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TURKISH GRAMMAR UPDATED ACADEMIC EDITION YÜKSEL GÖKNEL OCTOBER 2012

TURKISH GRAMMAR UPDATED ACADEMIC EDITION YÜKSEL GÖKNEL OCTOBER 2012

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ENGLISH -TURKISH BILINGUAL GRAMMAR
ENGLISH -TURKISH BILINGUAL GRAMMAR

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Published by: YUKSELGOKNEL on Nov 10, 2012
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11/29/2014

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One should use the following verb composition to nominalize a simple sen-
tence that has a noun, an adjective, a prepositional phrase or a noun-
[DE]
followed by [Ø], [DİR], [], [MİŞ] inflectional morphemes used in a
(predicate) “VP”.

TURKISH GRAMMAR ACADEMIC EDITION 2012

241

“a noun, an adjective, a prep phrase, or a noun-[DE] + ol-[duk]-[pers]-([İ])

In this composition, as the verb stem is always “ol”, the allomorphs of the
morpheme of [DİK] are always [duk], and the personal allomorphs, and the
defining [İ] morpheme follow the vowel harmony rules. When “ol-up ol-ma-
dık-ı” expression is used, the allomorphs in the chain also change according
to the harmony rules:

(Sen-in) anne-en evde(dir). “(sen-in) anne-en-in ev-de ol-duk-u”
Your mother is at home. “that your mother is at home”

Ben (sen-in) anne-/n/in ev-de ol-duk-u-/n/u tahmin ediyorum.

NP chain noun compound-/n/u (obj) NP V
VP

I guess that your mother is at home.

NP V NP
VP

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