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sf7df8f}F . rLgn] g]kfnnfO{ h:tf]
;xof]u ug{ klg tof/ /x]sf] g]kfnsf
nflu lrlgofF /fhb"t ofª xf]n]gn]
:ki6 kf/] s f 5g\ . uta' w af/
;~rf/sdL{x¿;Fu s'/f ub}{ pgn]
zflGt k| l qmof clGtd r/0fdf
k'u]sf]df v';L AoSt ;d]t u/] .
/fhb' t ofªn] o;sf nflu
ef}ltsk"jf{wf/, s[lif, hnljB't ko{6g
If] q sf] ljsf;sf] nflu rLgsf
k|ltli7t sDkgLnfO{ k|fT] ;fxg ul/Psf]
hfgsf/L lbP . pgn] g]kfnn] ug]{
lgof{t %)) j:t'df 5'6 lbPsf]
pNn]v ub}{ To:tf j:t'df pTkfbg

a9fP/ clwsz] clws lgof{t ug{
cfu|x u/] . pgn] g]kfnsf] k"jf{wf/
ljsf;df rLgn] cfufdL lbgdf
cfly{s ;xof]u a9pg] hfgsf/L lbFb}
g]kfnsf] k"jf{wf/df nufgL ug{,
sd{rf/LnfO{ tflnd lbg] of]hgf /x]sf]
;'gfP . g]kfnsf /fhgLlts bnx¿n]
ljjflbt ljifodf ;xdlt sfod u/]/
;+ l jwfg n] v g k| l qmofnfO{ l5§}
lgisz{df k'¥ofpg] ljZjf; JoSt
u/]sf 5g\ . pgn] g]kfnsf /fhgLlts
bnx¿aLr s]xL ljifodf uDeL/
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d+l;/ ! ut]b]lv b'O{ /ªsf l;lnG8/
sf7df8f}F . g]kfn cfon lgudn]
vfgf ksfpg] Uof; -PnkL Uof;_ sf
l;lnG8/ oxL d+l;/ ! ut]b]lv b'O{
/ªdf ahf/df gNofpg] Uof;
Joj;foLdfly sf/afxL ug{ r]tfjgL
lbPsf] 5 . lgudn] d+l;/ ! ut]b]lv
3/3/df k|of]u ug]{ l;lnG8/ /ftf] /
xf]6n, pBf]uwGbfx¿df k|of]u ul/g]
l;lnG8/ gLnf] /ªsf] x'g'kg]{ lg0f{o
ul/;s]sf] lgudsf lgldQ sfo{sf/L
lgb] { z s ;' / ] z s' d f/ cu| j fnn]

hfgsf/L lbP . pkef]Qmf clwsf/
/Iffsf nflu pkef]Qmf ;Ghfnåf/f
cfh oxfF cfof]lht vfgf ksfpg]
Uof;sf] /ª juL{ s /0f /
ljt/0f;DaGwL cGt/lqmofdf pgn]
Jofj;foLx¿n] k|of]u ug{ gLnf] /ªsf]
l;lnG8/ 3/3/df k|of]u gug{] /
3/3/df k|of]u ul/g] /ftf] /ªsf]
l;lnG8/ Jofj;foLx¿n] k| o f] u
gug{ ; d] t cfu| x u/] . pgn]
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6]lnsdsf] b|"t ultsf] OG6/g]6 ef]lnb]lv
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sflQs @& ut]b]lv b|'t ultsf]
j| f ] 8 Jof08 OG6/g] 6 jfODoS;
;~rfngdf Nofpg] ePsf] 5 . klxnf]
r/0fdf Jofkfl/s k|lti7fg, c:ktfn,
z}lIfs ;+:yf, ljQLo ;+:yf, s"6gLlts
lgof]u, ko{6g Jofj;foL, ;/sf/L,
cw{ ; /sf/L / u} / ;/sf/L

lgsfonufot ;+ 3 ;+ : yfx¿nfO{
ljt/0f ul/g] 6] l nsd k| j Qmf
u'0fs]z/L k|wfgn] hfgsf/L lbP .
jfO{DofS; g]kfndf pknAw OG6/g]6
;]jf dWo] ;j}eGbf pRr ultsf]
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5 . slDtdf @%^ lsnf] l j6
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l/6 bfo/ u/]sf lyP . lj;+ @)%^
df :yfgLo lgsfosf] lgjf{rg ePkl5
clxn];Dd lgjf{rg x'g g;s]sf] /
bnLo ;+oGqaf6 :yfgLo lgsfox¿
;~rfng ubf{ e| i 6frf/ tyf
clgoldttf a9]sf] klg l/6df pNn]v
ul/Psf] lyof] . o;cl3 @)^%
;fndf cGtl/d ;+ljwfgsf] wf/f !#(
;+zf]wg u/L :yfgLo lgsfosf]
lgjf{rg ul/g]5 eGg] jfSof+z yk
ul/Pkl5 clwjStf 8f= 1jfnLaf6
;f]xL jfSof+znfO{ cfwf/ agfO{ ;f]
lgjf{rg u/fpgsf nflu bfo/ ePsf]
l/6df ;jf]{Rr cbfntn] ;/sf/sf]
Wofgfsif{0f u/fOG5 eGb} @)^^
;fndf cfb]z hf/L u/]sf] lyof] . ;f]
cfb]z ePsf] b'O{ jif{ laTbf klg

lgikIf ;dfrf/ / k|:6 ljrf/sf nflu
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sf7df8f}F . ;xdlt / ;xsfo{sf]
/fhgLlts gf/fn] slxNo} d"t{ ¿k
lng ;s]g . a?, g]kfnL /fhgLltsf]
of] rlr{t gf/fnfO{ bnx¿n] ;Qfdf
k'Ug] e¥ofª dfq agfP . of] qmd
lg/Gt/ hf/L /Xof] . ;+ljwfg;ef kl5
ag]sf ;Dk"0f{ ;/sf/ ToxL ;xdltsf]
gf/fdf ;/sf/df k'u] . t/, lj8Dagf
;xdlt slxNo} ePg . kl5Nnf]
u7aGwg ;/sf/ h;sf] g] t [ T j
afa'/fd e§fO{n] ul//fv]sf 5g\ . pgL
klg ;xdtLo ;/sf/s} gf/faf6
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k' u ] . ;do km] l /Psf] 5 .
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e§/fO{ g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/ yk ;+s6
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;+3if{sf aLr d'n'ssf] /fhgLlt
d'7e]8tkm{ nlDsPsf] 5 . /fli6«o

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a9\g vf]lh/x]sf] 5 . cWofb]zdfkm{t\
k"0f{ ah]6 Nofpg] clGtd tof/Ldf
/x]sf] ;/sf/ / To;nfO{ :jLs[t ug]{
/fi6«kltaLr r/d\ ;+3if{ rln/x]sf]

5 . sfFu|];, Pdfn]nufot pGgfO;
bnn] /fi6«kltnfO{ ;xdltdf ah]6
gcfP c:jLs[t ug{ lnlvt¿kdf
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g} rn] s f] 5 . /fi6« k lt /
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sf7df8f}F . g]kfnL sfFu;
]| , g]skf
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cfpg] ah]6nfO{ :jLs[tL k|bfg gug{
cfu|x ub}{ /fi6«kltnfO{ 1fkgkq
a' e mfPsf 5g\ . c;+ j } w flgs
k|lqmofaf6 anhˆtL ah]6 jt{dfg
sfdrnfp ;/sf/n] k|:t't ug{
nfu]sf] elgPsf] cWofb]znfO{ :jLs[t
gug{ / /fli6«o ;xdltsf cfwf/df
ah]6 Nofpg] Joj:yfsf nflu lgb]z
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ug{ eGb} !( bnn] ;+oS' t a}7saf6
lg0f{o u/L /fi6«klt;dIf 1fkgkq
a'emfPsf x'g\ . d'ns
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]| f]
a]nf ;+ljwfgsf] efjgf adf]lhd
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g/x]sf], ;xdltljgf cfpg] ah]6
;+ljwfg ljk/Lt / cnf]stflGqs x'g]
eGb} k|ltkIfL bnx¿n] ;+ljwfgsf]
;+/Ifssf] x}l;otn] cfˆgf] e"ldsf
lgjf{xsf nflu /fi6«kltnfO{ 1fkgkq

:yfgLo lgsfosf] lgjf{rg u/fp M ;jf]{Rr
sf7df8f}F . :yfgLo lgsfosf]
lgjf{rg oyf;dodf u/fpg ;jf]R{ r
cbfntsf] k|wfgGofofwLz lvn/fh
/]UdL / GofofwLz k|sfz j:tLsf]
;+oS' t Ohnf;n] lgb]z
{ gfTds cfb]z
hf/L u/]sf] 5 . cfb]zdf elgPsf]
5, …:yfgLo lgsfosf] lgjf{rgsf nflu
pko'St / cfjZos k|aGw ldnfO{
oyf;dodf lgjf{ r g u/fpg
lgb]z
{ fTds cfb]z hf/L ul/Psf] 5 .Æ
lhNnf ljsf; ;ldlt dxf;+3sf
dfwj kf}8]n, g]kfn gu/kflnsf
;+3sf ljb'/ d}gfnL / ufpF ljsf;
;ldlt dxf;+3sf tkm{af6 sfg'g
Joj;foL 8f= rGb|sfGt 1jfnLn]
:yfgLo lgsfosf] tTsfn lgjf{rg
ug{k' g]{ dfu ub}{ ut kmfu'g !^ ut]

d"No ?= &.–

;/sf/n] lgjf{rg u/fpg] rf;f]
glbPsfn] k'gM l/6 bfo/ ug{'k/]sf]
pgn] atfP . cfb]zn] casf lbgdf
:yfgLo lgsfosf] lgjf{rg u/fpg
;/sf/nfO{ afWofTds u/fPsf], ;f]
lgjf{rg u/fpg' clgjfo{ ePsf] /
o;df ;/sf/ hjfkmb]xL x'gk' g]d{ f klg
8f= 1jfnLn] hf]8 lbP . o;aLr,
lgjf{ r g cfof] u n] ljBdfg
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lgjf{rg u/fpg ;lsg] hgfPsf] 5 .
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lgsfosf] lgjf{rg ug{ ;lsG5,Ú
sfo{jfxs k|d'v lgjf{rg cfo'St
bf]nvaxfb'/ u'?ªn] eg], …t/ k';
cufl8 ;Dej 5}g . j}zfvlt/ ug]{
xf] eg] ;/sf/n] cfof]usf] kbflwsf/L
lgo'St ug{'k5{ / cfjZos k"jf{wf/
h'6fpg h?/L 5 .Ú :yfgLo lgsfo lgjf{rg sfo{ljlw_, @)$* cg';f/
;Dej x'g] hgfPsf x'g\ . ;jf]{Rr
cbfntn] :yfgLo lgsfosf] lgjf{rg
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a'emfPkl5 kqsf/x¿;Fu s'/f ub}{
g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf cWoIf emngfy
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;+ljwfg;ef gePsfn] cWofb]zaf6
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cGo s'g} klg 9Ëaf6 cfpg ;Sb}g,Ú
cWoIf vgfnn] eg] . pgn] !( bnsf]
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s'g} klg k|sf/sf] v]n gxf];\ eGg]df
cfk"mx¿ /x]sf] atfP . …;+ljwfgn] h'g
k|sf/sf xs clwsf/ lbPsf] 5
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egfO{ p4[t ub}{ cWoIf vgfnn] eg] .
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/fi6«kltsf] pb\3f]if clg cGtl/d
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c8fgn] ;+s6 emg\ a9\b} uPsf] rf}tkmL{
cfFsng ul/Psf] 5 . ;xdltdfkm{t\
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g] s kf–dfcf] j fbL hgo' 4 df
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nflu k|z+;fk"0f{ 5 . o; sf/0fn] ls
o;n] of] l;4 ub{5 ls xfd|f] b'Zdg
;Ddn] ;dfhjfb tyf qmfltsf
cfwf/e" t l;4fGtk| l t xfd| f ]
jkmfbf/LnfO{ :jLsf/ ug{sf nflu

If]Kof:q ax;
g]qljqmd rGb ‘ljKnj’

kf6L{nfO{ ;Demf}tf lj/f]wLsf] cf/f]k
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cf};t dfG5]x¿sf] cfd wf/0ff cf/f]k
yf]kb}{ ubf{sf] of] 5 ls jf]N;]les
s;};Fu slxNo} ;Demf}tf ug{ tof/
5}gg\ . qmflGtsf/L ;j{xf/fju{sf] kf6L{

ljj; 5 . t/ h] eP klg ;To s'/f
eGg'k5{ of] wf/0ff ;To;Fu ldNb}g .
…;Demf}tf k|foM ;+3if{/t kf6L{dfly
kl/l:yltåf/f clgjfo{ ¿kn]
yf] k l/lbG5Ú .
n] l ggn]
qmflGtsf/Lx¿n] ;Demf}tf ug'{ k/] klg
cfkm\gf] ju{, kf6L{ p2]Zo / nIonfO{
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hf]8 lbg' eof] ls jf]N;]lesx¿n]
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klg sfon 5 .
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bnx¿n] ;xdlt / ;xsfo{ ug]{ egL u/]sf k|oTgx¿ c;kmn
;fljt eO/x]sf 5g\ . jt{dfg ;+s6 lgsf;sf] nflu ;/sf/n] g}
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5 . t/, klg ;/sf/ ;'zf;g 5 eg]/ s'ln{/x]sf] 5 . ;/sf/sf]
unt k|jl[ QnfO{ cf}NF ofpg] ;a}nfO{ pm k|ltlqmofjfbL b]V5 . k|ltkIfL
bnx¿n] NofPsf] /rgfTds ;'emfjnfO{ sfof{Gjog ug's
{ f] ;§f
/2Lsf] 6f]s/Ldf k\mofFlslbG5 . /fi6«kltn] lbPsf] ;'emfjnfO{ c6]/ ub}{
pN6} /fi6«kltn] …s'Ú ug{ vf]h] eg]/ bf]iff/f]k0f u5{ . cflv/ of]
;/sf/n] ug{ vf]hs
] f] rflxF s] xf] < cfdg]kfnL hgtf of] ;/sf/b]lv
jfSslbSs / x}/fg eO;s]sf 5g\ . rf/ bh{gsf] ;]/f]km]/f]df ag]sf]
dlGqd08n cg]sg sf08df d'l5P/ bh{gsf] ;+Vof v'lDrg k'us
] f]
5 . t/, klg ;/sf/ ;kmn ePsf] /6 nufO/xG5 . o;n] b]znfO{
sxfF k'¥ofpg] xf] . pgLx¿nfO{ /lQme/ lrGtf 5}g . d} vfpF, d} nfpF====
eg]h:tf] u/L b]z / hgtfnfO{ a]jf:tf ub}{ ;/sf/ cl3 al9/x]sf]
5, h;n] ubf{ b]z aaf{b x'bF 5} . ;/sf/ g /fi6«kltsf] s'/f ;'G5,
g k|ltkIf bnsf], g t gful/s ;dfhsf] s'/f g} ;'lg/x]sf] 5 .
ljb]zLsf] Ozf/fdf gfr]/ b]zsf] zf;g rnfpg] d"vt{ fn] ;d:of emg}
hl6n aGb} uPsf] 5 . tTsfnsf] ;d:of x]g{] xf] eg] ;/sf/n]
cWofb]zdfkm{t,\ ah]6 Nofpg cTofjZos 5 . ;+;b\ gePsf] avt
cWofb]zdfkm{t\ ah]6 Nofpg' ;/sf/sf] afWotf xf] t/ ;/sf/
h;/L Psnf}6L¿kdf k"0f{ ah]6 Nofpg] tof/Ldf h'6s
] f] 5, To;n]
ljjfb emg\ rsf{pg] lglZrt 5 . ;/sf/n] ;a} k|ltkIfL bnsf]
cfu|xnfO{ c:jLsf/ u/L Psnf}6L 9·n] ah]6 Nofpg] ePkl5
sfFu;
]| , Pdfn]nufot !( bnn] /fhgLlts bnx¿aLr ;xdlt geO{
NofPsf] ah]6 c:jLsf/ ug{ /fi6«klt;dIf lnlvt lgj]bg xfln;s]sf
5g\ . o;n] ubf{ /fi6«kltnfO{ klg ;/sf/n] Psnf}6L 9·n] NofPsf]
ah]6 :jLsf/ ug{ g}lts ;+s6 k}bf u/fPsf] 5 eg] /fi6«klt
:jod\n] klg ca /fhgLlts bnx¿aLrsf] ;xdltlagf ;/sf/n]
Psnf}6L 9·n] NofPsf] cWofb]z :jLs[t gug]{ ;+st] k6s–k6s
;fj{hlgs ul/;s]sf 5g\ . oL tdfd ljifox¿nfO{ dWogh/ ub}{
;/sf/ ;xdltdfkm{t\ cufl8 a9\g' cfhsf] clgjfo{ cfjZostf
b]lvG5 . cfk"m / cfk\mgf] bnut :jfy{nfO{ Tofu]/ b]z / hglxtsf]
nflu jt{dfg ;/sf/ afws aGg' x'bF g} , g]kfnL hgtf oxL rfxG5g\,
r]tgf eof .

g]kfnLsf] k};f n'6g\ n] fO{ !) jif{ h]n
dn]l;of . Ps g]kfnL o'jfsf] k};f
n'§g] JolStnfO{ dn]l;ofsf] cbfntn] !)
jif{sf] h]n ;hfo ;'gfPsf] 5 . dn]l;ofsf]
;]Gt'nl:yt dGhfn/fdf sfo{/t @^ jifL{o
;"oa{ xfb'/ hf]uLsf] Ps ;o l/+lu6 n'6s
] f
Ps k|fljlw1nfO{ cbfntn] !) jif{ h]n
/ % sf]/f{sf] ;hfo ;'gfPsf] ;dfrf/
;+:yf agf{dfn] pNn]v u/]sf] 5 . pgn]
ut jif{ cS6f]a/ @( sf] laxfg &=#)
ah] ;"oa{ xfb'/sf] ;fydf /x]sf] ! ;o
l/+lu6 / sfdsf] xflh/L kq;d]t n'6s
] f
lyP . Ps jif{cl3b]lv n'6kf6sf]
cf/f]kdf d'2f v]Kb} cfPsf #) jifL{o
s'nf /fhfs'df/nfO{ cbfntn] bf]ifL 7x/
ub}{ ;hfo ;'gfPkl5 ;"oa{ xfb'/n] Gofo
kfPsf x'g\ .
o; qmddf dn]l;ofsf nflu
sfdbf/ cfk"lt{ ug{ d'ns
' dWo] g]kfn
bf];f| ] :yfgdf /x]sf] tYof+sn] b]vfPsf]
5 . pSt tYof+s cg';f/ dn]l;ofd÷

j}wflgs¿kdf /x]sf sl/a !^ nfv
cfk|jf;L sfdbf/dWo] OG8f]gl] ;ofnLkl5
g]kfnL bf];f| ] :yfgdf 5g\\ . ut h'nfO{
dlxgf;Dd @ nfv &( xhf/ $ ;o
@! g] k fnL b] l vPsf 5g\ \ .
OG8f]gl] ;ofnLsf] ;+Vof & nfv ^& xhf/
% ;o () 5 . t];f| ] :yfgdf DofGdf/sf
! nfv #$ xhf/ ! ;o $* /
a+unfb]zL, (! xhf/ @ ;o @@ /x]sf
5g\\ . dn]l;of g]kfnL sfdbf/sf nflu
k|dv
' cfsif{s uGtJo xf] . o; jif{dfq}
sl/a $) xhf/ g]kfnL dn]l;of
cfPsf] ;/sf/L tYof+s 5 . g]kfn
;/sf/n] dn]l;of cfpg]sf] dfq tYof+s
/fVg] t/ km{sg]sf] tYof+s g/fv]sfn]
olsg tYof+s cfPsf] lyPg . ut jif{
ul/Psf] cfddfkmL Pj+ j} w tf
sfo{qmdsf] Ps tYof+sn] g]kfnLx¿ @
nfv #$ xhf/ j}wflgs / sl/a ##
xhf/ cj}w /x]sf] b]vfPsf] lyof] .

2

ˆ

/fatOfc t]u ^@ sQlfs nf; (^)@

ljs[ltn] uf“h]sf] /fhgLlt

k6s–k6s x'g] ;/sf/ kl/jt{g
;Fu;Fu} gofF ;/sf/k|lt ;'wf/sf] cfzf
/fVg' :jefljs g} xf] . kl5Nnf] ;do
k|wfgdGqL 8fS6/ afa'/fd e§/fO{kl| t
lautsf kfqeGbf cln a9L g} ;'wf/sf]
ck]Iff /flvPsf] lyof] . sf/0f :ki6
lyof] pxfFsf] ;/n hLjg, :ki6jStf
af}l4s :t/sf] prfO, ;j{xf/f ju{sf]
d'lStsf lglDt n8\g' ePsf] cflb
ljifonfO{ cfwf/ dfg] / , geGb}
sfo{sfnsf] ;'?jftdf ;'wf/sf sfo{qmd
3f]if0ff u/]/ ;'wf/jfbL g]tfsf] lsQfdf
pleg] k|of; t eof] . t/, ck]lIft
k|ltkmn xftf gnfu]sf] cj:yfdf u'hg|
k'Uof] . d'ns
' / d'ns
' af;Lk|lt ul/Psf]
;+sNk zflGt, ;+ljwfg, /fxt cflbn]
nueu 3f]if0ffd} ;Lldt aGg k'Uof] .
ljleGg ;'wf/sf lglDt k"jk{ fqx¿n]
3f]if0ff ug]{ k/Dk/f h:t} jt{dfgdf
klg To;}sf] lg/Gt/tf dfq b]lvof] .
d'ns
' df JofKt e|i6frf/, xTof, lx+;f,
ckx/0f, dxFuL, a]/f]huf/, b08xLgtf
cflb lgoGq0f u5{ eGb} k|foM ;a}
kfqx¿n] b]z / hgtfk|lt ;kmt
vfPsf x'G5g\ . ha zf;g ;Qfsf]
afu8f]/ ;DxfNg lj/fhdfg x'g
k'Ub5g4\ lj:tf/} lj:tf/} cfk"mn] u/]sf
k|lta4tf ljkl/t :vlnt x'bF } hfG5g\ .
lj1fgsf] efiffdf a'‰g] xf] eg] :vlnt
x'g' eg]sf] s'g} g s'g} sf/0fn] zSt
gx'g' xf] . o:tf :vlnt u/fpg] tTj
cfˆgf] dfg;k6ndf 3':gaf6 k"0f{¿kdf
aGb]h nufpg g;Sg'g} 7"nf] sdhf]/L
xf], h;n] sfnfGt/df k"0f{ :vlnt
agfP/ pv' k]ln;s]kZrft\sf] vf]Onfdf
kl/0ft u/fOlbG5 . o:tf tTjn] k|efj
kf/];Dd b]z / hgtfk|lt u/]sf
k|lta4tf sbflk k"/f x'g lbFbg} cufl8
a9\g vf]Hof] :vlnt x'gk' 5{ . ga9\bf
b]z / hgtfk|ltsf] lhDd]jf/Ln] et\et
kf]N5 . t;y{, o:tf tTjx¿dfly
lgoGq0f ug{ g;Sg] xf] eg] d'ns
' emg}
hl6ntftkm{ pGd'v x'g5
] . kfqeGbf
k|jl[ t dxTjk"0f{ x'g] ub{5 . cfˆgf]
sfo{sfndf eP u/]sf /fd|f–g/fd|f
sfdsf] b:tfj]h Oltxf; aGg] x'bF f
eljiok|lt Tolts} lhDd]jf/ / ;r]t
x' g ' h?/L 5 . /fhgLlts

ax;

5qaxfb'/ d}gfnL
;+qmd0fsfnsf] gfddf xf];\ cyjf cGo
s'g} To:tf] gfddf x'g] lqmofsnfkk|lt
/fHosf] Wofg ;dod} k'Ug ;Sg' kb{5
h;n] bL3{sfnLg ¿kdf k'Ug hfg]
IfltnfO{ Go"gLs/0f ug{ d2t k'uf];\ .
h;sf] nflu /fHon] cfk"mnfO{ rflxg]
;"rgf ;/sf/L u'Ktr/ lgsfo -/fli6«o
cg';Gwfg ljefu_ dfkm{t\ k|fKt ug{
;Sb5 . ;do cg'sn
" kl/dfh{g u/]/
;|ft] ;fwgn] o'St r':tb'?:t /fVg ;Sg'
kb{5 . ;fy}, /fhgLlts x:tIf]kaf6
;d] t d' S t ul/g' kb{ 5 . cj} w
lqmofsnfkdfkm{t\ d'ns
' nfO{ k'Ug hfg]
xfgL–gf]S;fgL ;dod} lgoGq0f ug]{ ;"rgf
k|fKt ug{ ;Sg]5 . ;j{ky| d /fhgLlts
bn / ltgsf g]tT[ j txdf /xg]x¿n]
;fd'lxs ¿kdf P]sa4{tf hgfpg
;Sg'kb{5 tf ls ;DalGwt lgsfon]
lgikIf ¿kdf u/]sf sfd sf/afxLk|lt
efFhf] xfn]/ /fhgLlts x:tIf]ksf]
pkl:ylt ghgfpg ;fy} /fi6« ;]jsn]
klg lgw{Ss eP/ sfg'gn] lbPsf] clwsf/
/ cfˆgf] lhDd]jf/L axg ug{ jftfj/0fsf]
ljsf; xf];\ . xfdLn] ;'gs
] f] / b]vs
] f]
a]lylt, ljs[ltsf] oxfF pNn]v u/]/ ;fWo
5}g . s]xL ;ef;b\, dGqL ePsfx¿sf]
ljutnfO{ x]g{] xf] eg] /fHosf] sfg'gnfO{
7f8f] r'gf}tL lbP/ 7"nf] axfb'/L b]vfPsf
lyP . s;}nfO{ cfˆgf] :jfut ;Tsf/df
k'/fgf] uf8L lsg k7fPsf] eGb} /fi6«;j] s
sd{rf/LnfO{ ufnfdf r8\sg xfGg], sf]xL
uf8Lsf] l;;f k'm6fpg], sf]xL cfkmGtsf]
v;L af]sf cf];fg{ ;/sf/L uf8L pknAw
gu/fPsf] eGb} cfˆgf] x}l;ot b]vfO{
lbg] wDsL lbg], sf]xL ;fj{hlgs
cf]xf]bfdf /x]/ v'nc
] fd 3"; n]gb]gsf]
ax; ug{] cflb ljs[ltn] g]kfnsf]
/fhgLlt ufFhs
] f] 5 . g]kfnsf] s'g
sfg'gdf r8\sg xfGg, ufnL a]OHht
ug{ 5'6 lbPsf] 5 < olb s;}n] uNtL
u/]sf] 5 eg] ToxfF /fHosf] sfg'gnfO{
cfslif{t ug{] ls < r8\sg xfg]/ axfb'/L
b]vfpg] <
@)^( ;fn h] i 7 !$ ut]

;+ljwfg;ef ljlwjt\ cjzfg ePkZrft
/fhgLlts bnx¿ cfh;Dd ;xdltsf]
/6fg /6]/ ;do v]/ kmfln/x]sf 5g\ .
;+ljwfg;efsf] Dofb 5Fbf s:tf] ;+ljwfg
n]Vg] eGg] axfgfdf ;do v]/ kmfn], k6s–
k6s ;+ljwfg;efsf] Dofb yk]/ ;]jf
;'ljwf lng] dfq sfd u/] t}klg s]xL
u/L xfN5g\ ls eg]/ r'krfk a:of}F s]xL
ePg . ;+ljwfg;efsf] cjzfgkZrft
d[t ;+ljwfg;ef Ao'tfpg], tfhf
hgfb]zsf] lglDt r'gfjdf hfg], r'gfjdf
t hfg] t/ s'g r'gfjdf xf] < Tof] lglZrt
gePsf], cflb axfgfafhL u/]/ /fhgLlts
bnsf g] t fx¿n] cf–cfˆgf]
:jfy{cg'sn" sf] Jofkf/ cufl8 a9fpFb}
nu]sf 5g\ . ca h;sf] bf]sfgdf
u|fxssf] eL8 b]lvG5 . ToxL bf]sfgn]
s]xL unf{ eg]/ lrQ a'emfpg]afx]s csf]{
ljsNk b]lvGg . ;+ljwfg;ef cjzfg
ePsf] 5 dlxgf lalt;Sbf;d]t
/fhgLlts bnx¿df uDeL/tf gb]lvg'
5f8fkgsf] k/fsfi7 xf] eGbf km/s
gknf{ . b]z / hgtfk|lt pQ/bfloTj
x'gk' g]{ ;To olb xf] eg] of] d'ns
' nfO{ ;xL
/fhgLlts lgsfz lbgsf] lglDt s'g
tTjn] :vlnt agfO/fv]sf] 5 <
/fhgLlts ;xdlt / ;xsfo{sf] gfddf
/fi6« lbgfg'lbg c;kmn lbzftkm{ pGd'v
eO/x]sf] 5 . ltxf/ cufl8 g} /fhgLlts
;xdlt x'G5 eg]/ w]/s
} f] d'vaf6 Tof]
zAb JoSt ePsf] 5 . ;do w]/}
glhlsPsf] cj:yf 5 . t/, ;xdltsf]
e/kb{5 cfwf/ of] n]v tof/ ubf{;Dd
b]lvPsf] 5}g . olb ltxf/ cufl8 ;xdlt
x'g ;s]g eg] s'g d'vn] af]ns
] f] xf] eg]/
a'‰g] < hgck]Iff adf]lhd of]Uo 7x/
ul/Psf kfqsf] g]t[Tjdf ;/sf/
;+rfngdf 5 t/ :yfloTj kfpg]df
w/d/sf] cj:yfdf k'us
] f] 5 . ;fy}
sfdrnfp cj:yfdf /x]sf] x'gfn] yk
;'wf/sf] ck]Iff k|foM ;dfKt ePsf] 5 .
/fi6« cToGt /fhgLlts hl6ntfdf
u'hg| k'us
] f] ;a}df huhfx]/ 5 . b'lgofFsf]
;d"x Psn] csf{nfO{ s6fIf u/] h:tf]

ug]{ cGtl/s ;xdltdf kfqx¿ km]b{}
s';L{df kfn}kfnf] lj/fhdfg eP/
l;+xb/af/sf] leQfdf kmf]6f] e'mG8\opg] v]n
v]ns
] f] a'‰g l9nf u/] b]z / efjL
;Gtltk|lt cfTd3ft x'g5
] . hxfF;Dd
;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf] s'/f] 5 . xfdLnfO{ s;}sf]
gSsn u/]/ pbf/ cyjf cg'bf/ aGg'
5}g . xfd|f] xfd|} klxrfg 5 xfdLnfO{ cfˆgf]
b]zsf] df6f] ;'xfpFbf] zf;g Joj:yf sfod
eP dfq k'Ub5 . ;+ljwfgsf] kfgfdf
h:tf];s
' } Joj:yf u/] klg g]tT[ j txdf
b[9OR5f zlSt geP;Dd ;+;f/sf] s'g
d'ns
' ljslzt ePsf] 5 < /fhgLlts
cl:y/tf ePsf d'ns
' x¿sf] eofjx
b[Zo cem} klg b]lvG5 . hftLo, wfld{s,
/fhgLlts cflb ljifonfO{ ;xL 9Ën]
;Daf]wg ug{ g;Sbf cyjf c?sf]
rª\un' df k/]/ lk5nUu' a:bfsf] kl/0ffd
g/;+xf/b]lv d'ns
' ljvl08t eP/
cl:tTj ;lsPsf Oltxf; ;fIfL 5
/fhgLlts :jfy{kl" t{ k|flKtsf] Ifl0fs
dgf]/~hgdf x'g] o:tf ultljlwn] d'ns
' df
lavG8gafx]s s]xL NofpFbg} , g}ltstf,
;bfrf/, ;lxi0f'tf cflb dfgjLo u'0fnfO{
d'ns
' sf] lxtdf k|of]u ug{;s] dfq c;n
/fhgLlts kl/kf6Lsf] ;'?jft x'g hfG5 .
cf–cfˆgf] h'uF f n8f8F n8]/ b'lgofFnfO{
tdfzf b]vfO/xg] xf] eg] ;don] g]6f]
sf6] kl5 k5'tfpg'sf] s] cy{ x'G5 / <
JolStsf] k/LIff ;Í6sf] 38Ldf x'G5
eGg] egfO 5 . ut cS6f]a/ dlxgfdf
:of08L gfds cfFwLn] pQ/ cd]l/sfsf]
s]xL efu;lxt cGo If]qdf ;d]t k|efj
kf¥of] . cfFwLn] 7"nf] dfqfdf hgwgsf]
Iflt k'¥ofof] . cd]l/sfsf] k|efljt If]qdf
/fi6«kltn] r'gfjL cleofgnfO{ :ylut
u/]/ k|efljt If]qsf] :ynut e|d0fdf
lg:s] . k|efljt If]qdf e|d0fsf] bf}/fg
kLl8tx¿dfem cfFwLn] ;tfPsf] a]nf g
8]df]qm\of6 eOG5 g t l/klAnsg g}
dfq cd]l/sL eOG5 . b'Mv jf ;'vdf
;w}F cleefjs ;fydf /x]sf] ;Gb]z;lxt
kLl8tsf] 3fpdf dnd nufpg] sfd
u/]sf] lyof] . o:tf] efjgf xfd|f cfb/0fLo
g]tfx¿df ljsl;t xf];,\ /fi6« ;+s6df
u'hs
]| f] 5 . olta]nf xfdL ;a} g]kfnL
xf}F eGg' kg]{ a]nf cfPsf] 5 . ;dod}
r]tgf xf];\ .

‘g]kfn’ ko{6g ljsf;sf] e":ju{
cWoIf, nIdL k|lti7fg ;+;f/s} cyfx
;|ft] ljZj k|lz4 ljlzi6 ;Dkbfx¿sf]
e08f/ g]kfn ;fFlRrs} cfkm}d+ f Pp6f
cbe't ;+uf| xno xf] . ef}uf]lns ¿kdf
of] ;fgf] 5 t/ w]/} ;'Gb/ 5 . oxfF ;+;f/sf
;a} 7fpFsf] gd"gf lxdfn, kxf8 / t/fO{
;dflxt 5, h}ljs ljljwtfsf] e08f/
5, dlGb/} dlGb/sf] ;x/ 5 / 5 wfld{s
;lxi0f' t f klg . g] k fn ljleGg
hfthfltx¿sf] ;'Gb/ k'mnaf/L xf] hxfF
efiff / ;+:s[ltdf klg plQs} ljljwtf
5 . ljZjsf !$ j6f pRr
lzv/x¿dWo] ( j6f g]kfndf g} 5g\\ .
oxL e"dLdf wfld{s zf:qsf k|lz4 kfq
hgs / ;Ltf nufot zflGtsf cu|bt'
eujfg uf}td a'4 ;d]t hlGdPsf lyP .
kf} / fl0fs u| G y cg' ; f/ ljleGg
b]jLb]jtfx¿sf] tkf]ed" L, eujfg z+s/sf]
lqm8f:yn kz'kltgfysf] dlGb/ oxL+
cjl:yt 5 . k"j{ / klZrdtkm{ ef/t
j]li7t g]kfnsf] pQ/tkm{ rLg 5 . *))
lsnf]ld6/ nDafO{ / !%)–@%)
lsnf]ld6/ rf}8fO{ /x]sf] g]kfnsf] If]qkmn
!$&!*! ju{ l snf] l d6/ 5 .
k/fk"js
{ fndf o;sf] /fhwfgLsf] gfd
Pp6f dfq} ?vaf6 ag]sf] d08ksf]
gfdaf6 sfi7d08k /flvPsf] lyof] t/
;do;Fu} cke|z
+ x'bF } hfFbf kl5 uP/
sf7df08f} ag]sf] xf] . rfFbL em} rDrdfpFbf
lxd lzv/x¿ kUnFb} lg/u+ufsf] ¿k
wf/0f ub}{ gfua]nL gfRb} k/b]zsf]
dxf;fu/df ;dflxt x'g] u5{ . r/fr'?ËL
b[Zofjnf]sgsf] nflu g]kfn e":ju{ g}
xf] . oxF o'/f]ksf] ;fOj]l/ofb]lv r/fx¿
cfpg] u5{g\ . g]kfndf ztflJbof}b+ v
] L

ax;

lji0f' uf}td
h+unL k/Dk/fut ¿kdf afFRb} cfPsf
cf]9f/df a:g] s';'08f hftLb]vL
agkfvfdf a:g] agsl/ofx¿sf]
af;:yfg cem} lj/fhdfg 5Fb}5 .
O{ltxf; vf]Hg]x¿sf nflu /hf}6fx¿sf]
/fHo x'bF } /fhf, /f0ff, /fhf, k|hftGq,
/fhtGq, k'gM k|hftGq x'Fb} clxn]
u0ftflGqs Joj:yf ljBdfg 5 . lxhf]sf]
lbgdf ;tLk|yf ;d]t /x]sf] g]kfndf
dlxnfx¿n] k/k'?ifsf] cg'xf/ x]g{ gx'g]
rngb]vL ax'klt k|yf ;d]tsf] O{ltxf;
5 . hGd ;+:sf/df ljljwtf geP klg
oxfFsf] ljjfx ;+:sf/df ljljwtf 5 .
Pp6f y/leq k|fon] ljjfx ub}g{ g t/
st}–st} bfh' efOsf 5f]/f5f]/L ljr klg
ljjfxjf/L x'G5 -s]xL d'l:nd_ eg] st}–
st} dfdfr]nf k'mk"rn] f ljr ljjfx x'gu] 5{ .
st} bfh'sf] d[To' ePdf efOn] efph";uF
ljjfx ug{] rng /x]sf] kfO{G5 . t/ xfn
cfP/ r]tgf a[l4 ePsf sf/0f o:tf
ljjfx jlh{t x'bF } uPsf 5g\\ . g]kfnLx¿sf]
d[To' ;+:sf/ klg /f]rs 5 . st}–st}
nfznfO{ hldgdf ufl8G5 eg] w]/}
;d'bfodf nfznfO{ hnfO{G5 . g]kfnleq
csf]{ cgf}7f] rng klg 5 lxdfnL If]qlt/
-ljz]if u/L 8f]Nkflt/_ hxfF nfznfO{ sf6]/
lu4nfO{ v'jfO{G5 . wfld{s w/f]x/sf nflu
klg g]kfn w]/} ;DkGg 5 . dlGb/} dlGb/sf]
b]z elgg] g]kfndf k|;:t u'Dafx¿,
r}Tox¿, dl:hbx¿ / k|;:t rr{x¿

klg 5g\\ . g]kfndf ljljw hfthftL tyf
wdf{jnDjLx¿sf] a;f]jf; eP/ klg wfld{s
xf];\ jf hftLo o'4 slxNo} ePsf 5}gg\ .
To;}n] g]kfnnfO{ ;w}+ ;a}sf] ;femf k'mnaf/L
elgg] ul/G5 .
ljZjs} cfsif{s aGb} uPsf ;fxl;s
ofqfx¿sf] nflu pbud e"dL g]kfndf
/s SnfO{lDaË, dfpG6]lgol/Ë, s/]G6 jf6/
¥oflˆ6Ë, t'Og t/fO{, aGhL hlDkË, cflbsf]
k|;:t Joj:yf 5 . yk dgf]/~hgsf nflu
6]l« sË, xfOlsË, x;{/fOl8Ë, xfQL ;kmf/L,
;fOlSnË, af]l6Ë nufot dfpG6]g
ˆnfO{6sf] ;'ljwf ;d]t 5 . oftfoftsf]
nflu cem} klg 7fpF ljz]ifdf e};+ L uf8f,
jon uf8f, 3f]8f uf8f b]lv jftfg'sl" nt
sf/, a;, xjfO{ hxfh, x]lnsK6/ /
s]jnsf/ cflbsf] Joj:yf;d]t 5 . af;
a:gsf nflu ;fwf/0f ufpFsf 5fk|fx¿b]lv
ljZj:t/sf kfFrtf/] xf]6nx¿sf] ;'ljwf
klg oxfF 5 . ljZj k|lz4 n]vsx¿sf]
nflu g]kfnsf] jftfj/0fn] cfsif{0f u5{
eg] ;fgf–7"nf rnlrqsdL{x¿sf] nflu
;f/f ljZj g]kfnleq} SofKr/ ug}{ ;lsG5 .
cfh ljZj g} ;x/Ls/0f pGd'v x'bF }
cf}Bf]lusLs/0ftkm{;d]t pGd'v eO/x]sf]
cj:yfdf sf]nfxfn /lxt g]kfn ;fFlRrs}
ca ljZjsf] cf/fd ug]{ :yn aGg'k5{ .
oxfF pknAw k|fs[lts pknlAwsf] :jfb
rfVg'k5{ . zf:qcg';f/ g]kfn b]je"ld
pNn]v ul/Psf] x'gfn] wfld{s ko{6gsf

nflu klg / ljz]if u/L lxGb'x¿sf]
cf/fWob]j lzj eujfgsf] lk|o qmL8f:yn
d[u:ynL / af;:yfg >L kz'kltgfysf]
dlGb/ /x]sf]n] o;nfO{ ljlzi6 dflgG5 .
1fgLhgsf cg';f/ ljZjk|lz4 dgf]sfdgf
dftf, d'lStgfy wfd, lxGb'x¿n] hLjgdf
k'Ug}kg]{ 7fpF xf] eg]/ a'lemPsf] 5, Wofg
dfu{ ;dft]sf WofgLx¿sf] nflu klg
b]je"ld g]kfnsf] lxdfnL If]q ljz]if If]q
xf] . g]kfn g} l;4fy{ uf}tdn] hGd lnPsf]
e"ld xf] h;n] ;ft jif{ Wofg u/]/
jf]lb;Tj k|fKt u/L ljZjdf g} zflGtsf]
pb\3f]if u/]sf lyP . To;}n] ljZjsf
af}4 wdf{jnDjLx¿sf] nflu n'lDagL g}
;+;f/sf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] tLy{:yn dflgPsf]
5 / hLjgdf sd;]sd Ps k6s eP
klg ToxfF k'Ug] ;a}sf] OR5f x'g] u5{ .
cGo wdf{jnDjLx¿sf] nflu klg g]kfn
plQs} dxTjk"0f{5 . oxfF ljBdfg rr{
u'?åf/f tyf dl:hbx¿n] ;a}nfO{ ljgf
e]befj lgdGq0f lbO/x]sf 5g\ . ljZj
hg;+Vofsf] lx;fan] klg ljZjs}
PsltxfO hg;+Vof ePsf] g]kfnsf b'O{
ljzfn l5d]sL rLg / ef/tsf] aLrdf
/xg' ko{6g Joj;fosf] lx;fan] ljlzi6
pknlAw dfGg'k5{ . l5d]sL /fi6«x¿af6
dfq s]xL k|ltzt ko{6sx¿ g]kfn
leqfpg ;Sof] eg] b]zsf] cfly{s a[l4b/
:jfQ a9\g hfG5 / b]zn] ;d'Ggltsf]
lzv/ r'Dg]5 . ctM oltv]/ ul/aLsf]
/6fg /6]/ lxgtfaf]wdf afFrL b]zleq
/x]sf] cyfx ;|f]t tyf ;Dkbfsf]
cjd"Nog gu/L / u'6aGbL 5f]8L /fli6«o
:jfy{sf] nflu ko{6g Joj;fodf xf]ldg
ljnDa ug{ x'Gg .

3

ˆ

/fatOfc t]u ^@ sQlfs nf; (^)@

;z:q ;+3if{
clGtd ljsNk xf]

cfGbf]ngaf6 gofF 9Ën] jftfj/0f tof/ gkfg]{ xf] eg] e§/fO{ g]tT[ jsf] ;/sf/n]
b]znfO{ 8'afOlbg]jfnf 5 .
hgtfsf clwsf/ zflGtk"0f{ tl/sfn] ;Daf]wg x'bF g
} eg] xltof/ t
hgtfn] p7fOxfN5g\ .
afa'/fd e§fO{nfO{ ah]6 k|:t't ug]{ clwsf/ g} 5}g . of]
sfdrnfp;“u} c;+jw
} flgs ;/sf/ xf] .
kf6L{leq 5nkmn / ax; x'G5 . lxhf]sf] k|r08 z}nLdf kf6L{ cufl8 a9\g ;Sb}g .

;ftfsf] s'/fsfgL
) kf6L{ s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] a}7s
ev{/} ;DkGg ePsf] 5, s'g–
s' g
ljifodf
lg0f{ o
ug' { e of] <
s]Gb|Lo ;ldlt a}7s d'Vo b'O{
d'2fdf s]lGb|t eP/ af]nfOPsf] lyof] .
Pp6f dxflwj]zg tof/L / csf]{
jt{ d fg ;+ s 6k" 0 f{ /fhgLltsf]
ljsf;sf] nflu kf6L{sf] of]hgf /
/0fgLltdf a}7s s]lGb|t /Xof] . oL
ljifodfly s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf xfdLn]
Psdtn] lg0f{o u/]sf 5f}F . s]Gb|Lo
;ldltn] zfgbf/ 9Ën] dxTjk"0f{
lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 .
) a}7sdf b'O{ wf/ b]lvof] eGg]
s'/f aflx/ cfPsf] 5 lg s]
xf] jf:tljstf <
kf6L{leq ca s;/L cufl8 a9\g,]
s:tf] /0fgLlt tof/ kfg]{ eGg]
ljifodf 5nkmn t x'G5 g} . kf6L{leq
5nkmn / ax; x'G5 . lxhf]sf] k|r08
z}nLdf kf6L{ cufl8 a9\g ;Sb}g .
clGtddf Jofks 5nkmnaf6
Psdtn] xfdLn] lg0f{o lnPsf 5f}F .
ToxfF s'g} leGg dt 5}g .
) ;z:q qmflGtdf hfg]
ljifodf klg 5nkmn eof],
To;df klg dxTjk"0f{ lg0f{o
ePsf] rrf{ 5 lg <

clxn] xfdL;Fu ;z:q cfGbf]ng
ug] { of] h gf 5} g . xfdL clxn]
hgcfGbf]ngaf6 g} kl/jt{gnfO{ cufl8
a9fpg rfxG5f}F . clxn] tTsfnsf]
nflu ;z:q ;+3if{sf] s'g} of]hgf xfdLn]
agfPsf 5}gf}F . To;sf] cy{ g]kfndf
ca slxNo} ;z:q qmflGt x'bF g} eGg]
xf]Og . ;z:q ;+3if{ clGtd ljsNk
xf] . Tof] klxnf] ljsNk eg] xf]Og .
hgtfsf clwsf/ zflGtk"0f{ tl/sfn]
;Daf]wg x'bF g} eg] xltof/ t hgtfn]
p7fOxfN5g\ .
) tkfO{ + x ¿n] /fli6« o o' j f
hg:jod \ ; ] j s
u7g
ug'{ePsf] 5, Tof] cfGbf]ngs}
tof/L xf] eGg] ljkIfLx¿sf]
cf/f]k 5 lg <
o'jf hg:jod\;j] s c? ;fdfGo
hgjuL{o ;+u7geGbf yf]/} leGg ;+u7g
xf] . o'jfx¿sf] b:tf xf] of] . of] cln
ldln6]G8 x'G5 . of] ;+u7g ;z:q
qmflGtsf] nflu eGg] cf/f]k unt xf] .
clxn] hgtfsf clwsf/ k|fKt ePsf
5}gg\ . hgtf km]l/ ;+3if{ u/]/ cufl8
a9\gk' 5{ . clxn] /fli6«o :jfwLgtfsf]
;d:of hl6n aGb} uPsf 5g\ . d'ns
'
lkmhLs/0f,
l;lSsdLs/0f,
e' 6 fgLs/0fsf] lbzftkm{ cufl8
al9/x]sf] 5 . o:tf] cj:yfdf /fi6«o

clxn] xfdL;Fu ;z:q cfGbf]ng ug]{ of]hgf
5}g . xfdL clxn] hgcfGbf]ngaf6 g}
kl/jt{gnfO{ cufl8 a9fpg rfxG5f}F . clxn]
tTsfnsf] nflu ;z:q ;+3if{sf] s'g} of]hgf
xfdLn] agfPsf 5}gf}F .

:jfwLgtfsf] cfGbf]ngdf cufl8
a9\gk' 5{ . o;df dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf v]Ng
hg:jod\;j] s ;+u7g lgdf{0f ePsf]
xf] . of] dxTjk"0f{ hg;+u7g xf] .
) ;/sf/ k" 0 f{ ah] 6 Nofpg]
tof/L ul//x] s f] 5, o;
ljifodf kf6L{ s f] wf/0ff s]
5 <
afa'/fd e§fO{nfO{ ah]6 k|:t't ug]{
clwsf/ g} 5}g . of] sfdrnfp;Fu}
c;+jw} flgs ;/sf/ xf] . o;nfO{ k"0f{
ah]6 Nofpg] s'g} clwsf/ 5}g .
;xdltlagf NofPsf] ah]6 cWofb]z
:jLs[t ulb{g eg]/ /fi6«kltn] eg]sf]
cj:yfdf of] ;/sf/n] k"0f{ ah]6
NofpF5 eGg] dnfO{ nfUb}g .
) pGgfO; kf6L{ n ] /fi6« l tnfO{
lnlvt¿kd} ;xdltlagfsf]
ah] 6 :jLs[ t gug{ cfu| x
u/]sf 5g\, o;df tkfO{+x¿n]
lsg ;fy glbg' ePsf] <
xfdLn] afa'/fd e§/fO{ g]tT[ jsf]
u7aGwg ;/sf/nfO{ x6fpg] vfnsf]
cfGbf]ng rnfpg'k5{ elg/x]sf 5f}F .
of] ljifodf sfFu;
]| , Pdfn] klg k|:6
x'gk' 5{ eGg] xfd|f] egfO xf] . o;df
xfd|f] kf6L{sf] gLlt cGo bn;Fu
;lGw;Demf}tf, x:tfIf/ u/]/ cufl8
ga9\g] ePsfn] xfd|f] g}lts ;dy{g
/x] klg /fi6«ltnfO{ x:tfIf/ u/]/ cfu|x
gug]{ xfd|f] gLlt /x]sfn] xfdLn]

;LkL uh'/]n ‘uf}/j’, pkfWoIf– g]skf–dfcf]jfbL

x:tfIf/ u/]gf}F .
) s] x L /fhgLlts bnx¿n]
/fi6«kltnfO{ ;lqmo x'g cfu|x
ul//x] s f 5g\ . To;df
tkfO{+x¿sf] wf/0ff s] 5 <
/fi6« k ltnfO{ ;lqmo agfP/
;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg x'G5 eGg] xfdLnfO{
nfUb}g . ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg ug]{
dxTjk"0f{ sfo{ /fhgLlts bnx¿s}
xf] . ofjt\ ;d:ofx¿sf] ;dfwfg ug{
kf6L{x¿n] g} cfjfh p7fpg'k5{ eGg]
xfd|f] egfO xf] . /fi6«kltnfO{ ;lqmo
agfpg]eGbf klg /fhgLlts bnx¿
g} ;lqmo x'g'k5{ . /fi6«klt ;lqmo
x'g] gx'g] eGg] s'/f /fi6«kltsf]
:jljj] s df e/ kg] { s' / f xf] .
/fhgLltdf kf6L{x¿n] dxTjk"0f{ Pj+
;lqmo e"ldsf v]Ng'k5{ eGg] xfd|f]
egfO xf] .
) /fhgLlts lgsf;sf] nflu
uf] n d] r ;efsf] d' 2 f
tkfO{+x¿n] p7fpg'ePsf] lyof],
clxn] of] d'2fdf s] eO/x]sf]
5 <
;+ljwfg lgdf{0f, ;xdltsf] ;/sf/
u7g ug]{ p2]Zosf ;fy xfdLn] uf]nd]r
;efsf] k|:tfj /fv]sf lyof}F . clxn]
;+ljwfg aGg] ;Defjgf sd x'bF } uPsf]
5 . ;/sf/ lgdf{0fdf klg ;xdlt
aGg ;s]sf] ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f, ;xdltsf]
;/sf/ u7g ug]{ p2]Zosf ;fy xfdLn]

uf]nd]r ;efsf] k|:tfj /fv]sf
lyof}F . clxn] ;+ljwfg aGg]
;Defjgf sd x'bF } uPsf] 5 .
;/sf/ lgdf{0fdf klg ;xdlt
aGg ;s]sf] 5}g . g t ;+ljwfg
aGg] b]lvG5 g t ;xdltsf]
;/sf/ aGg] b]lvG5, To;sf/0f
clxn] cfpFbf uf]nd]r ;efsf]
e"ldsf sd x'g k'u]sf] xf] .
;xdlt x'g] jftfj/0f aG5 eg]
uf]nd]r ;efsf] d'2fd} xfdL hfG5f}F
xf]Og eg] cfGbf]ngdf hfg'sf]
ljsNk 5}g .
) cfufdL
j} z fvdf
k|wfgdGqLn] lgjf{rg ug]{
3f]if0ff u/]sf 5g\, s] Tof]
;Dej xf] n f <
Tof] lgjf{rg ;Dej 5}g .
afa'/fdsf] g]tT[ jdf lgjf{rg u/]/
ToxL ;Qfdf ePsf / To;sf]
jl/k/L 3'Dg]x¿afx]s sf]xL klg
efu lng hfFbg} g\ . ;/sf/ cfkm}F
c;+jw} flgs ePsfn] o;nfO{ r'gfj
u/fpg] clwsf/ g} 5}g . To;sf/0f
afa'/fd g]tT[ jsf] ;/sf/n] r'gfj
u/fpF5 eGg] s'/f c;Dej xf] .
o;nfO{ s;}n] dfGg]jfnf klg 5}g .
) d' n ' s df
;+ j } w flgs
l g s f o x ¿

kbflwsf/LljxLg x' F b } 5 g\ .
;/sf/ c;+ j } w flgs 5 o:tf]
cj:yfdf
cfGbf] n gsf]
ckl/xfo{tf b]Vg'ePsf] 5}g <
casf] s]xL ;doleq d'ns
' sf
;+jw} flgs cËx? vfnL x'g] vt/f 5 .
lgjf{rg cfof]u g} vfnL x'bF 5
} . To:tf]
cj:yfdf lgjf{rg s;n] u/fpg] <
cfGbf]ngaf6 gofF 9Ëf] jftfj/0f tof/
gkfg]{ xf] eg] e§/fO{ g]tT[ jsf] ;/sf/n]
b]znfO{ 8'afOlbg]jfnf 5 . To;sf/0f
cfGbf]ng ckl/xfo{ ag]sf] 5 .
) k6s–k6ssf] hgcfGbf]ng /
hgo' 4 n] klg hgtfsf]
clwsf/nfO{ ;' l glZrt ug{
;s]g, qmflGt ;DkGg x'g ;s]g,
s] g]kfndf csf]{ hgo'4 h?/L
ePsf] xf] <
hgo'4sf ;f/f pknlAwx¿ ;dfKt
kfg],{ cfTd;dk{0fsf] af6f], qmflGtk|ltsf]
u2f/Lsf] af6f] g]tT[ jn] kqm]sf] x'gfn]
kl/jt{gsf] cleef/f k"/f x'g ;s]g .
kl/jt{gdf cufl8 a9\g] r]tgf, rfxgf
hgtfdf ljBdfg g} 5 . clxn] g}
hgo'4df kms{g] kf6L{sf] of]hgf 5}g .
;zQm hgcfGbf]ng u/]/ qmflGtsf
afFsL cleef/fnfO{ cufl8 a9fpg
;lsG5 . To;df xfdL of]hgf agfP/
cufl8 a9\5f}F .

d'ns
' lkmhLs/0f, l;lSsdLs/0f,
e'6fgLs/0fsf] lbzftkm{ cufl8 al9/x]sf] 5 .
o:tf] cj:yfdf /fi6«o :jfwLgtfsf]
cfGbf]ngdf cufl8 a9\gk' 5{ . o;df dxTjk"0f{
e"ldsf v]Ng hg:jod\;j] s ;+u7g lgdf{0f
ePsf] xf] .

---

---

afa'/fdsf] g]tT[ jdf lgjf{rg u/]/ ToxL
;Qfdf ePsf / To;sf] jl/k/L
3'Dg]x¿afx]s sf]xL klg efu lng
hfFbg
} g\ . ;/sf/ cfkm}F c;+jw
} flgs
ePsfn] o;nfO{ r'gfj u/fpg] clwsf/
g} 5}g .

/fi6«kltnfO{ ;lqmo agfP/ ;d:ofsf]
;dfwfg x'G5 eGg] xfdLnfO{ nfUb}g .
;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg ug]{ dxTjk"0f{ sfo{
/fhgLlts bnx¿s} xf] .

--clxn] g} hgo'4df kms{g] kf6L{sf] of]hgf 5}g .
;zQm hgcfGbf]ng u/]/ qmflGtsf af“sL
cleef/fnfO{ cufl8 a9fpg ;lsG5 . To;df
xfdL of]hgf agfP/ cufl8 a9\5f}+ .

---

;xdlt x'g] jftfj/0f aG5 eg] uf]nd]r ;efsf]
d'2fd} xfdL hfG5f}F xf]Og eg] cfGbf]ngdf
hfg'sf] ljsNk 5}g .
--/fi6«kltnfO{ ;lqmo agfpg]eGbf klg
/fhgLlts bnx¿ g} ;lqmo x'gk' 5{.

4

ˆ

/fatOfc t]u ^@ sQlfs nf; (^)@

;+3Lo nf]stflGqs u0ftGqsf] b'ud{ ofqf
b] z df p7] s f clwsf/jfbL
cfGbf]ngsf] /fk / tfk cufl8 ;+3Lo
nf]stflGqs u0ftGq :yfkgf ug]{
k|lta4tf b]vfP/ k|d'v /fhgLlts
bnx¿n] hgtfdf 7"nf] cfzdf /fv]sf
lyP . ;+3Lo nf]stflGqs u0ftGqsf]
gofF g]kfn agfpg] lbzfdf cu|;/
ePsf bnx¿ PsfPs æo"
o" 6g{Æ
lnP/ k'jf{j:yfdf hfg vf]lh /x]sf
5g\\, yfs]sf] ofqL h:tf] lj/fd
cj:yfdf . b'ud{ ofqfsf] dWo af6f]df
;lsPsf] phf{n] ofqLnfO{ kms{g afWo
u/] h:t} bnx¿ k|lta4tfadf]lhd
cufl8 a9\g dfgL /x]sf] 5}g . ;+3Lo
nf]stflGqs u0ftGqsf] af6f] bnx¿sf]
nflu clt b'ud
{ nfu]sf]n] of] af6f] g}
glx+8g] dfgl;stf agfPsf 5g\\ .
clxn] cfP/ yfxf eof] slt s7Lg
ofqf lyof] ;+ 3 Lo nf] s tflGqs
u0ftGqsf] . slxn] g lx+8s
] f] af6f]df
cu|;/ ePsf lyP bnx¿ .
k'gZr gofF g]kfn lgdf{0fsf nflu
csf]{ af6f] vf]Hb}5g\\ bnx¿ . ;/n,
hf]lvd/lxt tyf cf/fdb]x ofqfsf
nflu af6f] lglZrt ul/ lx+8g] 5g\\ .
clxn] hg cfGbf]ng h:tf] afWofTds
kl/l:ylt klg 5}g, xtf/df lg0f{o
ug{sf nflu . b]z / hgtf cfkmg} xf],
/fhgLlts ult/f]w hlt eP klg b]z
xfFSg] xfdL k|dv
' tLg bn g} xf}+ . slow
and steady wins the race eg]
h:t} lj:tf/} ;f]rf}+ / bL3{sfnLg ¿kdf
;f]rf}+ . Pp6f ;fyLn] km]l/ ToxL af6f]
hfg afWo ul/ /x]sf] 5 . xfdL b'O{
;fyLsf] ljrf/ km/s 5 . o;}df s'/f
ldn]sf] 5}g . clns cndn ePsf]
dfq xf] . xfdL gofF g]kfn agfpg]
k|lta4tf b]vfPsf 5f}+ . agfP/}
5f8\5f},+ of] xfd|f] ;+sNk xf] .
oL pb\uf/ x'g\ gofF g]kfn agfpg]
k|d'v tLg} bnsf . b]zdf clxn]
/fhgLlts z'Gotf 5 . tLg} bnsf
lh2Lkgf /fhgLltn] b]zdf /fhgLlts
;+s6 g} NofO{ lbPsf] lr+tf ljåtju{
b]lv hgtf;Dd JofKt 5 . olb lr+tf
5}g eg] oL ltg} lqb]jnfO{ . ;+ljwfg
;efdf ^)! hgf ;+ljwfg ;ef
;b:osf] pkl:yltdf klg ;Qfsfnflu
/fhgLlts ult/f]w sfod /fVg
g8/fPsf bnx¿ clxn] s]xL s'/f
g/x]sf] cj:yfdf 8/fpg] s'/} 5}g .

pk]Gb| emf
cfGbf]ngx¿ klg lg:t]h eP/ 6f9f
uO{ ;s]sf] cj:yfdf ;+3Lo nf]stflGqs
u0ftGqs} /fu lsg cnfKg] < clxn]
ljBdfg /fhgLlts ult/f]wsf] kfZj{
efudf oyfl:yltjfbL zlQmx¿ ;+3Lo
nf]stflGqs u0ftGqsf] af6f] lx+8g
grfx]sf] s'/f :ki6 b]lvG5 . ult/f]w
klg ToxL dfgl;stfn] v8f u/]sf]
xf] . clgR5fk"js
{ ;+3Lo nf]stflGqs
u0ftGqsf] ofqf ug{ afWo bnx¿ w]/}
af6f] sfl6 ;s]kl5 PsfPs o" 6g{
ul/ kms]/{ k|:yfg ljGb'df cfPkl5
km]l/ ToxL af6f]df tL zlQmx¿nfO{
8f]¥ofpg] s'g} pkfo 5}g . a¿
;bfsfnflu u0ftGqsf] af6f] aGb ul/
j}slNks af6f] agfpg] lgZrosf ;fy
cuf8L a9\g] bnx¿sf] dfgl;stf
b]lvG5 .
hgtf;+u k|lta4tf u/] adf]lhd
bnx¿ ;+ljwfg ;ef ;dfKt ePklg
Odfgbf/L;fy cuf8L a9] /fhgLlt
lgsfz t'¿Gt} x'g] lglZrt 5 .
bnx¿n] c1ft eo, /fuå]if, lh2Lsf]
/fhgLlt cflb Tofu]/ /fi6« lgdf{0fk|lt
k"0f{ jkmfbf/ eO{ cufl8 a9\g] ;+sNk
lnP Pslbgdf /fhgLlts ;+s6
;dfKt x'g] s'/fdf ;a} ljZj:t 5g\\ .
t/ ;+3Lo nf]stflGqs u0ftGqk|lt
pbf;Lg /x]sf bnx¿n] ;+ljwfg ;efsf]
c;kmn ;dflKt kl5sf] /fhgLlts
cg'sn
" tfnfO{ 5f8\g rfxGg . ;xdtL
eGg] zAb ca /fhgLlts ufnLsf]
¿kdf kl/0ft eO{ ;s]sf] 5 . ljut
kfFr jif{ b]lv ;xdtLsf] nflu k|of;/t\
/fhgLlts bnx¿ ;xdtL agfpg
c;kmn eO{ b]znfO{ nfhdbf]{ cj:yfdf
k'¥ofPsf] cGt/f{li6«o hutn] klg
ghLsaf6 lgofnL /x]sf] 5 . cfkm\gf]
lh2Lkgfsf] lqkIfLo n8fO{af6 kl5 gx6\g]
bnx¿ hgtfdf klg ;fv 36\b} uO{
/x]sf] s'/faf6 lr+ltt b]lvGg . b]z /
hgtfdf hlt;'s} ;+s6 cfPklg cfkm\gf]
lh2L g5f8\g] c7f]6 u/]sf bnx¿ b]z
k|lt slt lhDd]jf/ 5g\\ eGg] ;lhn}
cfsng ul/g] cj:yf 5 .
k"j{ 3f]lift ;+ljwfg ;efsf] r'gfjdf
;xefuL gx'g] s]xL zlQmx¿ Psflt/
5 eg] ;QfkIfLo s]xL zlQm csf]l{ t/
cfdg] ;fdg]sf] afso'4df k|lt:kwL{

ljZjsf *^ k|ltztsf] xftdf df]afOn
sf7df8f}F . ljZjsf *^ k|ltzt
hgtfsf] xftdf df]afOn k'u]sf]
cGt/f{li6«o 6]lnsDo'lgs];g o'lgog
-cfO{6Lo"_ sf] @)!@ sf] k|ltj]bgdf
pNn]v 5 . k|ltj]bgdf ;g\ @)!!
df ljZjsf ^ ca{ dflg;n] df]afOn
k|of]u u/]sf] k|ltj]bgdf pNn]v 5 .
cfO{6Lo"sf] k|ltj]bgcg';f/ ljsl;t
d'ns
' df df]afOn k|of]ustf{sf] ;+Vof
pRr /x]sf] 5 . …ljsl;t d'n'sdf
k|ltPs ;o hgtfdf ! ;o @@ hgfn]
df]afOn k|of]u u/]sf 5g\,Ú k|ltj]bgdf
5 . cd]l/sf / Sofg8fdf df]afOn
k|of]ustf{sf] ;+Vofdf pRr j[l4
ePsfn] ljsl;t b]zdf Ps hgfn]
PseGbf a9L df]afOn lnPsf] kfOPsf]
xf] . k|ltj]bgcg';f/ ljsf;zLn
d'ns
' df &* k|ltzt hgtfn] df]afOn
;]jf k|of]u ul//x]sf 5g\ . df]afOn
k|of]ustf{df ;a}eGbf a9L ;+Vof
rLgsf 5g\ . rLgdf dfq ! ca{
df]afOn k|of]ustf{ 5g\ . cfO{6Lo"n]
;g\ @)!@ df ef/tdf klg df]afOn
k|of]ustf{sf] ;+Vof ! ca{ gf£g]
cg' d fg u/] s f] 5 . ut jif{ s f]
t'ngfdf !! k|ltzt df]afOn u|fxs
a9]sf 5g\ . ljsl;t d'n'sdf ;g\
@)!! df !! k|ltztn] df]afOn
k|of]ustf{ a9]sf 5g\ . df]afOn If]qdf
a9]sf] k|lt:kwf{sf ;fy} ;:tf] ;]jf /
pks/0fsf] sf/0f u|fxssf] ;+Vofdf
pRr j[l4 ePsf] k|ltj]bgdf pNn]v
5 . cfO{6Lo"sf] k|ltj]bgcg';f/ ;g\
@))% b]lv cfwf/e"t kmf]g 3gTj
eg] 36]sf] 5 . ;g\ @))% df ljZjsf

emG8} @) k|ltzt hgtfdf cfwf/e"t
kmf] g k' u ] klg clxn] 36] / !&
k|ltztdf em/]sf] 5 . ;g\ @))^
b]lv ;'? ePsf] dflgg] df]afOn
a|f]8AofG8sf u|fxs a9]/ emG8} !^
k|ltztn] of] ;]jf lng yfn]sf 5g\ .
g]kfn tLg :yfg tn em/L df]afOn
If]qdf pNn]Vo k|ult ul/Psf] dflgP
klg g]kfn ;"rgf ;~rf/ tyf k|ljlw
ljsf; kl/;"rsdf tn em/]sf] 5 .
;g\ @)!) eGbf tLg :yfg tn em/]/
! ;o %% d'n'sdf g]kfndf ! ;o
#& cf}F :yfgdf cfPsf] 5 . g]kfn
blIf0f Pl;ofnL /fi6«df klg ;a}eGbf
sd ;"rgf k|ljlwsf] ljsf; ug]{
d'n'sdf k/]sf] 5 . blIf0f Pl;ofnL
d'n'sdf ;a}eGbf cufl8 ! ;o %
cf}F :yfgdf >Ln+sf /x]sf] 5 . ef/t
! ;o !( cf}F :yfgdf 5 . e'6fg !
;o !* :yfg, kfls:tfg ! ;o @&
cf}F :yfgdf /x]sf] 5 . ;a}eGbf a9L
df]afOn k|of]ustf{ ePsf] rLg &*
cf}F :yfgdf /x]sf] 5 . ;"rgf k|ljlwsf]
If]qdf ;a}eGbf a9L ljsf; ug{
d'ns
' sf] klxnf] :yfgdf Pl;ofnL d'ns
'
blIf0f sf]l/of 5 . bf];f| ] :yfgdf :jL8]g,
t];f| d] f 8]gdfs{ rf}yf]df cfO;NofG8
/ kfFrf}Fdf lkmgNofG8 5g\ . oL
d'ns
' x¿sf] :yfgdf cl3Nnf] jif{sf]
h:t} 5 . g]b/NofG8 eg] Ps :yfgdf
dfly plSnP/ 5}7f}F :yfgdf 5 .
nSh]Dau{ Ps :yfg tn em/]/ ;ftf}F
:yfgdf k'us
] f] 5 . hfkfg cf7f}F :yfgdf
/x]sf] 5 . a]nfot Ps} jif{ % :yfgdf
dfly plSnP/ gjf}F :yfgdf k'us
] f] 5 .

ag]sf 5g\\ . Pp6f dfq ;+jw} flgs
lgsfosf] ¿kdf clwsf/ / sQ{Jo
kl/eflift g/x]sf] /fi6«kltnfO{ b'a}
k|lt:kwL{ zlQmx¿n] k|efljt ul/ /x]sf]
cj:yf 5 . Pp6fn] /fhgLlts
;+s6sf] lgsfz lbg /fi6«klt cu|;/
x'g' kb{5 elg /x]sf 5g\\ eg] csf]{
k|lt:kwL{ ;QfkIfn] /fi6«kltn] ;xh
¿ksf] af6f] cjnDag ug'{ kb{5 elg
/x]sf 5g\\ . /fi6«klt c;d+h;sf]
cj:yfdf 5 . bnLo /L; /fu,
lh2Lkgfn] ult/f]w olt ;lhnf] cGt
x'g] ;Defjgf sd 5 . o:tf] cj:yfdf
/fhgLlts bnx¿nfO{ ;dembf/Ldf
cfpg eGg'afx]s /fi6«kltn] s] ug]{ <
s;}sf] kIf jf ljkIfdf NffUg] l:ylt
/fi6«kltsf] 5}g . /fi6«kltn] /fi6«lxtsf]
;jfnnfO{ ;jf]k{ l/ 7fg]/ g} cuf8L a9\g'
ePsf] 5 / a9\g' klg kb{5 . b]zdf
clxn] ljBdfg /x]sf] tNnf] :t/sf]
/fhgLltn] g b]zsf] lxtdf 5, g
hgtfsf] lxtdf . JolQm jf bnLo
:jfy{nfO{ ;jf]k{ l/ 7fGg] oL bnx¿sf]
Pssf{k|ltsf] cfqmfds e"ldsf /
/fhgLlts z'Gotfdf b]znfO{ s}b ul/
/fVg] clek|fon] hg cfGbf]ngnfO{
lg0ff{os aGg] k|/] 0ff lbO{ /x]sf] :ki6
x'G5 . Pdfn]n] cfGbf]ng u/]/ afa'/fd
e§/fO{nfO{ ckb:y ul/ ;Qf vf]:g]
r'gf}tL lbO{ ;s]sf] 5 . clxn] bz}s
+ f]
a]nf sf6]/ cfGbf]ngdf h'6g\ ] tof/L
ul/ /x]sf] 5 . ;DejtM g]kfnL sfFu;
]|
klg ToxL af6f] cjnDag ug]5
{ .
hgtfsf] cuf8L kf6L{nfO{ ;Qf lbnfpg]
cfGbf]ng eGbf cfkm\gf] clwsf/
;'lglZrt ug]{ cfGbf]ng dxTjk"0f{ /x]sf]n]
hgtf cfGbf]lnt eof] eg] cfkmgf]
clwsf/sf] nflu cfGbf]lnt x'g] 5g\\ .
;Qf lbnfpg] cfGbf]ngsf] s'g} t's 5}g .
;Qf h;sf] xftdf uPklg of]
ult/f]wsf] lg/Gt/tf 6'6b\ g} . cfh
;Qfsfnflu Pdfn],sfFu;
]| n] ult/f]w
NofPsf] 5 eg] ef]nL PsLs[t g]=s=kf=
dfcf]jfbLn] Nofpg] 5g\\ . bnx¿sf]
Pssf{nfO{ k5f/]/ ;Qf xTofpg] Psdfq
/0fgLlt lnPsf], hgtfnfO{ clwsf/
lbnfpg] ;+ljwfg ;efsf] cGt;+u} Tof]

s'/fsf] k6fIf]k eO{ ;s]sf]n] s]xL ug'{
kb}g{ eGg] a'em]sf] 5 .
oyfl:yltsf] dfgl;stfaf6 k|l] /t
of]] /fhgLlts ult/f]w ;Qfk|flKtsf]nflu
dfq /x]sf] s'/f ;a} clwsf/jfbL
cfGbf]ngsf cu'jfx¿n] a'lem ;s]sf
5g\\ . of] ult/f]wn] nfd} ;do;Dd
b]znfO{ oyfl:yltdf /fVg] s'/f
clwsf/jfbLx¿ cg'ej ub}{ kf6L{x¿
TofUb} cuf8L a9\b} 5g\\ . kl/l:yltn]
klg ;a} clwsf/jfbLx¿nfO{ Psfsf/
ug{ afWo agfO{ /x]sf] 5 . b]zdf
clwsf/sfnflu p7]sf dw]zL, hghftL,
blnt, yf¿,dlxnf, d' l :ndsf]
cfGbf]ngnfO{ Pstfa4 ul/ /fli6«o
cfGbf]ngsf] :j¿k lbg' g} /fhgLlts
ult/f]wsf] Psdfq ljsNk xf] . hgtfnfO{
g} km]l/ lg0ff{s e"ldsfdf cfpg' kb{5 .
clxn]sf] cj:yfdf hgtfsf] clwsf/sf]
;'lglZrttf s'g} xfntdf gx'g]
oyfy{tfnfO{ gh/cGbfh ug'{ Gofof]lrt
gx'g] k|i6 5 . hgflwsf/sf s'/f
cf]em]ndf kfg]{ lbUuh kf6L{x¿sf]
dgf]jl[ tnfO{ ljZjf; u/]/ a:g' lgZro
klg cfGbf]ngaf6 klG5g\' xf] . ljut
rf/ jif{df /fhgLlts kf6L{x¿n]
b]vfPsf] uf]xLsf] cfF;n
' fO{ s] hgtfn]
a'em\g afFsL 5 / < b]zsf] kl/l:yltn]
/fli6«o cfGbf]ngsf] :j¿k tof/ kfg{
k| ] l /t ul/ /x] s f] cj:yfdf
clwsf/jfbLx¿ cndlng] 7fpF g} 5}g .
;QflnK;fsf] /fhgLltdf lnKt
/fhgLlts bnx¿sf] dgf] j [ l t
pbflËPsf] cj:yfdf clwsf/jfbLx¿
s] ug]{ eGg] s'/f :ki6 5 .
;+ l jwfg ;efsf] ;dflKt;+ u }
u+uf:gfg u/]sf oyfl:yltjfbL zlQmx¿
km]l/ ;+3Lotfsf] ;jfndf ;fd]n gx'g]
ePsf]n] hgflwsf/ vf]Hg]x¿ cfkm}n]
clwsf/ lng' kg]{ kl/l:yltn] b]vfPsf]
5 . rf/jif{df cfGbf]ng klg lg:t]h
eP/ 6fl9g uPsf] sf/0fn] klg
/fhgLlts bnx¿ o;nfO{ cfkm\gf]
/0fgLltaf6 aflx/ lgsfln ;s]sf 5g\\ .
clwsf/sf s'/f ;/f]sf/jfnfsf] rf;f]sf]
s'/f ePsf]n] /fhgLlts bnx¿n] ca
o; laifodf dfyfkRrL ug]{ h¿/L
gb]vs
] f] xf] .
– dw]z bk0f{af6

yk b'O{ b]zdf sfdbf/ k7fpg cg'dlt dfu
sf7df8f}F . j}bl] zs /f]huf/ ljefun]
yk b'O{ b]zdf sfdbf/ k7fpgsf nflu
;/sf/;Fu cg'dlt dfu]sf] 5 . ljefun]
pQ/L o'/f]ksf] lny'cflgof / clk|msg
b]z sËf]df sfdbf/ k7fpgsf nflu
;/sf/;Fu cg'dlt dfu]sf] xf] .
ljefusf dxflgb{z
] s k"0f{rGb| e§/fO{n]

pSt b'O{ b]zdf sfdbf/sf] dfu cfPsf]
/ kfl/>lds klg cfsif{s x'g] pNn]v
ub}{ To;tkm{ sfdbf/ k7fpg cg'dlt
dfu ul/Psf] atfP . clxn];Dd
;/sf/n] !@* b] z df j} b ] l zs
/f]huf/Lsf nflu sfdbf/ k7fpFb}
cfPsf] 5 .

b]zdf zflGt, ;'Joj:yf /
ljsf; ;a} g]kfnLx¿sf]
rfxgf xf] . o;k|lt k|lta4
x'g' g]kfnLx¿sf] st{Jo xf] .

g] k fn ;/sf/
;"rgf tyf ;~rf/ dGqfno

;"rgf ljefu

ko{6g ljz]if
g]kfnL dlxnf kj{tf/f]xLn] lslnd]Gh/f] lxdfn cf/f]x0f ug{]
sf7df8f}F . cfufdL kmfu'g !* ut] b]lv @$ ut];Dd k|yd ;dfj]zL
dlxnf ;u/dfyf cf/f]x0f 6f]nLsf ;b:ox?n] clk|msf dxfb]zsf] tfGhflgofdf
/x]sf] lslnd]Gh/f] lxdfn cf/f]x0f ug]{ ePsf 5g\ . cf/f]x0f 6f]nLåf/f oxfF
cfof]lht kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdf 6f]nLsf ;+of]hs z}nL a:g]tn] o;cl3 g]kfnsf]
;u/dfyf, c:6«l] nofsf] sf]lhc:sf] / o'/f]ksf] ONa|; lxdlzv/sf] cf/f]x0f
k"/f ul/;s]sf] hfgsf/L lbP . ;g\ @))* df 6f]nLsf ;a} bz ;b:on]
ljZjsf] ;jf]R{ r lzv/ ;u/dfyf cf/f]x0f u/L sLlt{dfg /fv]sf] ;f] ;dfj]zL
dlxnf kj{tf/f]xL 6f]nLn] pSt ;kmntfkl5 ljZjsf ;ft}j6f dxfb]zsf
;jf]{Rr lxdlzv/ cf/f]x0f ug]{ cleofg k|f/De u/]sf] xf] . …dlxnfx?sf]
lzIffdf ;zStLs/0fÚ gf/f /x]sf] ;f] cf/f]x0f bndf ;+of]hs a:g]t /
;b:ox? lgD8f]df z]kf{, k]dfl8sL z]kf{, cfzfs'df/L l;+x, r'g' >]i7, k'hg
cfrfo{ / dfof u'?ª ;xefuL 5g\ . ;f] cf/f]x0f bndf tfGhflgofsf b'O{
dlxnf cfˆgf lkmlnkf] O08fof / cf:x'/f sfo'kfofkfsf ;fy} blIf0f clk|msfsL
6]lnlehg gflosf xfjL dfjf]of klg ;xefuL x'g] kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdf hfgsf/L
lbOof] . ;+of]hs a:g]tn] blIf0f clk|msf, tfGhflgof / g]kfndf dlxnf
lzIff r'gf}tLk"0f{ /x]sf] atfpFb} lzIffdf dlxnfx?sf] ;xeflutfnfO{ Jofks
agfpg' / dlxnfn] klg d'n'sleq} a;]/ dxTjk"0f{ sfo{ ug{ ;S5g\ eGg]
k|]/0ff lbg' cfˆgf] cf/f]x0f cleofgsf] d"n p2]Zo /x]sf] atfP . pgn]
dlxnf lzIffnfO{ k|f]T;flxt ug{ g]kfnsf sl/a Ps;oeGbf a9L /
ci6«]lnofnufot cGo d'n'ssf :s'nx?df e|d0f u/L cf/f]x0fsf qmddf
cfk"mx?n] xfFl;n u/]sf cg'ejaf/] b[Zo;lxt hfgsf/L lbg'sf ;fy}
afnaflnsfx?af6 klg w]/} /f]rs s'/fx?sf] hfgsf/L k|fKt u/]sf] pNn]v
u/] . lslnd]Gh/f] cf/f]x0f cleofgdf sl/a krf; xhf/ cd]l/sL 8n/
vr{ x'g] / ;f] h'6fpg rfON8l/r OG6/g];gn g]kfn, g]kfn ;/sf/, ko{6g
af]8{sf] ;xof]usf ;fy} tfGhflgofdf ;d]t /sd ;Íng ul/g] sfo{qmd
/x]sf] kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdf hfgsf/L lbOof] .

cGgk"0f{ kbdfu{df ko{6ssf] 3'Or“ f]
sf7df8f}F . ko{6sLo df};d ;'? x'gf;fy ljZjljVoft cGgk"0f{ kbdfu{df
hfg] ko{6ssf] ;+Vofdf j[l4 ePsf] 5 . kbdfu{af6 xfn b}lgs @ ;o %)
hgf;Dd ko{6s 3'Dg hfg] u/]sf 5g\ . v'bLsf] e'ne'nl] :yt ko{6s r]shfFr
s]Gb|sf cg';f/ ut jif{sf] t'nfgfdf o; jif{ ko{6s cfudg a9]sf] xf] .
ndh'ª ;b/d'sfd a];
+ L;x/b]lv dgfªsf ljleGg xf]6ndf olta]nf ko{6ssf]
rfk a9]sf] 5 . ;g\ @)!@ sf] ( dlxgfsf] cjlwdf !) xhf/ ! ;o *^
hgf ko{6s cGgk"0f{ kbdfu{df uPsf] cGgk"0f{ ;+/If0f If]q cfof]hgf,
Onfsf ;+/If0f sfof{no e'h'ªcGtu{tsf] ko{6s ;"rgf tyf r]shfFr
s]Gb|n] hgfPsf] 5 . ut jif{ o;} ;dodf !) xhf/ ! ;o $& hgf ko{6s
cGgk"0f{kbdfu{df uPsf lyP . clxn] ko{6ssf] cfudg a9]sf sf/0f
cfk"mx?nfO{ EofOgEofO{ ePsf] ko{6s r]shfFr s]Gb| e'ne'n]sf /haxfb'/
u'?ªn] atfP . ndh'ª xF'b} cGgk"0f{ kbofqf dfu{df hfg] ko{6ssf] ;+Vof
ljutsf jif{x?df eGbf s]xL a9]sf]df ko{6ssf] a;fO nDAofpg kbdfu{df
ko{6g Joj;foL Jo:t x'g yfn]sf 5g\ . ko{6sx? ljz]if u/L cGgk"0f{If]qdf
/x]sf :yfgLo afl;Gbfsf] /xg;xg / ljZjs} cUnf] lxdfnL e~Hofª dflgPsf]
% xhf/ $ ;o !^ ld6/ prfOdf cjl:yt yf]/fªnf r9\gs} nflu cGgk"0f{
kbdfu{ hfg] ub{5g\ . cGgk"0f{ kbofqf dfu{df cfpg]dWo] k|mfG;]nL ko{6ssf]
;+Vof ;a}eGbf w]/} 5 . o:t} Oh/fonL, hd{gL, a]nfotL, c:6«]lnog /
cd]l/sL ko{6s a9L dfqfdf cfpg] u/]sf 5g\ eg] ef/tLo ko{6ssf]
;+Vof klg w]/} 5 . s]xL jif{otf cGgk"0f{ kbofqf dfu{cfGtl/s ko{6ssf]
;d]t cfsif{0f ag]sf] 5 . ljz]ifu/L b;}+–ltxf/sf] ;dodf o; If]qdf
cfGtl/s ko{6s klg a9L dfqfdf cfpg] u/]sf 5g\ . cGgk"0f{ kbofqfdf
lxF8]sf ko{6sn] dgfª–d':tfªb]lv tftf]kfgL, 3f]/]kfgL x'Fb} kf]v/f;Ddsf]
ofqf u/]/ !) lbgdf cGgk"0f{ kbofqf dfu{ k"/f ug{] u5{g\ .

P]ltxfl;s ;Dkbf ;+/If0fsf nflu ah]6 dfu
sf7df8f}F . pkNnf] d':tfªaf;Ln] d':tfªdf /x]sf k'/fgf u'Daf / b/af/
dd{t, ;Def/sf nflu kof{Kt ah]6 ljlgof]hg ug{ dfu u/]sf 5g\ . ah]6
cefjdf P]ltxfl;s ;Dkbfsf] ;dodf g} dd{t, ;Def/ x'g g;Sbf hL0f{ aGb}
uPsfn] :yfgLoaf;Ln] o:tf] dfu u/]sf x'g\ . pkNnf] d':tfªsf sltko u'Daf
tyf b/af/ ljZjs} k'/fgf dflgG5g\ . pkNnf] d':tfªsf] r/fª uflj;–! l:yt
d/fª ufpFdf ltAatsf /fhf l9S;'ª ySr]gn] * cf}F ztfAbLdf agfPsf] ljZjs}
k'/fgf] egL bfaL ul/Psf] nf]Wofs/ u'Daf, r/fª b/af/, ;g\ !#*& df tTsfnLg
/fhf PGu'Og :ofª\af]sf] zf;gsfndf lgdf{0f ul/Psf] emfDkf u'Daf, !% cf}F
ztfAbLsf] z'?jftlt/ d':tfªsf t];f| /fhf tfl;uf]gsf lai6sf] kfnfdf lgdf{0f
ul/Psf] 6'kr]g u'Daf, rf]ofª / 9fs/ u'DafnfO{ Ps} 7fpFdf ldnfP/ agfOPsf]
csf]{ rfof]8] u'Daf, 5f]b] u'Daf, 5f];/] , 5f]Gx'k, ;'vf{ª, 3dL uflj;df /x]sf s]xL
k'/fgf u'Daf eUgfjz]ifdf kl/0ft eO;s]sf] nf]dfª\yfª ;+/If0f Joj:yfkg
;ldltsf ;b:o b]j u'?ªn] atfP . …s[lqd u'Daf agfP/ w]/} b]zx?n] ko{6snfO{
cfslif{t ul//x]sf 5g\,Ú pgn] eg], …xfd|f] b]zdf k|fs[lts ;Dkbf ;+/If0f
ug{;d]t /fHon] rf;f] b]vfpFbg} .Ú pkNnf] e]udf cfpg] ko{6ssf] k|dv
' cfsif{0f
g} oxfFsf b/af/, u'Daf ePsfn] logsf] ;+/If0fljgf ko{6g If]qdf d':tfªn]
km8\sf] dfg{ g;Sg] d':tfªsf k"j;
{ f+;b\ /f]dL uf}rgn] atfP . …pkNnf] d':tfª
wtL{sf] :ju{ xf],Ú uf}rgn] eg], …ToxfF uPsfnfO{ yfxf x'G5, To;sf] dxŒj /
cfjZostf .Ú pkNnf] e]udf a;]l{ g xhf/f}F ko{6s lelqPafkt lng] ul/Psf]
ko{6g z'Nssf nflu k6s–k6s cfGbf]ng ul//x]sf pkNnf] d':tfªaf;LnfO{
a]jf:tf ul/Psfn] pgn] lhNnfb]lv s]Gb|;Dd bafad"ns sfo{qmdx? ug{
r]tfjgL;d]t lbPsf 5g\ . pkNnf] d':tfªdf ko{6g, s[lifnufot hghLljsf;Fu
;DalGwt eO{ sfd ul//x]sf] cGgk"0f{ ;+/If0f If]q ljsf; ;ldltn] atfPsf] 5 .
o; If]qdf /x]sf s]xL u'Daf ef/t ;/sf/sf] cfly{s ;xof]udf dd{t tyf
k'glg{df{0f eO/x]sf] 5 . To:t}, d':tfªsf @% cf}F k"j/{ fhf lemUd] kna/ lai6n]
pkNnf] d':tfªdf dxTjk"0f{ ;Dkbfsf ?kdf /x]sf b/af/ / u'Dafsf] hL0f{4f/ ug{
;lqmotf b]vfpg] u/]sf] eP klg clxn] la/fdL ePsfn] 5f]/f tyf b/af/sf cGo
;b:odfkm{t\ sfd eO/x]sf] b/af/sf ;xof]uL Pj+ nf]dfª\yfª ;+/If0f Joj:yfkg
;ldltsf cWoIf OGb|wf/f lji6sf] egfO 5 . ut jif{ o'g:] sf]n] ljZj;Dkbf ;"rLdf
;"rLs[t u/]sf] nf]dfªyfª b/af/;d]t hL0f{ aGb} uO/x]sfn] o:tf P]ltxfl;s
;Dkbfsf] ;+/If0fdf /fHon] ljz]if rf;f] lbg'kg]{ pgsf] egfO 5 .

5

ˆ

/fatOfc t]u ^@ sQlfs nf; (^)@

cGt/f{li6«o sDo'lg:6 cfGbf]ngsf] lzIff
cfh dfS;{jfb, n]lggjfb ƒ
dfcf]jfbnfO{ kyk|bz
{ s ƒ lgb]z
{ s
l;4fGt dfGg] sDo'lg‚6 kf6L{ dWo]
g]kfnL ;j{xfƒfju{sf] cu|b‚tf PsLs[t
g]skf dfcf]jfbL s;ƒL qmflGtsfƒL
kf6L{df u'0ffTds 9Ën] ljsl;t eof]
ƒ To;sf] ljklƒt blIf0fkGyL
;+zf]wgjfbdf lug{ k'us
] f sDo'lg‚6
kf6L{x¿ s;ƒL k|ltqmflGtsfƒL af6f]
x'bF } k|ltlqmofjfbdf lug{ k'u,] of] s'ƒf
a'‰gsf nflu cGtƒf{li6«o sDo'lg‚6
cfGbf]ngsf ;d[4 P]ltxfl;s cg'ej
ƒ tYox¿df cfwflƒt ePƒ cyf{t,†
b'O{ u'0ffTds 9Ën] leGg l;4fGt
dfS;{jfb–n]lggjfb–dfcf]jfbsf] ljsf;
ƒ zf‚qLo ;+ z f] w gjfb–cfw' l gs
;+zf]wgjfbsf] k|ltlqmofjfbdf ktgsf]
;fƒtTjdfly Wofg lbg' cfjZos x'G5 .
dfS;{jfb ;j{xfƒf qmflGtsf] j}1flgs
l;4fGt xf] . o;sf tLg ;+36s cË
5g\† . tL x'g†– bz{g, ƒfhgLlts
cy{zf‚q ƒ j}1flgs ;dfhjfb .
dfS;{jfbsf] bz{g åGåfTds Pjd†
P] l txfl;s ef} l tsjfb xf] .
dfgjhfltsf] Oltxf;sf] ljsf;
k| l qmofsf] cfly{ s lgodx¿sf]
ef}ltsjfbL cWoog ug]{ lj1fgsf] gfd
ƒfhgLlts cy{ z f‚q xf] .
;dfhjfbcGtu{t ju{, ju{;ª†3if{,
kf6L{, ƒfHo;Qf, ;j{xfƒf clwgfosTj
ƒ tL ;a}sf] ljn'KtLsf] j}1flgs cWoog
ulƒG5 . ;j{xfƒf qmflGtsf] of] j}1flgs
l;4fGt tdfd k|sfƒsf cfbz{jfb,
clwe"tjfb ƒ sNkgfjfbsf lj?4 v8f
5 . of] j}1flgs l;4fGt;Fu ;fdgf
ug{;Sg] Ifdtf cfh s;};uF 5}g . of]
j}1flgs ƒ ultzLn l;4fGt ePsf]n]
cfh of] dfS;{ j fb–n] l ggjfb–
dfcf]jfbsf ¿kdf ljsl;t ePsf] 5 .
oxfFg]ƒ a'‰g}kg]{ s'ƒf s] xf] eg],
dfS;{jfbsf] ;+zf]wg, ckJofVof ƒ
k' g lj{ r fƒ ug' { ;+ z f] w gjfb xf] .
dfS;{jfbsf] ;}4flGts ljhosf] sfƒ0f
cfˆgf] k[ys cl‚tTj wfGg c;dy{
tdfd k|sfƒsf cj;ƒjfbL tyf
sfNklgs ;dfhjfbL wfƒfx¿
dfS;{jfbsf] j}1flgs wfƒfleq ha 3'‚g
k'Ub5g\,† Tof] a]nf ;+zf]wgjfbsf] hGd
x'G5]: . dfS;{jfbsf] hGdsf] nuQ}
k|'wf]+h‚tf cj;ƒjfbLx¿sf] hGd
ePsf] xf] . dfS;{jfbnfO{ k'ƒfgf]
eO;s]sf] …h8†;q" jfbLÚ l;4fGt atfpFb}
o;sf] ;+zf]wg ƒ k'glj{rfƒsf] k|‚yfkgf
k]z ug]{ klxnf] JolQm jg{‚6fOg xf] .
cGtƒf{li6«o sDo'lg‚6 cfGbf]ngdf
;+zf]wgjfbsf blIf0fkGyL, pu|kGyL
Pjd† dWokGyL ¿kx¿ ljleGg
sfnv08df b]vfkb}{ cfPsf 5g\† ƒ
logdf blIf0fkGyL ;+zf]wgjfb g} clws
ljs[ltk"0f{ Pjd† vtƒgfs ƒlxcfPsf]
5 . ;+zf]wgjfbsf] zf‚qLo ;+zf]wgjfb
cfw'lgs ;+zf]wgjfb ƒ k|ltqmflGtsf] af6f]
x'bF } k|ltlqmofjfbsf ¿kdf ktg x'g
k'us
] f] 5 . of] ;+zf]wgjfb cGtƒf{li6«o
klƒ36gf xf] . o;sf] hGd cfw'lgs
;dfhsf] juL{o klƒj]zdf x'G5 . xƒ]s
b] z df qmflGtsf ljz] i ftf;F u }
;+zf]wgjfbn] klg cfˆgf ljlzi6tfx¿
hfx]ƒ ug]{ u5{ . ;fdflhs ƒ ;}4flGts
ljz]iftfx¿;lxt ;+zf]wgjfbsf] hGd
x'g] ub{5 .
P]ltxfl;s tYox¿n] s] k'li6
uƒ] s f 5g\ † eg] , ;+ z f] w gjfbsf]
;fdflhs ;|ft] lgDgk'h
F Ljfb, k'h
F Ljfb
ƒ ;fd|fHojfb xf] . ;+zf]wgjfbsf]
;fd|fHojfb;Fu 3lgi7 ;DaGw ƒxFb}
cfPsf] 5 . ;fd|fHojfbsf] hGd
Oª†Nof08af6 ePsf] lyof] . ha
;fd|fHojfb cGo b]zx¿df km}nbF } uof],
To;sf] k|efjsf] sfƒ0f tL b]zx¿df
klg ;+zf]wgjfb km}lng k'Uof] . hd{gLsf]
nf;fn ƒ nf;fnjfbLx¿df klg cg]sf}+
cj;ƒjfbL ljs[ltx¿ k}bf x'bF } uPsf]
s'ƒfafƒ] dfS;{–PË]N;n] pb†3fl6t
ug'e
{ Psf] 5 . ;}4flGts b[li6n] x]bf{
;+zf]wgjfbsf] j}rflƒs ;|ft] lgDg
k'FhLjfb, k'FhLjfb ƒ ;fd|fHojfbL

x:taxfb'/ s];L
ljrfƒwfƒf g} xf] .
;+zf]wgjfbn]
dfS;{jfbsf ;+36s
cËsf] afƒ]df bz{g, ƒfhgLlt ƒ
;dfhjfb tLgj6} ;+36s cËnfO{
;+zf]lwt Pjd† ljs[t kfb}{ cfpg] sfd
uƒ]sf] 5 . bz{gsf If]qdf sfG6jfb,
k|Toojfb, cg'ejjfb, Jojxflƒstfjfb,
;+ s Nkjfb, eF 8 ' j f ljsf;jfb ƒ
gfgfylƒsf
ljrfƒkGyL
;fƒ;ª†ux| jfbnfO{ cfTd;ft ub}{ cfPsf]
5 . åGåfTds Pjd† P] l txfl;s
ef}ltsjfbsf lj?4 o;n] clwe"tjfb
ƒ cfbz{jfbsf] kIfkf]if0f ub{5 .
ƒfhgLlts cy{zf‚qsf] If]qdf k'h
F LjfbL
;+s6 tyf d"Nol;4fGtsf] ljƒf]w ug',{
;fd|fHojfbnfO{ k|ultzLn b]Vg',
lgof]lht cy{tGqsf lj?4 cƒfhs
‚jtM‚km"tt{ fjfbL pTkfbs zlQmsf]
l;4fGt cFufNg' o;sf d"ne"t l;4fGt
x'g† . ;dfhjfbsf] If]qdf o;n]
ju{;ª†3if{, ;j{xfƒf clwgfosTj ƒ
lx+;fk"0f{ qmflGtsf] l;4fGtsf lj?4
ju{;dGjo, k'h
F LjfbL clwgfosTj ƒ
zflGtk"0f{ ;+qmd0fsf] l;4fGt cjnDjg
ub{ 5 ƒ, dhb" ƒ cfGbf] n gnfO{
;'wfƒjfbL, ;+;bjfbL ef;df km;fpg'
o;sf d"n ljz]iftf x'g† .
xfdLn] k|fKt uƒ]sf] 1fg s] xf] eg],
cGtƒf{li6«o sDo'lg‚6 cfGbf]ngsf]
Oltxf;df ;j{xfƒf qmflGtsf] l;4fGtsf]
ljsf; h;ƒL dfS;{jfb–n]lggjfb–
dfcf]jfbsf tLg u'0ffTds rƒ0fdf
ePsf] 5 . To;ƒL g} ;+zf]wgjfb klg
zf‚qLo ;+ z f] w gjfb–cfw' l gs
;+zf]wgjfb–k|ltlqmofjfbsf ¿kdf
ljs[t x'g k'us
] f] 5 . ;j{xfƒf qmflGtsf]
ljsf; ju{b'Zdgx¿, pgLx¿sf]
ljrfƒwfƒf, tdfd cƒfhstfjfbL tyf
cj;ƒjfbLx¿ ƒ ;+zf]wgjfbLx¿sf
lj?4sf] eLif0f ju{;ª†3if{, cGtƒ;ª†3if{
ƒ b'On
{ fOg ;ª†3if{sf aLraf6 lgs}
hl6n, ;+uLg ƒ cf]hk"0f{ ƒx]sf] 5 .
dfS;{jfb Oltxf;–lj1fgsf] dxfg†
vf]h lyof] . ju{;ª†3if{sf] ;j{xfƒf
clwgfosTjdf ljsf; ƒ ;fDojfbsf]
‚yfkgf To; vf]hsf] s]Gb|Lo s8L
;j{xfƒfju{sf] clwgfosTj lyof] .
cƒfhstfjfbLx¿n] dfS;{jfbsf] To;}
s]Gb|Lo s8Ldfly k|xfƒ uƒ]sf lyP .
nf;fnjfbLx¿sf] hf]8 To;} s]Gb|Lo
s8Lsf lj?4 …‚jtGq ƒfHoÚ sf]
kIfkf]if0f ug'{ ƒ ‚jtGqtf, ;dfgtf,
Gofo tyf eft[Tjsf k'h
F LjfbL gfƒfnfO{
cn+st[ ug'{ lyof] . To;sf lglDt
nf;fnjfbLx¿n] kf6L{df ljhftLo
tTjx¿nfO{ eg]{ ƒ kf6L{sf] j}rflƒs
aGWofsƒ0f ug]{ s'ƒfdf k"ƒf hf]8 lbPsf
lyP . dfS;{–P+uN] ;n] tL ;asf lj?4
n8†b} dfS;{jfbL l;4fGt, ƒ0fgLlt tyf
sfo{ g Llt ƒ To;sf] ;Djfxs
kf6L{nfO{;d]t ‚yflkt ug'e{ Psf] lyof] .
bf];|f] cGtƒf{li6«osfndf jg{l‚6gn]
tdfd sfNklgs tyf cj;ƒjfbL
ljrfƒx¿nfO{ ;d]6b† } tyf ju{;ª†3if{,
;j{xfƒf clwgfosTj ƒ lx+;fk"0f{
qmflGtsf] l;4fGtsf lj?4 ju{;dGjo,
aflnu dtflwsfƒ, k' F h LjfbL
clwgfosTj ƒ zflGtk"0f{ ;+qmd0fsf]
l;4fGtsf] jsfnt ub}{ zf‚qLo
;+zf]wgjfbsf] hu a;fn]sf] lyof] .
o; cjlwdf cy{jfb, d]G;]ljsjfb,
lj;h{gjfb, sfpT‚sLjfbnufotsf
;+zf]wgjfbsf ljljw ¿kx¿ k|s6
ePsf lyP . u2fƒ sfpT‚sLn]
jg{‚6fOgsf] kbfg';ƒ0f ub}{ ;j{xfƒf
clwgfosTj ƒ an k|of]usf] l;4fGtsf
lj?4 …z'4 hgjfbÚsf] kIfkf]if0f uƒ]sf]
lyof] ƒ p;n] ;fd| f HojfbnfO{
k|ultzLn;d]t atfPsf] lyof] .
cfw'lgs ;+zf]wgjfbsf] ;"qkft
d'VotM v|Z' rf]eaf6 eof] . p;n] ;Dk"0f{
hgtfsf] kf6L{, ;Dk"0f{ hgtfsf] ƒfHo ƒ
zflGtk"0f{ ;+qmd0fsf] l;4fGt cjnDjg
ub}{ tyf ju{;ª†3if{, ;j{xfƒfju{sf]

clwgfosTj ƒ ;z‚q ;ª†3if{sf lj?4
eLif0f xdnf af]Nb} ?;df k'h
F Ljfbsf]
‚yfkgf u¥of] . v'Z| rf]eb]lv ldvfOn
uf] e f{ r f] e ;Dd cfpF b f cfw' l gs
;+zf]wgjfb ;fdflhs kmf;Ljfbsf ¿kdf
lug{ k'Uof] . kl5Nnf] cjlwdf cfpFbf
s=dfcf]T;]tª' n] Psfltƒ cGtƒf{li6«o
sDo'lg‚6 cfGbf]ngsf] uxg cWoog ƒ
csf]l{ tƒ ‚jod† rLgd} hl6n aGb}
uOƒx]sf] k'h
F Ljfbsf] k'g‚yf{kgf ƒf]Sgsf
nflu ;j{xfƒf clwgfosTjcGtu{t
lgƒGtƒ qmflGt hfƒL ƒfVg] l;4fGt
k|ltkfbg uƒL dxfg† !) a;]{ ;f+‚s[lts
qmflGt ;~rfng ug'e{ of] . rLgsf] gofF
hgjfbL qmflGtb]lv cfh;Dd cfOk'Ubf
bz{g, ƒfhgLlts cy{zf‚q ƒ ;dfhjfb
tLgj6} If]qdf dfS;{jfb–n]lggjfbsf] t];f| ]
u'0ffTds lzvƒsf ¿kdf dfcf]jfbsf]
ljsf; eof] . cGtƒf{li6«o sDo'lg‚6
cfGbf]ng o;ƒL dfS;{jfb ƒ ;+zf]wgjfbsf]
eLif0f åGåsf] aLraf6 u'hbF | } cfpFbf qmflGt
ƒ k|ltqmflGtsf lht ƒ xfƒsf cg]sf}F
36gfx¿ 3l6;s]sf 5g\† . ;fƒf
;+zf]wgjfbLx¿n] qmflGtsfƒLx¿nfO{
pu|jfbL, cftª†sjfbL, h8†;q" jfbL cflb
eg]ƒ abgfd dfq uƒ]sf 5}gg†, eLif0f
ef}lts xdnf;Dd ug{ k'us
] f 5g\† .
jf‚tjdf ;+zf]wgjfbLx¿ jg{‚6fOg,
sfpT‚sL ƒ v'Z| rf]eeGbf klg c´} tn
luƒ]ƒ 7f8} ;+;bLo k|hftGq, k'h
F LjfbL
;+;b ƒ ax'njfbnfO{ cfbz{ dfGb} o'ƒf]
sDo'lgHdsf] kltt l;4fGt;Dd cFufNg
k'us
] f 5g\† ƒ cfh ;+zf]wgjfb gf+uf]
k'h
F Ljfbdf ;d]t lug{ k'us
] f] 5 .
xfdLn] ;~rfng ub}{ cfPsf]
ju{;ª†3if{, cGtƒ;ª†3if{, b'O{ nfOgsf]
;ª†3if{, cWoog ƒ cg'ejaf6 s]
lgisif{df k'Ug ;lsG5 eg], cGtƒf{li6«o
sDo'lg‚6 cfGbf]ngleqsf] dfS;{jfb ƒ
;+zf]wgjfbaLrsf] of] eLif0f n8fOF
cfh cfPƒ Psfltƒ dfS;{jfb5–
n]lggjfb–dfcf]jfb ƒ csf]l{ tƒ zf‚qLo
;+zf]wgjfb–cfw'lgs ;+zf]wgjfb–
k|ltlqmofjfbaLrsf] n8fOF cleJoQm x'g
k'us
] f] 5 . of] Psfltƒ cGtƒf{li6«o
sDo'lg‚6 cfGbf]ngsf] dfS;{jfb ƒ
;+zf]wgjfbsf aLrsf] nfdf] P]ltxfl;s
n8fOFsf ;d[4 cg'ej Pjd† lzIffsf]
;fƒ xf] eg], csf]l{ tƒ To; n8fOFsf]
dfS;{jfb ƒ k|ltlqmofjfbaLrsf] n8fOFdf
¿kfGtƒ0fsf] Bf]ts klg xf] . o;ƒL
cfh dfS;{jfb ƒ ;+zf]wgjfbaLrsf]
;ª†3if{ ;fƒdf eGg'kbf{ dfcf]jfb ƒ
k|ltlqmofjfbaLrsf] eLif0f ;ª†3if{df
ablng k'us
] f] 5 .
ca o; s'ƒfnfO{ g]kfnsf] ;Gbe{df
eGg'kbf{ Psfltƒ dfS;{jfb–n]lggjfb–
dfcf]jfbsf] k|ltlglwTj ug]{ qmflGtsfƒL
wfƒf ƒ csf]l{ tƒ ;+zf]wgjfbsf] k|ltufdL
wfƒfsf] ¿kdf cleJoQm x'g k'us
] f]
5 . cfh PsLs[t g]skf dfcf]jfbL
cGtƒf{li6«o sDo'lg‚6 cfGbf]ngsf]
qmflGtsfƒL kƒDkƒf ƒ To;sf] lzIffsf]
;fƒnfO{ cfTd;ft ub}{ dfS;{jfb–
n]lggjfb–dfcf]jfbnfO{ kyk|bz{s
l;4fGt dfGb} tyf tdfd k|sfƒsf
blIf0fkGyL ;+zf]wgjfb ƒ ;'wfƒjfbsf
lj?4 ;ª†3if{ ub}{ g]kfndf gofF hgjfbL
qmflGt ;DkGg ug{sf nflu dxfg† !)
a;]{ hgo'4sf] P]ltxfl;s k|lqmofaf6

cl3 a9]ƒ ;z‚q hgo'4 ƒ zflGtk"0f{
hgcfGbf]ngsf] ˆo"hgaf6 zflGt
k|lqmofdf ;fd]n x'Fb} P]ltxfl;s
;+ljwfgsf] lgjf{rgaf6 ;fdGtjfbL
ƒfhtGqnfO{ cGTo uƒ]ƒ hgtfsf] ;+3Lo
u0ftGqfTds ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f uƒL gofF
hgjfbL qmflGt ;DkGg ug]{ clGtd
v'8l† snf] kfƒ ug]{ k|lqmofdf k|jz
] uƒ]ƒ
qmflGtsfƒL wfƒfsf] k|ltlglwTj ub}{ cl3
al9ƒx]sf] cj‚yfdf cfh cfPƒ o;
kf6L{leq klg dWoklGy cj;ƒjfbL
wfƒf xflj aGb} cfPsf] 5 ƒ qmlGtsfƒL
l;4fGt, ljrfƒ ƒ Jojxfƒn] o;nfO{
;Rofpg ;lsPg eg] of] kf6L{ klg
blIf0fkGyL ;+zf]wgjfbdf k'Ug] ƒ
lj;{hgjfbltƒ cu|;ƒ x'g] vtƒf
al9ƒx]sf] 5„ of] cj‚yfdf cfOk'Uof]
eGg] s'ƒf gf}nf] dfGg' kb}g{ „ lsgeg]
Pp6f sfnv08df cToGt} zlQmzfnL
ƒ hgtfsf] nf]slk|o aGg k'u]sf
sDo' l g‚6 kf6L{ x ¿ klg csf] {
sfnv08df blIf0fkGyL ;+zf]wgjfbsf]
af6f] x'bF } lj;h{gjfbdf lug{ k'us
] f
Oltxf;x¿ ljZj sDo' l g‚6
cfGbf]ngleq b]Vg ;lsG5„ g]kfnL
sDo'lg‚6 cfGbf]ngleq klg Ps
sfnv08df g]skf dfn] Pdfn] Pp6f
qmflGtsfƒL ƒ 7"nf] kf6L{sf] ¿kdf ljsf;
x' g k' u ] s f] lyof] , tƒ kl5Nnf]
sfnv08df cfPƒ blIf0fklGy
;+zf]wgjfbdf ktg x'g] k'us
] f] Oltxf;
xfd| f ] ;fd" tfh} 5„ Psk6s
qmflGtsfƒL ag]sf] kf6L{ ;Fw} qmflGtsfƒL
eOƒxG5 eGg ldNb}g„ To;leq
dWokGyL cj;ƒjfb ƒ blIf0fkGyL
;+zf]wgjfb xflj x'bF } hfG5 ƒ cGTodf
lj;h{gjfbdf lug{ k'Ub5„
kf6L{ n fO{ ;F w } qmflGtsfƒL
agfOƒfVgsf nflu kf6L{ l eqsf
qmflGtsfƒLx¿n] leif0f ju{;ª†3if{ ƒ
cGtƒ;ª†3if{ jf b'On
{ fOg ;ª†3if{nfO{
k4lt;+ut 9Ën] lgƒGtƒ¿kdf ;+rfng
ulƒƒxg' kb{5„ kf6L{nfO{ qmflGtsfƒL
agfOƒfVg] ƒ kf6L{leq 3'‚g ;kmn ePsf
cj;ƒjfbL Pjd† blIf0fkGyL
;+zf]wgjfbLx¿nfO{ kƒf‚t ug]{ Psdfq
c‚q b'On
{ fOg ;ª†3if{, cGtƒ;ª†3if{ ƒ
ju{;ª†3if{ g} xf]„ kf6L{leq b'On
{ fOg
;ª†3if{ ;+rfng ubf{ qmflGtsfƒLx¿ ƒ
cj;ƒjfbL Pjd† blIf0fkGyL
;+zf]wgjfbLx¿sf aLr cfDg];fDg]sf]
n8fO{ + z' ? x' G 5„ To;a] n f
qmflGtsfƒLx¿n] tL unt tTjx¿sf
lj?4 lgd{d ƒ ;D´f}tflxg cGtƒ;ª†3if{
;+rfng uƒ]ƒdfq kf6L{nfO{ qmflGtsfƒL
zlQmsf ¿kdf ¿kfGtƒ uƒ]ƒ qmflGtsf]
lg0ff{os zlQmsf] ¿kdf ljsf; ug{
;lsG5„ dfS;{, Pª†uN] ;, n]lgg, ‚6flng
ƒ dfcf] T;]tª' u† n] ljrfƒwfƒfTds ;ª†3if{
;+rfng ubf{ h'g ¿k ƒ tlƒsfx¿
ckgfpg' ePsf] lyof] xfdL
qmflGtsfƒLx¿n] klg ToxL k4tL ƒ ¿k
ckgfpg'kg]{ x'G5„ b'On
{ fOg ;ª†3if{
cyf{t† ljrfƒwfƒfTds ;ª†3if{ ;+rfng
ubf{ qmflGtsfƒLx¿n] ljns'n ;}4flGts,
j}rflƒs ƒ ƒfhg}lts ;jfnnfO{
s]Gb|ljGb'df ƒfv]ƒdfq cufl8 a9†bf
qmflGtsfƒL dfS;{jfbsf] ƒIff ƒ ljsf;
ug{ ;lsG5 ƒ qmflGtsf nIo p2]Zo
k"ƒf uƒfpg ;lsG5„
-n]vs g]skf–dfcf]jfbLsf
;Nnfxsf/ x'gx' G' 5 ._

yjfªdf ef]sd/Lsf] vt/f
yjfª . ux'F 5g]{ lbg z'? xF'bf klg yjfªdf ds}nfO{ ebf} nfu]sf] 5 .
ev{/ wfg rf}/ d:sfpFb}5g\ . x/]s ds}sf jf]6n] cfkm' ;Sbf] 3f]uf jf]s]/
7l8Psf 5g\ . yfx 5}g kfSg] slxn] xf] <:yflgo jfl;Gbfsf cg'zf/ c?
jif{ oltj]nf ds} kfls ;s]sf x'Gy] . eg] jf/Ldf vghf]t u/]/ hx'F ux'F
nufPtsf lxpFbj] fnL nufO{Psf] x'GYof] . o; k6s eg] ds} kfSg] z'/ ;f/
5}g . xl/of ds} yf]/} dfq p:g]/ /flvPsf] / clwsf+z ds} kf]n/] vfg'k/]sf]
:yflgo jfl;Gbfn] jtfP .
ut jif{ kmfu'g @% ut] k/]sf] kfgL c;f/ & ut] ;Dd bf]xf]l/Pg .
nfdf] ;do kfgL gk/] kl5 pd|s
] f lj?jf klg ;'s/] x/fP . yjfª &
5]NNjfªsf j/ k|;fb 3lt{sf cg'zf/ kmfNu'gdf cfn' /f]Kg' k5{ . r}q
j}zfvdf ds} v]lt nufO{G5 . o; jif{ cfn' nufpg] ;dodf kfgL k/] klg
To; kl5sf] v8]/Ln] km:6fpg lbPg . …Ps lbg sfd u/]sf] Ps 8f]sf]
cfn' Hofnf lbGy]F o; k6s t 3/df vfg] cfn' klg 5}g .Ú 3lt{n] eGg'eof]
clxn] cfn'sf] d'No clxn] ;Dds} dx+uf] Ps ;o @) ¿k}ofF gDj/
k'lu;s]sf] 5 . c? j]nf b}lgs p:g]/ vfg] dfq} xf]O{g j:t'efpnfO{ ;d]t
v'jfpg EofpFYof] .
o; k6s ds} ltg efu 36\g] cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 . 7'nf] ef]s d/L
kg]{ lglZrt 5 . …;/sf/, g]tf / ;+3 ;+:yfx¿n] vfBfGg leqofpg kxn
ug'{k5{ cGoyf dfG5] ef]sn] d5{ .Ú 3lt{n] eGg'eof] . o;/L cfhef]ln
h:sf] 3/df uP klg kf]nL vfg] ds} k|z:t 5 . ds}sf] l98f] -cf6f]_ d'Vo
vfgf /x]sf] o; If]qdf ds} pTkfbg geP kl5 7'n} clgsfn ePsf]
dxz'; x'g] cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 . lxpFb] jfnL vf;} x'Fb}g . /f]l6 vfg
k|of]ux'g] ux'F eGbf jiff{df pTkfbg x'g] sf]bf] cfn' s} dxTx'G5 .
k|z:t cgfh pTkfbg u/]/ hfF8 ksfpg], hf8f] 5Ng / ;+:sf/
;+:s[lt wfGg /S;L jgfpg] rng 5 . plgx¿nfO{ o; k6s 7'n} ;d:of
kg]{ :yflgon] hfgsf/L lbPsf 5g\ . sl/j cf7 ;o jfl;Gbf /x]sf] yjfª
uflj;sf ;j} j8fsf] ds}sf] cj:yf Pp6} /x]sf] hfgsf/L lbP . ds}
gkfSb} jf/L;'ls ;s]sfn] vghf]t u/L lxpFb] v]lt ug]{ cj:yf klg
g/x]sf] jtfP . o; jif{ yjfª 3'Dg cfpgx¿nfO{ olx ;Gb]z k7fpg]
plgx¿sf] egfO{ 5 .
– uf]ljGb v8\sf

Osf];f]sdf g]kfn ljhoL
sf7df8f}F . Osf];f]s -/fi6«;+3Lo cfly{s tyf ;fdflhs kl/ifb\_ sf]
;b:odf g]kfn ljhoL ePsf] 5 . /fi6«;3
+ sf] ^& cf}F dxf;ef a}7sn] tLg
jif{ sfo{sfn -@)!#–@)!%_ sf nflu ljleGg If]qaf6 !* b]z lgjf{lrt
ePsf]df Pl;of–Kofl;lkms If]qaf6 g]kfn;lxt s'j]t, lqmlhls:tfg
t's{dflg:tfg;d]t /x]sf 5g\ . /fi6«;+3df xfn g]kfnL :yfoL k|ltlglw
g/x]sf a]nf Osf];f]s lgjf{rg x'g] ePkl5 k//fi6« ;lrj b'uf{k|;fb
e§/fO{ em08} @ dlxgfb]lv nljªsf nflu Goof]sd{ f lyP . ;+oS' t /fi6«;3+ sf]
' fO{
dxf;efdf dxTjk"0f{ dflgg] Osf];f]ssf] ;b:o kbdf g]kfn ljhoL x'gn
dxTjk"0f{ pknlAwsf ¿kdf s'6gLlts j[Qdf lnOPsf] 5 .

j}b]lzs /f]huf/Ldf hfg]sf]
;+Vof @@ k|ltztn] j[l4
sf7df8f}F . ebf} dlxgfsf] t'ngfdf c;f]h dlxgfdf j}bl] zs /f]huf/Ldf
hfg]sf] ;+Vof @@ k|ltztn] j[l4 ePsf] 5 . j}b]lzs /f]huf/ ljefusf
cg';f/ ebf}df @& xhf/ (* hgf clGtd >d :jLs[lt lnO{ j}b]lzs
/f]huf/Ldf uPsf lyP eg] c;f]hdf Tof] ;+Vof #$ xhf/ *@& k'us
] f] 5 .
ljefusf dxflgb]{zs k"0f{rGb| e§/fO{sf cg';f/ cl3Nnf] jif{sf] t'ngfdf
o; jif{sf] rf8kj{ l9nf] ePsfn] o; cfly{s jif{sf] ebf}sf] t'ngfdf
c;f]hdf j}b]lzs /f]huf/df hfg]sf] ;+Vofdf j[l4 ePsf] xf] . ljefun]
$$ xhf/ !!! hgfnfO{ ebf} dlxgfdf k"j:{ jLs[lt lbPsf] lyof] eg] c;f]h
dlxgfdf ^^ xhf/ (*% hgfnfO{ :jLs[lt lbPsf] 5 . of] ;+Vof ebf}sf]
t'ngfdf #) k|ltztn] a9L xf] . ebf}df ljefuaf6 (*( n] JolStut >d
:jLs[lt lnPsf lyP eg] c;f]hdf Ps xhf/ $& n] lnPsf lyP . ebf}df
>d :jLs[lt gjLs/0f ug{sf] ;+Vof !) xhf/ @!) lyof] eg] c;f]h
dlxgfdf ( xhf/ ^@ dfq 5 . t/ To;eGbf cl3Nnf] dlxgf ;fpgdf eg]
!@ xhf/ &#@ n] >d :jLs[lt gjLs/0f u/]sf lyP . o; cjlwdf
ljefun] ;+:yfut ¿kdf JolStut >d :jLs[lt lng /f]s nufPsf] 5 .
kl5Nnf] ;dodf ;fpbL c/a / dn]l;ofdf hfg]x¿sf] ;+Vofdf j[l4 ePsf]
dxflgb]{zs e§/fO{n] hfgsf/L lbP . c;f]h dlxgfdf * xhf/ !#( hgf
;fpbL c/a uPsf 5g\ eg] !$ xhf/ %&% hgf dn]l;of uPsf 5g\ .




k6sf cf] ; f/k;f/df ljz] i f lgu/fgL

sf7df8f}F . g]kfn k|x/Ln] glhlsFbf] ltxf/nfO{ b[li6ut ub}{ lj:kmf]6s
kbfy{sf] cf];f/k;f/df ljz]if lgu/fgL ug]{ ePsf] 5 . k6fsf lelqg glbg
;'/Iff hfFrnfO{ s8fO{ ul/Psf] / gful/ssf] e]ifdf klg k|x/Lx? v6fOPsf]
k|x/Ln] hgfPsf] 5 . sf7df8f}F pkTosf lelqg] k|foM ;a} gfsfdf pRr
lgu/fgL a9fOPsf] k|x/L k|jStf l8cfOhL ljgf]b l;+xn] hfgsf/L lbP .
k6fsfnufot lj:kmf]6s kbfy{sf] vl/blaqmL ug{ u}/sfg'gL ePsfn] o;sf]
sf/f]af/ ug{n
] fO{ ;fj{hlgs ck/fwcGtu{t ;hfo ug{ r]tfjgL k|x/Ln] lbPsf]
5 . k|x/L k|jStf l;+xsf cg';f/ k6sf cf];f/k;f/ ug{nfO{ ;DalGwt lhNnf
k|zf;g sfof{nodf a'emfOg]5 . w]/}h;f] k6fsf ef/taf6 NofOg] ePsfn]
;Ldf If]qdf klg u:tL a9fOPsf] k|x/Ln] hgfPsf] 5 . clxn] sf7df8f}Fdf
klg sRrf kbfy{ NofP/ k6fsf agfpg yfn]sf] eGg] ;"rgf kfOPsfn] o;k|lt
klg lgu/fgL a9fOPsf] k|x/Lsf] egfO 5 .



kG5Lx?sf] aw ug]{ tyf df;'sf] pkef]u ug]{ k|j[lQ kl/jt{g u/f}+ .
a8{km\ n h:tf kG5LhGo /f]ux?sf] lgoGq0fdf ;xefuL agL,
cfk"m klg arf}+ ;dfhnfO{ klg arfcf}+ .
kG5Lx?sf] aw 3/aflx/ kfgLsf] ;|f]teGbf 6f9f ug]{ u/f}F .
s'v'/f sf6]kl5 e'OF /fd|f];Fu kvfNg], k'5\g] -lg;+qmd0f_ u/f}F .
aw ul/;s]kl5 s'v'/f tyf sfFrf] df;'sf] n;k;af6 afnaflnsfx?nfO{
6f9} /fvf}F .
df;' sf6]kl5 lg:sg] kmf]xf]/, ;'nL, Kjfn cflbnfO{ hyfefjL gkmfnL
vfN8f]df uf8\g] jf hnfpg] u/f}F .
s'v'/f;Fusf] n;k; tyf df;' sf6\g] sfd ;lsPkl5 ;fa'g kfgLn] /fd|f];Fu
xft w'g] u/f}F .
leqL efu;Dd /fd|f];Fu kfs]sf] s'v'/fsf] df;' dfq vfg] u/f}F .
la/fdL jf d/]sf s'v'/fsf] df;' s'g} klg cj:yfdf vfg] gu/f}F .
c08fsf] leqL;Dd ;fx|f] x'g] cj:yf;Dd pdfn]/ of ksfP/ vfg] u/f}F .

a8{km\ n' /f]usf] /f]syfd / lgoGq0fdf xfdL ;a}sf] k|lta4tf
g]kfn ;/sf/

s[lif tyf ;xsf/L dGqfno kz' ;]jf ljefu

Pleog OGk\mn'oGhf lgoGq0f cfof]hgf
a"9fgLns07, sf7df8f},F kmf]gM $^%)!@*&, $^%)$(!, $^%)!@*

6

ˆ

/fatOfc t]u ^@ sQlfs nf; (^)@

af“;/' L dfbn x'b“ } d]df]/L sf8{lt/ b]p;L e}nf]
g]kfnL e'lddf /f]hL/f]6Lsf] ;fx|}
cK7\of/f] k/]kl5 ef/tsf] lxdfrn
k|b]zdf :ofp af]s]/ k};f sdfpg
uPsf] lj/nfn !) aif{ hlt eof]
ufFp gcfPsf] . p;sf] kl/jf/df #
5f]/f / $ 5f]/L u/L ;ft hgf t
5f]/f5f]/L dfq} 5g\ . hdfgf klxn]sf]
h:tf] 5}g , gk9]sf x¿ ;Fu t ljx]
kgL ug{ dfGb} g g cfhsfnsf]
hdfgfdf , To;}n] ljr/f lj/nfn
ljb]zd} /xg afWo 5 . p;n] ;'Gof]
b'Oj6f 5f]/L x¿ h]7L / dfOlnsf]
t pgL x¿ cfkm'v';L u/]sf] ljx]
eO;Sof] /] . rf/ efO s]/f sf vfFjf]
h:tf vfOnfUbf 5f]/f x¿ / Pp6L
5f]/L nfO :s'n k9fpg / kl/jf/sf]
vr{ 6fg{sf] nfuL lj/nfn nfO
bfFtaf6 k;Lgf cfPsf] 5 . ef/tsf]
lxdfrn df :ofp af]Sg] sfddf cln
/fd|} bfd kfpg] / gf]s/Lsf] /fd|f]
d];f]3f6f] ePsfn] bzbz jif{ ;Dd
kgL g]kfn gkms{]/ p;n] k};f
sdfpg] lt/} nfuL /x]sf] 5 . bF;}
ltxf/ h:tf g]kfnLx¿sf d'Vo
rf8kj{x¿ lj/nfn x¿ n] lxdfrnd}
g]kfnL x¿ e]6 eP/ /dfOnf] u/L
dfGg] u/]sf lyP . cfkm\gf] ;q c7f/
jif{] sNsnfpFbf] j}F; x'Fbf ufFpdf
ltxf/df e}nf] v]n]sf] ld7f] ofbn]
lj/nfn nfO r;Ss 3f]FRg] ub{Yof] ,
oqf] jif{ ;Dd ljb]zdf a:bf cfkm\gf]
3/ kl/jf/sf] ofbn] s;nfO kf]
kL/f]Nb}g / . p;n] clxn] ;DemLG5
cjt p;sf 5f]/fx¿ kgL hf]/dfbn
jf]s/] e}nf] v]Ng] eO;s]xf]nfg , ;f]/7L
/ b]Fp;L/] ufpg] eO;s] xf]nfg .
ljutsf ;fnx¿df o;f] hfF8kfgLsf]
e/df lxdfrnd} bF;} dfGg] lj/nfn
of] ;fn eg] p;nfO Tof] kl/l:ytLn]
;fy lbPg . p nfdf] ;do ;Dd
d[uf}nfsf] lj/fdL k/]kl5 p;n]
hfF8kfgL vfg 5f8]sf] lyof] . p;sf
;j} ;fyLx¿ hfF8kfgL sf] ;fydf
/dfpg] / p PSn} ePkl5 o;kfnLsf]
ltxf/ ef/tdf g/dfOnf] x'g] 7x/
lj/nfn n] u/\of] . a'9];sfn n]
5f]kL;s]sf cfkm\gf h]7L lbbLx¿sf]
xft af6 l6sf nufpg gkfPsf] kgL
y'k|} jif{ eO;s]sf] lyof] . olt~h]n
;Dd ufFpsf ;fyL x¿ / hfF8kfgLsf]
/;df ljb]zd} /dfPsf] lj/nfn of]
;fn eg] efOl6sf df ufFp hfg] /
l6sf nufO Psrf]6L w]/} jif{ cuf8L
v]n]sf] b]Fp;L e}nf] v]Ng] of]hgf
agfpF5 . ef]nL kl;{af6 3/ hfg]
bfpFdf /x]sf] lj/nfn cfh /ftL
g]kfn kms{bF f ug{k' g{] tof/L sf] af/]df
;f]FRb} 5 . cfh p cfkm\gf] Sjf6/df
PSn} ;'Tg] / of]hgf jgfpg] tkm{
nfUb5 . klxn] t ufFp hfFbf w]/}
aif{ k5f8L cfkm\gL lkof/Lsf] cg'xf/
b]Vg kfpg]df p w]/} v';L 5, cfkm\gf

;f]g's'df/ ;'gf/
;j} 5f]/f5f]/Lsf] cg'xf/ kgL p;nfO
/fd|f] ;Fu ofb 5}g . bd n] l;ls:t
cfkm\gf j'9fjf sf] cg'xf/ Psk6s
;lDemFbf p km]/L If0fe/d} IftljIft
jGb5 . aif{lbgsf] ltxf/ , ufFp3/sf
F ;L e}nf]
k'/fgf ;fyL efO e]6 x'g] , b]p
v]Ng] , /dfOnf] ug{] cfbL OTofbL
sNkgf n] cfhsf] /ft p;sf] rnlrq
h:t} alg/x]sf] 5 . a'9f jf nfO b"Orf/
jf] Q n
lxdfnrsf]
:ofpsf]==============klg nlulbg k5{sL
Sof xf] eGg] ;Dem]/ p cfkm} dgdg}
xfF:5 . ltxf/df af n] sf]bf]sf] t]n
vfP/ gfr]sf] /+lug lrq p;sf] cfFvf
df emnemnL cfpg yfNb5 . olt ;do
;Dd ufFp3/nfO r6Ss} lj;{]/ a;]sf]
lj/nfn cfh /ftL sNkgf d} ufFpdf
k'Ug nfuL;Sof] . log} s'/f x¿ ;f]RF bf
;f]FRb} lbge/ :ofp jf]s]/ yfs]sf]
ljr/f lj/nfn lgbfpg k' U b5 .
jf:tjdf dflg; hFxf a:of] ToxL
To;nfO /dfOnf] nfUg] ub{5 . g]kfn
hfg] jf/] p;n] c? g]kfnL x¿nfO
kgL k|:tfj ub{5 t/ 5f8\b] g]kfn
;]kfn hfg To:tf] cf]8f/ lt/ uP/
s] /dfOnf] sf] s'/f u5{; eGg] p;sf]
;fyLsf] hjfkm ;'g]/ lj/nfn cnL
km/s cg'ej ub{5 . h] ePklg !)
aif{ kl5 cfh p cfkm\gf] b]z g]kfn
hfgsf] nfuL ofqf ;'? ub{}5 . a'9f
jf nfO :ofpsf] /d , l>dtLnfO ;f/L
rf]nL , 5f]/f5f]/LnfO :k]zn sk8fx¿
, lxdfrndf kfOg] ljleGg kl/sf/
sf ld7fOx¿ , lbbLx¿nfO ltxf/sf]
nfuL ljz]if pkxf/ / j}s
+ ckm Pr=lk
df /fv]sf] k};f lgsfn]/ lj/nfn
ef/tsf] lxdfrn k|fGt 5f8]/ g]kfn
xflGgof] . ef/tsf] jf]8/{ b]vL otf qm;
ubf{ p;nfO a8f] crDd nfUof] . g]kfn
t w]/} km]l/P5 , ;8s x¿ /fd|f eP5g\
, 3/x¿ klg 7'nf 7'nf ag]5g\ ,Psbd}
afSnf] zx/L s/0f eP5 . jf6f3f6fdf
b]zL sfdbf/x¿sf] afSnf] pkl:ytL ,
zx/Ls/0f , hg;+Vofsf] j[l4 , x/fpFb}
u/]sf] dfgljo ;]jfefj cfbL , cfbL
s'/f x¿ df p;n] vf; km/s dxz';
ub{} ufFp ;Dd cfof] . hj p 3/
cfOk'Uof] p;nfO nfUb}lyof] cj d km]/L
csf{] gFof rnlrqsf] b[io x¿ b]Vb}5' .
p;sf 5f]/f x¿ em08} phq} eO;s]sf
, a'9fjf sf] skfn Pp6f klg sfnf]
afFsL g/x]sf] , 3/ klg k'/fgf] yf]qf]
ePsf] , ljx] gePsL Pp6L 5f]/L klg
of}jg sf] /+un] ubf{ ;fx|} /fd|L ePsL ,
lkof/L klg lrGt}lrGtfn] cln sdhf]/
, 3/ k'lu;s]kl5 sl/j Ps306f p
cfkm\gf] kl/jf/sf] cjnf]sgd} Jo:t
/x\of] . To;kl5 k/b]zsf] b'vlk8fsf]
;lj:tf/ JofVof lj/nfn n] u/\of] .
lxdfrn h:tf] 7fFpdf lj/nfn n] :ofp

jf]Sbf kfPsf] b'v ;'g]/
p;sf] kl/jf/ Psl5g\
:tJw h:t} jGof] .
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af6 e}nf] v]Ng] sqf] ck]Iffsf] ;fydf
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nfuL nfuL/x]sf 5g\ csf{]tkm{ .
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snf;+lut / ;+:s[lt ;+/If/0f ug{k' b{5
/ klZrdf x¿sf] gSsnnfO aGb
ug{'kb{5 .
sonukumarsun2@gmail.com

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klg pgL …/cÚ sf] Ph]06 elg yfxf
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ljwfdf cEof; ub}{ cfPsf] / ;f] ljwfdf clxn];Dd s;}n] klg sLlt{dfg
sfod u/]sf] clen]v g/x]sf] x'bF f cfk"mn] To;sf nflu bfaL u/]sf] atfP .
clxn];Dd st}af6 klg ;xof]u gkfPsfn] JolStut ¿kdf cfjZos vr{
a]xf]b{} cfPsf] hfgsf/L lbFb} pgn] eg], …cfk"mn] xfl;n u/]sf] snf sf}znnfO{
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6f9faf6 cfPsf la/fdL jf la/fdLsf cfkmGtn] g]kfnL gful/stf af]s]/
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cj:yf cfPsf] atfOG5 . o; ljifodf sf];L c~rn c:ktfn lj/f6gu/sf
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ubf{ la/fdLsf] d[To' ePdf la/fdLsf cfkmGtn] d}n] ;xL u/]sf] 5}g egL
ljjfb u/]kl5 k|df0fsf nflu g]kfnL gful/stfsf] kmf]6f]skL dfu ul/Psf]
atfP . la/fdL;Fu cfPsf] JolSt h;n] sfuhdf ;xL u5{ Tof] ToxL
la/fdLsf] cfkmGt xf] xf]Og eg]/ 5'6o\ fpg ;f] lgod nfu" ul/Psf] d]l8sn
;'kl/6]G8]G6 emfn] atfP .

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ljsf; u/]sf] lrksf] Pp6f ;fgf] c+zdf !) nfv P6f]d 8f6f c6fpg
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lrksf] k"0f{:t/sf] ljsf; ug{cem} s]xL ;do nfUg]5 . To;f] t clxn] klg
cfw'lgs / P8efG; sDKo'6/x?df l8cf/Pd -8fogflds /]G8d PS;];
d]df]/L_ gfds cfw'lgs lrksf] k|of]u eO/x]sf] 5, t/ o:tf] lrksf]
sdhf]/L s] 5 eg] sDKo'6/sf] kfj/ ckm ugf{ ;fy jf aQL hfgf;fy ;a}
8f6f sDKo'6/n] la;{G5 . t/ ca To:tf] x'g]5}g . cfOlaPdn] P8efG;
lrk ljsf;df clxn]sf] sfo{nfO{ Pp6f km8\sf] eg] klg o:t} d]df]/L
lrksf] ljsf;df c? sDklgx? klg nfu]sfn] oxL lrk ;aeGbf e/kbf]{ /
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gul/g] ePsfn] cfk"m;Fu d"nk|lt /fv]/ dfq k7fpg'xf]nf .

If]Kof:q ;fKtflxs
afuahf/, sf7df8f},+ kmf]gM (*$!$)#*%!

E-mail : chhepyastra@gmail.com

7

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' u'?ªn] pSt
k| l tlqmof lbPsf x' g \ . dtbftf
gfdfjnL P]g, @)^# cg';f/ r'gfj
x'g] ldlt tf]lsPsf] cl3Nnf] r}t
d;fGt;Dddf !* jif{ pd]/ k'us
] fn]
:yfgLo lgsfosf] lgjf{rgdf dtbfg
ug{ kfpF5g\ . oBlk cGtl/d ;+ljwfg,
@)^# df ;+ljwfg;efsf] dtbftfsf]
pd]/ xb …@)^# d+l;/ d;fGtleq
!* jif{ k'us
] f] x'gk' g]Ú{ pNn]v lyof] .
…olb ;+ljwfg;efs} lgjf{rg x'g] xf]
eg] ;+ljwfg / sfg'g ;+zf]wg x'gk' 5{Ú
sfg'g d:of}bf th'{df ;ldltsf
;+of]hs;d]t /x]sf u'?ªn] eg],
…:yfgLo lgsfosf] r'gfj u/fpgsf
lglDt sfg'gsf s]xL c+z ;+zf]wg u/L
cWofb]zaf6 kfl/t u/fpg ;lsG5 .Ú
;/sf/ / bnx¿n] cfjZos 7fg]sf]
v08df /fli6«o jf :yfgLo h'g;'s}
lgjf{rg u/fpg cfof]u tof/ /x]sf]
u'?ªn] bfjL u/] . t/ cfof]udf afFsL
b'O{ kbflwsf/Lsf] Dofb k';leq} ;lsg]
ePsf] tTsfn lgo'lSt cfjZos /x]sf]
pgn]
hgfP .
…cfof] u
kbflwsf/LljxLg cj:yfdf s' g }
lgjf{rg x'g ;Sb}g,Ú pgn] eg],
…cfhsf] kl/l:yltdf cfof]u l/St
kbflwsf/L lgo'St ug{ ;/sf/ /
/fhgLlts bnx¿n] uDeL/ 9+un]
lng h?/L 5 .Ú cfof]usf] tof/Ln]
dfq r'gfj x'g g;Sg] pNn]v ub}{
lgjf{rgsf] /fli6«o, cGt/f{li6«o j}wtf,
ljZj;gLotf, ;xeflutf clgjfo{
/xg] pgn] hf]8 lbP . cfof]un]
kmf]6f];lxtsf] dtbftf gfdfjnL
;+ s ng, lgjf{ r g lzIff k| T o] s
3/b} n f] d f k' U g] t yf ljal:B' t Lo
dtbfg oGq k|of]unfO{ ljZj;gLo
t'Nofpg], sfg'g ;+zf]wg, bnx¿l;t
;xsfo{ ug{ sfo{jfxs k|dv
' cfo'St
u'?ªn] atfP . cfof]usf sfg'g tyf
/fhgLlts bn ;DaGw dxfzfvf
k|d'v ;x;lrj dw'k|;fb /]UdLsf
cg';f/ /fhgLlts ;xdlt ag]df
ljBdfg P]gcg';f/ ufpF ljsf;
;ldlt, gukflnsf / lhNnf ljsf;
;ldltsf] lgjf{rg x'g;S5 . P]gdf
j8f txdf cWoIf, pkfWoIf, dlxnf
/ ;b:o u/L * ;b:o /xg] Joj:yf
5 . …olb Tof] k|fjwfg ;+zf]wg ug{
xf] eg]rflxF ;+;b\af6 dfq ;Dej 5,
gq h?/t kg{] b]lvFbg} ,Ú /]UdLn] eg],
…cfpFbf] j}zfvdf r'gfj x'g] xf] eg]
dtbftfsf] pd] / @)^* r} t

8

sf= lh= k|= sf= b= g+= !^#÷@)^#÷^$
d;fGt;Ddsf] nfu" x'g;S5 . t/
k';leq} cfof]usf] kbflwsf/L lgo'lSt
x'g ;Sg'k5{ .Ú

d+l;/===
cGt/f{li6«o ahf/ d"No, cd]l/sL
d'bf| sf] ljlgdob/ / :yfgLo ahf/sf
cfwf/df Uof;sf] d"No lgwf{/0f x'g]
u/]sf] atfP . lgudn] xfn Uof;df
k|To]s dlxgf sl/a ? #! s/f]8 %)
nfv 3f6f Joxf]gk{' /]sf] atfOPsf] 5 .
gfktf}n ljefusf dxflgb{]zs
/fdcfwf/ ;fxn] b'O{ /ªsf] Uof;
l;lnG8/sf] k|of]uaf6 g} pkef]Qmf /
/fHosf] lxt x'g] atfpFb} ahf/df
;do;fk]If lgodg ug{ k|lta4tf
JoSt u/] . PnkL Uof; pBf]u ;+3sf
wd{ atf]{nfn] Pp6} /ªsf] l;lnG8/
cfjZos 5 eGb} pkef]QmfnfO{ Pp6}
b/df Uof; lalqm ul/g'kg{] pgn]
atfP . ;/sf/n] kof{Kt u[xsfo{ u/]/
dfq b'O{ /ªsf] l;lnG8/ nfu" ubf{
/fd| f ] x' g ] pgsf] syg lyof] .
;Ghfnsf ;+of]hs k|]dnfn dxh{n]
g]kfn u'0f:t/ kl/ifb\af6 k|df0fLs/0f
gu/L b'O{ /ªsf] Uof; l;lnG8/
k|of]udf Nofpg g;Sg] k|fljlws
;d:of /x]sf] 5 eGb} sfof{Gjogsf
nflu s'g} lsl;dsf] k|i6 gLlt lgod
tof/ gePsf] atfP .

rLg===
To;df ;xdlt u/]/ d'ns
' nfO{ lgsf;
lbg] wf/0ff /fv] . /fhb"tn] &%)
ldlnog o"cfg cfly{s ;xof]u lbPsf],
/fhwfgLsf] l/ª /f]8 agfpg] sfd
b|"t ¿kdf cl3 a9]sf], sNr/n
PS;r]Gh hf/L /x]sf] / lrlgofF
;fF:s[lts s]Gb| :yfkgf ug]{ ;xdlt
g] k fn rLgaLrsf] ;DaGwsf]
k|uf9tfsf] pbfxf/0f ePsf] atfP .
g]kfn / rLgaLrsf] ;DaGwnfO{ cem}
k| u f9 agfpg g] k fnL ldl8ofn]
dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf v]n]sf] eGb} o;df
lrg l/kf]6;
\{ Sna g]kfn;Fu ;xsfo{
u/]/ cl3 a9\g tof/ /x]sf] atfP .
SnanfO{ k| e fjzfnL ldl8of
Knf6kmd{sf] ;+1f lbFb} cfk"m;d]t
Snadf uP/ af]Ng kfPsf]df v';L
JoSt u/] . lrlgofF sDo'lgi6 kf6L{sf]
!* cf} F a} 7 sn] clxn] ; Ddsf
pknlAwx¿nfO{ d"Nofª\sg u/]/ o;
bzsf nflu sfo{of]hgf tof/ kfg]{
hfgsf/L lbFb} rfOlgh k|s[ltsf]
;dfhjfb ljsf; ug{ rfOlgh
sDo'lgi6 kf6L{n] cfufdL lbgdf ;a}
hghfltx¿nfO{ { PSoa4 agfP/
b]zdf gofF ;dfhsf] ;[hgf ug{
ljZjf; JoSt u/] .

6]lnsdsf]===
k|lt;]s]08sf b/n] 8f6f 6«fG;km/
ug{;lsG5 . bf];|f] r/0fdf klZrd
If]q cGtu{tsf] kf]v/f / e}/xjfdf
;]jf ;~rfng ug{ / ;]jf k|f/De
u/]sf] Ps jif{leq d'n'se/ ;]jf
k' ¥ ofpg] 6] l nsdsf] nIo 5 .
6]lnsdn] ljZjljBfno, c:ktfn,
/]i6'/G] 6, Po/kf]6{ kfs{ ;lkË dn,
j;kfs{ tyf ko{ 6 sx¿sf]
cfjthfjt j9L x' g ] If] q x¿sf]
klxrfg u/L sl/a !% ;o :yfgdf
afOkmfO x6:k6 lgdf{ 0 f ul/g]
atfPsf] 5 . g] k fn 6] l nsd /
cd] l /sg sDkgL Po/:kfg
g]6js{jLr ut kmfu'gdf ePsf]
;Demf}tf jdf]lhd of] ;]jf ;~rfngdf
Nofpg nfluPsf] xf] .

cfhb]lv===
wfld{s dfGotfcg';f/ sfunfO{ k"hf
u/L ljljw vfg]s'/f lbg] sfd x'G5 .
sfusf] k"hf u/L sfu ltxf/ dgfpg'
pko'St x'g] g]kfn k~rfË lg0ff{os
;ldltsf ;b:o;lrj ;" o { k | ; fb
9' Ë ] n n] hfgsf/L lbP . g] k fnL
;dfhdf sfunfO{ ;Gb]zjfxssf
¿kdf klg lnOG5 . s;} s f]
3/cfFugdf Psflaxfg} sfu s/fPdf
To; 3/df kfx'gf cfpg] ljZjf;
ul/G5 . of] lbg sfusf] k"hf gu/L
vfPdf kfksf] efuL algG5 eGg]
hgljZjf; 5 . sflQs @* ut]
dËnaf/ laxfg ;"op
{ bosfn 5 ah]/
#$ ldg]6;Dd rt'bz
{ L pk|fGt cf};
F L
ltly k/]sfn] laxfg cyf{t\ /ftsf]
clGtd k|x/df z/L/df t]n 3;L
:gfg ug]{ / ;f]xL lbg g/srt'bz
{ Lsf

cj;/df gls{ aufpg] -b' g fdf
kmnk"mn;lxt aQL afn]/ k"hf u/L
gbL jf tnfpdf aufpg]_ rng 5 .
odk~rsdf nIdLsf] jf; t]n tyf
kfgLdf x'g] ePsfn] t]n nufO{ g'xfpFbf
dgf]jfl~5t z'e k|fKt x'g] hgljZjf;
/x]sf] 5 . s's'/sf] k"hf ug{], ;fFem
k|bf]z / cw{/fqL sfndf wgsL b]jL
nIdLsf] k"hf cf/fwgf tyf bLkfjnL
ug{] pQd /x]sf] 5 . o; /flqnfO{
z' v /flqsf gfdn] lrlgG5 .
nIdLk"hf / uf]jb{wg k"hfsf lbg
s]6fs]6L tyf o'jfo'jtL 3/3/df uO{
v]lng] b]p;L, e}nf]n] o; kj{nfO{ cem
pNnf;do agfpF5 . sflQs @( ut]
a'waf/ sflQs z'Sn k|ltkbfsf lbg
laxfg uf]jw{g k"hf, ufO{–uf]? k"hf
tyf ;fFem DxM k"hf -cfTd k"hf_ ug{
pko'St /x]sf] 5g]: . sflQs #) ut]
laxLaf/ sflQs z'Sn låtLofsf lbg
cyf{t\ odk~rssf] clGtd lbg #)
ut] dWofXg !! ah]/ @# ldg]6df
efO6Lsf nufpg' pQd /x]sf] ;b:o
;lrj 9' Ë ] n n] atfp . o;lbg
bfh'efO, lbbLalxgLn] cfk;L :g]x,
;Tsf/ tyf k"hf u/L efO6Lsf
dgfpFbf bfh'efOsf] oz tyf cfo'
a9\g] / pgLx¿ ;'vL tyf ;DkGg
x'g] ljZjf; ul/G5 . j}lbs sfndf
aln /fhfn] cfˆgf] /fHoe/
emlsemsfpsf ;fy bLkfjnL u/]/
lji0f' n fO{ v' ; L t' N ofPsfn]
odk~rse/ tLg} nf]ssf] /fHoef]u
ug{ kfpg] a/bfg kfPsf] tyf o;
cjlwdf wgsL b]jL dxfnIdLn] ;a}sf]
3/df af; u/L wgwfGon] k" 0 f{
kfl/lbPsf] syf klg of] kj{;Fu
hf] l 8Psf] 5 . nIdLk" h fb] l v
efO6Lsf;Dd ;a}lt/ ;kmf /fvL b}nf]–
;+3f/, ‰ofn, 9f]sf, rf]6f, sf]7f,
c6fnL, sf};L, a/08f, e¥ofª cflb
7fpFdf emndNn u/L aQL aflng]
x'gfn] o; rf8nfO{ bLkfjnL klg eGg]
ul/G5 .

;xdlt===
atfP . …cWofb]zåf/f ah]6 Nofpg
x'Gg eg]/ /fi6«kltnfO{ eg]sf 5f}F,
xfdLn] cfˆgf] st{Jo kfngf u/]sf
5f},F Ú ;efklt sf]O/fnfn] eg] . o;cl3
sfFu|]; s]Gb|Lo sfof{nodf ePsf] !(
k|ltkIfL bnx¿sf] a}7sn] sfdrnfp
jt{dfg ;/sf/n] ;xdlt a]u/ Nofpg]
ah]6nfO{ :jLs[t gug{ /fi6«kltnfO{
cg'/f]w ug{] lg0f{o u/sf] lyof] .
a} 7 sdf sfF u | ] ; , Pdfn] , g] s kf–
dfcf]jfbL, /fli6«o k|hftGq kf6L{,
/fli6«o hgzlSt kf6L{, g]skf -dfn]_,
/fli6«o hgdf]rf{, g]skf ;+o'St,
hgdf]rf{ g]kfn, g]kfn ;b\efjgf kf6L{,
r' / ] efj/ /fli6« o Pstf
kf6L{ n ufotsf bnx¿ lyP .
/fi6«kltnfO{ 1fkgkq a'emfpg ;efklt
sf]O/fnf, cWoIf vgfn, /fli6«o
hgzlSt kf6L{sf cWoIf ;"oa{ xfb'/
yfkfnufotsf g]tfx¿ /fi6«klt ejg
lztnlgjf; k'Ug'ePsf] lyP .

;/sf/sf]===
cufl8 a9] s f] hfgsf/x¿sf]
egfO/x]sf] 5 . u7aGwg ;/sf/
6;d; gu/L Psnf}6L 9Ën] cufl8
a9\ b f ;+ s 6 r/df] T sif{ d f k' U g]
lglZrt 5 . ljkIfL bnx¿n] 3f]if0ff
u/]sf] cfGbf]ngsf] sfo{qmdn] d'ns
' sf]
/fhgLltnfO{ emg} ;+s6df k'¥ofpg]
lglZrt b]lvPsf] 5 . ;/sf/sf]
hah{:tL k"0f{ ah]6 Nofpg] tof/L,
k| l tkIfL bnx¿sf] lj/f] w clg
cfGbf] n gsf] 3f] i f0ffn] d' n ' s sf]
/fhgLlt d'7e]8sf] ;lGgs6 k'u]sf]
b]lvG5 . hah{:tL k"0f{ ah]6 Nofpg]
u/L u7aGwg ;/sf/ cufl8 a9]kl5
d'ns
' sf] /fhgLlt lgsf;eGbf Hofbf
;+s6tkm{ nlDs/x]sf] 5 . ljkIfL
bnx¿sf] cfGbf]ngsf] 3f]if0ff;Fu}
d'n'sdf 7"nf] d'7e]8sf] cj:yf
l;h{gf ePsf] 5 . sfdrnfpsf]
x}l;otdf /x]sf] u7aGwg ;/sf/ clg
;] / ] d f] l gonsf] x} l ;otdf /x] s f]
/fi6«kltaLrsf] h'xf/Ln] /fhgLlts
d'7e]8sf] vt/fnfO{ a9fjf lbPsf]
ljZn]ifsx¿n] atfPsf 5g\ .

ˆ

/fatOfc t]u ^@ sQlfs nf; (^)@
s]xL b]zx¿n] tL o'4x¿nfO{ unt
5fkfdf/====
eGg ;S5g\ . s] ltgLx¿n] cfkm';Fu

cltn] k'¥ofPsf] Iflt
g/gf/fo0f cfq] o
s:tf] gdHhf ;wF} ;Ddflgt x'gk' g]{ hg:t/af6} dfly p7]sf g]tfx¿sf] slt
tNnf]:t/sf] ckdfg bnLo /fhgLltsf] olt 7"nf] abgfd hf] sf]xLnfO{ t kTofpg}
cK7of/f] t/ gkTofO{ ;'v} 5}g . xfd|f g]tfsf] afgL a]xf]/f lau|k] l5 s;sf] s] nfU5
/ < cr]n ha xfd|f 7"nf kf6L{sf 7"nf g]tfx¿n] t8s–e8s;fy >Aob[Zo
dfWodaf6 cfˆgf s'/f /fV5g\\ ta w]/} bz{sx¿n] 6]lnlehg aGb u5{,\ gq Rofgn
kl/jt{g ubf{/x]5g\ . k|foM w]/n} ] d'v} kmf]//] eg]sf] ;'lgof]– g]tfsf] af]nLsf] 7]ufg
5}g, ;'Gg dg nfUb}g . cg'xf/df sk6 / s'l6ntf 5, ljZjf; of]Uo /x/nfUbf]
/f}gs 5}g, To;}n] x]g{ klg dg nfUb}g . hgo'4sf] e§Laf6 vfl/P/ cfPsf elgPsf
tyf w]/} hgtfn] cfz u/]sf / e/ k/]sf g]tf klg ;Qfsf] :jfb rfv]kl5 p:t}
eP, lau|] . ;/sf/df ePsf / uPsfnfO{ v;fn]/ cfk"m hfg v'§f] prfn]sf hlt
;a} g]tf :jfyL{ 5g\,\ e|i6 / b'i6 5g\\ . bnfnLdf lnKt 5g\\ . cfˆgf] b]zsf]
cfGtl/s dfldnfdf ;d]t cfkm} lg0f{o ug{;Sg] Ifdtf /fVb}gg . csf{sf] cfb]z /
;~rfngdf cgfjZos ljjfb u/]/ ;do gi6 ub}5
{ g\\ . To:tfsf] d'v lsg x]g,] {
s'/f lsg ;'Gg' < l5 oL kqsf/x¿n] klg 6]lnlehgdf b]vfpgnfos c? dfG5]
kfp"bg} g ls Sof xf] < laxfg, lbp";f] / a]ns
' f vfnL ltg} nf]eL, sk6L / w"t{
g]tfnfO{ k:sG5g\† 6]lnlehgsf Rofgn / kqsf/x¿n] rfx] klg grfx] klg ltgsf]
gfd / sfd ;fj{hlgs gu/L ;'v} 5}g eGg] s'/f bz{sx¿n] klg s'g} lbg a'‰b}
hfnfg lg To:tf] ;dfrf/ k|;f/0f ug{ ltgLx¿ slt afWo 5g\ .
of] / pm kf6L{sf] g]tfsf] gfd} ls6]/ kmnfgf] klxnf To:tf] lyof], clxn] o:tf]
eof] . lxhf]sf] Tof] vfg gkfPsf] Vofp6] clxn] ;'u+ /' df]6fPem} df]6fPsf] 5, lhpe/L
af];f] el/Psf] 5 . To;sf] y'tg' f] x]ge' { Gbf t gx]g{ hflt laxfg} kmnfgfsf] d'v x]/s
] f]
lbg t lbge/Lsf] ;fOt lau|G5, s]xL sfd} aGb}g eGof clgsfn]sf] aufn vfg
gkfPsfx¿ b]z} a]r/] vfg yfn] nfh kr]sfx¿n] lxhf] cfkm}n] sf"wdf af]ss
] f
g]tfx¿nfO{ cfh To;/L ufnL ug{ s;/L ;s]sf x'g\ s'lGg < hfg] hltsf ufnL;a}
ltgs} gfddf vGofPsf] grfx"bf grfx"b} klg ;'Gg'k5{ . g;'g/] klg s] ug{ < Pp6f
kf6L{sf sfo{stf{n] lj/f]wL kf6L{sf] g]tfsf] tl:j/ b]Vgf;fy lkRr y's/] kmf]x/LufnL
cf]sN5 . clg To;/L cf]sNg] kf6L{sf] g]tfnfO{ csf{n] emg\ tNnf]:t/df pq]/ ufnL
u5{ . 3/leq / rf]s–rf}/fxfdf em8k xf]nf eGg] 8/ . s] g]kfndf ;Ddfg ug{
nfos g]tfx¿ ;lsPs} x'g\ t < x}gg . ltgLx¿ 6]lnlehgsf kbf{df sd} b]lvG5g\\ .
;/sf/df hfg / dGqL x'g d/xQ] gug{nfO{ xfd|f 6]lnlehgsf dflns / kqsf/n]
;fd'Gg]df sd} Nofp"5g\\ . To;df klg t :jfy{ n'ss
] f] x'G5 lg ljrf/ / cf:yfsf]
/fhgLlt ug{] g]tfx¿ rrf{df sd} /xG5g\\ . ltgnfO{ k|fyldstfdf /fv]/ dxTjk"0f{
:yfg lbFbf / ;fj{hlgs¿kdf rrf{df Nofp"bf sfd k6fpg ;lsGg lsgls ltgn]
unt sfd ub}g{ g . unt sfd ug{nfO{ k|fT] ;fxg klg lbb}gg . To:tfnfO{ ?rfpg]
kqsf/ klg sd} 5g\\ cr]n . cflv/ ;xL, ;To / tYok"0f{ x]bf{ ;g;gL v]hk"0f{
;dfrf/ ;'Gg] afgL xfd|f] klg kl/;s]sf] 5 . xfdL klg t oxL ;dfhsf c+u xf}+ .
xfd|f] /xg–;xg, vfg–kfg, a;f–p7L, n]g–b]g, ;/–;fk6, P]r
+ f]–k}rf], gfn–gftf,
s'n–s'6D' a ;a} oxL ;dfh xf], hxf" xfdLn] hLjg latfPsf 5f},+ cem} af"sL /x]sf]
hLjg klg latfpg' 5 . /fhgLlt kmf]xf]l/g', g]tf–g]tf / kf6L{–kf6L{aLr bf]xf]/L
rNg'df xfd|f klg sdhf]/L xf]nfg\ . xfdLn] klg cfˆgf glhssfnfO{ ;Ddfg /
6f9fsfnfO{ cln ckdfg ug{ sfd u/]sf 5f}+ . s'/fsfgLsf qmddf To:tf] Jojxf/
b]vfPsf 5f}+ h;sf] c;/ ;~rf/dfWod / ;~rf/sdL{ x'b" } ;dfrf/ ;Dk|i] f0fdf kg{]
u/]sf] 5 . g]tfnfO{ ul/Psf ufnL, ;dfhdf c/fhgLltsf] xfnLd'xfnL rn]sf]
sxfnL nfUbf] k|df0f xf] . To;}nfO{ k"j/{ fhfn] ehfp"b5} g\\ . wfld{s cf:yfk|lt ;dlk{t
hgtfnfO{ pgLx¿s} d7 dlGb/df nu]/ shfp"b5
} g\ .
g]tfx¿nfO{ ;j{;fwf/0fn] dfq} xf]Og, Ps g]tfn] csf]{ g]tfnfO{, Ps kf6L{n] csf]{
kf6L{nfO{ ug]{ ufnLsf]:t/ klg ;fx|} tn v:Sof] cr]n . kf6L{–kf6L{sf zLif{gt] f dfq}
sxf" xf] / < oxf" t zLtnlgjf; / l;+xb/af/sf aLrdf ;d]t kmf]xf]/L bf]xf]/L rNg
yfn]sf] 5 . slxn]sfxL+ ;+jw} flgs lgsfosf aLrsf] bf]xf]/L klg x]g{ / ;'Ggnfoss}
x'G5 . o;n] ubf{ ufnLsf] bf]xf]/L xfd|f] ;+:s[lt / ;Eotfsf] klxrfg aGnf ls eGg]
8/ ylkPsf] 5 . To;}sf] kmfObf p7fpg k"j/{ fhf ufp" k;]sf 5g\\ . u'ds
] f] u2L
kmsf{pg sDd/ s;]sf 5g\\ . jt{dfg ;/sf/n] ah]6 Nofpg x'G5 / x'Gg eGg]aLrsf]
bf]xf]/L clxn] pb]snfUbf] vfnsf] 5 . /fi6«klt h'g ;+ljwfg;efaf6 r'lgPsf x'g\
ToxL ;+;baf6 lgjf{lrt ;/sf/ xf] of] klg . b'an} fO{ r'gs
] f] ;+ljwfg;efnfO{
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