpIbpw kqv a - X - t bmsS Pohnv sIm- n - c npIbpw sNp--h-cm-Wv. (hn. Jp.10/63.) 587 sFlnIPohnXnepw ]ctemI pw Ahv ktmjhmbp-v. Amlp hns hN\v bmsXmcp amhpan. AXpXsbmWv almb hnPbw. 10/64. (kXyhnizmkw kzoIcnpIbpw kq vaXtbmsS PohnpIbpw sNpI. F n Amlphns hn\oX ZmkmcmIm Ignbpw. Amlphns ImcpWyw knn ASnaIv Hpw `bsSm\n. Ah scmpw ZpxJnpIbpan. CltemIpw ]ctemIpw ktmjIcamb PohnXw \bnm Ahv km[npw. CXv Am lphns hN\amIpp. hmKvZm\amIpp. Amlphns hN\v Hcp amhpw kw`hnpIbn. Cs\ Amlphns A\pkcW ZmkmcmIm IgnbpI F XmWv almb hnPbw. AXn\pdw asmcp hnPban.) (a\pjy Cu DX ]Zhnbn Fn bm DuWpw, Ddhpw, kwkmchpw, au\ hpw FmwXs Amlphn\vth-n am{X ambnocpp. AcnepXm asmw \njnambn Ah IWmp p. AhnsS Fnbm HcWnbmbn Htc sbmcp inbmbn ]cnWanpw. Chcs{X Dnbnsenb Zmkm. Cu ]Zhnbnsenbh Zo\n Bh iyanm Hscm Ne\w t]mepw CjvS sncpn. Bcm[\bvv _pnbpw Po h\pw \ne\nphmth- n am{Xam sX Hcmlmchpw `pPnpIbn. aX]camb kwKXnIfnemsX Ah kwkmcn pIbn. Chbvv Apdap GXv Im cyhpw \nlnpXpw kwkmcnp Xpw X\ptbmPyasv Ah XosSpnbncnpp. 588 RfpsS \mY Am-lphmsWv {]Jym-]n-p-Ibpw, ]ns sNmmbn \n p-Ibpw sNbvX-h--v `ban. Ah hyk-\n-p-I-bp-an-. (hn. Jp. 46/13.) \_nhN\w l: A_qlpdbvd(d)\nv \nthZ\w. \_n (k)]dp: apSn PS]nSn s]mSn]p c- BfpIfm BnbIs F{Xsb {X BfpIfp- v ! Amlphns t]cn Ah {]XnsbSpm Ah\Xv \nd thpIXs sNpw. (apkvenw) l: apBZv_v\pP_(d)\nv: \n thZ\w: Atlw ]dbpp. \_n (k) ]d bpXmbn Rm tIp. Amlp ]dn cnpp. Fs BZcnpsIm-v At\ym \yw kvt\lnphv \msf {]Imi mep ]oT D- m bncnpw. {]hm NImcpw ckmnIfpwIqSn B ]Zhn B{Klnpw. (XpapZn) Cu hnjbhpambn [mcmfw lZokpIfp v.- Ahbn HmWv Fs Hcp hennt\m Sv Bscnepw i{XpX ]penbm Rm\ htcmSv bpw {]Jym]nncnpp Fv A _qlpdbvd(d)bpsS appcn lZokv. A _q_td, \obhsc {] tIm]nnnpsn \ns \mYs\bm Wv {]tIm]nnncn pXv Fv kAZv _v\p A_ohJmkv(d) dntmv sNbvX lZokmWv asmv. CXpw t\cs hnhcnnp- v .

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589 Am-lp-hns am-n sIm-s-hsc-p-dnv acnv t]mb-h Fv \n ]db-cpXv. A, Ah Pohn-n-cnp-hcm-W.v - ]s, \n Adn-bp-n-. (hn. Jp. 2/154.) 590 Am- lp- h n- s am- n \n sIm-s-Sp-Itbm acn-p-Itbm sNbvXm Am-lp-hns ]\np ]m]-tam-N\hpw Imcp-Wyhpw Ah Hcpqnshp hn`-hsf-m D-aamWv. (hn. Jp. 3/157.) - 591 3/158.\n acn-p-Ibm-sW-nepw sIms-Sp-Ibm-sW-nepw Xo-bmbpw Amlphn--tevXs-bmWv Hcp-anv Iq-s-Sp-Xv. (acWtijw a\pjys nXn Fm bncnpw FXmWv Ghpw {][m\s Im cyw. kpJIcamb ]ctemI PohnXw e`np hynsb kw_ntS tmfw Fn s\ acnpp Fv {]iv\tab. Amlphn s amn sImshv ckm nXz]Zhn e`npw. km[mcWKXnbn acWw hcnp kXyhnizmknIv ]m] tamN\hpw kzhpamWv e`npI. kXy\n tj[nI hmcnqp kpJ t`mKhkvXp sfm F{Xtbm DaamWtm AXv.) 592 Atm Ah-cpsS \mY Ahv D cw \In. ]pcp-j\m-bmepw kv{Xobm bmepw \n-fn Hcp {]h-Is {]h n Rm ]mgm-n-fbp-Ibn-. \nfn - Nne ap Nne-cn\nv P\n-hcmWv - AXn-\m kztZiw shSn-hcpw kz`h\fn\nv ]pd-m-s-hcpw Fs am K-n an-s-hcpw [-bpw \S n-bhcpw (A-Xn) sIm-s-hcpw Btcm Ah-cp-sS-sbmw ]m]- Rm ambvv If bpw. Xmgv`mKvIqSn \Zn-I HgpIp kz

ipl-Zm-
K-n Ahsc Rm {]th-in-npIbpw sNpw.Xo-bmbpw Am-lp-hn\np {]Xn-^ew F \nev. Amlphns ] -emWv \ {]Xn-^eapXv. (hn.Jp. 3/195) (kXyhnizmknIfmb _pnamm ta {]Imcw {]mntm Ahv Am lp \Inb adp]SnbmWv ChnsS FSpp ImWnncnpXv. {]m\ am{Xw t]mc, {]h\hpwIqSn BhiyamsWv Cu adp]Sn hyampp. ]pcpj kv{Xobn \npw kv{Xo ]pcpj\n\npw P\n hcmbXpsIm- v {]h \p {]Xn^en k{Xo ]pcpjhyXym kan spw ChnsS hyamnbnp-v. Am lphns amfneqsS Nenptm ]eXcnep hnjafpw A\p`hnt -nhcpsapw Ahsbmw klnv kXy hnizmkhpw kfpw ]pWv Po hnphv AXnalmb {]Xn^e amWv HcpnshnpsXpw Cu kq w hyampp- v . ) \_nhN\w l: A_qaqk AivAcn (d)\nv \n thZ\w. Atlw ]dp: \_n(k)tbmSv tNmZnsp: [ocXpth-nbpw B`nPm Xynv th- n bpw {]ikv X npth- n bpw BfpI bpw sNmdp-v. CXn G XmWv Amlphns amnepXv?. \ _n (k)]dp: Amlphn s hN\w Db nnSnm th-n BcmtWm bpw sN pXv Ah\mWv Amlphns amn t]mcmSpXv. (ap^Jp Asseln) Av hn`mKap- v ckmnI. 1. tImfd ]nSnv acnh. 2.AXnkmcw sIm -v arXnbSh. 3. apnacnh. 4. h Xpw XIv AXnSnbn IpSpn acn h. 5. [bpn arXnbSh.

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kq^nbm
593 kXyn hnizknpIbpw k sNpIbpw XmfpsS \mY\nte v hn\btmsS aSpIbpw sNbvXhcm tcm Ah kzhIminIfmIpp. Ah cXn nchmknIfmWv. (hn. Jp. 11/23.) (kXys ]pWcmhcn\npw Xn Ipw hyXykvXamWv kXyhnizmknIfpsS Ah. kXyhnizmkw kzoIcnpIbpw k A\pjvTnpIbpw hn\btmsS Amlphntev aSpI bpw sNbvXhcmWv kXyhnizmknI. kpJ kqamb kzn imizXambn hknm `mKyw e`nphcmWh.) 594 DbsSm\pw Xs \maw {]Ion m\pw Amlp Innp `h\ fn (]nIfn) {]`mXnepw kym kabfnepw AhnsSshv ]pcpj m Ahs ]cnipnsb hmgvpp. Amlp hns\ kvacnpXn\npw \nkv Imcw \nlnpXn\npw kImv sImSp pXn\npw {Ib hn{Ib Ahsc XSbpn. lrZbfpw t\{Xfpw Iogv ta adnbp Hcp Znhkt(]p\ cpm\ \mfns\) Ah `bsSpp. (hn. Jp. 24/ 3637.) (]nI Amlphns `h\fm Wv. Ah sInbpbm\pw ]cn]men m\pw AhnsSshv Ahs \maw {]Io nm\pw Amlp Bm]nnp XmWv. Amlphn hnizknpIbpw Ahs\ `bsSpIbpw sNp kZvhr cmb BfpI \nnX kabfn \nkvImc \nlnpIbpw Amlp hns \maw {]IonpIbpw sNpp. AtXmsSmw kImv sImSppsIm- v XfpsS kmnI_m[yX \nln pp. IhStam, ap `uXnIamb G mSpItfm Ahsc AXn\npw XSbpI bn. IpIfpw J_pIfpw Ienadn bp Ay\mfns\ Ah `bsSpp. AXns ASnm\nemWv Ah XfpsS PohnXs ]mIsSpn bncnpXv.) 595 XmfpsS \mYs \maw kvacnpI km\m Ah\ntev a\np Ibpw sNpI. (\njvIfambn Ahs\ Bcm[npI) (hn. Jp. 73/8.) (`mctadnb hN\w AhXcnnm t]mIpp Fp ]dXns Dtiyw; `mctadnb Nne NpaXeI Xmsf G nm t]mIpp FmWv. aX\nti {]t_m[\w sNpIbpw {]mhn Iamn ImWnpsImSppIbpw sNp Xv \nmc Imcyatm. `mctadnb B NpaXe \nlnpXn\p inbpw A\p{Klhpw e`nm klmbnp \nkvImcw, cm{Xn \nkvImcw, imcocnIhpw Bobhpamb Htsd t\v Imc Wambnocpw. kkabhpw Amlp hns\ HmWsapw Bcm[\bvmbn GIm{KXtbmsS Xp\nndWsap IqSn D]tZinncnpp.)

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596 Amlphns\pdnv ]dbsm XfpsS lrZb `bsSphcpw Xv t\cnSp {]bmkfn a ssIsmphcpw \nkvImcw \nln phcpw, \mw \Inb kn\n pw (\bpsS amn) sNehgnp hcpamWh. (hn. Jp. 22/35) (AmlphmWv GI\mb \mY. Ahs\ am{Xw Bcm[npI. hn\bw, a, AmlpthmSp `bw, \nkvImcw \ne\ndp pI, \bpsS amn [\w Nnehgn pI XpSnb KpWfphmWv CcptemIpw hnPbhpw tamhpw e`n pI. AXnepw henb ktmjw thsd bntm.) 597

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Amlphns\pdnv ]dbsm lrZb `bNInXcmIphcpw Ah s hN\ HmXntnsm AXpaptJ\ hnizmkw hnphcpw XfpsS \mY\n khpw `ctan phcpw am{XamWv kXyhnizmknI. (hn. Jp. 8/2)

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XfpsS \mYt\mSp `bw\n anw InSpInSpv Ignbph. (hn. Jp. 23/57.)

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kXyhnizmkw kzoIcnpIbpw k f\pjvTnpIbpw sNbvXh krjv SnIfnshv Ghpw Da. (hn. Jp. 98/7)

\_nhN\ w l: A_qA_vZnmYmcnJp_v\p Aiv ban(d)\nv \nthZ\w. Atlw ]dbp p: \_n(k) Cs\ ]dbpXv Rm tIp: Amlp HgnsI Hcp Bcm[y\pw C Fv ]dbpIbpw Amlphns\qSm sX Bcm[nsSphsb \ntj[npI bpw sNbvXhcmtcm AhcpsS chpw kz pw Ah kpcnXamnbncnpp. AmlphntemWv AhcpsS hnNmcW. (apkvenw) l: AYnp_v\p Dn\nv \nthZ\w. \_n(k) ]dp: tZmjap Imcy kqnmth- n (AXnte v \bnm km[yXbp) sXnm Imcywt]mepw Dt]nmsX Hcmpw `mcns]Sm Ignbn. (XpapZn) l: A_qkCuZp JpZvcn(d)bn\nv \nthZ\w. Hcm tNmZnp: Amlphns dkqte, BfpIfn shthpw Da BcmWv? \_n(k) ]dp: icocwsIm - p w kzpsIm- p w Amlphns am n t]mcmSp kXyhnizmkn. ]n sbmcmWv? Abm tNmZnp. \_n(k) ]dp: GsXnepw aescphn GIm \mbncpv Xs \mYs\ [ym\np h. (ap^Jp Asseln) \_n(k) ]dp: Bcv Amlphn\p th- n kv t \lnpIbpw Amlphn\v th- n shdppIbpw Amlphn\v t h- n \IpIbpw Amlphn\v t h- n XSbp Ibpw sNppthm, Ah kXyhnizmk ns ]qXbnsen. (XpapZn, A_qZmhqZv)

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]pWymmv k{X kzoImcyX


599 kXyn hnizknpIbpw k af\pjvSnpIbpw sNbvXhv ImcpWyhm\mb Amlp kvt\lw m ]nv sImSppXmWv. (hn. Jp. 19/96.) (a\pjyscmw Amlphns Zmkm cmsWpw GI\mbmWv Hmtcmcpcpw A y\mfn Amlphns ASpv hcnI sbpw hyampIbp-mbn. Amlphn s kn[nbn hnPbhpw tamhpw e`n Wsan AXn\p XmsdSppI C ltemIv shpXs \mw \St-nbn cnpp. kXyhnizmkw ssIsmpIbpw kf\pjvTnpIbpw sNpIsb XmWv. Cs\ sNphv kvt\l \nhntijamb kzoIcWamWv Amlp hns kn[nbn e`npI.) 600 Ah XsbmWv A\cmhIminI. AXmbXv ^nZukns\(DXamb kzs A\cmhImiambn Icamph AhcXn imizX hmknIfmbncnpw.23/1011. 601 ]pcpjt\m kv{Xotbm BcpamIs hn izmknbmbnsm- v k sN bvXm Ahv \mw DIrjvSamb Pohn Xw \IpIbpw Ah sNbvXvsIm-ncp DIrjvS {]h\v AhcptSXmb {]Xn^ew \IpIbpw sNpw. (hn.Jp.16/97.) 602 ansXn\vtijw Amlphns amn ]memb\w (lnPvd) sNbvXhsc CltemIv saamb hmkkvYev \mw ]p\c[nhknn pIXs sNpw. ]ctem Iv {]Xn^ew AXnt\m hepXmWv. Ah Adnncpsn. (hn. Jp. 16/41-.) 603 As\ Amlp Ahv CltemI s {]Xn^ehpw DIrjvSamb ]ctemI {]Xn^ehpw \In. kImcnIsf Amlp CjvSsSpp.(hn.Jp. 3/148.) (]qnIcmb {]hmNImcpsSbpw Ah cpsSIqsS cWmWnendnb A\pbm bnIfpsSbpw hnizmks Nn{XoIcnpI bmWnhnsS. XfpsS ]m] fpw hogvNI fpw s]mdppXcm\pw kaccwKv Xfp sS ]mZsf Ddnp\ndpm\pw, kXy\n tj[nIsXnsc klmbw sNm\pwth -n XfpsS cn Xmhnt\mSh Bm ambn {]mnpw. CXpImcWw Cl temIv Amlp Ahv almb hnP bw \In. ]ctemIv DIrjvSamb {]Xn ^ehpw. Acw ]pWyhmmscbmWv Amlp CjvSsSpI. AhscbmWv kXyhn izmknI amXrIbmt-Xpw.) \_nhN\w l: A_qlpdbvd(d)\nv \nthZ\w. \_n(k) ]dp: kXyhnizmknIfn shv Ghpw ]qamb hnizmkaph Ahcnshv Ghpw DIrjvSamb kz`mhaph\mWv. \nfnshv G hpw DIrjvS kzw `mcyamv DIr jvScmbhcmWv. (XpapZn) l: Bbni (d)\nv \nthZ\w. Ah ]d bpp: \_n (k)]dbpXmbn Rm tIp. Hcp hnizmknv Xs kz`mh alnabneqsS kZm \n kvIcnpIbpw t\m\pjvTnpIbpw sNp hs ]Zhn t\Sm Ignbpw. (A_qZmhqZv) l: A_qDama _mlneo(d)\n v \nthZ\w. \_n (k) ]dp: Xw Dt]nph\v kzns Hcp`mKv Hcp hoSv \Imsav Rmt\pp. Ah kXyn\vth-n hmZnph\msWn epw AXpt]mses Iw Dt]np h\v kzns a[y n Hcp hoSv \Imsav Rmt\pp. Ah Iw ]dbpXv Xamicq]nemsWnepw kz `mh alnabph\v kzns D]cn `mKv Hcp hoSv \Imsav Rm G pp. (A_qZmhqZv) \oXnamm Amlphn {]Imi ns ]oTfn Ccnpw

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A\mYItfbpw AKXnItfbpw klmbnpI


604 \n (sNp) Zm\- shfnsSp-p-Ibm-sW-n AXv \XvXs. C\n Ah adv shp-Ibpw Zcn-{Zv \Ip-Ibp-amWv \n sNp--sX-n AXv \nv D-aam-Wv. Ah \n-fpsS ]m]- s]mdpvXcn-Ibpw sNpw. \nfpsS {]h-\ \mbn Adn-bp-h\m-Wm-lp. (hn. Jp. 2/271.) (P\fpsS ] am\yX e`nm Zm\w sNpXv IpIcamsWv t\c s ]dnp- t m. Fm B Dt iyw CmsX ]ckyambn Zm\w sNpXn sXsmpan. aphscqSn Zm\w sNm t{]cnnpw FXv s Im- v AXv \XpamWv. Fm clkyambn Zcn{Z v Zm\w sNpXmWv AXypaw. \n fpsS ]m] s]mdppInm Zm\[ klmbnpw clkyambmepw ]ckyambmepw \n Zm\w sNpXv Fv DtitmSvIqSnbmsWpw kqvaambn Adnbph\mWv Amlp.) 605 Amlphns amn XSp \n-s Zcn-{Zv (\n Zm\w sN p- I ) bmNn- p- s Im- v `qan- b n k- c n m Ahv Ign-bp-I-bn-. Bm-`nam \w\nanw tNmZn- m- Xv s Im- v Ah [\n-I-cmWv Fv Ahsc Adn-bm-h [cn- pw. Ah- c psS eWwsIm- v Xm -hsc a\-n-em-mw. Ah tNmZnv P\-sf _pn-ap-n-p-I-bn-. \n h[\hpw hybw sNp- p- s h- n Xobmbpw Amlp AXn-s\-p-dnv \Xv t ]mse Adn- b p- - h - \ m- W v . (hn. Jp. 2/273.) 606 cm{Xnbpw ]Iepw clkyambpw ]c kyambpw XfpsS [\w (\bpsS am n) hybw sNphv XfpsS \mY\n AhcptSXmb {]Xn^eap- v . Ahv Hpw `bsSm\n. Ah ZpxJnpIbpan. (hn. Jp. 2/274.) (Amlphns amn [\w sN ehgnpXn\v {]tXyI kabtam k `tam t\mt- X n. cm{Xnbpw ]Iepw clkyambpw ]ckyambpw Zm\w sNmw. Hmtcm Xcn [\w hybw sNpXn \pw AXntXmb {]tXyIXIfp- v . a\: kmnytmsS Zm\w sNphv Amlphns ] almb {]Xn^ew e`npIXs sNpw. Ah Hpw `bstS-Xn. Ah ZpxJnt-n hcnIbpan.) 607 XfpsS ]nn Zpecmb km\sf hnpt]mbm Ahscp dnv `bsSph (A\mYcpsS Imcy n) `bspsImss. As\ Ah Amlphns\ kqnpIbpw icnbmbhmv ]dbpIbpw sNs. (hn. Jp. 4/9.) (]nXmhv acWsXpaqew A\mYI fmbnocp IpnIsf cmIXrzw ssIbn hcph {int- Hcp ImcyamWnhnsS ]dbpXv. XfpsS a A\mYbmbnom AhtcmSv

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aph Fs\ hnWsamtWm Ch B{KlnpXv A{]ImcwXs XfpsS cmIXrXznIogn Ah hnWsaXv. kzw afp sS Imcynep `oXn A\mY IpnIfpsS Imcynepw thWsapkmcw.) A\mYIfpsS [\m]lcWw \nbw, A\mYIfpsS [\w A{Iaam bn `pPnph AhcpsS hbdpIfntev `pPnpXv XobmWv. Bk `mhnbn Ah (InPzenp) \cImnbn {]thinpw (Jp.i) A_qlpssdd(d)bn\nv: Atlw ]dp: dkq (k) Acp sNbvXp: l\n pIfbp Ggv h]m]sf \n Dt]npI. Ah GsXmamWv Am lphns {]hmNItcFv kzlm_nI tNmZnp. \_n (k) Acp sNbvXp. _lp ssZhhnizmkw, B`nNmcw sN, Amlp h[n \njnamnb ico cs ImcWw IqSmsX h[npI, ]eni XnpI, A\mYIfpsS [\w A]l cnpI, bpn\nv ]nncntm SpI, ]Xn{hXIfmb kXyhnizmkn\nIsf pdnv A]hmZw ]dbpI. ChbmIpp (_pJmcn, apkvenw) \mept], Ah kzn {]thin mXncnepw AXnse A\p{Kl cp NnmXncnepw Amlphn\v ISabmWv. Iv ]ngnp-mph, ]eni Xnp h, A\mYIfpsS [\w A\[nIrXam bn `pPnph, kzw amXm]nXmsf _pnapnnph ChcmWv {]kvXpX \mept]. (lmInw, ss_lJn, A_qlp ssddn \nv) A_o kCuZp JpZvcn(d)\nv: \n bw, dkq(k) ]dp: Fs Ckvdm Av bm{Xbn Hcp hn`mKw BfpIsf Im WpIbp- m bn. AhcpsS IhnfpI HI ns Ihn t]msebmWv. Ahsc in nm Gnsh \cInse Hmtcm ]mdpIsfSpv AhcpsS hmbn enp sImSppIbpw AXhcpsS KpZn IqSn ]pdphcnIbpw sNpp. XZh kcw Rm tNmZnp: ChcmcmWv Pn_v cote? Ah A\[nIrX amahew_nv A\mYIfpsS [\w `pPnphcmWv. Pn _vco (A) FtmSv ]dp: (Cu lZo kv Jpp_nbpsS X^vkodn Dcn sXmWv.) Ipdnv A\mYIfpsS [\m]lcWw (`pPnpXpw aphn[n ssI]p Xpsamw) k kmZnKpW sfbpw \innv Ifb h ]m]fn s]XmsW Imcyn ]nX temIw GIIWvTcmbncnpp. AhcpsS {]kvXmh\IfpsS ASnm \n A]lrX[\w A]ambmepw A[nIambmepw Fmw Hcpt]mse sbmsWmWv kv]jvSampXv. kzw km\sfm A\mYIsf BZcnXn\m _kdm ]W{]mn Hcp Ip{] kn a\pjy\p- m bncpp. aZyn\v ]qambpw ASnasp Ignncp ImcWm ]e Ipgfpw Ah krjv S npsIm- n cnpp. Ah acWstm Ahs arX tZlw kwkvIcnm `mcy ]etcbpw kao]npshnepw B sXmSnbpsS anv kwkvIcnm Rfnsv ]dv Fmhcpw amdnfp. Fm IhmSfpw Xs `mhns\ Xnsc sImnbSsXn\m `mibm b B kv{Xo GXm\pw NpapImsc Iqen vhnfnv anv \nkvImc \nlW etSpnp. Fm anv \nkvImcw \nlnm BcpwXs
279 Ambamkunnukoyaka

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knlnXcmbn. ho-pw AhnSv FSpv ivaim\ntesnp. XZhkcw Hcm anns\ eyw shv \SphcpXv Ah I- p . ASp p Hcp aebn Bcm[\m \nacmbn gnbp kq^nIfns] Hcp DX ioj\mbncpp Ahsc kao]nXv. PohnXImea{Xbpw \oN\mbngn HcmfpsS anv \nkvImcw \nlnp hm Hcp \nanjwt]mepw ]mgmImsX A mlpsh Bcm[npIgnbp Hcp am\y hyn knlnX\mbncnpp. \nanj pn hm ]Wn {]N cnp. tIhscmw ivaim\ntev Ip Xnp. {]kvXpX kq^nhcys t\XrXz n hensbmcp P\mhen anv \nkv Imcw \nlnp. AhcpsS ApXw Ah\obambncpp. A\cw P\ tfmSmbn kq^n ]dp. Rm\]w Dd Wsav IcpXn InSXmbncpp. Dd n Cev Hcp P\mkbp- v , arys `mcy am{Xta kao]pq, B Ibm AhnsS sNv anv \nkvImcw \nlnpI. Ah ]m]hnap\mWv Fv FtmSm m]nsp. AXmWv Rm ChnsS hcphm ImcWw. Cu hniZoIcWwIqSn {ihn P\n s Pnmk iXKpWo`hnp. kq^nhcy acn hynbpsS `mcy sb hnfnt\zjnp. Chs nXn Fm bncpp. GXv \S]Snmc\mbncpp \ns `mhv? Ah ]dp: _lpam\ysc, ChnsS knlnXcmbhcn\npw Av tIXp t]mse Fs `mhv hfsc Zp\S]Sn mc Xsbmbncpp. Znhkns knwl`mKhpw aZyelcnbnembncpp Atlw. Fm Fm Znhkhpw kp_vln \nkv I mcns kabv kzt_m[ ap- m hpw. Atcw hkv{Xsfmw amdnbpSpv hpfq sNbv X v kp_v l n \nkvImcw \nlnpIbpw sNpw. DSs\ ho- p w aZy]m\n Zpjv I fntev XncnbpIbpw sNpw. ]s RfpsS hon Htm ct- m A\mY IpnI Cm Znhkw D- m hmdn. A\mY IpnIfpsS Fm Imcyfnepw kzk m\tfm kvt\ltmSpw BZc thmSpwIqSn am{Xta Fs `mhv hon mdp- m bncppq. Xsbpa, h tmgpw elcnbn\nv apn e`np tm \mYm, \cImnbpsS GXv ImTn\y taJebnemWv Cu \oN\v (F\nv) Xm sNbvXpshnpXv? Fns\ kzbw ]dpsIm- v Icbmdpap- m bncpp. AhfpsS hniZoIcWn Imcyw GXm- v a\nemnb kq^n kwXr]v X \mbn Xncnp\Sp. A_qlpssdd(d)bn\nv: hn[hI pw, AKXnIpw (KpWw sNbvXpsIm SppXnpth- n ) {]bXv \ nph Amlphns amn t]mcmSph s\tmsebmWv. \_n (k) XpSp: oWnmsX \nv \nkvIcnphs\ tmsebpw, Dt]nmsX {hXa\pjvTn phs\bpw t]msebmWv. (_pJmcn, apkvenw) hn[hIfpsS (KpWn\v th- n ) A [zm\nph Amlphns amn bpw sNphs\tmsebmWv. cm {Xn apgph \nv \nkvIcn pIbpw ] I apgph t\m\pjvSnpIbpw sNp hs\tmsebpamWv. (C_v\pamP) A\mYItfbpw hn[hItfbpw kwcn dkq (k) AhnSs Nq- m Wn hnc epw \Sphncepw A]w CSbIn ImWn psIm-v {]kvXmhnp. Rm\pw A\mYsb

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kwcnphcpw kzn CXp t]msebmWv. (_pJmcn) aqv A\mYIv Hcm sNehv sImSpm Ah B cm{Xn apgph \nv \nkvIcnpIbpw ]I t\\pjv TnpIbpw hmfqcnsm- v {]`mXn Xs Amlphns amn bp n\v ]pdsSpIbpw sNbvXhs\tmse bmbn. Rm\pw Ah\pw kzn Cu c- v hncepI (\_nX Nq- p hnc epw \Sphncepw tNpImWnpsIm-v) t]mse ktlmZcfmWv. (C_v\p amP) apkvenwIfpsS kaqln Hcp A\m Ysb Xs `W]m\obfn (]s Spnm th- n ) sIm- p t]mbh\mtcm Ahs\ Amlp kzn {]thinn pXmWv. \nwibw s]mdpsSm ]m]w Ah sNbvXncpmsemgnsI. (XpapZn) sIm- p t]mbn B A\mYv hb \ndsb `Ww \Inbh\mtcm Ah\v kzw \n_ambn. (ta lZo kv: asmcp \nthZ\w) kvt\l]pccw Hcp A\mYsb kwc nsSp hoSmWv apkvenw Krlfn epa `h\w. \ocktmsS hon sSp Hcp bXoap `h\tatXm AXs{X apkvenw Krlfn KpWIcamXv. (C_v\pamP) Zmdp ^dlv (ktmjns `h \w) Fv t] ]dbsSp Hcp hoSp- v kzn. kXyhnizmknIfnse bXo apIsf ktmjnnh am{XamWv AXn {]thinpXv (_pJmcnbpsS ]p{X\pw, lwkp_v \ p bqkp^pw \nthZ\w sNbvXXv) BZyambn kzIhmSw XpdsSp Xv F\nmWv. Fm Hcp kv{Xo F sm thKn kzhmXnentev BKXbmhpw. Xabw Rm\htfmSv tNm Znpw: \obmcv, \n\spthWw? Rm A\mYcmbno Fs Ippsf kwXr]v X ntbmsS hfnbhfmWv Ah ]dbpw. (A_qbAvem) kXyamhpambn Fs \ntbmKn b AmlphmtW kXyw! A\mYtbmSv IcpW ImWnpIbpw kvt\l]qw am {Xw Aht\mSv kwkmcnpIbpw Xs (IpSpw_nse) A\mYtbmSpw AKXnI tfmSpw IcpW ImWnpIbpw Amlp X\nv \Inb HuZmcywsIm-v Xs A bhmkntbmSv Almcw {]Zinnm XncnpIbpw sNbvXhs\ AyZn\n Amlp innpIbn. (Xz_vdm\n) Amlpsh hnNmcnpsIm- v Zbm]p ccw Hcp A\mYbpsS incv Hcm XS hnbm XZhkcw A\mYbpsS incn \npw Ahs ssI kv]in Hmtcm apSnbpsSbpw Fw hoXw k Ahp- m hpXmWv . (Alv a Zv ) bAvJq_v \_n(A)apw hopImcpw Iq Sn Hcp BSns\ Adpv thhnv `np tm \_nbpsS Ab]v Xmakn ncp hniphe AKXnbmb Hcp bXoamb _me Cu hmk\ BkzZnp Ibpw B Ipnv amwktmSv AXnbmb sImXnbpw B{Klhpw D- m sbnepw AX\p`hnm Ignn. Cu kw`hw bAvJq_v\_n (A)s {ibns]SpI tbm AdnbpItbm D-mbn. CXns t] cnemWv _lpam\s bAvJq_v \_n (A)ans ]p{X bqkp^v\_n(A)ans\ bpw bAvJq_v\_n(A)s\bpw AmlpX Be hnp]ncnnm\pw bqkp^v\_n (A)s\ CXc ]p{Xm hnjaneIs Spm\pw ImcWsav \nthZ\w sN sncnpp. ]noSv Cu bXoamb IpnbpsS kw`hw Amlp bAvJq_v \_n(A)an\v AdnbnpsImSppIbpw

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Xsbpa, Fs krjv S nIfns] bXoapItfmSp kvt\lw ap bmsXmcp hkvXphnt\mSpw F\nnsv Amlp bAvJq_v\_n(A)sb t_m[ysSpp Ibpw, IqSmsX `Ww ]mIw sNbvXv A\mYIsf Wnv AXv hnXcWw sNm Amlp AtltmSv In pIbpw D-mbn. {]kvXpX I\ \_n bhI \SnhcppIbpw sNbvXp Fns\ \nthZ\w sNsncnpp. Hcp alm ]dbpp: Rm BZyIm eLn henb Almcnbpw alm ]m]nbpambncpp. Hcp Znhkw Rms\mcp boans\ I- t m Rm Ahs\ hon sIm- p hcnIbpw ]nXrklPkv t\ltmfp]cn Aht\mSv Rm kv t\lw {]ISnnpIbpw Ahs\ BZcn pIbpw sNbvXp.

Apcm{Xn Rm \n{Zm[o\\mbtm k_m\nbm F aepI \njvcp Ww Fs ssIImepI ]nSnv \cImn bntev henpIbmWv. XZhkcw t\c s Rm BZcnphn bXow AhnsS knlnX\mbn aepItfmSv At]n p. Hcp\nanjw \nq! Ctlns Imcyn Rm Fs \mYt\mSv Hm temNnv sIms. ]s k_m\nbm kXnn. AtX \nanjn Hc icocn tIp. Ahs\ hnpsImpI, Cu A\mYsb BZcnv Chv \ sNbvXp sImSp ImcWm Ah sNbvXp t]mbnp ]m]sfmw \mw hnpsIm Spncnpp. Cs\ Hcp kz]v\w Rm ImWpIbp- m bn. DSs\ Rm sRn bpWcpIbpw sNbvXp. ApapX A\m YIsf kvt\lnpXnepw BZcnp Xnepw Rm AXoh {i ]XnnpXpSn.

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amXm-]n-Xm-
608 Xs amXm-]n-Xm-v \ -sN-m a\p-jy-t\mSv \mw In-n-cn-p-p. Xs amXmhv hnj-a-tmsS Ahs\ K`w [cnp-Ibpw, hnj-a-tmsSs {]k-hnp-Ibpw sNbvXp. Ahs\ K`w Npa Imehpw, Ahs ape-IpSn Ah-km-\n-n Imehpw (IqSn) apXv am-k-am-Ip-p. HSphn Ah Xs ]qin- {]m-]n-pIbpw, \m-Xv -h-b-m-hp-Ibpw sNbvXtm Ah ]dbpw: Fs \mYm, Fsbpw Fs amXm-]n-Xm--fp-sSbpw ta \o sNbvXpXn-p A\p-{K-ln\v \n sNm\pw \o C-s-Sp k w A\p-jvTn-m \pw F\nv \o {]tNmZ \w \tI-Wta, F s km\- - f n F\nv \o \ D- m - p- I bpw sNt-W-ta, Rm\nXm \nn-tev ]m-]nv aS-n-bn-cn-p-p. Rm apkvenw Ifn s]--h Xs-bm-Wv. (hn. Jp. 46/15.) (amXm]nXmtfmSp _m[yXsb nbpw Ahv \n sN t - X n s B hiyIXsbnbpw JpB ]ebnSpw Dundnp- v . XuloZnt\mS\p_ nmWv ]teSpw AXv ]dnp Xv . amXm]nXm \appth- n hfscb [nIw Ijv S mSpI klnpp- v . {] tXyInpw amXmhv K`[mcWwapX {] khnv apeIpSn ampXphscbpw Ah \obamb IjvSmSpIfmWv A\p`hn pXv. a\pjy _pn]camb ]IzX {]m]npXv 40mw hbnemWv. Atm sgnepw Ah X\npth- n bpw Xs amXm]nXmpth- n bpw {]mn Ww. apIme PohnXn sNbvXpt]m b sXpIsfpdnv ]m]npaSp Ibpw thWw. Hmw Jeo^: A_q_ koJv (d) s hnjbn Cdn bXmWo Bbsv ap^ndpI ]ecpw tcJsSpnbncnpp. 609 Xs-b-msX am-scbpw Bcm-[n-cp-sX-pw, amXm-]n-Xm-v \ sNW-sa-pw Xm-fpsS \mY In-n-cnp-p. Ah-cn Hcmtfm, As-n c- v t ]cptam \ns ASpv s hv hm Iyw {]m]n-m Ah-tcmSv sO Fv t]mepw ]d-b-cp-Xv. Ah-tcmSv ]cp-j-ambn s]cp-am-d-cp-Xv. Ah-tcmSv am\y-amb hmpI ]dbpI. (hn. Jp. 17/23.) 610 Imcp- W y- m- e p hn\- b - ns NndIv \o Ahv XmgvnsmSp-pI. \o {]mn-p-Ibpw sNp-I, Fs \mYm Fsb-h sNdp--n t]mn hfn- b Xv t ]mse Ah- t cmSpw \o IcpW ImWn-t-Wta! (hn. Jp. 17/24.) (Amlphns\ am{Xta Bcm[nm ]mSpp F XuloZns knmw ChnsS Bhnp]dncnpp. AtXmsSmw amXm]nXmtfmSv \ sN t- X ns BhiyIX DundbpI bpw sNbvXncnpp. amXm]nXmsf A\pkcnm\pw BZcnm\pw km\ _m[ycmWv. AhtcmSv ]cpj ambn s]cpamdpItbm Ahv shdp p - m I p c oXnbn kwkmcnpItbm

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sNcpXv. AhtcmSv am\yamb coXnbn kwkmcnpI, AhtcmSv ImcpWyhpw hnt[bXzhpw hn\bhpw ImWnpI. Ah p th- n {]mnpI. {]mbamIp tm Ahsc IqSpX {inpIbpw ip{iqjnpIbpw sNpI) 611 Fs \mYm, F\npw Fs amXm ]n-Xm-pw kXy-hn-izm-kn-bm-bnsm -v Fs hon {]th-in--hpw kXyhn-izm-kn-Ipw kXy-hn-izm-kn-\nIpw \o s]mdpvXtc-Wta. A{I-anIv \mia-msX hn-n-cp-tX.(hn. Jp. 71/28) 612 Fs \mYm, \o Fsbpw Fs km-\--fns]-h-scbpw \nkvImcw \ne-\np--h-cm-t-W-ta. R-fpsS \mYm, Fs {]m\ \o kzoI-cn-tWta. (hn. Jp. 14/40.) R-fpsS \mYm, hnNm-cW \S-p Znhkw F\npw Fs amXm- ] n- X mpw kXy- h n- i zm- k n- I pw \o s]mdpvXtc-W-ta. (hn. Jp. 14/41.) amXm]nXmsf _pnapn \n Amlpsh Bcm[npI. Ah\n (av) bmsXmns\bpw \n ]v tNmXncnpI. amXm]nXmv \ sNWsav (Amlp \ntfmSv D]tZinpp.) (Jp.i.) abtmSpw amhtmSpwIqSn Ah v Ccphpw KpWw sNpI. CXmWv \ sIm- p hnh. Ahpcw sNptm t{Im[`mhw {]ZinncpXv. Ahsc Xov W ambn t\mpItbm AhcpsS apmsI Dn kwkmcnp Itbm sNcpXv. {]XypX HcSna Xs bP am\s apmsI Ft]mse (km\ ) hnt[b`mhn am{Xta AhtcmSv s]cpamdm ]mSpp. (C_v\p Amkn(d)

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XfpsS \mY hn[nncnpp. \n Ahs\bmsX (amtcbpw) Bcm[ncpXv (Fv) amXm]nXmv \ sNWsapw AYhm Ahcnsemcm tfm Asn c- p t]cpw IqSntbm \nsbSp hmIyw {]m]nsn \o AhtcmSv tO, Fpt]mepw ]dbcpXv. AhtcmSv \nbXzw ImWn bpacpXv. (adnv) \o AhtcmSv \ hmp I ]dbpI. Ahv c- p t]pw \o IcpWbm FfnabpsS NndIv Xmgvn smSppIbpw, cnXmth! (Rm sNdpambncptm Ch Fs t]mnhfnbXv t ]mse Chpw \oIcpW sNtWta Fv {]mn pIpbpw sNpI. (Jp.i.) F\nv \n sNpI! \ns amXm]n Xmpw FssImsbmWv aSw. (Jp.i.) Amlp \s A\p{Klns! Am lphnt\mSv \n sNpXnt\msSmw Xs amXm]nXmv \n sN Wsv Amlp {]kv X mhnXns\ pdnv \osbmcp \nanjw Nnnq!! aqv BbpI aqv ImcytfmS \zbnsp sIm- m Wv AhXcnnp Xv. Ah aqpw Hv Hnt\msSmamsX Amlp kzoIcnpIbn. Ahbnsem matXv \n Amlphnv hgn sSpI. Ahs dkqen\pw \n hgn sSpI F Amlphns hN\amWv. dkqenv hgnsSmsX Amlphn\v hgn sm AbXv kzoIcnsSpIbn. \n \nkv I mcw bYmhn[n \nln pIbpw kImv sImSpphopIbpw sNpI F Amlphns hN\amWv c-matXv. Hcph \nkvIcnp. ]s, kImv sImSpn. Fm Ahs \nkvImchpw ]qambn kzoI cnsSpIbn. F\nv \n sNpI;

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\ns amXm]nXmpw F Amlp hns hN\as{X aqmas Bbv. amXm]nXmtfmSv \nbnmsX Amlp hnt\mSv \n {]ISnnm BbXpw ]q ambn kzoIcnsSpX. CmcW memWv Amlphns Xr]vXn amXm]n XmfpsS Xr]vXnbnepw Ahs tIm]w AhcpsS tIm]nep amsWv dkq (k) Acp sNbvXXv. C_v\p Amkn (d) bpn ]sSpphm A\phmZw BhiyspsIm- v \_n (k)sb kao]n HcmtfmSv \ns amXm]nXm Pohnn cnpt- m Fv \_n (k) At\zjnpI bpw Ds-v Ah adp]Sn \Inbtm Fm AhcnemWv \ns PnlmZv, \o t]mbn bpw sNpI (Ahsc th-hn[w ip{iqjnpIbpw Ahv \ sNpI bpw sNpI.) Fv {]kv X mhnpsIm- v \_n(k) {]kvXpX a\pjys\ Xncnbp Ibp-mbn Fns\ klolmbn hnp-v. amXm]nXmv \ sNpXnt\ bpw Ahsc ip{ipjnpXns\bpw \_n (k) PnlmZns\m t{ijvSamnbXv \o Nnnq. C_v\p Da (d)hn\nv. Atlw ]d p: dkq (k) {]kvXmhnncnpp. htZmj \memWv. Amlphnt\mSv ]v tNpI, amXm]nXmsf _pnapn pI, bpn\nv ]nncntmSpI, IkXyw sNpI. (_pJmcn, AlvaZv) ku_m (d)\nv: aqv Imcyfp tXmSpIqSn bmsXmcp kfpw kzoImcya. _lpssZh hnizmkw, amXm ]nXmsf _pnapn, bpn\n v ]nncntmS ChbmWv taImcy . (Xz_vdm\n) C_v\p Da (d)\nv. aqpt]! Ahv Amlp kzw \njnamn bncnpp. (1) Ip- m ph. (2) amXm]nXmsf _pnapnn ph. (3) Zqkv, AXmbXv Xs Adnthm SpIqSn hy`nNcnp `mcybph. Zqkns\n Ah Xs `mcysb {]m]nphsc XSbmh Fpw, P\sf BIjnm th- n _men Isb hmph Fpw ]dbsncn pp. (lmInw, \kmCu) Fm tZmjtfbpw Amlp Ay Zn\ntev \onshpw. amXm]nXm sf hnjannsemgnsI. \nbw! Cn s\ sNbvXh p in Ah acW sSpwaps PohnXImevXs [rXnbn \IpXmWv. (lmInw, Ckv_lm\n) Aenv(d)\nv: Xs amXm]nXm sf apjnnh\mtcm Ah Ahsc _pnapnp. (Jo_v) hlv_p_v\p ap\ln(d)\nv: A tlw ]dp: aqkm! amXm]nXmsf BZcnpI. \nbw, amXm]nXmsf hnphs Bbpv Rm ZoLnn pXpw Ah\v \ sNbvXpsImSpp Hcp kXnsb Ah\v Rm {]Zm\w sNpXpamWv. amXm]nXmsf _pn apnhs BbqssZLyw Rm Ipd pIfbpXpw Ahs\ _pnapnnp Hcp Ipnsb Ah\v Rm \IpXp amWv Fns\ aqkm(A)v Amlp hlvbv aptJs\ Adnbnncpp. l: A_qlpssdd(d)\nv \nthZ \w. \_n (k) ]dp: hmIyw _m[n amXm]nXmsftbm Ahcn Hcmsf tbm e`nnv kzn {]thinm Ignbmh F{X \oN\mWv. (apkvenw) \_n (k) ]dp: amXm]nXmsf {]bmksSpph\v Amlp kzw \njnamnbncnpp. (Alv a Zv , \kmCu)

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\_n(k) ]dp: Hcm Xs amXm ]nXmsf iImcn alm]m]fn s]XmWv. (_pJmcn, apkvenw) \_n(k) ]dp: Xs amXm]nXmsf No ]dhs\ Amlp i]nn cnpp. (C_v\plnm) amXm]nXmv \ sN C_v\p akvDuZv(d)\nv: Atlw ]dp: Amlphn\v AXy[nIw {]nbc amb Aa GXmsWv dkq (k)tbmSv Rm tNmZnp. bYmkabw \nkvImcw \nlnpI. dkq (k) adp]Sn \In. ]nstbm? Rm tNmZnp. amXm]nXm v \ sNpI. \_n(k) ]dp: ]n s FmWv ? Rm ho- p w tNmZnp. \_n (k)]dp: Amlphns am n bpw sN. (_pJmcn, apkvenw) Hcm dkq (k)bpsS Xncpkn[n bn lmPdmbnsm- v t_m[nnp. F\nv bpw sNm B{Klap- v . ]s, F\nXn\v Ignhn. \_n(k) Aht\mSv ]dp. \ns amXm]nXm Pohnncnpt- m ? Fs D Pohnn cnp- v , Ah Adnbnp. Fm Ahv \ sNpXn Amlphn\vth-n \o bpw sNpI. A ns\ \o sNptm \o lv sNp h\pw Dwd \nlnph\pw bpw sNph\pamWv. dkq (k) Aht\mSv ]dp. (Xz_vdm\n) C_v\p Amkv(d)bn\nv: Xs am Xm]nXmfpsS apJtv kvt\l]q w GsXmcm t\mppthm {]kvXpX t\mwImcWambn kzoImcyamb Hcp l ns {]Xn^ew Amlp Ah\v \n bnmXncnpIbn. (dm^nCu) Rm bpw sNphm\m{Klnpp. AtbmSXns\n BtemNnphm \mWv Rm hXv. Hcm \_n (k)sb kao]nv sIm- v DWnp. \ns amXmhv Pohnncnpt- m ? \_n (k) Aht\mSt\zjnp. D-v, Ah adp]Sn \In. Fm \o Ahsc bYmhn[n kwcnpI. \nbw! kzw amXmhns ImognemWv . (lmInw, \kmCu, C_v \ pamP) \ns amXm]nXm Pohnncnpt- m Fv dkq tNmZn Xmbpw Ds-h ]d tm Fm \o Ahsc bYmhn[n kwcnpI. kzw AhcpsS ImognemWv Fv \_n(k) Aht\mSv ]dXmbpw asmcp \nthZ\ nep-v. Bpw bmsXmcp Cfhpa\pZns Sm aqv Imcyfp-v. amXm]nXm v KpWw sN Ah apkvenamsWn epw Asnepw, Icm ]men AXv apkvenant\mSmbmepw AmhtcmSm bmepw. kqnv kzv Xncnv \I AXv apkvenantXmbmepw Aapkvenant Xmbmepw. (ss_lJn) Hcm \_n (k)bpsS kn[nbn hptNmZnp. P\fnshv BtcmSm Wv Rm Ghpw \mbn s]cpamdphm AlXsXv? \ns D. \_n (k) ]d p. ]nsbmcmWv? Ah tNmZnp. \ns D. \_n (k) BZyadp]SnXs Bhnp. \memw {]mhiyhpw Ah tNmZnp. ]nsbmcmWv dkqse? \_n (k) ]dp: \ns ]nXmhv (_pJmcn, apkvenw) Rm hn Hcp sXv sNbvXpt]mbn, F\nv Xu_bpt-m? Hcm \_n(k) sb kao]npsIm- v tNmZnp. \n\v Dbpt- m ? \_n(k) Aht\mSv tNmZn p. Ah ]dp, C. amXrktlmZ cnbpt- m ? \_n(k) ho- p w t N m Z n tm Ah ]dp: D- v . Fm \o

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Ahv \ sNbv X psIm- v PohnpI. \_n (k) Aht\mSv \ntinp (XpapZn, C_v \plnm, lmInw) kzw ]p{X\pth- n bp ]nXmhn s {]m\ {]hmNI Xs P\Xv th-n {]mnpXvt]msebmWv. (ssZeao) amenIp_v\p d_oApmCZn(d) \nv: R dkq (k) kao]w Ccnp tm _\qka tKm{Xmc\mb Hcm hv tNmZnp: Amlphns {]hmNI sc! Fs amXm]nXm AcnpIgn m ]ns Ahv t h- n F\nv sNm Ignbp h \Ifpw Ahti jnppt-m? \_n(k) ]dp. AsX, Ahv th- n {]mnpI, Ahpth- n s]mdpens\tSpI AhcpsS _m[yXI XopI, AhcpsS kplrpsf BZcnpI. AhcpsS tijhpw Ah sNbvXn cp IcmdpI ]menpI, AhcsS Pohn XImem sX ]men sSm\nSbnm IpSpw_ _w XpSv ]menpI, AhcpsS CjvSP\sf BZcnpI Chsbmw _mnbp- v . (A_qZmhqZv , C_v \ pamP) l: _dmD_v\p Bkn_n(d)\nv \n thZ\w. \_n (k)]dp: amXrktlm Zcn amXmhns m\mWv. (XpapZn) l: A_qZmC(d)\nv \nthZ\w. Hcm Atlns ASpvhv ]d p: F\nv Hcp `mcybp-v. Fs amXm hv Ahsf Dt]nm ]dbpp. (Rm s\v sNWw?) A_qZmAv (d) ]d p: \_n (k)]dbpXv Rm tInp -v. amXm]nXm kzns Ghpw {][m\s hmXnepIfmWv Fv Ahsf ssIsbmgnbpItbm IqsS \npItbm sNmw. (XpapZn)

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I pSp__w ]pepI
613 a\pjysc, \nsf Hcp icocn\n v krjvSnpIbpw B c-vt]cn \npw At\Iw ]pcpjmscbpw kv{XoIsf bpw hym]nnpIbpw sNbvX \nfpsS \mY s\ kqnpho. GsXmcmsf ap\ndp n \n At\ym\yw tNmZnppt-m B Amlphnt\bpw c_tbpw kqnpho. Xobmbpw Amlp \nsf honpsIm-ncnph\mWv. (hn. Jp. 4/1) (kqdpnkmCse Cu {]mcw` kqw a\pjykaqls HmsI A`n kwt_m[\sNbv X psIm- m Wv XpSnbn cnpXv. Hcp icocn\nmWv a\p jyIpes apgph\pw Amlp krjvSnn cnpXv. BZyw BZant\bpw BZan \nv Atlns CWtbbpw krjvSn p. Ahcn\nv k kv{Xo]pcpjm scbpw. AXpsIm- v temIP\Xsbmw bYmn H IpSpw_amWv. Ah sFIynepw cRvPnnepw Igntb-hcm Wv. Cs\ a\pjykaqls GtImZc ktlmZcfmbn krjvSn Amlphn BI \mw inckmhlnWw. Amlphns\ ap\ndpnbmWtm P\ ]ckv]cw klmb Bhiys SmdpXv. B Amlphns BI [ncnpXn\v Fv \oXoIcWamWp Xv? AXpt]mse IpSpw_ _ XIcmdnemIp {]h\fpw \mw IcpXnbncnWw Amlp kZm \ncon psIm- n cnpp.) 614 Xm-fpsS IpSpw-_tmSv \nkvIcn-m In-p-I. AXns t]cn-ep {]bm k- an-pI-bpw sNp-I. \mw Xm tfmSv Blmcw tNmZn-p-n. \mw Xm v Blmcw \Ip-IbmWv sNp-X.v Ana hnPbw `b-`n-bp-hmWv. (hn. Jp. 20/132.) (\mw kzbw \mbm am{Xw t]mcm, \psS IpSpw_tbpw \mm {ian Ww. kzbw \nkvcnptXmsSmw IpSpw_tmSv \nkvIcnm Inp Ibpw thWw. AXns t]cn ]e hnja fpw klnt- n hcpw. AsXms anWw. Blmcns Imcyn thhemXnstS- X n. AXv Amlp \Ipw. `ntbmsS Pohnphcmtcm AhmWv AnahnPbw. 615 AXn\m ASp _pv Ah cpsS AhImiw sImSppI. AKXnpw bm{Xmc\pw sImSppI. Amlp hns {]oXnbm{Klnphv AXm Wpaw. Ah XsbmWv hnPbnI. (hn. Jp. 30/38) (Nnev Amlp kv hnimeam nsImSppp. apNnev ]cnanXam bpw. Fm kv Nne _m[yXI fp- v . kmnIambn ]ntmw \n phsc klmbnm Ah aptmp hcWw. IpSpw_ pw AKXnIpw hgnbm{Xmpw apw Zm\[ sNWw. kcpsS [\n Ah p AhImiamWXv. B AhImiw hopIXs thWw. Zm\w sNpXp sIm-v [\w IpdbpIbn. ]nipv ImWn pXpsIm-v [\w IqSpIbpan. Am lphns {]oXnbm{KlnpsIm- m Wv

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Zm\[ sNt-Xv. Fn hnPbw kp\nnXw.) 616 FmWv sNe-h-gn-t--Xv Fv Ah (kXyhnizmknI) Xm-tfmSv (ZqXtcmSv) tNmZn- p- p. ]d- b pI: [\- n\nv \n FmtWm sNe-hgn-p-Xv. AXv amXm-]n-Xm-pw ASp _p pw A\m-Ypw Zcn-{Zpw hgn-bm{X mpw th- n bm- b n- c n- - s . \n Fv \ sNbv X mepw Xo- b mbpw Amlp AXn-s\-p-dnv \-hw Adnbp-h-\m-Wv. (hn. Jp. 2/215.) (XymKw ]ehn[nep- v . AXnsem mWv kzv Amlp CjvSsSp am n NnehgnpIsbXv. [\w sNehp sNpXneqsSbmWv a\pjys Cemlo Nnbpw [t_m[hpw hyambn a\ nemm IgnbpI. a\pjya\v Ghpa [nIw ]q- p ]nSnpInSp HmWv k v. Amlp \ntinp amn epsS [\w sNehgnph Xobm bpw Amlphn hnizknph\mbncn pw. FmWv sNehgnt-Xv FmWv BfpI \_n (k)tbmSv tNmZnXv. F mWv sNehgnt- s Xpw BmWv sNehgnt- s Xpw ChnsS hyam nbncnpp. Zm\w \nambXpw kpmbXpap- v . \nZm\n AhIminI BscmamsWpw JpB ap efn hyamnbnpap- v . kpmb Zm\spdn mWnhnsS ]d bpXv. Zm\w sNptm amXm]nXm ASp _p A\mY, AKXnI, bm{Xm Chv Ftmgpw apKW \\IWw. \mw Fv \ sNbvXmepw Amlp AXdnbpw. Alamb {]Xn^ew Ah \IpIbpw sNpw.) 617 kXyhnizmknItf, kv{XoIsf ([\w) \n_]qw A\cmhImiambn ssIhiw sh \n\phZ\ob a. Ahv sImSpXn\nvHcwiw Icamnsm-v t]mIm\mbn Ahsc XSpshpXpw A\phZ\o ba. Ah hyamb \oNhrn sNbv Xm (Ii\amb \ne]mSv kzoIcnpI) AmsX, AhtcmSv \\nebn hn pho. C\n AhtcmSv shdpv tXmn bm (anpI. ImcWw) \n Hcp Imcys shdppIbpw Amlp AXn [mcmfw t\ DsImnp Ibpw sNbvtXmw. (hn. Jp. 4/19.) 618 AhcncphpanSbn (_p) `nXbp-mpsav \n `bsm Ahsbpw AhfpsSbpw _pfn \nv Hmtcm {]Xn\n[nsb \n Abpho. t b m P n p - m I W s a v Ah c- p t]cpw Dtinm Amlp AhnSbn tbmPnp- m pw. Xo bmbpw Amlp k\pw kqva \pambncnpp. (hn. Jp. 4/35.) 619 amXm]nXmfpw Ghpw ASp _pfpw (acnptm) Dt]np t]mIp [\n ]pcpjmv Hcp hnlnXap-v. amXm]nXmfpw Ghpw A Sp _pfpw Dt]npt]mIp [\n kv { XoIpap- v Hcp hnln Xw. AXn\nv IpdXnepw IqSpXep Xnepw \nbns Hcp hnlnX sa\nebvv. (hn. Jp. 4/7.) 620 Htcmcppw Ah (acnp tm) Dt]npt]mb kzpfn \npw \IstS- AhIminIsf \mw \nbnnp-v. amXm]nXmfpw G hpaSp _pfpamWh. \nfpsS heXpssII _nhv (c_ n s]hv) AhcpsS hnlnXw sImSppI. Xobmbpw Amlp Fm

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Imcyn\pw kmnbmbncnpp. (hn. Jp. 4/33.) (afpw ahIminIfpw Csn kzX {cmnb ASnaIv hnlnXw Inpw. ASnaIv AhIminIfnsn kzX {cmnbhv AhcpsS kzv Inpw.) 621 ASp _psf Xm (in sbpdnv) XmoXv \IpI. (hn. Jp. 26/214) (kXy\ntj[nI) ]noSv kXy hnizmkw kzoIcnpIbpw kztZiw hnSp Ibpw, Amlphns (t\) amn t]mcmSpIbpw sNbvXh \nfn s] h XsbmWv. Amlphns \nbaa\p knv. c_aph (A\cmhIm ikzn\v) ]ckv]cw IqSpX _ shcmIpp. Amlp Fm Imcys pdnpw \mbn Adnbph\mWv . (hn. Jp. 8/75.) IpSpw__w apdn l: Bbni(d)\nv \nthZ\w: \_n (k)]dp: c_w Aipambn _ sncnpIbmWv. AXv Cs\ hnfnv ]dbpw. Rm\pambn _w tNphcp ambn Amlp _w tNs. Rm\pam bn _w apdnph\pambn Amlp hpw _w apdns. (ap^Jp A sseln) A_qlpssdd(d)bn\nv: Atlw ]dp. \_n(k) Acp sNbvXn cnp p. \nbw! Amlp krjvSnIsfsb mw krjvSnpIgntm AXn\n pw IpSw_ _w Fgptp\np. Fn\v \np.? XZhkcw Amlp tNmZnp. DSs\ dlvav (IpSpw_ _w) ]dp: CXv IpSpw_ _w tOZnpXns\p dnv \nne`bw tXSphs m\am Wv . CXn\v adp]Snbmbnsm- v Amlp ]dp: AsX, \ns tNhsc Rm tNpXpw, \ns apdnhsc Rm apdnpXpw \n\v CjvSat? AsX, IpSpw_ _w kXnp. DS Amlp adp]SntbIn: AXv Rm \n\v \Inbn cnpp. A\cw \_n(k) XpSp: \nfptinp-pshn \n (Cu amn\nv ) ]nncnbp]w \n `qanbn Ipgw krjvSnpIbpw IpSw__ tOZnpIbpw sNbv tXptam? Ans\ sNphsc Amlp i]npIbpw Ah AhcpsS \b\ sf AampIbpw Ahsc _[nccm pIbpw sNbvXncpp Fv JpB hN\w HmXnsmpI. (_p.ap.) IpSpw_ _w apdnh kz n ISpIbn. (_p. ap.) l: A_qlpssdd(d)\nv \nthZw. \_n(k)]dp: Amlphns am n Nnehgnp Hcp Zo\m, ASna sb tamNnnm Nnehgnp Hcp Zo \m, AKXnv Zm\ambn \Ip Hcp Zo\m, kzw IpSpw_n\v t h- n Nne hgnp Hcp Zo\m Chbn Ghpw Iq enbpXv kzw IpSpw_n\v th- n Nnehgnp Hcp Zo\mdmWv. (apkvenw) l: A_vZpmln_v\p Awdp_v\p Bkzv(d)\nv \nthZ\w. \_n(k) ]d p: Xm sNehn\v sImSpt- h sc AXv sImSpmsX AhKWnm aXn Hcp hyn alm]m]nbmhm. (A_qZmhqZv) \_n(k) ]dp: Ctmpt]mse A tmpw F \ne]mSpImc\ _w \ne \ndpph adnv Apt]mb IpSpw__ w Iqntph\mWv bYmn _w \ne\ndpph. (_p Jmcn) \nbw! a\pjycpsS Fm AaepI fpw Hmtcm shnbmgvNcmhpw (Amlp hn\v) kansSpXmWv. XZhkcw IpSpw__w apdnhs Aa kzoIcn sSpX. (AlvaZv)

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R \_n (k)bpsS IqsSbncnp Ibmbncpp. XZhkcw dkq (k) ]d p: N apdnh \tmsSmancn cpXv. DSs\ Hcp bphmhv kZn \nsgp tp. Atcw {]kvXpX bphmhns Hcp amXrktlmZcn AhnsS knlnXbmbn. Ahcpambn bphmhv A]w \ock nembncpp. {]kvXpX kv{Xo Ah\vth -n ]m]tamN\nnpIbpw sNbvXp. A\cw bphmhv kZntev hncpp. XZhkcw \_n (k) Acp sNbvXp: IpSpw__w apdnh\psm p P\kaqln Amlphns A\p{Klw hjnpX. (Ckv_lm\n) IpSpw_ _w apdnh\pambn \o k lhkncpXv. ImcWw, Amlphns hn ip {Kn aqv ev Ahs\ i]nsXmbn Rm I- n cpp Fv Xs ]nXmhv ssk\p B_nZo XtmSv ]dXmbn Camw aplZv _mJn {]kvXmhnncnpp. l: A_vZdp Kn^mdn(d)\nv \n thZ\w. Atlw ]dp: \_n(k) F tmSv ]dncnpp. kfn Hnt\bpw \nmcambn ImWcpXv. kz w ktlmZcs\ ktmj]qw ImWp XmsWnt]mepw (apkvenw) \_n (k) Acpfn: IpSpw__w hntZnph kzn {]thin pIbn. (apkvenw) l: JmenZv_v\p knZn Akmcn (d)\nv \nthZ\w: Hcm ]dp: Amlp hns dkqte, Fs kzn {]thinnpIbpw \cIn\nv AIp Ibpw sNp Hcp Iw F\nv ]dv Xmepw. \_n(k)]dp: \o Amlphns\ Bcm[npI. Aht\msSmns\bpw ]v tN mXncnpI. \nkvImcw \nln pbpw kImv sImSppIbpw IpSpw __w ]pe pIbpw sNpI. (ap ^Jp Asseln) IpSpw__w ]menpI A_qlpssdd(d)\nv: Atlw ]dp: dkq (k) Acp sNbvXncnp p. Bscmcm Amlphnepw Ay \mfnepw hnizknppthm Ah Ahs AXnYnsb BZcns! Bscm Hcm Amlphnepw Ay\mfnepw hnizknp pthm Ah Ahs IpSpw__s tNpsIms! Bscmcm Amlp hnepw Ay\mfnepw hnizknppthm Ah \Xv am{Xw kwkmcns! Am]w ASnbncns!! (\n_v Z\mbncns) (_pJmcn, apkvenw) \_n (k) ]dp: Zcn{Z\v Zm\w sN ptm AsXmcp Zm\amWv. Fm c_ap BsnepamWv AXv \IpsXn AXv Zm\hpw IpSpw_ _w ]peepw c-pw IqSnbmbncnpw. (AlvaZv, \kmCu, C_v\pamP, Zmcnan) kXyhnizmkn ]qX {]m]n hnizmknI Ahcn Ghpw \ kz`m haphcpw kzw IpSpw_tmSv IqSpX IcpWtbmsS hnphcpamWv. (XpapZn, \kmCu) A_qZdv(d)\nv: Atlw ]d p: Fs Bkplrv dkq(k) Nne \ Imcy FtmSv \ntinn cpp. Fsm Dbhsc t\mm Xncnphm\pw XmsgnSbnephsc t\mphm\pw dkq(k) FtmSp]tZ inp. km[psf kvt\lnphm\pw A hcpambn ASpphm\pw, Fsmw acym ZtISv FtmS\phnsmepw F s IpSpw__w tNphm\pw, Am lphns Imcyn bmsXmcp hnaiI s hnai\sfbpw Rm `bsSm Xncnphm\pw kXyw am{Xw AsX{X Ibv ]mbncpm t]mepw F\nv Xs tISmbncpmepw) ]dbphm\pw, emlue...... F ZnIv Bhpwhn[w (CXv

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kznse \n[nIfn sXmWv ) hnnp hm\pamWv D]tZinXv . (Xz_vdm\n, C_v\plnm) tasebp hsc t\mcpXv.. Fns\ Cu lZokns BZy`mKn DcnXns hnh: FsXmcm Xsm Db hscpdnpam{Xw Nnnppthm Ahp ]Zhn t\SnsbSpm\p AXym{Klw Chs a\nepw \ms Sppw. Ans\ hcptm Acw ]Zhn t\SnsbSpm\p AXym{Klw Chs a\nepw \msSp pw. Ans\ hcptm Acw ]Zhn t\SnsbSp mth- n ]etmgpw Ch ]e Ipn Xamfpw ssIsmpIbpw AXv ImcWw Ah\p ]Zhnt]mepw \jvSs SpIbpw av hn[nep \jv S kw`hnpIbpw sNpw. adnv Xsm XmsgnSbnep hscn Nnnptm X\nv Ahtc m Db ]Zhn \Inb Amlp shpdnv IqSpX kvacnp hm\pw AXv hgn Ahs m\hpw ]Zhnbpw hn phm\pw ImcWamIpw FXmWv icn. aqv Imcy Ah Bcnept- m A hs\ Amlp eLphmb hnNmcW am{Xw \Sn kzn {]thinnpXm Wv. Amcy GXmWv dkqte, kz lm_m tNZnp. \_n(k) Acp sN bvXp. 1. \n\v Xcmh\v \o sImSppI. 2. \ntmSv _w apdnht\mSv \o _w m]npI. 3. \ntmSv A{Iaw sNbvX hv \o amv \IpI ChbmWv (Xz_v dm\n, lmInw) Bscmcm Xs `Ww hnimeam phm\pw BbqssZLyw hnphm \pw CjvSsSppthm Ah Ahs Ip Spw_mcp ambn tbmPnn Ignbs! (_pJmcn, apkvenw) [w, IpSpw__w ]men Ch sIm- v Amlp Bbpns\ hnn pXpw, ZpacWs HgnhmpXpw, h\sbbpw `bmiIsfbpw Xn fbpXpamWv. (A_qbAvem) Hcm Xs IpSpw_hpambn kvt\l nemhpw. XZhkcw AbmfpsS Bbpn shdpw aqv Znhkw am{Xta tijnnp- m hpIbpq. Fm Cu _pXzw ImcWambn Amlp Ahs Bbpn apXv hjw hnnpw. Hcp ]pcpj Xs IpSpw_mcpambn ]nWn. AtXbhkcw Ahs Bbp n apXv hjw _mnbp- m bncn s. Fm Cu ]nWn\v Imc Wambn {]kv X pX apXv hjs Amlp aqpZnhkw am{Xambn Npcpn fbpw. Fns\ Amlp Dtinp Xns\ Ah ambvpIfbpIbpw Ah DtinXns\ ncsSppIbpw sNpw Fv Awhcp JpB kqns hymJym\n Cfv lmv {]kvXmhnncnpp. _lpam\s ZmhqZv (A)ans kZ kycns] Hcmsfpdnv Abmv C\n Bdp Znhks PohnXwIqSn am{X amWpXv Fv acWns aemb Akv d mCu(A) ZmhqZv \_ntbmSv ]dbpIbp-mbn. Fm hjvtijhpw {]kv XpX a\pjy PohnncnpXmbn ZmhqZv ( A) I- t m Akv d mCu(A) ant\mSv \_n CtXpdnt\zjnpIbp -mbn. Atm AkvdmCu (A) ]dp: Atlw Av XmfpsS kao]v\nv aSptm Abm]nWn \nncp Hcp ktlmZcnsb ImWpIbpw Ahfp ambn ]nWsamgnv kvt\lnemhp Ibpw sNbvXp. AXvImcWw Amlp Abmv Ccp]Xv hjw IqSn Bbpv \onsmSpp.

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\nmlv (hnhmlw) A_vZpmln_v\p akvDuZv(d)\nv: Atlw ]dp. dkq(k) Acp sNbvXncnpp: bphmfpsS kaqlta, \nfn hnhmlw sNm Ignhph \mtcm, Ah hnhmlw sNs. \nb ambpw AXv Ins\ XmgvpXpw Kply m\s kqnpXpamWv. hnhmlw sNm km[yamh {hXw A\pjvTn psIms. \nbw {hXw Ahs (Ima)hnImcs l\npIfbpXmWv. (_pJmcn, apkvenw) A_qDama (d)bn\nv : \n hnhmlw IgnpI. \nbw \nfpsS h \hv I mcWw ap P\XInSbn Rm A`nam\npw. \n IrkvXym\n Ifnse ]ptcmlnXmsctmsebmhcpXv. (ss_lJn) A_qlpssdd(d)bn\nv: \nbw, Bscmcm Fs amw Cjv S sSp pthm Ah Fs NcyIsf Ahew_n s. \nbw, hnhmlw Fs Ncybn s]XmWv. (ss_lJn) A\kv (d)\nv: Hcp ASna hnhmlw Ignm Zo\ns A`mKw Ah ]q oIcnp. tijnp ]IpXnbn Ah Amlpsh kqnpsIms. (ss_lJn) AhnhmlnX\mbn PohnpXns\ dkq (k) \ntcm[nncnpp. (_pJmcn, apkvenw (AlvaZv, XpapZn, \kmCu, C_v\p amP) AYhm \ncpmlsSpnbncnpp. Pm_n(d)\nv: GsXmcp bphmhv Xs bphXzmcw`n hnhmlnX\m Ippthm, Ahs ]nimNv lm, IjvSw! Ch Fn\npw Ahs Zo\ns\ kw cnpIftm!! Fv hne]np XmWv. (C_v\p AZvv) Zmcn{Zyw `bv hnhmlw Dt]nh \mtcm Ah \ns]h\. (ssZean, A_qZmhqZv)
A_v Z pmln_v \ pDa(d)\nv : `uXnItemIw apgph\pw kpJt`mK hkvXpfmWv. AXnse Da hkvXp kzmenlmb (k\) kv{XobpamWv. (apkvenw, AlvaZv) A_qDama(d)\nv: Amlpthm Sp `b`nsbgnm ]cnipbmb Hcp `mcysbm Daambn asmpw Xs kXyhnizmknv ^e{]Zamhp Ibn. Ah Inm Ah hgnsSpw. Ah t\mnbm Ah Ahs\ ktmjnnpw. AhtfmSv kXyw sNbvXp]dm Ah \ sNpw. Ahs A`mhn AhfpsS tZlsbpw Ahs [\sbpw kqnpIbpw sNpw. (C_v\pamP) C_v \ pakv DuZv ( d)\nv : \n I\yIsf hnhmlw sNpI. \nbw, Ah kpc`mjnWnIfpw K`mibw ipnbphcpw A]wsIm- v Xr]v X n sSphcpamWv. (Xz_vdm\n) aAvJep_v bmk(d)\nv: \nsf AXy[nIw kvt\laphcpw IqSpX {]khnphcpamb kv{XoIsf \n hnhmlw sNpho. \nbw, \nfp sS B[nIyw ImcWambn Rm ap kapZmb nSbn A`nam\npw. (A_qZmhqZv) A_qkCuZv(d) C_v\p Amkv(d) Fnhcn\nv : Ah c- p t]cpw ]d p: dkq(k) Acp sNbvXp. \nfn emsnepw Hcp Ipn P\nm AXn\v \ t]cnSpIbpw Da kwkvImcw ioen npIbpw sNpI. Ans\ Ah\v {]m b]qnbmbngnm Ah\v hnhm lw \SnsImSppI, AYhm Ah\v {]mb]qnbmhpIbpw ]nXmhv Ah\v hnhmlw sNbvXpsImSpm XncnpIbpw sNbvXm AXpImcWw h sXpw sNbv sXn AXns Ipw Ahs ]nXmhn mbncnpw. (ss_lJn).

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Hcphs ]p{Xnv ]{- v hbv {]m bambn. Fnpw ]nXmhv Ahsf hnhmlw IgnpsImSppan. Fm AXpIm cWw h sXpIfpw Ah hcpnq nsbn AXns Ipw AhfpsS ]nXm hnmWv Fv Xudmn tcsSp sXmbn Da(d) \npw ss_lJn \nthZ\w sNbvXnp- v . (ta]d lZokpw DcWnbpw bphkaqln\v sXv sNm\p A\paXn]{Xambn IW nseSpm\pX. {]XypX Imcy ns Kuchw hniZoIcnmth- n ]dnpXmWv.) \_n(k)bpsS ]p{X C{_mlow F IpnbpsS hfbmbncp kema: bn\nv: kv{Xo kaqlta, \nfnsemcm Ahsfpdnv kwXr]vX\mb `mhn \npw K`nWnbmbngnmehv Amlphns amn {hXa\pjvTn pw \nkvIcnpw IgnbphcpsS {]Xn^ en\v Xpeyamb {]Xn^eamWpsX hkvXpX \nsf kpjvSIfmpnt? As\ Ahv {]khthZ\ XpSn bm Ahpth-n \nKqVams \b \m\Icamb A\p`h BImi`qan bnephsmpw AdnbmhpX. {]khnpIgnm AhfpsS kvX\ fn\nphnp Htcm Xpn ]m en\pw AhfpsS Ipv Np Hmtcm ap en\pw Xpeyw Ahv Hmtcm k IWmsSmXncnp Ibn. Hcp cm{Xn Ipn AhfpsS Ddw \jvSsSpnsbn AXn\v Ahv e`np {]Xn^ew Amlphns am n Ah Fgp]Xv ASnaIv tam N\w \IpXn\v Xpeyambncnpw. Ch sbmpw kv{Xosb kpjvSbmpnt? (C_v\pAkmn, Xz_vdm\n) C_v \ pDa(d)\nv : A\phZ\o bamb Imcyfn Amlphn\v Ghpw

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t{Im[ap Imcyw hnhmltamN\as{X. (A_qZmhqZv) aAvdq^p IJo(d) F alms acWm\cw Atls kz]v\n Zin Hcm tNmZnp: Amlp Xmsf Fv sNbvXp? amAvdq^p IJo(d) ]d p: Amlp F\nv kzw A\p hZnncnpp. Fm AhnhmlnX \mbn acWsXv F\nv hn \jvS ambntmbn. Cu hnhcw A_p Amkv AlvaZp_v\p bAvJq_v DcnXmWv. AbmtcmSp ISaI C_v\p Da, Bbni(d) Fnhcn\n v: Ccphcpw ]dp: dkq(k) {]kvXm hnp. AbhmkntbmSp ISaIsfp dnv Pn_vco(A) FtmSv ]e {][m\ Imcyfpw D]tZinpIbp- m bn. Hcp ]s Ah\v A\cmhIm ihpwIqSn \n t- n hcptam Fv t]mepw Rm kwibnpt]mbn. (_pJmcn, apkvenw) Bscmcm Amlphnepw Ay\m fnepw hnizknppthm Ah Ahs Abhmknsb _pnapnmXncns. kv { XoIsfpdnv \n ]ckv ] cw \bp]tZinpI. (_pJmcn) Amlphn hnizknphcmtcm Ah Abhmknv KpWw sNs! (apkvenw) GsXmcmfn\np- m hp `hnjy pIsfpdnv Ahs Abhmkn \n`b\mIpntbm, AmlphmsW kXyw Ah apAvan\mhpIbn! Am lphmWv kXyw Ah apAvan\mhpIbn !! AmlphmWv kXyw Ah apAvan\mhpIbn!!! (_pJmcn, AlvaZv) Hcm ]dp: Amlphns {]hmN Isc! C kv{Xo \nkvImcw, t\mv, Zm\ [ Chsbmw AXy[nIambn \nlnp hfmsWv ]dbsSpp.

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]s, Ah \mhv s Im- v Xs Ab hmknsb _pnapnpp- v . Ah \cInemWv. \_n(k) {]XnhNnp. C kv{Xo! Ah \nkvImcw, t\mv apXembh \n_ambh am{Xw \n lnphfmWv. AtXkabw Xs Ab mv Ah ]mInbpsS s]mpI [w \IpIbpw sNpw. Xsbpa Abmsc Ah _pnapnmdp an. \_n(k) {]kvXmhnp. Ah kz nemWv. (AlvaZv _mkv, C_v\p lnm, lmInw) Xs Abmc ]nWnbnemsW v AdnpsIm-v hb \ndpph Fssm- v hnizknnn. (_mkv , Xz_vdm\n) apBhnbp_v \ pPpZp_n\nv : Atlw ]dp: Amlphns {]hmN Isc, Hcbmc\v Xs Abhmkn tbmSp ISaI FsmamWv? Rm tNmZnp. \_n(k) ]dp: Ah tcmKn bmbm Ahs\ \o kinpI, Ah arXnbSm Ahs\ kwkvIcnpI, Ah ISw Bhiysm AXv \Ip I, Ah\v hkv{Xanm]w AXv sIm SppI, Ah\v KpWw e`nm Ah s\ A\ptamZnpI, hnja t\cnm A hs\ kamizknnpI, Ahs `h\n tev Imv e`nm XSamhpw hn[w \ns `h\s \o DbcpXv. \ns Idnnbn ]mIw sNp `Ww Ah\v sImSpm]w AXns Kw sIm-v \o Ahs\ hnjannmXncnpI. (Xz_vdm\n) Rm Aa sNp]w F\nv kzn {]thinm ]p Hcp Aa As\ndnbnpXcWw! Hcm \_n (k)tbmS`ynp. \o \ sNph\m bnocpI. \_n(k) Aht\mSv ]dp. Rm \ sNph\msWv F\n ss\ a\nemm Ignbpw, Ah ho-pw tNmZnp. \_n(k) hniZoIcnp: \ns AbmtcmSv \o cayXbn Ign bpI., \o \h\msWv Ah ]dm \o \h Xs. AYhm \o ZpjvSkz `mhmc\msWh ]dbpsXn \o ZpjvSkz`mhn XsbmWv. (ss_lJn) Abm aqv hn[amWv. 1. ISav am{Xw AhImiaph 2.c-v AhImi ap Abmc 3. aqv AhImi fph Cs\bmWv _lpssZhhn izmknbmb Abhmkn Ch\v HchIm iw am{Xtabpq. apkvenapamb Ab mc\mWv c- h Imiw. Hv Ckv e man tXpw asmv Ab]ntXpw. Ip Spw_mc\pw apkvenapamb Abmc \s{X aqhImiw. Hv Ckvemw F \nepw asmv IpSpw_mcs\ \ne pw aqmaXv Abhmkn F\ne pw. (A_q\ Cuw, _mkv) \_n(k) ]dp: \o Idn ]mIw sNp tm Ipd[nIw shw \on Ab mct\bpw ]cnKWnpI. (apkvenw) \_n(k) ]dp: hh\pw Amlp hnepw ]ctemInepw hnizknpp shn Xs Abhmknsb Ah D]{ZhnmXncn s. (_pJmcn) \_n(k) ]dp: HcmfpsS D]{Zh s kw_nv Abhmkn \n`b\m hpXvhsc Ah kzKn {]thin pX. (AlvaZv) \nfpsS AbhmknI h ]mcn tXmjnIhpw XcnIbmsWn AsXmcm nIpfmsWnepw \n \mc amn IcpXcpXv. Ab]ns AXnn \m Xv hoSphscbmWv. (ss_lJn)

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ZmXyPohnXw
622 kv{XoIv Ah-cpsS al \n_ambn sImSp-p-I. Fm Ah AXn \nv hXpw kzta[bm \nv s]mcp- s p- X m AXv ktmj- t msSbpw kpJ-ambpw `n-mhp--Xm-Wv. (hn. Jp. 4/4.) (Hcm Hcp kv{Xnsb hnhmlw sNp tm Ahv alvdv (hnhmlaqeyw) \ tI- X v ]pcpjs _m[yXbmIpp. X s PohnXntev ISphcp kv{Xo v ]pcpj \Ip Hcp ]mcntXmjnI ambmWv Ckvemw AXv \nbnnpXv. aldn\npw hXpw kv{Xo Xs `m hn\v \IpIbmsWn ktmj tmsS Ah\Xv kzoIcnmw. Fm hnhmln\ptijw kv{Xo Xs CWbm bngnsm, C\n Fn\mWv alvdv \IpXv Fv IcpXn AXv sImSpm XncncpXv.) 623 kv{XoI-fpsS Imc-y-n Ah XmtfmSv hn[n tNmZn-pp. ]d-bpI, Amlp Ah-cpsS Imc-y-n \nv hn[n \Ip- p- - v . - InsXv \n sImSp-n-n-m-hcpw, hnhmlw sNm \n B{K-ln-p--h-cp-amb A\m-Y kv{XoI-tfbpw _e-lo-\cmb Ip -nI-sfbpw kw_-nv Cu {K-n (Jp-B\n) \ntm- X n- - c p Bb- p- I fpw \nv hn[n \Ip- p- - v . A\m- Y - I pn-ItfmSpw \oXn ]m-en-Wsav Amlp \n-tfmSv In-pp. \n Fv- \ {]hn- p- ps- nepw Xo- b mbpw Amlp AXv \Xv t]mse A-dn-bp--h\mWv. (hn. Jp. 4/127.) 624 ]pcp-jm kv{XoI-fpsSta \nb-{Wm- [ n- I m- c - a p- - h - c m- I p- p. Ah- c n Nnesc (]p-cp-jm-sc) Nne-sc-m (kv{XoI-sf-m) DIrjvScm-n-b-XvsIm-pw Ah (]p- c p- j - m) X- f psS [\n\nv Ahv (kv{Xo-Iv) sNehv sNpXpsIm-p-am-Wv. (A-s\ \nbn-n-p--Xv) AXv sIm-v Da kv{XoI A\p-kcWbphcpw, Amlp - - Ah-cpsS Xm]cy kwc-nncn bm `mmcpsS kmn[y n AhcpsS Xm]cy kwc nphcpamWv. GsXnepw kv{Xo I A\p-kcWtSv ImWn-p-sav `b- - s-Sp-p-sh-n Ah-sc \n- D]-tZ-inpI (AXv ^en-m-Xn-cp m) ib-\m-\--fn Ahsc shSn-bpI. (A-Xpw - ] m- e n- ns- n) Ahsc ASn- pI. As\ \nv Io-gSn-bm Ah-sc - -kw_-n-v- asmcp -amhpw At\z-j-n-cpXv. Xo-bmbpw Amlp D-X\pw hen-b-h\pamIp-p.(hn. Jp. 4/34.) ({]h\^ew e`npw F Imcy n ]pcpjmcpw kv{XoIfpw kam cmWv. Fm Fm Imcyfnepw Ah Xpeyc. kv{XoIsf \nb{nm\pw kwc nm\pap AhImiw \nbaaqehpw {]IrXnbm Xs Amlp \Inbncn pXv ]pcpjmmWv. {][m\ambpw CXn\v c- v ImcWfp- v . 1._pnin, icocin, a\cpv, ss[cyw XpSn b ]e Imcyfnepw ]pcpj kv{XoIsf m anIp\npp. 2.kv{XobpsS ` Ww, hkv{Xw, ]mnSw XpSnb ]e Imcypw [\w sNehgnt- X v

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]pcpjmcmWv. Cu ImcWfm kv {XoIfpsS \nb{Wm[nImchpw ]pcpj mp Xs. AXpsIm- v `mm sc A\pkcnpIbpw AhcpsS Xm]cy kwcnpIbpw sNpIsbXm Wv kv{XoIfpsS NpaXe. B NpaXe \nd thphcmWv Dacmb kv{XoI. `mcyamtcmSv \\nebn s]cpamdm ]pcpjm _m[ycmWv. `mm sc A\pkcnm `mcyam ISsncnp p. A\pkcWtSv ImWnp `mcyam sc `mm D]tZinp t\scbm Ww. ^ew ImWpnsn InSdbn \nv Ahsf shSnbWw. AXpsIm- p w ^eansn ASnin \IWw. Fn v hgp kv{XoIsXnsc `m m ap amsfmpw kzoIcncpXv. AYhm As\ h \S]Snbpw FSpm Amlp AXn\v X XncnSn \Ipw. AXn\v Ah\v IgnbpIbpw sNpw. Amlp DX\pw alm\pamWtm.) 625 Hcp-ico-cn\npw \nsf krjvSn- - h - \ mWv Ah. AXn\np- X s AXns CW-tbbpw, AXp-ambn CW-tNtc- - X n- \ mbn Ah krjv S n- p. As\ Ah Ah- f p- a mbn CW- t N- t m Ah eLp-hmbn K`w [cnp-I-bpw, AXvsIm-v \SpIbpw sNbvXp. Fn-v K`w `mcn--Xm-b-tm Ah c-p-t]cpw X-fpsS \mY-\mb Am-lp-thm-Sv {]m np. kX-yambpw \o Rv Hcp- \ Ipns\ Xm R \ntmSv \n -Im-Wn-p--h-cn s]-h-cm-hpI Xs sNpw. (hn. Jp. 7/189.) 626 Ahs Zrjv S m- - - f ns]- - X pXsbm-Wv, \n-fpsS h-n\np Xs \n--h CW-Isf (`mcy-amsc) krjvSnpXn-p--Xv. \n A h- c p- a mbntv a\- - a m- [ m\tmsS P o h n m t h - n \n X-n kvt\ lhpw Imcp-Wyhpw D-m-p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Nnn-p P\-X-v CXnsemw ZrjvSm fp- v . (hn. Jp. 30/21) 627 Xs `m-hns Imc-yn XmtfmSv Xn- p- I bpw Am- l p- t hmSv kSw t_m[n-np-Ibpw sNp-hfpsS - hmv Amlp tIp-IXs sNbvXncnp-p. \n c-p-t]-cp-sS-bpw kw`mj Ww Am-lp- tIp-p-m-bn-cp-p. Xo -bmbpw Amlp Fmw ImWp--h\pw tIp--h-\p-am-Ip-p. (hn. Jp. 58/1.) 628 \n-fpsS `mc-yam \n-fpsS Irjnbn- S - a m- I p- p. AXpsIm- v Dtinphn[w kzw Irjn- b n- S - n- t epw \nvsN-mw. \np-th-n (k ) apIqn-sNbvXpshpI. \n Am-lpsh `b-s-v Po-hn-p-Ibpw Ah-\p-ambn I-v app-I-Xs sNp-sav a\-n-em-p-Ibpw sNpI. (\-_n) kX-yhn-izm-kn-Iv Xm ktm-jhm Adn-bn-pI. (hn. Jp. 2/223.) 629 B-hspdnv Ah (\_o) Xm-tfmSv tNmZn-pp. ]d-bp-I, AsXmcp No- k m- [ - \ - a mWv . AXv s Im- v B h-Im-e-v-\n- kv{XoI-fn\nv AIn-cnpI. ip-cm-Ip-Xp-hsc Ah-tcmSv \n ASp-cpXv. Ah ip-cmbngnm Amlp In- am-n-eqsS \n Ahsc kao]npI. ]mX]nv aSphtcbpw ipn- b p- - h - t cbpw Xo-bmbpw Amlp kvt\ln-p-p. (hn. Jp. 2/222.) (hnhmlspdnmWv Ign kq n hnhcnXv. hnhmlhpambn _ s Nne ImcyfmWv C\n ]dbp Xv. Bhap kv{XoIfpambn CSs]

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Sp Imcyn ]e kapZmbmcpw hy XykvX \ne]mSmsWSpncpXv. Nne Bhs Hcp {]iv\ambnXs IW mnbncpn. apNnecmIs, B hImcnIsf hon\npw _lnjvIcn pIXs sNbv X ncnpp. Cmcy n Ckvemans \ne]msSv? AXmWv tNmZyw. BhImcnIsf sXmScpsXtm hon IbcpsXtm Ckvemw A`n{]mb sSpn. Fm Hcp apkvenans F m {]h\fpw ipntbmsSbmbncn Ww Fv Ckv e man\v \nap- v . Bhcw Aiphpw tOhpamb H mWv. AXp kv{XoIfpambn ipcmIp Xphsc ssewKnIthgvNI \ScpXv. ipcmbngnm Amlp A\phZn coXnbn {]IrXnZambcoXnbn A hcpambn ssewKnIthgvN \SmhpXm Wv. CXmWv Ckvemans \ne]mSv. CXn\v hn]coXambn Bscnepw {]hnm DSs\ Ah ]mXm]npsImWw.) 630 amXm- XfpsS Ipn-Iv ]q -amb c-v sImw ape sImSp-Ww. (CXv) ape-IpSn ]qn-bm-m Dt-in-p-hmIp-p. Ahv acym-Z-b-\p-k-cnv Blm- c hpw hkv { Xhpw sImSp- t - - X v Ipn Bv P\n-pthm Ah-cpsS _m[-yX-bm-hpp. Hcm-tfmSpw Ah\v Ign-hp-X-msX imkn--s-Sp-I-bn-. Xs Ipn ImcWw Hcp -am-Xmhpw hnj-an--s-S-cpXv. Ipn Bv P\n-pthm Ah\pw Xs Ipn ImcWw hnj-an-s-p-Iq-Sm. Ah-Iminpw AXp- t ]m- s e- b p _m[- y - X - b p- v . Fm Ah c- v t]cpw ]c- k v]cw Btem-Nnpw Xr]vXn-spw ape-IpSn \n m Dt-in-m Ahpw Ip-an-. (at- s X- nepw kv { Xosb- s m- - v ) kzw Ipn-Iv ape- Ip-Sn-n-m Dt-in-p-Ibm-sW-n ac-ym-Z-b-\p-k-cnv Ahv

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sIm-Sp-m \n-bn-Xv sImSp-m \n-Xn Ip-an-. \n Am-lphn\v `b- s v Pohn- pI. \n- f psS {]h-\- Ah icnpw ImWpp- s - pw a\- n- e mp- I bpw sNpI. (hn. Jp. 2/233) (XzemJvaqew th]ncn ZXnI v ape IpSnp Ipnbp-mtbmw. A Xpaqew AhnSbn ]e Ipg D - m Im\pw km[yXbp- v . Acw Ipg D- m ImXncnm\p \nti fmWnhnsS sImSpncnpXv. Ipnv ape sImSpv hft- X v amXmhns ISabmWv. ]qamb c-ph jw ape sImSpWw. Fm c-p hb n\v apv apeIpSn \ndpemWsa v Ah ]ckv]cw BtemNnv Xr]vXnsp Xocpam\npXn\v hntcm[sampan. (ape sImSpp Imev Ipns Dv `Whpw hkv{Xhpw sImSpt -Xv ]nXmhns ISabmWv. Xs Ignhn \\pkcnv Ah\Xv \nlnWw. ]n Xmhv acWsm Ahs AhImin B Ihyw \nd thWw. ape IpSnp Ipns\ amXmhn\nIm ]nXmhv {iancpXv. ]nXmhns Ignh\pdap Nnehv amXmhv BhiysSm\pw ]mSn. A\ykv { XoIsfsm- v Ipn\v ape sImSpnpXn\pw hntcm[an. ]t, Ahv \nbn {]Xn^ew am\yamb \nev sImSpWsapam{Xw.) 631 F{X-Xs B{K-ln-mepw (H n IqSpX `mcyam D-mbm) `mcyamn-S-bn ka- Xzw ]pem \n v IIgnbpI- b n- . AXp- s Im- v (Hcp `mc-y-bn-tev) \n apgp-h-\mbn NmbpI-bpw As\ as-hsf sIn-bn-S-s-hsftmse Dt]-n-p-Ibpw sN-cp Xv. \n (`m-c-y-am-tcm-Sp- -s]-cp-am-w) \m-p-Ibpw, (A-\oXn) kqn-pIbpw -

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sNbvXm Xo-bmbpw Amlp Ghpw s]mdp-p--h\pw ]c-a-Im-cp-Wn-I-\p-amIpp. (hn. Jp. 4/129.) (Hne[nIw `mcyamcps- n Fm htcmSpw Xpey\nebn s]cpamdm B pw Ignsphcn. GsXnepw Hcp `mcytbmSv {]tXyI aaX tXmntbmw. Fmt]mepw Hcmfntev apgph\mbn NmbpIbpw ahsf AhKWnpIbpw sN p coXnbp- m hcpXv. `mhps- n epw `mhnmhsftmse Fv ]d Xns Aw AXmWv. Fm `mcyam tcmSpw IgnhXpw \mbn s]cpamdpIbpw A\oXn sNmXncnm {inpIbpw sNpI.) 632 hnhm- l - t am- N \w c- p - X - h - W - b mWv . ]no-Sv \o-Xn-tbmSpIqSn \nn-tm-cpItbm \-\n-ev hn-bp-Itbm sNmw. Am-lp-hns \nb-a-]-cn-[n-Isf icn-pw ]m-en-m km[n-p-I-bn-sv Ah c-p-t]cpw (`mc-ybpw `mhpw) `b-sSptmg-msX Ahv (`m-cyamv) \n -\In-bn-p--Xn bmsXmpw hmm ]mSn-m--Xm-Ip-p. Fm Am-lphns \nb-a-]-cn-[n-Isf icnpw ]menm Ahv Ign- b msX hcp- s av \n `b-s-Sp-p-sh-n hnhm-l-tamN\w t\Smth- n Ah Fv \Ippthm AXn Ahv c- v t ]pw bmsXmcp Ip-hp-an-. CsXmw Am-lphns \nb-a-]-cn-[n-I-fmIpp. AXn-\m Chsb \n AXnewLn-cpXv. Amlphns \nb-a-]-cn-[n-Isf AXnewLn-p-hcmtcm Ah-cmWv A{I-an-I. (hn. Jp. 2/229.) (XzemJv sNms kv{Xosb AhfpsS C IgnbpXn\papv XncnsSpm ` mhn\v AhImiaps- v ]dtm. AXns hniZoIcWamWv ChnsS \In bncnpXv. AXmbXv Htm c t - m XzemJv am{Xw sNmnbXmsWnte XncnsSpm AhImiapq. As\ XncnsSpm \ coXnbn B _w \ne\ndpntmcWw. XncnsSp pnsn HuZmcy]qw Ahsf hnbWw. As\bmWv sNt- X v . Hcp ]pcpj Hcp kv{Xosb hnhmlw sNbvXm aqv XzemJns AhImiam Wh\pXv. Ch aqv XhWbmbn sNm mw. Hcpanv sNmmw. Htm ct- m Xz emJv sNmnbm C IgnbpXn\vapv XncnsSpmw. kv{Xobpw ]pcpj\pw Xn ep ZmXyPohnXw Ignbp{X aptm v t]mhpI FXmWv Ckvemw B{Kln pXv . AXv s Im- m Wv XzemJv sNmn bmepw `mcysb aSnsbSpm\p Ah Imiw \InbXv. XzemJns Fw aq mbn \nbnXpw AXpsIm- m Wv . aq v XzemJpw Hcpanv sNmmw Fv t\c s ]dp. Fm As\ sNp h Ckvemw Zon Cu Dtis ]cmPbsSppIbmWv sNpXv. Xz emJv Hn am{Xw Npcpt- X mWv . `mcyv \Inb alvdv, ap ]mcntXm jnI Chbn HpwXs hnhml tamN\kabv aSnhmm ]mSp X. Fm `mhns\ A\pkcnm sXbpw hnhmltamN\n\v \nam Ip `mcy AXnv {]Xn^eambn hXpw sImSppIbmsWn `mhn\v AXv kzoIcnm hpXmWv. Cs\ {]Xn ^ew hmn XzemJv sNmpXn\v JpAv FmWv ]dbpXv.) 633 ]nsbpw Ahsf hnhm-l-tam-N\w sNbvXm C\n asmcp `mhns\ hnhmlw sNp-Xvhsc Ah\v (BZ-y`m-hn-\v) hnhmlw sNm ]mSn-. Fm Ch (c- m - a s `mhv ) Ah-sf- hn-hm-ltam-N\w sNbvXm, Amlp-hns \nba ]cn-[n-Isf icnv ]men

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psav Ah c- p t]cpw hnNmcnp ]w (`mcym`Xr_ntev) A t\m\yw aSpXn Ah smcp Ip hpan. Chsbmw Amlp hns \nba ]cn[nIfmIpp. {Klnp P\Xbvp th- n bmWv Chsbmw hnhcnv sImSp pXv. (hn. Jp. 2/230.) (Hcm Xs `mcysb Htm ct- m XhWtbm HbSntm XzemJv sNmnbm C IgnbpXn\papv XncnsSpm Ahkcaps- p ]dpIgnp. C I gnXn\p tijamsWn hnhmlw sN bvXv XncnsSpmw. aqv XzemJv sNmn bm ]ns XncnsSpm ]pcpj\v A hImian. AYhm XncnsSpWsan Xs Ahsf asmcm hnhmlw sNpI bpw Abm Ahsf XzemJv sNmpIbpw sNbv X Xn\v t ijta km[npIbpq. Amlphns \nba\nti A\pkcnv cayXtbmsS Pohnm Ignbpsav {]o Xnbps- n am{Xw Ah As\ sNbvXm aXnsbmWv JpB ChnsS {]tXyIw DWpXv. hnhmltamN\ {]hWXsb ]camh[n \ncpmlsSp m th- n bmWv Ckv e mw Ccw \nb a Bhnjv cnncnpXv. hnhml tamN\s Ckvemw Xosc t{]mlnn pn. A\phZ\obamb Imcyfn shv Amlphn\v Ghpw shdppXm Wv XzemJv F \_nhN\w \mw ChnsS HmpI.) 634 \n kv{XoI-sf- X-z-emJv sNmpIbpw, As\ Ahv XfpsS CbpsS Ah[n Fp-hm ASp-p-Ibpw sNbvXm Ahsc \-\n-ebn IqsS \ndpp-Itbm \-co-Xn-bn Xt hn-b-pItbm c- n - s emv sNpI. \n A{Ian-I-fmbn Xoc---hw Ahsc t{Zmlnmth- n ]nSn- p- s h- - c pXv . Am- l phns hN-\-sf \n ]cnlmk]m{Xam--cpXv. Am-lp- \nv -sN-bvXp X A\p-{K-l-sbpw XX-z--sfbpw HmpI. \n Amlp -hns\ kqnpbpw, Ah Fm -Imcy--fpw Adn-bp-h-\m-sWv a\-nem-p-Ibpw sNpI. (hn. Jp. 2/231.) (Ckvemanse hnhmltamN\ k{m Zmbsfpdnv FXncmfnI ]e Ip{] NmcWfpw Agnphnnp- v . tXmnb Xpt]mse hnhmlw sNm\pw hnhml tamN\w sNm\pw Ckvemw A\phZnp p. kv{Xosb \nyhpw \oNhpambnmWv IWmpXv. CXymZn Hcp]mSv Zpjv{] NcW. Ckvemans hnhml ho Wspdnv icnbmwhn[w hnebncpn bm Cu {]NmcWv Hcp ASnm \hpw Csv ImWmhpXmWv. ZXnIv Hcp\nepw tbmPnp t]mIm Ignbm kmlNcyw D- m Ipw. Acw kmlNcyfn D]tbmKn m\pXmWv hnhmltamN\w. hnhml tamN\w \SXn\ptijw ZXnam A Xn tJZnpIbpw ho-pw Hcpanv Pohn m B{KlnpIbpw sNbvtXpw. As\ aSnsbSpm\p k`amWv CImev A\phZnncnpXv. Cu k abv c- n semv Xocpam\nWw. \ \nebn ZmXyPohnXw \bnm Ign bpsan As\ sNpI. Asn \ymbambn Ahsf hnbpI. Fn A hv asmcp `mhns\ kzoIcn matm. `mcysb Hcp ]mTw ]SnnWsa DtitmsS Ahsf t{Zmlnm th - n am{Xw XncnsSpcpXv . As\ sN ph kzw icoctfmSv henb A{IaamWv sNpXv. AXymhiy Lfn am{Xw D]tbm Knm Amlp I\n\phZnnp AhImi m\pw Am\ pw D]tbmKnv Amlphns hN\

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sf ]cnlmk]m{Xamphsc Cu kq w ITn\amb XmoXv sNpp. Am lp \apv Hcp]mSv A\p{Kl sNbv XpXnp- v . Ah \apv thZ{Kw Cdnp. kZp]tZiw \In. XXz m\w \In. Chsmw \n ImWn m _m[ycmb \mw Ahs hn[nhn epIv icnbmb aqeyw InmsX Ahsb ]cnlmk]m{XampXv F{X am{Xw ISp [nmcamWv.) 635 \n kv{XoI-sf- hn-hmltamN\w sNp-Ibpw Ah X-fpsS Ah[n {]m]np-Ibpw sNbvXm \nb-am-\p-kr-Xamb coXn-bn ]c-kv]cw Xr]vXn-sSp ]w X-fpsS `mmscXs hnhmlw sNp-Xn\nv \n Ahsc XS-b cpXv. \n-fn\nv Am lphnepw AyZn-\-nepw hnizknp -h CXpaqew D]tZiw \I-s-Sp-p. \nv Ghpw KpW- { ]- Z hpw kwip- - a m- b - X p- a mWXv . Amlp (Fmw) Adn-bp-p. \n (]e Xpw) Adn-bp-n-. (hn. Jp. 2/232) (Hcm Xs `mcysb XzemJv sNmpI bpw C IgnXpaqew `mcysb Xncns Spm\p k`w \jvSsSpIbpw sNbv Xp Fv IcpXpI. c- p t]pw Hcpanv PohnWsav B{Klaps- n ho - p w Ahv hnhmlnXcmIm hpXm Wv. c-pt]cpw ]ckv]cw Xr]vXnsmW Xn\v XmdmIpsXn AXv XSbcpXv. s]mXpth am\yXv tbmPnm kz`m hZqjy Abmfn ImWsSpns n B ]p\hnhmls t{]mmlnn pIbmWv th-Xv. k\mb Amlp \Ip Cu \nba\nti ]menpXnemWv \psS hnPbw \ne sImpXv.) 636 `mc-yamsc kv]in-p-Itbm, Ahv alvdv \ni-N-bn-p-Itbm sNm-- \nebn \n Ahsc hnhm-ltam-N\w \Sp-Ibm-sW-n AXn\v hntcm[ sampan-. Fm acymZb-\p-kcnv PohnXhn`h- Fs-nepw \n Ahv sImSp-Ww. \- sN-p-h-cpsS _m[-yXbm-Ipp AXv. (hn.Jp. 2/236.) (alvdv \nbnmsX hnhmlw sNbvX kv{Xosb ssewKnIthgvNp apv `m hv hnhmltamN\w sNbvXm alvdv sIm Spt-Xn. Fnepw Ignh\pkcnv F snepw PohnX hn`h Ahv sImSpWw. CXn\v \nnXamb Hcp I Wn. Ignhphcpw Cmhcpw Ah chcpsS Ignh\pk cnmWv sImSpt - X v . hnhmltamN\w kv { Xop- m Ip Zp:Jhpw at\mhnjahpw eLqIcnm\pw, kv{XobpsS ]\np GsXnepw KpcpXcamb IpwsIm-mbncnmw hnhm ltamN\w D- m bsXv BfpIp - m Ip sXnmcW Hgnhmm\pw th -nbmWv Cs\ aXmAv (PohnXhn`hw) sImSpWsav \ntinncnpXv. a lvdv \nImlvkabw ]dbmsXbncpmepw AhfpsS ASp _pfmb kv{XoI fpsS alvdv Hmtmamnmbn `mhv A hv sImSpt- X mIpp. ssewKnI thgv N papv XzemJp- m bm alv d v sImSpt- . thgv N ptijamsWn alvdv sImSppIXs thWw. `mcy (` mhns\) ths- pshm `mhv sImSpt-Xn.) 637 \n-fn Bsc-nepw `mc-y-amsc hnv acn-p-t]m-bm Ah kz-ta-[bm \mepam-khpw ]pZnh-khpw Imn-cn-t- - X m W v . A - s\ Ah X- f psS Imem- h [n ]qn- b mngn- m kzw Imc-y-n ac-ym-Z-{]-Imcw Ah {]hn-p--Xn \nv- Ip--an-. \nsfpdnv kq-va-ambn Adn-bp-h-\m-Ipp Amlp. (hn. Jp. 2/234.)

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(`mhv acWspt]mb `mcyam `mhn acWtijw \mepamkhpw ] p Znhkhpw CbmNcnWw FmWv Ckvemans hn[n. `mhns hntbmK nep ZpxJhpw ]hn{Xhpamb sshhm lnI _tmSp BZchv {]ISnn m th-nbmWnXv. hnhmlw Ignbp Ss\ ssewKnIthgvNpapv `mhv ac Wspt]mb kv{XoIfpw CbmNcn Ww. Fm K`nWnIfmb kv{XoI {] khnptXmsS CbpsS Imemh[n Xo cpw. acWns CbmNcnp Imev Fmhn[ BVw_cfpw B`cWfpw Dt]nWw. \ymbamb ImcWanmsX hoSphnv ]pdpt]mIm ]mSn. C Ignm CsXmsbmhmw. hnhmlw IgnpIbpw sNmw.) 638 \n-fn\nv `mc- y - a msc hnp- s Im- v acn-p-t]m-Ip--h, X-fpsS `m cy-amsc (hon\nv CdmsX, Abm sX Hcp sImmewhsc hn`hw \IW sav hkznv sNbvXpsIs. ]ns (kza \mse) hnpt]m Ip]w X fpsS Imcyn \oXnb\pkcnv Ah Fv sNppthm AXn \nv Ipan. Amlp AP\pw bpnam\pamIpp. (hn. Jp. 2/240.) 639 hnhmltamN\w sNs kv{XoI v acymZb\pkcnv PohnXhn`hw \ t I - X m I p p . A mlphns\ `bsv Pohnphv AXv _m[yXbm Ipp. (hn. Jp. 2/241.) `mcym `mm Xnep ISaI kv{XoItfmSv (`mcyamtcmSv) \n \ \nebn hnpI. (Jp.i.) kv{XoIpXnv Xpeyamb Nne \ ISaI kv{XoItfmSpap-v. ]pcpjm v kv { XoIsfm ]Zhnbp- v . (Jp. i.) ]pcpj\v Xs `mcytbmSv ]e ISaIfp

302

ap-v. AXp]mseXs kv{XoIv Xs `mhnt\mSpap- v ]e ISaIfpw Fv kmcw. Cu Bbns ASnm\n Fs `mcy F\nv t h- n `wKnbmhpXv t]mse Rm Ahpth-nbpw `wKnbm hmdps- v C_v \ p Amkv (d) {]kv X m hnnp-v. `mcytbmSp ISmSpI honepw Ahv KpWIcamb Imcyf{Xbpw \nlnpsImSpepw `mhns\ A\pkcnepw `mhn\v hgnsSepw `mcyv \n_amsWv Nne ]nX m {]kvXmhnncnpp. lp hZmC \_n (k) {]kw Knp. Xncp\_n Amlpsh kvXpXnp Ibpw {]iwknpIbpw sNbvXtijw A hnSpv D]tZinp. P\sf! kv{XoI fpsS Imcyn \n ]ckv]cw \sb am {Xw D]tZinpI. \nbw! Ah \n fpsSbSp _\cmWv. \bm sX asmpw \nfhcn\nv DSabmp n. {]Xyamb sXv Ah sNbvsXn emsX, AYhm Ah sXv sNbvXm ib\mhkcw\nfhscthsSppIbpw ]cntnm ASn ASnpIbpw sNpI. Ans\ Ah \nv hgn spIgnm AhsXnsc ap amsfmpw tXScpXv. AdnbpI, \nbw! \nfpsS `mcyam v \ntfmSv Nne _m[yXIfp-v. \n v AhtcmSpap-v Nne _m[yXI. \n CjvSsSmhsc \nfpsS hncnn NhnnmXncnepw \n shdpph v \nfpsS hoSpIfn (hcm) A\p hmZw \ImXncnepamWv kv{XoIv \ntfmSp _m[yXI. Ahmhiyamb `Whpw hkv{X hpw \IpXn KpWw sNemWv \n v `mcyamtcmSp ISaI. (C_v\pamP)

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`mhv `nm `mcytbbpw `n npI. Ah hkv{Xw [cnm Ahtf bpw [cnnpI, AhfpsS apJSnm XncnpI, Zpjn hmpI sIm- v kwt_m[\w sNmXncnpI. hon\Iv sh msX AhtfmSv ]nWmXn cnpI. ChbmWv `mhn\v `mcytbmSp ISaI (Xz_vdm\n, lmInw) IpdtXm IqSnbtXm Bb alv \nbnpsIm- v Hcm Hcp kv { Xosb hn hmlw Ignp. Fm AXhv \I Wsav Ah IcpXnbnpan. Ans\ alv d v sImSpmsX Ahsf hnv s Im- v Ah acWaSbpIbpw sNbvXm Ay\m fn Ah hy`nNmcnbmb \nemWv Amlpsh A`napJoIcnpI. (Xz_vdm\n) kXyhnizmknIfnshv Ghpw \ kz`mhaphcpw kzw `mcytbmSv am hambn s]cpamdphcpw kXyhnizmkw ]qamb apAvan\pIfn s]hcmWv. kzw `mcyv Da\mbh\s{X \nfn epa. (XpapZn) \nbw, ]pcpj Ahs `mcysbbpw Ah Ahscbpw kvt\l]qw t\mn bm Amlp Xs ImcpWy ZrjvSnsIm - v Ahsc t\mpXmWv . (kv t \l]pc cw) Ah AhfpsS Icw {Klnm A hcpsS ]m] AhcpsS hncepInS bneqsS DXnv t]mhpXmWv. (dm^nCu, abvkd) `mhv `mcytbmSv Xs icocw Bh iysm Ah (bm{Xv th- n ) HI InenemsWnepw AXnv hnkXnm Xncnepw, ^fm bmsXmcp t\mpw `XrkXw IqSmsX A\pjvTnmXncn epw, Ahv `mhn t\mSp ISa Ifn s]XmWv. AYhm Ah Ans\ sNp]w {]kvXpX t\mv AkzoIm cyhpw Ahv IpIchpamWv. Ahs honep bmsXmpw Ahs A\phmZan msX asmcmv \ImXncnepw (CXn sXncv Ah sNp]w `mhnv {]Xn^eap-v. ]s, Ahv Iphpw D-mbncnpw) `XrkXat\y hon \nv t]mhmXncnepw AhfpsS ISa bmWv. AYhm kXwIqSmsX Ah ]pdv t]msbn `mhv Hc{Ianbm sWn t]mepw Amlphpw, tIm] ns aepIfpw Ah ]m]np Itbm XncnvhcnItbm sNpXvhsc Ahsf i]npsIm-ncnpXmWv. (Xbmeko) Hcp kv{Xo \_n (k)bpsS Xncpkn[n bn lmPcmbnsm- p Wnp. F s ]nXrktlmZcs aI Fs hnhm lmt\zjWw \Spp- v . AXpsIm- v Hcp `mcyv AhfpsS `mhnt\mSp ISaI Fsmsbm sWv Av F\n dnbnv Xmepw! {]kvXpX _m [yXI hom Fssm- v km[yamsWnte Rm hnhmlnXbmIppq. dkq (k) AhtfmSv ]p: Ahs \mkmZzmcfn tNmcbpw Nehpw Hen pIbpw `mcy AhfpsS \mhv s Im- v \ nsbpancns. Fm t]mepw Ah t\m Sp ISaI Ah ]qambn hop n. a\pjycnsemcm asmcmv km jvSmKw sN A\phZ\obambncps n `mhv hontev hcptm (Ah sfm Ahs\ Amlp t{ijvSam nb ImcWm) `mcy Ahv kpPqZv sN Wsav Rm Bm]npambn cpp. \_n (k) C{Xbpw ]dtm {]kv XpX kv{Xo ]dp. Xmsf {]hmNI\m nbbh\mWv kXyw, Rm BPohm \mw hnhmlw IgnpIbn. (Cu lZo kv lmInw \nthZ\w sNbvXXpw Atlw klolmnbXpamWv.) A\kv (d)\nv: Hcp Akmcn Ip Spw_n\v Hcp HIap- m bncpp. InW n\nv shw henm\mbncpp Ah AXns\ D]tbmKnncpXv. Hcn

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{]kvXpX HIw tPmen sNpXn hnaqJX {]ZinnpIbpw A]w t{Im[w ]q- v s]cpamdpIbpap-mbn. HIns DSaI hv \_n (k)bpsS kn[nbn BhemXn t_m[nnp. Ah ]dp. {]hmNIsc, Rv HscmIap- m bn cpp. AXns\sm- v shw hennm Wv R IrjnI \\ncpXv . Ctm AXn\v aZanfInbncnbmWv. AXv tPmen sNm Iqmpn. shw e`nmbvIbm RfpsS Irjnsbmw DWm XpSnbncnpp. DSs\ \_n(k) Fgptp. Atcw AhnsS D- m bncphscbpw Iqn {]kv X p X Akmcn IpSpw_ns tXmn {] thinp. HIw AXnsemcp`mKv \np - m bncpp. \_n (k) AXns t\sc \S tm hopIm XSp. {]hmNIsc AsXmcpXcw t]nbpsS kz`mhnem WpXv. As\ kao]n m Asb AXv hXpw A{Ianptam Fv R `bsSpp. Ah ]dp. C, AsXs Hpw sNn. \_n (k) Ahsc kam[m\nnp. HIamhs \_n ZinbpS Xncp ta\nsb kao]nv AhnSs XrmZ fn kpPqZv sNbvX DSs\ Xncpta\n AXn s aqmhn ]nSnvsIm-v \njv{]bmkw AXns\ tPmenbn {]thinnpIbpw sNbvXp. XZhkcw Cu kw`hn\v ZrIvkmn Ifmb kzlm_nI tNmZnp. Atbm! {]hmNIsc! tIhew hntij _pnbnm Hcp \mmen Xmv kpPqZv sNp p. Atm hntij_pnbp R Atv kpPqZv sNm Ghpw _ shct? XZhkcw dkq {]XnhNnp. ]mSn. Hcp a\pjy asmcp a\pjy\v kpPqZv sN A\phZ\oba. AYhm A\phZ\ob ambncpsn `mhnt\mSp almb _my Xap\nn `mcy Ahv kpPqZv sNWsav Rm Inpambn cpp. `mhns ]mZwapX aqmhvh sc hym]n Nehpw Nnehpw Henp Hcp apdnhps-n {]kvXpX apdnhn \n smenp New `mcy AhfpsS \mhv sIm-v \nsbSpp Fncns. Fmt]mepw Aht\mSp ISaI Ah \nlnhfmbnn. A{Xv almbXmWv `mhnt\mSp ISa Fp kmcw) (AlvaZv) Xs `mcybpsS Zpkz`mhn an `mhn\p {]Xn^ew, l: Aq_v \_n (A)anp- m b ]coWn A tlw anXn\v \Is {]Xn^e nt\mSpw, `mhns Zpkz`mhn an `mcyp {]Xn^ew ^nHu\n s `mcy Bky (d)v sImSps {]Xn ^ent\mSpw XpeyamsWv \_n (k) {]kvXmhnncnpp. \_nhN\w l: A_qlpdss(d)\nv \nthZ\w. \_n(k)]dp. \mev Imcyvth - n kv { Xosb hnhmlw sNmdp- v . kzv , XdhmSv, kucyw, aX\njvS. aX\njvSbp hsf kmZnvsImpI. Am] w \n\v \miamWv. (ap^Jp Asseln) l: A_vZpmln_v\p Da(d)\nv \nthZ\w. \_n(k)]dp: \n Hm tcmcpcpw `cWImhpw Xs `cWo bscpdnv tNmZnsSph\pamWv. Aao `cWImhmWv. ]pcpj Xs hopImcpsS `cWImhmWv. kv{Xo ` XrKrlnsbpw km\fpsSbpw `c WI{XnbmWv. Atm \n Hmtcmcp cpw `cWImhpw Xs `cWobsc pdnv tNmZnsSph\pamWv. (ap ^Jp Asseln) apkvenans asmcp dntmn C s\ ImWmw. Fs icocw BcpsS In

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emtWm Ahs\Xs kXyw. Bscnepw `mcy. t\mnbm ktmjw \Ip, Xs `mcysb ibntev WnpIbpw I nm A\pkcnp, `mhns AhfXv \ncknpIbpw sNbvXm `mhv A`mhn Abmv AhImis s]mcpsSpXvhtcbpw BImip sXmw kqnp `mcy. (A_qZmhqZv) h (aepI) Ahsf shdpw. `mcyamtcmSv A[nIw \ sNp BfmWv \nfnshv Ghpw t{ijvT. l: AJp_v\p Aen(d)\nv \nth Z\w. \_n (k)]dp: Hcm `mcysb Rm `mcyamtcmSv \sNp Imcy Xs Bhiynvth-n hnfnm ASp n amscmfpw ap]\mWv. Hcm Hcp cm{Xn Xs `mcybpsamv fWnbnemsWnepw Ah Ahs ASp kwtbmKw sNbvXp. kp_vlnpapmbn v sNt-XmWv. (XpapZn, \kmCu) l: Dpka(d)\nv \nthZ\w. Ipfnv CamtamSpIqSn kp_vln \nkvIcn \_n(k)]dp: `mhns {]oXn B{K m Rm\pw Ah\pw Cs\bmsWv lnpsIm- v GsXnepw kv { Xo acWaS \_n(k) Xs c- v hncepI ASpn m Ah kzn {]thinpw. v s hv ImWnpsIm- v Acpfn. l: A_vZpmln_v\p Awdp_v\p B (XpapZn) l: apBZv_v\pP_(d)\nv \nth kzv(d)\nv \nthZ\w. \_n(k)]dp: Z\w: \_n(k)]dp: Hcp kv{Xo Cu temI kzw IpSpw_nepw Xsf Gn vshv Xs `mhns\ ieysSp sXnepw \oXn ]peph Amlp nbm AbmfpsS kzobkJn Cn hn {]Imi]oTfnembncnpw. s\ ]dbmXncnpIbn. \o Atls (apkvenw) amXmhns\bpw ieysSpcpXv. Amlp \ns i]n iniphns\bpw s. Atlw \ns ASpv Hcp AXnYn am thsSp A_qAq_v(d)\nv: dkq(k) {XamWv. Atlw Fs ASpv hmcm\m {]kvXmhnp: iniphns\bpw AXns bncnpp. (XpapZn) \_n (k) A\kv (d)hnt\mSv ]dp: amXmhns\bpw thsSpnbh\mtcm s]mptamt\, \o `mcybpsS ASpv sNp AyZn\n Ahs\bpw Ahs CjvS tm AhtfmSv kemw sNmpI. AXv \n\ P\fpsSbpw aty Amlphpw ths pw hopImcnpw A\p{Klambnocpw. SpnfbpXmWv. (AlvaZv, XpapZn) l: A_qlpssdd(d)\nv \nthZ\w. \nbambpw ]ctemIv Amlphn Atlw ]dp: \_n (k) Aen(d)bpsS s ASp Ghpw ZpjvS\mb a\pjy ]p{X lk (d)s\ Npw_np. AJvdAv Xs `mcybpambn, Ah Xm\pambn CW _v\p lm_nkv(d) Atm AhnsSbp nttijw AhfpsS clkyw ]cky - m bncpp. AJv d Av ]dp: F\nv ambn ]dp\S-p-h\mIpp. (apkvenw) ]v afp- v . Ahcn Bscbpw Rm A\phZ\obambXn Amlphn\v Npw_nnn. \_n(k) Abmsf t\mn. Ghpa[nIw shdppXmIpp hnhml Fnv ]dp: IcpW ImWnmh\v tamN\w. (A_qZmhqZv) ImcpWyw e`npIbn. (ap^Jp A \_n (k) ]dp: a\pjy\v \nt]np sseln) shmhpXn Ghpw \Xv FmsWv l: Dadp_v\p Jm_n(d)\nv \nv Rm ]dpXcstbm? \ Hcp \nthZ\w. Atlw ]dp: \_n(k)

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bpsS apmsI Iptd bpShpImsc lmPcmpIbp- m bn. Ahcn s] Hcp kv { Xo HmSn\Spp- m bncpp. A s\ B XShpImnSbn Hcp Ipnsb I- t m AXns\ FSpv amtdmSWp ape sImSppXpSn. Atm \_n (k) tNmZnp. Cu kv{Xo Xs Ipnsb Xobn enSpsav \n IcpXppt-m? R ]dp: Amlphns\Xs kXyw. C. Atm \_n(k) ]dp. Cu kv{Xov Xs IpntbmSpXnt\m hmeyw Amlphn\v Xs ASnaItfmSp-v. (ap^Jp Asseln) Xs krjvSnIfpsSta Amlphn \p ImcpWyw ape sImSpp IpnbpsS ta AXns DmpXnepw A[n IamWv. Fm inipfpw ip {]IrXtmSvIq Sn P\npp. Fm Ahsc PqX\pw {In kvXym\nbpw aPqknbpampXv amXm]n XmfmWv. \_n (k) ]dp: Hcp ]nXmhn\pw Xs kXnv \ inWtm almb Hcp km\w \Im Ignbp Ibn. (XpapZn, ss_lJn) Ccpmbm IpnIsf ]pdphnScpXv. ImcWw, ]nimNp `qanbn ]cp kabamWXv. Cim \nkvImcn\ptijw Ipdp Ignm Ahsc DdpI. amXmhns\bpw kziniphnt\bpw GtImZc ktlmZcsfbpw Xn AInbhs\ Amlp i]nncnpp. Ipdnv ssiihw, {`mv apXemb ImcW sIm- v hnthIw hnnm IpnIsf Ahv tamN\w \Im\nS bnmhv hn]\ \Sntbm aphn[ntem amXmfn\nIn fb {]kvXpX amXmhn\v s]mcp amsWntmepw \njnamWv. Acw CS]mSpI Akm[phpamWv. Fm hJ^v, ASnaXzn\np tamN\w FnhsIm- v AI \njna. CdXn amXmhv Cm]w ]nXmhv, ]nXmal, ]nXmaln Fnh Ah F{X AIhcmsWnepw DbpsS m\mbncnpXmWv.

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