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30586903 Basic Environmental Engineering

30586903 Basic Environmental Engineering

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Published by Elisha Thompson

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Published by: Elisha Thompson on Nov 10, 2012
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11/01/2013

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A very small percentage of electricity production is by making biogas or using the
biomass in other ways (pallet making etc.)

The contribution is less but very valuable for isolated communities.

The biogas or the landfill gas can be produced by the biomass or the biodegradable
organic portion of the solid waste. The impacts are as follows:

•Unsightly dumping of solid waste is avoided.
•Energy becomes available as a byproduct of solid waste disposal.
•However the other gases (as shown in the table below) make air pollution.

•A larger township is required and the main aspect is the biodegradability of
the waste.

Table 7.1 Desirable Composition of Landfill gas

Component

% by volume

Methane

63.8

CO

2

33.6

O

2

0.1

N

2

2.4

H

2

< 0.05

CO

< 0.001

Saturated Hydrocarbon

< 0.001

Unsaturated Hydrocarbon

0.005

Halogenated Copper

0.009

H

2S

0.00002

Organic sulphur compounds

< 0.0001

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