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Harvard Citation Style
Last update: May 25th, 2010
Tags: referencing citation business tools
This guide shows students and staff how to reference using the Harvard Referencing style.
URL: http://libguides.library.uwa.edu.au/harvard Print/Mobile Guide RSS Updates
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Two or more works cited at one point in the text If two or more works by different authors or authoring bodies are cited at one point in the text, use a semi-colon to seperate them: (Larsen 2000; Malinowski 1999) The authors should be listed in alphabetical order.
Two or three authors or authoring bodies When citing a work by two or three authors or authoring bodies, cite the names in the order in which they appear on the title page: (Malinowski, Miller & Gupta 1995)
In-Text & Reference List Examples
Books & eBooks Material Type Book: Single Author Book: 2 or 3 Authors Book: More Than 3 Authors Book: No Author Book: Editor Book: 2 or More Editors Book: Translator & Author Book: Organisation as Author Book: Chapter or Article in Edited Book Book, edition other than first. In-Text Example (Holt 1997) or Holt (1997) wrote that... (McCarthy, William & Pascale 1997) (Bond et al. 1996) Reference List Example Holt, DH 1997, Management principles and practices, Prentice-Hall, Sydney. McCarthey, EJ, William, DP & Pascale, GQ 1997, Basic marketing, Irwin, Sydney. Bond, WR, Smith, JT, Brown, KL & George, M 1996, Management of small firms, McGrawHill, Sydney. A history of Greece 1994, Irwin, Sydney. Jones, MD (ed.) 1998, Management in Australia, Academic Press, London. Bullinger, HJ & Warnecke HJ (eds) 1985, Toward the factory of the future, Springer-Verlag, Berlin. Colorado, JA 2006, Economic theory in the Mexican context: recent developments on the ground, trans. K Smith, Oxford University Press, Oxford. Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics 2001, Aquaculture development in Australia: a review of key economic issues, ABARE, Canberra. Milkman, R 1998, 'The new American workplace:high road or low road?' in Workplaces of the future, eds P Thompson & C Warhurst, Macmillan Press, London, pp. 22-34. Drafke, M 2009, The human side of organizations, 10th edn, Pearson/Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, N.J
(A history of Greece 1994) (ed. Jones 1998) (eds Bullinger & Warnecke 1985)
(trans. Smith 2006)
(Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics 2001) A number of disturbing facts intrude' (Milkman 1998, p 25) (Drafke, 2009)
http://libguides.library.uwa.edu.au/content.php?mode=preview&pid=43218&sid=318559[26/05/2010 10:02:34 AM]
[28 November 2000]. Fan. Australian Securities Exchange 2009.) Jones.com. 2000. 2007. R 2000. Available from: Aspect Huntley DatAnalysis. Proceedings of the twenty-first international conference on information systems. National Australia Bank Limited Company Report. In-Text Example (Conley & Galeson 1998) Reference List Example Conley. OpenOffice. pp.org 2005) (The Lunar Interior 2000) In-Text Example (Aspect Huntley 2009) Reference List Example Aspect Huntley DatAnalysis 2009.com. [28 February 2009].au>. Newton.d. 'Federal election: new Chip in politics'. 124-140. 10. pp. Datamonitor 2009. [4 November 2004]. (Fan. pp. Government of Australia. Available from: Elsevier books. (Datamonitor 2009) (Datastream 2009) Conference Papers & Proceedings Material Type Conference Proceeding Paper: Print Conference Proceeding Paper: Electronic In-Text Example (Riley 1992) Reference List Example Riley. S & Caste.gov. A. Blackmur.au>. pp. The Advertiser 23 October. W. TG & Galeson. Elsevier. [20 May 2009].architecture. Available from: ACLS Humanities E-Book. 2007. Y 2003.com/solar/browse/moon/moonint. government told. [6 June 2009]. 'Integrated obstacle detection framework'. 1-7. [24 June 2004]. computer software 2005. Available from: <http://www. (Malhotra 2003) (Department of Industry. Bond.All Examples . Information Resources Management Journal. [8 February 2009]. 'Nativity and wealth in mid-nineteenth century cities'.uwa. Available from: Proquest.au/i-cms?page=10220> . Sydney. D. 16 January 2007. IEEE. 58.library.asx. 468-493. Malhotra. Bond. 16. 111-119. Newcastle toolkit. G 1991a. Commentary on indigenous housing initiatives. Available from: <http://www. Reference List Example Improve indigenous housing now.php?mode=preview&pid=43218&sid=318559[26/05/2010 10:02:34 AM] .uk/libajn/weblog/>.. n. Being Prepared for an Influenza Pandemic: a Kit for Small Businesses. [20 May 2009].) 2005.ac.leeds. The Lunar Interior. p. Available from: Datastream. Irwin. 2. Sydney. p 112) (Bond 1991a) (Bond 1991b) Journal Articles Material Type Journal Article: Print Journal Article: Electronic Database Internet/Websites Material Type Webpage: No Author In-Text Example (Improve indigenous housing 2007) Use first few words of the page title Webpage: No Date Web Document (Jones.planetscapes.jpg>. 20-34.edu. V 2004. Brown. Datastream. Corporate governance. http://libguides. [20 May 2009]. [23 February 2007]. no. 'The westernization of world history' in Western historical thinking: an intercultural debate. J 2001. DW 1998. Business ethics. [11 January 2005].au/professionals/market_information/index. Department of Industry.d. Available from: <http://www. 'Personalization of search engine services for effective retrieval and knowledge management'. Available from: <http://www. MD n. 'The knowledge application gap in information systems research and education and their quest for the dependent variable'. Wesfarmers Limited Company Profile. 'Historical thinking is actually a Western perspective' (White 2002. McGraw-Hill. Angela Newton: Blog. London.openoffice. Detroit MI. Available from: Business Source Premier. 'Industrial relations in Australian education'. ed. New York pp. Paper presented at the IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium. Available from: ACM Portal: ACM Digital Library. MD & Pathak.com.org. Market Information. Gordon & Pathak 2000) Conference Proceeding Paper: Unpublished Newspapers Material Type Newspaper: Print (Brown & Caste 1990) In-Text Example (Ionesco 2001) Reference List Example Ionesco. Tourism and Resources 2006. Journal of Economic History. [17 February 2004]. Berghahn Books.LibGuides at University of Western Australia E-book E-book: Chapter or Article in an Edited E-book Book: Different Works by Same Author in Same Year (Aghion & Durlauf 2005) Aghion. Gordon. vol. [14 May 2009]. Available from: <http://www. Tourism and Resources 2006) Website Blog Computer Software Web Based Image / table / figure Company Info Material Type Company Report Company Profile Financial Data (Australian Securities Exchange 2009) (Newton 2007) (OpenOffice. S (eds. AIRAANZ. Available from: <https://elgg.innovation. 2009. 2.au/content. G 1991b. vol. [5 July 2009].architecture. S&PASX200 daily index data 2000-2009. ed J Rusen. P & Durlauf.Harvard Citation Style . no. H 2002. Handbook of economic growth. Amsterdam. White.org>. in Contemporary Australasian industrial relations: proceedings of the sixth AIRAANZ conference. D 1992.htm>. Available from: <http://www.
comm. AH 1985. 2. pp.com/watch?v=Vja83KLQXZs>. The Australian.edu. New York. University of Western Australia.12008. no. (Hos 2005) In-Text Example Reference List Example Hos. [1 December 2008]. R 2006.. Mr M Ward confirmed. Standards Australia. Balance sheets.xml>.library. P 1997. In-Text Example If the information you are referencing was obtained by a personal communication such as a telephone call. Public Broadcasting Service. T 2004.All Examples .php?mode=preview&pid=43218&sid=318559[26/05/2010 10:02:34 AM] .text and office systems . JP 2005.uwa. 5.pbs. most people flunk out'. (Hilts 1999) (Crystal 1993) (Van Nuys 2007) (Kloft 2006) Music Track from an Album Video Blog Post Standards & Patents Material Type Patent Standard: Retrieved From a Database Standard: Published (Shocked 1992) (Norton 2006) In-Text Example (Cookson 1985) Reference List Example Cookson. The MacNeil/Lehrer news hour (television broadcast) 11 October 1993. M 1992. Available from: The University of Western Australia Library Course Materials Online. Available from: Standards Australia Online. Available from <http://www. It has been confirmed that he will be touring Australia in the middle of next year (Mr M Ward. US Patent 4554399. (May 2007) (Baril 2006) http://libguides. The New York Times 16 February. Personal floatation devices . NSW.youtube. Polygram Music. M (producer/director) 2006.Harvard Citation Style . on Arkansas Traveller (CD). [4 March 2006]. Melbourne. Hilts. Bristol UK.Sameuls (executive producer). When interviewed on 6 June 2008. vol. Available from: <http://www.0058.com>. New York and Washington DC.office document architecture (ODA) and interchange format: part 10: formal specifications. Available from: <http://www.org/wgbh/amex/rss/podcast_pb. Mechanochemically synthesized nanomaterials for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell membranes. AS/NZS 3951. Shrink Rap Radio (podcast). Norton. B 2007. The Nuremberg trials (motion picture). 63-75. L (executive producer) 1993. [12 August 2008]. Standards Australia 1994. Crawley on 2 November 2005. [11 April 2007]. A survey of radial velocities in the zodiacal dust cloud. [4 November 2006].au/content. 7 October. If desired you can add the abbreviation pers. M 2006. 'The performance and competitive advantage of small firms: a management perspective'. Interview.com/>. E 2006. to the reference.comm.General requirements. American experience (podcast).shrinkrapradio. an interview or an email that fact is usually documented in the text and are not added to the reference list. WU2006. 'The anatomy of a lobotomist [Show 84]'. pers. Mr M Ward confirmed this by facsimile on 6 June 2008. 2008. Standards Australia 2008. Shocked. Kloft. International Small Business Journal. Available from: Factiva. D (producer) 2007. Canopus Publishing. PJ 1999. p.. 'Over the waterfall'. in M. Information processing . 'How to train a cat to operate a light switch' (video file). Ph. Educational Media Australia. 15. email. (Standards Australia 2008) (Standards Australia/New Zealand Standard 1994) CMO Material Type CMO Article In-Text Example (Jennings 1997) Reference List Example Jennings.D thesis. AS 4758. [1 September 2004]. Particle trap for compressed gas insulated transmission systems. May. A distributed conceptual model for stream salinity generation processes: a systematic data-based approach. Crystal.nytimes. Lecture Notes Material Type Lecture Notes Theses Material Type Thesis: Unpublished Thesis: Published Thesis: Retrieved From a Database Personal Communication Material Type Telephone Call.. Baril. etc. Available from: <http://www. (video recording). In-Text Example (Foster 2004) Reference List Example Foster. 'Distaff winemakers raise a glass of their own to their own'. Van Nuys.10:1994.LibGuides at University of Western Australia Newspaper: Electronic Database Newspaper: From a Website Multimedia Material Type Video Television Programme Audio Podcast Video Podcast In-Text Example (Effective performance appraisals 1994) Reference List Example Effective performance appraisals 1994. [19 February 2000]. Available from: Australasian Digital Theses Program. 'In forcasting their emotions. (Meryment 2006) Meryment. [2 February 2007]. 6 June). lecture notes distributed in Financial Accounting 101 at The University of Western Australia.
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