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a j/ FT NUMBEN FOUN | ~ee THe NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE OCTOBER, 1928 @ CONTENTS SIXTEEN PAGES OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN FULL COLOR Our Conquest of the Pacific With 28 Ifustrations SQUADRON-LEADER CHARLES E. KINGSFORD-SMITH AND FLIGHT- LIEUT. CHARLES T, P. ULM. The Granite City of the North Tey ye ue Oe rs ae at a fs 3 ‘With 23 Tilustrations RALPH A. GRAVES 4 Al Fa || Types and Costumes of Old Sweden BS a 30 Natural-Color Photogtaphs GUSTAV HEURLIN Se. Sweden, Land of White Birch and White ES Coal ye With 51 Mlustrations ALMA LUISE OLSON The Kizilbash Clans of Kurdistan With 22 Illustrations MELVILLE CHATER PUBLISHED BY THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY HUBBARD MEMORIAL HALL WASHINGTON, D.C. oe ©The Observatory Watch Ls Sa A. WITTNAUER CO., 402 FIFTH AVENUE, NEW YORK GENEVA CHICAGO MONTREAL Vou. LIV, io. + WASHINGTON Ocroser, 1928 THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC ‘MAGAZINE OUR CONQUEST OF THE PACIFIC The N arrative of the 7,400-Mile Flight from San Francisco to Brisbane in Three Ocean Hops By Sguaprox-Leaper Cirartes E. Kincsroxp-Sarrit AND Fuour-Liner. Cuages T. P. Ui Co-Chmmanilers Soutlicri Cross Transpactic Fright * FLY feross a siweep ‘of 4,900 miles of ocean over which the steady dione of at. airplane motor had never beew beard. ‘To see the Fiji Islands come suddenly popping up like great browu bulges on & floor of blue. ‘To watch the land mass of the Australian Continent slip like a purple shadow over the steel-blie rim of the sea_ To know that we had been the first to cross the Pacific and had achieved the am- bition of our lives. How does it all feel? Will elation surged thratigh us inthe cockpit of the Soulherit Crass when Aiss- tralia appeared below, us in the pale, pearl glow of & weak taidwinter san, | Now we both know how Columbus must’ have felt when he saw those floating tree ranches drifting an the tide that Iinrried out into the Atlantic wastes, We can ap- preciate, too, the tingle of triumph that tmust heve rippled through Captain Cook: when he trained his telescope on Cape Everartl for his first glimpse of Australia on that notable April morning 138 years ago. “Besides the Australian authors of this article, the crew of the Southern Cross also included two Americans—lames W, Warner, radio operator, and Harry, W, Lyon, navigator. We felt justifiable pleastre that to ts had fallen the honer of haying been the redisenverers of the east coast of Aus- tralia, this time frum the air. We felt, too, that we had opened up a new route of communication with our American neighbors on the other side of the Pacific. But how was it all done? Flow did the Southern Crois sweep down that unknown and unflown airline to Suiva? What was the hasis nf our success? Those three engines ture through calm and storm; through rushing walls of tropic rainy through tumbled clouds piled like gray thountain peaks: through a how! ing head wind ane through a ished night sown with stars, Never was there a sem- Hance of Nesitaniey in their beat, Why? Ta answer th i factors to:which we owe our si must go back to those Tong am preparation in the United States, ‘They were months in which we planned and platted on policy of trusting the best fying conditions snd preparing for the very worst. ‘That was: the poli: om which we studied transoceanic flyin loading, fueling, and the navigation side of the We maintain with some justice tha ours was a more efficiently organized flight than those that had failed,