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- Basic Numeracy Order of Magnitude
- Basic Numeracy Concept Geometry
- Basic Numeracy HCF LCM
- Basic Numeracy Simplification
- Basic Numeracy Percentage
- Basic Numeracy Area Plane Figures
- Basic Numeracy Statistics
- Basic Numeracy Set Theory Venn Diagrams Functions Relations
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Unitary Method

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Unitary Method

Unitary method is the basic area of arithmetic. In the CSAT paper this portion of

Basic numeracy will help you to solve myriad problems.

Direct Proportion

Two quantities are said to be directly proportional, if on the increase in one the other

increases proportionally or on the decrease in one the other decreases

proportionally.

eg,

More the numbers of articles, More is the cost.

More the number of workers, More is the work done.

Less the number of articles, Less is the cost.

Less the number of workers, Less is the work done.

Indirect Proportion

Two quantities are said to be indirectly proportional, if on the increase in one the

other decreases proportionally or on the decrease in one the other increases

proportionally.

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eg,

More the number of workers, less is the number of days required to finish a

work. More the speed, less is the time taken to cover a certain distance.

Less the number of workers, more is the number of days required to finish a work.

Less the speed, more is the time taken to cover a certain distance.

Chain Rule

When a series of variables are connected with one another, that we know how

much of the first kind is equivalent to a given quantity of second, how much of the

second is equivalent to a given quantity of the third and so on. The rule by which

we can find how much of the last kind is equivalent to a given quantity of the first

kind is called the Chain Rule.

Example 1: If 12 apples cost ` 216, what is the cost of 3 dozen apples ?

Solution. Let the required cost be ` x. Also, 3 dozen apples = 35 apples more

apples, more cost (Direct Proportion);

Apples

Cost in `

12

216

36

x

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12 x = 36 216

=x

=

= 648

Example 2: A man completes 3/5 of a job in 18 days. At this rate, how many

more days will it take him to finish the job?

Solution. Let the number of days still required to finish the job be x days. Work

remaining = 1 3 2

Work

Time in days

3/5

8

2/5

x

3 2

2 18 5

18 x

12 days

5 5

35

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