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Discussion Questions

1. Potassium chlorate is a compound and potassium chloride is also a compound. 2. The chemical reaction that took place is 2KClO3(g)  2KCl(s) + 3O(2)g 3. The chemical reaction was a decomposition reaction. 4. The compound lost mass because the oxygen separated from the potassium chlorate and escaped in the form of a gas. 5. After the reaction was completed, potassium chloride was present. 6. The potassium chloride is considered more stable. There is one oxygen atom per potassium atom, therefore the bond between the two will be stronger, whereas potassium chlorate is 3 oxygen atoms bonded to 1 potassium atom. 7. Heating to a constant mass means to continue heating the compound until there is no more oxygen to be reacted with. This should be done because the final compound will result in a % oxygen that is higher than the actual value. 8. 195.9 g of oxygen should be generated from a 500.0g sample of potassium chlorate. 500.0 g KClO3 x (48.00 g O2 / 122.5 g KClO3) = 195.9 g O2 9. The most precise graduation on the balances that could be used is hundredths. 10. The precision that should be used to record mass values using this balance should be to the thousandths place. Estimate one place past the most precise graduation mark. 11. The results are acceptable because the % error is under 10%. 12. The precision for my own group could not be determined in this experiment because we would have had to conduct multiple trials. 13. The precision of the class data was 35.8 % + or – 2.9%. There was a 2.9% deviation among all the trials (groups) conducted. 14. This experiment would be useful for determining the percent composition of any element in a particular compound.