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US-Pak

US-Pak

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Published by: Sheraz Khan on Nov 10, 2012
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US-Pak Relations

1. Drone attacks Issue 2. US Aid and Politics of “Do More” – a blessing or curse 3. US Exit Strategy from Afghanistan. 4. Ind0-American Relations Nuclear Deal and its implications on Pakistan. 5. Issue of Nuclear Proliferation. 6. Pak Iran Relations (IPI which US do not like to be implemented). 7. Pakistan China Relations with respect to USA 8. US Presidential Elections

. Pakistan’s Involvement: Pakistan's government publicly condemns these attacks. The incident prompted an approximately twomonth stop to the drone strikes. US State Department legal advisor Harold Koh stated that the drone strikes were legal because of the right to self-defense.Drone Attacks Issue The United States government has made hundreds of attacks on targets in northwest Pakistan since 2004 using drones (unmanned aerial vehicles) controlled by the Central Intelligence Agency's Special Activities Division. Most of these attacks are on targets in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas along the Afghan border in Northwest Pakistan. Bush vastly-accelerated the drone strikes the final year of his presidency. when 150 Americans left the base. These strikes have increased substantially under the Presidency of Barack Obama. On 4 March 2009 The Washington Times reported that the drones were targeting Baitullah Mehsud. Drone strikes were halted in November 2011 after NATO forces killed 24 Pakistani soldiers in the Salala incident. US Viewpoint George W. including women and children. but has secretly shared intelligence with the United States and also allegedly allowed the drones to operate from Shamsi Airfield in Pakistan until 21 April 2011. seeking to defeat Taliban and AL-Qaeda militants in Pakistan. However on 4 October 2008 The Washington Post reported that there was a secret deal between the US and Pakistan allowing these drone attacks In an analysis published in Daily Times on 2 January 2010 author Farhat Taj challenged the view that the local people of Waziristan were against the drone attacks. which has further angered the Pakistani government and people. which resumed on 10 January 2012. Obama has broadened these attacks to include targets seeking to destabilize Pakistani civilian government and the attacks of 14 and 16 February 2009 were against training camps run by Baitullah Mehsud. These attacks are part of the United States' War on Terrorism campaign. Pakistani Response: Pakistan has repeatedly protested these attacks as they are an infringement of its sovereignty and because civilian deaths have also resulted. Shamsi Airfield was evacuated of Americans and taken over by the Pakistanis December 2011. A list of the high-ranking victims of the drones was provided to Pakistan in 2009.

for reconstruction and stabilization in the Afghanistan. All stakeholders except India strongly favoured the withdrawal of US coalition forces from Afghanistan. The long-term presence of US forces brought great changes in regional balance of power. the NATO allies have divergent views over it. police and Judiciary 2. Train the Afghan army.US Exit Strategy from Afghanistan In an interview Obama said that “There needs to be an “Exit strategy” for Afghanistan so that US policy does not appear to be perpetual drift”. The increase of US partnership with India and its growing influence in Afghanistan is not seen as good for Pakistan and China’s strategic interests. ISAF has the number of core mission in Afghanistan before complete withdrawal: 1. REASON: This war has affected bitterly. DIFFERENT VIEWPOINTS: In spite of congress demand to close cooperation. some says that. the US economy and also provoked negative public opinion among US public. NATO forces should remain there for some time more than 2014. President Obama announced that US forces would be started to withdraw from Afghanistan in the beginning of 2011 and will completely withdrew until 2014. . Maintain strong government in Afghanistan which could be able to counter narcotics efforts 3. These contradictory polices brings anxiety among the stakeholders especially for Pakistan and China. Suppress Taliban as a whole. Develop market system 4. The others have divergent views and wanted to quit from Afghanistan as soon as possible.

on March 2. 2. . 3. Qadir and expected rise of extremists (Like MMA) in Power. 2005. After 9/11 and December 13. cooperation on missile defense and transfer of technology. Pakistan Has Been Denied Nuclear Assistance? Condaliza Rice made a blunt statement. alleged transfer of nuclear technology to Iran by Dr. and 3. After the potential rise of China in Military and economic fields. which can hit enemy target without being detected by the radars with a range of 500 KMs. “It is not right time to give nuclear assistance to Pakistan. 2006 in New Delhi. India shares convergence of interests with US in the region. and strong Sino-Pak friendship. Carnegie Endowment published a report by Ashley an tally which was titled “India as a new global power An action agenda for the US. Economic Engagement. The deal comprises joint weapons production.” The fear factors are rise of Talabans and Al Qaida in Pakistani areas.Ind0-American Relations Nuclear Deal and its implications on Pakistan The New Framework for US-India Defense Relations (NFDR) for the next 10 years was a historic event signed by President Bush and Prime Minister Manmoham Singh. This US presence is not welcomed by China and Russia. Factors Behind This Partnership: 1. 2. Impact on Pakistan Indian acquisition of Ballistic Missile Defense would affect Pakistan’s offensive capability. 2003 attack on Indian Parliament. US desires to maintain equilibrium in Asia. Energy security. The US have planned its permanent bases in Afghanistan. India has propagated that it shares the same threats as that of America. thus Pakistan tested its first indigenously built cruise missile on August 11. Pakistan.” In accordance with this report Bush is assisting India in becoming a global power of the 21st century. mainly on three levels: 1. and Asian Republics. therefore it requires an alliance with a power which would be able to undertake this task. Strategic Cooperation.

Conclusion: Despite the nuclear deal and misgivings generated by India’s military build-up. The current Indo-US strategic developments should also become a part of the South Asian dialogue process. This would require greater self-sufficiency in reactor manufacture and higher industrial capacity for uranium enrichment. Pakistan should foster closer relations with China. This may appear odd but this is what must be one. .What Then are the Options for Pakistan in The Current Emerging Scenario? Despite the Indo-US alignment. It also needs military hardware and military-to-military cooperation. For its energy requirements Pakistan should continue cooperation with China in civil nuclear technology and further strengthen its indigenous capability in this area. America’s top priority is to seek Pakistan’s continued cooperation in fighting the war on terror. economic assistance. poverty alleviation and building their societies on a stable foundation. The US having such close relations with the two countries should facilitate finding a resolution to the Kashmir dispute so that India and Pakistan harness their energies in economic development. Having good relations with the US in a unipolar world is by itself a source of strength for middle powers like Pakistan. provided the approach is broad-based and not tilted against it. expand its economic and political ties with European countries. Fighting terrorism and extremism is in Pakistan’s own vital interest. Pakistan and India should continue advancing the peace process. access to its markets and cooperation in non-nuclear energy programme. At the same time. Pakistan needs US investment. International relations are no longer a zero-sum game or something to be seen in black and white. Pakistan must continue to foster friendly relations with both the countries and extend them to areas of vital national interests. Already China has installed a nuclear plant of 325 megawatt at Chasma.

A land-based pipeline would be four times cheaper than any other option.  America’s Aspect  Besides that project. 2700 km. with an estimated value of USD 7 billion. Benefits for Pakistan   This project is expected to greatly benefit Pakistan.Pak Iran Relations (IPI which US do not like to be implemented) The Iran–Pakistan–India gas pipeline. the US and its allies countries have applied a number of economic sanctions on Iran and President Barrack Obama also claimed that US will destroy Iran’s economy. Increasing stakes of American elite in the oil and gas giants have become a threat to stability of many countries. even after taking into account transit fee payments to Pakistan.   . Pakistan is not ready to sacrifice the energy project with Iran and the foreign minister Hina Rabbani Khar feels that the economic sanctions on Iran do not apply to the energy assistance between the two countries. India. which do not have sufficient natural gas to meet their rapidly increasing domestic demand for energy. also known as the IPI pipeline or the Peace pipeline is a proposed pipeline to deliver natural gas from Iran to Pakistan. Washington is opposing Iran-Pakistan (IP) gas pipeline project to counter Tehran’s influence while throwing full weight behind TAPI to benefit western multinational companies that enjoy control over Dauletabad gas reserves. Pakistan could earn about $200-$500 million annually in transit fees from the pipeline and also would be able to purchase natural gas from the pipeline. which blames that Iran is looking to use its nuclear program for aggressive purposes. Despite the tense US-Iran relations. IranPakistan-India (IPI). Iran is having poor relations with the world powers and with the US after the report of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Iran will initially transfer 30 million cubic meters of gas per day to Pakistan. but will eventualy increase the gas transfer to 60 million cubic meters per day. pipeline is aimed to transfer gas from Iran's South Pars fields in the Persian Gulf to Pakistan's major cities of Karachi and Multan and then further to Delhi. Since the report of IAEA.

India intends to keep importing oil from Iran. Many are calling this another episode of the post-American world. to fulfill objectives of controversial U. the Japanese yen or even in part with their own national currencies.India’s Aspect   On its part. As international sanctions tighten around corporations doing business with Iran. will explore paying Iran with gold. . foreign policy. the second biggest exporter after Saudi Arabia. on the cost of its economy.S. Conclusion Pakistan cannot ignore global energy giant Iran. The top government functionaries in Islamabad are assuring everybody that the Iran gas plans remain unchanged but the facts are appearing otherwise. with considerable regional powers attempting to unhinge bilateral trade ties off the US dollar and the euro. it appears the Indians and even the Chinese. It draws some 12 percent of all its foreign crude from Iran.

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